3,574 results match your criteria Australasian Journal of Dermatology [Journal]


Azacitidine with or without lenalidomide in higher risk myelodysplastic syndrome & low blast acute myeloid leukemia.

Haematologica 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Melbourne, Australia.

Standard treatment for higher risk myelodysplastic syndromes, chronic myelomonocytic leukemia and low blast acute myeloid leukemia is azacitidine. In single arm studies, adding lenalidomide had been suggested to improve outcomes. The ALLG MDS4 phase II trial randomized such patients to standard azacitidine or combination azacitidine (75mg/m2/d days 1 to 5) with lenalidomide (10mg days 1-21 of 28-day cycle from cycle 3) to assess clinical benefit (alive without progressive disease) at 12 months. Read More

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December 2018

Genetics, Insurance and Professional Practice: Survey of the Australasian Clinical Genetics Workforce.

Front Public Health 2018 23;6:333. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Public Health Genomics, Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

In Australia and New Zealand, by contrast with much of the developed world, insurance companies can use genetic test results to refuse cover or increase premiums for mutually-rated insurance products, including life, income protection and disability insurance. Genetics professionals regularly discuss insurance implications with clients and report the issue as a clinical challenge, yet no studies have examined clinical practices or opinions. This study surveyed genetic counsellors and clinical geneticists from Australia and New Zealand to (i) investigate variability in professional practice across the Australasian clinical genetic workforce relating to the insurance implications of genetic testing, and (ii) ascertain views regarding current regulation of the issue. Read More

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November 2018

Work experiences of Australian cancer survivors with lymphoedema: A qualitative study.

Health Soc Care Community 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Australian Lymphedema Education, Research & Treatment, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Our qualitative study addresses a significant gap in the scholarship on return-to-work after cancer by examining the impact of secondary lymphoedema on individuals in paid employment. We undertook an Interpretive Phenomenological Analysis of interviews with 14 cancer survivors (13 women) with secondary lymphoedema in Sydney, Australia. Our interviewees were engaged in paid employment during and after their lymphoedema diagnosis. Read More

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December 2018

Anaphylaxis management in Australian schools: Review of guidelines and adrenaline autoinjector use.

J Paediatr Child Health 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Allergy and Immunology, Children's Hospital at Westmead, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Food allergy and anaphylaxis is increasing in Australian children, and anaphylaxis is relatively common in Australian schools. This review aims to provide an overview of current policies and practices for anaphylaxis management in Australian schools, including approaches to risk mitigation and anaphylaxis training. We reviewed literature related to anaphylaxis training in the school setting published between 2010 and 2018. Read More

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December 2018

Cancer mortality and predictions for 2018 in selected Australasian countries and Russia.

Ann Oncol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Departments of Clinical Sciences and Community Health.

Background: Predicted cancer mortality figures and rates are useful for public health planning.

Materials And Methods: We retrieved cancer death certification data for 10 major cancer sites and total cancers from the World Health Organization (WHO) database and population data from WHO and United Nations Population Division databases. We obtained figures for Russia, Israel, Hong Kong, Japan, the Philippines, Korea, and Australia in 1970-2015. Read More

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December 2018

Early Discharge From Intensive Care After Cardiac Surgery is Feasible With an Adequate Fast Track, Stepdown Unit: Waikato Experience.

Heart Lung Circ 2018 Nov 17. Epub 2018 Nov 17.

Waikato Cardiothoracic Unit, Waikato Hospital, Hamilton, New Zealand; Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand; University of Waikato Medical Research Centre, The University of Waikato, New Zealand.

Background: Enhanced recovery programs within cardiothoracic surgery are a well described benefit to patient postoperative outcomes. We describe our Australasian unit's experience of a day zero discharge enhanced recovery unit from the intensive care department.

Methods: A retrospective study was conducted on a prospectively maintained database at Waikato Cardiothoracic Unit from September 2014 till October 2017 with 1,739 patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Read More

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November 2018

The Relationship Between Aortic Aneurysm Surgery Volume and Peri-Operative Mortality in Australia.

Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg 2018 Oct 24. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Department of Vascular Surgery, Prince of Wales Hospital, Sydney, Australia; Faculty of Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia; The Vascular Institute, Prince of Wales Hospital, Sydney, Australia. Electronic address:

Objectives: Operative caseload is thought to be associated with peri-operative mortality following intact aortic aneurysm repair. The aim was to study that association in the Australian setting, which has a unique healthcare provision system and geographical population distribution.

Methods: The Australasian Vascular Audit database was used to capture volume measurements for both individual surgeon and hospital and to separate it into quintiles (1, lowest, to 5, highest) for endovascular (EVAR), open surgical repair (OSR), and subgroups of repair types between 2010 and 2016. Read More

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October 2018

Family-level variation in early life-cycle traits of kelp.

J Phycol 2018 Dec 2. Epub 2018 Dec 2.

Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, University of Tasmania, Launceston, TAS, 7250, Australia.

Temperate kelp forests (Laminarians) are threatened by temperature stress due to ocean warming and photoinhibition due to increased light associated with canopy loss. However, the potential for evolutionary adaptation in kelp to rapid climate change is not well known. This study examined family-level variation in physiological and photosynthetic traits in the early life-cycle stages of the ecologically important Australasian kelp Ecklonia radiata and the response of E. Read More

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December 2018

Validation of data submitted by the treating surgeon in the Victorian Audit of Surgical Mortality.

ANZ J Surg 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Victorian Audit of Surgical Mortality (VASM), Royal Australasian College of Surgeons, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Background: The Victorian Audit of Surgical Mortality (VASM) seeks to peer review all deaths associated with surgical care in Victoria, Australia. The effectiveness of the VASM as an educational and quality improvement tool is dependent on the accuracy of source data it receives. We aimed to examine the accuracy and quality of source data provided by the treating surgeon for peer review, and the inter-rater concordance level between the external validator findings and the treating surgeon. Read More

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November 2018

Fatal flaws in clinical decision making.

ANZ J Surg 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Discipline of Surgery, The University of Adelaide, The Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

Background: Clinical decision making is a core competency of surgical practice, involving a continuous and evolving process of data interpretation and evaluation. The aim of this article is twofold. First, to recognize patient deaths where a clinical incident arose following unsatisfactory clinical decision making, determining where in the clinical decision-making process each failure occurred. Read More

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November 2018

New Zealand Austrophthiracarus (Acari, Oribatida, Steganacaridae): two new species from the North Island.

Zootaxa 2018 Oct 16;4500(3):443-450. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Key Laboratory of Wetland Ecology and Environment, Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130102, P. R. China..

Two new species of Austrophthiracarus (Oribatida: Steganacaridae) from national parks on the North Island of New Zealand are described: Austrophthiracarus taranaki sp. nov. from moss along tracks in Wilkies Pools, Egmont National Park, Taranaki and Austrophthiracarus whirinaki sp. Read More

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October 2018

A new species of Agapophyta Guérin-Meneville, 1828 from the Tanimbar Islands, Indonesia (Hemiptera : Heteroptera: Tessaratomidae: Oncomerinae).

Zootaxa 2018 Oct 26;4504(4):595-600. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, CP 50, 45 rue Buffon, F-75005 Paris, France..

A new species of Agapophyta Guérin-Méneville, 1831 (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Tessaratomidae: Oncomerinae), Agapophyta kmenti sp. nov., is described from the Tanimbar Islands, Indonesia, male and female genitalia are illustrated. Read More

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October 2018

Surveys still teach vital non-technical lessons in General Surgery.

ANZ J Surg 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Colorectal Surgery Unit, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Institute of Academic Surgery, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

In general surgery, observational studies are disregarded and often seen as non-noteworthy research. We intend to defend the use of surveys in general surgery and colorectal surgery. This review highlights the historical importance and contemporary utility of surveys internationally and in our region, thus reminding Australasian surgeons and clinicians in numerous disciplines of the usefulness of this research tool. Read More

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November 2018

Perioperative outcomes and risk assessment in dialysis patients: current knwoledge and future directions.

