357 results match your criteria Athletes With Disabilities


Prevalence of sports-related injuries in paralympic judo: An exploratory study.

J Sci Med Sport 2019 Mar 18. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Department of Health and Rehabilitation/Physiotherapy, The Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Sweden; Occupational and Physiotherapy Department Östra/Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Sweden.

Objectives: The aim was to assess the 1-year retrospective prevalence of athletes reporting a sports-related injury among Paralympic judokas with visual impairment (VI), and to identify any associations between injury, vision class, gender and weight category.

Design: Cross-sectional retrospective study.

Methods: The data were collected through an adapted questionnaire given to athletes with VI during an international training camp. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2019.03.005DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Can platelet-rich plasma therapy save patients with ulnar collateral ligament tears from surgery?

Regen Ther 2019 Jun 22;10:123-126. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

Global Care Medical Center of Canlubang, Laguna, Philippines.

Introduction: Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has been shown to be effective in treating partial tears of the ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) of the elbow in overhead throwing athletes, but it is still unknown whether it has a role in complete tears. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of PRP in treating complete as well as partial UCL tears. We hypothesized that trephination of the injured UCL followed by injection with PRP can promote healing of both partial and complete tears. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.reth.2019.02.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6434065PMC
June 2019
3 Reads

Age-Related Changes in Para and Wheelchair Racing Athlete's Performances.

Front Physiol 2019 19;10:256. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Institut de Recherche Bio-Médicale et d'Épidémiologie du Sport, EA 7329, Institut National du Sport, de l'Expertise et de la Performance, Université Paris Descartes, Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, France.

During the last decades, all para-athletes with disabilities have significantly increased their performance level due to technological progress and human investment, through better training or recovery protocols, medical care and nutritional monitoring. Among these elements, the athlete's age is one of the determining factors in performance. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of age on maximal performances for para-athletes and wheelchair racing athletes, scaled on able-bodied records. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2019.00256DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6436002PMC
March 2019
5 Reads

Oral health status of athletes with an intellectual disability competing in the Special Olympics GB National Games 2017.

Br Dent J 2019 Mar;226(6):423-426

Chair Oral Health in Special Needs, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent, Belgium.

Background The aim of this paper is to describe the oral health status of athletes with intellectual disabilities competing in the Special Olympics, GB National Games, held in Sheffield in August 2017.Methods and materials A convenience sample of athletes who participated in the Special Olympics Special Smiles screening programme was used. All data was recorded on validated Healthy Athletes screening forms. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41415-019-0049-5DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Multi-stakeholder perspectives on perceived wellness of Special Olympics athletes.

Disabil Health J 2019 Feb 1. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Bloorview Research Institute, Holland Bloorview Kids Rehabilitation Hospital, 150 Kilgour Rd, Toronto, ON, M4G 1R8, Canada; Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, 155 College St, Toronto, ON, M5T 3M7, Canada; Rehabilitation Sciences Institute, University of Toronto, 160-500 University Ave, Toronto, ON, M5G 1V7, Canada.

Background: Research to date with children and youth with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) has previously focused upon specific aspects of health (e.g., physical activity, nutrition). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S19366574193002
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dhjo.2019.01.009DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

Erosive tooth Wear in special Olympic athletes with intellectual disabilities.

BMC Oral Health 2019 Feb 28;19(1):37. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Center of Special Care in Dentistry, PaeCoMeDiS, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.

Background: Special Olympics (SO) events represent an opportunity to obtain considerable information regarding intellectual disable (ID) patients. Studies done with SO data have shown an overview of the oral health status of these athletes; however, no information exists regarding the erosive tooth wear (ETW). Therefore, the aim of this study is to determine the presence and severity of ETW in athletes with ID who participated in the SO Belgium 2016. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12903-019-0727-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6393996PMC
February 2019
1 Read

King Devick computerized neurocognitive test scores in professional football players with learning and attentional disabilities.

J Neurol Sci 2019 Apr 13;399:140-143. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Faculty of Dentistry and Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. Electronic address:

Objective: This study examined outcomes from the King Devick (K-D) in athletes with Learning Disabilities (LD) and attention disorders (ADHD).

