166,364 results match your criteria Asian Pacific journal of tropical medicine[Journal]


Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for subcutaneous panniculitis-like T-cell lymphoma: single center experience in an Asian population.

Int J Hematol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Division of Hematology, Department of Medicine, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, No. 201, Sec 2, Shih-Pai Road, Taipei, 112, Taiwan.

Subcutaneous panniculitis-like T-cell lymphoma (SPTL) is a rare form of cytotoxic T-cell lymphoma. It is believed that SPTL in patients without hemophagocytic syndrome (HPS) follows an indolent course; in contrast, SPTL in patients with HPS has been associated with unfavorable survival. To provide more clinical data on SPTL in Asian populations and to identify optimal therapeutic strategies for SPTL, we assessed the clinicopathological features and long-term follow-up data of 10 Taiwanese SPTL patients diagnosed at a single center. Read More

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December 2018

Correction to: Weight Reduction and Pioglitazone are Cost-Effective for the Treatment of Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in Thailand.

Pharmacoeconomics 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Center of Pharmaceutical Outcomes Research, Department of Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Naresuan University, 65000, Phitsanulok, Thailand.

Weight Reduction is Cost-Effective for the Treatment of Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in Thailand. Read More

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December 2018

Race/ethnicity, nativity, and lifetime risk of mental disorders in US adults.

Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Disparities Research Unit, Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, 50 Staniford Street, Suite 830, Boston, MA, 02114, USA.

Purpose: There has been no comprehensive examination of how race/ethnicity and nativity intersect in explaining differences in lifetime prevalence of mental disorders among Asian, Black, Latino, and White adults. This study aims to estimate racial/ethnic differences in lifetime risk of mental disorders and examine how group differences vary by nativity.

Methods: Survival models were used to estimate racial/ethnic and nativity differences in lifetime risk of DSM-IV anxiety, mood, and substance use disorders in a nationally representative sample of over 20,000 respondents to four US surveys. Read More

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December 2018

Association between childhood invalidation and borderline personality symptoms: self-construal and conformity as moderating factors.

Borderline Personal Disord Emot Dysregul 2018 7;5:19. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

2Department of Psychological Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore.

Background: Linehan (1993)'s biosocial model posits that borderline personality disorder (BPD) symptoms develop as a result of a transactional relationship between pre-existing emotional vulnerability and an invalidating childhood environment. Little work, however, has investigated cultural factors that may influence the relationship between childhood invalidation and BPD symptoms. The present study investigated the association between parental invalidation and BPD symptoms, and the role of conformity and self-construal as potential moderators of this association. Read More

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December 2018

Prognostic role of miR-760 in hepatocellular carcinoma.

Oncol Lett 2018 Dec 3;16(6):7239-7244. Epub 2018 Oct 3.

Department of General Surgery, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong 250012, P.R. China.

Previous studies have demonstrated that microRNA (miR)-760 serves an important role in various cancer types. However, to the best of our knowledge, its role in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has not been fully elucidated. The current study investigated the prognostic role of miR-760 in HCC by using the Kaplan-Meier plotter database. Read More

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December 2018

Racial disparities in the survival time of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma and intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma between Chinese patients and patients of other racial groups: A population-based study from 2004 to 2013.

Oncol Lett 2018 Dec 5;16(6):7102-7116. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710061, P.R. China.

The aim of the present study was to investigate the racial disparities in the presentation, treatment and survival time of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) or intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) between Chinese and other racial groups from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database between January 1st 2004, and December 31st 2013. Key covariates, including clinical presentation, treatment and survival time, were recorded and compared, demonstrating the racial differences. Kaplan-Meier analysis and Cox regression models were performed to identify these disparities in survival time. Read More

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December 2018

Exploring the use of adjusted body mass index thresholds based on equivalent insulin resistance for defining overweight and obesity in UK South Asian children.

Int J Obes (Lond) 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Population Health Research Institute, St George's, University of London, London, UK.

Background: Body mass index (BMI) overweight/obesity thresholds in South Asian (SA) adults, at equivalent type-2 diabetes risk are lower than for white Europeans (WE). We aimed to define adjusted overweight/obesity thresholds for UK-SA children based on equivalent insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) to WE children.

