1,485 results match your criteria Aspiration Pneumonia Imaging


Oesophageal obstruction due to trichobezoars in two cats.

JFMS Open Rep 2019 Jan-Jun;5(1):2055116918823581. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

Animal Referral Hospital, Homebush, NSW, Australia.

Case Series Summary: This case series describes two cats diagnosed with oesophageal obstruction due to trichobezoars. Both cases presented for acute dyspnoea, with thoracic radiographs revealing changes consistent with oesophageal foreign material causing ventral displacement of the trachea. Endoscopic removal was unsuccessful and both cases required surgical intervention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2055116918823581DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350137PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Different clinical predictors of aspiration pneumonia in dysphagic stroke patients related to stroke lesion: A STROBE-complaint retrospective study.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Dec;97(52):e13968

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Daegu Fatima Hospital, Daegu, Republic of Korea.

Although stroke is one of the most common causes of dysphagia, no studies have investigated the radionuclide salivagram as a predictor of aspiration pneumonia in patients with stroke. In addition, few researches on the risk factors of aspiration pneumonia in patients with subacute and chronic stroke undergoing rehabilitation in the rehabilitation unit have been rarely conducted. In this study, therefore, we investigated whether a radionuclide salivagram could predict aspiration pneumonia, and tried to find other clinical factors that may be helpful in predicting aspiration pneumonia in stroke patients undergoing rehabilitation in the rehabilitation department. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000013968DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6314729PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

An autopsy case of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy after rituximab therapy for malignant lymphoma.

Neuropathology 2019 Feb 3;39(1):58-63. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Pathology, Kurume University School of Medicine, Kurume, Japan.

Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) is a rare fatal demyelinating disease of the central nervous system caused by reactivation of the JC virus (JCV), which is named after the initials of the patient from whom the virus was first isolated. JCV is highly prevalent worldwide, infects humans in early childhood, and the infection persists throughout the course of life in latent form. The present paper deals with the second autopsy case report of rituximab-associated PML in Japan. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/neup.12526
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/neup.12526DOI Listing
February 2019
17 Reads

Laparoscopic repositioning of chronic gastric volvulus in a dog.

J S Afr Vet Assoc 2018 Nov 6;89(0):e1-e5. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Department of Companion Animal Clinical Studies, University of Pretoria.

A 12-year-old spayed Newfoundland bitch was presented with chronic non-productive vomiting, regurgitation and coughing of six weeks' duration. On clinical examination, the dog was depressed with no other significant findings. Haematology and biochemistry investigations detected no abnormalities. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6244192PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/jsava.v89i0.1713DOI Listing
November 2018
6 Reads

Mycobacterium fortuitum infection associated with achalasia.

Tunis Med 2018 May;96(5):311-313

The association achalasia and non tuberculous Mycobacteria lung infection is described in the literature. Most of the time Mycobacterium Fortuitum is responsible of aspiration pneumonia that didn't respond to usual antibiotic therapy. We report a new case about a 15 year-old woman with Allgrove's syndrome history. Read More

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May 2018
1 Read

Dysphagia with fatal choking in oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy: Case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Oct;97(43):e12935

Department of Neurology.

Rationale: Oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy (OPMD) is an autosomal dominant late-onset progressive muscle disorder typically characterized by ptosis, difficulty in swallowing, and proximal limb weakness. Underdiagnosis of OPMD is common in Asian countries and results in delayed diagnoses and fatal events.

Patient Concerns: Here, we report the case of a 53-year-old female who suffered from progressive dysphagia and experienced several choking events involving solid material. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000012935DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6221716PMC
October 2018
6 Reads

Indications for chest X-rays in children and how to obtain and interpret them.

Nurs Child Young People 2018 11 26;30(6):30-37. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Torbay Hospital, Torquay, England.

