36,411 results match your criteria Atlantic Geology[Journal]


Truncated mutants of beta-glucosidase 2 (GBA2) are localized in the mitochondrial matrix and cause mitochondrial fragmentation.

PLoS One 2020 3;15(6):e0233856. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

The Atlantic Research Centre, Department of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.

The enzyme β-glucosidase 2 (GBA2) is clinically relevant because it is targeted by the drug miglustat (Zavesca®) and because it is involved in inherited diseases. Mutations in the GBA2 gene are associated with two neurological diseases on the ataxia-spasticity spectrum, hereditary spastic paraplegia 46 (SPG46) and Marinesco-Sjögren-like syndrome (MSS). To establish how GBA2 mutations give rise to neurological pathology, we have begun to investigate mutant forms of GBA2 encoded by disease-associated GBA2 alleles. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0233856PLOS

Uncovering episodic influence of oceans on extreme drought events in Northeast Brazil by ordinal partition network approaches.

Chaos 2020 May;30(5):053104

CEMADEN, Brazilian National Center for Monitoring and Early Warning of Natural Disasters, São José dos Campos 12245-320, São Paulo, Brazil.

Since 2012, the semiarid region of Northeast Brazil (NEB) has been experiencing a continuous dry condition imposing significant social impacts and economic losses. Characterizing the recent extreme drought events and uncovering the influence from the surrounding oceans remain to be big challenges. The physical mechanisms of extreme drought events in the NEB are due to varying interacting time scales from the surrounding tropical oceans (Pacific and Atlantic). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/5.0004348DOI Listing

Community ecology of the metazoan parasites of the Atlantic thread herring, Opisthonema oglinum (Lesueur, 1818) (Actinopterygii: Clupeidae) from the Sepetiba Bay, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Authors:
L Chaves F Paschoal

Braz J Biol 2020 May 29. Epub 2020 May 29.

Laboratório de Parasitologia Animal, Centro de Pesquisas em Biologia, Universidade Castelo Branco, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.

This study aimed to evaluate the parasitic fauna of Opisthonema oglinum (Lesueur, 1818) from Southeastern Brazil. Between September 2017 and March 2018, a total of 100 specimens of O. oglinum from the Sepetiba Bay, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (22°54'S, 43°34'W) were examined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1519-6984.229814DOI Listing

Diet of a bromeligenous species of treefrog in the Brazilian semiarid.

Braz J Biol 2020 May 20. Epub 2020 May 20.

Departamento de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Estadual do Sudoeste da Bahia, Jequié, BA, Brasil.

Phyllodytes tuberculosus is a bromeligenous anuran species whose geographic distribution is restricted to areas of the Caatinga and to transition zones between Caatinga and Atlantic Forest in the central-south of the state of Bahia. Its existence in close relationship with bromeliads and its occurrence in dry and highly seasonal environments drove us to the supposition that species is opportunistic/generalist regard to diet. We collected the items present in the stomach of 43 P. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1519-6984.229742DOI Listing

The influence of preoperative external rotation weakness or stiffness on reverse total shoulder arthroplasty.

JSES Int 2020 Jun 6;4(2):382-387. Epub 2020 May 6.

Exactech, Inc., Gainesville, FL, USA.

Background: Some reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (rTSA) patients may have limited preoperative external rotation (ER) because of stiffness or weakness. Currently it is not known if this affects their clinical outcome or if their ER will improve after surgery.

Methods: A multicenter shoulder arthroplasty database was queried to analyze patients undergoing a primary rTSA using a single prosthesis design featuring a medial glenoid-lateral humerus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jseint.2020.02.006DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7256884PMC

Innovative patient education and pain management protocols to achieve opioid-free shoulder arthroplasty.

JSES Int 2020 Jun 4;4(2):362-365. Epub 2020 May 4.

Levitetz Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Cleveland Clinic Florida, Weston, FL, USA.

Background: The creation of pain as the fifth vital sign led to skyrocketing opioid prescriptions and a crisis with addiction and abuse among Americans. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a patient engagement model including education and innovative opioid-free multimodal pain management to achieve an opioid-free recovery after shoulder arthroplasty (SA).

