925,225 results match your criteria Auditing-a Journal Of Practice & Theory[Journal]


Young carers in England: Findings from the 2018 BBC survey on the prevalence and nature of caring among young people.

Child Care Health Dev 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

University of Sussex, UK.

Background: Many young people are involved in caring for parents, siblings, or other relatives who have an illness or disability. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of caring by young people in England.

Method: A national survey of 925 English young people was conducted using the 18-item survey version of the Multidimensional Assessment of Caring Activities Checklist for Young Carers (MACA-YC18). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cch.12674DOI Listing

Patient Attitude towards Videodermatoscopy for the Detection of Skin Cancer: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Oncol Res Treat 2019 Apr 17:1-6. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Dermatology and Allergy, University Hospital, LMU Munich, Munich, Germany,

Background: Videodermatoscopy (VD) is a useful device for supporting dermatologists in the distinction between benign and malignant lesions. However, only few patients have access to VD in daily practice.

Objectives: To investigate patient attitudes towards VD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000499630DOI Listing

Measuring Quality of Life in the Speaker with Dysarthria: Reliability and Validity of the European Portuguese Version of the QoL-DyS.

Folia Phoniatr Logop 2019 Apr 17:1-15. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche e Cliniche "L. Sacco," Università degli Studi di Milano, Milan, Italy.

Background: The impact of acquired dysarthria on the person's life and social participation is well recognized and is the key to the process of rehabilitation. Evaluation of the effectiveness of an intervention that addresses this impact is a challenge for clinicians and researchers.

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the validity and reliability of the European Portuguese version of the Quality of Life in the Speaker with Dysarthria (QoL-DyS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000495564DOI Listing

Enhanced reconstruction in magnetic particle imaging by whitening and randomized SVD approximation.

Phys Med Biol 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Computer Science, University College London, London, UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND.

Magnetic particle imaging (MPI) is a medical imaging modality of recent origin, and it exploits the nonlinear magnetization phenomenon to recover a spatially dependent concentration of nanoparticles. In practice, image reconstruction in MPI is frequently carried out by standard Tikhonov regularization with nonnegativity constraint, which is then minimized by a Kaczmarz type method. In this work, we revisit two issues in the numerical reconstruction in MPI in the lens of inverse theory, i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1361-6560/ab1a4fDOI Listing

Localization of liver lesions in abdominal CT imaging: II. Mathematical model observer performance correlates with human observer performance for localization of liver lesions in abdominal CT imaging.

Phys Med Biol 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Radiology, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA, Rochester, Minnesota, UNITED STATES.

Purpose: Determination of the effect of protocol modifications on diagnostic performance in CT with human observers is extremely time-consuming, limiting the applicability of such methods in routine clinical practice. In this work, we sought to determine whether a channelized Hotelling observer (CHO) could predict human observer performance for the task of liver lesion localization as background, reconstruction algorithm, dose, and lesion size were varied. Materials and Methods: Liver lesions (5mm, 7mm, and 9mm) were digitally inserted into the CT projection data of patients with normal livers and water phantoms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1361-6560/ab1a62DOI Listing

Radiocarbon dating of ivory: Potentialities and limitations in forensics.

Forensic Sci Int 2019 Mar 30;299:114-118. Epub 2019 Mar 30.

CEDAD (CEntre for applied physics, DAting and Diagnostic) Department of Mathematics and Physics "Ennio de Giorgi", University of Salento, Italy.

The determination of the age of elephant ivory is a crucial aspect in the fight against illegal ivory trade which is still a relevant problem having triggered the decline of elephant populations due to poaching in different areas of the globe. Indeed, the absolute dating of the ivory allows, in forensics practice, to establish whether a determined sample or object was obtained and imported illegally, violating the international trade ban. In this frame the use radiocarbon dating has surely a great potential and is widely used. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2019.03.042DOI Listing

Optimal oxygenation and role of free radicals in PPHN.

