186,438 results match your criteria Asian Journal Of Mathematics[Journal]


Clinical risk factors for the development of late-onset circulatory collapse in premature infants.

Pediatr Res 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Department of Pediatrics, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA.

Background: Very low birth weight (VLBW) infants may be at risk for late-onset circulatory collapse (LCC) where otherwise stable infants develop hypotension resistant to vasoactive agents. The risk factors for LCC development are poorly defined, and it has been theorized that it may be in part due to withdrawal from exogenous prenatal steroids. The goal of this study was to define the clinical characteristics of LCC and investigate its association with antenatal steroid administration. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41390-020-0990-7DOI Listing

Recurrent ilioinguinal lymph node metastasis from primary anal adenocarcinoma: what should we do? - A case report and review of literature.

Authors:
Y Zhao R Wijaya

Int J Surg Case Rep 2020 May 21;71:277-279. Epub 2020 May 21.

Department of General Surgery, Changi General Hospital, 2 Simei Street 3, S529889, Republic of Singapore. Electronic address:

Introduction: Anal canal tumors are uncommon amongst gastrointestinal tumors or anorectal tumors. While the majority of them seem to be squamous cell carcinoma in nature, adenocarcinoma may be equally as common amongst the Asian population. Recurrent nodal metastasis from a primary anal malignancy is not a rare occurrence in view of the anatomy of the anal canal. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijscr.2020.05.020DOI Listing

COVID-19's impact on the atmospheric environment in the Southeast Asia region.

Sci Total Environ 2020 May 25;736:139658. Epub 2020 May 25.

Department of Earth Sciences and Environment, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia.

Since its first appearance in Wuhan, China at the end of 2019, the new coronavirus (COVID-19) has evolved a global pandemic within three months, with more than 4.3 million confirmed cases worldwide until mid-May 2020. As many countries around the world, Malaysia and other southeast Asian (SEA) countries have also enforced lockdown at different degrees to contain the spread of the disease, which has brought some positive effects on natural environment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.139658DOI Listing

Rising vegetation activity dominates growing water use efficiency in the Asian permafrost region from 1900 to 2100.

Sci Total Environ 2020 May 21;736:139587. Epub 2020 May 21.

Biology Department, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92182, USA. Electronic address:

Permafrost play an important role in regulating global climate system. We analyzed the gross primary productivity (GPP), net primary productivity (NPP), and evapotranspiration (ET) derived from MODIS and three earth system models participated in the Coupled Model Inter-comparison Project Phase 6 (CMIP6) in the Asian permafrost region. The water use efficiency (WUE) was further computed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.139587DOI Listing

Racial/ethnic Disparities and Survival in Pediatrics with Gliomas Based on the Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results Database in the United States.

World Neurosurg 2020 May 31. Epub 2020 May 31.

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, College of Basic Medical, Navy Medical University, Shanghai, 200433, P.R.China. Electronic address:

Background: Gliomas are the most common type of primary central nervous system tumor for both children and adults. But the influence of racial/ethnic disparities on the survival of children with gliomas has not been fully evaluated yet.

Methods: Baseline characteristics of patients, including gender, year of diagnosis, surgery, grade, radiation, histology and races, were collected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2020.05.224DOI Listing

The common pathophysiologic threads between Asian Indian diabetic's 'Thin Fat Phenotype' and partial lipodystrophy: the peripheral adipose tissue transcriptomic evidences.

Adipocyte 2020 Jan;9(1):253-263

Department of Endocrinology, Sawai Man Singh Medical College and Hospital , Jaipur, India.

T2D is a complex disease with poorly understood mechanisms. In Asian Indians, it is associated with "thin fat" phenotype which resembles with partial lipodystrophy. We hypothesized that disturbed expression of lipodystrophy genes might play a role in T2D pathogenesis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21623945.2020.1776082DOI Listing
January 2020

COVID-19 and the eye: how much do we really know? A best evidence review.

Arq Bras Oftalmol 2020 Jun 29;83(3):250-261. Epub 2020 May 29.

Centro Mexicano de Salud Visual Preventiva, Mexico City, Mexico.

