123 results match your criteria Asian And Pacific Migration Journal[Journal]


Tobacco Use and Exposure among Children in Migrant and Non-migrant Households in Java, Indonesia.

Asian Pac Migr J 2013 Dec;22(3):447-464

Universitas Gadjah Mada.

This research note aims to understand the impact of parental migration on the children who stay behind by examining the issue of smoking. It asks whether tobacco use and exposure are higher among children in migrant households compared with those in non-migrant households in Java, Indonesia. Data were collected in 2008 in two provinces, West Java and East Java, as part of the Child Health and Migrant Parents in South-East Asia (CHAMPSEA) Project. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4066183PMC
December 2013
2 Reads

Does Having a Migrant Parent Reduce the Risk of Undernutrition for Children Who Stay Behind in South-East Asia?

Asian Pac Migr J 2013 Dec;22(3):315-348

University of Hong Kong.

Many parents from South-East Asia who go overseas to work are motivated by a desire to secure a better future for their children, yet the health consequences for children who stay behind are poorly understood. This study is the first cross-country comparison to explore the relationships between parental migration and the risk of undernutrition (stunting) for primary school-aged children. The analysis uses data from the CHAMPSEA Project for children aged 9 to 11 years in the Philippines (N = 480) and Vietnam (N = 482). Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4066110PMC
December 2013

Securing a Better Living Environment for Left-Behind Children: Implications and Challenges for Policies.

Asian Pac Migr J 2013 Dec;22(3):421-446

National University of Singapore.

Migration is an increasingly significant driver of transformations in family configurations and caregiving practices as well as living arrangements. The sustainability of geographically-split family formations is dependent on several factors, including the presence and strength of care support networks among migrants and their left-behind families, access to communication infrastructure and the stability of the families' financial resources. Drawing on both a selective review of relevant academic literature as well as key findings from the CHAMPSEA Project, the article first examines the effects of these three factors on the well-being of migrants' left-behind family members, especially children. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4064250PMC
December 2013

Alcohol Use among Very Early Adolescents in Vietnam: What Difference Does Parental Migration Make?

Asian Pac Migr J 2013 Dec;22(3):401-419

Vietnamese Academy of Social Sciences.

Little is known about the patterns of alcohol use among adolescents and the transmission of alcohol use behaviors from parents to children, including the passage into responsible and problem drinking, in the developing world. The following paper uses primary data from the Child Health and Migrant Parents in South-East Asia (CHAMPSEA) Project for older children aged 9, 10 and 11 to examine the prevalence (16.2 percent) and correlates of alcohol use initiation including parental migration status, caregiving arrangements and exposure to environmental alcohol use (family and friends) in Vietnam. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4064433PMC
December 2013

The Subjective Well-Being of Children in Transnational and Non-Migrant Households: Evidence from Thailand.

Asian Pac Migr J 2013 Dec;22(3):377-400

Mahidol University.

To date, research that includes children's views on parental migration has been insufficient. Based on the children's assessment of well-being, we use a case study of Thailand to ask whether children of overseas migrant parents are less or more resilient compared to children of non-migrant parents. We make use of data from the Child Health and Migrant Parents in South-East Asia (CHAMPSEA) Project, one of the few studies that provide space for children, both of migrant and non-migrant parents, to voice their views. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4064432PMC
December 2013
19 Reads

Leaving A Legacy: Parental Migration and School Outcomes Among Young Children in the Philippines.

Asian Pac Migr J 2013 Dec;22(3):349-376

Scalabrini Migration Center.

This article examines the link between parental migration and young children's education using data from the Philippine country study of the Child Health and Migrant Parents in South-East Asia (CHAMPSEA) Project. The key research question probed here is: what difference does parental migration make to the school outcomes of young children? Specifically, it looks at factors that explain children's school progression (school pacing) and academic performance (school achievement) using multiple regression analysis. These questions are explored using CHAMPSEA data gathered from a survey of children under 12 years of age and their households in Laguna and Batangas (n=487). Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4064449PMC
December 2013

INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND EDUCATION OF LEFT BEHIND CHILDREN IN FUJIAN, CHINA.

Asian Pac Migr J 2009 ;18(3):345-370

Department of Sociology, Fayetteville State University, 1200 Murchison Road, Fayetteville, NC 28301.

