51,997 results match your criteria Attention perception & psychophysics[Journal]


High-Functioning Autism, Severe Anxiety, and Bullying in a 26 Year Old.

J Dev Behav Pediatr 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Research Institute in Developmental Medicine, Johannes Kepler University, Linz, Austria.

Case: Peter is a 26-year-old group home resident in Austria with a history of poor peer relationships, including being bullied, and previous diagnoses of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, Asperger syndrome, social anxiety, depression, and developmental coordination disorder. Consultation from our international neurodevelopmental team was requested for severe anxiety and avoidance of social interactions. He reported 4 or more spontaneous anxiety episodes per day. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/DBP.0000000000000674DOI Listing

Changes in Shape and Size Discrimination and State Anxiety After Alternate-Nostril Yoga Breathing and Breath Awareness in One Session Each.

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2019 Apr 22;25:121-127. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Department of Yoga Research, Patanjali Research Foundation, Haridwar, Uttarakhand, India.

BACKGROUND Yoga breathing techniques like high-frequency yoga breathing (HFYB) and breath awareness (BAW) have been associated with improved performance in the shape and size discrimination task. A PubMed search of the literature revealed that alternate-nostril breathing has been shown to improve performance in attention tasks, but the effect on tactile perception has not been studied. Hence, the present study was designed to assess the immediate effects of alternate-nostril yoga breathing (ANYB) compared to breath awareness on shape and size discrimination and state anxiety. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/MSMBR.914956DOI Listing

Combat medic course: evaluation of trainees' perception of learning and academic-self perception.

J R Army Med Corps 2019 Apr 20. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

Department of Military Health Services, Gülhane Health Science Institute, Saglik Bilimleri Universitesi, Ankara, Turkey

Introduction: In response to the Syrian Civil War, the Turkish Armed Forces has focused its attention on internal security and border operations, thereby cushioning against both the threat of terrorist activities and supporting international peace efforts. This study was performed to evaluate the level of knowledge, skills and any behavioural changes after the combat medic course to enhance future courses.

Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted between 25 December 2017 and 22 March 2018 using 40 combatant personnel undertaking the combat medic training course. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jramc-2018-001027DOI Listing

Recent Advances in Brillouin Optical Time Domain Reflectometry.

Sensors (Basel) 2019 Apr 18;19(8). Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Key Laboratory of Advanced Transducers and Intelligent Control Systems (Ministry of Education and Shanxi Province), Taiyuan University of Technology, Taiyuan 030024, China.

In the past two decades Brillouin-based sensors have emerged as a newly-developed optical fiber sensing technology for distributed temperature and strain measurements. Among these, the Brillouin optical time domain reflectometer (BOTDR) has attracted more and more research attention, because of its exclusive advantages, including single-end access, simple system architecture, easy implementation and widespread field applications. It is realized mainly by injecting optical pulses into the fiber and detecting the Brillouin frequency shift (BFS), which is linearly related to the change of ambient temperature and axial strain of the sensing fiber. Read More

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https://www.mdpi.com/1424-8220/19/8/1862
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/s19081862DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Effects of directional sound processing and listener's motivation on EEG responses to continuous noisy speech: Do normal-hearing and aided hearing-impaired listeners differ?

Hear Res 2019 Apr 11;377:260-270. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Institute of Clinical Research, University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, 5230, Odense M, Denmark. Electronic address:

Objective: It has been suggested that the next major advancement in hearing aid (HA) technology needs to include cognitive feedback from the user to control HA functionality. In order to enable automatic brainwave-steered HA adjustments, attentional processes underlying speech-in-noise perception in aided hearing-impaired individuals need to be better understood. Here, we addressed the influence of two important factors for the listening performance of HA users - hearing aid processing and motivation - by analysing ongoing neural responses during long-term listening to continuous noisy speech. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.heares.2019.04.005DOI Listing

Relationships among electrolyzed water postharvest treatments on winegrapes and chloroanisoles occurrence in wine.

