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    1 OF 23

    Comparison of the Original and Short Form Drinking Motives Questionnaire-Revised With High School and Underage College Student Drinkers.
    Assessment 2017 Sep 1:1073191117731812. Epub 2017 Sep 1.
    2 Illinois State University, Normal, IL, USA.
    Cooper developed and provided initial support for the Drinking Motives Questionnaire-Revised (DMQ-R). More recently, Kuntsche and Kuntsche introduced the briefer DMQ-R SF. Psychometric properties of the DMQ-R and the DMQ-R SF were examined in samples of high school ( n = 131) and underage college student drinkers ( n = 189). Read More

    Predictive Value of Traditional Measures of Executive Function on Broad Abilities of the Cattell-Horn-Carroll Theory of Cognitive Abilities.
    Assessment 2017 Sep 1:1073191117731814. Epub 2017 Sep 1.
    1 Centres of Excellence for Neuropsychiatry and Korsakoff, Vincent van Gogh Institute for Psychiatry, Venray, Netherlands.
    The neuropsychological construct of executive functions (EFs), and the psychometric Cattell-Horn-Carroll (CHC) theory of cognitive abilities are both approaches that attempt to describe cognitive functioning. The coherence between EF and CHC abilities has been mainly studied using factor-analytical techniques. Through multivariate regression analysis, the current study now assesses the integration of these latent constructs in clinical assessment. Read More

    Anticipatory Traumatic Reaction: Outcomes Arising From Secondary Exposure to Disasters and Large-Scale Threats.
    Assessment 2017 Sep 1:1073191117731815. Epub 2017 Sep 1.
    1 University of New England, Armidale, New South Wales, Australia.
    Two studies, with a total of 707 participants, developed and examined the reliability and validity of a measure for anticipatory traumatic reaction (ATR), a novel construct describing a form of distress that may occur in response to threat-related media reports and discussions. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis resulted in a scale comprising three subscales: feelings related to future threat; preparatory thoughts and actions; and disruption to daily activities. Internal consistency was . Read More

    Human Movement Responses to the Rorschach and Mirroring Activity: An fMRI Study.
    Assessment 2017 Sep 1:1073191117731813. Epub 2017 Sep 1.
    6 GCS-fMRI University of Turin and Koelliker Hospital Turin, Italy.
    It has been suggested that the Rorschach human movement (M) response could be associated with an embodied simulation mechanism mediated by the mirror neuron system (MNS). To date, evidence for this hypothesis comes from two electroencephalogram studies and one repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation study. To provide additional data on this topic, the Rorschach was administered during fMRI to a sample of 26 healthy adult volunteers. Read More

    Evaluation of Normative Data of a Widely Used Computerized Neuropsychological Battery: Applicability and Effects of Sociodemographic Variables in a Dutch Sample.
    Assessment 2017 Sep 1:1073191117727346. Epub 2017 Sep 1.
    2 Tilburg University, Tilburg, The Netherlands.
    Introduction: Central Nervous System Vital Signs (CNS VS) is a computerized neuropsychological battery that is translated into many languages. However, published CNS VS' normative data were established over a decade ago, are solely age-corrected, and collected in an American population only.

    Method: Mean performance of healthy Dutch participants on CNS VS was compared with the original CNS VS norms ( N = 1,069), and effects of sociodemographic variables were examined. Read More

    Cross-Cultural Validity of the Ruminative Responses Scale in Argentina and the United States.
    Assessment 2017 Sep 1:1073191117729204. Epub 2017 Sep 1.
    2 Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA, USA.
    Although frequently used in the United States, the Ruminative Response Scale (RRS) has not been extensively studied in cross-cultural samples. The present study evaluated the factor structure of Treynor et al.'s 10-item version of the RRS in samples from Argentina ( N = 308) and the United States ( N = 371). Read More

    Validation of the Advanced Clinical Solutions Word Choice Test (WCT) in a Mixed Clinical Sample: Establishing Classification Accuracy, Sensitivity/Specificity, and Cutoff Scores.
    Assessment 2017 Aug 1:1073191117725172. Epub 2017 Aug 1.
    1 South Texas Veterans Health Care System, San Antonio, TX, USA.
    This study examined the Word Choice Test's (WCT) utility as a performance validity test in a mixed clinical sample of veterans referred for neuropsychological evaluation. Participants completed Green's Word Memory Test (WMT), WCT, and Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) Trial 1. Using the WMT as the criterion for valid performance, logistic regressions examined the WCT and TOMM's classification accuracy for those with and without cognitive impairment (CI). Read More

