171,036 results match your criteria Asian Economic Journal[Journal]


Meningioma and psychiatric symptoms: An individual patient data analysis.

Asian J Psychiatr 2019 Mar 28;42:94-103. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Department of Psychiatry, Dr Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital PGIMER, New Delhi, India.

Meningioma is a slow-growing benign tumor arising from meninges and is usually asymptomatic. Though neuropsychiatric symptoms are common in patients with brain tumors, they often can be the only manifestation in cases of meningioma. Meningiomas might present with mood symptoms, psychosis, memory disturbances, personality changes, anxiety, or anorexia nervosa. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18762018183113
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajp.2019.03.029DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Appearance of Polypoidal Lesions in Patients With Polypoidal Choroidal Vasculopathy Using Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomographic Angiography.

JAMA Ophthalmol 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Ophthalmology, Shanghai General Hospital (Shanghai First People's Hospital), Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Importance: Polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) is a major cause of visual loss worldwide, particularly in Asia, and the appropriate understanding of the structures in PCV previously described as polypoidal lesions is important for understanding their pathogenesis, diagnosis, and prognosis.

Objective: To report the morphologic characteristics of polypoidal lesions and their association with branching vascular networks (BVNs) in eyes with PCV using swept-source optical coherence tomographic angiography (SS-OCTA).

Design, Setting, And Participants: This cross-sectional observational study included 20 participants recruited from Shanghai General Hospital with a diagnosis of PCV based on the presence of focal hyperfluorescent spots on indocyanine green angiography (ICGA). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2019.0449DOI Listing

Reference genes selection for Calotropis procera under different salt stress conditions.

PLoS One 2019 18;14(4):e0215729. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Departamento de Botânica, Laboratório de Fisiologia Vegetal, Recife, PE, Brazil.

Calotropis procera is a perennial Asian shrub with significant adaptation to adverse climate conditions and poor soils. Given its increased salt and drought stress tolerance, C. procera stands out as a powerful candidate to provide alternative genetic resources for biotechnological approaches. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0215729PLOS
April 2019
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Distinct phenotype and function of circulating Vδ1+ and Vδ2+ γδT-cells in acute and chronic hepatitis B.

PLoS Pathog 2019 Apr 18;15(4):e1007715. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor MI, United States of America.

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) persists with global and virus-specific T-cell dysfunction, without T-cell based correlates of outcomes. To determine if γδT-cells are altered in HBV infection relative to clinical status, we examined the frequency, phenotype and function of peripheral blood Vδ1+ and Vδ2+γδT-cells by multi-parameter cytometry in a clinically diverse North American cohort of chronic hepatitis B (CHB), acute hepatitis B (AHB) and uninfected control subjects. We show that circulating γδT-cells were comprised predominantly of CD3hiCD4- Vδ2+γδT-cells with frequencies that were 2-3 fold higher among Asian than non-Asian Americans and inversely correlated with age, but without differences between CHB, AHB and control subjects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1007715DOI Listing
April 2019
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Correction: Mapping wader biodiversity along the East Asian-Australasian flyway.

PLoS One 2019 18;14(4):e0215877. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0215877PLOS

Racial/ethnic differences in experimental pain sensitivity and associated factors - Cardiovascular responsiveness and psychological status.

PLoS One 2019 18;14(4):e0215534. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Pain and Translational Symptom Science, University of Maryland School of Nursing, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America.

This study evaluated the contributions of psychological status and cardiovascular responsiveness to racial/ethnic differences in experimental pain sensitivity. The baseline measures of 3,159 healthy individuals-non-Hispanic white (NHW): 1,637, African-American (AA): 1,012, Asian: 299, and Hispanic: 211-from the OPPERA prospective cohort study were used. Cardiovascular responsiveness measures and psychological status were included in structural equation modeling based mediation analyses. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0215534PLOS

Progress and obstacles in culturing 'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus', the bacterium associated with Huanglongbing (HLB).