Methods: A total of 574 professional football players from the Canadian Football League (CFL) completed baseline evaluations with computerized neurocognitive testing (CNT) prior to the 2016 competitive season. Player age, education, history of concussion, LD, and ADHD were analyzed for K-D and Immediate Post Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT) performance. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0022510X193008
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jns.2019.02.020DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Medical and Musculoskeletal Concerns for the Wheelchair Athlete: A Review of Preventative Strategies.

Authors:
Rebecca A Dutton

Curr Sports Med Rep 2019 Jan;18(1):9-16

University of New Mexico, Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation.

Adaptive sports refers to organized sporting activities that are practiced by individuals with disabilities and are worthwhile to maintain physical and psychological health. As adaptive sports participation continues to rise, health care providers must have an enhanced understanding of injury and illness patterns specific to the adaptive athlete. Early recognition and prevention are important to ensure safe and successful participation in sport. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1249/JSR.0000000000000560DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Global prevalence of dental caries in athletes with intellectual disabilities: An epidemiological systematic review and meta-analysis.

Spec Care Dentist 2019 Mar 28;39(2):114-124. Epub 2018 Dec 28.

Postgraduate Program, School of Dentistry, Fluminense Federal University, Niterói, RJ, Brazil.

Aims: This study aimed to perform an epidemiological systematic review and meta-analysis to estimate the global prevalence of dental caries in athletes with intellectual disabilities.

Methods And Results: This study was registered in PROSPERO (CRD42017068127). A systematic and extensive search was conducted in the Pubmed, Scopus, Web of Science, Virtual Health Library (Lilacs) databases, and Grey literature from inception up to April 2017. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/scd.12349DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Asthma prevalence and control levels among Special Olympics athletes, and asthma-related knowledge of their coaches.

J Intellect Disabil Res 2019 Apr 19;63(4):338-345. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Faculty of Health Science, University of Ontario Institute of Technology, Oshawa, Ontario, Canada.

Background: The prevalence of asthma among athletes with intellectual disabilities, and the asthma knowledge levels of their coaches, is unknown.

Methods: Special Olympics Canada athletes completed a demographic questionnaire (n = 208). Athletes who identified as having ever or current asthma completed the Asthma Control Questionnaire and the Mini Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire and were measured for height, weight and lung function (n = 73). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/jir.12579
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jir.12579DOI Listing
April 2019
10 Reads

Evaluation of Dietary Supplement Use in Wheelchair Rugby Athletes.

Nutrients 2018 Dec 11;10(12). Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Health and Physical Education, Mount Royal University, Calgary, AB T3E 6K6, Canada.

Wheelchair rugby is a rapidly growing Paralympic sport; however, research remains predominantly in the realms of physiology and biomechanics. Currently, there is little investigation into nutrition and dietary supplement use among wheelchair rugby athletes (WRA). The aim of this study was to assess the types of dietary supplements (DS) used, the prevalence of usage, and the reasons for use among WRA. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/10/12/1958
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu10121958DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6315401PMC
December 2018
34 Reads

"Our Voices, Our Meaning": The Social Representations of Sports for Brazilian Athletes With Disabilities.

Adapt Phys Activ Q 2019 Jan 12;36(1):42-60. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

1 University of Porto.

This study aimed to identify the social representations of sports for Brazilian athletes with disabilities and to understand the extent to which sports can contribute to their empowerment. A total of 153 Brazilian athletes of various sports and with different types of disabilities took part in the study (122 men and 31 women; M = 31.91 years, SD = 9. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/apaq.2017-0206DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Classifying motor coordination impairment in Para swimmers with brain injury.

J Sci Med Sport 2019 May 22;22(5):526-531. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

School of Health and Sport Sciences, University of the Sunshine Coast, Australia.

Objectives: The International Paralympic Committee has mandated that International Sport Federations develop sport-specific classification systems that are evidence-based. This study examined the predictive and convergent validity of instrumented tapping tasks to classify motor coordination impairments in Para swimming.

Design: Cross-sectional. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2018.11.015DOI Listing
May 2019
2 Reads

Prevalence of dental trauma in individuals with special needs participating in local Special Olympics games.

