6,184 results match your criteria Assistive technology : the official journal of RESNA[Journal]


The long-term effects of an implantable drop foot stimulator on gait in hemiparetic patients.

PLoS One 2019 17;14(4):e0214991. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Christian Doppler Laboratory for Restoration of Extremity Function, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

Drop foot is a frequent abnormality in gait after central nervous system lesions. Different treatment strategies are available to functionally restore dorsal extension during swing phase in gait. Orthoses as well as surface and implantable devices for electrical stimulation of the peroneal nerve may be used in patients who do not regain good dorsal extension. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0214991PLOS
April 2019
7 Reads

PERSPECTIVES: Mental Health Policy in India: Seven Sets of Questions and Some Answers.

J Ment Health Policy Econ 2019 Mar;22(1):25-37

Center for Analytical Finance, 421 E2 Building, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA,

Background: This paper frames the state of mental health policy in India in terms of seven sets of questions, and seeks to provide at least partial answers to these questions, based on a meta-analysis of existing research. The context of the analysis is the arguably poor state of mental health care in India, as well as an unprecedented level of policy attention to the issue.

Aims Of The Study: In brief, the questions we pose pertain to (i) the provision of such care in hospitals, (ii) non-hospital provision, including by non-medical providers, (iii) issues of education and social acceptance, (iv) affordability, (v) within-country variation of care and possibilities for benchmarking, (vi) aggregate resource impacts of a concerted effort to change policies and improve care, and (vii) the shape of a more effective "continuum of care" for mental health issues. Read More

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Mobility and Participation of People With Disabilities Using Mobility Assistive Technologies: Protocol for a Mixed-Methods Study.

JMIR Res Protoc 2019 Apr 16;8(4):e12089. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.

Background: Many community-dwelling individuals living with a disability use mobility assistive technologies (MATs). MAT devices are generally beneficial for individuals with mobility impairments. However, less is known about the specific factors that may foster or deter mobility and community participation. Read More

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https://www.researchprotocols.org/2019/4/e12089/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/12089DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Muscle Type and Gender Recognition Utilising High-Level Textural Representation in Musculoskeletal Ultrasonography.

Ultrasound Med Biol 2019 Apr 12. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Department of Medical Physics, School of Medicine, University of Patras, 26504 Patras, Greece.

Human assistive technology and computer-aided diagnosis is an emerging field in the area of medical imaging. Following the recent advances in this domain, a study for integrating machine learning techniques in musculoskeletal ultrasonography images was conducted. The goal of this attempt was to investigate how feature extraction techniques, that capture higher-level information, perform in identifying human characteristics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ultrasmedbio.2019.02.011DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

A systematic review investigating outcome measures and uptake barriers when children and youth with complex disabilities use eye gaze assistive technology.

Dev Neurorehabil 2019 Apr 16:1-15. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

a Building and Designing Assistive Technologies Lab, Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering , Queen's University , Kingston , Canada.

Children with complex disabilities sometimes have difficulty communicating with their parents, caregivers, and teachers. For these children, eye gaze assistive technology can be used to facilitate communication. Eye gaze assistive technology outcomes for children and youth were analyzed in this systematic review. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17518423.2019.1600066DOI Listing

Using the ICF to examine contextual factors that influence participation of people with deafblindness in India.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Apr 12. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

School of Rehabilitation Therapy, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada.

Objective: To identify and describe the contextual factors that influence the participation of people with deafblindness in India.

Design: Qualitative study, using directed content analysis approach and the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health as a framework to analyze the data.

Setting: Community and social participation settings PARTICIPANTS: Sixteen community-dwelling individuals with deafblindness. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00039993193024
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2019.03.010DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Technology to encourage meaningful activities following brain injury.

Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol 2019 Apr 15:1-14. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

a Institute of Health and Wellbeing, University of Glasgow , Glasgow , UK.

Background: Cognitive and behavioural difficulties after acquired brain injury (ABI) may lead to reduced engagement in leisure and social activities. Increasing participation is a goal of neuropsychological rehabilitation and assistive and behaviour change technology can play an important role in this. Focus groups and interviews were conductive with brain injury rehabilitation stakeholders (n = 24): people with ABI (n = 9), family members (n = 3) and care providers (n = 12) in order to understand the barriers to engaging in meaningful activities and what helps to overcome these barriers. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/17483107.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17483107.2019.1594402DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

A Randomized and Controlled Crossover Study Investigating the Improvement of Walking and Posture Functions in Chronic Stroke Patients Using HAL Exoskeleton - The HALESTRO Study (HAL-Exoskeleton STROke Study).

