13,870 results match your criteria Audiology & neuro-otology[Journal]


Transcutaneous Electrical Stimulation and Dysphagia Rehabilitation: A Narrative Review.

Authors:
Ali Barikroo

Rehabil Res Pract 2020 11;2020:4865614. Epub 2020 May 11.

Swallowing Physiology and Rehabilitation Research Laboratory, Speech Pathology and Audiology Program, Kent State University, Kent, Ohio, USA.

Transcutaneous electrical stimulation (TES) was introduced as a modality for dysphagia rehabilitation more than a decade ago. The underlying premise of this modality is improving the structural movements and enhancing neural activation based on stimulation-induced muscle contractions. However, divisive evidence exists regarding the effectiveness of this treatment modality. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/4865614DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7238355PMC

Systematic Review on Late Cochlear Implantation in Early-Deafened Adults and Adolescents: Clinical Effectiveness.

Ear Hear 2020 May 21. Epub 2020 May 21.

Department of ENT/Audiology, Maastricht University Medical Center, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Objectives: Cochlear implantation in early-deafened patients, implanted as adolescents or adults, is not always advised due to poor expected outcomes. In order to judge whether such reluctance is justified, the current systematic review aimed to gather all available evidence on postoperative outcomes obtained by early-deafened patients using a state-of-the art cochlear implant (CI).

Design: Five electronic databases (PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane library, CINAHL, and PsycInfo) were systematically searched for studies in English, French, German, or Dutch, published between 2000 and September 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/AUD.0000000000000884DOI Listing

The Role of Radiation Therapy and Botulinum Toxin Injections in the Management of Sialorrhea in Patients With Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis: A Systematic Review.

J Clin Neuromuscul Dis 2020 Jun;21(4):205-221

Department of Speech Pathology and Audiology, University of South Alabama, Mobile, AL.

Objectives: Half of patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis experience sialorrhea due to facial weakness. Although anticholinergic medications are first-line therapy, they often lead to unacceptable side effects. Radiation therapy and botulinum toxin may be considered when medical management fails. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CND.0000000000000273DOI Listing

Brainstem correlates of cochlear nonlinearity measured via the scalp-recorded frequency-following response.

Neuroreport 2020 May 21. Epub 2020 May 21.

Department of Communicative Disorders and Sciences.

The frequency-following response (FFR) is an EEG-based potential used to characterize the brainstem encoding of complex sounds. Adopting techniques from auditory signal processing, we assessed the degree to which FFRs encode important properties of cochlear processing (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/WNR.0000000000001452DOI Listing

Perspectives of speech and language therapists in paediatric palliative care: an international exploratory study.

Int J Lang Commun Disord 2020 May 25. Epub 2020 May 25.

Speech Pathology, School of Health and Human Sciences, Southern Cross University, Bilinga, QLD, Australia.

Background: The involvement of speech and language therapists (SLTs) within paediatric palliative care (PPC) settings has been recognized within the extant literature. However, there is little understanding of SLT's specific roles and practices when working with this vulnerable cohort of children and their families. As part of a larger body of work to develop consensus-based recommendations for SLTs working in PPC, it is important to investigate demographic and caseload characteristics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1460-6984.12539DOI Listing

Swallowing difficulties caused by a voice prosthesis in a laryngectomee.

Eur Ann Otorhinolaryngol Head Neck Dis 2020 May 21. Epub 2020 May 21.

Department of Otolaryngology, Walter-Reed National Military Medical Centre, Bethesda Maryland, USA.

Introduction: The role of voice prosthesis (VP) in causing swallowing difficulties has not been thoroughly evaluated. A laryngectomee with dysphasia caused by a VP is presented.

Case Report: A 77-year-old laryngectomee presented with dysphagia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anorl.2019.12.014DOI Listing

Current management of arytenoid sub-luxation and dislocation.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2020 May 23. Epub 2020 May 23.

Audiology Unit at Treviso Hospital, Department of Neuroscience DNS, University of Padova, Piazzale Ospedale 1, 31100, Treviso, Italy.

