4,122 results match your criteria Australasian Journal Of Early Childhood[Journal]


Physiological mechanisms linking cold acclimation and the poleward distribution limit of a range-extending marine fish.

Conserv Physiol 2020 26;8(1):coaa045. Epub 2020 May 26.

Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania 7001, Australia.

Extensions of species' geographical distributions, or range extensions, are among the primary ecological responses to climate change in the oceans. Considerable variation across the rates at which species' ranges change with temperature hinders our ability to forecast range extensions based on climate data alone. To better manage the consequences of ongoing and future range extensions for global marine biodiversity, more information is needed on the biological mechanisms that link temperatures to range limits. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/conphys/coaa045DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7248536PMC

Gender Parity Remains To Be Achieved for the Range of Editorial Roles Associated with Current Australasian Medical Journals.

Cureus 2020 Apr 28;12(4):e7879. Epub 2020 Apr 28.

Psychiatry, Private Practice, Melbourne, AUS.

With gender parity of medical school graduates having been achieved for well over two decades, it is timely to assess whether this has translated into gender parity for all of the editorial type roles of Australasian medical journals, reflecting a move toward gender equity. Data analysis was undertaken of the gender ratios of the current editorial roles of Australasian medical journals as compared to available Australian Health Workforce data. This reveals some variation in the gender ratios for all of the current range of editorial type positions and, hence, an absence of parity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.7879DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7255541PMC

Upper tidal flats are disproportionately important for the conservation of migratory shorebirds.

Proc Biol Sci 2020 Jun 3;287(1928):20200278. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA.

Migratory animals play vital ecological roles in ecosystems worldwide, yet many species are threatened by human activities. Understanding the detailed patterns of habitat use throughout the migration cycle is critical to developing effective conservation strategies for these species. Migratory shorebirds undertake some of the longest known migrations, but they are also declining precipitously worldwide. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2020.0278DOI Listing

Advocacy for global surgery: a Pacific perspective.

ANZ J Surg 2020 Jun 1. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Department of Surgery, Epworth Geelong, Geelong, Victoria, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ans.15972DOI Listing

Revalidation of the Argentinian pouched lamprey Geotria macrostoma (Burmeister, 1868) with molecular and morphological evidence.

PLoS One 2020 29;15(5):e0233792. Epub 2020 May 29.

Instituto de Diversidad y Evolución Austral (IDEAus-CONICET), Puerto Madryn, Chubut, Argentina.

Background: The Argentinian pouched lamprey, classified as Petromyzon macrostomus Burmeister, 1868 was first described in 1867 in De La Plata River, in Buenos Aires, Argentina, and subsequently recorded in several rivers from Patagonia. Since its original description, the validity of P. macrostomus was questioned by several ichthyologists and 36 years after its original discovery it was considered a junior synonym of Geotria australis Gray, 1851. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0233792PLOS

Identification and diagnosis of Crohn disease and ulcerative colitis in children.

J Paediatr Child Health 2020 May 29. Epub 2020 May 29.

Department of Gastroenterology, Sydney Children's Hospital, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Crohn disease and ulcerative colitis are the two main types of inflammatory bowel disease. High rates of these conditions are seen in Australasian children - furthermore, increasing rates have been evident in recent years. Children can present with typical symptoms of abdominal pain, diarrhoea, haematochezia and/or weight loss. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jpc.14925DOI Listing

Dietary Phosphate Consumption in Australians With Stages 3b and 4 Chronic Kidney Disease.

J Ren Nutr 2020 May 25. Epub 2020 May 25.

Australasian Kidney Trials Network, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia; Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Woolloongabba, Queensland, Australia.

Objective: Dietary phosphate modification is a common therapy to treat hyperphosphatemia in individuals with chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, current dietary intake and common food sources of phosphate typically consumed by individuals with CKD are not well characterized. This study examined a cohort of CKD patients to determine total dietary intake and common food sources of phosphate, including phosphate additives. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.jrn.2020.02.007DOI Listing

An Experimental Comparison of the Impact of 'Warning' and 'Health Star Rating' FoP Labels on Adolescents' Choice of Breakfast Cereals in New Zealand.

Nutrients 2020 May 26;12(6). Epub 2020 May 26.