Methods: Fifty patients undergoing SA were divided into 2 groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jseint.2020.01.005DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7256883PMC

Effect of biceps tenodesis on speed of recovery after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair.

JSES Int 2020 Jun 24;4(2):341-346. Epub 2020 Feb 24.

Department of Orthopedics, Holy Cross Orthopedic Research Institute, Fort Lauderdale, FL, USA.

Background: Concomitant biceps tendon pathology is often present in patients undergoing rotator cuff repair (RCR). Management of biceps pathology has been reported to influence outcomes of RCR; however, the impact on the pace of recovery remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of simultaneous RCR with biceps tenodesis (RCR-BT) on time to achieve maximum improvement and recovery speed for pain and function. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jseint.2019.12.010DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7256889PMC

Multibeam bathymetry data of discovery gap in the eastern North Atlantic.

Data Brief 2020 Aug 13;31:105679. Epub 2020 May 13.

Shirshov Institute of Oceanology, Russian Academy of Sciences.

We present a multibeam bathymetry dataset of Discovery Gap; a narrow gap in ridge of the Azores-Gibraltar Fracture Zone (eastern North Atlantic). The gap serves as gateway for the exchange of deep water between the Madeira and Iberian abyssal plains. A bathymetric survey was carried out during the 43 cruise of the research vessel (R/V) in October 2019. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dib.2020.105679DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7260289PMC

Anisakid nematode species identification in harbour porpoises () from the North Sea, Baltic Sea and North Atlantic using RFLP analysis.

Int J Parasitol Parasites Wildl 2020 Aug 20;12:93-98. Epub 2020 May 20.

Institute for Terrestrial and Aquatic Wildlife Research (ITAW), University of Veterinary Medicine, Foundation, Hannover, Werftstrasse 6, 25761, Büsum, Germany.

Harbour porpoises () are the only native cetacean species in the German North and Baltic Seas and the final host of (.) , which infects their first and second gastric compartments and may cause chronic ulcerative gastritis. belongs to the family Anisakidae (Ascaridoidea, Rhabditida) as well as the phocine gastric nematode species (. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijppaw.2020.05.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7260678PMC

Isotopic niche differs between seal and fish-eating killer whales () in northern Norway.

Ecol Evol 2020 May 8;10(9):4115-4127. Epub 2020 Apr 8.

Department of Biosciences University of Oslo Oslo Norway.

Ecological diversity has been reported for killer whales () throughout the North Atlantic but patterns of prey specialization have remained poorly understood. We quantify interindividual dietary variations in killer whales ( = 38) sampled throughout the year in 2017-2018 in northern Norway using stable isotopic nitrogen (δN: N/N) and carbon (δC: C/C) ratios. A Gaussian mixture model assigned sampled individuals to three differentiated clusters, characterized by disparate nonoverlapping isotopic niches, that were consistent with predatory field observations: seal-eaters, herring-eaters, and lumpfish-eaters. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ece3.6182DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7244801PMC

Assessment of spatial genetic structure to identify populations at risk for infection of an emerging epizootic disease.

Ecol Evol 2020 May 22;10(9):3977-3990. Epub 2020 Apr 22.

U.S. Geological Survey Pennsylvania Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit The Pennsylvania State University University Park PA USA.

Understanding the geographic extent and connectivity of wildlife populations can provide important insights into the management of disease outbreaks but defining patterns of population structure is difficult for widely distributed species. Landscape genetic analyses are powerful methods for identifying cryptic structure and movement patterns that may be associated with spatial epizootic patterns in such cases.We characterized patterns of population substructure and connectivity using microsatellite genotypes from 2,222 white-tailed deer () in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States, a region where chronic wasting disease was first detected in 2009. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ece3.6161DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7244803PMC

Genetic connectivity of lionfish () in marine protected areas of the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea.

Ecol Evol 2020 May 16;10(9):3844-3855. Epub 2020 Apr 16.

Laboratorio de Ecología de Ecosistemas de Arrecifes Coralinos Departamento de Recursos del Mar Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del I.P.N.- Unidad Mérida Mérida México.

