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    Psychometrics of the Iowa and Berlin Gambling Tasks: Unresolved Issues With Reliability and Validity for Risk Taking.
    Assessment 2018 Jan 1:1073191117750470. Epub 2018 Jan 1.
    1 Ulm University, Ulm, Germany.
    The Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) is one of the most prominent paradigms employed for the assessment of risk taking in the laboratory, and it was shown to distinguish between various patient groups and controls. The present study was conducted to test the psychometric characteristics of the original IGT and of a new gambling task variant for assessing individual differences. Two studies were conducted with adults of the general population ( n = 220) and with adolescents ( n = 389). Read More

    A Psychometric Evaluation of the DSM-IV Criteria for Antisocial Personality Disorder: Dimensionality, Local Reliability, and Differential Item Functioning Across Gender.
    Assessment 2017 Dec 1:1073191117745126. Epub 2017 Dec 1.
    4 Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.
    This study aims at evaluating the psychometric properties of the antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) criteria in a large sample of patients, most of whom had one or more personality disorders (PD). PD diagnoses were assessed by experienced clinicians using the Structured Clinical Interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition, Axis II PDs. Analyses were performed within an item response theory framework. Read More

    Alzheimer's Disease Assessment: A Review and Illustrations Focusing on Item Response Theory Techniques.
    Assessment 2017 Dec 1:1073191117745125. Epub 2017 Dec 1.
    4 Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL, USA.
    Alzheimer's disease (AD) affects neurological, cognitive, and behavioral processes. Thus, to accurately assess this disease, researchers and clinicians need to combine and incorporate data across these domains. This presents not only distinct methodological and statistical challenges but also unique opportunities for the development and advancement of psychometric techniques. Read More

    The Development of a Motor-Free Short-Form of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Fifth Edition.
    Assessment 2017 Dec 1:1073191117748741. Epub 2017 Dec 1.
    1 University of Southern Queensland, Ipswich, Queensland, Australia.
    Purpose: This study aimed to develop a motor-free short-form of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Fifth Edition (WISC-V) that allows clinicians to estimate the Full Scale Intelligence Quotients of youths with motor impairments.

    Method: Using the reliabilities and intercorrelations of six WISC-V motor-free subtests, psychometric methodologies were applied to develop look-up tables for four Motor-free Short-form indices: Verbal Comprehension Short-form, Perceptual Reasoning Short-form, Working Memory Short-form, and a Motor-free Intelligence Quotient. Index-level discrepancy tables were developed using the same methods to allow clinicians to statistically compare visual, verbal, and working memory abilities. Read More

    The General Factor of Well-Being: Multinational Evidence Using Bifactor ESEM on the Mental Health Continuum-Short Form.
    Assessment 2017 Dec 1:1073191117748394. Epub 2017 Dec 1.
    4 Cardinal Stefan Wyszynski University in Warsaw, Poland.
    The Mental Health Continuum-Short Form (MHC-SF) is a widely used scale aimed at assessing three components of well-being: emotional, social, and psychological. The factor structure of the MHC-SF has been under debate over the past 10 years. The main goal of the present study was to examine the dimensionality of the MHC-SF. Read More

    The Norwegian Computerized Adaptive Test of Personality Disorder-Static Form (CAT-PD-SF): Reliability, Factor Structure, and Relationships With Personality Functioning.
    Assessment 2017 Dec 1:1073191117749296. Epub 2017 Dec 1.
    UiT The Arctic University of Norway, Tromsø, Norway.
    The Computerized Adaptive Test of Personality Disorder-Static Form (CAT-PD-SF) is a self-report inventory developed to assess pathological personality traits. The current study explored the reliability and higher order factor structure of the Norwegian version of the CAT-PD-SF and the relationships between the CAT-PD traits and domains of personality functioning in an undergraduate student sample ( N = 375). In addition to the CAT-PD-SF, the short form of the Severity Indices of Personality Problems and the Brief Symptom Inventory were administered. Read More

    Comparing the Reliability and Validity of Global Self-Report Measures of Subjective Well-Being With Experiential Day Reconstruction Measures.
    Assessment 2017 Dec 1:1073191117744660. Epub 2017 Dec 1.
    3 Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA.
    Self-report measures of global well-being are thought to reflect the overall quality of people's lives. However, several scholars have argued that people rely on heuristics, such as current mood, when reporting their global well-being. Experiential well-being measures, such as the day reconstruction method (DRM), have been proposed as an alternative technique to obtain a potentially more accurate assessment of well-being. Read More

    Digit Span Subscale Scores May Be Insufficiently Reliable for Clinical Interpretation: Distinguishing Between Stratified Coefficient Alpha and Omega Hierarchical.
    Assessment 2017 Dec 1:1073191117748396. Epub 2017 Dec 1.
    3 Institute of Psychology Eotvos Lorand University, Hungary.
    The Digit Span subscale (Digit Span Forward, Backward, and Sequencing combined composite) internal inconsistency reliability has been reported at .93, based on a coefficient known as stratified coefficient alpha. With accessible examples, we demonstrate that stratified coefficient alpha can deviate substantially from a model-based internal consistency reliability that represents an underlying dimension, that is, omega hierarchical. Read More

    Cognitive Abilities Explain Wording Effects in the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale.
    Assessment 2017 Dec 1:1073191117746503. Epub 2017 Dec 1.
    2 University of Kassel, Kassel, Germany.
    There is consensus that the 10 items of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) reflect wording effects resulting from positively and negatively keyed items. The present study examined the effects of cognitive abilities on the factor structure of the RSES with a novel, nonparametric latent variable technique called local structural equation models. In a nationally representative German large-scale assessment including 12,437 students competing measurement models for the RSES were compared: a bifactor model with a common factor and a specific factor for all negatively worded items had an optimal fit. Read More

    Validity of a Novel Touch Screen Tablet-Based Assessment for Mild Cognitive Impairment and Probable AD in Older Adults.
    Assessment 2017 Dec 1:1073191117748395. Epub 2017 Dec 1.
    3 Mackay Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.
    This study aimed to develop a psychometrically valid touch screen tablet-based cognitive test battery to identify early cognitive impairment due to dementia in older adults. The battery includes eight tests with 13 subscores, evaluating visual attention, auditory attention, information processing speed, visual memory, motor control, and visuospatial perception. Among the participants, 43 had been diagnosed with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and 36 with probable Alzheimer's disease (AD); 41 had no cognitive impairment. Read More

    The Perceptual Maze Test Revisited: Evaluating the Difficulty of Automatically Generated Mazes.
    Assessment 2017 Dec 1:1073191117746501. Epub 2017 Dec 1.
    1 University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.
    The Elithorn perceptual maze test is widely used in clinical research and practice. However, there is little evidence of its psychometric properties, and its application is limited by the technical difficulty of developing more mazes. The current research aims to adopt a rigorous approach to evaluate 18 mazes that were automatically generated by a novel R software package. Read More

    Psychometric Properties of the Impairment Rating Scale in Samples of Adults With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.
    Assessment 2017 Dec 1:1073191117746502. Epub 2017 Dec 1.
    1 Ohio University, Athens, OH, USA.
    Adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are impaired in numerous domains. However, psychometrically sound measures assessing broad-ranging impairment, particularly brief scales for diagnostic purposes, are scarce. The Impairment Rating Scale (IRS), originally developed to assess ADHD-related impairment in children, has been adapted to a 12-item self-report measure of impairment in adults. Read More

    The Reliability and Validity of the Inventory of Callous Unemotional Traits: A Meta-Analytic Review.
    Assessment 2017 Dec 1:1073191117747392. Epub 2017 Dec 1.
    1 Georgetown University, Washington, DC, USA.
    In the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, a Limited Prosocial Emotions specifier was added to the conduct disorder diagnostic criteria to designate a subgroup of children who exhibit callous unemotional (CU) traits. The Inventory of Callous Unemotional Traits (ICU) is the only dedicated measure of CU traits and was influential in the development of the Limited Prosocial Emotions specifier. Despite its role in the research and diagnosis of CU traits, some questions have persisted regarding the internal consistency and validity of the ICU and its three subscales: callous, uncaring, and unemotional. Read More

    Development of a Computerized Adaptive Test for Anxiety Based on the Dutch-Flemish Version of the PROMIS Item Bank.
    Assessment 2017 Dec 1:1073191117746742. Epub 2017 Dec 1.
    1 Foundation for Benchmarking Mental Health Care, Bilthoven, Netherlands.
    We used the Dutch-Flemish version of the USA PROMIS adult V1.0 item bank for Anxiety as input for developing a computerized adaptive test (CAT) to measure the entire latent anxiety continuum. First, psychometric analysis of a combined clinical and general population sample ( N = 2,010) showed that the 29-item bank has psychometric properties that are required for a CAT administration. Read More

    Factor Structure and Further Validation of the 20-Item Short Form of the Obsessive Beliefs Questionnaire.
    Assessment 2017 Dec 1:1073191117745988. Epub 2017 Dec 1.
    2 Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, IL, USA.
    A 44-item version of the Obsessive Beliefs Questionnaire (OBQ-44) put forward by the Obsessive Compulsive Cognitions Working Group remains the most widely used version of the OBQ, despite research casting doubt on its factorial validity and the existence of a short form (i.e., OBQ-20). Read More

    The Relationship Between the Personality Inventory for the DSM-5 (PID-5) and the Psychotic Disorder in a Clinical Sample.
    Assessment 2017 Feb 1:1073191117693922. Epub 2017 Feb 1.
    2 KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.
    Recent studies have successfully investigated the validity of the DSM-5 Alternative Model for Personality Disorders. In a final sample of 174 psychiatric patients, the present study examined the relationship between the Personality Inventory for the DSM-5 (PID-5) and syndromal psychosis. Results showed that patients diagnosed with versus without a psychotic disorder significantly differed on all PID-5 domains except Antagonism. Read More

    Screening for Problematic Worry in Adults With a Single Item From the Penn State Worry Questionnaire.
    Assessment 2017 Feb 1:1073191117694453. Epub 2017 Feb 1.
    1 Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA.
    As the rapid assessment of mental health is a growing need, a quick and valid tool for the early detection of symptoms that can be flexibly deployed across a range of contexts may be especially beneficial. This is particularly true of anxiety problems, which when undetected contribute to health care costs and lost work productivity. Data from more than 10,000 respondents (primarily female undergraduates) were used to test whether a single item from the popular Penn State Worry Questionnaire could serve as a screening tool in settings where administration of the full scale is undesirable. Read More

    A Comparison of Unidimensionality and Measurement Precision of the Narcissistic Personality Inventory and the Narcissistic Admiration and Rivalry Questionnaire.
    Assessment 2017 Feb 1:1073191116686686. Epub 2017 Feb 1.
    4 University of Münster, Münster, Germany.
    The current study compares the closeness to unidimensionality (CU) and measurement precision (MP) of the Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI)-with either a pairwise forced-choice or 5-point Likert-type scale response format-to the Narcissistic Admiration and Rivalry Questionnaire (NARQ). Minimum rank factor analysis and item information curves from item response models were utilized. The results mainly confirmed our expectations that NPI subscales are lower in CU and MP compared with NARQ subscales when the NPI was administered with its traditional forced-choice response format. Read More

    Novel Cognitive Paradigms for the Detection of Memory Impairment in Preclinical Alzheimer's Disease.
    Assessment 2017 Feb 1:1073191117691608. Epub 2017 Feb 1.
    5 Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, USA.
    In spite of advances in neuroimaging and other brain biomarkers to assess preclinical Alzheimer's disease (AD), cognitive assessment has relied on traditional memory paradigms developed well over six decades ago. This has led to a growing concern about their effectiveness in the early diagnosis of AD which is essential to develop preventive and early targeted interventions before the occurrence of multisystem brain degeneration. We describe the development of novel tests that are more cognitively challenging, minimize variability in learning strategies, enhance initial acquisition and retrieval using cues, and exploit vulnerabilities in persons with incipient AD such as the susceptibility to proactive semantic interference, and failure to recover from proactive semantic interference. Read More

    Cognitive Impairment, Dementia, and Personality Stability Among Older Adults.
    Assessment 2017 Feb 1:1073191117691844. Epub 2017 Feb 1.
    1 Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL, USA.
    There is contrasting evidence on personality stability in advanced age, and limited knowledge on the impact of cognitive impairment and dementia on trait stability. Group- and individual-level longitudinal analyses of the five major dimensions of personality assessed twice over 4 years ( N = 9,935) suggest that rank-order stability was progressively lower with advancing age (from rtt = 0.68 for age 50 to 60 years to rtt = 0. Read More

    Repetitive Negative Thinking as a Transdiagnostic Predictor of Depression and Anxiety Symptoms in Adolescents.
    Assessment 2017 Feb 1:1073191117693923. Epub 2017 Feb 1.
    3 Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington, New Zealand.
    Repetitive negative thinking (RNT) is a transdiagnostic process associated with numerous emotional disorders. Most measures of RNT are disorder-specific, limiting utility in comorbid populations. Transdiagnostic measures of RNT have been developed in adults and are associated with anxiety and depression. Read More

    Psychometric Properties of the Satisfaction With Life Scale in People With Traumatic Brain, Spinal Cord, or Burn Injury: A National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research Model System Study.
    Assessment 2017 Feb 1:1073191117693921. Epub 2017 Feb 1.
    1 University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.
    This study evaluated the measurement properties of the Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS) in a sample of 17,897 people with spinal cord injury (48%, n = 8,566), traumatic brain injury (44%, n = 7,941), and burn injury (8%, n = 1,390), 1 year following injury. We examined measurement invariance across the groups, unidimensionality, local independence, reliability from a classical test and item response theory (IRT) framework, and fit to a unidimensional IRT model. The results support unidimensionality and local independence of the SWLS. Read More

    Factor Structure of the Brief Comprehensive Effects of Alcohol Scale in Adolescents.
    Assessment 2017 Mar 1:1073191117694454. Epub 2017 Mar 1.
    1 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR, USA.
    Alcohol use among adolescents is a public health concern; therefore, it is important that studies that examine factors associated with adolescent drinking behaviors utilize measures that are well-validated for use with this population. The current study examined the factor structure and convergent validity of the Brief Comprehensive Effects of Alcohol scale, a measure of alcohol outcome expectancies and evaluations of expected outcomes, among adolescents ( N = 1,074; 50% girls; Mage = 15.96 years, SD = 1. Read More

    The Dimensions of Ruminative Thinking: One for All or All for One.
    Assessment 2017 Feb 1:1073191117694747. Epub 2017 Feb 1.
    1 University of Novi Sad, Novi Sad, Serbia.
    The Ruminative Thought Scale (RTS) was developed to measure the ruminative thinking style, presumably common to various psychopathological disorders. However, prior factor-analytic research was inconclusive regarding unidimensionality versus multidimensionality of the RTS. The present study was conducted on a large, heterogeneous Serbian sample ( N = 838). Read More

    The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire: Factor Structure of the Father-Report and Parent Agreement in 2-Year-Old Children.
    Assessment 2017 Mar 1:1073191117698757. Epub 2017 Mar 1.
    2 Centre for Longitudinal Research - He Ara ki Mua, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.
    There is limited research on the preschool version of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), and comparisons between mothers and fathers as informants and whether the factor structure shows measurement invariance across parents is lacking. Our study involved mothers ( n = 6,246) and fathers ( n = 3,759) of 2-year-old children from the Growing Up in New Zealand birth cohort. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to evaluate the factor structure of the SDQ and test for measurement invariance across mothers and fathers. Read More

    Introducing a New Assessment Tool for Measuring Ethnic-Racial Identity: The Cross Ethnic-Racial Identity Scale-Adult (CERIS-A).
    Assessment 2017 Mar 1:1073191117698756. Epub 2017 Mar 1.
    1 University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA.
    In this article, we examined the psychometric properties of scores on a new instrument, the Cross Ethnic-Racial Identity Scale-Adult (CERIS-A) for use across different ethnic and racial groups. The CERIS-A measures seven ethnic-racial identity attitudes-assimilation, miseducation, self-hatred, anti-dominant, ethnocentricity, multiculturalist inclusive, and ethnic-racial salience. Participants consisted of 803 adults aged 18 to 76, including African Americans (19. Read More

    The Assessment of Emotional Reactivity Across Negative and Positive Emotions: Development and Validation of the Perth Emotional Reactivity Scale (PERS).
    Assessment 2017 Feb 1:1073191117694455. Epub 2017 Feb 1.
    1 Edith Cowan University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    The Perth Emotional Reactivity Scale (PERS) is a newly developed 30-item self-report measure of emotional reactivity (affective style). The PERS measures the typical ease of activation, intensity, and duration of one's emotional responses, and importantly does so for negative and positive emotions separately. We examined the psychometric properties of the PERS in an adult community sample ( N = 183). Read More

    Bifactor Models of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Symptomatology in Adolescents: Criterion Validity and Implications for Clinical Practice.
    Assessment 2017 Mar 1:1073191117698755. Epub 2017 Mar 1.
    2 University of Buffalo, Buffalo, NY, USA.
    This study evaluated the fit and criterion validity of a bifactor model for 18 DSM-IV attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms, along with nine supplementary symptoms that represented the manifestation of inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity in adolescence and early adulthood. Participants included N = 172 adolescents who were diagnosed with combined type ADHD and who were enrolled in a treatment study. A bifactor model provided reasonably good fit to combined parent- and teacher-reported DSM symptoms and supplemental items at baseline prior to treatment. Read More

    Screening for Depression and Psychological Distress in a Currently Serving Military Population: The Diagnostic Accuracy of the K10 and the PHQ9.
    Assessment 2017 Oct 1:1073191117745124. Epub 2017 Oct 1.
    4 Department of Defence, Canberra, Australia.
    This study is the first to examine the diagnostic accuracy of two depression screening scales-the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10) and the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ)-in an entire regular-serving military population. Currently serving Australian Defence Force personnel ( n = 24,481) completed the K10 and PHQ9. Then a targeted subsample (i. Read More

    Validation and Psychometric Properties of the German Version of the Delirium Motor Subtype Scale (DMSS).
    Assessment 2017 Nov 1:1073191117744047. Epub 2017 Nov 1.
    1 University Hospital Zurich, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.
    Objective: Delirium has been characterized into its subtypes-hypoactive, hyperactive, mixed, or no motor subtype-along with the use of the Delirium Motor Symptom Scale (DMSS). The German version of this scale (DMSS-G), however, has not yet been validated.

    Method: We determined internal consistency, reliability, and validity of the DMSS-G in the surgical intensive care unit, using DSM-IV-TR criteria and the Delirium Rating Scale-Revised-98. Read More

    Validating Online Measures of Cognitive Ability in Genes for Good, a Genetic Study of Health and Behavior.
    Assessment 2017 Nov 1:1073191117744048. Epub 2017 Nov 1.
    1 University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA.
    Genetic association studies routinely require many thousands of participants to achieve sufficient power, yet accumulation of large well-assessed samples is costly. We describe here an effort to efficiently measure cognitive ability and personality in an online genetic study, Genes for Good. We report on the first 21,550 participants with relevant phenotypic data, 7,458 of whom have been genotyped genome-wide. Read More

    Validity of Self-Rated Memory Among Middle-Aged and Older Chinese Adults: Results From the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS).
    Assessment 2017 Nov 1:1073191117741188. Epub 2017 Nov 1.
    2 University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland.
    Memory self-ratings are often used in primary care practice and social surveys due to its relative ease of administration. Yet their usefulness to accurately measure individuals' memory-related cognitive function is largely unknown. This article assesses the construct validity of self-rated memory for measuring memory-related cognitive function among middle-aged and older adults (45+ years) in China using a national sample ( N = 13,690) from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study. Read More

    Integrating Item Accuracy and Reaction Time to Improve the Measurement of Inhibitory Control Abilities in Early Childhood.
    Assessment 2017 Nov 1:1073191117740953. Epub 2017 Nov 1.
    4 Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute Chapel Hill, NC, USA.
    Efforts to improve children's executive function are often hampered by the lack of measures that are optimized for use during the transition from preschool to elementary school. Whereas preschool-based measures often emphasize response accuracy, elementary school-based measures emphasize reaction time (RT)-especially for measures inhibitory control (IC) tasks that typically have a speeded component. The primary objective of this study was to test in a preschool-aged sample whether the joint use of item-level accuracy and RT data resulted in improved scoring for three IC tasks relative to scores derived from accuracy data alone. Read More

    Psychometric Investigation of the Raven's Colored Progressive Matrices Test in a Sample of Preschool Children.
    Assessment 2017 Nov 1:1073191117740205. Epub 2017 Nov 1.
    4 Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX, USA.
    The present study investigated the psychometric properties of the Raven's Colored Progressive Matrices (CPM) test in a sample of preschoolers from Brazil ( n = 582; age: mean = 57 months, SD = 7 months; 46% female). We investigated the plausibility of unidimensionality of the items (confirmatory factor analysis) and differential item functioning (DIF) for sex and age (multiple indicators multiple causes method). We tested four unidimensional models and the one with the best-fit index was a reduced form of the Raven's CPM. Read More

    Psychometric Properties of the Frost Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale in Spanish Children and Adolescents.
    Assessment 2017 Nov 1:1073191117740204. Epub 2017 Nov 1.
    1 University of Malaga, Malaga, Andalucía, Spain.
    The Frost Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (FMPS) is one of the most used instruments to assess perfectionism. The FMPS assesses six dimensions: Concern over Mistakes (CM), Parental Expectations (EP), Parental Criticism (PC), Doubts about Actions (DA), Organization (OR), and Personal Standards (PS). CM, PE, PC, and DA are facets of a more general dimension considered Maladaptive Perfectionism. Read More

    How to Identify Narcissism With 13 Items? Validation of the German Narcissistic Personality Inventory-13 (G-NPI-13).
    Assessment 2017 Nov 1:1073191117740625. Epub 2017 Nov 1.
    1 Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Bochum, Germany.
    Four studies investigated the construct validity of the brief version of the German Narcissistic Personality Inventory-13 (G-NPI-13). Study 1 ( N = 603) confirmed the three-factor structure of the G-NPI-13 and its associations with the NPI-40 and the NPI-16. In Study 2 ( N = 438), the convergent and discriminant validity of the G-NPI-13 was analyzed by investigating its relationships with the "Big Five," self-esteem, and mental health variables (depression, anxiety, stress symptoms; life satisfaction, happiness, social support). Read More

    Personality Inventory for DSM-5-Short Form (PID-5-SF): Reliability, Factorial Structure, and Relationship With Functional Impairment in Dual Diagnosis Patients.
    Assessment 2017 Nov 1:1073191117739980. Epub 2017 Nov 1.
    1 University of Huelva, Huelva, Spain.
    Section III of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-Fifth edition ( DSM-5) has generated a personality paradigm consisting of 25 personality facets identified in five domains. The developed assessment instrument Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5) has showed good psychometric properties, but the potential for certain improvements still remain. In this article, a sample of 282 dual diagnosis patients is used to provide evidence of the psychometric properties of the PID-5-Short Form. Read More

