346 results match your criteria Athletes With Disabilities


Medical and Musculoskeletal Concerns for the Wheelchair Athlete: A Review of Preventative Strategies.

Authors:
Rebecca A Dutton

Curr Sports Med Rep 2019 Jan;18(1):9-16

University of New Mexico, Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation.

Adaptive sports refers to organized sporting activities that are practiced by individuals with disabilities and are worthwhile to maintain physical and psychological health. As adaptive sports participation continues to rise, health care providers must have an enhanced understanding of injury and illness patterns specific to the adaptive athlete. Early recognition and prevention are important to ensure safe and successful participation in sport. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1249/JSR.0000000000000560DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Global prevalence of dental caries in athletes with intellectual disabilities: An epidemiological systematic review and meta-analysis.

Spec Care Dentist 2018 Dec 28. Epub 2018 Dec 28.

Postgraduate Program, School of Dentistry, Fluminense Federal University, Niterói, RJ, Brazil.

Aims: This study aimed to perform an epidemiological systematic review and meta-analysis to estimate the global prevalence of dental caries in athletes with intellectual disabilities.

Methods And Results: This study was registered in PROSPERO (CRD42017068127). A systematic and extensive search was conducted in the Pubmed, Scopus, Web of Science, Virtual Health Library (Lilacs) databases, and Grey literature from inception up to April 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/scd.12349DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Asthma prevalence and control levels among Special Olympics athletes, and asthma-related knowledge of their coaches.

J Intellect Disabil Res 2018 Dec 19. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Faculty of Health Science, University of Ontario Institute of Technology, Oshawa, Ontario, Canada.

Background: The prevalence of asthma among athletes with intellectual disabilities, and the asthma knowledge levels of their coaches, is unknown.

Methods: Special Olympics Canada athletes completed a demographic questionnaire (n = 208). Athletes who identified as having ever or current asthma completed the Asthma Control Questionnaire and the Mini Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire and were measured for height, weight and lung function (n = 73). Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/jir.12579
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jir.12579DOI Listing
December 2018
6 Reads

Evaluation of Dietary Supplement Use in Wheelchair Rugby Athletes.

Nutrients 2018 Dec 11;10(12). Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Health and Physical Education, Mount Royal University, Calgary, AB T3E 6K6, Canada.

Wheelchair rugby is a rapidly growing Paralympic sport; however, research remains predominantly in the realms of physiology and biomechanics. Currently, there is little investigation into nutrition and dietary supplement use among wheelchair rugby athletes (WRA). The aim of this study was to assess the types of dietary supplements (DS) used, the prevalence of usage, and the reasons for use among WRA. Read More

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http://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/10/12/1958
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu10121958DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6315401PMC
December 2018
19 Reads

"Our Voices, Our Meaning": The Social Representations of Sports for Brazilian Athletes With Disabilities.

Adapt Phys Activ Q 2019 Jan 12;36(1):42-60. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

1 University of Porto.

This study aimed to identify the social representations of sports for Brazilian athletes with disabilities and to understand the extent to which sports can contribute to their empowerment. A total of 153 Brazilian athletes of various sports and with different types of disabilities took part in the study (122 men and 31 women; M = 31.91 years, SD = 9. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/apaq.2017-0206DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Classifying motor coordination impairment in Para swimmers with brain injury.

J Sci Med Sport 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

School of Health and Sport Sciences, University of the Sunshine Coast, Australia.

Objectives: The International Paralympic Committee has mandated that International Sport Federations develop sport-specific classification systems that are evidence-based. This study examined the predictive and convergent validity of instrumented tapping tasks to classify motor coordination impairments in Para swimming.

Design: Cross-sectional. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2018.11.015DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Prevalence of dental trauma in individuals with special needs participating in local Special Olympics games.

Spec Care Dentist 2019 Jan 15;39(1):34-38. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Department of Pediatric Dentistry, The Maurice and Gabriela Goldschleger School of Dental Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Objectives: The Special Olympics Special Smiles (SOSS) Program provides oral health screening and data collection for athletes with intellectual disabilities who participate in Special Olympics events.

Aim: This study evaluated the prevalence and severity of dental trauma among Special Olympics athletes with intellectual disabilities who participated in the 2016 Israeli Special Olympics games.