Methods: In 1138 WE and 1292 SA children aged 9. Read More

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December 2018

Using Psychological Artificial Intelligence (Tess) to Relieve Symptoms of Depression and Anxiety: Randomized Controlled Trial.

JMIR Ment Health 2018 Dec 13;5(4):e64. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

X2AI Inc, San Francisco, CA, United States.

Background: Students in need of mental health care face many barriers including cost, location, availability, and stigma. Studies show that computer-assisted therapy and 1 conversational chatbot delivering cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) offer a less-intensive and more cost-effective alternative for treating depression and anxiety. Although CBT is one of the most effective treatment methods, applying an integrative approach has been linked to equally effective posttreatment improvement. Read More

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December 2018
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Prognostic factors predicting recurrence in invasive breast cancer: An analysis of radiological and clinicopathological factors.

Asian J Surg 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiology, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, South Korea.

Background/objective: The purpose of this study was to perform a comprehensive analysis of the radiological and clinicopathological factors that could predict recurrence of invasive breast cancer who underwent curative surgery without neoadjuvant chemotherapy.

Methods: Three hundred and sixty-four consecutive women who underwent preoperative mammography, ultrasound, and breast magnetic resonance imaging for newly diagnosed invasive breast cancers and curative surgery between January and December 2010 were included. We analyzed the radiological findings of each modality and reviewed the histopathological features. Read More

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December 2018

Future of mental health.

Asian J Psychiatr 2018 Dec;38:A7-A11

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December 2018

Prof N. N. Wig........the "Living Legend" of Indian Psychiatry.

Asian J Psychiatr 2018 Dec;38:A5-A6

Department of Psychiatry, PGIMER, Chandigarh.

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December 2018

Icons of Asian Psychiatry.

Authors:

Asian J Psychiatr 2018 Dec;38:A4

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December 2018

Mirza Ghalib introduced me to Professor Wig.

Authors:
Salman Akhtar

Asian J Psychiatr 2018 Dec;38:A12-A13

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December 2018

Transcatheter Valve Replacement in Asia Pacific: Current Practice and Perspectives.

J Am Coll Cardiol 2018 Dec;72(24):3189-3199

Interventional Cardiology Unit, GVM Care & Research Maria Cecilia Hospital, Cotignola, Italy. Electronic address:

Although the field of transcatheter therapies for valvular heart disease (VHD) is continuously expanding in western countries, uptake of this treatment in Asia has been slow, mainly due to the high cost of devices, need for specific training programs, and lack of specialized heart teams and dedicated structures. Moreover, anatomic considerations of the Asian population, such as smaller aorta and peripheral vessel size, high prevalence of bicuspid aortic valves, high calcium burden of stenotic aortic valve leaflets, low coronary ostia, and high prevalence of rheumatic etiology, might raise concerns about feasibility, risk of procedural complications, prosthesis durability, and long-term outcomes after transcatheter treatment of VHD. Asia Pacific and China's medical communities and manufacturer companies are setting up to address this unmet clinical need. Read More

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December 2018

Tet-Inducible Production of Infectious Zika Virus from the Full-Length cDNA Clones of African- and Asian-Lineage Strains.

Viruses 2018 Dec 9;10(12). Epub 2018 Dec 9.

Department of Microbiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Medicine, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA.

Zika virus (ZIKV) is a mosquito-borne flavivirus that has emerged as an important human viral pathogen, causing congenital malformation including microcephaly among infants born to mothers infected with the virus during pregnancy. Phylogenetic analysis suggested that ZIKV can be classified into African and Asian lineages. In this study, we have developed a stable plasmid-based reverse genetic system for robust production of both ZIKV prototype African-lineage MR766 and clinical Asian-lineage FSS13025 strains using a tetracycline (Tet)-controlled gene expression vector. Read More

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December 2018

Differing Contributions of Classical Risk Factors to Type 2 Diabetes in Multi-Ethnic Malaysian Populations.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018 Dec 10;15(12). Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Centre for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Medicine and Public Health, Faculty of Health and Medicine, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, New South Wales, 2308, Australia.

