331 results match your criteria Astin Bulletin[Journal]


A Multitargeted Approach in the Discovery of an Organorhodium Anticancer Agent Based On Vorinostat as a Potent Histone Deacetylase Inhibitor.

Angew Chem Int Ed Engl 2020 May 19. Epub 2020 May 19.

University of Auckland, School of Chemical Sciences, 23 Symonds Street, 1010, Auckland, NEW ZEALAND.

The combination of more than one bioactive moiety in a mulitargeted anticancer agent may result in synergistic activity of its components. Using this concept, bioorganometallic compounds were designed to feature a metal center, a 2-pyridinecarbothioamide (PCA), and a hydroxamic acid, which is found in the anticancer drug vorinostat (SAHA). The organometallics showed inhibitory activity in the nanomolar range against histone deacetylases (HDACs) as the key target for SAHA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/anie.202005758DOI Listing

[Discovery of cytochrome P450 enzymes-inhibiting components in traditional Chinese medicine].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2020 Feb;45(4):923-931

State Laboratory of Traditional Chinese Medicine-Information Engineering, State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine, School of Chinese Material Medica, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine Beijing 102488, China.

With the widespread use of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) and the integration of TCM and western medicine, drug-drug interaction(DDI) is considered as a major cause of therapeutic failures and side effects. Cytochrome P450 enzymes(CYPs) are responsible for large number of drug metabolism. CYP3 A4 and CYP2 D6, two important CYP isoforms, are responsible for about 80% drug metabolism of CYPs super family. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.19540/j.cnki.cjcmm.20191022.401DOI Listing
February 2020

Targeting Drugs to Larval Zebrafish Macrophages by Injecting Drug-Loaded Liposomes.

J Vis Exp 2020 Feb 18(156). Epub 2020 Feb 18.

Department of Molecular Medicine and Pathology, Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, University of Auckland;

Zebrafish (Danio rerio) larvae have developed into a popular model to investigate host-pathogen interactions and the contribution of innate immune cells to inflammatory disease due to their functionally conserved innate immune system. They are also widely used to examine how innate immune cells help guide developmental processes. By taking advantage of the optical transparency and genetic tractability of larval zebrafish, these studies often focus on live imaging approaches to functionally characterize fluorescently marked macrophages and neutrophils within intact animals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3791/60198DOI Listing
February 2020

When to Change the Treatment Plan: An Analysis of Diminishing Returns in VA Patients Undergoing Prolonged Exposure and Cognitive Processing Therapy.

Behav Ther 2020 01 18;51(1):85-98. Epub 2019 May 18.

Emory University; Atlanta VA Medical Center.

Evidence-based treatments for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) often produce significant symptom reduction within eight sessions. However, some patients take longer to respond and a better understanding of predictors of later response can help guide treatment. In the current study, the cohort consisted of all VA patients with a PTSD diagnosis who received at least eight sessions of documented evidence-based treatment within a 6-month period in FY16-FY17 and had at least two PTSD symptom assessments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2019.05.003DOI Listing
January 2020

Frequency of anxiety after stroke: An updated systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies.

Int J Stroke 2020 Apr 24;15(3):244-255. Epub 2020 Jan 24.

Medical School Queens Medical Centre, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK.

Background: Anxiety is a common and distressing problem after stroke.

Aims: To undertake an updated systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies of anxiety after stroke and integrate the findings with those reported previously.

Summary Of Review: Multiple databases were searched in May 2018 and 53 new studies were included following dual independent sifting and data extraction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747493019896958DOI Listing
April 2020
3.833 Impact Factor

Rheological, Thermal, Superficial, and Morphological Properties of Thermoplastic Achira Starch Modified with Lactic Acid and Oleic Acid.

Molecules 2019 Dec 4;24(24). Epub 2019 Dec 4.

QUIBIO, Facultad de Ciencias Básicas, Universidad Santiago de Cali, Pampalinda, Santiago de Cali 760035, Colombia.

The modification of achira starch a thermoplastic biopolymer is shown. Glycerol and sorbitol, common plasticizers, were used in the molten state with organic acids such as oleic acid and lactic acid obtaining thermodynamically more stable products. The proportion of starch:plasticizer was 70:30, and the acid agent was added in portions from 3%, 6%, and 9% by weight. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/molecules24244433DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6943512PMC
December 2019

Antitumor astins originate from the fungal endophyte living within the medicinal plant .

