2,372 results match your criteria Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition[Journal]


Carotenoid metabolic (BCO1) polymorphisms and personal behaviors modify the risk of coronary atherosclerosis: a nested case-control study in Han Chinese with dyslipidaemia (2013-2016).

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2019 ;28(1):192-202

School of Medicine, Hangzhou Normal University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China.

Background And Objectives: β-Carotene-15,15'-oxygenase (BCO1) is a key enzyme involved in carotenoid metabolism and has been linked with the development of coronary atherosclerosis. This study investigated the association between BCO1 polymorphisms and the risk of coronary atherosclerosis in dyslipidemia participants, and analyzed the influence of personal behaviors on coronary atherosclerosis.

Methods And Study Design: A nested case-control study was conducted from 2013 to 2016 in which 1359 dyslipidemia participants were recruited. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201903_28(1).0025DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Obesity risk and preference for high dietary fat intake are determined by FTO rs9939609 gene polymorphism in selected Indonesian adults.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2019 ;28(1):183-191

Eijkman Institute for Molecular Biology, Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Background And Objectives: Data suggest that genetic factors are associated with BMI. The fat mass and obesity- associated (FTO) gene modulates adipogenesis through alternative splicing and m6A demethylation. Individuals with FTO rs9939609 gene polymorphism have a preference for energy-dense foods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201903_28(1).0024DOI Listing
January 2019

Combined effect of FTO and MC4R gene polymorphisms on obesity in children and adolescents in Northwest China: a case-control study.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2019 ;28(1):177-182

School of Public Health, Ningxia Medical University, Ningxia, China.

Background And Objectives: Fat mass and obesity-associated (FTO) and melanocortin 4 receptor (MC4R) genes associated with obesity have been identified through Genome-wide Association Studies. However, no multiple loci interaction studies have been conducted in the Chinese population. This study investigated whether the combined effects of FTO and MC4R increase the risk of obesity in children and adolescents living in Northwest China. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201903_28(1).0023DOI Listing
January 2019
1.360 Impact Factor

Development of nutrition science competencies for undergraduate degrees in Australia.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2019 ;28(1):166-176

School of Medical and Health Sciences, Edith Cowan University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.

Background And Objectives: The need for updated competencies for nutrition scientists in Australia was identified. The aim of this paper is to describe the process of revising of these competencies for undergraduate nutrition science degrees in Australia.

Methods And Study Design: An iterative multiple methods approach comprising three stages was undertaken: 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201903_28(1).0022DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Differences and overlap between sarcopenia and physical frailty in older community-dwelling Japanese.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2019 ;28(1):157-165

Faculty of Health Science Department, Hyogo University, Hyogo, Japan.

Background And Objectives: Sarcopenia and frailty result in loss of function and independence. Sarcopenia may be a risk factor for frailty; however, risk factors for sarcopenia with frailty, and associated incidence of falls and poor quality of life remain unclear. We investigated the clinical characteristics and relevant factors for sarcopenia with frailty in older community-dwelling Japanese. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201903_28(1).0021DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Soy product consumption and type 2 diabetes among adults in Beijing, China.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2019 ;28(1):150-156

Department of Social Medicine and Health Education, School of Public Health, Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing, China.

Background And Objectives: To examine the association between the frequency of soy products consumption and type 2 diabetes or impaired fasting glucose.

Methods And Study Design: A cross-sectional study of 3,314 subjects aged 18-79 years was conducted in Beijing, China in 2016. Consumption of soy products was assessed by a validated food-frequency questionnaire and examined with type 2 diabetes or impaired fasting glucose risk using multiple logistic regression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201903_28(1).0020DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Longitudinal nutritional changes in aging Australian women.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2019 ;28(1):139-149

Centre for Medical Research, Department of Medicine-Royal Melbourne Hospital, University of Melbourne,Victoria, Australia.

Background And Objectives: The importance of diet for the maintenance of health during aging is attracting a growing body of research interest. Given dietary intakes, along with BMI, are substantial contributors to disease burden, this study aimed to investigate prospective changes in dietary patterns and nutrient intakes in a sample of mid to late-life women over 14 years.

