166,007 results match your criteria Asian Journal of Ophthalmology[Journal]


Disgust, impulsivity and depressive dimensions in subjects at risk for bulimia nervosa and/or binge eating disorder.

Asian J Psychiatr 2018 Nov 27;39:32-34. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Department of Psychiatry, Hotel Dieu de France Hospital, Achrafieh, Lebanon.

Purpose: the study aims to assess the depressive symptoms, the disgust feeling and the impulsivity index in subjects showing a high risk of binge eating disorder (BED) and/or bulimia nervosa (BN) through a cross-sectional study of 150 participants.

Results: There was no significant difference regarding age, sex, employment and marital status between subjects at high risk for BED/BN (Group A) and controls (Group B). However, participants in group A presented higher scores of depressions (p = 0. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

The C2 Pedicle Width, Pars Length, and Laminar Thickness in Concurrent Ipsilateral Ponticulus Posticus and High-Riding Vertebral Artery: A Radiological Computed Tomography Scan-Based Study.

Asian Spine J 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Orthopaedics, P D Hinduja National Hospital & MRC, Mumbai, India.

Study Design: Retrospective radiological study.

Purpose: We aimed to determine the prevalence of ponticulus posticus (PP) and high-riding vertebral artery (HRVA) occurring simultaneously on the same side (PP+HRVA) and in cases of PP+HRVA, to assess C2 radio-anatomical measurements for C2 pars length, pedicle width, and laminar thickness.

Overview Of Literature: PP and HRVA predispose individuals to vertebral artery injuries during atlantoaxial fixation. Read More

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December 2018

Intensive versus standard multifactorial cardiovascular risk factor control in screen-detected type 2 diabetes: 5 year and longer-term modelled outcomes of the ADDITION-Leicester study.

Diabetes Metab Res Rev 2018 Dec 6:e3111. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Leicester Diabetes Centre, University of Leicester, Leicester, UK.

Aims: Diabetes treatment algorithms recommend intensive intervention in those with a shorter duration of disease. Screening provides opportunities for earlier multifactorial cardiovascular risk factor control. Using data from the ADDITION-Leicester study (NCT00318032), we estimated the effects of this approach on modelled risk of diabetes related complications in screen-detected patients. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Effectiveness of influenza and pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccines against influenza-related outcomes including pneumonia and acute exacerbation of cardiopulmonary diseases: Analysis by dominant viral subtype and vaccine matching.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0207918. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Background: Influenza and pneumonia are leading causes of morbidity and mortality among the elderly. Although vaccination is a main strategy to prevent these infectious diseases, concerns remain with respect to vaccine effectiveness.

Methods: During three influenza seasons (2014-2015, 2015-2016 and 2016-2017), we evaluated the effectiveness of the influenza and pneumococcal vaccines against pneumonia and acute exacerbation of cardiopulmonary diseases among the elderly aged ≥65 years with influenza-like illness (ILI). Read More

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December 2018

Tripyridine-Derivatives-Derived Semiconducting Iodo-argentate/cuprate Hybrids with Excellent Visible-light Induced Photocatalytic Performance.

Chem Asian J 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Qingdao University, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engiineering, 308 Ningxia Road, 266071, Qingdao, CHINA.

Through regulating the pH values, a series of iodo-argentate/cuprate hybrids, [Me3(4-TPT)]4[Ag6I18] (1, Me3(4-TPT) = N,N',N''-trimethyl-2,4,6-tris(4-pyridyl)-1,3,5-triazine), [Me3(4-TPT)][M5I8] (M=Ag/2, Cu/2a), [Me3(3-TPT)][M5I8] (Me3(3-TPT) = N,N',N''-trimethyl-2,4,6-tris(3-pyridyl)-1,3,5-triazine, M=Ag/3, Cu/4), exhibit adjustable structural variations with different dimensional structures, have been obtained under solvothermal conditions. They are directed by two types of in situ N-alkylation TPT-derivatives (Me3(4-TPT) for 1/2/2a and Me3(3-TPT) for 3/4) and represent the isolated units (1), 1-D polymeric chain (4), 2-D layered structures (2/2a, 3) based on diverse metal iodide clusters. These compounds possess reducing band gaps comparing with the bulk β-AgI and CuI and belong to potential semiconductor materials. Read More

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December 2018

Advances in Genomic Hepatocellular Carcinoma Research.

