Atmos Meas Tech 2020 May;13(5)
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771, USA.
NASA's Deriving Information on Surface Conditions from Column and Vertically Resolved Observations Relevant to Air Quality (DISCOVER-AQ, conducted in 2011-2014) campaign in the United States and the joint NASA and National Institute of Environmental Research (NIER) Korea-United States Air Quality Study (KORUS-AQ, conducted in 2016) in South Korea were two field study programs that provided comprehensive, integrated datasets of airborne and surface observations of atmospheric constituents, including nitrogen dioxide (NO), with the goal of improving the interpretation of spaceborne remote sensing data. Various types of NO measurements were made, including in situ concentrations and column amounts of NO using ground- and aircraft-based instruments, while NO column amounts were being derived from the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) on the Aura satellite. This study takes advantage of these unique datasets by first evaluating in situ data taken from two different instruments on the same aircraft platform, comparing coincidently sampled profile-integrated columns from aircraft spirals with remotely sensed column observations from ground-based Pandora spectrometers, intercomparing column observations from the ground (Pandora), aircraft (in situ vertical spirals), and space (OMI), and evaluating NO simulations from coarse Global Modeling Initiative (GMI) and high-resolution regional models. Read More