262,670 results match your criteria Assessing Writing[Journal]


Fatigue Increases in Resting Muscle Oxygen Consumption after a Women's Soccer Match.

Int J Sports Med 2020 Jul 7. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Faculty of Sport Science, University of Extremadura, Cáceres, Spain.

Currently, near infrared spectroscopy has a clear potential to explain the mechanisms of fatigue by assessing muscle oxygenation. The objective of the study was to observe the changes in muscle oxygen consumption after an official women's soccer match. The sample was 14 players who competing in the second division of Spain of women's soccer. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-1177-0849DOI Listing

Statewide Interventions and Covid-19 Mortality in the United States: An Observational Study.

Clin Infect Dis 2020 Jul 8. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Background: Social distancing is encouraged to mitigate viral spreading during outbreaks. However, the association between distancing and patient-centered outcomes in Covid-19 has not been demonstrated. In the United States social distancing orders are implemented at the state level with variable timing of onset. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/cid/ciaa923DOI Listing

What Are the Minimal Detectable Changes in SDMT and Verbal Fluency Tests for Assessing Changes in Cognitive Performance in Persons with Multiple Sclerosis and Non-Multiple Sclerosis Controls?

Eur Neurol 2020 Jul 7:1-8. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Integrative and Clinical Neurosciences EA481, Bourgogne Franche-Comte University, Besançon, France.

Introduction: Cognitive impairment is frequent in persons with multiple sclerosis (PwMS) and can impact on activities of daily living. The capacity to differentiate real changes from background statistical noise induced by human, instrumentational, and environmental variations inherent to the evaluation would improve cognitive assessments.

Objective: To assess the short-term reproducibility of cognitive tests in non-multiple sclerosis (non-MS) persons and PwMS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000508607DOI Listing

Assessing the Association of Surface-Intermediate-Base Margin Score with Perioperative Outcomes and Parenchymal Volume Preserved during Partial Nephrectomy.

Urol Int 2020 Jul 7:1-8. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Department of Urology, Hacettepe University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Introduction: The present study aimed to compare the assessment of volume preservation and perioperative outcomes during partial nephrectomy (PN), according to the surface-intermediate-base (SIB) score.

Methods: This prospective study included 80 patients diagnosed with renal cell carcinoma who underwent PN for a renal mass from 2014 to 2017. SIB score was macroscopically evaluated immediately after the surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000508798DOI Listing

Assessing the environmental sustainability of an emerging energy technology: Solar thermal calcination for cement production.

Sci Total Environ 2020 Jun 26;742:140510. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Sustainable Industrial Systems, Department of Chemical Engineering and Analytical Science, The University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL, UK. Electronic address:

Cement production is a highly energy-intensive process, contributing 7% to global CO emissions. Over 80% of the energy used in cement production is consumed by the calcination process. This paper considers a novel solar thermal technology for calcination, to investigate if it could help mitigate the climate change and other environmental impacts from cement production on a life cycle basis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.140510DOI Listing

Multidisciplinary approaches to the management of malignant pleural effusions: a guide for the clinician.

Expert Rev Respir Med 2020 Jul 7. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Oxford Centre for Respiratory Medicine, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust , Oxford, UK.

Introduction: Malignant pleural effusion (MPE) is a complication of advanced cancer, associated with significant mortality and morbidity. This entity is commonly treated by respiratory physicians, oncologists and thoracic surgeons. There have been various randomised clinical trials assessing the relative merits of chest drain pleurodesis, indwelling pleural catheters, treatment of septated MPEs, the use of thoracoscopy and pleurodesis and pleurodesis through IPCs in the past decade which have addressed some key areas in the management of MPEs, with an increasing focus on patient related outcome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17476348.2020.1793672DOI Listing

Evaluating Auditory Neural Activities and Information Transfer Using Phase and Spike Train Correlation Algorithms.

IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 2020 Jul;28(7):1548-1555

The coherence of neural activities among different areas in the brain has received great attention because it is valuable in understanding the functional mechanism of brain structures. While many methodologies, such as time-frequency and entropy analysis, have been applied to evaluate relations between neural signals, these techniques haven't been effective in assessing neural communication in order to reach conclusions. Considering various measurements, the results analyzed by the above-mentioned algorithms may be influenced by the types of neural signals and their amplitudes, which affect their reliability and consistency. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TNSRE.2020.2998980DOI Listing

Entropy Fit Indices: New Fit Measures for Assessing the Structure and Dimensionality of Multiple Latent Variables.

