78,156 results match your criteria Aspiration Pneumonia Imaging


Human-powered pop-up resting shelter for sampling cavity-resting mosquitoes.

Acta Trop 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Entomology and Nematology Department, University of Florida, 1881 Natural Area Dr., Gainesville, FL, 32608, United States.

Methods for collecting mosquitoes without the use of electricity are advantageous in remote field locations where electricity is not present or is unreliable. Here we report on the development and evaluation of a human-powered system for sampling cavity-resting mosquitoes. The system is composed of a spring-steel framed resting shelter and pneumatic lid that "pumps" mosquitoes resting within the shelter into a capture chamber when the resting shelter is manually compressed. Read More

View Article
December 2018
1 Read

PEG-grafted phospholipids in vesicles: Effect of PEG chain length and concentration on mechanical properties.

Chem Phys Lipids 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Powai, Mumbai 400076, India. Electronic address:

Incorporation of low molecular weight poly-ethylene glycol (PEG) - grafted phospholipids in vesicle bilayers is known to increase the circulation time of liposomal drug delivery vehicles. Mechanical properties of giant unilamellar DPPC vesicles containing varying concentrations of DSPE-PEG (PEG MW: 550, 1000 and 2000) were measured by micropipette aspiration assay or osmotic swelling. While the area compressibility modulus did not change significantly, the bending modulus and water permeability of the bilayer was found to increase with increasing mole fraction of DSPE-PEG. Read More

View Article
December 2018

[Indications for orogastric emptying in poisonings are rarely present].

Ugeskr Laeger 2018 Dec;180(49)

Orogastric aspiration (OA) without orogastric lavage has been the traditional gastric emptying method of choice in Denmark; this being based on national historic studies on poisoned patients. The treatment is still observed to be initiated prior to consultations with the Danish poisons information centre. In this review, we present relevant knowledge in the field of OA. Read More

View Article
December 2018

A Combination of Surgery and Methotrexate for Successful Treatment of a Caesarean Scar Pregnancy.

Ir Med J 2018 06 7;111(6):774. Epub 2018 Jun 7.

Department of Gynaecology, the Adelaide and Meath National Children's Hospital, Dublin, Republic of Ireland

Caesarean scar ectopic pregnancy (CSEP) is one of the rarest forms of ectopic pregnancies. With rising caesarean delivery (CD) rates worldwide, there is an increase in the incidence of CSEP. Patients usually present with painless vaginal bleeding and often misdiagnosed as spontaneous miscarriage. Read More

View Article

The role of BRCA1-associated protein 1 in the diagnosis of malignant mesothelioma in effusion and fine-needle aspiration cytology.

Diagn Cytopathol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, New York-Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, New York.

Background: Malignant mesothelioma (MM) is a diagnostically challenging entity in cytology specimens due to the lack of architectural context and a cytomorphologic overlap between malignant and reactive mesothelial cells (RMCs). A diagnostic marker with excellent specificity is not currently available in clinical practice. The newly appreciated BRCA1-associated protein 1 (BAP1) antibody may help distinguish MM from RMC based on its immunohistochemical (IHC) staining pattern but its role in cytopathology is controversial. Read More

View Article
December 2018
1 Read

Apocrine papillary lesion: comparison of pathological findings from 22 years previously and the present.

Breast Cancer 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Digestive Surgery, Breast and Thyroid Surgery, Kagoshima University Hospital, Kagoshima, Japan.

Apocrine papillary lesion (APL) is difficult to diagnose as benign or malignant. We experienced an APL remaining in the body for 22 years. We present a case of a 71-year-old woman who had undergone excisional biopsy 22 years previously at the first hospital that she visited. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Italian consensus for the classification and reporting of thyroid cytology: the risk of malignancy between indeterminate lesions at low or high risk. A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Endocrine 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Service of Clinical Pathology, Institute of Pathology, Lausanne University Hospital, Lausanne, Switzerland.

