1,764 results match your criteria Asian-australasian Journal Of Animal Sciences[Journal]


Interaction effects of pen environment and sex on behavior, skin lesions and physiology of Windsnyer pigs.

Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 2019 Mar 20;32(3):452-458. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Animal and Poultry Science, School of Agricultural, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, P Bag X01 Scottsville 3209, Pietermaritzburg 3209, South Africa.

Objective: The study was carried to determine the interaction effects of pen enrichment and sex on behavioral activities, skin lesions and physiology of Windsnyer pigs.

Methods: Forty-eight growing Windsnyer pigs of both sex, with an average initial body weight of 21.6 (±9. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5713/ajas.17.0417DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6409480PMC

Multi-tissue observation of the long non-coding RNA effects on sexually biased gene expression in cattle.

Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, Animal Biotechnology and Research Institute of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.

Objective: Recent studies have implied that gene expression has high tissue-specificity, and therefore it is essential to investigate gene expression in a variety of tissues when performing the transcriptomic analysis. In addition, the gradual increase of lncRNA annotation database has increased the importance and proportion of mapped reads accordingly.

Methods: We employed simple statistical models to detect the sexually biased/dimorphic genes and their conjugate lncRNAs in 40 RNA-seq samples across two factors: sex and tissue. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5713/ajas.18.0516DOI Listing
November 2018
0.541 Impact Factor

Characterization of starch and gum Arabic-maltodextrin microparticles encapsulating Acacia tannin extract and evaluation of their potential use in ruminant nutrition.

Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Biochemistry, Genetics and Microbiology, University of Pretoria, Pretoria 0028, South Africa.

Objectives: The use of tannin extract and other phytochemicals as a dietary additive in ruminants is becoming more popular due to their wide biological values such as in methane mitigation, bypass of dietary protein, control intestinal nematode, among other uses. Unfortunately, some have strong astringency, low stability and bioavailability, and negatively affecting dry matter intake and digestibility. To circumvent these drawbacks, an effective delivery system may offer a promising approach to administer these extract to the site where it is required. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5713/ajas.18.0632DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Dealing with white striping broiler breast: from Computer Vision classification to Consumer acceptance.

Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Computer Science, State University of Londrina (UEL), Londrina - PR, Brazil.

Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the three different degrees of White Striping (WS) addressing their automatic assessment and customer acceptance. The WS classification was performed based on a Computer Vision System (CVS), exploring different machine learning algorithms and the most important image features. Moreover, it was verified the consumer acceptance and purchase intent. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5713/ajas.18.0504DOI Listing
November 2018

Muscle-specific color stability in fresh beef from grain-finished Bos indicus cattle.

Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Instituto de Quimica, Centro de Tecnologia, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Objective: To investigate the impact of muscle source on color and oxidative stabilities of beef LL and PM muscles from grain-fed Bos indicus cattle in Brazil.

Methods: The Longissimus lumborum (LL) and psoas major (PM) muscles were obtained 24 h post-mortem from eight (n = 8) Nellore bull carcasses, fabricated into 1.5-cm steaks, aerobically packaged, and stored at 4°C for nine days. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5713/ajas.18.0531DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Genetic diversity analysis of fourteen geese breeds based on str genotyping technique.

Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 2019 Jan 2. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Animal Science and Technology College, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, China.

Objective: This study aimed to measure genetic diversity and to determine the relationships among fourteen goose breeds.

Methods: microsatellite markers were isolated from the genomic DNA of geese based on previous literature. The DNA segments, including short tandem repeats, were tested for their diversity among fourteen populations of geese. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5713/ajas.18.0589DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

A fast and reliable PCR method based on SINEs detection for the discrimination of buffalo, cattle, goat and sheep species in dairy products.

Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 2019 Jan 2. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Department of Agricultural, Forest and Food Science, University of Torino, 10095 Grugliasco, TO, Italy.

Objective: Aim of present study was the set up of a fast and reliable protocol using species-specific markers for the quali-quantitative analysis of DNA and the detection of ruminant biological components in dairy products. For this purpose, the promoter of the gene coding for the -lactoalbumin (LALBA) was chosen as possible candidate for the presence of Short Interpersed Elements (SINEs).

Methods: DNA was isolated from somatic cells of 120 individual milk samples of cattle (30), Mediterranean river buffalo (30), goat (30) and sheep (30) and the gene promoter region (about 600/700 bp) of α-lactalbumin (LALBA) (from about 600 bp upstream of exon 1) has been sequenced. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5713/ajas.18.0459DOI Listing
January 2019

Variability of laying hen behaviour depending on the breed.

Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 2019 Jan 2. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Institute of Biological Basis of Animal Production, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Akademicka 13, 20-950 Lublin, Poland.

Objective: For many generations, most species of farm animals have been subjected to intense and strictly targeted selection for improvement of their performance traits. This has led to substantial changes in animal anatomy and physiology, which resulted in considerable differences between the current animal breeds and their wild ancestors. The aim of the study was to determine whether there is breed-specific variability in behaviour as well as differences in emotional reactivity and preferences of laying hens. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5713/ajas.18.0645DOI Listing
January 2019

Phenolic plant extracts are additive in their effects against in vitro ruminal methane and ammonia formation.

Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 2019 Jan 2. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

ETH Zurich, Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Universitaetstrasse 2, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland.

Objective: The methane mitigating potential of various plant-based polyphenol sources is known, but effects of combinations have been rarely tested. The aim of the present study was to determine whether binary and 3-way combinations of such phenol sources affect ruminal fermentation less, similar or more intensively than separate applications.

Methods: The extracts used were from Acacia mearnsii bark (acacia), Vitis vinifera (grape) seed, Camellia sinensis leaves (green tea), Uncaria gambir leaves (gambier), Vaccinium macrocarpon berries (cranberry), Fagopyrum esculentum seed (buckwheat) and Ginkgo biloba leaves (ginkgo). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5713/ajas.18.0665DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Genetic parameters and inbreeding effects for production traits of Thai native chickens.

Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 2019 Jan 2. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Kabinburi Livestock Research and Breeding Center, Bureau of Animal Husbandry and Genetic Improvement, Department of Livestock Development, Prachin Buri 25110, Thailand.

Objective: Estimate genetic parameters, the rate of inbreeding, and the effect of inbreeding on growth and egg production traits of a Thai native chicken breed Lueng Hang Kao Kabinburi (LHKK) housed under intensive management under a tropical climate.

Methods: Genetic parameters were estimated for weight measured at four weekly intervals from hatch (BWID) to 24 (BW24) weeks of age, as well as weight at first egg (BWFE), age at first egg (AFE), egg weight at first egg (EWFE) and total number of eggs produced during the first 17 weeks of lay (EN) using restricted maximum likelihood (REML). Inbreeding depression was estimated using a linear regression of individual phenotype on inbreeding coefficient. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5713/ajas.18.0690DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads
0.541 Impact Factor

Studies of phosphorus deficiency in the Qianbei-Pockmarked goat.

Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 2019 Jan 2. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

State Engineering Technology Institute for Karst Desertification Control, Guizhou Normal University, Guiyang 550025, China.

Objective: Qianbei-Pockmarked goats are affected by a disorder locally referred to as 'Ruanguzheng Disorder', which is characterized by emaciation, lameness, muscular relaxation, stiffness of the extremities, and abnormal curvatures of the long bones. Our objective was to determine the relationship between the disorder and phosphorus deficiency.

Methods: Tissue samples were collected from affected and healthy animals, while soil and herbage samples were collected from affected and healthy pastures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5713/ajas.18.0622DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Development of non-dairy creamer analogs/mimics for an alternative of infant formula using egg white, yolk, and soy proteins.

Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 2019 Jan 2. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Department of Animal Science, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA.

A study was conducted to develop non-dairy creamer analogs/mimics using egg white, egg yolk, soy protein and their combinations, and their nutrient content, shelf-life and flavor acceptability were compared. The protein contents of the non-dairy creamer analogs/mimics were about 8.5% as calculated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5713/ajas.18.0738DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Effect of oocyte chromatin status in porcine follicles on the embryo development in vitro.

Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 2019 Jan 2. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Division of Animal & Dairy Science, Chungnam National University Daejeon 34134, Korea.

Objective: The main goal of this study was to provide a morphological indicator that could be used to select high-quality oocytes of appropriate meiotic and developmental capabilities in pig. The higher quality of immature oocytes, the higher success rates of IVM and IVF. Thus, prior to the IVM culture, it is important to characterize oocytes morphologically and biochemically in order to assess their quality. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5713/ajas.18.0739DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read
0.541 Impact Factor

In ovo feeding of creatine pyruvate alters energy metabolism in muscle of embryos and post-hatch broilers.

Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 2019 Jan 2. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

College of Animal Science and Technology, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China.

Objective: This study was conducted to investigate the effects of in ovo feeding (IOF) of creatine pyruvate (CrPyr) on the energy metabolism in thigh muscle of embryos and neonatal broilers.

Methods: A total of 960 eggs were randomly assigned to three treatments: 1) non-injected control group, 2) saline group injected with 0.6 mL of physiological saline (0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5713/ajas.18.0588DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Impact of partial substitution of NaCl by KCl, and MgCl2 on physicochemical and sensory properties of cooked sausages during storage.

Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 2019 Jan 2. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Department of Animal Science, Sangji University, Wonju 26339, Korea.

Objective: To determine the effect of three salting treatments (Control: 100% NaCl, T1: 60% NaCl, and 40% KCl, T2: 50% NaCl, 40% KCl, and 10% MgCl2) on meat quality of sausages during storage.

Methods: Various types of curing salts were used for processing of salamis. Physico-chemical and sensory evaluation of the sausages were analyzed during 4 weeks of ripening. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5713/ajas.18.0707DOI Listing
January 2019

Non-GMO and GMO (maize-soybean) diet effects on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, carcass weight and meat quality of broiler chicken.

Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 2019 Jan 2. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Department of Animal Resource & Science, Dankook University, Cheonan, Choongnam, 330-714, Korea.

Objectives: This study was conducted to compare growth performance, nutrient digestibility and meat quality of broilers fed a GMO diet or a non-GMO diet.

Methods: A total of 840 broilers with an initial BW of 43.03g per chick were randomly allocated into 1 of the following 2 dietary treatments lasted for 32 days (15 broilers per pen with 28 replicates per treatment): (I) Trt 1: GMO maize-soybean meal based Diet; (II) Trt 2: Non-GMO maize soybean meal based Diet. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5713/ajas.18.0723DOI Listing
January 2019

Effects of heat stress and rumen-protected fat supplementation on growth performance, rumen characteristics, and blood parameters in growing stage of Korean cattle steers.

Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 2019 Jan 2. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Department of Agricultural Biotechnology and Research Institute of Agriculture and Life Sciences, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Seoul National University, 1 Gwanak-ro, Gwanak-gu, Seoul 08826, Korea.

Objective: This study was performed to evaluate whether hot temperature and rumen-protected fat (RPF) supplementation affect growth performance, rumen characteristics, and serum metabolites in growing stage of Korean cattle steers.

Methods: Twenty Korean cattle steers [230.4 ± 4. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5713/ajas.18.0725DOI Listing
January 2019

Genomic diversity and admixture patterns among six Chinese indigenous cattle breeds in Yunnan.

Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 2019 Jan 2. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

School of Life Sciences, Yunnan University, Kunming 650091, China.

Objective: Yunnan is not only a frontier zone that connects China with South and Southeast Asia, but also represents an admixture zone between taurine (Bos taurus) and zebu (Bos indicus) cattle. The purpose of this study is to understand the level of genomic diversity and the extent of admixture in each Yunnan native cattle breed.

Methods: All 120 individuals were genotyped using Illumina BovineHD BeadChip (777 962 SNPs). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5713/ajas.18.0605DOI Listing
January 2019

Effect of aged garlic powder on physicochemical characteristics, texture profiles, and oxidative stability of ready-to-eat pork patties.

Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 2019 Jan 3. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Department of Food Science & Biotechnology of Animal Resources, Konkuk University, Seoul 143-701, Korea.

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of aged garlic powder (AGP) on physicochemical characteristics, texture profiles, and oxidative stability of ready-to-eat (RTE) pork patties.

Methods: There were five treatment groups: a control; 1% fresh garlic powder (T1); 0.5, 1 and 2% AGP (T2, T3 and T4). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5713/ajas.18.0689DOI Listing
January 2019

Enhanced oxidative stability of meat by including tannin-rich leaves of woody plants in goat diet.

Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 2019 Jan 3. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Laboratorio de Antioxidantes y Procesos Oxidativos, Instituto de Ciencias Químicas, Facultad de Agronomía y Agroindustrias, Universidad Nacional de Santiago del Estero, Santiago del Estero, Argentina.

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of dietary incorporation of tannin-rich woody species on meat oxidative stability, carcass traits and meat quality in goats.

Methods: Two tannin-rich species were tested using a three-treatments feeding trial, where treatments consisted of: Larrea divaricata and Acacia aroma both at 12.5% in dry matter basis of the diet and a control diet (alfalfa hay). Read More

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http://ajas.info/journal/view.php?doi=10.5713/ajas.18.0537
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5713/ajas.18.0537DOI Listing
January 2019
7 Reads

Relationship between porcine miR-20a and its putative target LDLR based on dual luciferase reporter gene assays.

Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 2019 Jan 3. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Anhui Provincial Laboratory of Local Animal Genetic Resource Conservation and Bio-Breeding, College of Animal Science and Technology, Anhui Agricultural University, Hefei, Anhui 230036, China.

Objective: Mutations in low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR), which encodes a critical protein for cholesterol homeostasis and lipid metabolism in mammals, are involved in cardiometabolic diseases, such as familial hypercholesterolemia in pigs. Whereas microRNAs (miRNAs) can control LDLR regulation, their involvement in circulating cholesterol and lipid levels with respect to cardiometabolic diseases in pigs is unclear. We aimed to identify and analyze LDLR as a potential target gene of SSC-miR-20a. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5713/ajas.18.0510DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads
0.541 Impact Factor

Assessment of Mulberry leaf as a potential feed supplement for animal feeding in P.R. China.

Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 2019 Jan 4. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Yunnan Academy of Grassland and Animal Science, Kunming 650212, Yunnan, China.

Objective: Mulberry (Morus alba L.) is a cultivated shrub grown widely in the sub-tropical and tropical areas. It has been shown that mulberry leaf contains high levels of protein while having polyphenols as phytonutrients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5713/ajas.18.0671DOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads
0.541 Impact Factor

The effects of age and gender (bull vs. steer) on the feeding behavior of young beef cattle fed grass silage.

Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 2019 Jan 4. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Department of Safety Engineering, University of Warmia and Mazury, Olsztyn 10-719, Poland.

Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the effects of age and gender (bull vs. steer) on feeding behavior parameters in young beef cattle fed grass silage.

Methods: The study was conducted on 180 young beef cattle at 7 to 18 mo of age. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5713/ajas.18.0698DOI Listing
January 2019

Effect of bamboo grass (Tiliacora triandra, Diels) pellet supplementation on rumen fermentation characteristics and methane production in Thai native beef cattle.

Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 2019 Jan 4. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Tropical Feed Resources Research and Development Center (TROFREC), Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen 40002, Thailand.

Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of bamboo grass (Tiliacora triandra, Diels) pellet (Bamboo-Cass) supplementation on feed intake, nutrient digestibility, rumen microbial population and methane production in Thai native beef cattle.

Methods: Four Thai native beef cattle bulls (190 ± 2 kg) were randomly allotted to four respective dietary treatments in a 4 × 4 Latin square design. Treatments were the varying levels of Bamboo-Cass supplementation at 0, 50, 100, and 150 g/head/day, respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5713/ajas.18.0703DOI Listing
January 2019

The effect of heat stress on frame switch splicing of X-box binding protein 1 gene in horse.

Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 2019 Jan 4. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Pusan National University, Miryang, Korea.

Objective: Among stress responses, the unfolded protein response (UPR) is a well-known mechanism related to endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. ER stress is induced by a variety of external and environmental factors such as starvation, ischemia, hypoxia, oxidative stress, and heat stress. Inositol requiring enzyme 1α (IRE1α)-X-box protein 1 (XBP1) is the most conserved pathway involved in the UPR and is the main component that mediates IRE1α signalling to downstream ER-associated degradation- (ERAD) or UPR-related genes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5713/ajas.18.0757DOI Listing
January 2019

Rubber seed oil and flaxseed oil supplementation on serum fatty acid profile, oxidation stability of serum and milk, and immune function of dairy cows.

Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 2019 Jan 4. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, Institute of Animal Science, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100193, China.

Objective: This study was designed to investigate the effect of diet supplementation with rubber seed oil and flaxseed oil on serum fatty acids profile, oxidation stability of serum and milk, and immune function of dairy cows.