Multivariate Behav Res 2020 Jul 7:1-29. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Department of Psychology, University of Virginia.

The accurate identification of the content and number of latent factors underlying multivariate data is an important endeavor in many areas of Psychology and related fields. Recently, a new dimensionality assessment technique based on network psychometrics was proposed (Exploratory Graph Analysis, EGA), but a measure to check the fit of the dimensionality structure to the data estimated via EGA is still lacking. Although traditional factor-analytic fit measures are widespread, recent research has identified limitations for their effectiveness in categorical variables. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00273171.2020.1779642DOI Listing

Predictors of family functionality amongst human immunodeficiency virus-serodiscordant couples in two major hospitals in Kumasi, Ghana.

Afr J Prim Health Care Fam Med 2020 Jun 9;12(1):e1-e6. Epub 2020 Jun 9.

Department of Medicine, School of Medicine and Dentistry, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana; and, University Hospital, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi.

Background: Family instability and partner conflicts are reportedly common in serodiscordant relationships. To date, the family adaptability, partnership, growth, affection and resolve (Family APGAR), a standardised tool for assessing family function, has not been used in any published literature involving this peculiar group.

Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the predictors of family functionality and its association with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) serodiscordance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/phcfm.v12i1.2355DOI Listing

Psychological interventions for psychosis in adolescents.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2020 Jul 3;7:CD009533. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Latrobe Regional Hospital, Victoria, Australia.

Background: Psychosis is an illness characterised by alterations in thoughts and perceptions resulting in delusions and hallucinations. Psychosis is rare in adolescents but can have serious consequences. Antipsychotic medications are the mainstay treatment, and have been shown to be effective. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD009533.pub2DOI Listing

Percutaneous CT- and MRI-guided Cryoablation of cT1 Renal Cell Carcinoma: Intermediate- to Long-term Outcomes in 307 Patients.

Radiology 2020 Jul 7:200149. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

From the Division of Abdominal Imaging and Intervention, Department of Radiology (S.K.B., K.T., P.B.S., V.M.L., S.G.S.), and Division of Urology, Department of Surgery (S.L.C.), Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School; 75 Francis Street, Boston, MA 02115.

Background Percutaneous ablation for cT1 renal cell carcinoma (RCC) remains underused, partially because of heterogeneous and limited long-term outcomes data assessing recent cryoablation methods. Purpose To report intermediate- to long-term outcomes of image-guided percutaneous cryoablation of cT1 RCC and to compare outcomes for CT versus MRI guidance. Materials and Methods This HIPAA-compliant retrospective single-institution study assessed patients who underwent percutaneous cryoablation for solitary pathology-proven cT1 RCC between August 2000 and July 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1148/radiol.2020200149DOI Listing

Evaluating Biochemically Recurrent Prostate Cancer: Histologic Validation of F-DCFPyL PET/CT with Comparison to Multiparametric MRI.

Radiology 2020 Jul 7:192018. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

From the Molecular Imaging Program, National Cancer Institute, Building 10, Room B3B47A, Bethesda, MD 20892 (L.L., E.M., B.T., I.L., F.L., A.T., Y.L.M., P.E., P.L.C.); Division of Cancer Treatment and Diagnosis: Biometric Research Program, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Md (J.H.S.); National Cancer Institute Biometrics Research Program Contract, General Dynamics Information Technology, Falls Church, Va (S.E.R.); Clinical Research Directorate, Frederick National Laboratory for Cancer Research Sponsored by the National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Md (S.A.H.); Radiation Oncology Branch, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Md (D.E.C.); Genitourinary Malignancies Branch, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Md (W.D., R.M.); Center of Interventional Oncology, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Md (B.J.W., V.K., R.C., E.L.); Urologic Oncology Branch, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Md (P.P.); and Cancer Imaging Program, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Md (J.F.E.).

