187,948 results match your criteria Asian Economic Journal[Journal]


Knowledge and Health Beliefs of GDM associated with Breastfeeding Intention among Pregnant Women in Bangladesh.

Asian Nurs Res (Korean Soc Nurs Sci) 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Department of Nursing, Hoseo University, Asan-si, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the knowledge of gestational diabetes mellitus and the health beliefs about gestational diabetes mellitus management, and to investigate the effects of these factors on breastfeeding intention in Bangladesh.

Methods: This study involved a cross-sectional survey of 358 healthy pregnant women who visited antenatal clinics in Bangladesh.

Results: Perceived susceptibility, perceived benefit, and self-efficacy were identified as significant factors for breastfeeding intention (p < 0. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anr.2020.06.001DOI Listing

Optimal antiplatelet strategy in Asian patients presenting with acute coronary syndrome.

Int J Cardiol 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Department of Cardiology, SMS Medical College, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2020.06.044DOI Listing

COVID-19 comorbidities, associated pro-coagulant extracellular vesicles and venous thromboembolisms: a possible link with ethnicity?

Authors:
Jameel Inal

Br J Haematol 2020 Jul 9. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

School of Human Sciences, London Metropolitan University, London, U.K.

Several comorbidities predict mortality in patients with COVID-19, some of which are more prevalent in Black Asian and Minority Ethnic (BAME) groups. Extracellular vesicles (EVs) released from cells are nano-sized membrane-bound vesicles that carry nucleic acids and proteins and mediate intercellular communication. In COVID-19 associated comorbidities including diabetes, CVD and risk factors such as hypertension, elevated angiotensin II and obesity, levels of circulating EVs are raised and their cargo modified. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjh.17011DOI Listing

An Evaluation of Baseline Kidney Function in the REPRIEVE Trial of Pitavastatin in Human Immunodeficiency Virus.

J Infect Dis 2020 Jul;222(Supplement_1):S41-S51

Duke Clinical Research Institute, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, North Carolina, USA.

Background: Chronic kidney disease is a common comorbid condition among persons living with human immunodeficiency virus (PWH). We characterized baseline kidney function in the REPRIEVE (Randomized Trial to Prevent Vascular Events in HIV) trial cohort.

Methods: REPRIEVE enrolled PWH with low to moderate cardiovascular risk based on traditional risk factors to evaluate the effect of statin therapy on cardiovascular events. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/infdis/jiaa222DOI Listing

Patterns of Antiretroviral Therapy Use and Immunologic Profiles at Enrollment in the REPRIEVE Trial.

J Infect Dis 2020 Jul;222(Supplement_1):S8-S19

Metabolism Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Background: Patterns of antiretroviral therapy (ART) use and immunologic correlates vary globally, and contemporary trends are not well described.

Methods: The REPRIEVE trial (Randomized Trial to Prevent Vascular Events in HIV) enrolled persons with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) who were aged 40-75 years, receiving ART, and had low-to-moderate cardiovascular disease risk. ART use was summarized within Global Burden of Disease (GBD) super-regions, with adjusted linear and logistic regression analyses examining associations with immune parameters and key demographics. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/infdis/jiaa259DOI Listing

Hepatitis C antibody screening and determinants of initial and duplicate screening in the baby boomer patients of six urban primary care clinics.

PLoS One 2020 9;15(7):e0235778. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases and HIV Medicine, Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America.

Introduction: In 2012, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention released updated guidelines recommending universal, one-time hepatitis C virus screening for all individuals born between 1945 and 1965. Prior to the implementation of these guidelines, testing rates were inappropriately low, but unnecessary duplicate antibody testing was also problematic. In the era of increased efforts to screen "baby boomers", the prevalence and social determinants of initial and duplicate hepatitis C testing have not been well described. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0235778PLOS

A scientometric analysis of birth cohorts in South Asia: Way forward for Pakistan.

PLoS One 2020 9;15(7):e0235385. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Institute of Psychology, Health and Society, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom.