Intern Med J 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Consultant Nephrologist, Princess Alexandra Hospital.

Perioperative medicine is rapidly emerging as a key discipline to address the specific needs of high-risk surgical groups, such as those on chronic dialysis. Crude hospital separations rates for chronic dialysis patients are considerably higher than patients with normal renal function, with up to 15% of admission being related to surgical intervention. Dialysis dependency carries substantial mortality and morbidity risk compared to patients with normal renal function. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Interspecific diversity of testes mass and sperm morphology in the Philippine chrotomyine rodents: implications for differences in breeding systems across the species.

Reprod Fertil Dev 2018 Nov 27. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

The high diversity of native Philippine murid rodents includes an old endemic group, the chrotomyines, which are the sister group of the Australasian hydromyines. Herein we detail their interspecific diversity of relative testes mass (RTM) and sperm morphology. We find that in chrotomyines, as in the Australasian hydromyines, testes mass relative to body mass differs by an order of magnitude across the species and ranges from a large RTM in Soricomys and Chrotomys species to a small RTM in Apomys. Read More

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November 2018

Long-term risk of adverse outcomes after acute kidney injury: a systematic review and meta-analysis of cohort studies using consensus definitions of exposure.

Kidney Int 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

School of Medicine, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia; Department of Intensive Care, Austin Hospital, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia; Department of Intensive Care, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Parkville, Victoria, Australia; School of Public Health and Preventative Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia; Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Research Centre, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Electronic address:

Reliable estimates of the long-term outcomes of acute kidney injury (AKI) are needed to inform clinical practice and guide allocation of health care resources. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to quantify the association between AKI and chronic kidney disease (CKD), end-stage kidney disease (ESKD), and death. Systematic searches were performed through EMBASE, MEDLINE, and grey literature sources to identify cohort studies in hospitalized adults that used standardized definitions for AKI, included a non-exposed comparator, and followed patients for at least 1 year. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Urate-Lowering Therapy for Preventing Kidney Disease Progression: Are We There Yet?

Am J Kidney Dis 2018 Dec;72(6):776-778

Australasian Kidney Trials Network, Faculty of Medicine, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia; Department of Nephrology, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, Australia; Translational Research Institute, Brisbane, Australia. Electronic address:

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December 2018

Crucial sites and environmental variables for wintering migratory waterbird population distributions in the natural wetlands in East Dongting Lake, China.

Sci Total Environ 2018 Nov 17;655:147-157. Epub 2018 Nov 17.

Key Laboratory of Agro-ecological Processes in Subtropical Regions, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changsha 410125, PR China; Dongting Lake Station for Wetland Ecosystem Research, Institute of Subtropical Agriculture, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changsha 410125, PR China. Electronic address:

Dongting Lake is the second largest freshwater lake in China and is one of the globally important wintering sites for migratory waterbirds in the East Asian-Australasian Flyway. Crucial sites and environmental variables for wintering migratory waterbirds are of great concern in the Dongting Lake wetlands. In this research, based on annual (2003/2004-2016/2017) waterbird and habitat census data, we recognized the crucial sites for waterbirds during wintering seasons by comparing the difference of waterbird populations at the community, foraging guild and species levels in different natural wetlands within East Dongting Lake, and then identified the crucial environmental variables affecting waterbird distributions by analyzing the relationship between waterbird populations and the environmental variables, including vegetation area, mudflat area, water area with the depth of 0-20 cm, water area with the depth of 20-50 cm, water area with the depth of 50-100 cm, water area with the depth >100 cm, growth status of vegetation (Min, Mean and Max NDVI), and the human disturbance. Read More

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November 2018
4.099 Impact Factor

Building a national eye-care service in post-conflict Timor-Leste.

Bull World Health Organ 2018 Oct 27;96(10):716-722. Epub 2018 Aug 27.

College of Health and Medicine, University of Tasmania, 17 Liverpool St, Hobart, Tasmania 7000, Australia.

Problem: Violent conflict left Timor-Leste with a dismantled health-care workforce and infrastructure after 2001. The absence of existing health and tertiary education sectors compounded the challenges of instituting a national eye-care system.

