5,216 results match your criteria Asia-pacific Education Researcher[Journal]


The State of Pediatric Research in Hawai'i: A Comparative Bibliometric Analysis.

Hawaii J Health Soc Welf 2020 May;79(5 Suppl 1):55-63

Department of Pediatrics, John A. Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawai'i at Manoa, Honolulu, HI.

The current state of pediatric research in Hawai'i was analyzed using bibliometric methods. The Web of Science bibliometric database was used to retrieve 989 Hawai'i records, which were compared with 264 064 records from the United States (US). Hawai'i was compared to the country as a whole in terms of total output of research, article types, top journals, co-authorship, and subject areas. Read More

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A report of the Social Vital Signs Workshop at WONCA Asia Pacific Regional Conference 2019.

J Gen Fam Med 2020 May 18;21(3):92-93. Epub 2020 Feb 18.

Division of Medical Education Faculty of Medicine Juntendo University Tokyo Japan.

We, Team SAIL, held the workshop at WONCA APR Conference 2019 for presenting the concept of Social Vital Signs (SVS) to an international audience. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jgf2.304DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7260155PMC

Comparative analysis of regional outcomes and adverse events after continuous-flow left ventricular assist device implantation: An IMACS analysis.

J Heart Lung Transplant 2020 May 16. Epub 2020 May 16.

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, New York.

Introduction: Regional outcomes after implantation of continuous-flow left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) have not been described. We examined differences in patient selection, survival, and adverse events across 3 geographic regions of the world: the Americas, Asia-Pacific, and Europe.

Methods: Using data from The International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation Mechanically Assisted Circulatory Support registry, all adult patients implanted with a continuous-flow LVADs were included in this International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation Mechanically Assisted Circulatory Support analysis (n = 15,560), of whom, 9,988 (64%) received axial-flow devices and 5,572 (36%) received centrifugal-flow devices. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.healun.2020.05.001DOI Listing

Spatiotemporal analyses of foot and mouth disease outbreaks in cattle farms in Chiang Mai and Lamphun, Thailand.

BMC Vet Res 2020 Jun 1;16(1):170. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Veterinary Public Health Centre for Asia Pacific and Excellent Center for Veterinary Public Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

Background: Foot and mouth disease (FMD) is a highly infectious and contagious febrile vesicular disease of cloven-hoofed livestock with high socio-economic consequences globally. In Thailand, FMD is endemic with 183 and 262 outbreaks occurring in the years 2015 and 2016, respectively. In this study, we aimed to assess the spatiotemporal distribution of FMD outbreaks among cattle in Chiang Mai and Lamphun provinces in the northern part of Thailand during the period of 2015-2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-020-02392-6DOI Listing

Mind the gaps: age and cause specific mortality and life expectancy in the older population of South Korea and Japan.

BMC Public Health 2020 Jun 1;20(1):819. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Department of Public Health Science, Graduate School of Public Health, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea.

Background: Recent life expectancy gains in high-income Asia-pacific countries have been largely the result of postponement of death from non-communicable diseases in old age, causing rapid demographic ageing. This study compared and quantified age- and cause-specific contributions to changes in old-age life expectancy in two high-income Asia-pacific countries with ageing populations, South Korea and Japan.

Methods: This study used Pollard's actuarial method of decomposing life expectancy to compare age- and cause-specific contributions to changes in old-age life expectancy between South Korea and Japan during 1997 and 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08978-xDOI Listing

Faculty development in medical education: an environmental scan in countries within the Asia pacific region.

Korean J Med Educ 2020 Jun 28;32(2):119-130. Epub 2020 May 28.

Department of Medical Education, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Purpose: In recent years, faculty development (FD) research is more noticeable within an inter-professional context and in allied health education. However, there is a paucity of published literature on FD medical education programs in Asia. With the formation of the Asia Pacific Medical Education Network (APME-Net) in 2015, a scoping review of an environmental scan of FD medical education programs in main institutions in South East Asia and Australia in 2018 was conducted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3946/kjme.2020.160DOI Listing

Guidelines for Complementary Feeding of Infants in the Asia Pacific Region: APACPH Public Health Nutrition Group.

