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    Assessment of Cognitively Stimulating Activity in a Spanish Population.
    Assessment 2018 May 1:1073191118774620. Epub 2018 May 1.
    1 Universidad de Sevilla, Sevilla, Spain.
    Theoretical models of active ageing and cognitive reserve emphasize the importance of leading an active life to delay age-related cognitive deterioration and maintain good levels of well-being and personal satisfaction in the elderly. The objective of this research was to construct a scale to measure cognitively stimulating activities (CSA) in the Spanish language. The sample consisted of a total of 453 older persons. Read More

    Psychometric Properties and Factor Structure of the German Version of the Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale for DSM-5.
    Assessment 2018 May 1:1073191118774840. Epub 2018 May 1.
    1 Goethe University Frankfurt am Main, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.
    The Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS) is a widely used diagnostic interview for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Following fundamental modifications in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition ( DSM-5), the CAPS had to be revised. This study examined the psychometric properties (internal consistency, interrater reliability, convergent and discriminant validity, and structural validity) of the German version of the CAPS-5 in a trauma-exposed sample ( n = 223 with PTSD; n =51 without PTSD). Read More

    The Compensatory ADHD Behaviors Scale (CABS): Development and Initial Validation.
    Assessment 2018 May 1:1073191118774841. Epub 2018 May 1.
    1 Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA, USA.
    Several measures are available that assess inattention, hyperactivity/impulsivity, and executive functioning deficits. Treatments for adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and skill-based academic interventions focus on improving compensatory strategies to ameliorate functional impairment; however, no measure exists that examines the compensatory behaviors adults utilize to compensate for the functional deficits associated with inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity. The current study aimed to determine the psychometric properties of the Compensatory ADHD Behaviors Scale (CABS). Read More

    Psychometric Evaluation of the Chinese Version of the Emotion Regulation Questionnaire in Taiwanese College Students.
    Assessment 2018 May 1:1073191118773875. Epub 2018 May 1.
    2 National Chengchi University, Taipei, Taiwan.
    Emotion regulation has been considered a vital mechanism for psychological and physical health. The Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (ERQ) was originally developed by Gross and John to measure the emotion regulation strategies of cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression. Given the practical importance of functional emotion regulation for psychological assessment in the Taiwanese cultural context, this study examined the psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the ERQ in a sample of 909 Taiwanese college students. Read More

    An SEM Assessment of the Internal Structure and Predictive Validity of the Abbreviated Early Adolescent HOME Inventory.
    Assessment 2018 May 1:1073191118775214. Epub 2018 May 1.
    1 Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, USA.
    The Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment (HOME) Inventory is designed to assess the quality and quantity of support, stimulation, and structure provided to children in the home environment. HOME has been widely used for research and applied purposes. We focused on an abbreviated version of the Early Adolescent HOME (EA-HOME-A) that was administered to 15-year-old adolescents and their parents ( N = 958) as part of the NICHD (National Institute of Child Health and Human Development) Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development. Read More

    Development of the Subtle ADHD Malingering Screener.
    Assessment 2018 May 1:1073191118773881. Epub 2018 May 1.
    1 University of Mississippi, University, MS, USA.
    The objective of this study was to develop a subtle self-report scale-the Subtle ADHD Malingering Screener (SAMS)-to screen for malingering among individuals reporting symptoms of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This study employed a cross-sectional experimental design with an ADHD group, a control group-comprising individuals without ADHD-and a malingering group-comprising individuals without ADHD who were instructed to feign ADHD in their responses. Factor analysis and psychometric testing were conducted to develop a final scale that could distinguish the malingering from the other groups. Read More

    Generalizability and Decision Studies of a Treatment Adherence Instrument.
    Assessment 2018 Apr 1:1073191118765365. Epub 2018 Apr 1.
    4 Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA.
    Observational measurement of treatment adherence has long been considered the gold standard. However, little is known about either the generalizability of the scores from extant observational instruments or the sampling needed. We conducted generalizability (G) and decision (D) studies on two samples of recordings from two randomized controlled trials testing cognitive-behavioral therapy for youth anxiety in two different contexts: research versus community. Read More