Food Res Int 2019 Jun 20;120:235-243. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Università degli Studi di Torino, Dipartimento di Scienze Agrarie, Forestali e Alimentari, Largo Paolo Braccini 2, 10095 Grugliasco (TO), Italy.

Electrolyzed water (EW) has attracted much recent attention as a high-performance, new technology for its potential use in the food industry. However, the risk of postharvest EW treatments of winegrapes destined for winemaking is the chloroanisoles formation in the final product. In the present study, we investigated the impact of postharvest grape EW and storage treatments on the occurrence of these compounds in wine, 2,4,6-trichloroanisole (TCA) being the main compound responsible for the cork taint off-flavor due to its extremely low perception threshold. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2019.02.034DOI Listing

Parental views on state cannabis laws and marijuana use for their medically vulnerable children.

Drug Alcohol Depend 2019 Feb 14;199:59-67. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Division of Adolescent and Young Adult Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA, United States; Department of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, United States.

Background: Given a rapidly changing policy landscape, we sought to characterize the effects of state marijuana laws on parents' views of marijuana use by their teenage children.

Methods: Data are from 595 respondents to a nationally administered, web-based survey of parents of adolescents (ages 13-18 years) with any of three chronic conditions (type 1 diabetes, rheumatic disease, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder). Multivariate ordinal logistic regression was used to model the effects of parents' reports of state cannabis laws on their views toward marijuana use by their child. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03768716183050
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2018.12.027DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Grab that face, hammer, or line: No effect of hands position on visual memory.

J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Education and Psychology.

Is visual memory enhanced near the hands? The embodied cognition framework postulates that body states and action greatly influence cognition. Accordingly, numerous studies have argued that hands position affects visual perception and attention. However, it is less clear whether this effect could be extended to visual memory. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/xhp0000649
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/xhp0000649DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Health-related Quality of Life and Wound Care Practices Among Patients With Chronic Wounds in a Southwestern Nigerian Community.

Wounds 2019 Mar 29. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals' Complex, Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria.

Introduction: Chronic wounds (CWs) are a common problem around the world. Although known to affect quality of life, patients' perception may vary among cultures.

Objective: The purpose of this article is to determine the effects of CWs on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and identify wound care practices among a select population in southwestern Nigeria. Read More

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March 2019
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[Auditory processing disorder: Our experience with questionnaires].

Laryngorhinootologie 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

MHH Klinik und Poliklinik für Phoniatrie und Pädaudiologie.

Background: Impairments of sound discrimination, speech comprehension in background noise, memory, etc. can be assessed within the diagnosis of an auditory processing and perception disorder (AVWS) in a structured manner using the questionnaire (DGPP-AVWS-FB) provided by the German Society for Phoniatrics and Pedaudiology. The aim is to report on experiences with the use of this questionnaire in a pedaudiology practice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0881-2937DOI Listing
April 2019
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Case of right hemispatial neglect and transcortical sensory aphasia following left occipitotemporoparietal glioblastoma resection.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Apr 15:1-7. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

a Department of Psychiatry , University of Illinois College of Medicine , Chicago , Illinois , USA.

The neurobehavioral syndrome of hemispatial neglect, which can result from insults such as stroke, brain tumor, or head injury, has most frequently been described as occurring for the left-side of hemispace following lesions to the right hemisphere. While right hemispatial neglect/inattention may occur following left hemisphere lesions as well, it has received limited attention in the scientific literature. The present case describes an inpatient neuropsychological evaluation with a 67-year-old, African American man presenting with right hemispatial neglect following resection of a large glioblastoma in the left occipitotemporoparietal region. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2019.1590357DOI Listing
April 2019
6 Reads

Lameness in Beef Cattle: UK Farmers' Perceptions, Knowledge, Barriers, and Approaches to Treatment and Control.

Front Vet Sci 2019 29;6:94. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Department of Livestock Health and Welfare, Institute of Veterinary Science, University of Liverpool, Neston, United Kingdom.