Gigascience 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Graduate School of Integrative Sciences and Engineering, National University of Singapore, 5 Lower Kent Ridge Road, Singapore 117456, Singapore.

Background: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the cancer with the second highest mortality in the world due to its late presentation and limited treatment options. As such, there is an urgent need to identify novel biomarkers for early diagnosis and develop novel therapies. The availability of Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) data from tumors of liver cancer patients has provided us with invaluable resources to better understand HCC through the integration of data from different sources to facilitate the identification of promising biomarkers or therapeutic targets. Read More

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December 2018

Indirect Estimation of Race/Ethnicity for Survey Respondents Who Do Not Report Race/Ethnicity.

Med Care 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, CA.

Background: Researchers are increasingly interested in measuring race/ethnicity, but some survey respondents skip race/ethnicity items.

Objectives: The main objectives of this study were to investigate the extent to which racial/ethnic groups differ in skipping race/ethnicity survey items, the degree to which this reflects reluctance to disclose race/ethnicity, and the utility of imputing missing race/ethnicity.

Research Design: We applied a previously developed method for imputing race/ethnicity from administrative data (Medicare Bayesian Improved Surname and Geocoding 2. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Racial Disparities in the Cardiac Computed Tomography Assessment of Coronary Artery Disease: Does Gender Matter.

Cardiol Rev 2019 Jan/Feb;27(1):14-22

Department of Surgery, Westchester Medical Center, Valhalla, NY.

Coronary heart disease (CHD) represents a significant healthcare burden in terms of hospital resources, morbidity, and mortality. Primary prevention and early detection of risk factors for the development of CHD are pivotal to successful intervention programs and prognostication. Yet, there remains a paucity of evidence regarding differences in the assessment of these risk factors and the tools of assessment among different ethnicities. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Basal insulin therapy: unmet medical needs in Asia and the new insulin glargine in diabetes treatment.

J Diabetes Investig 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan.

Diabetes remains a global epidemic problem and a tremendous health challenge especially in Asian population. Dramatic increases in the prevalence of diabetes across different countries or areas in Asia have been reported in recent epidemiological studies. While clinical guidelines have strengthen appropriate anti-hyperglycaemic medications and lifestyle modifications for optimal diabetes management, inadequate glycaemic control still occurs in many patients with an increased risk of developing microvascular and macrovascular complications. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn due to alloanti-M: three Chinese case reports and a review of the literature.

Transfusion 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Fetal Medicine Center, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, 510000, China.

Background: Alloanti-M was once regarded as not clinically significant, with a few exceptions in extremely rare cases. However, an increasing number of cases of severe hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn (HDFN), resulting in fetal hydrops and recurrent abortion caused by alloanti-M, have been reported mainly in the Asian population.

Study Design And Methods: Three pregnant Chinese women with a history of abnormal pregnancy with hydrops fetalis were encountered. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Predictive significance of serum inhibin B on testicular haploid gamete retrieval outcomes in nonobstructive azoospermic men.

Asian J Androl 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Center for Reproductive Medicine, Shandong University, Jinan 250001, China.

The purpose of this study was to determine the diagnostic accuracy of serum inhibin B (INHB) as a predictor of the retrieval outcome of testicular haploid gametes (spermatids and testicular spermatozoa) in nonobstructive azoospermic men. Serum hormone levels, testicular volume, and histological evaluation were performed in 403 Chinese nonobstructive azoospermic men. Testicular haploid gamete was successfully retrieved in 213 of 403 patients (52. Read More

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November 2018

Simplifying the ShangRing technique for circumcision in boys and men: use of the no-flip technique with randomization to removal at 7 days versus spontaneous detachment.

Asian J Androl 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

EngenderHealth, Nairobi 00100, Kenya.

