7,284 results match your criteria Assistive technology : the official journal of RESNA[Journal]


[Quality of Care for People with Home Mechanical Ventilation in Germany: A Scoping Review].

Gesundheitswesen 2020 Jul 10. Epub 2020 Jul 10.

Katholische Stiftungshochschule München, München.

Background: Outpatient intensive care for people with long-term mechanical ventilation is a rapidly growing area with a wide range of care demands. The aim of this Scoping Review is to present the current state of research on the quality of care for people with home mechanical ventilation in Germany and to identify research gaps.

Methods: Based on predefined inclusion criteria, 4 databases were searched for publications dealing with the care of people with home ventilation in Germany. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-1164-6516DOI Listing

High accurate lightweight deep learning method for gesture recognition based on surface electromyography.

Comput Methods Programs Biomed 2020 Jul 3;195:105643. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Islamic Azad University, South Tehran Branch, Tehran 1584743311, Iran.

Background And Objectives: Surface Electromyography (sEMG) is used mostly for neuromuscular diagnosis, assistive technology, physical rehabilitation, and human-computer interactions. Achieving a precise and lightweight method along with low latency for gesture recognition is still a real-life challenge, especially for rehabilitation and assistive robots. This work aims to introduce a highly accurate and lightweight deep learning method for gesture recognition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cmpb.2020.105643DOI Listing

Exploratory Review: Self-Report IADL Assessments in the age of Internet-Connected Assistive Devices.

OTJR (Thorofare N J) 2020 Jul 10:1539449220940001. Epub 2020 Jul 10.

University of Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

Internet-Connected Assistive Devices (iCAD), like accessible smartphones, tablets, computers, and apps, have become an integral part of everyday functioning for people with disabilities (PWD). The objective of this article was to identify self-report assessments having the relevance and clinical applicability for assessing satisfaction with performing Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) for PWD using iCAD. An exploratory review was conducted to identify self-report assessments that were appropriate, practical, clinically fit, and psychometrically acceptable, for assessing satisfaction with performing IADLs for PWD using iCAD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1539449220940001DOI Listing

An Evaluation of Assistive Technology in Determining Job-Specific Preference for Adults With Autism and Intellectual Disabilities.

Behav Anal Pract 2020 Jun 5;13(2):434-444. Epub 2019 Aug 5.

School of Psychology, National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland.

The transition to employment can be difficult for adults with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) and intellectual disabilities (IDs). Currently, a limited number of ASD-specific career-planning tools exist within the literature, creating a challenge in terms of accurately identifying jobs that match individual preferences and strengths. This study evaluated the effects of a technology-based prework assessment on job performance among 3 adults with ASD and ID, aged 20-21 years prior to beginning supported employment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-019-00380-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7314875PMC

Efficacy of Music Training in Hearing Aid and Cochlear Implant Users: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol 2020 Jul 11. Epub 2020 Jul 11.

Laboratory of Hearing and Technology, Research Institute of Audiology and Speech Pathology, Hallym University, Chuncheon, Korea.

This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of music training on the improvement of musical perception among hearing-impaired listeners using a systematic review and meta-analysis. Article search was conducted from five databases, Scopus, ScienceDirect, Web of Knowledge, CINAHL, and PubMed. A total of 186 participants from 10 studies investigating the music training effects on individuals fitted with hearing assistive devices and outcome measurements were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21053/ceo.2020.00101DOI Listing

Use of technology by orientation and mobility professionals in Australia and Malaysia before COVID-19.

Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol 2020 Jul 9:1-8. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Department of Statistics, Data Science and Epidemiology, Faculty of Health, Arts and Design, Swinburne University of Technology, Hawthorn, Australia.

Purpose: Orientation and Mobility (O&M) professionals teach people with low vision or blindness to use specialist assistive technologies to support confident travel, but many O&M clients now prefer a smartphone. This study aimed to investigate what technology O&M professionals in Australia and Malaysia have, use, like, and want to support their client work, to inform the development of O&M technologies and build capacity in the international O&M profession.