Methods: A free voluntary dental examination was offered to all participating athletes. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/scd.12343
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/scd.12343DOI Listing
January 2019
10 Reads

Examination of gas exchange and blood lactate thresholds in Paralympic athletes during upper-body poling.

PLoS One 2018 31;13(10):e0205588. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Centre for Elite Sports Research, Department of Neuroscience and Movement Science, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.

Objectives: The primary aim was to compare physiological and perceptual outcome parameters identified at common gas exchange and blood lactate (BLa) thresholds in Paralympic athletes while upper-body poling. The secondary aim was to compare the fit of the breakpoint models used to identify thresholds in the gas exchange thresholds data versus continuous linear and curvilinear (no-breakpoint) models.

Methods: Fifteen elite Para ice hockey players performed seven to eight 5-min stages at increasing workload until exhaustion during upper-body poling. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0205588PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6209185PMC
October 2018
3 Reads

Challenges of imaging injured Paralympic Athletes.

Eur J Radiol 2018 Nov 20;108:283-287. Epub 2018 Jul 20.

Royal Liverpool University Hospital, Liverpool, UK.

The pattern and mechanism of sports injuries in disabled athletes and the challenges to overcome such injuries is well documented. However, there is limited information regarding the specifics of medical imaging of the injured disabled athletes. This article, reflects on the experience gained during the organisation and provision of the imaging services for the London 2012 Paralympic games. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0720048X183025
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejrad.2018.07.019DOI Listing
November 2018
12 Reads
2.370 Impact Factor

Anabolic-androgenic steroids: procurement and administration practices of doping athletes.

Phys Sportsmed 2019 02 1;47(1):10-14. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

g Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Urology , Juntendo University , Tokyo Japan.

Performance enhancing substances are becoming increasingly popular amongst bodybuilders and people who want to enhance their physiques. However, due to the rise of the Internet and laws prohibiting sales of these substances without prescription, the route of procurement and administration practices have become more and more dangerous. Prior to the mid-1970's, anabolic steroids were not regulated and easily available from physicians and pharmacies in several countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00913847.2018.1526626DOI Listing
February 2019
8 Reads

Influence of wheelchair user interface and personal characteristics on static and dynamic pretibial skin pressures in elite wheelchair racers, a pilot study.

J Spinal Cord Med 2018 Aug 21:1-9. Epub 2018 Aug 21.

a Department of Kinesiology and Community Health , College of Applied Health Sciences, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign , Illinois , USA.

Context/objective: To examine personal (athletic classification, age, sex, body mass index, duration of disability, tactile sensation of lower extremities) and wheelchair (kneeling plate angle) factors associated with increased pretibial skin pressures in elite wheelchair racers.

Design: Cross-sectional study.

Setting: University-based laboratory in Champaign, USA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10790268.2018.1508954DOI Listing
August 2018
3 Reads
1.880 Impact Factor

Return to Recreational Sporting Activities Following Total Shoulder Arthroplasty.

Orthop J Sports Med 2018 Jul 5;6(7):2325967118782672. Epub 2018 Jul 5.

Steadman Philippon Research Institute, Vail, Colorado, USA.

Background: Patients are staying active longer and expect to return to sports or continue participating in recreational activities after total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) for primary glenohumeral osteoarthritis.

Purpose/hypothesis: The purpose of this study was to assess the ability of patients to return to recreational sports following TSA. We hypothesized that TSA would allow a high rate of return to recreational sports. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2325967118782672DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6055269PMC
July 2018
3 Reads

The frequency of post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms in athletes with and without sports related concussion.

Clin Transl Med 2018 Jul 23;7(1):25. Epub 2018 Jul 23.

University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA, USA.

Background: Purpose of this study is to investigate the presence and frequency of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in post-concussed (PC) athletes compared to a group of healthy control (HC) athletes.

Research Design And Method: A pre and post-test group design was used to compare a post-concussed group to a matched healthy control group of athletes. An archival database which included PC (n = 62) and HC (n = 62) participants matched on age, years of education and gender who completed a test battery at baseline and post injury, The test battery was comprised of a neurocognitive assessment, self-reported symptom inventory and PTSD symptom questionnaire. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40169-018-0200-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6056355PMC
July 2018
2 Reads

Early Return to Play With Thumb Spica Gauntlet Casting for Ulnar Collateral Ligament Injuries Complicated by Adjacent Joint Dislocations in Collegiate Football Linemen.

