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    Validity of Self-Rated Memory Among Middle-Aged and Older Chinese Adults: Results From the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS).
    Assessment 2017 Nov 1:1073191117741188. Epub 2017 Nov 1.
    2 University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland.
    Memory self-ratings are often used in primary care practice and social surveys due to its relative ease of administration. Yet their usefulness to accurately measure individuals' memory-related cognitive function is largely unknown. This article assesses the construct validity of self-rated memory for measuring memory-related cognitive function among middle-aged and older adults (45+ years) in China using a national sample ( N = 13,690) from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study. Read More

    Integrating Item Accuracy and Reaction Time to Improve the Measurement of Inhibitory Control Abilities in Early Childhood.
    Assessment 2017 Nov 1:1073191117740953. Epub 2017 Nov 1.
    4 Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute Chapel Hill, NC, USA.
    Efforts to improve children's executive function are often hampered by the lack of measures that are optimized for use during the transition from preschool to elementary school. Whereas preschool-based measures often emphasize response accuracy, elementary school-based measures emphasize reaction time (RT)-especially for measures inhibitory control (IC) tasks that typically have a speeded component. The primary objective of this study was to test in a preschool-aged sample whether the joint use of item-level accuracy and RT data resulted in improved scoring for three IC tasks relative to scores derived from accuracy data alone. Read More

    Psychometric Investigation of the Raven's Colored Progressive Matrices Test in a Sample of Preschool Children.
    Assessment 2017 Nov 1:1073191117740205. Epub 2017 Nov 1.
    4 Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX, USA.
    The present study investigated the psychometric properties of the Raven's Colored Progressive Matrices (CPM) test in a sample of preschoolers from Brazil ( n = 582; age: mean = 57 months, SD = 7 months; 46% female). We investigated the plausibility of unidimensionality of the items (confirmatory factor analysis) and differential item functioning (DIF) for sex and age (multiple indicators multiple causes method). We tested four unidimensional models and the one with the best-fit index was a reduced form of the Raven's CPM. Read More

    Psychometric Properties of the Frost Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale in Spanish Children and Adolescents.
    Assessment 2017 Nov 1:1073191117740204. Epub 2017 Nov 1.
    1 University of Malaga, Malaga, Andalucía, Spain.
    The Frost Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (FMPS) is one of the most used instruments to assess perfectionism. The FMPS assesses six dimensions: Concern over Mistakes (CM), Parental Expectations (EP), Parental Criticism (PC), Doubts about Actions (DA), Organization (OR), and Personal Standards (PS). CM, PE, PC, and DA are facets of a more general dimension considered Maladaptive Perfectionism. Read More

    How to Identify Narcissism With 13 Items? Validation of the German Narcissistic Personality Inventory-13 (G-NPI-13).
    Assessment 2017 Nov 1:1073191117740625. Epub 2017 Nov 1.
    1 Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Bochum, Germany.
    Four studies investigated the construct validity of the brief version of the German Narcissistic Personality Inventory-13 (G-NPI-13). Study 1 ( N = 603) confirmed the three-factor structure of the G-NPI-13 and its associations with the NPI-40 and the NPI-16. In Study 2 ( N = 438), the convergent and discriminant validity of the G-NPI-13 was analyzed by investigating its relationships with the "Big Five," self-esteem, and mental health variables (depression, anxiety, stress symptoms; life satisfaction, happiness, social support). Read More

    Personality Inventory for DSM-5-Short Form (PID-5-SF): Reliability, Factorial Structure, and Relationship With Functional Impairment in Dual Diagnosis Patients.
    Assessment 2017 Nov 1:1073191117739980. Epub 2017 Nov 1.
    1 University of Huelva, Huelva, Spain.
    Section III of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-Fifth edition ( DSM-5) has generated a personality paradigm consisting of 25 personality facets identified in five domains. The developed assessment instrument Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5) has showed good psychometric properties, but the potential for certain improvements still remain. In this article, a sample of 282 dual diagnosis patients is used to provide evidence of the psychometric properties of the PID-5-Short Form. Read More