To assess safety of the no-flip ShangRing male circumcision technique and to determine clinical course and safety of spontaneous detachment (i.e., allowing the device to fall off), we conducted a case series of no-flip ShangRing circumcision combined with a randomized controlled trial of removal 7 days postcircumcision versus spontaneous detachment at two health facilities in Kenya. Read More

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November 2018

Males with More Pheomelanin Have a Lower Oxidative Balance in Asian Barn Swallows (Hirundo rustica gutturalis).

Zoolog Sci 2018 Dec;35(6):505-513

2 Department of Chemistry, Fujita Health University School of Health Sciences, Toyoake, Aichi 470-1192, Japan.

Pheomelanin-based plumage pigmentation has been suggested to be an honest signal of individual quality to conspecifics. It has been hypothesized that oxidative stress is an important agent linking pheomelanic pigmentation to individual quality. Using the Asian barn swallow Hirundo rustica gutturalis, a wild passerine, we tested whether the pheomelanin pigmentation in the red throat patch of adult males, a sexually selected trait, is associated with the ratio between reduced and oxidized glutathione (RGSH/GSSG) as an indicator of current oxidative balance during the early breeding season. Read More

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December 2018

Water-Soluble Pillar[n]arene Mediated Supramolecular Self-Assembly: Multi-Dimensional Morphology Controlled by Host Size.

Chem Asian J 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Fudan University, Department of Chemistry, 220 Handan Road, 200433, Shanghai, CHINA.

We report tunable supramolecular self-assemblies formed by water-soluble pillar[n]arenes (WPns, n = 5-7) and bipyridinium-azobenzene guests. Nanoscale or microscale morphology of self-assemblies in water was controlled by host size of WPn. Supramolecular self-assemblies could undergo morphology conversion under UV-irradiation. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Endoscopy Is Relatively Safe in Patients with Acute Ischemic Stroke and Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage.

Dig Dis Sci 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Gastroenterology, New York Medical College, Valhalla, NY, 10595, USA.

Background: Gastrointestinal hemorrhage (GIH) is reported to occur in 1-8% of patients admitted with acute ischemic stroke (AIS). AIS is considered to be a relative contraindication to GIE.

Aims: Evaluate the outcomes of gastrointestinal endoscopy (GIE) in patients hospitalized with AIS and GIH. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Quality and Stability of Cross-Ethnic Friendships: Effects of Classroom Diversity and Out-of-School Contact.

J Youth Adolesc 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, 90095-1521, USA.

Cross-ethnic friendships are linked to a range of positive outcomes in adolescence, but have been shown to be lower quality and less stable than same-ethnic friendships. The current study examined how classroom diversity and out-of-school contact contribute to these relational differences between cross-and same-ethnic friendships. Multilevel analyses were conducted on a sample of 9,171 classroom-based friends nested within 4,333 ethnically diverse sixth grade students (54% female; 32% Latino, 20% White, 14% East/Southeast Asian, 12% African American, 14% Multiethnic, 8% Other ethnic). Read More

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December 2018

Three types of a high-carbohydrate diet are differently associated with cardiometabolic risk factors in Korean adults.

Eur J Nutr 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Major of Food Science and Nutrition, School of Human Ecology, The Catholic University of Korea, 43 Jibong-ro, Wonmi-gu, Bucheon, 14662, Republic of Korea.

Purpose: Although a high-carbohydrate diet typically shows low-fat intake, the prevalence of metabolic abnormalities in Asian countries has increased. We evaluated three types of a high-carbohydrate diet and its association with cardiometabolic risk factors in the Korean adult population.

Methods: A total of 14,438 adults (5813 men and 8625 women) who participated in the 2008-2012 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys were selected. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

The effectiveness of a Japanese style health program: comparison between Minowa, Japan and Rayong, Thailand.

Heliyon 2018 Nov 26;4(11):e00961. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Shinshu University, Faculty of Education, 6-Ro Nishinagano, Nagano City, Nagano 380-8544, Japan.

Aim: This study aimed to appropriately establish a Japanese style healthcare program under the ISO9001:2008 (ISO: International Organization for Standardization) in Minowa, Japan and Rayong, Thailand to improve problem areas and inspect its effectiveness. Furthermore, we want to make this health promotion through ISO widely available in Asian countries and to make an international contribution.