Background Prostate cancer recurrence is found in up to 40% of men with prior definitive (total prostatectomy or whole-prostate radiation) treatment. Prostate-specific membrane antigen PET agents such as 2-(3-{1-carboxy-5-[(6-[18F]fluoro-pyridine 3-carbonyl)-amino]-pentyl}-ureido)-pentanedioic acid (F-DCFPyL) may improve detection of recurrence compared with multiparametric MRI; however, histopathologic validation is lacking. Purpose To determine the sensitivity, specificity, and positive predictive value (PPV) of F-DCFPyL PET/CT based on histologic analysis and to compare with pelvic multiparametric MRI in men with biochemically recurrent prostate cancer. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1148/radiol.2020192018DOI Listing

Assessing, Consulting, Reporting Heuristics in Professional Decision-Making Regarding Suspected Child Maltreatment in Community Healthcare Services.

Child Maltreat 2020 Jul 7:1077559520937351. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Clalit Health Services, Haifa and West Galilee District, Israel.

This study investigated child protection decision-making practices of healthcare-professionals in community-health-services. We examined the effect of heuristics in professional judgments regarding suspected maltreatment, as affected by the child's ethnicity, gender, and family socioeconomic-status, as well as the healthcare-worker's workload-stress, and personal and professional background. Furthermore, we examined how these variables influence judgments regarding suspected maltreatment and intentions to consult and report child-maltreatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077559520937351DOI Listing

Effects of xylitol and erythritol consumption on mutans streptococci and the oral microbiota: a systematic review.

Acta Odontol Scand 2020 Jul 7:1-10. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Institute of Dentistry, University of Turku, Turku, Finland.

A systematic review of published data was conducted with the aim of assessing effects of xylitol and erythritol consumption on levels of mutans streptococci (MS) and the oral microbiota. Electronic and hand searches were performed to find clinical microbiological studies concerning the consumption of xylitol and erythritol chewing gum or candies, and published between 2000 and 2019. Prospective randomized controlled clinical trials conducted in healthy subjects were included in the review. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016357.2020.1788721DOI Listing

Does Question Format Matter in Assessing the Prevalence of Sexual Aggression? A Methodological Study.

J Sex Res 2020 Jul 7:1-10. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Department of Psychology, University of Potsdam , Germany.

As research on sexual aggression has been growing, methodological issues in assessing prevalence rates have received increased attention. Building on work by Abbey and colleagues about effects of question format, participants in this study (1,253; 621 female; 632 male) were randomly assigned to one of two versions of the Sexual Aggression and Victimization Scale (SAV-S). In Version 1, the coercive tactic (use/threat of physical force, exploitation of the inability to resist, verbal pressure) was presented first, and sexual acts (sexual touch, attempted and completed sexual intercourse, other sexual acts) were presented as subsequent questions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00224499.2020.1777927DOI Listing

Five Factor Machiavellianism: Validation of a New Measure.

J Pers Assess 2020 Jul 7:1-14. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Institut fuer Psychologie, University of Bonn.

Numerous scholars have criticized the traditional assessment of Machiavellianism due to insufficient construct coverage, some going so far as to question its distinctness from psychopathy. Tackling these issues, Collison, Vize, Miller, and Lynam developed the Five Factor Machiavellianism Inventory (FFMI), comprising antagonism, agency, and planfulness. We aimed to replicate the MACH-IV psychopathy relations, demonstrate the validity of the FFMI by assessing its relations with the NEO-PI-R and the HEXACO facets, and link the FFMI to a broad range of work-related criteria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00223891.2020.1784182DOI Listing

New methodological approaches for assessing thrombus formation in cardiovascular disease.

Kardiol Pol 2020 Jul 7. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Antiplatelet therapy is a mainstay preventive strategy for cardiovascular diseases, and dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) comprising aspirin and P2Y12 inhibitor is a standard treatment for patients who have received percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The Total Thrombus-formation Analysis System (T-TAS®) is a microchip flow chamber system developed to evaluate overall thrombus formation under flow conditions, and is reportedly able to evaluate single and combined antithrombotic therapy. Here, we focus on this new system, T-TAS®, and review together with the conventional systems available to evaluate antithrombotic therapies for cardiovascular diseases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.33963/KP.15493DOI Listing

Postnatal di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate exposure affects hippocampal dentate gyrus morphogenesis.

J Appl Toxicol 2020 Jul 7. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Department of Life Science, Kindai University, Higashiosaka, Osaka, Japan.

Di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP) is the most commonly used phthalate for the production of flexible polyvinyl chloride. Recent studies in humans reported a widespread DEHP exposure, raising concerns in infants whose metabolic and excretory systems are immature. DEHP is a potential endocrine-disrupting chemical, but the effects of postnatal DEHP exposure on neuronal development are unclear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jat.4027DOI Listing

Expression level of miRNA-210-3p in cervical cancer and its prognostic potential.

