171,073 results match your criteria Asian Journal Of Technology Innovation[Journal]


A narrative synthesis of possible causes and risk factors of hoarding behaviours.

Asian J Psychiatr 2019 Apr 8;42:104-114. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Research Division, Institute of Mental Health, Buangkok Green Medical Park, 10 Buangkok View, 539747, Singapore. Electronic address:

Background: Hoarding is a disorder characterized by excessive acquisition and persistent difficulty in discarding possessions. The behaviour has adverse emotional, physical, social, financial, and legal outcomes for the person with the disorder and family members, and might pose a significant public health problem. Hoarding has been included as a distinct disorder in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Fifth edition (DSM-5). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajp.2019.04.001DOI Listing

Psychological Distress among Adolescents in Laos, Mongolia, Nepal, and Sri Lanka.

Asian Nurs Res (Korean Soc Nurs Sci) 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Hanyang University, College of Medicine, Department of Preventive Medicine; Hanyang University, Institute for Health and Society, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore psychological distress and examine the relationship between this distress and individual, family, and school factors among adolescents in four low- and middle-income countries (LAMICs) in Asia (i.e., Laos, Mongolia, Nepal, and Sri Lanka). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anr.2019.04.001DOI Listing

Phylogenetic analysis of partial pre-membrane and envelope sequences of dengue viruses circulating in India.

Int J Infect Dis 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Dept. of Clinical Virology, Christian Medical College, Vellore 632004, Tamil Nadu, India. Electronic address:

Objective: Phylogenetic characteristics of circulating Indian dengue viruses (DENV) were analysed using partial pre-membrane (PrM) and envelope (E) sequences. An immunodominant region was analysed for mutations and alignment with common DENV PCR primers and probes was determined.

Methods: Published Indian PrM and E DENV sequences were analysed with hitherto unpublished PrM sequences from this study site. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2019.04.010DOI Listing

The association between alcohol metabolism and genetic variants of ADH1A, SRPRB, and PGM1 in Korea.

Alcohol 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Division of Endocrine and Metabolic Disease, Center for Biomedical Sciences, Korea National Institute of Health, Cheongju, Chungbuk, 28159, South Korea.

Background: Excessive alcohol consumption is a major public health problem in East Asian countries. Alcohol use leads to a cascade of problems including increased chances of risky behavior and wide range of negative health consequences from alcoholic liver disease to upper gastric and liver cancer. These alcohol effects are known to be influenced by ethnic variability and genetics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.alcohol.2019.03.004DOI Listing

Trends in cervical cancer incidence rates by age, race/ethnicity, histological subtype, and stage at diagnosis in the United States.

Prev Med 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Surveillance and Health Services Research, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, GA, United States of America.

Recent trends of cervical cancer incidence by histology and age in the United States (U.S.) have not been reported. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2019.04.010DOI Listing

Genome-wide diversity and demographic dynamics of Cameroon goats and their divergence from east African, north African, and Asian conspecifics.

PLoS One 2019 19;14(4):e0214843. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Biosciences Eastern and Central Africa-International Livestock Research Institute (BecA-ILRI) Hub, Nairobi, Kenya.

Indigenous goats make significant contributions to Cameroon's national and local economy, but little effort has been devoted to identifying the populations. Here, we assessed the genetic diversity and demographic dynamics of Cameroon goat populations using mitochondrial DNA (two populations) and autosomal markers (four populations) generated with the Caprine 50K SNP chip. To infer genetic relationships at continental and global level, genotype data on six goat populations from Ethiopia and one population each from Egypt, Morocco, Iran, and China were included in the analysis. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0214843PLOS

Reducing ethnic disparity in access to high-quality HLA-matched cord blood units for transplantation: analysis of the Canadian Blood Services' Cord Blood Bank inventory.

Transfusion 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Canadian Blood Services' Cord Blood Bank, Ottawa, Ontario.

Background: Launched in 2013, Canadian Blood Services' Cord Blood Bank (CBS' CBB) has built a high-quality, ethnically diverse cord blood repository that aims to reduce ethnic disparity in accessing suitable units for transplantation.

