14,015 results match your criteria Atherosclerosis[Journal]


F-FDG PET/MR-imaging in a Göttingen Minipig model of atherosclerosis: Correlations with histology and quantitative gene expression.

Atherosclerosis 2019 Apr 9;285:55-63. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Department of Clinical Physiology, Nuclear Medicine & PET and Cluster for Molecular Imaging, Dept. of Biomedical Sciences, Rigshospitalet and University of Copenhagen, Blegdamsvej 9, DK-2100, Copenhagen, Denmark. Electronic address:

Background And Aims: The advantage of combining molecular and morphological imaging, e.g. positron emission tomography and magnetic resonance imaging (PET/MRI), is reflected in the increased use of these modalities as surrogate end-points in clinical trials. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2019.04.209DOI Listing

Evaluation of two approaches to lysosomal acid lipase deficiency patient identification: An observational retrospective study.

Atherosclerosis 2019 Mar 18;285:49-54. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria Aragón (IIS Aragón), GIIS-012, Zaragoza, 50009, Spain; Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Enfermedades Raras (CIBERER), CB/06/07/1036, Instituto de Salud Carlos III (ISCIII), Hospital Universitario Miguel Servet, Zaragoza, 50009, Spain; Fundación Española para el Estudio y Terapéutica de la Enfermedad de Gaucher y Otras Lisosomales (FEETEG), Zaragoza, 50008, Spain.

Background And Aims: Lysosomal acid lipase deficiency (LALD) leads to the accumulation of cholesteryl esters and/or triglycerides (TG) in lysosomes due to the lack of the enzyme codified by the LIPA gene. The most common symptoms are dyslipidaemia and hypertransaminasemia, together with manifestations common to other lysosomal storage disorders (LSDs), including visceromegalies and elevated plasma biomarkers. Alteration of the lipid-liver profile (LLP) has been widely applied as a criterion for LALD screening, but the usefulness of biomarkers has not yet been explored. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2019.03.013DOI Listing

ADAM8 in the cardiovascular system: An innocent bystander with clinical use?

Atherosclerosis 2019 Apr 7. Epub 2019 Apr 7.

Department of Pathology, Cardiovascular Research Institute Maastricht (CARIM), Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht, the Netherlands.

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00219150193036
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2019.04.205DOI Listing
April 2019
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Achievement of low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol targets in primary and secondary prevention: Analysis of a large real practice database in Italy.

Atherosclerosis 2019 Apr 8;285:40-48. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Hypertension Unit, Division of Cardiology, Department of Clinical and Molecular Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Psychology, University of Rome Sapienza, Sant'Andrea Hospital, Rome, Italy; IRCCS Neuromed, Pozzilli, IS, Italy. Electronic address:

Background And Aims: Target and intensity of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) lowering therapy should be tailored according to the individual global cardiovascular (CV) risk. We aimed at retrospectively evaluating real-life LDL-C goal attainment and predictive factors for predefined LDL-C therapeutic goals both in primary and secondary prevention.

Methods: We collected data from a large cohort of outpatients aged 40-65 years, followed by general practitioners, cardiologists and diabetologists in Italy. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00219150193015
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2019.03.017DOI Listing
April 2019
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LncRNA ENST00000602558.1 regulates ABCG1 expression and cholesterol efflux from vascular smooth muscle cells through a p65-dependent pathway.

Atherosclerosis 2019 Apr 8;285:31-39. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Epidemiology & Department of Epidemiology, State Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Disease, Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, 167 Beilishi Road, Beijing 100037, China.

Background And Aims: Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have proven to be involved in the progression of atherosclerosis and dyslipidemia. In addition, vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) phenotype switching, including VSMCs-derived foam cells formation, plays a key role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. LncRNA ENST00000602558. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2019.04.204DOI Listing

Akebia Saponin D inhibits the formation of atherosclerosis in ApoE mice by attenuating oxidative stress-induced apoptosis in endothelial cells.

Atherosclerosis 2019 Apr 10;285:23-30. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, 100020, China. Electronic address:

Background And Aims: Akebia Saponin D (ASD) is a major bioactive triterpenoid saponin compound isolated from the Chinese herb Dipsacus asper wall (DSW). DSW has been long used as an anti-Alzheimer disease and anti-osteoporosis agent in clinics. However, anti-atherosclerotic effects of ASD have not been fully investigated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2019.04.202DOI Listing
April 2019
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VEGFR2 and OPG genes modify the risk of subclinical coronary atherosclerosis in patients with familial hypercholesterolemia.