    Assessing Protective Factors for Adolescent Offending: A Conceptually Informed Examination of the SAVRY and YLS/CMI.
    Assessment 2018 Apr 1:1073191118768435. Epub 2018 Apr 1.
    1 Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada.
    Although the Structured Assessment of Violence Risk in Youth (SAVRY) and the Youth Level of Service/Case Management Inventory (YLS/CMI) are among the most widely used adolescent risk assessment tools, they conceptualize and measure strengths differently. As such, in this study, we compared the predictive validity of SAVRY Protective Total and YLS/CMI Strength Total, and tested conceptual models of how these measures operate (i.e. Read More

    The Intimate Partner Flooding Scale.
    Assessment 2018 Apr 1:1073191118755911. Epub 2018 Apr 1.
    2 New York University, New York, NY, USA.
    Dysfunctional conflict resolution behaviors in couples have been long recognized as markers of relationship maladjustment and are, consequently, frequent targets of couple therapy. The process of flooding may play a role. Flooding is the subjective sense of being overwhelmed by the partner's negative affect, which is perceived as unexpected and intense, and feeling as though one's information processing is impaired. Read More

    Cultural Adaptations to the Measurement of Attitudes to Ageing: Psychometric Assessment of the Malay Reactions to Ageing Questionnaire.
    Assessment 2018 Apr 1:1073191118766400. Epub 2018 Apr 1.
    1 The University of Manchester, Manchester, UK.
    The aims of this study were to culturally adapt the Reactions to Ageing Questionnaire (RAQ) for a non-Western (Malay) population, and explore attitudes to ageing in relation to age, gender, and education. Eight new culturally relevant items were generated by asking Malay-speaking participants about their reactions to ageing. A Malay version of the extended 35-item RAQ was then administered to 911 Malaysian participants aged 18 to 60 years. Read More

    NIH Toolbox® Emotion Batteries for Children: Factor-Based Composites and Norms.
    Assessment 2018 Apr 1:1073191118766396. Epub 2018 Apr 1.
    2 University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA.
    The recently released National Institutes of Health Toolbox (NIHTB) batteries for neurological and behavioral function were designed to serve as standardized, common measures in clinical and epidemiological research. The current study aimed to examine constructs assessed by the self-report and parental proxy-report scales in the NIHTB Emotion Battery (NIHTB-EB) for Children by using factor analyses on data from the U.S. Read More

    A Multivariate Analysis of the Pathological Narcissism Inventory's Nomological Network.
    Assessment 2018 Mar 1:1073191118766412. Epub 2018 Mar 1.
    1 University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.
    The Pathological Narcissism Inventory (PNI) has enjoyed widespread use in the study of the narcissism. However, questions have been raised about whether the PNI's grandiosity scale adequately captures narcissistic grandiosity as well as other popular measures do. Specifically, some have noted that PNI grandiosity shows a pattern of external associations that diverges from patterns for narcissistic grandiosity predicted by experts, and is more similar to the predictions for the vulnerability scale than is desirable. Read More

    Factor Structure of the CVLT-II Short Form: Evidence From a Trauma-Exposed Sample.
    Assessment 2018 Mar 1:1073191118763726. Epub 2018 Mar 1.
    2 Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY, USA.
    The current study sought to investigate the factor structure of the California Verbal Learning Test-Second Edition (CVLT-II) Short Form in a trauma-exposed sample. We used confirmatory factor analysis to test four competing models proposed by Donders in a study investigating the CVLT-II Standard Form. Consistent with Donders, a four-factor model consisting of Attention Span, Learning Efficiency, Delayed Memory, and Inaccurate Memory was supported. Read More