Purpose: To review the current management of arytenoid subluxation/dislocation (AS/AD) focusing on diagnostic, therapeutic, and prognostic controversies.

Methods: The international literature of the last 20 years has been considered. After the application of inclusion criteria, 20 studies were selected (471 AS/AD cases in total). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00405-020-06042-3DOI Listing

Effects of a sequential cochlear implant of minimum comfort, impedance and electrically evoked compound action potential values of the initial cochlear implant.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2020 May 23. Epub 2020 May 23.

Department of Otolaryngology, Yeni Yuzyil University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Purpose: To evaluate the impact of sequential second CI on the electrophysiological parameters of the initial CI.

Methods: Totally, 30 children who received sequential CIs between January and July 2018 were included in the study. All patients received the same brand of CI (Advanced Bionics, HIRES 90K Advantage 1J). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00405-020-06062-zDOI Listing

Effects of age and left hemisphere lesions on audiovisual integration of speech.

Brain Lang 2020 May 21;206:104812. Epub 2020 May 21.

Neurology Department and Center for Brain Plasticity and Recovery, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington DC, USA; Research Division, MedStar National Rehabilitation Hospital, Washington DC, USA. Electronic address:

Neuroimaging studies have implicated left temporal lobe regions in audiovisual integration of speech and inferior parietal regions in temporal binding of incoming signals. However, it remains unclear which regions are necessary for audiovisual integration, especially when the auditory and visual signals are offset in time. Aging also influences integration, but the nature of this influence is unresolved. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandl.2020.104812DOI Listing

Loci of stuttering of English- and Korean-speaking children who stutter: Preliminary findings.

J Fluency Disord 2020 May 5;64:105762. Epub 2020 May 5.

Department of Psychological, Health, & Learning Sciences, University of Houston, TX, USA.

Purpose: The purpose of the study was to determine whether differences exist between young English- and Korean-speaking children who stutter (CWS) in the loci of stuttering.

Method: Participants were 10 Korean-speaking and 11 English-speaking CWS between the ages of 3 and 7 years. Participants produced narratives while viewing various picture scenes and a wordless picture book. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jfludis.2020.105762DOI Listing

Hearing and hearing rehabilitation after obliteration of troublesome mastoid cavities.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2020 May 22. Epub 2020 May 22.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Amsterdam University Medical Centers, Location AMC, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Purpose: The purpose of this study is the evaluation of post-operative hearing threshold after revision surgery and obliteration of troublesome canal wall down mastoidectomy cavities (CWDMCs). The ability to use and tolerate conventional hearing aids (CHAs) was also evaluated.

Methods: A retrospective chart analysis of 249 patients with chronically draining CWDMCs who underwent revision surgery including obliteration of the mastoid cavity between 2007 and 2017 at the AMC location of the Amsterdam University Medical Centers (Amsterdam UMC) was performed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00405-020-06041-4DOI Listing

Relationship between headaches and tinnitus in a Swedish study.

Sci Rep 2020 May 22;10(1):8494. Epub 2020 May 22.

Laboratory of Experimental Audiology, Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Karolinska Institutet, 171 77, Stockholm, Sweden.

The heterogeneity of tinnitus is likely accounting for the lack of effective treatment approaches. Headaches have been related to tinnitus, yet little is known on how headaches impact tinnitus. We use cross-sectional data from the Swedish Tinnitus Outreach Project to i) evaluate the association between headaches and tinnitus (n = 1,984 cases and 1,661 controls) and ii) investigate the phenotypic characteristics of tinnitus subjects with tinnitus (n = 660) or without (n = 1,879) headaches. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-65395-1DOI Listing

Speech perception with simultaneous bilateral cochlear implants: Is there a unilateral predominance?

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2020 May 5;135:110082. Epub 2020 May 5.

Graduate Otology Fellow at King Abdullah Ear Specialist Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Objectives: To assess the audiological outcomes and speech performance among children with simultaneous bilateral cochlear implants (CIs).