    Multidimensional Inventory of Hypochondriacal Traits: An Examination of a Bifactor Model and Measurement Invariance Between Those With and Without a Self-Reported Medical Condition.
    Assessment 2017 Aug 1:1073191117725173. Epub 2017 Aug 1.
    2 Baylor University, Waco, TX, USA.
    The Multidimensional Inventory of Hypochondriacal Traits (MIHT) is a self-report measure that assesses four interrelated domains of health anxiety (i.e., Cognitive, Behavioral, Perceptual, Affective). Read More

    Parsing the Hypomanic Personality: Explicating the Nature of Specific Dimensions Defining Mania Risk.
    Assessment 2017 Aug 1:1073191117725170. Epub 2017 Aug 1.
    1 University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN, USA.
    Considerable research has used the Hypomanic Personality Scale (HPS) to assess traits conferring risk for hypomanic and manic episodes. Although the HPS has been shown to be defined by several distinct sets of content, most research has continued to rely exclusively on HPS total scores, due to (a) little research having examined its structure and (b) the discrepant structural results obtained in the few available studies. Therefore, we examined the structure and relations of the HPS in a large sample of community adults ( N = 737) receiving psychiatric treatment. Read More

    The ModRey: An Episodic Memory Test for Nonclinical and Preclinical Populations.
    Assessment 2017 Aug 1:1073191117723113. Epub 2017 Aug 1.
    1 Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.
    List learning tests are used in practice for diagnosis and in research to characterize episodic memory, but often suffer from ceiling effects in unimpaired individuals. We developed the Modified Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test, or ModRey, an episodic memory test for use in normal and preclinical populations. We administered the ModRey to 230 healthy adults and to 86 of the same individuals 102 days later and examined psychometric properties and effects of demographic factors. Read More

    Use of the Brief Shame and Guilt Questionnaire in Deaf and Hard of Hearing Children and Adolescents.
    Assessment 2017 Aug 1:1073191117725169. Epub 2017 Aug 1.
    1 Developmental Psychology, Leiden University, Leiden, Netherlands.
    No assessment tools are available to measure shame and guilt in children who are deaf or hard of hearing (DHH), while these self-conscious emotions might play a role in the frequently noted social and behavioral problems in this group. Therefore, the aim of this study was to validate the Brief Shame and Guilt Questionnaire (BSGQ) in DHH children. In addition, we examined associations of shame and guilt with social anxiety, self-esteem, delinquency, and psychopathic behaviors. Read More

    Is the Assessment of Personality Comparable in Persons Who Have and Have Not Experienced Depressive, Anxiety, and Substance Use Disorders? An Examination of Measurement Invariance.
    Assessment 2017 Aug 1:1073191117725171. Epub 2017 Aug 1.
    5 Oregon Research Institute, Eugene, OR, USA.
    Numerous studies have focused on characterizing personality differences between individuals with and without psychopathology. For drawing valid conclusions for these comparisons, the personality instruments used must demonstrate psychometric equivalence. However, we are unaware of any studies that examine measurement invariance in personality across individuals with and without psychopathology. Read More

    The Role of Personality in the Assessment of Subjective and Physiological Emotional Reactivity: A Comparison Between Younger and Older Adults.
    Assessment 2017 Aug 1:1073191117719510. Epub 2017 Aug 1.
    1 Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Elsene, Vlaams-Brabant, Belgium.
    This study brings more clarity on the inconsistent findings on emotional reactivity differences between older (OA) and younger (YA) adults, by examining the influence of (mal)adaptive personality traits on emotional reactivity and by applying several assessment methods. We recruited 60 YA (25-50 years) and 60 OA (65+ years) from a nonclinical population. We used Visual Analogue Scales to measure subjective reactivity, and facial electromyography (corrugator and zygomaticus reactivity), heart rate, heart rate variability, and skin conductance level to assess physiological reactivity during happy and sad film clips. Read More

    Examining the BASC-3 BESS Parent Form-Preschool Using Rasch Methodology.
    Assessment 2017 Aug 1:1073191117723112. Epub 2017 Aug 1.
    2 University of California Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, USA.
    This study examined the Behavior Assessment System for Children-Third Edition Behavioral and Emotional Screening System, Parent Form-Preschool, which is used to identify children at risk for emotional/behavioral problems. Rasch rating scale methods were used to provide information about psychometric properties of items, parent raters, and the response scale. Using the norming sample of 459 children, we investigated the structure of the screener, performance of the scale, and coverage of the maladaptive behavior construct to identify children with emerging behavioral difficulties. Read More

