Herzschrittmacherther Elektrophysiol 2022 May 17. Epub 2022 May 17.
Unidad de Arritmias, Departamento de Cardiología, Hospital Universitario Quirón-Salud Madrid and Complejo Hospitalario Ruber Juan Bravo, Universidad Europea de Madrid, 1 Diego de Velázquez, Madrid, Pozuelo de Alarcón, Spain.
The different forms of atrial flutter (AFL) and atrial macroreentrant tachycardias are strongly related to the atrial anatomy in structurally normal atria, and even more so in patients with dilated chambers or with previous interventions. Atrial anatomy, macro- and microscopic tissue disposition including myocardial fibers, conduction system and connective tissue is complex. This review summarizes knowledge of atrial anatomy for the interventional electrophysiologist to better understand the pathophysiology of and ablation options for these complex arrhythmias, as well as to perform catheter ablation procedures safely and effectively. Read More