    Taking the Test Taker's Perspective: Response Process and Test Motivation in Multidimensional Forced-Choice Versus Rating Scale Instruments.
    Assessment 2018 Mar 1:1073191118762049. Epub 2018 Mar 1.
    1 University of Konstanz, Konstanz, Germany.
    The multidimensional forced-choice (MFC) format has been proposed as an alternative to the rating scale (RS) response format. However, it is unclear how changing the response format may affect the response process and test motivation of participants. In Study 1, we investigated the MFC response process using the think-aloud technique. Read More

    Extending the Construct Network of Trait Disinhibition to the Neuroimaging Domain: Validation of a Bridging Scale for Use in the European IMAGEN Project.
    Assessment 2018 Mar 1:1073191118759748. Epub 2018 Mar 1.
    1 Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL, USA.
    Trait disinhibition, a clinical-liability construct, has well-established correlates in the diagnostic, self-rating, task-behavioral, and brain potential response domains. Recently, studies have begun to test for neuroimaging correlates of this liability factor, but more work of this type using larger data sets is needed to clarify its brain bases. The current study details the development and validation of a scale measure of trait disinhibition composed of questionnaire items available in the IMAGEN project, a large-scale longitudinal study of factors contributing to substance abuse that includes clinical interview, self-report personality, task-behavioral, neuroimaging, and genomic measures. Read More

    Who Are the Turkers? A Characterization of MTurk Workers Using the Personality Assessment Inventory.
    Assessment 2018 Feb 1:1073191118760709. Epub 2018 Feb 1.
    1 Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA.
    As online data collection services such as Amazon's Mechanical Turk (MTurk) gain popularity, the quality and representativeness of such data sources have gained research attention. To date, the majority of existing studies have compared MTurk workers with undergraduate samples, localized community samples, or other Internet-based samples, and thus, there remains little known about the personality and mental health constructs of MTurk workers relative to a national representative sample. The present study addresses these limitations and broadens the scope of existing research through the use of the Personality Assessment Inventory, a multiscale, self-report questionnaire which provides information regarding data validity and personality and psychopathology features standardized against a national U. Read More

    The Importance of Calibration in Clinical Psychology.
    Assessment 2018 Feb 1:1073191117752055. Epub 2018 Feb 1.
    3 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC, USA.
    Accuracy has several elements, not all of which have received equal attention in the field of clinical psychology. Calibration, the degree to which a probabilistic estimate of an event reflects the true underlying probability of the event, has largely been neglected in the field of clinical psychology in favor of other components of accuracy such as discrimination (e.g. Read More

    What Is Bad From the Gander Is Bad From the Goose: Development and Validation of the Women's Objectification of Women Scale.
    Assessment 2018 Feb 1:1073191117754138. Epub 2018 Feb 1.
    2 Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX, USA.
    Existing measures of experiences of sexualization and objectification of women focus on behaviors that men do toward women. However, women may also contribute to the objectification of other women. The aim of the present study was to develop the Women's Objectification of Women Scale (WOWS). Read More

    Factor Structure and Convergent Validity of the Stress Index for Parents of Adolescents (SIPA) in Adolescents With ADHD.
    Assessment 2018 Feb 1:1073191118754707. Epub 2018 Feb 1.
    2 Ohio University, Athens, OH, USA.
    Parenting stress is common in families with an adolescent with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The Stress Index for Parents of Adolescents (SIPA) was developed to assess parenting stress but has not been validated outside of the original development work. This study examined the factor structure and sources of convergent validity of the SIPA in a sample of adolescents diagnosed with ADHD ( M = 12. Read More