Phytopathology 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Auburn University, Entomology and Plant Pathology , 209 Life Sciecnes Building , Auburn, Alabama, United States , 36849 ;

In recent decades, 'Candidatus Liberibacter spp.' have emerged as a versatile group of psyllid-vectored plant pathogens and endophytes capable of infecting a wide range of economically important plant hosts. The most notable example is 'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus' (CLas) associated with Huanglongbing (HLB) in several major citrus-producing areas of the world. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PHYTO-02-19-0051-RVWDOI Listing

Amylose-grafted Curdlan; a New Class of Semi-artificial Branched Polysaccharides for Hierarchical Polymeric Superstructures Created by the Action of "Orthogonal" Binding Sites.

Chem Asian J 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Institute for advanced study, Kyushu University, 744, Moto-oka, Nishi-ku, 8190395, Fukuoka, JAPAN.

The semi-artificial branched-polysaccharides, amylose-grafted curdlans, were synthesized utilizing the enzymatic polymerization. Both a curdlan main chain and amylose side chains on the polysaccharides maintain the original helical structure as well as the molecular binding ability. Thank to the difference in their molecular recognition properties between β-1,3-glucan chain and α-1,4-glucan chain, the amylose-grafted curdlans can provide two different orthogonal binding sites within one polymeric system. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/asia.201900375DOI Listing

Intraoperative colonoscopy in laparoscopic colorectal surgery: A review of recent publications.

Asian J Endosc Surg 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Surgery, The University Hong Kong-Shenzhen Hospital, Shenzhen, China.

Introduction: Laparoscopic colorectal resection is becoming the gold standard for treating colorectal cancers because it offers superior short-term and comparable long-time outcomes compared to open surgery. Intraoperative colonoscopy (IOC) is increasingly performed for tumor localization and mucosal assessment. The aim of this report was to review the safety and efficacy of IOC in laparoscopic colorectal surgery. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/ases.12704
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ases.12704DOI Listing
April 2019
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Surface Charge-Reversible Tubular Micromotors for Extraction of Nucleic Acids in Microsystems.

Chem Asian J 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Wuhan University of Technology, 122 Luoshi road, Wuhan, CHINA.

Extraction of nucleic acids in microsystems is of significance for biomedical applications, but the current extraction methods generally require sophisticated microchannels and external equipment, hindering their practical applications. In this work, we have demonstrated a simple, versatile and efficient approach to extract nucleic acids in microsystems by developing cationic branched polyethyleneimine (PEI)-functionalized tubular micromotors. The as-developed tubular micromotors are fabricated by a two-step process combining the template-assisted electrodeposition and carbodiimide chemistry, and contain an inner catalytic Pt layer, a middle magnetic Ni layer and an outer cationic PEI layer. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/asia.201900427DOI Listing

The Singapore Heart Failure Risk Score: Prediction of Survival in Southeast Asian Patients.

Ann Acad Med Singapore 2019 Mar;48(3):86-94

Department of Cardiology, National Heart Centre, Singapore.

Introduction: Numerous heart failure risk scores have been developed but there is none for Asians. We aimed to develop a risk calculator, the Singapore Heart Failure Risk Score, to predict 1- and 2-year survival in Southeast Asian patients hospitalised for heart failure.

Materials And Methods: Consecutive patients admitted for heart failure were identified from the Singapore Cardiac Databank Heart Failure registry. Read More

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March 2019
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Exploring the microbiota and metabolites of traditional rice beer varieties of Assam and their functionalities.

3 Biotech 2019 May 10;9(5):174. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

1Molecular Biology and Microbial Biotechnology Laboratory, Division of Life Sciences, Institute of Advanced Study in Science and Technology (IASST), Guwahati, Assam 781035 India.

Rice beer is traditionally prepared and consumed by various ethnic populations in the Southeast Asian countries. To understand the probable effects of rice beer on human health, present research was aimed to study biochemical parameters, microbial diversity and metabolites of major rice beer varieties of Assam, namely ( and ), and Alcoholic content of rice beer varieties varied from 9.41 to 19. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13205-019-1702-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6458194PMC

Prevalence of clOpidogrel 'resIstaNce' in a selected population of patients undergoing elective percutaneous coronary intervention at a tertiary cardiovascular centre in Trinidad: the POINT pilot study.

Open Heart 2019 27;6(1):e000841. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

Cardiology Unit, Universidad de Murcia, Murcia, Spain.