Background: Italian consensus for the classification and reporting of thyroid cytology has proposed to discriminate the cancer prevalence of high (Tir 3B) vs. low (Tir 3A) risk indeterminate nodules. To obtain more robust evidence on this topic, we performed a meta-analysis of the Odds Ratio (OR) of malignancy of Tir 3B vs. Read More

View Article
December 2018
2 Reads

Spontaneous Acute Subdural Hematoma Associated with Arachnoid Cyst and Intra-cystic Hemorrhage.

Cureus 2018 Sep 28;10(9):e3383. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

Neurosurgery, Advocate Christ Medical Center, Oak Lawn, USA.

Arachnoid cysts (ACs) are congenital, extra-axial lesions containing fluid similar to the composition of cerebrospinal fluid. Usually found incidentally, these lesions are observed with serial imaging to document their growth patterns and stability, and are then followed conservatively until clinical symptoms develop. Surgical options for symptomatic arachnoid cysts include cyst aspiration, cyst evacuation with fenestration into the subarachnoid space, and shunt procedures including cysto-peritoneal and cysto-ventricular shunts. Read More

View Article
September 2018

Thyroid malignancy among patients with thyroid nodules in the United Arab Emirates: a five-year retrospective tertiary Centre analysis.

Thyroid Res 2018 30;11:17. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

6Institute of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, United Arab Emirates University, Al Ain, UAE.

Objectives: Thyroid malignancy constitutes the sixth common cancer type in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). There are no epidemiological data outlining the prevalence of cancer in thyroid nodules, nor previous analysis of ultra-sonographic features correlating with thyroid malignancy in the UAE. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of thyroid malignancy in patients with thyroid nodules and to describe the ultra-sonographic characteristics of thyroid nodules harbouring malignancy. Read More

View Article
November 2018

Intraoperative rapid aspiration cytological method for parathyroid glands identification and protection.

Endocr J 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Thyroid, Breast and Vascular Surgery, Xijing Hospital, Air Force Medical University, Xi'an 710032, China.

To explore new methods for intraoperative identification of parathyroid glands, 86 thyroid cancer patients, admitted to Xijing hospital from July 2017 to July 2018, were included. During lymph node dissection, parathyroid glands were firstly judged by clinician eyeballing, based on his clinical experience. Then, cytological detection was used for rapid identification via Diff-quik staining. Read More

View Article
December 2018

High-accuracy Detection of Preoperative Thyroid Nodules Using Combination of BRAF Mutation and TMPRSS4 mRNA Level.

Arch Med Res 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Endocrinology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, P.R. China; Key Laboratory for Tumor Precision Medicine of Shaanxi Province, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, P.R. China. Electronic address:

Background: Papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) is the most common epithelial thyroid tumor, accounting for more than 80% of all thyroid cancers. Though the fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) represents as the golden standard for the diagnostics of thyroid nodules, there is a ∼25% risk of indeterminate cytological features. TMPRSS4 is a newly found transmembrane serine protease which was overexpressed in papillary thyroid cancer (PTC). Read More

View Article
December 2018

A new propeller trapezius muscle flap for reconstruction of posterior trunk defects: An anatomic study and report of three cases.

Microsurgery 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, Ohio.

Background: Reconstruction of complex back defects, especially after corrective spine surgery, is a challenging problem. In these patients hardware issues predominate and flap failure has serious consequences. Certain subunits of the back pose even greater problems, specifically the central region between T9 and T12. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Preoperative endoscopic pyloric balloon dilatation decreases the rate of delayed gastric emptying after Ivor-Lewis esophagectomy.

Dis Esophagus 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Department of General-, Visceral-, and Transplant Surgery, University Medical Center of the Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz, Germany.

