127,825 results match your criteria Auditory Neuropathy


Religious fundamentalism is associated with hyperactive performance monitoring: ERP evidence from correct and erroneous responses.

Biol Psychol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Institute of Psychology, Jagiellonian University, Ingardena 6, 30-060 Kraków, Poland.

The aim of the current study was to examine whether action monitoring is associated with religious fundamentalism. Participants performed a stop-signal task that required response inhibition to a simple auditory tone. The level of their religious fundamentalism was measured on a scale. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Localization of Contextual and Context Removed Auditory Fear Memory within the Basolateral Amygdala Complex.

Neuroscience 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

School of Psychology and Counselling, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia; Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology at Translational Research Institute, Brisbane, Australia; Center for the Study of Traumatic Stress, Department of Psychiatry, USU School of Medicine, Bethesda, MD, USA. Electronic address:

Debilitating and persistent fear memories can rapidly form in humans following exposure to traumatic events. Fear memories can also be generated and studied in animals via Pavlovian fear conditioning. The current study was designed to evaluate basolateral amygdala complex involvement following the formation of different fear memories (two contextual fear memories and one adjusted auditory fear memory). Read More

View Article
December 2018

Power and phase coherence in sensorimotor mu and temporal lobe alpha components during covert and overt syllable production.

Exp Brain Res 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Hearing, Speech, and Language Sciences, Gallaudet University, 800 Florida Ave, Washington, DC, USA.

The sensorimotor dorsal stream is known to activate in both overt and covert speech production. However, overt production produces sensory consequences that are absent during covert production. Thus, the purpose of the current study is to investigate differences in dorsal stream activity between these two production conditions across the time course of utterances. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Hierarchical deficits in auditory information processing in schizophrenia.

Schizophr Res 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Nathan Kline Institute, Orangeburg, NY, USA; Dept. of Psychiatry, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY, USA. Electronic address:

Deficits in auditory processing contribute significantly to impaired functional outcome in schizophrenia (SZ), but mediating factors remain under investigation. Here we evaluated two hierarchical components of early auditory processing: pitch-change detection (i.e. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Cochlear implantation in patients with ossified cochleas.

Am J Otolaryngol 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University, Jinan, China; NHC Key Laboratory of Otorhinolaryngology, Shandong University, Jinan, China. Electronic address:

Purpose: The timing of CI for postmeningitic deafness is controversial and differential outcomes have been reported. To review and share our surgical and auditory outcomes.

Materials And Methods: 17 patients with ossified cochleas who received CI were enrolled. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Differences between morphological and repetition priming in auditory lexical decision: Implications for decompositional models.

Cortex 2018 Oct 19. Epub 2018 Oct 19.

Department of Linguistics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, United States. Electronic address:

A natural way of probing the effects of morphology on lexical processing is to directly compare morphological priming, for which primes and targets share a stem but are mismatched in morphological structure (e.g., frogs → frog), with outright repetition priming (e. Read More

View Article
October 2018

Abolishment of fear memory-disruptive effects REM sleep deprivation by harmane.

Biomed Pharmacother 2019 Jan 14;109:1563-1568. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Iranian National Center for Addiction Studies, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Institute for Cognitive Science Studies (ICSS), Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

Harmane, as a neuromodulator, implicates in the learning and memory processes. However, rapid eye movement (REM) sleep deprivation negatively affects these processes. Here, we investigated the effects of harmane (2. Read More

View Article
January 2019

Childhood trauma and diagnosis of major depression: Association with memory and executive function.

Psychiatry Res 2018 Dec 30;270:880-886. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Department of Psychosomatic Medicine, Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Berlin, Germany.

Cognitive function is often impaired in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). Childhood trauma is a risk factor for developing MDD and is also associated with cognitive impairments in later life. We aimed to investigate the effects of childhood trauma on cognitive function in MDD. Read More

View Article
December 2018
1 Read

Associations between cognitive impairment and quality of life in euthymic bipolar patients.

Psychiatry Res 2018 Nov 26;271:510-515. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Psychiatry, Graduate School of Medicine, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan.

