12,588 results match your criteria Audiology & Neuro-Otology [Journal]


Diagnostic accuracy of non-specialist versus specialist health workers in diagnosing hearing loss and ear disease in Malawi.

Trop Med Int Health 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

International Centre for Evidence in Disability, London School of Hygiene& Tropical Medicine, UK.

Objective: To determine whether a non-specialist health worker can accurately undertake audiometry and otoscopy, the essential clinical examinations in a survey of hearing loss, instead of a highly skilled specialist (i.e. ENT or audiologist). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/tmi.13238DOI Listing

Functional and Objective Audiovestibular Evaluation of Children With Apparent Semicircular Canal Dehiscence-A Case Series in a Pediatric Vestibular Center.

Front Neurol 2019 2;10:306. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Department of Paediatric Audiology and Audiovestibular Medicine, Alder Hey Children's NHS Foundation Trust, Liverpool, United Kingdom.

Semicircular canal dehiscence is a bony abnormality in the otic capsule especially involving the superior semicircular canal. Since its identification in 1998, there is significant research regarding the pathology in the adult population. This condition generates a third window effect that is well-described in the literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fneur.2019.00306DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454049PMC

Language Origins Viewed in Spontaneous and Interactive Vocal Rates of Human and Bonobo Infants.

Front Psychol 2019 2;10:729. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

School of Psychology and Neuroscience, University of St. Andrews, St. Andrews, United Kingdom.

From the first months of life, human infants produce "protophones," speech-like, non-cry sounds, presumed absent, or only minimally present in other apes. But there have been no direct quantitative comparisons to support this presumption. In addition, by 2 months, human infants show sustained face-to-face interaction using protophones, a pattern thought also absent or very limited in other apes, but again, without quantitative comparison. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00729DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6455048PMC

Dysconnectivity of the Agency Network in Schizophrenia: A Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Study.

Front Psychiatry 2019 3;10:171. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Department of Neuropsychiatry, School of Medicine, Keio University, Tokyo, Japan.

Self-disturbances in schizophrenia have recently been explained by an abnormality in the sense of agency (SoA). The cerebral structures of SoA in healthy people are considered to mainly include the insula and inferior parietal lobule. In contrast, the functional lesion of aberrant SoA in schizophrenia is not yet fully understood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2019.00171DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6456683PMC

Comparison of the lattice-Boltzmann model with the finite-difference time-domain method for electrodynamics.

Authors:
A Hauser J L Verhey

Phys Rev E 2019 Mar;99(3-1):033301

Department of Experimental Audiology, Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg, Leipziger Straße 44, 39120 Magdeburg, Germany.

A three-dimensional lattice-Boltzmann model (LBM) for the simulation of the Maxwell equations is presented. The inclusion of media follows an extension of a special limit described in the literature which is applicable to this LBM and does not harm the stability of simulations. The focus of the present study lies on the properties of numerical accuracy and stability of the LBM in comparison to the standard finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method based on Yee's method. Read More

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https://link.aps.org/doi/10.1103/PhysRevE.99.033301
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevE.99.033301DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Oral habits in Children with Cleft (Lip and) Palate: A Pilot Study.

Folia Phoniatr Logop 2019 Apr 18:1-6. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Ghent University, Gent, Belgium.

Background/aims: This pilot study aimed to evaluate the occurrence of oral habits and non-nutritive sucking habits in children with cleft (lip and) palate (CL/P) between 0-12 years, compared to peers without CL/P.

Methods: Children with CL/P (mean age 6.0 years, SD 2. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/495611
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000495611DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Development and Psychometric Evaluation of the Cancer Health Literacy Scale in Newly Diagnosed Cancer Patients.

Cancer Nurs 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Author Affiliations: Nursing Department, Far Eastern Memorial Hospital, New Taipei City, and School of Nursing, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei (Dr Chou and Ms Lo); Department of Speech Language Pathology and Audiology, National Taipei University of Nursing and Health Sciences, Taipei (Dr Liu); Department of Oncology and Hematology, Far Eastern Memorial Hospital, New Taipei City (Dr Lin); and Institute of Clinical Nursing, School of Nursing, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei (Dr Chen), Taiwan, Republic of China.