Methods And Study Design: Participants were from the Women's Healthy Ageing Project (WHAP); a longitudinal cohort of Australian-born women within the Melbourne metropolitan area. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201903_28(1).0019DOI Listing
January 2019

Quantitative estimates of dietary intake in households of South Tarawa, Kiribati.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2019 ;28(1):131-138

Centre of Public Health Research, Massey University, New Zealand.

Background And Objectives: Malnutrition is a public health problem especially among the Pacific Small Island developing nations. This study assessed malnutrition with dietary intakes in households of South Tarawa, Kiribati, a West Pacific Island Nation State.

Methods And Study Design: A cross-sectional community-based study design was used. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201903_28(1).0018DOI Listing
January 2019

Dietary exposure to sulfites in Indonesians.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2019 ;28(1):122-130

Bureau of Public Relation and Management Strategic Support, National Agency of Drug and Food Control, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Background And Objectives: Information on dietary exposure to sulfites as preservative in consumer is needed as a scientific base for food safety policy making. The objective of this research was to conduct dietary exposure assessment to sulfites in consumers by using a deterministic method.

Methods And Study Design: The scope of work was identification of food products containing sulfites, determination of food consumption data from the individual food consumption survey report of 2014, determination of sulfite concentration in food, and calculation of sulfite exposure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201903_28(1).0017DOI Listing
January 2019

Prevalence of and factors associated with thiamin deficiency in obese Thai children.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2019 ;28(1):116-121

Division of Nutrition, Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Background And Objectives: Obesity is a state that results from excessive energy consumption, and obese people often have micronutrient deficiencies. The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence of and factors associated with thiamin deficiency in obese Thai children.

Methods And Study Design: This cross-sectional study was conducted at Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University during 2014 to 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201903_28(1).0016DOI Listing
January 2019

The dietary intake of two groups of lactating women in Shanghai during the puerperium.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2019 ;28(1):106-115

Shanghai Children's Medical Center, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Background And Objectives: Lactation is a time of increased nutritional requirements for mothers, and inadequate nutrient intake may have a detrimental effect on a woman's nutritional status. To investigate the dietary intake of two groups of women in Shanghai during the traditional confinement period.

Methods And Study Design: Two groups of women (1) a community dwelling sample (n=92); (2) residents in a Maternity Care Centre (MCC) (n=30), kept a prospective dietary record which was complemented by photographing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201903_28(1).0015DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read
1.360 Impact Factor

Effects of skipping breakfast on dietary intake and circulating and urinary nutrients during pregnancy.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2019 ;28(1):99-105

Department of Children and Women's Health, Division of Health Science, Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka University, Osaka, Japan.

Background And Objectives: More than 20% of pregnant Japanese women regularly skip breakfast, thereby resulting in a low intake of several nutrients that are required for fetal development and prevention of pregnancy complications. However, whether skipping breakfast affects circulating levels of these nutrients remains unclear. We investigated whether skipping breakfast during pregnancy was associated with decreases in dietary intake and circulating and urinary levels of several nutrients, including fatty acids and vitamins. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201903_28(1).0014DOI Listing
January 2019

Self-reported behavior of eating quickly is correlated with visceral fat area in Japanese non-obese adults.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2019 ;28(1):92-98

Department of Community Oral Health, School of Dentistry, Asahi University, Gifu, Japan.

Background And Objectives: This cross-sectional study investigated the relationship between eating speed and fat accumulation in Japanese non-obese adults.

Methods And Study Design: In total, 381 non-obese participants aged 35-74 years underwent a health checkup including fat distribution. All participants underwent magnetic resonance imaging to quantify visceral fat area (VFA) and subcutaneous fat area (SFA). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201903_28(1).0013DOI Listing
January 2019

Eating rate as risk for body mass index and waist circumference obesity with appropriate confounding factors: a cross-sectional analysis of the Shizuoka-Sakuragaoka J-MICC Study.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2019 ;28(1):79-91

Laboratory of Public Health, Graduate School of Integrated Pharmaceutical and Nutritional Sciences, University of Shizuoka, Shizuoka City, Japan.

Background And Objectives: The relationship between eating rate (ER) and increased risk of obesity in relation to body mass index (BMI, i.e., total body fat) and waist circumference (WC, i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201903_28(1).0012DOI Listing
January 2019

Effects of 1-year weight loss intervention on abdominal skeletal muscle mass in Japanese overweight men and women.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2019 ;28(1):72-78

Department of Health Promotion, National Institutes of Biomedical Innovation, Health and Nutrition, Tokyo, Japan.