Lameness in the beef industry has received little attention in the UK, despite the fact that it is a well-recognised problem in the dairy industry. The aims of this study were to (i) compare UK beef farmers' estimates of lameness prevalence to that of researchers, (ii) explore beef farmers' attitudes towards lameness, and (iii) help identify farmer reported barriers to lameness control and treatment. Beef farmers (11 finishing units and 10 suckler farms) were recruited from England and Wales. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fvets.2019.00094DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6449762PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Assessment of knowledge, attitude, and practice about first aid among male school teachers and administrators in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

J Family Med Prim Care 2019 Feb;8(2):684-688

College of Medicine-AlMaarefa University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Background: Children are more exposed to harm and have a higher risk. Teachers are facing many circumstances of students in schools, and this needs medical attention and perception of what to do.

Aim: To assess the levels of knowledge of teachers and school instructors that live in the city of Riyadh related to basic first-aid practices and some variables which influenced these levels of information. Read More

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http://www.jfmpc.com/text.asp?2019/8/2/684/253000
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_316_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6436304PMC
February 2019
1 Read

A Computational Model of Immanent Accent Salience in Tonal Music.

Front Psychol 2019 29;10:317. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Centre for Systematic Musicology, University of Graz, Graz, Austria.

Accents are local musical events that attract the attention of the listener, and can be either immanent (evident from the score) or performed (added by the performer). Immanent accents involve temporal grouping (phrasing), meter, melody, and harmony; performed accents involve changes in timing, dynamics, articulation, and timbre. In the past, grouping, metrical and melodic accents were investigated in the context of expressive music performance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00317DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6449458PMC

Vaped, Not Stirred: Vaporized Alcohol Knowledge, Use, and Susceptibility.

Subst Use Misuse 2019 Apr 13:1-6. Epub 2019 Apr 13.

a Department of Psychological Sciences , College of Social and Behavioral Sciences - NAU , Flagstaff , Arizona , USA.

Background: Vaporized alcohol is an alternative method of ingesting alcohol that has received significant attention in the press. However, research on vaporized alcohol to date is limited.

Objectives: The current study sought to assess vaporized alcohol knowledge, use, and future susceptibility in diverse sample of young adults in the Southwest United States. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10826084.2019.1592194DOI Listing

Adaptation to different communicative contexts: an eye tracking study of autistic adults.

J Neurodev Disord 2019 Apr 13;11(1). Epub 2019 Apr 13.

Department of Psychiatry, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA.

Background: Learning through social observation (i.e., watching other people interact) lays the foundation for later social skills and social cognition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s11689-019-9265-1DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Feature-based guidance of attention during post-saccadic selection.

Atten Percept Psychophys 2019 Apr 12. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, The University of Iowa, 11 Seashore Hall E, Iowa City, IA, 52242-1407, USA.

Current models of trans-saccadic perception propose that, after a saccade, the saccade target object must be localized among objects near the landing position. However, the nature of the attentional mechanisms supporting this process is currently under debate. In the present study, we tested whether surface properties of the saccade target object automatically bias post-saccadic selection using a variant of the visual search task. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3758/s13414-019-01719-2DOI Listing

Linguistic, perceptual, and cognitive factors underlying musicians' benefits in noise-degraded speech perception.

Hear Res 2019 Mar 29;377:189-195. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

School of Communication Sciences & Disorders, University of Memphis, Memphis, TN, USA; Institute for Intelligent Systems, University of Memphis, Memphis, TN, USA; University of Tennessee Health Sciences Center, Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, Memphis, TN, USA. Electronic address:

Previous studies have reported better speech-in-noise (SIN) recognition in musicians relative to nonmusicians while others have failed to observe this "musician SIN advantage." Here, we aimed to clarify equivocal findings and determine the most relevant perceptual and cognitive factors that do and do not account for musicians' benefits in SIN processing. We measured behavioral performance in musicians and nonmusicians on a battery of SIN recognition, auditory backward masking (a marker of attention), fluid intelligence (IQ), and working memory tasks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.heares.2019.03.021DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Feature-specific prediction errors for visual mismatch.

Neuroimage 2019 Apr 9;196:142-151. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Translational Neuromodeling Unit (TNU), Institute for Biomedical Engineering, University of Zurich & ETH Zurich, Wilfriedstrasse 6, 8032, Zurich, Switzerland.