Methods And Results: As of December 2016, 2000 units have been banked. The self-reported maternal ethnicity was 58% non-Caucasian. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/trf.15313DOI Listing

Association of Diabetes With All-Cause and Cause-Specific Mortality in Asia: A Pooled Analysis of More Than 1 Million Participants.

JAMA Netw Open 2019 Apr 5;2(4):e192696. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Division of Epidemiology, Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt Epidemiology Center, Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee.

Importance: Asia is home to the largest diabetic populations in the world. However, limited studies have quantified the association of diabetes with all-cause and cause-specific mortality in Asian populations.

Objectives: To evaluate the association of diabetes with all-cause and cause-specific mortality in Asia and to investigate potential effect modifications of the diabetes-mortality associations by participants' age, sex, education level, body mass index, and smoking status. Read More

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http://jamanetworkopen.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?doi=10.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.2696DOI Listing
April 2019
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Fine scale genomic signals of admixture and alien introgression among Asian rice landraces.

Genome Biol Evol 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

UMR AGAP, CIRAD, F-34398 Montpellier, France.

Modern rice cultivars are adapted to a range of environmental conditions and human preferences. At the root of this diversity is a marked genetic structure, owing to multiple foundation events. Admixture and recurrent introgression from wild sources have played upon this base to produce the myriad adaptations existing today. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/gbe/advance-article/doi/10.1093/gbe
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/gbe/evz084DOI Listing
April 2019
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Mixed Mycobacterium tuberculosis Lineage Infection in 2 Elephants, Nepal.

Emerg Infect Dis 2019 May;25(5):1031-1032

Tuberculosis in elephants is primarily caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. We identified mixed M. tuberculosis lineage infection in 2 captive elephants in Nepal by using spoligotyping and large sequence polymorphism. Read More

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http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/25/5/18-1898_article.htm
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2505.181898DOI Listing
May 2019
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A systematic review of observational studies of trifluridine/tipiracil (TAS-102) for metastatic colorectal cancer.

Acta Oncol 2019 Apr 19:1-9. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

e Department of Oncology , Zealand University Hospital , Roskilde , Denmark.

Background: The treatment options for patients with therapy refractory metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) are sparse. TAS-102 (FTD/TPI) is a new oral anti-tumour agent composed of a nucleoside analogue, trifluridine, and a thymidine phosphorylase inhibitor, tipiracil, indicated for patients with mCRC who are refractory to standard therapies. This study summarizes published and unpublished experience with FTD/TPI in clinical practice settings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0284186X.2019.1605192DOI Listing

Sesquiterpenes from an Eastern African Medicinal Mushroom Belonging to the Genus Sanghuangporus.

J Nat Prod 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Microbial Drugs , Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research (HZI), and German Centre for Infection Research (DZIF) , Partner Site Hannover/Braunschweig, Inhoffenstrasse 7 , 38124 Braunschweig , Germany.

During the course of searching for new anti-infective and other biologically active secondary metabolites from Kenyan basidiomycetes, 13 previously undescribed metabolites, (6 R,7 S,10 R)-7,10-epoxy-7,11-dimethyldodec-1-ene-6,11-diol (1) and 12 sesquiterpenes named elgonenes A-L (2-13), and the known compound P-coumaric acid (14) were isolated from a basidiomycete collected in Mount Elgon Natural Reserve. The producing organism represents a new species of the genus Sanghuangporus, which is one of the segregates of the important traditional Asian medicinal mushrooms that were formerly known as the " Inonotus linteus" complex. The structure elucidation of compounds 1-13, based on 2D NMR spectroscopy, high-resolution mass spectrometry, and other spectral methods, and their antibacterial, antifungal, and cytotoxic activities are reported. Read More

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http://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acs.jnatprod.8b01086
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jnatprod.8b01086DOI Listing
April 2019
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Pre-diagnostic blood levels of organochlorines and risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma in three prospective cohorts in China and Singapore.

Int J Cancer 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, NCI, NIH, DHHS, Rockville, MD, USA.

