445,506 results match your criteria Aspects of Affect[Journal]


Identifying Aspects of Sameness to Promote Veteran Reintegration with Civilians: Evidence and Implications for Military Social Work.

Health Soc Work 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Derrick Kranke, PhD, is health science specialist, Veterans Emergency Management Evaluation Center (VEMEC), Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), 16111 Plummer Street, North Hills, CA 91343; e-mail: Jerry Floersch, PhD, LCSW, is associate professor, School of Social Work, Rutgers University, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick. Aram Dobalian, PhD, is director, VEMEC, VA, North Hills, CA.

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December 2018

Loneliness and social isolation of military veterans: systematic narrative review.

Occup Med (Lond) 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing, Midwifery and Health, Northern Hub for Veterans and Military Families' Research, Northumbria University, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, UK.

Background: Loneliness and social isolation are being increasingly recognized as influencing both physical and mental health. There is limited research carried out with military veterans and, to date, there is no review of existing evidence.

Aims: To synthesize and examine the evidence exploring aspects of social isolation and loneliness of military veterans, using a systematic narrative review strategy. Read More

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December 2018

Cytological and molecular aspects of the ageing sperm.

Hum Reprod 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Laboratory of Seminology - Sperm Bank 'Loredana Gandini' Department of Experimental Medicine, 'Sapienza' University of Rome, Italy.

Study Question: Is ageing associated with a decline in semen quality and molecular changes to human sperm?

Summary Answer: Semen quality declines with advancing age and characteristic molecular changes take place during the ageing process, including increased sperm DNA damage, altered sperm protamination and altered seminal plasma miRNA profile.

What Is Known Already: During ageing, the reproductive system is exposed to physiological changes and potentially damaging factors that may impair testicular function. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) can induce errors during DNA replication, transcription or post-transcriptional events (fragmentation, chromatin condensation abnormalities and protamine expression defects). Read More

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December 2018

Stakeholder perspectives on implementing fentanyl drug checking: Results from a multi-site study.

Drug Alcohol Depend 2018 Nov 13;194:527-532. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Department of Health, Behavior, and Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 624 N. Broadway, Hampton House 163, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Background: The opioid epidemic is one of the greatest public health crises of our times, driven increasingly by synthetic opioids such as fentanyl in the heroin supply. The implementation of drug checking in community settings has the potential to reduce the burden of fatal overdose, provide harm reduction education around safer drug consumption, and increase health access among people who use drugs (PWUD). To inform program development, we explored stakeholder opinions on drug checking technologies and implementation considerations. Read More

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November 2018

Distinct regulation pattern of Egr-1, BDNF and Arc during morphine-withdrawal conditioned place aversion paradigm: role of glucocorticoids.

Behav Brain Res 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Pharmacology, University of Murcia, Murcia, Spain; Murcia Institute of Biomedical Research (IMIB), University of Murcia, Spain.

Negative affective aspects of opiate abstinence contribute to the persistence of substance abuse. Importantly, interconnected brain areas involved in aversive motivational processes, such as the ventral tegmental area (VTA) and medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC), become activated when animals are confined to withdrawal-paired environments. In the present study, place aversion was elicited in sham and adrenalectomized (ADX) animals by conditioned naloxone-precipitated drug withdrawal following exposure to chronic morphine. Read More

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December 2018

Linking biodiversity to ecosystem services supply: Patterns across aquatic ecosystems.

Sci Total Environ 2018 Dec 3;657:517-534. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Biology & CESAM, University of Aveiro, Campus de Santiago, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal.

Global initiatives have been increasingly focusing on mainstreaming the values of biodiversity and ecosystem services into decision-making at all levels. Due to the accelerated rate at which biodiversity is declining and its consequences for the functioning of ecosystems and subsequently, the services they provide, there is need to develop comprehensive assessments of the services and the benefits nature delivers to society. Based on expert evaluation, we identified relevant flow linkages in the supply-side of the socio-ecological system, i. Read More

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December 2018
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Traditional attributes moo-ve over for some consumer segments: Relative ranking of fluid milk attributes.

Appetite 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Dept. of Agricultural Economics, Purdue University, 403 West State Street, West Lafayette, IN, 47907, USA.

Due to the decrease in fluid milk consumption as a beverage in the United States, the importance for dairy industry stakeholders to understand attribute preferences for consumer segments has increased. This paper uses a representative sample of U.S. Read More

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December 2018

DIVERSITY OF RISK ASSESSMENT PATTERNS IN ANTIPREDATOR BEHAVIOR OF GOITERED GAZELLES.

Authors:
D A Blank

Behav Processes 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Research Center for Ecology and Environment of Central Asia, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan; Key Laboratory of Biogeography and Bioresources in Arid Land, Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, The Chinese Academy of Sciences, Urumqi, China; Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Almaty, Kazakhstan. Electronic address:

In predator-prey encounters, risk assessment and threat identification are particularly important aspects in the prey's decision in how, when and where to escape. Previous studies devoted to this topic investigated mostly factors influencing risk perception by a prey animal and on its decision when to flee; however, information on the diversity of risk assessment displays is still very limited. Therefore in this paper, I considered various display types of risk assessments and the circumstances under which they were performed. Read More

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December 2018

Novel aspects of PCSK9 and lipoprotein receptors in renal disease-related dyslipidemia.

Cell Signal 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Dept. of Nephrology, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, the Netherlands.

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a global health problem with a profound impact on quality of life. Cardiovascular disease is established as a major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with CKD. Dyslipidemia is frequently observed in CKD patients, suggesting a causal relation between dyslipidemia and cardiovascular disease in CKD patients. Read More

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December 2018

The relation of culture, socio-economics, and friendship to music preferences: A large-scale, cross-country study.

PLoS One 2018 14;13(12):e0208186. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Institute of Computational Perception, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Linz, Austria.

Music listening is an inherently cultural behavior, which may be shaped by users' backgrounds and contextual characteristics. Due to geographical, socio-economic, linguistic, and cultural factors as well as friendship networks, users in different countries may have different music preferences. Investigating cultural-socio-economic factors that might be associated with between-country differences in music preferences can facilitate music information retrieval, contribute to the prediction of users' music preferences, and improve music recommendation in cross-country contexts. Read More

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December 2018

Diet and colon: what matters?

Curr Opin Gastroenterol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Division of Hematology and Oncology, Department of Medicine, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin.

Purpose Of Review: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common cancers and the fourth leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Diet has a significant impact on the risk of developing CRC, but though processed meat is a known positive contributor, the effects of other dietary components are largely mixed. This review focuses on dietary patterns to describe the complexity of dietary diversity and overall food consumption and to examine the relationship between dietary patterns and risk of CRC. Read More

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December 2018
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"Same but different": Associations between multiple aspects of self-regulation, cognition, and academic abilities.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Psychology.

Self-regulation describes the ability to control both behaviors and internal states against a backdrop of conflicting or distracting situations, drives, or impulses. In the cognitive psychology tradition, individual differences in self-regulation are commonly measured with performance-based tests of executive functioning, whereas in the personality psychology tradition, individual differences in self-regulation are typically assessed with report-based measures of impulse control, sustained motivation, and perseverance. The goal of this project was (a) to comprehensively examine the structure of associations between multiple self-regulatory constructs stemming from the cognitive and personality psychology traditions; (b) to estimate how these constructs, individually and collectively, related to mathematics and reading ability beyond psychometric measures of processing speed and fluid intelligence; and (c) to estimate the extent to which genetic and environmental factors mediated the observed associations. Read More

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December 2018

Transgender inmates: A systems-based model for assessment and treatment planning.

Psychol Serv 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Correct Care Solutions.

Concepts of gender, gender roles, and gender norms have continuously adapted with the increased acceptance of diversity throughout the United States in recent decades. Although guidelines exist regarding competent assessment and treatment of transgender individuals, correctional environments place substantial restrictions and complications on this process. Recent legal cases have increased public awareness of such cases, including challenges to the status quo of which responsibilities fall under the purview of correctional systems. Read More

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December 2018

[PHYSICAL, CHEMICAL AND MORPHOLOGICAL URINE EXAMINATION: RECOMMENDATIONS FOR THE POST ANALYTICAL PHASE FROM THE INTERDISCIPLINARY URINALYSIS GROUP (GIAU)].

G Ital Nefrol 2018 Dec;35(6)

Cattedra Nefrologia Università degli Studi di Bari-Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Consorziale Policlinico di Bari.

With these recommendations the Interdisciplinary Urinalysis Group (GIAU) aims to stimulate the following aspects : improvement and standardization of the post analytical approach to physical, chemical and morphological urine examination (ECMU); emphasize the value added to ECMU by selection of clinically significant parameters, indication of analytical methods, of units of measurement, of reference values; improvement of interpretation of dip stick urinalysis with particular regard to the reconsideration of the diagnostic significance of the evaluated parameters together with an increasing awareness of the limits of sensitivity and specificity of this analytical method. Accompanied by the skills to propose and carry out in-depth investigations with analytical methods that are more sensitive and specific;increase the awareness of the importance of professional skills in the field of urinary morphology and their relationships with the clinicians. through the introduction, in the report, of descriptive and interpretative comments depending on the type of request, the complexity of the laboratory, the competence of the pathologist;implement a policy of evaluation of the analytical quality by using, in addition to traditional internal and external controls, a program for the evaluation of morphological competence. Read More

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December 2018

Thoracoscopic left apical bisegmentectomy.

Authors:
George Rakovich

Multimed Man Cardiothorac Surg 2018 Dec 5;2018. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Hôpital Maisonneuve-Rosemont (University of Montreal) 5415, l'Assomption Montréal, QC, H1T 2M4, Canada.

Minimally invasive pulmonary segmentectomy allows adequate oncologic treatment in selected cases while preserving lung parenchyma and minimizing perioperative morbidity and length of hospital stay. It may also be ideal for removing benign obstructive lesions. Most lung segments may be resected as segmentectomies or as partial bisegmentectomies (as is the case for the lingula). Read More

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December 2018

The Importance of Drug Safety and Tolerability in the Development of New Immunosuppressive Therapy for Transplant Recipients.

Am J Transplant 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Critical Path Institute, Tucson, AZ, USA.

The Transplant Therapeutics Consortium (TTC) is a public-private partnership between the Food and Drug Administration and the transplantation community including the transplantation societies and members of the biopharmaceutical industry. The TTC was formed to accelerate the process of developing new medical products for transplant patients. The initial goals of this collaboration are: 1) To define which aspects of the kidney transplant drug-development process have clear needs for improvement from an industry and regulatory perspective; 2) To define which of the unmet needs in the process could be positively impacted through the development of specific drug development tools based on available data; and 3) To determine the most appropriate pathway to achieve regulatory acceptance of the proposed process-accelerating tools. Read More

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December 2018

LncRNAs in Cancer: another layer of complexity.

J Gene Med 2018 Dec 14:e3065. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Genetics, Federal University of Parana, Brazil.

Aims: This article aims to review the most well characterized lncRNAs with important roles in hallmarks of cancer, additionally including lncRNAs with higher potential for clinical application.

Discussion: LncRNAs are transcripts larger than 200 nucleotides in length that do not appear to have protein-coding potential, although some of those may produce small functional peptides. These transcripts have attracted significant attention of researchers due to their role in genetic regulation including epigenetic, transcriptional, and post-transcriptional regulation, being involved in numerous biological processes as well as being associated with multifactorial diseases, including tumorigenesis. Read More

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December 2018
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Contemporary management of primary parapharyngeal space tumors.

Head Neck 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Coordinator of the International Head and Neck Scientific Group.

The parapharyngeal space is a complex anatomical area. Primary parapharyngeal tumors are rare tumors and 80% of them are benign. A variety of tumor types can develop in this location; most common are salivary gland neoplasm and neurogenic tumors. Read More

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December 2018

Circadian disruption and human health: a bidirectional relationship.

Eur J Neurosci 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Neurology, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL.

Circadian rhythm disorders have been classically associated with disorders of abnormal timing of the sleep-wake cycle, however circadian dysfunction can play a role in a wide range of pathology, ranging from the increased risk for cardiometabolic disease and malignancy in shift workers, prompting the need for a new field focused on the larger concept of circadian medicine. The relationship between circadian disruption and human health is bidirectional, with changes in circadian amplitude often preceding the classical symptoms of neurodegenerative disorders. As our understanding of the importance of circadian dysfunction in disease grows, we need to develop better clinical techniques for identifying circadian rhythms and also develop circadian based strategies for disease management. Read More

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December 2018

Models and machines: How deep learning will take clinical pharmacology to the next level.

CPT Pharmacometrics Syst Pharmacol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Roche Pharmaceutical Research & Early Development, Roche Innovation Center Basel, Switzerland.

Recent advances in machine learning (ML) have led to enthusiasm about its use throughout the biopharmaceutical industry. ML methods can be applied to a wide range of problems and have the potential to revolutionize aspects of drug development. The incorporation of ML in modeling and simulation (M+S) has been eagerly anticipated and in this perspective we highlight examples where ML and M+S approaches can be integrated as complementary parts of a clinical pharmacology workflow. Read More

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December 2018

Special Issue: (Bio)Chemical Aspects of Epigenetics.

Authors:
Takayoshi Suzuki

Chem Rec 2018 Dec;18(12):1659

Graduate School of Medical Science, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine 1-5 Shimogamohangi-Cho, Sakyo-Ku, Kyoto, 606-0823, Japan.

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December 2018

Understanding others: emotion recognition abilities in humans and other animals.

Genes Brain Behav 2018 Dec 13:e12544. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Genetics of Cognition laboratory, Department of Neuroscience and Brain Technologies, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Genova, Italy.

Emotion recognition represents the ability to encode an ensemble of sensory stimuli providing information about the emotional state of another individual. This ability is not unique to humans. An increasing number of studies suggests that many aspects of higher order social functions, including emotion recognition, might be present in species ranging from primates to rodents, indicating a conserved role of these abilities in social animals. Read More

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December 2018

An empirical evaluation of multivariate lesion behaviour mapping using support vector regression.

Hum Brain Mapp 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Centre of Neurology, Division of Neuropsychology, Hertie-Institute for Clinical Brain Research, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany.

Multivariate lesion behaviour mapping based on machine learning algorithms has recently been suggested to complement the methods of anatomo-behavioural approaches in cognitive neuroscience. Several studies applied and validated support vector regression-based lesion symptom mapping (SVR-LSM) to map anatomo-behavioural relations. However, this promising method, as well as the multivariate approach per se, still bears many open questions. Read More

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December 2018

Reimbursement pricing for new medical devices in Japan: Is the evaluation of innovation appropriate?

Int J Health Plann Manage 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Economics, Hosei University, Tokyo, Japan.

Objectives: In Japan, strong reimbursement pricing control measures for existing medical device products have rendered new medical device reimbursement pricing critical for manufacturers. Few studies have been conducted on this aspect; therefore, this paper (1) clarifies whether evaluation of innovation is appropriate or not and (2), if not, investigates its background.

Methods: In this research, 319 C1/C2 government decisions for new medical devices in the 10 years from April 2008 to March 2018 were analyzed. Read More

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December 2018

Motor Neuroprostheses.

Authors:
Arthur Prochazka

Compr Physiol 2018 Dec 13;9(1):127-148. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Neuroscience and Mental Health Institute (NMHI), School of Molecular & Systems Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.

