1,242 results match your criteria Assessment[Journal]


Recent Stressful Life Events (SLE) and Adolescent Mental Health: Initial Validation of the LEIA, a New Checklist for SLE Assessment According to Their Severity, Interpersonal, and Dependent Nature.

Assessment 2018 Dec 12:1073191118817648. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

2 Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Salud Mental (CIBERSAM), Madrid, Spain.

The main aim of the present study was to develop and validate a checklist for adolescents, the Life Events Inventory for Adolescents (LEIA), for screening stressful life events (SLEs) of different nature (major-minor, dependent-independent, and personal-interpersonal). The LEIA was administered together with another SLE checklist (Escala de Acontecimientos Vitales [Life Events Scale], EAV), and with measures of life satisfaction and externalizing and internalizing symptoms. The results showed that the kappa and the percentage agreement reliability indices were adequate. Read More

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December 2018

Cognitive and Emotional Components of Rejection Sensitivity: Independent Contributions to Adolescent Self- and Interpersonal Functioning.

Assessment 2018 Dec 12:1073191118817866. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

4 LUMSA University, Rome, Italy.

In this article, we focus on rejection sensitivity (RS) in adolescents. Although the RS model distinguishes clearly between the emotional (i.e. Read More

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December 2018

Short Versus Long Scales in Clinical Assessment: Exploring the Trade-Off Between Resources Saved and Psychometric Quality Lost Using Two Measures of Obsessive-Compulsive Symptoms.

Assessment 2018 Dec 3:1073191118810057. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

2 Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Berlin, Germany.

Short measures of psychological constructs are routinely used to save assessment time and cost. The downside is a trade-off between resource savings and psychometric quality. When evaluating tests, a pragmatic strategy is frequently applied that neglects the assessment objective, which may result in unfair rejection or unmindfully acceptance of short scales. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Measurement Invariance of the WHODAS 2.0 Across Youth With and Without Physical or Mental Conditions.

Assessment 2018 Dec 3:1073191118816435. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

1 University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada.

Initial evidence suggests that the WHO Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS 2.0) is valid and reliable in general youth populations; however, its psychometric properties in specific subgroups are less established. The primary objective was to test for measurement invariance of the 12-item WHODAS 2. Read More

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December 2018

Construct Validity of the WISC-V in Clinical Cases: Exploratory and Confirmatory Factor Analyses of the 10 Primary Subtests.

Assessment 2018 Dec 5:1073191118811609. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

5 Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Independent exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) research with the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Fifth Edition (WISC-V) standardization sample has failed to provide support for the five group factors proposed by the publisher, but there have been no independent examinations of the WISC-V structure among clinical samples. The present study examined the latent structure of the 10 WISC-V primary subtests with a large ( N = 2,512), bifurcated clinical sample (EFA, n = 1,256; CFA, n = 1,256). EFA did not support five factors as there were no salient subtest factor pattern coefficients on the fifth extracted factor. Read More

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December 2018

French Adaptation and Validation of the Expanded Version of the Three-Factor Levenson Self-Report Psychopathy Scale.

Assessment 2018 Nov 15:1073191118811607. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

2 CERVO Brain Research Centre, Quebec City, Canada.

The goal of this study ( N = 432 participants from a community sample) is to report on the psychometric properties of a French adaptation of the Expanded Version of the Three-Factor Levenson Self-Report Psychopathy Scale (E-LSRP), which was developed to alleviate some shortcomings of the original LSRP. A three correlated factor exploratory structural equation modeling model showed the best fits and attained satisfactory indices. There were significant, conceptually meaningful associations with measures of Dark Triad traits, pathological narcissism, empathy, impulsivity, substance misuse, and social desirability. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Understanding School Truancy: Risk-Need Latent Profiles of Adolescents.

Assessment 2018 Dec 5;25(8):978-987. Epub 2016 Oct 5.

