488,205 results match your criteria Assisted Living Consult [Journal]


Early life antecedents of positive child health among 10-year-old children born extremely preterm.

Pediatr Res 2019 Apr 20. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

Objective: To identify modifiable antecedents during pre-pregnancy and pregnancy windows associated with a positive child health at 10 years of age.

Study Design: Data on 889 children enrolled in the Extremely Low Gestational Age Newborn (ELGAN) study in 2002-2004 were analyzed for associations between potentially modifiable maternal antecedents during pre-pregnancy and pregnancy time windows and a previously described positive child health index (PCHI) score at 10 years of age. Stratification by race was also investigated for associations with investigated antecedents. Read More

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http://www.nature.com/articles/s41390-019-0404-x
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41390-019-0404-xDOI Listing
April 2019
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A two-step risk assessment method for radiofrequency ablations of spine metastases.

Comput Biol Med 2019 Mar 16;108:174-181. Epub 2019 Mar 16.

Otto-von-Guericke University, Department of Simulation and Graphics, Universitätsplatz 2, D-39106, Magdeburg, Germany; Research Campus STIMULATE, Sandtorstraße 23, D-39106, Magdeburg, Germany. Electronic address:

Background: Spine metastases (MTS) can be treated via Radiofrequency Ablation (RFA) electrodes. To bring these electrodes into vertebral MTS, pathways have to be created. This can be done via transpedicular hammering or drilling. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compbiomed.2019.03.007DOI Listing

Hierarchical fabrication Z-scheme photocatalyst of BiVO (0 4 0)-Ag@CdS for enhanced photocatalytic properties under simulated sunlight irradiation.

J Colloid Interface Sci 2019 Apr 15;548:293-302. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Key Laboratory for Green Processing of Chemical Engineering of Xinjiang Bingtuan, Shihezi University, Shihezi 832003, PR China.

Interfacial charge separation and heterojunction system are conductive to improving its photocatalytic performance. Herein, we designed a novel photocatalyst of Z-scheme BiVO (0 4 0)-Ag@CdS, in which Ag was photo-deposition on the (0 4 0) facets of BiVO as the "linker" between BiVO and CdS. Characterizations of XRD and SEM clearly revealed that the BiVO (0 4 0)-Ag@CdS was prepared through hierarchical fabrication. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2019.04.043DOI Listing

Direct quantification of cancerous exosomes via surface plasmon resonance with dual gold nanoparticle-assisted signal amplification.

Biosens Bioelectron 2019 Apr 13;135:129-136. Epub 2019 Apr 13.

State Key Laboratory of Chemo/Biosensing and Chemometrics, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Key Laboratory for Bio-Nanotechnology and Molecular Engineering of Hunan Province, Hunan University, Changsha, 410082, China. Electronic address:

Sensitive detection of cancerous exosomes is critical to early diseases diagnosis and prognosis. Herein, a sensitive aptasensor was demonstrated for exosomes detection by surface plasmon resonance (SPR) with dual gold nanoparticle (AuNP)-assisted signal amplification. Dual nanoparticle amplification was achieved by controlled hybridization attachment of AuNPs resulting from electronic coupling between the Au film and AuNPs, as well as coupling effects in plasmonic nanostructures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bios.2019.04.013DOI Listing

Bioelectrochemical assisted dechlorination of tetrachloroethylene and 1,2-dichloroethane by acclimation of anaerobic sludge.

Chemosphere 2019 Apr 12;227:514-521. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

State Key Laboratory of Urban Water Resources and Environment, School of Environment, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, 150090, China; Key Laboratory of Environmental Biotechnology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100085, China.

Volatile chlorinated hydrocarbons (VCHs) are often found as a type of persistent and ubiquitous contaminant in groundwater. The feasibility, characteristics and microbial mechanism of acclimation of biodiversity-rich inoculation source for bioelectrochemical stimulated VCH dechlorination remain poorly understood. Here, the superior bioelectrochemical catalytic activities were observed for tetrachloroethylene (0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.04.066DOI Listing

An Efficient Reachability Query based Pruning Algorithm in E-Health Scenario.

J Biomed Inform 2019 Apr 17:103171. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Jadavpur University Kolkata 700032, West Bengal, India. Electronic address:

We propose a Disease-Symptom graph database for our mobile-assisted e-healthcare application. A large Disease-Symptom graph is stored in the cloud and accessed using mobile devices over the Internet. Query and search are the fundamental operations of graph databases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbi.2019.103171DOI Listing

Synergism of open chromatin regions involved in regulating genes in Bombyx mori.

Insect Biochem Mol Biol 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Biological Science Research Center, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China; Chongqing Key Laboratory of Sericultural Science, Chongqing Engineering and Technology Research Center for Novel Silk Materials, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China. Electronic address:

The dynamic variability of transcription factors (TFs) and their binding sites makes it challenging to conduct genome-wide transcription regulation research. The silkworm Bombyx mori, which produces silk, is one of the most valuable model insects in the order Lepidoptera. The "opening" and "closing" of chromatin in different silk yield strains is associated with changes in silk production, making this insect a good model for studying the transcriptional regulation of genes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ibmb.2019.04.014DOI Listing

Robotic Assisted Lobectomy For Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer: A Comprehensive Institutional Experience.

Ann Thorac Surg 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX. Electronic address:

Background: It is unclear whether the enhanced dexterity and visualization of the surgical robot lessens morbidity and influences staging or survival. We compared outcomes of robotic-assisted lobectomy (RAL) with thoracoscopic (VAL) or open lobectomy (OL) of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

Methods: Using a prospective surgical database, perioperative and cancer related outcomes of patients who received a lobectomy for NSCLC from 2011-2017 were analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.athoracsur.2019.03.051DOI Listing

Age-related spatial differences of human lens UV filters revealed by negative ion mode MALDI imaging mass spectrometry.

Exp Eye Res 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Physiology, School of Medical Sciences, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand. Electronic address:

Tryptophan-derived UV filters are predominantly found in the lenses of primates and humans. While protective against UV radiation, aging alters the complement and spatial distributions of human lens UV filters, and a role for UV filters has been suggested in age-related cataract formation. To establish how the spatial distributions of UV filters change in normal human lens aging, matrix assisted laser desorption/ionisation-imaging mass spectrometry (MALDI-IMS) was utilised to map the locations and relative abundance of multiple UV filters simultaneously. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.exer.2019.04.016DOI Listing

Sulforaphane ameliorates high-fat diet-induced spermatogenic deficiency in mice.

Biol Reprod 2019 Apr 20. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

Reproductive Medicine Center, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Hubei Clinic Research Center for Assisted Reproductive Technology and Embryonic Development, Wuhan 430060, China.

Sulforaphane (SFN), a dietary isothiocyanate that is mainly found in cruciferous vegetables, possesses anti-oxidative and anticancer activity and modulates inflammation. However, little is known about the role of SFN in obesity-related male reproductive defects. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of SFN on high-fat diet (HFD)-induced male spermatogenic impairment and further clarify the possible underlying mechanisms. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/biolreprod/advance-article/doi/10.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/biolre/ioz067DOI Listing
April 2019
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Intramedullary Nail Fixation Assisted by Orthopaedic Robot Navigation for Intertrochanteric Fractures in Elderly Patients.

Orthop Surg 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Orthopaedics, Pidu District People's Hospital, Chengdu.

Objective: To compare the clinical efficacy of intramedullary nail fixation for intertrochanteric fractures assisted by orthopaedic robot navigation and the traditional intramedullary nail fixation in elderly patients, and to investigate the application advantages of intramedullary nail fixation for femoral intertrochanteric fractures assisted by orthopaedic robot navigation in the elderly.

Methods: Among the 51 patients with intertrochanteric fractures who were selected from April 2015 to September 2017 in the Affiliated Hospital of Chengdu University, 25 patients underwent the intramedullary nail fixation assisted by orthopaedic robot navigation (orthopaedic robot navigation surgery group) and 26 patients underwent the traditional intramedullary nail fixation (traditional surgery group). The operation time, the number of intraoperative fluoroscopy images taken, the frequency of guide pins inserted into the femoral marrow cavity, the amount of intraoperative bleeding, and the one-time success rate of the guide pin inserted into the femoral marrow cavity were recorded. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/os.12447DOI Listing

Current advances in haploid stem cells.

Protein Cell 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

State Key Laboratory of Stem Cell and Reproductive Biology, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100101, China.

Diploidy is the typical genomic mode in all mammals. Haploid stem cells are artificial cell lines experimentally derived in vitro in the form of different types of stem cells, which combine the characteristics of haploidy with a broad developmental potential and open the possibility to uncover biological mysteries at a genomic scale. To date, a multitude of haploid stem cell types from mouse, rat, monkey and humans have been derived, as more are in development. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13238-019-0625-0DOI Listing

Unexpected conversion to thoracotomy during thoracoscopic lobectomy: a single-center analysis.

Gen Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Istinye University Medical Faculty, Liv Hospital Ulus, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background: The aim of this study was to discuss indications and outcomes for conversion to thoracotomy during thoracoscopic lobectomy.

Materials And Methods: Patients who underwent lobectomy for non-small cell lung cancer between January 2012 and December 2016 were evaluated retrospectively. The study included 129 patients who underwent video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy (group-V) and 18 patients converted from thoracoscopic lobectomy to thoracotomy due to unexpected intraoperative complications (group-T). Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11748-019-01127-1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11748-019-01127-1DOI Listing
April 2019
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The effect of luteal GnRH antagonist on moderate and severe early ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome during in vitro fertilization treatment: a prospective cohort study.

Arch Gynecol Obstet 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing, 100034, People's Republic of China.

Purpose: Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) is a serious complication of assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatment. However, there are limited data regarding the ability of the luteal GnRH antagonist cetrorelix to reduce the incidence of moderate and severe OHSS, and the mechanism remains unclear. Thus, we designed a study to assess the effectiveness of cetrorelix to prevent early moderate and severe OHSS in high-risk patients undergoing controlled ovarian stimulation for IVF/ICSI. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00404-019-05163-3
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00404-019-05163-3DOI Listing
April 2019
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Robot-assisted laparoscopic ureteral reimplantation in children: a valuable alternative to open surgery.

World J Urol 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Division of Pediatric Urology, Department of Surgery, Department of Urology, Texas Children's Hospital and Baylor College of Medicine, 6701 Fannin Street, Mark Wallace Tower, Suite 620, Houston, TX, 77030, USA.

Introduction: Robot-assisted laparoscopic surgical systems have led to new minimally invasive options for complex reconstructive procedures in children including for vesicoureteral reflux (VUR). Robot-assisted laparoscopic ureteral reimplantation has been shown to be a viable minimally invasive surgical option for children with VUR. However, higher-than-expected complication rates and sub-optimal reflux resolution rates at some centers have also been reported. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00345-019-02766-yDOI Listing

An Editorial Review of Mobile Health: Implications for the US Military Health System.

Mil Med 2019 Apr 20. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, 8901 Wisconsin Avenue, Arrowhead, Pulmonary Medicine Clinic Floor 1, Bethesda, MD 20889.

Introduction: The United States Military Health System provides healthcare to a diverse patient population throughout the world. There are three distinct challenges that the Military Health System faces. (1) Providers have varying degrees of clinical training expertise and may be called upon to practice outside their usual scope of care. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/milmed/advance-article/doi/10.1093/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/milmed/usz073DOI Listing
April 2019
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Expeditious, scalable solution growth of metal oxide films by combustion blade coating for flexible electronics.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Chemistry and the Materials Research Center, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208;

Metal oxide (MO) semiconductor thin films prepared from solution typically require multiple hours of thermal annealing to achieve optimal lattice densification, efficient charge transport, and stable device operation, presenting a major barrier to roll-to-roll manufacturing. Here, we report a highly efficient, cofuel-assisted scalable combustion blade-coating (CBC) process for MO film growth, which involves introducing both a fluorinated fuel and a preannealing step to remove deleterious organic contaminants and promote complete combustion. Ultrafast reaction and metal-oxygen-metal (M-O-M) lattice condensation then occur within 10-60 s at 200-350 °C for representative MO semiconductor [indium oxide (InO), indium-zinc oxide (IZO), indium-gallium-zinc oxide (IGZO)] and dielectric [aluminum oxide (AlO)] films. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1901492116DOI Listing

Yokenella regensburgei necrotizing fasciitis in an immunocompromised host.

J Infect Chemother 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Public Health Services, 1800 Mt Vernon Ave, Kern County, Bakersfield CA, 93306, USA. Electronic address:

We report a case of necrotizing skin infection caused by Yokenella regensburgei in an immunosuppressed patient with orthotopic liver transplantation. Initial bacterial culture identification was suggestive of Hafnia alvei. Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) confirmed identification of Y. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1341321X193008
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jiac.2019.03.025DOI Listing
April 2019
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Impact of Episiotomy During Operative Vaginal Delivery on Obstetrical Anal Sphincter Injuries.

J Obstet Gynaecol Can 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Alberta, Lois Hole Hospital for Women, Edmonton, AB. Electronic address:

Objective: The purpose of this study was to describe associations between episiotomy at the time of forceps or vacuum-assisted delivery and obstetrical anal sphincter injuries (OASIS).

Methods: This population-based retrospective cohort study used delivery information from a provincial perinatal clinical database. Full-term, singleton, in-hospital, operative vaginal deliveries of vertex-presenting infants from April 1, 2006 to March 31, 2016 were identified. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jogc.2019.02.016DOI Listing

Analysis of steroids in urine by gas chromatography-capillary photoionization-tandem mass spectrometry.

J Chromatogr A 2019 Mar 28. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Drug Research Program and Division of Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Technology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Helsinki, FI-00014 Helsinki, Finland. Electronic address:

A new heated capillary photoionization (CPI) ion source design was developed to photoionize analytes inside a transfer capillary between a gas chromatograph (GC) and a mass spectrometer (MS). The CPI setup included a wide, oval-shaped vacuum-ultraviolet (VUV) transparent magnesium fluoride (MgF) window to maximize photoionization efficiency and thus sensitivity. The source contained a nitrogen housing around the ionization chamber inlet to avoid undesirable hydrolysis and oxidation reactions with ambient air and to maximize the proportion of formed molecular radical cations of analytes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2019.03.061DOI Listing

Health of adults aged 22 to 35 years conceived by assisted reproductive technology.

Fertil Steril 2019 Apr 9. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Hudson Institute of Medical Research, Clayton, Victoria, Australia; Monash IVF Group Pty Ltd, Richmond, Victoria, Australia; Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, Australia.

Objective: To determine the health outcomes for adults aged 22-35 years old who were conceived via assisted reproduction technology (ART) compared with adults of the same age conceived without use of ART.

Design: Cohort study.

Setting: Not applicable. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00150282193024
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fertnstert.2019.03.001DOI Listing
April 2019
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High-throughput phenotyping for crop improvement in the genomics era.

Plant Sci 2019 May 12;282:60-72. Epub 2019 Jan 12.

Division of Genetics & Plant Breeding, Faculty of Agriculture (FoA), Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir (SKUAST-K), Wadura Campus, Sopore-193201, Kashmir, India.

Tremendous progress has been made with continually expanding genomics technologies to unravel and understand crop genomes. However, the impact of genomics data on crop improvement is still far from satisfactory, in large part due to a lack of effective phenotypic data; our capacity to collect useful high quality phenotypic data lags behind the current capacity to generate high-throughput genomics data. Thus, the research bottleneck in plant sciences is shifting from genotyping to phenotyping. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.plantsci.2019.01.007DOI Listing

EcoTILLING Reveals Natural Allelic Variations in Starch Synthesis Key Gene and Its Haplotypes Associated with Higher Thousand Grain Weight.

Genes (Basel) 2019 Apr 18;10(4). Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Institute of Crop Sciences, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences/National Engineering Laboratory of Crop Molecular Breeding/National Center of Space Mutagenesis for Crop Improvement, Beijing 100081, China.

Wheat is a staple food commodity grown worldwide, and wheat starch is a valuable source of energy and carbon that constitutes 80% of the grain weight. Manipulation of genes involved in starch synthesis significantly affects wheat grain weight and yield. plays an important role in starch synthesis and its main function is granule formation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/genes10040307DOI Listing

A Review on Automatic Facial Expression Recognition Systems Assisted by Multimodal Sensor Data.

Sensors (Basel) 2019 Apr 18;19(8). Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Swinburne Data Science Research Institute, Swinburne University of Technology, Hawthorn VIC 3122, Australia.

Facial Expression Recognition (FER) can be widely applied to various research areas, such as mental diseases diagnosis and human social/physiological interaction detection. With the emerging advanced technologies in hardware and sensors, FER systems have been developed to support real-world application scenes, instead of laboratory environments. Although the laboratory-controlled FER systems achieve very high accuracy, around 97%, the technical transferring from the laboratory to real-world applications faces a great barrier of very low accuracy, approximately 50%. Read More

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https://www.mdpi.com/1424-8220/19/8/1863
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/s19081863DOI Listing
April 2019
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Template-assisted, Sol-gel Fabrication of Biocompatible, Hierarchically Porous Hydroxyapatite Scaffolds.

Materials (Basel) 2019 Apr 18;12(8). Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Institute of Advanced Wear & Corrosion Resistant and Functional Materials, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632, China.

Hierarchically porous hydroxyapatite (HHA) scaffolds were synthesized by template-assisted sol-gel chemistry. Polyurethane foam and a block copolymer were used as templates for inducing hierarchically porous structures. The HHA scaffolds exhibited open porous structures with large pores of 400-600 µm and nanoscale pores of ~75 nm. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ma12081274DOI Listing

Targeting Wnt Signaling via Notch in Intestinal Carcinogenesis.

Cancers (Basel) 2019 Apr 18;11(4). Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Institute of Pathology, RWTH Aachen University, 52074 Aachen, Germany.

Proliferation and differentiation of intestinal epithelial cells is assisted by highly specialized and well-regulated signaling cascades. The Wnt pathway, which is one of the fundamental pathways in the intestine, contributes to the organization of proliferative intestinal crypts by positioning and cycling of intestinal stem cells and their derivatives. The Wnt pathway promotes differentiation of intestinal secretory cell types along the crypt-plateau and crypt-villus axis. Read More

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https://www.mdpi.com/2072-6694/11/4/555
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/cancers11040555DOI Listing
April 2019
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DP4-Assisted Structure Elucidation of Isodemethylchodatin, a New Norlichexanthone Derivative Meager in H-Atoms, from the Lichen .

Molecules 2019 Apr 18;24(8). Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Équipe "Pharmacognosie⁻Chimie des Substances Naturelles", BioCIS, Univ. Paris-Sud, CNRS, Université Paris-Saclay, 5 Rue Jean-Baptiste Clément, 92290 Châtenay-Malabry, France.

A phytochemical investigation of the foliose lichen (Krog and Swinscow) Krog and Swinscow (Parmeliaceae) resulted in the isolation of a new trichlorinated xanthone, isodemethylchodatin. The structure elucidation of this new norlichexanthone derivative proved tricky owing to proton deficiency, and to the lack of NMR data of closely related analogues. The structure of this compound was determined based on an integrated interpretation of C-NMR chemical shifts, MS spectra, and DP4-based computational chemistry was also performed to provide an independent and unambiguous validation of the determined structure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/molecules24081527DOI Listing

Assisted Reproductive Technology and the Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility Specialist in the U.S. Military.

Semin Reprod Med 2018 Nov 19;36(6):323-326. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, Bethesda, Maryland.

The U.S. military mirrors the U. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-1681084DOI Listing
November 2018

Common and Uncommon Variations of Pulmonary Venous Drainage in Patients Undergoing Thoracoscopic Lobectomy.

Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Monaldi Hospital, Naples, Italy.

Background:  Variations in pulmonary venous anatomy should not be undermined by thoracic surgeons during procedures which involve the pulmonary veins.

Methods:  We have identified vascular anomalies in 25 of 346 patients undergoing video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery lobectomy at our Thoracic Surgery Unit, between December 2016 and November 2018.

Results:  Some vascular anomalies described have not been reported in recent literature and include right V draining into the middle lobe pulmonary vein, accessory right V behind the bronchus intermedius, two V from the apical segment of left lower lobe, two V from the apical segment of right lower lobe, and one of them draining into the superior pulmonary vein. Read More

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http://www.thieme-connect.de/DOI/DOI?10.1055/s-0039-1684000
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-1684000DOI Listing
April 2019
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The variation of metal fractions and potential environmental risk in phytoremediating multiple metal polluted soils using Noccaea caerulescens assisted by LED lights.

Chemosphere 2019 Apr 12;227:462-469. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

The University of Melbourne, VIC 3010, Victoria, Australia.

Different light combinations can improve phytoremediation efficiency by increasing the biomass yield and metal concentrations of plants. However, there has been rare research of using hyperaccumulators to change metal fractions and its possible leaching risk during phytoremediation. It was investigated in this study the impacts of different intensities of blue and red light mixed on the biomass production and metal uptake of Noccaea caerulescens and the changes of water soluble and exchangeable metal fractions in soil. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.04.083DOI Listing

Corrigendum to "Microwave/ultrasound-assisted modification of montmorillonite by conventional and gemini alkyl quaternary ammonium salts for adsorption of chromate and phenol: Structure-function relationship" [Sci. Total Environ. 655 (2019) 1104-1112].

Sci Total Environ 2019 Apr 16;674:26. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Faculty of Geosciences and Environmental Engineering, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu 610000, PR China; Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO 80401, USA. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.04.159DOI Listing

Clinical vasospasm after an extended endoscopic assisted approach for recurrent pituitary adenoma. Illustrative case and systematic review of the literature.

World Neurosurg 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Neurosciences, Reproductive and Odontostomatological Sciences, Università; degli Studi di Napoli "Federico II", Naples, Italy.

Introduction: Cerebral vasospasm causing delayed cerebral ischemia after transsphenoidal surgery is a rare but life-threatening complication. Reports in the literature regarding extended endonasal endoscopic assisted (EEEA) approaches are scarce. Considering the progressive use of this technique during the last years, a better understanding of potential adverse effects after this procedure is needed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2019.04.046DOI Listing

A green deep eutectic solvents microextraction coupled with acid-base induction for extraction of trace phenolic compounds in large volume water samples.

Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 2019 Apr 16;178:130-136. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Faculty of Life Science and Technology, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Yunnan Province, 650500, China. Electronic address:

A simple, effective and convenient method for determination of phenolic compounds by acid-base induced deep eutectic solvents (DESs) microextraction was developed. The binary and ternary DESs were prepared by a range of fatty acids (C-C), which can act as hydrogen bond donors and hydrogen bond acceptors simultaneously. The gas-assisted mixing customization provides excellent mixing performance and concentration efficiency through the bubble adsorption mechanism for the handling of large-volume aqueous sample. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2019.04.021DOI Listing

Robot-assisted therapy for balance function rehabilitation after stroke: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Int J Nurs Stud 2019 Mar 28;95:7-18. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Linnaeus University, S-35195, Växjö, Sweden.

Objective: To identify the rehabilitative effects of robot-assisted therapy on balance function among stroke patients.

Design: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

Data Sources: Thirteen electronic databases were systematically searched from inception to March 2018: Web of Science, PubMed, EMBase, The Cochrane Library, Science Direct, CINAHL, MEDLINE, AMED, Physiotherapy Evidence Database, SPORTDiscus, WanFang Data, China National Knowledge Infrastructure and Chinese Scientific Journal Database. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2019.03.015DOI Listing

Outcomes of Zygomatic Complex Reconstruction With Patient-Specific Titanium Mesh Using Computer-Assisted Techniques.

J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2019 Mar 23. Epub 2019 Mar 23.

Professor, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology, Beijing, China. Electronic address:

Purpose: Zygomatic complex defects after extensive maxillectomy can cause severe esthetic and functional deformities. Patient-specific titanium mesh fabricated using a computer-assisted technique is a promising method for such midface reconstruction. The aim of this study was to evaluate the application and clinical outcomes of this technique. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.joms.2019.03.014DOI Listing

The benefits of an animal-assisted intervention service to patients and staff at a children's hospital.

Authors:
Lyndsey S Uglow

Br J Nurs 2019 Apr;28(8):509-515

Lead Therapy Dog Handler, Southampton Children's Hospital, and Animal Assisted Intervention Advisor to the Royal College of Nursing Pets in Health Protocol.

An online survey of parents and staff was conducted to assess the effect of an animal-assisted intervention (AAI) service at a UK children's university teaching hospital. Three volunteer handlers with five golden retriever dogs provided AAIs across all eight paediatric wards including day, medical, surgical, oncology and intensive care. Interventions ranged from 'meet and greet' to assisting nursing care, physiotherapy and occupational therapy, as well as providing distraction during blood taking and other tests including radiology examinations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12968/bjon.2019.28.8.509DOI Listing

Improvement of embryonic development and clinical outcomes of germinal vesicle stage oocytes using a microvibration culture system.

Syst Biol Reprod Med 2019 Apr 19:1-9. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

b Division of Biotechnology , College of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Korea University , Seongbuk-gu , Seoul , Republic of Korea.

In vitro maturation (IVM) has evolved as a clinical treatment option in assisted reproductive technology. However, the poor developmental potential of germinal vesicle (GV)-stage oocytes is still suboptimal. This study's objective was to evaluate the effect of a microvibration culture system (MVC) during IVM and/or in vitro culture (IVC) on the clinical outcomes and the embryonic development potential of human GV-stage oocytes collected from human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG)-primed IVM and fertilization-embryo transfer (IVM/F-ET) cycles of patients with polycystic ovaries (PCO). Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/19396368.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19396368.2019.1602681DOI Listing
April 2019
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Prevalence of polycystic ovary syndrome in a metabolically healthy obese population.

Int J Gynaecol Obstet 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Center for Reproductive Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing, China.

Objective: To determine whether polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) prevalence is increased among metabolically healthy obese (MHO) women.

Methods: A national epidemiologic survey in 10 provinces and municipalities of China between October 2007 and September 2011. Women were stratified into four groups according to metabolic health (Assessment by Adult Treatment Panel III) and obesity (body mass index [BMI] ≥28): metabolically healthy nonobese (MHNO), metabolically unhealthy nonobese (MUNO), MHO, and metabolically unhealthy obese (MUO). Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/ijgo.12824
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ijgo.12824DOI Listing
April 2019
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A systematic follow-up protocol achieving a low hemodialysis graft thrombosis rate.

J Vasc Access 2019 Apr 19:1129729819838795. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

1 Department of Nephrology, Hospital Ruber Juan Bravo, Madrid, Spain.

Introduction: Graft is an alternative to native arteriovenous fistula to ensure permanent vascular access in hemodialysis patients. The most common complication is significant stenosis, which frequently causes thrombosis and graft loss. Periodic monitoring and surveillance with elective correction of stenotic lesions can prolong graft survival. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1129729819838795DOI Listing

Improving Homogeneous Cationic Gold Catalysis through a Mechanism-Based Approach.

Acc Chem Res 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Key Laboratory of Science and Technology of Eco-Textiles, Ministry of Education, College of Chemistry, Chemical Engineering and Biotechnology , Donghua University , Shanghai 201620 , China.

Homogeneous gold catalysis is regarded as a landmark addition to the field of organic synthesis. It is the most effective way to activate alkynes for the addition of a diverse host of nucleophiles. However, the literature reveals that a relatively high catalyst loading is needed in many gold-catalyzed applications (1-10 mol %), which is impractical in large-scale synthesis or multistep synthesis because of the high price and recyclization difficulty of the gold. Read More

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http://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acs.accounts.8b00544
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.accounts.8b00544DOI Listing
April 2019
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Atopic Eczema: Burden of disease and individual suffering - Results from a large EU-Study in adults.

J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

European Federation of Allergy and Airway Diseases Patient's Associations, Brussels, Belgium.

Background: Atopic eczema (AE, atopic dermatitis) is one the most common non-communicable inflammatory skin diseases affecting 1-5% of the adult population in Europe with marked impairment in quality of life. In spite of great progress in understanding the pathophysiology of disturbed skin barrier and immune deviation, AE still represents a problem in daily clinical practice. Furthermore, the true impact of AE on individual suffering is often not recognized. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jdv.15634DOI Listing

Biochemical recurrence-free conditional probability after radical prostatectomy: A dynamic prognosis.

Int J Urol 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Urology, Institute Mutualiste Montsouris, Université Paris-Descartes, Paris, France.

Objective: To estimate the conditional biochemical recurrence-free probability and to develop a predictive model according to the disease-free interval for men with clinically localized prostate cancer treated with minimally invasive radical prostatectomy.

Methods: The study population consisted of 3576 consecutive patients who underwent laparoscopic radical prostatectomy and 2619 men treated with robotic radical prostatectomy in the past 15 years at Institute Mutualiste Montsouris, Paris, France. Biochemical recurrence was defined as serum prostate-specific antigen ≥0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/iju.13982DOI Listing

Association between tumor contact surface area and parenchymal volume change in robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy carried out using the enucleation technique.

Int J Urol 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Urology, Tokyo Women's Medical University, Tokyo, Japan.

Objective: To evaluate the change in the operated parenchymal volume during robot-assisted partial nephrectomy limited to the enucleation technique, and to analyze the predictors of decrease in operated parenchymal volume, including the tumor contact surface area.

Methods: The study included 129 patients who underwent robot-assisted partial nephrectomy for T1 renal tumors using the enucleation technique. Measurements of the parenchymal volume, tumor volume and contact surface area were obtained in the venous phase on enhanced computed tomography. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/iju.14004DOI Listing

[Digital OR: better planning and communication].

Authors:
A Meppelink

HNO 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Brainlab AG, Olof-Palme-Straße 9, 81829, München, Deutschland.

At the center of digital ENT surgery are four primary technological developments: in addition to the potential of a digitalized operating room (OR), these are modern navigation approaches, planning software, and robotics-based assistance systems. In the OR of the future, not only will data enrichment and information integration play a role, but so will the incorporation of high-tech medical devices. Their use and the information they generate are simplified, while at the same time, further clinical data are optimized before, during, and after the surgical procedure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00106-019-0664-0DOI Listing

Atmospheric Aerosol Assisted Pulsed Plasma Polymerization: An Environmentally Friendly Technique for Tunable Catechol-Bearing Thin Films.

Front Chem 2019 2;7:183. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Department of Materials Research and Technology, Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology, Belvaux, Luxembourg.

In this work, an atmospheric aerosol assisted pulsed plasma process is reported as an environmentally friendly technique for the preparation of tunable catechol-bearing thin films under solvent and catalyst free conditions. The approach relies on the direct injection of dopamine acrylamide dissolved in 2-hydroxyethylmethacrylate as comonomer into the plasma zone. By adjusting the pulsing of the electrical discharge, the reactive plasma process can be alternatively switch ON (t) and OFF (t) during different periods of time, thus allowing a facile and fine tuning of the catechol density, morphology and deposition rate of the coating. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fchem.2019.00183DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454202PMC

Vascular Reconstructions in Living Unrelated Kidney Transplant Using Donor Ovarian Vein and Recipient Inferior Epigastric Artery with Simultaneous Enucleation of a Complex Cyst.

Case Rep Transplant 2019 13;2019:3272080. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Department of Surgery, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Jackson Memorial Hospital, Miami, FL, USA.

Increasing the organ donor pool and solving the recipient demands continue to be one of the challenges in transplantation. We report our experience in transplanting a living donor kidney requiring complex vascular reconstructions and an enucleation of complex cyst. A 57-year-old male patient underwent a living unrelated kidney transplant. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/3272080DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6436338PMC

One Precursor but Two Types of Graphene Nanoribbons: On-Surface Transformations of 10,10'-Dichloro-9,9'-bianthryl on Ag(111).

J Phys Chem C Nanomater Interfaces 2019 Apr 25;123(14):8892-8901. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Debye Institute for Nanomaterials Science, Utrecht University, PO Box 80000, 3508 TA Utrecht, The Netherlands.

On-surface synthesis has emerged in the last decade as a method to create graphene nanoribbons (GNRs) with atomic precision. The underlying premise of this bottom-up strategy is that precursor molecules undergo a well-defined sequence of inter- and intramolecular reactions, leading to the formation of a single product. As such, the structure of the GNR is encoded in the precursors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.8b12209DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6463537PMC

Integrating temporal and spatial control of electronic transitions for bright multiphoton upconversion.

Nat Commun 2019 Apr 18;10(1):1811. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Materials Science and Engineering, City University of Hong Kong, 83 Tat Chee Avenue, Hong Kong, SAR, China.

The applications of lanthanide-doped upconversion nanomaterials are limited by unsatisfactory brightness currently. Herein, a general strategy is proposed for boosting the upconversion efficiency in Er ions, based on combined use of a core-shell nanostructured host and an integrated optical waveguide circuit excitation platform. A NaErF@NaYF core-shell nanoparticle is constructed to host the upconversion process for minimizing non-radiative dissipation of excitation energy by surface quenchers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-09850-2DOI Listing

RNAi expression tuning, microfluidic screening, and genome recombineering for improved protein production in .

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Biology and Biological Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology, SE41296 Gothenburg, Sweden;

The cellular machinery that supports protein synthesis and secretion lies at the foundation of cell factory-centered protein production. Due to the complexity of such cellular machinery, the challenge in generating a superior cell factory is to fully exploit the production potential by finding beneficial targets for optimized strains, which ideally could be used for improved secretion of other proteins. We focused on an approach in the yeast that allows for attenuation of gene expression, using RNAi combined with high-throughput microfluidic single-cell screening for cells with improved protein secretion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1820561116DOI Listing