Chest X-ray (CXR) is one of the most common radiological investigations undertaken in practice with children. CXRs are requested for a number of suspected diagnoses, including pneumonia, pneumothorax and foreign body aspiration or ingestion. They may also be requested as part of a skeletal survey or to confirm the position of central and umbilical lines, as well as nasogastric tubes. Read More

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https://journals.rcni.com/doi/10.7748/ncyp.2018.e1141
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7748/ncyp.2018.e1141DOI Listing
November 2018
9 Reads

Revisiting a Case of Persistent Pneumonia: Complication of Hair Oil Aspiration.

J Paediatr Child Health 2018 Nov;54(11):1284-1285

Department of Pediatrics, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jpc.14216DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Effects of preoperative cisapride on postoperative aspiration pneumonia in dogs with laryngeal paralysis.

J Small Anim Pract 2018 Nov 1. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Pittsburgh Veterinary Specialty and Emergency Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15237, USA.

Objectives: Retrospective evaluation of a preoperative prokinetic protocol using a constant-rate infusion of a serotonin 5-HT4 receptor agonist, cisapride, and its association with frequency of postoperative aspiration pneumonia in dogs undergoing unilateral arytenoid lateralisation as compared to a historical population at the same institution.

Materials And Methods: Medical records of dogs undergoing unilateral arytenoid lateralisation for laryngeal paralysis were reviewed for historical findings, imaging findings, anaesthesia and surgery durations, perioperative medications and if surgery was performed as an emergency. Aspiration pneumonia events in the first 72 hours after surgery were recorded. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jsap.12940DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Clinics in diagnostic imaging (191). Multiple system atrophy-cerebellar type (MSA-C).

Singapore Med J 2018 Oct;59(10):550-554

Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Singapore General Hospital, Singapore.

A 49-year-old Chinese man was evaluated for progressive uncoordinated movements, dysphagia and urinary symptoms. Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated a cruciform pattern of T2-weighted hyperintensity within the pons and selective atrophy of the cerebellar hemispheres and pons. The clinical history and radiological findings were consistent with a diagnosis of multiple system atrophy-cerebellar type. Read More

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http://www.smj.org.sg/article/clinics-diagnostic-imaging-191
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http://dx.doi.org/10.11622/smedj.2018128DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6199191PMC
October 2018
15 Reads

Glioneuronal brainstem tumor - It's all in the eyes.

J Clin Neurosci 2019 Feb 23;60:151-153. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

Alfred Hospital, Department of Neurology, Melbourne, Australia. Electronic address:

A previously well man presented with several months' history of neurological symptoms including diplopia and balance difficulties. Examination revealed fluctuating neurological deficits, fatigable weakness and slowed saccades. Extensive testing revealed mildly elevated cerebrospinal fluid protein, strongly positive single fiber electromyography and a dorsal pontine lesion at the floor of the 4th ventricle. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jocn.2018.10.084DOI Listing
February 2019
13 Reads

[Anastomotic leakage after gastro-intestinal surgery: a serious complication that is easily missed].

Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 2018 Oct 5;162. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

Heelkunde Friesland, locatie Nij Smellinghe, Drachten.

Anastomotic leakage is a serious complication of gastro-intestinal surgery. Its prognosis is largely determined by early diagnosis and treatment, yet its symptoms can be aspecific and difficult to recognize in the postoperative phase. Here, we describe a case where recognition of serious anastomotic leakage was significantly delayed. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Increased FDG Uptake and Chronic Lung Changes in a Case of Persistent Lipoid Pneumonia.

Clin Nucl Med 2018 Dec;43(12):e477-e478

From the Department of Diagnostic Radiology, University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center, Cleveland, OH.

Lipoid pneumonia is uncommon disease caused by presence of macroscopic fat in the lung parenchyma commonly originating from exogenous source secondary to aspiration or inhalation of animal fats or mineral or vegetable oils. Alternatively, it can be due to endogenous fat accumulated in the alveoli in the setting of chronic bronchial obstruction or inflammation. The imaging findings include ground-glass opacities, consolidation, nodules, and masses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/RLU.0000000000002299DOI Listing
December 2018
8 Reads

Mycobacterium Fortuitum infection associated with achalasia.