Lionfish () have rapidly invaded the tropical Atlantic and spread across the wider Caribbean in a relatively short period of time. Because of its high invasion capacity, we used it as a model to identify the connectivity among nine marine protected areas (MPAs) situated in four countries in the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea. This study provides evidence of local genetic differentiation of in the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ece3.5829DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7244795PMC

Resilience of aquatic systems: Review and management implications.

Aquat Sci 2020 Mar;82(2):1-44

Office of Research and Development, Center for Environmental Measurement and Modeling, Watershed and Ecosystem Characterization Division, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, OH, USA.

Our understanding of how ecosystems function has changed from an equilibria-based view to one that recognizes the dynamic, fluctuating, nonlinear nature of aquatic systems. This current understanding requires that we manage systems for resilience. In this review, we examine how resilience has been defined, measured and applied in aquatic systems, and more broadly, in the socioecological systems in which they are embedded. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00027-020-00717-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7265686PMC

Efficient Synthesis of Asymmetric Miktoarm Star Polymers.

Macromolecules 2020 Jan 8;53(2):702-710. Epub 2020 Jan 8.

Materials Department, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106, United States.

Asymmetric miktoarm star polymers comprising an unequal number of chemically-distinct blocks connected at a common junction produce unique material properties, yet existing synthetic strategies are beleaguered by complicated reaction schemes that are restricted in both monomer scope and yield. Here, we introduce a new synthetic approach coined "μSTAR" - Miktoarm Synthesis by Termination After Ring-opening metathesis polymerization - that circumvents these traditional synthetic limitations by constructing the block-block junction in a scalable, one-pot process involving (1) grafting-through polymerization of a macromonomer followed by (2) enyne-mediated termination to install a single mikto-arm with exceptional efficiency. This modular μSTAR platform cleanly generates AB and A(BA') miktoarm star polymers with unprecedented versatility in the selection of A and B chemistries as demonstrated using many common polymer building blocks: poly(siloxane), poly(acrylate), poly(methacrylate), poly(ether), poly(ester), and poly(styrene). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.macromol.9b02380DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7266137PMC
January 2020

Killed in action (KIA): an analysis of military personnel who died of their injuries before reaching a definitive medical treatment facility in Afghanistan (2004-2014).

BMJ Mil Health 2020 Jun 2. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Academic Department of Military Emergency Medicine, Royal Centre for Defence Medicine (Research and Academia), Birmingham, UK.

Introduction: The majority of combat deaths occur before arrival at a medical treatment facility but no previous studies have comprehensively examined this phase of care.

Methods: The UK Joint Theatre Trauma Registry was used to identify all UK military personnel who died in Afghanistan (2004-2014). These data were linked to non-medical tactical and operational records to provide an accurate timeline of events. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjmilitary-2020-001490DOI Listing

Ionoregulatory aspects of the hypoxia-induced osmorespiratory compromise in the euryhaline Atlantic killifish (): the effects of salinity.

J Exp Biol 2020 Jun 2. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Department of Zoology, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, V6T 1Z4, Canada.

The osmorespiratory compromise is a physiological trade-off between the characteristics of the gill that promote respiratory gas-exchange and those that limit passive fluxes of ions and water with the environment. In hypoxia, changes in gill blood flow patterns and functional surface area that increase gas transfer can promote an exacerbation in ion and water fluxes. Our goal was to determine whether the osmorespiratory compromise is flexible, depending on environmental salinity (fresh, isosmotic and sea water) and oxygen levels (hypoxia) in euryhaline killifish, Plasma ion concentrations were minimally affected by hypoxia, indicating a maintenance of osmoregulatory homeostasis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1242/jeb.216309DOI Listing

Multiple drainage reversal episodes and glacial refugia in a Patagonian fish revealed by sequenced microsatellites.

Proc Biol Sci 2020 Jun 3;287(1928):20200468. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Department of Biology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.

The rise of the southern Andes and the Quaternary glacial cycles influenced the landscape of Patagonia, affecting the phylogeographic and biogeographic patterns of its flora and fauna. Here, we examine the phylogeography of the freshwater fish, using 53 sequenced microsatellite DNA markers Fish ( 835) were collected from 16 river systems (46 locations) spanning the species range on both sides of the Andes. Eleven watersheds drain to the Pacific, five of which are trans-Andean (headwaters east of Andes). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2020.0468DOI Listing

Postinjury Engagement With the Police and Access to Care Among Victims of Violent Street Crime: Does Criminal History Matter?