Neuroprostheses (NPs) are electrical stimulators that activate nerves, either to provide sensory input to the central nervous system (sensory NPs), or to activate muscles (motor NPs: MNPs). The first MNPs were belts with inbuilt batteries and electrodes developed in the 1850s to exercise the abdominal muscles. They became enormously popular among the general public, but as a result of exaggerated therapeutic claims they were soon discredited by the medical community. Read More

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December 2018
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Late CMV infections after kidney transplantation under the preemptive strategy: risk factors and clinical aspects.

Transpl Infect Dis 2018 Dec 13:e13035. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP), Sao Paulo, Brazil.

Background: Late CMV infections (LCMV) after the cessation of prophylaxis are well described. We aimed to assess clinical and epidemiological data on late occurring CMV infections in the absence of CMV prophylaxis in a cohort of kidney transplant patients.

Methods: In a cohort of kidney transplant recipients not employing CMV specific prophylaxis, patients with CMV infections occurring after the six month of transplantation were compared to patients with CMV infections diagnosed within the first six months (early infections). Read More

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December 2018

LC/MS detection of oligogalacturonic acids obtained from tragacanth degradation by pectinase producing bacteria.

J Basic Microbiol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

School of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Seoul National University, Gwanak-gu, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Tragacanth, a highly branched carbohydrate polymer isolated from Astragalus, is one of the most commonly used gums in food industry. The primary structure of tragacanth is composed of galacturonic acid monomers connected with α 1-4 links, and it is very similar to the pectin. Tragacanth degradation by microorganisms is significant in two aspects: first, food preservation and microbial growth control due to too much use of tragacanth in the food industry, second, therapeutic and pharmaceutical potential of obtained oligosaccharides. Read More

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December 2018

Illness Perception and Job Satisfaction in Patients Suffering from Migraine Headaches: Trait Anxiety and Depressive Symptoms as Potential Mediators.

Headache 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Neurosciences, Mental Health and Sensory Organs, Suicide Prevention Center, S. Andrea Hospital, Sapienza University, Rome, Italy.

Background And Objectives: Migraine headache is the seventh leading cause of disability worldwide causing adverse outcomes in many aspects of an individual's life. Many psychological aspects affect chronic migraine (CM): illness perception, anxiety, depressive symptoms, and job satisfaction. This observational study aimed to examine the association among illness perception, anxiety, depressive symptoms, and job satisfaction, connected to migraine and its features. Read More

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December 2018

Predicting Infections in Chronic Leg Ulcers: A Step Ahead.

Int J Clin Pract 2018 Dec 12:e13304. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

New York University School of Medicine, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Pharmacology.

Chronic wounds, often called ulcers, are a worldwide challenge and were recently referred to as a silent epidemic [1-4]. They have been classified into vascular, diabetic, and pressure ulcers, have a significant impact on the individual, the healthcare system, and society as a whole [5-7], and affect virtually all aspects of life [8, 9]. The medical and socioeconomic impact of chronic ulcers is escalating worldwide, a trend at least partly driven by escalating health care costs, an aging population, an increase in the incidence of diabetes, and the obesity pandemic [1, 10, 11]. Read More

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December 2018

The relationship between physical fitness and occupational injury in emergency responders: A systematic review.

Am J Ind Med 2019 Jan 12;62(1):3-13. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

School of Public Health, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.

Background: Emergency responders have jobs with physical demands that put them at risk of musculoskeletal injuries.

Objectives: This paper systematically reviews existing literature examining the relationship between fitness and occupational injury in this group.

Methods: Comprehensive electronic searches were conducted using key words relating to musculoskeletal injury, fitness, and emergency responders. Read More

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January 2019

Romantic Conflict Narratives in Emerging Adult Couples: Viewpoint and Gender Matter.

Fam Process 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Merrill Palmer Skillman Institute, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI.

Healthy romantic relationships entail understanding the needs of the self and other when interpreting conflict events. Yet how couples make meaning around specific conflicts and their capacity to reflect on their own and their partners' unmet needs is understudied. Using narratives, we examined destructive (e. Read More

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December 2018

Interplay between microRNAs and Wnt, transforming growth factor-β, and bone morphogenic protein signaling pathways promote osteoblastic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells.

J Cell Physiol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

Osteoblasts are terminally differentiated cells with mesenchymal origins, known to possess pivotal roles in sustaining bone microstructure and homeostasis. These cells are implicated in the pathophysiology of various bone disorders, especially osteoporosis. Over the last few decades, strategies to impede bone resorption, principally by bisphosphonates, have been mainstay of treatment of osteoporosis; however, in recent years more attention has been drawn on bone-forming approaches for managing osteoporosis. Read More

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December 2018

Similar time courses for word form and meaning preactivation during sentence comprehension.

Psychophysiology 2018 Dec 11:e13312. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Cognitive Science, University of California, San Diego (UCSD), La Jolla, California.

Current psycholinguistic research generally acknowledges that aspects of sentence comprehension benefit from neural preactivation of different types of information. However, despite strong support from a number of studies, routine specific word form preactivation has been challenged by Ito, Corley, Pickering, Martin, and Nieuwland (2016). They suggest that word form prediction is contingent upon having enough processing time and resources (afforded by slower input rates) to progress through unidirectional, productionlike stages of comprehension to arrive at word forms via semantic feature preactivation. Read More

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December 2018

Sample selection in the face of design constraints: Use of clustering to define sample strata for qualitative research.

Health Serv Res 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, California.

Objective: To sample 40 physician organizations stratified on the basis of longitudinal cost of care measures for qualitative interviews in order to describe the range of care delivery structures and processes that are being deployed to influence the total costs of caring for patients.

Data Sources: Three years of physician organization-level total cost of care data (n = 156 in California) from the Integrated Healthcare Association's value-based pay-for-performance program.

Study Design: We fit total cost of care data using mixture and K-means clustering algorithms to segment the population of physician organizations into sampling strata based on 3-year cost trajectories (ie, cost curves). Read More

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December 2018

Applying for regulatory approval of a clinical trial of a medical device in the UK - A practical guide.

Br Dent J 2018 Dec;225(11):1033-1036

Department of Orthodontics, Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.

Seeking regulatory and ethical approval is a significant task that must be completed before conducting a clinical trial of a medical device. Currently in the UK, the Integrated Research Application System (IRAS) is a unified system for preparing regulatory, ethical and governance applications for the relevant bodies that must approve health and social research. This article outlines key aspects in planning a clinical trial of a medical device and how applications for approval can be prepared using IRAS. Read More

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December 2018

Advances in the understanding of headache in idiopathic intracranial hypertension.

Curr Opin Neurol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Metabolic Neurology, Institute of Metabolism and Systems Research, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston.

Purpose Of Review: To review the most relevant developments in the understanding of headache in idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH).

Recent Findings: The phenotype of the typical IIH headache is diverging from the historical thinking of a raised intracranial pressure headache, with the majority being classified as having migraine. A larger proportion of those with IIH have a past medical history of migraine, compared with the general population, highlighting the importance of re-examining those who have a change or escalation in their headache. Read More

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December 2018
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How can the impact of national recommendations for physical activity be increased? Experiences from Germany.

Health Res Policy Syst 2018 Dec 14;16(1):121. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Sport Science and Sport, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nürnberg, Gebbertstraße 123b, 91058, Erlangen, Germany.

Background: Clearly stated national recommendations for physical activity (PA) are available in many nations. Yet, their impact on national level policy-making might be considered modest at best. This paper analyses the approach selected to curtail this problem in Germany. Read More

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December 2018

Conference proceedings of the 4th Masterclass Psychiatry: Transcultural Psychiatry - Diagnostics and Treatment, Luleå, Sweden, 22-23 February 2018 (Region Norrbotten in collaboration with the Maudsley Hospital and Tavistock Clinic London).

Authors:
Ursula Werneke

Nord J Psychiatry 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

a Department of Clinical Sciences, Division of Psychiatry, Sunderby Research Unit , Umeå University , Umeå , Sweden.

