15 results match your criteria Astronomische Nachrichten[Journal]

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On the theory of crystal growth in metastable systems with biomedical applications: protein and insulin crystallization.

Philos Trans A Math Phys Eng Sci 2019 Apr;377(2143):20180214

2 Physikalisch-Astronomische Fakultät, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena, 07743 Jena , Germany.

A generalized theory of nucleation and growth of crystals in a metastable (supercooled or supersaturated) liquid is developed taking into account two principal effects: the diffusion mechanism of the particle-size distribution function in the space of particle radii and the unsteady-state growth rates of individual crystals induced by fluctuations in external temperature or concentration field. A system of the Fokker-Planck and balance integro-differential equations is formulated and analytically solved in a parametric form for arbitrary nucleation kinetics and arbitrary growth rates of individual crystals. The particle-size distribution function and system metastability are found in an explicit form. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsta.2018.0214DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6460066PMC
April 2019
1 Read

The boundary integral theory for slow and rapid curved solid/liquid interfaces propagating into binary systems.

Philos Trans A Math Phys Eng Sci 2018 Feb;376(2113)

Department of Theoretical and Mathematical Physics, Laboratory of Multi-Scale Mathematical Modeling, Ural Federal University, Ekaterinburg 620000, Russian Federation.

The boundary integral method for propagating solid/liquid interfaces is detailed with allowance for the thermo-solutal Stefan-type models. Two types of mass transfer mechanisms corresponding to the local equilibrium (parabolic-type equation) and local non-equilibrium (hyperbolic-type equation) solidification conditions are considered. A unified integro-differential equation for the curved interface is derived. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsta.2017.0218DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5784107PMC
February 2018
2 Citations
2.860 Impact Factor

Thermo-solutal and kinetic modes of stable dendritic growth with different symmetries of crystalline anisotropy in the presence of convection.

Philos Trans A Math Phys Eng Sci 2018 Feb;376(2113)

Department of Theoretical and Mathematical Physics, Laboratory of Multi-Scale Mathematical Modelling, Ural Federal University, Ekaterinburg, 620000, Russian Federation.

Motivated by important applications in materials science and geophysics, we consider the steady-state growth of anisotropic needle-like dendrites in undercooled binary mixtures with a forced convective flow. We analyse the stable mode of dendritic evolution in the case of small anisotropies of growth kinetics and surface energy for arbitrary Péclet numbers and -fold symmetry of dendritic crystals. On the basis of solvability and stability theories, we formulate a selection criterion giving a stable combination between dendrite tip diameter and tip velocity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsta.2017.0215DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5784104PMC
February 2018
2 Citations
2.860 Impact Factor

From atomistic interfaces to dendritic patterns.

Philos Trans A Math Phys Eng Sci 2018 Feb;376(2113)

Department of Theoretical and Mathematical Physics, Laboratory of Multi-Scale Mathematical Modeling, Ural Federal University, Ekaterinburg 620000, Russian Federation.

Transport processes around phase interfaces, together with thermodynamic properties and kinetic phenomena, control the formation of dendritic patterns. Using the thermodynamic and kinetic data of phase interfaces obtained on the atomic scale, one can analyse the formation of a single dendrite and the growth of a dendritic ensemble. This is the result of recent progress in theoretical methods and computational algorithms calculated using powerful computer clusters. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsta.2017.0210DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5784100PMC
February 2018

Kinetic transition in the order-disorder transformation at a solid/liquid interface.

Philos Trans A Math Phys Eng Sci 2018 Feb;376(2113)

Otto-Schott-Institut für Materialforschung, Physikalisch-Astronomische Fakultät, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena, 07743 Jena, Germany

Phase-field analysis for the kinetic transition in an ordered crystal structure growing from an undercooled liquid is carried out. The results are interpreted on the basis of analytical and numerical solutions of equations describing the dynamics of the phase field, the long-range order parameter as well as the atomic diffusion within the crystal/liquid interface and in the bulk crystal. As an example, the growth of a binary AB crystal is described, and critical undercoolings at characteristic changes of growth velocity and the long-range order parameter are defined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsta.2017.0207DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5784098PMC
February 2018
1 Read

Coarse-graining for fast dynamics of order parameters in the phase-field model.

Authors:
D Jou P K Galenko

Philos Trans A Math Phys Eng Sci 2018 Feb;376(2113)

Physikalisch-Astronomische Fakultät, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena, 07743 Jena, Germany.

In standard descriptions, the master equation can be obtained by coarse-graining with the application of the hypothesis of full local thermalization that is equivalent to the local thermodynamic equilibrium. By contrast, fast transformations proceed in the absence of local equilibrium and the master equation must be obtained with the absence of thermalization. In the present work, a non-Markovian master equation leading, in specific cases of relaxation to local thermodynamic equilibrium, to hyperbolic evolution equations for a binary alloy, is derived for a system with two order parameters. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsta.2017.0203DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5784094PMC
February 2018
1 Read

Travelling-wave amplitudes as solutions of the phase-field crystal equation.

Philos Trans A Math Phys Eng Sci 2018 Feb;376(2113)

Department of Theoretical and Mathematical Physics, Laboratory of Multi-Scale Mathematical Modeling, Ural Federal University, Ekaterinburg, 620000, Russian Federation.

The dynamics of the diffuse interface between liquid and solid states is analysed. The diffuse interface is considered as an envelope of atomic density amplitudes as predicted by the phase-field crystal model (Elder 2004 , 051605 (doi:10.1103/PhysRevE. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsta.2017.0202DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5784093PMC
February 2018

Therapeutic Developments Targeting Toll-like Receptor-4-Mediated Neuroinflammation.

ChemMedChem 2016 Jan 1;11(2):154-65. Epub 2015 Jul 1.

Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry and BioFrontiers Institute, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, 80309-0596, USA.

Toll-like receptors (TLRs) have been shown to play an important role in the immune system, which warrants study of their remarkable potential as pharmacological targets. Activation of TLRs requires participation from specific pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) and accessory proteins such as myeloid differentiation protein 2 (MD2), lipopolysaccharide binding protein (LBP), and cluster differentiation antigen 14 (CD14). Assembly of the TLR4-MD2-LPS complex is essential in TLR4 activation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cmdc.201500188DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4983275PMC
January 2016
11 Reads

[Preparation and in-vitro analysis of a polyethylenimine coating on hernia meshes].

Zentralbl Chir 2015 Apr 17;140(2):170-8. Epub 2013 Dec 17.

Lehrstuhl für Materialwissenschaft, Physikalisch-Astronomische Fakultät, Jena, Germany.

Background: Certain coatings such as titanium may improve the biocompatibility of hernia meshes. The coating with biopolymers such as polyethylenimine (PEI) can also improve the material characteristics of implants. This approach has, however, not yet been explored. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0033-1351003DOI Listing

Unconditionally stable method and numerical solution of the hyperbolic phase-field crystal equation.

Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys 2013 Jul 26;88(1):013310. Epub 2013 Jul 26.

Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena, Physikalisch-Astronomische Fakultät, D-07737 Jena, Germany.

The phase-field crystal model (PFC model) resolves systems on atomic length scales and diffusive time scales and lies in between standard phase-field modeling and atomistic methods. More recently a hyperbolic or modified PFC model was introduced to describe fast (propagative) and slow (diffusive) dynamics. We present a finite-element method for solving the hyperbolic PFC equation, introducing an unconditionally stable time integration algorithm. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevE.88.013310DOI Listing
July 2013
2 Reads

Improving high-order harmonic yield using wavefront-controlled ultrashort laser pulses.

Opt Express 2012 Feb;20(5):5601-6

Institut für Optik und Quantenelektronik, Physikalisch-Astronomische Fakultät ,Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena, Max-Wien-Platz 1, D-07743 Jena, Germany.

In this work we show that it is possible to increase the high-order harmonic yield when using wavefront-shaped laser beams. The investigation of the beam profile near the interaction region shows that the optimized beam is asymmetric and has a larger diameter. Thus, the optimized beam leads to a higher yield even if the peak intensity is lower compared to an unoptimized beam. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.20.005601DOI Listing
February 2012

Hopping conduction observed in thermal admittance spectroscopy.

Phys Rev Lett 2010 Jun 2;104(22):226403. Epub 2010 Jun 2.

Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena, Physikalisch-Astronomische Fakultät, Institut für Festkörperphysik, Max-Wien-Platz 1, D-07743 Jena, Germany.

We observe variable-range hopping conduction in thermal admittance spectroscopy and develop a method to evaluate the signal under this condition. As a relevant example of demonstration we employ Cu(In,Ga)(Se,S)2 thin-film solar cells and show that the fundamental N1 signal, which has been discussed for more than a decade in terms of minority carrier traps, does not display trap parameters, but is generated by the freezing-out of carrier mobility with decreasing temperature when hopping conduction prevails. This effect offers a new approach to carrier hopping and to semiconductors suffering from small mobility. Read More

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https://link.aps.org/doi/10.1103/PhysRevLett.104.226403
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.104.226403DOI Listing
June 2010
1 Read

Accurate retrieval of pulse-splitting dynamics of a femtosecond filament in water by time-resolved shadowgraphy.

Opt Lett 2009 Oct;34(19):3020-2

Physikalische Astronomische Fakultät, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität, Max-Wien-Platz 1, D-07743, Jena, Germany.

By means of a time-resolved, shadowgraphic method we observed directly the development of the pulse-splitting dynamics of a femtosecond laser pulse propagating in the filamentary regime in water. For the first time to our knowledge, the relative splitting velocity was measured. We compare the experimental data with numerical simulations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OL.34.003020DOI Listing
October 2009
5 Reads

Gas coupled laser photothermal interferometry for non-destructive and non-contact studies of biological specimens.

Biosci Biotechnol Biochem 1995 Jun;59(6):1044-7

Physikalisch-Astronomische-Technikwissenschaftliche Fakultät, Institut für Optik und Quantenelektronik, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität, Jena, Germany.

Photothermal signals from some biological materials exposed to modulated CO2 laser radiation were detected using the concept of photothermal interferometry. The magnitude and a phase of the signals were found to contain qualitative information about subsurface structural changes and variations of moisture content. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1271/bbb.59.1044DOI Listing

27Al satellite transition spectroscopy (SATRAS) of polycrystalline aluminum borate 9Al2O3.2B2O3.

Solid State Nucl Magn Reson 1992 Dec;1(5):261-6

Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena, Physikalisch-Astronomische Fakultät, Institut für Optik und Quantenelektronik, Germany.

27Al NMR spectra of polycrystalline aluminum borate 9Al2O3.2B2O3 have been measured at 104, 130 and 156 MHz. The parameters of the quadrupole interaction and the isotropic chemical shifts have been obtained by fitting the CT/MAS pattern and consideration of the inner satellite transitions m = 3/2<-->1/2 and m = - 1/2<-->- 3/2. Read More

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December 1992
1 Read
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