The prevalence of type 2 diabetes is escalating rapidly in Asian countries, with the rapid increase likely attributable to a combination of genetic and lifestyle factors. Recent research suggests that common genetic risk variants contribute minimally to the rapidly rising prevalence. Rather, recent changes in dietary patterns and physical activity may be more important. Read More

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December 2018

Subclinical Infection of Macaques and Baboons with A Baboon Simarterivirus.

Viruses 2018 Dec 10;10(12). Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Wisconsin⁻Madison, Madison, WI 53711, USA.

Simarteriviruses (: ) are commonly found at high titers in the blood of African monkeys but do not cause overt disease in these hosts. In contrast, simarteriviruses cause severe disease in Asian macaques upon accidental or experimental transmission. Here, we sought to better understand the host-dependent drivers of simarterivirus pathogenesis by infecting olive baboons (n = 4) and rhesus monkeys (n = 4) with the simarterivirus Southwest baboon virus 1 (SWBV-1). Read More

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December 2018

Venous Thromboembolism in Asian Patients with Pancreatic Cancer Following Palliative Chemotherapy: Low Incidence but a Negative Prognosticator for Those with Early Onset.

Cancers (Basel) 2018 Dec 10;10(12). Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Departments of Hematology-Oncology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital at Linkou and Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Taoyaun 333, Taiwan.

Background: Few studies have reported the epidemiology and clinical outcome of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in Asian patients with pancreatic cancer. This study investigated the incidence, risk factors, and clinical outcome of VTE in patients with pancreatic cancer following palliative chemotherapy.

Methods: The medical records of 838 patients with newly diagnosed locally advanced or metastatic pancreatic cancer who underwent palliative chemotherapy between 2010 and 2016 at four institutes in Taiwan were retrospectively reviewed. Read More

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December 2018

Effects of Maternal Decisional Authority and Media Use on Vaccination for Children in Asian Countries.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2018 Dec 7;54(6). Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Health Science, Dongduk Women's University, Seoul 136-714, Korea.

It is now accepted that vaccination is a critical public health strategy in preventing child morbidity and mortality. Understanding factors that promote vaccination is a critical first step. The objective of this study was to investigated associations of maternal decisional authority and media use on vaccination for children in six South and Southeast Asian countries. Read More

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December 2018

In Vitro and In Vivo Functional Characterization of Essence of Chicken as An Ergogenic Aid.

Nutrients 2018 Dec 7;10(12). Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Graduate Institute of Sports Science, National Taiwan Sports University, Taoyuan City 33301, Taiwan.

Essence of chicken is a popular Asian nutritional supplement that is often taken to improve metabolism and general health. Although used as a traditional remedy for combating fatigue and general health, there has been few studies investigating the ergogenic properties of chicken essence and its associated mechanism. We conducted a study to investigate the anti-fatigue and anti-oxidant properties of essence of chicken (EC) after exercise. Read More

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December 2018

Modeling the Asian Longhorned Tick (Acari: Ixodidae) Suitable Habitat in North America.

Authors:
Ilia Rochlin

J Med Entomol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Center for Vector Biology, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ.

Asian longhorned or bush tick (Haemaphysalis longicornis Neumann) is a vector species of considerable medical and veterinary importance within its native range in East Asia, and in introduced areas of Australia and Oceania. Recently, this tick species was detected in several regions of the United States. This study aimed at modeling areas suitable for H. Read More

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December 2018

A systematic review of the prevalence of limited health literacy in Southeast Asian countries.

Public Health 2018 Dec 10;167:8-15. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Pharmacy Enforcement Department, Penang, 10400, Jalan Anson, Penang, Malaysia. Electronic address:

Objectives: Health literacy is increasingly recognized as a public health concern. Most of the literature on health literacy concentrate in the Western countries. Therefore, this study aimed to systematically review and examine the available studies on health literacy in Southeast Asian countries and estimate its prevalence in this region. Read More

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December 2018

Atmospheric transport of I and Cs from Fukushima by the East Asian northeast monsoon.

J Environ Radioact 2018 Dec 10;197:74-80. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Vietnam Atomic Energy Institute, 59 Ly Thuong Kiet, Hanoi, Viet Nam.