Asia Pac J Public Health 2020 May 30:1010539520931328. Epub 2020 May 30.

Chengdu Women's and Children's Central Hospital, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, China.

Good nutrition in the first "1000 days," including breastfeeding and appropriate complementary foods, prepares for a healthy childhood and adult life, also contributes to the prevention of the double burden of malnutrition. Exclusive breastfeeding provides all required nutrients until an infant is around 6 months of age when complementary foods are needed. A literature review was undertaken of complementary foods in the Asia Pacific region. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1010539520931328DOI Listing

International Association of Contact Lens Educators: Exceptional education-Exponential impact.

Indian J Ophthalmol 2020 Jun;68(6):984-987

International Association of Contact Lens Educators, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

The International Association of Contact Lens Educators (IACLE) is the leading provider of educational and information resources essential to contact lens educators worldwide. The New IACLE Contact Lens Course is its most important resource, used by members around the world to teach their students, the contact lens practitioners of the future. In 2019, IACLE celebrated the 40th Anniversary of its founding meeting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijo.IJO_2065_19DOI Listing

Current cannabis-related situation in the Asia-Pacific region.

Curr Opin Psychiatry 2020 Jul;33(4):352-359

Drug Dependence Research Center, WHO Collaborating Centre for Research and Training in Drug Dependence, Health and Social Science and Addiction Research Unit, College of Public Health Sciences, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Purpose Of Review: We present information on cannabis policy, demand, and supply in the Asia-Pacific region.

Method: A systematic review of peer-reviewed articles using PubMed, MEDLINE, and reliable sources was conducted. We classified the policy implemented in each country into conducting research, legalization of medical and recreational use, decriminalization, cultivation, and others. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/YCO.0000000000000616DOI Listing

Genetic Variations of RAD51 and XRCC2 Genes Increase the Risk of Colorectal Cancer in Bangladeshi Population.

Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2020 May 1;21(5):1445-1451. Epub 2020 May 1.

Department of Pharmacy, BGC Trust University Bangladesh, Chandanaish, Chittagong-4381, Bangladesh.

Objectives: In case of Bangladeshi population, no report is observed till now showing the genetic variations of RAD51 (rs1801320) and XRCC2 (rs3218536) genes polymorphism having association with colorectal cancer risk. For this reason the aim of this study is to ascertain their interrelation with colorectal cancer occurrence in Bangladeshi population.

Materials And Methods: A case control study was conducted where 200 colorectal cancer patients and 200 healthy volunteers were figured for this research using Polymerase Chain Reaction-Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (PCR-RFLP). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31557/APJCP.2020.21.5.1445DOI Listing

Weight-for-age distributions among children with HIV on antiretroviral therapy in the International epidemiology Databases to Evaluate AIDS (IeDEA) multiregional consortium.

BMC Res Notes 2020 May 24;13(1):249. Epub 2020 May 24.

The Medical Practice Evaluation Center, Boston, MA, USA.

Objective: Pediatric antiretroviral therapy (ART) for children with HIV (CHIV) must be dosed appropriately for children's changing weights as they grow. To inform accurate estimates of ART formulations and doses needed, we described weight-for-age distributions among CHIV on ART in the IeDEA global pediatric collaboration between 2004 and 2016, using data from six regions (East, West, Central, and Southern Africa, Asia-Pacific, and Central/South America and the Caribbean).

Results: Overall, 59,862 children contributed to the analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-020-05081-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7245795PMC

Clinical practice guidance for hepatology and liver transplant providers during the COVID-19 pandemic: APASL expert panel consensus recommendations.

Hepatol Int 2020 May 23. Epub 2020 May 23.

Department of Hepatology, Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Background: Confronting a once-in-a-century pandemic with COVID-19, tremendous stress has been placed in all walks of life worldwide.

Aims: In order to enhance scientific information interflow in the arena of liver diseases in Asia-Pacific region during this difficult time, Asian-Pacific Association for the Study of the Liver (APASL) has taken the initiative to form the APASL COVID-19 Taskforce to formulate a clinical practice guidance in Hepatology, liver-related oncology, transplantation and conduct of clinical trials.

