680 results match your criteria Asian Pacific journal of tropical biomedicine[Journal]


Retraction notice to "Antimicrobial secondary metabolites from marine gastropod egg capsules and egg masses".

Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2015 Feb;5(2):168

Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Pondicherry University-605 014, Puducherry, India.

[This retracts the article DOI: 10.1016/S2221-1691(12)60253-6.][This retracts the article DOI: 10. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2221-1691(15)30338-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4379910PMC
February 2015
1 Read

Adult Klebsiella pneumoniae meningitis in Qatar: clinical pattern of ten cases.

Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2014 Aug;4(8):669-72

Microbiology Laboratory, Hamad General Hospital, Doha, Qatar.

Objective: To describe the clinical presentation, underlying diseases, antimicrobial susceptibility, treatment and outcome of Klebsiella pneumoniae meningitis patients.

Methods: This retrospective study involved all patients with 15 years of age or older who admitted to Hamad General Hospital with culture proven Klebsiella pneumoniae meningitis from January 1, 2007 to December 31, 2012.

Results: A total of ten cases were identified (nine males and one female). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12980/APJTB.4.201414B100DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4037663PMC
August 2014
1 Citation

Iron-chelating and anti-lipid peroxidation properties of 1-(N-acetyl-6-aminohexyl)-3-hydroxy-2-methylpyridin-4-one (CM1) in long-term iron loading β-thalassemic mice.

Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2014 Aug;4(8):663-8

Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

Objective: To evaluate the iron-chelating properties and free-radical scavenging activities of 1-(N-acetyl-6-aminohexyl)-3-hydroxy-2-methylpyridin-4-one (CM1) treatment in chronic iron-loaded β-thalassemic (BKO) mice.

Methods: The BKO mice were fed with a ferrocene-rich diet and were orally administered with CM1 [50 mg/(kg.day)] for 6 months. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12980/APJTB.4.2014APJTB-2014-0155DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4037662PMC
August 2014
8 Reads

Digestive fungal flora in asymptomatic subjects in Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso.

Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2014 Aug;4(8):659-62

Service of Parasitology-Mycology, Saint Antoine de Paris Hospital, France.

Objective: To identify Candida species in asymptomatic subjects in Bobo-Dioulasso (Burkina Faso) by the matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted from January to February 2013 in Bobo-Dioulasso to collect fecal and urine specimens from voluntary donors. Fungal strains were isolated on Sabouraud dextrose agar and analyzed using matrix-assisted laser desorption ionisation-time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12980/APJTB.4.201414B27DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4037661PMC
August 2014
25 Reads

Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency is associated with asymptomatic malaria in a rural community in Burkina Faso.

Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2014 Aug;4(8):655-8

Centre for Biomolecular Research Pietro Annigoni (CERBA) LABIOGENE UFR/SVT, University of Ouagadougou BP 364 Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.

Objective: To investigate 4 combinations of mutations responsible for glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency in a rural community of Burkina Faso, a malaria endemic country.

Methods: Two hundred individuals in a rural community were genotyped for the mutations A376G, G202A, A542T, G680T and T968C using TaqMan single nucleotide polymorphism assays and polymerase chain reaction followed by restriction fragment length polymorphism.

Results: The prevalence of the G6PD deficiency was 9. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12980/APJTB.4.2014APJTB-2014-0100DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4037660PMC
August 2014
30 Reads
7 Citations

GC/GCMS analysis of the petroleum ether and dichloromethane extracts of Moringa oleifera roots.

Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2014 Aug;4(8):650-4

Department of Chemistry, Federal Urdu University of Arts, Sciences and Technology, Gulshan-e-Iqbal, Science Campus, Karachi-75300, Pakistan.

Objective: To explore the phytochemical constituents from petroleum ether and dichloromethane extracts of Moringa oleifera (M. oleifera) roots using GC/GC-MS.

Methods: A total of 5. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12980/APJTB.4.201414B141DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4037659PMC
August 2014
8 Reads

An efficient method in breaking of dormancy from Bunium persicum (Boiss) Fedtsch seeds: a valuable herb of Middle East and Central Asia.

Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2014 Aug;4(8):642-9

Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43300, Selangor, Malaysia.

Objective: To develop a protocol for breaking of seed dormancy and increasing the seed germination rate of Bunium persicum.

Methods: The seeds were treated with 3.1, 6. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12980/APJTB.4.2014APJTB-2014-0042DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4037658PMC

Physico-chemical analysis and antimicrobial potential of Apis dorsata, Apis mellifera and Ziziphus jujube honey samples from Pakistan.

Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2014 Aug;4(8):633-41

PCSIR Research Laboratories, Thokar Niaz Baig, Lahore, Pakistan.

Objective: To evaluate physico-chemical properties and antimicrobial potential of indigenous honey samples against different reference strains including Escherichia coli ATCC 8739, Enterobacter aerogenes ATCC 13048, Pseudomonas aeroginosa ATCC 9027, Bacillus subtilis ATCC 6633, Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923, Salmonella typhi ATCC 14028, Klebsiella pneumonia ATCC 13883, Aspergillus niger ATCC 16404, Rhizopus oligosporus PCSIR1, Candida albicans ATCC 14053 and Candida utilis ATCC 9950.

Methods: By using standard methods samples were evaluated for their antimicrobial properties including additive effect of starch and non-peroxidase activity, antioxidative properties (phenol contents, flavonoid contents, 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical scavenging activity). Prior to this evaluation, complete physico-chemical properties including pH, color, ash contents, protein contents, moisture contents, hydroxymethyl furfural contents, total sugar contents, reducing sugar and non-reducing sugar contents were analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12980/APJTB.4.2014APJTB-2014-0095DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4037657PMC
August 2014
15 Reads

Polyketide and benzopyran compounds of an endophytic fungus isolated from Cinnamomum mollissimum: biological activity and structure.

Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2014 Aug;4(8):627-32

Biomedical Science Programme, School of Diagnostic and Applied Health Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Jalan Raja Muda Abdul Aziz, 50300 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Objective: To study bioactivity and compounds produced by an endophytic Phoma sp. fungus isolated from the medicinal plant Cinnamomum mollissimum.

Methods: Compounds produced by the fungus were extracted from fungal broth culture with ethyl acetate. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12980/APJTB.4.2014APJTB-2014-0030DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4037656PMC

Prevention of renal dysfunction by nutraceuticals prepared from oil rich plant foods.

Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2014 Aug;4(8):618-27

Cytogenetic Department, National Research Centre, Dokki, Cairo, Egypt.

Objective: To investigate the protective effect of extracts prepared from avocado, walnut, flaxseed and Eruca sativa seeds in a rat model of kidney dysfunction induced by intraperitoneal cisplatin.

Methods: Ethanol and petroleum ether extracts mixture was prepared from each plant. Six groups of rats were conducted; control healthy, cisplatin group and four test groups where rats were given daily oral dose of each extract mixture before cisplatin injection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12980/APJTB.4.201414B66DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4037655PMC
August 2014
4 Reads

Toxicity effects of water extracts of Holothuria atra Jaeger in mice.

Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2014 Aug;4(8):614-7

Faculty of Pharmacy, Alzaytoonah University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan.

Objective: To determine lethal median dose (LD50) and histopathological toxicity of water extract of Holothuria atra (H. atra) in mice.

Methods: The behavioral changes, mortality and histopathology examination on liver were assessed in mice 14 d after the administration (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12980/APJTB.4.201414B154DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4037654PMC
August 2014
6 Reads

High levels of Zinc-α-2-Glycoprotein among Omani AIDS patients on combined antiretroviral therapy.

Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2014 Aug;4(8):610-3

Department of Microbiology and Immunology, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Sultan Qaboos University, P.O. Box 35, Muscat, Oman.

Objective: To investigate the levels of zinc-α-2-glycoprotein (ZAG) among Omani AIDS patients receiving combined antiretroviral therapy (cART).

Methods: A total of 80 Omani AIDS patients (45 males and 35 females), average age of 36 years, who were receiving cART at the Sultan Qaboos University Hospital (SQUH), Muscat, Oman, were tested for the levels of ZAG. In addition, 80 healthy blood donors (46 males and 34 females), average age of 26 years, attending the SQUH Blood Bank, were tested in parallel as a control group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12980/APJTB.4.201414B126DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4037653PMC
August 2014
1 Read

Impact of antibacterial drugs on human serum paraoxonase-1 (hPON1) activity: an in vitro study.

Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2014 Aug;4(8):603-9

Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Atatürk University, 25240 Erzurum, Turkey.

Objective: To investigate the in vitro effects of the antibacterial drugs, meropenem trihydrate, piperacillin sodium, and cefoperazone sodium, on the activity of human serum paraoxonase (hPON1).

Methods: hPON1 was purified from human serum using simple chromatographic methods, including DEAE-Sephadex anion exchange and Sephadex G-200 gel filtration chromatography.

Results: The three antibacterial drugs decreased in vitro hPON1 activity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12980/APJTB.4.2014APJTB-2014-0059DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4037652PMC
August 2014
8 Reads

Genetic diversity of the msp-1, msp-2, and glurp genes of Plasmodium falciparum isolates along the Thai-Myanmar borders.

Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2014 Aug;4(8):598-602

Bansomdejchaopraya Rajabhat University, Bangkok, Thiland.

Objective: To study the genetic diversity at the msp-1, msp-2, and glurp genes of Plasmodium falciparum (P. falciparum) isolates from 3 endemic areas in Thailand: Tak, Kanchanaburi and Ranong provinces.

Methods: A total of 144 P. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12980/APJTB.4.2014APJTB-2014-0156DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4037651PMC

No structural change due to G228S substitution of haemagglutinin in emerging H6N1 influenza virus.

Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2014 Aug;4(8):597

Hainan Medical University, China ; Faculty of Medicine, University of Nis, Serbia ; Joseph Ayobabalola University, Nigeria ; Chulalongkorn University, Thailand.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12980/APJTB.4.2014C1319DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4037650PMC

An overview of travel-associated central nervous system infectious diseases: risk assessment, general considerations and future directions.

Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2014 Aug;4(8):589-96

Department of Neurology, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Nervous system infections are among the most important diseases in travellers. Healthy travellers might be exposed to infectious agents of central nervous system, which may require in-patient care. Progressive course is not uncommon in this family of disorders and requires swift diagnosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12980/APJTB.4.2014APJTB-2014-0065DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4037649PMC
August 2014
8 Reads

Reticulo-cutaneous fistula due to the ingestion of a long metallic rod in a cow.

Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2014 Jul;4(7):586-8

Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran.

A five-year-old cow was referred to the veterinary faculty hospital for treatment of a swelling mass with a cutaneous fistula at the left lower part of the chest wall, between 7th till 9th intercostals space. Abdominal pain in palpation of the mass was observed with no abnormality in clinical symptoms. In surgical exploration, skin incision was carried out on the swelling mass and surprisingly a sinus tract with a sharp metallic rod (26 cm length) that continued to the reticulum lumen was identified. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12980/APJTB.4.2014B102DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4032836PMC
July 2014
1 Read

Clinical, radiological and molecular diagnosis correlation in serum samples from patients with osteoarticular tuberculosis.

Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2014 Jul;4(7):581-5

Unidad de Investigación Médica en Inmunología e Infectología, Hospital de Infectología, Centro Médico Nacional La Raza (CMNR), Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS), Mexico City, Mexico (Medical Research Unit in Immunology and Infectious Disease, Hospital for Infectious Disease, "La Raza"National Medical Center (CMNR), Mexican Social Security Institute (IMSS), Mexico City, Mexico).

Objective: To assess the role of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in serum samples, in the diagnosis of osteoarticular tuberculosis (OTB) in a setting where only clinical and imaging diagnoses determine the treatment.

Methods: A total of 44 consecutive serum specimens were collected from clinically suspected OTB patients, based on clinical and radiological [X-ray or magnetic resonance imaging/computed tomography] features. They were screened by in-house nested PCR. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12980/APJTB.4.201414B112DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4032835PMC

Anti-diabetic effects of Caulerpa lentillifera: stimulation of insulin secretion in pancreatic β-cells and enhancement of glucose uptake in adipocytes.

Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2014 Jul;4(7):575-80

Department of Oriental Medicine Resources and Institute of Korean Medicine Industry, Mokpo National University, Jeonnam 534-729, Republic of Korea.

Objective: To evaluate anti-diabetic effect of Caulerpa lentillifera (C. lentillifera).

Methods: The inhibitory effect of C. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12980/APJTB.4.2014APJTB-2014-0091DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4032834PMC
July 2014
29 Reads
3 Citations

Down-regulated expression of NPM1 in IMS-M2 cell line by (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate.

Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2014 Jul;4(7):570-4

Department of Molecular Cytogenetics, Hematology and Blood Transfusion Hospital in Ho Chi Minh City, Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam ; Center for Molecular Biomedicine, The University of Medicine and Pharmacy-Ho Chi Minh City, Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam.

Objective: To investigate the inhibited effect of epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) on the expression of NPM1 in IMS-M2 cells harboring the NPM1 mutations.

Methods: Cell proliferation assay was performed to test the effects of EGCG on cell growth of IMS-M2 cells harboring the NPM1 mutations. Western blot analysis were performed to test the protein expression of NPM1, AKT, those associated with apoptosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12980/APJTB.4.2014APJTB-2014-0177DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4032833PMC
July 2014
5 Reads

Knowledge, attitude, and practices related to cutaneous leishmaniasis in an endemic focus of cutaneous leishmaniasis, Southern Iran.

Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2014 Jul;4(7):566-9

Department of Parasitology and Mycology, School of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Objective: To assess knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) of inhabitants of an endemic area in Fars province toward cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL).

Methods: The study was carried out in Lapui district in Fars province, south of Iran, one of the most important foci of CL in this province. Sample size (237 residents) was calculated based on population. Read More

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http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S222116911530130
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.12980/APJTB.4.2014C744DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4032832PMC
July 2014
1 Read

An initial study of insect succession on decomposing rabbit carrions in Harare, Zimbabwe.

Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2014 Jul;4(7):561-5

Department of Anatomy, College of Health Sciences, University of Zimbabwe, Zimbabwe.

Objective: To investigate insects visiting sun exposed and shaded decomposing rabbit carcasses and to establish the relationship between insects and carcasses which may be of forensic importance in Harare.

Methods: Two rabbits weighing 2.3 kg and 2. Read More

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http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S222116911530129
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http://dx.doi.org/10.12980/APJTB.4.2014C1031DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4032831PMC
July 2014
3 Reads

Modified technique of Wolbachia removal from Malaysian Aedes albopictus.

Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2014 Jul;4(7):557-60

Julius Centre University of Malaya, Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, 50603, Malaysia.

Objective: To develop an artificial and modified Wolbachia removal technique using tetracycline from naturally Wolbachia infected Aedes albopictus (Ae. albopictus) so as to be able to produce generations of Wolbachia free offsprings.

Methods: In this study, seven different tetracycline treatment methods were conducted to obtain the best removal method. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12980/APJTB.4.2014APJTB-2014-0020DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4032830PMC
July 2014
2 Reads

In vitro cytotoxicity of Indonesian stingless bee products against human cancer cell lines.

Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2014 Jul;4(7):549-56

Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University, 254 Phayathai Road, Bangkok 10330, Thailand.

Objective: To screen crude extracts of propolis, bee pollen and honey from four stingless bee species [Trigona incisa (T. incisa)], Timia apicalis, Trigona fusco-balteata and Trigona fuscibasis) native to East Kalimantan, Indonesia for cytotoxic activity against five human cancer cell lines (HepG2, SW620, ChaGo-I, KATO-III and BT474).

Methods: All samples were extracted with methanol, and then subpartitioned with n-hexane and ethyl acetate. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12980/APJTB.4.2014APJTB-2013-0039DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4032829PMC
July 2014
5 Reads

Cytotoxicity screening of Melastoma malabathricum extracts on human breast cancer cell lines in vitro.

Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2014 Jul;4(7):545-8

Department of Biomedical Science, Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences, IIUM, 25200 Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia.

Objective: To screen the cytotoxic activity of Melastoma malabathricum (M. malabathricum) against human breast cancer cell line (MCF-7) in vitro.

Methods: A three steps extraction protocol using n-hexane, chloroform and methanol as the solvents systems was carried out on leaves, stems and flowers of M. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12980/APJTB.4.2014C658DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4032828PMC

Antioxidant potential of Rumex vesicarius L.: in vitro approach.

Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2014 Jul;4(7):538-44

Department of Pharmacology, College of Pharmacy, Salman Bin Abdulaziz University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Objective: To assess in-vitro antioxidant activity of different fraction and perform high performance thin layer chromatography fingerprint analysis of most active fraction of Rumex vesicarius L. (R. vesicarius). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12980/APJTB.4.2014C1168DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4032827PMC
July 2014
5 Reads

Jeju seaweeds suppress lipopolysaccharide-stimulated proinflammatory response in RAW 264.7 murine macrophages.

Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2014 Jul;4(7):529-37

Cosmetic Science Center, Department of Chemistry, Jeju National University, Jeju 690-756, Korea ; LINC Agency, Jeju National University, Ara-1-dong, Jeju 690-756, Korea.

Objective: To investigate the anti-inflammatory effects of Jeju seaweeds on macrophage RAW 264.7 cells under lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulation.

Methods: Ethyl acetate fractions were prepared from five different types of Jeju seaweeds, Dictyopteris divaricata (D. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12980/APJTB.4.2014C1099DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4032826PMC
July 2014
3 Reads

Effects of lactic acid bacteria isolated from fermented mustard on lowering cholesterol.

Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2014 Jul;4(7):523-8

Department of Food Science and Technology, Chia Nan University of Pharmacy and Science, 60 Erh-Jen Road, Section 1, Pao-An, Jen-Te District, Tainan, Taiwan.

Objective: To evaluate the ability of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) strains isolated from fermented mustard to lower the cholesterol in vitro.

Methods: The ability of 50 LAB strains isolated from fermented mustard on lowering cholesterol in vitro was determined by modified o-phtshalaldehyde method. The LAB isolates were analyzed for their resistance to acid and bile salt. Read More

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http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S222116911530123
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.12980/APJTB.4.201414B54DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4032825PMC
July 2014
16 Reads

The presence of eucalyptol in Artemisia australis validates its use in traditional Hawaiian medicine.

Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2014 Jul;4(7):520-2

Department of Biochemistry and Physical Sciences, Brigham Young University-Hawaii, 55-220 Kulanui St. #1967 Laie, Hawaii 96762, USA.

Objective: To identify the major organic compounds of Artemisia australis (A. australis), a plant used in traditional Hawaiian medicine for the treatment of asthma.

Methods: The dichloromethane extract of A. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12980/APJTB.4.2014C1112DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4032824PMC

Proteomics analysis of antimalarial targets of Garcinia mangostana Linn.

Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2014 Jul;4(7):515-9

Chulabhorn International College of Medicine, Thammasat University (Rangsit Campus), Pathumtani 12121, Thailand.

Objective: To investigate possible protein targets for antimalarial activity of Garcinia mangostana Linn. (G. mangostana) (pericarp) in 3D7 Plasmodium falciparum clone using 2-dimensional electrophoresis and liquid chromatography mass-spectrometry (LC/MS/MS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12980/APJTB.4.2014APJTB-2014-0043DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4032823PMC
July 2014
1 Read

Antimicrobial activity against periodontopathogenic bacteria, antioxidant and cytotoxic effects of various extracts from endemic Thermopsis turcica.

Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2014 Jul;4(7):505-14

Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Gazi, Ankara, Turkey.

Objective: To investigate the in vitro antimicrobial potential of Thermopsis turcica Kit Tan, Vural & Küçüködük against periodontopathogenic bacteria, its antioxidant activity and cytotoxic effect on various cancer cell lines.

Methods: In vitro antimicrobial activities of ethanol, methanol, ethyl acetate (EtAc), n-hexane and water extracts of Thermopsis turcica herb against periodontopathogenic bacteria, Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans ATCC 29523 and Porphyromonas gingivalis ATCC 33277 were tested by agar well diffusion, minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimal bactericidal concentration (MBC). Antioxidant properties of the extracts were evaluated by 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl-hydrazyl radical scavenging activity and β-carotene bleaching methods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12980/APJTB.4.2014APJTB-2013-0010DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4032822PMC
July 2014
5 Reads

Larvicidal efficacy of Ethiopian ethnomedicinal plant Juniperus procera essential oil against Afrotropical malaria vector Anopheles arabiensis (Diptera: Culicidae).

Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2014 May;4(Suppl 1):S99-S106

Unit of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, Department of Environmental Health Sciences and Technology, College of Public Health & Medical Sciences, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia.

Objective: To screen the essential oil of Juniperus procera (J. procera) (Cupressaceae) for larvicidal activity against late third instar larvae of Anopheles arabiensis (An. arabiensis) Patton, the principle malaria vector in Ethiopia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12980/APJTB.4.2014C687DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4025318PMC
May 2014
5 Reads

Protective capacity of Artemisia annua as a potent antioxidant remedy against free radical damage.

Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2014 May;4(Suppl 1):S92-8

Biochemistry Division, Department of Chemical Sciences, Niger Delta University, Yenagoa, Nigeria.

Objective: To evaluate the antioxidant capacity of four leaf-derived solvent extracts of Artemisia annua (A. annua), a medicinal plant widely touted for its vast phyto-therapeutic potential.

Methods: A. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12980/APJTB.4.2014C731DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4025272PMC
May 2014
6 Reads

Genetic diversity and complexity of Plasmodium falciparum infections in Lagos, Nigeria.

Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2014 May;4(Suppl 1):S87-91

Parasitology and Bioinformatics, Faculty of Science University of Lagos, Nigeria.

Objective: To analyse the genetic diversity of Plasmodium falciparum (P. falciparum) using msp-1 and msp-2 as antigenic markers.

Methods: Parasite DNA was extracted from 100 blood samples collected from P. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12980/APJTB.4.2014C1301DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4025267PMC
May 2014
4 Reads
8 Citations

The emerging trends of falciparum malaria: a study from a tertiary centre in an endemic area of India.

Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2014 May;4(Suppl 1):S81-6

Department of Medicine, KMC Manipal, Udupi, Karnataka- 576102, India.

Objective: To document the various clinical manifestations, lab parameters, complications and outcomes of Falciparum Malaria. The above data would be correlated with the parasitic index to deduce whether it would be an effective measure of the same.

Methods: This was a prospective study among 183 inpatients aged above 18 from Kasturba Hospital, Manipal from May 2009 to January 2011. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12980/APJTB.4.2014C1139DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4025285PMC
May 2014
2 Reads

Salutary value of haruan, the striped snakehead Channa striatus - a review.

Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2014 May;4(Suppl 1):S8-S15

Department of Biomedical Science, University Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.

Murrel namely Channa striatus or haruan contains all essential elements to maintain good health and to recover the lost energy after prolonged illness. The fatty acid composition (% of total fatty acid) indicated the abundant presence of C16:0 fatty acid as 30% and the other major fatty acids were C22:6 (15%), C20:4 (19%), C18:1 (12%) and C18:0 (15%). Haruan contains arachidonic acid (C20:4) as 19. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12980/APJTB.4.2014C1015DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4025303PMC
May 2014
3 Reads

Characterization of larval habitats for anopheline mosquitoes in a malarious area under elimination program in the southeast of Iran.

Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2014 May;4(Suppl 1):S73-80

Department of Occupational Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

Objective: To determine the effects of environmental characteristics of larval habitats on distribution and abundance of anopheline mosquitoes in Bashagard county, a malarious area in southeast of Iran.