This study examines the educational consequences for those children of emigrants who are left behind in Fujian Province, China. Specifically, we compare the school enrollment for children from emigrant households with the school enrollment for children from non-emigrant households. The data are drawn from the 1995 China 1% Population Sample Survey. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3004173PMC
January 2009

The Migration and Development Prism: A Lens on Vulnerabilities and Capabilities.

Asian Pac Migr J 2007 ;16(4):443-450

University of Utah.

The inexorable link between migration and development is paradoxically both taken for granted and a challenging puzzle. Describing interdependent dynamic processes, the study of both offers opportunities to theorize and observe social change. The body of knowledge that has come to include studies of both migration and development has enriched the individual fields of migration and development. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4010221PMC
January 2007
1 Read

Individual aspiration or family survival: rural-urban female migration in Malaysia.

Authors:
T Kusago

Asian Pac Migr J 1998 ;7(4):483-523

"This paper analyzes the determinants of female migration to export processing zones (EPZs) in Malaysia. A comparison of the individual and household migration models reveals interesting and important contrasting results. First, the role played by the expected net income gains is opposite in the two models: negative in the individual model, positive in the household model. Read More

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October 1999

Invisible visibility: intergenerational transfer of identity and social position of Chinese women in Belgium.

Authors:
C L Pang

Asian Pac Migr J 1998 ;7(4):433-52

"The effects of migration on identity and the social position of Chinese women in Belgium were examined from an intergenerational perspective. At the macro level, policies and the general discourse on migration and migrants in Belgium were examined to assess the level of inclusion or exclusion of Chinese women.. Read More

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October 1999

Living arrangements and residential overcrowding among older immigrants in Canada.

Asian Pac Migr J 1998 ;7(4):409-32

"Because older immigrants arriving in Canada are not eligible for government transfer payments or welfare benefits for up to 10 years, many of them choose to live with their relatives or sponsors in crowded three- or more than three-generation households. Cultural preferences also influence this tendency and the propensity of immigrant groups from developing regions to live in three- or more than three-generation households ranges up to 18 times those of their Canadian-born and immigrant counterparts from the developed regions. Variables such as average income, percent receiving Old Age Security payments, percent widowed and duration of residence in Canada are significantly associated with proportions of immigrants living in such arrangements, and explain about 84 percent of birthplace variation for males and 81 percent for females. Read More

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October 1999

South-North immigrants' settlement and opportunity structures in the U.S.

Asian Pac Migr J 1998 ;7(1):93-125

"This article makes the case that the new immigration [to the U.S. from developing Latin American and Asian countries], motivated by kinship ties and family reunification provisions of U. Read More

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February 1999

Kinship networks and child fostering in labor migration from Ilocos, Philippines to Italy.

Authors:
I Nagasaka

Asian Pac Migr J 1998 ;7(1):67-92

"This paper is an attempt to analyze the process of contemporary overseas labor migration from a village in the Ilocos region in the Philippines to Italy. As such, it will seek to outline the basic characteristics of the process of migration and examine them in relation to the local social structure. It will demonstrate how the Ilocanos responded to new opportunities of migration by manipulating existing social relations. Read More

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Family and internal migration in Taiwan.

Asian Pac Migr J 1998 ;7(1):43-66

"In this paper we examine internal migration in Taiwan in the 1960s when rural economic conditions were volatile, the shift from agriculture to non-farm employment was gaining momentum, and the government's policy of industrialization through export was adopted. Migration is seen as one component of households' survival/adaptation strategy.. Read More

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February 1999

Urban residentship and return migration to Shanghai in the aftermath of the cultural revolution.

Authors:
P K Luis Q Liu

Asian Pac Migr J 1998 ;7(1):27-42

"Young people were sent to the countryside during the Cultural Revolution and were later allowed to return home in the 1970s. This paper examines the return migration of Chinese youth from the countryside based on officially sanctioned reasons and grounds. The most often used reasons or grounds were in fact claims to urban residentship arising from connections to the city by previous residence, by birth and by family. Read More

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February 1999

The demographic underpinnings of current and future international migration in Asia.