Methods: A taskforce with 22 key opinion leaders in Hepatology from 16 countries or administration regions in Asia-Pacific regions was formed and through intense interaction via webinar, this guidance was formulated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12072-020-10054-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7245190PMC

Serum insulin-like growth factor-1 and relaxin-3 are linked with major depressive disorder.

Asian J Psychiatr 2020 May 11;53:102164. Epub 2020 May 11.

Department of Pharmacy, University of Asia Pacific, 74/A Green Road, Farmgate, Dhaka, 1215, Bangladesh. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajp.2020.102164DOI Listing

Utilisation and Determinants of Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Mutation Testing in Patients with Non-small Cell Lung Cancer in Routine Clinical Practice: A Global Systematic Review.

Target Oncol 2020 May 22. Epub 2020 May 22.

Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Population Health, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.

Background: Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation testing is recommended for selecting patients with non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) for EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor drug treatment.

Objective: The objective of this article was to systematically review available evidence on the utilisation and determinants of EGFR mutation testing of patients with NSCLC in routine clinical practice.

Patients And Methods: Searches were made of five electronic databases (Web of Science, MEDLINE [Ovid], Science Direct, EMBASE and Scopus), bibliographies of relevant articles, studies that cited included studies and relevant cancer websites. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11523-020-00718-wDOI Listing

Colossal flexoresistance in dielectrics.

Nat Commun 2020 May 22;11(1):2586. Epub 2020 May 22.

Department of Physics, Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), Pohang, 37673, Korea.

Dielectrics have long been considered as unsuitable for pure electrical switches; under weak electric fields, they show extremely low conductivity, whereas under strong fields, they suffer from irreversible damage. Here, we show that flexoelectricity enables damage-free exposure of dielectrics to strong electric fields, leading to reversible switching between electrical states-insulating and conducting. Applying strain gradients with an atomic force microscope tip polarizes an ultrathin film of an archetypal dielectric SrTiO via flexoelectricity, which in turn generates non-destructive, strong electrostatic fields. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-16207-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7244591PMC

Determining standardized causes of death of infants, children, and adolescents living with HIV in Asia.

AIDS 2020 May 20. Epub 2020 May 20.

The Kirby Institute, UNSW Sydney, Sydney, Australia, for IeDEA Asia-Pacific.

Objective: To implement a standardized cause of death (CoDe) reporting and review process in order to systematically disaggregate causes of HIV-related deaths in a cohort of Asian children and adolescents.

Design: Death-related data were retrospectively and prospectively assessed in a longitudinal regional cohort study.

Methods: Children under routine HIV care at sites in Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, and Vietnam between 2008-2017 were followed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/QAD.0000000000002583DOI Listing

The dynamics of the aggressive order during a crisis.

PLoS One 2020 22;15(5):e0232820. Epub 2020 May 22.

College of Business, Chosun University, Gwangju, Republic of Korea.

We investigate the dynamics of aggressive order in the financial market to further understand volatility. To analyze aggressive order, market orders in the order book are scrutinized. The market orders have different degrees of aggressiveness; therefore, we categorize market orders into four types: types Zero, One, A, and B, of which type B is the most aggressive. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0232820PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7244114PMC

Impact of the gonococcal FC428 allele 60.001 on ceftriaxone resistance and biological fitness.

Emerg Microbes Infect 2020 May 22:1-34. Epub 2020 May 22.

Institute of Dermatology, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Nanjing, China.

Global dissemination of the ceftriaxone-resistant FC428 clone jeopardizes the currently recommended ceftriaxone-based first-line therapies. Ceftriaxone resistance in the FC428 clone has been associated with presence of its mosaic allele 60.001. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/22221751.2020.1773325DOI Listing

Quantitative material decomposition using linear iterative near-field phase retrieval (LIPR) dual-energy X-ray imaging.

Phys Med Biol 2020 May 21. Epub 2020 May 21.

School of Physics, Monash University, Wellington Road, Clayton, 3800, AUSTRALIA.