2 Washington State Center for Court Research, Olympia, WA, USA.

Washington state requires school districts to file court petitions on students with excessive unexcused absences resulting in thousands of youth becoming involved in the court system. Once in the system, decisions are made about the level of risk each youth has for maladaptive behaviors. The Washington Assessment of the Risks and Needs of Students was created to assist youth service providers, courts, and schools to identify an adolescent's needs for social, emotional, or educational intervention. Read More

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December 2018

A Brief Stress Diagnostic Tool: The Short Stress Overload Scale.

Authors:
James H Amirkhan

Assessment 2018 Dec 6;25(8):1001-1013. Epub 2016 Oct 6.

1 California State University Long Beach, CA, USA.

The Stress Overload Scale (SOS) has demonstrated validity in predicting pathological stress reactions; however, at 30 items, it is lengthy for some clinical applications. Here, two studies tested a 10-item SOS-Short (SOS-S). First, the SOS-S was compared with the SOS in a longitudinal community study ( n = 391), using indices of pathology as criterion measures. Read More

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December 2018

Initial Validation of the Parent-Report Child Adjustment and Parent Efficacy Scale (CAPES) in a Chinese Cultural Context.

Assessment 2018 Dec 20;25(8):1056-1073. Epub 2016 Dec 20.

1 University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

This study aimed to validate a parent-report measure of child adjustment and parenting efficacy (Child Adjustment and Parent Efficacy Scale [CAPES]) in a Chinese cultural context. Six hundred and fifty Chinese parents in China participated in the study and completed a set of questionnaires including the CAPES, the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), the Parenting Sense of Competence Scale (PSOC), and the Parenting and Family Adjustment Scales (PAFAS). The factorial, convergent, and concurrent validity as well as internal consistency were evaluated. Read More

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December 2018

Interpersonal Self-Efficacy, Goals, and Problems of Persistently Depressed Outpatients: Prototypical Circumplex Profiles and Distinctive Subgroups.

Assessment 2018 Dec 6;25(8):988-1000. Epub 2016 Oct 6.

2 Douglas Mental Health University Institute, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Severely and persistently depressed outpatients ( n = 138) completed interpersonal circumplex measures of self-efficacy, problems, and values/goals. Compared with normative samples, patients showed deficits in agency: They reported less self-efficacy, especially for being assertive, tough, and influential; stronger goals, especially to avoid conflict or humiliation; and more problems, especially with being too timid, inhibited, and accommodating. Circular and structural summary indices suggested greater variability among patients in goal profiles than in efficacy or problem profiles; nonetheless, latent profile analyses identified coherent subgroups of patients with distinct patterns of efficacy (e. Read More

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December 2018

Correlated Trait-Correlated Method Minus One Analysis of the Convergent and Discriminant Validity of the Conners 3 Short Forms.

Assessment 2018 Oct 8:1073191118803714. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

1 Cairnmillar Institute, Hawthorn East, Victoria, Australia.

This study used the correlated trait-correlated method minus one model to examine the convergent and discriminant validity of the scales of the Conners 3 Short [C 3 (S)]. The C 3 (S) scales in the analysis were inattention (IN), hyperactivity/impulsivity (HY), learning problems (LP; learning problems/executive functioning from the teacher version), aggression (AG), and peer relations (PR, only for parent and teacher versions). A total of 529 adolescents and children (75% males, mean age = 11. Read More

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October 2018
6 Reads

A Reformulated Architecture of Cognitive Risks for Psychopathology: Common and Specific Dimensions and Links to Internalizing Outcomes in Adolescence.

Assessment 2018 Oct 8:1073191118804878. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

1 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Champaign, IL, USA.

Multiple cognitive risk products (dysfunctional attitudes [DA], negative inferential style [NIS], self-criticism, dependency, rumination) predict internalizing disorders; however, an optimal structure to assess these risks is unknown. We evaluated the fit, construct validity, and utility of a bifactor, single, and correlated factor model in a community sample of 382 adolescents (age 11-15 years; 59% female). The bifactor, hierarchical single, and correlated factor models all fit well. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Psychometric Properties of the Dutch Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) in Adolescent Community and Clinical Populations.