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2020 Jun;24(12):6583-6588

Department of Laboratory, Zibo Maternal and Child Health Hospital, Zibo, China.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to detect the expression level of microRNA-210-3p (miRNA-210-3p) in cervical cancer (CC) tissues and its clinical significance.

Patients And Methods: Expression levels of miRNA-210-3p in collected CC tissues, normal cervical tissues and cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) tissues (CIN I, CIN II, and CIN III) were tested by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The relationship between miRNA-210-3p level and clinical data of CC patients was analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.26355/eurrev_202006_21643DOI Listing

[Endometriosis].

Ther Umsch 2020 ;77(2):57-61

Institut für Diagnostische und Interventionelle Radiologie, Universitätsspital Zürich.

Endometriosis Endometriosis, which is the presence of functional endometrial tissue outside the endometrium, represents one of the most common gynecological diseases. Given the variability of the symptoms depending on the exact localization of the disease, it is not uncommon for a patient to be diagnosed only after approximately 10 years of suffering. Localizations of the disease can include the typical endometrioma of the ovaries and in particular the lesser pelvis (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1024/0040-5930/a001153DOI Listing
January 2020

The Role of Pudendal Nerve Block in Colorectal Surgery: A Systematic Review.

J Invest Surg 2020 Jul 7:1-8. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Department of Colorectal Surgery, Chelsea and Westminster Hospital, London, UK.

Background: Colorectal surgery is associated with significant pain often requiring opioid and non-opioid analgesics. Pudendal nerve blocks (PNBs) can be administered with the aim to reduce pain and improve patient satisfaction. However, there are no current accepted guidelines for the use of PNB in colorectal surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08941939.2020.1786611DOI Listing

Development of an intensive care oral care frequency assessment scale.

Nurs Crit Care 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Faculty of Nursing, Fundamentals of Nursing Department, Akdeniz University, Antalya, Turkey.

Background: Oral care and frequency of oral care is important for intensive care patients in order to prevent the risk of ventilator-associated pneumonia. However, there are no scales to assess the frequency of oral care specific to intensive care units (ICUs).

Aims And Objectives: This study aimed to develop a valid and reliable tool, "Intensive Care Oral Care Frequency Assessment Scale (ICOCFAS)", for assessing the frequency of nurses' oral care in critical ill patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/nicc.12529DOI Listing

Population pharmacokinetics of Anidulafungin in ICU patients assessing inter- and intra-subject variability.

Br J Clin Pharmacol 2020 Jul 7. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Laboratory of Biopharmaceutics-Pharmacokinetics, Department of Pharmacy, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece.

Aims: The population pharmacokinetics (PKs) of anidulafungin in critically ill patients hospitalized in ICU was explored with the scope of evaluating and optimizing dosing regimens.

Methods: A PK study has been conducted in a cohort of 13 patients treated with anidulafungin using intensive sampling during multiple periods per patient and HPLC method for drug quantification. A population PK model was developed to describe the concentration-time course of anidulafungin and the inter-individual (IIV) and inter-occasion variability (IOV) of the PK parameters. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bcp.14457DOI Listing

Monitoring occurrence, extinction, and colonization probabilities for gibbon populations.

Am J Primatol 2020 Jul 7:e23171. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

WWF Vietnam, Hanoi, Vietnam.

All gibbon species (Family: Hylobatidae) are considered threatened with extinction and recognized on the International Union for Conservation of Nature Red List of Threatened Species. Because gibbons are one of the most threatened families of primates, monitoring their status is now critically important. Long-term monitoring programs applying occupancy approaches, in addition to assessing occurrence probability, improves understanding of other population parameters such as site extinction or colonization probabilities, which elucidate temporal and spatial changes and are therefore important for guiding conservation efforts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajp.23171DOI Listing

Management and tolerability of glecaprevir-pibrentasvir pharmacotherapy in hepatitis C viremic heart and lung transplant recipients.

Clin Transplant 2020 Jul 6:e14030. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, NYU Langone Health, New York, NY, USA.