Methods: Forty-eight mid-lactation Holstein dairy cows were randomly assigned to one of four treatments for 8wk, including basal diet (CON) or the basal diet supplemented with 4% rubber seed oil (RO), 4% flaxseed oil (FO) or 2% rubber seed oil plus 2% flaxseed oil (RFO) on a DM basis.

Results: Compared with CON, all the oil groups increased the levels of trans-11 C18:1 (vaccenic acid, VA), cis-9, trans-11 C18:2 (conjugated linoleic acid, CLA) and C18:3 (α-linolenic acid, ALA) in serum. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5713/ajas.18.0573DOI Listing
January 2019

Association analysis of polymorphisms of GPR54 gene exons with reproductive traits in Jiaxing Black sows.

Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 2019 Jan 4. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

College of Animal Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China.

Objective: The aim of this study was to detect single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) of GPR54 gene and explore association of this candidate gene with reproductive traits in Jiaxing Black sows.

Methods: Six pairs of primers of the gene were designed to amplify all exons thus sequences of which were detected by means of direct sequencing and then SNP loci were scanned. The effects of SNPs on total number of piglets born (TNB), number of piglets born alive (NBA), number of stillborn piglets (NSB) and litter weight at birth (LWB) of Jiaxing Black sows were analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5713/ajas.18.0827DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read
0.541 Impact Factor

The impact of dietary linseed oil and pomegranate peel extract on broiler growth, carcass traits, serum lipid profile, and meat fatty acid, phenol, and flavonoid contents.

Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 2019 Jan 4. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Department of Animal Production, College of Food and Agriculture Sciences, King Saud University, P.O. Box 2460, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia.

The current study aimed to replace soybean oil in broiler diets with linseed oil, which is rich in omega-3 fatty acid supplemented with pomegranate peel extract (PPE) and measured its effect on broiler performance, carcass traits, lipid profile, as well as fatty acids composition, phenols and flavonoids content of broiler muscles and immunity of broiler chicks. A total of 300 1-day-old Cobb chicks were randomly allotted into six experimental groups, T1 fed on basal diet with soybean oil without any additives, T2 fed on basal diet with soybean oil with addition of 0.5g / kg diet PPE, T3 fed on fed on basal diet with soybean oil with addition of 1g / kg diet PPE, T4 fed on basal diet with linseed oil without any additives, T5 fed on basal diet with linseed oil with addition of 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5713/ajas.18.0522DOI Listing
January 2019

Effect of reduced energy density of close-up diets on metabolites, lipolysis and gluconeogenesis in Holstein cows.

Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 2019 Jan 4. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China.

Objective: An experiment was conducted to determine the effect of reduced energy density of close-up diets on metabolites, lipolysis and gluconeogenesis in cows during the transition period.

Methods: Thirty-nine Holstein dry cows were blocked and assigned randomly to three groups, fed a high energy density diet [HD, 1.62 Mcal of net energy for lactation (NEL)/kg dry matter (DM) ], a medium energy density diet (MD, 1. Read More

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http://ajas.info/journal/view.php?doi=10.5713/ajas.18.0624
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5713/ajas.18.0624DOI Listing
January 2019
14 Reads

Metabolomic approach to key metabolites characterizing postmortem aged loin muscle of Japanese Black (Wagyu) cattle.

Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 2019 Jan 4. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

NARO Tohoku Agricultural Research Center, Morioka, Iwate 020-0198, Japan.

Objective: Meat quality attributes in postmortem muscle tissues depend on skeletal muscle metabolites. The objective of this study was to determine the key metabolic compounds and pathways associated with postmortem aging and beef quality in Japanese Black cattle (JB; a Japanese Wagyu breed with highly marbled beef).

Methods: Lean portions of Longissimus thoracis (LT: loin) muscle in 3 JB steers were collected at 0, 1, and 14 days after slaughter. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5713/ajas.18.0648DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Effects of konjac gel with vegetable powders as fat replacers in frankfurter-type sausage.

Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 2019 Jan 4. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Department of Food Science and Biotechnology of Animal Resources, Konkuk University, Seoul 05029, Korea.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether addition of konjac gel with three different vegetable powders can increase quality of low-fat frankfurter-type sausage.

Methods: Low-fat frankfurter-type sausages were manufactured with formulations containing konjac gel and three vegetable powders (aloe vera, cactus pear or wheat sprout) as pork fat replacers. The formulations of frankfurters were as follows: NF (normal-fat; 20% pork fat), LF (low-fat; 10% pork fat), KG (low-fat; 10% pork fat+10% konjac gel), and three konjac gel with vegetable powders (KV), such as KV-AV (10% pork fat+10% konjac gel with aloe vera), KV-CP (10% pork fat+10% konjac gel with cactus pear), and KV-WS (10% pork fat+10% konjac gel with wheat sprout). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5713/ajas.18.0781DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Effects of dietary levels of tapioca residue on growth performance and carcass characteristics in Hanwoo steers.

Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 2019 Jan 4. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

College of Animal Life Sciences, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon 24341, Korea.

Objective: This study was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary levels of tapioca residue on growth performance, carcass characteristics, and meat composition in Hanwoo steers.

Methods: Twenty-eight steers were randomly assigned to one of four dietary groups; T0 (0% tapioca residue), T6.7 (6. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5713/ajas.18.0753DOI Listing
January 2019

Effects of feeding ethanol on growth performances, carcass characteristics, and lipid metabolism of finishing Korean cattle (Hanwoo) steers.

Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 2019 Mar 4;32(3):366-374. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Department and Faculty of Physiology, College of Medicine, Yeungnam University, Daegu 42415, Korea.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of feeding ethanol on growth performances, carcass characteristics, and lipid metabolism of finishing Korean cattle (Hanwoo) steers.

Methods: Thirty (30) Hanwoo steers (average 25.1 months of age, body weight 660. Read More

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http://ajas.info/journal/view.php?doi=10.5713/ajas.18.0853
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5713/ajas.18.0853DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6409477PMC
March 2019
8 Reads

A review of the Effects of heat stress on body temperature, milk production, and reproduction in dairy cows: a novel idea for monitoring and evaluation of heat stress.

Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 2019 Jan 4. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Institute of Animal Science, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100193, China.

Heat stress exerts a substantial effect on dairy production. The temperature and humidity index (THI) is widely used to assess heat stress in dairy operations. Herein, we review the effects of high temperature and humidity on body temperature, feed intake, milk production, follicle development, estrous behavior, and pregnancy in dairy cows. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5713/ajas.18.0743DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Different penalty methods for interval from first to successful insemination in Japanese Black heifers.

Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

United Graduate School of Agricultural Sciences, Kagoshima University, 1-21-24 Korimoto, Kagoshima 890-0065, Japan.

Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the best approach for handling missing records of first to successful insemination (FS) in Japanese Black heifers.

Methods: Of a total of 2367 records used, 206 (8.7%) of open heifers were missing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5713/ajas.18.0733DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Metabolizable energy requirement for maintenance estimated by regression analysis between body weight gain and metabolizable energy intake in growing pigs.

Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, Ministry of Agriculture Feed Industry Centre, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China.

Objective: Feed energy required for pigs is first prioritized to meet maintenance costs. Additional energy intake in excess of the energy requirement for maintenance is retained as protein and fat in the body, leading to weight gain. The objective of this study was to estimate the ME requirements for maintenance (MEm) by regressing body weight gain against ME intake (MEI) in growing pigs. Read More

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http://ajas.info/journal/view.php?doi=10.5713/ajas.17.0898
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5713/ajas.17.0898DOI Listing
February 2019
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Growth performance and health of nursing lambs supplemented with inulin and Lactobacillus casei.

Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Departamento de Producción Agrícola y Animal, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana Xochimilco, Ciudad de México 04970, México.

Objective: This experiment was designed to evaluate the prebiotic effect of Agave tequilana inulin and Lactobacillus casei on growth, hematological variables, serum metabolites and total coliforms in nursing lambs.

Methods: Forty-five new born lambs (Kathadin x Dorset, 4.8 + 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5713/ajas.18.0630DOI Listing
February 2019

Identification of copy number variations using high density whole-genome SNP markers in Chinese Dongxiang spotted pigs.

Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

State Key Laboratory of Pig Genetic Improvement and Production Technology, Jiangxi Agricultural University, 330045 Nanchang, China.

Objective: Copy number variations (CNVs) are a major source of genetic diversity complementary to single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in animals. The aim of the study was to performed a comprehensive genomic analysis of CNVs based on high density whole-genome SNP markers in Chinese Dongxiang spotted pigs.

Methods: We used customized Affymetrix Axiom Pig1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5713/ajas.18.0696DOI Listing
February 2019

Dynamics of fungal community during silage fermentation of elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum) produced in northern Vietnam.

Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Key Laboratory of Bio-resource and Bio-control of the Ministry of Education, College of Life Sciences, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan 610064, China.

Objective: This study aimed to gain deeper insights into the dynamic changes in spoilage fungi with fermentation and the influence of traditional additives on silage quality.

Methods: Elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum) was prepared without any additive (control), and with the addition of 0.5 % salt, and 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5713/ajas.18.0708DOI Listing
February 2019
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Lactation performance and rumen fermentation in dairy cows fed a diet with alfalfa hay replaced by corn stover and supplemented with molasses.

Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Institute of Dairy Science, College of animal Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China.

Objective: The objective of current study was to investigate the lactation performance and rumen fermentation characteristics of dairy cows fed a diet with alfalfa hay replaced by corn stover but supplemented with molasses.

Methods: Sixteen Holstein cows in mid-lactation were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 dietary treatments: (1) alfalfa based diet (AH), and (2) corn stover based diet supplemented with molasses (CSM). The experiment was conducted according to a 2 × 2 crossover design with 22-d period, each period consisting of 17 d for adaptation and 5 d for data and samples collection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5713/ajas.18.0735DOI Listing
February 2019

Genetic association between sow longevity and social genetic effects on growth in pigs.

Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

National Institute of Animal Science, Rural Development Administration, Cheonan 31000, Korea.

Objective: Sow longevity is important for efficient and profitable pig farming. Recently, there has been an increasing interest in social genetic effect (SGE) of pigs on stress-tolerance and behavior. The present study aimed to estimate genetic correlations among average daily gain (ADG), stayability (STAY), and number of piglets born alive at the first parity (NBA1) in Korean Yorkshire pigs, using the SGE model. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5713/ajas.18.0789DOI Listing
February 2019
19 Reads
0.541 Impact Factor

Inhibitory effects of dietary antioxidants on the formation of carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in grilled pork.

Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Agro-Industry, Kasetsart University, Bangkok 10900, Thailand.

Objective: The inhibitory effects of dietary antioxidants, diallyl disulfide (DADS) and quercetin, in marinade were investigated on the formation of carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (EPA priority 16 PAHs) in grilled pork.

Methods: The formation of PAHs in grilled sirloin pork with different marinades after charcoal-grilling for 2 min/side were evaluated using high performance liquid chromatography with a photodiode array detector (HPLC-DAD).

Results: Compared with the control marinade treatment (without antioxidant), the addition of diallyl disulfide (500 mg/kg meat sample) in marinade significantly decreased Benzo[a]pyrene (BaP) (100% ) and heavy PAHs (84%) in charcoal-grilled pork, while the addition of quercetin at the same concentration could reduce 23% and 55% of BaP and heavy PAHs, respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5713/ajas.18.0805DOI Listing
February 2019
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Sequence characterization and polymorphism of Melanocortin 1 receptor gene in some goat breeds with different coat color of Mongolia.

Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Division of Animal & Dairy Science, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 34134, Korea.

Objective: Extension and Agouti loci play a key role for proportions of eumelanin and pheomelanin in determining coat color in several species, including goat. Mongolian goats, exhibits diverse types of coat color phenotypes. In this study, investigation of the MC1R coding region in different coat colors in Mongolian goats has performed to ascertain the presence of the Extension allele. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5713/ajas.18.0819DOI Listing
February 2019

Effect of different fat and protein levels in calf ration on performance of Sahiwal calves.

Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) - National Dairy Research Institute (NDRI), Animal Nutrition division, Karnal -132001 (Haryana), India.

Objective: The current study was carried out to examine the response of different levels of fat and protein in calf starter on nutrient utilisation, nitrogen metabolism, weight gain, blood parameters and immunity level in pre-ruminant calves.

Methods: Twenty four calves (5 days old) were divided into six groups in a 2x3 factorial design, with two levels of fat (10% and 14 %) and three levels of protein (18%, 21% and 24%). The calves were kept in individual pens for 120 days and fed with whole milk (1/10th of body weight) and calf starter ad-libitum. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5713/ajas.18.0604DOI Listing
February 2019

Quality parameters of chicken breast meat affected by carcass scalding conditions.

Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Departamento de Ciência e Tecnologia de Alimentos, Centro de Ciências Agrárias, Universidade Estadual de Londrina, Rodovia Celso Garcia Cid, Km 6, ZIP 86.057-970, Londrina, PR, Brazil.

Objective: The influence of broiler carcass scalding conditions on chicken breast meat quality parameters was investigated.

Methods: Two hundred and seventy Cobb broiler chickens from 42 to 48 days old were slaughtered according to the standard industry practice and scalded in five temperature/time combinations-T1: 54 °C/210 s; T2: 55 °C/180 s; T3: 56 °C/150 s; T4: 57 °C/120 s; T5: 58 °C/90 s.

Results: Scalding temperature increase resulted in higher values of external and ventral lightness and in protein functionality reduction-determined by emulsification capacity and protein denaturation-in chicken breast fillets 24 h post-mortem. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5713/ajas.18.0692DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Combination effects of nitrite from fermented spinach and sodium nitrite on quality characteristics of cured pork loin.

Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Research Group of Food Processing, Korean Food Research Institute, Wanju 55365,Korea.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of fermented spinach derived nitrite and sodium nitrite on cured pork loin.

Methods: The following treatments were prepared using brine (8% (w/v) salt): Control (-), no nitrite added; Control (+), 0.08% (w/v) sodium nitrite brine; T1, 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5713/ajas.18.0903DOI Listing
February 2019

Meat quality of pork loins from Hereford×Berkshire female and intact male pigs reared in an alternative production system.

Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of Agriculture, Food, and Resource Sciences, University of Maryland Eastern Shore, Princess Ann, MD 21853, USA.

Objective: The objective of the present study was to investigate pork quality from Hereford×Berkshire (HB) female and intact male pigs reared outdoors in an alternative production system.

Methods: Berkshire purebred sows were artificially inseminated, once in the fall and again in the spring of the following year, with semen from Hereford boars and managed free of antibiotics in an outdoor hoop structure until the last month of pregnancy, after which they were moved to a pasture-based unit of 0.8 hectares with individual lots with a farrowing hut, shade, and water ad libitum. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5713/ajas.18.0670DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Selection of indigenous starter culture for safety and its effect on reduction of biogenic amine content in Moo som.

Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of Animal Production Technology and Fisheries, Faculty of Agricultural Technology, King Mongkut's Institute of Technology Ladkrabang, Bangkok 10520, Thailand.

Objective: The aims of this study were to select one strain of Lactobacillus platarum for a potential indigenous safe starter culture with low level antibiotic resistant and low biogenic amine production and evaluate its effect on biogenic amines reduction in Moo som.

Methods: Three strains of indigenous L. plantarum starter cultures (KL101, KL102 and KL103) were selected on the basis of their safety including antibiotic resistance and decarboxylase activity, and fermentation property as compared with a commercial starter culture (L. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5713/ajas.18.0596DOI Listing
February 2019

Prediction of methane emission from sheep based on data measured in vivo from open-circuit respiratory studies.

Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Feed Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Key laboratory of Feed Biotechnology of the Ministry of Agriculture, Beijing, China.

Objectives: The current study analysed the relationships between methane (CH4) output from animal and dietary factors.

Methods: The dataset was obtained from 159 Dorper × thin-tailed Han lambs from our seven studies, and CH4 production and energy metabolism data were measured in vivo by an open-circuit respiratory method. All lambs were confined indoors and fed pelleted diet during the whole experimental period in all studies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5713/ajas.18.0828DOI Listing
February 2019

Selection signature reveals genes associated with susceptibility loci affecting respiratory disease due to pleiotropic and hitchhiking effect in Chinese indigenous pigs.

Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China.

Background: Porcine respiratory disease is one of the most important health problems which causes significant economic losses.

Objective: To understand the genetic basis for susceptibility to swine enzootic pneumonia (EP) in pigs, we detected 102,809 SNPs in a total of 249 individuals based on genome-wide sequencing data.

Methods: Genome comparison of three susceptibility to swine EP pig breeds (Jinhua, Erhualian and Meishan) with two western lines that are considered more resistant (Duroc and Landrace) using XP-EHH and FST statistical approaches identified 691 positively selected genes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5713/ajas.18.0658DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read