During the euthymic state in bipolar disorder, cognitive functions often remain affected. Specifically, subjective and objective cognitive impairment might distinctly affect patients' quality of life (QoL); however, this question had not been examined previously in Japanese patients. Therefore, the current study investigated the associations between cognitive complaints, QoL, and objective cognitive functions. Read More

View Article
November 2018
1 Read

A randomized controlled trial to test efficacy of digital enhancements of storybooks in support of narrative comprehension and word learning.

J Exp Child Psychol 2018 Dec 11;179:212-226. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Institute of Education, ELTE Eötvös Loránd University, 1053 Budapest, Hungary; Department of Language, Literature and Communication, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, 1081 HV Amsterdam, the Netherlands; Faculty of Arts and Education, University of Stavanger, 4036 Stavanger, Norway.

Experiments with film-like story presentations have been found to be beneficial in supporting children's story comprehension and word learning. The main goal of the current study was to disentangle the effects of visual and auditory enhancements in digital books. Participants were 99 typically developing children (41 boys and 58 girls) aged 4-6 years from two public kindergartens in Bursa, Turkey. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Visibility Graph Analysis of Speech Evoked Auditory Brainstem Response in Persistent Developmental Stuttering.

Neurosci Lett 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

The Ohio State University, United States. Electronic address:

In this research, the concept of fractality based on nonlinear science and chaos theory is explored to study and evaluate the complexity of speech-evoked auditory brainstem response (s-ABR) time series in order to capture its intrinsic multiscale dynamics. The visibility graph of the s-ABR series is proposed as a quantitative method to differentiate subjects with persistent developmental stuttering (PDS) from the normal group. Differential complexities between normal and PDS subjects is quantified using Graph index complexity (GIC). Read More

View Article
December 2018

Experiences of treadmill walking with non-immersive virtual reality after stroke or acquired brain injury - A qualitative study.

PLoS One 2018 14;13(12):e0209214. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Research group for Rehabilitation Medicine, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Objectives: It is well known that physical activity levels for persons after stroke or acquired brain injuries do not reach existing recommendations. Walking training is highly important since the ability to walk is considered to be a meaningful occupation for most people, and is often reduced after a brain injury. This suggests a need to innovate stroke rehabilitation, so that forms of walking training that are user-friendly and enjoyable can be provided. Read More

View Article
December 2018

[Follow-up research on hearing progression of GJB2 mutation associated hearing loss in children].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Dec;32(23):1798-1803

Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing Institute of Otolaryngology, Key Laboratory of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Ministry of Education, Beijing, 100730, China.

To analyze the auditory follow-up alteration of GJB2 associated hearing loss children. Forty three children aged 0-5 years with homozygous or heterozygous mutations of gene attach to the Children' s Hearing Diagnostic Center of our hospital were enrolled in this study. Distortion product otoacoustic emissions and acoustic immittance, auditory brainstem response, auditory steady state response, acoustic impedance, pediatric behavior audiometry and other audiological tests were performed. Read More

View Article
December 2018
1 Read

[MicroRNA and sensorineural hearing loss].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Oct;32(19):1523-1526

Hearing loss caused by disorders throughout the cochlea or auditory pathway called sensorineural hearing loss. The etiology of sensorineural deafness is complex and diverse, and the sensory epithelial cell damage of the inner ear spiral is the main pathological change. MicroRNAs play a role in the regulation of gene expression by inhibiting or degrading the mRNA of target genes. Read More

View Article
October 2018

[Squamous cell carcinoma of the external auditory canal: report of one case].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Oct;32(19):1507-1508

View Article
October 2018
1 Read

[The clinical characteristics of pediatric external auditory canal keratosis obturans].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Oct;32(19):1502-1503

Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Children's Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, 215003, China.

To analyze the clinical characteristics of pediatric external auditory canalkeratosis obturans(KO). Retrospective analyze the clinical data of twenty-three patients were diagnosed with external auditory canal cholesteatoma(EACC). Their chief complaint, the course of the disease, clinical characteristics,CT manifestations,surgical procedure and prognosis were retrospectively analyzed. Read More

View Article
October 2018

[Cochlear implant for elder patients over 75 years old].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Oct;32(19):1477-1479

Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, 100032, China.