    An Integrated Approach to Bias in a Longitudinal Survey in the United Kingdom: Assessing Construct, Method, and Item Bias in the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12).
    Assessment 2017 Nov 1:1073191117739979. Epub 2017 Nov 1.
    2 Tilburg University, Tilburg, The Netherlands.
    Construct, method, and item bias are three levels of measurement bias (i.e., internal bias) essential for valid group comparisons. Read More

    Parent-Reported BIS/BAS Scales for Children: Factor Structure and Measurement Invariance Across Age and Gender.
    Assessment 2017 Nov 1:1073191117739017. Epub 2017 Nov 1.
    1 Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.
    The present study examined the factor structure and measurement invariance of the Behavioral Inhibition System/Behavioral Approach System (BIS/BAS) scales parent-report in children and adolescents ( N = 1,444, 58% girls) across age (Group 1, 2-5 years; Group 2, 6-9 years; Group 3, 10-13 years; Group 4, 14-18 years old) and gender. The results consistently underscored a four-factor structure, resembling the original factor structure, with one BIS-factor and three BAS-factors. Multigroup confirmatory factor analysis showed full measurement invariance across gender as well as across Group 1 and 2, and Group 2 and 3. Read More

    Psychometric Properties of the Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire (EDE-Q): A Confirmatory Factor Analysis and Assessment of Measurement Invariance by Sex.
    Assessment 2017 Nov 1:1073191117738046. Epub 2017 Nov 1.
    1 University of Hawai'i at Mānoa, Honolulu, HI, USA.
    The original, theoretically derived factor structure of the Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire (EDE-Q) has received limited empirical support and there is no consensus on an appropriate alternative. Moreover, there is a paucity of data on the factor structure of the EDE-Q across sexes. The goals of the current study were to evaluate models of the EDE-Q factor structure and to assess the best-fitting model for differences by sex. Read More

    Detecting Inconsistent Responding on the Youth Psychopathic Traits Inventory-Short Form.
    Assessment 2017 Oct 1:1073191117738048. Epub 2017 Oct 1.
    6 Saint Louis University, Saint Louis, MO, USA.
    The Youth Psychopathic Traits Inventory-Short Form (YPI-S) is a convenient measure for assessing psychopathy in settings with constraints on resources. However, the YPI-S does not contain a means of detecting careless or random response styles. The present study describes the development and evaluation of an inconsistent responding scale for the YPI-S using five archival samples that vary in language (English, German, Italian, Dutch) and other participant characteristics (juvenile offenders, adolescent students). Read More

    Using Confidence Intervals for Assessing Reliability of Real Tests.
    Assessment 2017 Oct 1:1073191117737375. Epub 2017 Oct 1.
    3 Tilburg University, Tilburg, Netherlands.
    Test authors report sample reliability values but rarely consider the sampling error and related confidence intervals. This study investigated the truth of this conjecture for 116 tests with 1,024 reliability estimates (105 pertaining to test batteries and 919 to tests measuring a single attribute) obtained from an online database. Based on 90% confidence intervals, approximately 20% of the initial quality assessments had to be downgraded. Read More

    Are Type, Frequency, and Daily Time Equally Valid Estimators of Support Needs in Children With Intellectual Disability? A Multitrait-Multimethod Analysis of the Supports Intensity Scale for Children (SIS-C).
    Assessment 2017 Oct 1:1073191117732411. Epub 2017 Oct 1.
    3 INICO, University of Cantabria, Santander, Spain.
    Support needs represent the intensity of support required by a person with a disability in order to take part in the activities related to normative human functioning. The Supports Intensity Scale for Children (SIS-C) is possibly the most promising tool for assessing and designing individualized support programs in children with intellectual disability. The SIS-C measures support needs across 61 activities, each one assessed along three methods: type of support, frequency, and daily time during which support is to be given. Read More

    The Measurement and Role of Ecological Resilience Systems Theory Across Domain-Specific Outcomes: The Domain-Specific Resilient Systems Scales.
    Assessment 2017 Oct 1:1073191117738045. Epub 2017 Oct 1.
    1 University of Leicester, Leicester, UK.
    Research suggests that trait resilience may be best understood within an ecological resilient systems theory, comprising engineering, ecological, and adaptive capacity resilience. However, there is no evidence as to how this theory translates to specific life domains. Data from two samples (the United States, n = 1,278; the United Kingdom, n = 211) facilitated five studies that introduce the Domain-Specific Resilient Systems Scales for assessing ecological resilient systems theory within work, health, marriage, friendships, and education. Read More

    Are Measures of Character and Personality Distinct? Evidence From Observed-Score and True-Score Analyses.
    Assessment 2017 Oct 1:1073191117738047. Epub 2017 Oct 1.
    2 Oregon Research Institute, Eugene, OR, USA.
    Two studies were conducted to investigate redundancy between the character strengths found in the VIA model of character and familiar personality facets. Study 1 used a community sample ( N = 606) that completed a measure of character strengths, four personality inventories, and 17 criterion measures. The second study used Mechanical Turk workers ( N = 498) who completed measures of the HEXACO and VIA models and 111 criterion variables. Read More

    MTC Sadism Scale: Toward a Dimensional Assessment of Severe Sexual Sadism With Behavioral Markers.
    Assessment 2017 Oct 1:1073191117737377. Epub 2017 Oct 1.
    1 Brandeis University, Waltham, MA, USA.
    Sadism was initially described as the experience of sexual pleasure produced by acts of cruelty and bodily punishment. Sadism was conceptualized as if sadists were fundamentally different from nonsadists. Recent studies have suggested that sadism is distributed as a dimension rather than as a category. Read More

    Psychometric Validation of the Revised Child Anxiety and Depression Scales-Parent Version (RCADS-P) in Children Evaluated for ADHD.
    Assessment 2017 Oct 1:1073191117735886. Epub 2017 Oct 1.
    1 Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, USA.
    Children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) frequently experience comorbid internalizing symptoms. The Revised Child Anxiety and Depression Scales-Parent Version (RCADS-P) is a frequently used measure of anxiety and depression in children, though its psychometric properties remain unexamined in children referred for ADHD specifically. The present study evaluated the RCADS-P in 372 children (age 7-12 years; 68% male) referred for evaluation at an ADHD specialty clinic (89% met criteria for ADHD). Read More

    Investigating Sex Bias in the AQ-10: A Replication Study.
    Assessment 2017 Sep 1:1073191117733548. Epub 2017 Sep 1.
    4 NHS Fife, Kirkcaldy, UK.
    There are concerns that females with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) may be underidentified because of factors such as better camouflaging and poorer recognition of the signs of ASD in females. One stage at which females may be underidentified is during screening. In this study, we, therefore, evaluated whether the autism spectrum quotient (AQ-10), a brief recommended screening instrument for ASD in adults suspected of having ASD, showed any evidence of underestimating symptoms in females. Read More

    Evidence That the Clinical Impairment Assessment (CIA) Subscales Should Not Be Scored: Bifactor Modelling, Reliability, and Validity in Clinical and Community Samples.
    Assessment 2017 Sep 1:1073191117733546. Epub 2017 Sep 1.
    1 Centre for Clinical Interventions, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    Aim: The Clinical Impairment Assessment (CIA 3.0) is the most widely used instrument assessing psychosocial impairment secondary to eating disorder symptoms. However, there is conflicting advice regarding the dimensionality and optimal method of scoring the CIA. Read More

    Cognitive Profile of Intellectually Gifted Adults: Analyzing the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale.
    Assessment 2017 Sep 1:1073191117733547. Epub 2017 Sep 1.
    4 Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy.
    The Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS) has been used extensively to study intellectual abilities of special groups. Here, we report the results of an intellectually gifted group on the WAIS-IV. Gifted individuals are people who obtained scores equal to or greater than 2 standard deviations above the mean on an intelligence test. Read More

    Comparison of the Original and Short Form Drinking Motives Questionnaire-Revised With High School and Underage College Student Drinkers.
    Assessment 2017 Sep 1:1073191117731812. Epub 2017 Sep 1.
    2 Illinois State University, Normal, IL, USA.
    Cooper developed and provided initial support for the Drinking Motives Questionnaire-Revised (DMQ-R). More recently, Kuntsche and Kuntsche introduced the briefer DMQ-R SF. Psychometric properties of the DMQ-R and the DMQ-R SF were examined in samples of high school ( n = 131) and underage college student drinkers ( n = 189). Read More

    Predictive Value of Traditional Measures of Executive Function on Broad Abilities of the Cattell-Horn-Carroll Theory of Cognitive Abilities.
    Assessment 2017 Sep 1:1073191117731814. Epub 2017 Sep 1.
    1 Centres of Excellence for Neuropsychiatry and Korsakoff, Vincent van Gogh Institute for Psychiatry, Venray, Netherlands.
    The neuropsychological construct of executive functions (EFs), and the psychometric Cattell-Horn-Carroll (CHC) theory of cognitive abilities are both approaches that attempt to describe cognitive functioning. The coherence between EF and CHC abilities has been mainly studied using factor-analytical techniques. Through multivariate regression analysis, the current study now assesses the integration of these latent constructs in clinical assessment. Read More

    Anticipatory Traumatic Reaction: Outcomes Arising From Secondary Exposure to Disasters and Large-Scale Threats.
    Assessment 2017 Sep 1:1073191117731815. Epub 2017 Sep 1.
    1 University of New England, Armidale, New South Wales, Australia.
    Two studies, with a total of 707 participants, developed and examined the reliability and validity of a measure for anticipatory traumatic reaction (ATR), a novel construct describing a form of distress that may occur in response to threat-related media reports and discussions. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis resulted in a scale comprising three subscales: feelings related to future threat; preparatory thoughts and actions; and disruption to daily activities. Internal consistency was . Read More

    Human Movement Responses to the Rorschach and Mirroring Activity: An fMRI Study.
    Assessment 2017 Sep 1:1073191117731813. Epub 2017 Sep 1.
    6 GCS-fMRI University of Turin and Koelliker Hospital Turin, Italy.
    It has been suggested that the Rorschach human movement (M) response could be associated with an embodied simulation mechanism mediated by the mirror neuron system (MNS). To date, evidence for this hypothesis comes from two electroencephalogram studies and one repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation study. To provide additional data on this topic, the Rorschach was administered during fMRI to a sample of 26 healthy adult volunteers. Read More

    Evaluation of Normative Data of a Widely Used Computerized Neuropsychological Battery: Applicability and Effects of Sociodemographic Variables in a Dutch Sample.
    Assessment 2017 Sep 1:1073191117727346. Epub 2017 Sep 1.
    2 Tilburg University, Tilburg, The Netherlands.
    Introduction: Central Nervous System Vital Signs (CNS VS) is a computerized neuropsychological battery that is translated into many languages. However, published CNS VS' normative data were established over a decade ago, are solely age-corrected, and collected in an American population only.