    Age-Neutrality of a Brief Assessment of the Section III Alternative Model for Personality Disorders in Older Adults.
    Assessment 2018 Apr 6;25(3):310-323. Epub 2018 Feb 6.
    1 Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB), Brussels, Belgium.
    The alternative model for personality disorders in the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders ( DSM-5) is considered an important step toward a possibly better conceptualization of personality pathology in older adulthood, by the introduction of levels of personality functioning (Criterion A) and trait dimensions (Criterion B). Our main aim was to examine age-neutrality of the Short Form of the Severity Indices of Personality Problems (SIPP-SF; Criterion A) and Personality Inventory for DSM-5-Brief Form (PID-5-BF; Criterion B). Differential item functioning (DIF) analyses and more specifically the impact on scale level through differential test functioning (DTF) analyses made clear that the SIPP-SF was more age-neutral (6% DIF, only one of four domains showed DTF) than the PID-5-BF (25% DIF, all four tested domains had DTF) in a community sample of older and younger adults. Read More

    Dynamic Risk Assessment of Sexual Offenders: Validity and Dimensional Structure of the Stable-2007.
    Assessment 2018 Feb 1:1073191118754705. Epub 2018 Feb 1.
    1 Centre for Criminology (Kriminologische Zentralstelle-KrimZ), Wiesbaden, Germany.
    In this study, the predictive and incremental validity of the Stable-2007 beyond the Static-99 was evaluated in an updated sample of N = 638 adult male sexual offenders followed-up for an average of M = 8.2 years. Data were collected at the Federal Evaluation Center for Violent and Sexual Offenders (FECVSO) in Austria within a prospective-longitudinal research design. Read More

    Developing Dimensional, Pandiagnostic Inhibitory Control Constructs With Self-Report and Neuropsychological Data.
    Assessment 2018 Feb 1:1073191118754704. Epub 2018 Feb 1.
    1 University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.
    Trait markers, or intermediate phenotypes linking different units of analysis (self-report, performance) from the Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) matrix across populations is a necessary step in identifying at-risk individuals. In the current study, 150 healthy controls (HC) and 456 individuals with bipolar disorder (BD) Type I or II, NOS (not otherwise specified) or Schizoaffective BD completed self-report neuropsychological tests of inhibitory control (IC) and executive functioning. Bifactor analyses were used to examine the factor structure of these measures and to evaluate for invariance across groups. Read More

    Psychometrics of the Iowa and Berlin Gambling Tasks: Unresolved Issues With Reliability and Validity for Risk Taking.
    Assessment 2018 Jan 1:1073191117750470. Epub 2018 Jan 1.
    1 Ulm University, Ulm, Germany.
    The Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) is one of the most prominent paradigms employed for the assessment of risk taking in the laboratory, and it was shown to distinguish between various patient groups and controls. The present study was conducted to test the psychometric characteristics of the original IGT and of a new gambling task variant for assessing individual differences. Two studies were conducted with adults of the general population ( n = 220) and with adolescents ( n = 389). Read More

    A Psychometric Evaluation of the DSM-IV Criteria for Antisocial Personality Disorder: Dimensionality, Local Reliability, and Differential Item Functioning Across Gender.
    Assessment 2017 Dec 1:1073191117745126. Epub 2017 Dec 1.
    4 Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.
    This study aims at evaluating the psychometric properties of the antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) criteria in a large sample of patients, most of whom had one or more personality disorders (PD). PD diagnoses were assessed by experienced clinicians using the Structured Clinical Interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition, Axis II PDs. Analyses were performed within an item response theory framework. Read More

    Alzheimer's Disease Assessment: A Review and Illustrations Focusing on Item Response Theory Techniques.
    Assessment 2018 Apr 28;25(3):360-373. Epub 2017 Dec 28.
    4 Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL, USA.
    Alzheimer's disease (AD) affects neurological, cognitive, and behavioral processes. Thus, to accurately assess this disease, researchers and clinicians need to combine and incorporate data across these domains. This presents not only distinct methodological and statistical challenges but also unique opportunities for the development and advancement of psychometric techniques. Read More

    The Development of a Motor-Free Short-Form of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Fifth Edition.
    Assessment 2017 Dec 1:1073191117748741. Epub 2017 Dec 1.
    1 University of Southern Queensland, Ipswich, Queensland, Australia.
    Purpose: This study aimed to develop a motor-free short-form of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Fifth Edition (WISC-V) that allows clinicians to estimate the Full Scale Intelligence Quotients of youths with motor impairments.