Tunis Med 2018 Mar;96(3):227-229

The association between achalasia and no tuberculosis mycobacterial   lung infection is well described in the literature. MycobactériumFortuitum is often responsible, and the clinical's presentation   is an aspiration pneumonia resistant to usual antibiotic therapy. We report the case of a 15 year-old patient with the history of Allgrove syndrome. Read More

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March 2018
17 Reads

: An Emerging Fatal Cause of Fungal Abscess and Ventriculitis after Near-drowning.

Asian J Neurosurg 2018 Jul-Sep;13(3):792-796

Department of Neurosurgery, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Herein, we describe a fatal case of central nervous system (CNS) pseudallescheriasis following near-drowning. A 13-year-old boy, who had been successfully resuscitated after near-drowning, presented with a transient episode of mental confusion during a hospital stay after recovering from severe aspiration pneumonia and respiratory failure. A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan of the brain showed a small brain abscess in the left basal ganglia and ventriculitis in the left lateral ventricle. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajns.AJNS_236_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6159027PMC
October 2018
17 Reads

Medical management of esophageal perforation secondary to esophageal foreign bodies in 5 dogs.

J Vet Emerg Crit Care (San Antonio) 2018 Sep 20;28(5):464-468. Epub 2018 Aug 20.

Translational Research and Animal Clinical Trial Study (TRACTS) group, Faculty of Veterinary and Agricultural Science, The University of Melbourne, Werribee, Victoria, Australia.

Objective: To describe 5 cases of conservative management of substantial esophageal perforation in dogs.

Series Summary: Five dogs presented with an esophageal foreign body (EFB) and resultant esophageal perforation. Clinical signs at presentation included tachycardia, tachypnea, and increased respiratory effort. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/vec.12757
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/vec.12757DOI Listing
September 2018
19 Reads

Adult exogenous lipoid pneumonia: A rare and underrecognized entity in cytology - A case series.

Cytojournal 2018 13;15:17. Epub 2018 Jul 13.

Address: Department of Pathology and Cell Biology, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY, USA.

Background: Exogenous lipoid pneumonia (ELP) is a rare benign entity without specific clinical or imaging presentation. Although cytological studies - either bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) or fine-needle aspiration (FNA) - may be pursued in patients with ELP, a definitive diagnosis is frequently rendered only on histology. The aim of this study is to highlight the cytological features of ELP. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/cytojournal.cytojournal_29_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6069323PMC
July 2018
3 Reads

Miglustat in Niemann-Pick disease type C patients: a review.

Orphanet J Rare Dis 2018 Aug 15;13(1):140. Epub 2018 Aug 15.

Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA.

Objective: Niemann-Pick disease type C (NP-C) is a rare, autosomal recessive, neurodegenerative disease associated with a wide variety of progressive neurological manifestations. Miglustat is indicated for the treatment of progressive neurological manifestations in both adults and children. Since approval in 2009 there has been a vast growth in clinical experience with miglustat. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13023-018-0844-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6094874PMC
August 2018
10 Reads

Respiratory care in familial dysautonomia: Systematic review and expert consensus recommendations.

Respir Med 2018 08 21;141:37-46. Epub 2018 Jun 21.

Department of Neurology, Dysautonomia Center, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY, United States. Electronic address:

Background: Familial dysautonomia (Riley-Day syndrome, hereditary sensory autonomic neuropathy type-III) is a rare genetic disease caused by impaired development of sensory and afferent autonomic nerves. As a consequence, patients develop neurogenic dysphagia with frequent aspiration, chronic lung disease, and chemoreflex failure leading to severe sleep disordered breathing. The purpose of these guidelines is to provide recommendations for the diagnosis and treatment of respiratory disorders in familial dysautonomia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rmed.2018.06.017DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6084453PMC
August 2018
19 Reads

The effect of radionuclide solution volume on the detection rate of salivary aspiration in the radionuclide salivagram: A STROBE-compliant retrospective study.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Jul;97(30):e11729

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Daegu Fatima Hospital, Daegu, Republic of Korea.