    Method: Mean performance of healthy Dutch participants on CNS VS was compared with the original CNS VS norms ( N = 1,069), and effects of sociodemographic variables were examined. Read More

    Cross-Cultural Validity of the Ruminative Responses Scale in Argentina and the United States.
    Assessment 2017 Sep 1:1073191117729204. Epub 2017 Sep 1.
    2 Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA, USA.
    Although frequently used in the United States, the Ruminative Response Scale (RRS) has not been extensively studied in cross-cultural samples. The present study evaluated the factor structure of Treynor et al.'s 10-item version of the RRS in samples from Argentina ( N = 308) and the United States ( N = 371). Read More

    Validation of the Advanced Clinical Solutions Word Choice Test (WCT) in a Mixed Clinical Sample: Establishing Classification Accuracy, Sensitivity/Specificity, and Cutoff Scores.
    Assessment 2017 Aug 1:1073191117725172. Epub 2017 Aug 1.
    1 South Texas Veterans Health Care System, San Antonio, TX, USA.
    This study examined the Word Choice Test's (WCT) utility as a performance validity test in a mixed clinical sample of veterans referred for neuropsychological evaluation. Participants completed Green's Word Memory Test (WMT), WCT, and Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) Trial 1. Using the WMT as the criterion for valid performance, logistic regressions examined the WCT and TOMM's classification accuracy for those with and without cognitive impairment (CI). Read More

    Multidimensional Inventory of Hypochondriacal Traits: An Examination of a Bifactor Model and Measurement Invariance Between Those With and Without a Self-Reported Medical Condition.
    Assessment 2017 Aug 1:1073191117725173. Epub 2017 Aug 1.
    2 Baylor University, Waco, TX, USA.
    The Multidimensional Inventory of Hypochondriacal Traits (MIHT) is a self-report measure that assesses four interrelated domains of health anxiety (i.e., Cognitive, Behavioral, Perceptual, Affective). Read More

    Parsing the Hypomanic Personality: Explicating the Nature of Specific Dimensions Defining Mania Risk.
    Assessment 2017 Aug 1:1073191117725170. Epub 2017 Aug 1.
    1 University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN, USA.
    Considerable research has used the Hypomanic Personality Scale (HPS) to assess traits conferring risk for hypomanic and manic episodes. Although the HPS has been shown to be defined by several distinct sets of content, most research has continued to rely exclusively on HPS total scores, due to (a) little research having examined its structure and (b) the discrepant structural results obtained in the few available studies. Therefore, we examined the structure and relations of the HPS in a large sample of community adults ( N = 737) receiving psychiatric treatment. Read More

    The ModRey: An Episodic Memory Test for Nonclinical and Preclinical Populations.
    Assessment 2017 Aug 1:1073191117723113. Epub 2017 Aug 1.
    1 Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.
    List learning tests are used in practice for diagnosis and in research to characterize episodic memory, but often suffer from ceiling effects in unimpaired individuals. We developed the Modified Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test, or ModRey, an episodic memory test for use in normal and preclinical populations. We administered the ModRey to 230 healthy adults and to 86 of the same individuals 102 days later and examined psychometric properties and effects of demographic factors. Read More

    Use of the Brief Shame and Guilt Questionnaire in Deaf and Hard of Hearing Children and Adolescents.
    Assessment 2017 Aug 1:1073191117725169. Epub 2017 Aug 1.
    1 Developmental Psychology, Leiden University, Leiden, Netherlands.
    No assessment tools are available to measure shame and guilt in children who are deaf or hard of hearing (DHH), while these self-conscious emotions might play a role in the frequently noted social and behavioral problems in this group. Therefore, the aim of this study was to validate the Brief Shame and Guilt Questionnaire (BSGQ) in DHH children. In addition, we examined associations of shame and guilt with social anxiety, self-esteem, delinquency, and psychopathic behaviors. Read More

    Is the Assessment of Personality Comparable in Persons Who Have and Have Not Experienced Depressive, Anxiety, and Substance Use Disorders? An Examination of Measurement Invariance.
    Assessment 2017 Aug 1:1073191117725171. Epub 2017 Aug 1.
    5 Oregon Research Institute, Eugene, OR, USA.
    Numerous studies have focused on characterizing personality differences between individuals with and without psychopathology. For drawing valid conclusions for these comparisons, the personality instruments used must demonstrate psychometric equivalence. However, we are unaware of any studies that examine measurement invariance in personality across individuals with and without psychopathology. Read More