Objectives:  This novel, pilot study aimed to assess the estimated prevalence of high on-treatment platelet reactivity (HPR) in Trinidad and Tobago.

Methods: Patients (n=40) who were awaiting elective percutaneous coronary intervention on maintenance dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) with aspirin 81 mg daily and clopidogrel 75 mg or loaded at least 48 hours prior were recruited. Platelet reactivity with the VerifyNow P2Y12 assay (Accriva Diagnostics, San Diego, California, USA) was assessed prior to cardiac catheterisation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/openhrt-2018-000841DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6443217PMC
February 2019

Effects of sprouting and cooking processes on physicochemical and functional properties of moth bean () seed and flour.

J Food Sci Technol 2019 Apr 6;56(4):2115-2125. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

1Department of Food, Agriculture and Bioresources, Food Engineering and Bioprocess Technology, Asian Institute of Technology, Khlong Luang, Thailand.

Selected moth beans () were subjected to different processes such as sprouting and cooking. Their respective flours were prepared and evaluated for their physicochemical and functional characteristics. From our study, it was observed that the ash content of raw moth bean flour was considerably higher in comparison to the sprouted and cooked moth bean flour. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13197-019-03692-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6443815PMC

Enigmatic incongruence between mtDNA and nDNA revealed by multi-locus phylogenomic analyses in freshwater snails.

Sci Rep 2019 Apr 17;9(1):6223. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Graduate school of Life Sciences, Tohoku University, Miyagi, Japan.

Phylogenetic incongruence has frequently been encountered among different molecular markers. Recent progress in molecular phylogenomics has provided detailed and important information for evolutionary biology and taxonomy. Here we focused on the freshwater viviparid snails (Cipangopaludina chinensis chinensis and C. Read More

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http://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-019-42682-0
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-42682-0DOI Listing
April 2019
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Microanalytical Quality of Imported Green Coffee Beans.

J Food Prot 1988 Jul;51(7):569-570

Division of Microbiology and Division of Mathematics, Food and Drug Administration, Washington, DC 20204.

A 3-year national survey was made to determine the sanitary quality of green coffee beans offered for import into the United States. The methods of the Food and Drug Administration's Macroanalytical Procedures Manual were used to analyze samples for mammalian excreta, insect damage and mold. Insect damage was the most frequently encountered defect. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4315/0362-028X-51.7.569DOI Listing

Evaluating the Effect of Monitoring through Telephone (Tele-Monitoring) on Self-Care Behaviors and Readmission of Patients with Heart Failure after Discharge.

Appl Clin Inform 2019 Mar 17;10(2):261-268. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Nursing & Emergency Medicine, Dezful University of Medical Sciences, Dezful, Iran.

Background:  Heart failure is one of the serious cardiovascular diseases, which poses a global pandemic and places a heavy burden on health care systems worldwide. The incidence of this disease in Iran is higher than in other Asian countries. To reduce patients' complications, readmission rates, and health care expenditures, it is necessary to design interventions, which are culturally appropriate and based on community needs. Read More

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http://www.thieme-connect.de/DOI/DOI?10.1055/s-0039-1685167
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-1685167DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6469982PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Chronic kidney disease in patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in an urban cohort.

PLoS One 2019 17;14(4):e0215575. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Nephrology Training Program at Houston Methodist Hospital, Houston, Texas, United States of America.

Background And Objectives: HIV-infected patients are at risk for developing chronic kidney disease (CKD), defined by estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) <60 ml/min/1.73m2. Our purpose was to understand the genesis of CKD in HIV patients from a large urban clinic in Houston, Texas, USA, and to characterize progression of CKD in the cohort. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0215575PLOS

A new hadrosauroid (Dinosauria: Ornithopoda) from the Late Cretaceous Baynshire Formation of the Gobi Desert (Mongolia).

PLoS One 2019 17;14(4):e0208480. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Geosciences, Faculty of Science, Osaka City University, Osaka Prefecture, Osaka, Japan.

