1,742 results match your criteria Augmentative and alternative communication Baltimore Md. : 1985[Journal]


Relationships between Thigh and Waist Circumference, Hemoglobin Glycation Index, and Carotid Plaque in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes.

Endocrinol Metab (Seoul) 2020 Jun 24;35(2):319-328. Epub 2020 Jun 24.

Department of Endocrinology, Yongin Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Yongin, Korea.

Background: This study investigated the relationships of thigh and waist circumference with the hemoglobin glycation index (HGI) and carotid atherosclerosis in patients with type 2 diabetes.

Methods: This observational study included 3,075 Korean patients with type 2 diabetes, in whom anthropometric measurements and carotid ultrasonography were conducted. HGI was defined as the measured hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) level minus the predicted HbA1c level, which was calculated using the linear relationship between HbA1c and fasting plasma glucose levels. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3803/EnM.2020.35.2.319DOI Listing

Pest status, bio-ecology and management of the false codling moth, (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) and its implication for international trade.

Bull Entomol Res 2020 Jun 17:1-14. Epub 2020 Jun 17.

International Wheat and Maize Improvement Centre (CIMMYT), ICRAF house, UN Avenue, Gigiri, P.O. Box 1041-00621, Village Market, Nairobi, Kenya.

The false codling moth (FCM), Thaumatotibia leucotreta (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) is an insect pest which represents an important threat to the production and marketing of a wide range of agricultural crops in the African-Caribbean-Pacific (ACP) countries. The FCM reduces not only the yield and quality of the crop but also as a quarantine insect pest, restricts the trade of susceptible agricultural produce on the international market. In addition, little research has been conducted in the ACP countries on the bio-ecology and sustainable management of this pest, especially on vegetables for export. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007485320000358DOI Listing

Participation of young people with disabilities and/or chronic conditions in low- and middle-income countries: a scoping review.

Dev Med Child Neurol 2020 Jun 29. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

Centre for Augmentative and Alternative Communication, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa.

Aim: The purpose of this scoping review was to describe and map the literature available on the participation of young people (0-21y) with disabilities and/or chronic conditions living in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs).

Method: A systematic search and selection process identified 78 publications. Descriptive data were extracted using a data-charting form, and studies were mapped using the family of participation-related constructs framework. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/dmcn.14609DOI Listing

FARP-1 deletion is associated with lack of response to autism treatment by early start denver model in a multiplex family.

Mol Genet Genomic Med 2020 Jun 25:e1373. Epub 2020 Jun 25.

Interdepartmental Program "Autism 0-90", "G. Martino" University Hospital of Messina, Messina, Italy.

Background: Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) display impressive clinical heterogeneity, also involving treatment response. Genetic variants can contribute to explain this large interindividual phenotypic variability.

Methods: Array-CGH (a-CGH) and whole genome sequencing (WGS) were performed on a multiplex family with two small children diagnosed with ASD at 17 and 18 months of age. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mgg3.1373DOI Listing

Agreement between participation ratings of children with intellectual disabilities and their primary caregivers.

Res Dev Disabil 2020 Jun 20;104:103715. Epub 2020 Jun 20.

CHILD Research Group, Swedish Institute for Disability Research, School of Health and Welfare, Jönkoping University Sweden, Sweden.

Background: Participation of children with ID it is argued must be understood in relation to the fit with the environment. Since caregivers are a vital factor within the close environment of a child with intellectual disability, their perceptions are unequivocally important.

Aims: The main aim of this study is to describe the self-reported participation of children with ID and the perceptions of their primary caregivers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2020.103715DOI Listing

5-Hydroxytryptophan as adjuvant therapy in treatment of moderate to severe obsessive-compulsive disorder: a double-blind randomized trial with placebo control.

Int Clin Psychopharmacol 2020 Jun 18. Epub 2020 Jun 18.

Psychiatric Research Center, Roozbeh Psychiatric Hospital.

On the basis of numerous previous studies, the serotonergic system plays a role in the pathogenesis of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and effective agents in this pathway, such as 5-hydroxytryptophan, can potentially contribute to treatment of patients with this disorder. Evaluating the efficacy of 5-hydroxytryptophan in treating OCD was the aim of the present randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled 12-week trial. In a 12-week, randomized double-blind study, 60 patients with a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition diagnosis of moderate to severe OCD and a Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS) score of >21 were randomly assigned to receive either fluoxetine plus placebo or fluoxetine plus 5-hydroxytryptophan (100 mg twice daily). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/YIC.0000000000000321DOI Listing

The Effects of an Online Training on Preservice Speech-Language Pathologists' Use of Family-Centered Skills.

Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2020 Jun 15:1-16. Epub 2020 Jun 15.

Department of Educational Psychology, Counseling, and Special Education, The Pennsylvania State University, State College.

Purpose Despite the recognition that family-centered services are best practice in augmentative and alternative communication services, many speech-language pathologists (SLPs) are lacking in their acquisition and implementation of family-centered skills. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of online instruction in a family-centered, relational skills strategy on preservice SLPs use of family-centered skills. Method A switching replications design was used to evaluate the effects of an online training on the use of family-centered behaviors by 15 preservice SLPs who were randomly assigned to two groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2020_AJSLP-19-00057DOI Listing

Teaching Preschoolers With Autism to Use Different Speech-Generating Device Display Formats During Play: Intervention and Secondary Factors.

Lang Speech Hear Serv Sch 2020 Jun 12:1-18. Epub 2020 Jun 12.

School of Education, Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand.

Purpose Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and complex communication needs are increasingly taught to use tablet-based speech-generating devices (SGDs). An important issue in designing such interventions is the selection of an appropriate format for displaying vocabulary. The purpose of this study was to determine (a) whether young children with ASD can be taught to use different SGD vocabulary display formats and (b) whether there are differences across the formats on a range of secondary measures (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2020_LSHSS-19-00092DOI Listing

Behind the Scenes of Noninvasive Brain-Computer Interfaces: A Review of Electroencephalography Signals, How They Are Recorded, and Why They Matter.

Perspect ASHA Spec Interest Groups 2019 Dec 9;4(6):1622-1636. Epub 2019 Nov 9.

Department of Speech-Language-Hearing: Sciences & Disorders, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS.

Purpose: Brain-computer interface (BCI) techniques may provide computer access for individuals with severe physical impairments. However, the relatively hidden nature of BCI control obscures how BCI systems work behind the scenes, making it difficult to understand electroencephalography (EEG) records the BCI related brain signals, brain signals are recorded by EEG, and these signals are targeted for BCI control. Furthermore, in the field of speech-language-hearing, signals targeted for BCI application have been of primary interest to clinicians and researchers in the area of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2019_pers-19-00059DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7288588PMC
December 2019

Prioritization of patients access to outpatient augmentative and alternative communication services in Quebec: a decision tool.

Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol 2020 Jun 5:1-8. Epub 2020 Jun 5.

Center for Interdisciplinary Research in Rehabilitation and Social Integration (CIRRIS), Quebec City, Canada.

A large number of people living with a chronic disability wait a long time to access publicly funded rehabilitation services such as Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) services, and there is no standardized tool to prioritize these patients. We aimed to develop a prioritization tool to improve the organization and access to the care for this population. In this sequential mixed methods study, we began with a qualitative phase in which we conducted semi-structured interviews with 14 stakeholders including patients, their caregivers, and AAC service providers in Quebec City, Canada to gather their ideas about prioritization criteria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17483107.2020.1751314DOI Listing

Developing a Culture of Successful Communication in Acute Care Settings: Part II. Solving Institutional Issues.

Perspect ASHA Spec Interest Groups 2019 Oct 31;4(5):1037-1043. Epub 2019 Oct 31.

Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, University of Iowa, Iowa City.

Purpose: Establishing services for hospitalized patients with complex communication needs (CCNs) requires identifying and addressing both patient-based and institutional barriers. Although the previous paper (Marshall & Hurtig, 2019) focused on patient-based barriers, this paper addresses overcoming institutional barriers.

Method: We present a series of cases to illustrate the institutional challenges in meeting the CCNs of patients in an acute care setting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2019_pers-sig12-2019-0016DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7258081PMC
October 2019

Developing a Culture of Successful Communication in Acute Care Settings: Part I. Solving Patient-Specific Issues.

Perspect ASHA Spec Interest Groups 2019 Oct 31;4(5):1028-1036. Epub 2019 Oct 31.

Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, University of Iowa, Iowa City.

Purpose: Establishing services for hospitalized patients with complex communication needs requires identifying and addressing both patient-based and institutional barriers. In this 1st article, we focus on overcoming patient-based barriers. The companion paper (Marshall & Hurtig, 2019) addresses overcoming institutional barriers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2019_pers-sig12-2019-0015DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7258113PMC
October 2019

Human visual skills for brain-computer interface use: a tutorial.

Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol 2020 Jun 1:1-11. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Northwest Eye Care Professionals, Clackamas, OR, USA.

Many brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) for people with severe disabilities present stimuli in the visual modality with little consideration of the visual skills required for successful use. The primary objective of this tutorial is to present researchers and clinical professionals with basic information about the visual skills needed for functional use of visual BCIs, and to offer modifications that would render BCI technology more accessible for persons with vision impairments. First, we provide a background on BCIs that rely on a visual interface. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17483107.2020.1754929DOI Listing

Communication Modes and Functions in Children With Cerebral Palsy.

J Speech Lang Hear Res 2020 Jun 27;63(6):1776-1792. Epub 2020 May 27.

Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, University of Wisconsin-Madison.

Purpose This study seeks to determine how speech-language impairments relate to the frequency and diversity of communication modes and functions produced by children with cerebral palsy (CP) during interactions with their mothers. Method We studied 40 children with CP ( = 62 months) comprising three groups: those who were unable to speak and had anarthria ( = 15), those with speech motor impairment and language comprehension impairment (SMI-LCI; = 15), and those with speech motor impairment and typical language comprehension (SMI-LCT; = 10). Mother-child play interactions were coded for child modes and functions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2020_JSLHR-19-00228DOI Listing

Predation interactions among henhouse-dwelling arthropods, with a focus on the poultry red mite Dermanyssus gallinae.

Pest Manag Sci 2020 May 19. Epub 2020 May 19.

CEFE, Univ Montpellier, CNRS, EPHE, IRD, Univ Paul Valéry Montpellier 3, Montpellier, France.

Background: Analysis of the poorly explored food webs of henhouse-dwelling arthropods would improve biological control against the poultry red mite (PRM) Dermanyssus gallinae (De Geer). This study aimed to identify trophic links among native predatory arthropods, PRM, and alternative preys. In vitro predation tests were carried out to assess (i) the ability of native predators to feed on PRM juvenile and adult stages in two physiological statuses (unfed and freshly blood-fed) in the absence of any physical barrier, (ii) predator preferences between PRM and astigmatic mites, and (iii) predation interactions between PRM predators. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ps.5920DOI Listing

An Insight into the Role of as Biological Control Agent of in Northeastern Italy.

Insects 2020 May 14;11(5). Epub 2020 May 14.

Department of Agronomy, Food, Natural Resources, Animals and Environment, University of Padova, viale dell'Università 16, 35020 Legnaro, Italy.

Sustainable strategies such as classical or augmentative biological control are currently being evaluated for the long-term management of the alien invasive pest (Stål) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). A three-year study carried out in northeastern Italy was performed to investigate the distribution and field performance of the egg parasitoid (Ashmead) (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae), in comparison with other parasitoid species. In the study area, adventive populations of were present since 2016, representing the earliest detection of this species in Europe. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/insects11050306DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7290990PMC

Communication Profile of a Minimally Verbal School-Age Autistic Child: A Case Study.

Lang Speech Hear Serv Sch 2020 May 11:1-16. Epub 2020 May 11.

Department of Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo.

Purpose The present clinical focus draws on an intrinsic case study to provide a thick description of the communication profile of John, a 9-year-old minimally verbal autistic student. Method Specifically, traditional behavioral assessments, classroom video observations, and semistructured interviews were used to gather information regarding John's communication profile and potential sensory-motor differences. Results Convergent evidence indicated that John's expressive profile was characterized by single words, emergent word combinations, some conventional gestures, and a low frequency of communicative initiations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2020_LSHSS-19-00021DOI Listing

Transformative equality: Court accommodations for South African citizens with severe communication disabilities.

Afr J Disabil 2020 1;9:651. Epub 2020 Apr 1.

Private, Durban, South Africa.

Background: Persons with disabilities are generally at greater risk of experiencing violence than their peers without a disability. Within the sphere of disability, individuals with severe communication disabilities are particularly vulnerable and have an increased risk of being a victim of abuse or violence and typically turn to their country's criminal justice system to seek justice. Unfortunately, victims with disabilities are often denied fair and equal treatment before the court. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v9i0.651DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7203191PMC

Adaptation to Technology Use in Families of Children With Complex Communication Needs: An Integrative Review and Family Theory Application.

