1,500 results match your criteria Aspiration Pneumonia Imaging


Image-Guided Percutaneous Gastrostomy Tube Placement is Safe in Patients Requiring Aspirin 325 mg.

Acad Radiol 2019 Mar 14. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Department of Radiology, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, North Carolina.

Rationale And Objectives: Requests for gastrostomy tube placement in patients on aspirin (ASA) 325 mg are common, particularly in patients following reconstructive surgery for head and neck cancer, but periprocedural guidelines and recommendations regarding management of high dose aspirin are inconsistent. The purpose of this study was to assess the bleeding risk of percutaneous gastrostomy tube placement in patients on ASA 325 mg.

Materials And Methods: This retrospective study of 213 patients who underwent image-guided "push" percutaneous gastrostomy tube placement compared rates of significant bleeding and other secondary outcomes (including all-cause mortality within 30 days, procedure-related mortality, bowel perforation, abdominal abscess, peritonitis, aspiration pneumonia, intraprocedural airway complications, and tube dislodgement) between patients maintained on ASA 325 mg and patients not on antiplatelet or anticoagulation therapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.acra.2019.02.008DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Calcified mucinous adenocarcinoma of the stomach metastatic to the iris: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2019 Mar 7;13(1):64. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Third Department of Internal Medicine, Nara Medical University, 840 Shijo-cho, Kashihara, Nara, 634-8522, Japan.

Background: Gastric cancer has a wide spectrum of clinical features, imaging manifestations, and pathology. Punctate calcifications in gastric cancer are infrequent but are usually found in mucinous adenocarcinoma. However, there have only been a few autopsy case reports describing the correlation between the radiology and pathology findings of calcified mucinous adenocarcinoma of the stomach. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-019-1977-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6404271PMC
March 2019
3 Reads

Congenital Zika Syndrome: The Main Cause of Death and Correspondence Between Brain CT and Postmortem Histological Section Findings From the Same Individuals.

Top Magn Reson Imaging 2019 Feb;28(1):29-33

Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife, Brazil.

In the present case series, the cause of death of infants diagnosed with congenital Zika syndrome (CZS) was lung disease (pneumonia and sepsis with massive pulmonary aspiration), probably secondary to dysphagia and reflux. The main findings in infants with a confirmed diagnosis of CZS who died were as follows: (1) calcification and hypoplasia of the lentiform nuclei, hypoplasia of the caudate nuclei, and calcification at the cortical-subcortical junction was noted in all cases (100%) and calcification of the caudate nuclei was noted in 66.7% of cases; (2) calcification in the brainstem and along the lateral wall of the lateral ventricles was noted in only the case with arthrogryposis (33. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/RMR.0000000000000194DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

Aspiration Pneumonia.

N Engl J Med 2019 02;380(7):651-663

From McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada (L.A.M.); and Weill Cornell Medical College, New York (M.S.N.).

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1056/NEJMra1714562DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Oesophageal obstruction due to trichobezoars in two cats.

JFMS Open Rep 2019 Jan-Jun;5(1):2055116918823581. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

Animal Referral Hospital, Homebush, NSW, Australia.

Case Series Summary: This case series describes two cats diagnosed with oesophageal obstruction due to trichobezoars. Both cases presented for acute dyspnoea, with thoracic radiographs revealing changes consistent with oesophageal foreign material causing ventral displacement of the trachea. Endoscopic removal was unsuccessful and both cases required surgical intervention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2055116918823581DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350137PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Different clinical predictors of aspiration pneumonia in dysphagic stroke patients related to stroke lesion: A STROBE-complaint retrospective study.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Dec;97(52):e13968

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Daegu Fatima Hospital, Daegu, Republic of Korea.

Although stroke is one of the most common causes of dysphagia, no studies have investigated the radionuclide salivagram as a predictor of aspiration pneumonia in patients with stroke. In addition, few researches on the risk factors of aspiration pneumonia in patients with subacute and chronic stroke undergoing rehabilitation in the rehabilitation unit have been rarely conducted. In this study, therefore, we investigated whether a radionuclide salivagram could predict aspiration pneumonia, and tried to find other clinical factors that may be helpful in predicting aspiration pneumonia in stroke patients undergoing rehabilitation in the rehabilitation department. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000013968DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6314729PMC
December 2018
3 Reads

Endovascular Trapping of Large Cervical Carotid Pseudoaneurysm in Marfan Syndrome Presenting with Progressive Respiratory Distress.