J Interpers Violence 2020 Jun 2:886260520922520. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

This study examines whether victims of violent street crimes who are known to the police as past offenders, when compared with victims with no arrest history, have different outcomes related to receipt of victim and health-related services, while taking into consideration whether or not police responded to the victimization incident. The sample is comprised of 103 men and women between the age of 18 and 40 living in one Mid-Atlantic city who were victims of street violence within the year before study recruitment. Logistic regression was used to assess the impact of police response to the victimization incident on receipt of victim services, and receipt of victim services on engagement with counseling and mental health services. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260520922520DOI Listing

Assessing auditory masking for management of underwater anthropogenic noise.

J Acoust Soc Am 2020 May;147(5):3408

Department of Biology, University of Victoria, 3800 Finnerty Road, Victoria, British Columbia V8P 5C2, Canada.

Masking is often assessed by quantifying changes, due to increasing noise, to an animal's communication or listening range. While the methods used to measure communication or listening ranges are functionally similar if used for vocalizations, they differ in their approaches: communication range is focused on the sender's call, while the listening range is centered on the listener's ability to perceive any signal. How these two methods differ in their use and output is important for management recommendations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/10.0001218DOI Listing

Genome-Wide Association Study Confirms Previous Findings of Major Loci Affecting Resistance to in Atlantic Salmon ( L.).

Genes (Basel) 2020 May 30;11(6). Epub 2020 May 30.

Benchmark Genetics Norway AS, Sandviksboder 3A, N-5035 Bergen, Norway.

Cardiomyopathy syndrome is a viral disease of Atlantic salmon, mostly affecting fish during the late stages of production, resulting in significant losses to the industry. It has been shown that resistance to this disease has a strong genetic component, with quantitative trait loci (QTL) on chromosomes 27 (Ssa27) and Ssa12 to explain most of the additive genetic variance. Here, by analysing animals from a different year-class and a different population, we further aimed to confirm and narrow down the locations of these QTL. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/genes11060608DOI Listing

Bioaccumulation of heavy metals in Spartina.

Funct Plant Biol 2013 Aug;40(9):913-921

The Spartina Schreb. genus is composed of C4 perennial grasses in the family Poaceae. They are native to the coasts of the Atlantic Ocean in western and southern Europe, north-west and southern Africa, the Americas and the southern Atlantic Ocean islands. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/FP12271DOI Listing

Water relations of an invasive halophyte (Spartina patens): osmoregulation and ionic effects on xylem hydraulics.

Funct Plant Biol 2015 Mar;42(3):264-273

Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste, Via L. Giorgieri 10, 34127 Trieste, Italy.

Spartina patens (Ait.) Muhl. is a grass native to the Atlantic coastal area of North America currently invading salt marsh ecosystems in several regions of Europe. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/FP14172DOI Listing

Validated shipping noise maps of the Northeast Atlantic.

Sci Total Environ 2020 May 19;735:139509. Epub 2020 May 19.

Centre for Environment, Fisheries & Aquaculture Science (Cefas), Lowestoft, Suffolk, UK.

Underwater noise pollution from shipping is globally pervasive and has a range of adverse impacts on species which depend on sound, including marine mammals, sea turtles, fish, and many invertebrates. International bodies including United Nations agencies, the Arctic Council, and the European Union are beginning to address the issue at the policy level, but better evidence is needed to map levels of underwater noise pollution and the potential benefits of management measures such as ship-quieting regulations. Crucially, corroboration of noise maps with field measurements is presently lacking, which undermines confidence in their application to policymaking. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.139509DOI Listing

Mapping marine litter on coastal dunes with unmanned aerial systems: A showcase on the Atlantic Coast.

Sci Total Environ 2020 May 22;736:139632. Epub 2020 May 22.