Approach: From 2001, the East Timor Eye Program coordinated donations and initially provided eye care through visiting teams. Read More

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October 2018
3 Reads

Exploring how end-of-life management is taught to Australasian veterinary students. Part 1: technical euthanasia.

Vet Rec 2018 Dec 19;183(22):691. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Animal Welfare Science and Education Department, Royal New Zealand SPCA National Office, Auckland, New Zealand.

This descriptive study explored how end-of-life management was taught to students in all eight Australasian veterinary schools. A questionnaire-style interview guide was used by a representative at each university to conduct structured interviews with educators in a snowball sampling approach. Four categories of animals were addressed: livestock, equine, companion and avian/wildlife. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Electrical Stimulation and Recovery of Gastrointestinal Function Following Surgery: A Systematic Review.

Neuromodulation 2018 Nov 19. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, Department of Surgery, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.

Objectives: Postoperative ileus occurs in approximately 5-15% of patients following major abdominal surgery, and poses a substantial clinical and economic burden. Electrical stimulation has been proposed as a means to aid postoperative gastrointestinal (GI) recovery, but no methods have entered routine clinical practice. A systematic review was undertaken to assess electrical stimulation techniques and to evaluate their clinical efficacy in order to identify promising areas for future research. Read More

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November 2018
5 Reads

Dietary assessment toolkits: an overview.

Public Health Nutr 2018 Nov 15:1-15. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

7Danone Nutricia Research, R.D. 128 Avenue de la Vauve, 91767 Palaiseau Cedex,France.

Objective: A wide variety of methods are available to assess dietary intake, each one with different strengths and weaknesses. Researchers face multiple challenges when diet and nutrition need to be accurately assessed, particularly in the selection of the most appropriate dietary assessment method for their study. The goal of the current collaborative work is to present a collection of available resources for dietary assessment implementation. Read More

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November 2018

ACEM involvement in a successful African emergency medicine programme.

Authors:
Megan Cox

Emerg Med Australas 2018 Nov 14. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Faculty of Medicine and Health, The University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

In the past 5 years Botswana graduated its first home-grown doctors and emergency medicine specialists for the country. The postgraduate emergency medicine specialist training arrangement between Botswana and South Africa was challenging in development, implementation and maintenance. Numerous varied supports from ACEM and its International Emergency Medicine Network were integral to these successes. Read More

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November 2018
5 Reads

Weekend effect on early allograft outcome after kidney transplantation- a multi-centre cohort study.

Transpl Int 2018 Nov 14. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Centre for Transplant and Renal Research, Westmead Hospital, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Weekend surgery may be associated with a higher risk of early complications, but the effect of the timing of kidney transplant surgery on early allograft outcome remains uncertain. The aim of this study is to evaluate whether the association between weekend transplant surgery and allograft failure was modified by prevalent vascular disease. Using data from the Australia and New Zealand Dialysis and Transplant registry, we examined the association between weekend status and 90-day and 1-year allograft failure in deceased donor transplant recipients between 1994-2012. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read
2.600 Impact Factor

SCOT: a comparison of cost-effectiveness from a large randomised phase III trial of two durations of adjuvant Oxaliplatin combination chemotherapy for colorectal cancer.

Br J Cancer 2018 Nov 13;119(11):1332-1338. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Cancer Research UK Clinical Trials Unit, Institute of Cancer Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK.

Background: The Short Course Oncology Therapy (SCOT) study is an international, multicentre, non-inferiority randomised controlled trial assessing the efficacy, toxicity, and cost-effectiveness of 3 months (3 M) versus the usually given 6 months (6 M) of adjuvant chemotherapy in colorectal cancer.

Methods: In total, 6088 patients with fully resected high-risk stage II or stage III colorectal cancer were randomised and followed up for 3-8 years. The within-trial cost-effectiveness analysis from a UK health-care perspective is presented using the resource use data, quality of life (EQ-5D-3L), time on treatment (ToT), disease-free survival after treatment (DFS) and overall survival (OS) data. Read More

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November 2018
5 Reads

Follow the leader: followership and its relevance for surgeons.