    The Role of Personality in the Assessment of Subjective and Physiological Emotional Reactivity: A Comparison Between Younger and Older Adults.
    Assessment 2017 Aug 1:1073191117719510. Epub 2017 Aug 1.
    1 Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Elsene, Vlaams-Brabant, Belgium.
    This study brings more clarity on the inconsistent findings on emotional reactivity differences between older (OA) and younger (YA) adults, by examining the influence of (mal)adaptive personality traits on emotional reactivity and by applying several assessment methods. We recruited 60 YA (25-50 years) and 60 OA (65+ years) from a nonclinical population. We used Visual Analogue Scales to measure subjective reactivity, and facial electromyography (corrugator and zygomaticus reactivity), heart rate, heart rate variability, and skin conductance level to assess physiological reactivity during happy and sad film clips. Read More

    Examining the BASC-3 BESS Parent Form-Preschool Using Rasch Methodology.
    Assessment 2017 Aug 1:1073191117723112. Epub 2017 Aug 1.
    2 University of California Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, USA.
    This study examined the Behavior Assessment System for Children-Third Edition Behavioral and Emotional Screening System, Parent Form-Preschool, which is used to identify children at risk for emotional/behavioral problems. Rasch rating scale methods were used to provide information about psychometric properties of items, parent raters, and the response scale. Using the norming sample of 459 children, we investigated the structure of the screener, performance of the scale, and coverage of the maladaptive behavior construct to identify children with emerging behavioral difficulties. Read More

    Evaluating Longitudinal Invariance in Dimensions of Mental Health Across Adolescence: An Analysis of the Social Behavior Questionnaire.
    Assessment 2017 Jul 1:1073191117721741. Epub 2017 Jul 1.
    2 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.
    Measurement invariance over time (longitudinal invariance) is a core but seldom-tested assumption of many longitudinal studies on adolescent psychosocial development. In this study, we evaluated the longitudinal invariance of a brief measure of adolescent mental health: the Social Behavior Questionnaire (SBQ). The SBQ was administered to participants of the Zurich Project on the Social Development of Children and Youths in up to four waves spanning ages 11 to 17. Read More

    Assessment of Somatization and Medically Unexplained Symptoms in Later Life.
    Assessment 2017 Jul 1:1073191117721740. Epub 2017 Jul 1.
    3 University of Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands.
    The assessment of medically unexplained symptoms and "somatic symptom disorders" in older adults is challenging due to somatic multimorbidity, which threatens the validity of somatization questionnaires. In a systematic review study, the Patient Health Questionnaire-15 (PHQ-15) and the somatization subscale of the Symptom Checklist 90-item version (SCL-90 SOM) are recommended out of 40 questionnaires for usage in large-scale studies. While both scales measure physical symptoms which in younger persons often refer to unexplained symptoms, in older persons, these symptoms may originate from somatic diseases. Read More

    Comparable Consistency, Coherence, and Commonality of Measures of Cognitive Functioning Across Adulthood.
    Assessment 2017 Jul 1:1073191117721742. Epub 2017 Jul 1.
    1 University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA.
    Increased age is associated with lower scores in many cognitive tests, but interpretation of those results is based on the assumption that the measurement at different ages is equivalent, such that the differences reflect quantitative rather than qualitative changes. The assumption of measurement equivalence was investigated by comparing adult age differences in the relations among alternative versions of the same tests, among different tests of the same ability, and among different cognitive abilities. Results from three independent data sets revealed that only modest age differences were apparent at each level, which implies that cognitive abilities have similar measurement properties at different ages in adulthood. Read More

