225,024 results match your criteria Asian Journal of Mathematics[Journal]

Hepatotoxic shellfish poisoning: Accumulation of microcystins in Eastern oysters (Crassostrea virginica) and Asian clams (Corbicula fluminea) exposed to wild and cultured populations of the harmful cyanobacteria, Microcystis.

Harmful Algae 2022 Jun 18;115:102236. Epub 2022 Apr 18.

School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences, Stony Brook University, 239 Montauk HWY, Southampton, NY 11968, USA. Electronic address:

The Asian clam (Corbicula fluminea) and eastern oyster (Crassostrea virginica) are important resource bivalves found in and downstream of waterways afflicted with cyanobacterial harmful algae blooms (CHABs), respectively. This study examined the potential for C. fluminea and C. Read More

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Disparities in Reporting and Representation by Sex, Race, and Ethnicity in Endovascular Aortic Device Trials.

J Vasc Surg 2022 May 24. Epub 2022 May 24.

Department of Surgery, Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: Vulnerable populations including women and racial and ethnic minorities are historically underrepresented in clinical trials. We therefore studied the demographics of patients enrolled in pivotal endovascular aortic device trials in the United States.

Methods: We queried the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) Medical Devices Database for all FDA-approved endografts for the treatment of aortic aneurysms, transections, and dissections from September 1999-November 2021. Read More

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Factors Associated with Self-Reported Sun Exposure in a Multi-Ethnic Community Sample from New Zealand.

J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol 2022 May 24:106131. Epub 2022 May 24.

School of Population Health, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand. Electronic address:

Sun exposure, the main source of vitamin D, may have beneficial effects in humans, including for cardiovascular health. However, little is known about the characteristics related to sun exposure. Previous studies have surveyed participants with a demographic profile that is restricted by sex and ethnicity. Read More

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The Lived Experience of First-time Mothers with Congenital Heart Disease.

Asian Nurs Res (Korean Soc Nurs Sci) 2022 May 24. Epub 2022 May 24.

Department of Nursing, Hsin Sheng Junior College of Medical Care and Management, Taoyuan, Taiwan; Department of Pediatric Cardiology, National Taiwan University Children Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; College of Nursing, National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University, Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Nursing, Chang Gung University of Science and Technology, Taoyuan, Taiwan; College of Nursing, National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Purpose: Nowadays most children with congenital heart disease (CHD) are expected to survive to adulthood. The healthcare focus needs to pay close attention to the important developmental tasks during their growth process. The women with CHD face some challenges in their critically developmental stages during pregnancy, delivery and even motherhood. Read More

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Microplastics, both non-biodegradable and biodegradable, do not affect the whole organism functioning of a marine mussel.

Sci Total Environ 2022 May 24:156204. Epub 2022 May 24.

Simon F.S. Li Marine Science Laboratory, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. Electronic address:

Microplastics are ubiquitous in the marine environment, and their uptake by many organisms has been well documented. Concern about increasing plastic waste in ecosystems and organisms has led to the production of biodegradable alternatives. However, long breakdown times of biodegradable plastics in natural environments mean they still have the potential to induce ecological impacts. Read More

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Cannabis and road traffic accidents in South East Asia region: Let there be light.

Asian J Psychiatr 2022 May 13;73:103173. Epub 2022 May 13.

Department of Psychiatry, Patan Academy of Health Sciences, Patan, Nepal.

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Apo D and Apo E levels in Autism spectrum disorders.

Asian J Psychiatr 2022 May 20;73:103177. Epub 2022 May 20.

Ordu University, Faculty of Medicine, Deparment of Medical Phisiology, Ordu, Turkey.

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Peritonsillar abscess caused by Prevotella bivia during home quarantine for coronavirus disease 2019: Case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2022 May 27;101(21):e29469. Epub 2022 May 27.

Department of Emergency and Internal Medicine, Saitama Citizens Medical Center, Saitama, Japan.

Rationale: Since late 2019, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) had rapidly spread worldwide, resulting in a pandemic. Patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) have difficulty in visiting clinics in person during pandemic because they might be encouraged to quarantine at home with supportive care. Peritonsillar abscess rarely coexists with COVID-19; however, patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection could get co-infections or become superinfected with other microorganisms which could cause peritonsillar abscess. Read More

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Regional lymph node recurrence without intragastric lesions after curative endoscopic resection of early gastric cancer meeting the absolute indications of endoscopic resection: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2022 May 27;101(21):e29417. Epub 2022 May 27.

Department of Surgery, Kyungpook National University Chilgok Hospital, Daegu, Republic of Korea.