MARE - Marine and Environmental Sciences Centre, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Universidade NOVA de Lisboa, Campus da Caparica, 2829-516 Caparica, Portugal. Electronic address:

Marine litter pollution on coastal dunes has received limited scientific attention when compared with sandy shores. This paper proposes a new framework based on the combined use of Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) and a mobile application to map and quantify marine macro-litter (>2.5 cm) accumulation on coastal dunes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.139632DOI Listing

Isotopic Discrimination (δN, δC) in Captive and Wild Common Murres () and Atlantic Puffins ().

Physiol Biochem Zool 2020 Jul/Aug;93(4):296-309

Studying the diet of consumers using stable isotopes provides insight into the foraging ecology of individuals and species. To accurately reconstruct the integrated diet of animals using stable isotope values, we must quantify diet-tissue discrimination factors (DTDFs), or the way in which stable isotopes in prey are incorporated into the tissues of consumers. To quantify DTDFs, controlled experiments are needed, whereby consumers are fed a constant diet. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/709460DOI Listing

Honey Bee Queen Production: Canadian Costing Case Study and Profitability Analysis.

J Econ Entomol 2020 Jun 2. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada, Beaverlodge Research Farm, Beaverlodge, Alberta, Canada.

The decline in managed honey bee (Hymenoptera: Apidae) colony health worldwide has had a significant impact on the beekeeping industry. To mitigate colony losses, beekeepers in Canada and around the world introduce queens into replacement colonies; however, Canada's short queen rearing season has historically limited the production of early season queens. As a result, Canadian beekeepers rely on the importation of foreign bees, particularly queens from warmer climates. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jee/toaa102DOI Listing

Controls on surface water carbonate chemistry along North American ocean margins.

Nat Commun 2020 Jun 1;11(1):2691. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

NOAA Ocean Acidification Program, 1315 East-West Highway, Silver Spring, MD, 20910, USA.

Syntheses of carbonate chemistry spatial patterns are important for predicting ocean acidification impacts, but are lacking in coastal oceans. Here, we show that along the North American Atlantic and Gulf coasts the meridional distributions of dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) and carbonate mineral saturation state (Ω) are controlled by partial equilibrium with the atmosphere resulting in relatively low DIC and high Ω in warm southern waters and the opposite in cold northern waters. However, pH and the partial pressure of CO (pCO) do not exhibit a simple spatial pattern and are controlled by local physical and net biological processes which impede equilibrium with the atmosphere. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-16530-zDOI Listing

Adaptive Validation Design: A Bayesian Approach to Validation Substudy Design With Prospective Data Collection.

Epidemiology 2020 Jul;31(4):509-516

From the Department of Epidemiology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA.

An internal validation substudy compares an imperfect measurement of a variable with a gold-standard measurement in a subset of the study population. Validation data permit calculation of a bias-adjusted estimate, which has the same expected value as the association that would have been observed had the gold-standard measurement been available for the entire study population. Existing guidance on optimal sampling for validation substudies assumes complete enrollment and follow-up of the target cohort. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/EDE.0000000000001209DOI Listing

Management factors associated with perinatal lamb mortality in Prince Edward Island flocks.

Prev Vet Med 2020 May 16;180:105035. Epub 2020 May 16.

Department of Population Medicine, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, ON N1G 2W1, Canada.

The objective of this observational cohort study was to identify management factors associated with lamb mortality risk for sheep flocks in Prince Edward Island, Canada. Data were collected from 50 lambing groups from 36 sheep flocks during 3 farm visits before, during and after the lambing seasons in 2014-15. Variables of interest included flock management practices, ewe health indicators, ewe nutrition, litter size and lamb birth weight. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.prevetmed.2020.105035DOI Listing

Holocene moisture variations in the Arid Central Asia: New evidence from the southern Altai Mountains of China.

Sci Total Environ 2020 May 19;735:139545. Epub 2020 May 19.

College of Environment and Planning, Henan University, Jinming Street, Kaifeng 475004, China. Electronic address:

A continuous peat sequence collected in the southern Altai Mountains provides a new opportunity to reconstruct the Holocene vegetation and moisture history in the Arid Central Asia. Based on pollen data of 190 samples with a chronologic support of eight AMS dates from a 380-cm core at Tuolehaite (TLHT) Peat, the Holocene moisture variations in the southern Altai Mountains of China were reconstructed. The reconstruction revealed a wet early Holocene (~10,600-~8500cal. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.139545DOI Listing

Impulsive noise pollution in the Northeast Atlantic: Reported activity during 2015-2017.