World Neurosurg 2019 Mar 24;123:323-327. Epub 2018 Dec 24.

Neurosurgical Service, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA; Department of Neurosurgery, The National Neuroscience Institute, King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Background: Isolated cervical pseudoaneurysms of the internal carotid artery (ICA) in patients with Marfan syndrome are extremely rare.

Case Description: A 73-year-old female with Marfan syndrome and history of multiple aortic aneurysms presented to an outside hospital with dysphagia, a mass in her neck, dizziness, nausea, and vomiting. A computed tomography angiogram showed bilateral cervical ICA pseudoaneurysms, more significant on the right side. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18788750183287
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.12.050DOI Listing
March 2019
18 Reads
2.417 Impact Factor

Agenesis of the corpus callosum with interhemispheric cyst: clinical implications and outcome.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Dec 3;11(1). Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Neonatology, KK Women's and Children's Hospital, Singapore.

We describe two cases of agenesis of the corpus callosum (ACC) with interhemispheric cyst (IHC). Case 1: a male infant was born at 36 weeks gestation with a history of second trimester fetal ultrasound (US) scan and MRI showing ACC with IHC. His head circumference at birth and 5 months was at 90th centile. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-227366DOI Listing
December 2018
11 Reads

Insertion of a Dumon Y-stent via a permanent tracheostoma without using a rigid bronchoscope.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Nov 28;11(1). Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Division of General Thoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Shiga University of Medical Science, Otsu, Japan.

A 63-year-old man who had received a permanent tracheostoma after oesophageal cancer surgery developed fistulas in the left and right main bronchi and suffered repeated aspiration pneumonia. Placing an indwelling Dumon Y-stent using a rigid bronchoscope is an option to treat fistula and stenosis at the tracheal bifurcation, but in some cases, it may be difficult to use a rigid bronchoscope in patients with a permanent tracheostoma. In this study, we report placing a Dumon Y-stent in a patient with a permanent tracheostoma using a specially modified stent and forceps instead of a rigid bronchoscope. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-226500DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

An autopsy case of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy after rituximab therapy for malignant lymphoma.

Neuropathology 2019 Feb 3;39(1):58-63. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Pathology, Kurume University School of Medicine, Kurume, Japan.

Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) is a rare fatal demyelinating disease of the central nervous system caused by reactivation of the JC virus (JCV), which is named after the initials of the patient from whom the virus was first isolated. JCV is highly prevalent worldwide, infects humans in early childhood, and the infection persists throughout the course of life in latent form. The present paper deals with the second autopsy case report of rituximab-associated PML in Japan. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/neup.12526
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/neup.12526DOI Listing
February 2019
23 Reads

Laparoscopic repositioning of chronic gastric volvulus in a dog.

J S Afr Vet Assoc 2018 Nov 6;89(0):e1-e5. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Department of Companion Animal Clinical Studies, University of Pretoria.

A 12-year-old spayed Newfoundland bitch was presented with chronic non-productive vomiting, regurgitation and coughing of six weeks' duration. On clinical examination, the dog was depressed with no other significant findings. Haematology and biochemistry investigations detected no abnormalities. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6244192PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/jsava.v89i0.1713DOI Listing
November 2018
7 Reads

Mycobacterium fortuitum infection associated with achalasia.

Tunis Med 2018 May;96(5):311-313

The association achalasia and non tuberculous Mycobacteria lung infection is described in the literature. Most of the time Mycobacterium Fortuitum is responsible of aspiration pneumonia that didn't respond to usual antibiotic therapy. We report a new case about a 15 year-old woman with Allgrove's syndrome history. Read More

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May 2018
1 Read

Dysphagia with fatal choking in oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy: Case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Oct;97(43):e12935

Department of Neurology.