ANZ J Surg 2018 Nov 9. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Department of Paediatric Surgery, Canterbury District Health Board, Christchurch, New Zealand.

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November 2018

Vegetables and legumes in new Australasian food launches: how are they being used and are they a healthy choice?

Nutr J 2018 Nov 9;17(1):104. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Institute for Physical Activity and Nutrition (IPAN), School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, Geelong, 3220, Australia.

Background: Despite the health benefits of regular vegetable and legume consumption, on average Australians are consuming only half of the recommended daily intake. The reasons for this low consumption are complex, and are particularly driven by societal shifts towards convenient and ready-to-eat meal options. It is currently unknown how legumes and vegetables are being utilised in food products within the Australian context, and the nutritional value or level of processing of these products. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

New Zealand rickettsia-like organism (NZ-RLO) and Tenacibaculum maritimum: Distribution and phylogeny in farmed Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha).

J Fish Dis 2018 Nov 8. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Murdoch University School of Veterinary and Life Sciences, Perth, WA, Australia.

A total of 777 fish from three growing regions of New Zealand Chinook salmon farms comprising of five sites were tested. Quantitative PCR was used to determine the distribution of New Zealand rickettsia-like organism and Tenacibaculum maritimum. Genetic information from these bacteria were then compared with strains reported worldwide. Read More

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November 2018
6 Reads

Medical Ultrasound Disinfection and Hygiene Practices: WFUMB Global Survey Results.

Ultrasound Med Biol 2018 Nov 5. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

World Federation for Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology (WFUMB), Chicago, Illinois, USA; Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA.

As ultrasound technology rapidly evolves and is used more frequently in every area of medical diagnosis and treatment, it may be overlooked as a potential vector in the transmission of a health care-associated infection. A survey on disinfection and hygiene practice in medical ultrasound was disseminated via the World Federation for Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology (WFUMB) to its six member federations and associated ultrasound societies globally. One thousand twenty-nine responses were obtained across a broad range of ultrasound practitioners. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Radiofrequency ablation of osteoid osteoma: Aiming for excellent outcomes in an Australasian context.

J Med Imaging Radiat Oncol 2018 Dec 8;62(6):789-793. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Ormiston Orthopaedics, Auckland, New Zealand.

Introduction: To report a series of patients with osteoid osteoma treated by radiofrequency ablation in whom no complications or recurrences occurred.

Methods: Over a 13-year period, 32 consecutive patients with osteoid osteoma were treated by radiofrequency ablation in an Australasian teaching centre.

Results: All patients had resolution of symptoms with no complication or recurrence. Read More

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December 2018
5 Reads

Validity and Reliability of the Emergency Severity Index and Triage System in Pediatric Emergency Care of Mofid Children's Hospital in Iran.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2018 Oct;6(4):329-333

Department of Emergency Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Objective: To evaluate the validity, reliability, sensitivity, and specificity of the Emergency Severity Index (ESI) and Australasian Triage System (ATS) for children visiting admitted to the emergency department (ED).

Methods: This was a prospective study occurred in the Mofid children's Hospital in Iran from August 2017 to November 2018 and children had aged ≤14 years and presented at the ED with a medical symptom were considered eligible for participation. This study was divided into two phases: in the first phase, we determined the inter-rater reliability of ESI version 4 and ATS by triage nurses and pediatric residents. Read More

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October 2018

Comprehensive transcriptome analysis of Sarcophaga peregrina, a forensically important fly species.

Sci Data 2018 Nov 6;5:180220. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Department of Biomedical Sciences, College of Medicine, Korea University, Seoul 02841, Korea.

Sarcophaga peregrina (flesh fly) is a frequently found fly species in Palaearctic, Oriental, and Australasian regions that can be used to estimate minimal postmortem intervals important for forensic investigations. Despite its forensic importance, the genome information of S. peregrina has not been fully described. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Tribute to Reviewers.

Australas J Dermatol 2018 Nov;59(4):352

Australasian Journal of Dermatology.

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November 2018

Hidden diversity and evolution of viruses in market fish.