To evaluate the operation safety, hearing as well as speech results of cochlear implantation that were applied in patients over 75 years old. A series of patients who were diagnosed as severe to profound sensorineural hearing loss and received cochlear implantation were admitted. The clinical data and rehabilitation effects of the patients who were over 75 years old were summarized. Read More

View Article
October 2018

[The study for the characteristics of secondary acquired cholesteatoma].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Sep;32(18):1383-1386;1390

Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, the Air Force Military Medical University, Xijing Hospital, Xi'an, 710032, China.

Retrospctive analysed the Characteristics and outcomes of surgical treatment of 18 patients who were diagnosed as secondary acquired cholesteatoma (SAC).Patients with SAC accepted operations were enrolled in this study. Then the factors such as sex, age, cource of history, otorrhea before operation, the size of perforation of tympanic membrane, entry site of epithelium, extension direction, ossicular destruction, tympanosclerosis, tympanum tympani tendon involvement, stage of cholesteatoma(JOS, 2015, Japan),degree of gasification of mastoid(JOS,2015,Japan),air conductive threshold, bone conductive threshold, air-bone gap, the healing of tympanic membrane and the auditory improvement were analyzed. Read More

View Article
September 2018

[Research progress on auditory neuropathy spectrum disorder and cochlear implantation in infants and young children].

Authors:
J Y Chen Y X Li

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Jul;32(14):1120-1124

Auditory neuropathy is a disorder characterized by absent or severely abnormal auditory brainstem response (ABR) with intact outer hair cell function, as evidenced by the presence of evoked otoacoustic emissions and/or cochlear microphonics. Unlike patients with sensory hearing loss who show clinical evidence of impaired outer hair cell function. For ANSD patients, clinical rehabilitation is mainly limited to hearing aid wearing and cochlear implantation. Read More

View Article

[External auditory canal HIV-associated Kaposi sarcoma: a case report].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Dec;32(24):1910-1911

External auditory canal HIV-associated Kaposi sarcoma is rare. A 47-year-old male patient found a lump locked in the right external auditory canal gradually enlarging during the 4 months. Preoperative examination suggested that the patient had infected with HIV. Read More

View Article
December 2018

[Evaluating auditory pathway by promontory stimulation test and postoperative hearing rehabilitation(28 cases)].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Dec;32(24):1851-1856

Department of Otolaryngology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences,Beijing, 100730, China.

Objective:〖WT〗To evaluate auditory pathway in patients by promontory stimulation test(PST) before artificial cochlear implantation(CI), and to analyze the relationship between postoperative hearing rehabilitation and PST. Selecting 28 cases of adult subjects without residual hearing who accepted promontory stimulation test, different etiology led to bilateral severe sensor neural deafness. PST was examined by measuring the electric auditory threshold(T value) and maximum comfort threshold(M value) of 50, 100 and 200 Hz pulse square waves, and by measuring frequency discrimination. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Neural coding of the sound envelope is changed in the inferior colliculus immediately following acoustic trauma.

Eur J Neurosci 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Department of Otorhinolaryngology/Head and Neck Surgery, Groningen, Netherlands.

Sensorineural hearing loss is often accompanied by difficulties with understanding speech in fluctuating backgrounds, suggesting that neural coding of complex sound features, such as the sound envelope, is impaired. Here, we studied how temporal and rate coding of the envelope is affected in the inferior colliculus immediately after acoustic trauma. Neural activity in response to amplitude-modulated noise was recorded from the inferior colliculus of the guinea pig, before and immediately after a 1-hour 11-kHz acoustic trauma. Read More

View Article
December 2018

MEG imaging of recurrent gliomas reveals functional plasticity of hemispheric language specialization.

Hum Brain Mapp 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Biomagnetic Imaging Lab, Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), San Francisco, California.

In patients with gliomas, changes in hemispheric specialization for language determined by magnetoencephalography (MEG) were analyzed to elucidate the impact of treatment and tumor recurrence on language networks. Demonstration of reorganization of language networks in these patients has significant implications on the prevention of postoperative functional loss and recovery. Whole-brain activity during an auditory verb generation task was estimated from MEG recordings in a group of 73 patients with recurrent gliomas. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Effects of stimulus presentation order during auditory-visual conditional discrimination training for children with autism spectrum disorder.

J Appl Behav Anal 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Hunter College.

Children with autism spectrum disorder are typically taught conditional discriminations using a match-to-sample arrangement. Consideration should be given to the temporal order in which antecedent stimuli (the sample and comparison stimuli) are presented during match-to-sample trials, as various arrangements have been used in the extant literature. The purpose of the current study was to compare the effects of four stimulus presentation orders on the acquisition of auditory-visual conditional discriminations. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Cervical Spinal Cord Stimulation for the Vegetative State: A Preliminary Result of 12 Cases.

Neuromodulation 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Neurosurgery, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

Objectives: Data on the treatment of the vegetative state (VS) with cervical spinal cord stimulation (cSCS) are limited and prognostic factors are inconclusive. In this study, we present our experience of treating 12 VS patients with cSCS and discuss the prognostic factors.

Methods: Twelve VS patients were enrolled. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Vestibular atelectasis: Decoding pressure and sound-induced nystagmus with bilateral vestibulopathy.

Laryngoscope 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, County General and Veterans Hospital Vukovar, Vukovar, Croatia.

We present the case of a 27-year-old male who presented with vertigo when pressing the entrance of his right auditory meatus and exposing his right ear to loud noise. A diagnostic procedure revealed bilateral labyrinth weakness, which was confirmed by caloric and rotational testing. The ocular vestibular evoked myogenic potentials investigation demonstrated a significant weakness of the right utriculus, whereas the cervical vestibular evoked myogenic potentials were normal, indicating preservation of the saccular response. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Role of BMP signaling for the formation of auditory brainstem nuclei and large auditory relay synapses.

Dev Neurobiol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Laboratory of Synaptic Mechanisms, Brain Mind Institute, School of Life Science, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), 1015, Lausanne, Switzerland.

Large excitatory synapses are found at specific points in the neuronal circuits of the auditory brainstem, to enable fast information transfer and the preservation of acoustic timing information. The extracellular cues and signaling mechanisms that lead to the development of these specialized synaptic connections, exemplified by the calyx of Held in the medial nucleus of the trapezoid body (MNTB), are still largely unknown. Here, we investigate the role of BMP signaling for the early development of the ventral cochlear nucleus (VCN) and MNTB, and for the initial formation of the calyx of Held synaptic connection. Read More

View Article
December 2018

A retrospective multicenter study of carbon-ion radiotherapy for external auditory canal and middle ear carcinomas.

Cancer Med 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Hospital of the National Institute of Radiological Sciences, National Institutes for Quantum and Radiological Sciences and Technology, Chiba, Japan.

Background: We conducted a retrospective multicenter study to assess the clinical outcomes of carbon-ion radiotherapy (CIRT) for head and neck malignancies (Japan Carbon-Ion Radiation Oncology Study Group [J-CROS] study: 1402 HN). We aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of CIRT in patients with external auditory canal (EAC) and middle ear (ME) carcinomas.

Methods: Thirty-one patients treated with CIRT at four Japanese institutions were analyzed. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Bilateral Fracture of the Handle Malleus: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.

J Clin Imaging Sci 2018 15;8:49. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Department of Radiology, Division of Neuroradiology, University of Michigan Health System. Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA.

Malleus fracture is a rare condition. Usually, the handle of the malleus is involved, and we do not find reports in the literature of this condition in the bilateral presentation. It is present as sudden conductive hearing loss commonly after digital manipulation of the external auditory canal. Read More

View Article
November 2018

Waardenburg Syndrome and Left Persistent Superior Vena Cava.

J Clin Imaging Sci 2018 15;8:44. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Department of Radiology, University of Kentucky, Kentucky, USA.

Waardenburg syndrome (WS) is a rare genetic disorder secondary to neural crest cell developmental abnormalities. It is predominantly described as an auditory-pigmentary syndrome with diverse patient presentation, typically involving congenital sensorineural hearing loss and pigmentation abnormalities of the skin, hair, and iris. Other developmental abnormalities that may be associated with this syndrome are Hirschsprung's disease and a myriad of cardiovascular congenital defects. Read More

View Article
November 2018
1 Read

Metamemory monitoring in Alzheimer's disease A systematic review.