Taieri College, 3 Green Street, Mosgiel 9024, New Zealand.

This research investigated the performance of the red, octagonal Vienna Convention traffic 'STOP' sign as a front of pack (FoP) warning nutritional label. While the Vienna Convention traffic light system is an established FoP label, the potential of the 'STOP' sign in the role has not been investigated. The performance of the 'STOP' label was compared with that of a single star (low nutritional value) Australasian Health Star Rating (HSR) label using a fractionally replicated Latin square design. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu12061545DOI Listing

Novel trial strategies to enhance the relevance, efficiency, effectiveness and impact of nephrology research.

Kidney Int 2020 May 25. Epub 2020 May 25.

Department of Nephrology, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Queensland, Australia; Australasian Kidney Trials Network, University of Queensland, Queensland, Australia; Translational Research Institute, Brisbane, Australia.

Randomised Controlled Trials (RCTs) are considered the gold-standard for evaluating the effectiveness of interventions. However, criticisms of traditional designs are that they can be inefficient, inflexible, expensive and conducted in a manner disconnected from real-life clinical practice. Novel strategies and approaches are being utilised to overcome these limitations including comprehensive consumer engagement, core outcome sets, novel trial designs, streamlined data collection, cost-effectiveness and return on investment evaluations, knowledge dissemination plans and impact evaluation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.kint.2020.04.050DOI Listing

Reply: In the Eye of the Beholder: Changes in Perceived Emotion Expression after Smile Reanimation.

Plast Reconstr Surg 2020 Jun;145(6):1110e-1112e

Department of Otolaryngology/Head and Neck Surgery, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Mass., Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Royal Australasian College of Surgeons and University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Concord Clinical School, Concord, New South Wales, Australia Department of Otolaryngology/Head and Neck Surgery, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Mass.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PRS.0000000000006855DOI Listing

Investing in Queensland's rural medical leaders: Lessons from the Queensland Rural Generalist Program.

Aust J Rural Health 2020 May 27. Epub 2020 May 27.

Queensland Rural Medical Service, Brisbane, QLD, Australia.

Objective: To improve the leadership capacity of existing Queensland Rural Generalists and support the emerging leaders needed to assume future leadership roles.

Design: A customised leadership program for medical Rural Generalists, embedded in professional standards, was developed and delivered during 2016-2018. Pre and post-program and individual module evaluations from two Program cohorts were analysed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ajr.12632DOI Listing

NT-proBNP Concentration and Early Cardiac Dysfunction in Patients Receiving Dialysis: A Prospective Cohort Study.

Cardiorenal Med 2020 May 27:1-10. Epub 2020 May 27.

Department of Nephrology, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Introduction: The significance of N-terminal pro-B type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) to detect heart failure in patients with end-stage kidney diseases on dialysis is controversial.

Objective: To assess whether serial measurements of NT-proBNP can predict worsening cardiac function in dialysis patients.

Methods: In this prospective, longitudinal, observational cohort study, the relationship between changes in monthly plasma NT-proBNP concentrations and changes in echocardiographic indices (left ventricular global longitudinal strain [GLS] and ejection fraction [LVEF]) were analyzed in dialysis patients without symptoms of heart failure over 24 months using multilevel mixed effects models. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000507388DOI Listing

Safety and efficacy of laxatives after major abdominal surgery: systematic review and meta-analysis.

BJS Open 2020 May 27. Epub 2020 May 27.

Colorectal Unit, Department of Surgery, Royal Adelaide Hospital, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

Background: Recovery of gastrointestinal function is often delayed after major abdominal surgery, leading to postoperative ileus (POI). Enhanced recovery protocols recommend laxatives to reduce the duration of POI, but evidence is unclear. This systematic review aimed to assess the safety and efficacy of laxative use after major abdominal surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bjs5.50301DOI Listing

How management of grief associated with ending the life of an animal is taught to Australasian veterinary students.

Aust Vet J 2020 May 27. Epub 2020 May 27.

Animal Welfare Science and Education Department, Royal New Zealand SPCA National Office, 3047 Great North Road, Auckland, 0640, New Zealand.