To identify and classify available information regarding COVID-19 and eye care according to the level of evidence, within four main topics of interest: evidence of the virus in tears and the ocular surface, infection via the conjunctival route, ocular manifestations, and best practice recommendations. A structured review was conducted in PubMed, ScienceDirect, LILACS, SciELO, the Cochrane Library and Google Scholar on COVID-19 and ophthalmology. The Oxford Centre for Evidence Based Medicine 2011 Levels of Evidence worksheet was used for quality assessments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5935/0004-2749.20200067DOI Listing

Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter-2(SGLT2-I) inhibitor are not the magic pills for control of ascites in cirrhosis and diabetes.

Hepatology 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Asian Institute of Gastroenterology, Hyderabad, India.

We read with great interest the case series by Gordon et al. It is indeed very interesting to know that sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors (SGLT2-I) can improve ascites control and pedal edema along with achieving adequate glycemic control in patients with cirrhosis and type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DM) (1). But there are certain concerns which we would like highlight. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hep.31399DOI Listing

Rapid adaptive evolution of the diapause program during range expansion of an invasive mosquito.

Evolution 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Department of Biology, Georgetown University, Washington, DC, 20057.

In temperate climates, the recurring seasonal exigencies of winter represent a fundamental physiological challenge for a wide range of organisms. In response, many temperate insects enter diapause, an alternative developmental program, including developmental arrest, that allows organisms to synchronize their life cycle with seasonal environmental variation. Geographic variation in diapause phenology contributing to local climatic adaptation is well documented. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evo.14029DOI Listing

Mapping the Trends of Kawasaki Disease in Hawai'i from 1996 to 2018.

Hawaii J Health Soc Welf 2020 May;79(5 Suppl 1):104-111

Department of Pediatrics, John A. Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawai'i at Mānoa, Honolulu, HI (MM, AB).

Kawasaki disease is a systemic vasculitis of unknown etiology and is the leading cause of acquired heart disease in children in the developed world. Historically, Hawai'i has had the highest incidence of Kawasaki disease in the United States, likely due to the population's unique ancestral composition. To analyze the epidemiology, demographics and spatiotemporal distribution of Kawasaki disease in Hawai'i, a retrospective chart review was conducted utilizing data from Kapi'olani Medical Center for Women and Children encompassing the period of 1996-2018. Read More

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Telehealth Delivery of Outpatient Pediatric Surgical Care in Hawai'i: An Opportunity Analysis.

Hawaii J Health Soc Welf 2020 May;79(5 Suppl 1):19-23

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Kapi'olani Medical Center for Women and Children, Honolulu, HI (SJ, DP, RW).

In the state of Hawai'i, nearly all pediatric surgical care is delivered on the main island of O'ahu at the state's primary tertiary children's hospital. Outpatient clinic visits require patients and families to travel to O'ahu. The direct and opportunity costs of this can be significant. Read More

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Girls show better quality motivation to learn languages than boys: latent profiles and their gender differences.

Heliyon 2020 May 27;6(5):e04054. Epub 2020 May 27.

The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.

Students' gender can have subtle long-term effects on students' motivation, engagement, and ultimate achievement in learning a new language. Given the current focus on motivation in primary and secondary schools in many Asian countries, understanding both boys' and girls' orientations toward learning English may offer insight into students' future trajectories. In this study, we sought to demonstrate the differences in students' motivational profiles originating from their gender. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2020.e04054DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7260436PMC

Data on Indicators used in Southeast Asian nations' 4th and 5th National Reports to the Convention on Biological Diversity.

Data Brief 2020 Aug 15;31:105705. Epub 2020 May 15.

ASEAN Centre for Biodiversity, Domingo M. Lantican Avenue, Los Baños, Laguna 4031, Philippines.

The data presented in this article are related to the research article entitled "Progress on National Biodiversity Indicator Reporting and Prospects for Filling Indicator Gaps in Southeast Asia " (Han et al., 2020). We examined quantifiable information about biodiversity indicators from the most recent two national reports (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dib.2020.105705DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7262426PMC

Prognostic value of programmed cell death ligand-1 expression in ovarian cancer: an updated meta-analysis.

Obstet Gynecol Sci 2020 May 24;63(3):346-356. Epub 2020 Mar 24.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Objective: To investigate the prognostic significance of programmed cell death ligand-1 (PD-L1) in ovarian cancer.

Methods: PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases were searched to identify studies that examined the prognostic significance of immunohistochemically assessed PD-L1 expression in histologically confirmed ovarian cancer. Eleven studies on PD-L1 expression involving 1,296 patients with ovarian cancer were included in this meta-analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5468/ogs.2020.63.3.346DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7231937PMC

The Second Euro-Asian Congress of Pharmacoepidemiology Recently Held in Tehran 2019.

Authors:
Sten Olsson

J Res Pharm Pract 2020 Jan-Mar;9(1):1-2. Epub 2020 Mar 28.

Immediate Past President, ISoP, Uppsala, Sweden.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jrpp.JRPP_20_22DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7235459PMC

Burkitt lymphoma initially mimicking varicella zoster infection.

IDCases 2020 14;21:e00818. Epub 2020 May 14.

Hematology Unit, Medical Specialty Center, Bangkok Hospital Hat Yai, Bangkok Dusit Medical Services, Hat Yai, Songkhla, Thailand.

Burkitt lymphoma is an aggressive type of nodal non-Hodgkin lymphoma. This disease commonly involves the gastrointestinal tract, bone marrow, central nervous system, and in rare instances, the skin. We report the case of a 78-year-old Asian man who had experienced subacute fever and significant weight loss. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.idcr.2020.e00818DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7256308PMC

Association of QTc Interval with Risk of Cardiovascular Diseases and Related Vascular Traits: A Prospective and Longitudinal Analysis.

Glob Heart 2020 Feb 10;15(1):13. Epub 2020 Feb 10.

Shanghai National Clinical Research Center for Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases, Key Laboratory for Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases of the National Health Commission of the PR China, Shanghai Institute of Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, CH.

Background: Prolonged heart rate corrected QT (QTc) interval was reported to be associated with cardiovascular diseases (CVDs).

Objective: There exists little data on the association between QTc interval and cardiovascular risk in Asian populations. We prospectively investigated the association of QTc interval with CVDs and vascular traits in a large cohort of Chinese adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/gh.533DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7218767PMC
February 2020

Competition with insectivorous ants as a contributor to low songbird diversity at low elevations in the eastern Himalaya.

Ecol Evol 2020 May 30;10(10):4280-4290. Epub 2020 Mar 30.

Committee on Evolutionary Biology University of Chicago Chicago IL USA.

Competitive interactions between distantly related clades could cause complementary diversity patterns of these clades over large spatial scales. One such example might be ants and birds in the eastern Himalaya; ants are very common at low elevations but almost absent at mid-elevations where the abundance of other arthropods and insectivorous bird diversity peaks. Here, we ask if ants at low elevations could compete with birds for arthropod prey. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ece3.6196DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7246197PMC

The Medial Eminence Line for Predicting Tibial Fracture Risk after Unicompartmental Knee Arthroplasty.

Clin Orthop Surg 2020 Jun 27;12(2):166-170. Epub 2020 Apr 27.

Division of Rehabilitation Medicine, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe, Japan.

Backgroud: Tibial fracture after cementless Oxford unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (OUKA) is a rare but serious complication. It is reported more frequently in Asian countries. The aim of this retrospective study was to assess the morphological characteristics of the tibia by using a simple novel measurement method in patients with tibial fractures after OUKA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4055/cios19011DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7237250PMC

Anthropometry of Nonarthritic Asian Knees: Is It Time for a Race-Specific Knee Implant?

Clin Orthop Surg 2020 Jun 14;12(2):158-165. Epub 2020 May 14.

Department of Orthopaedics, Sir HN Reliance Foundation Hospital and Research Center, Mumbai, India.

Background: This study was done to study the anthropometry of nonarthritic Asian knees; to determine the differences in morphology between knees of different ethnicities and to compare the knee anthropometry values with sizes of available knee implants.

Methods: Magnetic resonance imaging scans of 100 nonarthritic Indian knees were analyzed. Anteroposterior (AP) length, mediolateral (ML) length, and aspect ratio of the distal femur and proximal tibia, patellar length, and patellar tendon length were measured. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4055/cios19069DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7237262PMC

Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy of lung cancer .

Radiol Case Rep 2020 Jul 22;15(7):1099-1102. Epub 2020 May 22.

Thoracic Surgery, Gunma Prefectural Cancer Center, Ota, Gunma, Japan.

Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (H-MRS) has demonstrated that , lung cancer has higher lactate and choline signals than those of normal tissues. The detection of these metabolites in lung cancer by H-MRS would be useful for clinical diagnoses of lung cancer. We report the detection of lactate and choline in lung cancer by H-MRS in a 41-year-old Asian man who was diagnosed with pT4N0M0 ⅢA stage, right upper lobe lung adenocarcinoma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radcr.2020.05.018DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7256246PMC

Prevalence and antibiotic resistance patterns of isolated from different types of seafood in Selangor, Malaysia.

Saudi J Biol Sci 2020 Jun 16;27(6):1602-1608. Epub 2020 Jan 16.

Department of Food Science, Faculty of Food Science and Technology, Universiti Putra Malaysia, UPM Serdang, 43400 Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia.

is a foodborne bacterial pathogen that may cause gastroenteritis in humans through the consumption of seafood contaminated with this microorganism. The emergence of antimicrobial and multidrug-resistant bacteria is another serious public health threat worldwide. In this study, the prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility test of in blood clams, shrimps, surf clams, and squids were determined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sjbs.2020.01.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7253911PMC

Palliative Care for the Asian American Adult Population: A Scoping Review.

Am J Hosp Palliat Care 2020 Jun 3:1049909120928063. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Health Sciences and Human Services Library, University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Background: The Asian American (AA) population is rapidly becoming one of the largest racial/ethnic groups in the United States. Despite this growth and advances in palliative care (PC) programs in the United States, the scope and nature of the literature regarding PC for AAs remains unclear. This review provides an overview of existing research on PC for AAs, identifies gaps in the research with recommendations for future research and delineates practice implications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1049909120928063DOI Listing

Perceptions and Barriers to SNAP Utilization Among Asian and Pacific Islanders in Greater Los Angeles.

Am J Health Promot 2020 Jun 3:890117120925746. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Department of Public Health, Center for Health Equity, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Purpose: To examine the perceptions of and barriers to Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) participation among Asian and Pacific Islander (API) immigrants.

Design: Qualitative focus groups were conducted in 4 API communities.

Setting And Participants: Participants were recruited from 4 API communities (n = 68; 22 Tongan, 18 Vietnamese, 16 Filipino, and 12 Chinese) through local community-based organizations in Los Angeles and Orange Counties. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0890117120925746DOI Listing

[Phytochemical and pharmacological progress on genus Syringa].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2020 Apr;45(8):1833-1843

Modern Research Center for Traditional Chinese Medicine, School of Chinese Materia Medica,Beijing University of Chinese Medicine Beijing 100029, China.

The genus Syringa, belonging to the family Oleaceae, are distributed naturally in the European and Asian regions.This genus is composed of more than 20 species worldwide, among which about 16 species including 10 endemic ones are discovered in China.The Syringa sp. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.19540/j.cnki.cjcmm.20200224.202DOI Listing

Rapid Synthesis of Zwitterionic Phosphonium Benzoates by a Three-Component Coupling Involving Phosphines, Arynes and CO2.

Chem Asian J 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, Department of Organic Chemistry, Bangalore, 560012, Bangalore, INDIA.

A mild and easy to perform multicomponent coupling involving phosphines, arynes generated from 2-(trimethylsilyl)aryl triflates, and CO 2 allowing the transition-metal-free synthesis of zwitterionic phosphonium benzoates has been developed. The reaction proceeds via the generation of 1:1 zwitterionic intermediates from phosphines and arynes followed by the interception with CO 2 to deliver the carboxylates in moderate to good yields instead of the anticipated benzooxaphosphol-3(1H)-ones. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/asia.202000610DOI Listing

Effects of Xeroderma pigmentosum group C polymorphism on the likelihood of prostate cancer.

J Clin Lab Anal 2020 Jun 2:e23403. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Department of Urology, Wujin Hospital Affiliated Jiangsu University, Changzhou, China.

Background: Numerous studies have assessed the association between xeroderma pigmentosum complementation group C (XPC) polymorphisms and susceptibility of prostate cancer (PCa); however, the findings remain inconsistent.

Methods: We performed an updated analysis utilizing data from electronic databases to obtain a more accurate estimation of the relationship between XPC rs2228001 A/C polymorphism and PCa risk. We further used in silico tools to investigate this correlation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jcla.23403DOI Listing

Reconstructing feminist perspectives of women's bodies using a globalized view: The changing surrogacy market in Japan.

Bioethics 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

School of Science and Engineering, Tokyo Denki University - Hatoyama Campus, Hiki-gun, Saitama-ken, Japan.

This paper aims to evoke an alternative viewpoint on surrogacy, moving beyond popular Western feminist beliefs on the practice, by introducing the history and current context of East Asian surrogacy. To elaborate a different cultural perspective on surrogacy, this paper first introduces the East Asian history of contract pregnancy systems, prior to the emergence of the American invention of 'modern' surrogacy practice. Then, it examines Japanese mass media portrayals of cross-border surrogacy in which white women have become 'convenient' entities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bioe.12758DOI Listing

The Association of Race/Ethnicity, Dietary Intake, and Physical Activity with Depression.

J Racial Ethn Health Disparities 2020 Jun 2. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Department of Quantitative Health Sciences, John A. Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI, USA.

Objective: This study investigated the association of race/ethnicity, dietary intake, and physical activity with depression and potential other barriers associated with the use of mental health services among depressed people.

Methods: We used the nationally representative data, 2011-2016 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Depression status was defined using a Patient Health Questionnaire. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40615-020-00784-wDOI Listing

Subgroup Variation and Neighborhood Social Gradients-an Analysis of Hypertension and Diabetes Among Asian Patients (New York City, 2014-2017).

J Racial Ethn Health Disparities 2020 Jun 2. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Department of Population Health, NYU School of Medicine, 180 Madison Ave., 5th Floor, New York, NY, 10016, USA.

Diabetes and hypertension are socially patterned by individual race/ethnicity and by neighborhood economic context, but distributions among Asian subgroups are undercharacterized. We examined variation in prevalence for both conditions, comparing between US Asian subgroups, including within South Asian nationalities, and comparing within subgroups by neighborhood economic context. We obtained data on a non-probability sample of 633,664 patients ages 18-64 in New York City, NY, USA (2014-2017); 30,138 belonged to one of seven Asian subgroups (Asian Indian, Bangladeshi, Pakistani, Chinese, Korean, Japanese, and Filipino). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40615-020-00779-7DOI Listing

Mucin expression in gastric- and gastro-oesophageal signet-ring cell cancer: results from a comprehensive literature review and a large cohort study of Caucasian and Asian gastric cancer.

Gastric Cancer 2020 Jun 2. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Department of Pathology, GROW School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht University Medical Center+, P. Debyelaan 25, 6229HX, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Background: The literature on the prognostic relevance of signet-ring cell (SRC) histology in gastric cancer (GC) is controversial which is most likely related to inconsistent SRC classification based on haematoxylin-eosin staining. We hypothesised that mucin stains can consistently identify SRC-GC and predict GC patient outcome.

Methods: We performed a comprehensive literature review on mucin stains in SRC-GC and characterised the mucin expression in 851 Caucasian GC and 410 Asian GC using Alcian Blue (AB)-Periodic Acid-Schiff (PAS), MUC2 (intestinal-type mucin), and MUC5AC (gastric-type mucin). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10120-020-01086-0DOI Listing

High-Throughput Sequencing Reveals the Diversity and Community Structure in Rhizosphere Soils of Three Endangered Plants in Western Ordos, China.

Curr Microbiol 2020 Jun 2. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Sch Life Sci, Minist Educ, Key Lab Forage & Endem Crop Biotechnol, Inner Mongolia University, 235 West Univ Rd, Hohhot, 010021, Inner Mongolia, People's Republic of China.

China's western Ordos is a distribution area for the extremely precious remnants of ancient Asian environments, which in endangered plant species and complex ecosystems. Accordingly, in this study, we collect three endangered plants belonging to the Zygophyllaceae family, namely Tetraena mongolica, Sarcozygium xanthoxylon, and Nitraria tangutorum Bobr. High-throughput sequencing technology was applied to study microbial diversity in these plant rhizosphere soils. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00284-020-02054-8DOI Listing

Causes and prognosis of symptomatic pericardial effusions treated by pericardiocentesis in an Asian academic medical centre.

Singapore Med J 2020 Mar;61(3):137-141

Department of Cardiology, National University Heart Centre, Singapore.

Introduction: This study aimed to investigate the causes, clinical management and outcomes of clinically significant pericardial effusions, and evaluate the practice of pericardiocentesis within an academic medical centre in Singapore, a multiethnic country in Southeast Asia.

Methods: Consecutive patients undergoing pericardiocentesis at a single Asian academic medical centre were identified. Patient demographics, echocardiographic findings, investigations, pericardiocentesis procedural details and clinical progress were tracked using a comprehensive electronic medical records system. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11622/smedj.2019065DOI Listing

Prognostic impact of stress echocardiography with discordant stress electrocardiography in patients with suspected coronary artery disease.

Singapore Med J 2020 Mar;61(3):142-148

Department of Cardiology, Changi General Hospital, Singapore.

Introduction: During stress echocardiography, the echocardiologist routinely collects both echocardiographic images and stress electrocardiogram (ECG) concurrently. The managing physician faces a dilemma when the stress ECG and stress echocardiography results are discordant; for example, when a patient has negative stress echocardiography but positive stress ECG. We therefore sought to evaluate the prognostic value of stress echocardiography in relation to concordant or discordant stress ECG findings in our local Singapore setting, which has a well-defined Southeast Asian population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11622/smedj.2019105DOI Listing

Applications of Beauveria bassiana (Hypocreales: Cordycipitaceae) to Control Populations of Spotted Lanternfly (Hemiptera: Fulgoridae), in Semi-Natural Landscapes and on Grapevines.

Environ Entomol 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Department of Entomology, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA.

Spotted lanternfly, Lycorma delicatula (White), is an invasive Asian insect that was initially found in Berks County, Pennsylvania, in 2014. As of early 2020, this pest had been found in five more eastern states and it is expected to continue to expand its geographical range. Lycorma delicatula is highly polyphagous but seems to prefer tree-of-heaven, Ailanthus altissima. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ee/nvaa064DOI Listing

A 338-year tree-ring oxygen isotope record from Thai teak captures the variations in the Asian summer monsoon system.

Sci Rep 2020 Jun 2;10(1):8966. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Faculty of Environment and Resource Studies, Mahidol University, Mahidol, Thailand.

A 338-year oxygen isotope record from teak tree-ring cellulose collected from Mae Hong Son province in northwestern Thailand was presented. The tree-ring series preserves the isotopic signal of the regional wet season rainfall and relative humidity. Tree-ring δO correlates strongly with regional rainfall from May to October, showing coherent variations over large areas in Southeast Asia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-66001-0DOI Listing

The Human Leukocyte Antigen Locus and Rheumatic Heart Disease Susceptibility in South Asians and Europeans.

Sci Rep 2020 Jun 2;10(1):9004. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

The Wellcome Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford, Oxfordshire, OX3 7BN, UK.

Rheumatic heart disease (RHD), an autoinflammatory heart disease, was recently declared a global health priority by the World Health Organization. Here we report a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of RHD susceptibility in 1,163 South Asians (672 cases; 491 controls) recruited in India and Fiji. We analysed directly obtained and imputed genotypes, and followed-up associated loci in 1,459 Europeans (150 cases; 1,309 controls) from the UK Biobank study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-65855-8DOI Listing

Fine-tuning of Genome-Wide Polygenic Risk Scores and Prediction of Gestational Diabetes in South Asian Women.

Sci Rep 2020 Jun 2;10(1):8941. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Department of Medicine, McMaster University Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.

Gestational diabetes Mellitus (GDM) affects 1 in 7 births and is associated with numerous adverse health outcomes for both mother and child. GDM is suspected to share a large common genetic background with type 2 diabetes (T2D). The aim of our study was to characterize different GDM polygenic risk scores (PRSs) and test their association with GDM using data from the South Asian Birth Cohort (START). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-65360-yDOI Listing

Ethnic and Racial Diversity in Academic PM&R Compared to All Other Medical Specialties.

Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2020 Jun 1. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Long School of Medicine at the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas.

The primary aim of this study was to compare ethnic/racial diversity in academic Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (PM&R) to all other medical specialties in academia. The secondary aim was to characterize ethnic/racial diversity of current PM&R program directors. Self-reported ethnicity/race information was collected from the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) and Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PHM.0000000000001486DOI Listing

Upper tidal flats are disproportionately important for the conservation of migratory shorebirds.

Proc Biol Sci 2020 Jun 3;287(1928):20200278. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA.

Migratory animals play vital ecological roles in ecosystems worldwide, yet many species are threatened by human activities. Understanding the detailed patterns of habitat use throughout the migration cycle is critical to developing effective conservation strategies for these species. Migratory shorebirds undertake some of the longest known migrations, but they are also declining precipitously worldwide. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2020.0278DOI Listing

Rituximab use as induction therapy for lupus nephritis: a systematic review.

Lupus 2020 Jun 2:961203320928412. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Department of Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, USA.

Objective: Rituximab (RTX) has important usage in rheumatoid arthritis and vasculitis. There remains a need for more, better, and safer treatments for patients with lupus nephritis (LN). RTX has been trialed in such patients without definitive conclusions about its effectiveness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0961203320928412DOI Listing

Comparison of pathogenicity of four clades in a neutropenic bloodstream infection murine model.

Emerg Microbes Infect 2020 Dec;9(1):1160-1169

Department of Medical Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Debrecen, Debrecen, Hungary.

is an emerging worldwide concern, but comparative data about the virulence of different lineages in mammalian hosts is lacking. Different isolates of the four prevalent clades (South Asian = 5, East Asian = 4, South African = 5, and South American = 5) were compared to assess their virulence in a neutropenic murine bloodstream infection model with as reference. , regardless of clade, proved to be less virulent than Highest overall mortality at day 21 was observed for the South American clade (96%), followed by the South Asian (80%), South African (45%) and East Asian (44%) clades. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/22221751.2020.1771218DOI Listing
December 2020

Correlation of intracranial and aortic aneurysms: current trends and evidence.

Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann 2020 Jun 2:218492320930848. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Department of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Royal Blackburn Teaching Hospital, Blackburn, UK.

The correlation between intracranial and aortic aneurysms remains elusive. Data in the literature are scattered, and outcome reporting is swamped with heterogeneity and single-center bias. This calamity is adding to confusion on decision-making and delays the instigation of appropriate clinical applications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0218492320930848DOI Listing

() c.991-15_991-13delTTC: Founder Mutation or Mutational Hotspot?

Int J Mol Sci 2020 May 31;21(11). Epub 2020 May 31.

Molecular Otolaryngology and Renal Research Laboratories, Department of Otolaryngology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA.

Deafness due to mutations in the gene is caused by the aberrant splicing of exon 8, which results in a constitutively active truncated protein. In a large family of European descent (MORL-ADF1) segregating autosomal dominant nonsyndromic hearing loss, we used the OtoSCOPE platform to identify the genetic cause of deafness. After variant filtering and prioritization, the only remaining variant that segregated with the hearing loss in the family was the previously described c. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms21113951DOI Listing

The Synergistic Effect of Co-Treatment of Methyl Jasmonate and Cyclodextrins on Pterocarpan Production in Sophora flavescens Cell Cultures.

Int J Mol Sci 2020 May 30;21(11). Epub 2020 May 30.

Biological Resource Center, Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology (KRIBB), Jeongeup 56212, Korea.

Pterocarpans are derivatives of isoflavonoids, found in many species of the family Fabaceae. Aiton is a promising traditional Asian medicinal plant. Plant cell suspension cultures represent an excellent source for the production of valuable secondary metabolites. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms21113944DOI Listing