Mar Pollut Bull 2020 Mar 17;152:110951. Epub 2020 Feb 17.

Aarhus University, Roskilde, Denmark.

Underwater noise pollution from impulsive sources (e.g. explosions, seismic airguns, percussive pile driving) can affect marine fauna through mortality, physical injury, auditory damage, physiological stress, acoustic masking, and behavioural responses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2020.110951DOI Listing

An Assessment of Climate Induced Increase in Soil Water Availability for Soil Bacterial Communities Exposed to Long-Term Differential Phosphorus Fertilization.

Front Microbiol 2020 15;11:682. Epub 2020 May 15.

School of Biology and Environmental Science, Earth Institute, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland.

The fate of future food productivity depends primarily upon the health of soil used for cultivation. For Atlantic Europe, increased precipitation is predicted during both winter and summer months. Interactions between climate change and the fertilization of land used for agriculture are therefore vital to understand. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2020.00682DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7242630PMC

Validation of the RUDAS for the Identification of Dementia in Illiterate and Low-Educated Older Adults in Lima, Peru.

Front Neurol 2020 5;11:374. Epub 2020 May 5.

Servicio de Neurología, Instituto Peruano de Neurociencias, Lima, Peru.

To evaluate the performance of the Peruvian version of the Rowland Universal Dementia Assessment Scale (RUDAS-PE) in discriminating between controls and patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and dementia in an illiterate population with low-levels of education. We compared the cognitive performance of 187 elderly subjects who were illiterate (controls = 60; MCI = 64; dementia = 63). Neuropsychological measures included the RUDAS-PE, Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), INECO Frontal Screening (IFS), and Pfeffer Functional Activities Questionnaire (PFAQ). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fneur.2020.00374DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7232574PMC

Analysis of GWAS-Derived Schizophrenia Genes for Links to Ischemia-Hypoxia Response of the Brain.

Front Psychiatry 2020 12;11:393. Epub 2020 May 12.

Department of Psychiatry and Neuropsychology, School for Mental Health and Neuroscience, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht, Netherlands.

Obstetric complications (OCs) can induce major adverse conditions for early brain development and predispose to mental disorders, including schizophrenia (SCZ). We previously hypothesized that SCZ candidate genes respond to ischemia-hypoxia as part of OCs which impacts neurodevelopment. We here tested for an overlap between SCZ genes from genome-wide association study (GWAS) (n=458 genes from 145 loci of the most recent GWAS dataset in SCZ) and gene sets for ischemia-hypoxia response. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2020.00393DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7235330PMC

Hungry scale worms: Phylogenetics of (Polynoidae, Annelida), with four new species.

Zookeys 2020 12;932:27-74. Epub 2020 May 12.

Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093-0202, USA University of California San Diego La Jolla United States of America.

Polynoidae Kinberg, 1856 has five branchiate genera: Pettibone, 1984, Pettibone, 1985, Pettibone, 1985, Desbruyères & Laubier, 1988, and Miura, 1994, all native to deep-sea, chemosynthetic-based habitats. Of these, has two accepted species; Desbruyères & Laubier, 1988 (Atlantic Ocean) and Pettibone, 1993 (East Pacific Ocean). The goal of this study was to assess the phylogenetic position of , utilizing DNA sequences from a broad sampling of deep-sea polynoids. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.932.48532DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7237507PMC

Consequences of Piscine orthoreovirus genotype 1 (PRV-1) infections in Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha), coho salmon (O. kisutch) and rainbow trout (O. mykiss).

J Fish Dis 2020 May 31. Epub 2020 May 31.

U.S. Geological Survey, Western Fisheries Research Center, Seattle, WA, USA.

Piscine orthoreovirus genotype 1 (PRV-1) is the causative agent of heart and skeletal muscle inflammation (HSMI) in farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.). The virus has also been found in Pacific salmonids in western North America, raising concerns about the risk to native salmon and trout. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jfd.13182DOI Listing

An uncontrolled pilot feasibility trial of an intuitive eating intervention for college women with disordered eating delivered through group and guided self-help modalities.