Free Radic Biol Med 2019 Apr 14. Epub 2019 Apr 14.

Department of Pediatrics, UC Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, CA, USA. Electronic address:

Effective ventilation of the lungs is essential in mediating pulmonary vasodilation at birth to allow effective gas exchange and an increase in systemic oxygenation. Unsuccessful transition prevents the increase in pulmonary blood flow after birth resulting in hypoxemia and persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN). Management of neonates with PPHN includes ventilation of the lungs with supplemental oxygen to correct hypoxemia. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08915849193023
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2019.04.001DOI Listing
April 2019
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Simulation In Surgical Training: Prospective Cohort Study Of Access, Attitudes And Experiences Of Surgical Trainees In The Uk And Ireland.

Int J Surg 2019 Apr 14. Epub 2019 Apr 14.

Association of Surgeons in Training, 35-43 Lincoln's Inn Fields, London, WC2A 3PE.

Background: Surgical training is evolving, and simulation is becoming more important as a way to expedite the early learning curve and augment surgical techniques. With novel technology, and innovation, major changes are possible in how surgeons are trained. The integration of these concepts into the surgical curriculum may drive up educational standards and enhance patient safety. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijsu.2019.04.004DOI Listing

Guidelines for Postoperative care in Cesarean Delivery: Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) Society Recommendations (Part 3 ).

Am J Obstet Gynecol 2019 Apr 14. Epub 2019 Apr 14.

Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR, United States.

This Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) Guideline for postoperative care in Cesarean Delivery (CD) will provide best practice, evidenced-based, recommendations for post-operative care with, primarily a maternal focus. The pathway process for scheduled and unscheduled CD, for this ERAS CD guideline, will consider time from completion of cesarean until maternal hospital discharge. The literature search (1966-2017) used Embase and PubMed to search medical subject headings including "Cesarean Section", "Cesarean Delivery", "Cesarean Section Delivery" and all post-operative ERAS® items. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00029378193057
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajog.2019.04.012DOI Listing
April 2019
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Potential Technologies Review - A hybrid information retrieval framework to accelerate demand-pull innovation in biomedical engineering.

Res Synth Methods 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Science Management, Institute of Applied Medical Engineering, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany.

Launching biomedical innovations based on clinical demands instead of translating basic research findings to practice reduces the risk that the results will not fit the clinical routine. To realize this type of innovation, a meta-analysis of the body of research is necessary to reveal demand-matching concepts. However, both the data deluge and the narrow time constraints for innovation make it impossible to perform such reviews manually. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jrsm.1350DOI Listing

Respecting the Roles: TMA Battles Another Round of Scope of Practice Bills.

Authors:
Joey Berlin

Tex Med 2019 Apr 1;115(4):16-19. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

When nonmedical professionals ask the Texas Legislature for the authority to practice medicine, TMA mounts a full-court press, letting lawmakers know why there are some roles only physicians can fill. Read More

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What do cost-effective health behaviour-change interventions contain? A comparison of six domains.

PLoS One 2019 17;14(4):e0213983. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Behavioural Science and Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom.

Objectives: To help implement behaviour change interventions (BCIs) in practice it is important to be able to characterize their key components. This study compared broad features of cost-effective BCIs that addressed smoking, diet, physical activity, alcohol and sexual health. It also assessed the association of these with the magnitude of the cost-effectiveness estimates. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0213983PLOS
April 2019
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LIMPRINT: The UK Experience-Subjective Control of Swelling in Patients Attending Specialist Lymphedema Services.

Lymphat Res Biol 2019 Apr;17(2):211-220

9 Centre for Research & Implementation of Clinical Practice, London, United Kingdom.

This study was undertaken as part of the UK LIMPRINT international study to determine the number of people with chronic edema (CO) and its impact on health services. Overall 7436 with CO were recruited in the main UK study from a range of health settings. Factors relating to subjective control of arm and leg CO were defined in the UK. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/lrb.2019.0020DOI Listing

LIMPRINT in Specialist Lymphedema Services in United Kingdom, France, Italy, and Turkey.