    Evaluating Longitudinal Invariance in Dimensions of Mental Health Across Adolescence: An Analysis of the Social Behavior Questionnaire.
    Assessment 2017 Jul 1:1073191117721741. Epub 2017 Jul 1.
    2 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.
    Measurement invariance over time (longitudinal invariance) is a core but seldom-tested assumption of many longitudinal studies on adolescent psychosocial development. In this study, we evaluated the longitudinal invariance of a brief measure of adolescent mental health: the Social Behavior Questionnaire (SBQ). The SBQ was administered to participants of the Zurich Project on the Social Development of Children and Youths in up to four waves spanning ages 11 to 17. Read More

    Assessment of Somatization and Medically Unexplained Symptoms in Later Life.
    Assessment 2017 Jul 1:1073191117721740. Epub 2017 Jul 1.
    3 University of Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands.
    The assessment of medically unexplained symptoms and "somatic symptom disorders" in older adults is challenging due to somatic multimorbidity, which threatens the validity of somatization questionnaires. In a systematic review study, the Patient Health Questionnaire-15 (PHQ-15) and the somatization subscale of the Symptom Checklist 90-item version (SCL-90 SOM) are recommended out of 40 questionnaires for usage in large-scale studies. While both scales measure physical symptoms which in younger persons often refer to unexplained symptoms, in older persons, these symptoms may originate from somatic diseases. Read More

    Comparable Consistency, Coherence, and Commonality of Measures of Cognitive Functioning Across Adulthood.
    Assessment 2017 Jul 1:1073191117721742. Epub 2017 Jul 1.
    1 University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA.
    Increased age is associated with lower scores in many cognitive tests, but interpretation of those results is based on the assumption that the measurement at different ages is equivalent, such that the differences reflect quantitative rather than qualitative changes. The assumption of measurement equivalence was investigated by comparing adult age differences in the relations among alternative versions of the same tests, among different tests of the same ability, and among different cognitive abilities. Results from three independent data sets revealed that only modest age differences were apparent at each level, which implies that cognitive abilities have similar measurement properties at different ages in adulthood. Read More

    Parent Ratings of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire: What Is the Optimum Factor Model?
    Assessment 2017 Jul 1:1073191117721743. Epub 2017 Jul 1.
    1 Federation University Australia, Ballarat, Victoria, Australia.
    To date, at least 12 different models have been suggested for the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). The current study used confirmatory factor analysis to examine the relative support for these models. In all, 1,407 Malaysian parents completed SDQ ratings of their children (age range = 5-13 years). Read More

    Development and Validation of the Heidelberg Form for Emotion Regulation Strategies (HFERST): Factor Structure, Reliability, and Validity.
    Assessment 2017 Jul 1:1073191117720283. Epub 2017 Jul 1.
    1 University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany.
    The Heidelberg Form for Emotion Regulation Strategies (HFERST) was developed to complement previous emotion regulation (ER) questionnaires and addresses some of their limitations by measuring eight ER strategies. An initial item pool was developed in German following expert discussions and adaptation of the items from existing ER scales. Following a stepwise selection based on the experts' judgments, 32 items with the best content validity were chosen. Read More

    Differential Item Functioning of the Full and Brief Wisconsin Schizotypy Scales in Asian, White, Hispanic, and Multiethnic Samples and Between Sexes.
    Assessment 2017 Jul 1:1073191117719509. Epub 2017 Jul 1.
    1 University of Hawai'i at Manoa, Honolulu, HI, USA.
    The Wisconsin Schizotypy Scales, including their brief versions, are among the most commonly used self-report measures of schizotypy. Although they have been used extensively in many ethnic groups, few studies have examined their differential item functioning (DIF) across groups. The current study included 1,056 Asian, 408 White, 476 Multiethnic, and 372 Hispanic undergraduates. Read More