Rationale: With the increase of gastric cancer surveillance and endoscopic resection techniques, the number of endoscopic resections being performed for the treatment of early gastric cancer in East Asian countries has been increasing. Previously, endoscopic resection has been limited to only differentiated type intramucosal cancers which had a diameter ≤2.0 cm, provided there was no evidence of ulceration and lymphovascular invasion, known as absolute indications. Read More

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Characteristics of the gut microbiota in women with premenstrual symptoms: A cross-sectional study.

PLoS One 2022 27;17(5):e0268466. Epub 2022 May 27.

Hiramatsu Women's Clinic, Fujiidera, Osaka, Japan.

Purpose: Premenstrual symptoms can negatively impact the quality of life of women through a range of mood, behavioral, and physical symptoms. The association between the microbiota and brain function has been extensively studied. Here, we examined the characteristics of the microbiota in women with premenstrual disorders (PMDs) and the association between premenstrual symptoms and the microbiota. Read More

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Relationship among Serum Progestagens, Cortisol, and Prolactin in Pregnant and Cycling Asian Elephants in Thailand.

Vet Sci 2022 May 22;9(5). Epub 2022 May 22.

Center of Elephant and Wildlife Health, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand.

The aim of this study was to examine relationships among serum progestagens, cortisol, and prolactin in pregnant and normal cycling Asian elephants living in tourist camps in northern Thailand. Samples were collected twice a month for 22 months from nine elephants. Of those, four were pregnant (24. Read More

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In Vitro Neutralization of the Myotoxicity of Australian Mulga Snake () and Sri Lankan Russell's Viper () Venoms by Australian and Indian Polyvalent Antivenoms.

Toxins (Basel) 2022 Apr 26;14(5). Epub 2022 Apr 26.

Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine and Allied Sciences, Rajarata University of Sri Lanka, Anuradhapura 50008, Sri Lanka.

We studied the neutralisation of Sri Lankan Russell's viper () and Australian mulga snake () venom-induced myotoxicity by Indian (Vins and Bharat) and Australian (Seqirus) polyvalent antivenoms, using the in vitro chick biventer skeletal muscle preparation. Prior addition of Bharat or Vins antivenoms abolished venom (30 µg/mL)-mediated inhibition of direct twitches, while Australian polyvalent antivenom was not protective. Bharat antivenom prevented, while Vins and Australian polyvalent antivenoms partially prevented, the inhibition of responses to exogenous KCl. Read More

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Mediation roles of neutrophils and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) on the relationship between HLA-DQB1 and rosacea.

Ann Med 2022 Dec;54(1):1530-1537

Department of Dermatology, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, China.

Background: Though the previous genome-wide association studies found the association between alleles and rosacea in the European populations, the data is lacking among the Asians. Moreover, neutrophils are important in the immune-related mechanism of rosacea, and dyslipidemia is closely related to rosacea. We aimed to explore the association between genes and rosacea in Chinese rosacea patients, as well as the mediation effect of neutrophils, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) on the relationship between genes and rosacea. Read More

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December 2022

Injury Characteristics, Outcomes, and Health Care Services Use Associated With Nonfatal Injuries Sustained in Mass Shootings in the US, 2012-2019.

JAMA Netw Open 2022 May 2;5(5):e2213737. Epub 2022 May 2.

Department of Emergency Medicine, School of Medicine, University of California, Irvine.

Importance: Civilian public mass shootings (CPMSs) in the US result in substantial injuries. However, the types and consequences of these injuries have not been systematically described.

Objective: To describe the injury characteristics, outcomes, and health care burden associated with nonfatal injuries sustained during CPMSs and to better understand the consequences to patients, hospitals, and society at large. Read More

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Type 2 Diabetes, Fasting Glucose, Hemoglobin A1c Levels and Risk of Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma: A Mendelian Randomization Study.

Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2022 May;63(5):37

Department of Social Medicine and Health Management, Xiangya School of Public Health, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, China.

Purpose: To evaluate the potential causal associations between type 2 diabetes and fasting glucose and HbA1c levels and the risk of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) in European and East Asian populations.

Methods: We selected genetic variants (P < 5 × 10-8) for type 2 diabetes (898,130 Europeans; 433,540 East Asians), fasting glucose, and HbA1c (196,991 Europeans; 36,584 East Asians) from three meta-analyses of genome-wide association studies (GWAS). The GWAS for POAG provided summary statistics (192,702 Europeans; 46,523 East Asians). Read More

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Association of Race and Ethnicity with Pediatric Postoperative Pain Outcomes.

J Racial Ethn Health Disparities 2022 May 27. Epub 2022 May 27.

Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

Introduction: Inequitable variability in healthcare practice negatively affects patient outcomes. Children of color may receive different analgesic medications in the perioperative period, resulting in different outcomes.

Methods: Medical records of children 0 to ≤ 18 years old from May 2014 to August 2019 were reviewed. Read More

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Attraction of Egg Parasitoids and to the chemical cues of and .