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2019 Dec 6. Epub 2019 Dec 6.

Institute of Botany, Technische Universität Dresden, 01217 Dresden, Germany;

Medicinal plants are a prolific source of natural products with remarkable chemical and biological properties, many of which have considerable remedial benefits. Numerous medicinal plants are suffering from wildcrafting, and thus biotechnological production processes of their natural products are urgently needed. The plant is widely used in traditional Chinese medicine and contains unique active ingredients named astins. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1910527116DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6936678PMC
December 2019

Cardiologists' and patients' views about the informed consent process and their understanding of the anticipated treatment benefits of coronary angioplasty: A survey study.

Eur J Cardiovasc Nurs 2020 Mar 27;19(3):260-268. Epub 2019 Nov 27.

Department of Cardiology, Pinderfields Hospital, UK.

Background: Percutaneous coronary intervention is a common revascularisation technique. Serious complications are uncommon, but death is one of them. Seeking informed consent in advance of percutaneous coronary intervention is mandatory. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1474515119879050DOI Listing
March 2020
1.828 Impact Factor

Patients' Experiences of Cardiovascular Health Education and Risk Communication: A Qualitative Synthesis.

Qual Health Res 2020 01 15;30(1):88-104. Epub 2019 Nov 15.

University of Huddersfield, Huddersfield, United Kingdom.

Coronary heart disease (CHD) has no cure, and patients with myocardial infarction are at high risk for further cardiac events. Health education is a key driver for patients' understanding and motivation for lifestyle change, but little is known about patients' experience of such education. In this review, we aimed to explore how patients with CHD experience health education and in particular risk communication. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1049732319887949DOI Listing
January 2020

Isolation of Neutrophils from Larval Zebrafish and Their Transplantation into Recipient Larvae for Functional Studies.

Methods Mol Biol 2020 ;2087:61-75

Department of Molecular Medicine and Pathology, Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.

Live imaging of neutrophils within optically transparent larval zebrafish has proved a powerful technique to investigate how specific gene products control neutrophil function. To resolve whether a gene contributes to neutrophil function in a cell-autonomous manner necessitates a way to examine gene-deficient neutrophils in an otherwise wild type background. To this end, here we describe methods to harvest fluorescent neutrophils from larval donor zebrafish and transplant them into age-matched recipients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-0716-0154-9_5DOI Listing
January 2020

A systematic review and thematic synthesis exploring how a previous experience of physical activity influences engagement with cardiac rehabilitation.

Eur J Cardiovasc Nurs 2020 Jan 15;19(1):31-43. Epub 2019 Oct 15.

Cardiovascular Health, School of Health and Social Care, Edinburgh Napier University, UK.

Background: Exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation is recognised internationally as an effective therapy to improve quality of life and reduce the risk of hospital readmission for individuals diagnosed with acute coronary syndrome. Despite this, half of eligible individuals choose not to engage and the main reason is lack of interest. Furthermore, prior to attending, 40% of eligible individuals report meeting physical activity guidelines. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1474515119882549DOI Listing
January 2020
1 Read
1.828 Impact Factor

From Physical to Spiritual: A Qualitative Study of Jakartans Health & Sickness.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 09 24;16(19). Epub 2019 Sep 24.

Department of Work and Social Psychology, Maastricht University, 6229 ER Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Understanding the perceptions of health and sickness can help the government, health providers and health promoters encourage individuals to participate in healthy behaviors and to follow a healthy lifestyle. Jakarta, the capital city of Indonesia, is a culturally, socially and financially diverse city, with complex health care needs. As yet, there is no published data available about Jakartans' (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16193564DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6801871PMC
September 2019

Anticancer organorhodium and -iridium complexes with low toxicity in vivo but high potency in vitro: DNA damage, reactive oxygen species formation, and haemolytic activity.

Chem Commun (Camb) 2019 Oct;55(80):12016-12019

School of Chemical Sciences, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland 1142, New Zealand.