Despite the possibility that the methodological difference of this salivagram may influence the results for detection rate, there has been no study on the effect of the solution volume on detection rate. Moreover, to date, since the introduction of the nucleotide salivagram, there has been a tendency that a constant solution volume and nucleotide dose is not used in studies. Therefore, the aim of this study is to investigate the effect of solution volume on the detection rate of a salivagram in patients with brain lesion, and to determine the optimal solution volume of salivagram. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000011729DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6078766PMC
July 2018
3 Reads

Oculomotor palsy as a single presenting sign of midbrain hemorrhage.

Taiwan J Ophthalmol 2018 Apr-Jun;8(2):108-110

Department of Ophthalmology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou, Taiwan.

We report a case presenting with bilateral oculomotor nerve palsy (ONP) resulting from a midbrain hemorrhage. The patient visited the ophthalmological clinic due to the sudden onset of horizontal diplopia for a week. Bilateral ONP spared the left eye levator and bilateral pupils were found while the remaining results of examinations were unremarkable. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/tjo.tjo_110_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6055307PMC
July 2018
8 Reads

Interventions for the treatment of brain radionecrosis after radiotherapy or radiosurgery.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2018 07 9;7:CD011492. Epub 2018 Jul 9.

Radiation Oncology, MD Anderson Cancer Center, 1515 Holcombe Blvd, Houston, Texas, USA, 77030.

Background: Brain radionecrosis (tissue death caused by radiation) can occur following high-dose radiotherapy to brain tissue and can have a significant impact on a person's quality of life (QoL) and function. The underlying pathophysiological mechanism remains unclear for this condition, which makes establishing effective treatments challenging.

Objectives: To assess the effectiveness of interventions used for the treatment of brain radionecrosis in adults over 18 years old. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD011492.pub2DOI Listing
July 2018
5 Reads

Respiratory failure caused by lipoid pneumonia from vaping e-cigarettes.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Jul 6;2018. Epub 2018 Jul 6.

Respiratory Medicine, Birmingham Heartlands Hospital, Birmingham, UK.

A young female vaper presented with insidious onset cough, progressive dyspnoea on exertion, fever, night sweats and was in respiratory failure when admitted to hospital. Clinical examination was unremarkable. Haematological tests revealed only thrombocytopenia, which was long standing, and her biochemical and inflammatory markers were normal. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-224350DOI Listing
July 2018
8 Reads

The Clinical Efficacy of Electromagnetic Navigation-Guided Hematoma Puncture Drainage in Patients with Hypertensive Basal Ganglia Hemorrhage.

World Neurosurg 2018 Oct 26;118:e115-e122. Epub 2018 Jun 26.

Department of Neurosurgery, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Changzhou City, China. Electronic address:

Objective: To investigate the clinical efficacy of navigation-guided minimally invasive surgery in patients with hypertensive basal ganglia hemorrhage.

Methods: A total of 64 patients with hypertensive basal ganglia hemorrhage were enrolled in this retrospective study. They were divided into a navigation group and a traditional group based on surgical approaches. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.06.137DOI Listing
October 2018
4 Reads

Clinical Characteristics of False-Positive Lymph Node on Chest CT or PET-CT Confirmed by Endobronchial Ultrasound-Guided Transbronchial Needle Aspiration in Lung Cancer.

Tuberc Respir Dis (Seoul) 2018 Oct 19;81(4):339-346. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Division of Pulmonary, Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.

Background: Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) is a standard procedure to evaluate suspicious lymph node involvement of lung cancer because computed tomography (CT) and 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography-CT (PET-CT) have limitations in their sensitivity and specificity. There are a number of benign causes of false positive lymph node such as anthracosis or anthracofibrosis, pneumoconiosis, old or active tuberculosis, interstitial lung disease, and other infectious conditions including pneumonia. The purpose of this study was to evaluate possible causes of false positive lymph node detected in chest CT or PET-CT. Read More

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https://synapse.koreamed.org/DOIx.php?id=10.4046/trd.2017.01
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4046/trd.2017.0121DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6148105PMC
October 2018
21 Reads

Study on the Correlation between Barium Radiography and Pulmonary Infection rate in the Evaluation of Swallowing Function.