    Method: Using the reliabilities and intercorrelations of six WISC-V motor-free subtests, psychometric methodologies were applied to develop look-up tables for four Motor-free Short-form indices: Verbal Comprehension Short-form, Perceptual Reasoning Short-form, Working Memory Short-form, and a Motor-free Intelligence Quotient. Index-level discrepancy tables were developed using the same methods to allow clinicians to statistically compare visual, verbal, and working memory abilities. Read More

    The General Factor of Well-Being: Multinational Evidence Using Bifactor ESEM on the Mental Health Continuum-Short Form.
    Assessment 2017 Dec 1:1073191117748394. Epub 2017 Dec 1.
    4 Cardinal Stefan Wyszynski University in Warsaw, Poland.
    The Mental Health Continuum-Short Form (MHC-SF) is a widely used scale aimed at assessing three components of well-being: emotional, social, and psychological. The factor structure of the MHC-SF has been under debate over the past 10 years. The main goal of the present study was to examine the dimensionality of the MHC-SF. Read More

    The Norwegian Computerized Adaptive Test of Personality Disorder-Static Form (CAT-PD-SF): Reliability, Factor Structure, and Relationships With Personality Functioning.
    Assessment 2017 Dec 1:1073191117749296. Epub 2017 Dec 1.
    UiT The Arctic University of Norway, Tromsø, Norway.
    The Computerized Adaptive Test of Personality Disorder-Static Form (CAT-PD-SF) is a self-report inventory developed to assess pathological personality traits. The current study explored the reliability and higher order factor structure of the Norwegian version of the CAT-PD-SF and the relationships between the CAT-PD traits and domains of personality functioning in an undergraduate student sample ( N = 375). In addition to the CAT-PD-SF, the short form of the Severity Indices of Personality Problems and the Brief Symptom Inventory were administered. Read More

    Comparing the Reliability and Validity of Global Self-Report Measures of Subjective Well-Being With Experiential Day Reconstruction Measures.
    Assessment 2017 Dec 1:1073191117744660. Epub 2017 Dec 1.
    3 Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA.
    Self-report measures of global well-being are thought to reflect the overall quality of people's lives. However, several scholars have argued that people rely on heuristics, such as current mood, when reporting their global well-being. Experiential well-being measures, such as the day reconstruction method (DRM), have been proposed as an alternative technique to obtain a potentially more accurate assessment of well-being. Read More

    Digit Span Subscale Scores May Be Insufficiently Reliable for Clinical Interpretation: Distinguishing Between Stratified Coefficient Alpha and Omega Hierarchical.
    Assessment 2017 Dec 1:1073191117748396. Epub 2017 Dec 1.
    3 Institute of Psychology Eotvos Lorand University, Hungary.
    The Digit Span subscale (Digit Span Forward, Backward, and Sequencing combined composite) internal inconsistency reliability has been reported at .93, based on a coefficient known as stratified coefficient alpha. With accessible examples, we demonstrate that stratified coefficient alpha can deviate substantially from a model-based internal consistency reliability that represents an underlying dimension, that is, omega hierarchical. Read More

    Cognitive Abilities Explain Wording Effects in the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale.
    Assessment 2017 Dec 1:1073191117746503. Epub 2017 Dec 1.
    2 University of Kassel, Kassel, Germany.
    There is consensus that the 10 items of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) reflect wording effects resulting from positively and negatively keyed items. The present study examined the effects of cognitive abilities on the factor structure of the RSES with a novel, nonparametric latent variable technique called local structural equation models. In a nationally representative German large-scale assessment including 12,437 students competing measurement models for the RSES were compared: a bifactor model with a common factor and a specific factor for all negatively worded items had an optimal fit. Read More