The present study aims to: a) systematically map the of birth cohort studies from the South Asian region b) examine the major research foci and landmark contributions from these cohorts using reproducible scientometric techniques and c) offer recommendations on establishing new birth cohorts in Pakistan, building upon the strengths, weaknesses and gaps of previous cohorts. Bibliographic records for a total of 260 articles, published during through December 2018, were retrieved from the Web of Science (core database). All data were analysed using Microsoft Excel (2013), Web of Science platform and CiteSpace. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0235385PLOS

Evaluation of the forum theatre approach for public engagement around antibiotic use in Myanmar.

PLoS One 2020 9;15(7):e0235625. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, Centre for Tropical Medicine and Global Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom.

Introduction: The risk of emergence and spread of antibiotic resistance is high in Southeast Asian countries and various strategies are being used to raise awareness about appropriate antibiotic use and antibiotic resistance within communities. Public engagement in science has not been widely practised in Myanmar. We describe the use of a forum theatre to engage with the community about antibiotic use. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0235625PLOS

Validity and reliability of EQ-5D-5L among patients with axial spondyloarthritis in Singapore.

Eur J Rheumatol 2020 Apr 1;7(2):71-78. Epub 2020 Apr 1.

Department of Medicine, Duke-NUS Medical School, 8 College Road, Singapore.

Objective: This study aims to evaluate the reliability and validity of EuroQOL-5 Dimensions-5 Levels (EQ-5D-5L) among patients with axial spondyloarthritis (SpA) in Singapore.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted involving patients with axial SpA in an Asian tertiary hospital from 2017 to 2018. This study followed the COnsensus-based Standards for selection of health Measurement Instruments framework. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5152/eurjrheum.2020.19043DOI Listing

A new dilignan from the twigs and leaves of .

J Asian Nat Prod Res 2020 Jul 9:1-6. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Key Laboratory of Computational Chemistry-Based Natural Antitumor Drug Research & Development, Liaoning Province, School of Traditional Chinese Materia Medica, Shenyang Pharmaceutical University, Shenyang 110016, China.

Previous work has shown that the lignans from the twigs and leaves of (Jack) I.C.N. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10286020.2020.1791097DOI Listing

Garcinoic Acids and a Benzophenone Derivative from the Seeds of and Their Antibacterial Activities against Oral Bacterial Pathogenic Organisms.

J Nat Prod 2020 Jul 9. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Graduate School of Natural Science and Technology, Gifu University, Gifu 501-1193, Japan.

In this study, three new garcinoic acid dimers, δ,δ-bigarcinoic acid (), δ,δ-bi--garcinoic acid (), and γ,δ-bi--garcinoic acid (), and a new benzophenone derivative, (8)-4-geranyl-3,5-dihydroxybenzophenone (), as well as seven known compounds (-) were isolated from the seeds of . The structures of the new compounds were elucidated using MALDI-TOF-MS and spectroscopic data, including 1D and 2D NMR and electronic circular dichroism spectra. All of the isolated compounds were evaluated for their antimicrobial activity against two oral pathogens, and . Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jnatprod.9b01045DOI Listing

Provincial variations in birth outcomes according to maternal country of birth, 2000 to 2016.

Health Rep 2020 Jun;31(4):13-21

Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, and the Community Health Sciences Department, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba.

Background: International migration is the main source of population growth in Canada. Research on the birth outcomes of immigrants has largely been based on Canadian provincial data, raising concerns about whether the findings can be generalized between provinces or between the provinces and Canada. Provincial time trends and variations in birth outcomes are described according to the 20 top maternal birthplaces. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.25318/82-003-x202000400002-engDOI Listing

Enhancing magnetic cooperativity in Fe(II) triazole-based spin-crossover nanoparticles by pluronic matrix confinement.

Chem Asian J 2020 Jul 9. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Univerzita Palackeho v Olomouci Prirodovedecka fakulta, Regional Centre of Advanced Technologies and Materials, Ŝlechtitelů 27, Olomouc, CZECH REPUBLIC.

Polymeric one-dimensional (1D) triazole-based FeII spin crossover nanoparticles have been entrapped in pluronic P123 matrix, forming nanorods in which the interaction between host (P123) and guest (FeII complex) promoted high reproducibility of the spin crossover process, significant shifts of the transition temperatures (T↑ = 370 K, T↓ = 338 K for the P123 entrapped material vs the literature values of T↑ = 358 K, T↓ = 341 K for the neat/polymer free system) and larger magnetic hysteresis width. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/asia.202000623DOI Listing

Bat-borne polyomaviruses in Europe reveal an evolutionary history of intrahost divergence with horseshoe bats distributed across the African and Eurasian continents.