Dement Neuropsychol 2018 Oct-Dec;12(4):337-352

PhD, Center for Alzheimer's disease and Related Disorders, Institute of Psychiatry, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.

Metamemory is the awareness of one's own knowledge and control of memory, and refers to the online ability to gather information about the current state of the memory system.

Objective: Metamemory is one's own knowledge and control of memory. A systematic review was performed to identify the types of tasks used for evaluating metamemory monitoring, the stimuli used in these tasks, their limitations and the outcomes in people with Alzheimer's disease (PwAD). Read More

View Article
December 2018
1 Read

EmojiGrid: A 2D Pictorial Scale for the Assessment of Food Elicited Emotions.

Front Psychol 2018 28;9:2396. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Human Factors, Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research (TNO), Soesterberg, Netherlands.

Research on food experience is typically challenged by the way questions are worded. We therefore developed the EmojiGrid: a graphical (language-independent) intuitive self-report tool to measure food-related valence and arousal. In a first experiment participants rated the valence and the arousing quality of 60 food images, using either the EmojiGrid or two independent visual analog scales (VAS). Read More

View Article
November 2018
1 Read

Pupillary Measures of the Cognitive Effort in Auditory Novel Word Processing and Short-Term Retention.

Front Psychol 2018 27;9:2248. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Department of Psychology, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.

The use of the task-evoked pupillary responses (TEPRs) methodology is emerging in the psycholinguistics literature, as a sensitive, reliable and dynamic psychophysiological measure of the cognitive effort produced by various aspects of language processing. This preliminary study aimed to assess the functionality and effectiveness of a TEPRs design for measuring the cognitive effort required for the processing and spontaneous (non-explicitly prompted) short-term retention of novel phonological forms presented auditorily. Twenty-four young adult participants (aged 19-28 years, = 20. Read More

View Article
November 2018
1 Read

Investigating the influence of ubiquinone blood level on the abilities of children with specific learning disorder.

Egypt J Neurol Psychiatr Neurosurg 2018 27;54(1):39. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

1Research on Children with Special Needs Department, Medical Research division, National Research Centre, Elbuhouth Street, 12622, Dokki, Cairo, Egypt.

Background: Ubiquinone has antioxidant properties and has been linked to cognitive performance in some neuropsychiatric disorders. Its role in specific learning disorder manifestations has not been previously investigated. Therefore, the aim of this study was to measure the blood levels of ubiquinone in a group of children with specific learning disorder in comparison to typically developing children and to investigate the correlation between ubiquinone levels in children with specific learning disorder and some of their intellectual capabilities, reading, spelling and writing performance. Read More

View Article
November 2018

Endoscopic versus open microvascular decompression for trigeminal neuralgia: a systematic review and comparative meta-analysis.

Authors:

J Neurosurg 2018 Dec 1:1-9. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

OBJECTIVEMicrovascular decompression (MVD) is commonly used in the treatment of trigeminal neuralgia (TN) with positive clinical outcomes. Fully endoscopic MVD (E-MVD) has been proposed as an effective minimally invasive alternative, but a comparative review of the two approaches has not been conducted. The authors performed a meta-analysis of studies, comparing patient outcome rates and complications for the open versus the endoscopic technique. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Hearing preservation after Gamma Knife radiosurgery for cerebellopontine angle meningiomas.

Authors:

J Neurosurg 2018 Dec;129(Suppl1):38-46

OBJECTIVEThe objective of this study was to assess hearing function after Gamma Knife treatment of cerebellopontine angle (CPA) meningiomas and assess factors affecting hearing outcome. Additionally, the authors opted to compare these results with those after Gamma Knife treatment of vestibular schwannomas (VSs), because most of the information on hearing outcome after stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) comes from reports on VS treatment. Hearing preservation, to the best of the authors' knowledge, has never been separately addressed in studies involving Gamma Knife radiosurgery (GKRS) for CPA meningiomas. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Neurocognitive changes in pituitary adenoma patients after Gamma Knife radiosurgery.

