274 results match your criteria Audiology Pure-Tone Testing


Results of Hearing Screening in School-Age Children from Rural Areas of the Kujawsko- Pomorskie Region in Poland.

J Int Adv Otol 2022 Mar;18(2):106-111

Oto-Rhino-Laryngology Surgery Department, World Hearing Center, Institute of Physiology and Pathology of Hearing, Kajetany, Warsaw, Poland.

Objective: There is a need for regular surveillance of the hearing of children, no matter what their age. Screening of the hearing of school children can be done quickly and cheaply using teleaudiology. The primary aim of this study was to identify children who showed a suspected hearing impairment from rural areas of the Kujawsko-Pomorskie region and refer them for further audiological testing. Read More

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Extended high-frequency audiometry in research and clinical practice.

J Acoust Soc Am 2022 Mar;151(3):1944

Manchester Centre for Audiology and Deafness, The University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester, M13 9PL, United Kingdom.

Audiometric testing in research and in clinical settings rarely considers frequencies above 8 kHz. However, the sensitivity of young healthy ears extends to 20 kHz, and there is increasing evidence that testing in the extended high-frequency (EHF) region, above 8 kHz, might provide valuable additional information. Basal (EHF) cochlear regions are especially sensitive to the effects of aging, disease, ototoxic drugs, and possibly noise exposure. Read More

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Evaluation of a game-based hearing screening program for identifying hearing loss in primary school-aged children.

Int J Audiol 2022 Mar 28:1-9. Epub 2022 Mar 28.

Department of Audiology and Speech Pathology, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia.

Objectives: To evaluate a tablet-based hearing screening game in primary school aged children. To examine the prevalence of middle/outer ear pathology, hearing loss and spatial processing disorder in primary school aged children.

Design: The automated hearing test Sound Scouts was used as a screening tool, which measures hearing abnormalities through tests of speech-in-quiet/noise and tone-in-noise. Read More

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Characterizing Electrophysiological Response Properties of the Peripheral Auditory System Evoked by Phonemes in Normal and Hearing Impaired Ears.

Ear Hear 2022 Mar 2. Epub 2022 Mar 2.

Department of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA.

Objective: This study aimed to characterize time and spectral domain characteristics of the phoneme-evoked electrocochleography (ECochG) response and explore potential associations between the ECochG spectral content, word recognition scores (WRSs), residual hearing, and aging in normal and hearing-impaired listeners.

Design: This was a prospective study with 25 adult participants. All participants underwent intraoperative ECochG testing and responses were recorded from the round window niche. Read More

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Threshold Equalizing Noise Test Reveals Suprathreshold Loss of Hearing Function, Even in the "Normal" Audiogram Range.

Ear Hear 2022 Jul-Aug 01;43(4):1208-1221. Epub 2022 Mar 11.

Manchester Centre for Audiology and Deafness, School of Health Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom.

Objectives: The threshold equalizing noise (TEN(HL)) is a clinically administered test to detect cochlear "dead regions" (i.e., regions of loss of inner hair cell [IHC] connectivity), using a "pass/fail" criterion based on the degree of elevation of a masked threshold in a tone-detection task. Read More

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Evaluation of the effects of Covid-19 on cochleovestibular system with audiovestibular tests.

Ear Nose Throat J 2022 Jan 6:1455613211069916. Epub 2022 Jan 6.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, 442146Yıldırım Beyazıt University, Ankara, Turkey.

Purpose: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of COVID-19 on audiovestibular system with Transiently Evoked Distortion Otoacoustic Emissions (TOAE), Distortion Product Otoacoustic Emissions (DPOAE), video head impulse test (vHIT) and caloric test.

Methods: Audiovestibular findings of 24 patients with moderate/severe COVID-19 and 24 healthy controls were compared using pure tone audiometry, tympanometry, TOAE, DPOAE, caloric test, and vHIT.

Results: On audiometry, the pure tone averages of the COVID-19 patients were higher than the controls ( = . Read More

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January 2022

Adapting Audiology Procedures During the Pandemic: Validity and Efficacy of Testing Outside a Sound Booth.

Am J Audiol 2022 Mar 29;31(1):91-100. Epub 2021 Dec 29.

Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Adelphi University, Garden City, NY.

Purpose: This investigation aims to provide outcomes from a clinical perspective on the validity and efficacy of a wireless automated audiometer system that could be used in multiple settings when a sound booth is not accessible. Testing was conducted in a clinical setting under modified protocols meeting safety precautions during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Method: Four doctoral students in audiology served as examiners. Read More

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Online Simulation Education for Audiometry Training.

Am J Audiol 2022 Mar 27;31(1):1-10. Epub 2021 Dec 27.

Department of Computer and Data Sciences, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH.

Purpose: The purpose of this clinical focus article was to describe a new online simulation program for pure-tone audiometry.

Method: Fictional but realistic patient profiles and testing environments were created to teach students about hearing screening protocols and pure-tone audiology. The diversity of the demographics of the United States is represented throughout the program. Read More

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A single-centre study of genetic mutations, audiology, echocardiogram and pulmonary function in Saudi children with osteogenesis imperfecta.

J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab 2022 Mar 23;35(3):355-362. Epub 2021 Dec 23.

Research Centre, King Faisal Specialist Hospital & Research Centre (Gen. Org.), Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

Objectives: Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a heterogeneous group of inherited connective tissue disorders, characterised by skeletal fragility. Patients with OI may also exhibit extra-skeletal features like blue or grey scleral colour, fragile skin, easy bruising, joint laxity, short stature, deafness, cardiac valve abnormalities and abnormal pulmonary function. The objective of this study is to describe genetic mutations, prevalence of hearing issues, cardiac complications and impaired pulmonary function in children with OI. Read More

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Speech-in-Noise Audiometry in Adults: A Review of the Available Tests for French Speakers.

Audiol Neurootol 2022 22;27(3):185-199. Epub 2021 Dec 22.

Hospices Civils de Lyon, Hôpital Edouard Herriot, Service d'Audiologie & Explorations Otoneurologiques, Lyon, France.

Background: Difficulty understanding speech in background noise is the reason of consultation for most people who seek help for their hearing. With the increased use of speech-in-noise (SpIN) testing, audiologists and otologists are expected to evidence disabilities in a greater number of patients with sensorineural hearing loss. The purpose of this study is to list validated available SpIN tests for the French-speaking population. Read More

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December 2021

Early Outcomes of a New Active Transcutaneous Bone Conduction Implant in Pediatric Patients.

Otol Neurotol 2022 02;43(2):212-218

Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery Western University. London, Ontario, Canada.

Objective: To describe the early surgical and audiometric outcomes in pediatric patients implanted with a new active transcutaneous bone conduction implant system.

Study Design: Retrospective case review.

Setting: Tertiary pediatric hospital. Read More

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February 2022

Diotic and Antiphasic Digits-in-noise Testing as a Hearing Screening and Triage Tool to Classify Type of Hearing Loss.

Ear Hear 2022 May/Jun;43(3):1037-1048

Department of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, Gauteng, South Africa.

Objectives: The digits-in-noise test (DIN) is a popular self-test measure that has traditionally been used to screen for hearing loss by providing either a pass or refer result. Standard approaches either tested each ear monaurally or used a binaural diotic version where identical digits and noise were presented simultaneously to both ears. Recently, a dichotic, antiphasic version was developed, increasing sensitivity of the DIN to unilateral or asymmetric sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) and conductive hearing loss (CHL). Read More

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Evaluating the Association Between Hearing Loss and Falls in Adults With Vestibular Dysfunction or Nonvestibular Dizziness.

Ear Hear 2022 May/Jun;43(3):1003-1012

Department of Head and Neck Surgery & Communication Sciences, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, North Carolina, USA.

Objectives: Although emerging evidence suggests that hearing loss (HL) is an independent risk factor for falls, it is unclear how HL may impact falls risk in adults with vestibular dysfunction and nonvestibular dizziness. The purpose of this study was to characterize the impact of HL on falls in patients with vestibular dysfunction and nonvestibular dizziness relative to a group of patients without dizziness. In addition, this study aimed to evaluate whether there was an interactive effect between HL and vestibular dysfunction or nonvestibular dizziness on the odds of falling. Read More

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Using Machine Learning and the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey to Classify Individuals With Hearing Loss.

Front Digit Health 2021 18;3:723533. Epub 2021 Aug 18.

Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, United States.

Even before the COVID-19 pandemic, there was mounting interest in remote testing solutions for audiology. The ultimate goal of such work was to improve access to hearing healthcare for individuals that might be unable or reluctant to seek audiological help in a clinic. In 2015, Diane Van Tasell patented a method for measuring an audiogram when the precise signal level was unknown (patent US 8,968,209 B2). Read More

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School-based hearing screening in Sweden - An evaluation of current practices.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2021 Nov 5;150:110938. Epub 2021 Oct 5.

Logopedics, Phoniatrics and Audiology, Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Lund, Sweden. Electronic address:

Objectives: Routines for school hearing screening vary between municipalities in Sweden, and no study has been carried out to investigate how this is conducted throughout the country. The aim of the present study was to determine the extent of school hearing screening, and how it is performed in all the municipalities in Sweden.

Methods: An online survey was used to collect information on school hearing screening from municipalities in Sweden (N = 290). Read More

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November 2021

Feasibility of Virtual Reality Audiological Testing: Prospective Study.

JMIR Serious Games 2021 08 31;9(3):e26976. Epub 2021 Aug 31.

Hearing Research Laboratory, Samsung Medical Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Background: It has been noted in the literature that there is a gap between clinical assessment and real-world performance. Real-world conversations entail visual and audio information, yet there are not any audiological assessment tools that include visual information. Virtual reality (VR) technology has been applied to various areas, including audiology. Read More

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Chirp-Evoked Auditory Steady-State Response: The Effect of Repetition Rate.

IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 2022 02 20;69(2):689-699. Epub 2022 Jan 20.

Objective: The auditory steady-state response (ASSR) is commonly used in clinical pediatric audiology in order to provide an electrophysiological estimate of hearing threshold, and has the potential to be used in unsupervised mobile EEG applications. Enhancement of the ASSR amplitude through optimization of the stimulation and recording methods shortens the required testing time or reduce the offset between the electrophysiological and behavioral thresholds. Here, we investigate the spatial distribution of the ASSR to broadband chirp stimuli across a wide range of repetition rates on the scalp and in the ears. Read More

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February 2022

Telehealth Audiology and Virtual Hearing Screenings: A Case Report.

Semin Hear 2021 May 2;42(2):152-157. Epub 2021 Aug 2.

Metropolitan ENT Associates, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Clinic closures across the United States in response to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic meant that many audiology services were reduced to phone calls, video visits, and modified services (e.g., curbside, mail-ins, drop offs). Read More

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Speech Recognition in Noise Using Binaural Diotic and Antiphasic Digits-in-Noise in Children: Maturation and Self-Test Validity.

J Am Acad Audiol 2021 05 10;32(5):315-323. Epub 2021 Aug 10.

Department of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, Gauteng, South Africa.

Background: Digits-in-noise (DIN) tests have become popular for hearing screening over the past 15 years. Several recent studies have highlighted the potential utility of DIN as a school-aged hearing test. However, age may influence test performance in children due to maturation. Read More

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Hearing characteristics of infantile-onset Pompe disease after early enzyme-replacement therapy.

Orphanet J Rare Dis 2021 08 5;16(1):348. Epub 2021 Aug 5.

Department of Pediatrics, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, No. 201, Sec. 2, Shipai Rd., Beitou District, Taipei City, 11217, Taiwan.

Background: Studies suggest that enzyme-replacement therapy (ERT) is crucial to the survival of patients with infantile-onset Pompe disease (IOPD). Hearing impairment (HI) is one of the clinical sequelae observed in long-term survivors. However, the benefits of early ERT for hearing outcomes have not yet been reported. Read More

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The effect of coronavirus disease 2019 on the hearing system.

J Laryngol Otol 2021 Sep 4;135(9):810-814. Epub 2021 Aug 4.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Medical Faculty, Bezmialem Vakıf University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate different auditory regions with audiological tests, based on the presumption that there may be damage to the structures in the hearing system after coronavirus disease 2019.

Methods: Twenty individuals with no history of coronavirus disease 2019 and 27 individuals diagnosed with coronavirus disease 2019 were compared. Pure tone, speech and extended high-frequency audiometry, acoustic immitansmetry, transient evoked and distortion product otoacoustic emissions testing, and auditory brainstem response testing were conducted. Read More

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September 2021

Automated Adaptive Wideband Acoustic Reflex Threshold Estimation in Normal-hearing Adults.

Ear Hear 2022 Mar/Apr;43(2):370-378

VA Portland Health Care System, National Center for Rehabilitative Auditory Research, Portland, Oregon.

Objectives: Acoustic stapedius reflex threshold (ART) tests are included in a standard clinical acoustic immittance test battery as an objective cross-check with behavioral results and to help identify site of lesion. In traditional clinical test batteries, middle-ear admittance of a 226 Hz probe is estimated using ear-canal measurements in the presence of a reflex-activating stimulus. In the wideband (WB) acoustic immittance ART test used in this study, the pure-tone probe is replaced by a WB probe stimulus and changes in absorbed power are estimated using ear-canal measurements in the presence of the activator. Read More

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Feasibility and first results of a prospective cohort study to investigate cisplatin-associated ototoxicity amongst cancer patients in South Africa.

BMC Cancer 2021 Jul 16;21(1):822. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

African Cancer Institute, Department of Global Health, Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, P.O. Box 241, Cape Town, 8000, South Africa.

Background: Cervical cancer, one of the most common cancers affecting females in South Africa, commonly requires a cisplatin-based-treatment regimen, which has been associated with ototoxic side effects. However, cisplatin-associated ototoxicity is largely under-reported in South Africa, despite its impact of hearing loss having serious overt ramifications on the quality of life of these patients. Hence, a prospective cohort study was undertaken to assess the audiological changes in female cervical cancer patients receiving cisplatin therapy. Read More

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Contextually appropriate school entry hearing screening protocol for low- and middle-income countries: A scoping review.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2021 Aug 4;147:110788. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Department of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, Division of Communication Sciences and Disorders, University of Cape Town, South Africa.

Background: In low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), where universal newborn hearing screening programmes are often not available, school entry hearing screening programmes serve as a safeguard for early detection and intervention for hearing loss in school learners.

Objective: To determine a contextually appropriate school entry hearing screening protocol for LMICs.

Methods: A scoping review was utilised to comprehensively search for relevant publications in the following electronic databases: Africa-Wide Information, CINAHL, Health Source: Nursing/Academic Edition, Cochrane Library, Pubmed, Scopus, and Web of Science. Read More

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Phonemically Balanced Arabic Monosyllabic Word Lists for Speech Audiometry Testing in Jordan.

J Am Acad Audiol 2021 04 1;32(4):246-253. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Department of Audiology and Speech Pathology, Al-Ahliyya Amman University, Amman, Jordan.

Background: Many of the Arabic monosyllabic word lists that are currently available in the literature have some limitations and drawbacks. Some of these available lists include word structures that are not consonant-nucleus-consonant (CNC) such as cluster and disyllabic word structures. Other lists have poor phonetic or phonemic distribution balance and do not represent some phoneme appropriately in each list. Read More

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Hearing Health Care Utilization Following Automated Hearing Screening.

J Am Acad Audiol 2021 04 1;32(4):235-245. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

VA National Center for Rehabilitative Auditory Research, VA Portland Medical Center, Portland, Oregon.

Background: The study examined follow-up rates for pursuing hearing health care (HHC) 6 to 8 months after participants self-administered one of three hearing screening methods: an automated method for testing of auditory sensitivity (AMTAS), a four-frequency pure-tone screener (FFS), or a digits-in-noise test (DIN), with and without the presentation of a 2-minute educational video about hearing.

Purpose: The study aims to determine if the type of self-administered hearing screening method (with or without an educational video) affects HHC follow-up rates.

Research Design: The study is a randomized controlled trial of three automated hearing screening methods, plus control group, with and without an educational video. Read More

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Effectiveness of Brainstem Auditory Evoked Potentials Scoring in Evaluating Brainstem Dysfunction and Disability Among Individuals With Multiple Sclerosis.

Am J Audiol 2021 Jun 26;30(2):255-265. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Department of Neurology, Tamil Nadu Government Multi Super Speciality Hospital, Chennai, India.

Purpose The brainstem dysfunction in multiple sclerosis (MS) often causes significant functional impairment leading to disability. This study aims to explore modified brainstem auditory evoked potential (BAEP) scores based on the pattern of BAEP abnormalities and relate with brainstem symptoms, brainstem functional system scores (BFSS), brainstem lesions, and disability. Method Forty-five participants with relapsing-remitting MS and 45 age- and gender-matched healthy controls underwent case history assessment, otoscopic examination, pure-tone audiometry, and BAEP testing. Read More

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Reflex Decay Test Can Reveal Ear Involvement in Fabry Disease.

Ear Hear 2021 Sep/Oct;42(5):1351-1357

Department of Ent-Audiology, Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa, Istanbul, Turkey.

Objectives: Fabry disease (FD) is an X-linked lysosomal storage disorder that causes multisystem involvement, including ear disease. In this study, we aimed to investigate the nature of auditory issues in FD using a wide spectrum of audiological tests.

Design: This cross-sectional study was conducted between June 2017 and December 2018. Read More

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October 2021

Tinnitus and 3-Year Change in Audiometric Hearing Thresholds.

Ear Hear 2021 July/Aug;42(4):886-895

Channing Division of Network Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Objectives: Tinnitus and hearing loss commonly coexist, however, the temporal relation between tinnitus and hearing loss is complex and not fully understood. Our objective was to examine the longitudinal association between persistent tinnitus, bothersome tinnitus, and 3-year elevation of audiometric hearing thresholds.

Design: We conducted a longitudinal cohort study among 3106 women (mean age 59 years) who were participants in the Nurses' Health Study II (2012-2018). Read More

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