Authors:
Jie Sun Zeheng Li

Clinics (Sao Paulo) 2018 18;73:e182. Epub 2018 Jun 18.

Department of Clinical Medicine, Xuzhou Central Hospital, Xuzhou, Jiangsu Province, China, 221009.

Objectives: To compare the results respectively obtained from the utilization of 60% barium sulfate suspension and Iohexol as contrast agents for videofluoroscopic swallowing studies and the relationship between the clinical application of the two kinds of contrast agents and the incidence of pneumonia.

Methods: Sixty cases of stroke patients with dysphagia were selected in rehabilitation department of our hospital, and the gender, age, position of the disease, and stroke nature between groups had no significant difference. Among which, 30 patients who were administered 350 mgI/ml Iohexol, and the other 30 patients with 60% barium sulfate suspension as contrast agent. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6061/clinics/2018/e182DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5996437PMC
September 2018
18 Reads

Columnar metaplasia in the remnant esophagus is a long-term indicator for pneumonia after radical esophagectomy.

Esophagus 2018 01 5;15(1):27-32. Epub 2017 Sep 5.

Department of Surgery, Institute of Gastroenterology, Tokyo Women's Medical University, 8-1 Kawada-cho, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, 162-8666, Japan.

Background: This study investigated the long-term risk factors for pneumonia after esophageal reconstruction using a gastric tube via the posterior mediastinal route following esophagectomy for esophageal cancer. The influence of columnar metaplasia in the remnant esophagus was specifically assessed.

Methods: Among 225 patients who underwent esophagectomy between January 2004 and December 2010, the subjects were 54 patients who could be followed up for more than 5 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10388-017-0590-8DOI Listing
January 2018
3 Reads

Obstructive bronchitis and recurrent pneumonia in esophageal achalasia in a child: A CARE compliant case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Jun;97(23):e11016

Department of Paediatric Surgery, University Basel Children's Hospital, Spitalstrasse, Basel, Switzerland.

Rationale: Esophageal achalasia is characterized by impaired relaxation of the cardia and dilation of the intrathoracic part of the esophagus. We describe the late presentation of achalasia in an 11-year old girl.

Patient Concerns: She suffered from recurrent pneumonia, obstructive bronchitis, and problems with swallowing solid food. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000011016DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5999457PMC
June 2018
4 Reads

Video-fluoroscopic swallowing study scale for predicting aspiration pneumonia in Parkinson's disease.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(6):e0197608. Epub 2018 Jun 6.

Clinical Research Center and Department of Neurology, Utano National Hospital, Kyoto, Japan.

Introduction: A number of video-fluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS) abnormalities have been reported in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). However, the most crucial finding of subsequent aspiration pneumonia has not been validated fully. We conducted a retrospective and case-control study to determine the clinically significant VFSS findings in this population, and to propose a practical scale for predicting aspiration pneumonia in patients with PD. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0197608PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5991364PMC
December 2018
13 Reads

Aspiration and altered airway anatomy: a presentation with a twist.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Jun 5;2018. Epub 2018 Jun 5.

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Cork University Hospital, Cork, Ireland.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-224331DOI Listing
June 2018
2 Reads

[Exogenous lipoid pneumonia. Report of three cases].

Rev Med Chil 2017 Nov;145(11):1495-1499

Servicio Medicina, Instituto Nacional del Tórax, Santiago, Chile.

Lipoid pneumonia is an unusual cause of aspiration pneumonia with diverse radiologic manifestations. One of these are pulmonary nodules in which the main differential diagnosis is pulmonary carcinoma. We report an 85 years old male, an 85 years old female and a 34 years old male in whom percutaneous biopsies of suspicious nodules were compatible with lipoid pneumonia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/s0034-98872017001101495DOI Listing
November 2017
22 Reads

Bedside ultrasound diagnosis of a malpositioned central venous catheter: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Apr;97(15):e0501

Department of Critical Care Medicine, Guangdong Geriatric Institute, Guangdong General Hospital, Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences.