Materials And Methods: A technology survey was completed by professionals ( = 36) attending O&M workshops in Malaysia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17483107.2020.1785565DOI Listing

Perspectives on usability and accessibility of an autonomous humanoid robot living with elderly people.

Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol 2020 Jul 9:1-13. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Strate School of Design, Sèvres, France.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to assess how cohabitation with a social robot for seven days night and day is perceived by elderly potential users and to suggest technological improvements for future home integration.

Methods: Fifteen participants were invited to interact with Pepper, 24 h a day and 7 days a week. Perceived utility assessment was achieved using a dedicated questionnaire. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17483107.2020.1786732DOI Listing

Triceps-Sparing Total Elbow Arthroplasty for Distal Humerus Fracture: The Lateral Paraolecranon Approach.

Authors:
Michael H Amini

J Orthop Trauma 2020 Aug;34 Suppl 2:S9-S10

The CORE Institute, Mesa, AZ.

Distal humerus fractures in the elderly are a difficult problem to treat. Open reduction internal fixation has a high rate of complications, particularly because osteopenia compromises what is already tenuous fixation in a metaphyseal fracture. Total elbow arthroplasty is a more predictable outcome and easier recovery for these patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BOT.0000000000001830DOI Listing

Training Chaplains to Provide Communication-Board-Guided Spiritual Care for Intensive Care Unit Patients.

J Palliat Med 2020 Jul 7. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Division of Pulmonary, Allergy, and Critical Care Medicine, Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York, USA.

Chaplain-led communication-board-guided spiritual care may reduce anxiety and stress during an intensive care unit (ICU) admission for nonvocal mechanically ventilated patients, but clinical pastoral education does not teach the assistive communication skills needed to provide communication-board-guided spiritual care. To evaluate a four-hour chaplain-led seminar to educate chaplains about ICU patients' psychoemotional distress, and train them in assistive communication skills for providing chaplain-led communication-board-guided spiritual care. A survey immediately before and after the seminar, and one-year follow-up about use of communication-board-guided spiritual care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/jpm.2020.0041DOI Listing

Adapting 'Sunshine,' A Socially Assistive Chat Robot for Older Adults with Cognitive Impairment: A Pilot Study.

J Gerontol Soc Work 2020 Jul 7:1-3. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

The University of North Carolina , Charlotte, North Carolina, USA.

The COVID-19 pandemic challenges us to think outside of the box to respond to this unprecedented global crisis. In this letter, we propose a pilot study to use a socially assistive robot to help meet social needs for older adults with cognitive impairment residing in long-term care facilities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01634372.2020.1789256DOI Listing

Asynchronous Prediction of Human Gait Intention in a Pseudo Online Paradigm Using Wavelet Transform.

IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 2020 Jul;28(7):1623-1635

Prediction of human voluntary gait intention is a very significant task to ensure direct cortical control of real-life assistive technologies for locomotion rehabilitation. Neurophysiological studies provide that human voluntary gait intention is represented by slow DC potentials and power shifts in specific frequency ranges of brain wave, which can be detected 1.5- 2 seconds before the actual onset. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TNSRE.2020.2998778DOI Listing

Designing ApplTree: usable scheduling software for people with cognitive impairments.

Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol 2020 Jul 7:1-11. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Institute of Health and Wellbeing, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland.

Background: Smartphone reminding applications can help overcome memory difficulties experienced by people with acquired brain injury (ABI). Cognitive difficulties with memory and attention make entering reminders into a device, and remembering to set reminders, challenging for this group. ApplTree is a reminding app with features that aim to address challenges. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17483107.2020.1785560DOI Listing

Effects of assistive technology-based occupational therapy on community-dwelling people recovering from stroke.