Predictive coding (PC) theory posits that our brain employs a predictive model of the environment to infer the causes of its sensory inputs. A fundamental but untested prediction of this theory is that the same stimulus should elicit distinct precision weighted prediction errors (pwPEs) when different (feature-specific) predictions are violated, even in the absence of attention. Here, we tested this hypothesis using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and a multi-feature roving visual mismatch paradigm where rare changes in either color (red, green), or emotional expression (happy, fearful) of faces elicited pwPE responses in human participants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2019.04.020DOI Listing

[Guideline: Auditory Processing and Perception Disorders: Differential Diagnosis : S1 guideline of the German Society of Phoniatrics and Pediatric Audiology].

HNO 2019 Apr 11. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Sektion für Phoniatrie und Pädaudiologie, Universitätsklinikum Schleswig-Holstein, Campus Lübeck, Ratzeburger Allee 160, 23562, Lübeck, Deutschland.

As a prerequisite for diagnosing auditory processing disorders (APD), differential diagnostic considerations are essential, especially with regard to language comprehension disorders, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, specific cognitive impairments (e. g., in memory or multi-modal perception performance), specific learning disorders affecting reading and/or spelling, and autistic-type diseases. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00106-019-0645-3
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00106-019-0645-3DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

The role of gender in the perception of autism symptom severity and future behavioral development.

Mol Autism 2019 29;10:16. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

1ACTE at LaDisco and ULB Neuroscience Institute, Université libre de Bruxelles, CP 175, 50 avenue F.D. Roosevelt, 1050 Brussels, Belgium.

Background: Increasing attention is being paid to the higher prevalence of boys with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and to the implications of this ratio discrepancy on our understanding of autism in girls. One recent avenue of research has focused on caregiver's concern, suggesting that autism might present differently in boys and girls. One unexplored factor related to concerns on child development is whether socio-cultural factors such as gender-related expectations influence the evaluation of symptom severity and predictions about future behavioral development. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13229-019-0266-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6439965PMC

What maternal morbidities are and what they mean for women: A thematic analysis of twenty years of qualitative research in low and lower-middle income countries.

PLoS One 2019 11;14(4):e0214199. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom.

Background: With an estimated 27 million annual incidents of maternal morbidity globally, how they are manifested or experienced is diverse and shaped by societal, cultural and personal influences. Using qualitative research to examine a woman's perception of her pregnancy, its complications, and potential long-term impact on her life can inform public health approaches and complement and inform biomedical classifications of maternal morbidities, historically considered a neglected dimension of safe motherhood. As part of the WHO's Maternal Morbidity Working Group's efforts to define and measure maternal morbidity, we carried out a thematic analysis of the qualitative literature published between 1998 and 2017 on how women experience maternal morbidity in low and lower-middle income countries. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0214199PLOS
April 2019
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Patterns of cognitive strategy use common in children with reduced social competence derived from parent perceptions.

Aust Occup Ther J 2019 Apr 10. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Discipline of Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, The University of Sydney, Lidcombe, North South Wales, Australia.

Introduction: Occupational therapists are increasingly being referred children who experience reduced social competence. Ineffective use of cognitive strategies during social interactions is known to contribute to reduced social competence in children who have difficulty learning. Little is known about the nature of social cognitive strategy use or how it may be observed in children during performance of school occupations. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/1440-1630.12
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1440-1630.12574DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Burnout Among Healthcare Providers in a Comprehensive Cancer Center in Saudi Arabia.

Cureus 2019 Jan 30;11(1):e3987. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Oncology, King Fahad Medical City Comprehensive Cancer Center, Riyadh, SAU.

Background Overwork has grave consequences for staff health, either physically or psychologically. Burnout has an impact on health care turnover, patient safety, patient satisfaction, and patient perception towards health professionals. This study aims to assess the prevalence of burnout, psychosocial distress, occupational predictors, perceived causes, and suggested strategies for preventing or reducing its impact of burnout on oncology healthcare workers. Read More

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https://www.cureus.com/articles/17390-burnout-among-healthca
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.3987DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6443512PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Patient safety culture at a surgical center: the nursing perception.