A new genus and species of non-hadrosaurid hadrosauroid, Gobihadros mongoliensis, is described from a virtually complete and undeformed skull and postcranial skeleton, as well as extensive referred material, collected from the Baynshire Formation (Cenomanian-Santonian) of the central and eastern Gobi Desert, Mongolia. Gobihadros mongoliensis is the first non-hadrosaurid hadrosauroid from the Late Cretaceous of central Asia known from a complete, articulated skull and skeleton. The material reveals the skeletal anatomy of a proximate sister taxon to Hadrosauridae in remarkable detail. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0208480PLOS

Response of grassland ecosystem to monsoonal precipitation variability during the Mid-Late Holocene: Inferences based on molecular isotopic records from Banni grassland, western India.

PLoS One 2019 17;14(4):e0212743. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Kolkata, Mohanpur, West Bengal, India.

Banni, located in the arid western India, is one of the largest tropical grasslands of the Asian continent. The net primary production in this grassland ecosystem is currently mediated by precipitation during the Indian summer monsoon (ISM). However, timing of the grassland expansion and its link to the intensity of monsoonal precipitation remains enigmatic due to the paucity of datasets. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0212743PLOS

Zika viruses of African and Asian lineages cause fetal harm in a mouse model of vertical transmission.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2019 Apr 17;13(4):e0007343. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities; St. Paul, MN, United States of America.

Congenital Zika virus (ZIKV) infection was first linked to birth defects during the American outbreak in 2015/2016. It has been proposed that mutations unique to the Asian/American-genotype explain, at least in part, the ability of Asian/American ZIKV to cause congenital Zika syndrome (CZS). Recent studies identified mutations in ZIKV infecting humans that arose coincident with the outbreak in French Polynesia and were stably maintained during subsequent spread to the Americas. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0007343DOI Listing

Triterpenoids from Ganoderma lucidum and their Potential Anti-inflammatory Effects.

J Agric Food Chem 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Ganoderma lucidum, as food, tea, dietary supplement, and medicine, is widely used in China and Eastern Asian countries. In order to discover its anti-inflammatory constituents and provide some references for the usage of G. lucidum and G. Read More

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http://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acs.jafc.9b01195
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jafc.9b01195DOI Listing
April 2019
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Combined Modality Management of Sinonasal Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase-Positive Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma in a Young Adult-Report of a Rare Case.

J Adolesc Young Adult Oncol 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

3 Department of Medical Oncology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Sinonasal anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) without nodal involvement is extremely rare and the rarity of this tumor often leads to diagnostic dilemma. It has been predominantly reported in pediatric, adolescent and young adult patients, mostly of Asian origin. A 21-year-old female patient presented with history of epistaxis for 1 year. Read More

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https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/jayao.2018.0158
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/jayao.2018.0158DOI Listing
April 2019
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Recent advances in Z/E-isomers of tetraphenylethene derivatives: AIE mechanism, photophysical property, chemical probe, and stereoselectivity syntheses.

Authors:
Zhen Li

Chem Asian J 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Wuhan University, Department of Chemistry, Luojia Hill, 430072, Wuhan, CHINA.

The focus research on Z/E-isomers of tetraphenylethene (TPE) derivatives were scare in comparison with thousands of AIEgens based on TPE moiety. The similar chemical and physical properties made them difficult to be separated by conventional purification operation of silica gel column chromatography. However, the Z/E-TPE isomers can be isolated by the introduction of polarity groups, and pure isomers showed unique values in deciphering the AIE mechanism and exhibited very different photophysical, mechanochromism, host-guest coordinate properties. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/asia.201900282DOI Listing

Genetic diversity and forensic characteristics of 15 autosomal short tandem repeats in Tibet Highland and Guangdong lowland Han Chinese populations.

Ann Hum Biol 2019 Apr 17:1-10. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

d Forensic Identification Center, Public Security Bureau of Tibet Autonomous Region , Lhasa , Tibet 850000 , China.

Background: Much attention has been paid to the genetic variants of microsatellites in East Asian populations, however, genetic diversity of high-altitude adaptation in Tibet Han remains largely uncharacterised.

Aim: To profile DNA samples from 338 high-altitude adaptation Han Chinese individuals and 933 low-altitude living Han Chinese individuals for 15 autosomal STRs which are used for human identification purposes and to estimate the forensic parameters as well as explore the genetic relationships among 38 Chinese populations.