Objective: Veterinarians have an important role in supporting and understanding their clients' grief. Veterinary schools have a duty to teach students how best to manage grief - both that of the students/future veterinarians and the clients. This study explores how grief management, associated with ending the life of an animal, was taught to students in eight Australasian veterinary schools. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/avj.12960DOI Listing

The development and evaluation of a nationwide training program for oncology health professionals in the provision of genetic testing for ovarian cancer patients.

Gynecol Oncol 2020 May 22. Epub 2020 May 22.

Prince of Wales Clinical School, UNSW Sydney, Australia; Hereditary Cancer Centre, Prince of Wales Hospital, Sydney, Australia.

Background: BRCA1/2 mutation status has increasing relevance for ovarian cancer treatments, making traditional coordination of genetic testing by genetic services unsustainable. Consequently alternative models of genetic testing have been developed to improve testing at the initial diagnosis for all eligible women.

Methods: A training module to enable mainstreamed genetic testing by oncology healthcare professionals was developed by genetic health professionals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ygyno.2020.05.001DOI Listing

Study Protocol for Better Evidence for Selecting Transplant Fluids (BEST-Fluids): a pragmatic, registry-based, multi-center, double-blind, randomized controlled trial evaluating the effect of intravenous fluid therapy with Plasma-Lyte 148 versus 0.9% saline on delayed graft function in deceased donor kidney transplantation.

Trials 2020 May 25;21(1):428. Epub 2020 May 25.

Department of Renal Medicine, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney, Australia.

Background: Delayed graft function, the requirement for dialysis due to poor kidney function post-transplant, is a frequent complication of deceased donor kidney transplantation and is associated with inferior outcomes and higher costs. Intravenous fluids given during and after transplantation may affect the risk of poor kidney function after transplant. The most commonly used fluid, isotonic sodium chloride (0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13063-020-04359-2DOI Listing

Management of anal cancer patients - a pattern of care analysis in German-speaking countries.

Radiat Oncol 2020 May 25;15(1):122. Epub 2020 May 25.

Department of Radiotherapy and Oncology, Goethe University Frankfurt, Theodor-Stern-Kai 7, 60590, Frankfurt, Germany.

Background: Radiotherapy dose and target volume prescriptions for anal squamous cell carcinoma (ASCC) vary considerably in daily practice and guidelines, including those from NCCN, UK, Australasian, and ESMO. We conducted a pattern-of-care survey to assess the patient management in German speaking countries.

Methods: We developed an anonymous questionnaire comprising 18 questions on diagnosis and treatment of ASCC. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13014-020-01539-xDOI Listing
May 2020
2.546 Impact Factor

The puzzling mitochondrial phylogeography of the black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens), the commercially most important insect protein species.

BMC Evol Biol 2020 May 24;20(1):60. Epub 2020 May 24.

VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd, TT2 Tietotie 2, P.O. Box 1000, FI-02044 VTT, Espoo, Finland.

Background: The black soldier fly (Diptera: Stratiomyidae, Hermetia illucens) is renowned for its bioconversion ability of organic matter, and is the worldwide most widely used source of insect protein. Despite varying extensively in morphology, it is widely assumed that all black soldier flies belong to the same species, Hermetia illucens. We here screened about 600 field-collected and cultured flies from 39 countries and six biogeographic regions to test this assumption based on data for three genes (mitochondrial COI, nuclear ITS2 & 28S rDNA) and in order to gain insights into the phylogeography of the species. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12862-020-01627-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7247124PMC

Are Councils on Chiropractic Education expectations of chiropractic graduates changing for the better: a comparison of similarities and differences of the graduate competencies of the Chiropractic Council on Education-Australasia from 2009 to 2017.

Chiropr Man Therap 2020 May 24;28(1):30. Epub 2020 May 24.

School of Health and Biomedical Sciences, RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia.

Background: The Council on Chiropractic Education Australasia (CCE-A) is tasked with assessment and accreditation of chiropractic programs (CPs) in the Australasian community. To achieve this process the CCE-A has developed educational standards and graduate competencies which include minimum expectations of graduates prior to entry into the workforce. We sought to explore if these are changing overtime, and if so are these changes for the better. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12998-020-00315-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7245770PMC

How we make choices and sacrifices in medical education during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Med Teach 2020 May 22:1-3. Epub 2020 May 22.