Method: We implemented a 6-month health program in the c Rayong city, Thailand, and a 12 month health program in the Minowa town, Japan. Read More

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November 2018
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Dataset on the numbers and proportion of mortality attributable to hunting, trapping, and powerlines in wild and captive-bred migratory Asian houbara .

Data Brief 2018 Dec 3;21:1848-1852. Epub 2018 Nov 3.

School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK.

The data shown in this article are the number and proportion of deaths attributable to hunting/trapping, powerline collisions and natural causes in migratory Asian houbara originating from a breeding population in Uzbekistan. For wild adult and juvenile Asian houbara wintering in Central Asia during the period 2011-2018, 53.9% and 52. Read More

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December 2018

rs3834129 (-652 6N insertion/deletion) Polymorphism and Colorectal Cancer Susceptibility: An Updated Meta-Analysis.

J Cancer 2018 18;9(22):4166-4171. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

Department of Pathology, Tongde Hospital of Zhejiang Province, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China.

rs3834129 polymorphism (-652 6N insertion/deletion) is a genetic alteration which might affect the apoptosis pathway caspase enzyme. The impaired caspase enzyme would lead to the change of cancer risk. By now, the role of rs3834129 polymorphism has been widely investigated. Read More

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October 2018

Thyroid malignancy among patients with thyroid nodules in the United Arab Emirates: a five-year retrospective tertiary Centre analysis.

Thyroid Res 2018 30;11:17. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

6Institute of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, United Arab Emirates University, Al Ain, UAE.

Objectives: Thyroid malignancy constitutes the sixth common cancer type in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). There are no epidemiological data outlining the prevalence of cancer in thyroid nodules, nor previous analysis of ultra-sonographic features correlating with thyroid malignancy in the UAE. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of thyroid malignancy in patients with thyroid nodules and to describe the ultra-sonographic characteristics of thyroid nodules harbouring malignancy. Read More

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November 2018

Cultivating employees' communal relationship and organizational citizenship behavior through authentic leadership: studying the influence of procedural justice.

Psychol Res Behav Manag 2018 8;11:545-555. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Department of Management, Hamdard University, Islamabad, Pakistan.

Background: Leaders play vital role in organization to accomplish organizational goals and establish healthy working environment. This study addresses the effect of authentic leadership on employees' communal relationship and organizational citizenship behavior (OCB). In addition, this research also examines how procedural justice augments the effect of authentic leadership on both aforementioned employees' behavioral outcomes. Read More

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November 2018

Efficacy of a repair cream containing Rhealba oat plantlets extract l-ALA-l-GLU dipeptide, and hyaluronic acid in wound healing following dermatological acts: a meta-analysis of >2,000 patients in eight countries corroborated by a dermatopediatric clinical case.

Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol 2018 13;11:579-589. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Pierre Fabre Dermo-Cosmétique, A-DERMA, Lavaur, France,

Background: The frequency of dermatological acts is increasing. These procedures often cause injuries and traumatic alterations in specific skin layers, slowing down wound healing.

Patients And Methods: An open observational study lasting 1 month was conducted on 2,363 patients who had undergone various dermatological procedures. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Association of diabetes-related self-care activities with glycemic control of patients with type 2 diabetes in Pakistan.

Patient Prefer Adherence 2018 9;12:2377-2385. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

School of Pharmacy, Monash University, Jalan Lagoon Selatan 45700, Selangor, Malaysia,

Objective: Association of various self-care activities on glycemic control of people with diabetes (PWD) in Pakistan is yet to be explored. The current study aimed to evaluate the association of various diabetes-related self-care activities with glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels and to examine the predictive relationship of patients' demographic variables with their self-care activities.

Patients And Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on adult PWD (N=218) who were diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus of at least 1 year duration. Read More

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November 2018

Transcriptional changes in the Japanese scallop (Mizuhopecten yessoensis) shellinfested by Polydora provide insights into the molecular mechanism of shell formation and immunomodulation.

Sci Rep 2018 Dec 5;8(1):17664. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Key Laboratory of Mariculture & Stock Enhancement in North China's Sea, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Dalian Ocean University, Dalian, China.

