3,684 results match your criteria Aural Atresia


Aural foreign body removal: there is no one-size-fits-all method.

Authors:
Tian-Tee Ng

Open Access Emerg Med 2018 8;10:177-182. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

ENT Unit, Department of Surgery, Frankston Hospital. Peninsula Health, Frankston 3199, VIC, Australia,

Background: Managing patients with aural foreign body (AFB) may pose a dilemma regarding which removal technique to use for different AFB types. The current study comprises a review of all the possible methods one could employ in removing AFB. My aim was to describe the best methods for different types of AFBs, complete with a description of the method and tool(s) required, and descriptions of the AFBs for which they are best used. Read More

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November 2018

Single Dose Topical Application of Clotrimazole for the Treatment of Otomycosis: Is This Enough?

J Audiol Otol 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Harran University, S¸ anlıurfa, Turkey.

Background And Objectives: : To determine the efficacy of filling the external auditory meatus with 1% clotrimazole at a single visit for the treatment of otomycosis.

Subjects And Methods: : This prospective study included 40 patients who were referred to our clinic with complaints of ear itching, pain, and fullness, and were diagnosed with unilateral otomycosis. After cleaning the mycotic hyphae from the external auditory meatus, the ear canal was filled with 1% clotrimazole, using an intravenous catheter and syringe. Read More

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December 2018

Disorders of the inner-ear balance organs and their pathways.

Handb Clin Neurol 2018 ;159:385-401

Institute of Clinical Neurosciences, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Central Clinical School, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia; Neurology Department, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Central Clinical School, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia. Electronic address:

Disorders of the inner-ear balance organs can be grouped by their manner of presentation into acute, episodic, or chronic vestibular syndromes. A sudden unilateral vestibular injury produces severe vertigo, nausea, and imbalance lasting days, known as the acute vestibular syndrome (AVS). A bedside head impulse and oculomotor examination helps separate vestibular neuritis, the more common and innocuous cause of AVS, from stroke. Read More

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January 2018
2 Reads

Comment to Empirical Therapy for Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media.

Clin Med Insights Ear Nose Throat 2018 4;11:1179550618810226. Epub 2018 Nov 4.

Medical Graduate, Liaquat National Hospital & Medical College, Karachi, Pakistan.

Chronic suppurative otitis media is an inflammatory condition characterized by disruption of tympanic membrane and aural discharge. It is one of the most incidental conditions in head and neck. There has been a substantial debate about the therapeutic approach for some decades now. Read More

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November 2018

"The case against specialized visual-spatial short-term memory": Correction to Morey (2018).

Authors:

Psychol Bull 2018 Dec;144(12):1246

Reports an error in "The case against specialized visual-spatial short-term memory" by Candice C. Morey (, 2018[Aug], Vol 144[8], 849-883). In the article, the text describing the case reports of patient E. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Aural Atresia with Cholesteotoma and Its Management Strategies.

Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2018 Dec 29;70(4):587-590. Epub 2018 May 29.

Department of ENT, Sri Devaraj Urs Academy of Higher Education and Research, Kolar, India.

The term congenital aural atresia is used to describe failure of external auditory canal to open. Thus it results in conductive hearing loss. There are ways to improve the transmission of sound to the healthy inner ear, we have performed surgery to open the ear canal and restore the natural sound-conducting mechanism to the inner ear. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Congenital Cholesteatoma in Adults-Interesting Presentations and Management.

Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2018 Dec 13;70(4):578-582. Epub 2018 Apr 13.

Christian Medical College, Vellore, 632004 India.

To report a series of adult patients diagnosed with congenital cholesteatoma (CC) with respect to symptoms, different varieties of presentation, surgical findings and approach used, complications and the postoperative results. A retrospective chart review of adult cases of CC who were treated in the period from January 2014-2017 was carried out in a tertiary care center. Levenson's criteria were used for diagnosis. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Aural Polyp is not Always Due to Chronic Otitis Media (COM): Preoperative Computed Tomographic Scan is Good Pointer for Sinister Lesions.

Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2018 Dec 30;70(4):505-509. Epub 2018 Aug 30.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Pt. B.D. Sharma, PGIMS, Rohtak, Haryana India.

