1,404 results match your criteria Assessment[Journal]


Bias-Variance Trade-Off in Continuous Test Norming.

Assessment 2020 Jul 13:1073191120939155. Epub 2020 Jul 13.

University of Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands.

In continuous test norming, the test score distribution is estimated as a continuous function of predictor(s). A flexible approach for norm estimation is the use of generalized additive models for location, scale, and shape. It is unknown how sensitive their estimates are to model flexibility and sample size. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1073191120939155DOI Listing

Using an Online Platform to Administer the Single-Session Point Subtraction Aggression Paradigm: An Initial Examination of Feasibility and Validity.

Assessment 2020 Jul 13:1073191120940042. Epub 2020 Jul 13.

Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, USA.

Online platforms represent a cost-effective option for data collection; however, it is unclear whether online administration of certain kinds of tasks (e.g., behavioral measures of aggression) poses validity threats. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1073191120940042DOI Listing

A Personality Trait-Based Network of Boredom, Spontaneous and Deliberate Mind-Wandering.

Assessment 2020 Jul 4:1073191120936336. Epub 2020 Jul 4.

University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.

This article reports the translation into German and validation of two self-report measures of mind-wandering and boredom (the Spontaneous and Deliberate Mind-Wandering Scales and the Short Boredom Proneness Scale). Confirmatory factor analyses provided support for the original conceptualization of the constructs. To evaluate measurement invariance across samples, data were collected in a German-speaking sample ( = 418) and an English-speaking sample ( = 364). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1073191120936336DOI Listing

Construct Validity of the German Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Fifth Edition: Exploratory and Confirmatory Factor Analyses of the 15 Primary and Secondary Subtests.

Assessment 2020 Jul 2:1073191120936330. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.

The latent factor structure of the German Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Fifth edition (German WISC-V) was examined using complementary hierarchical exploratory factor analyses (EFAs) with Schmid and Leiman transformation and confirmatory factor analyses (CFAs) for all reported models from the German WISC-V and rival bifactor models using the standardization sample ( = 1,087) correlation matrix of the 15 primary and secondary subtests. EFA results did not support a fifth factor (Fluid Reasoning). A four-factor model with the dominant general intelligence () factor resembling the WISC-IV was supported by EFA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1073191120936330DOI Listing

Using Item Response Theory to Compare Irritability Measures in Early Adolescent and Childhood Samples.

Assessment 2020 Jul 2:1073191120936363. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY USA.

Limited psychometric information is available to guide best practices for measuring youth irritability. This report compares performance of irritability measures using item response theory (IRT). Study 1 used a sample of 482 early adolescents and compared the parent- and youth-report affective reactivity index (ARI) and irritability factors derived from the parent-report Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) and clinician-administered Kiddie Schedule for Affective Disorders (K-SADS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1073191120936363DOI Listing

Chinese Version of the Nine Item ARFID Screen: Psychometric Properties and Cross-Cultural Measurement Invariance.

Assessment 2020 Jul 1:1073191120936359. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shenzhen, China.

The current study aimed to provide initial psychometric evidence for a Chinese version of the Nine-Item ARFID Screen (C-NIAS), which measures the symptoms of avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID), including picky eating, poor appetite/limited interest in eating, and fear of aversive consequences from eating. The NIAS was translated into Chinese according to standard procedures. A total of 1,069 college students from mainland China responded to the C-NIAS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1073191120936359DOI Listing

Modelling Pathological Narcissism Using the Brief PNI in Terms of Structure and Convergent and Divergent Validity: A New Perspective.

Assessment 2020 Jun 26:1073191120936354. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel.

The Pathological Narcissism Inventory (PNI) is a popular measure and the first to attempt to tap into both grandiose and vulnerable narcissism (GN/VN). However, data have raised questions as to whether it appropriately formulates GN and differentiates it from VN. In this study, we examined the Brief-PNI's structure and construct validity, by using a novel model based on the theoretical notion of GN and VN sharing core features. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1073191120936354DOI Listing

Personality Disorders in the ICD-11: Spanish Validation of the PiCD and the SASPD in a Mixed Community and Clinical Sample.

Assessment 2020 Jun 25:1073191120936357. Epub 2020 Jun 25.

University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA.

The International Classification of Diseases-11th revision (ICD-11) classification of personality disorders is the official diagnostic system that is used all over the world, and it has recently been renewed. However, as yet very few data are available on its performance. This study examines the Personality Inventory for ICD-11 (PiCD), which assesses the personality domains of the system, and the Standardized Assessment of Severity of Personality Disorder (SASPD), which determines severity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1073191120936357DOI Listing

Embedded WAIS-IV Detection Strategies and Feigned Cognitive Impairment: An Investigation of Malingered ADHD.

Assessment 2020 Jun 4:1073191120927788. Epub 2020 Jun 4.

University of North Texas, Denton, TX, USA.

Malingered attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may be strongly motivated on college campuses by recreational use of ADHD medications and to obtain unwarranted academic accommodations. Rather than rely on face-valid (easily faked) ADHD checklists, the study focused on the more complex Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Fourth edition (WAIS-IV; Wechsler, 2008). However, the current literature has not yet investigated well-defined detection strategies for feigned WAIS-IV presentations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1073191120927788DOI Listing

Initial Investigation of the Psychometric Properties of the Limited Prosocial Emotions Questionnaire (LPEQ).

Assessment 2020 Jun 4:1073191120927782. Epub 2020 Jun 4.

Penn State College of Medicine, Hershey, PA, USA.

Callous-unemotional traits, which include lack of remorse or guilt, callousness/lack of empathy, unconcern about performance, and shallow/deficient affect, were included as a specifier of conduct disorder in the current (fifth) edition of the under the rubric Limited Prosocial Emotions (LPEs). The purpose of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of a new rating scale, the Limited Prosocial Emotions Questionnaire (LPEQ). Caregivers ( = 1,050) of children ( = 8. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1073191120927782DOI Listing

Factors Influencing Family Environment Reporting Concordance Among U.S. War Zone Veterans and Their Partners.

Assessment 2020 Jun 2:1073191120922619. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

National Center for PTSD, VA Boston Healthcare System, Boston, MA, USA.

A key challenge in the assessment of family variables is the discrepancies that arise between reports. Although prior research has observed levels of interpartner agreement on the family environment, no studies have investigated factors that may influence agreement. In this study, war zone veterans (WZVs) and their partners ( = 207 couples) completed assessments of the family environment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1073191120922619DOI Listing

Examining the Item-Level Structure of the Triarchic Psychopathy Measure: Sharpening Assessment of Psychopathy Constructs.

Assessment 2020 Jun 2:1073191120927786. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN, USA.

The Triarchic Psychopathy Measure (TriPM) has emerged as a widely used measure for assessing a three-trait model of disinhibition, meanness, and boldness. Building on recent psychometric work, we examined the TriPM's item-level factor structure and correlates in both a clinically oriented community sample ( = 700) and in undergraduates ( = 527). Our results indicated a replicable three-factor structure generally corresponding with disinhibition, meanness, and boldness, although many items were not clear indicators of their assigned TriPM domain scales. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1073191120927786DOI Listing

Comparing the Psychometric Properties of Eight Embedded Performance Validity Tests in the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test, Wechsler Memory Scale Logical Memory, and Brief Visuospatial Memory Test-Revised Recognition Trials for Detecting Invalid Neuropsychological Test Performance.

Assessment 2020 Jun 2:1073191120929093. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

University of Illinois College of Medicine, Chicago, IL USA.

This cross-sectional study evaluated eight embedded performance validity tests (PVTs) previously derived from the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test (RAVLT), Wechsler Memory Scale-IV-Logical Memory (LM), and Brief Visuospatial Memory Test-Revised (BVMT-R) recognition trials among a single mixed clinical sample of 108 neuropsychiatric patients (83 valid/25 invalid) with ( = 54) and without ( = 29) mild neurocognitive disorder. Among the overall sample, all eight recognition PVTs significantly differentiated valid from invalid performance (areas under the curve [AUCs] = .64-. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1073191120929093DOI Listing

Bias and Precision of Continuous Norms Obtained Using Quantile Regression.

Assessment 2020 Jun 2:1073191120910201. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Tilburg University, Tilburg, Netherlands.

Continuous norming is an increasingly popular approach to establish norms when the performance on a test is dependent on age. However, current continuous norming methods rely on a number of assumptions that are quite restrictive and may introduce bias. In this study, quantile regression was introduced as more flexible alternative. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1073191120910201DOI Listing

Is Self-Compassion Universal? Support for the Measurement Invariance of the Self-Compassion Scale Across Populations.