Virus Evol 2018 Jul 31;4(2):vey031. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Marie Bashir Institute for Infectious Diseases and Biosecurity, Charles Perkins Centre, School of Life and Environmental Sciences and Sydney Medical School, The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.

Aquaculture is the fastest growing industry worldwide. Aquatic diseases have had enormous economic and environmental impacts in the recent past and the emergence of new aquatic pathogens, particularly viruses, poses a continuous threat. Nevertheless, little is known about the diversity, abundance and evolution of fish viruses. Read More

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July 2018
2 Reads

Women and men in the Australasian College of Physical Scientists and Engineers in Medicine: workforce survey.

Australas Phys Eng Sci Med 2018 Nov 2. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

Chris O'Brien Lifehouse, Camperdown, NSW, Australia.

A survey was designed to determine aspirations, motivations and workplace experiences of both female and male members of the Australasian College of Physical Scientists and Engineers in Medicine (ACPSEM). The survey collected both quantitate and qualitative data, including open ended questions. This paper reports the survey's qualitative results. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Channelling medical truths from Sir William Osler.

Authors:
James P Isbister

Intern Med J 2018 Nov;48(11):1404-1407

Department of Medicine, Sydney Medical School, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Dr James L. T. Isbister (JLT), a graduate of the University of Adelaide, came to Sydney as a clinical pathologist at Sydney Hospital in 1897 and subsequently was a general practitioner in North Sydney and honorary surgeon and gynaecologist at Royal North Shore Hospital from 1900. Read More

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November 2018

Incidence, Patient Characteristics, Mode of Drug Delivery, and Outcomes of Septic Shock Patients Treated with Vasopressors in the Arise Trial.

Shock 2018 Oct 30. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Research Centre, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Introduction: To describe the utilization of vasopressors (VP) in patients enrolled in the Australasian Resuscitation In Sepsis Evaluation (ARISE) trial, and to explore the association between time to VP and 90-day mortality.

Methods: The primary exposure variable was VP use after arrival in the emergency department (ED). Vasoactive agents considered as VP included: norepinephrine, epinephrine, metaraminol, or vasopressin. Read More

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October 2018
3 Reads

Widespread emergency department access block: a human rights issue in Australia?

Australas Psychiatry 2018 Oct 31:1039856218810156. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Professor of Psychiatry, the University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC, and; Chair of Psychiatry, St Vincent's Health, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Objective:: There are increasing demands on emergency psychiatrists with higher numbers of mental health presentations, and longer stays in emergency departments (EDs). Australia, like other English speaking countries, funds considerably lower numbers of psychiatric beds than average for Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries. Consequently, acute bed occupancy is high, and a bed is frequently unavailable when a person needs admission. Read More

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October 2018
0.560 Impact Factor

16th Indonesian Society of Dermatology and Venereology Annual Meeting Together with the 23rd Asian-Australasian Regional Conference of Dermatology, Surabaya, Indonesia.

Dermatol Ther 2018 Nov 30;31(6):e12727. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Dermatology and Pathology, Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, Newark, New Jersey.

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November 2018

The endangered northern bettong, Bettongia tropica, performs a unique and potentially irreplaceable dispersal function for ectomycorrhizal truffle fungi.

Mol Ecol 2018 Oct 30. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

College of Science and Engineering, Australian Tropical Herbarium, Centre for Tropical Environmental and Sustainability Science, James Cook University, Cairns, Queensland, Australia.

Organisms that are highly connected in food webs often perform unique and vital functions within ecosystems. Understanding the unique ecological roles played by highly connected organisms and the consequences of their loss requires a comprehensive understanding of the functional redundancy amongst organisms. One important, yet poorly understood, food web is that between truffle-forming ectomycorrhizal fungi and their mammalian consumers and dispersers. Read More

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October 2018
10 Reads

Paediatric appendiceal ultrasound: a survey of Australasian sonographers' opinions on examination performance and sonographic criteria.

J Med Radiat Sci 2018 Dec 28;65(4):267-274. Epub 2018 Oct 28.