Background And Objectives: Limited information is available on how weight loss intervention programs affect skeletal muscle mass especially in trunk.

Methods And Study Design: A total of 235 overweight Japanese men and women aged 40-64 years with a body mass index of 28.0 to 44. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201903_28(1).0011DOI Listing
January 2019

Nutritional status of patients admitted to a metropolitan tertiary care vascular surgery unit.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2019 ;28(1):64-71

Nutrition and Dietetics, College of Nursing and Health Sciences, Flinders University, Adelaide, South Australia.

Background And Objectives: Undernutrition in vascular surgery patients has a significant impact on clinical outcomes. This observational study aimed to investigate the nutritional status of a heterogeneous sample of vascular surgery inpatients and to determine the prevalence of nutritional risk, malnutrition (including nutrient deficiencies) and sarcopenia.

Methods And Study Design: All participants were screened for risk of malnutrition using the Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST) and assessed using the Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201903_28(1).0010DOI Listing
January 2019

Pectin-containing liquid enteral nutrition for critical care: a historical control and propensity score matched study.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2019 ;28(1):57-63

Department of Emergency and Critical Care Medicine, The University of Tokyo Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.

Background And Objectives: Pectin-containing liquid enteral nutrition (PCLEN) contains pectin, which becomes solid in the stomach and therefore mitigates vomiting and diarrhea. Its efficacy for use in critical care medicine was evaluated.

Methods And Study Design: We used liquid enteral nutrition (LEN) (traditional LEN (TLEN)) as the primary LEN at the emergency and critical care center. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201903_28(1).0009DOI Listing
January 2019
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Tolerability of partially and extensively hydrolysed milk formulas in children with cow's milk allergy.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2019 ;28(1):49-56

Department of Pediatrics, Second Teaching Hospital, Fujita Health University, Nagoya, Japan.

Background And Objectives: The safety and tolerability of hydrolysed cow's milk protein-based formulas, particularly partially hydrolysed formulas (pHFs), in children with cow's milk allergy (CMA) remain poorly understood. We evaluated the tolerability of hydrolysed cow's milk-based formulas in children with CMA.

Methods And Study Design: A three-period double-blind crossover evaluation compared the allergic tolerance against three dietary cow's milk-based formulas: extensively hydrolysed cow's milk formula (eHF), pHF, and regular cow's milk formula (rCMF). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201903_28(1).0008DOI Listing
January 2019

Effects of cyclic parenteral nutrition on parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis in newborns.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2019 ;28(1):42-48

College of Pharmacy and Division of Life & Pharmaceutical Sciences, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Background And Objectives: Parenteral nutrition (PN) is one of the main nutritional methods used in newborns; however, long-term PN may induce PN-associated cholestasis (PNAC). This study aims to evaluate the effect of cyclic PN in the prevention and improvement of PNAC in newborns requiring long-term PN.

Methods And Study Design: A retrospective cohort study was conducted on patients admitted at the Seoul National University Children's Hospital neonatal intensive care unit between October 2010 and September 2015 and referred to the nutrition support team with total parenteral nutrition for more than 14 days. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201903_28(1).0007DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Basal energy expenditure, resting energy expenditure and one metabolic equivalent (1 MET) values for young Chinese adults with different body weights.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2019 ;28(1):35-41

Key Laboratory of Trace Element Nutrition of National Health Commission(NHC), National Institute for Nutrition and Health, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, P.R. China.

Background And Objectives: Accurately assessing energy expenditure (EE) of people with different body weight is essential to facilitate weight management. The aim of this study was to measure basal energy expenditure (BEE), resting energy expenditure (REE) and to explore the true 1 MET value for young Chinese adults with different body weight.

Methods And Study Design: A total of 251 young Chinese adults were divided into three groups: the normal weight group, the overweight group and the obese group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201903_28(1).0006DOI Listing
January 2019

Energy requirements for patients in convalescent rehabilitation using motor scores as in the Functional Independent Measure.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2019 ;28(1):31-34

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Jyujyo Takeda Rehabilitation Hospital, Kyoto, Japan.