Assessment 2020 Jun 1:1073191120926232. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

University of Texas at Austin, TX, USA.

The Self-Compassion Scale (SCS) is a widely used measure to assess the trait of self-compassion, and, so far, it has been implicitly assumed that it functions the same way across different groups. This assumption needs to be explicitly tested to ascertain that no measurement biases exist. To address this issue, the present study sought to systematically examine the generalizability of the bifactor exploratory structural equation modeling operationalization of the SCS via tests of measurement invariance across a wide range of populations, varying according to features such as student or community status, gender, age, and language. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1073191120926232DOI Listing

Parental Rejecting Behaviors: Validating a Behaviorally Based Youth-Report Measure of Parental Emotional Abuse.

Assessment 2020 Jun 1:1073191120918943. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Brandeis University, Waltham, MA, USA.

Positive and warm parental attitudes are associated with better social and emotional child functioning, whereas negative or rejecting parental attitudes are associated with poor outcomes, such as aggression, impaired self-esteem, and emotional instability. The current study investigated the reliability and validity of scores on an interview adaptation of a measure of parental rejecting behavior (PRB) in a sample of detained adolescents. Participants ( = 198) completed a measure assessing their memories of the frequency of specific parental behaviors associated with rejection and self-report measures of exposure to abuse/neglect and community violence, and internalizing and externalizing psychopathology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1073191120918943DOI Listing

The Factor Structure and Gender Invariance of ADHD Symptoms in College Students.

Assessment 2020 May 26:1073191120918934. Epub 2020 May 26.

Ohio University, Athens, OH, USA.

Previous studies examining the factor structure of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms in adults using self-report measures have shown mixed results, supporting two-, three-, and bifactor solutions. The current study further investigated the structure of ADHD symptoms in adults using the Current Symptoms Scale and rigorous model evaluation in a sample of 892 college students. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to analyze and compare five-factor structures; a single-factor model, a two-factor model, a three-factor model, and two bifactor models. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1073191120918934DOI Listing

Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire: Psychometric Properties and Normative Data for Spanish 5- to 17-Year-Olds.

Assessment 2020 May 25:1073191120918929. Epub 2020 May 25.

Department of Psychiatry, Hospital Universitari Vall d'Hebron, Barcelona, Spain.

The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) has been extensively used to measure common forms of psychopathology among children and adolescents. However, its psychometric properties vary across countries and several controversial issues warrant further investigation. This study aimed to evaluate whether the Spanish version of the SDQ is a reliable and valid tool for assessing emotional and behavioral problems in a sample of 6,775 students aged 5 to 17 years, as rated by parents, teachers, and youth. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1073191120918929DOI Listing

Difference Between Young and Old Adults' Performance on the Psychology Experiment Building Language (PEBL) Test Battery: What Is the Role of Familiarity With Technology in Cognitive Performance?

Assessment 2020 May 21:1073191120918010. Epub 2020 May 21.

Istituto Auxologico Italiano, IRCCS, U.O. di Neurologia e Neuroriabilitazione, Ospedale San Giuseppe, Piancavallo (VCO) Italy.

The Psychology Experiment Building Language (PEBL) Test Battery is a recent computerized software for the assessment of cognitive functioning in clinical and healthy populations. However, its applicability for the assessment of old adults and the role of level of familiarity with technology on performance have not been tested. To verify if PEBL Test Battery is sensitive to aging cognitive decline, we assessed young and older adults' performance on the neuropsychological tests relative to the following domains: verbal and visuospatial short-term memory, selective attention, inhibition to interference, planning and problem-solving, set-shifting, and cognitive flexibility. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1073191120918010DOI Listing

Developing Cross-Cultural Short Scales Using Ant Colony Optimization.

Assessment 2020 May 16:1073191120918026. Epub 2020 May 16.

University of Applied Labour Studies, Mannheim, Germany.

This article demonstrates how the mataheuristic item selection algorithm ant colony optimization (ACO) can be used to develop short scales for cross-cultural surveys. Traditional item selection approaches typically select items based on expert-guided assessment of item-level information in the full scale, such as factor loadings or item correlations with relevant outcomes. ACO is an optimization procedure that instead selects items based on the properties of the resulting short models, such as model fit and reliability. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1073191120918026DOI Listing

Questioning the Meaning of a Change on the Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale-Cognitive Subscale (ADAS-Cog): Noncomparable Scores and Item-Specific Effects Over Time.