Atherosclerosis 2019 Mar 31;285:17-22. Epub 2019 Mar 31.

Fundación Hipercolesterolemia Familiar, Madrid, Spain. Electronic address:

Background And Aims: Heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is a genetic disorder characterized by high levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C). The magnitude of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk in FH patients is highly variable, and this can result from genetic factors. The aim of our study was to characterize whether polymorphisms in VEGFR2 and OPG genes could influence the expression of ASCVD in FH patients. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00219150193015
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2019.03.019DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Circulating endostatin as a risk factor for cardiovascular events in patients with stable coronary heart disease: A CLARICOR trial sub-study.

Atherosclerosis 2019 Mar 3;284:202-208. Epub 2019 Mar 3.

Division of Family Medicine and Primary Care, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Sweden; School of Health and Social Studies, Dalarna University, Falun, Sweden. Electronic address:

Background And Aims: Raised levels of serum endostatin, a biologically active fragment of collagen XVIII, have been observed in patients with ischemic heart disease but association with incident cardiovascular events in patients with stable coronary heart disease is uncertain.

Methods: The CLARICOR-trial is a randomized, placebo-controlled trial of stable coronary heart disease patients evaluating 14-day treatment with clarithromycin. The primary outcome was a composite of acute myocardial infarction, unstable angina pectoris, cerebrovascular disease or all-cause mortality. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2019.02.031DOI Listing
March 2019
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3.994 Impact Factor

Hearing loss is associated with increased stroke risk in the Dongfeng-Tongji Cohort.

Atherosclerosis 2019 Mar 18;285:10-16. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Department of Occupational and Environmental Health and Ministry of Education Key Lab for Environment and Health, School of Public Health, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China. Electronic address:

Background And Aims: The evidence concerning the association between hearing loss and stroke is limited. We aimed to investigate the association of hearing loss with risk of stroke and its subtypes among the middle-aged and older Chinese population.

Methods: We included 19,238 participants aged 64. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2019.03.012DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads
3.994 Impact Factor

The association between left main coronary artery calcium and cardiovascular-specific and total mortality: The Coronary Artery Calcium Consortium.

Atherosclerosis 2019 Mar 24. Epub 2019 Mar 24.

The Johns Hopkins Ciccarone Center for Prevention of Heart Disease, Baltimore, MD, USA. Electronic address:

Background And Aims: Left main (LM) coronary artery disease is associated with greater myocardial infarction-related mortality, however, coronary artery calcium (CAC) scoring does not account for disease location. We explored whether LM CAC predicts excess mortality in asymptomatic adults.

Methods: Cause-specific cardiovascular and all-cause mortality was studied in 28,147 asymptomatic patients with non-zero CAC scores in the CAC Consortium. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2019.03.015DOI Listing
March 2019
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Cardioprotective microRNAs: Lessons from stem cell-derived exosomal microRNAs to treat cardiovascular disease.

Atherosclerosis 2019 Mar 23;285:1-9. Epub 2019 Mar 23.

Halal Research Center of IRI, FDA, Tehran, Iran; Nanotechnology Research Center, Bu-Ali Research Institute, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran; Department of Medical Biotechnology, Student Research Committee, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran. Electronic address:

The stem cell-based therapy has emerged as a promising therapeutic strategy for treating cardiovascular ischemic diseases (CVIDs), such as myocardial infarction (MI). However, some important functional shortcomings of stem cell transplantation, such as immune rejection, tumorigenicity and infusional toxicity, have overshadowed stem cell therapy in the setting of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). Accumulating evidence suggests that the therapeutic effects of transplanted stem cells are predominately mediated by secreting paracrine factors, importantly, microRNAs (miRs) present in the secreted exosomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2019.03.016DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads
3.994 Impact Factor

Coronary atheroma regression and adverse cardiac events: A systematic review and meta-regression analysis.

Atherosclerosis 2019 Mar 11;284:194-201. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

Division of Cardiology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, B.C, Canada. Electronic address:

Background And Aims: The relationship between plaque regression induced by dyslipidemia therapies and occurrence of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) is controversial. We performed a systematic review and meta-regression of dyslipidemia therapy studies reporting MACE and intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) measures of change in coronary atheroma.

