1,211 results match your criteria Asian spine journal[Journal]


An Objective and Reliable Method for Identifying Sarcopenia in Lumbar Spine Surgery Patients: Using Morphometric Measurements on Computed Tomography Imaging.

Asian Spine J 2020 May 29. Epub 2020 May 29.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA.

Study Design: A retrospective observational study.

Purpose: Establish a quantifiable and reproducible measure of sarcopenia in patients undergoing lumbar spine surgery based on morphometric measurements from readily available preoperative computed tomography (CT) imaging.

Overview Of Literature: Sarcopenia-the loss of skeletal muscle mass-has been linked with poor outcomes in several surgical disciplines; however, a reliable and quantifiable measure of sarcopenia for future assessment of outcomes in spinal surgery patients has not been established. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31616/asj.2019.0319DOI Listing

Evaluation of the Effect of (S)-3,4-Dicarboxyphenylglycine as a Metabotropic Glutamate Receptors Subtype 8 Agonist on Thermal Nociception Following Central Neuropathic Pain.

Asian Spine J 2020 May 29. Epub 2020 May 29.

Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Study Design: In this study, we decided to change the activity of periaqueductal gray (PAG)'s metabotropic glutamate receptors subtype 8 (mGluR8) by means of its specific agonist, (S)-3,4-dicarboxyphenylglycine (DCPG), and by knock downing it with mGluR8 siRNA. We then evaluated the changes in animal pain threshold levels in the face of painful thermal stimuli (thermal hyperalgesia).

Purpose: Although several mechanisms have been examined for central neuropathic pain, researchers have so far failed to find the precise mechanism for the development and progression of this type of pain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31616/asj.2019.0367DOI Listing

Activities of Daily Living after Surgical Treatment for Osteoporotic Vertebral Fracture with or without Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis: A Retrospective Single-Institutional Study.

Asian Spine J 2020 May 29. Epub 2020 May 29.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Restorative Medicine of Neuro-Musculoskeletal System, Fujita Health University School of Medicine, Nagoya, Japan.

Study Design: This investigation was a retrospective observational study.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether having diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) as a comorbidity affects the patient's ability to perform activities of daily living (ADL) after surgical treatment for osteoporotic vertebral fracture (OVF).

Overview Of Literature: A few studies have extensively evaluated elderly patients with comorbidities such as DISH and OVFinduced persistent back pain and their ability to perform ADL postoperatively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31616/asj.2019.0372DOI Listing

Poor Prognostic Factors for Surgical Treatment of Spinal Intramedullary Ependymoma (World Health Organization Grade II).

Asian Spine J 2020 May 29. Epub 2020 May 29.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Study Design: Single-center retrospective study.

Purpose: We aimed to explore the postoperative prognostic factors for spinal intramedullary ependymoma.

Overview Of Literature: Ependymoma (World Health Organization grade II) is the most frequent intramedullary spinal tumor and is treated by total resection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31616/asj.2020.0064DOI Listing

Morphological Changes in the Ligamentum Flavum in Degenerative Lumbar Canal Stenosis: A Prospective, Comparative Study.

Asian Spine J 2020 May 21. Epub 2020 May 21.

Department of Orthopaedics, Jai Prakash Narayan Apex Trauma Centre, New Delhi, India.

Study Design: Prospective, comparative.

Purpose: To compare the histopathological and electron microscopic changes in the ligamentum flavum (LF) between degenerative lumbar canal stenosis (LCS) and lumbar disk herniation (LDH).

Overview Of Literature: The LF has been implicated as a key structure in the pathogenesis of LCS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31616/asj.2020.0041DOI Listing

Scoliosis Caused by Limb-Length Discrepancy in Children.

Asian Spine J 2020 May 21. Epub 2020 May 21.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Japan.

Study Design: Single-center retrospective study in pediatric patients.

Purpose: The purpose of the study was to investigate the effects of the presence and severity of leg-length discrepancy (LLD) on scoliosis in children.

Overview Of Literature: LLD is a common orthopedic problem that can result in standing imbalance, low back pain, and stress fractures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31616/asj.2019.0374DOI Listing

Walking-Evoked Erection in Patients with Lumbar Degenerative Diseases: Eight Cases and Review of the Literature.

