12,041 results match your criteria Atelectasis

High-resolution computed tomography features of asbestosis versus fibrotic hypersensitivity pneumonitis: an observational study.

BMC Pulm Med 2022 May 25;22(1):207. Epub 2022 May 25.

Department of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology, Clinical Center for Interstitial Lung Diseases, Beijing Institute of Respiratory Medicine, Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital, Capital Medical University, No. 8 Workers' Stadium South Road, Chao-Yang District, Beijing, China.

Background: Asbestosis and fibrotic hypersensitivity pneumonitis (FHP) share the pathogenetic mechanisms induced bronchiolocentric fibrotic process secondary to inhalation exposure. Under the occupational and environmental mixed exposures, asbestosis and FHP are needed to make the differential diagnoses on high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT), especially in the countries still using asbestos. The study aimed to analyze the HRCT features of asbestosis versus FHP. Read More

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[A Case of Pleural Empyema with Fistula Caused by Endobronchial Metastasis of Renal Cell Carcinoma].

Hinyokika Kiyo 2022 Apr;68(4):113-116

The Department of Urology, Osaka International Cancer Institute.

A 52-year-old man complained of asymptomatic gross hematuria and cough. Chest and abdominal computed tomography (CT) revealed a right renal tumor, mediastinal lymph node metastasis, and right endobronchial metastasis. The right endobronchial metastasis was causing obstructive atelectasis in the lower lobe of the right lung. Read More

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Liver transplantation in the Intensive Care Unit: twenty years experience in a center medium income on Peru.

Rev Gastroenterol Peru 2021 Oct-Dec;41(4):227-232

Department of Surgery, Federico Villarreal National University. Lima, Peru.

Liver transplantation is the major treatment for end-stage liver disease. Postoperative care is a great challenge to reduce morbidity and mortality in patients. In this sense, management in the liver ICU allows hemodynamic management, coagulation monitoring, renal support, electrolyte disturbances, respiratory support and early weaning from mechanical ventilation and evaluation of the liver graft. Read More

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Ultra-early initiation of postoperative rehabilitation in the post-anaesthesia care unit after major thoracic surgery: case-control study.

BJS Open 2022 May;6(3)

Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Hôpital Nord, Hôpitaux Universitaires de Marseille, Aix Marseille University, Marseille, France.

Background: Physiotherapy is a major cornerstone of enhanced rehabilitation after surgery (ERAS) and reduces the development of atelectasis after thoracic surgery. By initiating physiotherapy in the post-anaesthesia care unit (PACU), the aim was to evaluate whether the ultra-early initiation of rehabilitation (in the first hour following tracheal extubation) would improve the outcomes of patients undergoing elective thoracic surgery.

Methods: A case-control study with a before-and-after design was conducted. Read More

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Protective Effect of Nalbuphine Combined With Dexmedetomidine on the Lungs of Children With Atelectasis and Foreign Body in the Bronchus During the Perioperative Period.

Front Physiol 2022 5;13:799183. Epub 2022 May 5.

Department of Anesthesiology, Zhengzhou University First Affiliated Hospital, Zhengzhou, China.

The present study aims to explore the protective effect of nalbuphine combined with dexmedetomidine on the lungs of children with atelectasis who have a foreign body in a bronchus during the perioperative period. A total of 180 patients whose computed tomography scan showed atelectasis and a foreign body in a bronchus were randomly divided into three groups: group C (conventional anesthesia group), group D (dexmedetomidine group), and group N + D (nalbuphine combined with the dexmedetomidine group). The following indicators were recorded: 1) heart rate (HR) and mean arterial pressure (MAP) prior to induction (T), at bronchoscope placement (T), at intubation after surgery (T), at tube removal (T), 10 min after tube removal (T), 20 min after tube removal (T), and at awaking (T); 2) monocyte toll-like receptors (TLRs) TLR⁃2, TLR⁃4, tumor necrosis factor α, interleukin 6, oxygenation index, and the B-line sum at T, T, 2 h (T), and 24 h (T) after tube removal; and 3) hospital stay after surgery. Read More

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Thoracic Computed Tomography to Assess ARDS and COVID-19 Lungs.

Front Physiol 2022 2;13:829534. Epub 2022 May 2.

Associate Professor of Pneumology, University of São Paulo Medical School, Medical Staff Adult ICU Albert Einstein Hospital, São Paulo, Brazil.

This review was designed to discuss the role of thoracic-computed tomography (CT) in the evaluation and treatment of patients with ARDS and COVID-19 lung disease. Non-aerated lungs characterize the ARDS lungs, compared to normal lungs in the lowermost lung regions, compressive atelectasis. Heterogenous ARDS lungs have a tomographic vertical gradient characterized by progressively more aerated lung tissues from the gravity-dependent to gravity-independent lungs levels. Read More

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CT findings of basaloid squamous cell carcinoma of the lung in 12 patients: A distinct category of squamous cell carcinoma in 2015 WHO classification of lung tumors.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2022 May 13;101(19):e29197. Epub 2022 May 13.

Department of Radiology, Veterans Health Service Medical Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Abstract: Basaloid squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is very rare subtype of SCC of the lung and it is important to distinguish basaloid to other subtypes of SCCs, since the prognosis of basaloid subtype is considered poorer than that of other non-basaloid subtypes of SCCs. Aim of this study was to assess computed tomography (CT) findings of basaloid SCC of the lung in 12 patients.From January 2016 to April 2021, 12 patients with surgically proven basaloid SCC of the lung were identified. Read More

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Severe gastric insufflation and consequent atelectasis caused by gas leakage using AIR-Q laryngeal mask airway: A case report.

World J Clin Cases 2022 Apr;10(11):3541-3546

Department of Anesthesiology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangdong Provincial Hospital of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou 510120, Guangdong Province, China.

Background: The airways of patients undergoing awake craniotomy (AC) are considered "predicted difficult airways", inclined to be managed with supraglottic airway devices (SADs) to lower the risk of coughing or gagging. However, the special requirements of AC in the head and neck position may deteriorate SADs' seal performance, which increases the risks of ventilation failure, severe gastric insufflation, regurgitation, and aspiration.

Case Summary: A 41-year-old man scheduled for AC with the asleep-awake-asleep approach was anesthetized and ventilated with a size 3. Read More

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Increased Serum Levels of Proinflammatory Cytokines Are Accompanied by Fatigue in Military T-6A Texan II Instructor Pilots.

Front Physiol 2022 28;13:876750. Epub 2022 Apr 28.

Department of Physiology and Biophysics, School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, United States.

Tactical aviation imposes unprecedented physical challenges including repetitive exposure to hypergravity, hyperoxia, increased work of breathing, and profound cognitive workloads. Each stressor evokes outcomes ranging from musculoskeletal duress and atelectasis to physical and cognitive fatigue, the latter among the foremost threats to aviators. Whereas sleep loss is traditionally considered the primary cause of fatigue in aviators, converging experimental, observational, and medical studies have identified biochemical mechanisms promoting onset of fatigue. Read More

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Perioperative outcomes and the effects of anesthesia in congenital central hypoventilation patients.

Sleep Breath 2022 May 13. Epub 2022 May 13.

Keck School of Medicine of University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Purpose: Patients with congenital central hypoventilation syndrome (CCHS) have autonomic dysfunction and lack ventilatory responses to hypoxemia and hypercarbia and thus are prone to adverse events during general anesthesia. The objective of this study was to describe the perioperative outcomes of patients with CCHS who were undergoing diaphragm pacer (DP) implantation surgeries under general anesthesia.

Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted on patients with CCHS who underwent DP implantation surgeries at CHLA between January 2000 and May 2016. Read More

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A comparison of the surgical invasiveness and short-term outcomes between thoracoscopic and pneumatic mediastinoscopic esophagectomy for esophageal cancer.

Surg Today 2022 May 12. Epub 2022 May 12.

Department of Digestive Surgery, Breast and Thyroid Surgery, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Kagoshima University, 8-35-1 Sakuragaoka, Kagoshima-shi, Kagoshima, 890-8520, Japan.

Purpose: Minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE) has been widely accepted as a treatment for esophageal cancer. This retrospective study compared the short-term outcomes and surgical invasiveness between thoracoscopic esophagectomy (TE) and mediastinoscopic esophagectomy with pneumomediastinum (pneumatic mediastinoscopic esophagectomy [PME]).

Methods: A total of 72 patients who underwent TE or PME were included and assessed for their surgical findings, postoperative complications, and inflammatory responses on postoperative day (POD) 1, 3, 5, and 7. Read More

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Pathological, Immunological, and Hematological Parameters Associated with Experimental Infection of in Rabbits.

Arch Razi Inst 2021 Dec 30;76(6):1607-1615. Epub 2021 Dec 30.

Department of Microbiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Wasit University, Wasit, Iraq.

is one of the most important nosocomial opportunistic pathogens, which causes sepsis, as well as different gross and histopathological lesions in various internal organs in humans and animals, especially dogs and fish. This study aimed to investigate the hematological parameters, immunological responses, and pathological effects of the infection induced by the virulent strain of on rabbits. A total of 42 rabbits (local breed; male and female), with a mean weight of 1. Read More

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December 2021

Choice of neuromuscular block reversal agent to reduce postoperative pulmonary complications.

Anesth Pain Med (Seoul) 2022 Apr 22;17(2):121-131. Epub 2022 Apr 22.

Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Konyang University Hospital, Myunggok Medical Research Center, Konyang University College of Medicine, Daejeon, Korea.

The definition of postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) is inconsistent in literature; however, PPCs include pulmonary abnormalities that adversely affect patient outcomes, such as respiratory failure, atelectasis, pneumonia, pleural effusion, and exacerbation of underlying lung conditions. Furthermore, although the incidence of PPCs varies according to its definition, surgery type, and patient population, they can lead to increased morbidity, mortality, duration of hospitalization, and medical costs; thus, efforts to identify and reduce the risk factors are important to improve patient outcomes. Among the risk factors for PPCs, residual neuromuscular block is a representative and preventable anesthesia-related risk factor that is affected by the choice of the reversal agent. Read More

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The prognostic value of subjective nasal symptoms and SNOT-22 score in middle ear surgery.

Am J Otolaryngol 2022 May 5;43(4):103480. Epub 2022 May 5.

Unit of Otorhinolaringology, Department of Biomedicine, Neuroscience and Advanced Diagnostics, AOUP Paolo Giaccone, University of Palermo, Via del Vespro, 133, 90127 Palermo, Italy.

Background: The relationship between nasal functions and middle ear surgery is still under debate. Nasal obstruction is considered as a negative prognostic factor in middle ear surgery. This is based on the theory that it may cause Eustachian tube dysfunction (ETD) by leading to reduced ventilation of the middle ear, as found in several patients with nasal septal deviation, chronic rhinitis and nasal polyps. Read More

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Chest CT-based Assessment of 1-year Outcomes after Moderate COVID-19 Pneumonia.

Radiology 2022 May 10:220019. Epub 2022 May 10.

Department of Radiology, Monaldi Hospital, AO dei Colli, Naples, Italy.

Background COVID-19 pneumonia may lead to pulmonary fibrosis in the long term. Chest CT is useful to evaluate changes in the lung parenchyma over time. Purpose To illustrate the temporal change of lung abnormalities on chest CT associated with COVID-19 pneumonia over 1-year. Read More

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Peri-operative Morbidity of Nissen Sleeve Gastrectomy: Prospective Evaluation of a Cohort of 365 Patients, Beyond the Learning Curve.

Obes Surg 2022 May 7. Epub 2022 May 7.

ELSAN Clinique Bouchard, Marseille, France.

Purpose: Over the last decade, an important interest was taken to prevent the reflux following sleeve. A new variant, Nissen-sleeve, was described with the purpose to prevent GERD and to decrease the occurrence of leak. The current study reports the preliminary results of a prospective trial. Read More

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Erector Spinae Plane Blocks for Traumatic Rib Fractures: A Prospective, Interventional Study.