Methods: Prospective studies of dyslipidemia therapies reporting percent atheroma volume (PAV) measured by IVUS and reporting death, myocardial infarction, stroke, unstable angina or transient ischemic attack (MACE) were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2019.03.005DOI Listing
March 2019
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Morphometry and hemodynamics of coronary artery aneurysms caused by atherosclerosis.

Atherosclerosis 2019 Mar 8;284:187-193. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

Department of Mechanics and Engineering Science, College of Engineering, Peking University, Beijing, China; PKU-HKUST Shenzhen-Hongkong Institution, Shenzhen, China. Electronic address:

Background And Aims: Atherosclerosis is the first etiology of coronary artery aneurysm (CAA). It is, however, challenging to inhibit the development of CAA. The aim of the study is to carry out morphometric and hemodynamic analyses in epicardial coronary arteries of patients with CAAs caused by atherosclerosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2019.03.001DOI Listing
March 2019
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Large aortic arch plaques correlate with CHADS and CHADS-VASc scores in cryptogenic stroke.

Atherosclerosis 2019 Mar 20;284:181-186. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Department of Neurology, Juntendo University Urayasu Hospital, Chiba, Japan.

Background And Aims: Current trends have suggested covert atrial fibrillation as a mechanism of cryptogenic stroke. However, etiological heterogeneity regarding the underlying embolic sources remains a critical issue in cryptogenic stroke.

Methods: CHALLENGE ESUS/CS (Mechanisms of Embolic Stroke Clarified by Transesophageal Echocardiography for Embolic Stroke of Undetermined Source/Cryptogenic Stroke) is a multicenter observational registry of cryptogenic stroke patients admitted to participating hospitals, who underwent transesophageal echocardiography between April 2014 and December 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2019.03.009DOI Listing

Comparison of plasma levels of different species of trans fatty acids in Japanese male patients with acute coronary syndrome versus healthy men.

Atherosclerosis 2019 Mar 13;284:173-180. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

The International Projects on Food and Health (NPO), Tokyo, Japan.

Background And Aims: It remains unclear how trans fatty acid (TFA) at low-level intake affect lipid levels and the development of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The study aimed to investigate how plasma TFA composition differs between male patients with ACS and healthy men.

Methods: Plasma fatty acid (FA) composition (as determined by gas chromatography) was analyzed in ACS patients on hospital admission and compared to that of age-adjusted healthy men. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2019.02.025DOI Listing

Leukocyte telomere length, mitochondrial DNA copy number, and coronary artery disease risk and severity: A two-stage case-control study of 3064 Chinese subjects.

Atherosclerosis 2019 Mar 16;284:165-172. Epub 2019 Mar 16.

Department of Clinical Laboratory, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan, China. Electronic address:

Background And Aims: Leukocyte telomere length (TL) and mitochondrial DNA copy number (mtDNA-CN), as hallmarks of cellular aging, may be involved in the development of coronary artery disease (CAD) by modulating oxidative stress. This study aimed to investigate the effects of leukocyte TL and mtDNA-CN alone or in combination on CAD risk and severity in the Chinese population.

Methods: In this two-stage case-control study with 1511 CAD patients and 1553 controls, leukocyte TL and mtDNA-CN were determined by a quantitative PCR assay. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2019.03.010DOI Listing
March 2019
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Triglycerides and cardiovascular risk: Apolipoprotein B holds the key.

Authors:
Jane Stock

Atherosclerosis 2019 Mar 21. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

European Atherosclerosis Society, World Trade Center Göteborg, Mässans Gata 18, SE-41251, Göteborg, Sweden. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2019.03.004DOI Listing

Vulnerable plaque and vulnerable blood: Two critical factors for spontaneous atherothrombosis in mouse models.

Atherosclerosis 2019 Mar 11;284:160-164. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

Division of BioTherapeutics, Leiden Academic Centre for Drug Research, Gorlaeus Laboratories, Einsteinweg 55, 2333CC, Leiden, the Netherlands.

Atherothrombotic events such as myocardial infarction and ischemic stroke are a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Understanding the molecular and cellular mechanisms of atherosclerotic plaque destabilization or erosion, and developing new therapeutics to prevent acute cardiovascular events is important for vascular biology research and clinical cardiovascular medicine. However, basic research on plaque destabilization, rupture and erosion is hampered by the lack of appropriate animal models of atherothrombosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2019.03.006DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Translocator protein localises to CD11b macrophages in atherosclerosis.