Asian Spine J 2020 May 21. Epub 2020 May 21.

Spinal Disorders Center, Fujieda Heisei Memorial Hospital, Shizuoka, Japan.

Study Design: Narrative review with a case illustration.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the pathogenesis and outcome of therapy for walking-evoked erection in patients with lumbar degenerative diseases.

Overview Of Literature: Cauda equina compression due to lumbar degenerative diseases rarely cause a walking-evoked erection; however, no review has been undertaken of walking-evoked erection in patients with lumbar degenerative diseases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31616/asj.2019.0340DOI Listing

Repair of Iliac Crest Defects with a Hydroxyapatite/Collagen Composite.

Asian Spine J 2020 May 21. Epub 2020 May 21.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan.

Study Design: Retrospective study.

Purpose: This study aimed to assess the effect of refilling with hydroxyapatite/collagen (HAp/Col) composite on an iliac crest defect after spinal fusion.

Overview Of Literature: The use of iliac crest bone graft has been the gold standard in spinal fusion for a long time because of its biological and non-immunologic properties. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31616/asj.2019.0310DOI Listing

Sexual and Bladder Dysfunction in Cauda Equina Syndrome: Correlation with Clinical and Urodynamic Studies.

Asian Spine J 2020 May 21. Epub 2020 May 21.

Department of Spine Services, Indian Spinal Injuries Centre, New Delhi, India.

Study Design: Retrospective cohort study.

Purpose: To analyze the clinical and sphincteric outcomes and the extent of sexual dysfunction (SD) in subjects with cauda equina syndrome (CES) and to assess their correlation with patient-reported and clinical/urodynamic parameters.

Overview Of Literature: Despite vast literature present for CES, extent of the problem of SD in CES patients has not received enough attention as reflected by the limited information in literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31616/asj.2019.0305DOI Listing

Risk Factors and Options of Management for an Incidental Dural Tear in Biportal Endoscopic Spine Surgery.

Asian Spine J 2020 May 21. Epub 2020 May 21.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Chungnam National University College of Medicine, Daejeon, Korea.

Study Design: Here we perform a retrospective analysis regarding an incidental dural tear (IDT) during biportal endoscopic spinal surgery (BESS).

Purpose: This study investigates the causes of IDT specifically related to technical procedures of BESS with the aim of lowering its risk during training.

Overview Of Literature: The incidence of dural tear is reported 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31616/asj.2019.0297DOI Listing

Creating Backup Management Resources for Spine Care during the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic.

Asian Spine J 2020 May 14. Epub 2020 May 14.

Department of Orthopedics, Shalby Hospital, Ahmedabad, India.

During this unprecedented time of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID 19) pandemic, most countries are struggling to optimize their healthcare resources. Although the prevention and treatment of COVID 19 has become the priority for the majority of the population, most medical professionals are facing the challenge of balancing the management of this pandemic and treating patients with other diseases. Healthcare professionals from all specialties are facing this situation and designing guidelines and recommendations that are contributing to the literature that is crucial for disease management at the current time. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31616/asj.2020.0193DOI Listing

Addressing Coronavirus Disease 2019 in Spine Surgery: A Rapid National Consensus Using the Delphi Method via Teleconference.

Asian Spine J 2020 May 14. Epub 2020 May 14.

University Orthopaedics, Hand and Reconstructive Microsurgery (UOHC), National University Health System, Singapore.

The magnitude and potential duration of the current coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is something that most doctors currently in practice have yet to experience. While considerable information regarding COVID-19 is being published every day, it is challenging to filter out the most relevant or appropriate information for our individual practice. The Spine Society of Singapore convened via a teleconference on April 24, 2020 to collaborate on a national level and share collective wisdom in order to tackle the ongoing crisis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31616/asj.2020.0224DOI Listing

Response to: Management of Traumatic Spinal Fracture in the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Situation.

Asian Spine J 2020 May 12. Epub 2020 May 12.

Department of Orthopedics, Nakornping Hospital, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31616/asj.2020.0194.r1DOI Listing

Response to: Management of Traumatic Spinal Fracture in the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Situation.

Asian Spine J 2020 May 12. Epub 2020 May 12.