Assist Technol 2020 Jul 7. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Konyang University - Daejeon Medical Campus, Occupational Therapy , Korea (the Republic of).

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of assistive technology-based occupational therapy on occupational performance, satisfaction, and psychosocial impacts of community-dwelling people recovering from stroke.

Methods: A total of eleven community-dwelling people recovering from stroke participated in an occupational therapy intervention based on the core concepts of the Human Activity Assistive Technology (HAAT) model. The intervention involved adoption of assistive technology devices (ATDs) to perform individual goal activities in the daily lives of people recovering from stroke. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10400435.2020.1789900DOI Listing

Trends in Compressive Sensing for EEG Signal Processing Applications.

Sensors (Basel) 2020 Jul 2;20(13). Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Department of Electrical, Computer, and Biomedical Engineering, Ryerson University, Toronto, ON M5B 2K3, Canada.

The tremendous progress of big data acquisition and processing in the field of neural engineering has enabled a better understanding of the patient's brain disorders with their neural rehabilitation, restoration, detection, and diagnosis. An integration of compressive sensing (CS) and neural engineering emerges as a new research area, aiming to deal with a large volume of neurological data for fast speed, long-term, and energy-saving purposes. Furthermore, electroencephalography (EEG) signals for brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) have shown to be very promising, with diverse neuroscience applications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/s20133703DOI Listing

Improved Active Disturbance Rejection Control for Trajectory Tracking Control of Lower Limb Robotic Rehabilitation Exoskeleton.

Sensors (Basel) 2020 Jun 30;20(13). Epub 2020 Jun 30.

ImViA, University of Burgundy, Maison de l'université, 21078 Dijon, Le Creusot, France.

Neurological disorders such as cerebral paralysis, spinal cord injuries, and strokes, result in the impairment of motor control and induce functional difficulties to human beings like walking, standing, etc. Physical injuries due to accidents and muscular weaknesses caused by aging affect people and can cause them to lose their ability to perform daily routine functions. In order to help people recover or improve their dysfunctional activities and quality of life after accidents or strokes, assistive devices like exoskeletons and orthoses are developed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/s20133681DOI Listing

New assistive walker improved local dynamic stability in young healthy adults.

J Electromyogr Kinesiol 2020 Jun 26;53:102441. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Department of Health Science and Technology, Sport Sciences - Performance and Technology, Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark. Electronic address:

In this study, we investigated the effect of walker type on gait pattern characteristics comparing normal gait (NG), gait with a regular walker (RW), and gait with a newly developed walker with vertical moveable handlebars, the Crosswalker (CW). Partial weight bearing (PWB) of the feet, peak joint angles and largest Lyapunov exponent (λ) of the lower extremities (hip, knee, ankle) in the sagittal plane, and gait parameters (gait velocity, stride length, cadence, stride duration) were determined for 18 healthy young adults performing 10 walking trials for each walking condition. Assistive gait with the CW improved local dynamic stability in the lower extremities (hip, knee, ankle) compared with RW and was not significantly different from NG. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jelekin.2020.102441DOI Listing

MANUFACTURING AN ASSISTIVE DEVICE WITH 3D PRINTING TECHNOLOGY- A CASE REPORT.

Assist Technol 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Hacettepe Universitesi , Ankara, 06532 Turkey.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10400435.2020.1791278DOI Listing

A comparative study of an assistive e-learning interface among students with and without visual and hearing impairments.

Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol 2020 Jul 6:1-11. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Faculty of Management, Al Ain University, Abu Dhabi, UAE.

Using a human-computer interaction (HCI) approach, the present study proposes a new e-learning interface with interactional features for use by students with varying visual and hearing needs. Prototypes of these new features have been presented through several screens, including an interaction panel that allows for Button voice, Tab voice, Text voice, and sign language. The interactive features were evaluated by teachers and tested by students with and without visual and hearing impairments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17483107.2020.1786733DOI Listing

Therapeutic Interventions to Improve Mobility with Spinal Cord Injury Related Upper Motor Neuron Syndromes.

Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am 2020 Aug 6;31(3):437-453. Epub 2020 May 6.

Spinal Cord Injury Research, Crawford Research Institute, Shepherd Center, 2020 Peachtree Road Northwest, Atlanta, GA 30309, USA; Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA; Georgia Institute of Technology, School of Biological Sciences, Atlanta, GA, USA. Electronic address:

Mobility is essential for quality of life and social participation. Some individuals with spinal cord injury have sufficient residual lower extremity motor control to walk. Improving walking function incorporates practice and training, and assistive devices or stimulation to augment function and balance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pmr.2020.04.002DOI Listing

A review: accessible technology through participatory design.

Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol 2020 Jul 3:1-7. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

University of Caldas, Design and Creation Program, Manizales, Colombia.

The literature review presents a conceptual participatory design through accessibility technology solutions, considering the design experience to be an essential factor in communication processes. Technologies must assess a wide range of disabilities based on characterisations that helps daily activities. This work includes collaboration concepts to assist in the development of accessible technology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17483107.2020.1785564DOI Listing

An artificial intelligence model for the simulation of visual effects in patients with visual field defects.

Ann Transl Med 2020 Jun;8(11):703

Shenzhen Eye Hospital Affiliated to Jinan University, Shenzhen Eye Institute, Shenzhen, China.

Background: This study aimed to simulate the visual field (VF) effects of patients with VF defects using deep learning and computer vision technology.

Methods: We collected 3,660 Humphrey visual fields (HVFs) as data samples, including 3,263 reliable 24-2 HVFs. The convolutional neural network (CNN) analyzed and converted the grayscale map of reliable samples into structured data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/atm.2020.02.162DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7327351PMC

Application of neural network model in assisting device fitting for low vision patients.

Ann Transl Med 2020 Jun;8(11):702

Department of Ophthalmology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Quanzhou, China.

Background: To explore the application of neural network models in artificial intelligence (AI)-aided devices fitting for low vision patients.

Methods: The data of 836 visually impaired people were collected in southwestern Fujian from May 2014 to May 2017. After a full eye examination, 629 low vision patients were selected from this group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/atm.2020.02.161DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7327309PMC

Teleoperation of Collaborative Robot for Remote Dementia Care in Home Environments.

IEEE J Transl Eng Health Med 2020 15;8:1400510. Epub 2020 Jun 15.

ABB Corporate Research72178VästeråsSweden.

As a senile chronic, progressive and currently incurable disease, dementia has an enormous impact on society and life quality of the elderly. The development of teleoperation technology has changed the traditional way of care delivery and brought a variety of novel applications for dementia care. In this paper, a telerobotic system is presented which gives the caregivers the capability of assisting dementia elderly remotely. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/JTEHM.2020.3002384DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7326153PMC

Stabilization of body balance with Light Touch following a mechanical perturbation: Adaption of sway and disruption of right posterior parietal cortex by cTBS.

PLoS One 2020 2;15(7):e0233988. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Institute of Psychology, Cognitive and Experimental Psychology, RWTH Aachen, Aachen, Germany.

Light touch with an earth-fixed reference point improves balance during quite standing. In our current study, we implemented a paradigm to assess the effects of disrupting the right posterior parietal cortex on dynamic stabilization of body sway with and without Light Touch after a graded, unpredictable mechanical perturbation. We hypothesized that the benefit of Light Touch would be amplified in the more dynamic context of an external perturbation, reducing body sway and muscle activations before, at and after a perturbation. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0233988PLOS

Evaluation of Patient Motivation and Satisfaction During Technology-Assisted Rehabilitation: An Experiential Review.

Games Health J 2020 Jul 2. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Service of Bioengineering, Istituti Clinici Scientifici Maugeri, IRCCS, Veruno, Italy.