    An Integrated Approach to Bias in a Longitudinal Survey in the United Kingdom: Assessing Construct, Method, and Item Bias in the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12).
    Assessment 2017 Nov 1:1073191117739979. Epub 2017 Nov 1.
    2 Tilburg University, Tilburg, The Netherlands.
    Construct, method, and item bias are three levels of measurement bias (i.e., internal bias) essential for valid group comparisons. Read More

    Parent-Reported BIS/BAS Scales for Children: Factor Structure and Measurement Invariance Across Age and Gender.
    Assessment 2017 Nov 1:1073191117739017. Epub 2017 Nov 1.
    1 Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.
    The present study examined the factor structure and measurement invariance of the Behavioral Inhibition System/Behavioral Approach System (BIS/BAS) scales parent-report in children and adolescents ( N = 1,444, 58% girls) across age (Group 1, 2-5 years; Group 2, 6-9 years; Group 3, 10-13 years; Group 4, 14-18 years old) and gender. The results consistently underscored a four-factor structure, resembling the original factor structure, with one BIS-factor and three BAS-factors. Multigroup confirmatory factor analysis showed full measurement invariance across gender as well as across Group 1 and 2, and Group 2 and 3. Read More

    Psychometric Properties of the Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire (EDE-Q): A Confirmatory Factor Analysis and Assessment of Measurement Invariance by Sex.
    Assessment 2017 Nov 1:1073191117738046. Epub 2017 Nov 1.
    1 University of Hawai'i at Mānoa, Honolulu, HI, USA.
    The original, theoretically derived factor structure of the Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire (EDE-Q) has received limited empirical support and there is no consensus on an appropriate alternative. Moreover, there is a paucity of data on the factor structure of the EDE-Q across sexes. The goals of the current study were to evaluate models of the EDE-Q factor structure and to assess the best-fitting model for differences by sex. Read More

    Detecting Inconsistent Responding on the Youth Psychopathic Traits Inventory-Short Form.
    Assessment 2017 Oct 1:1073191117738048. Epub 2017 Oct 1.
    6 Saint Louis University, Saint Louis, MO, USA.
    The Youth Psychopathic Traits Inventory-Short Form (YPI-S) is a convenient measure for assessing psychopathy in settings with constraints on resources. However, the YPI-S does not contain a means of detecting careless or random response styles. The present study describes the development and evaluation of an inconsistent responding scale for the YPI-S using five archival samples that vary in language (English, German, Italian, Dutch) and other participant characteristics (juvenile offenders, adolescent students). Read More

    Using Confidence Intervals for Assessing Reliability of Real Tests.
    Assessment 2017 Oct 1:1073191117737375. Epub 2017 Oct 1.
    3 Tilburg University, Tilburg, Netherlands.
    Test authors report sample reliability values but rarely consider the sampling error and related confidence intervals. This study investigated the truth of this conjecture for 116 tests with 1,024 reliability estimates (105 pertaining to test batteries and 919 to tests measuring a single attribute) obtained from an online database. Based on 90% confidence intervals, approximately 20% of the initial quality assessments had to be downgraded. Read More

    Are Type, Frequency, and Daily Time Equally Valid Estimators of Support Needs in Children With Intellectual Disability? A Multitrait-Multimethod Analysis of the Supports Intensity Scale for Children (SIS-C).
    Assessment 2017 Oct 1:1073191117732411. Epub 2017 Oct 1.
    3 INICO, University of Cantabria, Santander, Spain.
    Support needs represent the intensity of support required by a person with a disability in order to take part in the activities related to normative human functioning. The Supports Intensity Scale for Children (SIS-C) is possibly the most promising tool for assessing and designing individualized support programs in children with intellectual disability. The SIS-C measures support needs across 61 activities, each one assessed along three methods: type of support, frequency, and daily time during which support is to be given. Read More