Specific organochlorines (OCs) have been associated with non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) with varying degrees of evidence. These associations have not been evaluated in Asia, where the high exposure and historical environmental contamination of certain OC pesticides (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ijc.32350DOI Listing

Longitudinal Analysis Between Maternal Feeding Practices and Body Mass Index (BMI): A Study in Asian Singaporean Preschoolers.

Front Nutr 2019 2;6:32. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Singapore Institute for Clinical Sciences, Agency for Science, Technology, and Research, Singapore, Singapore.

Bidirectional studies between maternal feeding practices with subsequent child weight are limited, with no studies in Asian populations. In longitudinal analyses, we assessed the directionality of the associations between maternal feeding practices and body mass index (BMI) in preschoolers. Participants were 428 mother child dyads from the GUSTO (Growing Up in Singapore Toward healthy Outcomes) cohort. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fnut.2019.00032DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454195PMC

Genetic Diversity of the Pear Scab Fungus in Korea.

Mycobiology 2019 Mar 1;47(1):76-86. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Department of Plant Medicine, Sunchon National University, Suncheon, Korea.

Scab disease caused by is of agroeconomic importance in cultivation of Asian pear. However, little is known about the degree of genetic diversity in the populations of this pathogen. In this study, we collected 55 isolates from pear scab lesions in 13 major cultivation areas in Korea and examined the diversity using sequences of internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region, β-tubulin (TUB2), and translation elongation factor-1 (TEF-1) genes as molecular markers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/12298093.2019.1572263DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6452914PMC

"Special K" Drug on Adolescent Rats: Oxidative Damage and Neurobehavioral Impairments.

Oxid Med Cell Longev 2019 14;2019:5452727. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Laboratory of Pharmacology of Inflammation and Behavior, Pharmacy Faculty, Institute of Health Sciences, Federal University of Pará, Belém, Pará, Brazil.

Ketamine is used in clinical practice as an anesthetic that pharmacologically modulates neurotransmission in postsynaptic receptors, such as NMDA receptors. However, widespread recreational use of ketamine in "party drug" worldwide since the 1990s quickly spread to the Asian orient region. Thus, this study aimed at investigating the behavioral and oxidative effects after immediate withdrawal of intermittent administration of ketamine in adolescent female rats. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/5452727DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6437740PMC

Inhibition of Cytochrome P450 Activities by Extract and Its Prenylated Flavonoids in Human Liver Microsomes.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2019 13;2019:2673769. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Department of Pharmacology and Pharmacogenomics Research Center, Inje University College of Medicine, Busan 614-735, Republic of Korea.

possesses several pharmacological properties and has been widely used for the treatment of diarrhea, inflammation, abscess, dysentery, and fever in East Asian countries. is a major source of prenylated flavonoids, such as sophoraflavone and kushenol. In this study, we examined the effects of extract and its prenylated flavonoids on cytochrome P450 (CYP) isoform activity in human liver microsomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/2673769DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6436327PMC

Deep Genome Resequencing Reveals Artificial and Natural Selection for Visual Deterioration, Plateau Adaptability and High Prolificacy in Chinese Domestic Sheep.

Front Genet 2019 2;10:300. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Department of Animal Sciences, Washington State University, Pullman, WA, United States.

Sheep were one of the earliest domesticated animals. Both artificial and natural selection during domestication has resulted in remarkable changes in behavioral, physiological, and morphological phenotypes; however, the genetic mechanisms underpinning these changes remain unclear, particularly for indigenous Chinese sheep. In the present study, we performed pooled whole-genome resequencing of 338 sheep from five breeds representative of indigenous Chinese breeds and compared them to the wild ancestors of domestic sheep (Asian mouflon, ) for detection of genome-wide selective sweeps. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fgene.2019.00300DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454055PMC

Developing Normative Reference Values for Nerve Conduction Studies of Commonly Tested Nerves among a Sample Pakistani Population.

J Neurosci Rural Pract 2019 Apr-Jun;10(2):178-184

Department of Neurophysiology, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan.