The Lagrangian particle dispersion model FLEXPART was used to simulate atmospheric dispersion of radionuclides from the Fukushima nuclear power plant (FNPP) towards the Tropical Western Pacific (TWP) and Southeast Asia (SEA). The simulation model distinguished between hemispherical transport via the jet stream and regional transport within the marine boundary layer by the East Asian northeast monsoon. This regional transport was driven by anticyclonic circulation over southern Japan and the western Pacific resulting from a recurrent eastward extension of the Siberian High to the Pacific Ocean. Read More

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December 2018

Direct fishing and eDNA metabarcoding for biomonitoring during a 3-year survey significantly improves number of fish detected around a South East Asian reservoir.

PLoS One 2018 13;13(12):e0208592. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Institut de Génomique Fonctionnelle de Lyon, Université de Lyon, Ecole Normale Supérieure de Lyon, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, Unité Mixte de Recherche, Lyon, France.

Biodiversity has to be accurately evaluated to assess more precisely possible dam effects on fish populations, in particular on the most biodiverse rivers such as the Mekong River. To improve tools for fish biodiversity assessment, a methodological survey was performed in the surroundings of a recent hydropower dam in the Mekong basin, the Nam Theun 2 project. Results of two different approaches, experimental surface gillnets capture and environmental DNA metabarcoding assays based on 12S ribosomal RNA and cytochrome b, were compared during 3 years (2014-2016). Read More

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December 2018

Public support and sociodemographic correlates of public breastfeeding support in New Zealand.

N Z Med J 2018 Dec 14;131(1487):44-53. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Professor, School of Psychology, University of Auckland, Auckland.

Aims: The present study examined levels of support for public breastfeeding and sociodemographic correlates of public breastfeeding attitudes in New Zealand.

Method: Data (N=19,598) were from the 2016/17 New Zealand Attitudes and Values Study, a nationwide longitudinal panel study of the social attitudes of New Zealand adults aged 18 and older. The survey included an item measuring support for women breastfeeding in public alongside relevant sociodemographic variables. Read More

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December 2018

The Use of Mobile Health to Assist Self-management and Access to Services in a Rural Community.

Comput Inform Nurs 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Author Affiliations: School of Nursing, University of Nevada, Las Vegas (Dr Serafica); John A. Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu (Dr Inouye); School of Nursing, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD (Dr Lukkahatai); School of Nursing & Dental Hygiene, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, (Dr Braginsky); and Department of Kinesiology and Exercise Science (Dr Pacheco) and School of Nursing (Dr Daub), University of Hawaii at Hilo.

The purpose of this study was to explore the barriers to and needs for using mobile health technology to assist low-income Asian American and Pacific Islander participants living in rural Hawaii in their healthcare. Three focus groups consisting of patients, family support/significant others, and providers (N = 19) were conducted to assess the unique needs of low-income Asian American and Pacific Islander patients in rural Hawaii. The electronic health literacy scale was also used among participants in the patients and family support/significant other groups. Read More

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December 2018

The Third Asian Radiology Summit.

Jpn J Radiol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan.

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December 2018

The association of back muscle strength and sarcopenia-related parameters in the patients with spinal disorders.

Eur Spine J 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, 1-4-3 Asahi-machi, Abeno-ku, Osaka, Japan.

Purpose: To evaluate the correlations between back muscle strength, trunk muscle mass, and sarcopenia-related parameters in patients with spinal disorders.

Methods: This cross-sectional observational study included 230 consecutive patients with spinal disorders who visited our outpatient clinic (age range 65-92 years). We measured back muscle strength, handgrip strength, gait speed, and appendicular and trunk skeletal muscle mass using bioimpedance analysis. Read More

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December 2018

Anatomical variations of anterior ethmoidal artery at the ethmoidal roof and anterior skull base in Asians.

Surg Radiol Anat 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Community Medicine, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia Health Campus, 16150, Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia.

Purpose: The variations of the anterior ethmoidal artery (AEA) in different populations should be recognized by surgeons to prevent unwarranted complications during surgery. The aim of this study was to assess the anatomical variations of AEA in Asian population.

