1,153 results match your criteria Audiology And Neuro-Otology[Journal]

Effects of Sequential Bilateral Cochlear Implantation in Children: Evidence from Speech-Evoked Cortical Potentials and Tests of Speech Perception.

Audiol Neurootol 2022 May 18:1-15. Epub 2022 May 18.

Department of Audiology and Speech-Language Pathology, Bauru School of Dentistry-University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

Introduction: Benefits of bilateral cochlear implants (CI) may be compromised by delays to implantation of either ear. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of sequential bilateral CI use in children who received their first CI at young ages, using a clinical set-up.

Methods: One-channel cortical auditory evoked potentials and speech perception in quiet and noise were evoked at repeated times (0, 3, 6, 12 months of bilateral CI use) by unilateral and bilateral stimulation in 28 children with early-onset deafness. Read More

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Poor Performer: A Distinct Entity in Cochlear Implant Users?

Audiol Neurootol 2022 May 9:1-12. Epub 2022 May 9.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, St-Johannes-Hospital, Dortmund, Germany.

Introduction: Several factors are known to influence speech perception in cochlear implant (CI) users. To date, the underlying mechanisms have not yet been fully clarified. Although many CI users achieve a high level of speech perception, a small percentage of patients does not or only slightly benefit from the CI (poor performer, PP). Read More

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Immune-Nutritional Status as a Novel Prognostic Predictor of Bell's Palsy.

Audiol Neurootol 2022 May 5:1-8. Epub 2022 May 5.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Kitasato University School of Medicine, Sagamihara, Japan.

Introduction: The prognosis of Bell's palsy, idiopathic facial nerve palsy (FNP), is usually predicted by electroneuronography in subacute phase. However, it would be ideal to establish a reliable and objective examination applicable in acute phase to predict the prognosis of FNP. Immune-nutritional status (INS) calculated from peripheral blood examination is recently reported as the prognostic factor in various disease. Read More

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Effect of Proximity to the Modiolus for the Cochlear CI532 Slim Modiolar Electrode Array on Evoked Compound Action Potentials and Programming Levels.

Audiol Neurootol 2022 May 3:1-9. Epub 2022 May 3.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.

Background: The first surgeries with CI532 showed an effect of the proximity of the electrode to the modiolus on the Evoked Compound Action Potentials (ECAPs).

Objectives: Objectives of the study were to investigate the effect of the "pullback" procedure on intraoperative ECAP responses in three different electrode array positions and additionally to compare behavioral thresholds with the thresholds obtained in a group of patients using the standard insertion. The hypothesis of this study is that pullback will cause lower ECAPs and behavioral thresholds. Read More

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Audiological and Surgical Correlates of Myringoplasty Associated with Ethnography in the Bay of Plenty, New Zealand.

Audiol Neurootol 2022 Apr 27:1-12. Epub 2022 Apr 27.

Department of Otolaryngology, Tauranga Hospital, Bay of Plenty District Health Board, Tauranga, New Zealand.

Introduction: This retrospective cohort study of myringoplasty performed at Tauranga Hospital, Bay of Plenty, New Zealand from 2010 to 2020 sought to identify predictive factors for successful myringoplasty with particular consideration given to the known high prevalence of middle ear conditions in New Zealand Māori.

Methods: Outcomes were surgical success (perforation closure at 1 month) and hearing improvement, which were correlated against demographic, pathological, and surgical variables.

Results: 174 patients underwent 221 procedures (139 in children under 18 years old), with 66. Read More

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Correction of the Estimated Hearing Level of NB Chirp ABR in Normal Hearing Population.

Audiol Neurootol 2022 Apr 20:1-9. Epub 2022 Apr 20.

ColIege of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing, China.

Introduction: The narrowband chirp (NB Chirp), a frequency-specific sound stimulus signal obtained by limiting the frequency bandwidth based on chirp, is applied to the frequency specified auditory brainstem response (fsABR) increasingly. Although some studies demonstrated that NB Chirp-evoked auditory brainstem response (NB Chirp ABR) causes a better neural response than tone burst-evoked auditory brainstem response and is preferred for fsABR, there is little known about how to better estimate an individual's hearing level through the threshold of NB Chirp ABR. The present study intended to compare the accuracy and deviation of NB Chirp ABR corrected by different approaches in estimating the hearing level of people with normal hearing. Read More

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Sound Source Localization by Cochlear Implant Recipients with Normal Hearing in the Contralateral Ear: Effects of Spectral Content and Duration of Listening Experience.