Methods: This was a retrospective case review of 41 patients with prelingual deafness who failed a hearing aid trial and received simultaneous bilateral CIs. Ear-specific responses in terms of pure tone average (PTA), speech reception thresholds (SRTs), and speech discrimination score (SDS) were recorded for both ears of all patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2020.110082DOI Listing

Participant reported outcomes of a community of practice about social participation for speech-language pathologists in aphasia rehabilitation.

Disabil Rehabil 2020 May 22:1-12. Epub 2020 May 22.

School of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology, Faculty of Medicine, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Canada.

Because of their communication difficulties, persons with aphasia are at risk of not fully participating in significant activities after rehabilitation. Speech-language pathologists can contribute to support optimal social participation in rehabilitation. A community of practice (CoP) was designed to provide motivated clinicians with opportunities to acquire knowledge and reflect on social participation within aphasia rehabilitation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09638288.2020.1764116DOI Listing

Are stethoscopes risky in COVID-19?

Postgrad Med J 2020 May 21. Epub 2020 May 21.

Medicine, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Hong Kong

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/postgradmedj-2020-138085DOI Listing

A systematic review of interventions for adults who stutter.

J Fluency Disord 2020 Apr 30;64:105766. Epub 2020 Apr 30.

Speech and Language Group, Murdoch Children's Research Institute, Parkville, Victoria, Australia. Electronic address:

Purpose: To examine the effectiveness of (i) face to face interventions (ii) models of service delivery and (iii) psychological treatments combined with speech-focused interventions for adults who stutter.

Methods: Five electronic databases and three clinical trial registries were searched. Systematic reviews, randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and studies that applied an intervention with adults who stutter were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jfludis.2020.105766DOI Listing

Audiological and subjective outcomes of 100 implanted transcutaneous bone conduction devices and preoperative bone conduction hearing aids in patients with bilateral microtia-atresia.

Acta Otolaryngol 2020 May 20:1-7. Epub 2020 May 20.

Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Bonebridge (BB) and bone conduction hearing aid (BCHA) are effective in patients with bilateral congenital microtia-atresia (CMA). To investigate and compare the outcomes of these devices in a large sample size. This single center prospective study involved 100 patients with bilateral CMA who were implanted with BBs and used BCHAs before implantation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2020.1762929DOI Listing

The Natural History of Hearing Disorders in Asymptomatic Congenital Cytomegalovirus Infection.

Front Pediatr 2020 5;8:217. Epub 2020 May 5.

Division of Neonatology, Department of Translational Medical Sciences, University of Naples "Federico II", Naples, Italy.

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is the main cause of congenital infection in developed countries leading to deafness but the burden of sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) in asymptomatic children remains incompletely characterized. Aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term audiological outcome in this group of patients. Consecutive neonates with congenital CMV infection were followed from 2002 to 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fped.2020.00217DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7214611PMC

Corrigendum: Eliciting ERP Components for Morphosyntactic Agreement Mismatches in Perfectly Grammatical Sentences.

Front Psychol 2020 5;11:860. Epub 2020 May 5.

Centre for Research on Brain, Language and Music (CRBLM), Montreal, QC, Canada.

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.00860DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7216094PMC

Elective neck dissection in patients with salivary gland carcinoma: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Oral Pathol Med 2020 May 20. Epub 2020 May 20.

Research Unit for ORL Head & Neck Surgery and Audiology, Odense University Hospital and University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.

Objective: Elective neck dissection in patients with salivary gland carcinoma and clinical negative lymph nodes is controversial. Reported proportion of occult nodal metastases vary with histological subtype, tumour classification and preoperative diagnostic methods. This is a systematic review and meta-analysis on the role of END in salivary gland carcinoma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jop.13034DOI Listing

Patient and Parent Decision-Making in the Setting of Chemotherapy-Induced Sensorineural Hearing Loss.

Ear Hear 2020 May 15. Epub 2020 May 15.

Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri, USA.