Atherosclerosis 2019 Mar 18;284:153-159. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

School of Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, UNSW Sydney, Sydney, Australia. Electronic address:

Background And Aims: Atherosclerosis is characterized by lipid deposition, monocyte infiltration and foam cell formation in the artery wall. Translocator protein (TSPO) is abundantly expressed in lipid rich tissues. Recently, TSPO has been identified as a potential diagnostic tool in cardiovascular disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2019.03.011DOI Listing
March 2019
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Elevated expression of the metalloproteinase ADAM8 associates with vascular diseases in mice and humans.

Atherosclerosis 2019 Mar 17. Epub 2019 Mar 17.

Institute of Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, PZMS, ZHMB, Saarland University, UKS Bldg. 46, 66421, Homburg, Germany. Electronic address:

Background And Aims: Members of the family of a disintegrin and metalloproteinases (ADAMs) and their substrates have been previously shown to modulate the inflammatory response in cardiac diseases, but studies investigating the relevance of ADAM8 are still rare. Our aim is to provide evidence for the inflammatory dysregulation of ADAM8 in vascular diseases and its association with disease severity.

Methods: Western-type diet fed Apoe and Ldlr mice and artery ligation served as murine model for atherosclerosis and myocardial infarction, respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2019.03.008DOI Listing
March 2019
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Reply to: "An update on statins: Pleiotropic effect on intracerebral hemorrhage".

Atherosclerosis 2019 Mar 2. Epub 2019 Mar 2.

Division of Cardiology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chiayi, Taiwan. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2019.02.024DOI Listing

Post-stroke dementia is associated with increased subsequent all-cause mortality: A population-based cohort study.

Atherosclerosis 2019 Mar 13;284:148-152. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Graduate Institute of Biomedical Sciences and School of Medicine, College of Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan; Department of Nuclear Medicine and PET Center, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan; Department of Bioinformatics and Medical Engineering, Asia University, Taichung, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Background And Aims: We aimed to determine whether patients with post-stroke dementia (PSD) have increased mortality risk in Taiwan.

Methods: We included ≥40-year-old patients who received a stroke diagnosis between 2000 and 2012 from a subset of the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan. These patients were divided into PSD (International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification codes 290, 294. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2019.03.007DOI Listing

The intestinal microbiota associated with cardiac valve calcification differs from that of coronary artery disease.

Atherosclerosis 2018 Dec 4;284:121-128. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

State Key Laboratory of Organ Failure Research, Department of Cardiology, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China; Key Laboratory for Organ Failure Research, Ministry of Education of the People's Republic of China, Guangzhou, China. Electronic address:

Background And Aims: Although most risk factors for cardiac valve calcification (VC) are similar to those for coronary artery disease (CAD), they differ regarding lesions and clinical symptoms. Recently, increasing evidence suggests that intestinal bacteria play essential roles in cardiovascular disease (CVD). It is plausible that the gut microbiota is linked to the occurrence of different CVDs under similar risk factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2018.11.038DOI Listing
December 2018
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Z-Ligustilide protects vascular endothelial cells from oxidative stress and rescues high fat diet-induced atherosclerosis by activating multiple NRF2 downstream genes.

Atherosclerosis 2019 Feb 25;284:110-120. Epub 2019 Feb 25.

Department of Cardiology, The Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing, Jiangsu, PR China; First clinical medicine college of Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing, Jiangsu, PR China. Electronic address:

Background And Aims: Oxidative stress-induced endothelial dysfunction is considered to exert a vital role in the development of atherosclerotic coronary heart disease (CHD). NRF2 is a key transcriptional factor against oxidative stress through activation of multiple ARE-mediated genes. Z-Lig is derived from the Ligusticum species with antitumor, anti-inflammation and neuroprotection activities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2019.02.010DOI Listing
February 2019

How much further do we need to decrease LDL cholesterol levels in heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia?

Atherosclerosis 2019 Mar 9. Epub 2019 Mar 9.

Department of Molecular Innovation in Lipidology, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center Research Institute, 5-7-1 Fujishirodai, Suita, Osaka, 565-8565, Japan. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2019.03.003DOI Listing
March 2019
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PCSK9 in HIV infection: New opportunity or red herring?

Atherosclerosis 2019 Mar 9. Epub 2019 Mar 9.