Assessment 2020 May 14:1073191120915273. Epub 2020 May 14.

Sunnybrook Research Institute, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Longitudinal invariance indicates that a construct is measured over time in the same way, and this fundamental scale property is a to track change over time using ordinary mean comparisons. The Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale-cognitive (ADAS-Cog) and its subscale scores are often used to monitor the progression of Alzheimer's disease, but longitudinal invariance has not been formally evaluated. A configural invariance model was used to evaluate ADAS-Cog data as a three correlated factors structure for two visits over 6 months, and four visits over 2 years (baseline, 6, 12, and 24 months) among 341 participants with Alzheimer's disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1073191120915273DOI Listing

Measurement Invariance of Three Narcissism Questionnaires Across the United States, the United Kingdom, and Germany.

Assessment 2020 May 5:1073191120907967. Epub 2020 May 5.

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Champaign, IL, USA.

With a recent surge of research on narcissism, narcissism questionnaires are increasingly being translated and applied in various countries. The measurement invariance of an instrument across countries is a precondition for being able to compare scores across countries. We investigated the cross-cultural measurement invariance of three narcissism questionnaires (Brief Pathological Narcissism Inventory [B-PNI], Narcissistic Personality Inventory [NPI], and Narcissistic Admiration and Rivalry Questionnaire [NARQ]) and mean-level differences across samples from the United States ( = 2,464), the United Kingdom ( = 307), and Germany ( = 925). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1073191120907967DOI Listing

Examining the Criterion Validity and Diagnostic Specificity of Self-Report Measures of Narcissism and Mania.

Assessment 2020 May 2:1073191120918012. Epub 2020 May 2.

University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN, USA.

We examined the validity of self-report measures of narcissism and mania by relating them to interview-based ratings of psychopathology. Narcissism scales were taken from the Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI), the Personality Diagnostic Questionnaire-4+, and the Short Dark Triad. Mania measures included the Altman Self-Rated Mania Scale (ASRM) and scales taken from the Hypomanic Personality Scale (HPS) and Expanded Version of the Inventory of Depression and Anxiety Symptoms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1073191120918012DOI Listing

Measuring Within-Session and Between-Session Compliance in Hoarding Disorder: A Preliminary Investigation of the Psychometric Properties of the CBT Compliance Measure (CCM) and Patient Exposure/Response Prevention Adherence Scale for Hoarding (PEAS-H).

Assessment 2020 May 2:1073191120918024. Epub 2020 May 2.

Institute of Living, Hartford, CT, USA.

Hoarding disorder (HD) is a new psychiatric diagnosis in and preliminary evidence suggests that cognitive-behavioral treatments are effective in treating this condition. However, it has been demonstrated that individuals with HD generally display poor compliance during treatment, which may lead to poor outcomes. Treatment compliance can be conceptualized as either within-session or between-session compliance, but currently there are no validated measures of within-session or between-session compliance specifically for HD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1073191120918024DOI Listing

Caught in the Act: Predicting Cheating in Unproctored Knowledge Assessment.

Assessment 2020 May 1:1073191120914970. Epub 2020 May 1.

Ulm University, Ulm, Germany.

Cheating is a serious threat in unproctored ability assessment, irrespective of countermeasures taken, anticipated consequences (high vs. low stakes), and test modality (paper-pencil vs. computer-based). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1073191120914970DOI Listing

Precision and Sample Size Requirements for Regression-Based Norming Methods for Change Scores.

Assessment 2020 Apr 26:1073191120913607. Epub 2020 Apr 26.

Tilburg University, Tilburg, Netherlands.

To interpret a person's change score, one typically transforms the change score into, for example, a percentile, so that one knows a person's location in a distribution of change scores. Transformed scores are referred to as norms and the construction of norms is referred to as norming. Two often-used norming methods for change scores are the regression-based change approach and the Scores for Change method. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1073191120913607DOI Listing

Predictive Properties of the Violence Risk Scale-Sexual Offense Version as a Function of Age.

Assessment 2020 Apr 26:1073191120914405. Epub 2020 Apr 26.

University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada.