J Gen Virol 2020 Jul 9. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

National Virus Reference Laboratory, School of Medicine, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland.

Polyomaviruses (PyVs) are small, circular dsDNA viruses carried by diverse vertebrates, including bats. Although previous studies have reported several horseshoe bat PyVs collected in Zambia and China, it is still unclear how PyVs evolved in this group of widely dispersed mammals. Horseshoe bats (genus ) are distributed across the Old World and are natural reservoirs of numerous pathogenic viruses. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1099/jgv.0.001467DOI Listing

Pediatric Uveitis and Scleritis in a Multi-Ethnic Asian Population.

Ocul Immunol Inflamm 2020 Jul 9:1-8. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Singapore Eye Research Institute, Singapore , Singapore.

Purpose: To describe the demographics and clinical characteristics of pediatric uveitis and scleritis at a tertiary eye care center.

Methods: Clinical records of children with either uveitis or scleritis that presented between January 1989 and January 2016 were reviewed retrospectively.

Results: Seventy-three patients were identified. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09273948.2020.1766083DOI Listing

Effects of α-linolenic acid intake on blood lipid profiles:a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 2020 Jul 9:1-17. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Institute of Nutrition and Health, Qingdao University, Qingdao, China.

To investigate the effect of ALA intake on blood lipid profiles, including triglycerides (TG), total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL-C) and ratio of TC to HDL-C. We systematically searched randomized controlled trials of ALA intervention on PubMed, Embase, Cochrane library and related references up to March 2018. The final values were calculated as weighted mean difference (WMD) by using a random effects model. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10408398.2020.1790496DOI Listing

Genomic insights on the contribution of balancing selection and local adaptation to the long-term survival of a widespread living fossil tree, Cercidiphyllum japonicum.

New Phytol 2020 Jul 9. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Systematic & Evolutionary Botany and Biodiversity group, MOE Laboratory of Biosystem Homeostasis and Protection, College of Life Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, 310058, Zhejiang, China.

'Living fossils' are testimonies of long-term sustained ecological success, but how demographic history and natural selection contributed to their survival, resilience and persistence in the face of Quaternary climate fluctuations remains unclear. To better understand the interplay between demographic history and selection in shaping genomic diversity and evolution of such organisms, we assembled the whole genome of Cercidiphyllum japonicum, a widespread East Asian Tertiary relict tree, and re-sequenced 99 individuals of C. japonicum and its sister species, C. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/nph.16798DOI Listing

Preimplantation genetic testing for a new abnormal cleavage behavior.

Asian J Androl 2020 Jul 3. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

The ART Center, Northwest Women and Children's Hospital, Xi'an 710003, China.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aja.aja_26_20DOI Listing

A wearable lower extremity support for laparoscopic surgeons: A pilot study.

Asian J Endosc Surg 2020 Jul 8. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Medical Simulation Center, Jichi Medical Univerisity, Shimotsuke, Japan.

Surgeons have increased physical stress during laparoscopic surgery due to operative site constraints. We developed a wearable device to reduce the physical stress on surgeons' lower extremities. The device mechanically facilitates maintaining a near-upright posture. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ases.12812DOI Listing

Clinical, radiological, and genetic characteristics in patients with Huntington's disease in a Taiwanese cohort.

Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet 2020 Jul 9. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Department of Neurology, National Taiwan University Hospital, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan.

Characteristics of Huntington's disease (HD) differ among various ethnicities. Few studies have explored the relationship between phenotypes and genotypes of HD in Asians. We evaluated the relationship between integrated clinical and imaging phenotypes and genotypes in a Taiwanese HD cohort, enrolling 123 HD patients genetically diagnosed between August 1994 and February 2019. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajmg.b.32810DOI Listing

Dietary Antioxidants and Risk of Parkinson's Disease in the Singapore Chinese Health Study.

Mov Disord 2020 Jul 9. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Health Services and Systems Research, Duke-NUS Medical School, Singapore.

Background: Despite experimental evidence implicating oxidative stress in the pathogenesis of PD, epidemiological studies have provided inconsistent associations between dietary antioxidants and risk of developing PD. Furthermore, no study has been done in any Asian population.