J Fam Nurs 2020 May 9;26(2):153-178. Epub 2020 May 9.

Michigan State University, East Lansing, USA.

Families with children who have developmental disabilities and complex communication needs (CCNs) face challenging demands affecting family adaptation. Many children with CCNs use augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) devices to support communication, yet little is known about family adaptation to such technology. To fill this gap, an integrative review, guided by the Resiliency Model of Family Stress, Adjustment, and Adaptation was conducted to assess conceptual foundations and the state of the science of family adaptation among children utilizing AAC. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1074840720915536DOI Listing

Text-to-speech synthesis as an alternative communication means after total laryngectomy.

Biomed Pap Med Fac Univ Palacky Olomouc Czech Repub 2020 Apr 27. Epub 2020 Apr 27.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University in Prague and University Hospital Motol.

Aims: Total laryngectomy still plays an essential part in the treatment of laryngeal cancer and loss of voice is the most feared consequence of the surgery. Commonly used rehabilitation methods include esophageal voice, electrolarynx, and implantation of voice prosthesis. In this paper we focus on a new perspective of vocal rehabilitation utilizing alternative and augmentative communication (AAC) methods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5507/bp.2020.016DOI Listing

Service provider attitudes regarding conversational rule violations in three public settings.

Augment Altern Commun 2020 Mar 2;36(1):4-17. Epub 2020 May 2.

Department of Computer and Information Sciences, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, USA.

Previous research identified an attitudinal hierarchy of conversational tradeoff choices among public service providers involving utterance-based augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) systems in a bookstore context. The purpose of the current research was to determine if there was a hierarchy of choices in three additional settings (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07434618.2020.1740941DOI Listing

Augmentation and compatibility of Beauveria bassiana with pesticides against different growth stages of Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius); an in vitro and field approach.

Pest Manag Sci 2020 Apr 30. Epub 2020 Apr 30.

Horticultural Research Institute, Ibaraki Agricultural Center, Kasama, Ibaraki, Japan.

Background: Bemisia tabaci is a notorious agricultural pest that causes serious damage to many crops via herbivory and spread of viral diseases. Effective control measures are, therefore, required. Integrating entomopathogenic fungi into the chemical control system offers promise for B. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ps.5881DOI Listing
April 2020
2.694 Impact Factor

Bioefficacy of Rhynocoris longifrons (Stål) (Heteroptera: Reduviidae) against multiple cotton pests under screen house and field conditions.

Sci Rep 2020 Apr 20;10(1):6637. Epub 2020 Apr 20.

Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Biosciences et Biotechnologies Appliquées (ENSBBA), Université Nationale des Sciences, Technologies, Ingénierie et Mathématiques (UNSTIM), BP 14, Dassa, Benin.

Rhynocoris longifrons (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) is a generalist predator of many cotton insect pests. The hiding behaviour of this predator, which is one of the key factors of predation success, was investigated under screen house conditions. Moreover, we evaluated its biocontrol potential against Aphis gossypii (Hemiptera: Aphididae), Dysdercus cingulatus (Hemiptera: Pyrrhocoridae), Phenacoccus solenopsis (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae), and Helicoverpa armigera Hübner (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) under screen house and field conditions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-63768-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7171081PMC
April 2020
5.078 Impact Factor

Occipital condyle screws: indications and technique.

J Spine Surg 2020 Mar;6(1):156-163

Professor of Neurological Surgery, Henry Ford Health System, Jackson, MI, USA.

Occipitocervical instability is a life threatening and disabling disorder caused by a myriad of pathologies. Restoring the anatomical integrity and stability of the occipitocervical junction (OCJ) is essential to achieve optimal clinical outcomes. Surgical stabilization of the OCJ is challenging and technically demanding. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/jss.2020.03.01DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7154362PMC

Communication ability and communication methods in children with cerebral palsy.

Dev Med Child Neurol 2020 Aug 13;62(8):933-938. Epub 2020 Apr 13.

Department of Research and Development, Psychiatry and Habilitation, Pernille Holck, Region Scania, Sweden.

Aim: To investigate if communication ability and method were related to each other and to age, sex, gross motor function, or manual ability in children with cerebral palsy.

Method: This cross-sectional study used data registered in the Swedish Cerebral Palsy Surveillance Program registry, involving 3000 children aged 0 to 18 years. Pearson's χ test and Spearman's correlation were used to test associations between variables. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/dmcn.14546DOI Listing

Effects of photoperiod on development and demographic parameters of the predatory thrips fed on .