Methods: A cross-sectional study of 252 AEA identified by computed tomography (CT) of the paranasal sinuses. Read More

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December 2018

Asian mental health and use of drama therapy for acculturative family distancing in immigrant families.

Ment Illn 2018 Nov 6;10(2):7806. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

UC Irvine School of Medicine, Irvine, CA, USA.

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November 2018

Genetic diversity of 21 experimental chicken lines with diverse origins and genetic backgrounds.

Exp Anim 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Avian Bioscience Research Center, Graduate School of Bioagricultural Sciences, Nagoya University.

The genetic characteristics and diversity of 21 experimental chicken lines registered with the National BioResource Project of Japan were examined using mitochondrial D-loop sequences and 54 microsatellite DNA markers. A total of 12 haplotypes were detected in the 500-bp mitochondrial DNA sequences of the hypervariable segment I for 349 individuals of 21 lines. The 12 haplotypes belonged to three (A, D, and E) haplogroups, out of the seven (A-H) common haplogroups in domestic chickens and red junglefowls. Read More

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December 2018

Primary hepatic tuberculosis masquerading as cholangiocarcinoma: A clinical nugget.

Turk J Gastroenterol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Gastroenterology, Asian Institute of Medical Science, Haryana, India.

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December 2018

Study on relationship between elderly sarcopenia and inflammatory cytokine IL-6, anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10.

BMC Geriatr 2018 Dec 12;18(1):308. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Geratology Tianjin First Central Hospital, Tianjin, China.

Background And Objectives: The pathophysiological mechanism of sarcopenia in the elderly has not yet been fully understood. Here, we aim to explore the relationship between sarcopenia and the inflammatory cytokine interleukin-6 (IL-6), and the anti-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-10 (IL-10) in an elderly population.

Methods: Our study comprised 118 males and 46 females aged between 61 and 90 who had received a general medical examination in Tianjin First Central Hospital. Read More

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December 2018

Exclusive enteral nutrition with concomitant early thiopurine use was effective in maintaining steroid-free remission in a Southeast Asian cohort of children with Crohn's disease.

BMC Gastroenterol 2018 Dec 12;18(1):185. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Gastroenterology Service, Department of Paediatric Medicine, KK Women's and Children's Hospital, KK Hospital, 100 Bukit Timah Road, Singapore, 229899, Singapore.

Background: Exclusive enteral nutrition (EEN) is as effective as corticosteroids in inducing remission in children with Crohn's disease (CD). However, over 50% of these children relapse by 12 months of diagnosis. Thiopurines are commonly prescribed as maintenance therapy for CD, but evidence for its efficacy is controversial. Read More

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December 2018

Decoration of Dibenzofuran Using Cyanocarbazole via 6- Position As a Molecular Design Approach for High Triplet Energy Bipolar Host Materials.

Chem Asian J 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Sungkyunkwan University, Polymer science and engineering, 2066, Seobu-ro, Jangan-gu, 440-746, Suwon, KOREA, REPUBLIC OF.

In this study, two new dibenzofuran derivatives featuring one or two cyanocarbazole units, 6-(dibenzo[b,d]furan-4-yl)-9-phenyl-9H-carbazole-3-carbonitrile (mBFCzCN) and 6,6'-(dibenzo[b,d]furan-4,6-diyl)bis(9-phenyl-9H-carbazole-3-carbonitrile) (dBFCzCN), were developed as host materials for phosphorescent organic light emitting diodes (PhOLEDs). A new molecular design connecting the cyanocarbazole to the dibenzofuran using the cyanocarbazole 6-position instead of its 9-position was created, and the effects of number of cyanocarbazole units in the dibenzofuran building block on the photophysical and electroluminescence properties were investigated in detail. The mBFCzCN compound revealed high triplet energy (2. Read More

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December 2018

Morning surge in blood pressure and blood pressure variability in Asia: Evidence and statement from the HOPE Asia Network.