Spec Care Dentist 2019 Jan 15;39(1):34-38. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Department of Pediatric Dentistry, The Maurice and Gabriela Goldschleger School of Dental Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Objectives: The Special Olympics Special Smiles (SOSS) Program provides oral health screening and data collection for athletes with intellectual disabilities who participate in Special Olympics events.

Aim: This study evaluated the prevalence and severity of dental trauma among Special Olympics athletes with intellectual disabilities who participated in the 2016 Israeli Special Olympics games.

Methods: A free voluntary dental examination was offered to all participating athletes. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/scd.12343
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/scd.12343DOI Listing
January 2019
13 Reads

Examination of gas exchange and blood lactate thresholds in Paralympic athletes during upper-body poling.

PLoS One 2018 31;13(10):e0205588. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Centre for Elite Sports Research, Department of Neuroscience and Movement Science, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.

Objectives: The primary aim was to compare physiological and perceptual outcome parameters identified at common gas exchange and blood lactate (BLa) thresholds in Paralympic athletes while upper-body poling. The secondary aim was to compare the fit of the breakpoint models used to identify thresholds in the gas exchange thresholds data versus continuous linear and curvilinear (no-breakpoint) models.

Methods: Fifteen elite Para ice hockey players performed seven to eight 5-min stages at increasing workload until exhaustion during upper-body poling. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0205588PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6209185PMC
April 2019
4 Reads

Challenges of imaging injured Paralympic Athletes.

Eur J Radiol 2018 Nov 20;108:283-287. Epub 2018 Jul 20.

Royal Liverpool University Hospital, Liverpool, UK.

The pattern and mechanism of sports injuries in disabled athletes and the challenges to overcome such injuries is well documented. However, there is limited information regarding the specifics of medical imaging of the injured disabled athletes. This article, reflects on the experience gained during the organisation and provision of the imaging services for the London 2012 Paralympic games. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0720048X183025
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejrad.2018.07.019DOI Listing
November 2018
16 Reads
2.370 Impact Factor

Anabolic-androgenic steroids: procurement and administration practices of doping athletes.

Phys Sportsmed 2019 02 1;47(1):10-14. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

g Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Urology , Juntendo University , Tokyo Japan.

Performance enhancing substances are becoming increasingly popular amongst bodybuilders and people who want to enhance their physiques. However, due to the rise of the Internet and laws prohibiting sales of these substances without prescription, the route of procurement and administration practices have become more and more dangerous. Prior to the mid-1970's, anabolic steroids were not regulated and easily available from physicians and pharmacies in several countries. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00913847.2018.1526626DOI Listing
February 2019
10 Reads

Cardiovascular screening of Paralympic athletes reported by chief medical officers of the PyeongChang 2018 Paralympic Winter Games.

Br J Sports Med 2019 Jan 15;53(1):43-44. Epub 2018 Sep 15.

University of South Carolina School of Medicine Greenville, Department of Family Medicine, Greenville Health System, Greenville, South Carolina, USA.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2018-099708DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Influence of wheelchair user interface and personal characteristics on static and dynamic pretibial skin pressures in elite wheelchair racers, a pilot study.

J Spinal Cord Med 2018 Aug 21:1-9. Epub 2018 Aug 21.

a Department of Kinesiology and Community Health , College of Applied Health Sciences, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign , Illinois , USA.

Context/objective: To examine personal (athletic classification, age, sex, body mass index, duration of disability, tactile sensation of lower extremities) and wheelchair (kneeling plate angle) factors associated with increased pretibial skin pressures in elite wheelchair racers.

Design: Cross-sectional study.

Setting: University-based laboratory in Champaign, USA. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10790268.2018.1508954DOI Listing
August 2018
4 Reads
1.880 Impact Factor

Return to Recreational Sporting Activities Following Total Shoulder Arthroplasty.

Orthop J Sports Med 2018 Jul 5;6(7):2325967118782672. Epub 2018 Jul 5.

Steadman Philippon Research Institute, Vail, Colorado, USA.

Background: Patients are staying active longer and expect to return to sports or continue participating in recreational activities after total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) for primary glenohumeral osteoarthritis.

Purpose/hypothesis: The purpose of this study was to assess the ability of patients to return to recreational sports following TSA. We hypothesized that TSA would allow a high rate of return to recreational sports. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2325967118782672DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6055269PMC
July 2018
4 Reads

The frequency of post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms in athletes with and without sports related concussion.