Twenty five patients of aural polyp who underwent canal wall down mastoidectomy were analysed retrospectively. Histopathological examination revealed cholesteatoma in 22 (88%) patients. However, histopathological diagnosis in 3 of these patients was unusual and rare benign tumors of the middle ear cleft-meningioma, neurilemmoma and capillary hemangioma. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Pediatric Otolaryngological Emergency: An Experience from a Tertiary Care Teaching Institution at Kolkata, India.

Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2018 Dec 10;70(4):490-494. Epub 2018 Sep 10.

1Department of ENT, Medical College, Kolkata, India.

Otolaryngological conditions constitute a major share of emergency medical problem among children. The present study was conducted to assess the patient profiles, incidences morbidities, mode of presentation and managements of different otolaryngological emergencies among pediatric patients presented in a tertiary care hospital. Descriptive cross-sectional study by analysing retrospectively collected information pertaining to the patients attended ENT emergency service department of a tertiary care hospital, Kolkata. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Categorization of sentence recognition for older adults under noisy and time-altered conditions.

Clin Interv Aging 2018 1;13:2225-2235. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Laboratory of Hearing and Technology, Division of Speech Pathology and Audiology, College of Natural Science, Hallym University, Chuncheon, Korea,

Purpose: While evaluating the speech recognition ability of older adults, the present study aimed to analyze their error types in parts of speech and find error patterns under various conditions of background noise level and speed of speech.

Methods: Twenty older adults with normal hearing for their age (NHiA) and 20 older adults with sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) participated. Their cognitive function was screened as within the normal range (mini-mental state examination scores >25). Read More

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November 2018
5 Reads

Extended High-Frequency Smartphone Audiometry: Validity and Reliability.

J Am Acad Audiol 2018 Jan 18. Epub 2018 Jan 18.

Department of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa.

Background: Extended high-frequency (EHF) audiometry (8-16 kHz) has an important role in audiological assessments such as ototoxicity monitoring, and for speech recognition and localization. Accurate and reliable EHF testing with smartphone technologies has the potential to provide more affordable and accessible hearing-care services, especially in underserved contexts.

Purpose: To determine the accuracy and test-retest reliability of EHF audiometry with a smartphone application, using calibrated headphones. Read More

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January 2018
1 Read

Is the Capacity for Vocal Learning in Vertebrates Rooted in Fish Schooling Behavior?

Evol Biol 2018 13;45(4):359-373. Epub 2018 Jun 13.

4Department of Plant and Wildlife Sciences, Brigham Young University, Provo, USA.

The capacity to learn and reproduce vocal sounds has evolved in phylogenetically distant tetrapod lineages. Vocal learners in all these lineages express similar neural circuitry and genetic factors when perceiving, processing, and reproducing vocalization, suggesting that brain pathways for vocal learning evolved within strong constraints from a common ancestor, potentially fish. We hypothesize that the auditory-motor circuits and genes involved in entrainment have their origins in fish schooling behavior and respiratory-motor coupling. Read More

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June 2018
2 Reads

Vestibular Testing: Patient Perceptions, Morbidity, and Opportunity Costs.

Otol Neurotol 2018 Dec;39(10):1222-1228

Department of Otolaryngology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota.

Objective: To characterize patient tolerance and nonmonetary cost burdens of vestibular testing. Rigorously acquired data are essential for patient counseling and to determine if proposed additions/modifications to current protocols improve quality, experience, and efficiencies of care.

Study Design: Prospective observational study. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Tenotomy of the middle ear muscles : An unknown surgical approach in Meniere's disease.

Wien Klin Wochenschr 2018 Nov 12. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Rudolfstiftung Teaching Hospital, Juchgasse 25, 1030, Vienna, Austria.

Tenotomy of the tendon of the stapedius and tensor tympani muscles is a relatively unknown therapeutic procedure in Menière's disease. Widespread approaches include medicinal treatment with betahistine or diuretics as well as interventional procedures, such as intratympanic gentamicin or glucocorticoid injection, vestibular neurectomy, labyrinthectomy or endolymphatic sac surgery. The exact pathomechanism of this approach is not fully known. Read More

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November 2018
6 Reads

A Novel Understanding of Phocidae Hearing Adaptations Through a Study of Northern Elephant Seal (Mirounga angustirostris) Ear Anatomy and Histology.

Anat Rec (Hoboken) 2018 Nov 12. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Department of Applied and Computational Mathematics and Statistics, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana.