The present study examined the discrimination and calibration properties of Violence Risk Scale-Sexual Offense version (VRS-SO) risk and change scores for sexual and violent recidivism as a function of age at release, on a combined sample of 1,287 men who had attended sexual offense-specific treatment services. The key aim was to examine to what extent VRS-SO scores can accurately discriminate recidivists from nonrecidivists among older cohorts, and if the existing age-related adjustments in the instrument adequately correct for increasing age. VRS-SO risk and change scores showed consistent properties of discrimination for sexual recidivism across the age cohorts, via area under the curve and Cox regression survival analysis, as demonstrated through fixed effects meta-analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1073191120914405DOI Listing

Invariance of the Bifactor Structure of Mild Traumatic Brain Injury (mTBI) Symptoms on the Rivermead Postconcussion Symptoms Questionnaire Across Time, Demographic Characteristics, and Clinical Groups: A TRACK-TBI Study.

Assessment 2020 Apr 24:1073191120913941. Epub 2020 Apr 24.

Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, USA.

This study aimed to elucidate the structure of the Rivermead Postconcussion Symptoms Questionnaire (RPQ) and evaluate its longitudinal and group variance. Factor structures were developed and compared in 1,011 patients with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI; i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1073191120913941DOI Listing

Evaluating Structural Models of Cognitive Vulnerabilities: Transdiagnostic and Specific Pathways to Internalizing Symptoms.

Assessment 2020 Apr 24:1073191120915287. Epub 2020 Apr 24.

National University of Singapore, Singapore.

The structure of cognitive vulnerabilities to anxiety and depression was examined via a hierarchical approach to examine the usefulness of a bifactor model for identifying a broad transdiagnostic (i.e., common core) factor versus disorder-specific variables (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1073191120915287DOI Listing

The Quality Assurance and Quality Control Protocol for Neuropsychological Data Collection and Curation in the Ontario Neurodegenerative Disease Research Initiative (ONDRI) Study.

Assessment 2020 Apr 22:1073191120913933. Epub 2020 Apr 22.

Baycrest Health Sciences, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

As large research initiatives designed to generate big data on clinical cohorts become more common, there is an increasing need to establish standard quality assurance (QA; preventing errors) and quality control (QC; identifying and correcting errors) procedures for critical outcome measures. The present article describes the QA and QC approach developed and implemented for the neuropsychology data collected as part of the Ontario Neurodegenerative Disease Research Initiative study. We report on the efficacy of our approach and provide data quality metrics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1073191120913933DOI Listing

Further Validation of the Comprehensive Assessment of Psychopathic Personality-Self-Report (CAPP-SR) in Lithuanian Offender and Nonoffender Samples.

Assessment 2020 Apr 21:1073191120914403. Epub 2020 Apr 21.

Vilnius University, Vilnius, Lithuania.

The Comprehensive Assessment of Psychopathic Personality (CAPP) is an emerging integrative model that makes use of 33 symptoms to characterize psychopathic personality disorder, but operationalizations of this model have not endured extensive validation to date. The current study sought to validate the recently published CAPP-Self-Report (CAPP-SR). Participants derived from two Lithuanian offender ( = 231) and nonoffender ( = 312) samples. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1073191120914403DOI Listing

Reliability and Validity of the Spanish-Language Version of the NIH Toolbox.

Assessment 2020 Apr 8:1073191120913943. Epub 2020 Apr 8.

Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, USA.

The psychometric properties of the English-language NIH Toolbox for Assessment of Neurological and Behavioral Function (NIH Toolbox) have been examined in numerous populations. This study evaluated the reliability and validity of the Spanish-language NIH Toolbox. Participants were children aged 3 to 7 years and adults aged 18 to 85 years who took part in the NIH Toolbox norming study in Spanish. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1073191120913943DOI Listing

When Does Differential Item Functioning Matter for Screening? A Method for Empirical Evaluation.

Assessment 2020 Apr 4:1073191120913618. Epub 2020 Apr 4.

Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, USA.

When items in a screening measure exhibit differential item functioning (DIF) across groups (e.g., males vs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1073191120913618DOI Listing

Mapping Big Five Personality Traits Within and Across Domains of Interpersonal Functioning.

Assessment 2020 Apr 4:1073191120913952. Epub 2020 Apr 4.

Center for Therapeutic Assessment, Austin, TX, USA.