Authors:

J Neurosurg 2018 Dec;129(Suppl1):55-62

OBJECTIVEPituitary adenomas and the treatment required for the underlying neuropathology have frequently been associated with cognitive dysfunction. However, the mechanisms for these impairments remain the subject of much debate. The authors evaluated cognitive outcomes in patients treated with or without Gamma Knife radiosurgery (GKRS) for an underlying pituitary adenoma. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Depression, auditory-verbal hallucinations, and delusions in patients with schizophrenia: Different patterns of association with prefrontal gray and white matter volume.

Psychiatry Res Neuroimaging 2018 Dec 4;283:55-63. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Parc Sanitari Sant Joan de Déu, Sant Boi de Llobregat, Institut de Recerca Sant Joan de Déu, Esplugues de Llobregat, Facultat de Medicina, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain; Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Salud Mental (CIBERSAM), Madrid, Spain.

Structural brain abnormalities, including decreased gray matter (GM) and white matter (WM) volume, have been observed in patients with schizophrenia. These decrements were found to be associated with positive and negative symptoms, but affective symptoms (depression and anxiety) were poorly explored. We hypothesized that abnormalities in GM and WM volume might also be related to affective symptoms. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Active avoidance learning differentially activates ERK phosphorylation in the primary auditory and visual cortices of Roman high- and low-avoidance rats.

Physiol Behav 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Cagliari, Italy. Electronic address:

Understanding the mechanisms underlying conditioned avoidance is a critical step toward the development of novel treatments of anxiety. In this context, the two-way active avoidance (2WAA) task is a validated paradigm to investigate uncontrolled avoidance, a hallmark of anxiety disorders. The outbred Roman high- (RHA) and low-avoidance (RLA) rat lines are selected for respectively rapid vs. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Auditory stimulation improves motor function and caretaker burden in children with cerebral palsy- A randomized double blind study.

PLoS One 2018 13;13(12):e0208792. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Meshi Children's Rehabilitation Center, Jerusalem, Israel.

Aim: To investigate the impact of auditory stimulation on motor function in children with cerebral palsy (CP) and disabling hypertonia.

Method: 9 matched pairs (age: 7y5m, SD 4y1m; 13 boys; gross-motor-functional-classification-scale: median 4; manual-ability-classification-system: median 4) were randomized to receive either auditory stimulation embedded in music (study, n = 9) or music alone (sham, control, n = 9) for at least 10 minutes 4 times a week for 4 weeks. Goal-Attainment-Scale, Care-and-Comfort-Hypertonicity-Questionnaire, Gross-Motor-Function-Measure and Quality-of-Upper-Extremity-Skills-Test (QUEST) were assessed before and 5 months following intervention. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Cognitive Function Prediction of Performance During Dual-Tasks Across Adults With and Without Hearing Loss.

Curr Aging Sci 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Illinois State University - Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders Normal, IL. United States.

Background: Dual-task procedures are commonly implemented to examine cognitive load and listening effort as individual differences in cognition often determine successful listening. However, what methods are most efficacious is unclear. Specifically, standardized, targeted assessment procedures for establishing cognitive function, and age related changes that might account for changes in dual-task performance have yet to be established. Read More

View Article
December 2018

The evaluation of the sense of hearing in patients with carotid artery stenosis within the extracranial segments.

Acta Neurol Belg 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Uniwersytet Medyczny im Piastow Slaskich we Wroclawiu, Wrocław, Dolnośląskie, Poland.

Stenosis of arteries that supplies blood to the brain is one of the main causes of ischemic stroke which is the third most common cause of deaths in Europe. Atherosclerosis of carotid and vertebral arteries is responsible for 20% of the ischemic stroke cases. Stenosis may be either asymptomatic or manifested with typical neurological symptoms including motor and sensory disturbances as well as disturbances in vision and speech. Read More

View Article
December 2018
1 Read

Memory Impairment and Plasma BDNF Correlates of the Polymorphism in Patients With Bipolar II Disorder.

Front Genet 2018 27;9:583. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Department of Psychiatry, National Cheng Kung University Hospital, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan.