Objectives: Children with malignancies may be exposed to ototoxic therapies resulting in sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). There is no consensus as to when intervention with amplification is necessary due to a variety of factors such as disease status, speech and language development, perceived difficulty with communication, and limitations of technology to fit these challenging losses. The decision to proceed with amplification after cancer can be difficult for patients and families. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/AUD.0000000000000886DOI Listing

Changes in Electrical Activity of the Masseter Muscle and Masticatory Force after the Use of the Masseter Nerve as Donor in Facial Reanimation Surgery.

Indian J Plast Surg 2020 Mar 28;53(1):59-63. Epub 2020 Apr 28.

Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Postgraduate Division of the Medical School, Hospital General "Dr Manuel Gea Gonzalez," Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico.

 The masseter nerve has been used as a donor nerve for facial reanimation procedures due to the multiple advantages it offers; it has been generally considered that sacrifice of the masseter nerve does not alter the masticatory apparatus; however, there are no objective studies to support this claim.  To evaluate the impact that the use of the masseter nerve in dynamic facial reconstruction has on the electrical activity of the masseter muscle and on bite force.  An observational and prospective longitudinal study was performed measuring bite force and electrical activity of the masseter muscles before and 3 months after dynamic facial reconstructive surgery using the masseter nerve. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-3400673DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7225014PMC

Prevalence of prescription medication use in preschool-age children seen in pediatric otolaryngology.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2020 May 11;135:110105. Epub 2020 May 11.

University of Central Florida, College of Medicine, USA; Division of Otolaryngology/Audiology, Nemours Children's Hospital, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: To examine the prevalence of daily medication use and prescribing patterns in preschool aged children presenting to otolaryngology clinics.

Study Design: Retrospective summary of prescription-related data from PEDSnet database of two tertiary care children's hospitals within single health system.

Methods: All new patients between birth and 5 years of age seen in otolaryngology clinics from October 1, 2016 through September 30, 2017 were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2020.110105DOI Listing

Sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) as an adverse event following immunization (AEFI): Case definition & guidelines for data collection, analysis, and presentation of immunization safety data.

Vaccine 2020 May 14. Epub 2020 May 14.

Department of Pediatrics, Section of Infectious Diseases, and Department of Molecular Virology and Microbiology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA. Electronic address:

This is a Brighton Collaboration case definition of the term "Sensorineural Hearing Loss" to be utilized in the evaluation of adverse events following immunization. The case definition was developed by a group of experts convened by the Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations (CEPI) in the context of active development of vaccines for Lassa Fever and other emerging pathogens. The case definition format of the Brighton Collaboration was followed to develop a consensus definition and define levels of diagnostic certainty, after an exhaustive review of the literature and expert consultation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2020.05.019DOI Listing

Variability in Medullary Thyroid Carcinoma in L790F Carriers: A Case Comparison Study of Index Patients.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2020 28;11:251. Epub 2020 Apr 28.

Center for Genomic Medicine, Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Previous studies have suggested that the variability in age of onset and aggressiveness of medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) in patients with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2A (MEN 2A) carrying the same arranged during ransfection () mutation may be caused by additional germline variants or somatic variants. This study was a retrospective case comparison study of all MEN 2A index patients ( = 2) with the L790F germline mutation in Denmark. Whole blood and MTC tissue were analyzed for germline variants and other somatic variants (>500), respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fendo.2020.00251DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7198720PMC

Short-Term Test-Retest Reliability of Electrically Evoked Cortical Auditory Potentials in Adult Cochlear Implant Recipients.

Front Neurol 2020 28;11:305. Epub 2020 Apr 28.

Department of Speech Language Pathology and Audiology, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa.

Late latency auditory evoked potentials (LLAEPs) provide objective evidence of an individual's central auditory processing abilities. Electrically evoked cortical auditory evoked potentials (eCAEPs) are a type of LLAEP that provides an objective measure of aided speech perception and auditory processing abilities in cochlear implant (CI) recipients. To determine the short-term test-retest reliability of eCAEPs in adult CI recipients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fneur.2020.00305DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7198904PMC

Psychometric testing of the support and control in birth scale.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2020 May 14;20(1):293. Epub 2020 May 14.