Lymphat Res Biol 2019 Apr;17(2):141-146

4 Montpellier Medecine Vasculaire, EA2992, Universite Montpellier I, CHU Saint Eloi, Montpellier, France.

There is no standardized international model for specialist lymphedema services, which covers the types of lymphedema treated and the treatments provided. The aim of this study was to provide a profile of patients attending specialist lymphedema services in different countries to explore similarities and differences. The LIMPRINT core tool was used in specialist lymphedema services in the United Kingdom, France, Italy, and Turkey. Read More

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https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/lrb.2019.0021
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/lrb.2019.0021DOI Listing
April 2019
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The Prevalence and Functional Impact of Chronic Edema and Lymphedema in Japan: LIMPRINT Study.

Lymphat Res Biol 2019 Apr;17(2):195-201

2 Department of Gerontological Nursing/Wound Care Management, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.

This was a part of LIMPRINT (Lymphoedema IMpact and PRevalence-INTernational), an international study aimed at capturing the size and impact of lymphedema and chronic edema in different countries and health services across the world. The purpose of this study was to clarify the prevalence and the impact of chronic edema in Japan. This was a two-phase facility-based study to determine the prevalence and functional impact of chronic edema in the adult population in Japan between 2014 and 2015. Read More

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https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/lrb.2018.0080
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/lrb.2018.0080DOI Listing
April 2019
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LIMPRINT: Prevalence of Chronic Edema in Health Services in Copenhagen, Denmark.

Lymphat Res Biol 2019 Apr;17(2):187-194

1 Copenhagen Wound Healing and Lymphoedema Centre, Bispebjerg University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark.

The International Lymphedema Framework developed an international study, Lymphedema Impact and Prevalence International (LIMPRINT), to estimate the prevalence and impact of chronic edema (CO) in heterogeneous populations. A validation study using the LIMPRINT methodology was undertaken in Denmark. Participants with CO were identified from inpatient services and compared with those identified within a specialist lymphedema service and three primary care settings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/lrb.2019.0019DOI Listing

LIMPRINT Study: The Turkish Experience.

Lymphat Res Biol 2019 Apr;17(2):202-210

2 Lymphedema Research and Practice Center, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey.

Lymphedema and chronic edema is a major health care problem in both developed and nondeveloped countries The Lymphoedema Impact and Prevelance - International (LIMPRINT) study is an international health service-based study to determine the prevalence and functional impact in adult populations of member countries of the International Lymphoedema Framework (ILF). A total of 1051 patients from eight centers in Turkey were recruited using the LIMPRINT study protocol. Data were collected using the core and module tools that assess the demographic and clinical properties as well as disability and quality of life (QoL). Read More

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https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/lrb.2019.0015
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/lrb.2019.0015DOI Listing
April 2019
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LIMPRINT: Estimation of the Prevalence of Lymphoedema/Chronic Oedema in Acute Hospital in In-Patients.

Lymphat Res Biol 2019 Apr;17(2):135-140

1 Department of Vascular Medicine, EA2992, University of Montpellier, CHU Montpellier, Montpellier, France.

To estimate the prevalence of lymphedema/chronic edema (CO) and wounds in acute hospital inpatients in five different countries. A point-prevalence study was carried out during working day periods in six general hospitals in four countries (Denmark, France, United Kingdom, and Australia) and one hospital oncology inpatient unit in one other country (Ireland). The study used validated clinical tools for the assessment and collection of data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/lrb.2019.0024DOI Listing

LIMPRINT: Health-Related Quality of Life in Adult Patients with Chronic Edema.

Lymphat Res Biol 2019 Apr;17(2):163-167

1 CHU de Montpellier, Montpellier, France.

Chronic edema is a condition posing a high burden on patients. The primary aim of the study was to assess the health-related quality of life (QoL) of adult patients living with chronic edema. As part of an international, multicenter, prospective study, we prospectively assessed the health-related QoL of adult patients living with a chronic edema using a disease-specific tool and a generic one. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/lrb.2018.0084DOI Listing

Clinical and Ethical Challenges in Undertaking LIMPRINT in Vulnerable Populations.