Assessment 2018 Oct 8:1073191118804082. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

1 University of Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands.

This study assessed the factor structures of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) adolescent and parent versions and their measurement invariance across settings in clinical ( n = 4,053) and community ( n = 962) samples of Dutch adolescents aged 12 to 17 years. Per SDQ version, confirmatory factor analyses were performed to assess its factor structure in clinical and community settings and to test for measurement invariance across these settings. The results suggest measurement invariance of the presumed five-factor structure for the parent version and a six-factor structure for the adolescent version. Read More

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October 2018

Convergent, Discriminant, and Concurrent Validity of Nonmemory-Based Performance Validity Tests.

Assessment 2018 Oct 6:1073191118804874. Epub 2018 Oct 6.

1 South Texas Veterans Health Care System, San Antonio, TX, USA.

To supplement memory-based Performance Validity Tests (PVTs) in identifying noncredible performance, we examined the validity of the two most commonly used nonmemory-based PVTs-Dot Counting Test (DCT) and Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Fourth edition (WAIS-IV) Reliable Digit Span (RDS)-as well as two alternative WAIS-IV Digit Span (DS) subtest PVTs. Examinees completed DCT, WAIS-IV DS, and the following criterion PVTs: Test of Memory Malingering, Word Memory Test, and Word Choice Test. Validity groups were determined by passing 3 (valid; n = 69) or failing ⩾2 (noncredible; n = 30) criterion PVTs. Read More

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October 2018
2 Reads

Giving G a Meaning: An Application of the Bifactor-(S-1) Approach to Realize a More Symptom-Oriented Modeling of the Beck Depression Inventory-II.

Assessment 2018 Oct 6:1073191118803738. Epub 2018 Oct 6.

1 Freie Universität Berlin, Berlin, Germany.

The Beck Depression Inventory-II is one of the most frequently used scales to assess depressive burden. Despite many psychometric evaluations, its factor structure is still a topic of debate. An increasing number of articles using fully symmetrical bifactor models have been published recently. Read More

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October 2018
2 Reads

Measurement Equivalence and Convergent Validity of a Mental Health Rating Scale.

Assessment 2018 Oct 5:1073191118803159. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

4 Uni Research Health, Bergen, Norway.

Emotional and behavioral problems among children and adolescents may be studied using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire, containing five subscales, based on ratings by parents, teachers, or adolescents themselves. We investigate two measurement issues using data from a longitudinal sample of 8,806 participants aged 7 to 9 years and 11 to 13 years from the Bergen Child Study in Bergen, Norway. First, convergent validity of parent and teacher ratings is studied using a multitrait-multimethod approach. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Exploratory Factor Analysis of Observational Parent-Child Interaction Data.

Assessment 2018 Sep 15:1073191118796557. Epub 2018 Sep 15.

1 University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.

The majority of studies using observational coding systems for family interaction data derive scales describing family members' behaviors based on rational/theoretical approaches. This study explored an empirical approach to identifying the component structure of parent-child observational data that incorporated the affective context of the interaction. Dyads of 155 typically developing 8-year-olds and their mothers completed questionnaires and two interaction tasks, one each designed to illicit positive and negative interactions. Read More

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September 2018

Properties of the Continuous Assessment of Interpersonal Dynamics Across Sex, Level of Familiarity, and Interpersonal Conflict.

Assessment 2018 Sep 15:1073191118798916. Epub 2018 Sep 15.

10 Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA.

The Continuous Assessment of Interpersonal Dynamics (CAID) is a method in which trained observers continuously code the dominance and warmth of individuals who interact with one another in dyads. This method has significant promise for assessing dynamic interpersonal processes. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of individual sex, dyadic familiarity, and situational conflict on patterns of interpersonal warmth, dominance, and complementarity as assessed via CAID. Read More

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September 2018
6 Reads

Measuring Psychological Inflexibility in Children and Adolescents: Evaluating the Avoidance and Fusion Questionnaire for Youth.

Assessment 2018 Sep 9:1073191118796558. Epub 2018 Sep 9.