Department of Speech Language Pathology and Audiology, National Taipei University of Nursing and Health Sciences, No. 365, Mingde Rd., Beitou Dist, Taipei City, 112, Taiwan, Republic of China.

Background: The Support and Control in Birth (SCIB) scale primarily measures the perceived support and control of expectant mothers during childbirth, thereby obtaining an understanding of their birth experiences. The advantages of this scale are its good reliability and validity and that it consolidates birth support and control. However, a Chinese version of the scale has yet to be developed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-020-02888-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7222319PMC

The role of the general practitioner in managing age-related hearing loss: perspectives of general practitioners, patients and practice staff.

BMC Fam Pract 2020 May 14;21(1):87. Epub 2020 May 14.

Department of Audiology and Speech Pathology, University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC, 3010, Australia.

Background: For people with hearing loss, the General Practitioner (GP) can play an instrumental role in early detection of hearing loss as well as guiding appropriate and timely choices for addressing hearing concerns. The aim of this study was to generate a conceptual framework for understanding the role of the GP in managing age-related hearing loss.

Methods: Concept mapping techniques were used to gather the perspectives of GPs (n = 8), adults with hearing loss (n = 22), and professionals working with GPs (n = 5), in Australia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12875-020-01157-2DOI Listing

Pilot Study of Quantitative Methods for Differentiating Pharyngeal Swallowing Mechanics by Dysphagia Etiology.

Dysphagia 2020 May 14. Epub 2020 May 14.

Department of Cellular Biology and Anatomy, MCG, Augusta University, Augusta, Georgia.

Quantitative analysis of modified barium swallow (MBS) imaging is useful to determine the impact of various disease states on pharyngeal swallowing mechanics. In this retrospective proof of concept study, kinematic analysis and computational analysis of swallowing mechanics (CASM) were used to demonstrate how these methods differentiate swallowing dysfunction by dysphagia etiology. Ten subjects were randomly selected from four cohorts of dysphagic patients including COPD, head and neck cancer (HNC), motor neuron disease, and stroke. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00455-020-10123-0DOI Listing

Tablet and web-based audiometry to screen for hearing loss in adults with cystic fibrosis.

Thorax 2020 May 14. Epub 2020 May 14.

Adult Cystic Fibrosis Centre, Royal Brompton and Harefield NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK

Introduction: Individuals with chronic lung disease (eg, cystic fibrosis (CF)) often receive antimicrobial therapy including aminoglycosides resulting in ototoxicity. Extended high-frequency audiometry has increased sensitivity for ototoxicity detection, but diagnostic audiometry in a sound-booth is costly, time-consuming and requires a trained audiologist. This cross-sectional study analysed tablet-based audiometry (Shoebox MD) performed by non-audiologists in an outpatient setting, alongside home web-based audiometry (3D Tune-In) to screen for hearing loss in adults with CF. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/thoraxjnl-2019-214177DOI Listing

Electrochemical and biological characterization of thin-film platinum-iridium alloy electrode coatings: a chronic in vivo study.

J Neural Eng 2020 May 14. Epub 2020 May 14.

Bionics Institute, 384-388 Albert Street East, Melbourne, Vic 3002, Melbourne, Victoria, AUSTRALIA.

Objective: To evaluate the electrochemical properties, biological response, and surface characterization of an electrodeposited Platinum-Iridium (Pt-Ir) electrode coating on cochlear implants subjected to chronic stimulation in vivo.

Approach: Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), charge storage capacity (CSC), charge injection limit (CIL), and voltage transient (VT) impedance were measured bench-top before and after implant and in vivo. Coated Pt-Ir and uncoated Pt electrode arrays were implanted into cochlea of normal hearing rats and stimulated for ~4 hours/day, 5 days/week for 5 weeks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1741-2552/ab933dDOI Listing

Rate of locoregional recurrence among patients with oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma with known HPV status: a systematic review.