Rationale: Oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy (OPMD) is an autosomal dominant late-onset progressive muscle disorder typically characterized by ptosis, difficulty in swallowing, and proximal limb weakness. Underdiagnosis of OPMD is common in Asian countries and results in delayed diagnoses and fatal events.

Patient Concerns: Here, we report the case of a 53-year-old female who suffered from progressive dysphagia and experienced several choking events involving solid material. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000012935DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6221716PMC
October 2018
7 Reads

Indications for chest X-rays in children and how to obtain and interpret them.

Nurs Child Young People 2018 11 26;30(6):30-37. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Torbay Hospital, Torquay, England.

Chest X-ray (CXR) is one of the most common radiological investigations undertaken in practice with children. CXRs are requested for a number of suspected diagnoses, including pneumonia, pneumothorax and foreign body aspiration or ingestion. They may also be requested as part of a skeletal survey or to confirm the position of central and umbilical lines, as well as nasogastric tubes. Read More

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https://journals.rcni.com/doi/10.7748/ncyp.2018.e1141
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7748/ncyp.2018.e1141DOI Listing
November 2018
14 Reads

Revisiting a Case of Persistent Pneumonia: Complication of Hair Oil Aspiration.

J Paediatr Child Health 2018 Nov;54(11):1284-1285

Department of Pediatrics, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jpc.14216DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Effects of preoperative cisapride on postoperative aspiration pneumonia in dogs with laryngeal paralysis.

J Small Anim Pract 2019 Mar 1;60(3):183-190. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Pittsburgh Veterinary Specialty and Emergency Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15237, USA.

Objectives: Retrospective evaluation of a preoperative prokinetic protocol using a constant-rate infusion of a serotonin 5-HT4 receptor agonist, cisapride, and its association with frequency of postoperative aspiration pneumonia in dogs undergoing unilateral arytenoid lateralisation as compared to a historical population at the same institution.

Materials And Methods: Medical records of dogs undergoing unilateral arytenoid lateralisation for laryngeal paralysis were reviewed for historical findings, imaging findings, anaesthesia and surgery durations, perioperative medications and if surgery was performed as an emergency. Aspiration pneumonia events in the first 72 hours after surgery were recorded. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jsap.12940DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Clinics in diagnostic imaging (191). Multiple system atrophy-cerebellar type (MSA-C).

Singapore Med J 2018 Oct;59(10):550-554

Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Singapore General Hospital, Singapore.

A 49-year-old Chinese man was evaluated for progressive uncoordinated movements, dysphagia and urinary symptoms. Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated a cruciform pattern of T2-weighted hyperintensity within the pons and selective atrophy of the cerebellar hemispheres and pons. The clinical history and radiological findings were consistent with a diagnosis of multiple system atrophy-cerebellar type. Read More

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http://www.smj.org.sg/article/clinics-diagnostic-imaging-191
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http://dx.doi.org/10.11622/smedj.2018128DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6199191PMC
October 2018
21 Reads

Glioneuronal brainstem tumor - It's all in the eyes.

J Clin Neurosci 2019 Feb 23;60:151-153. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

Alfred Hospital, Department of Neurology, Melbourne, Australia. Electronic address:

A previously well man presented with several months' history of neurological symptoms including diplopia and balance difficulties. Examination revealed fluctuating neurological deficits, fatigable weakness and slowed saccades. Extensive testing revealed mildly elevated cerebrospinal fluid protein, strongly positive single fiber electromyography and a dorsal pontine lesion at the floor of the 4th ventricle. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jocn.2018.10.084DOI Listing
February 2019
21 Reads

[Anastomotic leakage after gastro-intestinal surgery: a serious complication that is easily missed].

Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 2018 Oct 5;162. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

Heelkunde Friesland, locatie Nij Smellinghe, Drachten.

Anastomotic leakage is a serious complication of gastro-intestinal surgery. Its prognosis is largely determined by early diagnosis and treatment, yet its symptoms can be aspecific and difficult to recognize in the postoperative phase. Here, we describe a case where recognition of serious anastomotic leakage was significantly delayed. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Primary Glioblastoma of Cerebellopontine Angle in Adult Mimicking Acoustic Neuroma.

World Neurosurg 2019 Feb 19;122:48-52. Epub 2018 Oct 19.

Department of Neurosurgery, Shanghai Jiao Tong University Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China. Electronic address:

Background: Gliomas are usually located in the supratentorial region and are extremely rare at the cerebellopontine angle (CPA). Consequently, gliomas in the CPA are easy to misdiagnose preoperatively.

Case Description: This paper presents a 55-year-old man with an extraaxial CPA glioblastoma arising from the proximal portion of cranial nerve (CN) VIII. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.10.073DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Changes in Timing of Swallow Events in Parkinson's Disease.

Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2019 Jan 17;128(1):22-27. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

1 Division of Otolaryngology, Head & Neck Surgery, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA.

Objectives:: The prevalence of Parkinson's disease (PD) increases as the population ages. Dysphagia and subsequent aspiration pneumonia are common causes of morbidity and mortality in those with PD. To maximize the benefit of swallowing therapy, protocol design should be based on an understanding of the physiologic swallowing deficits present in the PD population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0003489418806918DOI Listing
January 2019
12 Reads

Increased FDG Uptake and Chronic Lung Changes in a Case of Persistent Lipoid Pneumonia.

Clin Nucl Med 2018 Dec;43(12):e477-e478

From the Department of Diagnostic Radiology, University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center, Cleveland, OH.

Lipoid pneumonia is uncommon disease caused by presence of macroscopic fat in the lung parenchyma commonly originating from exogenous source secondary to aspiration or inhalation of animal fats or mineral or vegetable oils. Alternatively, it can be due to endogenous fat accumulated in the alveoli in the setting of chronic bronchial obstruction or inflammation. The imaging findings include ground-glass opacities, consolidation, nodules, and masses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/RLU.0000000000002299DOI Listing
December 2018
8 Reads

Mycobacterium Fortuitum infection associated with achalasia.

Tunis Med 2018 Mar;96(3):227-229

The association between achalasia and no tuberculosis mycobacterial   lung infection is well described in the literature. MycobactériumFortuitum is often responsible, and the clinical's presentation   is an aspiration pneumonia resistant to usual antibiotic therapy. We report the case of a 15 year-old patient with the history of Allgrove syndrome. Read More

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March 2018
22 Reads

: An Emerging Fatal Cause of Fungal Abscess and Ventriculitis after Near-drowning.

Asian J Neurosurg 2018 Jul-Sep;13(3):792-796

Department of Neurosurgery, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Herein, we describe a fatal case of central nervous system (CNS) pseudallescheriasis following near-drowning. A 13-year-old boy, who had been successfully resuscitated after near-drowning, presented with a transient episode of mental confusion during a hospital stay after recovering from severe aspiration pneumonia and respiratory failure. A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan of the brain showed a small brain abscess in the left basal ganglia and ventriculitis in the left lateral ventricle. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajns.AJNS_236_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6159027PMC
October 2018
24 Reads

[Esophageal Achalasia after Surgery for Lung Cancer].

Kyobu Geka 2018 09;71(9):676-679

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Osaki Citizen Hospital, Osaki, Japan.

A 61-year-old man was admitted to our hospital for an abnormal chest shadow. Computed tomography (CT) showed a pulmonary nodular shadow in the right middle lobe. He was diagnosed with stage cT2aN0M0 (IB) pulmonary adenocarcinoma and was treated with surgery of right middle lobectomy and mediastinal lymph node dissection. Read More

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September 2018
2 Reads

Medical management of esophageal perforation secondary to esophageal foreign bodies in 5 dogs.

J Vet Emerg Crit Care (San Antonio) 2018 Sep 20;28(5):464-468. Epub 2018 Aug 20.

Translational Research and Animal Clinical Trial Study (TRACTS) group, Faculty of Veterinary and Agricultural Science, The University of Melbourne, Werribee, Victoria, Australia.

Objective: To describe 5 cases of conservative management of substantial esophageal perforation in dogs.

Series Summary: Five dogs presented with an esophageal foreign body (EFB) and resultant esophageal perforation. Clinical signs at presentation included tachycardia, tachypnea, and increased respiratory effort. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/vec.12757
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/vec.12757DOI Listing
September 2018
22 Reads

Adult exogenous lipoid pneumonia: A rare and underrecognized entity in cytology - A case series.

Cytojournal 2018 13;15:17. Epub 2018 Jul 13.

Address: Department of Pathology and Cell Biology, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY, USA.

Background: Exogenous lipoid pneumonia (ELP) is a rare benign entity without specific clinical or imaging presentation. Although cytological studies - either bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) or fine-needle aspiration (FNA) - may be pursued in patients with ELP, a definitive diagnosis is frequently rendered only on histology. The aim of this study is to highlight the cytological features of ELP. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/cytojournal.cytojournal_29_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6069323PMC
July 2018
3 Reads

Miglustat in Niemann-Pick disease type C patients: a review.

Orphanet J Rare Dis 2018 08 15;13(1):140. Epub 2018 Aug 15.

Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA.

Objective: Niemann-Pick disease type C (NP-C) is a rare, autosomal recessive, neurodegenerative disease associated with a wide variety of progressive neurological manifestations. Miglustat is indicated for the treatment of progressive neurological manifestations in both adults and children. Since approval in 2009 there has been a vast growth in clinical experience with miglustat. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13023-018-0844-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6094874PMC
August 2018
12 Reads

Long-term pharyngeal dysphagia after esophagectomy for esophageal cancer-an investigation using videofluoroscopic swallow studies.

Dis Esophagus 2019 Jan;32(1)

Division of Esophageal and Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.

Dysphagia is a common symptom of esophageal cancer (EC). Esophagectomy should relieve the presenting dysphagia as the mechanical obstruction caused by the tumor is removed. However, the new onset oropharyngeal dysphagia develops after esophagectomy and the deficit may persist increasing the risk of aspiration pneumonia and mortality as well as adversely affecting quality of life (QOL). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/dote/doy068DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Respiratory care in familial dysautonomia: Systematic review and expert consensus recommendations.

Respir Med 2018 08 21;141:37-46. Epub 2018 Jun 21.

Department of Neurology, Dysautonomia Center, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY, United States. Electronic address:

Background: Familial dysautonomia (Riley-Day syndrome, hereditary sensory autonomic neuropathy type-III) is a rare genetic disease caused by impaired development of sensory and afferent autonomic nerves. As a consequence, patients develop neurogenic dysphagia with frequent aspiration, chronic lung disease, and chemoreflex failure leading to severe sleep disordered breathing. The purpose of these guidelines is to provide recommendations for the diagnosis and treatment of respiratory disorders in familial dysautonomia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rmed.2018.06.017DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6084453PMC
August 2018
26 Reads

The effect of radionuclide solution volume on the detection rate of salivary aspiration in the radionuclide salivagram: A STROBE-compliant retrospective study.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Jul;97(30):e11729

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Daegu Fatima Hospital, Daegu, Republic of Korea.

Despite the possibility that the methodological difference of this salivagram may influence the results for detection rate, there has been no study on the effect of the solution volume on detection rate. Moreover, to date, since the introduction of the nucleotide salivagram, there has been a tendency that a constant solution volume and nucleotide dose is not used in studies. Therefore, the aim of this study is to investigate the effect of solution volume on the detection rate of a salivagram in patients with brain lesion, and to determine the optimal solution volume of salivagram. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000011729DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6078766PMC
July 2018
3 Reads

Lung ultrasound in early diagnosis of neonatal transient tachypnea and its differentiation from other causes of neonatal respiratory distress.

J Neonatal Perinatal Med 2018 ;11(3):281-287

Departments of Pediatrics and Neonatology, Faculty of Medicine, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt.

Background: Transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN) is one of the most common causes of neonatal respiratory distress (RD). However, distinguishing TTN from other causes of RD may be difficult during the first 12:24 h after birth. Lung ultrasonography (LUS) has been successfully utilized in the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of neonatal RD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/NPM-181796DOI Listing
March 2019
6 Reads

Oculomotor palsy as a single presenting sign of midbrain hemorrhage.

Taiwan J Ophthalmol 2018 Apr-Jun;8(2):108-110

Department of Ophthalmology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou, Taiwan.

We report a case presenting with bilateral oculomotor nerve palsy (ONP) resulting from a midbrain hemorrhage. The patient visited the ophthalmological clinic due to the sudden onset of horizontal diplopia for a week. Bilateral ONP spared the left eye levator and bilateral pupils were found while the remaining results of examinations were unremarkable. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/tjo.tjo_110_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6055307PMC
July 2018
8 Reads

Interventions for the treatment of brain radionecrosis after radiotherapy or radiosurgery.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2018 07 9;7:CD011492. Epub 2018 Jul 9.

Radiation Oncology, MD Anderson Cancer Center, 1515 Holcombe Blvd, Houston, Texas, USA, 77030.

Background: Brain radionecrosis (tissue death caused by radiation) can occur following high-dose radiotherapy to brain tissue and can have a significant impact on a person's quality of life (QoL) and function. The underlying pathophysiological mechanism remains unclear for this condition, which makes establishing effective treatments challenging.

Objectives: To assess the effectiveness of interventions used for the treatment of brain radionecrosis in adults over 18 years old. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD011492.pub2DOI Listing
July 2018
8 Reads

Respiratory failure caused by lipoid pneumonia from vaping e-cigarettes.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Jul 6;2018. Epub 2018 Jul 6.

Respiratory Medicine, Birmingham Heartlands Hospital, Birmingham, UK.

A young female vaper presented with insidious onset cough, progressive dyspnoea on exertion, fever, night sweats and was in respiratory failure when admitted to hospital. Clinical examination was unremarkable. Haematological tests revealed only thrombocytopenia, which was long standing, and her biochemical and inflammatory markers were normal. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-224350DOI Listing
July 2018
8 Reads

The Clinical Efficacy of Electromagnetic Navigation-Guided Hematoma Puncture Drainage in Patients with Hypertensive Basal Ganglia Hemorrhage.

World Neurosurg 2018 Oct 26;118:e115-e122. Epub 2018 Jun 26.

Department of Neurosurgery, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Changzhou City, China. Electronic address:

Objective: To investigate the clinical efficacy of navigation-guided minimally invasive surgery in patients with hypertensive basal ganglia hemorrhage.

Methods: A total of 64 patients with hypertensive basal ganglia hemorrhage were enrolled in this retrospective study. They were divided into a navigation group and a traditional group based on surgical approaches. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.06.137DOI Listing
October 2018
6 Reads

Clinical Characteristics of False-Positive Lymph Node on Chest CT or PET-CT Confirmed by Endobronchial Ultrasound-Guided Transbronchial Needle Aspiration in Lung Cancer.

Tuberc Respir Dis (Seoul) 2018 Oct 19;81(4):339-346. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Division of Pulmonary, Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.

Background: Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) is a standard procedure to evaluate suspicious lymph node involvement of lung cancer because computed tomography (CT) and 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography-CT (PET-CT) have limitations in their sensitivity and specificity. There are a number of benign causes of false positive lymph node such as anthracosis or anthracofibrosis, pneumoconiosis, old or active tuberculosis, interstitial lung disease, and other infectious conditions including pneumonia. The purpose of this study was to evaluate possible causes of false positive lymph node detected in chest CT or PET-CT. Read More

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https://synapse.koreamed.org/DOIx.php?id=10.4046/trd.2017.01
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4046/trd.2017.0121DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6148105PMC
October 2018
32 Reads

Study on the Correlation between Barium Radiography and Pulmonary Infection rate in the Evaluation of Swallowing Function.

Authors:
Jie Sun Zeheng Li

Clinics (Sao Paulo) 2018 18;73:e182. Epub 2018 Jun 18.

Department of Clinical Medicine, Xuzhou Central Hospital, Xuzhou, Jiangsu Province, China, 221009.

Objectives: To compare the results respectively obtained from the utilization of 60% barium sulfate suspension and Iohexol as contrast agents for videofluoroscopic swallowing studies and the relationship between the clinical application of the two kinds of contrast agents and the incidence of pneumonia.

Methods: Sixty cases of stroke patients with dysphagia were selected in rehabilitation department of our hospital, and the gender, age, position of the disease, and stroke nature between groups had no significant difference. Among which, 30 patients who were administered 350 mgI/ml Iohexol, and the other 30 patients with 60% barium sulfate suspension as contrast agent. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6061/clinics/2018/e182DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5996437PMC
September 2018
24 Reads

Columnar metaplasia in the remnant esophagus is a long-term indicator for pneumonia after radical esophagectomy.

Esophagus 2018 01 5;15(1):27-32. Epub 2017 Sep 5.

Department of Surgery, Institute of Gastroenterology, Tokyo Women's Medical University, 8-1 Kawada-cho, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, 162-8666, Japan.

Background: This study investigated the long-term risk factors for pneumonia after esophageal reconstruction using a gastric tube via the posterior mediastinal route following esophagectomy for esophageal cancer. The influence of columnar metaplasia in the remnant esophagus was specifically assessed.

Methods: Among 225 patients who underwent esophagectomy between January 2004 and December 2010, the subjects were 54 patients who could be followed up for more than 5 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10388-017-0590-8DOI Listing
January 2018
4 Reads

Obstructive bronchitis and recurrent pneumonia in esophageal achalasia in a child: A CARE compliant case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Jun;97(23):e11016

Department of Paediatric Surgery, University Basel Children's Hospital, Spitalstrasse, Basel, Switzerland.

Rationale: Esophageal achalasia is characterized by impaired relaxation of the cardia and dilation of the intrathoracic part of the esophagus. We describe the late presentation of achalasia in an 11-year old girl.

Patient Concerns: She suffered from recurrent pneumonia, obstructive bronchitis, and problems with swallowing solid food. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000011016DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5999457PMC
June 2018
5 Reads

Video-fluoroscopic swallowing study scale for predicting aspiration pneumonia in Parkinson's disease.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(6):e0197608. Epub 2018 Jun 6.

Clinical Research Center and Department of Neurology, Utano National Hospital, Kyoto, Japan.

Introduction: A number of video-fluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS) abnormalities have been reported in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). However, the most crucial finding of subsequent aspiration pneumonia has not been validated fully. We conducted a retrospective and case-control study to determine the clinically significant VFSS findings in this population, and to propose a practical scale for predicting aspiration pneumonia in patients with PD. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0197608PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5991364PMC
December 2018
22 Reads

Aspiration and altered airway anatomy: a presentation with a twist.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Jun 5;2018. Epub 2018 Jun 5.

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Cork University Hospital, Cork, Ireland.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-224331DOI Listing
June 2018
2 Reads

Hypertrophic osteoarthropathy mimicking a reactive arthritis: a case report and review of the literature.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2018 May 14;19(1):145. Epub 2018 May 14.

Department of Medical Sciences, University of Trieste, Cattinara Teaching Hospital, Strada di Fiume 449, 34149, Trieste, Italy.

Background: Hypertrophic osteoarthropathy (HOA) is a syndrome characterized by abnormal proliferation of skin and periosteal tissues of the extremities. It can be a rare hereditary disease (pachydermoperiostosis) or can be secondary to various diseases, though mostly lung malignancies. Here, we report an unusual clinical presentation of HOA. Read More

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https://bmcmusculoskeletdisord.biomedcentral.com/articles/10
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-018-2068-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5952696PMC
May 2018
21 Reads

[Exogenous lipoid pneumonia. Report of three cases].

Rev Med Chil 2017 Nov;145(11):1495-1499

Servicio Medicina, Instituto Nacional del Tórax, Santiago, Chile.

