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    2956 results match your criteria Auris Nasus Larynx [Journal]

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    Lamina papyracea position in patients with nasal polypi: A computed tomography analysis.
    Auris Nasus Larynx 2017 Sep 20. Epub 2017 Sep 20.
    Radio Diagnosis Department, Faculty of Medicine, Benha University, Egypt.
    Objective: This study aimed to describe the positions of the lamina papyracea (LP) in patients who had nasal polypi, by computed tomography (CT) analysis.

    Methods: Paranasal CT scans of patients diagnosed to have nasal polypi were included in the study. CT images were acquired with multiplanar reformates to obtain delicate details in coronal planes for all subjects. Read More

    Doppler ultrasonography can be useful to determine the etiology of idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss.
    Auris Nasus Larynx 2017 Sep 20. Epub 2017 Sep 20.
    Acibadem University Hospital, Otorhinolaryngology Department Istanbul, Turkey.
    Objective: This study aims to evaluate clinical features of both carotid and vertebral arteries in the idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSNHL) patients and healthy individuals to contribute additional knowledge on vascular compromise theory.

    Methods: This study was designed as a retrospective case control study in a tertiary referral center. 55 patients for ISSNHL and 35 healthy participants (70 ears) are involved to the study. Read More

    A targeted next-generation sequencing panel reveals novel mutations in Japanese patients with primary ciliary dyskinesia.
    Auris Nasus Larynx 2017 Sep 19. Epub 2017 Sep 19.
    Division of Personalized Medicine, Mie University Graduate School of Medicine, Tsu, Japan.
    Objective: Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is a rare genetic disorder caused by functional impairment of cilia throughout the body. The early diagnosis of PCD is important for the prevention of long-term sequelae; however, this is often challenging because of the phenotypic heterogeneity of PCD and difficulty in genetic analysis. The majority of PCD patients in Japan are not diagnosed properly. Read More

    Treatment outcomes of sialendoscopy for submandibular gland sialolithiasis: The minor axis of the sialolith is a regulative factor for the removal of sialoliths in the hilum of the submandibular gland using sialendoscopy alone.
    Auris Nasus Larynx 2017 Sep 18. Epub 2017 Sep 18.
    Department of Otolaryngology, Tokyo Women's Medical University, 8-1, Kawada-cho, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 162-8666, Japan.
    Objective: To assess the general guidelines for the removal of sialoliths for submandibular gland sialolithiasis using sialendoscopy alone.

    Methods: We analyzed 61 sialoliths treated using sialendoscopy in 42 patients with submandibular gland sialolithiasis. We evaluated the submandibular gland sialoliths and divided each case based upon the location: the Wharton's duct or the hilum. Read More

    Tonsillectomy in adults: Analysis of indications and complications.
    Auris Nasus Larynx 2017 Sep 16. Epub 2017 Sep 16.
    Department of Anatomy and Histology, University of Zaragoza, Spain.
    Objective: Tonsillectomy is one of the surgical techniques most practiced by otolaryngologists, and despite being a relatively simple technique; it presents a considerable percentage of complications, such as postoperative bleeding. The aim of this study is to describe the surgical indications and most frequent complications, analyze whether surgical suture of the tonsillar pillars has an influence on bleeding, and study the data of hospital stay and its importance for the control of complications.

    Methods: A retrospective study of 326 patients who underwent a tonsillectomy in our Department of Otolaryngology from 2006 to 2014 was conducted. Read More

    Natural course of tonsillectomy pain: A prospective patient cohort study.
    Auris Nasus Larynx 2017 Sep 7. Epub 2017 Sep 7.
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, Anyang, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:
    Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the natural course of pain after tonsillectomy.

    Methods: This study included 119 patients that underwent tonsillectomy between November 2013 and November 2015. After undergoing tonsillectomy, patients scored their pain using the visual analogue scale three times daily (morning, midday, and evening) for 2 weeks. Read More

    Relationship between swallowing function and breathing/phonation.
    Auris Nasus Larynx 2017 Sep 7. Epub 2017 Sep 7.
    Department of Otolaryngology, Nippon Medical School Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.
    Objective: Clarification of the association between the swallowing function and respiratory and phonatory functions.