Front Neurosci 2019 29;13:259. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Department of Neurology, BG University Hospital Bergmannsheil Bochum, Bochum, Germany.

The exoskeleton HAL (hybrid assistive limb) has proven to improve walking functions in spinal cord injury and chronic stroke patients when using it for body-weight supported treadmill training (BWSTT). Compared with other robotic devices, it offers the possibility to initiate movements actively. Previous studies on stroke patients did not compare HAL-BWSTT with conventional physiotherapy (CPT). Read More

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fnins.2019.00259
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fnins.2019.00259DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6450263PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Evalutation of the perceived quality in the Orthopedics/Traumatology Unit at Carlo Poma Hospital in Mantova.

Acta Biomed 2019 Mar 28;90(4-S):63-73. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

ASST Carlo Poma Mantova.

The background and the aim of the work: The Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology of the "Carlo Poma" Hospital (Social Territorial Health Authority of Mantova), has pointed out in 2017, through the questionnaires survey over the citizens satisfaction, an appreciation decrease compared to the previous years. The obtained data were not sufficiently explanatory of the reasons for that kind of deterioration and also not enough specific to define possible corrective measures. The aim of this work was to identify the patients' perception regarding the hospitalization phases (from booking to follow up), taking into account five kind of operations and pathologies: 1st knee, shoulder and tibio-talar arthroscopy; 2nd hip and knee prosthesis; 3rd upper limb traumatology; 4th lower limb traumatology and 5th orthogeriatrics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.23750/abm.v90i4-S.8245DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

A simple non-invasive test for ruling out cirrhosis in chronic hepatitis B.

Lancet Gastroenterol Hepatol 2019 Apr 8. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Department of Internal Medicine and Graduate Institute of Clinical Medicine, National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan; Hepatitis Research Center, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2468-1253(19)30118-9DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

The clinical- and cost-effectiveness of functional electrical stimulation and ankle-foot orthoses for foot drop in Multiple Sclerosis: a multicentre randomized trial.

Clin Rehabil 2019 Apr 11:269215519842254. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

1 Douglas Grant Rehabilitation Centre, Ayrshire Central Hospital, NHS Ayrshire & Arran, Irvine, UK.

Objective: To compare the clinical- and cost-effectiveness of ankle-foot orthoses (AFOs) and functional electrical stimulation (FES) over 12 months in people with Multiple Sclerosis with foot drop.

Design: Multicentre, powered, non-blinded, randomized trial.

Setting: Seven Multiple Sclerosis outpatient centres across Scotland. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0269215519842254DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Effective Multidisciplinary Search Strategies for Assistance Animals: A Librarian's Perspective.

Front Vet Sci 2019 19;6:63. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

University Library, University of California, Davis, Davis, CA, United States.

Successful search strategies are based on good background knowledge and a focused clinical research question. Due to the multidisciplinary nature of research involving assistance animals means there is no one universal database to answer all research questions. The topic of assistance animals can yield better results when creating subheadings based on discipline focus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fvets.2019.00063DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6446476PMC

A cohort study of functional electrical stimulation in people with multiple sclerosis demonstrating improvements in quality of life and cost-effectiveness.

Clin Rehabil 2019 Apr 10:269215519837326. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

1 The National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.

Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the impact on health-related quality of life of functional electrical stimulation used to improve walking in people with multiple sclerosis and to explore cost-effectiveness.

Design: A retrospective analysis of patient records was conducted.

Setting: This study used outpatient therapy service as the study setting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0269215519837326DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Enhancing Equitable Access to Assistive Technologies in Canada: Insights from Citizens and Stakeholders.

Can J Aging 2019 Apr 10:1-20. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

McMaster Health Forum,McMaster University.

ABSTRACTThe need for assistive technologies in Canada is increasing, but access is inconsistent and fragmented which can result in unmet needs. We aimed to identify citizens' values and preferences for how to enhance equitable access to assistive technologies and to engage policymakers, stakeholders, and researchers in deliberations to spark action. In spring 2017, we convened three citizen panels and a stakeholder dialogue. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0714980819000187DOI Listing

The Overlooked Outcome Measure for Spinal Cord Injury: Use of Assistive Devices.