    Parent Ratings of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire: What Is the Optimum Factor Model?
    Assessment 2017 Jul 1:1073191117721743. Epub 2017 Jul 1.
    1 Federation University Australia, Ballarat, Victoria, Australia.
    To date, at least 12 different models have been suggested for the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). The current study used confirmatory factor analysis to examine the relative support for these models. In all, 1,407 Malaysian parents completed SDQ ratings of their children (age range = 5-13 years). Read More

    Development and Validation of the Heidelberg Form for Emotion Regulation Strategies (HFERST): Factor Structure, Reliability, and Validity.
    Assessment 2017 Jul 1:1073191117720283. Epub 2017 Jul 1.
    1 University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany.
    The Heidelberg Form for Emotion Regulation Strategies (HFERST) was developed to complement previous emotion regulation (ER) questionnaires and addresses some of their limitations by measuring eight ER strategies. An initial item pool was developed in German following expert discussions and adaptation of the items from existing ER scales. Following a stepwise selection based on the experts' judgments, 32 items with the best content validity were chosen. Read More

    Differential Item Functioning of the Full and Brief Wisconsin Schizotypy Scales in Asian, White, Hispanic, and Multiethnic Samples and Between Sexes.
    Assessment 2017 Jul 1:1073191117719509. Epub 2017 Jul 1.
    1 University of Hawai'i at Manoa, Honolulu, HI, USA.
    The Wisconsin Schizotypy Scales, including their brief versions, are among the most commonly used self-report measures of schizotypy. Although they have been used extensively in many ethnic groups, few studies have examined their differential item functioning (DIF) across groups. The current study included 1,056 Asian, 408 White, 476 Multiethnic, and 372 Hispanic undergraduates. Read More

    The Attitudes About Parenting Strategies for Anxiety Scale: A Measure of Parenting Attitudes About Protective and Intrusive Behavior.
    Assessment 2017 Jul 1:1073191117719513. Epub 2017 Jul 1.
    1 Miami University, Oxford, OH, USA.
    Protective and intrusive parenting behaviors consistently relate to children's anxiety development. We present two studies describing the development of the Attitudes about Parenting Strategies for Anxiety (APSA) scale, which assesses parent distress about children's displays of anxiety and shyness as well as parent attitudes about the effectiveness of protective and intrusive responses across several domains. Study 1 included 594 parents who completed the APSA and additional measures online and established the factor structure, internal reliability, and validity of the measure. Read More

    Psychopathic Personality Traits in the Military: An Examination of the Levenson Self-Report Psychopathy Scales in a Novel Sample.
    Assessment 2017 Jul 1:1073191117719511. Epub 2017 Jul 1.
    1 University of Southern Mississippi, Hattiesburg, MS, USA.
    The Levenson Self-Report Psychopathy Scale is a short, self-report measure initially developed to assess psychopathic traits in noninstitutionalized samples. The present study aimed to explore factor structure and convergent and discriminant validity of the Levenson Self-Report Psychopathy Scale in a large U.S. Read More

    Validation of a Psychological Screening Algorithm for Predicting Spine Surgery Outcomes.
    Assessment 2017 Jul 1:1073191117719512. Epub 2017 Jul 1.
    1 Kent State University, Kent, OH, USA.
    It is well established that psychological factors can affect spine surgery results. A widely utilized presurgical psychological screening (PPS) algorithm that combines established psychosocial risk factors to determine patients' likelihood of achieving successful spine surgery results is evaluated in this study. Patients ( n = 603) underwent a PPS, including a diagnostic interview, psychometric testing, and review of medical records. Read More

    Evaluating the Ecological Validity of the Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire Among Obese Adults Using Ecological Momentary Assessment.
    Assessment 2017 Jul 1:1073191117719508. Epub 2017 Jul 1.
    4 University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, MN, USA.
    This study evaluated the ecological validity (i.e., accurate measurement of a construct as experienced in naturalistic settings) of the self-report Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire (DEBQ). Read More