    Methods: The subjects were 30 patients with a chief complaint of swallowing disorder with clear consciousness capable of retaining a sitting position. Patients with organic and functional diseases of the larynx were excluded. Read More

    Sudden sensorineural hearing loss in children and adolescents: Clinical characteristics and age-related prognosis.
    Auris Nasus Larynx 2017 Sep 6. Epub 2017 Sep 6.
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Seoul National University Boramae Medical Center, Seoul Metropolitan Government-Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:
    Objective: Although many studies have investigated sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) in adults, there were few studies on SSNHL in the pediatric population; especially research on treatment and prognosis of pediatric SSNHL was limited. The aim of this study was to evaluate clinical characteristics, treatment outcomes and prognostic factors in children and adolescents with SSNHL.

    Methods: A retrospective review of medical records of 67 pediatric patients (67 ears) who had diagnosed with SSNHL at our hospitals was performed to analyze patients' clinical manifestations and audiograms. Read More

    Dental and oropharyngeal lesions in rats with chronic acid reflux esophagitis.
    Auris Nasus Larynx 2017 Sep 4. Epub 2017 Sep 4.
    Department of Otolaryngology, Head & Neck Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Saga University, 5-1-1 Nabeshima, Saga 849 8501, Japan.
    Objective: In this study, we evaluated pathological changes in the tooth and pharynx of GERD rats to elucidate the association between gastric acid reflux and oral and pharyngeal diseases.

    Methods: An experimental rat model of chronic acid reflux esophagitis was surgically created. The oral cavities were observed histologically every 2 weeks until 20 weeks after surgery. Read More

    Emergency consultation for epistaxis: A bad predictor for overall health?
    Auris Nasus Larynx 2017 Aug 28. Epub 2017 Aug 28.
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University Hospital Zurich USZ, University of Zurich UZH, Switzerland. Electronic address:
    Objective: To compare the mortality rate of a large epistaxis cohort with the fatalities of the general Swiss population and to evaluate significant risk factors for impending early death.

    Methods: 568 patients out of an epistaxis cohort from a former study were contacted by mail to answer a questionnaire. Deceased patients were identified from March, 2007 through April, 2014. Read More

    Long-term voice outcome after thyroidectomy using energy based devices.
    Auris Nasus Larynx 2017 Aug 28. Epub 2017 Aug 28.
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Korea University Anam Hospital, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea. Electronic address:
    Objective: Voice dysfunction is frequently reported after thyroidectomy even in absence of vocal fold paralysis. The energy-based devices such as Harmonic scalpel (HS) or LigaSure (LS) are commonly used in conventional thyroidectomy. The objective of this study was to investigate the long-term voice outcome after total thyroidectomy using energy based devices. Read More

    Cetuximab with radiotherapy as an alternative treatment for advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the temporal bone.
    Auris Nasus Larynx 2017 Aug 31. Epub 2017 Aug 31.
    Department of Otolaryngology-Head Neck Surgery, Tokai University, Isehara, Kanagawa, 259-1193, Japan.
    The prognosis of advanced temporal bone cancer is poor, because complete surgical resection is difficult to achieve. Chemoradiotherapy is one of the available curative treatment options; however, its systemic effects on the patient restrict the use of this treatment. A 69-year-old female (who needed peritoneal dialysis) presented at our clinic with T4 left external auditory canal cancer and was treated with cetuximab plus radiotherapy (RT). Read More

    Gender difference and laterality of sleep position.
    Auris Nasus Larynx 2017 Aug 29. Epub 2017 Aug 29.
    Yoshida Ear, Nose and Throat Clinic, 2-1-15, Nakano, Hirosaki 036-8155, Japan. Electronic address:
    Objective: A higher incidence in women (approximately 7:3) and a predominant involvement of the right ear (approximately 7:5) are interesting features of BPPV (benign paroxysmal positional vertigo). It is speculated that these features are related to sleep position. The first aim of this study was to compare the frequency of position shifts during sleep between men and women. Read More