The aim of this experiential review is to explore the state of the art of the literature regarding the evaluation tools available for assessment of patient motivation and satisfaction during technology-assisted rehabilitation (robot rehabilitation, virtual reality rehabilitation, and serious games rehabilitation). A systematic search of the peer-reviewed literature published from January 1990 to August 2019 was conducted. The protocol for this review was registered in PROSPERO and carried out in accordance with the PRISMA recommendations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/g4h.2020.0024DOI Listing

The current state of electrocorticography-based brain-computer interfaces.

Neurosurg Focus 2020 Jul;49(1):E2

3Neurology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota.

Brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) provide a way for the brain to interface directly with a computer. Many different brain signals can be used to control a device, varying in ease of recording, reliability, stability, temporal and spatial resolution, and noise. Electrocorticography (ECoG) electrodes provide a highly reliable signal from the human brain surface, and these signals have been used to decode movements, vision, and speech. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2020.4.FOCUS20185DOI Listing

A systematic review of impairment focussed technology in neurology.

Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol 2020 Jul 1:1-14. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

University of Copenhagen, Denmark.

We provide an overview of some biomedical technologies able to relieve everyday impairments in neurological patients. Two literature searches from 2009 to 2020 were conducted using PubMed, Embase, Cinahl and Scopus. The studies meeting the criteria for eligibility constituted 224 of the 6257 identified studies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17483107.2020.1776776DOI Listing

Assistive device using computer vision and image processing for visually impaired; review and current status.

Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol 2020 Jul 1:1-8. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

L. D College of Engineering, Gujarat Technological University, Ahmedabad, India.

The purpose of this article is to review the vision substitution devices based on computer vision and Image processing. The focus of this article is on reviewing devices that require coding and sensors mechanism. Review of existing and commercially available vision assistive devices has been done. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17483107.2020.1786731DOI Listing

Computational evidence for nonlinear feedforward modulation of fusimotor drive to antagonistic co-contracting muscles.

Sci Rep 2020 Jun 30;10(1):10625. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Neural Engineering and Rehabilitation Laboratory, Division of Physical Therapy, School of Medicine, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA.

The sensorimotor integration during unconstrained reaching movements in the presence of variable environmental forces remains poorly understood. The objective of this study was to quantify how much the primary afferent activity of muscle spindles can contribute to shaping muscle coactivation patterns during reaching movements with complex dynamics. To achieve this objective, we designed a virtual reality task that guided healthy human participants through a set of planar reaching movements with controlled kinematic and dynamic conditions that were accompanied by variable muscle co-contraction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-67403-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7326973PMC

Transfer Physical Therapists Knowledge: A Pre-Test to Minimize the Complexity of Physical Therapists' Quality Assessment of Shoulder Exercise Performance.

Stud Health Technol Inform 2020 Jun;272:391-394

Peter L. Reichertz Institute for Medical Informatics, TU Braunschweig and Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany.

Exercise therapy aims to restore normal musculoskeletal function or to reduce pain in patients with musculoskeletal shoulder disorders. Especially during long-term treatments, patients perform unsupervised exercises at home. Harmful movement deviations should be identified and avoided. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/SHTI200577DOI Listing

Digitalizing Nursing in the Bavarian Swabia Region of Germany - Presentation of the Joint Project CARE REGIO.

Stud Health Technol Inform 2020 Jun;272:265-266

DigiHealth Institute, Neu-Ulm University of Applied Sciences, Neu-Ulm, GERMANY.

The joint research project CARE REGIO aims to modernize the care system with digital solutions. We focus on the development of a uniform electronic care record, uniform data exchange between care facilities, and technical assistive systems, which shall all be unified in a standardized care-based storage solution. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/SHTI200545DOI Listing

Quantification of Lower Limb and Spine Muscle Activity in Manual Patient Handling - A Case Study.