We conducted a retrospective review of thoracic transplant recipients (22 heart and 16 lung transplant recipients) prospectively enrolled in a single-center observational study of HCV NAT+ organ transplantation in HCV NAT- recipients. All recipients were treated with 8 weeks of glecaprevir-pibrentasvir (GP) for HCV viremia in addition to standard triple immunosuppression post-transplant. Thoracic transplant recipients of HCV NAT- organs were used as a control (24 heart and 22 lung transplant recipients). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ctr.14030DOI Listing

Cannabinoids in multiple sclerosis: A neurophysiological analysis.

Acta Neurol Scand 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Neurology Unit, Department of Translational Medicine, University of Piemonte Orientale, Novara, Italy.

Objectives: To investigate the action of cannabinoids on spasticity and pain in secondary progressive multiple sclerosis, by means of neurophysiological indexes.

Material And Methods: We assessed 15 patients with progressive MS (11 females) using clinical scales for spasticity and pain, as well as neurophysiological variables (H/M ratio, cutaneous silent period or CSP). Testing occurred before (T0) and during (T1) a standard treatment with an oral spray containing delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ane.13313DOI Listing

Comparison of a Continuous Noninvasive Temperature to Monitor Core Temperature Measures During Targeted Temperature Management.

Neurocrit Care 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Program in Trauma, Department of Neurology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, USA.

Background: Temperature modulating devices (TMD) currently utilize core temperature measurements during targeted temperature management (TTM) that are currently limited to esophageal (Et), bladder (Bt), or rectal (Rt) temperatures. We assessed the ability of a continuous noninvasive temperature monitor to accurately approximate core temperature during TTM.

Methods: All patients undergoing TTM using a gel pad surface TMD and an existing core temperature monitoring device were eligible for this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12028-020-01036-9DOI Listing

In Vivo Imaging of Bioluminescent Leptospires.

Methods Mol Biol 2020 ;2134:149-160

Biology and Genetic of the Bacterial Cell Wall Unit, Innate Immunity and Leptospira Group, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France.

The study of pathological processes is often limited to in vitro or ex vivo assays, while understanding pathogenesis of an infectious disease requires in vivo analysis. The use of pathogens, genetically modified to express with luminescent enzymes, combined to charge-coupled device (CCD) cameras, constitutes a major technological advance for assessing the course of infection in an intact, living host in real time and in a noninvasive way. This technology, also called bioluminescence imaging, detects the photons emitted from biological sources of light through animal tissues. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-0716-0459-5_14DOI Listing
January 2020

Cost and effects of integrated care: a systematic literature review and meta-analysis.

Eur J Health Econ 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Health Economics Research Centre, Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.

Background: Health and care services are becoming increasingly strained and healthcare authorities worldwide are investing in integrated care in the hope of delivering higher-quality services while containing costs. The cost-effectiveness of integrated care, however, remains unclear. This systematic review and meta-analysis aims to appraise current economic evaluations of integrated care and assesses the impact on outcomes and costs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10198-020-01217-5DOI Listing

Assessing Extrinsic Membrane Protein Dependency to PI4P Using a Plasma Membrane to Endosome Relocalization Transient Assay in Nicotiana benthamiana.

Methods Mol Biol 2020 ;2177:95-108

Laboratoire Reproduction et Développement des Plantes, Université de Lyon, ENS de Lyon, UCB Lyon 1, CNRS, INRA, Lyon, France.

Phosphoinositides are key players from which the various membranes of the cells acquire their identity. The relative accumulation of these low-abundant anionic phospholipids in the cytosolic leaflet of the plasma membrane and of various organelles generates a landmark code, responsible for the selective recruitment of extrinsic proteins at given membranes. One of the key players in the protein/lipid interaction at the plasma membrane in plant cells, is phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate (PI4P), which patterns the recruitment of effector proteins from the plasma membrane to organelles along the endocytic pathway. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-0716-0767-1_9DOI Listing
January 2020

Blame-Laden Moral Rebukes and the Morally Competent Robot: A Confucian Ethical Perspective.

Sci Eng Ethics 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Department of Computer Science, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, USA.

Empirical studies have suggested that language-capable robots have the persuasive power to shape the shared moral norms based on how they respond to human norm violations. This persuasive power presents cause for concern, but also the opportunity to persuade humans to cultivate their own moral development. We argue that a truly socially integrated and morally competent robot must be willing to communicate its objection to humans' proposed violations of shared norms by using strategies such as blame-laden rebukes, even if doing so may violate other standing norms, such as politeness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11948-020-00246-wDOI Listing

Thinking about Others' Minds: Mental State Inference in Boys with Conduct Problems and Callous-Unemotional Traits.