Authors:
G Hugo

Asian Pac Migr J 1998 ;7(1):1-25

"The present paper suggests that one element which needs to be considered in explaining contemporary international migration [in the Asia-Pacific region] but especially in anticipating trends over the next decade are the differential patterns of growth of population within the region. While population growth overall has slowed, the work force age groups will continue to grow rapidly in Asia over the next decade or so and the contrasts between individual countries will increase. The proportion in the peak mobility age groups will thus continue to grow rapidly in particular countries and will be one of the elements contributing to increased levels of international migration within and out of the region. Read More

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February 1999

The exile in Philippine history.

Authors:
Z A Salazar

Asian Pac Migr J 1999 ;8(1-2):19-64

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"Xi," relations cluster, and the formation of a migrant community in contemporary China.

Authors:
B Xiang

Asian Pac Migr J 1999 ;8(3):343-59

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Spatial patterns of migration under China's reform period.

Authors:
F Cai

Asian Pac Migr J 1999 ;8(3):313-27

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The floating population of Shanghai in the mid-1990s.

Authors:
K D Roberts J Wei

Asian Pac Migr J 1999 ;8(4):473-510

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/011719689900800403DOI Listing

Eight centuries of Madurese migration to East Java.

Authors:
L Husson

Asian Pac Migr J 1997 ;6(1):77-102

"Over the past eight centuries in Indonesia, a substantial and ceaseless stream of out-migration has been flowing from the tiny island of Madura, poor and overpopulated, to the slightly better-off, but just as overpopulated... Read More

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February 1998

The vulnerability of Asian women migrant workers to a lack of protection and to violence.

Authors:
D Cox

Asian Pac Migr J 1997 ;6(1):59-75

"The paper argues that women moving abroad as domestic workers are, in many instances, unprepared, unprotected, and therefore open to exploitation and violent treatment. It suggests that the factors resulting in this common outcome are clear, and that an examination of the situation and the relevant factors leads us to a set of intervention strategies which are feasible. Six areas of intervention are identified: conventions, legislation, government control of processes, supervision, preparation and empowerment of the women, and support NGOs [nongovernmental organizations] including self-help groups. Read More

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February 1998

Violence against women migrant workers: issues, data and partial solutions.

Authors:
N M Shah I Menon

Asian Pac Migr J 1997 ;6(1):5-30

"Despite the creation of specific norms, procedures, and institutions to protect women migrant workers, serious gaps remain. Statistics for measuring violence are not compiled comprehensively or regularly. Two occupations that increase the risk of violence are domestic service and entertainment-related services. Read More

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February 1998

Regulation and resistance: strategies of migrant domestic workers in Canada and internationally.

Asian Pac Migr J 1997 ;6(1):31-57

This article "is divided into three parts. The first part locates the Canadian migrant domestic/live-in caregiver program in the global context of domestic worker migration, and provides data on its scope. The second part addresses the obstacles to protection of domestic worker rights in the regulatory scheme composed of policies and laws of sending and receiving societies. Read More

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February 1998

The new economic policy and permanent migration in Zhejiang Province, China.

Authors:
X Yang

Asian Pac Migr J 1997 ;6(1):103-34

"This article examines the impact of economic reforms on the volume and characteristics of permanent migration in Zhejiang Province, China. The data suggest that the new economic policy induced a surge in permanent migration during the post-reform years. Such positive impact of the reform on permanent migration has started to fade away in 1985, as government relaxed its control over residence. Read More

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February 1998

Quantitative international migration data for Thailand: an overview.

Authors:
A Stern

Asian Pac Migr J 1997 ;6(2):229-54

"This paper reviews the main characteristics of migration data for movements into and out of Thailand. It considers only international migration and it covers the following areas: (1) who collects and disseminates international migration data for Thailand; (2) what sorts of data are available; and (3) what are the major characteristics of these data. It is designed as a guide for persons using Thai migration data to help them interpret these data more clearly. Read More

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Balancing obligations and self-interest: humanitarian program settlers in the Australian labor market.

Authors:
C Stevens

Asian Pac Migr J 1997 ;6(2):185-212

"Technological and structural changes in the Australian economy have led to a decline in unskilled and semi-skilled employment and this has had a marked effect on labor market opportunities for immigrants... Read More

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June 1998
4 Reads

Skilled Hong Kong immigrants' intention to repatriate.

Authors:
A S Mak

Asian Pac Migr J 1997 ;6(2):169-84

"An emphasis on skills in Australian immigration policy in the past decade has led to the increase of highly skilled Hong Kong immigrants. However, Australia has not been able to retain all of them.. Read More

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April 1998
1 Read

Transience and settlement: Singapore's foreign labor policy.

Authors:
D Wong

Asian Pac Migr J 1997 ;6(2):135-67

"Foreigners constitute 15 percent of the population and over 20 percent of the labor force in Singapore... Read More

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Canada's changing immigration policy: implications for Asian immigrants.

Authors:
J S Frideres

Asian Pac Migr J 1996 ;5(4):449-70

"The present paper reviews Canadian immigration policy and assesses the current situation. An analysis of the 1994 immigration consultation process is presented which led to the new changes in immigration policy. Recent changes in the organizational structure of the Department of Citizenship and Immigration and its policy are evaluated. Read More

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Impact of migration on rural employment and earnings in the Western Development Region of Nepal.

Authors:
I P Tiwari

Asian Pac Migr J 1996 ;5(4):417-48

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September 1998

Determinants of migration values and expectations in rural Thailand.

Asian Pac Migr J 1996 ;5(4):399-416

"Based on the argument that values and expectations underlie behavioral motives, this study explores the determinants of migration-related values and expectations, and whether they are intervening factors in explaining intentions to move among residents of rural northeast Thailand. Data from the 1992 National Migration Survey of Thailand identify four migration-related value-expectancy dimensions: income, affiliation, stimulation, and comfort. Logistic regression analysis shows that landownership and being married are associated with higher expectations, while a diversified village economy, a village economy development program, and a younger and extended household structure are associated with lower expectations of attaining valued goals in the local rural village. Read More

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International trade in services: a growing trend among highly skilled migrants with special reference to Asia.

Authors:
P Garnier

Asian Pac Migr J 1996 ;5(4):367-97

"An essential component of trade in services is cross-border movements of service providers... Read More

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February 1998

Philippines and Indonesia: on the way to a migration transition.

Authors:
R Amjad

Asian Pac Migr J 1996 ;5(2-3):339-66

"This paper, in a comparative analysis of the Philippines and Indonesia, examines first under what conditions can migration favorably contribute to the process of economic development and then to what extent can economic growth impact upon reducing emigration pressures in these labor surplus economies. The paper also argues that there is still considerable scope for putting in place [an] agreed set of rules and policies to ensure better protection for the more vulnerable migrants." Read More

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The migration transition in Malaysia.

Authors:
L L Lim

Asian Pac Migr J 1996 ;5(2-3):319-37

"Exploring the unique experience of migration transition in Malaysia, this paper identifies the turning points in relation to the level and nature of economic and labor market developments in Malaysia. Examining the development dynamics that mark the passage from exporting labor to depending on foreign labor, the paper concludes that such dynamics are influenced not only by economic but also sociocultural, demographic and policy factors. Several lessons from the Malaysian experience are drawn at the end to be utilized by other countries that still have to reach the turning points of the migration transition. Read More

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June 1997
1 Read

Economic interdependence and migration dynamics in Asia.

Authors:
W B Kim

Asian Pac Migr J 1996 ;5(2-3):303-17

"This paper searches first for alternative explanations about migration dynamics and, in particular, the migration transition in Asian countries. It raises the question whether increasing economic interdependence will increase labor mobility and attempts to explain the association between them with a simple model. Countries in the region are divided [into] three groups with regard to international labor migration: transitional, non-transitional exporters, and non-transitional importers. Read More

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Recruiting and managing of foreign workers in Taiwan.

Authors:
J S Lee S W Wang

Asian Pac Migr J 1996 ;5(2-3):281-301

"The first part of this article reviews the reasons for a labor migration policy in Taiwan and the characteristics of foreign workers currently employed in the country. The second part examines the procedures and practices for recruiting and managing labor migrants and explores the reasons for the biggest issue in.. Read More

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December 1997

Typology and conditions of migrant workers in South Korea.

Authors:
S D Kang

Asian Pac Migr J 1996 ;5(2-3):265-79

"After presenting the three major types of migrant workers currently in South Korea--professional employees, technical trainees and illegal workers--this article examines the role of contractors and other middle-men to expose the possibility of ┬┐intermediary exploitation'. The results of such exploitation are illustrated in the living and working conditions of foreign workers." Read More

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December 1997

Foreign workers recruiting policies in Japan.