Science and Engineering Faculty, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Introduction: The objectives of this study were to identify knowledge gaps and/or perceived limitations in the performance of paediatric appendiceal ultrasound by Australasian sonographers. We hypothesised that: sonographers' confidence in visualising the appendix in children was poor, particularly outside predominantly paediatric practice; workplace support for prolonging examinations to improve visualisation was limited; and the sonographic criteria applied in diagnosis did not reflect contemporary literature.

Methods: A cross-sectional survey of Australasian sonographers regarding paediatric appendicitis was conducted using a mixed methods approach (quantitative and qualitative data). Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Pre-emptive prescription of medications for the management of potential, catastrophic events in patients with a terminal illness: A survey of palliative medicine doctors.

Palliat Med 2018 Oct 29:269216318809668. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

1 Victorian Paediatric Palliative Care Program, Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Background:: Distressing and potentially life-threatening events, such as significant external bleeding, may occur in patients with a known terminal condition. These events are often referred to as catastrophic or crisis events. Pharmacological management varies and there is little evidence to guide practice. Read More

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October 2018
4 Reads

Australasian recommendations for quality assurance in kilovoltage radiation therapy from the Kilovoltage Dosimetry Working Group of the Australasian College of Physical Scientists and Engineers in Medicine.

Australas Phys Eng Sci Med 2018 Dec;41(4):781-808

Genesis Cancer Care Queensland, Level 8 Premion Place, 39 White Street, Southport, QLD, 4125, Australia.

The Australasian College of Physical Scientists and Engineers in Medicine (ACPSEM) Radiation Oncology Specialty Group (ROSG) formed a series of working groups to develop recommendations for guidance of radiation oncology medical physics practice within the Australasian setting. These recommendations provide a standard for safe work practices and quality control. It is the responsibility of the medical physicist to ensure that locally available equipment and procedures are sufficiently sensitive to establish compliance. Read More

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December 2018
11 Reads

Winter all year round in the emergency department.

BMJ 2018 Oct 25;363:k4438. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Australasian College for Emergency Medicine, Melbourne, Australia.

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October 2018

The 2017 hormone therapy position statement of The North American Menopause Society.

Authors:

Menopause 2018 Nov;25(11):1362-1387

The 2017 Hormone Therapy Position Statement of The North American Menopause Society (NAMS) updates the 2012 Hormone Therapy Position Statement of The North American Menopause Society and identifies future research needs. An Advisory Panel of clinicians and researchers expert in the field of women's health and menopause was recruited by NAMS to review the 2012 Position Statement, evaluate new literature, assess the evidence, and reach consensus on recommendations, using the level of evidence to identify the strength of recommendations and the quality of the evidence. The Panel's recommendations were reviewed and approved by the NAMS Board of Trustees. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

A striking new species of leaf warbler from the Lesser Sundas as uncovered through morphology and genomics.

Sci Rep 2018 Oct 23;8(1):15646. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, 14 Science Drive 4, Singapore, 129801, Singapore.

Leaf warblers (Aves; Phylloscopidae) are a diverse clade of insectivorous, canopy-dwelling songbirds widespread across the Old World. The taxonomy of Australasian leaf warblers is particularly complex, with multiple species-level divergences between island taxa in the region requiring further scrutiny. We use a combination of morphology, bioacoustics, and analysis of thousands of genome-wide markers to investigate and describe a new species of Phylloscopus leaf warbler from the island of Rote in the Lesser Sundas, Indonesia. Read More

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October 2018

Establishing Priorities for the International Confederation of Plastic Surgery Societies.

Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2018 Sep 5;6(9):e1878. Epub 2018 Sep 5.

Dutch Breast Implant Registry (DBIR), The Netherlands.

Background: The mission of the International Confederation of Plastic Surgery Societies (ICOPLAST) is to improve patient outcomes through collaboratively structured processes in education, advocacy and communication. This article explains how we approached the task of establishing priorities for this nascent confederation in an equitable and achievable manner.

Methods: In late 2016, an online survey was sent to the inaugural 62 ICOPLAST member national societies for dissemination to their respective plastic surgeon members. Read More

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September 2018
6 Reads