Insects 2022 May 6;13(5). Epub 2022 May 6.

Center Agriculture Food Environment, University of Trento, Via E. Mach 1, 38098 San Michele all'Adige, Italy.

and are two Asian egg parasitoids associated with different pentatomids such as . Adventive populations of were found in Northern Italy, suggesting its employment as a biological control agent (BCA) against . Nevertheless, to reduce the latter's population, was released in Italy. Read More

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Molecular and Functional Characterization of Peptidoglycan Recognition Proteins OfPGRP-A and OfPGRP-B in (Lepidoptera: Crambidae).

Insects 2022 Apr 28;13(5). Epub 2022 Apr 28.

State Key Laboratory for Biology of Plant Diseases and Insect Pests, MOA-CABI Joint Laboratory for Bio-Safety, Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science, Beijing 100193, China.

Peptidoglycan recognition proteins (PGRPs) are important components of insect immune systems, in which they play key roles. We cloned and sequenced two full-length PGRP, named and , from the Asian corn borer, . These two genes comprise open reading frames of 658 and 759 bp, encoding proteins of 192 and 218 amino acids, respectively. Read More

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Racial and ethnic disparities due to Medicare Part D Star Ratings criteria among kidney transplant patients with diabetes, hypertension, and/or dyslipidemia.

J Manag Care Spec Pharm 2022 Jun;28(6):688-699

Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Translational Science, College of Pharmacy, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis.

Policies such as Medicare Part D Star Ratings are designed to encourage medication adherence and facilitate positive health outcomes. Patients who have received a kidney transplant not included in assessment of Star Ratings measures may have worse outcomes. To determine if criteria for inclusion in assessment of Star Ratings medication adherence measures among kidney transplant patients with diabetes, hypertension, and dyslipidemia lead to racial and ethnic disparities in who is included in this assessment. Read More

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Cobalt doped in Zn-MOF-5 nanoparticles to regulate tumor microenvironment for tumor chemo/chemodynamic therapy.

Chem Asian J 2022 May 27. Epub 2022 May 27.

Dalian University of Technology, School of PPtroleum and Chemical Engineering, No.2 Dagong Road, Liaodongwan New Area, 124221, Panjin, CHINA.

Metal-organic frameworks are often used as a chemotherapeutic drug carrier due to their diverse metal sites and good acid degradation ability. Herein Co-doped Zn-MOF-5 nanoparticles with a high Co doping rate of 60% were synthesized for chemo-chemodynamic synergistic therapy of tumor. Co ions can mediate chemodynamic therapy through Fenton-like reaction and regulate the tumor microenvironment by consuming the reduced glutathione. Read More

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Intravascular Large B-Cell Lymphoma: A Review with a Focus on the Prognostic Value of Skin Involvement.

Curr Oncol 2022 Apr 19;29(5):2909-2919. Epub 2022 Apr 19.

Department of Dermatology, Universitätsklinikum Erlangen, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Ulmenweg 18, 91054 Erlangen, Germany.

Intravascular large B-cell lymphoma (IVLBCL) is an aggressive Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) characterised by the presence of neoplastic lymphoid cells within small- and medium-sized blood vessels. According to the clinical presentation, the current WHO classification distinguishes the 'classic' (formerly 'Western') from a hemophagocytic syndrome-associated (formerly 'Asian') variant. A third 'cutaneous' variant has been proposed, characterised by a good prognosis and unique clinical features. Read More

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Mutation as Potential Poor Prognostic Marker in Asian Female Breast Cancer Patients Who Received Adjuvant Chemotherapy.

Curr Oncol 2022 Apr 19;29(5):2895-2908. Epub 2022 Apr 19.

Department of Pathology, Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, Anyang 14068, Korea.

Background: The prognostic relevance of the mutation together with PD-L1, c-Met, and mismatch repair deficiency (dMMR) have not been fully investigated in Asian women with breast cancer (BC) who have undergone postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy.

Methods: We analyzed mutations via peptide nucleic acid (PNA)-mediated real-time PCR assay, PD-L1/c-Met expression via immunohistochemistry (IHC), and microsatellite instability (MSI) status using PCR and IHC, in 191 resected BCs from 2008 to 2011. The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) dataset for the involvement of the mutation with PD-L1/c-Met/MMR was explored. Read More

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Cooperative supramolecular polymerization guided by dispersive interactions.

Chem Asian J 2022 May 27. Epub 2022 May 27.

Indian Institute of Technology Hyderabad, Chemistry, Kandi, 502285, Hyderabad, INDIA.