Lymphat Res Biol 2019 Apr;17(2):155-162

9 College of Nursing and Health Sciences, Flinders University and ACH Group, Adelaide, South Australia.

To estimate the prevalence of chronic edema (CO) and wounds within two vulnerable populations, a male high security prison in the East Midlands (United Kingdom) and residential and nursing homes in the United Kingdom and Australia. Methods for screening for CO and wounds were adapted from the main LIMPRINT methodology. In total, 195 inmates were recruited with 22 (11%) having CO. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/lrb.2018.0083DOI Listing

LIMPRINT: A Sociological Perspective on "Chronic Edema".

Lymphat Res Biol 2019 Apr;17(2):168-172

5 School of Social Sciences, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham, United Kingdom.

Chronic edema is a condition that is biologically complex, distressing for patients and sociopolitically weak. Like many other complex and chronic conditions, it has a low status within health care. The result is that it has a low priority in health policy and consequently is undervalued and undertreated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/lrb.2018.0082DOI Listing

The Development and Validation of the LIMPRINT Methodology.

Lymphat Res Biol 2019 Apr;17(2):127-134

2 Montpellier Medecine Vasculaire, EA2992, Universite Montpellier I, CHU Saint Eloi, Montpellier, France.

The acronym Limprint stands for Lymphedema IMpact and PRevalence INTernational and was run under the auspices of the International Lymphedema Framework (ILF), a charity dedicated to improving provision of care globally. The primary aim was to identify the number of people with chronic edema (chronic edema present for >3 months and due to a range of underlying etiologies and associated risk factors) within diverse health services in nine participating countries and to determine its impact using validated methods. An international protocol and sampling framework, online data capture system, and standard operating procedures were adopted. Read More

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https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/lrb.2018.0081
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/lrb.2018.0081DOI Listing
April 2019
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LIMPRINT in Australia.

Lymphat Res Biol 2019 Apr;17(2):173-177

7 School of Social Sciences, Nottingham University, Nottingham, United Kingdom.

Australia was one of nine participating countries in the epidemiology Phase II Lymphoedema Impact and Prevalence - International (LIMPRINT) project to determine the number of people with chronic edema (CO) in local health services. Data collection occurred through questionnaire-based interviews and clinical assessment with provided LIMPRINT tools. Four different types of services across three states in Australia participated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/lrb.2018.0087DOI Listing

A Study to Explore the Professional Conceptualization and Challenges of Self-Management in Children and Adolescents with Lymphedema.

Lymphat Res Biol 2019 Apr;17(2):221-230

5 Lymph Clinic, Cork, Ireland.

The aim of this study was to explore the professional experience of caring for children and adolescents with lymphedema and to explore the way in which they understand and implement self-management strategies and the influence of their own self-efficacy beliefs on this process. Participants were recruited during an educational camp for children with lymphedema. Three individual semistructured focus groups were undertaken in English, French, and Italian with simultaneous translation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/lrb.2018.0076DOI Listing

Prevalence and Risk Factors for Chronic Edema in U.K. Community Nursing Services.

Lymphat Res Biol 2019 Apr;17(2):147-154

2 Montpellier Medecine Vasculaire, EA2992, Universite Montpellier I, CHU Saint Eloi, Montpellier, France.

Chronic edema (CO) is believed to be a major clinical problem within community nursing services in the United Kingdom. This study was undertaken as part of the LIMPRINT international study to determine the number of people with CO and its impact on health services. Three urban-based community nursing services participated in the United Kingdom with prospective evaluation for 4 weeks of all patients receiving nursing care using a questionnaire-based interview and clinical assessment using the LIMPRINT tools. Read More

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https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/lrb.2018.0086
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/lrb.2018.0086DOI Listing
April 2019
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A Study Using Visual Art Methods to Explore the Perceptions and Barriers of Self-Management in Children and Adolescents with Lymphedema.