Audiol Neurootol 2022 Apr 19:1-12. Epub 2022 Apr 19.

Department of Otolaryngology/Head & Neck Surgery, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA.

Introduction: Cochlear implant (CI) recipients with normal hearing (NH) in the contralateral ear experience a significant improvement in sound source localization when listening with the CI in combination with their NH-ear (CI + NH) as compared to with the NH-ear alone. The improvement in localization is primarily due to sensitivity to interaural level differences (ILDs). Sensitivity to interaural timing differences (ITDs) may be limited by auditory aging, frequency-to-place mismatches, the signal coding strategy, and duration of CI use. Read More

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Evaluating the Effectiveness of a New Auditory Training Program on the Speech Recognition Skills and Auditory Event-Related Potentials in Elderly Hearing Aid Users.

Audiol Neurootol 2022 Apr 8:1-9. Epub 2022 Apr 8.

Department of Audiology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ankara Yildirim Beyazit University, Ankara, Turkey.

Introduction: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a new auditory training (AT) program on the speech recognition in the noise and on the auditory event-related potentials in elderly hearing aid users.

Methods: Thirty-three elderly individuals using hearing aids aged from 60 to 80 years participated. A new AT program was developed for the study. Read More

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Cochlear Fibrosis after Vestibular Schwannoma Resection via the Middle Cranial Fossa Approach.

Audiol Neurootol 2022 4;27(3):243-248. Epub 2022 Apr 4.

Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Surgery, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA.

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of cochlear fibrosis after vestibular schwannoma (VS) resection via middle cranial fossa (MCF) approach.

Design: A retrospective case review was conducted.

Setting: The review was conducted in a tertiary care academic medical center. Read More

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Cochlear Nerve Deficiency in Pediatric Unilateral Hearing Loss and Asymmetric Hearing Loss.

Audiol Neurootol 2022 Mar 28:1-8. Epub 2022 Mar 28.

Department of Otolaryngology/Head & Neck Surgery, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA.

Introduction: The rates of cochlear nerve abnormalities and cochlear malformations in pediatric unilateral hearing loss (UHL) are conflicting in the literature, with important implications on management. The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of cochlear nerve deficiency (CND) in pediatric subjects with UHL or asymmetric hearing loss (AHL).

Methods: A retrospective chart review of pediatric subjects <18 years of age evaluated for UHL or AHL with fine-cut heavily T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) between January 2014 and October 2019 (n = 291) at a tertiary referral center was conducted. Read More

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Cochlear Implant Complications in a Tertiary Referral Center in Istanbul.

Audiol Neurootol 2022 Mar 23:1-7. Epub 2022 Mar 23.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology/Head and Neck Surgery, University of Health Sciences Istanbul Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Objective: All surgeons should inform the patients about complications and also their clinic's complication rates of cochlear implantation (CI). We aimed to review the complications of CI in 1,148 pediatric and adult patients.

Methods: It is a retrospective case review study enrolled in a tertiary referral center in Istanbul where CI was mostly performed. Read More

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Evaluation of a Transimpedance Matrix Algorithm to Detect Anomalous Cochlear Implant Electrode Position.

Audiol Neurootol 2022 Mar 18:1-9. Epub 2022 Mar 18.

Otorhinolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Complejo Hospitalario Universitario Insular Materno-Infantil de Gran Canaria, Las Palmas, Spain.

Introduction: Transimpedance measurements from cochlear implant electrodes have the potential to identify anomalous electrode array placement, such as tip fold-over (TFO) or fold-back, basal electrode kinking, or buckling. Analysing transimpedance may thus replace intraoperative or post-operative radiological imaging to detect any potential misplacements. A transimpedance algorithm was previously developed to detect deviations from a normal electrode position with the aim of intraoperatively detecting TFO. Read More

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Short- and Long-Term Self-Reported Audiovestibular Symptoms of SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Hospitalized and Nonhospitalized Patients.