J Abnorm Child Psychol 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Division of Psychology and Language Sciences, University College London, 26 Bedford Way, London, WC1H 0AP, UK.

Children with conduct problems (CP) and high levels of callous-unemotional traits (CP/HCU) have been found to have an intact ability to represent other minds, however, they behave in ways that indicate a reduced propensity to consider other people's thoughts and feelings. Here we report findings from three tasks assessing different aspects of mentalising in 81 boys aged 11-16 [Typically developing (TD) n = 27; CP/HCU n = 28; CP and low levels of callous-unemotional traits (CP/LCU) n = 26]. Participants completed the Movie Assessment of Social Cognition (MASC), a task assessing ability/propensity to incorporate judgements concerning an individual's mind into mental state inference; provided a written description of a good friend to assess mind-mindedness; and completed the Social Judgement Task (SJT), a new measure assessing mentalising about antisocial actions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10802-020-00664-1DOI Listing

Use of a broad β-diversity measure of pelagic ciliate communities for assessing vertical heterogeneity of water columns in the Pacific Arctic Ocean.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Division of Polar Ocean Sciences, Korea Polar Research Institute, Incheon, 406-840, Republic of Korea.

Multivariate dispersion has proven to be a broad β-diversity measure that shows the heterogeneity of environmental conditions. The dispersion patterns of pelagic ciliate communities were investigated at eight water depths in the northern Bering Sea of the western Arctic Ocean and Chukchi Sea. Multivariate analysis indicated that (1) pelagic ciliates showed significant variability in multivariate dispersion on a vertical scale, (2) dispersion patterns were shaped by both the species composition and individual abundance, (3) vertical variation in species occurrence was significantly related to nutrients and chlorophyll a, and (4) the dispersion measures at both species occurrence and species abundance resolutions were significantly negatively related to salinity and dissolved oxygen. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-020-09753-6DOI Listing

Combined PET/CT with thoracic contrast-enhanced CT in assessment of primary cardiac tumors in adult patients.

EJNMMI Res 2020 Jul 6;10(1):75. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

WeiLun PET Center, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital, Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences, Room 517, 5/F, Weilun Building of Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital, 106 Zhongshan Er Road, Guangzhou, 510080, Guangdong, People's Republic of China.

Background: F-FDG PET/CT is a key molecular imaging modality to noninvasively assess and differentiate benign and malignant cardiac tumors. However, few benign cardiac tumors can be characterized by increased F-FDG uptake, which makes differential diagnosis difficult. This study sought to retrospectively evaluate whether combined F-FDG PET/CT with thoracic contrast-enhanced CT (CECT) helps in assessing primary cardiac tumors in adult patients, compared with CECT or PET/CT alone. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13550-020-00661-xDOI Listing

Altered spontaneous neuronal activity and functional connectivity pattern in primary angle-closure glaucoma: a resting-state fMRI study.

Neurol Sci 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Department of Radiology, Eye & ENT Hospital of Shanghai Medical School, Fudan University, 83 Fenyang Road, Shanghai, 200031, China.

Purpose: To explore the alterations of spontaneous neuronal activity and functional connectivity pattern using fractional amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (fALFF) and functional connectivity (FC) in patients with primary angle-closure glaucoma (PACG) and fALFF relationship with the glaucoma clinical indices.

Materials And Methods: Forty-two PACG patients and 21 normal controls were enrolled in this study. Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging was firstly analyzed by fALFF and brain regions with altered fALFF between groups were selected as seeds for the further FC analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10072-020-04577-1DOI Listing

Ischemia and Viability Testing in New-Onset Heart Failure.

Curr Cardiol Rep 2020 Jul 6;22(8):76. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Division of Cardiology, Cook County Health, 1901 W. Harrison St. Suite 3620, Chicago, IL, 60612, USA.

Purpose Of Review: To examine the utility and methods of coronary artery disease (CAD) assessment in patients with new-onset heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) of unclear etiology. Moreover, we sought to review the role and techniques of assessing myocardial viability to guide coronary revascularization in patients with established ischemic cardiomyopathy.