Int J Eat Disord 2020 Jun 1. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Department of Psychology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia, USA.

Objective: College women engage in high rates of disordered eating behaviors (DEBs), and most do not receive treatment. Campuses lack resources to meet this need, thus accessible and affordable treatment options are important. Intuitive eating (IE) is gaining mainstream interest, but intervention research is scarce, with no known clinical trials in college women. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/eat.23319DOI Listing

Effects of Goussia infecting the blue whiting and phylogenetic placement of Goussia infecting marine fish off Northern Portugal.

Parasitol Res 2020 Jun 1. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Biology Department, Faculty of Sciences, University of Porto, Rua do Campo Alegre, Edifício FC4, 4169-007, Porto, Portugal.

Coccidian parasites of fish have received considerably less attention than their terrestrial counterparts, and within piscine hosts, most studies have focused on freshwater fish. The present study aimed to describe oocyst morphology, phylogenetic affinities, and the impacts of coccidian parasites infecting the internal organs of a commercially valuable marine fish, the blue whiting (Micromesistius poutassou), captured off the Portuguese coast. As part of the phylogenetic analysis, sequences from coccidians infecting the pout (Trisopterus luscus) and the Atlantic chub mackerel (Scomber colias) were included, and the oocyst morphology of the coccidians infecting the former was also reported. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00436-020-06727-yDOI Listing

Identification of four new Kudoa spp. (Myxozoa: Myxosporea: Multivalvulida) in commercial fishes collected from South China Sea, Atlantic Ocean, and Bering Sea by integrated taxonomic approach.

Parasitol Res 2020 Jun 1. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Laboratory of Parasitology, Joint Graduate School of Veterinary Medicine, Yamaguchi University, 1677-1 Yoshida, Yamaguchi, 753-8515, Japan.

Members of the myxosporean genus Kudoa are defined as having a myxospore with four or more shell valves (SVs) and a corresponding number of polar capsules (PCs). Here, we employed integrated taxonomic approaches to four kudoid isolates from Acentrogobius chlorostigmatoides and Konosirus punctatus from the South China Sea, off Guangdong, Pentanemus quinquarius from the Southeast Atlantic Ocean, off West African coast, and Atheresthes stomias from the Bering Sea, off Alaska, and concluded that all these kudoids were novel species, named Kudoa acentrogobia n. sp. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00436-020-06707-2DOI Listing

An improved common spatial pattern combined with channel-selection strategy for electroencephalography-based emotion recognition.

Med Eng Phys 2020 May 19. Epub 2020 May 19.

School of Computer Science and Technology, Georgia Institute of Technology, 801 Atlantic Dr NW, Atlanta, GA 30332, USA. Electronic address:

Emotional human-computer interaction (HCI) has become an important research area in the fields of artificial intelligence and cognitive science, owing to the requirement for active emotion perception. To enhance the performance of electroencephalography (EEG)-based emotional HCI, this paper proposes an improved common spatial pattern combined with a channel-selection strategy (ICSPCS) for EEG-based emotion recognition. Specifically, we first use a common spatial pattern algorithm to design a spatial domain filter according to three different emotions (positive, neutral, and negative). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.medengphy.2020.05.006DOI Listing

Identification, tissue characterization, and innate immune role of Angiogenin-4 expression in young broiler chickens.

Poult Sci 2020 Jun 15;99(6):2992-3000. Epub 2020 Apr 15.

Department of Pathology and Microbiology, Atlantic Veterinary College, University of Prince Edward Island, Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, Canada. Electronic address:

Intestinal epithelial cells are major producers of antimicrobial proteins, which play an important role in innate immunity. In addition to defensins, the Ribonuclease A superfamily includes important antimicrobial proteins involved in host-defense mechanisms in vertebrates. Angiogenin-4 (Ang4), a member of this RNase superfamily, has been demonstrated to be secreted by Paneth cells in mice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psj.2020.03.022DOI Listing

The Development of a Brief Version of the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI-3) in Older Adult Veterans with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.

Behav Sleep Med 2020 Jun 1:1-11. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Child and Adolescent Services Research Center , San Diego, California.