Background And Objectives: Although appropriate nutrition management could improve rehabilitation outcomes, more than 40 % of patients in a convalescent rehabilitation ward (CRW) suffer from malnutrition. The study was undertaken to investigate whether adequate nutrition for each patient in a CRW could be estimated based on motor scores on the Functional Independence Measure (FIM-M).

Methods And Study Design: In 218 patients in our CRW, both basal energy expenditure (BEE) on admission and average energy intake (EI) for 2 weeks were calculated, and EI was divided by BEE to estimate the activity index (e-AI). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201903_28(1).0005DOI Listing
January 2019

Utility of different indices in screening Chinese postmenopausal women for hepatic steatosis.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2019 ;28(1):23-30

Department of Medical Examination Center, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, China Academic Medical Science and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, PR China.

Background And Objectives: To analyze the potential of fatty liver index (FLI) and several obesity indices and to explore which index is best for predicting nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in Chinese postmenopausal women.

Methods And Study Design: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 680 Chinese postmenopausal women. NAFLD was defined as a hepatic steatosis observed on liver ultrasonography in the absence of a second cause. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201903_28(1).0004DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

The impact of mandatory iodine fortification and supplementation on pregnant and lactating women in Australia.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2019 ;28(1):15-22

School of Medicine, University of Notre Dame, Australia, NSW, Australia.

Background And Objectives: In Australia, two public health measures were introduced between 2009 and 2010 to reduce iodine deficiency. However there has been a shortage of information regarding their effectiveness and the ongoing prevalence of iodine deficiency in Australia. The primary aim of this study was to assess the extent to which these public health measures have reduced rates of iodine deficiency among pregnant and lactating women. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201903_28(1).0003DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Reviewing the effects of dietary salt on cognition: mechanisms and future directions.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2019 ;28(1):6-14

Department of Pharmacology, School of Medical Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia.

Background And Objectives: Consumption of salt exceeds dietary guidelines for many countries around the world, despite efforts to increase awareness of the potential cardiovascular health risks. Emerging evidence, primarily from rodent models, indicates that high salt intake may also impair aspects of cognitive function. To our knowledge, here we provide the first review of the effects of salt on cognition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201903_28(1).0002DOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads

Advances in n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid nutrition.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2019 ;28(1):1-5

Department of Nutrition, Dietetics and Food, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia.

There is conclusive evidence to demonstrate the role of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) in human development and growth, vision, and cell membrane fluidity (membrane order). N-3 PUFA also contribute to human health maintenance through correction of arrhythmias, inhibition of platelet aggregation and prolongation of clotting time, lowering blood pressure, lowering serum triglycerides and plasma homocysteine, being antiinflammatory and immunomodulatory, being cardio-protective, increasing insulin sensitivity in Asians, and decreasing the risk of breast and colorectal cancers. This understanding of a wide spectrum of biological effects attributable to n-3 PUFA has been unsettled by a systematic review of randomized clinical intervention trials (RCTs) which has reported that n-3 PUFA have negligible or no effect on all-cause or cardiovascular mortality. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201903_28(1).0001DOI Listing
January 2019

Optimisation of birth weight and growth in the first 2 years favours an adult body composition which supports more physiological resting metabolic rates and cognitive function : Tanjungsari Cohort Study (TCS).

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2019 ;28(Suppl 1):S51-S62

Frontier for Health Foundation, Bandung, Indonesia.

Background And Objectives: Resting metabolic rate and cognitive function may be associated with several factors, such as birth weight, growth, and fat-free mass in adulthood. The Tanjungsari Cohort Study (TCS) of 1988, to do with a maternal-child Risk Approach Strategy (RAS), provided the opportunity to determine the associations between birth weight, growth at 2 years, and body composition with adult resting metabolic rate and cognitive function.

Methods And Study Design: In 2009 some 197 and, in 2017,144 of these representative participants from the TCS were assessed for energy intake, anthropometry, body composition, indirect calorimetry, and cognitive function in relation to low (ALBW, n=66) or normal (ANBW, n=78) birth weight. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201901_28(S1).0005DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads
1.360 Impact Factor

Determinants of adolescent shortness in Tanjungsari, West Java, Indonesia.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2019 ;28(Suppl 1):S43-S50

Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran, West Java, Indonesia.

Background And Objectives: Health status during adolescence may predetermine that during adulthood. Being short because of nutritional and health adversity, where stunting is indicative, is a global health concern, possibly in adolescence. This study assessed the prevalence of shortness (defined by HAZ <-2 SD) at age 12 and its determinants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201901_28(S1).0004DOI Listing
January 2019
11 Reads

Maternal and environmental risk for faltered growth in the first 5 years for Tanjungsari children in West Java, Indonesia.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2019 ;28(Suppl 1):S32-S42

Frontiers for Health Foundation, Indonesia.

Background And Objectives: Low birth weight leads to growth faltering, attributable inter alia to malnutrition and maternal health and literacy. Risk for growth faltering in rural children under five is studied.

Study Design: The Risk Approach Strategy in Tanjungsari, West Java has been analysed for all pregnancies during 1988-1989 and 4,698 singleton infants born between 1 January 1988 and 31 April 1990. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201901_28(S1).0003DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) as determinant and environment as modulator of infant mortality and morbidity: the Tanjungsari Cohort Study in Indonesia.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2019 ;28(Suppl 1):S17-S31

Nutrition Working Group, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, Indonesia.

Background And Objectives: Intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) is related to mortality and morbidity. However, defining IUGR by suitable field methods remains a challenge. A maternal-child Risk-Approach- Strategy (during 1988-1989) and follow-on Tanjungsari Cohort Study (TCS) (1989-1990), aimed to generate a practical classification of IUGR and explore its usage in predicting growth, mortality and morbidity of infants in the cohort. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201901_28(S1).0002DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Maternal contributors to intergenerational nutrition, health, and well-being: revisiting the Tanjungsari Cohort Study for effective policy and action in Indonesia.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2019 ;28(Suppl 1):S1-S16

Monash Asia Institute, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia.

Perinatal and maternal mortalities in Java became of concern in the 1980s. Since some 90% of births took place at home, the Tanjungsari (TS) district of West Java was identfied as a locality where community-based risk management strategy might reduce this health burden. In 1987, traditional birth attendants (TBA) were trained to identify risk factors for unfavourable birth outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201901_28(S1).0001DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Association between "solute carrier family 30 member 8" (SLC30A8) gene polymorphism and susceptibility to type 2 diabetes mellitus in Chinese Han and minority populations: an updated meta-analysis.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(6):1374-1390

Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, College of Public Health, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China.

Background And Objectives: In China, some studies have been reported that solute carrier family 30 member 8 (SLC30A8) gene polymorphism might increase the risk of T2DM, but some are not. The aim of this meta-analysis was to systematically investigate the association between the rs13266634 polymorphism of the SLC30A8 gene and T2DM in Chinese Han and ethnic minority populations.

Methods And Study Design: All published electronic articles were retrieved from Pubmed, Web of Knowledge, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang database, VIP database and Google scholar. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201811_27(6).0025DOI Listing
January 2018
9 Reads

Subclinical thyroid disease and single nucleotide polymorphisms in reproductive-age women in areas of Shanxi Province, China, where iodine exposure is excessive.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(6):1366-1373

Key Lab of Etiology and Epidemiology, Education Bureau of Heilongjiang Province & Ministry of Health; Key Lab of Trace Elements and Human Health of Heilongjiang Province; Center for Endemic Disease Control, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention; Harbin Medical University, Harbin, China.

Background And Objectives: When iodine intake is in excess, a susceptible population that has a genetic predisposition will have an increased risk of hypothyroidism or autoimmune thyroiditis. This study evaluated the vulnerability to iodine excess and subclinical thyroid disease through screening of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in reproductive-age women to provide evidence to be used for the prevention of subclinical thyroid disease.

Methods And Study Design: In Shanxi province, four areas where a range of iodine exposures from low to high were chosen in each region, 60 women were anticipated to enrol, including 20 pregnant women, 20 lactating women, and 20 non-pregnant, non-lactating women. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201811_27(6).0024DOI Listing
January 2018
3 Reads

Availability and price of healthier food choices and association with obesity prevalence in New Zealand Māori.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(6):1357-1365

School of Medicine, Western Sydney University, Australia.