2 Institute of Psychology, ELTE Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary.

The Avoidance and Fusion Questionnaire for Youth (AFQ-Y8) was developed to measure psychological inflexibility. Although the questionnaire is a well-known tool in clinical practice, its psychometric properties have not been widely investigated in the target population of children and adolescents. The purpose of this study was to investigate the factor structure and validity of the AFQ-Y8 ( N = 1,572, mean age 15. Read More

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September 2018

Making the Most of Your Research Budget: Efficiency of a Three-Method Measurement Design With Planned Missing Data.

Assessment 2018 Sep 9:1073191118798050. Epub 2018 Sep 9.

1 Freie Universität Berlin, Berlin, Germany.

Planned missing data (PMD) designs are an elegant way to incorporate expensive gold standard methods (e.g., biomarker) and cheaper but systematically biased methods (e. Read More

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September 2018

A Coordinated Analysis of Variance in Affect in Daily Life.

Assessment 2018 Sep 9:1073191118799460. Epub 2018 Sep 9.

2 Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA.

Despite widespread interest in variance in affect, basic questions remain pertaining to the relative proportions of between-person and within-person variance, the contribution of days and moments, and the reliability of these estimates. We addressed these questions by decomposing negative affect and positive affect variance across three levels (person, day, moment), and calculating reliability using a coordinated analysis of seven daily diary, ecological momentary assessment (EMA), and diary-EMA hybrid studies (across studies age = 18-84 years, total N = 2,103, total N = 45,065). Across studies, within-person variance was sizeable (negative affect: 45% to 66%, positive affect: 25% to 74%); in EMA more within-person variance was attributable to momentary rather than daily level. Read More

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September 2018

Development and Validation of the Positive Parenting Schema Inventory (PPSI) to Complement the Young Parenting Inventory (YPI) for Schema Therapy (ST).

Assessment 2018 Sep 7:1073191118798464. Epub 2018 Sep 7.

2 Schema Therapy Institute Midwest, Kalamazoo, MI, USA.

The factor structure of an initial item pool of 207 positive parenting items was investigated (Manila; n = 520, 538) to develop the Positive Parenting Schema Inventory. Single group and multigroup confirmatory factor analyses of the Positive Parenting Schema Inventory showed invariance of the factor structure in six out of the seven levels on two other independent samples (Eastern, Indonesia; n = 366, 383; Western, the United States; n = 204, 214). Good values for reliability were obtained for its seven subscales (50 items) using coefficient omegas (. Read More

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September 2018

Development and Examination of the Reactive Attachment Disorder and Disinhibited Social Engagement Disorder Assessment Interview.

Assessment 2018 Sep 2:1073191118797422. Epub 2018 Sep 2.

5 Adverse Childhood Experiences Clinical and Research Centre, Institute of Health and Wellbeing, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland, UK.

The fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual ( DSM) categorizes reactive attachment disorder (RAD) and disinhibited social engagement disorder (DSED) as two separate disorders, and their criteria are revised. For DSED, the core symptoms focus on abnormal social disinhibition, and symptoms regarding lack of selective attachment have been removed. The core symptoms of RAD are the absence of attachment behaviors and emotional dysregulation. Read More

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September 2018

Assessing Dynamic Violence Risk in a High-Risk Treated Sample of Violent Offenders.

Assessment 2018 Sep 2:1073191118797440. Epub 2018 Sep 2.

1 University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada.

The present study featured an investigation of the predictive properties of risk and change scores of two violence risk assessment and treatment planning tools-the Violence Risk Scale (VRS) and the Historical, Clinical, Risk-20, Version 2 (HCR-20)-in sample of 178 treated adult male violent offenders who attended a high-intensity violence reduction program. The cases were rated on the VRS and HCR-20 using archival information sources and followed up nearly 10 years postrelease. Associations of HCR-20 and VRS risk and change scores with postprogram institutional and community recidivism were examined. Read More

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September 2018
13 Reads

Social-Emotional Expertise (SEE) Scale: Development and Initial Validation.

Assessment 2018 Aug 22:1073191118794866. Epub 2018 Aug 22.

1 Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USA.