The most conspicuous aural adaptation in northern elephant seals (NES) is complete absence of an auricle and a tortuous collapsed external acoustic meatus. The NES epitympanic recess contains massive ossicles immersed in the middle ear cavernous sinuses. Engorgement of the cavernous sinuses would make ossicles fully buoyant during deep diving. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Analysis of Inner Ear Anomalies in Unilateral Congenital Aural Atresia Combined With Microtia.

Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Nov 7. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to analyze the incidence of inner ear anomalies in patients with unilateral congenital aural atresia (CAA) combined with microtia.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 61 patients with unilateral CAA combined with microtia who underwent high-resolution temporal bone computed tomography (TBCT) and hearing examination. Inner ear anomalies were analyzed using TBCT and evaluated according to the Jahrsdoerfer grading system, Marx classification, and extent of inferior displacement of the mastoid tegmen. Read More

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November 2018
7 Reads

Hemorrhage within the tympanic membrane without perforation.

J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2018 Nov 6;47(1):66. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Konkuk University Medical Center, 120-1 Neungdong-ro (Hwayang-dong), Gwangjin-gu, Seoul, 143-729, Republic of Korea.

Background: Hemotympanum refers to both the presence of blood in the middle ear cavity and to ecchymosis of the tympanic membrane (TM), and a systematic study of intra-TM (iTM) hemorrhage without bleeding in the middle ear cavity has not been conducted. The goals of our study were to analyze the causes of iTM hemorrhage without TM perforation or bleeding in the middle ear cavity, and to demonstrate the clinical characteristics of the disease.

Methods: This Case series study included five patients with iTM hemorrhage between August 2014 and August 2017. Read More

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November 2018
5 Reads

New Method for Pure-Tone Audiometry Using Electrooculogram: A Proof-of-Concept Study.

Sensors (Basel) 2018 Oct 28;18(11). Epub 2018 Oct 28.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, Hanyang University, Seoul 04673, Korea.

Precise and timely evaluation of an individual's hearing loss plays an important role in determining appropriate treatment strategies, including medication and aural rehabilitation. However, currently available hearing assessment systems do not satisfy the need for an objective assessment tool with a simple and non-invasive procedure. In this paper, we propose a new method for pure-tone audiometry, which may potentially be used to assess an individual's hearing ability objectively and quantitatively, without need for the user's active response. Read More

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October 2018
5 Reads

Identification of Fungal Pathogens in Otomycosis and Their Drug Sensitivity: Our Experience.

Int Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Oct 12;22(4):400-403. Epub 2018 Apr 12.

Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, Sohag University Faculty of Medicine, Sohag, Egypt.

 Otomycosis is a common problem in otolaryngology practice. However, we usually encounter some difficulties in its treatment because many patients show resistance to antifungal agents, and present high recurrence rate.  To determine the fungal pathogens that cause otomycosis as well as their susceptibility to the commonly used antifungal agents. Read More

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October 2018
7 Reads

Embodying functionally relevant action sounds in patients with spinal cord injury.

Sci Rep 2018 Oct 23;8(1):15641. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

IRCCS Fondazione Santa Lucia, Via Ardeatina 306, 00179, Rome, Italy.

Growing evidence indicates that perceptual-motor codes may be associated with and influenced by actual bodily states. Following a spinal cord injury (SCI), for example, individuals exhibit reduced visual sensitivity to biological motion. However, a dearth of direct evidence exists about whether profound alterations in sensorimotor traffic between the body and brain influence audio-motor representations. Read More

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October 2018
4 Reads

Serum levels of the adipokine zinc-alpha2-glycoprotein (ZAG) predict mortality in hemodialysis patients.

Kidney Int 2018 Nov;94(5):983-992

Department of Nephrology and Nutrition, Hospices Civils de Lyon, Centre Hospitalier Lyon-Sud, Pierre-Bénite, France; Laboratoire CarMeN, INSERM U1060, INRA U1397, Université Lyon 1, INSA-Lyon, Villeurbanne, France. Electronic address:

Wasting has been associated with increased cardiovascular and all-cause mortality in chronic kidney disease (CKD). We investigated whether serum zinc-alpha2-glycoprotein (ZAG), a potent cachectic and lipid-mobilizing factor that is increased in patients with CKD, predicts clinical outcomes in patients on chronic hemodialysis. We quantified serum ZAG at baseline in a prospective cohort of 252 patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis. Read More

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November 2018
26 Reads

Multidetector Computed Tomography Findings of Auto-Evacuated Secondary Acquired Cholesteatoma: A Morphologic and Quantitative Analysis.

J Int Adv Otol 2018 Oct 13. Epub 2018 Oct 13.

Department of Radiology, Şişli Hamidiye Etfal Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey.

Objectives: To describe and quantify computed tomography (CT) findings of auto-evacuated (spontaneously drained) secondary acquired cholesteatoma (SAC).

Materials And Methods: This multicenter retrospective study included 69 patients with intermittent ear discharge diagnosed with SAC by autoscopy or automicroscopy who were surgically treated. Three independent radiologists measured the medial and lateral attic distance on coronal and axial planes using multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) in 75 ear CTs from 69 patients with intraoperatively verified diagnoses of pars flaccida cholesteatoma (n=36), pars tensa cholesteatoma (n=24), and auto-atticotomy or automastoidectomy (n=15) and compared them with contralateral healthy ears. Read More

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October 2018
5 Reads

A dural arteriovenous fistula associated with an encephalocele presenting as otitis media with effusion.

J Laryngol Otol 2018 Nov 16;132(11):1032-1035. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Department of Otolaryngology,London,UK.

Objective: This case report illustrates an unusual case of a dural arteriovenous fistula and an associated encephalocele presenting as otitis media with effusion.Case reportA 53-year-old man presented with right-sided hearing loss and aural fullness of 2 years' duration. Examination revealed ipsilateral post-auricular pulsatile tenderness. Read More

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November 2018

Bartonella henselae in a dog with ear tip vasculitis.

Vet Dermatol 2018 Dec 14;29(6):537-e180. Epub 2018 Oct 14.

Intracellular Pathogens Research Laboratory, Comparative Medicine Institute, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University, 1050 William Moore Drive, Raleigh, NC, 27607, USA.

Background: Bartonella henselae, a Gram-negative, zoonotic, alpha-proteobacteria has been previously implicated in association with cutaneous vasoproliferative lesions (bacillary angiomatosis), nodular panniculitis and multifocal erythema (erythema multiforme) in dogs.

Objective: Describe clinical, microbiological and histological lesions in a dog with ear margin vasculitis and B. henselae infection. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

[Intraoperative Nerve Monitoring System during Esophagectomy to Prevent Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve Palsy].

Kyobu Geka 2018 Sep;71(10):886-889

Department of Surgery, The Jikei University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) palsy can result in motility disorders of the vocal cord muscles and/or fatal respiratory complications. Procedures aimed at checking for intraoperative RLN injuries have not been established. Intraoperative nerve monitoring( IONM) informs electromyographic activity of the vocal cord muscles to a surgeon by visual and aural signals. Read More

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September 2018

Common features of atopic dermatitis with hypoproteinemia.

Korean J Pediatr 2018 Nov 16;61(11):348-354. Epub 2018 Sep 16.

Department of Pediatrics, Busan St. Mary's Hospital, Busan, Korea.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the causes, symptoms, and complications of hypoproteinemia to prevent hypoproteinemia and provide appropriate treatment to children with atopic dermatitis.

Methods: Children diagnosed with atopic dermatitis with hypoproteinemia and/or hypoalbuminemia were retrospectively reviewed. The patients' medical records, including family history, weight, symptoms, treatment, complications, and laboratory test results for allergies and skin cultures, were examined. Read More

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November 2018
9 Reads

Dedifferentiation of oncocytic epithelial-myoepithelial carcinoma to mucoepidermoid carcinoma in parotid gland: A rare case report.

Indian J Pathol Microbiol 2018 Oct-Dec;61(4):564-566

Department of ENT, Maulana Azad Medical College and Associated Lok Nayak Hospital, New Delhi, India.

Epithelial-myoepithelial carcinomas (EMCs) account for <1% of all salivary gland malignancies. Till now, 23 cases of dedifferentiated EMC have been reported to the best of our knowledge. However, dedifferentiation of oncocytic EMC to mucoepidermoid carcinoma is extremely rare. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Working life trajectories with hearing impairment.

Disabil Rehabil 2018 Oct 9:1-11. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

c Department of Mental Health , Norwegian University of Science and Technology , Trondheim , Norway.

Purpose: The aim was to identify and explore factors, which facilitate or hinder work participation for people with hearing impairment.

Materials And Methods: In-depth interviews with 21 hearing impaired individuals of 32-67 years of age with a present or recent vocational affiliation were conducted. The analysis was conducted using a grounded theory approach. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Phantom limb sensations in the ear of a patient with a brachial plexus lesion.

Cortex 2018 Sep 14. Epub 2018 Sep 14.

Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, London, UK.

Referred phantom sensations are frequently reported following a peripheral injury. However, very few cases describe such sensations of the ear, and it remains unclear how the aural nerve territory can be remapped to one specific peripheral nerve region. We report on a patient with brachial plexus avulsion who underwent sensory testing and was asked to report the location of the stimulated site and any other sensations experienced. Read More

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September 2018
2 Reads

Factors Associated With Self-Reported Hearing Aid Management Skills and Knowledge.

Am J Audiol 2018 Dec;27(4):604-613

Ear Science Institute Australia, Subiaco, Western Australia.

Purpose: Hearing aid management describes the skills and knowledge required for the handling, use, care, and maintenance of the hearing aid. The importance of hearing aid management skills and knowledge is evidenced by their association with hearing aid outcomes. However, the nature of this association and the influence of participant factors on this association are unknown. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Investigation of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus among clinical isolates from humans and animals by culture methods and multiplex PCR.

BMC Vet Res 2018 Oct 3;14(1):300. Epub 2018 Oct 3.

Department of Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, 2202, Bangladesh.

Background: Staphylococcus aureus is responsible for large numbers of hospital-related and community-acquired infections. In this study, we investigated the presence of S. aureus and methicillin-resistant S. Read More

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October 2018
6 Reads

Bilateral spontaneous temporomandibular joint herniation: A case report and literature review.

Ear Nose Throat J 2018 Sep;97(9):E23-27

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of West Virginia, 4520 Health Science South, PO Box 9200, Morgantown, WV 26506, USA.

In this article we report the case of a 41-year-old man with bilateral aural fullness and hearing loss. On examination he was found to have bilateral, dehiscent anterior canal walls with herniation of the mandibular condyle. This herniation partially obstructed the canals and contributed to his symptoms. Read More

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September 2018

Impact of unilateral congenital aural atresia on academic Performance: A systematic review.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Nov 8;114:175-179. Epub 2018 Sep 8.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University Medical Center Utrecht, Heidelberglaan, 100, 3584, CX, Utrecht, The Netherlands; Cochrane Netherlands, Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands. Electronic address:

Background: Little is known about the academic performance of children with unilateral congenital aural atresia (CAA).

Objective: of review: Our objective was to summarize what is known about the academic performance of children with hearing loss by unilateral congenital aural atresia, in order to provide pragmatic recommendations to clinicians who see children with this entity.

Type Of Review: Systematic review. Read More

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November 2018
16 Reads

Comparison of aural rehabilitation outcomes in presence and absence of back ground noise in hearing impaired children with and without attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Nov 26;114:138-142. Epub 2018 Jul 26.

Center of Rehabilitation for Deaf and Hard of Hearing Children, Parnian Rehabilitation Center, Padegan Street, Ghazvin, Iran; Department of Audiology, Tehran University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

Objective: We sought to understand the extend of improvement in seven major skills to determine the best rehabilitation approach in hearing impaired young children with and without attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

Methods: Newsha developmental scale was assessed in 40 hearing impaired children with and without ADHD in two conditions, in which seven major skills (hearing, speech, receptive language, expressive language, cognition, social communication, and motor skills) were evaluated. Two separate analyses were conducted, each after six months of rehabilitation. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

[Cochlear implantation in children].

Ugeskr Laeger 2018 Sep;180(38)

Children with severe hearing impairment or deafness are preferably recognised and treated with a cochlear implant (CI) before the age of one year, as early stimulation of the auditory sense is essential for the development of spoken language. Today, children with deafness are offered a bilateral CI, as it allows for improved speech perception in noise and sound localisation. However, the indications for cochlear implantation have been extended to include children with asymmetric hearing loss, in order to avoid the development of aural preference syndrome, which may limit the effect of a CI later. Read More

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September 2018
6 Reads

Evaluation of saccular and inferior vestibular nerve function in children with auditory neuropathy spectrum disorder.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Dec 26;275(12):2925-2931. Epub 2018 Sep 26.

Audio-Vestibular Unit, Minia University, Minia, Egypt.

Purpose: The aim of the current work was to evaluate the function of the saccule and inferior vestibular nerve in children with auditory neuropathy spectrum disorder (ANSD) by recording the cervical-evoked myogenic potentials (C-VEMP) on those children and to compare C-VEMP results in ANSD children of pre-lingual onset to those in ANSD children of post-lingual onset.

Methods: The study included 38 ANSD children of pre-lingual onset, 16 ANSD children of post-lingual onset, and 20 control children. All participant children were subjected to C-VEMP testing using 500 Hz tone burst stimuli. Read More

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December 2018

Population trend inferred from aural surveys for calling anurans in Korea.

PeerJ 2018 19;6:e5568. Epub 2018 Sep 19.

Division of EcoScience, Ewha Women's University, Seoul, South Korea.

Amphibian populations fluctuate naturally in size and range and large datasets are required to establish trends in species dynamics. To determine population trends for the endangered Suweon Treefrog (), we conducted aural surveys in 2015, 2016, and 2017 at each of 122 sites where the species was known to occur in the Republic of Korea. Despite being based on individual counts, the focus of this study was to establish population trends rather than population size estimates, and we found both environmental and landscape variables to be significant factors. Read More

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September 2018

Development of Questionnaire for Auditory Localization.

J Int Adv Otol 2018 Aug;14(2):197-201

Clinic of Audiology, All India Institute of Speech and Hearing, Mysuru, India.

Objective: Localization plays an important role in identifying the source of the stimuli. Aural localization is based on the phase (period-related time), intensity level, and spectral differences between the sounds at each ear. Various behavioral measures are available to check the interaural level, time, and frequency differences, which provide information on an individual's ability to localize the sound source. Read More

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Accuracy of Smartphone Self-Hearing Test Applications Across Frequencies and Earphone Styles in Adults.

Am J Audiol 2018 Dec;27(4):570-580

Adelphi University, Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Garden City, NY.

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to evaluate smartphone-based self-hearing test applications (apps) for accuracy in threshold assessment and validity in screening for hearing loss across frequencies and earphone transducer styles.

Method: Twenty-two adult participants (10 = normal hearing; 12 = sensorineural hearing loss; n = 44 ears) underwent conventional audiometry and performed 6 self-administered hearing tests using two iPhone-based apps (App 1 = uHear [Version 2.0. Read More

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December 2018

Incidence of Functional Nasal Voice in Patients With Patulous Eustachian Tube.

Otol Neurotol 2018 Dec;39(10):e1034-e1038

Sen-En Rifu Otologic Surgery Center.

Objective: Some patients with a patulous Eustachian tube (PET) complain of a nasal voice. This feature is often dismissed without further investigation. As such, there are only a few reports on this important symptom and scant studies have been conducted on a sufficiently large number of cases with PET. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Necrotizing Otitis Externa-Analysis of 83 Cases: Clinical Findings and Course of Disease.

Otol Neurotol 2019 Jan;40(1):56-62

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Soroka University Medical Center and the Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University in the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel.

Objectives: Evaluate the relationship between clinical findings and course of disease among patients with necrotizing otitis externa (NOE).

Study Design: Retrospective case series review.

Setting: Tertiary referral center. Read More

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January 2019

Current status of newborn hearing screening in low-income families in the southeastern region of Korea.

Epidemiol Health 2018 14;40:e2018044. Epub 2018 Sep 14.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Kangnam Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to analyze the current status and problems of hearing screening tests for newborns in low-income families in the southeastern Korea.

Methods: This study analyzed data from the Ministry of Health and Welfare's project on the early detection of hearing loss in newborns in low-income families in the southeastern Korea (2011-2015).

Results: The referral rate was 1. Read More

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November 2018

Multifocal Inflammatory Pseudotumor of the Temporal Bone, Maxillary Sinus, and Orbit.

Otol Neurotol 2018 Dec;39(10):e1125-e1128

Division of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of California San Diego, San Diego.

Objective: This is the first report of multifocal inflammatory pseudotumor (IPT) involving the temporal bone, orbit and paranasal sinus, and the use of rituximab as adjunctive therapy in multifocal temporal bone IPT.

Patient: We describe a 46-year-old man with orbital and maxillary sinus IPT, whose disease progressed despite radiation and steroid burst. He then developed contralateral mastoid disease, otalgia, aural fullness, and hearing loss. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Audiovestibular Symptoms in Systemic Autoimmune Diseases.