Stud Health Technol Inform 2020 Jun;272:249-252

Assistive Systems and Medical Device Technology, Carl von Ossietzky University, Oldenburg, Germany.

Manual patient handling is one of the physiological risk factors in care. The scientific focus so far, has primarily been on the analysis of lumbar compression during manual caregiving in order to improve the transfer facilitation of caregivers through technical systems. Reference is made in this context to the supportive functional role of the muscles of the lower limb. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/SHTI200541DOI Listing

Integrating Socially Assistive Robots into Japanese Nursing Care.

Stud Health Technol Inform 2020 Jun;272:183-186

College of Information Science and Engineering, Ritsumeikan University, Japan.

This paper presents experiences of integrating assistive robots in Japanese nursing care through semi-structured interviews and site observations at three nursing homes in Japan during the year 2019. The study looked at experiences with the robots Paro, Pepper, and Qoobo. The goal was to investigate and evaluate the current state of using robots within the nursing care context, which involved: firsthand experiences with intended and real users; and response from the elderly, and nursing staff. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/SHTI200524DOI Listing

Return to Work After Total Joint Arthroplasty: A Predictive Model.

Orthopedics 2020 Jun 30:1-6. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Returning to work after surgery is a primary concern of patients who are contemplating total joint arthroplasty (TJA). The ability to return to work has enormous influence on the patient's independence, financial well-being, and daily activities. The goal of this study was to determine the independent patient variables that predict return to work as well as to create a predictive model. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/01477447-20200619-12DOI Listing

Shoe collar height and heel counter-stiffness for shoe cushioning and joint stability in landing.

J Sports Sci 2020 Jun 30:1-8. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University , Hong Kong, China.

This study examined the effects of shoe collar-height and counter-stiffness on ground reaction force (GRF), ankle and knee mechanics in landing. Eighteen university basketball players performed drop landing when wearing shoes in different collar height (high vs. low) and counter-stiffness (stiffer vs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2020.1785728DOI Listing

Simulation System of Electric-Powered Wheelchairs for Training Purposes.

Sensors (Basel) 2020 Jun 24;20(12). Epub 2020 Jun 24.

Postgraduate Program in Electrical Engineering, Assistive Technology Center (NTA), Federal University of Espirito Santo (UFES), Vitoria 29075-910, Brazil.

For some people with severe physical disabilities, the main assistive device to improve their independence and to enhance overall well-being is an electric-powered wheelchair (EPW). However, there is a necessity to offer users EPW training. In this work, the Simcadrom is introduced, which is a virtual reality simulator for EPW driving learning purposes, testing of driving skills and performance, and testing of input interfaces. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/s20123565DOI Listing

Nursing Management of Hearing Impairment in Nursing Facility Residents.

J Gerontol Nurs 2020 Jul;46(7):15-25

Hearing impairment (also known as hearing loss) is highly prevalent in residents of nursing facilities and its impacts are far-reaching. Hearing impairment has negative consequences for an individual's quality of life, psychosocial health, physical health, and mortality; these impacts are also exacerbated when hearing impairment cooccurs with other conditions, such as visual or cognitive impairment. These guidelines summarize the extensive evidence about the impacts of hearing impairment, the factors that are associated with increased risk of hearing impairment, assessment criteria for measuring impairment, and the management of residents' hearing impairment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/00989134-20200605-04DOI Listing

Investigation of the Paediatric Tracheostomy Decannulation: Factors Affecting Outcome.

Iran J Otorhinolaryngol 2020 May;32(110):139-145

Department of Paediatrics, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.

Introduction: Evidence for factors determining paediatric tracheostomy decannulation vary extensively; therefore, this prospective observational study aimed to investigate these factors.

Materials And Methods: In total, 67 consecutive paediatric patients (<12 years old) who referred to the Department of Otolaryngology, (Postgraduate Institute Medical Education and Research),(Chandigarh), India, for decannulation were included and evaluated for contributing factors in this study. Parental counselling was performed, and informed consents were obtained from them. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22038/ijorl.2019.37265.2217DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7302532PMC

Beginning power mobility: An exploration of factors associated with child use of early power mobility devices and parent device preference.