The Big Five and the interpersonal circumplex are among the most extensively used structural frameworks in personality research. Of the five factors, extraversion and agreeableness are theorized to carry the most interpersonal context, however, all five factors are likely to have important interpersonal implications. In the present study, we evaluated the associations between domains of interpersonal functioning and the Big Five domains and facets using the bootstrapped structural summary method. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1073191120913952DOI Listing

Working Memory, Processing Speed, and Memory Functioning Are Minimally Predictive of Victoria Symptom Validity Test Performance.

Assessment 2020 Mar 14:1073191120911102. Epub 2020 Mar 14.

University of Illinois College of Medicine, Chicago, IL, USA.

A sound performance validity test is accurate for detecting invalid neuropsychological test performance and relatively insensitive to actual cognitive ability or impairment. This study explored the relationship of several cognitive abilities to several performance indices on the Victoria Symptom Validity Test (VSVT), including accuracy and response latency. This cross-sectional study examined data from a mixed clinical sample of 88 adults identified as having valid neurocognitive test profiles via independent validity measures, and who completed the VSVT along with objective measures of working memory, processing speed, and verbal memory during their clinical neuropsychological evaluation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1073191120911102DOI Listing

Construct Validity of Level 2 Assessments (PROMIS Depression, Anxiety, and Anger): Evidence From the MMPI-2-RF.

Assessment 2020 Mar 16:1073191120911092. Epub 2020 Mar 16.

Kent State University, Kent, OH, USA.

The Patient Reported Outcome Measurement Information System (PROMIS) is a NIH-funded measure that has item banks assessing a variety of physical, social, and mental health domains. Short forms from the emotional distress item bank (which includes measures of Depression, Anxiety, and Anger) were included in the as emerging measures to be administered at intake to aid diagnosis and throughout treatment to track progress. The purpose of the current study was to further investigate the PROMIS distress item bank's construct validity using the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1073191120911092DOI Listing

Measuring Positive Mental Health in the Postpartum Period: The Bifactor Structure of the Mental Health Continuum-Short Form in Portuguese Women.

Assessment 2020 Mar 13:1073191120910247. Epub 2020 Mar 13.

University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal.

This study aimed to investigate the factor structure of the Mental Health Continuum-Short Form (MHC-SF) in the postpartum context using a single-factor model, a correlated three-factor model, and a bifactor model. The reliability and validity of the MHC-SF were also examined. The total sample consisted of 882 postpartum Portuguese women. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1073191120910247DOI Listing

Concordance of Reports of Intimate Partner Violence Across Partners and Measures: The Impact of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.

Assessment 2020 Mar 13:1073191120911097. Epub 2020 Mar 13.

The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA.

The Revised Conflict Tactics Scales (CTS2) is frequently used to assess intimate partner violence (IPV), but consistently yields low to moderate interpartner concordance of reports. Interpartner concordance on an alternative measure, the Event History Calendar Interview (EHCI), is largely unknown. We observed limited interpartner concordance of IPV reports on the CTS2 and EHCI, with wives generally reporting more IPV than husbands. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1073191120911097DOI Listing

Burnout-Depression Overlap: Exploratory Structural Equation Modeling Bifactor Analysis and Network Analysis.

Assessment 2020 Mar 10:1073191120911095. Epub 2020 Mar 10.

Bourgogne Franche-Comté University, Besançon, France.

Burnout has been viewed as a work-induced condition combining exhaustion, cynicism, and professional inefficacy. Using correlational analyses, an exploratory structural equation modeling bifactor analysis, structural regression analyses, and a network analysis, we examined the claim that burnout should not be mistaken for a depressive syndrome. The study involved 1,258 educational staff members. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1073191120911095DOI Listing

How to Correct for Computer Experience in Online Cognitive Testing?

Assessment 2020 Mar 8:1073191120911098. Epub 2020 Mar 8.

Netherlands Cancer Institute, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Since computerized cognitive test performance may be influenced by computer experience, correction for this measure might be needed. This study examined how to correct for computer experience by examining its influence on online and traditional tests. 248 healthy adults completed an online neuropsychological test battery and 70 adults completed traditional equivalents of the tests. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1073191120911098DOI Listing

An Examination of the Reliability and Validity of the Comprehensive Assessment of Traits Relevant to Personality Disorder-Static Form (CAT-PD-SF).

Assessment 2020 Mar 3:1073191120907957. Epub 2020 Mar 3.

Sam Houston State University, Huntsville, TX, USA.

The current study examined the reliability and validity of the Comprehensive Assessment of Traits Relevant to Personality Disorder-Static Form (CAT-PD-SF), a dimensional measure of personality psychopathology. Specifically, we used exploratory factor analysis to determine the best higher order structure for the CAT-PD-SF traits. Results suggested a five-factor structure, albeit with marginal model fit. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1073191120907957DOI Listing

Fearless Dominance/Boldness Is Not Strongly Related to Externalizing Behaviors: An Item Response-Based Analysis.

Assessment 2020 Feb 26:1073191120907959. Epub 2020 Feb 26.

University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA.

There is substantial and ongoing debate regarding the centrality of Fearless Dominance/Boldness (FD/B) to psychopathic personality due, in part, to its generally weak relations with externalizing behaviors. In response to these findings, proponents of FD/B have offered two hypotheses. First, FD/B may have nonlinear associations with externalizing outcomes such that FD/B may lead to resilience at moderate levels, but an overabundance of FD/B will yield maladaptive behavioral outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1073191120907959DOI Listing
February 2020

Seeing the Best or Worst in Others: A Measure of Generalized Other-Perceptions.

Assessment 2020 Feb 26:1073191120905015. Epub 2020 Feb 26.

University of Münster, Münster, Germany.

How positively or negatively people generally view others is key for understanding personality, social behavior, and psychopathology. Previous research has measured generalized other-perceptions by relying on either explicit self-reports or judgments made in group settings. With the current research, we overcome the limitations of these past approaches by introducing a novel measurement instrument for generalized other-perceptions: the Online-Tool for Assessing Perceiver Effects (O-TAPE). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1073191120905015DOI Listing
February 2020

Confirmatory Factor Analysis and Exploratory Structural Equation Modeling of the Structure of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Symptoms in Adults.

Assessment 2020 Feb 17:1073191120905892. Epub 2020 Feb 17.

Victoria University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

This study examined the structure of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms in an adult community sample using first-order confirmatory factor analysis, exploratory structural equation modeling (ESEM), and bifactor confirmatory factor analysis and ESEM models, with two group factors (inattention [IA] and hyperactivity/impulsivity [HY/IM]) and two different three group factors (IA, hyperactivity [HY], and impulsivity [IM]; and IA, motoric HY/IM, and verbal HY/IM). A total of 738 adults (males = 374 and females = 364) between 17 and 72 years of age completed the Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale. The results provided most support for the ESEM model with group factors for IA, motoric HY/IM, and verbal HY/IM. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1073191120905892DOI Listing
February 2020

Age Appropriateness of the Self-Report Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire.

Assessment 2020 Feb 13:1073191120903382. Epub 2020 Feb 13.

University of Manchester, Manchester, UK.

The self-report version of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire is widely used in clinical and research settings. However, the measure's suitability for younger adolescents has recently been called into question by readability analysis. To provide further insight into the age-appropriateness of the self-report Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire, readability was assessed at the item level alongside consideration of item quality criteria, its factor structure was analyzed, and measurement invariance between adolescents in Year 7 (age 11-12 years) versus Year 9 (age 13-15 years) was tested. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1073191120903382DOI Listing
February 2020

Using Complete Enumeration to Derive "One-Size-Fits-All" Versus "Subgroup-Specific" Diagnostic Rules for Substance Use Disorder.

Assessment 2020 Feb 10:1073191120903092. Epub 2020 Feb 10.

University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, USA.

The use of fixed diagnostic rules, whereby the same diagnostic algorithms are applied across all individuals regardless of personal attributes, has been the tradition in the . This practice of "averaging" across individuals inevitably introduces diagnostic error. Furthermore, these average rules are typically derived through expert consensus rather than through data-driven approaches. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1073191120903092DOI Listing
February 2020

Different Styles, Different Times: How Response Times Can Inform Our Knowledge About the Response Process in Rating Scale Measurement.

Assessment 2020 Jan 24:1073191119900003. Epub 2020 Jan 24.

University of Mannheim, Mannheim, Germany.

When respondents use different ways to answer rating scale items, they employ so-called response styles that can bias inferences drawn from measurement. To describe the influence of such response styles on the response process, we investigated relations between extreme, acquiescent, and mid response style and response times in three studies using multilevel modeling. On the response level, agreement and midpoint, but not extreme responses were slower. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1073191119900003DOI Listing
January 2020