Acta Oncol 2020 May 14:1-6. Epub 2020 May 14.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, and Audiology, Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

We aimed to review systematically the literature on locoregional recurrence rates in patients with HPV-positive and -negative oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC). PubMed and Embase databases were systematically searched using key words such as human papillomavirus, oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma with local, regional, and locoregional recurrence. Nine studies (2974 patients with known HPV-status, 59% HPV-positive) were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0284186X.2020.1759822DOI Listing

Standardization and Feasibility of Voice Range Profile Measurements in Epidemiological Studies.

J Voice 2020 May 10. Epub 2020 May 10.

Institute for Medical Informatics, Statistics, and Epidemiology, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany; LIFE - Leipzig Research Center for Civilization Diseases, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany.

Objectives: The voice range profile (VRP) is composed of the speaking VRP (spVRP) and the singing VRP (siVRP). Different examination methods of VRP and effects of interobserver variability were evaluated to define a standard operating procedure (SOP) suitable for the specific use in epidemiological studies. Subsequently the feasibility of the SOP was investigated in a larger number of participants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvoice.2020.04.014DOI Listing

Perceptual Measures of Boychoir Voices During the Phases of Pubertal Voice Mutation.

J Voice 2020 May 10. Epub 2020 May 10.

Division of Pediatric Otolaryngology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Background/objectives: Vocal changes in the male singing voice associated with puberty are variable and often unpredictable resulting in challenges for the singer and the choral director. Limited knowledge regarding the physiologic changes in the vocal mechanism as they correlate to perceptual variations observed in the male adolescent singer exists in the literature. The purpose of this study was to examine pitch breaks and perceptual characteristics of vocal quality during singing tasks for boys in various stages of the male changing voice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvoice.2020.04.002DOI Listing

In Response to Letter to the Editor Regarding Chronic Cerebrospinal Venous and Menière's Disease: Interventional Versus Medical Therapy.

Laryngoscope 2020 May 13. Epub 2020 May 13.

Department of Sense Organs and Ear, Nose, and Throat Department, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lary.28721DOI Listing

Hearing Aid Uptake in Children with Unilateral Microtia and Canal Atresia: A Comparison between a Tertiary Center and Peripheral Centers.

J Int Adv Otol 2020 Apr;16(1):73-76

Department of Otolaryngology, Alder Hey Children's Hospital, Liverpool, United Kingdom.

Objectives: To review the trialing and uptake of hearing aids in children with unilateral microtia or canal atresia, known collectively as congenital unilateral conductive hearing loss (CUCHL), observed in a tertiary hospital and local peripheral services.

Materials And Methods: A retrospective review of medical records for patients with CUCHL was conducted using data from a shared audiology database at a tertiary children's hospital.

Results: We identified 45 patients with CUCHL and excluded seven of them due to missing data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5152/iao.2020.5509DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7224416PMC

The Effect of Auricular Graft Donor Site on Morbidity and Cosmetic Appearance in Cartilage Tympanoplasties.

J Int Adv Otol 2020 04;16(1):67-72

Department of Audiology, Trakya University School of Health Sciences, Edirne, Turkey.

Objectives: The aim of the present study was to compare the postoperative morbidity and cosmetic results between the use of the scapha and the use of the tragus as the auricular cartilage graft donor site in patients who had undergone cartilage tympanoplasty. The fascia graft was used as the control.

Materials And Methods: The patient's visual symmetry, cosmetic satisfaction, and anthropometric measurements were studied to objectively evaluate the cosmetic condition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5152/iao.2019.5280DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7224443PMC

Association between head and neck cancer and sexually transmitted diseases: a Danish nationwide, case-control study.

Acta Otolaryngol 2020 May 13:1-5. Epub 2020 May 13.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery and Audiology, Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

An association between sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and occurrence of head and neck cancer (HNC) is proposed. We aimed to determine the association between selected STDs (syphilis, gonorrhoea, HIV) and HNC. Patients diagnosed with HNC in Denmark between 1978 and 2014 identified through the Danish Cancer Registry were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2020.1748709DOI Listing

Investigating the effects of subthalamic Nucleus-Deep brain stimulation on the voice quality.