    The Attitudes About Parenting Strategies for Anxiety Scale: A Measure of Parenting Attitudes About Protective and Intrusive Behavior.
    Assessment 2017 Jul 1:1073191117719513. Epub 2017 Jul 1.
    1 Miami University, Oxford, OH, USA.
    Protective and intrusive parenting behaviors consistently relate to children's anxiety development. We present two studies describing the development of the Attitudes about Parenting Strategies for Anxiety (APSA) scale, which assesses parent distress about children's displays of anxiety and shyness as well as parent attitudes about the effectiveness of protective and intrusive responses across several domains. Study 1 included 594 parents who completed the APSA and additional measures online and established the factor structure, internal reliability, and validity of the measure. Read More

    Psychopathic Personality Traits in the Military: An Examination of the Levenson Self-Report Psychopathy Scales in a Novel Sample.
    Assessment 2017 Jul 1:1073191117719511. Epub 2017 Jul 1.
    1 University of Southern Mississippi, Hattiesburg, MS, USA.
    The Levenson Self-Report Psychopathy Scale is a short, self-report measure initially developed to assess psychopathic traits in noninstitutionalized samples. The present study aimed to explore factor structure and convergent and discriminant validity of the Levenson Self-Report Psychopathy Scale in a large U.S. Read More

    Validation of a Psychological Screening Algorithm for Predicting Spine Surgery Outcomes.
    Assessment 2017 Jul 1:1073191117719512. Epub 2017 Jul 1.
    1 Kent State University, Kent, OH, USA.
    It is well established that psychological factors can affect spine surgery results. A widely utilized presurgical psychological screening (PPS) algorithm that combines established psychosocial risk factors to determine patients' likelihood of achieving successful spine surgery results is evaluated in this study. Patients ( n = 603) underwent a PPS, including a diagnostic interview, psychometric testing, and review of medical records. Read More

    Evaluating the Ecological Validity of the Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire Among Obese Adults Using Ecological Momentary Assessment.
    Assessment 2017 Jul 1:1073191117719508. Epub 2017 Jul 1.
    4 University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, MN, USA.
    This study evaluated the ecological validity (i.e., accurate measurement of a construct as experienced in naturalistic settings) of the self-report Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire (DEBQ). Read More

    Model Selection in Continuous Test Norming With GAMLSS.
    Assessment 2017 Jun 1:1073191117715113. Epub 2017 Jun 1.
    1 University of Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands.
    To compute norms from reference group test scores, continuous norming is preferred over traditional norming. A suitable continuous norming approach for continuous data is the use of the Box-Cox Power Exponential model, which is found in the generalized additive models for location, scale, and shape. Applying the Box-Cox Power Exponential model for test norming requires model selection, but it is unknown how well this can be done with an automatic selection procedure. Read More

    Toward Establishing a Standard Symptom Set for Assessing Sluggish Cognitive Tempo in Children: Evidence From Teacher Ratings in a Community Sample.
    Assessment 2017 Jun 1:1073191117715732. Epub 2017 Jun 1.
    1 Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, USA.
    Despite increasing interest in sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) in children, the field is stymied by the lack of a standard symptom set that can be used across studies. Without a standard symptom set, it is difficult to determine if differences across studies are due to methodological or sample differences, or simply the way SCT was measured. To move the field toward a standard symptom set, this study evaluates a teacher-report rating scale of SCT revised based on recent meta-analytic findings that identified optimal items for distinguishing SCT from attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder inattention (ADHD-IN). Read More

    Assessing Narcissism Using Rorschach-Based Imagery and Behavior Validated by Clinician Reports: Studies With Adult Patients and Nonpatients.
    Assessment 2017 Jun 1:1073191117715728. Epub 2017 Jun 1.
    3 University of Toledo, Toledo, OH, USA.
    We evaluate 11 Rorschach variables with potential for assessing grandiosity and narcissism. Seven of these variables were drawn from previous literature: Omnipotence, Idealization, Reflection, Personal Knowledge Justification, Exhibitionism, Magic, and Elevated Mood States; four were developed for this research: Expanded Personal Reference, Narcissistic Devaluation, Narcissistic Deflation, and Narcissistic Denial. Using Rorschach protocols from American normative adults and Italian adult outpatients, the dimensional structure of these variables was evaluated by principal components analysis, and validity was tested by correlations with clinician ratings of narcissism on two scales from the Shedler-Westen Assessment Procedure-200 that were made after at least five sessions with the primary clinician. Read More

    Item Response Theory Analysis of the Psychopathic Personality Inventory-Revised.
    Assessment 2017 Jun 1:1073191117715729. Epub 2017 Jun 1.
    1 Washington State University, Pullman, WA, USA.
    This study examined item and scale functioning in the Psychopathic Personality Inventory-Revised (PPI-R) using an item response theory analysis. PPI-R protocols from 1,052 college student participants (348 male, 704 female) were analyzed. Analyses were conducted on the 131 self-report items comprising the PPI-R's eight content scales, using a graded response model. Read More

    Latent Profile Analysis of the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire in a Sample With a History of Recurrent Depression.
    Assessment 2017 Jun 1:1073191117715114. Epub 2017 Jun 1.
    4 University of Oxford, Oxford, Oxfordshire, UK.
    Background: Extending previous research, we applied latent profile analysis in a sample of adults with a history of recurrent depression to identify subgroups with distinct response profiles on the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire and understand how these relate to psychological functioning.

    Method: The sample was randomly divided into two subsamples to first examine the optimal number of latent profiles (test sample; n = 343) and then validate the identified solution (validation sample; n = 340).

    Results: In both test and validation samples, a four-profile solution was revealed where two profiles mapped broadly onto those previously identified in nonclinical samples: "high mindfulness" and "nonjudgmentally aware. Read More

    The German Version of the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-10): Evaluation of Dimensionality, Validity, and Measurement Invariance With Exploratory and Confirmatory Bifactor Modeling.
    Assessment 2017 Jun 1:1073191117715731. Epub 2017 Jun 1.
    3 Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Erlangen, Germany.
    The Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) is a popular instrument for measuring the degree to which individuals appraise situations in their lives as excessively uncontrollable and overloaded. Despite its widespread use (e.g. Read More

    Dissociation of Executive and Attentional Elements of the Digit Span Task in a Population of Older Adults: A Latent Class Analysis.
    Assessment 2017 Jun 1:1073191117714556. Epub 2017 Jun 1.
    1 Cleveland Clinic Lou Ruvo Center for Brain Health, Las Vegas, NV, USA.
    The prevailing model for working memory proposes the existence of a "central executive" responsible for coordinating and prioritizing incoming information from sensory and association cortices. The Digit Span task is commonly used by clinicians to parse attentional and executive components of working memory; however, the interrelatedness of these constructs in the context of advanced age and neurodegenerative disease remains an area of active investigation. The current study details a procedure and rationale for the use of latent class analysis, a data-driven, person-centered method, in the investigation of older adults and dementia. Read More

    Evaluating the Hierarchical Structure of ADHD Symptoms and Invariance Across Age and Gender.
    Assessment 2017 Jun 1:1073191117714559. Epub 2017 Jun 1.
    1 University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA.
    The bifactor model of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been extensively explored, yet the tendency of the bifactor model to overfit data necessitates investigation of alternative, more parsimonious models, such as a modified bifactor structure. The present study used item response theory to compare unidimensional, correlated factors, bifactor, and modified bifactor models of ADHD symptoms in a clinical sample of youth ( N = 1,612) and examined differential item functioning (DIF) by age (<11 and ≥11 years) and gender. Results suggested that two restricted bifactor models showed superior fit compared with alternative models, and support strong general and inattention dimensions, with unreliable hyperactivity and impulsivity dimensions. Read More

    Equivalence of Laptop and Tablet Administrations of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 Restructured Form.
    Assessment 2017 Jun 1:1073191117714558. Epub 2017 Jun 1.
    1 Kent State University, Kent, OH, USA.
    The present study investigated the comparability of laptop computer- and tablet-based administration modes for the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF). Employing a counterbalanced within-subjects design, the MMPI-2-RF was administered via both modes to a sample of college undergraduates ( N = 133). Administration modes were compared in terms of mean scale scores, internal consistency, test-retest consistency, external validity, and administration time. Read More

    The Impact of Partial Factorial Invariance on Cross-Group Comparisons.
    Assessment 2017 Jun 1:1073191117711020. Epub 2017 Jun 1.
    1 University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK, USA.
    This study explored the impact of partial factorial invariance on cross-group comparisons of latent variables, including latent means, latent variances, structural relations (or correlations) with other constructs, and regression coefficients as predicting external variables. The results indicate that the estimates of factor mean differences are sensitive to violations of invariance on both factor loadings and intercepts. Noninvariant factor loadings were also found to influence the cross-group comparisons of factor variances and regression coefficients (slopes, in the raw metric) with external variables. Read More

    Measurement and Structural Invariance of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms in Hispanic and Caucasian Firefighters.
    Assessment 2017 Jan 1:1073191116685805. Epub 2017 Jan 1.
    2 Firefighter Support Network, Houston Fire Department, Houston, TX, USA.
    This study compared across Hispanic and Caucasian firefighters the relative fit of the four-factor Emotional Numbing and Dysphoria posttraumatic stress disorder models to the more recently proposed Dysphoric Arousal five-factor model. As hypothesized, the Dysphoric Arousal five-factor model emerged as the best fitting model within each ethnic group and it also showed measurement invariance between groups (configural invariance). Results of multigroup confirmatory factor analyses and a bias-corrected bootstrap confidence intervals analytic approach indicated that the five factor model also demonstrated invariance in factor loadings (metric invariance) and item-level intercepts (scalar invariance) across the two ethnic groups. Read More

    Development and Validation of the Faceted Inventory of the Five-Factor Model (FI-FFM).
    Assessment 2017 Jun 1:1073191117711022. Epub 2017 Jun 1.
    3 Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, IL, USA.
    The Faceted Inventory of the Five-Factor Model (FI-FFM) is a comprehensive hierarchical measure of personality. The FI-FFM was created across five phases of scale development. It includes five facets apiece for neuroticism, extraversion, and conscientiousness; four facets within agreeableness; and three facets for openness. Read More

    Development of the Trauma-Related Anger Scale.
    Assessment 2017 Jun 1:1073191117711021. Epub 2017 Jun 1.
    1 Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA, USA.
    Anger is a pervasive problem following traumatic events. Previous research has demonstrated a moderate relationship between anger and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), yet findings also highlight that anger has not been rigorously measured in the context of PTSD. Thus, this study concerns the development of a complimentary measure to assess anger in the context of PTSD. Read More

    Structure, Reliability, Measurement Stability, and Construct Validity of the Polish Version of the Revised Child Anxiety and Depression Scale.
    Assessment 2017 May 1:1073191117711019. Epub 2017 May 1.
    3 University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.
    The Revised Child Anxiety and Depression Scale (RCADS) is a self-report questionnaire that aims to assess symptoms of anxiety and depressive disorders in children. Two studies were conducted to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Polish version of the RCADS. Study 1 was conducted to analyze the structural validity and reliability of the RCADS scores and Study 2 assessed the longitudinal measurement of stability over time. Read More

    Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5) in Clinical Versus Nonclinical Individuals: Generalizability of Psychometric Features.
    Assessment 2017 May 1:1073191117709070. Epub 2017 May 1.
    1 Center of Excellence on Personality Disorder, Psychiatric Research Unit, Psychiatric Hospital Slagelse, Slagelse, Denmark.
    The Personality Inventory for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-Fifth Edition (PID-5) was developed for the assessment of pathological traits in clinical settings. However, most research on the PID-5 is derived from nonclinical samples. To date, the comparability and generalizability of PID-5 constructs across nonclinical and clinical samples have not been adequately investigated. Read More

    Maladaptive Personality Trait Models: Validating the Five-Factor Model Maladaptive Trait Measures With the Personality Inventory for DSM-5 and NEO Personality Inventory.
    Assessment 2017 May 1:1073191117709071. Epub 2017 May 1.
    Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK, USA.
    Eight measures have been developed to assess maladaptive variants of the five-factor model (FFM) facets specific to personality disorders (e.g., Five-Factor Borderline Inventory [FFBI]). Read More

    A Reexamination of Child Problem Behaviors as Measured by ECBI: Factor Structure and Measurement Invariance Across Two Parent Training Interventions.
    Assessment 2017 May 1:1073191117706022. Epub 2017 May 1.
    1 University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
    The Eyberg Child Behavior Inventory (ECBI) is a widely used instrument that assesses disruptive problem behaviors via parent report. The present study compares three different conceptualizations of problem behaviors using traditional confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), a bifactor-CFA, and a bifactor exploratory structural equation model, whereof the latter two represent novel conceptualizations of disruptive problem behaviors. Data were derived from 353 Norwegian parents assigned to parent management training-the Oregon model (PMTO; N = 137) or brief parent training (BPT; N = 216), who rated their child's problem behavior (age 3-12 years). Read More