Hand (N Y) 2018 Jul 1:1558944718788644. Epub 2018 Jul 1.

1 Houston Methodist Hospital, TX, USA.

Background: Treatment of thumb ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) ruptures in elite athletes aims to restore thumb stability while minimizing lost playing time. Thus, surgical repair with early protected return to play in a thumb spica cast has been advocated. The purpose of this study was to document adjacent joint dislocations after primary surgical repair sustained during protected return to play with thumb spica casting in elite-level football players. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1558944718788644
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1558944718788644DOI Listing
July 2018
7 Reads

Tobacco product use and smoking frequency among US adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities.

Authors:
E Eisenbaum

J Intellect Disabil Res 2018 Aug 19;62(8):709-718. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Human Development Institute, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA.

Background: People with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) have been overlooked in tobacco use research although they are likely to experience tobacco-related health disparities. This study examined tobacco product use and smoking frequency and amount among a sample of US Special Olympics athletes with IDD.

Methods: Multiple regression analysis was used to test whether age, gender, body mass index, blood pressure, bone density, eating fruits and vegetables and family member tobacco use were correlated with the number of cigarettes smoked per day. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jir.12507DOI Listing
August 2018
2 Reads

Ulnar collateral ligament reconstruction in athletes using a cortical button suspension technique.

J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2018 Aug 13;27(8):1366-1372. Epub 2018 Jun 13.

Department of Orthopaedics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA. Electronic address:

Background: A variety of techniques currently exist for ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) reconstruction in symptomatic overhead athletes, all with the potential complication of fracture about the humeral or ulnar tunnels. Far cortical button fixation is a reproducible, biomechanically attractive option; however, no clinical series has been published on this technique to date. This study reports the clinical outcomes, with minimum 2-year follow-up, of a dual far cortical button suspension technique for UCL reconstruction in athletes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jse.2018.04.009DOI Listing
August 2018
5 Reads

An Exploration of Sensation Seeking in Persons With Disabilities in Rehabilitation.

Rehabil Nurs 2018 May 3. Epub 2018 May 3.

Fort Sanders Regional Medical Center, Knoxville, TN, USA.

Purpose: This study reports the findings of a study about sensation-seeking or high-risk/challenging sports in persons who have disabilities.

Design: Exploratory, cross-sectional, and descriptive.

Methods: Two hundred and twenty-three recruitment e-mails were sent to potential participants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/rnj.0000000000000146DOI Listing
May 2018
17 Reads

Balance Training Reduces Postural Sway and Improves Sport-specific Performance in Visually Impaired Cross-Country Skiers.

J Strength Cond Res 2018 May 17. Epub 2018 May 17.

Department of Sport Science, University of Freiburg, Breisgau, Germany.

Kurz, A, Lauber, B, Franke, S, and Leukel, C. Balance training reduces postural sway and improves sport-specific performance in visually impaired cross-country skiers. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-Balance training is highly effective in reducing sport injuries and causes improvements in postural stability and rapid force production. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000002597DOI Listing
May 2018
6 Reads

Identifying dyslexia risk for sport-related concussion management: Sensitivity and specificity of self-report and rapid naming.

Clin Neuropsychol 2018 May 15:1-20. Epub 2018 May 15.

b Psychology , St. John's University , Queens , NY , USA.

Background: Dyslexia is the most common type of learning disability and studies have shown that student-athletes with learning disabilities sustain more concussions than their non-affected peers. However, current methods of dyslexia identification in college students are potentially invalid because they rely on students to self-report formal dyslexia diagnoses.

Methods: To test the accuracy of self-report against two alternative methods of dyslexia screening, 94 college students completed three dyslexia symptom inventories, two rapid naming (RAN) tasks, and a standard word reading measure. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13854046.2018.1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2018.1474950DOI Listing
May 2018
5 Reads

Effect of Vitamin D Supplementation on 25(OH)D Status in Elite Athletes With Spinal Cord Injury.

Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab 2019 Jan 8;29(1):18-23. Epub 2018 Sep 8.