Introduction: Most neurophysiology departments around the world establish their own normative data. However, ethnic differences are not taken into account. Our aim was to establish normal nerve conduction studies (NCS) data for routinely tested nerves in individuals of Pakistani (South Asian) origin and to compare with Western published data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jnrp.jnrp_370_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454950PMC

Sweet Cravings in Diabetes: Desserts that are not so Sinful.

J Pak Med Assoc 2019 Apr;69(4):595-597

Department of Endocrinology, Bharti Hospital, Karnal, India.

Desserts form an important and integral part of South East Asian cuisines and are often associated with festive eating and celebrations. Since most desserts are high in caloric content and contain refined carbohydrates and saturated or trans-fats, their consumption poses obvious challenges in diabetic individuals. Meals should not only meet the biological needs of an individual but should also be palatable, appealing and retain their hedonistic aspects of taste, smell and visual appeal. Read More

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April 2019
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Expert Opinion: Use of sodium glucose co-transporter type-2 inhibitors in South Asian population -The Pakistan perspective.

J Pak Med Assoc 2019 Apr;69(4):555-563

National Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases Karachi, Pakistan.

Sodium-glucose co-transporter type 2 inhibitors (SGLT 2- i)are increasingly being used in the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). With the novel insulinindependent glycosuric action, these agents help to attain glycaemic goals by lowering HbA1c and fasting blood glucose. In addition, these agents improve metabolic control in diabetes and ameliorate comorbidities like obesity and hyper tension. Read More

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Effects of Weekly Teriparatide Administration for Vertebral Stability and Bony Union in Patients with Acute Osteoporotic Vertebral Fractures.

Asian Spine J 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Suita, Japan.

Study Design: An open-label, non-randomized prospective study.

Purpose: Teriparatide (TPTD) is known to be an antiosteoporotic agent that may accelerate the healing of fractures. This study was designed to investigate the effect of once-weekly TPTD administration on vertebral stability and bony union after acute osteoporotic vertebral fracture (OVF). Read More

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http://www.asianspinejournal.org/journal/view.php?doi=10.316
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http://dx.doi.org/10.31616/asj.2018.0311DOI Listing
April 2019
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Instrumental volatile flavor analysis of omija (Schisandra chinesis Baillon) using headspace stir-bar sorptive extraction-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and its relationship to human sensory perceptions.

Food Res Int 2019 Jun 14;120:650-655. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Korea Food Research Institute, 245, Nongsaengmyeong-ro, Iseo-myeon, Wanju-gun, Jeollabuk-do 55365, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Omija (Schisandra chinesis Baillon) is a cluster of berries, mainly cultivated in East Asian countries. The objective of this study was to conduct an instrumental volatile flavor analysis and descriptive analysis of omija samples using headspace stir-bar sorptive extraction gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Three omija fruits were included and pre-treated using three different methods: frozen omija (FO), frozen-blended omija (FBO), and freeze-dried omija (FDO). Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S09639969183090
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2018.11.022DOI Listing
June 2019
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Short- and long-term follow-up of antithrombotic management patterns in patients hospitalized with acute coronary syndrome: Indian subgroup of EPICOR Asia study.

Indian Heart J 2019 Jan - Feb;71(1):25-31. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Ruby Hospital, Pune, India.

Background: Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is associated with emergency hospitalizations, and there are limited real-world data on clinical outcomes in post-ACS Asian patients. This article presents data on the Indian subgroup from the Long-term Follow-up of Antithrombotic Management Patterns in Acute Coronary Syndrome Patients in Asia (EPICOR-Asia) study.

Methods: EPICOR included patients with ACS [ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI), or unstable angina (UA)]. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00194832183035
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ihj.2018.12.005DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Ticagrelor for Asian patients with acute coronary syndrome in real-world practice: A systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies.

Indian Heart J 2019 Jan - Feb;71(1):15-24. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

University Hospital of State Medical University of Semey, Department of Endovascular Surgery, Semey, Kazakhstan.

Objective: We aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of ticagrelor compared to clopidogrel in Asian patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in real-world practice.

Methods: PubMed, Web of Science and Scopus databases were searched systematically to obtain relevant Asian observational studies.