Somatosens Mot Res 2020 May 13:1-8. Epub 2020 May 13.

Bahcesehir Universitesi, Istanbul, Turkey.

Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a standard surgical treatment method which is generally applied to subthalamic nucleus in Parkinson's patients in cases where medical treatment is insufficient in treating the motor symptoms. It is known that Subthalamic Nucleus Deep Brain Stimulation (STN-DBS) treats many motor symptoms. However, the results of studies on speech and voice vary. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08990220.2020.1761317DOI Listing

Audiology and oral health professional students: An interprofessional education collaboration.

J Dent Educ 2020 May 12. Epub 2020 May 12.

Director of Interprofessional Education and Practice, UNC-CH Adams School of Dentistry, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA.

Objectives: Audiology knowledge is important for oral health professionals because patients may present with hearing loss or temporomandibular joint dysfunction with referred pain to the ear. Additionally, their occupational environment may negatively affect their own hearing. An interprofessional learning experience for dental (DDS), dental hygiene (DH), and audiology students was created to increase DDS and DH students' knowledge of the audiology profession, risks to their own hearing, and communication with hearing-impaired patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jdd.12175DOI Listing

Otologic and Audiologic Considerations for COVID-19.

Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2020 May 12:194599820928989. Epub 2020 May 12.

Department of Otolaryngology and Communicative Sciences, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, Mississippi, USA.

The COVID-19 pandemic has created a number of considerations for otolaryngology; anosmia and ageusia in particular have gained significant attention. Here we present considerations in regard to treatment with quinine-derived drugs and the influence of masks on communication. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0194599820928989DOI Listing

Association of Cervical Spondylosis With Peripheral Vertigo: A Case-Control Study.

Laryngoscope 2020 May 12. Epub 2020 May 12.

School of Health Care Administration, College of Management, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan.

Objectives/hypothesis: This study aimed to assess the association of prior cervical spondylosis (CS) with peripheral vertigo.

Study Design: Case-control study.

Methods: Data were retrieved from the Taiwan Longitudinal Health Insurance Database. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lary.28715DOI Listing

Comparison of a purely endoscopic three-layer technique versus pericranial flap for reconstruction of anterior skull base defects after sino-nasal tumor resection: assessment of postoperative frontal lobe sagging and frontal lobe falling.

Rhinology 2020 May 12. Epub 2020 May 12.

Otorhinolaryngology, Audiology and Phoniatrics Operative Unit, Azienda Ospedaliero Universitaria Pisana, Department of Surgical, Medical, Molecular Pathology and Emergency Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.

Background: The evolution of endoscopic skull base approaches has enabled surgeons to manage selected skull base tumors through a transnasal endoscope-assisted approach. On the other side, more extensive lesions may require a combined cranioendoscopic approach. In this paper, we analysed and compared the incidence of frontal lobe sagging after endoscopic multilayer (EM) reconstruction versus pericranial flap (PF) reconstruction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4193/Rhin19.431DOI Listing

Mean platelet volume levels in children with sleep-disordered breathing: a meta-analysis.

BMC Pediatr 2020 May 11;20(1):204. Epub 2020 May 11.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan.

Background: Pediatric sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) correlated with respiratory conditions of snoring and hypopnea. Mean platelet volume (MPV) was an inflammatory marker, related to increased inflammatory condition of pediatric patients. Increase of MPV level may cause failure to thrive or increased upper airway infection rate. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12887-020-02099-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7212570PMC

The effect of a self-management program on renal function control in patients with hemodialysis in Taiwan: A longitudinal randomized controlled trial.

Jpn J Nurs Sci 2020 May 10:e12345. Epub 2020 May 10.

Department of Gerontological Health Care, National Taipei University of Nursing and Health Sciences, Taipei, Taiwan.

Aim: This study was designed to investigate the longitudinal effect of participating in a self-management program (SMP) on renal function control in patients receiving hemodialysis.

Methods: This randomized controlled trial enrolled a total of 58 patients at the hemodialysis center of a teaching hospital in Taiwan. The control group (n = 30) received the usual care and the experimental group (n = 28) received a 4-week SMP intervention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jjns.12345DOI Listing

Evaluation of temporal and suprasegmental auditory processing in patients with unilateral hearing loss.

Auris Nasus Larynx 2020 May 5. Epub 2020 May 5.

Department of Audiology, Faculty of Health Science, Hacettepe University, 06100 Ankara, Turkey.

Objectives: To determine the temporal order, resolution, and perception of prosody skills in Single-Sided Deafness (SSD) compared to an age- and sex-matched normal hearing group's same side ear and both ears.

Methods: This was a Case-Control study including 30 subjects with SSD, and age- and sex-matched 30 subjects with bilateral normal hearing (total of 60 subjects- mean age: 38.7 ± 11. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anl.2020.04.009DOI Listing

Long-term effect of middle ear disease on temporal processing and P300 in two different populations of children.

PLoS One 2020 8;15(5):e0232839. Epub 2020 May 8.

Department of Pediatrics, State University of Campinas, Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil.

Background/objective: The effects of otitis media on the function of the central auditory nervous system in different populations is unknown. Understanding how the history of otitis media affects children from different nations will guide health professionals worldwide on the importance of adequate auditory stimulus in childhood. For this reason, the aim of the present study was to investigate the long-term auditory effects of middle ear disease on temporal processing and P300 in two different populations of children: Australian and Brazilian. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0232839PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7209102PMC

Does multiparametric imaging with F-FDG-PET/MRI capture spatial variation in immunohistochemical cancer biomarkers in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma?

Br J Cancer 2020 May 8. Epub 2020 May 8.

Department of Clinical Physiology, Nuclear Medicine & PET and Cluster for Molecular Imaging, Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Background: The purpose of this study is to test if functional multiparametric imaging with F-FDG-PET/MRI correlates spatially with immunohistochemical biomarker status within a lesion of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), and also whether a biopsy with the highest FDG uptake was more likely to have the highest PD-L1 expression or the highest percentage of vital tumour cells (VTC) compared with a random biopsy.

Methods: Thirty-one patients with HNSCC were scanned on an integrated PET/MRI scanner with FDG prior to surgery in this prospective study. Imaging was quantified with SUV, ADC and K. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41416-020-0876-9DOI Listing

Classification of Tinnitus: Multiple Causes with the Same Name.

Otolaryngol Clin North Am 2020 May 4. Epub 2020 May 4.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, University of Iowa, 200 Hawkins Drive, 21151 Pomerantz Family Pavilion, Iowa City, IA 52242-1089, USA; Department of Speech Pathology and Audiology, University of Iowa, The Wendell Johnson Speech and Hearing Center, 250 Hawkins Drive, Iowa City, IA 52242-1089, USA.

Tinnitus is spoken of as if it were a single thing, but there are many different causes, likely many different mechanisms, and many different subtypes. This article reviews a broad range of approaches to understand and demarcate different tinnitus subtypes, which will be critical for exploring and finding cures for different subtypes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.otc.2020.03.015DOI Listing

Adherence to screening and referral guidelines for autism spectrum disorder in toddlers in pediatric primary care.

PLoS One 2020 7;15(5):e0232335. Epub 2020 May 7.

Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, United States of America.

Objectives: Although the American Academy of Pediatrics recommends screening for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) for all young children, disparities in ASD diagnosis and intervention in minority children persist. One potential contributor to disparities could be whether physicians take different actions after an initial positive screen based on patient demographics. This study estimated factors associated with physicians completing the follow-up interview for the Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers with Follow-up (M-CHAT-F), and referring children to diagnostic services, audiology, and Early Intervention (EI) immediately after a positive screen. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0232335PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7205236PMC