Rationale: Central venous catheter (CVC) placement is commonly performed in intensive care unit. And CVC placement is associated with risks including CVC malposition, pneumothorax. Many of the previously reported cases are about catheter misplacement detected by bedside ultrasound, chest x-ray (CXR) and computed tomography. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000010501DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5908571PMC
April 2018
3 Reads

Pulmonary aspiration only increases the risk of right-sided pneumonia in children: comparison of salivagrams and chest radiographs.

Authors:
Ha Wu Xiaofei Zhao

Nucl Med Commun 2018 Jun;39(6):505-510

Department of Nuclear Medicine, Children's Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai, People's Republic of China.

Purpose: A salivagram is often used to detect pulmonary aspiration, whereas chest radiography is often used to diagnose pneumonia. This study analysed the relationship between pulmonary aspiration and aspiration pneumonia in children, and the differences between lungs.

Patients And Methods: The salivagram and chest radiography results of 696 children (466 boys and 230 girls; aged 1-54 months; mean age, 4. Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00006231-201806000-0000
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MNM.0000000000000836DOI Listing
June 2018
7 Reads

Postoperative survival and early complications after intracranial surgery in dogs.

Vet Surg 2018 May 30;47(4):549-554. Epub 2018 Mar 30.

Department of Clinical Science and Services, Royal Veterinary College, University of London, North Mymms, United Kingdom.

Objective: To describe survival and early postoperative outcome after intracranial surgery in dogs.

Study Design: Retrospective case series.

Animals: Fifty client-owned dogs that underwent intracranial surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/vsu.12785DOI Listing
May 2018
12 Reads

Tracheobronchial foreign body aspiration in laryngectomized patient with tracheoesophageal voice prosthesis.

Clin Imaging 2018 May - Jun;49:181-183. Epub 2018 Mar 16.

Department of Radiology, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, United States. Electronic address:

A patient with a total laryngectomy and tracheoesophageal voice prosthesis presented with tracheobronchial aspiration of a Phillips-head screw that was swallowed inadvertently and aspirated around a loose-fitting prosthesis. A modified esophagram showed a screw in the right lung and free leakage of barium from the cervical esophagus around the prosthesis into the tracheobronchial tree. Chest radiographs and CT confirmed a screw in a right lower lobe bronchus with postobstructive pneumonia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2018.03.012DOI Listing
September 2018
8 Reads

Behaviour during transportation predicts stress response and lower airway contamination in horses.

PLoS One 2018 22;13(3):e0194272. Epub 2018 Mar 22.

Faculty of Veterinary Science, School of Life and Environmental Sciences, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

This study aimed to document the effects of an eight hour journey on behavioural, clinical, haematological, environmental and respiratory parameters, and to identify possible associations between factors. Twelve horses underwent clinical examination, respiratory endoscopy with tracheal wash (TW) aspiration, and collection of venous and arterial blood before (BJ) and after the journey (AJ). TW were submitted for conventional quantitative bacteriological evaluation and genetic microbiome analyses. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0194272PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5863983PMC
July 2018
2 Reads

Platelet Dysfunction and Intracerebral Hemorrhage in a Patient Treated with Empiric Piperacillin-Tazobactam in the Neurocritical Care Unit.

World Neurosurg 2018 Jun 16;114:204-210. Epub 2018 Mar 16.

UC Irvine Health, Orange, California, USA.

Background: Piperacillin-tazobactam is common empiric antibiotic therapy. Hematologic laboratory test abnormalities were documented but rare in premarketing studies, and whether these alterations are of clinical significance has been studied little. Very few cases of piperacillin-induced bleeding, thrombocytopenia, or both have been reported; aberrations in platelet function have not been implicated. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18788750183055
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.03.080DOI Listing
June 2018
17 Reads

Prospective and Multicenter Evaluation of Outcomes for Quality of Life and Activities of Daily Living for Balloon Kyphoplasty in the Treatment of Vertebral Compression Fractures: The EVOLVE Trial.