The Japanese scallop (Mizuhopecten yessoensis) is one of the most important aquaculture species in Asian countries; however, it has suffered severe infection by Polydora in northern China in recent years, causing great economic losses. The Polydora parasitizes the shell of scallops, badly destroying the shell's structure. To investigate the molecular response mechanism of M. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Ectopic fat, insulin resistance and metabolic disease in non-obese Asians: investigating metabolic gradation.

Authors:
Yoshifumi Tamura

Endocr J 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Metabolism & Endocrinology, Juntendo University Graduate School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Although metabolic abnormalities commonly occur in non-obese Asians, their pathogenesis is not fully understood. Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy has been used to analyze intracellular lipids in humans, and results suggest that ectopic fat accumulation in muscle and liver may induce insulin resistance in each tissue independently of obesity. Thus, measurement of ectopic fat currently plays an important role in the study of insulin resistance in non-obese Asians. Read More

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December 2018
5 Reads

Demographic and facility volume related outcomes in radiofrequency ablation for early-stage hepatocellular carcinoma.

HPB (Oxford) 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

University of California, Irvine School of Medicine, Department of Radiological Sciences, 101 The City Drive South, Orange, CA 92868, USA.

Background: To evaluate outcomes related to disparities in facility volume and patient demographics in patients with early-stage hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) treated with radiofrequency ablation (RFA).

Methods: This is a retrospective study of patients with stage I/II HCC treated with RFA in the National Cancer Database. Independent contributors to overall survival were determined with Cox regression analysis. Read More

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December 2018

Effects of folic acid food fortification scenarios on the folate intake of a multi-ethnic pregnant population.

Public Health Nutr 2018 Dec 6:1-12. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

2The Centre for Longitudinal Research - He Ara ki Mua, School of Population Health (building 730, level 3), Tamaki Campus,University of Auckland,261 Morrin Road, St Johns, Auckland 1072,New Zealand.

Objective: To simulate effects of different scenarios of folic acid fortification of food on dietary folate equivalents (DFE) intake in an ethnically diverse sample of pregnant women.

Design: A forty-four-item FFQ was used to evaluate dietary intake of the population. DFE intakes were estimated for different scenarios of food fortification with folic acid: (i) voluntary fortification; (ii) increased voluntary fortification; (iii) simulated bread mandatory fortification; and (iv) simulated grains-and-rice mandatory fortification. Read More

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December 2018

Immunogenicity and safety of a tetanus-diphtheria vaccine and a 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine after concomitant vaccination in ≥ 50-year-old adults.

BMC Infect Dis 2018 Dec 5;18(1):628. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Background: When two or more vaccines are administered concurrently, there is concern about safety and immunogenicity from vaccine interaction.

Methods: Subjects aged ≥50 years were randomized 1:1:1 to receive tetanus-diphtheria (Td) + 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13; Group 1), PCV13 alone (Group 2), or Td alone (Group 3). After single or concomitant vaccination, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and opsonophagocytic assay (OPA) were performed to compare immunogenicity for Td and PCV13, respectively. Read More

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December 2018

A Systematic Review of the Medicinal Potential of Mulberry in Treating Diabetes Mellitus.

Am J Chin Med 2018 Dec 6:1-28. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

† School of Chinese Medicine, Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, P. R. China.

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a serious metabolic disorder which has reached epidemic proportions all over the world. Despite tremendous developments in medicinal chemistry, traditional medicine is still commonly used for the prevention and treatment of DM. Traditional herbal medicines have played a major role in the management of DM in Asian countries. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Does the Cage Position in Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion Determine Unilateral versus Bilateral Screw Placement?: A Review of the Literature.

Asian Spine J 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Neurological Surgery, Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami, FL, USA.

This literature review examines the relative placement of the interbody cage with respect to the unilateral screw construct to address the need for bilateral screw placement versus unilateral screw placement. Transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) has become a widely used technique for correcting lumbar intervertebral pathologies. This review addresses the necessity for further study on the effects of the relative position of intervertebral cage placement on the outcome of lumbar spine surgery after TLIF with unilateral pedicle screw fixation. Read More

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December 2018

Posterior Sublaminar Wiring and/or Transarticular Screw Fixation for Reducible Atlantoaxial Instability Secondary to Symptomatic Os Odontoideum: A Neglected Technique?