3 Canadian Sport Institute Pacifics.

Recent studies suggest that a substantial proportion of athletes with spinal cord injury have insufficient 25(OH) vitamin D (25(OH)D) status, which may be associated with decreased muscle strength. This study consisted of two parts: (a) to examine the effects of a 12- to 16-week vitamin D supplementation protocol on 25(OH)D concentration and (b) to determine whether subsequent 25(OH)D status impacts muscle performance in elite athletes with spinal cord injury. Thirty-four members (age: 33 ± 15 years, weight: 69. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/ijsnem.2017-0233DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

From core belief challenge to posttraumatic growth in para sport athletes: moderated mediation by needs satisfaction and deliberate rumination.

Disabil Rehabil 2018 Apr 25:1-9. Epub 2018 Apr 25.

a Department of Health, Kinesiology, and Recreation , The University of Utah , Salt Lake City , UT , USA.

Purpose: To examine how deliberate rumination and psychological need satisfaction interact to facilitate posttraumatic growth for para sport athletes with acquired disability.

Methods: Utilizing a sample of 70 para sport athletes, the hypothesized mediating role of deliberate rumination was examined via a simple mediation model. The interaction between needs satisfaction and deliberate rumination and their effect on posttraumatic growth was examined utilizing a moderated mediation procedure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09638288.2018.1466203DOI Listing
April 2018
3 Reads

The Social Empowerment of Difference: The Potential Influence of Para sport.

Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am 2018 05;29(2):397-408

Social Anthropology of Sport, School of Sport Exercise and Health Science, Loughborough University, Loughborough LE11 3JE, UK. Electronic address:

This article explores the significance of parasport culture in highlighting an emancipatory understanding of difference and enhancing social empowerment. Disability studies are used to illuminate the influence of ableist ideology on people with impairments. Rather than being suppressed, difference should be recognized and valued in parasport practices and ideologies, leading to a pluralist culture, in which farther and wider social emancipation can be grounded. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pmr.2018.01.009DOI Listing
May 2018
1 Read

Para Sport Athletic Identity from Competition to Retirement: A Brief Review and Future Research Directions.

Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am 2018 05 19;29(2):387-396. Epub 2018 Feb 19.

Division of Kinesiology, Health and Sport Studies, Wayne State University, FAB Building, Detroit, MI 48202, USA. Electronic address:

The primary purpose of this article is to review the literature on para sport athletic identity and provide avenues for future research direction. First, the authors briefly describe the existing quantitative and qualitative research on para sport athletic identity and, thereby, illustrate the complexities para sport athletes experience regarding the way they describe their participation in competitive sport. Next, the authors describe how para sport athletes with acquired permanent disabilities and congenital disabilities face similar, yet unique, identity-related challenges. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pmr.2018.01.007DOI Listing
May 2018
3 Reads

Factors Associated With Self-Reported Concussion History in Middle School Athletes.

Clin J Sport Med 2018 Mar 26. Epub 2018 Mar 26.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.

Objective: Identifying personal characteristics associated with sustaining a concussion is of great interest, yet only a few have examined this in children. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between sex, neurodevelopmental disorders, health history, and lifetime history of self-reported concussion in 12- and 13-year-old athletes.

Design: Cross-sectional study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JSM.0000000000000594DOI Listing
March 2018
5 Reads

Physical self-concept and body dissatisfaction among Special Olympics athletes: A comparison between sex, weight status, and culture.

Res Dev Disabil 2018 May 13;76:1-11. Epub 2018 Mar 13.

Substantive Methodological Synergy Research Laboratory, Department of Psychology, Concordia University, 7141 Sherbrooke West, PY-146, Montreal, Quebec, H4B 1R6, Canada.

Background: Little research has looked at the associations between sex, weight status and culture, and the physical self-perceptions and body dissatisfaction of individuals with intellectual disabilities (ID) involved in Special Olympics (SO) sports.

Aims: To examine sex- (male vs female), weight status- (non-overweight/obese vs. overweight/obese), and culture-based (North American vs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2018.02.013DOI Listing
May 2018
4 Reads

Cross-cultural adaptation of Kerlan-Jobe Orthopaedic Clinic shoulder and elbow score: Reliability and validity in Turkish-speaking overhead athletes.

Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc 2018 May 9;52(3):206-210. Epub 2018 Mar 9.

Hacettepe University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, Ankara, Turkey.

Objective: Kerlan-Jobe Orthopaedic Clinic Shoulder and Elbow Score (KJOC-SES) is a subjective assessment tool to measure functional status of the upper extremities in overhead athletes. The aim was to translate and culturally adapt the KJOC-SES and to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Turkish version (KJOC-SES-Tr) in overhead athletes.

Methods: The forward and back-translation method was followed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aott.2018.02.007DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6136342PMC
May 2018
25 Reads

Individual and Contextual Correlates of Frequently Involved Special Olympics Athletes.

Am J Intellect Dev Disabil 2018 Mar;123(2):164-175

Yona Lunsky, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; and Jonathan A. Weiss, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

It is important to understand factors associated with sport participation for youth with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD). With a sample of 414 Special Olympics (SO) athletes, this study examined how frequently involved athletes differ from other youth who are less involved in SO. Results showed that frequently involved athletes are older, have more sport-specific parental support, stronger athlete-coach relationships, and more positive SO experiences than other athletes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1352/1944-7558-123.2.164DOI Listing
March 2018
5 Reads

Gender differences in tobacco use among U.S. Special Olympics athletes.

Disabil Health J 2018 Jul 1;11(3):466-470. Epub 2018 Feb 1.

University of Wisconsin-Madison, School of Social Work, 1350 University Ave., Madison, WI 53706, USA. Electronic address:

Background: The rise in women's tobacco use and subsequent health complications has generated an increase in gender-related tobacco use research. However, no research has examined gender's influence on tobacco use among people with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD).

Objective: To examine 1) tobacco use prevalence rates among men and women with IDD, and 2) correlates of tobacco use among men and women with IDD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dhjo.2018.01.005DOI Listing
July 2018
2 Reads

'Recover quicker, train harder, and increase flexibility': massage therapy for elite paracyclists, a mixed-methods study.

BMJ Open Sport Exerc Med 2018 26;4(1):e000319. Epub 2018 Jan 26.

Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of South Carolina School of Medicine Greenville, Greenville, South Carolina, USA.

Objectives: Massage therapy (MT) enhances recovery by reducing pain and fatigue in able-bodied endurance athletes. In athletes with disabilities, no studies have examined similar MT outcomes, yet participation in sport has increased by >1000 athletes from 1996 to 2016 Olympic games. We examined the effect of MT on pain, sleep, stress, function and performance goals on the bike, as well as quality of life off the bike, in elite paracycling athletes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjsem-2017-000319DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5786918PMC
January 2018
2 Reads

Subtypes in clinical burnout patients enrolled in an employee rehabilitation program: differences in burnout profiles, depression, and recovery/resources-stress balance.

BMC Psychiatry 2018 01 17;18(1):10. Epub 2018 Jan 17.

Department of Psychology, University of Graz, Universitätsplatz 2/DG, 8010, Graz, Austria.

Background: Burnout is generally perceived a unified disorder with homogeneous symptomatology across people (exhaustion, cynicism, and reduced professional efficacy). However, increasing evidence points to intra-individual patterns of burnout symptoms in non-clinical samples such as students, athletes, healthy, and burned-out employees. Different burnout subtypes might therefore exist. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-018-1589-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5773035PMC
January 2018
14 Reads

Performance and Kinematic Differences in Putting between Healthy and Disabled Elite Golfers.

J Hum Kinet 2017 Dec 28;60:233-241. Epub 2017 Dec 28.

Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, Biomedical Laboratory, Prague, Czech Republic.

Golfers with disability are limited in the execution of the full golf swing, but their performance in putting may be comparable because this stroke does not demand significant strength, balance and range of motion. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare putting performance, kinetic and kinematic consistency between golfers with different disabilities and healthy athletes. The participants consisted of three disabled athletes (perinatal cerebral palsy, multiple sclerosis, below knee lower limb amputee) and three healthy golfers (age 34 ± 4. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/hukin-2017-0113DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5765804PMC
December 2017
7 Reads

Maximizing the use of Special Olympics International's Healthy Athletes database: A call to action.

Res Dev Disabil 2018 Feb 15;73:58-66. Epub 2017 Dec 15.

School of Exercise Science, Physical and Health Education, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC, Canada.

There is a critical need for high-quality population-level data related to the health of individuals with intellectual disabilities. For more than 15 years Special Olympics International has been conducting free Healthy Athletes screenings at local, national and international events. The Healthy Athletes database is the largest known international database specifically on the health of people with intellectual disabilities; however, it is relatively under-utilized by the research community. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2017.12.009DOI Listing
February 2018
10 Reads

Body mass index and waist circumference of Latin American adult athletes with intellectual disability.

Salud Publica Mex 2017 Jul-Aug;59(4):416-422

School of Exercise Science, Physical and Health Education, University of Victoria. Canada.

Objectives: To examine both body mass index (BMI) status and waist circunference (WC) in a large international sample of adult Special Olympics participants from Latin America. It also explored the association of age and sex with obesity in this population.

Materials And Methods: BMI and WC records from a total of 4174 (2683 male and 1491 female) participant records from the Special Olympics International Health Promotion database were examined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21149/8204DOI Listing
August 2018
5 Reads

Audiospatial cognitive ability of visually impaired athletes in static and dynamic spatial cognitive tasks.

J Phys Ther Sci 2017 Nov 24;29(11):1981-1986. Epub 2017 Nov 24.

College of National Rehabilitation Center for Persons with Disabilities, Course of Prosthetics and Orthotics, Japan.

[Purpose] This study compares the orientation sense of sighted and visually impaired participants to provide basic research on the audiospatial cognitive ability of visually impaired athletes. [Subjects and Methods] Subjects included nine blind athletes and seven sighted subjects wearing eyeshades during static and dynamic tasks. In the static spatial cognitive task, a coin was dropped towards the right, center, or left of the subject, and the task consisted of identifying the location of the coin. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1589/jpts.29.1981DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5702830PMC
November 2017
2 Reads

An eHealth Application of Self-Reported Sports-Related Injuries and Illnesses in Paralympic Sport: Pilot Feasibility and Usability Study.

JMIR Hum Factors 2017 Nov 29;4(4):e30. Epub 2017 Nov 29.

Rehabilitation Medicine Research Group, Department of Health Sciences, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.

Background: Sport participation is associated with a risk of sports-related injuries and illnesses, and Paralympic athletes' additional medical issues can be a challenge to health care providers and medical staff. However, few prospective studies have assessed sports-related injuries and illnesses in Paralympic sport (SRIIPS) over time. Advances in mobile phone technology and networking systems offer novel opportunities to develop innovative eHealth applications for collection of athletes' self-reports. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/humanfactors.8117DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5729228PMC
November 2017
5 Reads

Career Development and Learning Pathways of Paralympic Coaches With a Disability.

Adapt Phys Activ Q 2018 Jan 28;35(1):93-110. Epub 2017 Nov 28.

2 McGill University.

The purpose of this study was to gain an understanding of the career development and learning pathways of Paralympic head coaches who previously competed as Paralympic athletes. Each coach participated in a semistructured interview. A thematic analysis of the data revealed three higher order themes, which were called becoming a coach, learning to coach, and lifelong learning and teaching. Read More

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https://journals.humankinetics.com/doi/10.1123/apaq.2017-001
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/apaq.2017-0010DOI Listing
January 2018
6 Reads

Cluster analysis of novel isometric strength measures produces a valid and evidence-based classification structure for wheelchair track racing.

Br J Sports Med 2018 Sep 25;52(17):1123-1129. Epub 2017 Nov 25.

School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Background: The Para athletics wheelchair-racing classification system employs best practice to ensure that classes comprise athletes whose impairments cause a comparable degree of activity limitation. However, decision-making is largely subjective and scientific evidence which reduces this subjectivity is required.

Aim: To evaluate whether isometric strength tests were valid for the purposes of classifying wheelchair racers and whether cluster analysis of the strength measures produced a valid classification structure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2017-097558DOI Listing
September 2018
7 Reads

Evaluation of Dietary Intakes and Supplement Use in Paralympic Athletes.

Nutrients 2017 Nov 21;9(11). Epub 2017 Nov 21.

Department of Health and Physical Education, Mount Royal University, 4825 Mount Royal Gate SW, Calgary, AB T3E 6K6, Canada.