Neurosurgery 2019 Jan;84(1):169-178

Medtronic Inc, Clinical Program, Milpitas, California.

Background: Osteoporotic and neoplastic vertebral compression fractures (VCF) are common and painful, threatening quality of life and increasing risk of morbidity and mortality. Balloon kyphoplasty is a percutaneous option for treating painful cancer- and osteoporosis-related VCFs, supported by 2 randomized trials demonstrating efficacy benefits of BKP over nonsurgical care.

Objective: To investigate 12-mo disability, quality of life, and safety outcomes specifically in a Medicare-eligible population, representing characteristic patients seen in routine clinical practice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/neuros/nyy017DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6354561PMC
January 2019
5 Reads

Ultrasonographic evaluation of gastric contents in term pregnant women fasted for six hours.

Int J Obstet Anesth 2018 May 31;34:15-20. Epub 2018 Jan 31.

Department of Anesthesia, National Maternity Hospital, Holles St, Dublin 2, Ireland.

Background: Current fasting guidelines suggest six hours are adequate to minimise the aspiration risk after a light meal consumed by pregnant women undergoing elective caesarean section. We assessed gastric contents in non-labouring pregnant women, using ultrasonographic analysis.

Methods: In a prospective study, pregnant women ≥36 weeks' gestation, without conditions likely to influence gastric emptying, underwent ultrasonographic analysis of their gastric antrum, after six hours of fasting following a standardised light meal. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijoa.2018.01.004DOI Listing
May 2018
4 Reads

A Randomized Controlled Trial to Investigate the Effectiveness of the Prevention of Aspiration Pneumonia Using Recommendations for Swallowing Care Guided by Ultrasound Examination.

Healthcare (Basel) 2018 Feb 12;6(1). Epub 2018 Feb 12.

Department of Gerontological Nursing/Wound Care Management, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan.

Prevention for aspiration pneumonia requires assessment of aspiration and adequate swallowing care. This randomized controlled trial aimed to investigate the effectiveness of ultrasound examination and recommendations for swallowing care for the reduction of aspiration and pharyngeal post-swallow residue as compared with standard swallowing care. Twenty-three participants were randomized to the intervention group and 23 to the control group. Read More

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http://www.mdpi.com/2227-9032/6/1/15
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/healthcare6010015DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5872222PMC
February 2018
4 Reads

Recurrent and persistent pneumonia.

Eur J Intern Med 2018 07 7;53:e8-e9. Epub 2018 May 7.

Department of Surgery, Jikei University School of Medicine, Japan.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejim.2017.12.018DOI Listing

Screening protocol for dysphagia in adults: comparison with videofluoroscopic findings.

Clinics (Sao Paulo) 2017 12;72(12):718-722

Departamento de Fisioterapia, Fonoaudiologia e Terapia Ocupacional, Faculdade de Medicina (FMUSP), Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, BR.

Objectives: To compare the videofluoroscopic findings of patients with suspected oropharyngeal dysphagia with the results of a clinical screening protocol.

Methods: A retrospective observational cohort study was conducted on all consecutive patients with suspected oropharyngeal dysphagia between March 2015 and February 2016 who were assigned to receive a videofluoroscopic assessment of swallowing. All patients were first submitted to videofluoroscopy and then to the clinical assessment of swallowing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6061/clinics/2017(12)01DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5738561PMC
December 2017
3 Reads

Conglomerate mediastinal mass of a different etiology.

Oxf Med Case Reports 2017 Dec 29;2017(12):omx072. Epub 2017 Dec 29.

Respiratory Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA.

is a Gram-positive commensal of the oral cavity with tendency to cause brain and liver abscesses. Mediastinal involvement from is very rare. We present a case of 22-year-old male with newly detected mediastinal conglomerate nodal mass. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/omcr/omx072DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5751060PMC
December 2017
3 Reads

Natural history of Mycobacterium fortuitum pulmonary infection presenting with migratory infiltrates: a case report with microbiological analysis.