This paper expands the LIPR formalism to achieve quantitative material thickness decomposition. Propagation-based phase contrast X-ray imaging with subsequent phase retrieval has been shown to improve the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) by factors of up to hundreds compared to conventional X-ray imaging. This is a key step in biomedical imaging, where radiation exposure must be kept low without compromising the SNR. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1361-6560/ab9558DOI Listing

Altered serum interleukin-7 and interleukin-10 are associated with drug-free major depressive disorder.

Ther Adv Psychopharmacol 2020 28;10:2045125320916655. Epub 2020 Apr 28.

Department of Pharmacy, University of Asia Pacific, 74/A Green Road, Farmgate, Dhaka-1215, Bangladesh.

Background: Abnormal expression of inflammatory cytokines in major depressive disorder (MDD) suggests the activation of an inflammatory process. The pattern of alterations in cytokine levels is still ambiguous. The present study aimed to evaluate interleukin-7 (IL-7) and interleukin-10 (IL-10) for their involvement in the pathophysiology of MDD and determine their relationships with depression risk. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2045125320916655DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7225792PMC

Investigation of systemic isosporosis outbreaks in an aviary of greenfinch (Carduelis chloris) and goldfinch (Carduelis carduelis) and a possible link with local wild sparrows (Passer domesticus).

Aust Vet J 2020 May 20. Epub 2020 May 20.

Faculty of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences, The University of Melbourne, Werribee, Victoria, 3030, Australia.

Case Report: An outbreak of systemic isosporosis caused mortalities in greenfinches (Carduelis chloris) and goldfinches (Carduelis carduelis) kept in an aviary in the western suburbs of Melbourne. The following year, a further outbreak in the same aviary occurred in a different flock of goldfinches. At the time of the second outbreak, dead and sick common sparrows (Passer domesticus) discovered near the aviary were also found to have systemic isosporosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/avj.12947DOI Listing

Adapting a health video library for use in Afghanistan: provider-level acceptability and lessons for strengthening operational feasibility.

Hum Resour Health 2020 May 19;18(1):35. Epub 2020 May 19.

Global Health, Population and Nutrition, FHI 360, Durham, NC, USA.

Background: Community health workers (CHWs) in Afghanistan are a critical care extender for primary health services, including reproductive, maternal, neonatal, and child health (RMNCH) care. However, volunteer CHWs face challenges including an ever-expanding number of tasks and insufficient time to conduct them. We piloted a health video library (HVL) intervention, a tablet-based tool to improve health promotion and counseling by CHWs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12960-020-00477-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7236098PMC

Coronavirus (COVID-19) - An epidemic or pandemic for financial markets.

J Behav Exp Finance 2020 May 16:100341. Epub 2020 May 16.

Suleman Dawood School of Business, Lahore University of Management Sciences (LUMS), Lahore, Pakistan.

The novel Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has quickly evolved from a provincial health scare to a global meltdown. While it has brought nearly half the world to a standstill it has affected the financial markets in unseen ways by eroding a quarter of wealth in nearly a month. This paper investigates the reaction of financial markets globally in terms of their decline and volatility as Coronavirus epicentre moved from China to Europe and then to the US. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbef.2020.100341DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7229737PMC

Mapping national REDD+ initiatives in the Asia-Pacific region.

J Environ Manage 2020 May 15;269:110763. Epub 2020 May 15.

Asia Network for Sustainable Agriculture and Bioresources (ANSAB), Nepal.

Countries in the Asia-Pacific region are pioneers in the implementation of climate change mitigation initiatives. They have implemented readiness activities to fulfil the requirements for results-based payments from the forestry sector (termed REDD+). Using content analysis, a questionnaire, and a series of workshops with key stakeholders, we mapped the REDD + readiness of 11 Asia-Pacific countries with respect to UNFCCC's resolutions on REDD+. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2020.110763DOI Listing

Estimating a novel stochastic model for within-field disease dynamics of banana bunchy top virus via approximate Bayesian computation.

PLoS Comput Biol 2020 May 18;16(5):e1007878. Epub 2020 May 18.

School of Mathematical Sciences, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia.

The Banana Bunchy Top Virus (BBTV) is one of the most economically important vector-borne banana diseases throughout the Asia-Pacific Basin and presents a significant challenge to the agricultural sector. Current models of BBTV are largely deterministic, limited by an incomplete understanding of interactions in complex natural systems, and the appropriate identification of parameters. A stochastic network-based Susceptible-Infected-Susceptible model has been created which simulates the spread of BBTV across the subsections of a banana plantation, parameterising nodal recovery, neighbouring and distant infectivity across summer and winter. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1007878DOI Listing

Social Distancing against COVID-19: Implication for the Control of Influenza.

J Korean Med Sci 2020 May 18;35(19):e182. Epub 2020 May 18.

Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Social distancing has been adopted as one of basic protective measures against coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). During 2019-2020 season, influenza epidemic period was exceptionally short and epidemic peak was low in comparison with previous seasons in Korea. Influenza epidemic pattern was bimodal in 2016-2017 and 2018-2019 seasons, however, influenza viruses have rarely been circulating in spring, 2020 in Korea. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2020.35.e182DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7234863PMC

Ceftazidime-Avibactam Activity against a Challenge Set of Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacterales: Ompk36 L3 Alterations and β-Lactamases with Ceftazidime Hydrolytic Activity Lead to Elevated MIC Values.

Int J Antimicrob Agents 2020 May 14:106011. Epub 2020 May 14.

JMI Laboratories, North Liberty, IA 52317.

Ceftazidime-avibactam activity against carbapenem-resistant Enterobacterales (CRE) clinical isolates and resistance mechanisms among non-metallo β-lactamase (MBL) producers displaying ceftazidime-avibactam MIC values at 4 mg/L was studied. CRE isolates (286/8161 Enterobacterales) collected in Asia-Pacific, Europe and Latin America during 2016 were screened for carbapenemase genes. Selected isolates were susceptibility tested for ceftazidime-avibactam in the presence/absence of phenylalanine-arginyl β-naphthylamide (PAβN) and polymyxin B nonapeptide (PMBN). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijantimicag.2020.106011DOI Listing

Pollutant removal from landfill leachate employing two-stage constructed wetland mesocosms: co-treatment with municipal sewage.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2020 May 16. Epub 2020 May 16.

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Asia Pacific, Dhaka, 1205, Bangladesh.

Constructed wetlands are low-cost, natural technologies that are often employed for the treatment of different types of wastewater. In this study, landfill leachate and municipal wastewater were co-treated by the three parallel two-stage Phragmites- or Vetiver-based constructed wetland mesocosms. Two-stage wetland mesocosms included vertical flow (VF) units as the first stage, followed by horizontal flow (HF)/surface flow (SF)/floating treatment (FT) units. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-020-09208-yDOI Listing

Metabolomics analyses to characterize metabolic alterations in Korean native calves by oral vitamin A supplementation.

Sci Rep 2020 May 15;10(1):8092. Epub 2020 May 15.

Department of Animal Science and Technology, Sanghuh College of Life Sciences, Konkuk University, Seoul, 05029, Korea.

Previous studies have reported that vitamin A administration in the birth stage of calves could promote preadipocyte and muscle development. However, the metabolic change after vitamin A administration remains unknown. Thus, the objective of this study was to perform metabonomics analyses to investigate the effect of vitamin A in Korean native calves. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-65023-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7228984PMC

Asia Pacific Association of Allergy Asthma and Clinical Immunology and Workshop on Eosinophils in Allergy and Related Diseases.

Asia Pac Allergy 2020 Apr 28;10(2):e23. Epub 2020 Apr 28.

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Saitama Medical University, Saitama, Japan.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5415/apallergy.2020.10.e23DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7203433PMC

Children and Women's Health in South East Asia: Gap Analysis and Solutions.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 May 12;17(10). Epub 2020 May 12.

International Health Policy Program, Ministry of Public Health, Nonthaburi 11000, Thailand.

In response to the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) commitment, eight selected countries in the South East Asia region have made a remarkable reduction in infant and child mortality, while a few have achieved an SDG 3.2 target of 25 and 12 for child and neonatal mortality rate, respectively, well before 2030. Across these eight countries, there is a large variation in the achievement of the nine dimensions of maternal, neonatal, and child health service coverage. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17103366DOI Listing

Where is the patient's chair? Differences in general practitioner consultation room layouts - an exploratory questionnaire.

F1000Res 2019 15;8:1439. Epub 2019 Aug 15.

Health Promotion in Rural Areas Research Group, Institut Català de la Salut, Sant Fruitós de Bages, Spain.

Background: Consultation room design varies from country to country. The layout of a general practitioner's (GP's) consulting room may influence the physician's or patient's experience. The aim of this study is to explore and investigate the layout of GP's consulting rooms around the world and to describe any significant differences. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12688/f1000research.19565.2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7194339PMC

Infection of dogs with SARS-CoV-2.

Nature 2020 May 14. Epub 2020 May 14.

School of Public Health, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, Hong Kong, China.

SARS-CoV-2 emerged in Wuhan in December 2019 and caused the pandemic respiratory disease, COVID-19. In 2003, the closely related SARS-CoV had been detected in domestic cats and a dog. However, little is known about the susceptibility of domestic pet mammals to SARS-CoV-2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41586-020-2334-5DOI Listing
May 2020
42.351 Impact Factor

A case of gonococcal meningitis caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae MLST ST7363 in a healthy young adult.

J Infect Chemother 2020 May 10. Epub 2020 May 10.

Division of Infectious Diseases, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

A 37-year-old healthy man was admitted with fever, skin rash, migratory arthralgia, and headache without preceding urogenital symptoms. Sexual contact history and positive CSF culture for Neisseria gonorrhoeae using BacT/Alert blood culture bottles were diagnostic for gonococcal meningitis. Multilocus sequence typing of this isolate showed sequence type (ST) 7363, the most predominant ST among ceftriaxone-resistant strains. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jiac.2020.04.002DOI Listing

Mycoplasma gallisepticum strain ts-304 is a safe and effective live attenuated vaccine for use in chickens.

Vet Microbiol 2020 May 23;244:108654. Epub 2020 Mar 23.

Asia-Pacific Centre for Animal Health, Melbourne Veterinary School, Faculty of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, 3010, Australia.

Vaxsafe MG (strain ts-11) is a live attenuated vaccine against the important poultry pathogen Mycoplasma gallisepticum that has been used globally to improve poultry health. However, the majority of the bacterial cells in Vaxsafe MG do not express the GapA cytadhesin, reducing their capacity to colonise the respiratory tract. Vaxsafe MG (strain ts-304) is a GapA positive clone recovered from Vaxsafe MG (strain ts-11) that has been shown to be safe and efficacious in turkeys, and preliminary studies have suggested that Vaxsafe MG (strain ts-304) may have greater efficacy in chickens than Vaxsafe MG (ts-11). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vetmic.2020.108654DOI Listing

Not sick enough to worry? "Influenza-like" symptoms and work-related behavior among healthcare workers and other professionals: Results of a global survey.

PLoS One 2020 13;15(5):e0232168. Epub 2020 May 13.

Department of Medical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, Canisius-Wilhelmina Hospital (CWZ), Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

Background: Healthcare workers (HCWs) and non-HCWs may contribute to the transmission of influenza-like illness (ILI) to colleagues and susceptible patients by working while sick (presenteeism). The present study aimed to explore the views and behavior of HCWs and non-HCWs towards the phenomenon of working while experiencing ILI.

Methods: The study was a cross-sectional online survey conducted between October 2018 and January 2019 to explore sickness presenteeism and the behaviour of HCWs and non-HCWs when experiencing ILI. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0232168PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7219706PMC
May 2020
3.234 Impact Factor

CORR® International-Asia-Pacific: Adding Another String to Your Bow.