Clin Transl Med 2018 Jul 23;7(1):25. Epub 2018 Jul 23.

University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA, USA.

Background: Purpose of this study is to investigate the presence and frequency of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in post-concussed (PC) athletes compared to a group of healthy control (HC) athletes.

Research Design And Method: A pre and post-test group design was used to compare a post-concussed group to a matched healthy control group of athletes. An archival database which included PC (n = 62) and HC (n = 62) participants matched on age, years of education and gender who completed a test battery at baseline and post injury, The test battery was comprised of a neurocognitive assessment, self-reported symptom inventory and PTSD symptom questionnaire. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40169-018-0200-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6056355PMC
July 2018
3 Reads

Early Return to Play With Thumb Spica Gauntlet Casting for Ulnar Collateral Ligament Injuries Complicated by Adjacent Joint Dislocations in Collegiate Football Linemen.

Hand (N Y) 2018 Jul 1:1558944718788644. Epub 2018 Jul 1.

1 Houston Methodist Hospital, TX, USA.

Background: Treatment of thumb ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) ruptures in elite athletes aims to restore thumb stability while minimizing lost playing time. Thus, surgical repair with early protected return to play in a thumb spica cast has been advocated. The purpose of this study was to document adjacent joint dislocations after primary surgical repair sustained during protected return to play with thumb spica casting in elite-level football players. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1558944718788644
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1558944718788644DOI Listing
July 2018
9 Reads

Tobacco product use and smoking frequency among US adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities.

Authors:
E Eisenbaum

J Intellect Disabil Res 2018 Aug 19;62(8):709-718. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Human Development Institute, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA.

Background: People with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) have been overlooked in tobacco use research although they are likely to experience tobacco-related health disparities. This study examined tobacco product use and smoking frequency and amount among a sample of US Special Olympics athletes with IDD.

Methods: Multiple regression analysis was used to test whether age, gender, body mass index, blood pressure, bone density, eating fruits and vegetables and family member tobacco use were correlated with the number of cigarettes smoked per day. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jir.12507DOI Listing
August 2018
3 Reads

Ulnar collateral ligament reconstruction in athletes using a cortical button suspension technique.

J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2018 Aug 13;27(8):1366-1372. Epub 2018 Jun 13.

Department of Orthopaedics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA. Electronic address:

Background: A variety of techniques currently exist for ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) reconstruction in symptomatic overhead athletes, all with the potential complication of fracture about the humeral or ulnar tunnels. Far cortical button fixation is a reproducible, biomechanically attractive option; however, no clinical series has been published on this technique to date. This study reports the clinical outcomes, with minimum 2-year follow-up, of a dual far cortical button suspension technique for UCL reconstruction in athletes. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jse.2018.04.009DOI Listing
August 2018
6 Reads

An Exploration of Sensation Seeking in Persons With Disabilities in Rehabilitation.

Rehabil Nurs 2018 May 3. Epub 2018 May 3.

Fort Sanders Regional Medical Center, Knoxville, TN, USA.

Purpose: This study reports the findings of a study about sensation-seeking or high-risk/challenging sports in persons who have disabilities.

Design: Exploratory, cross-sectional, and descriptive.

Methods: Two hundred and twenty-three recruitment e-mails were sent to potential participants. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/rnj.0000000000000146DOI Listing
May 2018
24 Reads

Balance Training Reduces Postural Sway and Improves Sport-specific Performance in Visually Impaired Cross-Country Skiers.

J Strength Cond Res 2018 May 17. Epub 2018 May 17.

Department of Sport Science, University of Freiburg, Breisgau, Germany.

Kurz, A, Lauber, B, Franke, S, and Leukel, C. Balance training reduces postural sway and improves sport-specific performance in visually impaired cross-country skiers. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-Balance training is highly effective in reducing sport injuries and causes improvements in postural stability and rapid force production. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000002597DOI Listing
May 2018
7 Reads

Pain Management in Athletes With Impairment: A Narrative Review of Management Strategies.

Clin J Sport Med 2018 09;28(5):457-472

Royal Netherlands Lawn Tennis Association, Amersfoort, the Netherlands.