    The Measurement and Role of Ecological Resilience Systems Theory Across Domain-Specific Outcomes: The Domain-Specific Resilient Systems Scales.
    Assessment 2017 Oct 1:1073191117738045. Epub 2017 Oct 1.
    1 University of Leicester, Leicester, UK.
    Research suggests that trait resilience may be best understood within an ecological resilient systems theory, comprising engineering, ecological, and adaptive capacity resilience. However, there is no evidence as to how this theory translates to specific life domains. Data from two samples (the United States, n = 1,278; the United Kingdom, n = 211) facilitated five studies that introduce the Domain-Specific Resilient Systems Scales for assessing ecological resilient systems theory within work, health, marriage, friendships, and education. Read More

    Are Measures of Character and Personality Distinct? Evidence From Observed-Score and True-Score Analyses.
    Assessment 2017 Oct 1:1073191117738047. Epub 2017 Oct 1.
    2 Oregon Research Institute, Eugene, OR, USA.
    Two studies were conducted to investigate redundancy between the character strengths found in the VIA model of character and familiar personality facets. Study 1 used a community sample ( N = 606) that completed a measure of character strengths, four personality inventories, and 17 criterion measures. The second study used Mechanical Turk workers ( N = 498) who completed measures of the HEXACO and VIA models and 111 criterion variables. Read More

    MTC Sadism Scale: Toward a Dimensional Assessment of Severe Sexual Sadism With Behavioral Markers.
    Assessment 2017 Oct 1:1073191117737377. Epub 2017 Oct 1.
    1 Brandeis University, Waltham, MA, USA.
    Sadism was initially described as the experience of sexual pleasure produced by acts of cruelty and bodily punishment. Sadism was conceptualized as if sadists were fundamentally different from nonsadists. Recent studies have suggested that sadism is distributed as a dimension rather than as a category. Read More

    Psychometric Validation of the Revised Child Anxiety and Depression Scales-Parent Version (RCADS-P) in Children Evaluated for ADHD.
    Assessment 2017 Oct 1:1073191117735886. Epub 2017 Oct 1.
    1 Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, USA.
    Children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) frequently experience comorbid internalizing symptoms. The Revised Child Anxiety and Depression Scales-Parent Version (RCADS-P) is a frequently used measure of anxiety and depression in children, though its psychometric properties remain unexamined in children referred for ADHD specifically. The present study evaluated the RCADS-P in 372 children (age 7-12 years; 68% male) referred for evaluation at an ADHD specialty clinic (89% met criteria for ADHD). Read More

    Investigating Sex Bias in the AQ-10: A Replication Study.
    Assessment 2017 Sep 1:1073191117733548. Epub 2017 Sep 1.
    4 NHS Fife, Kirkcaldy, UK.
    There are concerns that females with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) may be underidentified because of factors such as better camouflaging and poorer recognition of the signs of ASD in females. One stage at which females may be underidentified is during screening. In this study, we, therefore, evaluated whether the autism spectrum quotient (AQ-10), a brief recommended screening instrument for ASD in adults suspected of having ASD, showed any evidence of underestimating symptoms in females. Read More

    Evidence That the Clinical Impairment Assessment (CIA) Subscales Should Not Be Scored: Bifactor Modelling, Reliability, and Validity in Clinical and Community Samples.
    Assessment 2017 Sep 1:1073191117733546. Epub 2017 Sep 1.
    1 Centre for Clinical Interventions, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    Aim: The Clinical Impairment Assessment (CIA 3.0) is the most widely used instrument assessing psychosocial impairment secondary to eating disorder symptoms. However, there is conflicting advice regarding the dimensionality and optimal method of scoring the CIA. Read More

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