Authors:
Tae Kyun Kim

Clin Orthop Relat Res 2020 Jun;478(6):1202-1204

T. K. Kim, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, TK Orthopedic Surgery, Seongnam, Korea.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CORR.0000000000001262DOI Listing

Antimicrobial susceptibilities of isolated in 12 Asia-Pacific countries, 2014-15.

Antimicrob Agents Chemother 2020 May 11. Epub 2020 May 11.

School of Medical and Health Sciences, Edith Cowan University, Perth, Australia.

causes toxin-mediated diarrhoea and pseudomembranous colitis, primarily among hospital inpatients. Outbreaks of infection (CDI) have been caused by strains with acquired antimicrobial resistance, particularly fluoroquinolone resistance, including ribotype (RT) 027 in North America and Europe, and RT 017, the most common strain in Asia. Despite being the most common cause of hospital-acquired infection in high-income countries, and frequent misuse of antimicrobials in Asia, little is known about CDI in the Asia-Pacific region. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/AAC.00296-20DOI Listing

Reaching the sustainable development goals through healthy environments: are we on track?

Eur J Public Health 2020 Mar;30(Supplement_1):i14-i18

World Health Organization European Centre for Environment and Health, Bonn, Germany.

The adoption of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development in 2015 opened new opportunities to work towards healthy environments through 'whole of government' and 'whole of society' approaches. It created a strong policy platform that acknowledges health as a result and an enabler of sustainable policies across all sectors of government. Five years into the process, an initial analysis of emerging trends indicates that, despite some encouraging developments in policy as well as overall progress in economy and technology, there remains a gap between rhetoric, ambition and reality. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/ckaa028DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7213421PMC

Fast-tracking the end of HIV in the Asia Pacific region: domestic funding of key population-led and civil society organisations.

Lancet HIV 2020 May;7(5):e366-e372

Thai Red Cross AIDS Research Centre, Bangkok, Thailand.

Ending AIDS in Asia Pacific by 2030 requires countries to give higher priority to financing community-based and key population-led service delivery. Mechanisms must be developed for civil society organisations to deliver health and HIV/AIDS services for key populations, especially men who have sex with men, and transgender people, within national health policy frameworks. Current investments in the HIV response in the Asia Pacific region reflect inadequate HIV financing for key populations, particularly for civil society and key population-led organisations that are optimally positioned to advance HIV epidemic control. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2352-3018(20)30077-1DOI Listing

Validity of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire-Short Form for Application in Asian Countries: A Study in Vietnam.

Eval Health Prof 2020 Jun 19;43(2):105-109. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

School of Public Health, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.

This is the first study in the Asia-Pacific region to examine the criterion validity of the self-reported International Physical Activity Questionnaire-Short form (IPAQ-SF) using accelerometers, in terms of achieving the World Health Organization's (WHO) recommended physical activity guidelines for health benefits. Vietnamese adults aged 40-65 years ( = 240) wore an ActiGraph GT3X accelerometer for at least 5 days and completed the Vietnamese version of the IPAQ-SF. Correlations between IPAQ-SF and accelerometer-measured physical activity intensities varied from . Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0163278718819708DOI Listing

CHOICES IN ANTITHROMBOTIC MANAGEMENT FOR PATIENTS WITH ATRIAL FIBRILLATION UNDERGOING PERCUTANEOUS CORONARY INTERVENTION. QUESTIONS (AND ANSWERS) IN CHRONOLOGICAL SEQUENCE.

Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Pharmacother 2020 May 7. Epub 2020 May 7.

Liverpool Centre for Cardiovascular Science, University of Liverpool and Liverpool Heart & Chest Hospital, Thomas Drive, Liverpool L14 3PE, United Kingdom.