Redox-modulating anticancer drugs allow the exploitation of altered redox biology observed in many cancer cells. We discovered dinuclear RhIII(Cp*) and IrIII(Cp*) complexes that have in vitro anticancer activity superior to cisplatin and the investigational drug IT-139, while being less toxic in haemolysis and in vivo zebrafish models. The mode of action appears to be related to DNA damage and ROS-mediated stress pathways. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c9cc03822aDOI Listing
October 2019

In Vivo Imaging and Quantitation of the Host Angiogenic Response in Zebrafish Tumor Xenografts.

J Vis Exp 2019 08 14(150). Epub 2019 Aug 14.

Department of Molecular Medicine and Pathology, School of Medical Sciences, University of Auckland;

Tumor angiogenesis is a key target of anti-cancer therapy and this method has been developed to provide a new model to study this process in vivo. A zebrafish xenograft is created by implanting mammalian tumor cells into the perivitelline space of two days-post-fertilization zebrafish embryos, followed by measuring the extent of the angiogenic response observed at an experimental endpoint up to two days post-implantation. The key advantage to this method is the ability to accurately quantitate the zebrafish host angiogenic response to the graft. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3791/59849DOI Listing

Astin C Production by the Endophytic Fungus Cyanodermella asteris in Planktonic and Immobilized Culture Conditions.

Biotechnol J 2019 Aug 5;14(8):e1800624. Epub 2019 Jul 5.

TERRA Teaching and Research Centre, Microbial Processes and Interactions, Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech, University of Liege, Avenue de la Faculté d' Agronomie, B-5030, Gembloux, Belgium.

The fungal endophyte Cyanodermella asteris (C. asteris) has been recently isolated from the medicinal plant Aster tataricus (A. tataricus). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/biot.201800624DOI Listing
August 2019
10 Reads
3.708 Impact Factor

Heart and mind: behavioural cardiology demystified for the clinician.

Heart 2019 06;105(11):881-888

National Heart & Lung Institute, Imperial College London, London, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/heartjnl-2016-310750DOI Listing
June 2019
1 Read
5.595 Impact Factor

Glycogen synthase kinase 3-β inhibition induces lymphangiogenesis through β-catenin-dependent and mTOR-independent pathways.

PLoS One 2019 9;14(4):e0213831. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America.

Lymphatic vessels play an important role in health and in disease. In this study, we evaluated the effects of GSK3-β inhibition on lung lymphatic endothelial cells in vitro. Pharmacological inhibition and silencing of GSK3-β resulted in increased lymphangiogenesis of lung lymphatic endothelial cells. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0213831PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6456176PMC
December 2019
1 Read

Education for advanced nursing practice worldwide - Is it fit for purpose?

Heart Lung 2019 May - Jun;48(3):176-178. Epub 2019 Mar 30.

Centre for Applied Research in Health, University of Huddersfield, Huddersfield HD1 3DH, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.hrtlng.2019.03.004DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads
1.320 Impact Factor

Zebrafish facial lymphatics develop through sequential addition of venous and non-venous progenitors.

EMBO Rep 2019 05 15;20(5). Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Department of Molecular Medicine & Pathology, School of Medical Sciences, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand

Lymphatic vessels are known to be derived from veins; however, recent lineage-tracing experiments propose that specific lymphatic networks may originate from both venous and non-venous sources. Despite this, direct evidence of a non-venous lymphatic progenitor is missing. Here, we show that the zebrafish facial lymphatic network is derived from three distinct progenitor populations that add sequentially to the developing facial lymphatic through a relay-like mechanism. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15252/embr.201847079DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6501020PMC
May 2019
1 Read
9.055 Impact Factor

Liposome-Mediated Drug Delivery in Larval Zebrafish to Manipulate Macrophage Function.

Zebrafish 2019 Apr 6;16(2):171-181. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

2 Department of Molecular Medicine and Pathology, Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.

Chemical interventions are regularly used to examine and manipulate macrophage function in larval zebrafish. Given chemicals are typically administered by simple immersion or injection, it is not possible to resolve whether their impact on macrophage function is direct or indirect. Liposomes provide an attractive strategy to target drugs to specific cellular compartments, including macrophages. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/zeb.2018.1681DOI Listing
April 2019
7 Reads

Exercise prehabilitation may lead to augmented tumor regression following neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy in locally advanced rectal cancer.

Acta Oncol 2019 May 6;58(5):588-595. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

b Integrative Physiology and Critical Illness Group, Clinical and Experimental Sciences, Faculty of Medicine , University of Southampton , Southampton , UK.

  We evaluate the effect of an exercised prehabilitation programme on tumour response in rectal cancer patients following neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (NACRT). Rectal cancer patients with (MRI-defined) threatened resection margins who completed standardized NACRT were prospectively studied in a post hoc, explorative analysis of two previously reported clinical trials. MRI was performed at Weeks 9 and 14 post-NACRT, with surgery at Week 15. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0284186X.2019.1566775DOI Listing
May 2019
2 Reads

The Cyclopeptide Astin C Specifically Inhibits the Innate Immune CDN Sensor STING.

Cell Rep 2018 12;25(12):3405-3421.e7

State Key Laboratory of Natural Medicines, School of Life Science and Technology, School of Traditional Chinese Pharmacy, China Pharmaceutical University, 639 Longmian Avenue, Jiangning District, Nanjing, 211198, China; State Key Laboratory of Cell Biology, Innovation Center for Cell Signaling Network, Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, 200031, China. Electronic address:

cGAS-STING signaling is essential for innate immunity. Its misregulation promotes cancer or autoimmune and autoinflammatory diseases, and it is imperative to identify effective lead compounds that specifically downregulate the pathway. We report here that astin C, a cyclopeptide isolated from the medicinal plant Aster tataricus, inhibits cGAS-STING signaling and the innate inflammatory responses triggered by cytosolic DNAs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.celrep.2018.11.097DOI Listing
December 2018
8 Reads

Should patients still be copied into their letters? A rapid review.

Patient Educ Couns 2018 12 25;101(12):2065-2082. Epub 2018 Jun 25.

School of Human and Health Sciences, University of Huddersfield, Huddersfield, UK.

Objective: To systematically identify, synthesise and evaluate the strength of the international evidence on copy letter practice.

Methods: A systematic search identified original research studies on copy letters. Searches were limited by date and language as permitted in rapid review methods guidance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pec.2018.06.014DOI Listing
December 2018
32 Reads
2.200 Impact Factor

Macrophages enhance Vegfa-driven angiogenesis in an embryonic zebrafish tumour xenograft model.

Dis Model Mech 2018 11 29;11(12). Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Molecular Medicine and Pathology, School of Medical Sciences, University of Auckland, Auckland 1023, New Zealand

Tumour angiogenesis has long been a focus of anti-cancer therapy; however, anti-angiogenic cancer treatment strategies have had limited clinical success. Tumour-associated myeloid cells are believed to play a role in the resistance of cancer towards anti-angiogenesis therapy, but the mechanisms by which they do this are unclear. An embryonic zebrafish xenograft model has been developed to investigate the mechanisms of tumour angiogenesis and as an assay to screen anti-angiogenic compounds. Read More

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http://dmm.biologists.org/lookup/doi/10.1242/dmm.035998
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1242/dmm.035998DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6307908PMC
November 2018
183 Reads
4.973 Impact Factor

Are noise reduction interventions effective in adult ward settings? A systematic review and meta analysis.

Appl Nurs Res 2018 12 11;44:6-17. Epub 2018 Sep 11.

University of Huddersfield, Calderdale & Huddersfield NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Electronic address:

Objective: High levels of environmental noise in hospitals disturbs sleep. We aimed to identify, critically appraise and summarise primary research that reports studies that tested interventions to reduce night-time noise levels in ward-settings.

Design: Systematic review and meta-analysis in accordance with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses statement. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08971897183022
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apnr.2018.08.004DOI Listing
December 2018
50 Reads
1.140 Impact Factor

Extending prolonged exposure for veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder: When is enough really enough?

Psychol Serv 2020 May 18;17(2):199-206. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

Mental Health Service Line, Atlanta Veterans Affairs Medical Center.

Program evaluation data from 451 veterans treated with at least four sessions of prolonged exposure (PE) within a U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs outpatient posttraumatic stress disorder program were examined to explore to what degree change by Session 8 predicted achieving meaningful change (MC; 50% reduction on the Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptom Scale-Self-Report [PSS-SR]) after Session 8. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/ser0000309
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ser0000309DOI Listing
May 2020
48 Reads

Characterization of Zebrafish Facial Lymphatics.

Methods Mol Biol 2018 ;1846:71-83

Department of Molecular Medicine and Pathology, School of Medical Sciences, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.

Zebrafish are well-established as a model of vascular development. The genetic tractability, external development, permeability to small molecules and optical transparency of zebrafish larvae are all attributes that make this model attractive to the vascular biologist. There are an increasing number of lymphatic reporter lines that enable the visualization of zebrafish lymphatic vessel growth in vivo; these tools, coupled with either forward or reverse genetics, have provided new insights into the process of lymphatic specification and development. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-8712-2_5DOI Listing
May 2019
2 Reads

Patient preferences for involvement in health service development.

Br J Nurs 2018 Sep;27(17):1004-1010

Professor of Nursing and Applied Health Research, School of Human and Health Sciences, University of Huddersfield, and professor of nursing and applied health research, Huddersfield Royal Infirmary.

Background:: patient involvement in the design, planning and delivery of health services is acknowledged to be a local and national priority.

Aims:: to improve service quality through a quality improvement initiative to explore patient preferences for involvement in health services design, planning and delivery.

Methods:: a questionnaire was developed to: assess patient preferences for involvement in hospital service development; and explore differences in responses between patient subgroups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12968/bjon.2018.27.17.1004DOI Listing
September 2018
2 Reads

The Smell of Hypoxia: using an electronic nose at altitude and proof of concept of its role in the prediction and diagnosis of acute mountain sickness.

Physiol Rep 2018 09;6(17):e13854

University College London Centre for Altitude Space and Extreme Environment (CASE) Medicine, UCLH NIHR Biomedical Research Centre, Institute of Sport and Exercise Health, London, United Kingdom.

Electronic nose (e-nose) devices may be used to identify volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in exhaled breath. VOCs generated via metabolic processes are candidate biomarkers of (patho)physiological pathways. We explored the feasibility of using an e-nose to generate human "breathprints" at high altitude. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14814/phy2.13854DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6125242PMC
September 2018
5 Reads

Metabolic phenotype of skeletal muscle in early critical illness.

Thorax 2018 10 6;73(10):926-935. Epub 2018 Jul 6.

Institute for Sport, Exercise and Health, University College London, London, UK.

Objectives: To characterise the sketetal muscle metabolic phenotype during early critical illness.

Methods: Vastus lateralis muscle biopsies and serum samples (days 1 and 7) were obtained from 63 intensive care patients (59% male, 54.7±18. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/thoraxjnl-2017-211073DOI Listing
October 2018
65 Reads

The work undertaken by mechanically ventilated patients in Intensive Care: A qualitative meta-ethnography of survivors' experiences.

Int J Nurs Stud 2018 Oct 23;86:60-73. Epub 2018 May 23.

School of Human and Health Sciences, University of Huddersfield, Huddersfield, UK; Calderdale and Huddersfield NHS Trust, Huddersfield, UK. Electronic address:

Background: Mechanical ventilation is a routine intervention for the critically ill but patients' experiences of this intervention are largely hidden from clinicians. A comprehensive understanding of Intensive Care Units survivors' accounts is required to provide health professionals with evidence about the patients' experience to deliver patient-centred care.

Objectives: To synthesise qualitative findings from international studies to understand Intensive Care Unit survivors' experiences of mechanical ventilation, clarify the components of patient-centred care from the patient perspective and understand what can be done by health professionals to improve care processes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2018.05.013DOI Listing
October 2018
6 Reads
2.250 Impact Factor

Design and synthesis of plant cyclopeptide Astin C analogues and investigation of their immunosuppressive activity.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2018 08 26;28(14):2523-2527. Epub 2018 May 26.

State Key Laboratory of Phytochemistry and Plant Resources in West China, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650201, People's Republic of China; State Key Laboratory of Natural Medicines, Department of TCMs Pharmaceuticals, School of Traditional Chinese Pharmacy, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing 211198, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

To further investigate on the structure-activity relationships of immunosuppressive Astin C, seventeen analogues 1-17 were designed and synthetized via amino acid substitution strategy by the solid-phase peptide synthesis method for the first time. In comparison with Astin C (IC = 12.6 ± 3. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmcl.2018.05.050DOI Listing
August 2018
11 Reads

An evaluation of mindfulness-based childbirth and parenting courses for pregnant women and prospective fathers/partners within the UK NHS (MBCP-4-NHS).

Midwifery 2018 Sep 26;64:1-10. Epub 2018 May 26.

Department of Psychology, University of Southampton, United Kingdom.

An evaluation of mindfulness-based childbirth and parenting courses for pregnant women and prospective fathers/partners within the UK NHS (MBCP-4-NHS).

Objective: To explore the usefulness within the National Health Service (NHS) of a brief (four week, ten hour) course based upon the Mindfulness Based Childbirth and Parenting (MBCP) programme (Duncan and Bardacke, 2010) described here as MBCP-4-NHS.

Background: The National Maternity Review (2016) and report of The Independent Mental Health Taskforce to the NHS (2016a, 2016b) in England highlight the need for significant investment into perinatal mental health services, with the Government pledging funding to improve such services through a range of measures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.midw.2018.05.004DOI Listing
September 2018
6 Reads

Design, facile synthesis, and evaluation of novel spiro- and pyrazolo[1,5-c]quinazolines as cholinesterase inhibitors: Molecular docking and MM/GBSA studies.

Comput Biol Chem 2018 Jun 7;74:218-229. Epub 2018 Mar 7.

Heterocyclic Compounds Research Group, Department of Chemistry, Universidad del Valle, A. A. 25360, Cali, Colombia. Electronic address:

Given the wide spectrum of biological uses of pyrazolo[1,5-c]quinazoline and spiro-quinazoline derivatives as anticancer, anti-inflammatory analgesic agents, and their therapeutic applications in neurodegenerative disorders, it is compulsory to find easy, efficient, and simple methods to obtain and chemically diversify these families of compounds, thereby improving their biological applications. In this paper, we report the design and eco-friendly two-step synthesis of novel, fused spiro-pyrazolo[1,5-c]quinazoline derivatives as cholinesterase inhibitors. In addition, we studied their protein-ligand interactions via molecular docking and MM/GBSA calculations for a further rational design of more potent inhibitors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compbiolchem.2018.03.001DOI Listing
June 2018
23 Reads

Blocking fatty acid-fueled mROS production within macrophages alleviates acute gouty inflammation.

J Clin Invest 2018 05 26;128(5):1752-1771. Epub 2018 Mar 26.

Department of Molecular Medicine and Pathology and.

Gout is the most common inflammatory arthritis affecting men. Acute gouty inflammation is triggered by monosodium urate (MSU) crystal deposition in and around joints that activates macrophages into a proinflammatory state, resulting in neutrophil recruitment. A complete understanding of how MSU crystals activate macrophages in vivo has been difficult because of limitations of live imaging this process in traditional animal models. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1172/JCI94584DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5919807PMC
May 2018
12 Reads

Overview of Systematic Reviews of Mindfulness Meditation-based Interventions for People With Long-term Conditions.

Adv Mind Body Med 2017 Fall;31(4):26-36

Context • Increasing numbers of people worldwide live with a long-term health condition (LTC). Finding new ways to support people diagnosed with LTCs is important, both to improve their health-related quality of life and to manage the demands on health services that their conditions present. This effort includes a recognition of the importance of interventions to promote self-care. Read More

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July 2018
5 Reads

Do patients take angioplasty seriously?

Authors:
Felicity Astin

Eur J Cardiovasc Nurs 2018 03 17;17(3):194-195. Epub 2017 Oct 17.

1 Centre for Applied Health Research, School of Human and Health Sciences, University of Huddersfield, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1474515117737767DOI Listing
March 2018
4 Reads
1.830 Impact Factor

The impact of transcatheter aortic valve implantation on quality of life: A mixed methods study.

Heart Lung 2017 Nov - Dec;46(6):432-438. Epub 2017 Oct 3.

School of Healthcare, University of Leeds, UK.

Objective: To provide an in-depth understanding of patients' views about the impact of transcatheter aortic valve implantation on self-reported quality of life.

Background: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation is considered to be the gold standard of care for inoperable patients diagnosed with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis. Mid- to long-term clinical outcomes are favourable and questionnaire data indicates improvements in quality of life but an in-depth understanding of how quality of life is altered by the intervention is missing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.hrtlng.2017.08.005DOI Listing
November 2017
13 Reads

The innate immune cell response to bacterial infection in larval zebrafish is light-regulated.

Sci Rep 2017 10 4;7(1):12657. Epub 2017 Oct 4.

Department of Molecular Medicine and Pathology, Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.

The circadian clock, which evolved to help organisms harmonize physiological responses to external conditions (such as the light/dark cycle, LD), is emerging as an important regulator of the immune response to infection. Gaining a complete understanding of how the circadian clock influences the immune cell response requires animal models that permit direct observation of these processes within an intact host. Here, we investigated the use of larval zebrafish, a powerful live imaging system, as a new model to study the impact of a fundamental zeitgeber, light, on the innate immune cell response to infection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-12842-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5627239PMC
October 2017
41 Reads

Person-centred discharge education following coronary artery bypass graft: A critical review.

J Clin Nurs 2017 Dec 8;26(23-24):5206-5215. Epub 2017 Oct 8.

University of Huddersfield/Calderdale & Huddersfield NHS Foundation Trust, Huddersfield, UK.

Aims And Objectives: To examine the extent that individualised education helps reduce depression and anxiety and improves self-care for people who have undergone coronary artery bypass graft surgery.

Background: Individualised discharge planning is increasingly important following cardiac surgery due to recurrent admissions as well as the issue of anxiety and depression, often due to lack of preparation. The hospital to home transition is fundamental in the recovery process. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/jocn.14071
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jocn.14071DOI Listing
December 2017
49 Reads

The effect of nurse-to-patient ratios on nurse-sensitive patient outcomes in acute specialist units: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Eur J Cardiovasc Nurs 2018 01 18;17(1):6-22. Epub 2017 Jul 18.

10 Research and Development Department, University of Huddersfield and Calderdale and Huddersfield NHS Foundation Trust, UK.

Background: Nurses are pivotal in the provision of high quality care in acute hospitals. However, the optimal dosing of the number of nurses caring for patients remains elusive. In light of this, an updated review of the evidence on the effect of nurse staffing levels on patient outcomes is required. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1474515117721561DOI Listing
January 2018
23 Reads

Percutaneous coronary intervention patients' and cardiologists' experiences of the informed consent process in Northern England: a qualitative study.

BMJ Open 2017 06 24;7(6):e015127. Epub 2017 Jun 24.

Centre for Applied Research in Health, School of Human and Health Sciences, University of Huddersfield, Huddersfield, UK.

Objective: Informed consent is central to ethical medical practice, but little is known about how the process takes place in clinical practice. Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is a common revascularisation procedure. Studies report that patients overestimate benefits, forget the risks and are unaware of alternative treatments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2016-015127DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5541457PMC
June 2017
4 Reads

A multidisciplinary approach to prevention.

Eur J Prev Cardiol 2017 06;24(3_suppl):77-87

2 Centre for Applied Research in Health, School of Human and Health Sciences, University of Huddersfield and Calderdale & Huddersfield NHS Foundation Trust, Huddersfield, UK.

Cardiovascular disease accounts for 17,500 deaths globally, representing nearly half of all non-communicable disease deaths. The World Health Organization has set nine lifestyle, risk factor and medicines targets to achieve by 2025 with the aim of reducing premature mortality from non-communicable diseases by 25%. In order to succeed in this, we need to equip our global health professional workforce with the skills to support patients and their families with making lifestyle changes and being in concordance with cardioprotective medication regimes at every opportunity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2047487317709118DOI Listing
June 2017
3 Reads

Which alternative communication methods are effective for voiceless patients in Intensive Care Units? A systematic review.

Intensive Crit Care Nurs 2017 Oct 29;42:88-96. Epub 2017 Mar 29.

School of Health Science, University of Salford, Salford, UK. Electronic address:

Objective: To assess the effectiveness of Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) strategies to enable people who are temporarily voiceless due to medical intervention, to communicate.

Methods: A systematic review informed by a protocol published on an international register. Ten databases were searched from January 2004 to January 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.iccn.2017.03.003DOI Listing
October 2017
5 Reads

The self-care practices of family caregivers of persons with poor prognosis cancer: differences by varying levels of caregiver well-being and preparedness.

Support Care Cancer 2017 08 1;25(8):2437-2444. Epub 2017 Mar 1.

School of Nursing, University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB), 1720 2nd Avenue South, 2M019H, Birmingham, AL, 35294-1210, USA.

Purpose: Little is known about the impact of family caregiving for adults with poor prognosis cancer on caregivers' own individual self-care practices. We explored differences in caregivers' discrete self-care practices associated with varying levels of caregiver well-being, preparedness, and decision-making self-efficacy.

Methods: Cross-sectional survey within eight community-based southeastern U. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00520-017-3650-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5481472PMC
August 2017
31 Reads

Family caregiving for persons with heart failure at the intersection of heart failure and palliative care: a state-of-the-science review.

Heart Fail Rev 2017 09;22(5):543-557

School of Nursing, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1720 2nd Avenue South, 2M019H, Birmingham, AL, 35294-1210, USA.

Many of the 23 million individuals with heart failure (HF) worldwide receive daily, unpaid support from a family member or friend. Although HF and palliative care practice guidelines stipulate that support be provided to family caregivers, the evidence base to guide care for this population has not been comprehensively assessed. In order to appraise the state-of-the-science of HF family caregiving and recommend areas for future research, the aims of this review were to summarize (1) how caregivers influence patients, (2) the consequences of HF for caregivers, and (3) interventions directed at HF caregivers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10741-017-9597-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5544594PMC
September 2017
22 Reads

Innate immune cells and bacterial infection in zebrafish.

Methods Cell Biol 2017 8;138:31-60. Epub 2016 Oct 8.

University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.

The physical attributes of the zebrafish, including optical transparency during embryogenesis, large clutch sizes, external development, and rapid organogenesis were features that initially attracted developmental biologists to use this vertebrate as an experimental model system. With the progressive development of an extensive genetic "tool kit" and an ever-growing number of transgenic reporter lines, the zebrafish model has evolved into an informative system in which to mimic and study aspects of human disease, including those associated with bacterial infections. This chapter provides detailed protocols for microinjection of bacterial strains into zebrafish larvae and subsequent experiments to investigate single-larva bacterial burdens, live imaging of specific neutrophil and macrophage bactericidal functions, and how these protocols may be applied to drug discovery approaches to uncover novel immunomodulatory drugs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/bs.mcb.2016.08.002DOI Listing
August 2017
1 Read

How is physical activity measured in lung cancer?A systematic review of outcome measures and their psychometric properties.

Respirology 2017 02;22(2):263-277

Department of Physiotherapy, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Physical activity (PA) levels are low in patients with lung cancer. Emerging evidence supports the use of interventions to increase PA in this population. We aimed to (1) identify and synthesize outcome measures which assess PA levels in patients with lung cancer and (2) to evaluate, synthesize and compare the psychometric properties of these measures. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/resp.12975
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/resp.12975DOI Listing
February 2017
32 Reads

Adopting universal testing for HIV in intensive care for patients admitted with severe pneumonia: results from our change in practice.

Int J STD AIDS 2017 01 23;28(1):88-90. Epub 2016 Oct 23.

Royal United Hospital, Bath, UK.

Early identification of HIV infection is of obvious benefit to patients' health, yet many remain unaware of their diagnosis, with detrimental consequences. Current guidelines suggest patients with pneumonia are offered an HIV test. Early diagnosis of HIV infection in critically ill patients within intensive care is vital in reducing mortality and morbidity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0956462416675108DOI Listing
January 2017
4 Reads

Axillary treatment for operable primary breast cancer.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2017 01 4;1:CD004561. Epub 2017 Jan 4.

Brighton and Sussex Medical School, Universities of Brighton and Sussex, BSMS Teaching Building, Uinversity of Sussex, Falmer, Brighton, East Sussex, UK, BN1 9PX.

Background: Axillary surgery is an established part of the management of primary breast cancer. It provides staging information to guide adjuvant therapy and potentially local control of axillary disease. Several alternative approaches to axillary surgery are available, most of which aim to spare a proportion of women the morbidity of complete axillary dissection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD004561.pub3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6464919PMC
January 2017
6 Reads