Delayed gastric emptying (DGE) after Ivor-Lewis esophagectomy occurs postoperatively in up to 50% of the patients. This pyloric dysfunction can lead to severe secondary complications postoperatively such as early aspiration, pneumonia or may even have an impact on anastomotic healing and therefore leakage. Early detection of DGE is essential to prevent further complications. Read More

View Article
December 2018
2 Reads

Intraparotid Facial Nerve Schwannoma in a Nine-Year-Old Patient: Diagnosis, Classification, and Surgical Approach Stages.

J Craniofac Surg 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Pathology, The Ministry of Health Izmir Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, Izmir, Turkey.

Intraparotid facial nerve schwannoma (IFNS) is rarely observed in children compared with adults. Only a few cases have been reported in the literature. After radiological imaging and fine needle aspiration biopsy, an IFNS diagnosis may be skipped and confused with pleomorphic adenoma, which has a high prevalence among patients who have a mass in the parotid gland. Read More

View Article
November 2018

Nursing Considerations When Using Neuromuscular Blocking Agents to Assist With Intubation: A Review of Literature.

Crit Care Nurs Q 2019 Jan/Mar;42(1):30-40

Department of Baccalaureate Nursing, Indiana State University, Monroeville (Mr Blauvelt); and School of Nursing, Indiana State University, Terre Haute (Drs Burdick and Cannon).

The use of neuromuscular blocking agents (NMBAs) in acute care settings during intubation is vitally important. The NMBAs increase first pass success rates significantly while protecting patients from gastric aspiration, tracheal injury, and death. During emergent intubations, succinylcholine and rocuronium are commonly used, but each comes with specific risks and individualized interventions. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Nursing Oral Suction Intervention to Reduce Aspiration and Ventilator Events (NO-ASPIRATE): A Randomized Clinical Trial.

J Adv Nurs 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Orlando Health, Orlando, FL.

Aim: The primary aim of this study is to compare an oropharyngeal suction intervention versus usual care on microaspiration in intubated patients. Secondary aims are to evaluate the intervention on ventilator associated condition rates, time to occurrence and compare tracheal-oral α-amylase ratios between groups.

Design: Prospective randomized clinical trial. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Unintentional endotracheal tube cuff deflation during routine checks: a simulation study.

Nurs Crit Care 2018 Dec 2. Epub 2018 Dec 2.

The Critical Care Department, The Queen Elizabeth Hospital, King's Lynn, UK.

Background: Endotracheal tube cuff pressures should be maintained between 20 and 30 cm H O to prevent the aspiration of subglottic secretions past the cuff. Guidance recommends regular monitoring of the cuff pressure, performed using a handheld manometer/inflator. Poor technique can lead to transient deflation of the cuff, leading to the bolus aspiration of upper respiratory tract secretions, tracheal colonization and, ultimately, ventilator-associated pneumonia. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Mammary analogue secretory carcinoma of salivary gland diagnosed on submandibular gland cytology: A case report and review of literature.

Cytopathology 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Department of Pathology, University of Missouri at Kansas City, Truman Medical Center, Kansas City, Missouri, USA.

Mammary analogue secretory carcinoma (MASC) of the salivary glands morphologic and molecular similarities to secretory carcinoma of the breast(sc). (1) Here, we report a 46 year old female who presented with a right submandibular gland mass. Fine needle aspiration differential diagnosis included oncocytosis, oncocytoma, acinic cell carcinoma and MASC. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Cystic lymphangioma of the pancreas: a hard diagnostic challenge between pancreatic cystic lesions-review of recent literature.

Gland Surg 2018 Oct;7(5):487-492

Department of Human Pathology of the Adult and Evolutive Age "Gaetano Barresi", Section of General Surgery, University of Messina, Messina, Italy.

Lymphangiomas are rare congenital benign tumors arising from the lymphatic system. The incidence of this disease in the pancreas is extremely rare, accounting for less than 1% of these tumors. Before introducing the review we reported a case of a 67-year-old woman with cystic lymphangioma of the pancreas. Read More

View Article
October 2018
1 Read

Current controversies and future directions in the diagnosis and management of differentiated thyroid cancers.