Studies suggest that a functional polymorphism of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), polymorphism affects cognitive functions, however, the effect is unclear in bipolar II (BD-II) disorder. We used the Wechsler Memory Scale-third edition (WMS-III), the presence of the polymorphism, and plasma concentrations of BDNF to investigate the association between memory impairment and BDNF in BD-II disorder. We assessed the memory functions of 228 BD-II patients and 135 healthy controls (HCs). Read More

View Article
November 2018

Auditory-Induced Negative Emotions Increase Recognition Accuracy for Visual Scenes Under Conditions of High Visual Interference.

Authors:
Oliver Baumann

Front Psychol 2018 27;9:2374. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Queensland Brain Institute, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, Australia.

The effect of emotion on memory is powerful and complex. While there seems to be agreement that emotional arousal generally increases the likelihood that events are remembered, it is somewhat disputed whether also the valence of emotions influences memory. Specifically, several experiments by Kensinger and colleagues have provided evidence for the hypotheses that negative valanced emotions facilitate the encoding of perceptual details. Read More

View Article
November 2018

Anisotropic Panglial Coupling Reflects Tonotopic Organization in the Inferior Colliculus.

Front Cell Neurosci 2018 27;12:431. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Animal Physiology Group, Department of Biology, University of Kaiserslautern, Kaiserslautern, Germany.

Astrocytes and oligodendrocytes in different brain regions form panglial networks and the topography of such networks can correlate with neuronal topography and function. Astrocyte-oligodendrocyte networks in the lateral superior olive (LSO)-an auditory brainstem nucleus-were found to be anisotropic with a preferred orientation orthogonally to the tonotopic axis. We hypothesized that such a specialization might be present in other tonotopically organized brainstem nuclei, too. Read More

View Article
November 2018

No Effect of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation of the Auditory Cortex on Auditory-Evoked Potentials.

Front Neurosci 2018 27;12:880. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Division of Systems Neuroscience of Psychopathology, Translational Research Center, University Hospital of Psychiatry Bern, Bern, Switzerland.

Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a non-invasive brain stimulation technique to change cortical excitability. Its effects are shown for cognitive processing, and behavior in the motor and perceptual domains. However, evidence of tDCS effects in the perceptual domain particularly for auditory processing is rare. Read More

View Article
November 2018

[A case of late-onset paraphrenia in a very elderly patient receiving home medical care].

Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi 2018 ;55(4):675-678

Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Science, Faculty of Health and Sports Sciences, University of Tsukuba.

A 94 year old woman with a late-onset paraphrenia was referred to our clinic from a community care center. The patient showed symptoms of paranoia and auditory hallucination. The patient was in conflict with her neighbors regarding noise-related problems and was experiencing loss of appetite. Read More

View Article
January 2018

Auditory figure-ground segregation is impaired by high visual load.

J Neurosci 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Ear Institute, University College London, London WC1X 8EE, United Kingdom.

Figure-ground segregation is fundamental to listening in complex acoustic environments. An ongoing debate pertains to whether segregation requires attention or is 'automatic' and pre-attentive. In this magnetoencephalography (MEG) study we tested a prediction derived from Load Theory of attention (e. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Neurod1 is essential for the primary tonotopic organization and related auditory information processing in the midbrain.

J Neurosci 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Institute of Biotechnology CAS, Vestec, Czechia

Hearing depends on extracting frequency, intensity and temporal properties from sound to generate an auditory map for acoustical signal processing. How physiology intersects with molecular specification to fine tune the developing properties of the auditory system that enable these aspects remains unclear. We made a novel conditional deletion model that eliminates the transcription factor NEUROD1 exclusively in the ear. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Experience-Dependent Intrinsic Plasticity During Auditory Learning.

J Neurosci 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Program in Neuroscience, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida 32306-4301

Song learning in zebra finches () requires exposure to the song of a tutor, resulting in an auditory memory. This memory is the foundation for later sensorimotor learning, resulting in the production of a copy of the tutor's song. The cortical premotor nucleus HVC (proper name) is necessary for auditory and sensorimotor learning as well as the eventual production of adult song. Read More

View Article
December 2018