Results: The meta-analysis included six studies with 27959 participants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ihj.2019.01.003DOI Listing
January 2019

Temsirolimus in Asian Metastatic/Recurrent Non-clear Cell Renal Carcinoma.

Cancer Res Treat 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Division of Medical Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, Yonsei Cancer Center, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Purpose: Temsirolimus is effective in the treatment for metastatic non-clear cell renal cell carcinoma (nccRCC) with poor prognosis. We aim to investigate the efficacy and tolerability of temsirolimus in treatment of naïve Asian patients with metastatic/recurrent nccRCC.

Materials And Methods: From January 2008 to July 2017, data of treatment-naïve, metastatic/recurrent nccRCC patients, who were treated with temsirolimus according to the standard protocol, were collected. Read More

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http://www.e-crt.org/journal/view.php?doi=10.4143/crt.2018.6
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4143/crt.2018.671DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Description of a Natural Infection with Decapod Iridescent Virus 1 in Farmed Giant Freshwater Prawn, .

Viruses 2019 Apr 17;11(4). Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Yellow Sea Fisheries Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences; Laboratory for Marine Fisheries Science and Food Production Processes, National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology (Qingdao); Key Laboratory of Maricultural Organism Disease Control, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs; Qingdao Key Laboratory of Mariculture Epidemiology and Biosecurity, Qingdao 266071, China.

is a valuable freshwater prawn in Asian aquaculture. In recent years, a new symptom that was generally called "white head" has caused high mortality in farms in China. Samples of , , , , , and Cladocera from a farm suffering from white head in Jiangsu Province were collected and analyzed in this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/v11040354DOI Listing

Perceived Neighborhood Environment and Its Association with Health Screening and Exercise Participation amongst Low-Income Public Rental Flat Residents in Singapore.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 Apr 17;16(8). Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Saw Swee Hock School of Public Health, National University of Singapore, National University Health System, Singapore 117549, Singapore.

: In Singapore, an Asian city-state, more than 80% live in public housing. While the majority (90%) own their homes, a needy minority lives in rental flats. Public rental flats are built in the same location as owner-occupied blocks. Read More

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https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/16/8/1384
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16081384DOI Listing
April 2019
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Experimental Vertical Transmission of Chikungunya Virus by Brazilian and Florida Populations.

Viruses 2019 Apr 17;11(4). Epub 2019 Apr 17.

University of Florida, IFAS, Department of Entomology and Nematology, Florida Medical Entomology Laboratory, Vero Beach, FL 32962, USA.

Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is a vector-borne alphavirus transmitted by the bites of mosquitoes, specifically infected, female mosquitoes of the invasive species. In nature, CHIKV can be maintained by vertical transmission, a phenomenon that relates to the transfer of CHIKV from the infected parent to their offspring within the ovary or during oviposition. In the present study, we conducted laboratory experiments to determine vertical transmission with populations from Brazil and Florida. Read More

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https://www.mdpi.com/1999-4915/11/4/353
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/v11040353DOI Listing
April 2019
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Meningioma and psychiatric symptoms: An individual patient data analysis.

Asian J Psychiatr 2019 Mar 28;42:94-103. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Department of Psychiatry, Dr Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital PGIMER, New Delhi, India.

Meningioma is a slow-growing benign tumor arising from meninges and is usually asymptomatic. Though neuropsychiatric symptoms are common in patients with brain tumors, they often can be the only manifestation in cases of meningioma. Meningiomas might present with mood symptoms, psychosis, memory disturbances, personality changes, anxiety, or anorexia nervosa. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18762018183113
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajp.2019.03.029DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Appearance of Polypoidal Lesions in Patients With Polypoidal Choroidal Vasculopathy Using Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomographic Angiography.

JAMA Ophthalmol 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Ophthalmology, Shanghai General Hospital (Shanghai First People's Hospital), Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Importance: Polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) is a major cause of visual loss worldwide, particularly in Asia, and the appropriate understanding of the structures in PCV previously described as polypoidal lesions is important for understanding their pathogenesis, diagnosis, and prognosis.

Objective: To report the morphologic characteristics of polypoidal lesions and their association with branching vascular networks (BVNs) in eyes with PCV using swept-source optical coherence tomographic angiography (SS-OCTA).