Background: Health literacy (HL) influences a patient's comprehension and judgment of health-related information. A rigorous assessment tool is needed to screen for low HL in order to improve it.

Objective: The aim of this study was to develop and validate the Cancer Health Literacy Scale (C-HLS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/NCC.0000000000000711DOI Listing

The Use of Static and Dynamic Cues for Vowel Identification by Children Wearing Hearing Aids or Cochlear Implants.

Ear Hear 2019 Apr 10. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Department of Audiology and Speech Pathology, The University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Knoxville, Tennessee, USA.

Objective: To examine vowel perception based on dynamic formant transition and/or static formant pattern cues in children with hearing loss while using their hearing aids or cochlear implants. We predicted that the sensorineural hearing loss would degrade formant transitions more than static formant patterns, and that shortening the duration of cues would cause more difficulty for vowel identification for these children than for their normal-hearing peers.

Design: A repeated-measures, between-group design was used. Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00003446-900000000-9881
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/AUD.0000000000000735DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

The Fear of Tinnitus Questionnaire: Toward a Reliable and Valid Means of Assessing Fear in Adults with Tinnitus.

Ear Hear 2019 Apr 10. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to assess the factor structure, reliability, and validity of the Fear of Tinnitus Questionnaire (FTQ); a brief self-report measure of people's fears about potential cognitive, emotional, behavioral, and social consequences of living with tinnitus.

Design: Five hundred eighty-eight Dutch-speaking adults with tinnitus completed an online battery of questionnaires measuring tinnitus-related distress, fear, catastrophizing, and quality of life. The sample was randomly split into two to perform exploratory and Bayesian confirmatory factor analyses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/AUD.0000000000000728DOI Listing

Children With Congenital Unilateral Sensorineural Hearing Loss: Effects of Late Hearing Aid Amplification-A Pilot Study.

Ear Hear 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Objectives: Although children with unilateral hearing loss (uHL) have high risk of experiencing academic difficulties, speech-language delays, poor sound localization, and speech recognition in noise, studies on hearing aid (HA) outcomes are few. Consequently, it is unknown when and how amplification is optimally provided. The aim was to study whether children with mild-to-moderate congenital unilateral sensorineural hearing loss (uSNHL) benefit from HAs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/AUD.0000000000000730DOI Listing

Electrophysiologic evaluation of facial nerve functions after oxaliplatin treatment.

Cancer Chemother Pharmacol 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Audiology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Medipol University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Purpose: This study analyzes the effect of oxaliplatin treatment on the facial nerve. The facial nerve is the most commonly paralyzed cranial motor nerve because it advances through a long, curved bone canal. Electroneurography and blink reflex are the electrophysiological measurements used for evaluating facial nerve function. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00280-019-03841-2DOI Listing

Caustic Agents Ingestion in Children: A 51-Year Retrospective Cohort Study.

Ear Nose Throat J 2019 Apr 17:145561319843109. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

3 Clinic of Pediatric Otolaryngology, Phoniatrics and Audiology, Medical University of Lublin, Lublin, Poland.

Objectives: Children experience serious gastrointestinal tract injuries due to consumption of caustic agents more often than adults. The aim of the study was to analyze diagnostic methods and treatment of children with esophageal burns according to the degree of the injury.

Methods: Our one-center population-based retrospective cohort study included 150 children admitted between 1967 and 2018 to Clinic of Pediatric Otolaryngology, Phoniatrics and Audiology of University Children's Hospital in Lublin, Poland, due to the chemical burn of the mouth, throat, larynx, and esophagus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145561319843109DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Thinking about what he thinks of what I think: Assessing higher theory of mind abilities in Indian bilingual children between 3.0 and 8.11 years of age.

Indian J Psychiatry 2019 Mar-Apr;61(2):167-176

Department of Audiology and Speech Language Pathology, Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Mangalore, Karnataka, India.

Context: The competence in theory of mind (ToM) abilities occurs in parallel with the development of language. To gain a deeper discernment about its proficiency, tasks tapping on higher-order ToM abilities have been implemented.

Aims: This study aims to explore the development of higher-order ToM abilities in bilingual Indian children between 3. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/psychiatry.IndianJPsychiatry_115_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6425799PMC

Association Between Tinnitus and Temporomandibular Disorders: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2019 Apr 16:3489419842577. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

3 Department of Neuroscience, Canadian Center for Behavioral Neuroscience (CCBN), University of Lethbridge, Lethbridge, AB, Canada.

Objectives: Tinnitus is one of the most common otological symptoms in patients with temporomandibular disorders. This study aimed to investigate the possible association between tinnitus and temporomandibular disorders.

Methods: The online databases of PubMed, Ovid, ScienceDirect, and Web of Science were explored for all English articles published until September 2018 using the combined keywords tinnitus and temporomandibular. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0003489419842577DOI Listing

Current sedation practices in paediatric audiology clinics in gauteng, South Africa.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Apr 11;122:93-98. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Department of Speech Pathology and Audiology, School of Human and Community Development, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa. Electronic address:

Aim: The aim was to describe the current practices in sedation during AEP testing in infants and young children in Gauteng.

Methods: An exploratory qualitative research design was employed, where telephonic and face-to face interviews were conducted with 48 participants in paediatric audiology clinics that have AEP testing facilities in Gauteng, South Africa. Qualitative analysis was done, with inductive thematic analysis used for open ended questions. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01655876193016
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.04.007DOI Listing
April 2019
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Evaluation of Bilateral Vestibular Dysfunction in Iranian Adults and Elderlies by Electronystagmography and Video Head Impulse Test.

Iran J Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Mar;31(103):103-107

Markazi Vestibular Assessment and Rehabilitation Center, Mashhad, Iran.

Introduction: Vestibular abnormalities are common problems in the whole world, which can lead to bilateral vestibular dysfunction (BVD). That results in symptoms, such as vertigo, unsteadiness, falling, oscillopsia, and lower quality of life. The Objective of this study was to determine BVD in adults and elderlies with vertigo and unsteadiness. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6449531PMC

Effects of oral zinc supplementation on patients with noise-induced hearing loss associated tinnitus: A clinical trial.

Biomed J 2019 Feb 20;42(1):46-52. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Department of Otolaryngology, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; Department of Otolaryngology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Xiamen Medical Center, Fujian, China. Electronic address:

Background: Zinc plays a vital antioxidant role in human metabolism. Recent studies have demonstrated a correlation between noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) and oxidative injury; however, no investigation has focused specifically on the subgroup of NIHL associated tinnitus patients. We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of zinc supplementation in treating NIHL associated tinnitus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bj.2018.10.009DOI Listing
February 2019

The frequency-following response as an assessment of spatial processing.

Int J Audiol 2019 Apr 15:1-7. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

a The HEARing Cooperative Research Centre , Carlton , Australia.

Objective: It is important to detect children with difficulties distinguishing speech-in-noise early. Prompt identification may be assisted by an evoked potential. The aims of the present study were: 1) to evaluate the frequency-following response (FFR) as a measure of binaural processing and spatial listening and, 2) to investigate the relationship between the FFR and a behavioural measure of binaural processing and spatial listening. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14992027.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14992027.2019.1597285DOI Listing
April 2019
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A qualitative review of parents' perspectives on the value of CAEP recording in influencing their acceptance of hearing devices for their child.

Int J Audiol 2019 Apr 15:1-7. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

c Psychology and Language Sciences , University College London , London , UK.

Objective: To obtain a parental perspective on how audiological tests, including recording cortical auditory-evoked potentials (CAEP) to speech sounds, influenced their uptake of hearing devices for their infant.

Design: A focus group was established by parents of hearing-impaired children. A facilitator explored how audiology tests influenced their understanding and management of hearing loss in their child and their acceptance of hearing aids or cochlear implant referral. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14992027.2019.1592250DOI Listing

Telehealth-enabled auditory brainstem response testing for infants living in rural communities: the British Columbia Early Hearing Program experience.

Int J Audiol 2019 Apr 15:1-12. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

b School of Audiology and Speech Sciences , The University of British Columbia , Vancouver , BC , Canada.

Objective: The present study investigated a telehealth-enabled auditory-brainstem-response (TH-ABR) programme provided by the British Columbia Early Hearing Program (BCEHP) to families in a remote northern area who face barriers such as travel distance and access to audiologists trained in ABR testing. Objectives were to: (i) outline the design/implementation of a TH-ABR programme, (ii) summarise equipment/procedures, and (iii) report on results for the TH-ABR programme (cost/time effectiveness, testing accuracy/efficiency, and caregiver satisfaction).

Design: TH-ABR implementation was described and TH-ABR results were compared to behavioural follow-up findings to evaluate TH-ABR test accuracy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14992027.2019.1584681DOI Listing

Electroglottographic and acoustic analysis of voice in children with vocal nodules.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Apr 2;122:82-88. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Phoniatrics and Audiology Department, The Children's Memorial Health Institute, Warsaw, Poland.

Purpose: Vocal fold nodules are usually caused by voice overuse or vocal hyperfunction, and their symptoms include persistent hoarseness - a disturbance in the vocal fold vibrations which results in a turbulent passage of air in the glottis, manifested as a raspy, rough voice. The aim of the study was to present data concerning voice quality in patients with vocal nodules and to compare electroglottographic analysis (EGG) with acoustic analysis.

Methods: The study examined 57 children with vocal fold nodules (Group 1). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.03.030DOI Listing

The etiology, pathogeneses, and treatment of objective tinnitus: Unique case series and literature review.

Am J Otolaryngol 2019 Apr 5. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Department of Surgery, Division of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, United States of America. Electronic address:

We present two unique cases of myoclonus-induced objective tinnitus (OT), along with a comprehensive literature review on the topic. Primary goals include: explore the relationship between palatal myoclonus (PM) and middle ear myoclonus (MEM), highlight the embryologic, neurologic, and anatomical relationship between the involved peri-tubular muscles, exemplify the first case of OT which documents video evidence demonstrating the link between objective tinnitus and eustachian tube movement. Also, we discuss available treatment interventions and why they often do not fully resolve patients' symptoms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amjoto.2019.03.017DOI Listing

The comparison of the comodulation masking release (CMR) in individuals with and without chronic tinnitus.

Neurosci Lett 2019 Apr 9;704:195-200. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Enphil of Iran University of Medical Sciences, Department of Audiology, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

In comodulation masking release (CMR), the auditory signal threshold improves when maskers far from the frequency of the target signal are coherently amplitude-modulated. Studies show that inhibitory function may play a role in CMR. In individuals who have tinnitus, decreasing inhibitory functioning in auditory central nervous system has been documented. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neulet.2019.04.018DOI Listing

No risk factors for late onset hearing loss in asymptomatic congenital cytomegalovirus infants - close monitoring is needed.

Acta Paediatr 2019 Apr 12. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Department of Pediatrics C, Schneider Children's Medical Center, Petah Tikva, Israel.

Congenital cytomegalovirus (cCMV) is the leading cause of congenital infections, affecting approximately 0.7% of live births worldwide. Although, 85%-90% of infected children are asymptomatic at birth, 10%-15% will develop late onset hearing impairment (1). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/apa.14814DOI Listing
April 2019
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[Guideline: Auditory Processing and Perception Disorders: Differential Diagnosis : S1 guideline of the German Society of Phoniatrics and Pediatric Audiology].

HNO 2019 Apr 11. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Sektion für Phoniatrie und Pädaudiologie, Universitätsklinikum Schleswig-Holstein, Campus Lübeck, Ratzeburger Allee 160, 23562, Lübeck, Deutschland.

As a prerequisite for diagnosing auditory processing disorders (APD), differential diagnostic considerations are essential, especially with regard to language comprehension disorders, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, specific cognitive impairments (e. g., in memory or multi-modal perception performance), specific learning disorders affecting reading and/or spelling, and autistic-type diseases. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00106-019-0645-3
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00106-019-0645-3DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

A Decade of Disproportionality: A State-Level Analysis of African American Students Enrolled in the Primary Disability Category of Speech or Language Impairment.

Lang Speech Hear Serv Sch 2019 Apr 11:1-16. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Oakland RiteCare Childhood Language Center, CA.

Purpose This study aimed to determine if African American students were disproportionately represented between the years of 2004 and 2014 in the primary disability category of Speech or Language Impairment (S/LI) under the 2004 reauthorized Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act. Method S/LI enrollment data from the Office of Special Education Programs and general enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics were analyzed to compare the risk of primary S/LI category enrollment of African American students to that of all other students. Risk ratios with 99% confidence intervals were calculated for each state across the 10 years studied. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2018_LSHSS-17-0149DOI Listing

An Evidence-Based Perspective on "Misconceptions" Regarding Pediatric Auditory Processing Disorder.

Front Neurol 2019 26;10:287. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

Research Group Healthy Ageing, Allied Health Care and Nursing, Hanze University of Applied Sciences, Groningen, Netherlands.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fneur.2019.00287DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6443922PMC

How do Hearing Aid Owners Acquire Hearing Aid Management Skills?

J Am Acad Audiol 2019 Mar 7. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Ear Science Institute Australia, Subiaco, Australia.

Background: Clinical studies have found up to 90% of hearing aid owners demonstrate difficulty with basic hearing aid management tasks and almost 50% of hearing aid owners self-report not receiving enough practical help from their clinician regarding how to use their hearing aid. Although studies have highlighted the overwhelming amount of information and training required to learn how to use a hearing aid appropriately, a gap remains in the literature regarding the range of methods by which hearing aid owners acquire the knowledge and skills for hearing aid use, and whether these approaches are considered beneficial.

Purpose: To gain insight into how both hearing aid owners and hearing health clinicians view the acquisition of hearing aid management skills and the efficacy of currently used methods of hearing aid training. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3766/jaaa.17129DOI Listing

A Facebook Page Created Soon After the Amatrice Earthquake for Deaf Adults and Children, Families, and Caregivers Provides an Easy Communication Tool and Social Satisfaction in Maxi-Emergencies.

Prehosp Disaster Med 2019 Apr 10:1-5. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

3.Unit of Clinical Epidemiology,Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital IRCCS,Rome,Italy.

Although international and Italian conventions have issued numerous communication protocols to assist people with disabilities during earthquakes or other maxi-emergencies, no tailored strategies exist to create and disseminate information online to deaf people. On August 24, 2016, a devastating earthquake destroyed Amatrice in Central Italy. This natural disaster underlined the lack of information on disabled people possibly involved and the lack of tailored, online communication tools. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1049023X19000086DOI Listing

Insufficient evidence for a role of SERPINF1 in otosclerosis.

Mol Genet Genomics 2019 Apr 9. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Center of Medical Genetics, University of Antwerp and Antwerp University Hospital, Universiteitsplein 1, Wilrijk, 2610, Antwerp, Belgium.

Otosclerosis is a common form of hearing loss (HL) due to abnormal remodeling of the otic capsule. The genetic causes of otosclerosis remain largely unidentified. Only mutations in a single gene, SERPINF1, were previously published in patients with familial otosclerosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00438-019-01558-8DOI Listing
April 2019
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Intratumor heterogeneity of PD-L1 expression in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma.

Br J Cancer 2019 Apr 10. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Department of Oncology, Section of Radiotherapy, Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Intratumor heterogeneity may contribute to the ambiguous clinical results on PD-L1 status as a predictor for immunotherapy response in patients with HNSCC. This decreases the utility of PD-L1 expression from single tumour biopsies as a predictive biomarker. In this prospective study, intratumor heterogeneity of PD-L1 expression in HNSCC was investigated with both Tumour Proportion Score (TPS) and Combined Positive Score (CPS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41416-019-0449-yDOI Listing

Hearing loss in methimazole embriopathy: cues form a case.

Minerva Pediatr 2019 Apr 5. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

ENT and Audiology Department, University Hospital of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.23736/S0026-4946.19.05297-6DOI Listing

An evaluation of the Sennheiser HDA 280-CL circumaural headphone for use in audiometric testing.

Int J Audiol 2019 Apr 7:1-7. Epub 2019 Apr 7.

a Faculty of Health Sciences, National Centre for Audiology , University of Western Ontario , London , Canada.

Objective: Evaluation of the Sennheiser HDA 280-CL circumaural headphone for the determination of (1) equivalent threshold sound pressure levels (ETSPL) for 125-18,000 Hz.; (2) real ear attenuation (250-8000 Hz); (3) insertion loss (63-18,000 Hz); (4) frequency response (125-18,000 Hz); (5) total harmonic distortion (THD) (125-10,000 Hz); and, (6) linearity (11,200-18,000 Hz).

Study Sample: Twenty-five normal hearing adults aged 18-25 participated in (1) and (2). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14992027.2019.1594415DOI Listing

Evaluation of a system for enhancing mobile telephone communication for people with hearing loss.

Int J Audiol 2019 Apr 7:1-10. Epub 2019 Apr 7.

e Goshawk Communications , Cambridge , UK.

Objective: To evaluate a system - "the service" - designed to improve mobile telephone communication for people with hearing loss.

Design: Each participant registered online and took an online hearing test using their own mobile telephone held in the position of their choice. The test assessed the combined effects of the telephone, the hearing loss of the participant and the hearing aid of the participant (if worn). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14992027.2019.1590655DOI Listing

Hearing Assessment of Neonates at Risk for Hearing Loss at a Hearing Health High Complexity Service: An Electrophysiological Assessment.

Int Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Apr 9;23(2):157-164. Epub 2018 May 9.

Department of Audiology, Universidade Tuiuti do Paraná, Curitiba, PR, Brazil.

 Hearing is the main sensory access in the first years of life. Therefore, early detection and intervention of hearing impairment must begin before the first year of age.  To analyze the results of the electrophysiological hearing assessment of children at risk for hearing loss as part of the newborn hearing screening (NHS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0038-1648217DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6449126PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Brazilian Scale of Hearing and Language Development: Normality Curve for Infants and Children from 0 to 24 Months Old with Normal Hearing.

Int Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Apr 15;23(2):131-136. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Audiology, Audiotec, Curitiba, PR, Brazil.

 Cochlear implants are currently the most effective technological resource to facilitate access to the hearing world for deaf people. Their use, especially when implanted early in children, reduces the impact of deafness on hearing as well as on the development of spoken language.  To validate the first part of the Brazilian Scale of Hearing and Language Development (EDAL-1, in the Portuguese acronym) and to establish the normal curve in infants and children aged between 0 and 24 months old with normal hearing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0038-1675189DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6449127PMC
April 2019
1 Read

The Iceberg under Water: Unexplored Complexity of Chromoanagenesis in Congenital Disorders.

Am J Hum Genet 2019 Apr;104(4):565-577

Departments of Obstetrics and Gynecology and of Pathology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA; Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA; Program in Medical and Population Genetics, Broad Institute of Harvard and MIT, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA; Manchester Center for Audiology and Deafness, School of Health Sciences, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9NT, UK. Electronic address:

Structural variation, composed of balanced and unbalanced genomic rearrangements, is an important contributor to human genetic diversity with prominent roles in somatic and congenital disease. At the nucleotide level, structural variants (SVs) have been shown to frequently harbor additional breakpoints and copy-number imbalances, a complexity predicted to emerge wholly as a single-cell division event. Chromothripsis, chromoplexy, and chromoanasynthesis, collectively referred to as chromoanagenesis, are three major mechanisms that explain the occurrence of complex germline and somatic SVs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajhg.2019.02.024DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6451730PMC

A Person-Centered Prehabilitation Program Based on Cognitive-Behavioral Physical Therapy for Patients Scheduled for Lumbar Fusion Surgery - A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Phys Ther 2019 Feb 21. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Department of Orthopaedics at Sahlgrenska Academy, Institute of the Clinical Sciences, University of Gothenburg; Department of Orthopaedics, Sahlgrenska University Hospital; Division of Physiotherapy, Department of Health and Rehabilitation, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, University of Gothenburg, Box 455, 405 30 Göteborg, Sweden; and Division of Physiotherapy, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background: Prehabilitation programs have led to improved postoperative outcomes in several surgical contexts, but there are presently no guidelines for the prehabilitation phase before lumbar fusion surgery.