Front Neurol 2019 22;10:272. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

Spinal Cord Unit, IRCCS Fondazione Santa Lucia, Rome, Italy.

Although several outcome measures are used to assess various areas of interest regarding spinal cord injuries (SCIs), little is known about the frequency of their use, and the ways in which they transform shared knowledge into implemented practices. Herein, 800 professionals from the International Spinal Cord Society, especially trained for caring in patients with SCI, were invited to respond to an Internet survey collecting information on the use of standardized measures in daily clinical practices. We asked both clinicians and researchers with different areas of interest about their use of functional outcome measures, and, in particular, which scales they habitually use to assess various aspects of clinical practice and rehabilitation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fneur.2019.00272DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6438886PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Does Immobilization Affect Braking Time?

J Am Podiatr Med Assoc 2019 Jan;109(1):9-12

Background: Despite the importance to patients of driving, no well-established guideline exists to help either the patient or the physician determine when it is safe for the patient to return to driving. Previous studies have recommended 6 weeks postoperatively before patients can return to driving safely. Several scientific studies have found the nationally recommended safe brake time standard to be 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7547/17-025DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Shape Programming Using Triangular and Rectangular Soft Robot Primitives.

Micromachines (Basel) 2019 Apr 7;10(4). Epub 2019 Apr 7.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117583, Singapore.

This paper presents fabric-based soft robotic modules with primitive morphologies, which are analogous to basic geometrical polygons-trilateral and quadrilateral. The two modules are the inflatable beam (IB) and fabric-based rotary actuator (FRA). The FRA module is designed with origami-inspired V-shaped pleats, which creates a trilateral outline. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/mi10040236DOI Listing

A Smart Context-Aware Hazard Attention System to Help People with Peripheral Vision Loss.

Sensors (Basel) 2019 Apr 5;19(7). Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Department of Computer Science, University of Liverpool, Liverpool L69 3BX, UK.

Peripheral vision loss results in the inability to detect objects in the peripheral visual field which affects the ability to evaluate and avoid potential hazards. A different number of assistive navigation systems have been developed to help people with vision impairments using wearable and portable devices. Most of these systems are designed to search for obstacles and provide safe navigation paths for visually impaired people without any prioritisation of the degree of danger for each hazard. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/s19071630DOI Listing

Exploring the use of assistive products to promote functional independence in self-care activities in the bathroom.

PLoS One 2019 8;14(4):e0215002. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Department of Health Sciences, University of A Coruña, A Coruña, Spain.

In homes, problems in daily functioning of older people often occur in the bathroom, especially in the transfers to the toilet and/or shower/bath. Assistive products have the potential to maximise functional independence (i.e. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0215002PLOS

Effects of Mindfulness Yoga vs Stretching and Resistance Training Exercises on Anxiety and Depression for People With Parkinson Disease: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

JAMA Neurol 2019 Apr 8. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

The Nethersole School of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.

Importance: Clinical practice guidelines support exercise for patients with Parkinson disease (PD), but to our knowledge, no randomized clinical trials have tested whether yoga is superior to conventional physical exercises for stress and symptom management.

Objective: To compare the effects of a mindfulness yoga program vs stretching and resistance training exercise (SRTE) on psychological distress, physical health, spiritual well-being, and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in patients with mild-to-moderate PD.

Design, Setting, And Participants: An assessor-masked, randomized clinical trial using the intention-to-treat principle was conducted at 4 community rehabilitation centers in Hong Kong between December 1, 2016, and May 31, 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamaneurol.2019.0534DOI Listing
April 2019
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Acceptance and Use of Innovative Assistive Technologies among People with Cognitive Impairment and Their Caregivers: A Systematic Review.

Biomed Res Int 2019 6;2019:9196729. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University, Lund 221 00, Sweden.

Cognitive impairments (CI), associated with the consequences of Alzheimer's disease and other dementias, are increasingly prevalent among older adults, leading to deterioration in self-care, mobility, and interpersonal relationships among them. Innovative Assistive Technologies (IAT) such as electronic reminders and surveillance systems are considered as increasingly important tools to facilitate independence among this population and their caregivers. The aim of this study is to synthesise knowledge on facilitators and barriers related to acceptance of and use of IAT among people with CI and their caregivers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/9196729DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6431399PMC

Automated Framework for Screening of Glaucoma Through Cloud Computing.

J Med Syst 2019 Apr 6;43(5):136. Epub 2019 Apr 6.

Center for Advanced Studies, Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Technical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.

In recent times, the use of computer aided diagnosis for detection of Glaucoma from fundus images has been prevalent. In the proposed work, a cloud based system is proposed for automatic and real-time screening of Glaucoma with the use of automatic image processing techniques. The proposed system offers scalability to the developers and easy accessibility to the consumers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10916-019-1260-2DOI Listing

Socially Assistive Robots for Helping Pediatric Distress and Pain: A Review of Current Evidence and Recommendations for Future Research and Practice.

Clin J Pain 2019 May;35(5):451-458

University of Southern California, Viterbi School of Engineering, Los Angeles, CA.

Objectives: Interacting with socially assistive robots (SAR) has been shown to influence human behaviors and emotions. This study sought to review the literature on SAR intervention for reducing pediatric distress and pain in medical settings.

Methods: Databases (PubMed, Cochrane Library, CINAHL, PsycINFO, ERIC, Web of Science, Engineering Village, Scopus, Google Scholar, IEEE Xplore) were searched from database inception to January 2018 with the aid of a medical librarian. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/AJP.0000000000000688DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

Enabling artificial intelligence in high acuity medical environments.

Minim Invasive Ther Allied Technol 2019 Apr 5:1-7. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

c Innovation Center Computer Assisted Surgery (ICCAS) , University of Leipzig , Leipzig , Germany.

Acute patient treatment can heavily profit from AI-based assistive and decision support systems, in terms of improved patient outcome as well as increased efficiency. Yet, only very few applications have been reported because of the limited accessibility of device data due to the lack of adoption of open standards, and the complexity of regulatory/approval requirements for AI-based systems. The fragmentation of data, still being stored in isolated silos, results in limited accessibility for AI in healthcare and machine learning is complicated by the loss of semantics in data conversions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13645706.2019.1599957DOI Listing

Understanding the assistive technology needs of people over 55: The future of mobility aids.

Australas J Ageing 2019 Apr 5. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

University of Wollongong, Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia.

Objective: To understand mobility issues not adequately serviced by assistive technology (AT).

Methods: A two-stage mixed-methods research project that forms the basis of future AT design and manufacture. Stage 1: a focus group comprising 46 participants (people aged 55 years or older with mobility issue/s) and their support networks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ajag.12648DOI Listing

Acute Kinematic Effects of Sprinting With Motorized Assistance.

J Strength Cond Res 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Department of Kinesiology, West Chester University, West Chester, Pennsylvania.

Clark, K, Cahill, M, Korfist, C, and Whitacre, T. Acute kinematic effects of sprinting with motorized assistance. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-Although assisted sprinting has become popular for training maximum velocity, the acute effects are not fully understood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000003051DOI Listing
February 2019

Establishment of vestibular function multimodality platform.

J Chin Med Assoc 2019 Apr;82(4):328-334

School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC.

Background: The technology of using inertial measurement units (IMUs) to detect motions in different body segments has drawn enormous attention to research and industry. In our previous research, we have applied IMUs in evaluating and treating patients with vestibular hypofunction. Furthermore, according to the research, when a person's head rotates over 60° on either side in the horizontal plane, and desires to focus vision on any targets, then the function of gaze shift comes in to operation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JCMA.0000000000000065DOI Listing

Blink synkinesis monitoring during microvascular decompression for hemifacial spasm.

J Chin Med Assoc 2019 Mar 29. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC.

Background: In the present study, we investigated whether blink synkinesis monitoring during microvascular decompression (MVD) is effective for predicting long-term outcomes in patients with hemifacial spasm (HFS).

Methods: This retrospective study included 69 patients who had undergone MVD for HFS at a tertiary hospital. All patients underwent intra-operative monitoring of blink synkinesis, lateral spread responses (LSRs), and facial nerve motor evoked potentials (FNMEPs). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JCMA.0000000000000106DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Functional electrical stimulation compared with ankle-foot orthosis in subacute post stroke patients with foot drop: A pilot study.

Assist Technol 2019 Apr 4:1-8. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

a Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation , Hadassah Mount Scopus University Hospital , Jerusalem , Israel.

Background: The conventional treatment for foot drop includes an ankle-foot orthosis (AFO) or functional electrical stimulation (FES).

Goal: To compare gait parameters in patients following a subacute post stroke with foot drop treated with AFO or FES.

Method: Twenty one subacute patients with stroke with foot drop were fitted with FES (N = 10) or AFO (N = 11). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10400435.2019.1579269DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Communication skills among children with spinal muscular atrophy type 1: A parent survey.

Assist Technol 2019 Apr 4:1-11. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

b Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Children's National Health System , Washington DC , USA.

Spinal muscular atrophy is one of the most common fatal autosomal recessive disorders. Children diagnosed with SMA Type 1 (SMAT1) demonstrate severe oral motor weakness and flaccid dysarthria progressing to complete anarthria. A review of literature illustrates that little has been described regarding augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) use among these children, although communication has a critical impact on quality of life and participation in daily activities. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/10400435.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10400435.2019.1586788DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

A pilot study of children and parents experiences of the use of a new assistive device, the electro suit Mollii.

Assist Technol 2019 Apr 4:1-8. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

b Department of Health Sciences , Luleå University of Technology , Luleå , Sweden.

Electrical stimulation has been used for many years to treat spasticity in children with cerebral palsy and some improvements have been noted. Building on the benefits of electrical stimulation, a new assistive device, a suit with imbedded electrodes designed to reduce spasticity through electrical stimulation of the antagonistic muscles, has been tested.

Aim: The aim of this study was to describe experiences from children with cerebral palsy and their parents regarding the use of the suit. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10400435.2019.1579267DOI Listing
April 2019
4 Reads

Toward a national system of assistive technology outcomes measurement.

Assist Technol 2019 Apr 4:1-8. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

c Occupational Science & Technology , University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee , Milwaukee , Wisconsin , USA.

For more than two decades the assistive technology outcomes literature has featured repeated calls for clinical research to demonstrate the impact of device recommendations, as well as substantial discussion of tools for measuring AT outcomes. Unfortunately, data are still not routinely collected in most AT service delivery settings, which undermines the field. This paper describes a framework for developing a national cloud-based system of AT outcomes measurement that emerged from structured discussions with clinicians, researchers, and manufacturers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10400435.2019.1567620DOI Listing

The effect of a passive trunk exoskeleton on metabolic costs during lifting and walking.

Ergonomics 2019 Apr 1:1-30. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

a Department of Research and Development , Rehabilitation Center Heliomare , Wijk aan Zee , The Netherlands.

The objective of this study was to assess how wearing a passive trunk exoskeleton affects metabolic costs, movement strategy, and muscle activation during repetitive lifting and walking. We measured energy expenditure, kinematics, and muscle activity in 11 healthy men during 5 minutes of repetitive lifting and 5 minutes of walking with and without exoskeleton. Wearing the exoskeleton during lifting, metabolic costs decreased as much as 17%. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00140139.2019.1602288DOI Listing

Detection of movement onset using EMG signals for upper-limb exoskeletons in reaching tasks.

J Neuroeng Rehabil 2019 Mar 29;16(1):45. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

The BioRobotics Institute, Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna, Pisa, Italy.

Background: To assist people with disabilities, exoskeletons must be provided with human-robot interfaces and smart algorithms capable to identify the user's movement intentions. Surface electromyographic (sEMG) signals could be suitable for this purpose, but their applicability in shared control schemes for real-time operation of assistive devices in daily-life activities is limited due to high inter-subject variability, which requires custom calibrations and training. Here, we developed a machine-learning-based algorithm for detecting the user's motion intention based on electromyographic signals, and discussed its applicability for controlling an upper-limb exoskeleton for people with severe arm disabilities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12984-019-0512-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6440169PMC

Effects of Tai Chi Exercise on Reducing Falls and Improving Balance Performance in Parkinson's Disease: A Meta-Analysis.

Parkinsons Dis 2019 21;2019:9626934. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Institute of Long-Term Care, Mackay Medical College, New Taipei City 252, Taiwan.

Introduction: Parkinson's disease (PD) is a common neurodegenerative disorder that may increase the risk of falls, functional limitation, and balance deficits. Tai Chi was used as an option for improving balance in people with PD. The aim of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the effects of Tai Chi on falls, balance, and functional mobility in individuals with PD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/9626934DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6409066PMC
February 2019

Creation and validation of an educational video for deaf people about cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

Rev Lat Am Enfermagem 2019 Mar 10;27:e3130. Epub 2019 Mar 10.

Universidade Federal do Ceará, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem, Fortaleza, CE, Brazil.

Objective: to create and validate an educational video for teaching deaf students about cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

Method: methodological study consisting in the creation of an educational video, validation of its content by 22 nurses with expertise in cardiorespiratory arrest, and evaluation by 16 deaf students. For data collection, the following validated instruments were used: the Instrument for Validation of Educational Content used for the validation by nurses and the Assistive Technology Assessment Questionnaire for the evaluation by deaf students. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1518-8345.2765.3130DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6432986PMC

Longitudinal Outcomes Among Family Caregivers of Power Mobility Users.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Apr 26;100(4):656-662. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada; Rehabilitation Research Program, GF Strong Rehabilitation Center, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

Objective: To examine the change over 1 year in the burden, wheelchair skills, social support, social participation, and mental health of family caregivers providing assistance to older adult powered wheelchair users.

Design: Longitudinal study.

Setting: Community. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2018.08.194DOI Listing

Very Preterm Infants with Technological Dependence at Home: Impact on Resource Use and Family.

Neonatology 2019 Mar 25;115(4):363-370. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Sainte-Justine, Department of Pediatrics, University of Montreal, Montreal, Québec, Canada.

Objective: To examine the impact of medical complexity among very preterm infants on health care resource use, family, and neurodevelopmental outcomes at 18 months' corrected age.

Methods: This observational cohort study of Canadian infants born < 29 weeks' gestational age in 2009-2011 compared infants with and those without medical complexity defined as discharged home with assistive medical technology. Health care resource use and family outcomes were collected. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/496494
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000496494DOI Listing
March 2019
8 Reads

Comparison of carbon fibre and aluminium materials in the construction of ultralight wheelchairs.

Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol 2019 Mar 25:1-10. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

a VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System , Human Engineering Research Laboratories , Pittsburgh , PA , USA.

Carbon fibre-reinforced polymers have been used in the sporting goods industry for decades, and wheelchairs have incorporated the material since the late 1980s. There is no independently collected data available on carbon fibre-reinforced polymer wheelchairs' performance on the ANSI/RESNA testing standards, however. This study evaluated three full carbon fibre wheelchair specimens to determine their performance versus similar wheelchairs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17483107.2019.1587018DOI Listing

Multicase study on product design in the area of assistive technology in Brazil.

Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol 2019 Mar 25:1-11. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

b Postgraduate Program of Design , Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism, Universidade Federal de São Carlos , São Paulo , Brazil.

Purpose: The present research aims to contribute to the comprehension of the product development process (PDP) of Assistive Technology (AT) through methodological multi-case studies in Brazil. The following considerations presented in the study are part of a Master's degree thesis, conducted from 2013 to 2015.

Methodology: The research adopted a multi-case study methodology by selecting four product developers from the Assistive technology field in Brazil, focusing on physical disability. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17483107.2019.1587019DOI Listing

Prevalence of falls in frail elderly users of ambulatory assistive devices: a comparative study.

Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol 2019 Mar 25:1-5. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

a Department of Physiotherapy , Federal University of Bahia , Salvador , Brazil.

Aim: The aim of this study was to verify the prevalence of falls in frail users of ambulatory assistive devices (AAD) and compare with controls.

Materials And Methods: Nineteen frail elderly users of AAD (G1) and 31 non-users (G2) participated in the study. The occurrence of falls, at the last 6 months, was collected by an interview with the patient and the caregiver. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17483107.2019.1587016DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Self-perceived mobility in immigrants in Sweden living with the late effects of polio.

Disabil Rehabil 2019 Mar 23:1-6. Epub 2019 Mar 23.

a Rehabilitation Medicine, Department of Clinical Neuroscience , Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg , Gothenburg , Sweden.

Purpose: To investigate outdoor mobility of immigrants in Sweden who are living with the late effects of polio.

Materials And Methods: A total of 145 patients with late effects of polio born outside the Nordic region were identified at an outpatient polio clinic. Of these, 74 completed a questionnaire about their mobility and independence in daily life, self-perceived pain and depression, vocational status, mobility assistive devices/aids, transportation modes and driving. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09638288.2019.1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09638288.2019.1585488DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

A Review of Age Friendly Virtual Assistive Technologies and their Effect on Daily Living for Carers and Dependent Adults.

Healthcare (Basel) 2019 Mar 21;7(1). Epub 2019 Mar 21.

Independent Researcher, Lincolnshire 60069, UK.

Many barriers exist in the lives of older adult's, including health, transport, housing, isolation, disability and access to technology. The appropriate integration of technology within age-friendly communities continues to offer possible solutions to these barriers and challenges. Older adults and disabled people continue to be affected and marginalized due to lack of access to the digital world. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/healthcare7010049DOI Listing

A review on squat-assist devices to aid elderly with lower limb difficulties in toileting to tackle constipation.

Authors:
R Hari Krishnan

Proc Inst Mech Eng H 2019 Apr 21;233(4):464-475. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

School of Mechanical Engineering, SASTRA Deemed to be University, Thanjavur, India.

Constipation is an important issue that has impact on quality of life and health expenses of the elderly. It may lead to many other gastrointestinal disorders like colon cancer, haemorrhoids, anal fissures and so on. Squatting is considered to be the natural, traditional and most widely followed posture for defecation and hence, it is one of the practical solutions for avoiding constipation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0954411919838644DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

When technology cares for people with dementia: A critical review using neuropsychological rehabilitation as a conceptual framework.

Neuropsychol Rehabil 2019 Mar 21:1-40. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

c Laboratorio de Neurociencia Cognitiva y Social, LANCyS, Facultad de Psicología , Universidad Diego Portales , Santiago , Chile.

Clinicians and researchers have become increasingly interested in the potential of technology in assisting persons with dementia (PwD). However, several issues have emerged in relation to how studies have conceptualized who the main technology user is (PwD/carer), how technology is used (as compensatory, environment modification, monitoring or retraining tool), why it is used (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09602011.2019.1589532DOI Listing

Factors related to perceived burden among caregivers of service members/veterans following TBI.

Rehabil Psychol 2019 Mar 21. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

Defense and Veterans Brain Injury Center, Walter Reed National Military Medical Center.

Purpose/objective: To examine factors related to perceived caregiving burden in a sample of caregivers assisting service members and veterans (SMVs) across four areas: SMV injury and health status; caregiver life circumstances; caregiver duty and responsibilities; and caregiver needs. Research Method/Design: Participants were 214 caregivers (95.8% female; 86. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000272DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Quality of life of prosthetic and orthotic users in South India: a cross-sectional study.

Health Qual Life Outcomes 2019 Mar 20;17(1):50. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University, Box 157, 221 00, Lund, Sweden.

Background: The aim of this study was to compare QOL among people in India using lower-limb prostheses or orthoses with people without disability. A further aim was to compare subgroups and investigate whether QOL was associated with physical disability, gender, income, living area, and education.

Methods: A cross-sectional questionnaire study in which the World Health Organization Quality of Life-Bref was used to collect self-reported data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12955-019-1116-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6425682PMC

Emotion analysis in children through facial emissivity of infrared thermal imaging.

PLoS One 2019 20;14(3):e0212928. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Northeast Network of Biotechnology (RENORBIO), Postgraduate Program in Biotechnology, Assistive Technology Group, Federal University of Espirito Santo, Vitoria, Espirito Santo, Brazil.

Physiological signals may be used as objective markers to identify emotions, which play relevant roles in social and daily life. To measure these signals, the use of contact-free techniques, such as Infrared Thermal Imaging (IRTI), is indispensable to individuals who have sensory sensitivity. The goal of this study is to propose an experimental design to analyze five emotions (disgust, fear, happiness, sadness and surprise) from facial thermal images of typically developing (TD) children aged 7-11 years using emissivity variation, as recorded by IRTI. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0212928PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6426206PMC
March 2019
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Low-income homebound older adults receiving home-delivered meals: Physical and mental health conditions, incidence of falls and hospitalisations.

Health Soc Care Community 2019 Mar 20. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

University of Texas at Austin Steve Hicks School of Social Work, Austin, Texas.

Significant differences in health across racial/ethnic and socioeconomic groups in the US signal increasing numbers of low-income homebound older adults in a rapidly ageing society. The purpose of this study was to examine physical and psychiatric conditions and their association with incidence of self-reported falls and hospitalisations among largely low-income and racial/ethnic minority adults age 50+ (N = 2,224), clients from a home-delivered meals programme in Central Texas. Data came from comprehensive, in-home assessments done in 2017 by these older adults' case managers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/hsc.12741DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read