Objectives: We examined the associations for intake levels of dietary carotenoids (α-carotene, β-carotene, lycopene, β-cryptoxanthin, and lutein) and vitamins (vitamin A, C and E) and the risk of developing PD. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mds.28173DOI Listing

Meta-analysis of angiotensin-converting enzyme insersion/delection polymorphism and pre-eclampsia susceptibility.

Authors:
Yun Liu Ping Li

J Obstet Gynaecol Res 2020 Jul 8. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Department of obstetrics, Tianjin Nankai Hospital, Tianjin, China.

Aim: In recent years, there were many studies on angiotensin-converting enzyme insersion/delection (ACE I/D) polymorphism and pre-eclampsia susceptibility, but the conclusion was still inconclusive. Our study is to explore the relationship between the ACE I/D polymorphism and the risk of pre-eclampsia.

Methods: The literature on the relationship between ACE I/D gene polymorphism and Pre-eclampsia susceptibility was obtained by searching the databases of Wanfang, VIP, Medline, CNKI, Embase, Pubmed and Springerlink, which was published from the establishment of the databases to October 2019. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jog.14369DOI Listing

An empirical nexus between economic growth, energy utilization, trade policy, and ecological footprint: a continent-wise comparison in upper-middle-income countries.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2020 Jul 8. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Department of Economics, Government College University Faisalabad, Faisalabad, 38000, Pakistan.

This study investigates the causal connection between economic growth, foreign direct investment, primary and renewable energy utilization, trade openness, and ecological footprint for 33 upper-middle-income countries (UMICs) from Africa, Asia, Europe, and America during the period from 1994 to 2017. Initially, first- as well as second-generation panel unit root tests are applied to check the integration order after confirming the cross-sectional dependency and heterogeneity. Four different tests (FMOLS, DOLS, FGLS, and AMG) are applied to estimate the long-run elasticity, whereas Dumitrescu and Hurlin (D-H) non-causality test is used to test growth, conservation, and feedback hypothesis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-020-09772-3DOI Listing

Immunoglobulin G4-related lacrimal sac dacryocystocele: A novel case report.

Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep 2020 Sep 20;19:100789. Epub 2020 Jun 20.

Department of Ophthalmology, Tung Wah Eastern Hospital, Hong Kong.

Purpose: Immunoglobulin G4-related disease is a systemic fibroinflammatory disease of unknown etiology. Immunoglobulin G4-related ophthalmic disease (IgG4-ROD) can manifest in multiple ways, but lacrimal sac involvement is rare. We present the first case in Chinese population of lacrimal sac IgG4-ROD. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajoc.2020.100789DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7334390PMC
September 2020

Sub-solid lung adenocarcinoma in Asian versus Caucasian patients: different biology but similar outcomes.

J Thorac Dis 2020 May;12(5):2161-2171

Division of Thoracic Surgery, Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA.

Background: Asian and Caucasian patients with lung cancer have been compared in several database studies, with conflicting findings regarding survival. However, these studies did not include proportion of ground-glass opacity or mutational status in their analyses. Asian patients commonly develop sub-solid lung adenocarcinomas that harbor EGFR mutations, which have a better prognosis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/jtd.2020.04.37DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7330405PMC

Double orifice mitral valve: A rare cause of isolated severe congenital mitral regurgitation.

Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2020 Apr-Jun;13(2):174-176. Epub 2020 Feb 14.

Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Asian Institute of Medical Sciences, Faridabad, Haryana, India.

Double orifice mitral valve (DOMV) is a rare congenital anomaly of the mitral valve apparatus consisting of an accessory bridge of fibrous tissue, which partially or completely divides the mitral valve into two orifices. It usually occurs as an associated lesion. Encountering a DOMV as an isolated finding meriting intervention is indeed rare. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/apc.APC_133_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7331838PMC
February 2020

Near-chromosome level genome assembly of the fruit pest Drosophila suzukii using long-read sequencing.

Sci Rep 2020 Jul 8;10(1):11227. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Aix-Marseille Université, CNRS, IBDM, Institut de Biologie du Développement de Marseille, Marseille Cedex 9, France.