J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Hypertension, Centre for Epidemiological Studies and Clinical Trials, The Shanghai Institute of Hypertension, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Hypertension, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Hypertension is a major risk factor for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. To effectively prevent end-organ damage, maintain vascular integrity and reduce morbidity and mortality, it is essential to decrease and adequately control blood pressure (BP) throughout each 24-hour period. Exaggerated early morning BP surge (EMBS) is one component of BP variability (BPV), and has been associated with an increased risk of stroke and cardiovascular events, independently of 24-hour average BP. Read More

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December 2018

Clinical and Genetic Factors to Inform Reducing Colorectal Cancer Disparitites in African Americans.

Authors:
John M Carethers

Front Oncol 2018 20;8:531. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Division of Gastroenterology, Departments of Internal Medicine and Human Genetics, Rogel Cancer Center, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, United States.

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most prevalent and second deadliest cancer in the U.S. with 140,250 cases and 50,630 deaths for 2018. Read More

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November 2018

Valuation of EQ-5D-5L health states: a comparison of seven Asian populations.

Expert Rev Pharmacoecon Outcomes Res 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

n National University of Singapore , Singapore , Singapore.

Objectives: To compare the time trade-off (TTO) utility values of EQ-5D-5L health states elicited from different general populations in Asia.

Methods: We analyzed the TTO data from seven Asian EQ-5D-5L valuation studies in which utility values of 86 EQ-5D-5L health states were elicited from general population samples. An eight-parameter multiplicative regression model including five dimension parameters (mobility [MO], self-care, usual activities [UA], pain/discomfort, anxiety/depression) and three level parameters (level 2 [L2], level 3 [L3], and level 4 [L4]) was used to model the data from each of the populations. Read More

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December 2018

Designing Multivalent Ligands to Control Biological Interactions: From Vaccines and Cellular Effectors to Targeted Drug Delivery.

Chem Asian J 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Georgia Institute of Technology College of Engineering, Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering, 950 Atlantic Drive, EBB 5019, Georgia Tech, United States, 30032, Atlanta, UNITED STATES.

Multivalent interactions in which multiple ligands on one object bind to multiple receptors on another are commonly found in natural biological systems. In addition, these interactions can lead to increased strength and selectivity when compared to the corresponding monovalent interaction. These attributes have also guided the design of synthetic multivalent ligands to control biological interactions. Read More

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December 2018

Impact of a Narrow Coastal Bay of Bengal Sea Surface Temperature Front on an Indian Summer Monsoon Simulation.

Sci Rep 2018 Dec 6;8(1):17694. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Pune, India.

A dry bias in climatological Central Indian rainfall plagues Indian summer monsoon (ISM) simulations in multiple generations of climate models. Here, using observations and regional climate modeling, we focus on a warm coastal Bay of Bengal sea surface temperature (SST) front and its impact on Central Indian rainfall. The SST front, featuring sharp gradients as large as 0. Read More

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December 2018

Intraocular pressure change after injection of intravitreal dexamethasone (Ozurdex) implant in Korean patients.

Br J Ophthalmol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Ophthalmology, Institute of Vision Research, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea

Background/aims: To analyse intraocular pressure (IOP) changes over a period of 1 year after intravitreal dexamethasone (DEX, Ozurdex) implant injection and to compare the results with those of previously published studies that involved non-Asian populations.

Methods: A retrospective observational study was conducted. A total of 540 eyes of 503 patients who received DEX implant injection and were diagnosed with macular oedema (ME) due to various retinal diseases were examined. Read More

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December 2018

Incidence and Determinants of Intraocular Lens Implantation in Type 2 Diabetes: The Fremantle Diabetes Study Phase II.

Diabetes Care 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Medical School, University of Western Australia, Fremantle Hospital, Fremantle, Western Australia, Australia.

Objective: To compare the incidence of intraocular lens (IOL) implantation for cataracts between people with and without type 2 diabetes and to determine associated risk factors in those with type 2 diabetes.

Research Design And Methods: Participants with type 2 diabetes ( = 1,499) from the community-based observational Fremantle Diabetes Study Phase II (FDS2) were age, sex, and zip code matched 1:4 with residents without diabetes. IOL implantation status was ascertained between entry (2008-2011) and the end of 2016 using validated data linkage. Read More

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December 2018

The Toldt fascia: A historic review and surgical implications in complete mesocolic excision for colon cancer.