Asian Spine J 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.

Study Design: Retrospective case analysis.

Purpose: We retrospectively evaluated the clinical and radiological outcomes of posterior sublaminar wiring (PSLW) and/or transarticular screw fixation (TASF) for reducible atlantoaxial instability (AAI) secondary to os odontoideum.

Overview Of Literature: Limited information is available about the surgical outcomes of symptomatic os odontoideum with AAI. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Coagulotoxic Cobras: Clinical Implications of Strong Anticoagulant Actions of African Spitting Naja Venoms That Are Not Neutralised by Antivenom but Are by LY315920 (Varespladib).

Toxins (Basel) 2018 Dec 4;10(12). Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Venom Evolution Lab, School of Biological Sciences, University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD 4072, Australia.

Snakebite is a global tropical disease that has long had huge implications for human health and well-being. Despite its long-standing medical importance, it has been the most neglected of tropical diseases. Reflective of this is that many aspects of the pathology have been underinvestigated. Read More

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December 2018

Genetic Polymorphisms Associated with Spontaneous Intracerebral Hemorrhage.

Int J Mol Sci 2018 Dec 4;19(12). Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Neurology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital Linkou Medical Center and College of Medicine, Chang-Gung University, No.5, Fuxing St., Guishan Township, Taoyuan County 333, Taiwan.

Differences in the incidence of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) between ethnicities exist, with an estimated 42% of the variance explained by ethnicity itself. Caucasians have a higher proportion of lobar ICH (LICH, 15.4% of all ICH) than do Asians (3. Read More

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December 2018

The Effectiveness of Nutrition Education for Overweight/Obese Mother with Stunted Children (NEO-MOM) in Reducing the Double Burden of Malnutrition.

Nutrients 2018 Dec 4;10(12). Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Food, Nutrition, Dietetics and Health, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66506, USA.

(1) Background: In households experiencing the double burden of malnutrition, stunted children are in a better position for growth improvement when parents are able to direct their resources to support nutrition requirements. This study assesses the effectiveness of maternal nutrition education to reduce child stunting. (2) Methods: This was a Randomized Controlled Trial involving pairs of overweight/obese mothers with stunted children aged 2 to 5 years old in urban Indonesia. Read More

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December 2018

Symposium summary on "Community Psychiatry and DMHP-An update".

Asian J Psychiatr 2018 Nov 26;39:29-31. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Psychiatry, NIMHANS (National Institute of Mental Health and NeuroSciences), Bangalore, Karnataka, 560029, India. Electronic address:

This summary provides details of a one-day symposium, titled 'Community Psychiatry and District Mental Health Program (DMHP)- An update' that was organized jointly by the Departments of Psychiatry and Epidemiology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS), Bengaluru in collaboration with the Department of Health and Family Welfare, Government of Karnataka on September 3rd 2018. This symposium was supported by Dr. Ramachandra N Moorthy, foundation for Mental Health and Neurological Sciences, NIMHANS, Bengaluru. Read More

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November 2018

Mitochondrial DNA reveals species composition and phylogenetic relationships of hookworms in northeastern Brazil.

Infect Genet Evol 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Laboratory of Epidemiology and Molecular Systematics, Oswaldo Cruz Institute, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Teresina, Piauí, Brazil. Electronic address:

Hookworm infection persists focally in rural communities in Brazil. In this study, we analyze the mitochondrial nucleotide sequences obtained from hookworms infecting humans in order to characterize species composition and assess their genetic diversity and phylogenetic relationships. Field expeditions and cross-sectional surveys were carried out in three Brazilian municipalities from 2013 to 2017: Nossa Senhora de Nazaré (n = 605) and Teresina (n = 297), in the state of Piauí, and Russas (n = 213) in the State of Ceará. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Opportunities to Improve Detection and Treatment of Depression among Patients with Breast Cancer Treated in an Integrated Delivery System.

J Pain Symptom Manage 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Division of Research, Kaiser Permanente Northern California, Oakland, CA.

Context: Patients with cancer commonly experience depression. If not addressed, depression can lead to reduced quality of life and survival.

Objective: Given the introduction of national initiatives to improve management of psychiatric symptoms among patients with cancer, we examined patterns of depression detection and treatment over time, and with respect to patient characteristics. Read More

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November 2018

Short-Term Incidence of Sequelae of HCV Infection Among Medicaid Beneficiaries in Oregon.

Public Health Rep 2018 Dec 3:33354918813552. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

1 Oregon Public Health Division, Acute and Communicable Disease Prevention, Oregon Health Authority, Portland, OR, USA.

Objectives:: Given the known high morbidity and mortality of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in Oregon, we sought to develop a practical method of estimating the severe sequelae of HCV infection among Medicaid beneficiaries in Oregon.

Methods:: We assembled a retrospective cohort that identified all Oregon Medicaid beneficiaries with HCV infection enrolled for at least 1 year during 2009-2013. We linked this cohort to 3 data sets to identify HCV-related deaths, cases of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and first hospitalizations for advanced liver disease (ALD). Read More

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December 2018

Air Pollution in the Asia-Pacific Region: A Joint APSR/ATS Perspective.

Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

The Prince Charles Hospital, Metro North Hospital and Health Service, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Industrial and technological developments have led to major economic growth in the Asia Pacific, but an unintended consequence has been an increase in illness associated with air pollution. Given the complementary mandates of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology and the American Thoracic Society, the organizations partnered to focus on the need for clean air. A task force was assembled with individuals who have expertise in the effects of air pollution or the development of professional society policy statements. Read More

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December 2018

Heteroatom-doped MoSe2 nanosheets with enhanced hydrogen evolution kinetics for alkaline water splitting.

Chem Asian J 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Institute for Superconducting and Electronic Materials, ISEM, Wollongong, 2519, Wollongong, AUSTRALIA.

Electrochemical water splitting for hydrogen generation is a vital part for the prospect of future energy system, however, the practical utilization relies on the development of highly active and earth-abundant catalysts to boost the energy conversion efficiency as well as reduce the cost. Molybdenum diselenide (MoSe2) is a promising nonprecious metal-based electrocatalyst for hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) in acidic media, but it exhibits inferior alkaline HER kinetics in great part due to the sluggish water adsorption/dissociation process. Herein, the alkaline HER kinetics of MoSe2 is substantially accelerated by heteroatom doping with transition metal ions. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Origins of the 1918 Pandemic: Revisiting the Swine "Mixing Vessel" Hypothesis.

Am J Epidemiol 2018 Dec;187(12):2498-2502

Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona.

How influenza A viruses host-jump from animal reservoir species to humans, which can initiate global pandemics, is a central question in pathogen evolution. The zoonotic and spatial origins of the influenza virus associated with the "Spanish flu" pandemic of 1918 have been debated for decades. Outbreaks of respiratory disease in US swine occurred concurrently with disease in humans, raising the possibility that the 1918 virus originated in pigs. Read More

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December 2018

Association of Long-term Child Growth and Developmental Outcomes With Metformin vs Insulin Treatment for Gestational Diabetes.

JAMA Pediatr 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Importance: Metformin is an emerging option for treating gestational diabetes (GDM). However, because metformin crosses the placenta, patients and clinicians are concerned with its long-term effect on child health.

Objective: To estimate the association of treating GDM with metformin vs insulin with child growth and development. Read More

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December 2018

Frequent premature atrial contractions are associated with atrial fibrillation, brain ischaemia, and mortality: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Europace 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Department of General Practice, Amsterdam UMC, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam Public Health, Academic Medical Center, Meibergdreef 9, AZ Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Aims: Premature atrial contractions (PACs) are a common cardiac phenomenon, traditionally considered to be of little clinical significance. Recent studies, however, suggest that PACs are associated with atrial fibrillation (AF), as well as ischaemic stroke, transient ischaemic attack, and mortality. This systematic review aims to investigate the association between PACs on standard electrocardiogram (ECG) as well as PAC-count on Holter monitor and future detection of AF, brain ischaemia, and all-cause mortality in patients without a history of AF. Read More

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December 2018
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Association of Pallidal Neurostimulation and Outcome Predictors With X-linked Dystonia Parkinsonism.

JAMA Neurol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Institute of Neurogenetics, University of Lübeck, Lübeck, Germany.