Design, Setting, And Participants: This cross-sectional observational study included 20 participants recruited from Shanghai General Hospital with a diagnosis of PCV based on the presence of focal hyperfluorescent spots on indocyanine green angiography (ICGA). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2019.0449DOI Listing

Reference genes selection for Calotropis procera under different salt stress conditions.

PLoS One 2019 18;14(4):e0215729. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Departamento de Botânica, Laboratório de Fisiologia Vegetal, Recife, PE, Brazil.

Calotropis procera is a perennial Asian shrub with significant adaptation to adverse climate conditions and poor soils. Given its increased salt and drought stress tolerance, C. procera stands out as a powerful candidate to provide alternative genetic resources for biotechnological approaches. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0215729PLOS
April 2019
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Distinct phenotype and function of circulating Vδ1+ and Vδ2+ γδT-cells in acute and chronic hepatitis B.

PLoS Pathog 2019 Apr 18;15(4):e1007715. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor MI, United States of America.

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) persists with global and virus-specific T-cell dysfunction, without T-cell based correlates of outcomes. To determine if γδT-cells are altered in HBV infection relative to clinical status, we examined the frequency, phenotype and function of peripheral blood Vδ1+ and Vδ2+γδT-cells by multi-parameter cytometry in a clinically diverse North American cohort of chronic hepatitis B (CHB), acute hepatitis B (AHB) and uninfected control subjects. We show that circulating γδT-cells were comprised predominantly of CD3hiCD4- Vδ2+γδT-cells with frequencies that were 2-3 fold higher among Asian than non-Asian Americans and inversely correlated with age, but without differences between CHB, AHB and control subjects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1007715DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Correction: Mapping wader biodiversity along the East Asian-Australasian flyway.

PLoS One 2019 18;14(4):e0215877. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0215877PLOS

Racial/ethnic differences in experimental pain sensitivity and associated factors - Cardiovascular responsiveness and psychological status.

PLoS One 2019 18;14(4):e0215534. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Pain and Translational Symptom Science, University of Maryland School of Nursing, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America.

This study evaluated the contributions of psychological status and cardiovascular responsiveness to racial/ethnic differences in experimental pain sensitivity. The baseline measures of 3,159 healthy individuals-non-Hispanic white (NHW): 1,637, African-American (AA): 1,012, Asian: 299, and Hispanic: 211-from the OPPERA prospective cohort study were used. Cardiovascular responsiveness measures and psychological status were included in structural equation modeling based mediation analyses. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0215534PLOS

Progress and obstacles in culturing 'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus', the bacterium associated with Huanglongbing (HLB).

Phytopathology 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Auburn University, Entomology and Plant Pathology , 209 Life Sciecnes Building , Auburn, Alabama, United States , 36849 ;

In recent decades, 'Candidatus Liberibacter spp.' have emerged as a versatile group of psyllid-vectored plant pathogens and endophytes capable of infecting a wide range of economically important plant hosts. The most notable example is 'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus' (CLas) associated with Huanglongbing (HLB) in several major citrus-producing areas of the world. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PHYTO-02-19-0051-RVWDOI Listing

Amylose-grafted Curdlan; a New Class of Semi-artificial Branched Polysaccharides for Hierarchical Polymeric Superstructures Created by the Action of "Orthogonal" Binding Sites.

Chem Asian J 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Institute for advanced study, Kyushu University, 744, Moto-oka, Nishi-ku, 8190395, Fukuoka, JAPAN.

The semi-artificial branched-polysaccharides, amylose-grafted curdlans, were synthesized utilizing the enzymatic polymerization. Both a curdlan main chain and amylose side chains on the polysaccharides maintain the original helical structure as well as the molecular binding ability. Thank to the difference in their molecular recognition properties between β-1,3-glucan chain and α-1,4-glucan chain, the amylose-grafted curdlans can provide two different orthogonal binding sites within one polymeric system. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/asia.201900375DOI Listing

Intraoperative colonoscopy in laparoscopic colorectal surgery: A review of recent publications.