Over the past decade, the spotted wing Drosophila, Drosophila suzukii, has invaded Europe and America and has become a major agricultural pest in these areas, thereby prompting intense research activities to better understand its biology. Two draft genome assemblies already exist for this species but contain pervasive assembly errors and are highly fragmented, which limits their values. Our purpose here was to improve the assembly of the D. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-67373-zDOI Listing

Prevalence and diagnostic challenges of thyroid lymphoma: a multi-institutional study in non-Western countries.

Endocr J 2020 Jul 9. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Department of Pathology and Thyroid Disease Center, Izumi City General Hospital, Izumi, Japan.

Research on the primary thyroid lymphoma (PTL) diagnosis is limited, with only a few large sample size studies, reported from Asian countries. The aim of the present study was to clarify the current prevalence and challenges in PTL diagnosis, and recommended ancillary studies for PTL in non-Western countries. PTL (n = 153) cases were retrieved from 10 institutions in non-Western countries and analyzed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1507/endocrj.EJ20-0202DOI Listing

A single-domain antibody inhibits SFTSV and mitigates virus-induced pathogenesis in vivo.

JCI Insight 2020 Jul 9;5(13). Epub 2020 Jul 9.

School of Life Sciences, Ningxia University, Yinchuan, China.

Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus (SFTSV) is a novel tick-borne bunyavirus that recently emerged in East Asian countries. SFTS is characterized by high fever, thrombocytopenia, leukopenia, multiorgan failure, and hemorrhage with case fatality rates of 6.3% to 30%. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1172/jci.insight.136855DOI Listing

Variation in physician-directed immunohistochemistry screening among women with endometrial cancer.

Int J Gynecol Cancer 2020 Jul 7. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Kaiser Permanente Division of Research, Oakland, California, USA

Objective: Immunohistochemistry screening is a reliable method for identifying women with endometrial cancer who are at risk for Lynch syndrome, but clinical workflows used to implement immunohistochemistry screening protocols can vary by institution. The goal of this study was to investigate variation in performance of immunohistochemistry screening when a physician order is required.

Methods: Retrospective study from an integrated healthcare system with a risk-based immunohistochemistry screening policy for Lynch syndrome from January 2015 to December 2016. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/ijgc-2020-001449DOI Listing

Uterus-like mass: A rare cystic lesion of small intestine.

Asian J Surg 2020 Jul 5. Epub 2020 Jul 5.

Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Pathology, Taipei Medical University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Pathology, Shuang Ho Hospital, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Clinical Pathology, Wan Fang Hospital, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address:

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.asjsur.2020.06.007DOI Listing

Prevalence and determinants of consanguineous marriage and its types in India: evidence from the National Family Health Survey, 2015-2016.

J Biosoc Sci 2020 Jul 9:1-11. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Department of Anthropology, University of Calcutta, Kolkata, India.

The aim of the present study was to estimate the prevalence and examine the determinants of consanguineous marriage types in India. Data for 456,646 ever-married women aged 15-49 years were analysed from the National Family Health Survey (NFHS)-4 conducted in 2015-16. The overall prevalence of consanguineous marriage was 9. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932020000383DOI Listing

Patient outcomes in Anteromedial osteoarthritis patients over 80 years old undergoing Oxford Unicompartmental knee Arthroplasty in China.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2020 Jul 8;21(1):446. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Department of Orthopaedics, Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University, Changchun Ave 45, Xicheng District, Beijing, 100053, China.

Background: The use of Oxford Unicompartmental Knee Arthroplasty (UKA) has increased rapidly in both Western and Asian populations, with excellent functional outcomes and high patient satisfaction. While previous evidence regarding clinical outcomes and survival rates after Oxford UKA was based on studies in Western populations, the results may be different in Asian patients. The relevance of age for postoperative function after Oxford UKA also remains unclear. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-020-03474-0DOI Listing

Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic groups in England are at increased risk of death from COVID-19: indirect standardisation of NHS mortality data.

Wellcome Open Res 2020 24;5:88. Epub 2020 Jun 24.

UCL Collaborative Centre for Inclusion Health, Institute of Epidemiology and Health Care, UCL, London, WC1E 7HB, UK.