Objective: To review the literature related to different treatment strategies for the general population of individuals with amputation, spinal cord injury, and cerebral palsy, as well as how this may impact pain management in a correlated athlete population.

Data Sources: A comprehensive literature search was performed linking pain with terms related to different impairment types.

Main Results: There is a paucity in the literature relating to treatment of pain in athletes with impairment; however, it is possible that the treatment strategies used in the general population of individuals with impairment may be translated to the athlete population. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JSM.0000000000000600DOI Listing
September 2018
5 Reads

Identifying dyslexia risk for sport-related concussion management: Sensitivity and specificity of self-report and rapid naming.

Clin Neuropsychol 2018 May 15:1-20. Epub 2018 May 15.

b Psychology , St. John's University , Queens , NY , USA.

Background: Dyslexia is the most common type of learning disability and studies have shown that student-athletes with learning disabilities sustain more concussions than their non-affected peers. However, current methods of dyslexia identification in college students are potentially invalid because they rely on students to self-report formal dyslexia diagnoses.

Methods: To test the accuracy of self-report against two alternative methods of dyslexia screening, 94 college students completed three dyslexia symptom inventories, two rapid naming (RAN) tasks, and a standard word reading measure. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13854046.2018.1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2018.1474950DOI Listing
May 2018
8 Reads

Effect of Vitamin D Supplementation on 25(OH)D Status in Elite Athletes With Spinal Cord Injury.

Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab 2019 Jan 8;29(1):18-23. Epub 2018 Sep 8.

3 Canadian Sport Institute Pacifics.

Recent studies suggest that a substantial proportion of athletes with spinal cord injury have insufficient 25(OH) vitamin D (25(OH)D) status, which may be associated with decreased muscle strength. This study consisted of two parts: (a) to examine the effects of a 12- to 16-week vitamin D supplementation protocol on 25(OH)D concentration and (b) to determine whether subsequent 25(OH)D status impacts muscle performance in elite athletes with spinal cord injury. Thirty-four members (age: 33 ± 15 years, weight: 69. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/ijsnem.2017-0233DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

From core belief challenge to posttraumatic growth in para sport athletes: moderated mediation by needs satisfaction and deliberate rumination.

Disabil Rehabil 2018 Apr 25:1-9. Epub 2018 Apr 25.

a Department of Health, Kinesiology, and Recreation , The University of Utah , Salt Lake City , UT , USA.

Purpose: To examine how deliberate rumination and psychological need satisfaction interact to facilitate posttraumatic growth for para sport athletes with acquired disability.

Methods: Utilizing a sample of 70 para sport athletes, the hypothesized mediating role of deliberate rumination was examined via a simple mediation model. The interaction between needs satisfaction and deliberate rumination and their effect on posttraumatic growth was examined utilizing a moderated mediation procedure. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09638288.2018.1466203DOI Listing
April 2018
4 Reads

The Social Empowerment of Difference: The Potential Influence of Para sport.

Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am 2018 05;29(2):397-408

Social Anthropology of Sport, School of Sport Exercise and Health Science, Loughborough University, Loughborough LE11 3JE, UK. Electronic address:

This article explores the significance of parasport culture in highlighting an emancipatory understanding of difference and enhancing social empowerment. Disability studies are used to illuminate the influence of ableist ideology on people with impairments. Rather than being suppressed, difference should be recognized and valued in parasport practices and ideologies, leading to a pluralist culture, in which farther and wider social emancipation can be grounded. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pmr.2018.01.009DOI Listing
May 2018
2 Reads

Para Sport Athletic Identity from Competition to Retirement: A Brief Review and Future Research Directions.

Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am 2018 05 19;29(2):387-396. Epub 2018 Feb 19.

Division of Kinesiology, Health and Sport Studies, Wayne State University, FAB Building, Detroit, MI 48202, USA. Electronic address:

The primary purpose of this article is to review the literature on para sport athletic identity and provide avenues for future research direction. First, the authors briefly describe the existing quantitative and qualitative research on para sport athletic identity and, thereby, illustrate the complexities para sport athletes experience regarding the way they describe their participation in competitive sport. Next, the authors describe how para sport athletes with acquired permanent disabilities and congenital disabilities face similar, yet unique, identity-related challenges. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pmr.2018.01.007DOI Listing
May 2018
3 Reads

Factors Associated With Self-Reported Concussion History in Middle School Athletes.