    Comparison between clinical and audiological results of tympanoplasty with double layer graft (modified sandwich fascia) technique and single layer graft (underlay fascia and underlay cartilage) technique.
    Auris Nasus Larynx 2017 Aug 27. Epub 2017 Aug 27.
    ENT, Smt. Kashibai Navale Medical College and General Hospital, Pune, India. Electronic address:
    Introduction: Surgical repair of the tympanic membrane, termed a type one tympanoplasty is a tried and tested treatment modality. Overlay or underlay technique of tympanoplasty is common. Sandwich Tympanoplasty is the combined overlay and underlay grafting of tympanic membrane. Read More

    Characterization of FaDu-R, a radioresistant head and neck cancer cell line, and cancer stem cells.
    Auris Nasus Larynx 2017 Aug 24. Epub 2017 Aug 24.
    Department of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:
    Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of CSC on insensitivity to radiotherapy in HNSCC.

    Methods: A radioresistant cell line, FaDu-R, was established using fractionated ionizing radiation. Cells with high and low CD44/ALDH activity were isolated. Read More

    A case of ectopic salivary gland of the larynx.
    Auris Nasus Larynx 2017 Aug 22. Epub 2017 Aug 22.
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Juntendo University Faculty of Medicine, 2-1-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8421, Japan.
    A 46-year-old man presented with sore throat. Laryngoscopic findings revealed a smooth yellow mass occupying the anterior portion of the false vocal fold on the left side. The authors performed biopsy under general anesthesia. Read More

    Risk factors for the occurrence of epistaxis: Prospective study.
    Auris Nasus Larynx 2017 Aug 22. Epub 2017 Aug 22.
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Hospital de São João EPE, Porto, Portugal.
    Objective: Analyse and compare the characteristics of patients with epistaxis admitted to the otolaryngology emergency department with those provided by a control group. Establish a model to identify epistaxis predictive factors.

    Methods: Prospective analysis of 283 consecutive adults, admitted to the otolaryngology emergency department of a tertiary referral centre between 25 January and 25 February 2014. Read More

    Is voice therapy effective for the treatment of dysphonic patients with benign vocal fold lesions?
    Auris Nasus Larynx 2017 Aug 22. Epub 2017 Aug 22.
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Suita, Japan.
    Objective: To update our knowledge regarding the effectiveness of voice therapy for the treatment of vocal disturbance associated with benign vocal fold lesions, including vocal polyps, nodules and cysts, and for determining the utility of voice therapy in treating organic voice disorders, while highlighting problems for the future development of this clinical field.

    Methods: We conducted a review of the most recent literature on the therapeutic effects of voice therapy, vocal hygiene education or direct vocal training on vocal quality, the lesion appearance and discomfort felt by patients due to the clinical entity of benign vocal fold mass lesions.

    Results: Although voice therapy is principally indicated for the treatment of functional dysphonia without any organic abnormalities in the vocal folds, a number of clinicians have attempted to perform voice therapy even in dysphonic patients with benign mass lesions in the vocal folds. Read More

    Measurements of ionic concentrations along with endocochlear potential in wild-type and claudin 14 knockout mice.
    Auris Nasus Larynx 2017 Aug 12. Epub 2017 Aug 12.
    Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Osaka Medical College, 2-7, Daigaku-machi, Takatsuki, Osaka 569-8686, Japan; Faculty of Nutrition, Koshien University, 10-1 Momijimachi, Takarazuka, Hyogo 665-0006, Japan.
    Objective: To examine whether the changes in endolymphatic ion concentrations were involved in hair cells degeneration in claudin-14 knockout (KO) mice (Cldn14(-/-)), we measured the endocochlear potential (EP) along with concentrations of K(+), Na(+), H(+), or Ca(2+) ([K]e, [Na]e, pHe, [Ca]e) in Cldn14(-/-), in which hair cells were selectively damaged, and compared with measurements in wild type mice (Wt).