Centro Dislipidemie, A.S.S.T. Grande Ospedale Metropolitano Niguarda, Milan, Italy.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2019.03.002DOI Listing
March 2019
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Ticagrelor in the prevention of coronary and non-coronary atherothrombotic events: A comprehensive meta-analysis of 10 randomized trials.

Atherosclerosis 2019 Feb 25;284:136-147. Epub 2019 Feb 25.

Division of Cardiology, Azienda Ospedaliera-Universitaria "Maggiore della Carità", Eastern Piedmont University, Novara, Italy. Electronic address:

Background And Aims: More potent antithrombotic strategies have significantly reduced the rate of recurrent ischemic events in cardiovascular disease. Ticagrelor, in particular, has significantly improved the outcome in patients with acute coronary syndromes, offering potential benefits also in terms of survival. In addition, more recent data have suggested that the advantages of ticagrelor could be extended also to non-coronary atherothrombotic disease, although with contrasting results, especially for mortality reduction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2019.02.011DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Ideal cardiovascular health associated with fatty liver: Results from a multi-ethnic survey.

Atherosclerosis 2018 Nov 8;284:129-135. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Department of Hypertension, Chair of Nephrology and Hypertension, Medical University of Lodz, Poland; Polish Mother's Memorial Hospital Research Institute (PMMHRI), Lodz, Poland; Cardiovascular Research Centre, University of Zielona Gora, Zielona Gora, Poland.

Background And Aims: Little is known about the role of liver enzymes as predictors of non-liver-related morbidity and mortality. The ideal cardiovascular health (CVH) score proposed by the American Heart Association (AHA) can be used to predict mortality and morbidity. We investigated the association of the CVH score with liver enzymes and the risk of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) among US adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2018.11.012DOI Listing
November 2018

A peptide antagonist of F11R/JAM-A reduces plaque formation and prolongs survival in an animal model of atherosclerosis.

Atherosclerosis 2019 Feb 22;284:92-101. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Department of Medicine, State University of New York, Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, NY, 11203, USA.

Background And Aims: The F11 Receptor (F11R), AKA Junctional Adhesion Molecule-A (JAM-A) (F11R/JAM-A), is an adhesion protein constitutively expressed on the membrane surface of circulating platelets and the luminal surface of inflamed endothelial cells (EC). Platelet adhesion to an inflamed endothelium is one of the early steps of atherosclerotic plaque formation. Our previous studies, conducted with cultured EC in vitro, have demonstrated the expression of F11R/JAM-A on the luminal surface of inflamed EC, platelet adhesion to inflamed EC through F11R/JAM-A interactions, and inhibition of this interaction by the presence of F11R/JAM-A antagonistic peptide (F11Rpeptide 4D). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2019.02.014DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads
3.994 Impact Factor

One-year clinical outcomes between biodegradable-polymer-coated biolimus-eluting stent and durable-polymer-coated drug-eluting stents in STEMI patients with multivessel coronary artery disease undergoing culprit-only or multivessel PCI.

Atherosclerosis 2019 Mar 3;284:102-109. Epub 2019 Mar 3.

Division of Cardiology, Severance Cardiovascular Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, South Korea.

Background And Aims: There are limited data comparing clinical outcomes among new-generation drug-eluting stents (DES) in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients with multivessel coronary artery disease (MVD) who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with culprit-only or multivessel PCI. We investigated 1-year clinical outcomes between biodegradable-polymer (BP)-coated biolimus-eluting stent (BES) and durable-polymer (DP)-coated DES in STEMI patients with MVD who underwent two different reperfusion strategies.

Methods: A total of 4255 patients were enrolled and divided into two groups, a culprit-only (n = 2571, BP- [n = 264] or DP-DES [n = 2307]) or a multivessel PCI group (n = 1684, BP- [n = 145] or DP-DES [n = 1539]). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2019.02.022DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads
3.994 Impact Factor

Achilles tendon ultrasonography - A useful screening tool for cardiovascular risk estimation in patients with severe hypercholesterolemia.

Atheroscler Suppl 2019 Mar 29;36:6-11. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Children's Hospital, Vilnius University Hospital Santaros Klinikos, Lithuania.

Background And Aims: Achilles tendon lesions have long been associated with genetic defects in lipid metabolism and increased risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVD). With this study we aimed to evaluate the usefulness of Achilles tendon ultrasonography in identifying people at greater risk among subjects with severe hypercholesterolemia (SH) in a high-risk population.