    Validity of a Novel Touch Screen Tablet-Based Assessment for Mild Cognitive Impairment and Probable AD in Older Adults.
    Assessment 2017 Dec 1:1073191117748395. Epub 2017 Dec 1.
    3 Mackay Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.
    This study aimed to develop a psychometrically valid touch screen tablet-based cognitive test battery to identify early cognitive impairment due to dementia in older adults. The battery includes eight tests with 13 subscores, evaluating visual attention, auditory attention, information processing speed, visual memory, motor control, and visuospatial perception. Among the participants, 43 had been diagnosed with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and 36 with probable Alzheimer's disease (AD); 41 had no cognitive impairment. Read More

    The Perceptual Maze Test Revisited: Evaluating the Difficulty of Automatically Generated Mazes.
    Assessment 2017 Dec 1:1073191117746501. Epub 2017 Dec 1.
    1 University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.
    The Elithorn perceptual maze test is widely used in clinical research and practice. However, there is little evidence of its psychometric properties, and its application is limited by the technical difficulty of developing more mazes. The current research aims to adopt a rigorous approach to evaluate 18 mazes that were automatically generated by a novel R software package. Read More

    Psychometric Properties of the Impairment Rating Scale in Samples of Adults With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.
    Assessment 2017 Dec 1:1073191117746502. Epub 2017 Dec 1.
    1 Ohio University, Athens, OH, USA.
    Adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are impaired in numerous domains. However, psychometrically sound measures assessing broad-ranging impairment, particularly brief scales for diagnostic purposes, are scarce. The Impairment Rating Scale (IRS), originally developed to assess ADHD-related impairment in children, has been adapted to a 12-item self-report measure of impairment in adults. Read More

    The Reliability and Validity of the Inventory of Callous Unemotional Traits: A Meta-Analytic Review.
    Assessment 2017 Dec 1:1073191117747392. Epub 2017 Dec 1.
    1 Georgetown University, Washington, DC, USA.
    In the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, a Limited Prosocial Emotions specifier was added to the conduct disorder diagnostic criteria to designate a subgroup of children who exhibit callous unemotional (CU) traits. The Inventory of Callous Unemotional Traits (ICU) is the only dedicated measure of CU traits and was influential in the development of the Limited Prosocial Emotions specifier. Despite its role in the research and diagnosis of CU traits, some questions have persisted regarding the internal consistency and validity of the ICU and its three subscales: callous, uncaring, and unemotional. Read More

    Development of a Computerized Adaptive Test for Anxiety Based on the Dutch-Flemish Version of the PROMIS Item Bank.
    Assessment 2017 Dec 1:1073191117746742. Epub 2017 Dec 1.
    1 Foundation for Benchmarking Mental Health Care, Bilthoven, Netherlands.
    We used the Dutch-Flemish version of the USA PROMIS adult V1.0 item bank for Anxiety as input for developing a computerized adaptive test (CAT) to measure the entire latent anxiety continuum. First, psychometric analysis of a combined clinical and general population sample ( N = 2,010) showed that the 29-item bank has psychometric properties that are required for a CAT administration. Read More

    Factor Structure and Further Validation of the 20-Item Short Form of the Obsessive Beliefs Questionnaire.
    Assessment 2017 Dec 1:1073191117745988. Epub 2017 Dec 1.
    2 Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, IL, USA.
    A 44-item version of the Obsessive Beliefs Questionnaire (OBQ-44) put forward by the Obsessive Compulsive Cognitions Working Group remains the most widely used version of the OBQ, despite research casting doubt on its factorial validity and the existence of a short form (i.e., OBQ-20). Read More