Bull Entomol Res 2020 Apr 13:1-10. Epub 2020 Apr 13.

AgResearch Ltd, Lincoln Research Centre, Private Bag 4749, Christchurch8140, New Zealand.

The effect of five photoperiods (0:24, 6:18; 12:12, 18:6, and 24:0 light:dark (L:D)) on the development, reproduction, and survival of the predatory thrips Scolothrips longicornis Priesner fed on the two-spotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae Koch, was tested under laboratory conditions at 60% RH and 25°C. Development time of almost all immature stages in S. longicornis was the shortest under long day lengths (18:6 and 24:0 L:D). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007485320000115DOI Listing

Interrogating inclusion with youths who use augmentative and alternative communication.

Sociol Health Illn 2020 Jun 10;42(5):1108-1122. Epub 2020 Apr 10.

Department of Physical Therapy, Bloorview Research Institute, Holland Bloorview Kids Rehabilitation Hospital, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Even as the goal of social inclusion underpins health and social services for disabled youths, those with communication impairments continue to lead narrowly circumscribed lives. In this Canadian study, we combined visual methods and interviews with 13 Canadian youths who use augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) to understand how they make 'practical sense' of discourses of inclusion. Drawing on Bourdieu's theory of practice, we suggest: (i) participants' narratives reveal habitus - a socially constituted set of dispositions - that predispose them to accommodate the devalued social positions and constricted conditions of existence imposed on them; (ii) some forms of 'inclusion' perpetuate symbolic violence, as youths who use AAC internalise, as seemingly 'natural', dominant social norms and values that privilege 'normal' bodies; and (iii) although their practices primarily reproduced the status quo, youths in the study also worked at the margins to create locally produced forms of inclusion that attempted to transform the 'rules of the game'. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1467-9566.13087DOI Listing

Mobile Apps to Support Caregiver-Resident Communication in Long-Term Care: Systematic Search and Content Analysis.

JMIR Aging 2020 Apr 8;3(1):e17136. Epub 2020 Apr 8.

School of Audiology and Speech Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.

Background: In long-term residential care (LTRC), caregivers' attempts to provide person-centered care can be challenging when assisting residents living with a communication disorder (eg, aphasia) and/or a language-cultural barrier. Mobile communication technology, which includes smartphones and tablets and their software apps, offers an innovative solution for preventing and overcoming communication breakdowns during activities of daily living. There is a need to better understand the availability, relevance, and stability of commercially available communication apps (cApps) that could support person-centered care in the LTRC setting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/17136DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7177427PMC

Forum on Morphosyntax Assessment and Intervention for Children.

Lang Speech Hear Serv Sch 2020 Apr 7;51(2):179-183. Epub 2020 Apr 7.

University of Delaware, Newark.

Purpose This forum consists of articles that address the need for and approaches to assessment and treatment of morphology and syntax in children. Drawing on papers submitted by diverse laboratories working with multiple populations, this forum includes several articles describing different approaches to treatment, guidelines for goal setting, and assessment methods. Populations described include monolingual and bilingual children who speak English, Dutch, and Spanish, who use oral language and/or augmentative and alternative communication to communicate. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2020_LSHSS-20-00018DOI Listing

Incorporating discriminative stimuli into functional communication training with augmentative and alternative communication devices: a tutorial.

Augment Altern Commun 2020 Mar 2;36(1):63-70. Epub 2020 Apr 2.

Munroe-Meyer Institute, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA.

Functional communication training (FCT) is a commonly used and effective treatment for problem behavior maintained by social reinforcement (e.g., an individual engages in self-injurious behavior to gain access to adult attention). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07434618.2020.1731761DOI Listing

Neurocognitive processes in d-cycloserine augmented single-session exposure therapy for anxiety: A randomized placebo-controlled trial.

Behav Res Ther 2020 Jun 19;129:103607. Epub 2020 Mar 19.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK; Oxford Health NHS Foundation Trust, Warneford Hospital, Oxford, UK.

Drugs targeting N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptors and the ability to learn new associations have been proposed as adjunct treatments to boost the success of exposure therapy for anxiety disorders. However, the effects of the NMDA partial agonist d-cycloserine on psychological treatment have been mixed. We investigated potential neurocognitive mechanisms underlying the clinical effects of d-cycloserine-augmented exposure, to inform the optimal combination of this and similar agents with psychological treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2020.103607DOI Listing

Speech-Language pathologists' decisions when designing an aided AAC display for a compilation case study of a beginning communicator.

Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol 2020 Mar 31:1-9. Epub 2020 Mar 31.

Communication Sciences and Disorders, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA.

The current study sought to identify decisions speech-language pathologists (SLPs) make and their rationale for those decisions when designing an AAC display for a hypothetical school-aged child who was a beginning communicator. Augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) displays support communicative interactions for children who are unable to use spoken language to meet their communication needs. Children who are at the early stages of learning language, often termed beginning or emerging communicators, may rely heavily on the AAC display to support comprehension and expression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17483107.2020.1745911DOI Listing

A comparative, single-blind, randomized study on quetiapine and aripiperazole augmentation in treatment of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor refractory obsessive-compulsive disorder.

Can J Physiol Pharmacol 2020 Apr 31;98(4):236-242. Epub 2020 Mar 31.

Neuroscience Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a chronic psychiatric disorder, of unknown etiology, that affects 2.5% of the population. An appropriate therapeutic response to conventional treatment is seen. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/cjpp-2019-0381DOI Listing

Using AAC video visual scene displays to increase participation and communication within a volunteer activity for adolescents with complex communication needs.

Augment Altern Commun 2020 Mar 25;36(1):31-42. Epub 2020 Mar 25.

Department of Educational Psychology, Counseling, and Special Education, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA.

Volunteer activities can provide opportunities to learn new skills, build social networks, and contribute to enhanced self-esteem. Volunteering also provides a positive contribution to society, and an opportunity to participate in activities that may differ from those in paid employment. People with severe disabilities and complex communication needs, however, may face significant barriers in participating and communicating in volunteer activities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07434618.2020.1737966DOI Listing

Virtual keyboard with the prediction of words for children with cerebral palsy.

Comput Methods Programs Biomed 2020 Aug 3;192:105402. Epub 2020 Mar 3.

Graduate Program in Health Technology, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná, Curitiba, Brazil; Graduate Program in Electrical and Computer Engineering, Universidade Tecnológica Federal do Paraná, Curitiba, Brazil. Electronic address:

One in every 200 people worldwide cannot express orally because of cognitive, motor, neurological, or emotional problems. Assistive technologies can help people with impairments to use computers to perform their daily life activities independently and to communicate with others. This paper presents a Hidden Markov Model-based word prediction method that allows keyboard emulation software to predict words so that children with disabilities can type texts more quickly. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cmpb.2020.105402DOI Listing

A survey on the awareness, accessibility and funding for augmentative and alternative communication services and devices in Saudi Arabia.

Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol 2020 Mar 24:1-7. Epub 2020 Mar 24.

Rehabilitation Department, Sultan Bin Abdulaziz Humanitarian City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

To develop and distribute a survey to obtain information on the awareness, accessibility and funding for augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) services and devices within the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). The survey targeted three groups of people which included individuals with disabilities and their families, healthcare providers such as medical doctors and nurses and the third group included community members. Survey preparation and administration were performed online via a survey website in order to access a wide range of participants across KSA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17483107.2020.1736651DOI Listing

Kinetics of Nuclear Uptake and Site-Specific DNA Cleavage during CRISPR-Directed Gene Editing in Solid Tumor Cells.

Mol Cancer Res 2020 Jun 17;18(6):891-902. Epub 2020 Mar 17.

Gene Editing Institute, Helen F. Graham Cancer Center and Research Institute, ChristianaCare, Newark, Delaware.

Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats (CRISPR)-directed gene editing is approaching clinical implementation in cancer. Thus, it is imperative to define the molecular framework upon which safe and efficacious therapeutic strategies can be built. Two important reaction parameters include the biological time frame within which the CRISPR/Cas complex enters the nucleus and executes gene editing, and the method of discrimination that the CRISPR/Cas complex utilizes to target tumor cell, but not normal cell, genomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1158/1541-7786.MCR-19-1208DOI Listing

Core vocabulary lists for young children and considerations for early language development: a narrative review.

Augment Altern Commun 2020 Mar 14;36(1):43-53. Epub 2020 Mar 14.

Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA.