Dietary intakes and supplement use in Paralympic athletes remains largely unexplored, and specialized recommendations are lacking. The aim of this study was to evaluate nutrient intakes and supplement use in high-performance athletes with physical disabilities using three-day food records and a validated dietary supplement use questionnaire. A secondary aim examined gender differences in nutrient and supplement intakes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu9111266DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5707738PMC
November 2017
3 Reads

Media portrayal of elite athletes with disability - a systematic review.

Disabil Rehabil 2019 Feb 10;41(4):374-381. Epub 2017 Nov 10.

c Northern Health , Epping , Australia.

Background: The media plays an important role in shaping society's beliefs about disability and sport. The aim of this systematic review is to identify how elite athletes with disability are portrayed in the media.

Method: Six electronic databases were searched from 2001 to March 2017 for quantitative or qualitative content analysis of media coverage of elite athletes with disability: SportsDiscus, CINAHL, PsychInfo, Medline 1996-, Embase, and Proquest. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09638288.2017.1397775DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Insights on the apparel needs and limitations for athletes with disabilities: The design of wheelchair rugby sports-wear.

Appl Ergon 2018 Feb 18;67:9-25. Epub 2017 Sep 18.

Department of Production and Systems, University of Minho, Guimarães, Portugal. Electronic address:

Wheelchair rugby is a sport that has been gaining popularity with athletes with disabilities. However, as it is relatively new and not played by the masses, market specific sports-wear is not available for this sport, which impacts directly on performance and clothing satisfaction of the athletes. Therefore, the main objective of this research was to identify the problems that wheelchair rugby players face with the sports-wear they use for playing the game. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2017.09.005DOI Listing
February 2018
6 Reads

Global oral health status of athletes with intellectual disabilities.

Clin Oral Investig 2018 May 9;22(4):1681-1688. Epub 2017 Nov 9.

Dental School, Centre of Special Care in Dentistry, PaeCoMeDiS, Ghent University Hospital, Pintelaan 185, 9000, Ghent, Belgium.

Background: The aim of this study is to identify the oral health status and treatment needs of Special Olympics athletes with intellectual disabilities from 181 countries by the assessment of oral health parameters and differences between world regions.

Material And Methods: Data were collected through interview and oral examinations within the Healthy Athletes Screening. These data were analysed with descriptive statistics of oral health parameters of athletes from Africa, Asia Pacific, East Asia, Europe/Eurasia, Latin America, Middle East North Africa (MENA) and North America. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00784-017-2258-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5906489PMC
May 2018
4 Reads

Participant-Reported Benefits of Involvement in an Adaptive Sports Program: A Qualitative Study.

PM R 2018 May 27;10(5):507-515. Epub 2017 Oct 27.

Orthopaedic and Arthritis Center for Outcomes Research, Brigham and Women's Hospital, 75 Francis St, BTM 5016, Boston, MA 02115.

Background: Although participation in adaptive sports offers numerous benefits for persons with disabilities, a substantial number of eligible persons do not take part. Previous studies have identified personal and environmental factors that promote or inhibit adaptive sports participation. However, these studies have considered a relatively narrow range of factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pmrj.2017.10.008DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5924421PMC
May 2018
3 Reads
1.660 Impact Factor

Changing identity through sport: The Paralympic sport club experience among adolescents with mobility impairments.

Disabil Health J 2018 04 23;11(2):262-266. Epub 2017 Oct 23.

School of Public Health, Indiana University-Bloomington, United States.

Background: Adolescents with mobility impairments have fewer opportunities to challenge identity as an athlete through sport participation.

Objective/hypothesis: This study examined athletic identity impact of adolescent athletes with mobility impairments who participate in Paralympic Sport Clubs.

Methods: This cross-sectional web-survey design examined demographics (gender, academic level, hours of time spent in sports participation, and preferred amount of time in sport participation) and athletic identity through the Athletic Identity Measurement Scale (AIMS). Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S19366574173018
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dhjo.2017.10.007DOI Listing
April 2018
3 Reads

Special Smiles: Sports Dentistry and the Special Needs Athlete.