Clin J Sport Med 2018 Mar 26. Epub 2018 Mar 26.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.

Objective: Identifying personal characteristics associated with sustaining a concussion is of great interest, yet only a few have examined this in children. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between sex, neurodevelopmental disorders, health history, and lifetime history of self-reported concussion in 12- and 13-year-old athletes.

Design: Cross-sectional study. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JSM.0000000000000594DOI Listing
March 2018
6 Reads

Physical self-concept and body dissatisfaction among Special Olympics athletes: A comparison between sex, weight status, and culture.

Res Dev Disabil 2018 May 13;76:1-11. Epub 2018 Mar 13.

Substantive Methodological Synergy Research Laboratory, Department of Psychology, Concordia University, 7141 Sherbrooke West, PY-146, Montreal, Quebec, H4B 1R6, Canada.

Background: Little research has looked at the associations between sex, weight status and culture, and the physical self-perceptions and body dissatisfaction of individuals with intellectual disabilities (ID) involved in Special Olympics (SO) sports.

Aims: To examine sex- (male vs female), weight status- (non-overweight/obese vs. overweight/obese), and culture-based (North American vs. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2018.02.013DOI Listing
May 2018
4 Reads

Cross-cultural adaptation of Kerlan-Jobe Orthopaedic Clinic shoulder and elbow score: Reliability and validity in Turkish-speaking overhead athletes.

Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc 2018 May 9;52(3):206-210. Epub 2018 Mar 9.

Hacettepe University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, Ankara, Turkey.

Objective: Kerlan-Jobe Orthopaedic Clinic Shoulder and Elbow Score (KJOC-SES) is a subjective assessment tool to measure functional status of the upper extremities in overhead athletes. The aim was to translate and culturally adapt the KJOC-SES and to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Turkish version (KJOC-SES-Tr) in overhead athletes.

Methods: The forward and back-translation method was followed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aott.2018.02.007DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6136342PMC
May 2018
27 Reads

Individualized dry-land intervention program for an elite Paralympic swimmer.

J Sports Med Phys Fitness 2019 Jan 1;59(1):82-86. Epub 2018 Mar 1.

Department of Biomedical Sciences for Health, University of Milan, Milan, Italy.

The aim of this retrospective case study is the longitudinal description of the physical and functional parameters of a top-level Paralympic swimmer class S9-SB8-SM9 during four swimming seasons of training, from the Paralympic games in London 2012 to the Paralympic games in Rio 2016. A 22-year-old male swimmer underwent a specific preventive dry-land training based on diaphragmatic breathing, postural alignment, and slow-velocity resistance training aimed to improve his muscle strength. He was tested by using the Functional Movement Screen™, photographic postural assessment and vertical jump. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.23736/S0022-4707.18.08242-7DOI Listing
January 2019
19 Reads

Individual and Contextual Correlates of Frequently Involved Special Olympics Athletes.

Am J Intellect Dev Disabil 2018 Mar;123(2):164-175

Yona Lunsky, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; and Jonathan A. Weiss, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

It is important to understand factors associated with sport participation for youth with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD). With a sample of 414 Special Olympics (SO) athletes, this study examined how frequently involved athletes differ from other youth who are less involved in SO. Results showed that frequently involved athletes are older, have more sport-specific parental support, stronger athlete-coach relationships, and more positive SO experiences than other athletes. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1352/1944-7558-123.2.164DOI Listing
March 2018
7 Reads

Gender differences in tobacco use among U.S. Special Olympics athletes.

Disabil Health J 2018 Jul 1;11(3):466-470. Epub 2018 Feb 1.

University of Wisconsin-Madison, School of Social Work, 1350 University Ave., Madison, WI 53706, USA. Electronic address:

Background: The rise in women's tobacco use and subsequent health complications has generated an increase in gender-related tobacco use research. However, no research has examined gender's influence on tobacco use among people with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD).

Objective: To examine 1) tobacco use prevalence rates among men and women with IDD, and 2) correlates of tobacco use among men and women with IDD. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dhjo.2018.01.005DOI Listing
July 2018
3 Reads

Supraclavicular Thoracic Outlet Decompression in the High-Performance Military Population.