Audiol Neurootol 2022 Mar 3:1-15. Epub 2022 Mar 3.

King Faisal General Hospital, Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia.

Background: Audiovestibular symptoms during the acute stage have been reported in patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), while very few studies investigated the long-term audiovestibular manifestations of SARS-CoV-2.

Objective: The objective of this study was to examine the occurrence of short- and long-term audiovestibular symptoms associated with SARS-CoV-2 infection.

Method: In this cross-sectional study, a questionnaire was distributed to severe hospitalized cases and nonhospitalized patients with mild disease, all with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 test results. Read More

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Efficacy of Oral Steroids for Acute Acoustic Trauma.

Audiol Neurootol 2022 Mar 1:1-9. Epub 2022 Mar 1.

Medical Corps, Israel Defense Forces, Tel Hashomer, Israel.

Objective: This study aimed to study the effect of steroid treatment on new-onset sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) in subjects presenting shortly after an audiometry-confirmed acute acoustic trauma (AAT) injury.

Study Design: This is a case-control study.

Methods: We identified healthy military personnel who presented with AAT injury to the Israeli Defense Forces Medical Corps Otolaryngology/Audiology Services during 2016-2020. Read More

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The Impact of Vascular Loops in the Cerebellopontine Angle on Audio-Vestibular Symptoms: A Systematic Review.

Audiol Neurootol 2022 17;27(3):200-207. Epub 2022 Feb 17.

First Department of Surgery, Laikon General Hospital, Athens, Greece.

It has been suggested that vascular loops in the cerebellopontine angle and internal auditory canal are involved in the etiology of audio-vestibular symptoms. Several studies have focused on the compression of the eighth cranial nerve by vascular loops but have yielded contradictory results regarding their clinical significance. The aim of this study was to investigate whether vascular loops in this region correlate with audio-vestibular symptoms and which loop features - if any - can potentially lead to symptom manifestation. Read More

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February 2022

Hearing and Vestibular Loss with Misuse of Opioids and Illicit Drugs: A Review of the Literature.

Audiol Neurootol 2022 Feb 16:1-11. Epub 2022 Feb 16.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska, USA.

Background: The purpose of this review was to summarize the literature regarding the effects of opioids and illicit drugs on the auditory and vestibular systems.

Methods: Data were sourced from published papers reporting hearing loss (HL) and/or vestibular loss (VL) following misuse or overdose of opioids or illicit drugs. Most papers consisted of retrospective single-case reports, with few retrospective reviews or prospective cohort studies. Read More

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February 2022

Using Clinical Audiologic Measures to Determine Cochlear Implant Candidacy.

Audiol Neurootol 2022 17;27(3):235-242. Epub 2022 Jan 17.

Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina, USA.

Introduction: Only a small percentage (6-10%) of patients who are candidates receive cochlear implants (CIs). One potential reason contributing to low usage rates may be confusion regarding which patients to refer for CI evaluation. The extent to which information provided by standard clinical audiologic assessments is sufficient for selecting appropriate CI evaluation referrals is uncertain. Read More

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January 2022

Three-Dimensional High-Resolution Temporal Bone Histopathology Identifies Areas of Vascular Vulnerability in the Inner Ear.

Audiol Neurootol 2022 29;27(3):249-259. Epub 2021 Dec 29.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.

Objectives: Hypothesized causes of vestibular neuritis/labyrinthitis include neuroinflammatory or vascular disorders, yet vascular disorders of the inner ear are poorly understood. Guided by known microvascular diseases of the retina, we developed 2 hypotheses: (1) there exist vascular vulnerabilities of artery channels in cases of hypothetical nerve swelling for the superior, inferior, and vestibulocochlear artery and (2) there are arteriovenous crossings that could compromise vascular flow in disease states.

Methods: Two fully mounted and stained temporal bones were used to render three-dimensional reconstructions of the labyrinth blood supply. Read More

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December 2021

Speech-in-Noise Audiometry in Adults: A Review of the Available Tests for French Speakers.