: International and UK data suggest that Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic (BAME) groups are at increased risk of infection and death from COVID-19. We aimed to explore the risk of death in minority ethnic groups in England using data reported by NHS England. : We used NHS data on patients with a positive COVID-19 test who died in hospitals in England published on 28th April, with deaths by ethnicity available from 1st March 2020 up to 5pm on 21 April 2020. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.12688/wellcomeopenres.15922.2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7317462.2PMC

OpenSAFELY: factors associated with COVID-19 death in 17 million patients.

Nature 2020 Jul 8. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

The DataLab, Nuffield Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, University of Oxford, OX26GG, Oxford, UK.

COVID-19 has rapidly affected mortality worldwide. There is unprecedented urgency to understand who is most at risk of severe outcomes, requiring new approaches for timely analysis of large datasets. Working on behalf of NHS England, here we created OpenSAFELY: a secure health analytics platform covering 40% of all patients in England, holding patient data within the existing data centre of a major primary care electronic health records vendor. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41586-020-2521-4DOI Listing

Differential mortality in COVID-19 patients from India and western countries.

Diabetes Metab Syndr 2020 Jul 2;14(5):1037-1041. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Department of Orthopaedics, Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, SaritaVihar, Mathura Road, 110076, New Delhi, India. Electronic address:

Background And Aims: COVID-19 disease has been associated with disproportionate mortality amongst world population. We try to elucidate various reasons for lower mortality rate in the Indian subcontinent due to COVID-19 pandemic.

Method: We carried out a comprehensive review of the literature using suitable keywords such as 'COVID-19', 'Pandemics', 'disease outbreaks' and 'India' on the search engines of PubMed, SCOPUS, Google Scholar and Research Gate in the month of May 2020 during the current COVID-19 pandemic and assessed mortality data. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dsx.2020.06.067DOI Listing

Association between miRNA-146a polymorphism and lung cancer susceptibility: a meta-analysis involving 6,506 cases and 6,576 controls.

Gene 2020 Jul 5:144940. Epub 2020 Jul 5.

Hand Surgery and Peripheral Nerve Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou 325000, Zhejiang, China.

Objective: We sought to analyze the association between miR-146a rs2910164 G > C polymorphism and susceptibility to lung cancer using a meta-analysis of case-control studies.

Methods: We systematically searched for studies reporting on the relationship between miR-146a rs2910164 polymorphism and the risk of lung cancer in PubMed, Embase, Web of Science and Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure databases. We then calculated pooled odds ratios (ORs), at 95% confidence interval (CI) to assess the aforementioned relationship. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gene.2020.144940DOI Listing

Relationships among Character Strengths, Self-efficacy, Social Support, Depression and Psychological Well-being in Hospital Nurses.

Asian Nurs Res (Korean Soc Nurs Sci) 2020 Jul 5. Epub 2020 Jul 5.

Xiangya Nursing School, Central South University, China. Electronic address:

Purpose: From the perspective of positive psychology, our study aimed to explore depressive symptoms and psychological well-being among Chinese nurses and analyze the impacts of character strengths, self-efficacy and social support on the mental health of nurses.

Methods: A cross-sectional and descriptive design using five self-reported questionnaires was utilized to investigate a cohort of 4238 nurses during 2018. A structural equation modeling analysis was used to verify a hypothetical model linking character strengths, self-efficacy, social support, depressive symptoms and psychological well-being. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anr.2020.06.002DOI Listing

Characterization of Exome Variants and Their Metabolic Impact in 6,716 American Indians from the Southwest US.

Am J Hum Genet 2020 Jul 2. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Regeneron Genetics Center, Regeneron Pharmaceuticals Inc., Tarrytown, NY 10591, USA. Electronic address:

Applying exome sequencing to populations with unique genetic architecture has the potential to reveal novel genes and variants associated with traits and diseases. We sequenced and analyzed the exomes of 6,716 individuals from a Southwestern American Indian (SWAI) population with well-characterized metabolic traits. We found that the SWAI population has distinct allelic architecture compared to populations of European and East Asian ancestry, and there were many predicted loss-of-function (pLOF) and nonsynonymous variants that were highly enriched or private in the SWAI population. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajhg.2020.06.009DOI Listing

Increasing the coverage of a mass spectral library of milk oligosaccharides using a hybrid-search-based bootstrapping method and milks from a wide variety of mammals.