BMC Infect Dis 2018 01 2;18(1). Epub 2018 Jan 2.

Center for Infectious Diseases and Infection Control, Keio University School of Medicine, 35 Shinanomachi, Shinjuku, Tokyo, 160-8582, Japan.

Background: Presence of Mycobacterium fortuitum in respiratory tracts usually indicates mere colonization or transient infection, whereas true pulmonary infection occurs in patients with gastroesophageal disease. However, little is known about the diagnostic indications for true M. fortuitum pulmonary infection and the natural history of the disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-017-2892-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5748953PMC
January 2018
12 Reads

[Clinical features of acute diffuse pulmonary exudative disorders].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2017 Nov;97(44):3445-3449

Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Beijing Chaoyang Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100020, China.

To analyze the clinical features of acute diffuse pulmonary exudative disorders. The data were collected from patients who were hospitalized in respiratory intensive care unit (RICU) of Beijing Chaoyang Hospital affiliated to the Capital Medical University during January 2009 to December 2011, and had acute clinical course with imaging findings of diffuse pulmonary infiltrated shadows (similar to acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)). The causes of disease and clinical features were analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2017.44.002DOI Listing
November 2017
13 Reads

Urgent Carotid Artery Stenting for Carotid-Related Stroke-in-Evolution.

Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) 2018 Jan;14(1):9-15

Department of Neurosurgery, Kindai University Hospital, Osaka, Japan.

Background: Stroke-in-evolution (SIE) is a major outcome determinant in patients with acute ischemic stroke. The benefit of surgery for treatment of carotid artery-related SIE remains controversial.

Objective: To retrospectively evaluate the use of carotid artery stenting (CAS) as a possible alternative treatment in patients with carotid-related SIE. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ons/opx073DOI Listing
January 2018
9 Reads

A case of multiple system atrophy-parkinsonian type with stuttering- and palilalia-like dysfluencies and putaminal atrophy.

J Fluency Disord 2018 Sep 14;57:51-58. Epub 2017 Nov 14.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan.

Both developmental and acquired stuttering are related to the function of the basal ganglia-thalamocortical loop, which includes the putamen. Here, we present a case of stuttering- and palilalia-like dysfluencies that manifested as an early symptom of multiple system atrophy-parkinsonian type (MSA-P) and bilateral atrophy of the putamen. The patient was a 72-year-old man with no history of developmental stuttering who presented with a stutter for consultation with our otorhinolaryngology department. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jfludis.2017.11.002DOI Listing
September 2018
17 Reads

The use of surface electromyography in dysphagia evaluation.

Technol Health Care 2017 Oct;25(5):1025-1028

Institute of Imaging and Biomedical Photonics, National Chiao Tung University, Tainan City, Taiwan.

Dysphagic patients usually have a variety of clinical problems such as malnutrition, significant weight loss, and aspiration pneumonia. Dysphagia is a complication commonly caused by strokes, and surface electromyography (sEMG) provides a simple, non-radioactive, and non-invasive method to measure the patterns of muscle activity during swallowing, allowing clinicians to describe the physiology of swallowing behavior. Most previous studies have described swallowing behavior in terms of amplitude and duration. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/THC-170892DOI Listing
October 2017
10 Reads

Prospective evaluation of surgical management of sliding hiatal hernia and gastroesophageal reflux in dogs.

Vet Surg 2017 Nov;46(8):1098-1109

Population Health and Reproduction, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California-Davis, Davis, California.

Objective: To evaluate response to surgical management of sliding hiatal hernia (SHH) and gastroesophageal reflux (GER) in dogs using standardized clinical scoring, videofluoroscopic swallow studies, and impedance planimetry.

Study Design: Prospective clinical trial.

Animals: A total of 17 client-owned dogs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/vsu.12684DOI Listing
November 2017
18 Reads