Authors:
T Nagayama

Asian Pac Migr J 1996 ;5(2-3):241-64

"This article presents the basic characteristics of the foreign workers recruiting policy in Japan, which consists [of] barring entry to unskilled workers, and confronts it with the actual tolerance for a large number of illegal unskilled workers. After a historical overview of the reasons for the current policy, the article examines elements which reveal that a seclusionist policy is based on mistaken assumptions and reviews policy options to deal with the issue of illegal migration." Read More

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December 1997

Labor contracting in international migration: the Japanese case and implications for Asia.

Authors:
Y Okunishi

Asian Pac Migr J 1996 ;5(2-3):219-40

"This paper is intended to be a prelude of a study on intermediaries in international migration in Asia, based primarily on the Japanese case. In the next section, I introduce the legal framework of labor contracting in Japan.. Read More

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Labor contractors: a conceptual overview.

Authors:
P M Martin

Asian Pac Migr J 1996 ;5(2-3):201-18

"The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of labor brokering or contracting that helps to explain why employers turn to foreign workers to fill certain vacant jobs, and how the presence of foreign workers brought to a country by labor contractors can affect the size and duration of migration flows. The major conclusion is that East Asian policies that aim to avoid the settlement of unskilled foreign workers also make labor brokering a prominent feature of labor migration and migrant labor markets in the region." Read More

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Prospects for cooperative management of international migration in the 21st century.

Asian Pac Migr J 1996 ;5(2-3):175-99

"This essay attempts, first, to identify patterns and trends from an overview of the modern history of international migration. It examines, then, aspects of human agency and macro-systematic factors to sift for clues as to the future role of international migration and prospects for cooperation management of it. Finally, specific features of the regional migration system in Asia are identified, which will contribute to shape the future course of international migration. Read More

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International labor migration of Asian women: distinctive characteristics and policy concerns.

Authors:
L L Lim N Oishi

Asian Pac Migr J 1996 ;5(1):85-116

"The feminization of women in international labor migration has been most pronounced in the case of Asia, with women moving in their own right as economic migrants and faced with regulatory and social constraints, gender discrimination and exploitation in countries of origin and destination. Asian countries, both sending and receiving, have been experimenting with gender-sensitive migration policies and programs. This paper describes the characteristics of Asian female labor migration, examines policy dimensions and suggests action to bridge the gaps between policy dimensions and implementation. Read More

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February 1997

A contribution of the Asian female immigrants into the Canadian population.

Authors:
M Michalowski

Asian Pac Migr J 1996 ;5(1):53-83

"In Canada, the proportion of women among immigrants fluctuates around 50 percent, with a slight increase in recent years. Another important characteristic of immigration.. Read More

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February 1997

Issues in research on women, international migration and labor.

Authors:
S M Lee

Asian Pac Migr J 1996 ;5(1):5-26

"This paper discusses several themes that are useful in organizing research on women, migration, and work, and consists of four parts. It begins with a review of types of migration systems and highlights the importance of specifying migration systems when examining women migrants and work. The main theoretical approaches in migration and labor are discussed in the second part of the paper. Read More

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February 1997

Gender, international migration and social reproduction: implications for theory, policy, research and networking.

Authors:
Truong T-d

Asian Pac Migr J 1996 ;5(1):27-52

"This paper aims to contribute to the development of an analytical framework that provides the space for the understanding of female migrants as reproductive workers in a cross-national transfer of labor. It will first provide some hypothetical guidelines for the explanation of female migration in the context of reproductive labor. Based on accessible data, a discussion on the case of Japan will be presented to highlight the main issues and problems concerning female migrants as reproductive workers. Read More

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February 1997

Migrant women domestic workers in Hong Kong, Singapore and Taiwan: a comparative analysis.

Authors:
S J Cheng

Asian Pac Migr J 1996 ;5(1):139-52

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January 1998

Foreign domestic workers in Singapore.

Authors:
D Wong

Asian Pac Migr J 1996 ;5(1):117-38

"This paper discusses the regulatory and economic context of Filipina migration into domestic waged labor in Singapore. It places this migration in the history of female rural-urban migration as well as the history of domestic labor in Singapore. Finally, it raises the question as to why domestic waged labor has persisted in the global capitalist economy. Read More

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February 1997