    The Relationship Between the Personality Inventory for the DSM-5 (PID-5) and the Psychotic Disorder in a Clinical Sample.
    Assessment 2017 Feb 1:1073191117693922. Epub 2017 Feb 1.
    2 KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.
    Recent studies have successfully investigated the validity of the DSM-5 Alternative Model for Personality Disorders. In a final sample of 174 psychiatric patients, the present study examined the relationship between the Personality Inventory for the DSM-5 (PID-5) and syndromal psychosis. Results showed that patients diagnosed with versus without a psychotic disorder significantly differed on all PID-5 domains except Antagonism. Read More

    Screening for Problematic Worry in Adults With a Single Item From the Penn State Worry Questionnaire.
    Assessment 2017 Feb 1:1073191117694453. Epub 2017 Feb 1.
    1 Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA.
    As the rapid assessment of mental health is a growing need, a quick and valid tool for the early detection of symptoms that can be flexibly deployed across a range of contexts may be especially beneficial. This is particularly true of anxiety problems, which when undetected contribute to health care costs and lost work productivity. Data from more than 10,000 respondents (primarily female undergraduates) were used to test whether a single item from the popular Penn State Worry Questionnaire could serve as a screening tool in settings where administration of the full scale is undesirable. Read More

    A Comparison of Unidimensionality and Measurement Precision of the Narcissistic Personality Inventory and the Narcissistic Admiration and Rivalry Questionnaire.
    Assessment 2017 Feb 1:1073191116686686. Epub 2017 Feb 1.
    4 University of Münster, Münster, Germany.
    The current study compares the closeness to unidimensionality (CU) and measurement precision (MP) of the Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI)-with either a pairwise forced-choice or 5-point Likert-type scale response format-to the Narcissistic Admiration and Rivalry Questionnaire (NARQ). Minimum rank factor analysis and item information curves from item response models were utilized. The results mainly confirmed our expectations that NPI subscales are lower in CU and MP compared with NARQ subscales when the NPI was administered with its traditional forced-choice response format. Read More

    Novel Cognitive Paradigms for the Detection of Memory Impairment in Preclinical Alzheimer's Disease.
    Assessment 2018 Apr 12;25(3):348-359. Epub 2017 Feb 12.
    5 Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, USA.
    In spite of advances in neuroimaging and other brain biomarkers to assess preclinical Alzheimer's disease (AD), cognitive assessment has relied on traditional memory paradigms developed well over six decades ago. This has led to a growing concern about their effectiveness in the early diagnosis of AD which is essential to develop preventive and early targeted interventions before the occurrence of multisystem brain degeneration. We describe the development of novel tests that are more cognitively challenging, minimize variability in learning strategies, enhance initial acquisition and retrieval using cues, and exploit vulnerabilities in persons with incipient AD such as the susceptibility to proactive semantic interference, and failure to recover from proactive semantic interference. Read More

    Cognitive Impairment, Dementia, and Personality Stability Among Older Adults.
    Assessment 2018 Apr 1;25(3):336-347. Epub 2017 Feb 1.
    1 Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL, USA.
    There is contrasting evidence on personality stability in advanced age, and limited knowledge on the impact of cognitive impairment and dementia on trait stability. Group- and individual-level longitudinal analyses of the five major dimensions of personality assessed twice over 4 years ( N = 9,935) suggest that rank-order stability was progressively lower with advancing age (from r = 0.68 for age 50 to 60 years to r = 0. Read More

    Repetitive Negative Thinking as a Transdiagnostic Predictor of Depression and Anxiety Symptoms in Adolescents.
    Assessment 2017 Feb 1:1073191117693923. Epub 2017 Feb 1.
    3 Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington, New Zealand.
    Repetitive negative thinking (RNT) is a transdiagnostic process associated with numerous emotional disorders. Most measures of RNT are disorder-specific, limiting utility in comorbid populations. Transdiagnostic measures of RNT have been developed in adults and are associated with anxiety and depression. Read More