Mil Med 2018 01;183(1-2):e90-e94

Division of Vascular Surgery, Temple University Hospital, 8025 Castor Avenue, Philadelphia, PA 19152.

Background: Neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome (nTOS) is a relatively common disorder and often affects younger, physically active populations. The modern American military is a population at risk for the development of nTOS given the intense physical training requirements. The purpose of this study is to determine functional recovery in the active duty military population resulting in full, unrestricted return-to-duty status following supraclavicular thoracic outlet decompression with partial first rib resection, partial anterior scalenectomy, and brachial plexus neurolysis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/milmed/usx010DOI Listing
January 2018
9 Reads

'Recover quicker, train harder, and increase flexibility': massage therapy for elite paracyclists, a mixed-methods study.

BMJ Open Sport Exerc Med 2018 26;4(1):e000319. Epub 2018 Jan 26.

Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of South Carolina School of Medicine Greenville, Greenville, South Carolina, USA.

Objectives: Massage therapy (MT) enhances recovery by reducing pain and fatigue in able-bodied endurance athletes. In athletes with disabilities, no studies have examined similar MT outcomes, yet participation in sport has increased by >1000 athletes from 1996 to 2016 Olympic games. We examined the effect of MT on pain, sleep, stress, function and performance goals on the bike, as well as quality of life off the bike, in elite paracycling athletes. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjsem-2017-000319DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5786918PMC
January 2018
5 Reads

Subtypes in clinical burnout patients enrolled in an employee rehabilitation program: differences in burnout profiles, depression, and recovery/resources-stress balance.

BMC Psychiatry 2018 01 17;18(1):10. Epub 2018 Jan 17.

Department of Psychology, University of Graz, Universitätsplatz 2/DG, 8010, Graz, Austria.

Background: Burnout is generally perceived a unified disorder with homogeneous symptomatology across people (exhaustion, cynicism, and reduced professional efficacy). However, increasing evidence points to intra-individual patterns of burnout symptoms in non-clinical samples such as students, athletes, healthy, and burned-out employees. Different burnout subtypes might therefore exist. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-018-1589-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5773035PMC
January 2018
19 Reads

Performance and Kinematic Differences in Putting between Healthy and Disabled Elite Golfers.

J Hum Kinet 2017 Dec 28;60:233-241. Epub 2017 Dec 28.

Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, Biomedical Laboratory, Prague, Czech Republic.

Golfers with disability are limited in the execution of the full golf swing, but their performance in putting may be comparable because this stroke does not demand significant strength, balance and range of motion. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare putting performance, kinetic and kinematic consistency between golfers with different disabilities and healthy athletes. The participants consisted of three disabled athletes (perinatal cerebral palsy, multiple sclerosis, below knee lower limb amputee) and three healthy golfers (age 34 ± 4. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/hukin-2017-0113DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5765804PMC
December 2017
12 Reads

Maximizing the use of Special Olympics International's Healthy Athletes database: A call to action.

Res Dev Disabil 2018 Feb 15;73:58-66. Epub 2017 Dec 15.

School of Exercise Science, Physical and Health Education, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC, Canada.

There is a critical need for high-quality population-level data related to the health of individuals with intellectual disabilities. For more than 15 years Special Olympics International has been conducting free Healthy Athletes screenings at local, national and international events. The Healthy Athletes database is the largest known international database specifically on the health of people with intellectual disabilities; however, it is relatively under-utilized by the research community. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2017.12.009DOI Listing
February 2018
12 Reads

Body mass index and waist circumference of Latin American adult athletes with intellectual disability.

Salud Publica Mex 2017 Jul-Aug;59(4):416-422

School of Exercise Science, Physical and Health Education, University of Victoria. Canada.

Objectives: To examine both body mass index (BMI) status and waist circunference (WC) in a large international sample of adult Special Olympics participants from Latin America. It also explored the association of age and sex with obesity in this population.

Materials And Methods: BMI and WC records from a total of 4174 (2683 male and 1491 female) participant records from the Special Olympics International Health Promotion database were examined. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.21149/8204DOI Listing
August 2018
6 Reads

Audiospatial cognitive ability of visually impaired athletes in static and dynamic spatial cognitive tasks.