    Methods: We used the Cldn14(-/-) from 3 weeks of age, in which the auditory brain responses (ABR) was severely diminished. Using double-barreled ion-selective microelectrodes, we measured [K]e, [Na]e, pHe, and [Ca]e in both Wt and Cldn14(-/-) at 8-10 weeks of age. Read More

    Cervical mass as the first clinical manifestation of unsuspected metastatic seminoma.
    Auris Nasus Larynx 2017 Aug 11. Epub 2017 Aug 11.
    ENT Department, "Madre Teresa di Calcutta" Hospital, Via Albere, 30, Monselice, Padua, Italy.
    The authors reported a case of a 27-year-old man with a nontender left neck mass that had grown quite rapidly within few weeks. FNAB and CT were not consistent to establish the definite diagnosis. After excisional biopsy, the histopathological examination and the immunohistochemical study of the specimen revealed a cervical metastasis of seminoma. Read More

    Correlation of soft palate length with velum obstruction and severity of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome.
    Auris Nasus Larynx 2017 Aug 11. Epub 2017 Aug 11.
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine, Wonju, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:
    Objective: Our aim in this study was to analyze whether soft palate length and velum obstruction during sleep are correlated and to determine the effects of related parameters on obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) severity. We used computed tomography to measure soft palate length and drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE) to evaluate velum obstruction severity. Patients also underwent polysomnography (PSG) for evaluation of OSAS severity. Read More

    Clinical course of incidental parathyroidectomy: Single center experience.
    Auris Nasus Larynx 2017 Aug 11. Epub 2017 Aug 11.
    Department of Surgery, Ankara Numune Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.
    Objective: Thyroidectomy is a very common surgical procedure. Regardless of surgeon experience, incidental parathyroidectomy is a complication of thyroidectomy. The aim of this study was to identify the clinical course of incidental parathyroidectomies after thyroidectomy. Read More

    Does CT help in predicting preepiglottic space invasion in laryngeal carcinoma?
    Auris Nasus Larynx 2017 Aug 11. Epub 2017 Aug 11.
    Department of Otolaryngology, Sisli Hamidiye Etfal Education and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.
    Objective: Evaluating preepiglottic space involvement in laryngeal cancer by CT may lead misinterpretation. We sought to understand the causes of misinterpretation in evaluating the preepiglottic space by CT and assessed the effects of misinterpretation in treatment plans of patients with laryngeal squamous cell carcinomas.

    Methods: Specimen histopathology reports of 102 (99 male, 3 female) patients who underwent total or partial laryngectomy due to supraglottic and/or transglottic laryngeal carcinoma were reviewed. Read More

    Pulmonary function in patients with eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis.
    Auris Nasus Larynx 2017 Aug 10. Epub 2017 Aug 10.
    Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama, Japan.
    Objective: There is a close relationship between upper and lower respiratory tract diseases. Chronic rhinosinusitis patients frequently have lung diseases including asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis is considered a refractory and intractable subtype of chronic rhinosinusitis. Read More

    Variations in the labyrinthine segment of facial nerve canal revealed by high-resolution computed tomography.
    Auris Nasus Larynx 2017 Aug 9. Epub 2017 Aug 9.
    Department of Otolaryngology, First People's Hospital of Shangqiu, Shangqiu City, Henan Province, China.
    Objective: To study variations in the labyrinthine segment of fallopian canal and the associated middle and inner ear malformations.

    Method: The high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) images of the temporal bone in 24 patients with congenital variations in the labyrinthine segment of fallopian canal were analyzed retrospectively. The length of labyrinthine segment of the facial nerve and angle of the first genu of 10 normal subjects were also measured. Read More