Objective: The objective was to investigate whether a person-centered physiotherapeutic prehabilitation program, based on a cognitive-behavioral approach, reduces disability and improves functioning after lumbar fusion surgery more than conventional care does in patients with degenerative disc disease.

Design: This study was a randomized controlled trial. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ptj/pzz020DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Massed Versus Spaced Practice in Vocology: Effect of a Short-Term Intensive Voice Therapy Versus a Long-Term Traditional Voice Therapy.

J Speech Lang Hear Res 2019 Mar;62(3):611-630

Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Research group: Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences, Ghent University, Belgium.

Purpose The aim of this study was to compare the effect of a short-term intensive voice therapy (IVT) with a long-term traditional voice therapy (TVT) on the vocal quality, vocal capacities, psychosocial impact, vocal tract discomfort, laryngological anatomy/physiology, and session attendance of patients with dysphonia. An additional comparison was made between an individual IVT (IVT-I) and a group IVT (IVT-G). Method A longitudinal, prospective controlled trial was used. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2018_JSLHR-S-18-0013DOI Listing

The Effect of Nonlinear Amplitude Growth on the Speech Perception Benefits Provided by a Single-Sided Vocoder.

J Speech Lang Hear Res 2019 Mar;62(3):745-757

National Military Audiology and Speech Pathology Center, Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, Bethesda, MD.

Purpose For listeners with single-sided deafness, a cochlear implant (CI) can improve speech understanding by giving the listener access to the ear with the better target-to-masker ratio (TMR; head shadow) or by providing interaural difference cues to facilitate the perceptual separation of concurrent talkers (squelch). CI simulations presented to listeners with normal hearing examined how these benefits could be affected by interaural differences in loudness growth in a speech-on-speech masking task. Method Experiment 1 examined a target-masker spatial configuration where the vocoded ear had a poorer TMR than the nonvocoded ear. Read More

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http://pubs.asha.org/doi/10.1044/2018_JSLHR-H-18-0001
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2018_JSLHR-H-18-0001DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Enabling New Articulatory Gestures in Children With Persistent Speech Sound Disorders Using Ultrasound Visual Biofeedback.

J Speech Lang Hear Res 2019 Feb;62(2):229-246

Psychological Sciences and Health, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, United Kingdom.

Purpose This study evaluated ultrasound visual biofeedback treatment for teaching new articulations to children with a wide variety of speech sound disorders. It was hypothesized that motor-based intervention incorporating ultrasound would lead to rapid acquisition of a range of target lingual gestures with generalization to untreated words. Method Twenty children aged 6-15 years with a range of mild to severe speech disorders affecting a variety of lingual targets enrolled in a case series with replication. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2018_JSLHR-S-17-0360DOI Listing
February 2019

Eliciting Naturalistic Conversations: A Method for Assessing Communication Ability, Subjective Experience, and the Impacts of Noise and Hearing Impairment.

J Speech Lang Hear Res 2019 Feb;62(2):470-484

The HEARing CRC, Carlton, Victoria, Australia.

Purpose The purpose of this study was to introduce a method of eliciting conversational behavior with many aspects of realism, which may be used to study the impacts of hearing impairment and noise on verbal communication; to describe the characteristics of speech and language participants produced during the task; and to assess participants' engagement and motivation while completing the task. Method Twenty young adults with normal hearing and 20 older adults with hearing impairment took part in face-to-face conversations while completing a referential communication puzzle task designed to elicit natural conversational speech production and language with a number of realistic characteristics. Participants rated the difficulty and relevance of acoustic scenes for communication and their engagement in conversations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2018_JSLHR-H-18-0107DOI Listing
February 2019

Feeding and swallowing difficulties in children with Down syndrome.

J Intellect Disabil Res 2019 Apr 4. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Department of Speech-Language Pathology, All India Institute of Speech and Hearing, Mysuru, India.