In accordance with the 2018 joint consensus document issued by the European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA), European Society of Cardiology (ESC) Working Group on Thrombosis, European Association of Percutaneous Cardiovascular Interventions (EAPCI), and European Association of Acute Cardiac Care (ACCA), and endorsed by the Heart Rhythm Society (HRS), Asia-Pacific Heart Rhythm Society (APHRS), Latin America Heart Rhythm Society (LAHRS), and Cardiac Arrhythmia Society of Southern Africa (CASSA), as well as other recent ESC Guidelines, the management of antithrombotic therapy of patients with atrial fibrillation undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention requires that multiple and interconnected issues, including, duration of initial triple antithrombotic therapy, selection of P2Y12 inhibitor, choice of oral anticoagulant to be combined with antiplatelet therapy, intensity of oral anticoagulation throughout combination therapy, and choice of oral anticoagulant for indefinite therapy, are addressed. To assist the responsible physician in clinical decision making, a series of practical questions are proposed and discussed in the chronological sequence they should likely be answered. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ehjcvp/pvaa047DOI Listing

Characteristics of Doctors' Fatality due to COVID-19 in Western Europe and Asia-Pacific countries.

QJM 2020 May 6. Epub 2020 May 6.

Medical Governance Research Institute, Tokyo, Japan.

Under the COVID-19 pandemic, the deaths of healthcare professionals have been increasingly reported worldwide. We performed a cross-sectional, observational study using news reports on the websites among selected countries as of April, 2020. We found 120 dead medical doctors due to COVID-19 in Western Europe and Asia-Pacific countries; 67 in Italy (47 in the Northern part), 34 in China (22 in Hubei), 6 in France, 4 in the UK, the US, and Spain, and 1 in South Korea, respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/qjmed/hcaa159DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7239123PMC

The prevalence, patterning and associations with depressive symptoms and self-rated health of emotional and economic intimate partner violence: a three-country population based study.

J Glob Health 2020 Jun;10(1):010415

Gender and Health Research Unit, South African Medical Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa.

Background: Emotional and economic intimate partner violence (IPV) are common. There remain outstanding questions: 1) whether the patterning of emotional and economic IPV varies across contexts, and whether the current indicators adequately capture this variation; 2) whether simply binary or more complex modelling strategies are appropriate; 3) whether health impacts of emotional and economic IPV are sustained in population-based studies, across multiple settings.

Methods: Ever partnered women (18-49 years) in cross-sectional, population-based data from three countries, China, Papua New Guinea (PNG) and Sri Lanka, from the United Nations Multi-country Study on Men and Violence in Asia and the Pacific. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7189/jogh.10.010415DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7182353PMC

[A survey on therapy strategies for rheumatoid arthritis in Chinese rheumatologists].

Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi 2020 May;59(5):375-379

Department of Rheumatology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450052, China.

To investigate how Chinese rheumatologists treated patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We performed a survey on the choices of first-line and second-line anti-RA therapies, prescription of methotrexate and glucocorticoids, assessment of disease activity and frequencies of follow-up at the Asia Pacific League of Associations for Rheumatology meeting 2016 in Shanghai. The majority (85. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.cn112138-20190910-00620DOI Listing

Survival after long-term ART exposure: findings from an Asian patient population retained in care beyond 5 years on ART.

Antivir Ther 2020 May 5. Epub 2020 May 5.

The Kirby Institute, UNSW Sydney, Kensington, NSW, Australia.

Background: This study investigated survival in people living with HIV being followed-up from five and ten years after antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation in a multi-country Asian cohort.

Methods: We included patients in follow-up >5 years after ART initiation. Factors associated with mortality beyond five and ten years on ART were analysed using competing risk regression with time-updated variables. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3851/IMP3358DOI Listing

Chelation therapy for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2020 05 5;5:CD002785. Epub 2020 May 5.

Department of Internal Medicine, Cardinal Santos Medical Center, San Juan City, Metro Manila, Philippines.

Background: Chelation therapy is promoted and practiced around the world as a form of alternative medicine in the treatment of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. It has been suggested as a safe, relatively inexpensive, non-surgical method of restoring blood flow in atherosclerotic vessels. However, there is currently limited high-quality, adequately-powered research informing evidence-based medicine on the topic, specifically regarding clinical outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD002785.pub2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7198985PMC

Molecular testing of metastatic non-small cell lung cancer in the Asia-Pacific region.

Respirology 2020 May 3. Epub 2020 May 3.

Department of Medicine, National University Hospital, Singapore.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/resp.13833DOI Listing