J Immunol Res 2018 19;2018:5798103. Epub 2018 Aug 19.

Department Oral and Maxillofacial Sciences, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy.

Immune-mediated inner ear disease can be primary, when the autoimmune response is against the inner ear, or secondary. The latter is characterized by the involvement of the ear in the presence of systemic autoimmune conditions. Sensorineural hearing loss is the most common audiovestibular symptom associated with systemic autoimmune diseases, although conductive hearing impairment may also be present. Read More

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November 2018
6 Reads

Sudden hearing loss after cialis (tadalafil) use: A unique case of cochlear hydrops.

Laryngoscope 2018 Nov 12;128(11):2615-2618. Epub 2018 Sep 12.

Department of Head and Neck Surgery, Los Angeles, California, U.S.A.

We discuss a unique case of sudden sensorineural hearing loss after Cialis (tadalafil) use, a phosphodiesterase 5 (PDE5) inhibitor, and the implication of ipsilateral cochlear hydrops seen on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). We report a case of a 53-year-old male with unilateral low-frequency sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) after ingestion of tadalafil. The SSNHL occurred 1 day after ingestion and was associated with aural fullness and tinnitus. Read More

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November 2018
11 Reads

Vibrant Soundbridge implantation via a retrofacial approach in a patient with congenital aural atresia.

Auris Nasus Larynx 2018 Sep 7. Epub 2018 Sep 7.

Sen-En Rifu Otologic Surgery Center, Miyagi-gun, Miyagi, Japan.

Objective: A method of Vibrant Soundbridge (VSB) placement to the round window (RW) via the retrofacial approach with preoperative evaluation of the relationship between the facial nerve (FN) and RW by 3D-CT reconstruction was proposed for the treatment of congenital aural atresia (CAA) patient.

Methods: A fenestration to the mesotympanum was made mastoid portion of the FN. During the approach, part of the stapedial muscle was encountered and removed. Read More

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September 2018

Superior Canal Dehiscence Involving the Superior Petrosal Sinus: A Novel Classification Scheme.

Otol Neurotol 2018 Oct;39(9):e849-e855

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery.

Objectives: To highlight superior semicircular canal dehiscence (SSCD) involving the superior petrosal sinus (SPS), and to propose a novel classification system for SPS associated SSCD with potential surgical implications.

Study Design: Multicenter retrospective review.

Setting: Three tertiary referral centers. Read More

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October 2018
14 Reads

What to Do When Cochlear Implant Users Plateau in Performance: a Pilot Study of Clinician-guided Aural Rehabilitation.

Otol Neurotol 2018 Oct;39(9):e794-e802

Department of Speech and Hearing Science, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio.

Hypothesis: For experienced adult cochlear implant (CI) users who have reached a plateau in performance, a clinician-guided aural rehabilitation (CGAR) approach can improve speech recognition and hearing-related quality of life (QOL).

Background: A substantial number of CI users do not reach optimal performance in terms of speech recognition ability and/or personal communication goals. Although self-guided computerized auditory training programs have grown in popularity, compliance and efficacy for these programs are poor. Read More

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October 2018

MR imaging of endolymphatic hydrops in Ménière's disease: not all that glitters is gold.

Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital 2018 Aug;38(4):369-376

Neuroradiology Unit, Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milan, Italy.

Ménière's disease (MD) is a chronic condition characterised by fluctuating hearing loss, intermittent vertigo, tinnitus and aural fullness. Its anatomical and pathological counterpart is represented by endolymphatic hydrops (EH). Recent development and progress in magnetic resonance (MR) imaging techniques has enabled visualisation of EH in living human subjects using a 3 Tesla (T) scanner and gadolinium-based contrast-agent (GBCA) via intravenous (IV) or intra-tympanic (IT) administration. Read More

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August 2018
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Aural Blast Injury/Acoustic Trauma and Hearing Loss.

Mil Med 2018 Sep;183(suppl_2):78-82

Joint Trauma System, 3698 Chambers Pass, Joint Base San Antonio, Fort Sam Houston, TX.

Hearing is a critical sense to military performance. The ability to detect, identify, and localize sounds, the ability to maintain spatial awareness on the battlefield and the awareness to control one's own noise production can be vital to troop's stealth, survivability, and lethality. Hazardous noise is an environmental public health threat encountered in training at war, and in many off-duty activities. Read More

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September 2018
7 Reads