Methods: During the period of 2016-2017 a total of 213 participants were enrolled in this case-control study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosissup.2019.01.002DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Investigating the association between familial hypercholesterolemia and perceived depression.

Atheroscler Suppl 2019 Mar 29;36:31-36. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Department of Internal Medicine and Cardiovascular Center, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, 10002, Taiwan; Institute of Occupational Medicine and Industrial Hygiene, National Taiwan University College of Public Health, Taipei, 10020, Taiwan; Department of Environmental and Occupational Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Background And Aims: Inherited familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) increases cardiovascular risks, but perceived depression in FH is unknown. This study aims to explore the association between the FH and perceived depression.

Methods: This study was a hospital-based design, we started to recruit clinical diagnosis of phenotypic FH since 2014 for the Ten Countries Study in the Asia-Pacific region. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosissup.2019.01.007DOI Listing
March 2019
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Variable expression and penetrance in Portuguese families with Familial Hypercholesterolemia with mild phenotype.

Authors:
I M Gaspar A Gaspar

Atheroscler Suppl 2019 Mar;36:28-30

Metabolic Unit, Pediatric Department, Santa Maria Hospital, Lisboa, Portugal.

Familial hypercholesterolemia is an Mendelian dominant disorder characterized by defects of the low density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) that result in a defective removal of LDL from plasma, which promotes deposition of cholesterol in the skin (xanthelasma), tendons (xanthomas), and arteries (atherosclerosis). Diagnosis severe clinical phenotype FH with Dutch Lipid Clinic Network Criteria, encompassing history of premature ASCVD, tendon xanthomas, and a family history of hypercholesterolemia and premature ASCVD in relatives is rare in the Portuguese FH patients. There is a variability of the phenotype in FH individuals with clinical diagnosis or genetic mutation (carriers and patients) probably due to environmental factors in the last century, a Mediterranean diet, or a diet without fat food, trans fat food, no smoking, no sedentary life that can interfere with our metabolism, or are consequences of polygenic, epigenetic, acquired defects, modifiers genes and beta-globin asymptomatic carriers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosissup.2019.01.006DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Establishing a familial hypercholesterolaemia register - The first year.

Authors:
Myra Tilney

Atheroscler Suppl 2019 Mar 2;36:24-27. Epub 2019 Feb 2.

Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, Mater Dei Hospital, University of Malta, B'kara Bypass, Malta; Dept of Primary Care & Public Health, School of Public Health, 319, Global eHealth Unit, Imperial College London, Reynolds Bldg, St Dunstan's Rd, London, W6 8RP, UK. Electronic address:

Background And Aims: Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is an autosomal dominant condition raising the risk of premature cardiovascular disease up to twentyfold.[1] [2] It is under-diagnosed and undertreated, in spite of availability of effective treatment. Registers are recommended to assist in the recognition and improvement of the condition since treatment reduces morbidity and mortality. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosissup.2019.01.005DOI Listing
March 2019
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Percutaneous coronary intervention for a Chinese familial hypercholesterolemia homozygous under the guidance of optical coherence tomography.

Atheroscler Suppl 2019 Mar;36:19-23

Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University - Beijing Institute of Heart, Lung and Blood Vessel Diseases, 100029, China; Department of Atherosclerosis, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, 100029, China. Electronic address:

Homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia developed into severe cardiovascular consequences early. Untreated HoFH usually cannot survive over 30 years old. Acute coronary syndrome(ACS) caused by plaque rupture is one of the main causes of death in HoFH. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosissup.2019.01.004DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read
2.293 Impact Factor

Familial hypercholesterolemia in China half a century: A review of published literature.

Atheroscler Suppl 2019 Mar 29;36:12-18. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing Institute of Heart, Lung and Blood Vessel Diseases Beijing, 100029, China; Department of Atherosclerosis, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, 100029, China. Electronic address:

Aims: To investigate the status of familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) research and the characteristics of patients with FH in China.

Methods: Published papers in Chinese or English language from PubMed, SinoMed and CNKI databases from 1971 to March 2018 were searched using 'Familial hypercholesterolemia', 'Chinese' and 'Han' as keywords. A systematic review of studies on familial hypercholesterolemia was then conducted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosissup.2019.01.003DOI Listing
March 2019
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The frequency of familial hypercholesterolemia amongst patients in the outpatient clinic of the tertiary specialized cardiology center in Kyrgyzstan.