Lipoid pneumonia is an unusual cause of aspiration pneumonia with diverse radiologic manifestations. One of these are pulmonary nodules in which the main differential diagnosis is pulmonary carcinoma. We report an 85 years old male, an 85 years old female and a 34 years old male in whom percutaneous biopsies of suspicious nodules were compatible with lipoid pneumonia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/s0034-98872017001101495DOI Listing
November 2017
29 Reads

Bedside ultrasound diagnosis of a malpositioned central venous catheter: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Apr;97(15):e0501

Department of Critical Care Medicine, Guangdong Geriatric Institute, Guangdong General Hospital, Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences.

Rationale: Central venous catheter (CVC) placement is commonly performed in intensive care unit. And CVC placement is associated with risks including CVC malposition, pneumothorax. Many of the previously reported cases are about catheter misplacement detected by bedside ultrasound, chest x-ray (CXR) and computed tomography. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000010501DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5908571PMC
April 2018
4 Reads

Pulmonary aspiration only increases the risk of right-sided pneumonia in children: comparison of salivagrams and chest radiographs.

Authors:
Ha Wu Xiaofei Zhao

Nucl Med Commun 2018 Jun;39(6):505-510

Department of Nuclear Medicine, Children's Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai, People's Republic of China.

Purpose: A salivagram is often used to detect pulmonary aspiration, whereas chest radiography is often used to diagnose pneumonia. This study analysed the relationship between pulmonary aspiration and aspiration pneumonia in children, and the differences between lungs.

Patients And Methods: The salivagram and chest radiography results of 696 children (466 boys and 230 girls; aged 1-54 months; mean age, 4. Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00006231-201806000-0000
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MNM.0000000000000836DOI Listing
June 2018
8 Reads

Postoperative survival and early complications after intracranial surgery in dogs.

Vet Surg 2018 May 30;47(4):549-554. Epub 2018 Mar 30.

Department of Clinical Science and Services, Royal Veterinary College, University of London, North Mymms, United Kingdom.

Objective: To describe survival and early postoperative outcome after intracranial surgery in dogs.

Study Design: Retrospective case series.

Animals: Fifty client-owned dogs that underwent intracranial surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/vsu.12785DOI Listing
May 2018
13 Reads

Tracheobronchial foreign body aspiration in laryngectomized patient with tracheoesophageal voice prosthesis.

Clin Imaging 2018 May - Jun;49:181-183. Epub 2018 Mar 16.

Department of Radiology, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, United States. Electronic address:

A patient with a total laryngectomy and tracheoesophageal voice prosthesis presented with tracheobronchial aspiration of a Phillips-head screw that was swallowed inadvertently and aspirated around a loose-fitting prosthesis. A modified esophagram showed a screw in the right lung and free leakage of barium from the cervical esophagus around the prosthesis into the tracheobronchial tree. Chest radiographs and CT confirmed a screw in a right lower lobe bronchus with postobstructive pneumonia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2018.03.012DOI Listing
September 2018
11 Reads

Behaviour during transportation predicts stress response and lower airway contamination in horses.

PLoS One 2018 22;13(3):e0194272. Epub 2018 Mar 22.

Faculty of Veterinary Science, School of Life and Environmental Sciences, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

This study aimed to document the effects of an eight hour journey on behavioural, clinical, haematological, environmental and respiratory parameters, and to identify possible associations between factors. Twelve horses underwent clinical examination, respiratory endoscopy with tracheal wash (TW) aspiration, and collection of venous and arterial blood before (BJ) and after the journey (AJ). TW were submitted for conventional quantitative bacteriological evaluation and genetic microbiome analyses. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0194272PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5863983PMC
July 2018
2 Reads

Platelet Dysfunction and Intracerebral Hemorrhage in a Patient Treated with Empiric Piperacillin-Tazobactam in the Neurocritical Care Unit.

World Neurosurg 2018 Jun 16;114:204-210. Epub 2018 Mar 16.

UC Irvine Health, Orange, California, USA.

Background: Piperacillin-tazobactam is common empiric antibiotic therapy. Hematologic laboratory test abnormalities were documented but rare in premarketing studies, and whether these alterations are of clinical significance has been studied little. Very few cases of piperacillin-induced bleeding, thrombocytopenia, or both have been reported; aberrations in platelet function have not been implicated. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18788750183055
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.03.080DOI Listing
June 2018
21 Reads