J Rehabil Assist Technol Eng 2020 Jan-Dec;7:2055668320926046. Epub 2020 Jun 17.

Therapy Department, Sunny Hill Health Centre for Children, Vancouver, BC, Canada.

Objectives: Describe and compare young children's use of four early power mobility devices and examine associations between child and environmental factors that may influence power mobility use and parent device preference.

Design: Cross-sectional observational study.

Methods: Power Mobility Days introduced four devices: Wizzybug, Bugzi, Tiger Cub, and a switch-adapted ride-on toy car in a single 60-90 min, play-based session. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2055668320926046DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7301654PMC

Development of a Computerized Device for Evaluating Vestibular Function in Locomotion: A New Evaluation Tool of Vestibular Hypofunction.

Front Neurol 2020 12;11:485. Epub 2020 Jun 12.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.

To evaluate vestibular function in the clinic, current assessments are applied under static conditions, such as with the subject in a sitting or supine position. Considering the complexities of daily activities, the combination of dynamic activities, dynamic visual acuity (DVA) and postural control could produce an evaluation that better reflects vestibular function in daily activities. To develop a novel sensor-based system to investigate DVA, walking trajectory, head and trunk movements and the chest-pelvis rotation ratio during forward and backward overground walking in both healthy individuals and patients with vestibular hypofunction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fneur.2020.00485DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7303327PMC

Assistive technology as a pillar of universal health coverage: qualitative analysis of stakeholder responses to the world health assembly resolution on assistive technology.

Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol 2020 Jun 27:1-7. Epub 2020 Jun 27.

World Health Organisation, Geneva, Switzerland.

The importance of assistive technology (AT) as a pillar of universal health coverage was recognized at the 71st World Health Assembly (WHA) through the passing of Resolution 71.8 on improving access to AT (May 2018). A systematic analysis was conducted on the responses made to the Resolution by Member States and non-state actors, in order to provide a snapshot of global intent. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17483107.2020.1774929DOI Listing

Item development, internal consistency, and known-groups validity of the Self-Directed Mobility Scale.

Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol 2020 Jun 27:1-7. Epub 2020 Jun 27.

College of Public Health and Human Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, USA.

The aims of the current study include to: (1) describe the item development; and (2) begin the process of establishing the internal consistency and known-groups validity of the Self-Directed Mobility Scale. The purpose of the scale is to assess paediatric physical and occupational therapists' views towards self-directed mobility and their perceived ability and intentions to advocate for children's access to self-directed mobility. Three individuals with expertise in kinesiology, psychology, paediatric rehabilitation, and disability studies served as the expert panel for item development. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17483107.2020.1782489DOI Listing

The Feasibility and Utility of a Personal Health Record for Persons With Dementia and Their Family Caregivers for Web-Based Care Coordination: Mixed Methods Study.

JMIR Aging 2020 Jun 26;3(1):e17769. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Division of Health Policy & Management, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, United States.

Background: Managing the complex and long-term care needs of persons living with Alzheimer disease and related dementias (ADRD) can adversely impact the health of informal caregivers and their care recipients. Web-based personal health records (PHRs) are one way to potentially alleviate a caregiver's burden by simplifying ADRD health care management.

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate Personal Health Record for Persons with Dementia and Their Family Caregivers (PHR-ADRD), a free web-based information exchange tool, using a multiphase mixed methods approach. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/17769DOI Listing

Emergency Medication Access and Administration in Schools: A Focus on Epinephrine, Albuterol Inhalers, and Glucagon.

J Sch Nurs 2020 Jun 26:1059840520934185. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

College of Pharmacy, University of Iowa, IA, USA.