Social-emotional expertise (SEE) represents a synthesis of specific cognitive abilities related to social interactions, and emphasizes the timing and synchrony of behaviors that contribute to overall social-emotional ability. As a step toward SEE construct validation, we conducted three experiments to develop a self-report measure that captured key elements of our conceptualization of SEE. In Experiment 1, we generated and tested 76 items for a measure of SEE. Read More

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August 2018
1 Read

The Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale-Parent Report: A Psychometric Investigation Examining Adolescents With and Without ADHD.

Assessment 2018 Aug 16:1073191118792307. Epub 2018 Aug 16.

3 Ohio University, Athens, OH, USA.

Emotion dysregulation is associated with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and confers risk for behavior problems and functional impairment; however, there is little guidance on best practices for measurement in adolescents. We developed a parent-report version of the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS-P). Evidence of reliability and validity was evaluated in a large community online sample (Study 1: n = 978; M = 13. Read More

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August 2018
2 Reads

Correspondence of Maximum and Typical Performance Measures of Cognitive Processing.

Assessment 2018 Aug 12:1073191118793531. Epub 2018 Aug 12.

1 University of Toledo, Toledo, OH, USA.

We examined associations among cognitive processing measures that varied on a continuum from maximum to typical performance tasks in the context of an ego depletion study. Our intent was to replicate and extend the findings of Charek, Meyer, and Mihura, which showed that ego depletion had an expected effect on selected scores from the Rorschach inkblot task. We hypothesized that Rorschach variables indicative of cognitive sophistication would correlate with neuropsychological measures of cognitive ability and that Rorschach variables theoretically unassociated with cognitive processing would not correlate with those criterion measures. Read More

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August 2018
5 Reads

The Very Efficient Assessment of Need for Cognition: Developing a Six-Item Version.

Assessment 2018 Aug 10:1073191118793208. Epub 2018 Aug 10.

1 Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK.

The need for cognition refers to people's tendency to engage in and enjoy thinking and has become influential across social and medical sciences. Using three samples from the United States and the United Kingdom ( N = 1,596), we introduce a six-item short version of the Need for Cognition Scale (NCS-18). First, we reduced the number of items from 18 to 6 based on the items' discrimination values, threshold levels, measurement precision (item information curve), item-total correlations, and factor loadings. Read More

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August 2018
2 Reads

Assessment of In-Person and Cyber Aggression and Victimization, Substance Use, and Delinquent Behavior During Early Adolescence.

Assessment 2018 Aug 3:1073191118792089. Epub 2018 Aug 3.

3 Cleveland State University, Cleveland, OH, USA.

This study evaluated the Problem Behavior Frequency Scale-Adolescent Report (PBFS-AR), a measure designed to assess adolescents' frequency of victimization, aggression, substance use, and delinquent behavior. Participants were 1,263 students (50% female; 78% African American, 18% Latino) from three urban middle schools in the United States. Confirmatory factor analyses of competing models of the structure of the PBFS-AR supported a model that differentiated among three forms of aggression (in-person physical, in-person relational, and cyber), two forms of victimization (in-person and cyber), substance use, and delinquent behavior. Read More

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August 2018
1 Read

Identifying At-Risk College Student Drinkers With the AUDIT-US: A Receiver Operating Characteristic Curve Analysis.

Assessment 2018 Aug 1:1073191118792091. Epub 2018 Aug 1.

1 The University of Southern Mississippi, Hattiesburg, MS, USA.

The Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) is the gold standard screening measure. Recently, there has been increasing call to update the measure to reflect harmful drinking standards in the United States. The purpose of this study was to use receiver operating characteristic curve analysis to evaluate the AUDIT and the United States version (AUDIT-US). Read More

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August 2018
1 Read

Latent Factor Structure and Construct Validity of the Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire-Short Form Among Two PTSD Samples.

Assessment 2018 Jul 25:1073191118791301. Epub 2018 Jul 25.