Lymphat Res Biol 2019 Apr;17(2):231-244

2 Department of Vascular Medicine, EA2992, CHU Saint Eloi, University of Montpellier, Montpellier, France.

The aims of this study were to explore, using visual art methodology, how children and adolescents perceive their lymphedema and conceptualize the barriers and enablers in self-management and to explore the role of an educational camp in promoting self-efficacy. Participants (speaking English, French, and Italian) were recruited during an educational camp for children with lymphedema. Children and adolescents used different methodologies to depict living and self-managing their condition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/lrb.2018.0075DOI Listing

Increasing research impact with citizen science: The influence of recruitment strategies on sample diversity.

Public Underst Sci 2019 Apr 17:963662519840934. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

KWR Watercycle Research Institute, The Netherlands; Leiden University, The Netherlands.

Despite the fact that citizen engagement in research is widely practised and regarded as one of the keys to maximizing the impact of research and innovation, empirical evidence on the value, potential and possibilities of engaging a broad diversity of citizens in practice is scant. The purpose of our article is twofold: (1) to provide more insight into the value and opportunities of engaging audiences that typically are not engaged with science and (2) to explore the effect of a targeted recruitment strategy versus a generic recruitment strategy on the profile, motivation and retainment of citizen science volunteers. Our empirical research is based on five citizen science projects in the domain of surface and drinking water research in the Netherlands. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0963662519840934DOI Listing

Psychometric validation of Anti-Clot Treatment Scale and Treatment Satisfaction Questionnaire for Medication version II in Japanese patients with atrial fibrillation.

J Med Econ 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

i Modus Outcomes Ltd , Letchworth Garden City , UK.

Aims: The Anti-Clot Treatment Scale (ACTS) and Treatment Satisfaction Questionnaire for Medication version II (TSQM-II) are validated treatment satisfaction patient-reported outcome (PRO) instruments. The ACTS includes two domains: Burdens and Benefits; the TSQM-II includes four: Effectiveness, Side Effects, Convenience, and Global Satisfaction. Japanese-language versions of the ACTS and TSQM-II have been developed and linguistically validated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13696998.2019.1609003DOI Listing

Motorcycle helmet visor-related facial injury and its potential mechanism of injury: Evidence-based case study.

Traffic Inj Prev 2019 Apr 17:1-4. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

b Monash University Accident Research Centre (MUARC), Monash University , Victoria , Australia.

Objectives: We encountered an unusual facial laceration wound in relation to motorcycle helmet visor use during our clinical practice. We aimed to assess the prevalence of this unusual facial injury among motorcyclists who sustained facial injuries in selected hospitals and to determine the possible mechanism involved.

Methods: We used our prospective cross-sectional substudy involving injured motorcyclists presenting at major trauma hospitals in Southern Klang Valley, Malaysia, between March 2010 and March 2011. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15389588.2018.1557640DOI Listing

Implementing Abbreviated MRI Screening Into a Breast Imaging Practice.

AJR Am J Roentgenol 2019 Apr 17:1-4. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

1 Department of Radiology, University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center, 11100 Euclid Ave, Cleveland, OH 44106.

The purpose of this article is to describe steps for implementing abbreviated breast MRI into a breast imaging practice. Mammographic screening for breast cancer has been the standard of care. However, breast cancer remains a leading cause of death of women. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2214/AJR.18.20396DOI Listing

Harmonised collection of data in youth mental health: Towards large datasets.

Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2019 Apr 17:4867419844322. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

1 Orygen, The National Centre of Excellence in Youth Mental Health, Parkville, VIC, Australia.

Objective: The current international trend is to create large datasets with existing data and/or deposit newly collected data into repositories accessible to the scientific community. These practices lead to more efficient data sharing, better detection of small effects, modelling of confounders, establishment of sample generalizability and identification of differences between any given disorders. In Australia, to facilitate such data-sharing and collaborative opportunities, the Neurobiology in Youth Mental Health Partnership was created. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0004867419844322DOI Listing

SSDs Revisited: Part I - A Framework for Sample Size Guidance on Species Sensitivity Distribution Analysis.

Environ Toxicol Chem 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Environmental Stewardship, The Procter & Gamble Company, Mason Business Center, 8700 S. Mason-Montgomery Road, Mason, OH, USA.

This work proposes a framework on sample size for species sensitivity distribution analyses, with perspectives on Bayesian, frequentist, and even nonparametric approaches to estimation. A statistical sample size analysis intends to assure that the implementation of a statistical model will satisfy a minimum performance standard when relevant conditions are met. It requires that a statistical model be fully specified and how to measure its performance as a function of sample size. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/etc.4445DOI Listing

Association of Adenoma and Proximal Sessile Serrated Polyp Detection Rates With Endoscopist Characteristics.

JAMA Surg 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio.

Importance: Research demonstrates adenoma detection rate (ADR) and proximal sessile serrated polyp detection rate (pSSPDR) are associated with endoscopist characteristics including sex, specialty, and years in practice. However, many studies have not adjusted for other risk factors associated with colonic neoplasia.

Objective: To assess the association between endoscopist characteristics and polyp detection after adjusting the factors included in previous studies as well as other factors. Read More

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http://archsurg.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?doi=10.1001/jam
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamasurg.2019.0564DOI Listing
April 2019
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Personal Problems Questionnaire (PPQ): Normative Data and Utility in Assessing Acquired Neurological Impairment.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Population Health Research Institute, St. George's, University of London, London, UK.

Objective: The Personal Problems Questionnaire (PPQ) is a measure designed to assess acquired cognitive, emotional, and physical complaints. The present study sought to develop a normative database to allow clinicians and researchers to assess self-reported complaints among people with disabilities, and evaluate the response consistency and validity of their self-report.

Method: 404 community-dwelling participants (n 200 males, 204 females) completed the PPQ, as well as an acquired brain injury (ABI) group (n 59), mainly following stroke and traumatic brain injuries, and seen for clinical (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acy069DOI Listing

Variance of Basal Cell Carcinoma Subtype Reporting by Practice Setting.

JAMA Dermatol 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Dermatology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamadermatol.2019.0066DOI Listing

The Society of Vascular Surgery Practice Guidelines on the Care of Patients With Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms.

JAMA Surg 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Division of Vascular Surgery and Endovascular Therapy, University of Florida, Gainesville.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamasurg.2019.0566DOI Listing

Rational use of diagnostic tests for clinical decision making.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2019 Mar 11;65(3):452-459. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Health Technology Assessment Unit, Hospital Alemão Oswaldo Cruz - São Paulo - SP - Brasil.

Objective: To assist clinicians to make adequate interpretation of scientific evidence from studies that evaluate diagnostic tests in order to allow their rational use in clinical practice.

Methods: This is a narrative review focused on the main concepts, study designs, the adequate interpretation of the diagnostic accuracy data, and making inferences about the impact of diagnostic testing in clinical practice.

Results: Most of the literature that evaluates the performance of diagnostic tests uses cross-sectional design. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-9282.65.3.452DOI Listing

Gravity of the non-authorized use of substances not intended for clinical use in invasive aesthetic procedures: the portuguese case.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2019 Mar 11;65(3):410-418. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Doctorate in Social Sciences (specialized in Public Administration), Technical University of Lisbon (UTL), Lisbon, Portugal.

Introduction: There is a worldwide increase in the number of invasive aesthetic procedures, and there is a general apprehension in medical societies towards the assurance of patient safety, that is dependent on the quality and certification of providers, of the materials and substances used, and where they take place.It is the main objective of this study to determine the perception of the gravity of non-authorized substances for clinical use in invasive aesthetic procedures among Portuguese plastic surgeons and its variation by the clinical sector of practice.