Rev Gaucha Enferm 2019 8;40(spe):e20180198. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Universidade Federal do Piauí (UFPI). Programa de Pós-graduação em Enfermagem, Departamento de Enfermagem. Teresina, PI, Brasil.

Objective: To analyze the safety culture of the patient from the perception of the nursing team of a surgical center.

Method: This is a cross-sectional and analytical study with 92 professionals from the nursing of a surgical center of a hospital in Teresina-PI, the data were collected from January to June of 2016, through the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture questionnaire. In the analysis and interpretation of the data the guidelines of the AHRQ were followed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1983-1447.2019.20180198DOI Listing

Secondary Traumatic Stress: Relationship With Symptoms, Exhaustion, and Emotions Among Cemetery Workers.

Front Psychol 2019 22;10:633. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

Carlo A. Ricciardi Department of Business, Law, Economics and Consumer Behaviour, Università IULM, Milan, Italy.

Cemeteries workers are deserving of attention because they are exposed to various psychosocial risks: these workers are subject to painful contacts and daily exposed to a work content linked to death experiences and the emotions associated with them. Secondary trauma develops from this continuous contact with others' suffering; operators working with this type of traumatic content and dynamic could suffer from emotional disorders (Figley, 1995). Therefore, the secondary traumatic stress (STS) is seen as an occupational risk factor (Bride et al. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00633DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6438950PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Auditory Selective Attention Hindered by Visual Stimulus in Prelingually Deaf Children With Cochlear Implants.

Otol Neurotol 2019 Apr 3. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Department of Otolaryngology, Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital.

Objective: To compare the influence of visual distractors on the performance of auditory selective attention between prelingually deaf children with a CI (cochlear implant) and children with normal-hearing.

Design: Twenty-two patients who had a cochlear implant device (10 males and 12 females, aged 6.64 ± 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MAO.0000000000002169DOI Listing

A Smart Context-Aware Hazard Attention System to Help People with Peripheral Vision Loss.

Sensors (Basel) 2019 Apr 5;19(7). Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Department of Computer Science, University of Liverpool, Liverpool L69 3BX, UK.

Peripheral vision loss results in the inability to detect objects in the peripheral visual field which affects the ability to evaluate and avoid potential hazards. A different number of assistive navigation systems have been developed to help people with vision impairments using wearable and portable devices. Most of these systems are designed to search for obstacles and provide safe navigation paths for visually impaired people without any prioritisation of the degree of danger for each hazard. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/s19071630DOI Listing

Prevalence of self-reported dental pain and associated factors among eight- to ten-year-old Brazilian schoolchildren.

PLoS One 2019 8;14(4):e0214990. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil.

Aim: To assess the prevalence of self-reported dental pain and its association with sociodemographic, clinical and behavioral/psychosocial indicators among 8- to 10-year-old Brazilian schoolchildren.

Design: A cross-sectional study was carried out with 1,589 eight- to ten-year-old children randomly selected from public schools of Florianopolis, Brazil. Self-reports of dental pain were collected through a single question as follows: "In the last month, how many times have you had pain in your teeth?" Caries experience was determined by the DMFT/dmft index and its clinical consequences by the PUFA/pufa index. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0214990PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6453473PMC

Securing the future: Threat to self-image spurs financial saving intentions.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Apr 8. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Department of Management and Marketing, Faculty of Business, Hong Kong Polytechnic University.

This research examines when and why a threat to self-image influences saving intentions. Data from a set of seven studies, comprising a large-scale survey and 6 experiments, show that when individuals experience a self-image threat, they generate negative expectations about their future. Consequently, these individuals show a greater propensity to save money compared with nonthreatened individuals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspa0000159DOI Listing

Effects of attentional behaviours on infant visual preferences and object choice.

Cogn Process 2019 Apr 6. Epub 2019 Apr 6.

Department of Psychology, Graduate School of Letters, Kyoto University, Yoshida-Honmachi, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606-8501, Japan.