Department of Orthopedics, Nakornping Hospital, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31616/asj.2020.0202.r2DOI Listing

Management of Traumatic Spinal Fracture in Patient with Coronavirus Disease 2019 Situation.

Asian Spine J 2020 May 12. Epub 2020 May 12.

Department of Neurosurgery, Umberto I General Hospital, Università Politecnica delle Marche, Ancona, Italy.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31616/asj.2020.0202.r1DOI Listing

Response to: Management of Traumatic Spinal Fracture in the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Situation.

Asian Spine J 2020 May 12. Epub 2020 May 12.

Department of Orthopedics, Faculty of Medicine, Prince of Songkla University, Songkhla, Thailand.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31616/asj.2020.0195.r2DOI Listing

Management of Traumatic Spinal Fracture in Patient with Coronavirus Disease 2019.

Asian Spine J 2020 May 12. Epub 2020 May 12.

Dr. D. Y. Patil University, Pune, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31616/asj.2020.0195.r1DOI Listing

Spine Surgical Procedures during Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic: Is It Still Possible to Take Care of Patients? Results of an Observational Study in the First Month of Confinement.

Asian Spine J 2020 May 8. Epub 2020 May 8.

Unité de Chirurgie Rachidienne, Aix-Marseille Université, APHM, CNRS, ISM, CHU Timone, Marseille, France.

Study Design: Observational study.

Purpose: The actual sanitary crisis led to a massive mobilization of the sanitary system toward intensive care units and management of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients. However, some patients still require spinal interventions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31616/asj.2020.0197DOI Listing

A Review on the Use of Artificial Intelligence in Spinal Diseases.

Asian Spine J 2020 Apr 24. Epub 2020 Apr 24.

Mental Health Research Group, Health Metrics Research Centre, Iranian Institute for Health Sciences Research, ACECR, Tehran, Iran.

Artificial neural networks (ANNs) have been used in a wide variety of real-world applications and it emerges as a promising field across various branches of medicine. This review aims to identify the role of ANNs in spinal diseases. Literature were searched from electronic databases of Scopus and Medline from 1993 to 2020 with English publications reported on the application of ANNs in spinal diseases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31616/asj.2020.0147DOI Listing

Management of Traumatic Spinal Fracture in the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Situation.

Asian Spine J 2020 Apr 24. Epub 2020 Apr 24.

Department of Orthopedics, Faculty of Medicine, Prince of Songkla University, Songkhla, Thailand.

The coronavirus outbreak was labeled a pandemic by the World Health Organization in 2020. Patients who require spine surgery should receive coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) screening to prevent nosocomial cross-infection before surgery. However, spine fracture and spinal injury are critical and serious, and there are no standard protocols for management. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31616/asj.2019.0183DOI Listing

Efficacy of Computer-Aided Design and Manufacturing Versus Computer-Aided Design and Finite Element Modeling Technologies in Brace Management of Idiopathic Scoliosis: A Narrative Review

Asian Spine J 2020 04 24. Epub 2020 Apr 24.

Mechanical Engineering Group, School of Engineering, University of Guelph, Geulph, Canada.

The efficiency and design quality of scoliosis braces produced by the conventional casting method depends highly on the orthotist's experience. Recently, advanced engineering techniques have been used with the aim of improving the quality of brace design and associated clinical outcomes. Numerically controlled machine tools have provided enormous opportunities for reducing the manufacturing time and saving material. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31616/asj.2019.0263DOI Listing

Is Anterior-Only Fixation Adequate for Three-Column Injuries of the Cervical Spine?

Asian Spine J 2020 Apr 24. Epub 2020 Apr 24.

Department of Orthopaedics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rishikesh, India.

Study Design: Retrospective case series.

Purpose: To analyze the clinical and functional outcomes of patients who have undergone anterior cervical discectomy/corpectomy and fusion (ACDF/ACCF) for a three-column cervical spine injury (CSI).

Overview Of Literature: The treatment of choice for a three-column CSI is an area of contention; however, combined anterior and posterior fixation is the preferred method explored in the literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31616/asj.2019.0225DOI Listing

Computed Tomographic Morphometric Analysis of C1 and C2 for Lamina Cross Screw Placement in Malay Ethnicity.

Asian Spine J 2020 Apr 8. Epub 2020 Apr 8.

Department of Radiology, Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kota Bharu, Malaysia.

Study Design: This is an observational study of computed tomography (CT) data.

Purpose: The C1 and C2 laminas in the Malaysian Malay population were analyzed for the feasibility of fitting 3.5-mm laminar screws in a cross configuration. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31616/asj.2019.0242DOI Listing

Stronger Together in Lab: Multi-Center and Laboratory Spine Studies are Closer to Publication than Single-Center and Clinical Spine Studies: Snapshot of Annual Meetings of the Spine Society of Europe.

Asian Spine J 2020 Apr 8. Epub 2020 Apr 8.

Department of Neurosurgery, School of Medicine, Acıbadem Mehmet Ali Aydınlar University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Study Design: This is a cross-sectional study of literature databases.

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to analyze the predictive factors for the publication rates of spine studies.

Overview Of Literature: Spine research has garnered worldwide interest due to the increased number of spinal disorders in aging population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31616/asj.2019.0275DOI Listing

The Anti-Inflammatory and Cytoprotective Efficiency of Curvularin, a Fungal Macrolactone against Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Inflammatory Response in Nucleus Pulposus Cells: An In Vitro Study.

Asian Spine J 2020 Apr 8. Epub 2020 Apr 8.

Sunshine Medical Academy of Research and Training, Sunshine Hospitals, Secunderabad, India.

Study Design: Developing an in vitro model for assessing the anti-inflammatory properties of curvularin.

Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of natural fungal macrolactone as a therapeutic drug against lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammation in primary human nucleus pulposus cells (NPCs) in vitro.

Overview Of Literature: Lumbar disk disease is a common cause of lower back pain (LBP) and sciatica. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31616/asj.2019.0285DOI Listing

Correction: Role of Virtual Reality in Balance Training in Patients with Spinal Cord Injury: A Prospective Comparative Pre-Post Study.

Asian Spine J 2020 04 31;14(2):268. Epub 2020 Mar 31.

Department of Neuro Anaesthesia, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bangalore, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31616/asj.2019.0013.e1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7113463PMC

Response to: Role of Virtual Reality in Balance Training in Patients with Spinal Cord Injury: A Prospective Comparative Pre-Post Study.

Asian Spine J 2020 Apr 31;14(2):266-267. Epub 2020 Mar 31.

Department of Neurological Rehabilitation, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bangalore, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31616/asj.2020.0051.r2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7113472PMC

Role of Virtual Reality in Balance Training in Patients with Spinal Cord Injury: A Prospective Comparative Pre-Post Study.

Authors:
Shilpasree Saha

Asian Spine J 2020 Apr 31;14(2):264-265. Epub 2020 Mar 31.

Department of Physiotherapy, Maharishi Markandeshwar Institute of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, Mullana, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31616/asj.2020.0051.r1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7113467PMC

Advice on Standardized Diagnosis and Treatment for Spinal Diseases during the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic.

Asian Spine J 2020 Apr 30;14(2):258-263. Epub 2020 Mar 30.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, China.

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak started in December 2019 that caused difficulties for clinical work. Practical work experience in our spinal outpatient and emergency department during the COVID-19 pandemic is summarized in this article, with combined evidence-based medical evidence to explore a standardized process of diagnosis and treatment for spinal diseases. Outpatient reservation, continuous screening, triage, and isolation, first consultation accountability system, pandemic reporting system, and online revisit were strictly followed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31616/asj.2020.0122DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7113464PMC

Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Trunk Musculature and Intervertebral Discs in Patients with Spinal Cord Injury with Thoracolumbar Vertebral Fractures: A Prospective Study.

Asian Spine J 2020 Mar 30. Epub 2020 Mar 30.

Department of Anaesthesiology and Critical Care, Pandit Bhagwat Dayal Sharma Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Rohtak, India.

Study Design: This study is a prospective clinical study.

Purpose: This study aims to evaluate the characteristics of trunk musculature and intervertebral discs by using magnetic resonance imaging in patients with spinal cord injuries (SCIs) with thoracic and lumbar fractures.