Access to emergency medications is a growing concern, particularly regarding the availability, safety, and use of these medications in schools. The purpose of this article is to report results not previously published from a national survey, specifically regarding the emergency use of epinephrine, albuterol inhalers, and glucagon. A nonexperimental, cross-sectional design was utilized for this descriptive study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1059840520934185DOI Listing

Implementation of a Community Walking Program (Walk On!) for Functionally-Limited Older Adults.

J Frailty Aging 2020 ;9(3):165-171

Barbara J. Nicklas, Section on Gerontology and Geriatric Medicine, Sticht Center for Healthy Aging and Alzheimer's Prevention, Wake Forest School of Medicine Winston-Salem, NC, USA, 27157, 336-713-8569,

Background: Walking interventions improve physical function, reduce fall risk, and prevent mobility disability-even in those with compromised walking ability. However, most prior studies have been conducted in controlled research settings, with no dissemination of an evidence-based walking program for older adults who have mobility limitations and/or are socially isolated.

Objectives: This study reports data on the feasibility and acceptability of a community-based walking program (Walk On!) for older adults who are functionally limited, and assesses changes in physical function among attendees. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14283/jfa.2020.12DOI Listing
January 2020

Current Status, Challenges, and Possible Solutions of EEG-Based Brain-Computer Interface: A Comprehensive Review.

Front Neurorobot 2020 3;14:25. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Faculty of Electrical & Electronics Engineering Technology, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Pekan, Malaysia.

Brain-Computer Interface (BCI), in essence, aims at controlling different assistive devices through the utilization of brain waves. It is worth noting that the application of BCI is not limited to medical applications, and hence, the research in this field has gained due attention. Moreover, the significant number of related publications over the past two decades further indicates the consistent improvements and breakthroughs that have been made in this particular field. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fnbot.2020.00025DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7283463PMC

Acceptability and Feasibility of a Multicomponent Telehealth Care Management Program in Older Adults With Advanced Dementia in a Residential Memory Care Unit.

Gerontol Geriatr Med 2020 Jan-Dec;6:2333721420924988. Epub 2020 Jun 10.

Department of Neurology, Ochsner Medical Center, Jefferson, LA, USA.

The aim of the current study was to examine the acceptability and feasibility of a multicomponent care management program in older adults with advanced dementia in a long-term memory care unit. Eighteen older adults with moderate to severe dementia were asked to wear an activity monitor (Fitbit Charge 2 HR) and participate in a once monthly telehealth intervention via iPads over a 6-month period. Activity monitor data were used to assess compliance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2333721420924988DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7288813PMC

Integrating Socially Assistive Robots into Japanese Nursing Care.

Stud Health Technol Inform 2020 Jun;270:1323-1324

College of Information Science and Engineering, Ritsumeikan University, Japan.

This paper presents experiences of integrating assistive robots in Japanese nursing care through semi-structured interviews and site observations at three nursing homes in Japan during the spring of 2019. The study looked at experiences with the robots Paro, Pepper, and Qoobo. The goal was to investigate and evaluate the current state of using robots in the nursing care context, firsthand experiences with intended and real use, as well as response from the elderly and nursing staff. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/SHTI200423DOI Listing

Digital Technology Trends Supporting Assisted Independent Living of Ageing Population.

Authors:
Anthony Maeder

Stud Health Technol Inform 2020 Jun;270:577-581

College of Nursing & Health Sciences, Flinders University, Adelaide, Australia.

The paper provides a narrative overview of trends in digital technology related innovations for supporting ageing subjects to live independently with assistance, synthesized from selected scoping reviews and informed by subsequent analysis of peer reviewed literature appearing in the past 10 years. Four categories of trends are identified: assistive and supportive technologies; monitoring devices and systems; communications and connection technologies; and intelligent health information systems. For each of these categories, a synthesis commentary and illustrative examples are provided, concluding with a summary discussion on future directions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/SHTI200226DOI Listing