J Phys Ther Sci 2017 Nov 24;29(11):1981-1986. Epub 2017 Nov 24.

College of National Rehabilitation Center for Persons with Disabilities, Course of Prosthetics and Orthotics, Japan.

[Purpose] This study compares the orientation sense of sighted and visually impaired participants to provide basic research on the audiospatial cognitive ability of visually impaired athletes. [Subjects and Methods] Subjects included nine blind athletes and seven sighted subjects wearing eyeshades during static and dynamic tasks. In the static spatial cognitive task, a coin was dropped towards the right, center, or left of the subject, and the task consisted of identifying the location of the coin. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1589/jpts.29.1981DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5702830PMC
November 2017
3 Reads

An eHealth Application of Self-Reported Sports-Related Injuries and Illnesses in Paralympic Sport: Pilot Feasibility and Usability Study.

JMIR Hum Factors 2017 Nov 29;4(4):e30. Epub 2017 Nov 29.

Rehabilitation Medicine Research Group, Department of Health Sciences, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.

Background: Sport participation is associated with a risk of sports-related injuries and illnesses, and Paralympic athletes' additional medical issues can be a challenge to health care providers and medical staff. However, few prospective studies have assessed sports-related injuries and illnesses in Paralympic sport (SRIIPS) over time. Advances in mobile phone technology and networking systems offer novel opportunities to develop innovative eHealth applications for collection of athletes' self-reports. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/humanfactors.8117DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5729228PMC
November 2017
5 Reads

Career Development and Learning Pathways of Paralympic Coaches With a Disability.

Adapt Phys Activ Q 2018 Jan 28;35(1):93-110. Epub 2017 Nov 28.

2 McGill University.

The purpose of this study was to gain an understanding of the career development and learning pathways of Paralympic head coaches who previously competed as Paralympic athletes. Each coach participated in a semistructured interview. A thematic analysis of the data revealed three higher order themes, which were called becoming a coach, learning to coach, and lifelong learning and teaching. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://journals.humankinetics.com/doi/10.1123/apaq.2017-001
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/apaq.2017-0010DOI Listing
January 2018
7 Reads

Cluster analysis of novel isometric strength measures produces a valid and evidence-based classification structure for wheelchair track racing.

Br J Sports Med 2018 Sep 25;52(17):1123-1129. Epub 2017 Nov 25.

School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Background: The Para athletics wheelchair-racing classification system employs best practice to ensure that classes comprise athletes whose impairments cause a comparable degree of activity limitation. However, decision-making is largely subjective and scientific evidence which reduces this subjectivity is required.

Aim: To evaluate whether isometric strength tests were valid for the purposes of classifying wheelchair racers and whether cluster analysis of the strength measures produced a valid classification structure. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2017-097558DOI Listing
September 2018
8 Reads

Evaluation of Dietary Intakes and Supplement Use in Paralympic Athletes.

Nutrients 2017 Nov 21;9(11). Epub 2017 Nov 21.

Department of Health and Physical Education, Mount Royal University, 4825 Mount Royal Gate SW, Calgary, AB T3E 6K6, Canada.

Dietary intakes and supplement use in Paralympic athletes remains largely unexplored, and specialized recommendations are lacking. The aim of this study was to evaluate nutrient intakes and supplement use in high-performance athletes with physical disabilities using three-day food records and a validated dietary supplement use questionnaire. A secondary aim examined gender differences in nutrient and supplement intakes. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu9111266DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5707738PMC
November 2017
3 Reads

Media portrayal of elite athletes with disability - a systematic review.

Disabil Rehabil 2019 Feb 10;41(4):374-381. Epub 2017 Nov 10.

c Northern Health , Epping , Australia.

Background: The media plays an important role in shaping society's beliefs about disability and sport. The aim of this systematic review is to identify how elite athletes with disability are portrayed in the media.

Method: Six electronic databases were searched from 2001 to March 2017 for quantitative or qualitative content analysis of media coverage of elite athletes with disability: SportsDiscus, CINAHL, PsychInfo, Medline 1996-, Embase, and Proquest. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09638288.2017.1397775DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads