186,478 results match your criteria Asian Myrmecology[Journal]


Endoscopic ultrasound-guided tissue acquisition with or without macroscopic on-site evaluation: randomized controlled trial.

Endoscopy 2020 Jun 4. Epub 2020 Jun 4.

Department of Surgery, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.

Background:  The use of macroscopic on-site evaluation (MOSE) to estimate the adequacy of a specimen for histological diagnosis during endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided fine-needle tissue acquisition (FNTA) has recently been advocated. This study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic yield of MOSE compared with conventional EUS-FNTA without rapid on-site evaluation (ROSE).

Methods:  This was an international, multicenter, prospective, randomized controlled study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-1172-6027DOI Listing

Columnar aerosol properties and radiative effects over Dushanbe, Tajikistan in Central Asia.

Environ Pollut 2020 May 25;265(Pt B):114872. Epub 2020 May 25.

State Key Laboratory of Cryospheric Science, Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China; Center for Excellence in Tibetan Plateau Earth Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100101, China. Electronic address:

This paper presents the results of the study on columnar aerosol optical and physical properties and radiative effects directly observed over Dushanbe, the capital city of Tajikistan, a NASA AERONET site (equipped with a CIMEL sunphotometer) in Central Asia. The average aerosol optical depth (AOD) and Ångström exponent (AE) during the observation period from July 2010 to April 2018 were found to be 0.28 ± 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2020.114872DOI Listing

Ethnic Disparities in Hospitalisation for COVID-19 in England: The Role of Socioeconomic Factors, Mental Health, and Inflammatory and Pro-inflammatory Factors in a Community-based Cohort Study.

Brain Behav Immun 2020 Jun 1. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, UK.

Background: Differentials in COVID-19 hospitalisations and mortality according to ethnicity have been reported but their origin is uncertain. We examined the role of socioeconomic, mental health, and pro-inflammatory factors in a community-based sample.

Methods: We used data on 340,966 men and women (mean age 56. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbi.2020.05.074DOI Listing

Elevational Distribution of the Asian Tiger Mosquito, , in the Inland Mountain Area of Nagano and Yamanashi Prefectures, Japan.

J Am Mosq Control Assoc 2020 Mar;36(1):1-10

Nagano and Yamanashi prefectures of Japan comprise an inland mountain area that extends widely north and south, with elevation varying greatly by location. Mosquitoes transmitting infectious disease have a diversity of habitats in Nagano and Yamanashi, and many species can be expected there. However, there have been few reports on mosquito fauna; in particular, little information is available on mosquitoes such as . Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2987/19-6902.1DOI Listing

A multicenter, descriptive epidemiologic survey of the clinical features of spinal metastatic disease in China.

Neurol Res 2020 Jun 4:1-11. Epub 2020 Jun 4.

Department of Bone Tumor, Tianjin Hospital , Tianjin, China.

Objective: Spinal metastases have unique epidemiological features and treatment methods. Unfortunately, the relative scarcity of spinal metastases has limited the widespread development of descriptive epidemiological studies, especially in Asian countries. The purpose of this study was to describe the epidemiological characteristics of patients with metastatic spinal tumors in China between 2007 and 2019. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01616412.2020.1773630DOI Listing

Relationship between risky behaviors and non-prescription opioid use among Asian American youth.

J Ethn Subst Abuse 2020 Jun 4:1-10. Epub 2020 Jun 4.

University of Texas Health Science Center (UTHealth), Dallas, Texas.

Asian Americans (AA) are a highly understudied population and are often considered the "model minority" for health. However, there is a dearth of research on risky behaviors associated with opioid use in AA teens. Data among AA youth aged 12 to 16 was collected from the 2017 Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15332640.2020.1772931DOI Listing

Race and socioeconomic status in pediatric allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation for nonmalignant conditions.

Pediatr Blood Cancer 2020 Jun 4:e28367. Epub 2020 Jun 4.

Division of Pediatric Hematology, Oncology, and Stem Cell Transplantation, Department of Pediatrics, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York.

Background: Survival disparities by race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status (SES) are observed in a wide range of pediatric treatment settings including oncology and solid organ transplantation. To date, few studies have examined the effects of race and SES on outcomes in pediatric allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). We explored whether survival differed by race/ethnicity or SES in children receiving HCT for nonmalignant conditions at a single institution serving a diverse patient population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pbc.28367DOI Listing

Multiple Vacancies on (111) Facets of Single-Crystal NiFe2O4 Spinel Boost Electrocatalytic Oxygen Evolution Reaction.

Chem Asian J 2020 Jun 4. Epub 2020 Jun 4.

Qingdao University, College of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, 308 Ningxia Road, 266071, Qingdao, CHINA.

Oxygen evolution reaction (OER) as the rate-determining reaction of water splitting has been attracting enormous attention. As present, only some noble-metal oxide materials (IrO 2 and RuO 2 ) have been reported as efficient OER electrocatalysts for OER. However, the high cost and scarcity of these noble-metal oxide materials greatly hamper their large-scale practical application. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/asia.202000468DOI Listing

Risk of second primary breast cancer among cancer survivors: Implications for prevention and screening practice.

PLoS One 2020 4;15(6):e0232800. Epub 2020 Jun 4.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Ministry of Education Key Lab of Environment and Health, School of Public Health, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei, China.

Second primary breast cancer (SPBC) is becoming one of the major obstacles to breast cancer (BC) control. This study was aimed to determine the trend of SPBC incidence over time and the risk of developing SPBC in site-specific primary cancer survivors in the United States. The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) 13 registry (1992-2015) was used to identify SPBC patients with previous malignancies. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0232800PLOS

Higher prevalence of depressed mood in immigrants' offspring reflects their social conditions in the host country: The HELIUS study.

PLoS One 2020 4;15(6):e0234006. Epub 2020 Jun 4.

Department of Public Health, Amsterdam UMC, University of Amsterdam, and Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Background: Immigrants from low- and middle-income countries who have settled in high-income countries show higher risks of depression in comparison with host populations. The risks are associated with adverse social conditions. Indecisive results have been reported on the depression risks of the offspring of immigrant populations. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0234006PLOS

Double-face augmentation urethroplasty for bulbar urethral strictures: Analysis of short-term outcomes.

Turk J Urol 2020 Jun 1. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Department of Urology, Asian Institute of Nephrology and Urology, Hyderabad, India.

Objective: To present our initial experience with double-face augmentation urethroplasty for near-obliterative bulbar urethral strictures and analyze the short-term outcomes.

Material And Methods: We retrospectively evaluated a prospectively maintained database of patients with near-obliterative bulbar urethral strictures (>2 cm), who underwent double-face augmentation urethroplasty. The patients' demographic characteristics, clinical data, and data regarding the investigations conducted were analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5152/tud.2020.20106DOI Listing

Health information needs of 1000 midlife Singaporean women.

Climacteric 2020 Jun 4:1-8. Epub 2020 Jun 4.

Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, National University Hospital, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Republic of Singapore.

Due to demographic changes, aging is a health priority. We aimed to identify midlife women's perceived health information needs and the preferred method(s) of information delivery. A questionnaire was offered to women, aged 45-69 years, attending gynecological clinics during April/May 2016, collecting age and ethnicity data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13697137.2020.1767570DOI Listing

Ethnobotany, ethnopharmacology, phytochemistry, biological activities and toxicity of Pistacia chinensis subsp. integerrima: A comprehensive review.

Phytother Res 2020 Jun 4. Epub 2020 Jun 4.

Department of Pharmacy, Shaheed Benazir Bhutto University, Sheringal Dir (U), Pakistan.

Pistacia chinensis subsp. integerrima (J. L. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ptr.6720DOI Listing

Exome sequencing reveals common and rare variants in F5 associated with ACE inhibitor and ARB induced angioedema.

Clin Pharmacol Ther 2020 Jun 4. Epub 2020 Jun 4.

Division of Population Health and Genomics, University of Dundee, Ninewells Hospital and Medical School, Dundee, U.K.

Angioedema occurring in the head and neck region is a rare and sometimes life-threatening adverse reaction to angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARB). Only few studies have investigated the association of common variants with this extreme reaction, but none have explored the combined influence of rare variants yet. Adjudicated cases of ACEI- or ARB-induced angioedema (ACEI-AE, ARB-AE) and controls were recruited at five different centres. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cpt.1927DOI Listing

Assessing health systems' responsiveness in tackling COVID-19 pandemic.

Indian J Public Health 2020 Jun;64(Supplement):S211-S216

Associate Professor, International Institute of Health Management Research, New Delhi, India.

Health systems' responsiveness is the key to addressing infectious disease threats such as pandemics. The article outlines an assessment of health systems based on World Health Organization's building blocks for select countries. It also compares these with the findings from a more comprehensive analysis of Global Health Security (GHS) Index, which assesses the preparedness of the health system for such pandemics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijph.IJPH_471_20DOI Listing

The presence of intraductal carcinoma of the prostate is closely associated with poor prognosis: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Asian J Androl 2020 Jun 2. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Department of Urology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430030, China.

We aimed to confirm the predictive ability of the presence of intraductal carcinoma of the prostate (IDC-P) for prognosis and the associations between IDC-P and clinicopathological parameters. Studies were identified in PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, Web of Science, and SCOPUS up to December 1, 2019. Hazard ratios (HRs) for survival data and odds ratios for clinicopathological data with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were extracted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aja.aja_21_20DOI Listing

Effects of Patient-Centered Communication on Influenza Vaccination and Self-Reported General Health Status among Asian Americans: A Comparison Model for Young/Middle-Aged and Older Adults.

J Aging Health 2020 Jun 4:898264320930888. Epub 2020 Jun 4.

2514 University of Cincinnati , OH, USA.

Asian American subgroups' influenza vaccination is still below the US standards. This study examined the effects of patient-centered communication (PCC) on influenza vaccination and the general health (GH) of Chinese, Vietnamese, and Korean Americans. A group difference between younger and older adults was investigated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0898264320930888DOI Listing

Label Adherence of Direct Oral Anticoagulants Dosing and Clinical Outcomes in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation.

J Am Heart Assoc 2020 Jun 4:e014177. Epub 2020 Jun 4.

Division of Cardiology Department of Internal Medicine Yonsei University College of Medicine Seoul Republic of Korea.

Background Dose adjustment of non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) is indicated in some patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), based on selected patient factors or concomitant medications. We assessed the frequency of label adherence of NOAC dosing among AF patients and the associations between off-label NOAC dosing and clinical outcomes. Methods and Results We evaluated 53 649 AF patients treated with an NOAC using Korean National Health Insurance Service database during the period from 2013 to 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/JAHA.119.014177DOI Listing

Validity and Reproducibility of a Semi-Quantitative Food-Frequency Questionnaire Designed to Measure the Nutrient Intakes of Canadian South Asian Infants at 12 Months of Age.

Can J Diet Pract Res 2020 Jun 4:1-9. Epub 2020 Jun 4.

Department of Health Research Methods, Evidence, and Impact, Faculty of Health Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON.

Validated methods to assess diet of non-European infants are sparse. We assessed the validity and reliability of a semi-quantitative food-frequency questionnaire (FFQ) for South Asian infants in Canada. We developed an 80-item FFQ to assess infant nutrient intake in the South Asian Birth Cohort study (START). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3148/cjdpr-2020-011DOI Listing

Laparoscopic parastomal herniorrhaphy utilizing transversus abdominis release and a modified Sugarbaker technique: A case report.

Asian J Endosc Surg 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Department of Surgery, Teine Keijinkai Hospital, Sapporo, Japan.

A 69-year-old woman was referred to our department with complaints of abdominal discomfort in the standing position. She had undergone robot-assisted radical cystectomy and ileal conduit urinary diversion for bladder cancer 10 months earlier. Abdominal CT revealed a parastomal hernia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ases.12804DOI Listing

Video-assisted thoracoscopic right upper lobectomy in a patient with a displaced bronchus and vascular abnormalities.

Asian J Endosc Surg 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Center Hospital of the National Center for Global Health and Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Bronchial abnormalities are rare, and they are infrequently associated with pulmonary vascular abnormalities. It is important to identify such abnormal anatomical structures before lobectomy of the lung under thoracoscopy. There have been only three reports on video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy in patients with anomalous bronchi and vascular abnormalities to date. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ases.12819DOI Listing

Cavitand-Based Pd-Pyridyl Coordination Capsules: Guest-Induced Homo- or Heterocapsule Selection and Applications of Homocapsule to Protection of Photosensitive Guest and Chiral ….

Chem Asian J 2020 Jun 4. Epub 2020 Jun 4.

Shizuoka University, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, 836 Ohya, Suruga-ku, 422-8529, Shizuoka, JAPAN.

A 2:4 mixture of tetrakis[4-(4-pyridyl)phenyl]cavitand (1) or tetrakis[4-(4-pyridyl)phenylethynyl]cavitand (2) and Pd(dppp)(OTf)2 self-assembles into a homocapsule {12·[Pd(dppp)]4}8+·(TfO-)8 (C1) or {22·[Pd(dppp)]4}8+·(TfO-)8(C2), respectively, through Pd-Npy coordination bonds. A 1:1:4 mixture of 1, 2, and Pd(dppp)(OTf)2 produced a mixture of homocapsules C1, C2, and a heterocapsule {1·2·[Pd(dppp)]4}8+·(TfO-)8 (C3) in a 1:1:0.98 mole ratio. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/asia.202000603DOI Listing

In vivo measures of anterior scleral resistance in humans with rebound tonometry.

Ophthalmic Physiol Opt 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

School of Life & Health Sciences, Aston University, Birmingham, UK.

Purpose: To measure regional variations in anterior scleral resistance (ASR) using a ballistic rebound tonometer (RBT) and examine whether the variations are significantly affected by ethnicity and refractive error (RE).

Methods: ASR was measured using a RBT (iCare TA01) following calibration against the biomechanical properties of agarose biogels. Eight scleral regions (nasal, temporal, superior, inferior, inferior-nasal, inferior-temporal, superior-nasal and superior-temporal) were measured at locations 4mm from the limbus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/opo.12695DOI Listing

Development of an Intervention to Promote Physical Activity and Reduce Dietary Sodium Intake for Preventing Hypertension and Chronic Disease in Filipino Americans.

J Racial Ethn Health Disparities 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Division of Nephrology, Temple University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, 19140, USA.

Hypertension is a common chronic health condition affecting Filipino Americans. This pilot study examined the feasibility of addressing high rates of hypertension among Filipino Americans through the implementation of a culturally tailored education intervention. Filipino Americans living in the Greater Philadelphia Area were recruited through community-based organizations for participation and were engaged using a community-based participatory research (CBPR) framework. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40615-020-00781-zDOI Listing

Incidence of heavy metals and river restoration assessment of a major South Asian transboundary river.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Department of Economics, Cotton University, Guwahati, Assam, India.

Heavy metal contamination of river water has become a major issue affecting environmental and human health worldwide. This study makes an effort to observe the heavy metal incidence of River Brahmaputra, India, and its river restoration assessment for 2 years, 2017-2018 and 2018-2019. River Brahmaputra is the second longest and a major transboundary river of the South Asian region, which transcends the political boundaries of China, India and Bangladesh. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-020-09328-5DOI Listing

Heterogeneous Associations Between Obesity and Reproductive-Related Factors and Specific Breast Cancer Subtypes Among Hong Kong Chinese Women.

Horm Cancer 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

JC School of Public Health and Primary Care, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, NT, Hong Kong, SAR, China.

Previous studies reported heterogeneous associations between obesity and reproductive-related breast cancer risk factors and breast cancer intrinsic subtypes; however, few studies have been conducted in Asian populations. Here, we aimed to examine whether risks associated with established breast cancer risk factors varied by breast cancer subtypes in Chinese women. We conducted a hospital-based case-control study in Hong Kong, including a total of 2169 Chinese women. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12672-020-00386-2DOI Listing

A phase I/II trial of intraoperative breast radiotherapy in an Asian population: 10-year results with critical evaluation.

J Radiat Res 2020 Jun 4. Epub 2020 Jun 4.

Department of Radiology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Aichi, Japan.

Although phase III trials have been published comparing whole breast irradiation (WBI) with accelerated partial breast irradiation (APBI) using intraoperative radiotherapy (IORT), long-term follow-up results are lacking. We report the 10-year follow-up results of a prospective phase I/II clinical trial of IORT. The inclusion criteria were as follows: (i) tumor size <2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jrr/rraa029DOI Listing

Evolution of vegetation and climate variability on the Tibetan Plateau over the past 1.74 million years.

Sci Adv 2020 May 6;6(19):eaay6193. Epub 2020 May 6.

University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China.

The Tibetan Plateau exerts a major influence on Asian climate, but its long-term environmental history remains largely unknown. We present a detailed record of vegetation and climate changes over the past 1.74 million years in a lake sediment core from the Zoige Basin, eastern Tibetan Plateau. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.aay6193DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7202886PMC

Knowledge regarding Alzheimer's Disease among College Students of Kathmandu, Nepal.

Int J Alzheimers Dis 2020 9;2020:6173217. Epub 2020 Jan 9.

Department of Public Health, Nobel College, Pokhara University, Nepal.

Introduction: Alzheimer's, a neurodegenerative disease, is becoming a growing burden and the leading cause of disability among older people, and there is no cure for it. It is set to be the biggest killer among the growing elderly population. The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge of Alzheimer's disease among college students in Kathmandu metropolitan city. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/6173217DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7199541PMC
January 2020

Clinical features of 22q11.2 deletion syndrome related to hearing and communication.

Acta Otolaryngol 2020 Jun 4:1-5. Epub 2020 Jun 4.

Department of Pediatrics, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Individuals with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2DS) exhibit various phenotypes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2020.1769862DOI Listing

The implications of blood pressure targets from the 2018 European Society of Cardiology hypertension guidelines in Asian patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Ann Saudi Med 2020 May-Jun;40(3):234-254. Epub 2020 Jun 4.

From the DLaboratory of Roentgen-endovascular Surgery, University Hospital of Semey Medical University, Semey, Kazakhstan.

Background: The evidence for optimal blood pressure (BP) targets in Asian patients with hypertension is insufficient and controversial. Western guidelines should be used with caution in clinical practice until there is supporting evidence.

Objective: Systematically synthesize the evidence on the efficacy of achieving the strict 2018 European Society of Cardiology (ESC) guideline BP targets versus standard BP targets in Asian patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5144/0256-4947.2020.234DOI Listing

The pitfall of gastric perforation by temporary pacemaker wires.

Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann 2020 Jun 3:218492320933771. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Department of Cardiac Surgery, University Hospital Basel, Switzerland.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0218492320933771DOI Listing

Characteristics of ST-elevation myocardial infarction with failed thrombolysis.

Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann 2020 Jun 3:218492320932074. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

UN Mehta Institute of Cardiology and Research Centre, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India.

Background: Fibrinolytic therapy is an important reperfusion strategy, especially when primary percutaneous coronary interventions cannot be offered to ST-elevation myocardial infarction patients. Given that failed reperfusion after fibrinolytic therapy is common, it is pragmatic that the predictors, outcomes, and angiographic profiles of patients with failed thrombolysis are carefully scrutinized.

Methods: We prospectively studied clinical variables and outcomes over 30 months in 243 ST-elevation myocardial infarction patients who received fibrinolytics as primary treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0218492320932074DOI Listing

Principles for Managing Patients with Spinal Ailments in the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Era: What Do We Know So Far? An Evidence-Based, Narrative Review.

Asian Spine J 2020 Jun 5. Epub 2020 Jun 5.

Division of Clinical Microbiology, Department of Laboratory Services, MIOT International, Chennai, India.

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has significantly affected all specialty practices in medicine, including the field of spinal surgery. Spinal surgery is unique in that the procedures include not only fully elective and fully emergent interventions, but also involve a separate group of semi-emergent surgeries, where delayed intervention may lead to permanent neurological deficits. Here, we present an evidence-based review on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on spinal surgery and our current knowledge about this issue. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31616/asj.2020.0248DOI Listing

Validation Study of Rajasekaran's Kyphosis Classification System: Do We Clearly Understand Single- and Two-Column Deficiencies?

Asian Spine J 2020 Jun 5. Epub 2020 Jun 5.

Department of Orthopaedics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Study Design: Multicenter validation study.

Purpose: To evaluate the inter-rater reliability of Rajasekaran's kyphosis classification through a multicenter validation study.

Overview Of Literature: The classification of kyphosis, developed by Rajasekaran, incorporates factors related to curve characteristics, including column deficiency, disc mobility, curve magnitude, and osteotomy requirements. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31616/asj.2020.0014DOI Listing

Genotype-Related Clinical Characteristics and Myocardial Fibrosis and their Association with Prognosis in Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy.

J Clin Med 2020 Jun 1;9(6). Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Chonnam National University Medical School/Hospital, Gwangju 61469, Korea.

Background: The spectrum of genetic variants and their clinical significance of Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) have been poorly studied in Asian patients. The objectives of this study were to assess the spectrum of genetic variants and genotype-phenotype relationships within a Korean HCM population.

Methods: Eighty-nine consecutive unrelated HCM patients were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jcm9061671DOI Listing

sp. nov., a mycosymbiont of the ambrosia beetle in the Eastern U.S. and typification of .

Fungal Syst Evol 2018 Jun 19;1:23-39. Epub 2018 Feb 19.

Mycotoxin Prevention and Applied Microbiology Research Unit, National Center for Agricultural Utilization Research, US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, 1815 North University Street, Peoria, IL 61604, USA.

sp. nov. was isolated from the invasive Asian ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera, Scolytinae, Xyleborini) and from the galleries that females had constructed in dying (tree-of-heaven) symptomatic for Verticillium wilt in south-central Pennsylvania, USA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3114/fuse.2018.01.03DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7259240PMC

Clinical risk factors for the development of late-onset circulatory collapse in premature infants.

Pediatr Res 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Department of Pediatrics, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA.

Background: Very low birth weight (VLBW) infants may be at risk for late-onset circulatory collapse (LCC) where otherwise stable infants develop hypotension resistant to vasoactive agents. The risk factors for LCC development are poorly defined, and it has been theorized that it may be in part due to withdrawal from exogenous prenatal steroids. The goal of this study was to define the clinical characteristics of LCC and investigate its association with antenatal steroid administration. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41390-020-0990-7DOI Listing

Recurrent ilioinguinal lymph node metastasis from primary anal adenocarcinoma: what should we do? - A case report and review of literature.

Authors:
Y Zhao R Wijaya

Int J Surg Case Rep 2020 May 21;71:277-279. Epub 2020 May 21.

Department of General Surgery, Changi General Hospital, 2 Simei Street 3, S529889, Republic of Singapore. Electronic address:

Introduction: Anal canal tumors are uncommon amongst gastrointestinal tumors or anorectal tumors. While the majority of them seem to be squamous cell carcinoma in nature, adenocarcinoma may be equally as common amongst the Asian population. Recurrent nodal metastasis from a primary anal malignancy is not a rare occurrence in view of the anatomy of the anal canal. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijscr.2020.05.020DOI Listing

COVID-19's impact on the atmospheric environment in the Southeast Asia region.

Sci Total Environ 2020 May 25;736:139658. Epub 2020 May 25.

Department of Earth Sciences and Environment, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia.

Since its first appearance in Wuhan, China at the end of 2019, the new coronavirus (COVID-19) has evolved a global pandemic within three months, with more than 4.3 million confirmed cases worldwide until mid-May 2020. As many countries around the world, Malaysia and other southeast Asian (SEA) countries have also enforced lockdown at different degrees to contain the spread of the disease, which has brought some positive effects on natural environment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.139658DOI Listing

Rising vegetation activity dominates growing water use efficiency in the Asian permafrost region from 1900 to 2100.

Sci Total Environ 2020 May 21;736:139587. Epub 2020 May 21.

Biology Department, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92182, USA. Electronic address:

Permafrost play an important role in regulating global climate system. We analyzed the gross primary productivity (GPP), net primary productivity (NPP), and evapotranspiration (ET) derived from MODIS and three earth system models participated in the Coupled Model Inter-comparison Project Phase 6 (CMIP6) in the Asian permafrost region. The water use efficiency (WUE) was further computed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.139587DOI Listing

Racial/ethnic Disparities and Survival in Pediatrics with Gliomas Based on the Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results Database in the United States.

World Neurosurg 2020 May 31. Epub 2020 May 31.

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, College of Basic Medical, Navy Medical University, Shanghai, 200433, P.R.China. Electronic address:

Background: Gliomas are the most common type of primary central nervous system tumor for both children and adults. But the influence of racial/ethnic disparities on the survival of children with gliomas has not been fully evaluated yet.

Methods: Baseline characteristics of patients, including gender, year of diagnosis, surgery, grade, radiation, histology and races, were collected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2020.05.224DOI Listing

The common pathophysiologic threads between Asian Indian diabetic's 'Thin Fat Phenotype' and partial lipodystrophy: the peripheral adipose tissue transcriptomic evidences.

Adipocyte 2020 Jan;9(1):253-263

Department of Endocrinology, Sawai Man Singh Medical College and Hospital , Jaipur, India.

T2D is a complex disease with poorly understood mechanisms. In Asian Indians, it is associated with "thin fat" phenotype which resembles with partial lipodystrophy. We hypothesized that disturbed expression of lipodystrophy genes might play a role in T2D pathogenesis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21623945.2020.1776082DOI Listing
January 2020

COVID-19 and the eye: how much do we really know? A best evidence review.

Arq Bras Oftalmol 2020 Jun 29;83(3):250-261. Epub 2020 May 29.

Centro Mexicano de Salud Visual Preventiva, Mexico City, Mexico.

To identify and classify available information regarding COVID-19 and eye care according to the level of evidence, within four main topics of interest: evidence of the virus in tears and the ocular surface, infection via the conjunctival route, ocular manifestations, and best practice recommendations. A structured review was conducted in PubMed, ScienceDirect, LILACS, SciELO, the Cochrane Library and Google Scholar on COVID-19 and ophthalmology. The Oxford Centre for Evidence Based Medicine 2011 Levels of Evidence worksheet was used for quality assessments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5935/0004-2749.20200067DOI Listing

Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter-2(SGLT2-I) inhibitor are not the magic pills for control of ascites in cirrhosis and diabetes.

Hepatology 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Asian Institute of Gastroenterology, Hyderabad, India.

We read with great interest the case series by Gordon et al. It is indeed very interesting to know that sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors (SGLT2-I) can improve ascites control and pedal edema along with achieving adequate glycemic control in patients with cirrhosis and type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DM) (1). But there are certain concerns which we would like highlight. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hep.31399DOI Listing