Gland Surg 2018 Oct;7(5):473-486

Department of Surgery, New York Presbyterian Hospital, Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, NY, USA.

Despite the development of novel diagnostic, surgical, and chemotherapeutic approaches to differentiated thyroid cancers (DTCs), the diagnosis and management of these tumors remains controversial. The most recent American Thyroid Association (ATA) guidelines, released in 2015, reflect a recent shift towards less aggressive management for patients with DTCs. However, many clinicians have expressed concern that more conservative management will put patients at risk for disease recurrence and metastasis. Read More

View Article
October 2018

Complete Routine Remote Digital Pathology Services.

J Pathol Inform 2018 29;9:36. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Department of Pathology, Førde Central Hospital, Førde, Norway.

Background: Validation studies in digital pathology addressed so far diverse aspects of the routine work. We aimed to establish a complete remote digital pathology service.

Methods: Altogether 2295 routine cases (8640 slides) were reported in our studies on digital versus microscopic diagnostics, remote reporting, diagnostic time, fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) clinics, frozen sections, and diagnostic sessions with residents. Read More

View Article
October 2018

Reclassification of lesions in biopsies by fine-needle aspiration of pancreas and biliary tree using Papanicolaou classification.

J Gastrointest Oncol 2018 Oct;9(5):847-852

Department of Cytopathology, Hospital General de Mexico "Gerardo Liceaga", Mexico City, Mexico.

Background: Our aim was to evaluate the application of the classification of the Papanicolaou Cytopathology Society for the report of biopsies by fine-needle aspiration (FNA) of pancreas and bile duct.

Methods: The FNAs obtained consecutively during 1 year were analyzed. Descriptive statistics were performed and sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and cytohistological correlation were determined. Read More

View Article
October 2018

Autologous fat grafting: Harvesting techniques.

Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2018 Dec 13;36:212-218. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Departamento de Biomedicina - Unidade de Bioquímica, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade do Porto, Porto, Portugal.

Autologous fat grafting is widely used for soft-tissue augmentation and replacement in reconstructive and aesthetic surgery providing a biocompatible, natural and inexpensive method. Multiple approaches have been developed in the past years, varying in the location of adipose tissue donor-sites, use of wetting solutions, harvesting, processing and placing techniques. Despite many advances in this subject, the lack of standardization in the protocols and the unpredictability of the resorption of the grafted tissue pose a significant limitation for graft retention and subsequent filling. Read More

View Article
December 2018

First case on fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computerized tomography of a distant skip metastases to parotid node from esophageal adenocarcinoma.

World J Nucl Med 2018 Oct-Dec;17(4):302-304

Department of Nuclear Medicine, Central Manchester University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester, United Kingdom.

We are presenting the first case of a gastro-oesophageal junction adenocarcinoma with metastasis only to the intraparotid lymph node simulating Warthin's tumor. A 66-year-old man underwent an esophagogastroduodenoscopy that found circumferential ulcerated esophageal tumor beginning 40 cm from incisors resulting in stricture and two discrete erosions in the proximal third of esophagus. Biopsies from the stricture have demonstrated a poorly differentiated gastric adenocarcinoma. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Interprofessional Approach to the Sustained in a Pediatric Intensive Care Unit.

Crit Care Nurse 2018 Dec;38(6):36-45

Cheryl Lynne McBeth is a nurse manager for the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU), pediatric cardiac intensive care unit (PCICU), and Critical Care Transport Team, University of California, Davis, Children's Hospital, Sacramento, California. Rosa Solis Montes is clinical nurse III, University of California, Davis, Children's Hospital. She has been the cochair or chair of the No VAP committee since 2010. Amy Powne is Fetal Care and Treatment Center registered nurse coordinator at University of California, Davis, Children's Hospital. Sopon Elizabeth North is clinical nurse III, University of California, Davis, Children's Hospital. She currently is chair of the PICU/PCICU Hospital-Acquired Infection Committee. JoAnne E. Natale is professor of clinical pediatrics, Pediatric Critical Care, Children's Hospital Quality & Safety, and director of quality and safety, University of California, Davis, Medical Center.