Recent Findings: Data indicates that surgical coronary revascularization in patients with HFrEF due to ischemic cardiomyopathy leads to lower long-term all-cause mortality and cardiovascular hospitalizations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11886-020-01304-2DOI Listing

Genetic and clinical predictors of arthralgia during letrozole or anastrozole therapy in breast cancer patients.

Breast Cancer Res Treat 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Department of Medicine, Division of Clinical Pharmacology, Western University, London, ON, Canada.

Purpose: Female patients with breast cancer frequently develop arthralgia when treated with aromatase inhibitors (AI). Although the mechanism of AI-induced arthralgia is unknown, potential biomarkers have been identified. The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical and genetic predictors of AI-induced arthralgia in a prospective cohort of patients with estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10549-020-05777-1DOI Listing

Methodological Proposal for the Inventory and Assessment of Geomorphosites: An Integrated Approach focused on Territorial Management and Geoconservation.

Environ Manage 2020 Jul 7. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Institute of Geography and Sustainability and Interdisciplinary Center for Mountain Research, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland.

Geoconservation has been growing in importance within the environmental management context. The conservation of geological heritage is being more and more recognised as an essential issue in nature conservation. Inventories of geosites are considered basic steps in geoconservation strategies and constitute a tool to support management considering the sites' values, use potential and risks of degradation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00267-020-01324-2DOI Listing

Assessing Patient-Specific Mechanical Properties of Aortic Wall and Peri-Aortic Structures from in Vivo Dense MR Imaging Using an Inverse Finite Element Method and Elastic Foundation Boundary Conditions.

J Biomech Eng 2020 Jul 7. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Department of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering Virginia Commonwealth University, 401 West Main Street, Richmond, VA 23284.

The establishment of in vivo, non-invasive, patient-specific, and regionally resolved techniques to quantify aortic properties is key to improving clinical risk assessment and scientific understanding of vascular growth and remodeling. A promising and novel technique to reach this goal is an inverse finite element method (FEM) approach that utilizes MRI-derived displacement-fields from Displacement Encoding with Stimulated Echoes (DENSE). Previous studies using DENSE MRI suggested that the infrarenal abdominal aorta (IAA) deforms heterogeneously during the cardiac cycle. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1115/1.4047721DOI Listing

The MRI Self-Efficacy Scale for Children: Development and Preliminary Psychometrics.

J Pediatr Psychol 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Department of Psychology & Neuroscience, Dalhousie University.

Objective : Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a common procedure that can be distressing for children. Although not yet studied in the context of pediatric medical procedures, self-efficacy may be a good predictor of procedural stress and a clinically feasible target for behavioral intervention. The objectives of this study were to develop the MRI Self-Efficacy Scale for Children (MRI-SEC) and assess the preliminary psychometric properties. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jpepsy/jsaa045DOI Listing

Species-specific effects of thermal stress on the expression of genetic variation across a diverse group of plant and animal taxa under experimental conditions.

Heredity (Edinb) 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Department of Animal Ecology, Netherlands Institute of Ecology, Wageningen, The Netherlands.

Assessing the genetic adaptive potential of populations and species is essential for better understanding evolutionary processes. However, the expression of genetic variation may depend on environmental conditions, which may speed up or slow down evolutionary responses. Thus, the same selection pressure may lead to different responses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41437-020-0338-4DOI Listing

Water corrosivity of polluted reservoir and hydropower sustainability.

Sci Rep 2020 Jul 6;10(1):11110. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Center for the Environment and Sustainability Science (CESS), Universitas Padjadjaran, Jl. Sekeloa Selatan 1, Bandung, West Java Province, 40132, Indonesia.

Reservoirs play a strategic role in the context of sustainable energy supply. Unfortunately, the majority of the reservoirs are facing water-quality degradation due to complex pollutants originating from activities both in the catchment and inside the reservoir. This research was aimed at assessing the extent of the water degradation, in terms of corrosivity level, and at examining its impacts on hydropower capacity and operation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-68026-xDOI Listing

Nurse Staffing and Health Outcomes of Psychiatric Inpatients: A Secondary Analysis of National Health Insurance Claims Data.

J Korean Acad Nurs 2020 Jun;50(3):333-348

College of Nursing, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea.

Purpose: The present study investigated the association between nurse staffing and health outcomes among psychiatric inpatients in Korea by assessing National Health Insurance claims data.