Am Surg 2022 May 5:31348221091956. Epub 2022 May 5.

Department of Surgery, 6040Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, VA, USA.

Background: Rib fractures are present in 10% of all trauma patients and 30% of patients with significant chest trauma. Pain from rib fractures results in decreased respiratory effort which can lead to atelectasis and potentially pneumonia and death. Pain control is therefore of utmost importance in preventing the complications of rib fractures by improving respiratory function. Read More

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Malignant solitary fibrous tumor of the pleura.

J Cardiothorac Surg 2022 May 3;17(1):92. Epub 2022 May 3.

Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, AdventHealth, Orlando, FL, USA.

Background: Solitary fibrous tumors of the pleura are rare diseases of the thoracic cavity. They frequently grow unnoticed until they exert compressive effects on adjacent organs. Treatment of solitary fibrous tumors of the pleura is surgical resection. Read More

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Rubidium Uptake in Chest Tumors on PET/CT.

World J Nucl Med 2022 Mar 24;21(1):18-27. Epub 2022 Feb 24.

Department of Radiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States.

 Chest tumors are often found incidentally on cardiac scans; we aimed to describe the findings of rubidium (Rb) in incidentally discovered extracardiac tumors.  We reviewed a database of cardiac Rb scans performed over a period of 11 years and identified those with a previously unsuspected malignancy seen on the plane of section. We then measured maximum standard uptake value for each of the tumors, as well as background lung, liver, mediastinum, and body wall. Read More

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Positive versus negative pressure during removal of endotracheal-tube on prevention of post-extubation atelectasis in ventilated neonates: A randomized controlled trial.

Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2022 Apr 4;76:103573. Epub 2022 Apr 4.

Department of Community Medicine, School of Medicine, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.

Background: Post-extubation-atelectasis (PEA) is a common problem after the removal of an endotracheal tube in neonates which increases the rate of extubation failure. Different techniques have been introduced for the prevention of PEA. One technique is the removal of the endotracheal tube by negative or positive gradients of pressure. Read More

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CT features of community-acquired pneumonia at the emergency department.

Respir Med Res 2022 Apr 27;81:100892. Epub 2022 Apr 27.

AP-HP, Hôpital Bichat, Service de radiologie, 46 rue Henri Huchard; Université de Paris Cité - Faculté de Médecine Bichat, 75018 Paris, France; INSERM UMR 1152, Paris, France.

Background: Chest computed tomography (CT) was reported to improve the diagnosis of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) as compared to chest X-ray (CXR). The aim of this study is to describe the CT-patterns of CAP in a large population visiting the emergency department and to see if some of them are more frequently missed on CXR.

Materials And Methods: This is an ancillary analysis of the prospective multicenter ESCAPED study including 319 patients. Read More

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Desflurane improves lung collapse more than propofol during one-lung ventilation and reduces operation time in lobectomy by video-assisted thoracic surgery: a randomized controlled trial.

BMC Anesthesiol 2022 04 29;22(1):125. Epub 2022 Apr 29.

Department of Anesthesiology, Tokushima University Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Tokushima, Japan.

Background: This study evaluated whether desflurane improved lung collapse during one-lung ventilation (OLV) more than propofol, and whether it could reduce the operation time of video-assisted thoracic surgery.

Methods: Sixty patients undergoing lobectomy by video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) were randomly assigned to general anesthesia with desflurane or propofol. Lungs were inspected by thoracoscope at 10, 30, and 60 min after initiation of OLV. Read More

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Proteomics of lung tissue reveals differences in inflammation and alveolar-capillary barrier response between atelectasis and aerated regions.

Sci Rep 2022 Apr 29;12(1):7065. Epub 2022 Apr 29.

Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care, and Pain Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.

Atelectasis is a frequent clinical condition, yet knowledge is limited and controversial on its biological contribution towards lung injury. We assessed the regional proteomics of atelectatic versus normally-aerated lung tissue to test the hypothesis that immune and alveolar-capillary barrier functions are compromised by purely atelectasis and dysregulated by additional systemic inflammation (lipopolysaccharide, LPS). Without LPS, 130 proteins were differentially abundant in atelectasis versus aerated lung, mostly (n = 126) with less abundance together with negatively enriched processes in immune, endothelial and epithelial function, and Hippo signaling pathway. Read More

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Ventilatory weaning strategies for predicting extubation success in children following cardiac surgery for congenital heart disease: a protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis.

BMJ Open 2022 04 29;12(4):e054128. Epub 2022 Apr 29.

Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, Federal University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil.

Introduction: Congenital heart disease (CHD) comprises the anatomic malformations that jeopardise the structure and function of the heart. It can be extremely complex and serious, corresponding to 30% of all deaths in the first month of life. The surgical approach for adequate treatment requires postoperative mechanical ventilation. Read More

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Perioperative Pulmonary Atelectasis: Comment.

Anesthesiology 2022 May 2. Epub 2022 May 2.

Radboud University, Nijmegen, The Netherlands (J.v.E.).

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Perioperative Pulmonary Atelectasis: Reply.

Anesthesiology 2022 May 2. Epub 2022 May 2.

Columbia University Irving Medical Center, New York, New York (M.F.V.M.).

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Partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection with portosystemic shunt in a cat.

J Vet Cardiol 2022 Apr 4;41:220-226. Epub 2022 Apr 4.

Elle Animal Clinic, 1-5-12 Tokiwadai, Kitakami, 024-0012, Japan.

A thirteen-month-old castrated male domestic shorthair presented for evaluation with a three-month history of hematuria. Portosystemic shunts and calculi within the bladder were suspected, and computed tomography angiography was performed. Computed tomography angiography identified an extrahepatic portosystemic shunt and a partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection, with the lobar vein of the right caudal lobe draining into the caudal vena cava. Read More

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Correlation of Perioperative Atelectasis With Duration of Anesthesia, Pneumoperitoneum, and Length of Surgery in Patients Undergoing Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy.

Cureus 2022 Apr 18;14(4):e24261. Epub 2022 Apr 18.

Anesthesia, Max Super Speciality Hospital, Patparganj, Delhi, IND.

Background During anesthesia, atelectasis is frequent, and it is also seen in critically ill individuals with a variety of underlying causes and pathologies. Objective The present study was conducted to assess whether there is a correlation between perioperative atelectasis and duration of anesthesia, pneumoperitoneum, and length of surgery in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Material and methods Seventy-two American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) grade I-III patients of either gender undergoing elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy who met the inclusion criteria were enrolled in this observational study. Read More

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Non-intubated Thoracic Surgery: Wedge Resections for Peripheral Pulmonary Nodules.

Front Surg 2022 7;9:853643. Epub 2022 Apr 7.

Thoracic Surgery Department, Tor Vergata University Policlinic of Rome, Rome, Italy.

The feasibility of performing pulmonary resections of peripheral lung nodules has been one of the main objectives of non-intubated thoracic surgery. The aim was to obtain histological characterization and extend a radical intended treatment to oncological patients unfit for general anesthesia or anatomic pulmonary resections. There is mounting evidence for the role of wedge resection in early-stage lung cancer treatment, especially for frail patients unfit for general anesthesia and anatomic resections with nodules, demonstrating a non-aggressive biological behavior. Read More

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Temporary positive expiratory pressure (TPEP) as an alternative approach in the treatment of persistent atelectasis in a patient with Steinert disease: a case report.

Acta Myol 2022 Mar 31;41(1):48-51. Epub 2022 Mar 31.

UOC Pathophysiology and Respiratory Rehabilitation, Intensive Care Department, Azienda Ospedaliera dei Colli, Naples, Italy.

We describe the clinical case of a patient affected by Steinert disease with persistent dyspnea complicated by a complete obstructive atelectasis of left lower lung lobe. The atelectasis has been successfully treated using the TPEP machine, with resolution of radiological pattern and improvement of the symptoms. Read More

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