Anal Chem 2020 Jul 8. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

This study significantly expands both the scope and method of identification for construction of a previously reported tandem mass spectral library of 74 human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs) derived from results of combined LC-MS/MS experiments and comprehensive structural analysis of HMOs. In the present work, a hybrid search 'bootstrap' identification method was employed that substantially broadens the coverage of milk oligosaccharides and thereby increase utility use of a spectrum library-based method for the rapid tentative identification of all distinguishable glycans in milk. This involved hybrid searching of the previous library, which was itself constructed using the hybrid search of oligosaccharide spectra in the NIST 17 Tandem MS Library. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.analchem.0c00342DOI Listing

Surveys for ticks on wildlife hosts and in the environment at Asian longhorned tick (Haemaphysalis longicornis)-positive sites in Virginia and New Jersey, 2018.

Transbound Emerg Dis 2020 Jul 8. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Southeastern Cooperative Wildlife Disease Study, Department of Population Health, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, United States.

Haemaphysalis longicornis, the Asian longhorned tick (ALT), is native to eastern Asia, but it has become invasive in several countries, including Australia, New Zealand, and recently in the eastern United States (US). To identify wild mammal and avian host species in the US, we conducted active wildlife surveillance in two states with known ALT infestations (Virginia and New Jersey). In addition, we conducted environmental surveys in both states. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/tbed.13722DOI Listing

Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase gene polymorphisms in the risk of polycystic ovary syndrome and ovarian cancer.

Biosci Rep 2020 Jul 8. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

West China Second Hospital, Chengdu, China.

Polymorphisms of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) in hormone metabolism pathways might cause metabolic disturbances and contribute to the development of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and ovarian cancer, but the published studies were inconsistent. The aim of this study was to evaluate the MTHFR C677T (rs1801133) and A1298C (rs1801131) gene polymorphisms in the risk of PCOS and ovarian cancer by meta-analysis. A comprehensive electronic search was conducted in databases for studies published from 1995 to 2020. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1042/BSR20200995DOI Listing

Very Early Recurrence After Liver Resection for Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma: Considering Alternative Treatment Approaches.

JAMA Surg 2020 Jul 8. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

James Comprehensive Cancer Center, Department of Surgery, Division of Surgical Oncology, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus.

Importance: Although surgery offers the best chance of a potential cure for patients with localized, resectable intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC), prognosis of patients remains dismal largely because of a high incidence of recurrence.

Objective: To predict very early recurrence (VER) (ie, recurrence within 6 months after surgery) following resection for ICC in the pre- and postoperative setting.

Design, Setting, And Participants: Patients who underwent curative-intent resection for ICC between May 1990 and July 2016 were identified from an international multi-institutional database. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1973DOI Listing

Tarsal-Fixation With Aponeurotic Flap Linkage in Blepharoplasty: Bridge Technique.

Aesthet Surg J 2020 Jul 8. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Background: Double eyelid blepharoplasty is the most popular cosmetic surgery among Asian population. Although various surgical procedures have been reported, limitations, including asymmetry or the disappearance of the double eyelid crease, an unnatural double eyelid crease curve and distinct scars, still exist in patients.

Objectives: The authors aim to provide a new technique to reduce the various complications of blepharoplasty mentioned above and to create dynamic, natural-looking double eyelids. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/asj/sjaa195DOI Listing

Cholangitis in Patients with Biliary Atresia Receiving Hepatoportoenterostomy: A National Database Study.

J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Department of Pediatrics, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN.

Introduction: Biliary atresia (BA) is a progressive form of liver disease in the neonatal period usually requiring hepatoportoenterostomy (HPE). Cholangitis is a common sequelae of HPE, but data about which patients are at risk for this complication are limited.

Objective: To determine risk factors associated with cholangitis in a large retrospective cohort after HPE. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MPG.0000000000002836DOI Listing

Asian Facial Contouring and Augmentation: tips and tricks.

Plast Reconstr Surg 2020 Jun 29. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

1.Payam Sadeghi, MD, Visiting Researcher; Department of Plastic Surgery, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, OH, USA. 2.Andrea Sisti, MD, Visiting Researcher; Department of Plastic Surgery, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, OH, USA.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PRS.0000000000007196DOI Listing