Asian J Endosc Surg 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Surgery, The University Hong Kong-Shenzhen Hospital, Shenzhen, China.

Introduction: Laparoscopic colorectal resection is becoming the gold standard for treating colorectal cancers because it offers superior short-term and comparable long-time outcomes compared to open surgery. Intraoperative colonoscopy (IOC) is increasingly performed for tumor localization and mucosal assessment. The aim of this report was to review the safety and efficacy of IOC in laparoscopic colorectal surgery. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/ases.12704
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ases.12704DOI Listing
April 2019
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Surface Charge-Reversible Tubular Micromotors for Extraction of Nucleic Acids in Microsystems.

Chem Asian J 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Wuhan University of Technology, 122 Luoshi road, Wuhan, CHINA.

Extraction of nucleic acids in microsystems is of significance for biomedical applications, but the current extraction methods generally require sophisticated microchannels and external equipment, hindering their practical applications. In this work, we have demonstrated a simple, versatile and efficient approach to extract nucleic acids in microsystems by developing cationic branched polyethyleneimine (PEI)-functionalized tubular micromotors. The as-developed tubular micromotors are fabricated by a two-step process combining the template-assisted electrodeposition and carbodiimide chemistry, and contain an inner catalytic Pt layer, a middle magnetic Ni layer and an outer cationic PEI layer. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/asia.2019004
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/asia.201900427DOI Listing
April 2019
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The Singapore Heart Failure Risk Score: Prediction of Survival in Southeast Asian Patients.

Ann Acad Med Singapore 2019 Mar;48(3):86-94

Department of Cardiology, National Heart Centre, Singapore.

Introduction: Numerous heart failure risk scores have been developed but there is none for Asians. We aimed to develop a risk calculator, the Singapore Heart Failure Risk Score, to predict 1- and 2-year survival in Southeast Asian patients hospitalised for heart failure.

Materials And Methods: Consecutive patients admitted for heart failure were identified from the Singapore Cardiac Databank Heart Failure registry. Read More

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March 2019
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Exploring the microbiota and metabolites of traditional rice beer varieties of Assam and their functionalities.

3 Biotech 2019 May 10;9(5):174. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

1Molecular Biology and Microbial Biotechnology Laboratory, Division of Life Sciences, Institute of Advanced Study in Science and Technology (IASST), Guwahati, Assam 781035 India.

Rice beer is traditionally prepared and consumed by various ethnic populations in the Southeast Asian countries. To understand the probable effects of rice beer on human health, present research was aimed to study biochemical parameters, microbial diversity and metabolites of major rice beer varieties of Assam, namely ( and ), and Alcoholic content of rice beer varieties varied from 9.41 to 19. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13205-019-1702-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6458194PMC

Prevalence of clOpidogrel 'resIstaNce' in a selected population of patients undergoing elective percutaneous coronary intervention at a tertiary cardiovascular centre in Trinidad: the POINT pilot study.

Open Heart 2019 27;6(1):e000841. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

Cardiology Unit, Universidad de Murcia, Murcia, Spain.

Objectives:  This novel, pilot study aimed to assess the estimated prevalence of high on-treatment platelet reactivity (HPR) in Trinidad and Tobago.

Methods: Patients (n=40) who were awaiting elective percutaneous coronary intervention on maintenance dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) with aspirin 81 mg daily and clopidogrel 75 mg or loaded at least 48 hours prior were recruited. Platelet reactivity with the VerifyNow P2Y12 assay (Accriva Diagnostics, San Diego, California, USA) was assessed prior to cardiac catheterisation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/openhrt-2018-000841DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6443217PMC
February 2019

Effects of sprouting and cooking processes on physicochemical and functional properties of moth bean () seed and flour.

J Food Sci Technol 2019 Apr 6;56(4):2115-2125. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

1Department of Food, Agriculture and Bioresources, Food Engineering and Bioprocess Technology, Asian Institute of Technology, Khlong Luang, Thailand.