Audiol Neurootol 2022 22;27(3):185-199. Epub 2021 Dec 22.

Hospices Civils de Lyon, Hôpital Edouard Herriot, Service d'Audiologie & Explorations Otoneurologiques, Lyon, France.

Background: Difficulty understanding speech in background noise is the reason of consultation for most people who seek help for their hearing. With the increased use of speech-in-noise (SpIN) testing, audiologists and otologists are expected to evidence disabilities in a greater number of patients with sensorineural hearing loss. The purpose of this study is to list validated available SpIN tests for the French-speaking population. Read More

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December 2021

Increased Monocyte Chemotactic Protein-1 Accompanying Pro-Inflammatory Processes are Associated with Progressive Hearing Impairment and Bilateral Disability of Meniere's Disease.

Audiol Neurootol 2022 13;27(3):208-216. Epub 2021 Dec 13.

Department of Otolaryngology, Gifu University Graduate School of Medicine, Gifu City, Japan.

Background: The progression of hearing impairment and the bilateral involvement of Meniere's disease (MD) may depend on the disease duration and aging. Recent studies reported that MD might involve dysfunction of the microvascular circulation damaged due to inflammatory changes.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine that the progress of the MD's hearing impairment and bilateral disability may be associated with the pathogenesis of several pro-inflammatory processes. Read More

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December 2021

Efficacy of Hyperbaric Oxygen on Idiopathic Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss and Its Correlation with Treatment Course: Prospective Clinical Research.

Audiol Neurootol 2021 28;26(6):479-486. Epub 2021 Sep 28.

Department of Geriatric Medicine and Neurology, West China School of Public Health and West China Fourth Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

Objectives: This study was conducted to explore the effectiveness of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) in the treatment of idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSNHL) and recommend the appropriate course of treatment.

Methods: 102 patients (105 diseased ears) with ISSNHL were recruited from the Department of Neurology and Otorhinolaryngology, West China Fourth Hospital, Sichuan University, between January 2018 and September 2020. Of them, 45 patients (group A) received intravenous steroid (IVS), and the remaining patients (group B) received IVS and HBO therapy (HBOT). Read More

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November 2021

Influence of Postponed Follow-Up after Cochlear Implant Activation during the COVID-19 Pandemic on Aided Sound Field Detection and Speech Recognition.

Audiol Neurootol 2022 22;27(3):227-234. Epub 2021 Nov 22.

Department of Otolaryngology/Head & Neck Surgery, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA.

Introduction: The objective of this study was to assess the influence of postponing the first post-activation follow-up due to the COVID-19 pandemic on the aided sound field detection thresholds and speech recognition of cochlear implant (CI) users.

Methods: A retrospective review was performed at a tertiary referral center. Two groups of adult CI recipients were evaluated: (1) patients whose first post-activation follow-up was postponed due to COVID-19 closures (postponed group; n = 10) and (2) a control group that attended recommended post-activation follow-ups prior to the COVID-19 pandemic (control group; n = 18). Read More

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November 2021



Audiol Neurootol 2022 15;27(2):184. Epub 2021 Nov 15.

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November 2021

Identifying Subclinical Hearing Loss: Extended Audiometry and Word Recognition in Noise.

Ward R Drennan

Audiol Neurootol 2022 2;27(3):217-226. Epub 2021 Nov 2.

Department of Otolaryngology, University of Washington, VM Bloedel Hearing Research Center, Seattle, Washington, USA.

Introduction: Normal-hearing people often have complaints about the ability to recognize speech in noise. Such disabilities are not typically assessed with conventional audiometry. Suprathreshold temporal deficits might contribute to reduced word recognition in noise as well as reduced temporally based binaural release of masking for speech. Read More

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November 2021

Does Oral Monosodium Glutamate Have a Cochleotoxic Effect? An Experimental Study.

Audiol Neurootol 2022 14;27(2):109-121. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Trakya University Faculty of Medicine, Edirne, Turkey.

Introduction: The effect of orally consumed monosodium glutamate (MSG), which is a common additive in the food industry, on the cochlea has not been investigated. The present study aimed to investigate the possible cochleotoxic effects of oral MSG in guinea pigs using electrophysiological, biochemical, and histopathological methods.

Methods: Thirty guinea pigs were equally divided into control and intervention groups (MSG 100 mg/kg/day; MSG 300 mg/kg/day). Read More

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Talker Adaptation and Lexical Difficulty Impact Word Recognition in Adults with Cochlear Implants.

Audiol Neurootol 2022 14;27(3):260-270. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Department of Otolaryngology, Head & Neck Surgery, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, Ohio, USA.

Introduction: Talker-specific adaptation facilitates speech recognition in normal-hearing listeners. This study examined talker adaptation in adult cochlear implant (CI) users. Three hypotheses were tested: (1) high-performing adult CI users show improved word recognition following exposure to a talker ("talker adaptation"), particularly for lexically hard words, (2) individual performance is determined by auditory sensitivity and neurocognitive skills, and (3) individual performance relates to real-world functioning. Read More

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September 2021

Audiological Patterns in Patients with Autoimmune Hearing Loss.

Audiol Neurootol 2021 Sep 10:1-10. Epub 2021 Sep 10.

1st Academic ENT Department, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, AHEPA Hospital, Thessaloniki, Greece.

Introduction: The aim of this study was to illustrate clinical and audiological patterns of hearing impairment in patients with autoimmune hearing loss (AIHL).

Methods: Fifty-three patients with AIHL were retrospectively recruited, and a tapering schema of steroid treatment was administered in all these patients. The diagnosis of AIHL was essentially based on clinical symptoms, such as recurrent, sudden (sensorineural hearing loss [SSHL]), fluctuating, or quickly progressing (<12 months) SSHL (uni-/bilateral), in association with the coexistence of autoimmune diseases, high antinuclear antibodies (ANA) and the presence of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) B27, B35, B51, C04, and C07. Read More

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September 2021

Subjective Cognitive Dysfunction in Patients with Dizziness and Vertigo.

Audiol Neurootol 2022 10;27(2):122-132. Epub 2021 Sep 10.

Central Clinical School, Faculty of Medicine and Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Introduction: Patients with vestibular disorders sometimes report cognitive difficulties, but there is no consensus about the type or degree of cognitive complaint. We therefore investigated subjective cognitive dysfunction in a well-defined sample of neuro-otology patients and used demographic factors and scores from a measure of depression, anxiety, and stress to control for potential confounding factors.

Methods: We asked 126 neuro-otology clinic outpatients whether they experienced difficulties with thinking, memory, or concentration as a result of dizziness or vertigo. Read More

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Inner Ear Symptoms Are Prevalent in Patients with High Head Abbreviated Injury Scale Scores after Blunt Head Trauma.

Audiol Neurootol 2022 26;27(1):56-63. Epub 2021 Aug 26.

Department of Neurosurgery, Trauma Center, Dankook University Hospital, Cheonan, Republic of Korea.

Introduction: The purpose of this article was to determine the prevalence of inner ear symptoms in patients with blunt head trauma and to explore whether the severity of head trauma was associated with the incidence of such symptoms.

Methods: We performed a retrospective review of 56 patients admitted with blunt head trauma who underwent audiovestibular evaluation within 1 month after injury. Two scales were used to measure the severity of trauma; these were the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) and the Head Abbreviated Injury Scale (H-AIS). Read More

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The Difficulties Encountered by Pediatric Cochlear Implant Patients and Their Parents during the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Audiol Neurootol 2022 5;27(1):48-55. Epub 2021 Aug 5.

Faculty of Medicine, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia.

Introduction: The daily escalation in incidence and mortality caused by Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has mandated forced curfew in our country (same as many other countries) to limit the spread of infection. This is predicted to have a more negative impact on cochlear implant (CI) patients since this group of patients needs a unique type of psychological, medical, and technical care in addition to a daily rehabilitation program.

Methods: A cross-sectional study based on Arabic questionnaire that looked into the collateral consequences of COVID-19 on the pediatric CI patients. Read More

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January 2022