    Psychometric Properties of the Satisfaction With Life Scale in People With Traumatic Brain, Spinal Cord, or Burn Injury: A National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research Model System Study.
    Assessment 2017 Feb 1:1073191117693921. Epub 2017 Feb 1.
    1 University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.
    This study evaluated the measurement properties of the Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS) in a sample of 17,897 people with spinal cord injury (48%, n = 8,566), traumatic brain injury (44%, n = 7,941), and burn injury (8%, n = 1,390), 1 year following injury. We examined measurement invariance across the groups, unidimensionality, local independence, reliability from a classical test and item response theory (IRT) framework, and fit to a unidimensional IRT model. The results support unidimensionality and local independence of the SWLS. Read More

    Factor Structure of the Brief Comprehensive Effects of Alcohol Scale in Adolescents.
    Assessment 2017 Mar 1:1073191117694454. Epub 2017 Mar 1.
    1 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR, USA.
    Alcohol use among adolescents is a public health concern; therefore, it is important that studies that examine factors associated with adolescent drinking behaviors utilize measures that are well-validated for use with this population. The current study examined the factor structure and convergent validity of the Brief Comprehensive Effects of Alcohol scale, a measure of alcohol outcome expectancies and evaluations of expected outcomes, among adolescents ( N = 1,074; 50% girls; M = 15.96 years, SD = 1. Read More

    The Dimensions of Ruminative Thinking: One for All or All for One.
    Assessment 2017 Feb 1:1073191117694747. Epub 2017 Feb 1.
    1 University of Novi Sad, Novi Sad, Serbia.
    The Ruminative Thought Scale (RTS) was developed to measure the ruminative thinking style, presumably common to various psychopathological disorders. However, prior factor-analytic research was inconclusive regarding unidimensionality versus multidimensionality of the RTS. The present study was conducted on a large, heterogeneous Serbian sample ( N = 838). Read More

    The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire: Factor Structure of the Father-Report and Parent Agreement in 2-Year-Old Children.
    Assessment 2017 Mar 1:1073191117698757. Epub 2017 Mar 1.
    2 Centre for Longitudinal Research - He Ara ki Mua, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.
    There is limited research on the preschool version of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), and comparisons between mothers and fathers as informants and whether the factor structure shows measurement invariance across parents is lacking. Our study involved mothers ( n = 6,246) and fathers ( n = 3,759) of 2-year-old children from the Growing Up in New Zealand birth cohort. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to evaluate the factor structure of the SDQ and test for measurement invariance across mothers and fathers. Read More

    Introducing a New Assessment Tool for Measuring Ethnic-Racial Identity: The Cross Ethnic-Racial Identity Scale-Adult (CERIS-A).
    Assessment 2017 Mar 1:1073191117698756. Epub 2017 Mar 1.
    1 University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA.
    In this article, we examined the psychometric properties of scores on a new instrument, the Cross Ethnic-Racial Identity Scale-Adult (CERIS-A) for use across different ethnic and racial groups. The CERIS-A measures seven ethnic-racial identity attitudes-assimilation, miseducation, self-hatred, anti-dominant, ethnocentricity, multiculturalist inclusive, and ethnic-racial salience. Participants consisted of 803 adults aged 18 to 76, including African Americans (19. Read More

    The Assessment of Emotional Reactivity Across Negative and Positive Emotions: Development and Validation of the Perth Emotional Reactivity Scale (PERS).
    Assessment 2017 Feb 1:1073191117694455. Epub 2017 Feb 1.
    1 Edith Cowan University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    The Perth Emotional Reactivity Scale (PERS) is a newly developed 30-item self-report measure of emotional reactivity (affective style). The PERS measures the typical ease of activation, intensity, and duration of one's emotional responses, and importantly does so for negative and positive emotions separately. We examined the psychometric properties of the PERS in an adult community sample ( N = 183). Read More

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