Methods: The dataset included 70,136 patients aged 19 years who were inpatients in psychiatric wards for at least two days in 2016 and treated for mental and behavioral disorders due to use of alcohol; schizophrenia, schizotypal and delusional disorders; and mood disorders across 453 hospitals. Nurse staffing levels were measured in three ways: registered nurse-to-inpatient ratio, registered nurse-to-adjusted inpatient ratio, and nursing staff-to-adjusted inpatient ratio. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4040/jkan.19203DOI Listing

Fan therapy for cough: case report and literature review.

BMJ Support Palliat Care 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Palliative Care, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Oxford, UK.

This case report describes the care of a 59-year-old woman with metastatic small cell lung cancer and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease who was highly symptomatic with an intractable cough. The patient reported a subjective benefit from a table fan. The authors observed an objective improvement with a marked reduction in cough frequency when the fan was in use. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjspcare-2020-002363DOI Listing

Does subjective social status predict depressive symptoms in Chinese elderly? A longitudinal study from Hong Kong.

J Epidemiol Community Health 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Jockey Club School of Public Health and Primary Care, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong

Background: Subjective social status (SSS), one's self-perceived social status, has been gaining interest among researchers as a risk/protective factor of many health outcomes. SSS encompasses both socio-economic factors (eg, income) and intangible aspects of status (eg, esteem from peers). This study's main objective was to examine the association between SSS and future risk of depression in elderly Chinese. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jech-2019-212451DOI Listing

The assessment of short and long term changes in lung function in CF using Xe MRI.

Eur Respir J 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

POLARIS, Imaging Sciences, Department of Infection Immunity and Cardiovascular Disease, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK

Introduction: Xe ventilation MRI is sensitive to detect early CF lung disease and response to treatment. Xe-MRI could play a significant role in clinical trials and patient management. Here we present data on the repeatability of imaging measurements and their sensitivity to longitudinal change. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1183/13993003.00441-2020DOI Listing

Safety and Efficacy of a Truncated Deflation Algorithm for Distal Transradial Access.

J Vasc Interv Radiol 2020 Jul 3. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Department of Radiology, Vancouver General Hospital, 899 West 12th Avenue, Vancouver, BC V5Z 1M9, Canada. Electronic address:

Purpose: To assess safety and efficacy of a modified rapid hemostasis protocol for distal transradial access (TRA).

Materials And Methods: A single-center retrospective study of patients undergoing percutaneous image-guided procedures from a distal TRA with rapid deflation hemostasis protocol was performed. Between March 2017 and August 2019, 593 procedures in 434 patients were performed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvir.2020.02.027DOI Listing

A Validated Forward Solution Dynamics Mathematical Model of the Knee Joint: Can It Be an Effective Alternative for Implant Evaluation?

J Arthroplasty 2020 Jun 14. Epub 2020 Jun 14.

MABE Department, Center for Musculoskeletal Research, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN.

Background: Mathematical modeling is among the most common computational tools for assessing total knee arthroplasty (TKA) mechanics of different implant designs and surgical alignments. The main objective of this study is to describe and validate a forward solution mathematical of the knee joint to investigate the effects of TKA design and surgical conditions on TKA outcomes.

Methods: A 12-degree of freedom mathematical model of the human knee was developed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.arth.2020.06.017DOI Listing

Response to the commentary by Pisoni E. and Van Dingenen R. on 'Assessing nitrogen dioxide (NO) levels as a contributing factor to coronavirus (COVID-19) fatality'.

Authors:
Yaron Ogen

Sci Total Environ 2020 Jul 2:140672. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

The Department of Remote Sensing and Cartography, Institute of Geosciences and Geography, Von-Seckendorff-Platz 4, Room: H4 2.23, Martin-Luther University Halle-Wittenberg, Halle (Saale) 06120, Germany. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.140672DOI Listing

Elbow motion patterns during daily activity.

J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2020 Jun 9. Epub 2020 Jun 9.

Investigation performed at the Roth|McFarlane Hand and Upper Limb Center, London, ON, Canada. Electronic address:

Background: This in vivo kinematic study was developed to ascertain (1) elbow posture and motion during daily activities and (2) to compare motions of the dominant and nondominant elbows.

Methods: Forty-six subjects wore a custom instrumented shirt to continuously measure elbow posture and motion for the waking hours of 1 day. The 3D orientations of each of the forearm and humerus sensors enabled calculation of elbow flexion-extension and pronation-supination angles. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jse.2020.03.015DOI Listing