Atheroscler Suppl 2019 Mar 30;36:1-5. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Kyrgyz State Medical Academy Named After I.K.Akhunbaev, 720020, 92, Akhunbaeva Str, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan; National Center of Cardiology and Internal Medicine Named After Academician Mirrakhimov M.M., 720000, 3, Togolok Moldo Str, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan.

Background: Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is frequently underdiagnosed. Prevalence of the FH in Kyrgyzstan is unknown.

Aim: to investigate the prevalence of FH amongst patients in the outpatient settings of the tertiary cardiologic center in Kyrgyzstan. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosissup.2019.01.001DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Dyslipidaemia among Ghanaian migrants in three European countries and their compatriots in rural and urban Ghana: The RODAM study.

Atherosclerosis 2019 Mar 4;284:83-91. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

Department of Public Health, Amsterdam UMC, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

Background And Aims: African populations have a favourable lipid profile compared to European populations. However, the extent to which they differ between rural and urban settings in Africa and upon migration to Europe is unknown. We assessed the lipid profiles of Ghanaians living in rural- and urban-Ghana and Ghanaian migrants living in three European countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2019.02.030DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads
3.994 Impact Factor

Normal serum ApoB48 and red cells vitamin E concentrations after supplementation in a novel compound heterozygous case of abetalipoproteinemia.

Atherosclerosis 2019 Mar 3;284:75-82. Epub 2019 Mar 3.

INSERM U1060, Laboratoire Carmen, Université Lyon 1, INRA U1235, INSA de Lyon, CENS, Centre de Recherche en Nutrition Humaine Rhône Alpes, Villeurbanne F-69621, Oullins cedex, F-69921, France; Service de Nutrition Pediatrique, Gastroenterologie and Hepatologie, Hôpital Femme Mère Enfants, Hospices Civils de Lyon, Bron cedex, F-69677, France. Electronic address:

Background And Aims: Abetalipoproteinemia (ABL) is a rare recessive monogenic disease due to MTTP (microsomal triglyceride transfer protein) mutations leading to the absence of plasma apoB-containing lipoproteins. Here we characterize a new ABL case with usual clinical phenotype, hypocholesterolemia, hypotriglyceridemia but normal serum apolipoprotein B48 (apoB48) and red blood cell vitamin E concentrations.

Methods: Histology and MTP activity measurements were performed on intestinal biopsies. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00219150193009
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2019.02.016DOI Listing
March 2019
7 Reads

Statins and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in the era of precision medicine: More friends than foes.

Atherosclerosis 2019 Mar 3;284:66-74. Epub 2019 Mar 3.

Operating Unit of Internal and Metabolic Medicine, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria of Modena, Civil Hospital of Baggiovara, Via Giardini 1355, 41126, Modena, Italy.

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) describes a spectrum of alcohol-like hepatic histological changes, which occur in the absence of any competing causes of chronic liver disease, notably including significant alcohol consumption. A close and bi-directional relationship links NAFLD with the metabolic syndrome (MetS), and concurrent MetS will hasten the progression to more severe forms of NAFLD, including cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Patients with NAFLD will typically exhibit atherogenic dyslipidemia and increased cardiovascular risk (CVR). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2019.02.028DOI Listing
March 2019
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Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease presence and severity are associated with aortic stiffness beyond abdominal obesity: The ELSA-Brasil.

Atherosclerosis 2019 Feb 13;284:59-65. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Center for Clinical and Epidemiological Research, University Hospital, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil, Department of Medicine, School of Medicine University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil, 2565 Prof. Lineu Prestes Avenue, Sao Paulo, SP, 05508-000, Brazil. Electronic address:

Background And Aims: It is uncertain whether non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is associated with aortic stiffness in a racial/ethnically diverse and admixed society. We addressed whether NAFLD presence and severity were associated with carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cf-PWV) in individuals free of cardiovascular disease.

Methods: In 7196 individuals free of cardiovascular disease at the baseline Brazilian longitudinal study of adult health, we classified NAFLD presence and severity (mild, moderate and severe) by ultrasound hepatic attenuation. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00219150193008
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2019.02.005DOI Listing
February 2019
6 Reads

Celecoxib aggravates atherogenesis and upregulates leukotrienes in ApoE mice and lipopolysaccharide-stimulated RAW264.7 macrophages.