1 National Center for PTSD, Boston, MA.

The Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire-Short form (CERQ-Short; Garnefski & Kraaij, 2006) was developed to assess nine theoretically derived factors of emotion regulation. However, the psychometric properties of this measure have never been studied in a clinical sample. The present study examined the latent factor structure and construct validity of the CERQ-Short in two samples presenting for posttraumatic stress disorder treatment ( N = 480). Read More

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July 2018
1 Read

Clinical Utility of the Inventory of Depression and Anxiety Symptoms (IDAS).

Assessment 2018 Jul 25:1073191118790036. Epub 2018 Jul 25.

8 University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN, USA.

Depressive and anxiety disorders are severe and disabling conditions that result in substantial cost and global societal burden. Accurate and efficient identification is thus vital to proper diagnosis and treatment of these disorders. The Inventory of Depression and Anxiety Symptoms (IDAS) is a reliable and well-validated measure that provides dimensional assessment of both mood and anxiety disorder symptoms. Read More

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July 2018
11 Reads

Discriminative Validity of the Dimensional Obsessive-Compulsive Scale for Separating Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder From Anxiety Disorders.

Assessment 2018 Jul 25:1073191118791039. Epub 2018 Jul 25.

1 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

Objective: We investigated the diagnostic efficiency and clinical utility of the Dimensional Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (DOCS) and subscales for distinguishing obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) from anxiety disorders (ADs).

Method: A total of 369 participants (167 male, M = 29.61 years) diagnosed with DSM-IV OCD or AD, recruited from specialty clinics across the United States, completed clinical interviews and self-report questionnaires, including the DOCS. Read More

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July 2018
1 Read

Construct Validation of the Trauma Symptom Checklist-40 Total and Subscale Scores.

Assessment 2018 Jul 25:1073191118791042. Epub 2018 Jul 25.

1 York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

The Trauma Symptom Checklist-40 (TSC-40) is commonly used in clinical research to index history of childhood maltreatment and assess complex trauma symptomatology in adults. Yet the dimensional structure of this measure has not been examined. We examined the factor structure of the TSC-40 in a sample of 706 undergraduate students, measurement invariance of the TSC-40 across groups with or without a history of abuse-related and multiple trauma, and the association between the TSC-40 and other trauma indices. Read More

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July 2018
1 Read

Factor Structure and Incremental Utility of the Distress Tolerance Scale: A Bifactor Analysis.

Assessment 2018 Jul 1:1073191118789496. Epub 2018 Jul 1.

1 Auburn University, Auburn, AL, USA.

The Distress Tolerance Scale (DTS) is a self-report measure of perceived capacity to withstand aversive emotions. Initial factor analysis of this measure suggested a structure comprising one higher-order factor and four lower-order domain-specific factors. However, there is limited evidence in support of the DTS's purported multidimensionality, and despite use of the DTS subscales, research has yet to assess their incremental utility. Read More

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July 2018
2 Reads

A Psychometric Examination of the Anagram Persistence Task: More Than Two Unsolvable Anagrams May Not Be Better.

Assessment 2018 Jul 1:1073191118789260. Epub 2018 Jul 1.

1 University of Western Australia, Crawley, Western Australia, Australia.

The purpose of this investigation was to examine a single-anagram, a double-anagram, and multi-anagram versions of the Anagram Persistence Task (APT) for factorial validity, reliability, and convergent validity. Additionally, a battery of intelligence tests was administered to examine convergent validity. Based on an unrestricted factor analysis, two factors were uncovered from the 14 anagram (seven very difficult and seven very easy) response times: test-taking persistence and verbal processing speed. Read More

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July 2018
4 Reads

Evaluation of a Novel Parent-Rated Scale for Selective Mutism.

Assessment 2018 Jul 1:1073191118787328. Epub 2018 Jul 1.

1 Goethe University, Frankfurt, Germany.

Assessment of selective mutism (SM) is hampered by the lack of diagnostic measures. The Frankfurt Scale of Selective Mutism was developed for kindergarteners, schoolchildren, and adolescents, including the diagnostic scale (DS) and the severity scale (SS). The objective of this study was to evaluate this novel, parent-rated questionnaire among individuals aged 3 to 18 years ( n = 334) with SM, social phobia, internalizing disorders, and a control group. Read More

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July 2018
7 Reads

Malaysian Parent Ratings of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire: Factor Structure and Measurement Invariance Across Language Versions, Gender, Informants, and Race.