Importance: Anecdotal evidence suggests that deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the internal globus pallidus (GPi) is effective in ameliorating dystonia in X-linked dystonia parkinsonism (XDP), a disease that is usually refractive to medical therapy.

Objective: To determine the efficacy of GPi-DBS in a cohort of patients with XDP in a prospective study and identify predictors of postoperative outcomes.

Design, Setting, And Participants: This observational prospective cohort study enrolled patients in February 2013 and was completed in December 2014. Read More

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December 2018

Novel liquid fermentation medium of Cordyceps militaris and optimization of hydrothermal reflux extraction of cordycepin.

J Asian Nat Prod Res 2018 Dec 3:1-12. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

c Department of Traditional Chinese Medicine , Sichuan Industrial Institute of Antibiotics , Chengdu 610000 , China.

In this study, we developed a novel liquid fermentation medium of Cordyceps militaris using pupa powder and wheat bran as nitrogen resources instead of the traditionally used peptone. This process not only reduced the cost by approximately 50%, but increased production by over 30%. Then, we explored a method to extract and purify cordycepin by combining hydrothermal reflux extraction with macroporous resin adsorption, which is inexpensive and suitable for the industrial production. Read More

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December 2018

Synthesis and biological evaluation of novel biphenyl-furocoumarin derivatives as vasodilator agents.

J Asian Nat Prod Res 2018 Dec 3:1-14. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

a School of Pharmacy, Xi'an Jiaotong University , Xi'an 710061 , China.

A series of novel biphenyl-furocoumarin derivatives were synthesized based on the nuclear structure of imperatorin and identified by IR, H NMR, C NMR and MS, and evaluated for their ability to relax vessel on isolated rat mesenteric artery, basilar artery and renal artery, respectively. The majority of compounds demonstrated potent vasodilatation, and compound 8e expressed the highest activity (EC = 0.56 μM) in MA. Read More

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December 2018

Controllable Synthesis of Inverse Opal TiO2-x Photonic Crystals and Their Photoelectric Properties.

Chem Asian J 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

East China University of Science and Technology, Chemistry, 130 Meilong Road, 200237, Shanghai, CHINA.

A new approach is developed to fabricate inverse opal TiO2-x photonic crystal (IO-TiO2-x). The whole synthesis process is simple and feasible. What's more, the reduction degree of TiO2 is very convenient to control precisely and structural controllability can also be achieved in this new approach. Read More

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December 2018

Separation of Spectroscopically Uniform Nanographenes.

Chem Asian J 2018 Dec 2. Epub 2018 Dec 2.

Graduate School of Science, Hiroshima University, Department of Chemistry, 1-3-1 Kagamiyama, 739-8526, Higashi-Hiroshima, JAPAN.

Excitation-dependent photoluminescence (PL) is well-known property of graphene quantum dots (GQDs). For the development of carbon-based photo-functional materials, GQDs possessing uniform PL properties are highly demanded. We established a protocol to separate spectroscopically uniform lipophilic GQD-1a from a GQD-1 mixture mainly composed of GQD-1a and GQD-1b. Read More

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December 2018

Defect Engineering of MoS₂ and Its Impacts on Electrocatalytic and Photocatalytic Behavior in Hydrogen Evolution Reactions.

Chem Asian J 2018 Dec 2. Epub 2018 Dec 2.

Osaka University, Graduate School of Engineering, 2-1 Yamada-oka, 565-0871, Suita, JAPAN.

Molybdenum disulfide (MoS₂) has been regarded as a favorable photocatalytic co-catalyst and efficient hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) electrocatalyst alternative to expensive noble-metals catalysts, owing to earth-abundance, proper bandgap, high surface area, and fast electron transfer ability. In order to achieve a higher catalytic efficiency, defects strategies such as phase engineering and vacancy introduction are considered as promising methods for natural 2H-MoS₂ to increase its active sites and promote electron transfer rate. In this study, we report a new two-step defect engineering process to generate vacancies-rich hybrid-phase MoS₂ and to introduce Ru particles at the same time, which includes hydrothermal reaction and a subsequent hydrogen reduction. Read More

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December 2018