Methods: We proceeded to an inquiry by using a questionnaire, measured in a Linkert scale, and the collected data were statistically treated with a non-parametric Kruskal-Wallis test. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-9282.65.3.410DOI Listing

Dual platelet antiaggregation therapy after myocardial revascularization surgery.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2019 Mar 11;65(3):316-318. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Department of Atherosclerosis of the Heart Institute of the Hospital das Clínicas of the Faculty of Medicine of the University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brasil.

Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) is a consolidated treatment in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) for both symptom control and improvement of prognosis. The patency of venous grafts is still the most vulnerable point of the surgical treatment since it presents a high prevalence of occlusion both in the immediate postoperative period and in the long-term follow-up. Aspirin plays a well-established role in this setting, and for a long time, clopidogrel use has been restricted to patients allergic to aspirin. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-9282.65.3.316DOI Listing

Limitation of the use of voice in teaching and leisure-time physical activity: Educatel Study, Brazil, 2015/2016.

Cad Saude Publica 2019 Apr 15;35Suppl 1(Suppl 1):e00188317. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brasil.

The study sought to identify the prevalence of voice-related problems teaching basic education teachers and to analyze their association with the practice of physical activity. We used data from a phone survey of a representative sample (n = 6,510) of Educatel Study carried out between October 2015 and March 2016. The main data of this study were self-referred voice-related problems teaching, leisure-time physical activity (defined according to its intensity, duration and frequency) and potential confounding variables. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0102-311X00188317DOI Listing

Barriers and facilitators perceived by people with bipolar disorder for the practice of exercise: a qualitative study.

Trends Psychiatry Psychother 2019 Jan-Mar;41(1):1-8. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.

Introduction: Exercising regularly has benefits for people with bipolar disorder. Nevertheless, as a group, these patients tend to be less physically active than the general population and little is known from the viewpoint of the patients about the barriers and facilitators to such a practice.

Objective: To know the barriers and facilitators perceived by people with bipolar disorder for the practice of exercise. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2237-6089-2017-0069DOI Listing

Risk factors associated with short dental implant success: a long-term retrospective evaluation of patients followed up for up to 9 years.

Braz Oral Res 2019 11;33:e030. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Private Practice, Prosthodontic Specialist, Ankara, Turkey.

This multicenter study aimed to identify the different implant- and patient-related risk factors for long-term short dental implant success. Through a retrospective chart review of three centers, patient information regarding demographic variables, smoking habits, history of periodontitis, systemic diseases, and medications in addition to the parameters for short implant placement including implant manufacturer, design, anatomical location, diameter and length, and type of placement was collected. For statistical analysis, univariate regression models were used at the implant and patient levels. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1807-3107bor-2019.vol33.0030DOI Listing

Development and evaluation of a training model for paracentetic suprapubic cystostomy and catheterization.

Clinics (Sao Paulo) 2019 15;74:e435. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

IMS Market Research Consulting (Shanghai) Co., Ltd. Beijing Branch, IMS Health, China.

Objectives: Minimally invasive paracentetic suprapubic cystostomy is a technique that should be learned by all surgical trainees and residents. This study aimed to develop a self-made training model for paracentetic suprapubic cystostomy and placement of the suprapubic catheter and then to evaluate its effectiveness in training fourth-year medical students.

Methods: Medical students were divided into an experimental group receiving comprehensive training involving literature, video, and model use and a control group receiving all the same training protocols as the experimental group except without hands-on practice using the model. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6061/clinics/2019/e435DOI Listing

[Retrospective analysis of results of using cyanoacrylate composition for varicose vein ablation].

Angiol Sosud Khir 2019 ;25(1):93-98

Department of Additional Professional Education of Healthcare Specialists of the Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University Ministry Of Health, Moscow-Vladimir, Russia.