Assessment 2018 Jul 1:1073191118787284. Epub 2018 Jul 1.

1 Cairnmillar Institute, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

For a Malaysian sample, the current study used exploratory factor analysis (EFA) to determine the best model for parent ratings of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), and then multiple-group confirmatory factor analysis (MCFA) to confirm this model, and to examine measurement invariance across different language versions (Malay and English), child's gender (boys and girls), informants (mothers and fathers), and racial groups (Malay, Chinese, and Indians). In all 1,407 Malaysian parents completed SDQ ratings of their children (age ranging from 5 to 13 years). The EFA showed most support for a two-factor model oblique model, with factors for a positive construal factor and a psychopathology factor. Read More

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July 2018
2 Reads

DSM Borderline Criterion Function Across Age-Groups: A Cross-Sectional Mixed-Method Study.

Assessment 2018 Jul 1:1073191118786587. Epub 2018 Jul 1.

6 University College London, London, UK.

DSM-5 ( Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition) Section II criteria for borderline personality disorder (BPD) lack developmental operationalization. The aim of the current study was to evaluate whether DSM criteria operate similarly across adolescents and adults to determine if developmental adjustment for DSM criteria was needed. Three age cohorts were recruited: adolescents (ages 12-17 years; n = 484), young adults (ages 18-25 years; n = 442), and adults (ages ≥26 years; n = 953). Read More

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July 2018
7 Reads

Exploratory and Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Universal Nonverbal Intelligence Test-Second Edition: Testing Dimensionality and Invariance Across Age, Gender, Race, and Ethnicity.

Assessment 2018 Jul 1:1073191118786584. Epub 2018 Jul 1.

3 University of Memphis, Memphis, TN, USA.

This study examined key assumptions underlying the interpretation of one of the most widely used multidimensional nonverbal tests of intelligence, the Universal Nonverbal Intelligence Test-Second Edition (UNIT2). Specifically, we examined the dimensionality of the UNIT2 and the interpretive relevance of its factors. We also examined the invariance of constructs measured by the UNIT2 across age groups, gender, race, and ethnicity. Read More

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July 2018
2 Reads

Self-Reported Cognitive Failures in Everyday Life: A Closer Look at Their Relation to Personality and Cognitive Performance.

Assessment 2018 Jul 1:1073191118786800. Epub 2018 Jul 1.

1 University of Koblenz-Landau, Landau, Germany.

A recent review concluded that the Cognitive Failures Questionnaire is the most widely used instrument to assess cognitive failures. Our aims were to place cognitive failures self-reported with the Cognitive Failures Questionnaire into their nomological network by conceptually replicating known relations to the Big Five and by extending this knowledge through testing their relations with latent cognitive abilities (Study 1, N = 158, age 20-86 years) and theoretically relevant Big Five subfacets (Study 2, N = 176, age 19-39 years). Cognitive failures were unrelated to objective cognitive performance (processing speed, memory, and inhibition), but reliably related to the personality domains conscientiousness, neuroticism, and almost all their subfacets. Read More

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July 2018
2 Reads

Measurement Invariance of the Modified Yale Food Addiction Scale 2.0 Across Gender and Racial Groups.

Assessment 2018 Jul 1:1073191118786576. Epub 2018 Jul 1.

3 University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

Objective: Food addiction reflects a substance use disorder framework, suggesting certain foods (e.g., high-fat, high-sugar foods) may trigger an addictive-like eating response in vulnerable individuals. Read More

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July 2018
7 Reads

Latent Profile Analyses of Depressive Symptoms in Younger and Older Oncology Patients.

Assessment 2018 06 1:1073191118784653. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

1 Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, USA.