    Model Selection in Continuous Test Norming With GAMLSS.
    Assessment 2017 Jun 1:1073191117715113. Epub 2017 Jun 1.
    1 University of Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands.
    To compute norms from reference group test scores, continuous norming is preferred over traditional norming. A suitable continuous norming approach for continuous data is the use of the Box-Cox Power Exponential model, which is found in the generalized additive models for location, scale, and shape. Applying the Box-Cox Power Exponential model for test norming requires model selection, but it is unknown how well this can be done with an automatic selection procedure. Read More

    Toward Establishing a Standard Symptom Set for Assessing Sluggish Cognitive Tempo in Children: Evidence From Teacher Ratings in a Community Sample.
    Assessment 2017 Jun 1:1073191117715732. Epub 2017 Jun 1.
    1 Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, USA.
    Despite increasing interest in sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) in children, the field is stymied by the lack of a standard symptom set that can be used across studies. Without a standard symptom set, it is difficult to determine if differences across studies are due to methodological or sample differences, or simply the way SCT was measured. To move the field toward a standard symptom set, this study evaluates a teacher-report rating scale of SCT revised based on recent meta-analytic findings that identified optimal items for distinguishing SCT from attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder inattention (ADHD-IN). Read More

    Assessing Narcissism Using Rorschach-Based Imagery and Behavior Validated by Clinician Reports: Studies With Adult Patients and Nonpatients.
    Assessment 2017 Jun 1:1073191117715728. Epub 2017 Jun 1.
    3 University of Toledo, Toledo, OH, USA.
    We evaluate 11 Rorschach variables with potential for assessing grandiosity and narcissism. Seven of these variables were drawn from previous literature: Omnipotence, Idealization, Reflection, Personal Knowledge Justification, Exhibitionism, Magic, and Elevated Mood States; four were developed for this research: Expanded Personal Reference, Narcissistic Devaluation, Narcissistic Deflation, and Narcissistic Denial. Using Rorschach protocols from American normative adults and Italian adult outpatients, the dimensional structure of these variables was evaluated by principal components analysis, and validity was tested by correlations with clinician ratings of narcissism on two scales from the Shedler-Westen Assessment Procedure-200 that were made after at least five sessions with the primary clinician. Read More

    Item Response Theory Analysis of the Psychopathic Personality Inventory-Revised.
    Assessment 2017 Jun 1:1073191117715729. Epub 2017 Jun 1.
    1 Washington State University, Pullman, WA, USA.
    This study examined item and scale functioning in the Psychopathic Personality Inventory-Revised (PPI-R) using an item response theory analysis. PPI-R protocols from 1,052 college student participants (348 male, 704 female) were analyzed. Analyses were conducted on the 131 self-report items comprising the PPI-R's eight content scales, using a graded response model. Read More

    Latent Profile Analysis of the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire in a Sample With a History of Recurrent Depression.
    Assessment 2017 Jun 1:1073191117715114. Epub 2017 Jun 1.
    4 University of Oxford, Oxford, Oxfordshire, UK.
    Background: Extending previous research, we applied latent profile analysis in a sample of adults with a history of recurrent depression to identify subgroups with distinct response profiles on the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire and understand how these relate to psychological functioning.

    Method: The sample was randomly divided into two subsamples to first examine the optimal number of latent profiles (test sample; n = 343) and then validate the identified solution (validation sample; n = 340).

    Results: In both test and validation samples, a four-profile solution was revealed where two profiles mapped broadly onto those previously identified in nonclinical samples: "high mindfulness" and "nonjudgmentally aware. Read More

    The German Version of the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-10): Evaluation of Dimensionality, Validity, and Measurement Invariance With Exploratory and Confirmatory Bifactor Modeling.
    Assessment 2017 Jun 1:1073191117715731. Epub 2017 Jun 1.
    3 Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Erlangen, Germany.
    The Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) is a popular instrument for measuring the degree to which individuals appraise situations in their lives as excessively uncontrollable and overloaded. Despite its widespread use (e.g. Read More

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