Background: Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) increases morbidity, mortality, and health care costs.

Objective: To reduce the VAP rate in the pediatric/cardiac intensive care unit to fewer than 2 events per 1000 ventilator days within 2 years and to sustain a rate near 0 for the next 5 years.

Methods: An evidence-based VAP prevention bundle was developed and implemented by an interprofessional team using the Six Sigma Define, Measure, Analyze, Improve, Control methodology. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Unintended Consequences: A Review of Pharmacologically-Induced Priapism.

Sex Med Rev 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Urology, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Priapism has been linked to many commonly prescribed medications, as well as recreational drugs and toxins. Although the incidence of priapism as a result of medication is small, the increasing use of antidepressants, antipsychotics, and recreational drugs may lead to more cases of pharmacologically-induced priapism in the future.

Aim: To provide a comprehensive, up-to-date review of the most common causes of pharmacologically induced priapism and discuss incidence, pathophysiology, and basic management strategies. Read More

View Article
November 2018

Tumor growth rate of pancreatic serous cystadenomas: Endosonographic follow-up with volume measurement to predict cyst enlargement.

Pancreatology 2018 Nov 23. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Gastroclinica WGO Training Center, Tibás, San José, Costa Rica.

Background: Serous cystadenomas are benign lesions of the pancreas. Usually they are diagnosed incidentally on cross-sectional imaging studies. Endosonography is a valuable tool in the diagnosis and follow-up of these cystic lesions. Read More

View Article
November 2018

Implementation of the stroke code registry in the emergency department of a regional hospital.

Enferm Clin 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Enfermeras de Urgencias, Fundación Sanitaria Mollet, Mollet del Vallès, Barcelona, España.

Stroke is a cerebrovascular disease caused by a decrease or abrupt obstruction of blood flow to the brain. Nerve cells do not receive oxygen and there is a transient or permanent alteration of the function of a certain region of the brain. It causes high morbidity and mortality resulting in disabilities with a large economic cost to society. Read More

View Article
November 2018

WIRION EPS filter with jetstream atherectomy of femoropopliteal arterial disease: A single center experience.

Cardiovasc Revasc Med 2018 Nov 16. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Midwest Cardiovascular Research Foundation, Davenport, IA, United States of America.

Background: The WIRION EPS filter was recently approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to be used in conjunction with all atherectomy devices when treating infrainguinal peripheral arterial disease. The safety of this filter with Jetstream atherectomy (JA) in a real world setting remains unclear.

Methods: Consecutive patients from the practice of one operator who underwent JA under WIRION EPS when treating femoropopliteal arteries were enrolled in this retrospective analysis. Read More

View Article
November 2018

Retroperitoneal Abscess Associated With a Migrating Grass Awn in a Cat: Treatment With Omentalization and Grass Awn Removal.

Top Companion Anim Med 2018 Dec 29;33(4):97-99. Epub 2018 Aug 29.

Companion Animal Clinic, School of Veterinary Medicine, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece.

An 18-month-old domestic short hair male castrated cat presented with a history of fever of unknown origin of 1-year duration. Abdominal ultrasound revealed a mixed echogenicity mass. Cytological examination of the fluid obtained through fine needle aspiration was consistent with a retroperitoneal abscess. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Advances in Prostatic Diagnostics in Dogs: The Role of Canine Prostatic Specific Esterase in the Early Diagnosis of Prostatic Disorders.

Top Companion Anim Med 2018 Dec 8;33(4):105-108. Epub 2018 Sep 8.

Dipartimento di Medicina Veterinaria (DiMeV), Section of Surgery and Obstetrics, University of Bari Aldo Moro, Italy. Electronic address:

In last years, following the increased canine life expectancy and the rising attention pet-owners devote to their animals, several authors have carried on investigations concerning new techniques to early identify canine prostatic disorders that might affect the dog's quality of life. Prostatic disorders often have an asymptomatic onset and their early diagnosis is difficult: hence, they are usually identified at an advanced stage, only. Traditionally, the diagnosis of prostatic disorders is based on noninvasive tools, such as transrectal and abdominal palpation, seminal or prostatic fluid evaluation, and urinalysis and imaging. Read More

View Article
December 2018

[Multicenter investigation of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation application in pediatric intensive care unit in China].

Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi 2018 Dec;56(12):929-932

Department of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Children's Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai 201102, China.

To survey the conduction and evaluate the effectiveness of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) therapy in pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) in China mainland. In a questionnaire-based survey, we retrospectively reviewed the application of ECMO in children's hospital and general hospital in China mainland to summarize and analyze the categories of diseases and prognosis of children treated with ECMO therapy. By December 31, 2017, a total of 23 hospitals using ECMO, including 22 tertiary referral hospitals and 1 secondary hospital, among which 16 were children's hospitals and 7 were general hospitals. Read More

View Article
December 2018
3 Reads

Correlation of Ultrasound Findings and Fine-Needle Aspiration Cytology for the Diagnosis of Axillary Lymph Node Metastasis in Patients with Breast Carcinoma.

Acta Cytol 2018 Dec 5:1-6. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Cytology, Kuwait Cancer Control Center, Safat, Kuwait.

Objective: Ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration cytology (USG-FNAC) is used for the detection of axillary lymph node (ALN) metastasis in patients with breast carcinoma (BC). US findings have a good diagnostic accuracy with high sensitivity and specificity. The aim of this study is to correlate the detection of ALN metastases on US with FNAC in BC patients. Read More

View Article
December 2018
3 Reads

Identification of swallowing disorders: the perception of patients with neurodegenerative diseases.

Codas 2018 Nov 29;30(6):e20180027. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Departamento de Fonoaudiologia, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina - UFSC - Florianópolis (SC), Brasil.

Purpose: To verify the perception of patients with neurodegenerative diseases regarding swallowing changes and to know the perceptions of swallowing sensations that can promote the early identification of dysphagia.

Methods: It is a cross-sectional study with 44 patients with neurodegenerative diseases. All of them answered a questionnaire to know the sensation perceived during swallowing and its intensity. Read More

View Article
November 2018

The Application of Ultrasound and Fine-Needle Aspiration in Low-Volume Lateral Lymph Nodes of Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma Patients.

Ultrasound Q 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Ultrasound, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

This research investigates the application of high-frequency ultrasound (US) examination and US-guided fine-needle aspiration (US-FNA) in diagnosing low-volume metastatic lateral lymph nodes (LLNs) from papillary thyroid carcinoma patients. This study reviewed the medical records of 996 LLNs from 858 patients with suspicious thyroid nodules or after thyroidectomy from January 2013 to January 2016. All patients took US-FNA. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Source-apportioned coarse particulate matter exacerbates allergic airway responses in mice.

Inhal Toxicol 2018 Dec 5:1-11. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

b Office of Research and Development, U.S. EPA , Research Triangle Park , NC , USA.

Exposure to coarse particulate matter (PM) is associated with lung inflammation and exacerbation of respiratory symptoms in sensitive populations, but the degree to which specific emission sources contribute to these effects is unclear. We examined whether coarse PM samples enriched with diverse sources differentially exacerbate allergic airway responses. Coarse PM was collected weekly (7/2009-6/2010) from urban (G. Read More

View Article
December 2018
1 Read

Application of neuro-endoscopic target aspiration of the necrotic core for cerebral contusion with delayed progression: technical note.

Acta Neurochir (Wien) 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Neurosurgery, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan.

Background: The optimal management strategy for cerebral contusion remains controversial, especially when standard craniotomy could not be used. We performed neuro-endoscopic target lesionectomy for the delayed progression of cerebral contusion in order to aspirate the necrotic core, which is the primal source of contusional edema.

Methods: The present study included 10 consecutive patients (2 women and 8 men, with a mean age of 67 years old) with traumatic brain injury presenting with delayed deterioration of cerebral contusion where standard craniotomy could not be used. Read More

View Article
December 2018

From the maxillary sinus to the stomach: a rare case report of a displaced fragment of dental implant.

Eur J Oral Implantol 2018 ;11(4):469-473

Purpose: To present a rare clinical case of migration of a displaced implant fragment from the maxillary sinus to the stomach.

Materials And Methods: A 66-year-old man was referred from a local dental clinic to remove a displaced implant apical fragment in the left maxillary sinus. After 15 days from the displacement, no foreign body was seen in the maxillary sinus or in any other craniofacial cavity. Read More

View Article
January 2018

Preoperative fasting in the department of plastic surgery.

BMJ Open Qual 2018 10;7(4):e000161. Epub 2018 Nov 10.

Department of Plastic Surgery, North Bristol NHS Trust, Bristol, UK.

Preoperative fasting is necessary to reduce the risk of regurgitation of gastric contents and pulmonary aspiration in patients undergoing general anaesthetic and procedural sedation. Excessive fasting is associated with metabolic, cardiovascular and gastrointestinal complications and patient discomfort. We aimed to reduce the fasting time for patients on the plastic surgery trauma list. Read More

View Article
November 2018

Mechanical Thrombectomy by a Direct Aspiration First Pass Technique (ADAPT) in Ischemic Stroke: Results of Monocentric Study Based on Multimodal CT Patient Selection.

Stroke Res Treat 2018 1;2018:6192483. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

SC Radiologia Diagnostica ed Interventistica Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria "Maggiore della Carità", Italy.

Introduction: Mechanical thrombectomy with ADAP-technique of ischemic stroke has been reported as fast and effective. Aim of this study is to evaluate imaging criteria as possible predictors of stroke severity, therapeutic success, and outcome.

Materials And Methods: Patients (30) presenting from October 2015 to April 2017 with Emergent Large Vessel Occlusion of the anterior circulation were treated with ADAP-technique. Read More

View Article
November 2018

A Targeted Swallow Screen for the Detection of Postoperative Dysphagia in Liver Transplant Patients.

Prog Transplant 2018 Dec 4:1526924818817035. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

1 Division of Cardiac Surgery, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Introduction:: Postoperative dysphagia leads to aspiration pneumonia, prolonged hospital stay, and is associated with increased mortality. We have demonstrated the validity of a bedside targeted swallow evaluation following cardiac surgery. Since dysphagia following liver transplantation is not well examined, we evaluated the efficacy of this swallow screen method in postoperative liver transplant patients. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Community Views on 'What I Want 'Before I Die'.

Behav Sci (Basel) 2018 Nov 30;8(12). Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Palliative Care, College of Nursing and Health Sciences, Flinders University, Adelaide SA 5000, Australia.

Few previous studies have formally examined people's wishes regarding what they want to do before they die. This study aimed to describe responses to an activity within a Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) where people considered what was important when faced with their own mortality. We asked participants to complete the following: "Before I Die, I want to…". Read More

View Article
November 2018

Le score échographique EU-TIRADS permet de prédire le risque de carcinome.

Authors:
Gilles Russ

Rev Prat 2017 Jun;67(6):663-668

Centre de pathologie et d'imagerie, Paris, France, unité thyroïde et tumeurs endocrines (Pr Leenhardt), groupe hospitalier La Pitié-Salpêtrière, UPMC université Paris-VI, Paris, France.