Methods: Larvae were collected monthly using the standard dipping method and identified using a morphological-based key. Environmental characteristics of the larval habitats were recorded. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12980/APJTB.4.2014C899DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4025279PMC
May 2014
13 Reads

Dengue encephalitis-A rare manifestation of dengue fever.

Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2014 May;4(Suppl 1):S70-2

Soundarya Mahalingam, Associate Professor, Department of Paediatrics, Kasturba Medical College, (affiliated to Manipal University), Mangalore, India.

The clinical spectrum of dengue fever ranges from asymptomatic infection to dengue shock syndrome. Dengue is classically considered a non-neurotropic virus. Neurological complications are not commonly seen in dengue. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12980/APJTB.4.2014C1006DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4025291PMC
May 2014
4 Reads

A rare case of Weil's disease with alveolar haemorrhage.

Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2014 May;4(Suppl 1):S66-9

Department of Tropical Medicine, Calcutta School of Tropical Medicine, Kolkata, India.

Leptospirosis, a disease of protean manifestations occurs sporadically throughout the year with a peak seasonal incidence during the rainy season mimicking other febrile viral illness. In the rare case, the disease leads to renal and hepatic involvement with hemorrhage which may be associated with multisystem organ dysfunction in form of pulmonary, cardiac and central nervous system, when it is known as Weil's disease. Rarely haemorrhagic manifestations are assosciated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12980/APJTB.4.2014D126DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4025278PMC
May 2014
3 Reads

Fatal hemorrhagic-necrotizing pancreatitis associated with pancreatic and hepatic lipidosis in an obese Asian palm civet (Paradoxurus hermaphroditus).

Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2014 May;4(Suppl 1):S62-5

Clinica per Animali Esotici, Centro Veterinario Specialistico, Via Sandro Giovannini 53, Rome, Italy.

Asian palm civets (Paradoxurus hermaphroditus), or toddy cats, belong to the family Viverridae. Little is known about the pathology of these animals and few articles have been published, mainly concerning their important role as wild reservoir hosts for severe infectious diseases of domestic animals and human beings. A 4-year-old, female Asian palm civet was found dead by the owner. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12980/APJTB.4.2014C915DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4025281PMC
May 2014
12 Reads

Report of a patient with complex composites of hepatitis B virus, allergic asthma and diabetes.

Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2014 May;4(Suppl 1):S59-61

Faculty of Medicine, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran.

HBV is a non-cytopathic virus and cell mediated immune response against this. Humoral mediated immune response are responsible for allergic diseases. Balance between these two subsets of Th CD4+ cells are result of the immune system response. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12980/APJTB.4.2014C683DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4025337PMC

Malaria or flu? A case report of misdiagnosis.

Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2014 May;4(Suppl 1):S56-8

Young Researchers Club, Islamic Azad University, Babol Branch, Babol, Mazandaran, Iran.

We present and discuss elaborately a case of malaria misdiagnosis in a 27-year-old woman in Chalus, Mazandaran Province, North Iran in 2013. The patient has been complaining of fever, shivering and myalgia for three months. Although she visited two physicians during this time, the problem still remained owing to misdiagnose. Read More

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http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S222116911530243
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.12980/APJTB.4.2014C932DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4025336PMC
May 2014
3 Reads

Toxocara cati larvae in the eye of a child: a case report.

Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2014 May;4(Suppl 1):S53-5

Department of Ophthalmology, Khalili Hospital, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Toxocariasis is a consequence of human infection by Toxocara larvae. There are symptomatic (visceral, ocular) and asymptomatic course of toxocariasis. The ocular form is very rare. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12980/APJTB.4.2014C1281DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4025287PMC
May 2014
12 Reads

Ethno-botanical survey of edible wild fruits in Benguet, Cordillera administrative region, the Philippines.

Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2014 May;4(Suppl 1):S525-38

School of Natural Sciences, Saint Louis University, Bonifacio St., Baguio City 2600, the Philippines.

Objective: To conduct a survey on the common name/s, traditional uses and cultural importance of the edible wild fruits in different municipalities of Benguet, Cordillera administrative region.