Atherosclerosis 2019 Mar 1;284:50-58. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Laboratory Animal Center, Guangxi Medical University, Nanning 530021, Guangxi, China. Electronic address:

Background And Aims: COX-2-selective inhibitors have been associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular complications, and their impact on atherosclerosis (AS) remains controversial. The proinflammatory COX-2 and 5-LO pathways both play essential roles in AS and related cardiovascular diseases. Previous clinical studies have provided evidence of the ability of COX-2-selective inhibitors to shunt AA metabolism from the COX-2 pathway to the 5-LO pathway. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2019.02.017DOI Listing
March 2019
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Association of ideal cardiovascular health metrics with serum uric acid, inflammation and atherogenic index of plasma: A population-based survey.

Atherosclerosis 2018 Sep 15;284:44-49. Epub 2018 Sep 15.

Department of Hypertension, Chair of Nephrology and Hypertension, Medical University of Lodz, Poland; Polish Mother's Memorial Hospital Research Institute (PMMHRI), Lodz, Poland; Cardiovascular Research Centre, University of Zielona Gora, Zielona Gora, Poland.

Background And Aims: We aimed to evaluate the link between inflammatory score [consisting of C-reactive protein (CRP) and white blood cells], serum uric acid (SUA) and atherogenic index of plasma (AIP) and the cardiovascular health (CVH) score.

Methods: We used the cross-sectional National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey database. Statistical analyses accounted for the survey design and sample weights. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00219150183137
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2018.09.016DOI Listing
September 2018
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Is epicardial fat attenuation a novel marker of coronary inflammation?

Atherosclerosis 2019 Mar 2. Epub 2019 Mar 2.

Department of Cardiology and Vascular Medicine, West German Heart and Vascular Center Essen, University Hospital Essen, Essen, Germany.

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00219150193011
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2019.02.023DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Gestational diabetes and maternal obesity suggestively priming children's premature atherosclerosis: Is it the mother fault?

Atherosclerosis 2019 Mar 4. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

Medicine II, Division of Angiology, Medical University of Vienna, Austria.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2019.02.029DOI Listing

Reply to: "The "cholesterol paradox" in patients with mastocytosis".

Atherosclerosis 2019 Mar 2. Epub 2019 Mar 2.

Department of Internal Medicine, Laboratory Vascular Medicine, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, the Netherlands. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2019.02.018DOI Listing
March 2019
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Increased retention of LDL from type 1 diabetic patients in atherosclerosis-prone areas of the murine arterial wall.

Atherosclerosis 2019 Mar 4. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

Steno Diabetes Center Aarhus, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark.

Background And Aims: Type 1 diabetes accelerates the development of atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases. Retention of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) in the arterial wall is a causal step in atherogenesis, but it is unknown whether diabetes alters the propensity of LDL for retention. The present study investigated whether LDL from type 1 diabetic and healthy non-diabetic subjects differed in their ability to bind to the arterial wall in a type 1 diabetic mouse model. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2019.02.027DOI Listing
March 2019
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Decline in ankle-brachial index is stronger in poorly than in well controlled diabetes: Results from the Heinz Nixdorf Recall cohort study.

Atherosclerosis 2019 Mar 3;284:37-43. Epub 2019 Mar 3.

Center of Clinical Epidemiology, Institute for Medical Informatics, Biometry and Epidemiology, Medical Faculty, University Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany; School of Public Health, Department of Epidemiology Boston University, 715 Albany Street, Talbot Building, Boston, MA, 02118, USA.

Background And Aims: The ankle-brachial index (ABI) is a marker of atherosclerosis and a diagnostic criterion for peripheral arterial disease (PAD). We studied the association between HbA1c and ABI in subjects with and without diabetes.

Methods: In the Heinz Nixdorf Recall Study, a population-based cohort study in Germany (N = 4,814, age 45-75 years), ABI was measured at baseline, at 5- and 10-year follow-up. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2019.02.021DOI Listing
March 2019
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Statin and clinical outcomes of primary prevention in individuals aged >75 years: The SCOPE-75 study.

Atherosclerosis 2019 Mar 4;284:31-36. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea; Cardiovascular Research Institute, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea. Electronic address:

Background And Aims: Limited data is available on the benefit of statin for primary prevention in the elderly. The aim of this study is to investigate whether statin for primary prevention is effective in lowering the cardiovascular risk and all-cause death in individuals aged >75 years.

Methods: This was a retrospective, propensity score-matched study and data were acquired between 2005 and 2016 in a tertiary university hospital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2019.02.026DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads