4,564 results match your criteria Asia-Pacific journal of sports medicine arthroscopy rehabilitation and technology[Journal]


Dietary Patterns and Determinants of Changing Diets in Bangladesh from 1985 to 2010.

Curr Dev Nutr 2019 Apr 21;3(4):nzy091. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Heidelberg Institute of Global Health, Heidelberg University, Heidelberg, Germany.

Background: The government of Bangladesh has implemented multiple policies since 1971 to provide the population with more diverse and nutritious diets.

Objective: The aim of this study was to examine the drivers of dietary change over time and the roles agriculture and economic development have played.

Methods: We used principal component analysis to derive dietary patterns from 7 cross-sectional rounds of the Bangladesh Household [Income and] Expenditure Survey. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/cdn/nzy091DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6459985PMC

Emerging respiratory infections threatening public health in the Asia-Pacific region: A position paper of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology.

Respirology 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Division of Pulmonary, Allergy and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, Anyang, Republic of Korea.

In past decades, we have seen several epidemics of respiratory infections from newly emerging viruses, most of which originated in animals. These emerging infections, including severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV), Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) and the pandemic influenza A(H1N1) and avian influenza (AI) viruses, have seriously threatened global health and the economy. In particular, MERS-CoV and AI A(H7N9) are still causing infections in several areas, and some clustering of cases of A(H5N1) and A(H7N9) may imply future possible pandemics. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/resp.13558
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/resp.13558DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Global, national, and urban burdens of paediatric asthma incidence attributable to ambient NO pollution: estimates from global datasets.

Lancet Planet Health 2019 Apr 10. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Milken Institute School of Public Health, George Washington University, Washington, DC, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Paediatric asthma incidence is associated with exposure to traffic-related air pollution (TRAP), but the TRAP-attributable burden remains poorly quantified. Nitrogen dioxide (NO) is a major component and common proxy of TRAP. In this study, we estimated the annual global number of new paediatric asthma cases attributable to NO exposure at a resolution sufficient to resolve intra-urban exposure gradients. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S25425196193004
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2542-5196(19)30046-4DOI Listing
April 2019
4 Reads

Long-term loss to follow-up in the TREAT Asia HIV Observational Database (TAHOD).

HIV Med 2019 Apr 12. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University & Sanglah Hospital, Bali, Indonesia.

Objectives: With earlier antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation, time spent in HIV care is expected to increase. We aimed to investigate loss to follow-up (LTFU) in Asian patients who remained in care 5 years after ART initiation.

Methods: Long-term LTFU was defined as LTFU occurring after 5 years on ART. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/hiv.12734
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/hiv.12734DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads
3.988 Impact Factor

Identification of influenza C virus in young South Korean children, from October 2013 to September 2016.

J Clin Virol 2019 Mar 27;115:47-52. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea; Asia Pacific Influenza Institute, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea. Electronic address:

Background: Influenza C virus has been largely neglected, compared to influenza A orB viruses, and is not routinely tested in clinical practices. However, several studies have indicated that influenza C virus causes severe acute respiratory illness and pneumonia in all ages.

Objective: We conducted a study to identify influenza C virus among young children in South Korea. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S13866532193007
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcv.2019.03.016DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

Immunogenicity and protection conferred by an optimized purified inactivated Zika vaccine in mice.

Vaccine 2019 Apr 6. Epub 2019 Apr 6.

Discovery Drive, Sanofi Pasteur Swiftwater, PA, USA.

After decades of inconsequential infections, and sporadic outbreaks in the Asia-Pacific region between 2007 and 2013, Zika virus caused a widespread epidemic in South America in 2015 that was complicated by severe congenital infections. After the WHO declared a Public Health Emergency of International Concern in February 2016, vaccine development efforts based on different platforms were initiated. Several candidates have since been evaluated in clinical phase I studies. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2019.04.013DOI Listing

Codon Usage Bias Analysis of : Higher Codon Adaptation to Host.

Viruses 2019 Apr 8;11(4). Epub 2019 Apr 8.

National Clonal Germplasm Repository for Citrus & Dates, United States Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service, Riverside, CA 92507, USA.

(CTV), a member of the aphid-transmitted closterovirus group, is the causal agent of the notorious tristeza disease in several citrus species worldwide. The codon usage patterns of viruses reflect the evolutionary changes for optimization of their survival and adaptation in their fitness to the external environment and the hosts. The codon usage adaptation of CTV to specific citrus hosts remains to be studied; thus, its role in CTV evolution is not clearly comprehended. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.mdpi.com/1999-4915/11/4/331
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/v11040331DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Indication for treatment and severity of disease in treatment-naive patients with chronic hepatitis B virus infection.

Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2019 Apr 5. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Center for Infectiology.

Background And Aims: The prevalence of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in Europe is poorly defined. Data on the proportion of patients eligible for therapy are lacking but are crucial to meet WHO elimination goals. The aims of our study were to provide an estimate of the need for antiviral treatment and to assess the prevalence of advanced liver disease in treatment-naive, chronic HBV-infected patients. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MEG.0000000000001409DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Knowledge and use of biosimilars in oncology: a survey by the European Society for Medical Oncology.

ESMO Open 2019 6;4(2):e000460. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

Department of Medical Oncology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.

Background: Biosimilars can potentially improve the sustainability of cancer care; however, uptake is sometimes limited by safety concerns and a lack of understanding of the concept of extrapolation. The European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) conducted a survey to assess the current level of knowledge, understanding and comfort of use of biosimilars among prescribers specialised in oncology.

Methods: A 19-question survey was developed using the SurveyMonkey online platform (https://www. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/esmoopen-2018-000460DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6435239PMC

WHO Thematic Platform for Health Emergency and Disaster Risk Management Research Network (TPRN): Report of the Kobe Expert Meeting.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 Apr 6;16(7). Epub 2019 Apr 6.

World Health Organization Centre for Health Development, Kobe 651-0073, Japan.

The WHO Thematic Platform for Health Emergency and Disaster Risk Management Research Network (TPRN) was established in 2016 in response to the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015⁻2030. The TPRN facilitates global collaborative action for improving the scientific evidence base in health emergency and disaster risk management (Health EDRM). In 2018, the WHO convened a meeting to identify key research questions, bringing together leading experts from WHO, TPRN, World Association for Disaster and Emergency Medicine (WADEM), and the Japan International Cooperation Agency, and delegates to the Asia Pacific Conference on Disaster Medicine (APCDM). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16071232DOI Listing

Mutation of oppF gene in the Mycoplasma synoviae MS-H vaccine strain and its implication for differential serological responses to vaccination versus field challenge.

Vet Microbiol 2019 Apr 22;231:48-55. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Asia Pacific Centre for Animal Health, Melbourne Veterinary School, Faculty of Veterinary & Agricultural Sciences, The University of Melbourne, Werribee, Victoria, 3030, Australia.

Mycoplasma synoviae (MS) is a major pathogen of poultry globally, causing chronic respiratory disease and arthritis. Vaccination is an effective means for the control of the disease. The MS-H vaccine is an attenuated strain developed through chemical mutagenesis of an Australian field strain, 86079/7NS. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03781135183108
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vetmic.2019.02.029DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Genotyping Mycoplasma gallisepticum by multilocus sequence typing.

Vet Microbiol 2019 Apr 15;231:191-196. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Institute for Veterinary Medical Research, Centre for Agricultural Research, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Hungária körút 21, Budapest 1143, Hungary; Department of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, University of Veterinary Medicine, Hungária körút 23-25, Budapest 1143, Hungary. Electronic address:

Mycoplasma gallisepticum causes chronic respiratory disease and reproductive disorders in many bird species, resulting in considerable economic losses to the poultry industry. Maintenance of M. gallisepticum-free flocks is the most adequate method to control infection. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vetmic.2019.03.016DOI Listing

Characterisation of the course of Mycoplasma bovis infection in naturally infected dairy herds.

Vet Microbiol 2019 Apr 9;231:107-115. Epub 2019 Mar 9.

Veterinary Bacteriology and Pathology, Research and Laboratory Division, Finnish Food Authority, Neulaniementie 4, 70210 Kuopio, Finland.

Mycoplasma bovis causes bovine respiratory disease, mastitis, arthritis and otitis. The importance of M. bovis has escalated because of recent outbreaks and introductions into countries previously free of M. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vetmic.2019.03.007DOI Listing

Clinical practice of diabetic pregnancy screening in Asia-Pacific Countries: a survey review.

Acta Diabetol 2019 Apr 6. Epub 2019 Apr 6.

Division of O&G, KK Women's and Children's Hospital, 100 Bukit Timah Road, Singapore, 229899, Singapore.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00592-019-01331-8DOI Listing

The practice patterns in the management of sebaceous carcinoma of the eyelid in the Asia Pacific region.

Eye (Lond) 2019 Apr 5. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Department of Ophthalmology, Hong Kong Eye Hospital, 147K Argyle Street, Kowloon, Hong Kong SAR, China.

Purpose: To determine the practice patterns of ophthalmic plastic surgeons regarding the management of eyelid sebaceous carcinoma (SC).

Methods: An electronic survey was distributed to oculoplastic surgical colleagues in the Asia Pacific region requesting clinical information and treatment approaches to SC.

Results: The responses from 192 respondents from the Asia Pacific region was included and analyzed in this study. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41433-019-0432-0DOI Listing

Expression and significance of Th17 cells and related factors in patients with autoimmune hepatitis.

Authors:
Jihong An

Comb Chem High Throughput Screen 2019 Apr 2. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Department of Infectious Diseases, Inner Mongolia People's Hospital, Inner Mongolia 010017. China.

Aim And Objective: This study aims to investigate the expression and clinical significance of Th17 cells and related factors in peripheral blood of patients with autoimmune hepatitis (AIH).

Materials And Methods: A retrospective selection of 100 patients with AIH were included as study group, and 100 healthy volunteers in the outpatient clinic were selected as the control group. The levels of IL-17, IL-6, IL-21 and TNF-α in peripheral blood of all subjects were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and the frequency of Th17 cells and Treg cells was detected by flow cytometry. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1386207322666190402160455DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Supporting the Management of Patients with Heart Failure within Asia-Pacific, Middle East, and African Countries: A Toolbox for Healthcare Providers.

Cardiology 2019 Apr 4;142 Suppl 1:1-10. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Charlotte Maxeke Johannesburg Academic Hospital, Gauteng, South Africa.

Objectives: The management of heart failure (HF) is most effective when established treatment guidelines and recommendations are followed. We aimed to develop a "Toolbox" of resources to facilitate the care of patients with acute HF and chronic HF with reduced ejection fraction delivered by healthcare professionals across Asia-Pacific, the Middle East and Africa (henceforth referred to as the "Region").

Methods: We convened a group of cardiologists from across the Region to develop a set of checklists, algorithms, and other practical resources. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000496663DOI Listing

From North American hegemony to global competition for scientific leadership? Insights from the Nobel population.

PLoS One 2019 3;14(4):e0213916. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Institute of Sociology, University of Wuppertal, Wuppertal, Germany.

Based on the entire population of Nobel laureates in science from 1901 to 2017, we show that North America's rise as global power in science started in the 1920s. Following a transition period (1940s to 1960s), its scientific hegemony was consolidated in the 1970s. Yet since the 2000s, North America's global leadership in science has come under pressure. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0213916PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6447154PMC

Systematic review and survey of Neisseria gonorrhoeae ceftriaxone and azithromycin susceptibility data in the Asia Pacific, 2011 to 2016.

PLoS One 2019 3;14(4):e0213312. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

WHO Collaborating Centre for Sexually Transmitted Infections and Antimicrobial Resistance, New South Wales Health Pathology, Microbiology, Prince of Wales Hospital, Randwick, New South Wales, Australia.

Background: Antimicrobial resistance in Neisseria gonorrhoeae is a global concern, with the ongoing emergence of ceftriaxone and azithromycin resistance threatening current treatment paradigms. To monitor the emergence of antimicrobial resistance in N. gonorrhoeae, the World Health Organization (WHO) Gonococcal Antimicrobial Surveillance Programme (GASP) has operated in the Western Pacific and South East Asian regions since 1992. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0213312PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6447224PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Integrative settings approach to workplace health promotion to address contemporary challenges for worker health in the Asia-Pacific.

Glob Health Promot 2019 Apr 3:1757975918816691. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

1. Centre for Environment and Population Health, Griffith University, Brisbane, Australia.

Workplaces in the rapidly industrializing Asia-Pacific region face growing pressures from high-speed development driven by global competition, migration and the aging of the workforce. Apart from addressing work-related injuries, workplaces in the region also have to deal with increasing occupational stress, chronic diseases and their associated socio-economic burden. Meanwhile, interventions in workplace health are still dominated by a narrow behavioral change model. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1757975918816691DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Practice Patterns in Parathyroid Surgery: A Survey of Asia-Pacific Parathyroid Surgeons.

World J Surg 2019 Apr 2. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Endocrine Surgery Unit, Department of Surgery, The Royal Melbourne Hospital, Epworth Freemason's Hospital, Melbourne University, 300 Grattan Street, Parkville, VIC, 3050, Australia.

Background: Practice variations exist amongst parathyroid surgeons depending on their expertise and resources. Our study aims to elucidate the choice of surgical techniques and adjuncts used in parathyroid surgery by surgeons in the Asia-Pacific region.

Methods: A 25-question online survey was sent to members of five endocrine surgery associations. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00268-019-04990-4DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Female genital cutting in Malaysia: a mixed-methods study.

BMJ Open 2019 Apr 1;9(4):e025078. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

College of Asia Pacific Studies, Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University, Beppu, Japan.

Objective: This study aimed to understand the reasons for the practice by the Muslim community, traditional practitioners and the views of religious scholars as well as the medicalisation trend of the practice of female genital cutting (FGC).

Design: This is a mixed-method (qualitative and quantitative) study. A questionnaire was created and used by three trained research assistants for the quantitative component of the study. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-025078DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Scrub typhus (Tsutsugamushi disease) in a patient presenting with hemophagocytic syndrome.

Immunol Med 2018 Jun 17;41(2):82-84. Epub 2018 Aug 17.

a Department of Rheumatology , Kawasaki Medical School , Kurashiki , Japan.

Scrub typhus is a mite-borne infectious disease caused by Orientia tsutsugamushi, which is found mainly in East and Southeast Asia and in Australia. The disease presents with a variety of non-specific symptoms, including fever, headache, cough, myalgia, and rash. Delay in starting appropriate antimicrobial therapy may lead to serious complications and even death. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13497413.2018.1481581DOI Listing
June 2018
1 Read

A Multinational Comparison of Anti-Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Use: The United States, the United Kingdom, and Asia-Pacific.

Ophthalmol Retina 2019 Jan 9;3(1):16-26. Epub 2018 Aug 9.

Department of Ophthalmology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York.

Purpose: A comparison of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) medication use across multiple countries.

Clinical Relevance: Anti-VEGF medication use is now considered first-line treatment for numerous retinal diseases globally. Exploring medication choices, costs within each healthcare system, policy challenges, emerging treatments, and patient access all provide insight into a newly recognized and major public health issue. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.oret.2018.08.002DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Enhancing Omega-3 Long-Chain Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid Content of Dairy-Derived Foods for Human Consumption.

Nutrients 2019 Mar 29;11(4). Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Animal Genetics and Nutrition, Veterinary Sciences Discipline, College of Public Health, Medical and Veterinary Sciences, Division of Tropical Health and Medicine, James Cook University, Townsville QLD 4811, Australia.

Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids ( PUFA) are termed essential fatty acids because they cannot be synthesized by humans due to the lack of delta-12 and delta-15 desaturase enzymes and must therefore be acquired from the diet. PUFA include α-linolenic acid (ALA, 18:3n-3), eicosapentaenoic (EPA, 20:5n-3), docosahexaenoic (DHA, 22:6n-3), and the less recognized docosapentaenoic acid (DPA, 22:5n-3). The three long-chain (≥C) PUFA (n-3 LC-PUFA), EPA, DHA, and DPA play an important role in human health by reducing the risk of chronic diseases. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11040743DOI Listing

Clinical and Epidemiological Patterns of Scrub Typhus, an Emerging Disease in Bhutan.

Trop Med Infect Dis 2019 Mar 29;4(2). Epub 2019 Mar 29.

School of Veterinary Science, Massey University, Palmerston North 4442, New Zealand.

Scrub typhus (ST) is a vector-borne rickettsial infection causing acute febrile illness. The re-emergence of ST in the Asia-Pacific region represents a serious public health threat. ST was first detected in Bhutan in 2008. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/tropicalmed4020056DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Network inference in stochastic systems from neurons to currencies: Improved performance at small sample size.

Phys Rev E 2019 Feb;99(2-1):023311

School of Computational Sciences, Korea Institute for Advanced Study, Seoul 02455, Korea.

The fundamental problem in modeling complex phenomena such as human perception using probabilistic methods is that of deducing a stochastic model of interactions between the constituents of a system from observed configurations. Even in this era of big data, the complexity of the systems being modeled implies that inference methods must be effective in the difficult regimes of small sample sizes and large coupling variability. Thus, model inference by means of minimization of a cost function requires additional assumptions such as sparsity of interactions to avoid overfitting. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevE.99.023311DOI Listing
February 2019

Risk assessment for the sustainability of coastal communities: A preliminary study.

Sci Total Environ 2019 Mar 26;671:339-350. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

Guy Carpenter Asia-Pacific Climate Impact Centre, School of Energy and Environment, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.

With communities increasingly concentrated in coastal regions globally, governments and stakeholders call for cohesive risk assessments for future sustainability in the wake of natural hazards. This can only be achieved through risk-based decision-making and smart resources treatment. To provide a basis for such actions, we here propose a risk assessment (RA) framework focusing on the risk-resilience-sustainability nexus. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.03.326DOI Listing

Assessing for Mood and Anxiety Disorders in Parents of Clinically-Referred Children: Laying the Foundation for a Family-Based Approach to Mental Health in Singapore.

Ann Acad Med Singapore 2019 Feb;48(2):55-62

Duke-NUS Medical School, Singapore.

Introduction: Family history of psychopathology is a risk factor for mood and anxiety disorders in children, but little is known about rates of parental psychopathology among treatment-seeking youth with affective disorders in the Asia Pacific region. This study examined patterns of emotional and behavioural problems in parents of clinically-referred youth in Singapore. We hypothesised that parents would have higher rates of affective disorders compared to the Singapore national prevalence rate of 12%. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
February 2019
1 Read

Asia Pacific survey of physicians on asthma and allergic rhinitis (ASPAIR): data from China.

Chin Med J (Engl) 2019 Mar 27. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Real World Evidence and Epidemiology, GSK, 139234, Singapore.

Background: In China, the prevalence of allergic rhinitis (AR) and asthma has increased in the past decade. As these two diseases frequently coexist, the Asia-Pacific Survey of Physicians on Asthma and Allergic Rhinitis (ASPAIR) study aimed to assess physicians' beliefs and treatment patterns of coexistent asthma-AR across six Asian countries. This analysis presented the results from China. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CM9.0000000000000229DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

Asia-Pacific Countries Moving Toward Universal Health Coverage.

Health Syst Reform 2019 ;5(1):1-6

a Department of Public Health , La Trobe University , Melbourne , Australia.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23288604.2018.1543537DOI Listing
January 2019

Governance Functions to Accelerate Progress toward Universal Health Coverage (UHC) in the Asia-Pacific Region.

Health Syst Reform 2019 ;5(1):48-58

b Our Hong Kong Foundation , Hong Kong , China.

Many countries in the Asia-Pacific region have committed to universal health coverage (UHC), which is reflected in both their political commitment and the governance actions they have taken in steering their health systems toward the goals of universal access to care and protection from financial hardship. Countries throughout the region are at different stages of development and have different political and governance contexts, which in turn shape how they pursue governance for UHC. This article reviews the governance functions deployed in the Asia-Pacific and finds that, in many, governance reforms adapting their health systems toward greater regulation, accountability, oversight, and stewardship of the health system have been part of their wider move toward UHC. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23288604.2018.1543521DOI Listing
January 2019

Integration of Primary Care with Hospital Services for Sustainable Universal Health Coverage in Singapore.

Health Syst Reform 2019 ;5(1):18-23

b Saw Swee Hock School of Public Health , National University of Singapore , Singapore.