Objective/background: The Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) is an insomnia self-report measure used to identify individuals at risk for insomnia disorder. Although the full ISI is only seven questions, a briefer version would allow more efficient and pragmatic administration in routine practice settings. Reliable and valid brief measures can support measurement-based care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15402002.2020.1760278DOI Listing

Microscopic and macroscopic comparisons of 0.223 soft point and full metal jacket ammunition with bos taurus scapulae as a proxy to human flat bones.

BMJ Mil Health 2020 May 30. Epub 2020 May 30.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Musculoskeletal Medicine, University of Otago Christchurch, Christchurch, New Zealand.

Background: The prevalence of civilian 0.223 ammunition is widespread. Due to low costs and the same dimensions as a 5. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjmilitary-2020-001491DOI Listing

Antibiotic dry cow therapy, somatic cell count, and milk production: Retrospective analysis of the associations in dairy herd recording data using multilevel growth models.

Prev Vet Med 2020 May 19;180:105028. Epub 2020 May 19.

Department of Production Animal Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Helsinki, Paroninkuja 20, 04920 Saarentaus, Finland. Electronic address:

Antibiotic dry cow therapy (DCT) is an important part of most mastitis control programs. Updating DCT recommendations is an ongoing topic due to the global problem of antimicrobial resistance. Finland, along with other Nordic countries, has implemented selective DCT for decades. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.prevetmed.2020.105028DOI Listing

Rate and risk factors for post-adenotonsillectomy complications in children under 24 months and 24 to 36 months old.

Am J Otolaryngol 2020 May 16;41(4):102546. Epub 2020 May 16.

The Center for Pediatric ENT - Head & Neck Surgery, 10150 Hagen Ranch Rd, Suite B-900, Boynton Beach, FL 33437, United States; Florida Atlantic University Charles E. Schmidt College of Medicine, 777 Glades Road, BC-71, Boca Raton, FL 33431, United States. Electronic address:

Purpose: The primary purpose of this study was to assess the overall rate of postoperative complications after adenotonsillectomy in children under 24 months old relative to children 24-36 months old. Our secondary goal focused on quantifying specific preoperative risk factors that predispose children to postoperative complications.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 248 patients who underwent adenotonsillectomy at our ENT office from 2006 to 2011. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amjoto.2020.102546DOI Listing

Cellular stress orchestrates the localization of hnRNP H to stress granules.

Exp Cell Res 2020 May 27:112111. Epub 2020 May 27.

Atlantic Cancer Research Institute, Moncton, New Brunswick, Canada; Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry, Université de Moncton, Moncton, New Brunswick, Canada; Senior Scientist, Beatrice Hunter Cancer Research Institute, Canada. Electronic address:

Heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein (hnRNP) H is a member of hnRNP H/F protein subfamily of hnRNPs that regulate the maturation and post-transcriptional processing of pre-mRNA. As a component of an mRNA export complex, hnRNP H shuttles mature mRNA from the nucleus to the cytoplasm. Although hnRNP H is primarily a nuclear protein, it can accumulate in the cytoplasm in certain tissues and cell types; however, the physiological relevance of hnRNP H cytoplasmic accumulation is unknown. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.yexcr.2020.112111DOI Listing

Diversity of Calliphoridae and Mesembrinellidae (Diptera: Oestroidea) in a Mangrove, Restinga, and Forest Landscapes From a Lagoon Complex on an Atlantic Forest Coastline (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil).

J Med Entomol 2020 May 30. Epub 2020 May 30.

Departamento de Microbiologia e Parasitologia, Universidade Federal do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Diptera Mesembrinellidae present great ecological importance as potential bioindicators and Calliphoridae stand out for their medical-sanitary importance as potential vectors of pathogens and causes of human and animal diseases such as myiasis. They beneficially aid in elucidating crimes in forensic entomology, contributing to determine the postmortem interval (PMI) and assisting in the healing process of necrotic wounds in larval therapy. This study aimed to inventory the Calliphoridae and Mesembrinellidae fauna in order to evaluate structural parameters and to apply faunal indexes in catching species in the Itaipu-Piratininga lagoon complex, in Niterói (Rio de Janeiro), Brazil. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jme/tjaa091DOI Listing