J Calif Dent Assoc 2017 06;45(6):291-5

There is a need to expand dental services to underserved populations, such as athletes with intellectual and developmental disabilities. This review introduces dentists to this need by sharing the direction taken by the Special Smiles program of Special Olympics and addressing the need to educate special needs athletes on prevention and care of sports-related mouth injuries. Read More

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June 2017
6 Reads

Spatiotemporal characteristics of motor actions by blind long jump athletes.

BMJ Open Sport Exerc Med 2017 28;3(1):e000252. Epub 2017 Sep 28.

Rendiment, INEFC Performance, Barcelona, Spain.

Background: Blind people depend on spatial and temporal representations to perform activities of daily living and compete in sport.

Objective: The aim of this study is to determine the spatiotemporal characteristics of long jumps performed by blind athletes and compare findings with those reported for sighted athletes.

Methods: We analysed a sample of 12 male athletes competing in the F11 Long Jump Finals at the Paralympic Games in London 2012. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjsem-2017-000252DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5623324PMC
September 2017
3 Reads

Sport Participation for Elite Athletes With Physical Disabilities: Motivations, Barriers, and Facilitators.

Adapt Phys Activ Q 2017 10 6;34(4):421-441. Epub 2017 Oct 6.

1 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

There are many reasons why individuals are motivated to participate in sports. Less attention, however, is given for studying motivation and athlete development in adapted sport. The purpose of this study was to identify the motivations, facilitators, and barriers to sports participation of elite athletes with a physical disability. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/apaq.2016-0127DOI Listing
October 2017
23 Reads

Depression and sports-related concussion: A systematic review.

Presse Med 2017 Oct 14;46(10):890-902. Epub 2017 Sep 14.

UPS, Université de Toulouse, TONIC, Toulouse NeuroImaging Center, 31024 Toulouse cedex 3, France; CHU Toulouse, Federation Hospitalo-Universitaire, Cognitive, Psychiatric and Sensory Disabilities, 31059 Toulouse, France; CHU Toulouse-Purpan, Neurology department, 31059 Toulouse, France.

Context: Head injuries are risk factors for chronic depressive disorders, but this association remains poorly explored with regards to concussion.

Objectives: The objective of this review was to evaluate the incidence of depressive symptoms and depression after sports-related concussion. We also endeavored to identify the response elements regarding the pathophysiology of these symptoms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lpm.2017.08.013DOI Listing
October 2017
38 Reads

Subpectoral Biceps Tenodesis for Treatment of Isolated Type II SLAP Lesions in a Young and Active Population.

Arthroscopy 2018 02 9;34(2):371-376. Epub 2017 Sep 9.

Steadman Philippon Research Institute, Vail, Colorado, U.S.A.; The Steadman Clinic, Vail, Colorado, U.S.A.. Electronic address:

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate outcomes following open subpectoral biceps tenodesis for the treatment of isolated type II SLAP lesions in patients 45 years of age or younger and evaluate the rate of return to sport.

Methods: All patients included in the study were at least 2 years out from open subpectoral biceps tenodesis for treatment of an isolated type II SLAP lesion and were treated between December 2007 and March 2015. All patients older than 45, those who had prior surgery on the index shoulder, and those who had any concomitant reconstructive shoulder procedures were excluded. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.arthro.2017.07.021DOI Listing
February 2018
22 Reads

Scapular dyskinesis among competitive swimmers.

J Bodyw Mov Ther 2017 Jul 27;21(3):633-636. Epub 2016 Nov 27.

Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel. Electronic address:

Aim: To evaluate the prevalence of scapular dyskinesis (SD) in competitive swimmers during training sessions.

Methods: Repeated measurement observational study.20 young competitive swimmers were filmed before, at midpoint and at the end of a training session, performing shoulder flexion and abduction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.11.011DOI Listing
July 2017
8 Reads

Opportunities and Benefits for Powerchair Users Through Power Soccer.

Adapt Phys Activ Q 2017 Jul;34(3):235-255

2 Regent University.

Power soccer (or powerchair football), the first competitive team sport for users of motorized wheelchairs, is receiving increased attention among people with disabilities, healthcare professionals, and academics. The present study provides a qualitative analysis of the experiences of 34 American power soccer athletes. Participant observation and in-depth interviews with 11 female and 23 male athletes were conducted between 2007 and 2013. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/apaq.2016-0022DOI Listing
July 2017
11 Reads