Asian J Surg 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Division of Colorectal Surgery, Department of Surgery, National Taiwan University Hospital and College of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan.

To clarify the anatomic concept of Toldt fascia, based on the literature review and the surgical anatomic dissection using laparoscopic or robotic approach. We undertook review of the historic literature and surgical videos from 250 patients with colorectal cancer operated on laparoscopically or robotically to discuss the surgical implications of Toldt fascia in complete mesocolic excision for colon cancer. Toldt fascia, sandwiched by the overlying mesothelial layer of the mesocolon and underlying mesothelial layer of the retroperitoneum, comprised loose fibrous tissues with minute vessels inside, and was contiguous from the ileocecal mesentery radix to the upper rectum. Read More

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December 2018

Paediatric poisoning in rural Sri Lanka: an epidemiological study.

BMC Public Health 2018 Dec 6;18(1):1349. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

SACTRC, Faculty of Medicine, University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka.

Background: Acute paediatric poisoning is a common public health concern for both developed and developing countries. The type of agent and underlying cause differ depending on the social, cultural, economic and educational background. The objectives of this study were to identify the incidence and pattern of paediatric poisoning in a rural district in Sri Lanka and establish whether tertiary referral hospital data are a useful surrogate for estimating district level epidemiology of paediatric poisoning. Read More

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December 2018

Reducing ethnic inequalities in bowel screening participation in New Zealand: A randomised controlled trial of telephone follow-up for non-respondents.

J Med Screen 2018 Dec 6:969141318815719. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

4 Waikato District Health Board, Hamilton, New Zealand.

Objective: To test whether a telephone follow-up service for high-needs ethnic groups increases bowel screening participation in non-responders to postal invitations.

Methods: Māori, Pacific, and Asian ethnicity individuals who failed to return a bowel screening test kit within four weeks of it being posted were randomly allocated (1:1) to a telephone active follow-up service or a control group. The active follow-up service made multiple attempts to contact the invitee and provide support. Read More

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December 2018

Datura and Brugmansia plants related antimuscarinic toxicity: an analysis of poisoning cases reported to the Taiwan poison control center.

Clin Toxicol (Phila) 2018 Dec 6:1-8. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

b Division of Clinical Toxicology & Occupational Medicine, Department of Medicine , Taipei Veterans General Hospital , Taipei , Taiwan.

Introduction: Datura and Brugmansia plants, especially Datura species, have been used for their hallucinogenic effects in the United States and Europe; whereas Datura plants have been used as a traditional medicine in many Asian countries. This study was conducted to better understand the pattern and outcome of Datura/Brugmansia plant related poisoning in Taiwan.

Methods: This is a retrospective case series study of all cases with Datura/Brugmansia exposure reported to the Taiwan Poison Control Center between 1986 and 2015. Read More

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December 2018

Penetration of new antidiabetic medications in East Asian countries and the United States: A cross-national comparative study.

PLoS One 2018 12;13(12):e0208796. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Duke Clinical Research Institute, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America.

Background: The number of patients with diabetes is increasing particularly in Asia-Pacific region. Many of them are treated with antidiabetics. As the basis of the studies on the benefit and harm of antidiabetic drugs in the region, the information on patterns of market penetration of new classes of antidiabetic medications is important in providing context for subsequent research and analyzing and interpreting results. Read More

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December 2018

Low 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels are more prevalent in Canadians of South Asian than European ancestry inhabiting the National Capital Region of Canada.

PLoS One 2018 12;13(12):e0207429. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Bureau of Nutritional Sciences, Health Products and Food Branch, Health Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada.

The US Institute of Medicine defined serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) cut point values of 30 nmol/L and 40 nmol/L were used to assess the vitamin D status of South Asian and European Canadians of self-identified ancestry living in the National Capital Region of Canada. Serum 25OHD values were measured in the spring and fall of 2012 to represent status during the winter and summer months, respectively. A total of 1238 measurements were obtained from 669 participants (49% South Asian ancestry): some participants were measured only once (spring or fall). Read More

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December 2018
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