Selected moth beans () were subjected to different processes such as sprouting and cooking. Their respective flours were prepared and evaluated for their physicochemical and functional characteristics. From our study, it was observed that the ash content of raw moth bean flour was considerably higher in comparison to the sprouted and cooked moth bean flour. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13197-019-03692-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6443815PMC

Enigmatic incongruence between mtDNA and nDNA revealed by multi-locus phylogenomic analyses in freshwater snails.

Sci Rep 2019 Apr 17;9(1):6223. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Graduate school of Life Sciences, Tohoku University, Miyagi, Japan.

Phylogenetic incongruence has frequently been encountered among different molecular markers. Recent progress in molecular phylogenomics has provided detailed and important information for evolutionary biology and taxonomy. Here we focused on the freshwater viviparid snails (Cipangopaludina chinensis chinensis and C. Read More

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http://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-019-42682-0
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-42682-0DOI Listing
April 2019
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Microanalytical Quality of Imported Green Coffee Beans.

J Food Prot 1988 Jul;51(7):569-570

Division of Microbiology and Division of Mathematics, Food and Drug Administration, Washington, DC 20204.

A 3-year national survey was made to determine the sanitary quality of green coffee beans offered for import into the United States. The methods of the Food and Drug Administration's Macroanalytical Procedures Manual were used to analyze samples for mammalian excreta, insect damage and mold. Insect damage was the most frequently encountered defect. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4315/0362-028X-51.7.569DOI Listing

Evaluating the Effect of Monitoring through Telephone (Tele-Monitoring) on Self-Care Behaviors and Readmission of Patients with Heart Failure after Discharge.

Appl Clin Inform 2019 Mar 17;10(2):261-268. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Nursing & Emergency Medicine, Dezful University of Medical Sciences, Dezful, Iran.

Background:  Heart failure is one of the serious cardiovascular diseases, which poses a global pandemic and places a heavy burden on health care systems worldwide. The incidence of this disease in Iran is higher than in other Asian countries. To reduce patients' complications, readmission rates, and health care expenditures, it is necessary to design interventions, which are culturally appropriate and based on community needs. Read More

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http://www.thieme-connect.de/DOI/DOI?10.1055/s-0039-1685167
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-1685167DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6469982PMC
March 2019
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Chronic kidney disease in patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in an urban cohort.

PLoS One 2019 17;14(4):e0215575. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Nephrology Training Program at Houston Methodist Hospital, Houston, Texas, United States of America.

Background And Objectives: HIV-infected patients are at risk for developing chronic kidney disease (CKD), defined by estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) <60 ml/min/1.73m2. Our purpose was to understand the genesis of CKD in HIV patients from a large urban clinic in Houston, Texas, USA, and to characterize progression of CKD in the cohort. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0215575PLOS

A new hadrosauroid (Dinosauria: Ornithopoda) from the Late Cretaceous Baynshire Formation of the Gobi Desert (Mongolia).

PLoS One 2019 17;14(4):e0208480. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Geosciences, Faculty of Science, Osaka City University, Osaka Prefecture, Osaka, Japan.

A new genus and species of non-hadrosaurid hadrosauroid, Gobihadros mongoliensis, is described from a virtually complete and undeformed skull and postcranial skeleton, as well as extensive referred material, collected from the Baynshire Formation (Cenomanian-Santonian) of the central and eastern Gobi Desert, Mongolia. Gobihadros mongoliensis is the first non-hadrosaurid hadrosauroid from the Late Cretaceous of central Asia known from a complete, articulated skull and skeleton. The material reveals the skeletal anatomy of a proximate sister taxon to Hadrosauridae in remarkable detail. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0208480PLOS

Response of grassland ecosystem to monsoonal precipitation variability during the Mid-Late Holocene: Inferences based on molecular isotopic records from Banni grassland, western India.

PLoS One 2019 17;14(4):e0212743. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Kolkata, Mohanpur, West Bengal, India.

Banni, located in the arid western India, is one of the largest tropical grasslands of the Asian continent. The net primary production in this grassland ecosystem is currently mediated by precipitation during the Indian summer monsoon (ISM). However, timing of the grassland expansion and its link to the intensity of monsoonal precipitation remains enigmatic due to the paucity of datasets. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0212743PLOS