Primary care services have been developed and extended, with the support of the Singapore government, in order to address the increasing needs of the aging population and noncommunicable diseases and to achieve the goal of universal health care. Though countries across the Asia Pacific aspire to achieve universal coverage, there is no set pathway. In Singapore, various service models, quality assurance methods, and financing mechanisms have been piloted and some have been scaled up. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23288604.2018.1543830DOI Listing
January 2019

Cotrimoxazole prophylaxis decreases tuberculosis risk among Asian patients with HIV.

J Int AIDS Soc 2019 Mar;22(3):e25264

Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.

Introduction: Cotrimoxazole (CTX) is recommended as prophylaxis against Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia, malaria and other serious bacterial infections in HIV-infected patients. Despite its in vitro activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the effects of CTX preventive therapy on tuberculosis (TB) remain unclear.

Methods: Adults living with HIV enrolled in a regional observational cohort in Asia who had initiated combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) were included in the analysis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jia2.25264DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6439318PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Comparing stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SABR) versus re-trans-catheter arterial chemoembolization (re-TACE) for hepatocellular carcinoma patients who had incomplete response after initial TACE (TASABR): a randomized controlled trial.

BMC Cancer 2019 Mar 28;19(1):275. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Dalin Tzu Chi Hospital, Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Foundation, No. 2, Min-Sheng Road, Dalin, Chia-Yi, Taiwan, Republic of China.

Background: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) accounts for 75-85% of primary liver cancers and is prevalent in the Asia-Pacific region. Till now, trans-arterial chemoembolization (TACE) is still one of common modalities in managing unresectable intermediate-stage HCC. However, post-TACE residual viable HCC is not uncommon, resulting in unsatisfied overall survival after TACE alone. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12885-019-5461-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6437913PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Attenuated infectious laryngotracheitis virus vaccines differ in their capacity to establish latency in the trigeminal ganglia of specific pathogen free chickens following eye drop inoculation.

PLoS One 2019 28;14(3):e0213866. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Asia-Pacific Centre for Animal Health, Melbourne Veterinary School, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.

Infectious laryngotracheitis (ILT) is a respiratory disease that affects chickens. It is caused by the alphaherpesvirus, infectious laryngotracheitis virus (ILTV). This virus undergoes lytic replication in the epithelial cells of the trachea and upper respiratory tract (URT) and establishes latent infection in the trigeminal ganglia (TG) and trachea. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0213866PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6438565PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Editorial: differences in sex-based incidence of inflammatory bowel diseases between Asia-Pacific and Western countries - are these due to differences in environment, access to healthcare, or pathophysiology?

Authors:
Simon S M Chan

Aliment Pharmacol Ther 2019 Apr;49(8):1098-1099

Department of Gastroenterology, Norfolk & Norwich University Hospitals NHS Trust, Norwich, UK.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/apt.15203DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Antimicrobial dosing for common equine drugs: a content review and practical advice for veterinarians in Australia.

Aust Vet J 2019 Apr;97(4):103-107

Asia-Pacific Centre for Animal Health, Faculty of Veterinary and Agricultural Science, University of Melbourne & National Centre for Antimicrobial Stewardship, Carlton, Victoria, Australia.

Background: Appropriate dosing with antimicrobial agents is critical for effective treatment and to prevent the development of antimicrobial resistance.

Methods: A review was undertaken of equine journal articles (Equine Veterinary Journal, Equine Veterinary Education, Australian Veterinary Journal, Australian Equine Veterinarian, Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine and Journal of Equine Veterinary Science) between January 2015 and August 2018. Those with dosing regimens for procaine penicillin G, gentamicin or trimethoprim-sulfonamide in adult horses were examined and evaluated. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/avj.12791DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

The influence of social support on loneliness and depression among older elderly people in China: Coping styles as mediators.

J Community Psychol 2019 Mar 25. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Department of Social Work and Social Policy, School of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing, Jiangsu, People's Republic of China.