Department of Community Health Sciences, Office of Health and Medical Education Scholarship, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada.

In this commentary, we highlight some of the pressing choices and sacrifices we must make in medical education during the COVID-19 pandemic. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0142159X.2020.1767769DOI Listing

Directors of emergency medicine's beliefs about, barriers to, and enablers of solutions to emergency department crowding and access block.

Emerg Med Australas 2020 May 20. Epub 2020 May 20.

Australasian College for Emergency Medicine, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Objective: To identify opportunities for directors of emergency medicine (DEMs) to lead change efforts to address ED crowding and access block.

Methods: DEMs were surveyed about their beliefs about, barriers to, and enablers of solutions to ED crowding and access block.

Results: Key barriers were insufficient resources, entrenched hospital culture, and lack of political will to address ED crowding and access block. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1742-6723.13523DOI Listing

Do medical interns publish findings of compulsory audit or research projects? Five-year experience from a single centre in New Zealand.

J Adv Med Educ Prof 2020 Apr;8(2):100-104

Department of General Medicine, Christchurch Public Hospital, Christchurch, New Zealand.

Introduction: There is a paucity of literature on research output of Australasian interns. We have previously shown great interest among interns rotating in our department to publish or present their findings from an audit or research project (ARP). The aim of this study was to examine the output of the intern ARP. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.30476/jamp.2019.81894.1040DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7188940PMC

Triage of Patients with Venous and Lymphatic Diseases during the COVID-19 pandemic- the Venous and Lymphatic Triage and Acuity Scale (VELTAS).

J Vasc Surg Venous Lymphat Disord 2020 May 16. Epub 2020 May 16.

European College of Phlebology (ECoP).

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) global pandemic has resulted in diversion of healthcare resources to the management of patients infected with SARS-CoV-2 virus. Elective interventions and surgical procedures in most countries have been postponed and operating room resources have been diverted to manage the pandemic. The Venous and Lymphatic Triage and Acuity Scale (VELTAS) was developed to provide an international standard to rationalise and harmonise the management of patients with venous and lymphatic disorders or vascular anomalies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvsv.2020.05.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7229740PMC

In reply to comment by Coban E (Australasian J Dermatol 2020: 61:79-80).

Australas J Dermatol 2020 May 18. Epub 2020 May 18.

Department of Pharmacology, University School of Medicine, Zagreb, Croatia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ajd.13340DOI Listing

A CLOSE-UP guide to capturing clinical images.

Australas J Dermatol 2020 May 18. Epub 2020 May 18.

Australasian College of Dermatologists E-Health Committee, Brisbane, QLD, Australia.

Telemedicine is rapidly becoming ubiquitous as the medical profession adjusts its practice to provide optimal care to patients in the context of the COVID19 pandemic. The ability to provide accurate dermatological advice via telemedicine is dependent on the receipt of high-quality clinical images and accurate clinical context, on which clinicians receive little education during medical school and subsequent training. Clinicians can improve their capture, delivery and storage of images using the CLOSE-UP acronym, which encapsulates important considerations in the clinical photography process. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ajd.13330DOI Listing

Potentially avoidable urology mortality in Australia.

Authors:
Philip McCahy

ANZ J Surg 2020 May;90(5):653

Victorian Audit of Surgical Mortality, Royal Australasian College of Surgeons, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ans.15890DOI Listing

Response to Re: Pancreaticoduodenectomy outcomes in Australia.

ANZ J Surg 2020 May;90(5):939

Discipline of Surgery, The Queen Elizabeth Hospital, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ans.15815DOI Listing

Development of the 'People-Processes-Paradigm' critical analysis tool for mortality and morbidity reviews: improving understanding of systems factors.

ANZ J Surg 2020 May 17. Epub 2020 May 17.

Westmead Breast Cancer Institute, The University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Background: The impact of systems problems and human factors on delivering safe, high-quality patient care is well recognized. In the surgical setting, mortality and morbidity reviews (MMRs) are the key forum for reviewing and analysing adverse events in patient care yet there is a paucity of simple tools for undertaking such analyses. The aim of this study was to develop and pilot a new tool for analysing mortality and morbidity cases incorporating human factors and systems analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ans.15919DOI Listing

Costs and uptake of a community model of paediatric food allergy care versus specialist hospital care: A before-and-after controlled trial.

J Paediatr Child Health 2020 May 15. Epub 2020 May 15.

School of Public Health, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

Aim: To compare the costs of community-based food allergy model of care (intervention cohort, IC) with a tertiary-hospital, specialist allergy clinic model of care (control cohort, CC).

Methods: In this pragmatic controlled trial, children (aged 0-12 years) newly referred to the allergy clinic at Melbourne's Royal Children's Hospital with suspected/known food allergy to three or fewer foods were allocated to see either a community-based paediatrician, trained via online webinars and web-based clinical decision support tools for food allergy diagnosis and management, or a hospital allergist. Per-patient costs to the health-care system and out-of-pocket costs to families seen within 12 months (clinician time, allergy tests and medicare billing) were compared between the two models of care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jpc.14905DOI Listing
May 2020
1.193 Impact Factor

Early Pregnancy Screening for Women at High-Risk of GDM Results in Reduced Neonatal Morbidity and Similar Maternal Outcomes to Routine Screening.

J Pregnancy 2020 29;2020:9083264. Epub 2020 Jan 29.

Pregnancy Research Centre, Department of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Royal Women's Hospital, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

The Australasian Diabetes in Pregnancy Society recommends screening high-risk women for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) before 24 weeks gestation, under the assumption that an earlier diagnosis and opportunity to achieve normoglycemia will minimize adverse outcomes. However, little evidence exists for this recommendation. The study objective was to compare the pregnancy outcomes of high-risk women diagnosed with GDM before 24 weeks gestation and routinely diagnosed women after 24 weeks gestation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/9083264DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7204101PMC
January 2020

F-FDG PET/CT based spleen to liver ratio associates with clinical outcome to ipilimumab in patients with metastatic melanoma.

Cancer Imaging 2020 May 14;20(1):36. Epub 2020 May 14.

Research Division, Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, 305 Grattan St, Melbourne, VIC, 3000, Australia.

Background: Immune checkpoint blockade such as ipilimumab and anti-PD1 monoclonal antibodies have significantly improved survival in advanced melanoma. Biomarkers are urgently needed as a majority of patients do not respond, despite treatment-related toxicities. We analysed pre-treatment F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computerised tomography (FDG PET/CT) parameters to assess its correlation with patient outcome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40644-020-00313-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7227105PMC
May 2020
1.286 Impact Factor

A new species of (Nematoda, Ascaridomorpha) from the marine toad (Linnaeus) (Anura, Bufonidae) in Australia.

Zookeys 2020 30;931:11-20. Epub 2020 Apr 30.

Key Laboratory of Animal Physiology, Biochemistry and Molecular Biology of Hebei Province, College of Life Sciences, Hebei Normal University, 050024 Shijiazhuang, Hebei Province, China Hebei Normal University Shijiazhuang China.

The marine toad (Linnaeus) (Anura, Bufonidae) is a notorious, exotic amphibian species in Australia. However, our present knowledge of the composition of the nematode fauna of is still not complete. In the present study, a new cosmocercid nematode, , was described using both light and scanning electron microscopy, based on specimens collected from in Australia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.931.50478DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7205857PMC

Managing haematology and oncology patients during the COVID-19 pandemic: interim consensus guidance.

Med J Aust 2020 06 13;212(10):481-489. Epub 2020 May 13.

Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Melbourne, VIC.

Introduction: A pandemic coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2, causes COVID-19, a potentially life-threatening respiratory disease. Patients with cancer may have compromised immunity due to their malignancy and/or treatment, and may be at elevated risk of severe COVID-19. Community transmission of COVID-19 could overwhelm health care services, compromising delivery of cancer care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5694/mja2.50607DOI Listing

Patient Satisfaction in Emergency General Surgery: A Prospective Cross-Sectional Study.

World J Surg 2020 May 12. Epub 2020 May 12.

Adelaide Medical School, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA, 5000, Australia.