The aging of America will include a significant increase in the number of older patients with cancer, many of whom will experience significant depressive symptoms. Although geriatric depression is a well-studied construct, its symptom presentation in the context of cancer is less clear. Latent profile analysis was conducted on depressive symptoms in younger (40-64 years) and older (≥65 years) patients with cancer ( N = 636). Read More

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June 2018
2 Reads

Malingering and Defensiveness on the Spanish Personality Assessment Inventory: An Initial Investigation with Mostly Spanish-Speaking Outpatients.

Assessment 2018 Jun 1:1073191118778895. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

2 University of North Texas, Denton, TX, USA.

Psychological assessments can be essentially invalidated by examinees' intentional response styles, such as feigning (i.e., fabrication or marked overreporting of symptoms/impairment) and defensiveness (i. Read More

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June 2018
4 Reads

Determining a Short Form Montreal Cognitive Assessment (s-MoCA) Czech Version: Validity in Mild Cognitive Impairment Parkinson's Disease and Cross-Cultural Comparison.

Assessment 2018 Jun 1:1073191118778896. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

3 Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA.

The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) is one of the most common screening instruments for mild cognitive impairment. However, the standard MoCA is approximately two times longer to administer than the Mini-Mental State Examination. A total of 699 Czech and 175 American participants received the standard MoCA Czech and English versions and in the clinical part, a sample of 102 nondemented patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). Read More

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June 2018
3 Reads

Is Small Still Beautiful for the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire? Novel Findings Using Exploratory Structural Equation Modeling.

Assessment 2018 Jun 1:1073191118780461. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

8 Universitat de València, València, Spain.

During the present decade a large body of research has employed confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) to evaluate the factor structure of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) across multiple languages and cultures. However, because CFA can produce strongly biased estimations when the population cross-loadings differ meaningfully from zero, it may not be the most appropriate framework to model the SDQ responses. With this in mind, the current study sought to assess the factorial structure of the SDQ using the more flexible exploratory structural equation modeling approach. Read More

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June 2018
2 Reads

SCORS-G and Card Pull Effect of TAT Stories: A Study With a Nonclinical Sample of Children.

Assessment 2018 Jun 1:1073191118781014. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

2 Department of Child and Adolescent Psichiatry, Sapienza University, Rome, Italy.

Previous research has shown that stimulus pull is one of the contributory factors influencing Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) responses. In recent years, there has been a resurgence of studies examining this. In particular, the Social Cognition and Object Relations Scale-Global Rating Method (SCORS-G) has been employed to examine stimulus pull in adult clinical and nonclinical samples. Read More

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June 2018
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Item Response Theory Analyses, Factor Structure, and External Correlates of the Italian Translation of the Personality Inventory for DSM-5 Short Form in Community-Dwelling Adults and Clinical Adults.

Assessment 2018 Jun 1:1073191118781006. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

1 Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, Milan, Italy.

To assess the psychometric properties of the Italian translation of the 100-item short form of the Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5-SF), 2,143 community-dwelling adults (59.6% female), and 706 adult clinical participants (52.4% female) were administered the Italian translation of the PID-5. Read More

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June 2018
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The AVERT MoCA Data: Scoring Reliability in a Large Multicenter Trial.

Assessment 2018 Jun 1:1073191118771516. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

1 Florey Institute of Neuroscience and Mental Health, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia.

The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) is a widely used cognitive screening tool in stroke. As scoring the visuospatial/executive MoCA items involves subjective judgement, reliability is important. Analyzing data on these items from A Very Early Rehabilitation Trial (AVERT), we compared the original scoring of assessors ( n = 102) to blind scoring by a single, independent rater. Read More

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June 2018
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Measuring Symptoms of Psychopathology in Zambian Orphans and Vulnerable Children: Scale Validation and Psychometric Evaluation.

Assessment 2018 Jun 1:1073191118780455. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

1 Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA.

There is a paucity of validated mental health measures for assessing psychological well-being among HIV-affected youth. We sought to explore the psychometric properties and validity of the Achenbach Youth Self-Report and Child Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptom Scale among orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) living in Lusaka, Zambia. These scales were administered to 210 OVC aged 13 to 17 years via audio computer-assisted self-interview. Read More

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June 2018
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