Cooperative supramolecular polymerization is important for the synthesis of functional supramolecular homo and blockcopolymers of π-systems. Current strategies indicate the need of strong hydrogen bonding (H-bonding) and/or dipolar interactions in the π-systems to achieve cooperativity. In sharp contrast, here we report the cooperative supramolecular polymerization in alkyl chain substituted perylene diimides (alkyl PDIs) driven by dispersive interactions with molecular level understanding. Read More

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Genetic Architecture of Plasma Alpha-Aminoadipic Acid Reveals a Relationship With High-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol.

J Am Heart Assoc 2022 May 27:e024388. Epub 2022 May 27.

Division of Cardiovascular Medicine Department of Medicine Vanderbilt University Medical Center Nashville TN.

Background Elevated plasma levels of alpha-aminoadipic acid (2-AAA) have been associated with the development of type 2 diabetes and atherosclerosis. However, the nature of the association remains unknown. Methods and Results We identified genetic determinants of plasma 2-AAA through meta-analysis of genome-wide association study data in 5456 individuals of European, African, and Asian ancestry from the Framingham Heart Study, Diabetes Prevention Program, Jackson Heart Study, and Shanghai Women's and Men's Health Studies. Read More

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Observing Electrocatalytic Processes via In Situ Electrochemical Scanning Tunneling Microscopy: Latest Advances.

Chem Asian J 2022 May 27. Epub 2022 May 27.

The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Department of Applied Biology and Chemical Technology, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, ., Hung Hom, HONG KONG.

Electrocatalysis is the foundation of many techniques that are currently used to address both environmental and energy problems. Therefore, understanding electrocatalytic processes is essential to guide the rational design of electrocatalysts. Scanning tunneling microscopy (STM), which was developed in the 1980s, remains one of the few techniques that allow surface imaging at the atomic level, making it incredibly useful in electrocatalytic research. Read More

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Uniportal thoracoscopic lateral and posterior basal segmentectomy using intersegmental tunneling: Comparison with multiportal approach.

Asian J Endosc Surg 2022 May 27. Epub 2022 May 27.

Department of General Thoracic Surgery, Japanese Red Cross Maebashi Hospital, Maebashi City, Japan.

Thoracoscopic lateral and posterior basal (S9 + 10) segmentectomy (or S10 segmentectomy) is one of the most technically challenging anatomical segmentectomies. We have used "intersegmental tunneling" in the multiportal approach, and we now apply this with a little ingenuity in the uniportal approach. However, because of interference between instruments and the limited insertion angles in the uniportal approach, complex segmentectomies such as S9 + 10 or S10 become even more difficult. Read More

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Maternal race and preeclampsia: cohort study and systematic review with meta-analysis.

BJOG 2022 May 27. Epub 2022 May 27.

Harris Birthright Research Centre of Fetal Medicine, King's College Hospital, London, UK.

Objectives: To examine the association between race and preeclampsia(PE) and gestational hypertension(GH) after adjustment for factors in maternal characteristics and medical history in screening study from the Fetal Medicine Foundation (FMF) in England, and to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies on PE.

Methods: In the FMF data regression analysis was performed to examine the association between race and PE or GH. Literature search to December 2021 was carried out to identify peer-reviewed publications on race and PE. Read More

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Disability and self-rated health: Exploring foreign- and U.S.-born differences across adulthood.

J Migr Health 2022 14;6:100112. Epub 2022 May 14.

School of Social and Family Dynamics, Arizona State University, P.O. Box 873701, Tempe, Arizona 85287, United States.

There is limited inquiry regarding how immigrant status intersects with disability to influence health across adulthood. As the U.S. Read More

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Carrageenan From (Rhodophyta, Solieriaceae): Metabolism, Structure, Production, and Application.

Front Plant Sci 2022 10;13:859635. Epub 2022 May 10.

Biotechnology Research Institute, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia.

Carrageenan is a polysaccharide derived from red algae (seaweed) with enormous economic potential in a wide range of industries, including pharmaceuticals, food, cosmetics, printing, and textiles. Carrageenan is primarily produced through aquaculture-based seaweed farming, with and species accounting for more than 90% of global output. There are three major types of carrageenan found in red algae: kappa ()-, iota ()-, and lambda ()-carrageenan. Read More

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Intensity of adoption and welfare impacts of drought-tolerant rice varieties cultivation in Bangladesh.

Heliyon 2022 May 18;8(5):e09490. Epub 2022 May 18.

Department of Agribusiness and Marketing, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Sher-e-Bangla Nagar, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Rice production in Bangladesh is vulnerable to climate-related risk such as drought, which contributes to food insecurity. Adoption of drought-tolerant rice varieties can play an important role in increasing productivity, food grain supply, and income. However, to the best of our knowledge, no studies have measured the welfare impacts of drought-tolerant rice varieties in the South Asian and Bangladeshi context. Read More

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