Many developmental studies have examined the effects of joint attention. However, it has been difficult to compare effects of initiating joint attention and responding to joint attention in infants. Here, we compared the effects of initiating joint attention and responding joint attention on object information processing, object preference, and facial preferences in infants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10339-019-00918-xDOI Listing

Visual form perception is fundamental for both reading comprehension and arithmetic computation.

Cognition 2019 Apr 3;189:141-154. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

State Key Laboratory of Cognitive Neuroscience and Learning & IDG/McGovern Institute for Brain Research, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China; Advanced Innovation Center for Future Education, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China; Siegler Center for Innovative Learning, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China. Electronic address:

Visual perception has been found to be a critical factor for reading comprehension and arithmetic computation in separate lines of research with different measures of visual form perception. The current study of 1099 Chinese elementary school students investigated whether the same visual form perception (assessed by a geometric figure matching task) underlies both reading comprehension and arithmetic computation. The results showed that visual form perception had close relations with both reading comprehension and arithmetic computation, even after controlling for age, gender, and cognitive factors such as processing speed, attention, working memory, visuo-spatial processing, and general intelligence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cognition.2019.03.014DOI Listing
April 2019
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The gap effect reduces both manual and saccadic inhibition of return (IOR).

Exp Brain Res 2019 Apr 5. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Institute of Psychology, Jesuit University Ignatianum in Krakow, Kopernika 26, 31-501, Krakow, Poland.

Inhibition of return (IOR) is the effect of slower responses to validly than invalidly cued targets. The discovery of IOR raised controversy as to whether it has two "flavors", i.e. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00221-019-05537-8
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00221-019-05537-8DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Eye movements explain decodability during perception and cued attention in MEG.

Neuroimage 2019 Apr 3;195:444-453. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Donders Institute, Radboud University, Nijmegen, the Netherlands.

Eye movements are an integral part of human perception, but can induce artifacts in many magneto-encephalography (MEG) and electroencephalography (EEG) studies. For this reason, investigators try to minimize eye movements and remove these artifacts from their data using different techniques. When these artifacts are not purely random, but consistent regarding certain stimuli or conditions, the possibility arises that eye movements are actually inducing effects in the MEG signal. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2019.03.069DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Responses to Semantically Neutral Words in Varying Emotional Intonations.

J Speech Lang Hear Res 2019 Mar;62(3):733-744

Language Research Laboratory, Department of Psychology, Cleveland State University, OH.

Purpose Recent research on perception of emotionally charged material has found both an "emotionality effect" in which participants respond differently to emotionally charged stimuli relative to neutral stimuli in some cognitive-linguistic tasks and a "negativity bias" in which participants respond differently to negatively charged stimuli relative to neutral and positively charged stimuli. The current study investigated young adult listeners' bias when responding to neutral-meaning words in 2 tasks that varied attention to emotional intonation. Method Half the participants completed a word identification task in which they were instructed to type a word they had heard presented binaurally through Sony stereo MDR-ZX100 headphones. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2018_JSLHR-H-17-0428DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Understanding the antepartum depressive symptoms and its risk factors among the pregnant women visiting public health facilities of Nepal.

PLoS One 2019 4;14(4):e0214992. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Institute for Health and Sport, Victoria University, Melbourne, Australia.

Introduction: Antepartum depression is a contributing factor for adverse maternal and perinatal outcome. The study aimed to assess the antepartum depressive symptoms in selected public health facilities of Nepal.

Methodology: This is a mixed-method cross-sectional study that included 143 pregnant women attending the antenatal checkup in four public health facilities of Kathmandu. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0214992PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6448918PMC
April 2019
3 Reads

Implementation of Intentional Touch for Geriatric Patients with Chronic Pain: A Qualitative Pilot Study.

Complement Med Res 2019 Apr 3:1-10. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Institute for Social Medicine, Epidemiology and Health Economics, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany.

Background: Intentional Touch (InTouch) refers to a soft physical touch with the aim to ease complaints and enhance well-being. Central questions were perception of InTouch by nurses and patients and possible effects on pain perception.