Subjects And Methods: Fifteen autosomal STR loci and amelogenin gene were amplified in 1,271 individuals using the AmpFℓSTR® Sinofiler™ PCR Amplification Kit. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/03014460.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2019.1607553DOI Listing
April 2019
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Current Opinion on Endovascular Therapy for Emergent Large Vessel Occlusion Due to Underlying Intracranial Atherosclerotic Stenosis.

Korean J Radiol 2019 May;20(5):739-748

Department of Radiology, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, Korea.

For recanalization of emergent large vessel occlusions (ELVOs), endovascular therapy (EVT) using newer devices, such as a stent retriever and large-bore catheter, has shown better patient outcomes compared with intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator only. Intracranial atherosclerotic stenosis (ICAS) is a major cause of acute ischemic stroke, the incidence of which is rising worldwide. Thus, it is not rare to encounter underlying ICAS during EVT procedures, particularly in Asian countries. Read More

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https://synapse.koreamed.org/DOIx.php?id=10.3348/kjr.2018.08
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3348/kjr.2018.0809DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

Exploring thoughts about pain and pain management: Interviews with South Asian community members in the UK.

Musculoskeletal Care 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Staffordshire University, Stoke on Trent, UK.

Objective: This research sought to explore the pain management beliefs of members of the South Asian community living in the UK. In particular, their understanding of the key components of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) informed pain management programmes (PMPs) was explored.

Methods: Snowball sampling was used to recruit 10 participants from a South Asian background for interview. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/msc.1400DOI Listing

Characteristics of melanoma in white and nonwhite children, adolescents, and young adults: Analysis of a pediatric melanoma institutional registry, 1995-2018.

Pediatr Dermatol 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Dermatology, Stanford University Medical Center, Pigmented Lesion and Melanoma Program, Stanford University Medical Center and Cancer Institute, Lucile Packard Children's Hospital, Stanford, California.

Objectives: To characterize clinical differences among nonwhite/multiethnic vs white children, adolescents, and young adults with melanoma or atypical melanocytic neoplasms, including atypical Spitz tumors.

Patients And Methods: A cohort of 55 patients (< 25 years of age) prospectively followed from 1995 to 2018 in the Stanford Pigmented Lesion and Melanoma Program was analyzed for differences in clinical presentation, including skin phototype, race/ethnicity, age, sex, tumor/melanoma characteristics, and outcome.

Results: Seventeen patients (9 males and 8 females) were classified as nonwhite (predominantly skin phototype IV) and of Hispanic, Asian, or Black/African American ethnicity, and 38 patients (21 males and 17 females) were classified as white (predominantly phototypes I/II). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pde.13836DOI Listing

Molecular phylogenetic species delimitation in the aquatic genus Ottelia (Hydrocharitaceae) reveals cryptic diversity within a widespread species.

J Plant Res 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Kadoorie Farm and Botanic Garden, Lam Kam Road, Tai Po, Hong Kong, People's Republic of China.

Ottelia, a pantropical genus of aquatic plants belonging to the family Hydrocharitaceae, includes several narrowly distributed taxa in Asia. Although the Asian species have received comparatively more research attention than congeners in other areas, various key taxonomic questions remain unaddressed, especially with regards to apparent cryptic diversity within O. alismoides, a widespread species complex native to Asia, northern Australia and tropical Africa. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10265-019-01109-7DOI Listing

Divergent Expression Patterns of Drp1 and HSD10 in the Nigro-Striatum of Two Mice Strains Based on their MPTP Susceptibility.

Neurotox Res 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Neurophysiology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS), Bengaluru, 560029, India.

Alterations in the basal ganglia circuitry are critical events in the pathophysiology of Parkinson's disease (PD). We earlier compared MPTP-susceptible C57BL/6J and MPTP-resistant CD-1 mice to understand the differential prevalence of PD in different ethnic populations like Caucasians and Asian-Indians. The MPTP-resistant CD-1 mice had 33% more nigral neurons and lost only 15-17% of them following MPTP administration. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12640-019-00036-8DOI Listing

Structural modulation of gut microbiota reveals Coix seed contributes to weight loss in mice.

Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

BGI Education Center, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Main building, Beishan Industrial Zone, Yantian District, Shenzhen, 518083, China.

Coix seed (CS) is widely used as food material and herbal medicine in Asian countries with hypolipidemic and anti-inflammatory properties. But whether CS takes effect by modulating the composition of the gut microbiota remains unknown. Here, three groups of mice were fed different diets for 5 weeks: standard chow, high fat (HF), and CS added to HF. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00253-019-09786-z
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00253-019-09786-zDOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Safety and Efficacy of Reduced Prolonged-release Tacrolimus Exposure in De Novo Kidney Transplantation: A Randomized, Open-label, Pilot Study in Asia-OPTIMIZE Study.

Transplant Direct 2019 Apr 25;5(4):e340. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Division of Kidney and Pancreas Transplant, Department of Surgery, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea.

Background: A multicenter, randomized, open-label, parallel group, pilot, 52-week study in Asian countries that assessed the renal function, efficacy, and safety of reduced-exposure versus standard-exposure prolonged-release tacrolimus (PR-T) in adult kidney transplant recipients (KTRs).

Methods: Posttransplantation, KTRs received PR-T from weeks 0 to 4 (initial dose, 0.2-0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/TXD.0000000000000877DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6445651PMC

Interaction Effect Between Breast Density and Reproductive Factors on Breast Cancer Risk in Korean Population.

J Cancer Prev 2019 Mar 30;24(1):26-32. Epub 2019 Mar 30.

Department of Medicine, Hanyang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Background: This study was conducted to explore the effect of known risk factors, focusing on risk factors including age at menarche, age at menopause, number of children, family history of breast cancer, and age at first birth according to breast density, in consideration of interaction among East-Asian women.

Methods: Case-control study with 2,123 cases and 2,121 controls with mammographic density was conducted. Using the mammographic film, breast density was measured using Breast Imaging-Reporting and Data System. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15430/JCP.2019.24.1.26DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6453588PMC

Laser treatment of silicone intraocular lens opacification associated with asteroid hyalosis.

Taiwan J Ophthalmol 2019 Jan-Mar;9(1):49-52

Department of Ophthalmology, Kangwon National University Hospital, Kangwon National University School of Medicine, Chuncheon, Korea.

An 86-year-old Asian man with asteroid hyalosis presented with decreased vision in the left eye. He underwent phacoemulsification and implantation of silicone intraocular lens (IOL) in the left eye 18 years ago, and also received neodymium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet (Nd:YAG) laser 3 years ago. At presentation, his corrected visual acuity (CVA) was 20/1000 in the left eye. Read More

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http://www.e-tjo.org/text.asp?2019/9/1/49/246004
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/tjo.tjo_65_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6432846PMC
April 2019
1 Read

The paradox role of extraversion in the cross-cultural adjustment process of Asian expatriates.

Psychol Res Behav Manag 2019 18;12:179-194. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Department of Public Administration, Government College University, Faisalabad, Pakistan.

Background: The purpose of this study is to present a broad-brush picture based on empirical evidence on the role of hindrance stressors, motivation, and cultural novelty in expatriate adjustment. Drawing on trait activation theory, this study examines the moderating role of extraversion in enhancing cultural adjustment to achieve positive work engagement and organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) by expatriates.

Methods: We gathered data using a sample of 458 eastern expatriates with current international assignments in different countries around the world. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/PRBM.S191805DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6445346PMC

Does the use of postoperative low-molecular-weight heparin in patients with lung cancer increase tube drainage?

Asian J Surg 2019 Apr 13. Epub 2019 Apr 13.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Sakarya University, Faculty of Mecidine, Sakarya, Turkey. Electronic address:

Background: The objectives of this study are to assess the chest drainage volumes of patients undergoing anatomic resection of non-small cell lung carcinoma and to determine the safety and effectiveness of administering enoxaparin for thromboprophylaxis.

Methods: A total of 77 patients were included in the study. A study was conducted on the first group of 42 patients in which enoxaparin prophylaxis (enoxaparin, 40 mg) was subcutaneously injected once a day for a period of three days after the patients underwent anatomic pulmonary resection between March 2016 and March 2018. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10159584193014
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.asjsur.2019.03.008DOI Listing
April 2019
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Risk Factors for Early Childhood Caries: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Case Control and Cohort Studies.

Pediatr Dent 2019 Mar;41(2):95-112

Dr. Kirubakaran is a biostatistician, South Asian Cochrane Network and Centre, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu.

The purpose of this study was to perform a systematic review to assess current evidence for association between various risk factors and the prevalence or incidence of early childhood caries (ECC). Two reviewers searched various databases until January 2019. The Newcastle-Ottawa scale was used to perform risk of bias assessment. Read More

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Effect of Caregiver's Race and Ethnicity on Acceptance of Passive Immobilization for Their Child's Dental Treatment.

J Dent Child (Chic) 2019 Jan;86(1):3-9

Clinical professor, Department of Oral Medicine and Diagnostic Sciences, College of Dentistry, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Ill., USA.

To determine if caregivers' race and ethnicity impact their willingness to accept passive immobilization for their child's dental treatment and to determine if a detailed description of passive immobilization will make caregivers more likely to accept the technique.
Caregivers of one- to 11-year-old patients were recruited in a university pediatric dental clinic. They completed two surveys and reviewed a written and pictorial description of passive immobilization. Read More

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January 2019

The Polyphenol-Rich Extract from an Endemic Medicinal Plant from Reunion Island, Inhibits the Early Stages of Dengue and Zika Virus Infection.

Int J Mol Sci 2019 Apr 15;20(8). Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Université de la Réunion, INSERM U1187, CNRS UMR 9192, IRD UMR 249, Unité Mixte Processus Infectieux en Milieu Insulaire Tropical, Plateforme Technologique CYROI, Sainte Clotilde, 97490 La Réunion, France.

The recent emergence and re-emergence of viral infections transmitted by vectors, such as the Zika virus (ZIKV) and Dengue virus (DENV), is a cause for international concern. These highly pathogenic arboviruses represent a serious health burden in tropical and subtropical areas of the world. Despite the high morbidity and mortality associated with these viral infections, antiviral therapies are missing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms20081860DOI Listing

Complete Paternal Uniparental Disomy of Chromosome 2 in an Asian Female Identified by Short Tandem Repeats and Whole Genome Sequencing.

Cytogenet Genome Res 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Uniparental disomy (UPD) is a rare type of chromosomal aberration that has sometimes been detected in paternity testing. We examined a 3-person family (father, mother, daughter) first by using short tandem repeat markers, which revealed 4 markers, TPOX, D2S1338, D2S1772, and D2S441, on chromosome 2 that were not transmitted in a Mendelian style. We then performed whole genome sequencing (WGS) to determine the range of the UPD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000499893DOI Listing

Validation of the Mid-Face Volume Deficit Scale using a new photo-guideline in the Asian population.

Dermatol Ther 2019 Apr 16:e12938. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Dermatology, Chung-Ang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/dth.12938
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/dth.12938DOI Listing
April 2019
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Hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma after perioperative management of portal hypertension.

Br J Surg 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

National Centre for Global Health and Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: Indications for hepatectomy in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) who have portal hypertension (PH) have been controversial. Some studies have concluded that PH is a contraindication to hepatectomy, whereas others have suggested that perioperative prophylactic management (PPM) can help overcome complications after hepatectomy associated with PH. The objective of this retrospective study was to assess the short- and long-term outcomes after hepatectomy for HCC in patients with PH, with or without PPM. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/bjs.11153
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bjs.11153DOI Listing
April 2019
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Iodine in Edible Seaweed, Its Absorption, Dietary Use, and Relation to Iodine Nutrition in Arctic People.

J Med Food 2019 Apr;22(4):421-426

3 Ilisimatusarfik, University of Greenland, Nuuk, Greenland.

Dietary iodine is important to human health, and both low and high iodine intake levels increase the risk of disease. Seaweed is rich in iodine and it is a common component in both Asian and in Arctic cuisines. While the intake and impact are known for Asian people, data are lacking for Arctic people. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/jmf.2018.0187DOI Listing

Design and fabrication of tubular micro/nanomotors via 3D laser lithography.

Chem Asian J 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Fudan University, Department of Materials Science, Handan Road 220, 200433, Shanghai, CHINA.

The catalytic tubular micro/nanomachines convert chemical energy from surrounding aqueous fuel solution into mechanical energy to generate autonomous movements, propelled by the oxygen bubbles decomposed by hydrogen peroxide and expelled from the microtubular cavity. With the development of nanotechnology, micro/nanomotor has attracted more and more interest due to its varieties of important potential in vivo and in vitro applications. Here, highly efficient chemical catalytic microtubular motor was fabricated via 3D laser lithography and their motion behavior under the action of driving force in fluids was demonstrated. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/asia.2019003
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/asia.201900300DOI Listing
April 2019
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Bullous Pemphigoid with Dipeptidyl Peptidase-4 Inhibitors: Clinical Features and Pathophysiology.

J Diabetes Investig 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Department of Diabetes, Endocrinology and Nutrition, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine.

Bullous pemphigoid (BP) is a rare autoimmune blistering skin disorder, which involves an immune response directed against hemidesmosomal proteins of basal keratinocytes, BP antigen 180 (BP180) and BP antigen 230 (BP230). It manifests as polymorphic pruritus, blisters, erosions and crusts on the skin. It has been classically known that the development of BP can be induced by certain medications such as diuretics, β-blockers, and antibiotics. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/jdi.13060
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jdi.13060DOI Listing
April 2019
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Coexisting-Cooperative-Cognitive Micro-/nanorobot.

Chem Asian J 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Harbin Institute of Technology, Mechanical Engineering, 92 West Dazhi Street, Mainhouse Room 125, 150001, Harbin, CHINA.

Communication and interaction are crucial distinctive features of organisms to live in an ecological system. Inspired by nature, micro-/nanorobots are expected to possess communication or interaction behaviors for a significant number of novel and advanced functionalities. The micro/nanoscale size and self-driven capability attract considerable attention for the potential applications of micro-/nanorobots. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/asia.2019002
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/asia.201900286DOI Listing
April 2019
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Porphyrin-containing Polyimide with Enhanced Light Absorption and Photocatalysis Activity.

Chem Asian J 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

CHINA.

A series of porphyrin-containing polyimide (PI) photocatalysts were synthesized by one-step solvothermal method. Characterization results revealed that porphyrin was uniformly coupled into PI framework through covalent bonding and the visible light absorption was greatly improved. The photodegradation activity of porphyrin-containing PIs for methyl orange (MO) under visible light was enhanced significantly, with highest pseudo-first-order rate constant 35 times more than that of neat porphyrin and 10 times more than that of porphyrin-free PI. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/asia.2019002
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/asia.201900261DOI Listing
April 2019
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Racial/ethnic differences in survival for patients with gliosarcoma: an analysis of the National cancer database.

J Neurooncol 2019 Apr 13. Epub 2019 Apr 13.

Case Comprehensive Cancer Center and Department of Population and Quantitative Health Sciences, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH, USA.

Purpose: Gliosarcoma is characterized by the World Health Organization as a Grade IV malignant neoplasm and a variant of glioblastoma. The association of race and ethnicity with survival has been established for numerous CNS malignancies, however, no epidemiological studies have reported these findings for patients with gliosarcoma. The aim of this study was to examine differences by race and ethnicity in overall survival, 30-day mortality, 90-day mortality, and 30-day readmission. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11060-019-03170-7DOI Listing

Impact of Preoperative Anemia on Postoperative Kidney Function Following Laparoscopic Bariatric Surgery.

Obes Surg 2019 Apr 13. Epub 2019 Apr 13.

Weight Loss and Health Management Center, E-Da Dachang Hospital, No. 305, Dachang 1st Rd., Sanmin Dist., Kaohsiung City, 807, Taiwan.

Background: Preoperative anemia is a risk factor for acute kidney failure after high-risk surgeries. We assessed the impact of preoperative anemia on kidney function in an obese Asian population after laparoscopic bariatric surgery.

Methods: Patient characteristics, comorbidities, type of surgery, perioperative profiles, eGFR, and micronutrition were retrospectively reviewed in 341 patients with obesity undergoing bariatric surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11695-019-03869-6DOI Listing