Overview Of Literature: Muscle atrophy is an immediate consequence of SCI and is associated with secondary complications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31616/asj.2019.0003DOI Listing

Does Three-Dimensional Printed Patient-Specific Templates Add Benefit in Revision Surgeries for Complex Pediatric Kyphoscoliosis Deformity with Sublaminar Wires in Situ ? A Clinical Study.

Asian Spine J 2020 Mar 30. Epub 2020 Mar 30.

Department of Spine Surgery, Wockhardt Hospital, Mumbai, India.

Study Design: Case-control study.

Purpose: To evaluate the accuracy of three-dimensional (3D) printed patient-specific templates (PSTs) for placement of pedicle screws (PAs) in patients undergoing revision surgeries for complex kyphoscoliosis deformity with sublaminar wires in situ.

Overview Of Literature: Revision kyphoscoliosis correction surgery in pediatric patients is a challenging task for the treating surgeon. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31616/asj.2019.0021DOI Listing

Postoperative Low Back Pain after Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion Surgery Using Cortical Bone Trajectory Screws.

Asian Spine J 2020 Mar 30. Epub 2020 Mar 30.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Osaka General Medical Center, Osaka, Japan.

Study Design: Retrospective analysis of a case series of prospectively collected data.

Purpose: To compare clinical and radiological outcomes between two posterior lumbar interbody fusion techniques: cortical bone trajectory (CBT) and traditional pedicle screw (PS).

Overview Of Literature: Biomechanical studies have revealed the benefits of the CBT technique. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31616/asj.2019.0085DOI Listing

Use of Topical Tranexamic Acid to Reduce Blood Loss in Single-Level Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion.

Asian Spine J 2020 Mar 30. Epub 2020 Mar 30.

Department of Spine Services, Indian Spinal Injuries Centre, New Delhi, India.

Study Design: Nonrandomized, prospective, and case-controlled study.

Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of topically applied tranexamic acid (TXA) during different phases of spine surgery.

Overview Of Literature: Perioperative blood loss is the leading cause of postoperative anemia associated with prolonged stays in hospital and long recovery times. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31616/asj.2019.0134DOI Listing

The Effect of Head Loading on Cervical Spine in Manual Laborers.

Asian Spine J 2020 Mar 30. Epub 2020 Mar 30.

Department of Spine Surgery, Stavya Spine Hospital and Research Institute, Ahmedabad, India.

Study Design: A prospective case-control study.

Purpose: To determine the effect of axial loading on the cervical spine when weights are carried on the head.

Overview Of Literature: Traditionally, carrying weights on the head has been a common practice in developing countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31616/asj.2019.0221DOI Listing

Relevance between Schmorl's Node and Lumbar Intervertebral Disc Degeneration Quantified with Magnetic Resonance Imaging T2 Mapping in Chronic Low Back Pain.

Asian Spine J 2020 Mar 30. Epub 2020 Mar 30.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Sapporo Medical University School of Medicine, Sapporo, Japan.

Study Design: Cross-sectional study.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to elucidate the relevance among Schmorl's node (SN), chronic low back pain (CLBP), and intervertebral disc degeneration (IVDD) with the use of magnetic resonance imaging T2 mapping.

Overview Of Literature: SN may be combined with CLBP and/or IVDD; however, their relationship has not been determined to date. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31616/asj.2019.0231DOI Listing

Use of Intraoperative Tranexamic Acid and Wound Complications in Spine Surgery: A Retrospective Cohort Study.

Asian Spine J 2020 Mar 30. Epub 2020 Mar 30.

Department of Orthopedics, Soroka University Medical Center, Beer Sheva, Israel.

Study Design: A retrospective cohort study.

Purpose: This study aims to examine the effect of tranexamic acid (TXA) on postoperative wound healing in spine surgery.

Overview Of Literature: TXA (Cyklokapron, Hexakapron) is a widely used anti-fibrinolytic drug that is shown to be effective in mitigating hemorrhage during and after surgery by competitively blocking plasminogen in fibrinolytic cascade. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31616/asj.2019.0235DOI Listing

Rapid Bodyweight Reduction before Lumbar Fusion Surgery Increased Postoperative Complications.

Asian Spine J 2020 Mar 30. Epub 2020 Mar 30.

Department of General Surgery, Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, NY, USA.