Patients And Methods: InTouch was developed by stakeholder involvement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000496063DOI Listing

Parental Defensiveness about Multifactorial Genomic and Environmental Causes of Children's Obesity Risk.

Child Obes 2019 Apr 4. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

1 Social and Behavioral Research Branch, National Human Genome Research Institute, Bethesda, MD.

Background: Future integration of genomics into weight management may target children with overweight given prospects for prevention. Meanwhile, parents learn about weight-related genomics primarily through the media, and little is known about parental reactions to complex genomic and environmental causes underlying children's obesity risk.

Methods: Three hundred twenty-four parents with overweight who have a child 3-13 years of age were recruited through Amazon Mechanical Turk. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/chi.2018.0315DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Association of Vision Loss With Hospital Use and Costs Among Older Adults.

JAMA Ophthalmol 2019 Apr 4. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor.

Importance: Patients with vision loss who are hospitalized for common illnesses are often not identified as requiring special attention. This perception, however, may affect the outcomes, resource use, and costs for these individuals.

Objective: To assess whether the mean hospitalization lengths of stay, readmission rates, and costs of hospitalization differed between individuals with vision loss and those without when they are hospitalized for similar medical conditions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2019.0446DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Effect of spatial attention on spatiotopic visual motion perception.

J Vis 2019 Apr;19(4)

Department of Psychology, Japan Women's University, Kanagawa, Japan.

We almost never experience visual instability, despite retinal image instability induced by eye movements. How the stability of visual perception is maintained through spatiotopic representation remains a matter of debate. The discrepancies observed in the findings of existing neuroscience studies regarding spatiotopic representation partly originate from differences in regard to how attention is deployed to stimuli. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1167/19.4.4DOI Listing
April 2019
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To Each Stress Its Own Screen: A Cross-Sectional Survey of the Patterns of Stress and Various Screen Uses in Relation to Self-Admitted Screen Addiction.

J Med Internet Res 2019 Apr 2;21(4):e11485. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

PERFORM Centre, Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Concordia University, Montreal, QC, Canada.

Background: The relationship between stress and screen addiction is often studied by exploring a single aspect of screen-related behavior in terms of maladaptive dependency or the risks associated with the content. Generally, little attention is given to the pattern of using different screens for different types of stressors, and variations arising from the subjective perception of stress and screen addiction are often neglected. Given that both addiction and stress are complex and multidimensional factors, we performed a multivariate analysis of the link between individual's subjective perceptions of screen addiction, various types of stress, and the pattern of screen usage. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/11485DOI Listing
April 2019
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Attention to Monocular Images Bias Binocular Rivalry.

Front Syst Neurosci 2019 18;13:12. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Department of Psychology, Universidad de La Coruña, La Coruña, Spain.

When monocular images cannot be fused, perception alternates between the two (or more) possible images. This phenomenon, binocular rivalry (BR), is driven by the physical properties of the stimuli (size, contrast, spatial frequency, etc.) but it can also be modulated by attention to features of one of the rival stimuli (Chong et al. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fnsys.2019.00012DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6432858PMC
March 2019
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Echolocating bats inspect and discriminate landmark features to guide navigation.

J Exp Biol 2019 Apr 17;222(Pt 8). Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Johns Hopkins University, 3400 N Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA

Landmark-guided navigation is a common behavioral strategy for way-finding, yet prior studies have not examined how animals collect sensory information to discriminate landmark features. We investigated this question in animals that rely on active sensing to guide navigation. Four echolocating bats () were trained to use an acoustic landmark to find and navigate through a net opening for a food reward. Read More

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http://jeb.biologists.org/lookup/doi/10.1242/jeb.191965
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1242/jeb.191965DOI Listing
April 2019
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[The staging model (or evolutionary stages) applied to bipolar disorder].

Authors:
J Scott C Henry

Encephale 2018 Dec;44(6S):S30-S33

Institut pasteur, unité perception et mémoire, F-75015 Paris, France - Université Paris-Est, UMR S955, UPEC, F-94000 Créteil, France - AP-HP, Hôpital Henri-Mondor, Albert-Chenevier, pôle de psychiatrie, F-94000 Créteil, France.