Background And Objectives: Examine availability and price of healthier foods-vs-regular counterparts and their association with obesity.

Methods And Study Design: A cross-sectional survey of weight and height among Māori in 2 urban and 96 rural areas in the Waikato/Lakes Districts-NZ (year 2004-06) was undertaken. Concurrently, availability of 11 'healthier' food in fast-food-outlets was examined by location (urban vs rural) and median income (high-low). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201811_27(6).0023DOI Listing
January 2018
2 Reads

Dietary factors and risk of gout and hyperuricemia: a meta-analysis and systematic review.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(6):1344-1356

Department of Clinical Nutrition, Tianjin Union Medical Center, China.

Background And Objectives: To evaluate the associations of dietary factors and the risk of gout and hyperuricemia.

Methods And Study Design: PubMed and Embase databases were searched from inception to June 2017 for eligible studies. Nineteen prospective cohort or cross-sectional studies with adequate sample sizes are included, all involving red meat, seafoods, alcohol, fructose, dairy products, soy foods, high-purine vegetables and coffee. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201811_27(6).0022DOI Listing
January 2018
2 Reads

Association of dietary patterns and dietary diversity with cardiometabolic disease risk factors among adults in South Asia: The CARRS study.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(6):1332-1343

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of South Carolina, Columbia.

Background And Objectives: To investigate the association of dietary patterns and dietary diversity with cardiometabolic disease risk factors among South Asians.

Methods And Study Design: In a population based study conducted in 2010-11, we recruited 16,287 adults aged >20 years residing in Delhi, Chennai, and Karachi. Diet was assessed using an interviewer-administered 26-item food frequency questionnaire. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201811_27(6).0021DOI Listing
January 2018
2 Reads

Dietary and nutrient status of children with attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder: a case-control study.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(6):1325-1331

Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

Background And Objectives: Nutritional and dietary habits may affect children's behaviors and learning. The etiology of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), a common neurodevelopmental disorder in children, may be associated with unhealthy diets or nutrients deficiencies. The purpose of this study was to examine whether children with ADHD exhibited different dietary habits or nutrient profiles from healthy control subjects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201811_27(6).0020DOI Listing
January 2018
1 Read

The relationship between dietary inflammatory index (DII) and muscle mass and strength in Chinese children aged 6-9 years.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(6):1315-1324

Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Tropical Disease Research, School of Public Health, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China.

Background And Objectives: The dietary inflammatory index (DII®) is a measure of the overall inflammatory potential of a person's diet. However, there have been no studies looking at the effect of DII on measures of muscle mass and strength. We aimed to examine the association between DII and skeletal muscle mass and strength in Chinese children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201811_27(6).0019DOI Listing
January 2018
2 Reads

Weight status and food habits of preschool children in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates: NOPLAS project.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(6):1302-1314

School of Molecular Sciences, University of Western Australia, Crawley, Perth, WA, Australia.

Background And Objectives: Eating habits established during childhood affect health in later life. The United Arab Emirates (UAE) has a high prevalence of obesity in adolescents and adults; however, data on the health of preschool children are scarce. This study assessed the weight status and dietary habits of Emirati and non-Emirati children attending nurseries in Abu Dhabi, UAE. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201811_27(6).0018DOI Listing
January 2018
2 Reads

Longitudinal study of breastfeeding and growth in 0-6 month infants.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(6):1294-1301

Department of Early Child Development, Capital Institute of Pediatrics, Beijing, China.

Background And Objectives: To explore advantages and challenges for exclusive breastfeeding (EBF), compared to non-exclusive breastfeeding (nEBF).

Methods And Study Design: Mothers from 7 cities in China were visited at 3, 10, 60, 120, and 180 days postpartum. Data about feeding practices, infant growth, and the macronutrient contents of human milk (HM) were collected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201811_27(6).0017DOI Listing
January 2018
20 Reads

The association between lifestyle and maternal vitamin D during pregnancy in West Sumatra, Indonesia.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(6):1286-1293

Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine, University of Andalas, Padang, Indonesia.