Background: The anatomical and physiological characteristics such as neuromotor coordination impairments and craniofacial and structural abnormalities frequently interfere with the acquisition of effective oral-motor skills which can in turn result in the development of potential feeding problems and swallowing dysfunction. The present study was undertaken with the aim of assessing the feeding and swallowing problems, if any, in children with Down syndrome in the age range of 2-7 years.

Methods: A questionnaire was formulated and administered on 17 children with Down syndrome (10 females and 7 males) and 47 typically developing children (20 females and 27 males). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jir.12617DOI Listing

Juvenile Ovine Ex Vivo Larynges: Phonatory, Histologic, and Micro CT Based Anatomic Analyses.

Biomed Res Int 2019 4;2019:6932047. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

Division of Phoniatrics, ENT University Hospital Graz, Medical University Graz, Auenbruggerplatz 26, Graz 8036, Austria.

It is well known that the phonatory process changes during the life span. However, detailed investigations on potential factors concerned are rare. To deal with this issue, we performed extended biomechanical, macro anatomical, and histological analyses of the contributing laryngeal structures in ex vivo juvenile sheep models. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/6932047DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6425324PMC

Auditory and speech performance in cochlear implanted ANSD children.

Acta Otolaryngol 2019 Apr 5:1-5. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

c ENT Surgery Unit, Department of Surgical Specialists , King Fahad Medical City , Riyadh , Saudi Arabia.

Background: Auditory neuropathy spectrum disorder (ANSD) is a distinct type of SNHL that is characterized by the presence of otoacoustic emissions and/or cochlear microphonics. Cochlear implantation was initially not recommended for ANSD children, later studies showed variable outcomes among those subjects.

Objective: To assess the auditory and speech performance of cochlear implanted children with auditory neuropathy spectrum disorder (ANSD) and to compare these results to those obtained from cochlear implanted children with sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) Material and methods: 18 cochlear implanted children with ANSD and 40 cochlear implanted children with SNHL were included in this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2019.1571283DOI Listing
April 2019
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PICU-Based Rehabilitation and Outcomes Assessment: A Survey of Pediatric Critical Care Physicians.

Pediatr Crit Care Med 2019 Apr 3. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Department of Critical Care Medicine, UPMC Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA.

Objectives: Characterize current practices for PICU-based rehabilitation, and physician perceptions and attitudes, barriers, resources, and outcome assessment in contemporary PICU settings.

Design: International, self-administered, quantitative, cross-sectional survey.

Setting: Online survey distributed from March 2017 to April 2017. Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00130478-900000000-9828
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PCC.0000000000001940DOI Listing
April 2019
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CEDRA: A Tool to Help Consumers Assess Risk for Ear Disease.

Ear Hear 2019 Apr 2. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, Florida, USA.

This article introduces the Consumer Ear Disease Risk Assessment (CEDRA) tool. CEDRA is a brief questionnaire designed to screen for targeted ear diseases. It offers an opportunity for consumers to self-screen for disease before seeking a hearing device and may be used by clinicians to help their patients decide the appropriate path to follow in hearing healthcare. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/AUD.0000000000000731DOI Listing
April 2019
8 Reads

Asymptomatic Hearing Impairment Frequently Occurs in Early-Onset Parkinson's Disease.

J Mov Disord 2019 Apr 4. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Comprehensive Care Centre for Movement Disorders, Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Thiruvananthapuram, India.

Objective: Recent reports of hearing impairment in Parkinson's disease (PD) have suggested that auditory dysfunction could be a non-motor manifestation of PD. These reports were based on observations of elderly patients for whom presbycusis may, to some extent, have contributed to hearing dysfunction. Therefore, we aimed to explore the auditory functions in younger patients with PD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14802/jmd.18048DOI Listing

Peripheral and central hearing impairment and their relationship with cognition: a review.

Int J Audiol 2019 Apr 2:1-12. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

a Department of Audiology and Speech Pathology , The University of Melbourne , Melbourne , Australia.

Objective: To consider the relationships between both peripheral and central hearing impairment and cognition.

Design: Narrative review.

Study Sample: Numerous studies exploring the relationship between hearing impairment and cognitive function, particularly in an older population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14992027.2019.1591644DOI Listing