In psychiatry, clinical staging raises awareness of the need to understand disease trajectories and heterotypic continuity; it draws attention to individuals at risk of developing disorders, such as those with a family history or subsyndromal presentations; and it actively promotes greater attention to prevention strategies and interventions for individuals at ultra-high risk of developing a severe mental disorder. Staging paradigms have been increasingly applied in early intervention in psychoses, but there are issues in broadening the scope of clinical staging to the more prevalent affective disorders. For example, it is potentially more complex to devise a model that considers the varying clinical presentations of the late prodromal stage of bipolar disorder and where to locate depressive episodes that precede the first manic episode and how to describe subthreshold manic syndromes, especially hypomania. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00137006193007
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0013-7006(19)30076-4DOI Listing
December 2018
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An overview of outcome measures used in neuropsychological rehabilitation research on adults with acquired brain injury.

Neuropsychol Rehabil 2019 Apr 2:1-26. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

a Department of Neuropsychology & Psychopharmacology, Faculty of Psychology & Neuroscience , Maastricht University , Maastricht , Netherlands.

Outcome measurement is the cornerstone of evidence-based health care including neuropsychological rehabilitation. A complicating factor for outcome measurement in neuropsychological rehabilitation is the enormous number of measures available and the lack of a standard set of outcome measures. As a first step towards such a set, we reviewed intervention evaluation studies of the last 20 years to get an overview of instruments used for measuring outcome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09602011.2019.1589533DOI Listing
April 2019
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Towards Decoding Selective Attention from Single-Trial EEG Data in Cochlear Implant Users.

IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 2019 Mar 26. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

Previous results showed that it is possible to decode an attended speech source from EEG data via the reconstruction of the speech envelope in normal hearing (NH) listeners. However, so far it is unknown how the performance of such a decoder is affected by the decrease in spectral resolution and the electrical artifacts introduced by a cochlear implant (CI) in users of these prostheses. NH-listeners and bilateral CI-users participated in the present study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TBME.2019.2907638DOI Listing

Attention scales according to inferred real-world object size.

Nat Hum Behav 2019 Jan 7;3(1):40-47. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Department of Psychology, The George Washington University, Washington DC, USA.

Natural scenes consist of objects of varying shapes and sizes. The impact of object size on visual perception has been well-demonstrated, from classic mental imagery experiments, to recent studies of object representations reporting topographic organization of object size in the occipito-temporal cortex. While the role of real-world physical size in perception is clear, the effect of inferred size on attentional selection is ill-defined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41562-018-0485-2DOI Listing
January 2019
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Probing cortical excitability using rapid frequency tagging.

Neuroimage 2019 Mar 28;195:59-66. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Centre for Human Brain Health, School of Psychology, University of Birmingham, UK.

Frequency tagging has been widely used to study the role of visual selective attention. Presenting a visual stimulus flickering at a specific frequency generates so-called steady-state visually evoked responses. However, frequency tagging is mostly done at lower frequencies (<30 Hz). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2019.03.056DOI Listing

Visual expectations change subjective experience without changing performance.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Mar 28;71:59-69. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Psychology Department, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USA.

It is widely believed that visual expectations can change the subjective experiences of humans. We investigated how visual expectations in a recognition task affected objective performance and subjective perception. Using a 2-alternative-forced-choice task based on digit recognition of briefly presented and visually masked digits, we found over two experiments that expectations changed the quality of the experiences without changing the performance capabilities associated with the quality of experience. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2019.03.007DOI Listing
March 2019
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Learning mechanisms in cue reweighting.

Cognition 2019 Mar 28;189:76-88. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Department of Linguistics, University of Oregon, United States.

Feedback has been shown to be effective in shifting attention across perceptual cues to a phonological contrast in speech perception (Francis, Baldwin & Nusbaum, 2000). However, the learning mechanisms behind this process remain obscure. We compare the predictions of supervised error-driven learning (Rescorla & Wagner, 1972) and reinforcement learning (Sutton & Barto, 1998) using computational simulations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cognition.2019.03.011DOI Listing