For early symbolic communicators, acquisition of an initial vocabulary is a critically important achievement that sets the stage for future language development. Children who require augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) rely on others to select and provide these important first words for them. One resource to help guide this process includes published lists of words that may contribute to a core vocabulary for individuals who require AAC. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07434618.2020.1737964DOI Listing

Brain-computer interfaces for communication.

Handb Clin Neurol 2020 ;168:67-85

BrainGate, Brown University, Providence, RI, United States.

Locked-in syndrome (LIS) is characterized by an inability to move or speak in the presence of intact cognition and can be caused by brainstem trauma or neuromuscular disease. Quality of life (QoL) in LIS is strongly impaired by the inability to communicate, which cannot always be remedied by traditional augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) solutions if residual muscle activity is insufficient to control the AAC device. Brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) may offer a solution by employing the person's neural signals instead of relying on muscle activity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-444-63934-9.00007-XDOI Listing
January 2020

Brain-computer interfaces for people with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.

Handb Clin Neurol 2020 ;168:33-38

National Center for Adaptive Neurotechnologies, Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health, Albany, NY, United States. Electronic address:

A brain-computer interface (BCI) records and extracts features from brain signals, and translates these features into commands that can replace, restore, enhance, supplement, or improve natural CNS outputs. As demonstrated in the other chapters of this book, the focus of the work of the last three decades of BCI research has been the replacement, restoration, or improvement of diminished or lost function in people with CNS disease or injury including those with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Due in part to the desire to conduct controlled studies, and, in part, to the complexity of BCI technology, most of this work has been carried out in laboratories with healthy controls or with limited numbers of potential consumers with a variety of diagnoses under supervised conditions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-444-63934-9.00004-4DOI Listing
January 2020

Barriers to and facilitators for the use of augmentative and alternative communication and voice restorative strategies for adults with an advanced airway in the intensive care unit: A scoping review.

J Crit Care 2020 Jun 24;57:168-176. Epub 2020 Feb 24.

Lawrence S. Bloomberg Faculty of Nursing, University of Toronto, 155 College Street, Suite 130, Toronto M5T 1P8, Canada; Department of Critical Care Medicine, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, 2075 Bayview Ave, Toronto M4N 3M5, Canada. Electronic address:

Purpose: To identify barriers and facilitators for the use of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) and voice restorative strategies for adult patients with an advanced airway in the intensive care unit (ICU).

Materials And Methods: Scoping review searching five databases between 1990 and 2019. We screened 13, 167 citations and included all study types reporting barriers and/or facilitators to using communication strategies in an ICU setting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrc.2020.02.015DOI Listing

[Hybrid stabilization and geriatric complex treatment of type A spinal fractures].

Chirurg 2020 Mar 10. Epub 2020 Mar 10.

Praxisklinik Dr. Homagk - MVZ GmbH, Schillerstraße 14, 06667, Weißenfels, Deutschland.

Approximately 200,000 spinal fractures occur each year in Germany. The decimated stability of the vertebra often leads to type A fractures with a substantial influence by osteoporosis. A mobility preserving and gentle treatment has clear advantages compared to conservative treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00104-020-01136-4DOI Listing

Evidence-based support for autistic people across the lifespan: maximising potential, minimising barriers, and optimising the person-environment fit.

Lancet Neurol 2020 05 3;19(5):434-451. Epub 2020 Mar 3.

Autism Research Centre, Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK; Cambridgeshire and Peterborough National Health Service Foundation Trust, Cambridge, UK.

Autism is both a medical condition that gives rise to disability and an example of human variation that is characterised by neurological and cognitive differences. The goal of evidence-based intervention and support is to alleviate distress, improve adaptation, and promote wellbeing. Support should be collaborative, with autistic individuals, families, and service providers taking a shared decision-making approach to maximise the individual's potential, minimise barriers, and optimise the person-environment fit. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1474-4422(20)30034-XDOI Listing

Perceived importance of AAC messages to support communication in rehabilitation settings.

Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol 2020 Mar 6:1-6. Epub 2020 Mar 6.

Institute for Rehabilitation Science and Engineering, Madonna Rehabilitation Hospitals, Lincoln, NE, USA.

Permanent or temporary speech loss can occur due to a variety of medical conditions and often requires individuals to use augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) strategies and technologies to support communication. The use of AAC in medical and rehabilitation settings is critical to ensure the health, safety and psychological well-being of communicatively vulnerable individuals. This study surveyed the perceived importance of communication messages within five categories (Basic Needs, Patient-Provider Specific Communication, Social, Feelings, and Messages for Young Children) by individuals with disability who have undergone recent medical care as well as by rehabilitation care providers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17483107.2020.1736652DOI Listing

Communication access in the retail environment for people with complex communication needs.

Disabil Rehabil 2020 Mar 3:1-10. Epub 2020 Mar 3.

School of Health and Social Development, Faculty of Health, Deakin University, Burwood, Australia.

To identify what facilitates retail communication access for people with complex communication needs, and the impact of communication in this context on social inclusion. Seven adults with lifelong or acquired complex communication needs who used augmentative and alternative communication devices (AAC) and nine retailers participated in interviews to determine factors that contributed to communication access and inclusion. Interview data were analysed using the grounded theory method within an ecological model of social inclusion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09638288.2020.1733108DOI Listing

Optimal clutch size for quality control of bisexual and Wolbachia-infected thelytokous lines of Trichogramma dendrolimi Matsumura (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) mass reared on eggs of a substitutive host, Antheraea pernyi Guérin-Méneville (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae).

Pest Manag Sci 2020 Feb 28. Epub 2020 Feb 28.

College of Plant Protection, Shenyang Agricultural University, Shenyang, P. R. China.

Background: Trichogramma dendrolimi has been widely used in augmentative biocontrol of lepidopteran pests in China. In mass production of T. dendrolimi using Antheraea pernyi eggs as substitutive hosts, which are large in size, as clutch size is a parameter of importance to produce high quality parasitoids. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ps.5805DOI Listing
February 2020

Revisiting the Role of Augmentative and Alternative Communication in Aphasia Rehabilitation.

Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2020 May 27;29(2):909-913. Epub 2020 Feb 27.

Department of Special Education and Communication Disorders, University of Nebraska-Lincoln.

Purpose The purpose of this article is to revisit the role of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) in poststroke aphasia rehabilitation. The authors' intent is to provide a viewpoint that expands the use of AAC in poststroke aphasia rehabilitation. Specifically, we seek to clarify the role of AAC in restorative and participation approaches to aphasia rehabilitation while also considering the role of AAC in a comprehensive treatment plan. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2019_AJSLP-19-00041DOI Listing

From conversation starters in the front yard to talking to God: the sensory ethnography of communication access.

Disabil Rehabil 2020 Feb 27:1-7. Epub 2020 Feb 27.

Southgate Institute for Health, Society and Equity, Flinders University, Adelaide, South Australia.

The nature and quality of communication access in the home can vary considerably depending upon such things as where one lives, social affiliations, and access to technology. Using findings from an in-depth study of the meaning of home for people with severe communication impairment the study sought to investigate features of communication access. Data obtained from sensory ethnographic journal entries, interview, and video field notes were collected to create a communication inventory. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09638288.2020.1729255DOI Listing
February 2020

Instruction Using Augmentative and Alternative Communication Supports: Description of Current Practices by Speech-Language Pathologists Who Work With Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2020 May 26;29(2):586-596. Epub 2020 Feb 26.

Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park.

Purpose The aim of this research study was to examine common practices of speech-language pathologists (SLPs) who work with children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) with respect to whether or not SLPs consider processing differences in ASD or the effects of input during their instruction. Method Following a qualitative research method, how SLPs instruct and present augmentative and alternative communication systems to individuals with ASD, their rationale for method selection, and their perception of the efficacy of selected interventions were probed. Semistructured interviews were conducted as part of an in-depth case report with content analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2019_AJSLP-19-00045DOI Listing

Smart and Assistive Walker - ASBGo: Rehabilitation Robotics: A Smart-Walker to Assist Ataxic Patients.

Adv Exp Med Biol 2019 ;1170:37-68

Universidade do Minho, Guimarães, Portugal.

Locomotion is an important human faculty that affects an individual's life, bringing not only physical and psychosocial implications but also heavy social-economic consequences. Thus, it becomes paramount to find means (augmentative/assistive devices) to empower the user's residual capacities and promote functional recovery.In this context, a smart walker (SW) is explored for further clinical evaluation of ataxic patients during walker-assisted and to serve as a functional compensation and assist-as-needed personalized/customized rehabilitation tool, autonomously adapting assistance to the users' needs, through innovative combination of real-time multimodal sensory information from SW built-in sensors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-24230-5_2DOI Listing
February 2020