Background: The importance of the patient experience is increasingly being recognised. However, there is a dearth of studies regarding factors affecting patient-reported outcomes in emergency general surgery (EGS), including none from the Southern Hemisphere. We aim to prospectively assess factors associated with patient satisfaction in this setting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00268-020-05561-8DOI Listing

Does institutional patient accrual volume impact overall survival in patients with inoperable non-small-cell lung cancer receiving radical (chemo)radiation? A secondary analysis of TROG 99.05.

J Med Imaging Radiat Oncol 2020 May 11. Epub 2020 May 11.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Introduction: Increased hospital patient volume, reflecting greater experience, has been shown to be associated with improved survival for some cancers. However, there is no evidence to support the volume-outcome hypothesis for inoperable non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients within the Australasian setting. We examined the relationship between overall survival (OS) and institutional patient accrual volume (IPAV) in a large prospective Australasian NSCLC database (TROG 99. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1754-9485.13042DOI Listing

Continuous renal replacement therapy and its impact on hyperammonaemia in acute liver failure.

Crit Care Resusc 2020 Jun;22(2):158-165

Department of Intensive Care, Austin Health, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Objective: Hyperammonaemia contributes to complications in acute liver failure (ALF) and may be treated with continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT), but current practice is poorly understood.

Design: We retrospectively analysed data for baseline characteristics, ammonia concentration, CRRT use, and outcomes in a cohort of Australian and New Zealand patients with ALF.

Setting: All liver transplant ICUs across Australia and New Zealand. Read More

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Eocene Araucaria Sect. Eutacta from Patagonia and floristic turnover during the initial isolation of South America.

Am J Bot 2020 May 9;107(5):806-832. Epub 2020 May 9.

Museo Paleontológico Egidio Feruglio, Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, Trelew, 9100, Chubut, Argentina.

Premise: Eocene floras of Patagonia document biotic response to the final separation of Gondwana. The conifer genus Araucaria, distributed worldwide during the Mesozoic, has a disjunct extant distribution between South America and Australasia. Fossils assigned to Australasian Araucaria Sect. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajb2.1467DOI Listing

The Evolution of an Interdisciplinary Developmental Round in a Surgical Neonatal Intensive Care Unit.

Adv Neonatal Care 2020 May 6. Epub 2020 May 6.

Australasian NIDCAP Training Centre (Ms Griffiths, Ms James-Nunez, Ms Spence, Dr Crowle, Ms Pettigrew, Dr Loughran-Fowlds), Grace Centre for Newborn Intensive Care (Ms Spence, Dr Loughran-Fowlds, Ms Griffiths, Ms James-Nunez and Dr Crowle) and Speech Pathology Department (Ms Pettigrew), The Children's Hospital at Westmead, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Background: Developmentally supportive environments are known to improve medical outcomes for hospitalized neonates and are considered the overarching philosophy for practice in the neonatal setting. Developmental rounds are a strategy incorporated by multidisciplinary teams to support development within and beyond the neonatal unit. Typically, they consist of bedside consultations and individualized developmentally supportive recommendations for families and clinicians. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ANC.0000000000000741DOI Listing

Linking data from a large clinical trial with the Australian Cerebral Palsy Register.

Dev Med Child Neurol 2020 May 8. Epub 2020 May 8.

Discipline of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Adelaide Medical School, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA, Australia.

Aim: To link data from a large maternal perinatal trial with the Australian Cerebral Palsy Register (ACPR) to identify children with cerebral palsy (CP).

Method: Deidentified data from the Australasian Collaborative Trial of Magnesium Sulphate (ACTOMgSO ) and the ACPR were linked. Children born from 1996 to 2000 at Australian hospitals who survived and had 2-year paediatric assessments were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/dmcn.14556DOI Listing

Characterization of the immune profile of oral tongue squamous cell carcinomas with advancing disease.

Cancer Med 2020 May 8. Epub 2020 May 8.

Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

We investigated whether a unique immune response was instigated with the development of oral tongue squamous cell carcinomas (OTSCC), with/without nodal involvement, with/without recurrent metastatic disease, or within tumor involved nodes. One hundred and ten formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded samples were collected from a retrospective cohort of 67 OTSCC patients and 10 non-cancerous tongue samples. Targets including CD4, CD8, FOXP3, PD-L1, and PD-1 were analyzed by immunohistochemistry. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cam4.3106DOI Listing

Satellite derived offshore migratory movements of southern right whales (Eubalaena australis) from Australian and New Zealand wintering grounds.

PLoS One 2020 7;15(5):e0231577. Epub 2020 May 7.

Blue Planet Marine, Nelson, New Zealand.

Southern right whales (Eubalaena australis) migrate between Austral-winter calving and socialising grounds to offshore mid- to high latitude Austral-summer feeding grounds. In Australasia, winter calving grounds used by southern right whales extend from Western Australia across southern Australia to the New Zealand sub-Antarctic Islands. During the Austral-summer these whales are thought to migrate away from coastal waters to feed, but the location of these feeding grounds is only inferred from historical whaling data. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0231577PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7205476PMC

Association of Surgical Skill Assessment With Clinical Outcomes in Cancer Surgery.

JAMA Surg 2020 May 6. Epub 2020 May 6.

Department of General Surgery, Yeovil District Hospital National Health Service Foundation Trust, Yeovil, England.

Importance: Complex surgical interventions are inherently prone to variation yet they are not objectively measured. The reasons for outcome differences following cancer surgery are unclear.

Objective: To quantify surgical skill within advanced laparoscopic procedures and its association with histopathological and clinical outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7203671PMC

A comparative study on the turnaround time of article processing in dermatology journals: A need for improvement of this aspect in Indian journals.

Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 2020 May 5. Epub 2020 May 5.

Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.

Introduction: Submission and publishing of research articles in scientific journals is a multistep process that should be efficient and swift.

Objective: To compare the editorial, peer review and publication time between Indian dermatology journals and international dermatology journals.

Methods: Three Indian (Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology; Indian Journal of Dermatology and Indian Dermatology Online Journal) and three international (International Journal of Dermatology; the Australasian Journal of Dermatology and Dermatology [Karger]) dermatology journals were identified for this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijdvl.IJDVL_1043_18DOI Listing
May 2020
1.325 Impact Factor

Delivering Simulation Activities Safely: What if We Hurt Ourselves?

Simul Healthc 2020 May 4. Epub 2020 May 4.

From the Appleton Institute for Behavioural Science (A.N.), Central Queensland University, South Australia; Curtin University (D.D.), Western Australia; Sir Charles Gardiner Hospital (D.D.), Western Australia; Real First Aid Pty Ltd (B.K.), New South Wales; Centre for Creative and Cultural Studies (T.C.), University of Canberra, Canberra; Bendigo Hospital (C.K.), Victoria; Monash University (C.K.); Austin Health (C.K.); and University of Melbourne (C.K.), Victoria, Australia.

Statement: Although a focus on the learner rightly remains in any teaching environment, the psychological safety of everyone involved in the conduct of experiential learning and critical academic scholarship is important. Education literature suggests that faculty are just as prone to psychological harm as their learners. This commentary describes adverse experiences from a simulation-based education event that took place at an Australasian interprofessional and cross-domain simulation workshop. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SIH.0000000000000460DOI Listing
May 2020
1.593 Impact Factor

Rethinking the role of senior medical students in the COVID-19 response.

Med J Aust 2020 06 5;212(10):490-490.e1. Epub 2020 May 5.

Trials and Audit in Surgery for Medical Students in Australia and New Zealand, Fremantle, WA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5694/mja2.50601DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7267416PMC
June 2020
4.089 Impact Factor

Real world experience using Ciclosporin in psoriasis: Efficacy and toxicity in the Australasian Psoriasis Registry.

Australas J Dermatol 2020 May 4. Epub 2020 May 4.

St Vincent's Hospital Melbourne, Fitzroy, Victoria, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ajd.13314DOI Listing

Multidisciplinary survey of current and future use of emergency laparotomy risk assessment scores in New Zealand.

Anaesth Intensive Care 2020 May 4:310057X20907102. Epub 2020 May 4.

The University of Auckland, South Auckland Clinical Campus, Auckland, New Zealand.

Risk prediction is an important part of the management of emergency laparotomy (EL) patients. This study aims to investigate the current use of and future directions for EL risk prediction scores. New Zealand members of the Royal Australasian College of Surgery (RACS), Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists (ANZCA) and College of Intensive Care Medicine (CICM) were invited to participate in an anonymous online survey. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0310057X20907102DOI Listing