This study examines the direct effect of social support and the mediating effects of coping styles on loneliness and depression of older elderly people in China using data from the 2014 China Longitudinal Aging Social Survey. Our sample includes 905 males and 741 females aged 75 years and over. The mean age of the sample is 79. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/jcop.22185
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jcop.22185DOI Listing
March 2019
11 Reads

Bone resorption triggered by high radial stress: The mechanism of screw loosening in plate fixation of long bone fractures.

J Orthop Res 2019 Mar 25. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Queen Mary Hospital, the University of Hong Kong, Pok Fu Lam, Hong Kong.

Screw loosening is a common complication in plate fixation. However, the underlying mechanism is unclear. This study investigated screw loosening mechanisms by finite element analysis (FEA) simulation and clinical X-ray feature analysis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jor.24286DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Meteorological effects on severe hemoptysis: A hospital-based observational study.

Respir Investig 2019 Mar 19. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Kyushu Central Hospital of the Mutual Aid Association of Public School Teachers, 3-23-1 Shiobaru, Minami-ku, Fukuoka 815-8588, Japan.

Background: Although some meteorological factor are likely to contribute to the onset of hemoptysis, few studies have investigated this issue, with none conducted in the Asia-Pacific region. Therefore, the present study aimed to evaluate the associations of meteorological factors with the occurrence of hemoptysis. Differences in the frequency of hemoptysis among several calendar variables were also assessed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.resinv.2019.02.005DOI Listing

Efficacy and safety of tofacitinib for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis in patients from the Asia-Pacific region: Post-hoc analyses of pooled clinical study data.

Int J Rheum Dis 2019 Mar 22. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

University of Occupational and Environmental Health Japan, Kitakyushu, Japan.

Aim: We report tofacitinib efficacy and safety in Asia-Pacific patients who participated in the rheumatoid arthritis (RA) clinical development program.

Method: This post-hoc analysis included pooled data from patients with RA in the Asia-Pacific region treated with tofacitinib with/without conventional synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs in Phase (P)1, 2, 3, and long-term extension (LTE) studies (one LTE ongoing; January 2016 data-cut). Efficacy was assessed over 24 months in patients who received tofacitinib 5 (N = 397) or 10 (N = 382) mg twice daily or placebo (N = 243) in three P2 and five P3 studies. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1756-185X.13516DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

IOF Regional 7th Asia-Pacific Osteoporosis Conference Sydney, Australia 2018 - Author Index.

Authors:

Osteoporos Int 2019 Mar 21. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00198-019-04915-wDOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Evaluation of Serum Interleukin-6 and C-reactive Protein Levels in Drug-naïve Major Depressive Disorder Patients.

Cureus 2019 Jan 11;11(1):e3868. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Department of Pharmacy, University of Asia Pacific, Dhaka, BGD.

Background Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a disabling health problem with a very high global prevalence and burden. Alteration of inflammatory markers in depression is of growing interest to many psychiatry researchers. This study aimed to examine the serum levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and C-reactive protein (CRP) in MDD patients to find out their association with depression. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.3868DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6414189PMC
January 2019

Epidemiology and timing of seasonal influenza epidemics in the Asia-Pacific region, 2010-2017: implications for influenza vaccination programs.

BMC Public Health 2019 Mar 21;19(1):331. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

Netherlands Institute for Health Services Research (NIVEL), Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Background: Description of the epidemiology of influenza is needed to inform influenza vaccination policy. Here we examined influenza virus circulation in countries in the Asia-Pacific region and compared the timing of seasonal epidemics with the timing of influenza vaccination.

Methods: Data were obtained from the World Health Organization (WHO) FluNet database for 2010-2017 for countries in the WHO Asia-Pacific region. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6647-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6429768PMC
March 2019
3 Reads

Twenty Years of the SENTRY Antifungal Surveillance Program: Results for Species From 1997-2016.

Open Forum Infect Dis 2019 Mar 15;6(Suppl 1):S79-S94. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

JMI Laboratories, North Liberty, Iowa.

Background: The emergence of antifungal resistance threatens effective treatment of invasive fungal infection (IFI). Invasive candidiasis is the most common health care-associated IFI. We evaluated the activity of fluconazole (FLU) against 20 788 invasive isolates of (37 species) collected from 135 medical centers in 39 countries (1997-2016). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ofid/ofy358DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6419901PMC