Study Design: Retrospective cohort study.

Purpose: To determine the effects of massive weight loss on perioperative complications after lumbar fusion surgery (LFS).

Overview Of Literature: Patients who are obese are more likely to experience low back pain, which would require LFS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31616/asj.2019.0236DOI Listing

Cervical Disc Replacement: Trends, Costs, and Complications.

Asian Spine J 2020 Mar 30. Epub 2020 Mar 30.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Study Design: Retrospective review of insurance database.

Purpose: To investigate national trends, complications, and costs after cervical disc replacement (CDR) using an administrative insurance database representative of the United States population.

Overview Of Literature: As CDR continues to be used to treat patients with cervical stenosis, it is important to gain a better understanding of its use on a national level, potential complications, and cost. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31616/asj.2019.0246DOI Listing

Standardized Uptake Value from Semiquantitative Bone Single-Photon Emission Computed Tomography/Computed Tomography in Normal Thoracic and Lumbar Vertebrae of Breast Cancer Patients.

Asian Spine J 2020 Mar 30. Epub 2020 Mar 30.

Department of Nuclear Medicine, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia (Health Campus), Kubang Kerian, Malaysia.

Study Design: Retrospective study.

Purpose: This study aims to semiquantitatively evaluate the standardized uptake value (SUV) of 99mTc-methylene diphosphonate (MDP) radionuclide tracer in the normal vertebrae of breast cancer patients using an integrated single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)/computed tomography (CT) scanner.

Overview Of Literature: Molecular imaging techniques using gamma cameras and stand-alone SPECT have traditionally been utilized to evaluate metastatic bone diseases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31616/asj.2019.0308DOI Listing

Factors Influencing Early Disc Height Loss Following Lateral Lumbar Interbody Fusion.

Asian Spine J 2020 Mar 30. Epub 2020 Mar 30.

Division of Spine, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore.

Study Design: Retrospective radiological analysis.

Purpose: To analyze the factors influencing early disc height loss following lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF).

Overview Of Literature: Postoperative disc height loss can occur naturally as a result of mechanical loading. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31616/asj.2019.0332DOI Listing

Use of Platelet-Rich Plasma in Treating Low Back Pain: A Review of the Current Literature.

Asian Spine J 2020 Mar 13. Epub 2020 Mar 13.

Department of Neurosurgery, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan.

Low back pain (LBP) is a common problem encountered by physicians. It is a considerable cause of morbidity and socioeconomic loss and is one of the most expensive musculoskeletal disorders. Conventional treatments include bed rest, analgesics, therapeutic exercises, lumbar or caudal epidural corticosteroids, and surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31616/asj.2019.0161DOI Listing

Sagittal Radiographic Parameters of the Spine in Three Physiological Postures Characterized Using a Slot Scanner and Their Potential Implications on Spinal Weight-Bearing Properties.

Asian Spine J 2020 Mar 13. Epub 2020 Mar 13.

University Orthopaedics, Hand and Reconstructive Microsurgery Cluster, National University Health System, Singapore.

Study Design: Prospective radiographic comparative study.

Purpose: To compare and understand the load-bearing properties of each functional spinal unit (FSU) using three commonly assumed, physiological, spinal postures, namely, the flexed (slump sitting), erect (standing) and extended (backward bending) postures.

Overview Of Literature: Sagittal spinal alignment is posture-dependent and influences the load-bearing properties of the spine. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31616/asj.2019.0198DOI Listing

Classification and Management Algorithm for Postoperative Wound Complications Following Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion.

Asian Spine J 2020 Mar 13. Epub 2020 Mar 13.

Department of Spine Surgery, Ganga Medical Centre & Hospital Pvt. Ltd., Coimbatore, India.

Study Design: Retrospective study.

Purpose: Postoperative wound complications occurring after transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) are unique, as they can involve different tissue zones (subcutaneous, subfascial, osseous, peri-implant, and disc).

Overview Of Literature: Management of postoperative infections occurring after TLIF remains controversial in the context of retention or removal of implants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31616/asj.2019.0247DOI Listing

Assessment of Clinical and Radiological Parameters in Spinal Tuberculosis: Comparison between Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Positive and Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Negative Patients.