Methods: Interviews using questionnaires with barangay leaders and indigenous people were conducted with 176 key informants from June 2011 to July 2013.

Results: A total of 36 fruit species were found in different municipalities of Benguet. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12980/APJTB.4.201414B36DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4025321PMC
May 2014
8 Reads

Oral administration of leaf extracts of Momordica charantia affect reproductive hormones of adult female Wistar rats.

Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2014 May;4(Suppl 1):S521-4

School of Medical Sciences, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana.

Objective: To determine the effect of graded doses of aqueous leaf extracts of Momordica charantia on fertility hormones of female albino rats.

Methods: TWENTY ADULT, HEALTHY, FEMALE WISTAR RATS WERE DIVIDED INTO FOUR GROUPS: low dose (LD), moderate dose (MD) and high dose (HD) groups which received 12.5 g, 25. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12980/APJTB.4.2014C939DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4025319PMC

HPLC analysis and cell surface receptor binding activities of the crude aqueous and methanolic extract of Sesamum indicum.

Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2014 May;4(Suppl 1):S516-20

Dhaka Medical College, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Objective: To identify the possible functional molecules for therapeutic uses by screening the crude aqueous and methanolic extracts derived from sesame seeds (Sesamum indicum) in vitro.

Methods: High performance liquid chromatography was used to scan the functional molecules present in the extracts.

Results: The crude aqueous extracts showed the possibilities to present caffeine and cetirizine or its derivatives like molecules. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12980/APJTB.4.2014C973DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4025305PMC

Cytotoxic activity of kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L.) seed extract and oil against human cancer cell lines.

Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2014 May;4(Suppl 1):S510-5

Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Faculty of Applied Sciences, UCSI University, 56000 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Objective: To examine the cytotoxic properties of both the kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L.) seed extract and kenaf seed oil on human cervical cancer, human breast cancer, human colon cancer and human lung cancer cell lines.

Methods: The in vitro cytotoxic activity of the kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L. Read More

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http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S222116911530319
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.12980/APJTB.4.2014C1090DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4025328PMC
May 2014
34 Reads

Antibacterial activity of the essential oils of myrtle leaves against Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae.

Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2014 May;4(Suppl 1):S505-9

Shahrekord Branch, Islamic Azad University, Department of Food Hygiene, College of Veterinary Medicine, Shahrekord, Iran.

Objective: To evaluate the antibacterial activity of the essential oil of Myrtus communis (M. communis) L. against Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae (E. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12980/APJTB.4.2014B1168DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4025333PMC
May 2014
5 Reads

Gastroprotective effects of combination of hot water extracts of turmeric (Curcuma domestica L.), cardamom pods (Ammomum compactum S.) and sembung leaf (Blumea balsamifera DC.) against aspirin-induced gastric ulcer model in rats.

Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2014 May;4(Suppl 1):S500-4

Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, 55281, Indonesia.

Objective: To investigate the protective effect of the combination of turmeric (Curcuma domestica), cardamom pods (Amomum compactum) and sembung leaf (Blumea balsamifera) on gastric mucosa in aspirin-induced gastric ulcer model rats.

Methods: Thirty male Wistar rats weighing 150-200 g were divided into 6 groups. Four groups were administered with the hot water extracts combination consisted of cardamom pods 36. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12980/APJTB.4.2014C972DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4025315PMC
May 2014
2 Reads

Acute myocardial infarction in a 35-year-old man with coronary artery aneurysm most probably caused by Kawasaki disease.

Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2014 May;4(Suppl 1):S50-2

Cardiovascular Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

We present a 35-year-old man with history of Kawasaki disease who referred with myocardial infarction, and angiography, revealing aneurysm of left main and left anterior descending coronary arteries. The patient underwent percutaneous coronary intervention and thrombectomy and was discharged after 6 d. Coronary artery sequels of Kawasaki disease should be considered as one of the underlying causes of acute myocardial infarction in young adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12980/APJTB.4.2014C988DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4025273PMC
May 2014
1 Read