    The theory of autoimmunity in Meniere's disease is lacking evidence.
    Auris Nasus Larynx 2017 Aug 4. Epub 2017 Aug 4.
    Faculty of Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine, University of Oulu, Finland; Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, Oulu University Hospital, Finland & PEDEGO Research Unit, University of Oulu, Finland. Electronic address:
    The role of immunological factors in the pathophysiology of Meniere's disease (MD) has been hypothesized. In order to evaluate the current level of evidence on autoimmunity in MD, original articles relevant to the matter (1970-2016) were reviewed. The following has been considered to support the theory of autoimmunity in MD (1) the increased prevalence of autoimmune diseases among MD patients, (2) the elevated levels of antibodies and immunocomplexes in MD patients, (3) the association of MD with HLA-types and genetic polymorphisms and (4) the positive corticosteroid-responsiveness detected in some MD patients. Read More

    Oral administration of geranylgeranylacetone to protect vestibular hair cells.
    Auris Nasus Larynx 2017 Aug 3. Epub 2017 Aug 3.
    Department of Otolaryngology, Yamaguchi University Graduate School of Medicine, Ube, Japan. Electronic address:
    Objective: We recently reported that the heat shock response played a major role in the protection of hair cells against stress. Oral administration of the heat shock inducer, geranylgeranylacetone (GGA) protected hair cells against intense noise. In our present study, we investigated the effect of GGA on vestibular hair cell death induced by an aminoglycoside. Read More

    The bacterial species associated with aspirated foreign bodies in children.
    Auris Nasus Larynx 2017 Aug 2. Epub 2017 Aug 2.
    Paediatric Otolaryngology Unit, Starship Children's Hospital, Auckland, New Zealand.
    Objective: Inhaled foreign bodies in children are common and may be complicated by secondary airway tract infection. The inhaled foreign body may act as carrier of infectious material and the aim of this study was to explore the bacterial species associated with aspirated foreign bodies in a cohort of children.

    Methods: Retrospective case series of 34 patients who underwent rigid laryngobronchoscopy because of foreign body aspiration. Read More

    Histopathology of tympanic membranes from patients with ventilation tubes.
    Auris Nasus Larynx 2017 Jul 31. Epub 2017 Jul 31.
    Department of Otolaryngology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, United States. Electronic address:
    Objective: To evaluate the histopathologic changes in tympanic membranes (TMs) with ventilation tubes (VTs).

    Methods: In this retrospective human temporal bone study our overall study group included 4 subgroups of TMs from deceased donors as follows: 24 with a history of VT insertion for chronic otitis media with effusion (COME-VT); 5 with a history of VT insertion for Meniere's disease (MD-VT); 33 without a history of VT insertion for chronic otitis media with effusion (COME); and 14 without a history of VT insertion for Meniere's disease (MD). We classified the extent of migration of the outer keratinized squamous epithelium onto the inner surface of TM perforations and noted the presence and location of tympanosclerosis, of atrophy, of perforation, and/or of cholesteatoma formation. Read More

    Evidence of surgical treatments for intractable Meniere's disease.
    Auris Nasus Larynx 2017 Jul 28. Epub 2017 Jul 28.
    Department of Otolaryngology, Nara Medical University, 840 Shijo-cho, Kashihara-city, Nara 634-8522, Japan. Electronic address:
    Meniere's disease is an inner ear disease, characterized by recurrent rotatory vertigo, sensorineural hearing loss and tinnitus. There are some with frequent vertigo attacks, progressive hearing loss and persistent annoying tinnitus even through the continuous standard medical treatments. These cases are thought to account for 10%-20% of all cases of Meniere's disease. Read More

    The applicability of new TNM classification for humanpapilloma virus-related oropharyngeal cancer in the 8th edition of the AJCC/UICC TNM staging system in Japan: A single-centre study.
    Auris Nasus Larynx 2017 Jul 28. Epub 2017 Jul 28.
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Yokohama City University, School of Medicine, Yokohama, Japan.
    Objective: The purpose of this study is to validate the applicability of new TNM classification for human papillomavirus (HPV)-related oropharyngeal cancer (OPC) in the 8th edition of the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC)/Union for International Cancer Control (UICC) TNM staging system in Japan.

    Methods: A total of 91 OPC patients treated with radiation-based therapy between January 2011 and December 2016 were analyzed retrospectively in this study. HPV infection status was evaluated using tumor p16 expression. Read More

    Impact of the Korean Diagnosis-Related Groups payment system on the outcomes of adenotonsillectomy: A single center experience.
    Auris Nasus Larynx 2017 Jul 26. Epub 2017 Jul 26.
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
    Objectives: To report outcomes with regard to clinical aspects and medical costs of adenotonsillectomy and tonsillectomy at a single institution before and after implementation of the Diagnosis-Related Groups (DRG) payment system in Korea.

    Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the records of patients treated with adenotonsillectomy or tonsillectomy between July 2012 and June 2014. The Korean DRG payment system was applied to seven groups of specific diseases and surgeries including adenotonsillectomy and tonsillectomy from July 2013 at all hospitals in Korea. Read More

    Endoscopic contralateral transmaxillary approach for pterygoid process osteotomy in total maxillectomy: A technical case report.
    Auris Nasus Larynx 2017 Jul 26. Epub 2017 Jul 26.
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology/Head and Neck Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University, Inohana 1-8-1, Chuo-ku, Chiba City, Chiba 260-8670, Japan.
    An approach for total maxillectomy with endoscopic transection of the pterygoid process via the contralateral maxillary sinus is described. In total maxillectomy, the resection of the pterygoid process of the sphenoid is a key step for successful resection. However, a conventional craniofacial approach requires extensive incision in the face, elevation of the lateral cheek flap. Read More

    Surgical considerations and safety of cochlear implantation in otitis media with effusion.
    Auris Nasus Larynx 2017 Jul 26. Epub 2017 Jul 26.
    Department of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery, Istanbul Medipol University, Istanbul, Turkey.
    Objective: To evaluate the effects of otitis media with effusion on surgical parameters, patient safety, perioperative and postoperative complications.

    Methods: Total 890 children who underwent cochlear implantation between 2006 and 2015 were included. The ages ranged from 12 months to 63 months (mean: 32 months). Read More

    Learning curve of tonsillectomy.
    Auris Nasus Larynx 2017 Jul 25. Epub 2017 Jul 25.
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taiwan; School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address:
    Objective: To determine the time required to sufficiently educate a well-trained surgeon to perform tonsillectomy.

    Material And Methods: From July 1, 2000 to June 30, 2008, we analyzed 110 patients who underwent bilateral tonsillectomy. All the procedures were performed by 16 ENT surgeons trained in the same tertiary referral medical center during their residency. Read More

    The treatment and outcome analysis of primary squamous cell carcinoma of the thyroid.
    Auris Nasus Larynx 2017 Jul 21. Epub 2017 Jul 21.
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Graduate school of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 812-8582, Japan.
    Objectives: Primary squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the thyroid is a rare disease. It usually presents with locally advanced disease and has an overall poor prognosis. In this study, we investigated the characteristics and outcomes of patients with SCC of the thyroid, and reported our experience with chemotherapy with lenvatinib in the treatment of SCC of the thyroid. Read More

    Endoscopic transcanal myringoplasty for tympanic perforations: An outpatient minimally invasive procedure.
    Auris Nasus Larynx 2017 Jul 21. Epub 2017 Jul 21.
    Department of Otolaryngology, Wan Fang Medical Center, Taipei Medical University, Taiwan.
    Objective: Since the 1950s, microscopic myringoplasty has been the standard surgery for repairing a perforated tympanic membrane. In addition to conventional microscopic myringoplasty, endoscopic myringoplasty has been an emerging technique since the late 1990s. This study evaluated the efficacy of endoscopic transcanal myringoplasty for repairing tympanic perforations and examined the minimally invasive feature of this technique (no postauricular incision, no canalplasty). Read More

    Posterior canal wall reposition for management of cholesteatoma: Technique and results.
    Auris Nasus Larynx 2017 Jul 20. Epub 2017 Jul 20.
    Department of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt. Electronic address:
    Objective: The main goal of surgery in acquired middle ear cholesteatomas is the complete eradication of the disease with an ear free of discharge. This can be performed either by open or closed techniques with their benefits and drawbacks. We present the technique of reposition of the posterior canal wall for the management of cholesteatoma cases and its results and outcome. Read More

    Treatment of pharyngotympanic tube dysfunction.
    Auris Nasus Larynx 2017 Jul 19. Epub 2017 Jul 19.
    Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Bielefeld Academic Teaching Hospital, Muenster University, Bielefeld, Germany.
    Eustachian tube dysfuntion intends to describe a variety of signs, symptoms, and physical findings that result from the impairment of ET function. A large variety of methods have been employed to assess ET function in the literature. Due to the lack of high level evidence, it is difficult to draw conclusions on the effectiveness of medical and surgical treatments. Read More

    The effects of uvulopalatal flap operation on speech nasalance and the acoustic parameters of the final nasal consonants.
    Auris Nasus Larynx 2017 Jul 13. Epub 2017 Jul 13.
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Research Institute for Medical Science, Chungnam National University School of Medicine, Daejeon, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:
    Objective: The acoustic characteristics of voice are determined by the source of the sound and shape of the vocal tract. Various anatomical changes after uvulopalatal flap (UPF) operation can change nasalance and/or other voice characteristics. Our aim was to explore the possible effects of UPF creation on speech nasalance and the resonatory features of the final nasal consonants, and thus voice characteristics. Read More

    Changes occurring in mucosal contractility of the inferior turbinate and mucociliary clearance following total laryngectomy: A prospective clinical trial.
    Auris Nasus Larynx 2017 Jul 12. Epub 2017 Jul 12.
    Bezmialem Vakif University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Istanbul, Turkey. Electronic address:
    Objective: In this study, changes occurring in the contractility capacity of the inferior turbinate and mucociliary clearance time due to the interruption of nasal air flow were examined.

    Material & Methods: A total of 23 patients undergone total laryngectomy between June 2010 and June 2012 were included in the study. Acoustic rhinometry test was performed in the patients before and after 0. Read More

    Biphasic synovial sarcoma of the epiglottis: Case report and literature review.
    Auris Nasus Larynx 2017 Jul 6. Epub 2017 Jul 6.
    Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, University Hospital Ulm, Frauensteige 12, 89075 Ulm, Germany.
    Synovial sarcomas are rare malignant tumors supposed to arise from pluripotent mesenchymal stem cells predominantly affecting the deep soft tissue of the lower and upper extremities in young adults. The occurrence of this tumor entity in the head and neck is very uncommon and hence, timely diagnosis and treatment of synovial sarcoma in this region remain a challenge. We describe the clinical and molecular pathological features of a biphasic synovial sarcoma of the epiglottis, a site where the primary manifestation of this tumor entity has not been documented to date. Read More

    Japanese standard for clinical stabilometry assessment: Current status and future directions.
    Auris Nasus Larynx 2017 Jul 5. Epub 2017 Jul 5.
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Toho University School of Medical (Sakura) 564-1, Shimoshizu, Sakura city, Chiba Pref. 285-8741, Japan. Electronic address:
    Stabilometry is a useful tool for examining patients with functional disorders of the vestibular system. However, measurement techniques and devices vary by country. Therefore, international standardization of stabilometry is mandatory to validate the exchange of important findings. Read More

    Age-related changes in the morphological relationship between the supratubal recess and the Eustachian tube.
    Auris Nasus Larynx 2017 Jul 4. Epub 2017 Jul 4.
    ENT Institute, Eye & ENT Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai, 200031, China; Hearing Medicine Key Laboratory, National Health and Family Planning Commission, Shanghai, 200031, China. Electronic address:
    Objective: To study age-related changes in the morphology of the supratubal recess (STR) and its relationship with the Eustachian tube (ET).

    Methods: Seventy randomly selected computed tomography (CT) images of non-pathological temporal bones of 49 patients were reviewed retrospectively. The patients were grouped according to age into 4 age groups: group A (0-3 years), group B (4-8 years), group C (9-18 years) and group D (19-50 years). Read More

    Successful management of primary atrophic rhinitis by turbinate reconstruction using autologous costal cartilage.
    Auris Nasus Larynx 2017 Jun 29. Epub 2017 Jun 29.
    Departments of Otolaryngology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:
    Initial management of primary atrophic rhinitis is conservative, with nasal ointments, saline irrigation, and antibiotics prescribed to relieve symptoms. However, in cases that show no improvement, a surgical approach is considered. Recently, many studies have reported successful surgical outcomes using various nasal implants. Read More

    Bilateral inner ear damage after electrical injury: A case report.
    Auris Nasus Larynx 2017 Jun 28. Epub 2017 Jun 28.
    1st Academic ENT Department, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, AHEPA Hospital, 1, Stilponos Kyriakidi St., GR 546 36 Thessaloniki, Greece.
    Electrical injury occurs as a result of direct contact with an electrical source. We present the case of a 62-year-old male patient, an electrician by profession, who was hit by a high-voltage electrical current while working with cables in proximity to a wet floor. The patient suffered from immediate loss of consciousness and five days later he started complaining of slight hearing loss, persistent vertigo, instability and bilateral tinnitus. Read More

    A novel strategy with combined assays for detection of anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA) in clinically ANCA-negative granulomatosis with polyangiitis patients.
    Auris Nasus Larynx 2017 Dec 27;44(6):735-741. Epub 2017 Jun 27.
    Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Oita University Faculty of Medicine, Oita, Japan. Electronic address:
    Objective: Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) that is localized to the upper airway presents a diagnostic challenge because of a tendency towards anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-negativity. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether positivity of ANCA detection might be elicited with combined use of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits.

    Methods: Twenty-nine serum samples obtained from GPA patients were used in this study. Read More

    Ocular vestibular evoked myogenic potential in patients with myasthenia gravis: A prospective clinical study.
    Auris Nasus Larynx 2017 Jun 26. Epub 2017 Jun 26.
    ENT Department, Mansoura University, Egypt. Electronic address:
    Objective: Myasthenia gravis (MG) is an archetypic disorder of neuromuscular junctions (NMJs) and autoantibody-mediated disease causing fatigable weakness of skeletal muscles with an ocular onset in up to 85%. The aim of this study was to detect extra ocular muscles (EOMs) abnormalities in MG patients using ocular vestibular evoked myogenic potential (oVEMP) n10 response.

    Methods: The oVEMP was performed on 40 myasthenia gravis patients that were divided into three groups: newly diagnosed (10 patients), uncontrolled on treatment (15 patients) and controlled on treatment (15 patients) groups in addition to a control group of 10 subjects. Read More

    Prospective analysis of 231 elective neck dissections in oral squamous cell carcinoma with node negative neck-To decide the extent of neck dissection.
    Auris Nasus Larynx 2017 Jun 26. Epub 2017 Jun 26.
    Department of Head and Neck Oncosurgery Medanta Cancer Institute, Medanta-The Medicity Gurgaon, India.
    Objective: To evaluate the incidence of level IIB and IV lymph node metastases in patients of oral carcinoma with N0 necks. This study will help to decide the extent and need of routine comprehensive removal of these specific lymph node groups in selective neck dissection.

    Methods: Prospective analytical study of 231 patients of oral carcinoma with N0 necks undergoing neck dissections were prospectively analyzed. Read More

    The landmark for removal of sialoliths using sialendoscopy alone in parotid gland sialolithiasis.
    Auris Nasus Larynx 2017 Jun 23. Epub 2017 Jun 23.
    Department of Otolaryngology, Tokyo Women's Medical University, 8-1, Kawada-cho, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 162-8666, Japan.
    Objective: To assess the general guidelines for removal of sialoliths in parotid gland sialolithiasis using sialendoscopy alone.

    Methods: We analyzed 34 sialoliths treated using sialendoscopy in 26 patients with parotid gland sialolithiasis. We divided the Stensen's duct and parotid gland into for parts using computed tomography findings: (A) front of the masseter, (B) anterior and lateral to the center (anterolateral) of the masseter, (C) posterior and lateral to the center (posterolateral) of the masseter, (D) behind of the masseter. Read More

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