Background: According to estimates from the European Commission, Europe has experienced the greatest mass movement of people since the Second World War. More than one million refugees and migrants have arrived in the European Union in the past few years. Mental health and primary care professionals are more likely than ever to meet patients from different cultures and backgrounds. Read More

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December 2018

[Critically ill patient enteral nutrition in the 21st century].

Nutr Hosp 2018 Apr 3;35(Spec no2):27-33. Epub 2018 Apr 3.

.

In order to make estimations on the evolution and near future of enteral nutrition in critically ill adult patients, we have revised the current clinical practices based on the latest guidelines for the provision and assessment of enteral nutrition support therapy. Once revised the suggested guideline recommendations we proceed to discuss the major recently published studies concerning these guidelines. Finally, we commented on several uncertainty areas highlighting priorities for clinical research in the near future. Read More

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Marijuana, bigeminal premature ventricular contractions and sluggish coronary flow: Are they related?

J Cardiol Cases 2013 Oct 31;8(4):121-124. Epub 2013 Aug 31.

University of Aleppo, Faculty of Medicine, Aleppo, Syria.

Premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) and slow coronary flow phenomenon (SCFP) are primarily separate entities. Each one of them has different characteristics and a diverse spectrum of presentation. However, and despite many suggested theories, a comprehensive understanding of the etiology of both of them is still a matter of debate. Read More

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October 2013

Paradigm Shifts in Gifted Education: An Examination Vis-à-Vis Its Historical Situatedness and Pedagogical Sensibilities.

Gift Child Q 2017 Oct 31;61(4):343-360. Epub 2017 Jul 31.

University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

After nearly a century of development, gifted education has evolved into a complex educational discipline with well thought out pedagogy and research agendas. However, while the number of studies escalates, the field as a whole has been criticized for producing fragmented and piecemeal results. One of the reasons for these shortfalls is that the field has invested little in meta-theoretical aspects, such as historical perspectives and philosophical foundations. Read More

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October 2017

Sources of Mercury Exposure to Children in Low- and Middle-Income Countries.

J Health Pollut 2015 Jun 2;5(8):33-51. Epub 2015 Jul 2.

Civil and Environmental Engineering, Department, U.C.L.A., Los Angeles, CA, U.S.A.

Background: Many children in low- and middle-income countries face enhanced risks of exposure to contaminants via the environment, parental occupation, and other routes. While mercury (Hg) is a global pollutant whose transport properties allow it to have an impact even in pristine areas, the presence of significant Hg sources in the developing world can cause localized effects that are more severe than those observed in other areas.

Objectives: This paper provides a narrative review of sources of Hg exposure to people in the developing world with a particular focus on children, and presents an overview of key aspects to this important issue. Read More

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Complex single ostium coronary artery from the right coronary sinus with unique course of anomalous left circumflex coronary artery.

J Cardiol Cases 2016 Feb 23;13(2):56-59. Epub 2015 Nov 23.

Division of Cardiovascular Health and Disease, Department of Internal Medicine University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, USA.

Single ostium coronary artery is a rare coronary artery anomaly. It is reported to occur in only 0.0448% of cases who underwent invasive coronary angiography. Read More

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February 2016

Editorial: Cardiac tumors: Histopathological aspects and assessments with cardiac noninvasive imaging.

J Cardiol Cases 2015 Aug 21;12(2):37-38. Epub 2015 May 21.

Department of Cardiology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Japan.

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[Introduction: The city of Villeurbanne has made the political choice to reduce social inequalities in health (SIH). The Public Health Department wanted to assess the health impact in the context of this project. The main objective was to analyse the links between urban development and health in order to identify the impact of the urban project on health and to make recommendations to reduce physical inactivity of children. Attention was focused on a neighbourhood of 6,000 inhabitants in the process of urban renewal. A high rate of adults on antidiabetic treatment was observed in this relatively deprived neighbourhood. School medicine also noted a high proportion of overweight children in schools in the neighbourhood, higher than in all schools of the city. The objective of this HIA was therefore to identify the impact of the renovation project on children’s mobility and to make recommendations in order to combat their physical inactivity by encouraging spontaneous physical activity.Methods: The selected determinants were grouped into four categories: outdoor environment, use of open spaces, adapted sports facilities/equipment, roads. The evaluation was based on analysis of urban planning documents, environmental analysis reports, ad hoc surveys, individual interviews with the various partners and target actors. A bibliographic review confirmed the positive or negative impacts of various aspects of the project on health.Results: Although some aspects of the project had a positive impact on the health of the inhabitants, others have a negative impact on children’s mobility, well-being and social capital. About 30 recommendations were proposed and prioritized according to their political support and their technical, economic and temporal feasibility.Discussion].

Sante Publique 2018 Sep;S2(HS2):63-67

Introduction: The city of Villeurbanne has made the political choice to reduce social inequalities in health (SIH). The Public Health Department wanted to assess the health impact in the context of this project. The main objective was to analyse the links between urban development and health in order to identify the impact of the urban project on health and to make recommendations to reduce physical inactivity of children. Read More

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September 2018

Adaptation et conditions d?utilisation d?un outil d?analyse des interventions au regard des inégalités sociales de santé.

Sante Publique 2018 Sep;S2(HS2):121-130

Although actions to reduce social inequalities in health cannot be considered the exclusive responsibility of public health actors, they should at least make sure their interventions account for these inequalities. However, the actors involved in these interventions have few tools to support them in this process. Therefore, building on a study conducted in France, we have adapted, tested, and developed in Quebec a tool intended to help actors take into account social inequalities in health. Read More

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September 2018

TrkB Regulates N-Methyl-D-Aspartate Receptor Signaling by Uncoupling and Recruiting the Brain-Specific Guanine Nucleotide Exchange Factor, RasGrf1.

J Mol Neurosci 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Biochemistry, Western University, Medical Sciences Building, Rm 342, 1151 Richmond St. North, London, ON, N6A 5C1, Canada.

Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) facilitates multiple aspects of neuronal differentiation and cellular physiology by activating the high-affinity receptor tyrosine kinase, TrkB. While it is known that both BDNF and TrkB modulate cellular processes involved in learning and memory, exactly how TrkB cross-talks and modulates signaling downstream of excitatory ionotropic receptors, such as the NMDA receptor (NMDAR), are not well understood. A model that we have investigated involves the signaling molecule RasGrf1, a guanine nucleotide exchange factor for both Ras and Rac. Read More

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December 2018

The 'Neglected' Personal Neglect.

Neuropsychol Rev 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland.

A review of patients with brain injury showing personal neglect is presented. The aim is to shed light on this aspect of neglect often unresearched or only indirectly investigated, and to discuss recent findings concerning the methods used to assess personal neglect, its neural correlates and its association with the more often explored aspect of extrapersonal neglect. The review was performed using PubMed and PsychInfo databases to search for papers published in the last 123 years (until January 2018). Read More

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December 2018

Stability in GRN Inference.

Methods Mol Biol 2019 ;1883:323-346

Fondazione Bruno Kessler, Trento, Italy.

Reconstructing a gene regulatory network from one or more sets of omics measurements has been a major task of computational biology in the last 20 years. Despite an overwhelming number of algorithms proposed to solve the network inference problem either in the general scenario or in an ad-hoc tailored situation, assessing the stability of reconstruction is still an uncharted territory and exploratory studies mainly tackled theoretical aspects. We introduce here empirical stability, which is induced by variability of reconstruction as a function of data subsampling. Read More

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January 2019

A systematic review of current methodology of high resolution pharyngeal manometry with and without impedance.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Communication Disorders, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand.

Purpose: This systematic review appraises and summaries methodology documented in studies using high resolution pharyngeal manometry (HRM) with and without impedance technology (HRIM) in adult populations.

Methods: Four electronic databases CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, and Cochrane Library were searched up to, and including March 2017. Studies reporting pharyngeal HRM/HRIM for swallowing and/or phonatory assessment, published in peer-reviewed journals in English, German, or Spanish were assessed for the inclusion criteria. Read More

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December 2018