Asian Spine J 2020 Mar 13. Epub 2020 Mar 13.

Department of Orthopaedics, B.J. Govt Medical College and Sassoon General Hospital, Pune, India.

Study Design: Prospective comparative study.

Purpose: A prospective comparative analysis of 30 patients with spinal tuberculosis (15 human immunodeficiency viruses [HIV] positive and 15 HIV negative). We compared the clinical and radiological parameters of the two groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31616/asj.2019.0251DOI Listing

Prevalence of Abnormal Urodynamic Study Results in Patients with Congenital and Idiopathic Scoliosis and Its Predictive Value for the Diagnosis of Tethered Cord Syndrome: A Single Institution Clinical Study.

Asian Spine J 2020 Feb 19. Epub 2020 Feb 19.

Department of Neurosurgery, Sina Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Study Design: A total of 110 patients with scoliosis were enrolled in this analytical cross-sectional study.

Purpose: We aimed to compare the urodynamic study (UDS) results of patients with idiopathic scoliosis (ISC) and congenital scoliosis (CSC) and to evaluate the clinical significance of abnormal UDS findings in predicting underlying tethered cord syndrome (TCS).

Overview Of Literature: An abnormal UDS finding is commonly found in patients with CSC. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31616/asj.2019.0293DOI Listing
February 2020

The Concept of Lamina-Pedicle Perpendicularity: Part 1. Lumbar Spine.

Asian Spine J 2020 Feb 14. Epub 2020 Feb 14.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL, USA.

Study Design: Retrospective radiographic study.

Purpose: We hypothesized that the pedicle is almost perpendicular to the interlaminar line in the sagittal plane of the lumbar vertebrae. The current study aimed to define the lumbar lamina-pedicle inclination to verify the right-angle concept and to estimate the safety zones of sagittal inclination during pedicle screw insertion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31616/asj.2019.0114DOI Listing
February 2020

Motion-Preserving Navigated Primary Internal Fixation of Unstable C1 Fractures.

Asian Spine J 2020 Feb 14. Epub 2020 Feb 14.

Department of Spine Surgery, Ganga Hospital, Coimbatore, India.

Study Design: Prospective observational study.

Purpose: To assess the safety, efficacy, and benefits of computed tomography (CT)-guided C1 fracture fixation.

Overview Of Literature: The surgical management of unstable C1 injuries by occipitocervical and atlantoaxial (AA) fusion compromises motion and function. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31616/asj.2019.0189DOI Listing
February 2020

Cervical Total Disc Replacement and Heterotopic Ossification: A Review of Literature Outcomes and Biomechanics.

Asian Spine J 2020 Feb 14. Epub 2020 Feb 14.

NeuroSpine Surgery Research Group, Sydney, Australia.

Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) immobilizes surgical segments and can lead to the development of adjacent segment degeneration and adjacent segment disease. Thus, cervical total disc replacement (CTDR) has been developed with the aim to preserve the biomechanics of spine. However, heterotopic ossification (HO), a complication following CTDR, can reduce the segmental range of motion (ROM) and defects the motion-preservation benefit of CTDR. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31616/asj.2019.0234DOI Listing
February 2020

Evaluating Spinal Canal Lesions Using Apparent Diffusion Coefficient Maps with Diffusion-Weighted Imaging.

Asian Spine J 2020 Feb 14. Epub 2020 Feb 14.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University, Chiba, Japan.

Study Design: Observational study.

Purpose: To evaluate healthy volunteers and patients with spinal canal lesions using apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) maps with diffusion-weighted imaging.

Overview Of Literature: Decompression surgery for lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) is selected on the basis of subjective assessment and cross-sectional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31616/asj.2019.0266DOI Listing
February 2020

Successful Use of the Hybrid Assistive Limb for Care Support to Reduce Lumbar Load in a Simulated Patient Transfer.

Asian Spine J 2020 Feb 4. Epub 2020 Feb 4.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Japan.

Study Design: Prospective experimental study in humans.

Purpose: To determine whether the hybrid assistive limb (HAL) for Care Support can reduce lumbar load during a patient transfer.

Overview Of Literature: The prevalence of work-related low back pain (LBP) among nurses is high. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31616/asj.2019.0111DOI Listing
February 2020