The method of cyanoacrylate ablation of varicose veins is currently considered as a possible alternative to traditional methods of thermal obliteration. One of significant advantages of this method is no need for performing tumescent anaesthesia. Over the period from 1995 to 2002, cyanoacrylate obliteration of varicose veins was carried out in a total of 96 patients, with clinical assessment of the complication rate and efficacy at various time intervals, with the maximum follow-up period amounting to 3 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.33529/angio2019113DOI Listing
January 2019

Establishing Consensus on the Best Practice Guidelines for Use of Halo Gravity Traction for Pediatric Spinal Deformity.

J Pediatr Orthop 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Columbia University Medical Center, New York.

Background: Although halo gravity traction (HGT) has been used to treat children with severe spinal deformity for decades, there is a distinct lack of high-quality evidence to speak to its merits or to dictate ideal manner of implementation. In addition, no guidelines exist to drive research or assist surgeons in their practice. The aim of this study was to establish best practice guidelines (BPG) using formal techniques of consensus building among a group of experienced pediatric spinal deformity surgeons to determine ideal indications and implementation of HGT for pediatric spinal deformity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BPO.0000000000001379DOI Listing
April 2019
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Confirmatory factor analysis of the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) and invariance across race: a pooled analysis of MsFLASH data.

Menopause 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

School of Nursing, Indiana University, Indianapolis, IN.

Objective: Women's sleep at menopause is widely reported to be problematic. The Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) is a commonly used tool for quantifying sleep problems in clinical and research settings, but psychometric properties in postmenopausal women have not been reported. Our study aim was to examine the factor structure of the ISI in a large and diverse sample of midlife women with hot flashes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/GME.0000000000001343DOI Listing

Development of a New Measure to Assess Primary Palliative Care Perceived Competence.

Nurse Educ 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Author Affiliations: Assistant Professor and Simulation Specialist (Dr Lippe) and Baccalaureate Nursing Student (Ms Ricamato), University of Alabama Capstone College of Nursing, Tuscaloosa; Assistant Professor (Dr Davis), Washington State University College of Nursing-Vancouver; and Doctoral Candidate and Graduate Research Assistant (Mr Threadgill), Department of Psychology, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa.

Background: Many nursing schools have begun to address the gap in palliative care education. Recently released entry-to-practice competencies in palliative care can guide educators as they incorporate such material into their curriculum. In an effort to evaluate learning, educators need a reliable instrument that aligns with the updated competencies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/NNE.0000000000000682DOI Listing
April 2019
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Prevention of catheter-associated urinary tract infection in neurological post-operation patients: a best practice implementation project.

JBI Database System Rev Implement Rep 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Indiana Center for Evidence Based Nursing Practice: a Joanna Briggs Institute Affiliated Group.

Objective: The objective of this evidence based implementation project was to promote evidence based practice in the prevention of catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) in the neurology and neurosurgery units of a Taipei hospital.

Introduction: Catheter-associated urinary tract infection has been associated with increased morbidity, mortality, hospital costs and length of stay. Urinary drainage systems are often reservoirs of infection in patients, thus effective prevention of CAUTI requires an evidence-based approach. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11124/JBISRIR-2017-003945DOI Listing

Experiences of HIV-infected adults and healthcare providers with healthcare delivery practices that influence engagement in US primary healthcare settings: a qualitative systematic review.

JBI Database System Rev Implement Rep 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

School of Nursing, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Newark, USA.

Introduction: The human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is a major public health problem that has claimed the lives of more than 34 million people worldwide. The health of people living with HIV (PLWH) is optimized by ongoing engagement in HIV care, yet many people living with HIV either do not enter or fall out of care. Access to care and ongoing engagement in care for antiretroviral (ARV) medication adherence and psychoeducational support are critical to achieving the desired outcomes of reducing the risk of further HIV transmission and HIV related morbidity and mortality, and managing other commonly co-occurring health, social and behavioral conditions, thereby maximizing wellness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11124/JBISRIR-2017-003756DOI Listing
April 2019
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