Management of thyroid nodules. Thyroid nodules are frequent and most of them are benign incidentalomas. Physical examination will search for risk factors of thyroid cancer and should evaluate the presence of local or cosmetic symptoms. Read More

View Article

Troubles de la déglutition chez les sujets âgés.

Rev Prat 2016 Dec;66(10):1121-1126

Service de médecine interne gériatrique.

Swallowing disorders in the elderly. Swallowing disorders are a common problem in the elderly with severe consequences in multiple cases. At the current time these disorders are poorly understood and under-diagnosed. Read More

View Article
December 2016

Tuberculous neck lymphadenopathy: a diagnostic challenge.

J Stomatol Oral Maxillofac Surg 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Division of Otorhinolaryngology, University of Eastern Piedmont, Novara, Italy.

Tuberculosis (TB) continues to be a major health problem for the developing world and a a rise in the number of cases has been noted in the western hemisphere too. TB can affect most organs in the head and neck region, such as the lymph nodes, larynx, middle ear, oral cavity and pharynx. In particular, as for cervical tuberculosis lymphadenopathy, a predominant involvement of the posterior triangle, supraclavicular, and internal jugular group of nodes bilaterally can be observed. Read More

View Article
December 2018
1 Read

The Lateral C1-C2 Puncture: Indications, Technique, and Potential Complications.

AJR Am J Roentgenol 2018 Dec 4:W1-W12. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

1 Department of Radiology, New York Presbyterian Hospital-Weill Cornell Medical Center, 525 E 68th St, Box 141, New York, NY 10065.

Objective: Lateral C1-C2 puncture can be used for CSF collection, contrast agent injection for myelography, and access for cordotomy. The objective of this article is to describe the indications, technique, and potential complications of this procedure.

Conclusion: Radiologists performing lumbar puncture or myelography should be comfortable gaining access to the subarachnoid space via the lateral C1-C2 approach when indicated. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Management of Fat Necrosis after Autologous Fat Transplantation for Breast Augmentation.

Plast Reconstr Surg 2018 Nov;142(5):665e-673e

Taipei, Taiwan; and Sacramento, Calif. From the Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Taipei Medical University Hospital, Taipei Medical University; and the Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of California, Davis Medical Center.

Background: Palpable lumps as sequelae of fat necrosis after fat grafting to the breast may not only cause physical or psychological symptoms to patients but also potentially complicate breast cancer screening. In this article, the authors present their experience in management of fat necrosis following fat grafting for breast augmentation.

Methods: Over a 5-year period, a total of 685 Asian women (age range, 20 to 58 years) underwent autologous fat transplantation to the breasts. Read More

View Article
November 2018
3 Reads

An autopsy case of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy after rituximab therapy for malignant lymphoma.

Neuropathology 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Pathology, Kurume University School of Medicine, Kurume, Japan.

Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) is a rare fatal demyelinating disease of the central nervous system caused by reactivation of the JC virus (JCV), which is named after the initials of the patient from whom the virus was first isolated. JCV is highly prevalent worldwide, infects humans in early childhood, and the infection persists throughout the course of life in latent form. The present paper deals with the second autopsy case report of rituximab-associated PML in Japan. Read More

View Article
December 2018
2 Reads

Transhepatic forceps biopsy combined with biliary drainage in obstructive jaundice: safety and accuracy.

Eur Radiol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Interventional and Diagnostic Imaging, University Hospital of Caen, Avenue de la Côte de Nacre, 14033, Caen Cedex, France.

Purpose: This study was conducted in order to investigate the safety and accuracy of percutaneous transluminal forceps biopsy (PTFB) during percutaneous biliary drainage (PTBD) in patients with a suspicion of malignant biliary stricture.

Material And Methods: Fifty consecutive patients with obstructive jaundice underwent PTFB during PTBD. Biopsy specimens were obtained using 5. Read More

View Article
December 2018