    Developing and Validating a Computerized Adaptive Test to Measure Broad and Specific Factors of Internalizing in a Community Sample.
    Assessment 2017 May 1:1073191117707817. Epub 2017 May 1.
    1 University of New South Wales (UNSW) Australia, Sydney, Australia.
    Highly efficient assessments that better account for comorbidity between mood and anxiety disorders (internalizing) are required to identify individuals who are most at risk of psychopathology in the community. The current study examined the efficiency and validity associated with a multidimensional computerized adaptive test (CAT) to measure broad and specific levels of internalizing psychopathology. The sample comprised 3,175 respondents to an online survey. Read More

    Gender Invariance and Psychometric Properties of the Nonproductive Thoughts Questionnaire for Children.
    Assessment 2017 Apr 1:1073191117706140. Epub 2017 Apr 1.
    2 Institute of Psychology, Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary.
    Perseverative cognitions-rumination and worry-can contribute to mental and somatic health problems in adolescence. Girls usually report stronger rumination or worry than boys even in earlier years across the development age spectrum. Our aim was to test the gender invariance and psychometric properties of the Nonproductive Thoughts Questionnaire for Children (NPTQ-C). Read More

    Validity in Phallometric Testing for Sexual Interests in Children: A Meta-Analytic Review.
    Assessment 2017 Apr 1:1073191117706139. Epub 2017 Apr 1.
    5 Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
    Valid assessment of pedohebephilic interests (i.e., sexual interest in children) is fundamental to forensic clinical practice. Read More

    Factor Structure and Invariance of an Adolescent Risks and Needs Assessment.
    Assessment 2017 Apr 1:1073191117706021. Epub 2017 Apr 1.
    1 Washington State University, Richland, WA, USA.
    The Washington Assessment of Risks and Needs of Students is a youth self-report screening instrument developed for use by high school and juvenile court personnel faced with the legal and practical challenges of high truancy and dropout rates. It purports to measure six facets of risks and needs of youth relevant to improving school outcomes. In this study, a bifactor model measuring a general factor and six specific factors was examined for fit and invariance across different groups defined by sex and race/ethnicity, with a sample of court-petitioned high school students ( N = 937; ages 13-17 years). Read More

    Incremental Validity of Self- and Informant Report of Personality Disorders in Later Life.
    Assessment 2017 Apr 1:1073191117706020. Epub 2017 Apr 1.
    1 Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO, USA.
    Research shows moderate agreement between different sources of information when assessing personality disorders (PDs) in older adults. The differences between measurement methods appear to be not only the result of measurement error, but also an indication that each source holds nonredundant information relevant to PD diagnosis. The current article examines three sources of diagnostic information (self-report, informant report, and clinical interview) and the utility of these instruments in predicting important outcomes in older adulthood. Read More

    Reliability and Validity of START and LSI-R Assessments in Mental Health Jail Diversion Clients.
    Assessment 2017 Apr 1:1073191117704505. Epub 2017 Apr 1.
    2 RTI International, Research Triangle Park, NC, USA.
    Risk assessment instruments are increasingly used in mental health jail diversion programs. This study examined the reliability and validity of Short-Term Assessment of Risk and Treatability (START) and Level of Service Inventory-Revised (LSI-R) assessments overall and by client race. Research assistants completed START and LSI-R assessments for 95 diversion clients. Read More

    Validation of a Seven-Factor Structure for the Motives for Playing Drinking Games Measure.
    Assessment 2017 Apr 1:1073191117701191. Epub 2017 Apr 1.
    5 San Francisco Veterans Affairs Healthcare System, San Francisco, CA, USA.
    Playing drinking games can be characterized as a high-risk drinking activity because games are typically designed to promote heavy alcohol consumption. While research suggests that young adults are motivated to play drinking games for a variety of reasons (e.g. Read More

    Validity of the Youth Psychopathic Traits Inventory-Short Version in Justice-Involved and At-Risk Adolescents.
    Assessment 2017 Apr 1:1073191117700723. Epub 2017 Apr 1.
    2 The University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL, USA.
    The current study examined the reliability and validity of the Youth Psychopathic Traits Inventory-Short Version (YPI-S) in two different samples of at-risk adolescents enrolled in a residential program ( n = 160) and at a detention facility ( n = 60) in the United States. YPI-S scores displayed adequate internal consistency and were moderately associated with concurrent scales on other self-report psychopathy measures and externalizing behaviors. YPI-S scores were moderately related to interviewer-ratings of the construct using the four-factor model of the Psychopathy Checklist: Youth Version. Read More

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