Background And Objectives: An adequate level of maternal vitamin D is essential for maternal and fetal health during pregnancy. We examined the relationship between lifestyle, maternal vitamin D intake and the vitamin D status of pregnant women. Methods and Study designs: The sample of the cross-sectional study was 203 third trimester pregnant women in September-November 2016 in four different districts of West Sumatra, Indonesia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201811_27(6).0016DOI Listing
January 2018
2 Reads

Soy product and isoflavone intake associations with allergic diseases in Japanese workers: rhinitis, dermatitis and asthma.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(6):1277-1285

Department of Public Health and Applied Nutrition, Institute of Biomedical Sciences, the University of Tokushima Graduate School, Tokushima, Japan.

Background And Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the associations of intake of soy products and isoflavones with allergic diseases.

Methods And Study Design: We conducted a cross-sectional study in 1437 participants (aged 20-64 years) who were living in Tokushima Prefecture, Japan during the period 2010- 2011. We obtained anthropometric data and information on life style characteristics including dietary intake and current medical histories of allergic diseases using a structural self-administered questionnaire. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201811_27(6).0015DOI Listing
January 2018
4 Reads

Association between vitamin C intake and risk of hyperuricemia in US adults.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(6):1271-1276

Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, School of Public Health, Qingdao University, Qingdao, China.

Background And Objectives: The relationship between vitamin C intake and hyperuricemia among the general US adult population has seldom been reported; thus, the present study examined the associations of total vitamin C (dietary vitamin C plus supplementary vitamin C) and dietary vitamin C intake with the risk of hyperuricemia.

Methods And Study Design: Pooled data from three 2-year cycles (2007-2012) of the cross-sectional National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were used in the present study. Dietary intake data were extracted from two 24-hour dietary recall interviews. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201811_27(6).0014DOI Listing
January 2018
2 Reads

The association between blood concentration of 25- hydroxyvitamin D and sarcopenia: a meta-analysis.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(6):1258-1270

Department of Public Health, Medical College of Qingdao University, Qingdao, Shandong Province, China.

Background And Objectives: Associations between blood 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentration and sarcopenia remain controversial; thus, this meta-analysis was conducted to explore the relationship between blood 25(OH)D concentration and sarcopenia.

Design: We searched the PubMed and EMBASE databases for relevant published observational studies that investigated blood 25(OH)D concentration and sarcopenia up to June 2017.We then investigated data from these studies that compared blood 25(OH)D concentrations between the sarcopenia and healthy control groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201811_27(6).0013DOI Listing
January 2018
2 Reads

Oral administration of probiotic Lactobacillus casei Shirota relieves pain after single rib fracture: a randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(6):1252-1257

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial surgery, the Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Hebei Province, China.

Background And Objectives: Probiotic treatment has proven to increase the density of bone mass, prevent against bone loss, and improve bone formation. We aimed to assess the effect of oral administration of the probiotic Lactobacillus casei Shirota (LcS) on pain relief in patients with single rib fracture.

Methods And Study Design: A total of 283 eligible patients who had a single rib fracture were enrolled and randomly assigned to receive skimmed milk containing either a commercial probiotic LcS or placebo every day through oral administration for 1 month after the fracture. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201811_27(6).0012DOI Listing
January 2018
2 Reads

Effect of a cereal and milk meal with or without fruits and nuts on the postprandial glycemic response in Indian men.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(6):1243-1251

Division of Nutrition, St John's Research Institute, St John's National Academy of Health Sciences, Bangalore, India.

Background And Objectives: Some cereals, consumed at breakfast, have shown lower glycemic responses. Limited data exist in the Indian context, where the effect could be modified due to genetic or racial differences. This study aimed to investigate the effect of cereal and milk, with or without fruits/nuts, on the glycemic response in healthy Indian men. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201811_27(6).0011DOI Listing
January 2018
2 Reads

Acute effect of soy and soy products on serum uric acid concentration among healthy Chinese men.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(6):1239-1242

School of Public Health, Bengbu Medical College, Anhui, China.

Background And Objectives: Soy products are essential to the daily life of the Chinese population. However, the association between soy products and serum uric acid remains unclear. Better understanding of their relationship could provide food choice information for patients with gout. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201811_27(6).0010DOI Listing
January 2018
2 Reads

Combined Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment and body composition facilitates nutritional support in inflammatory bowel disease: an ambulatory study in Shanghai.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(6):1230-1238

Department of Gastroenterology, Ruijin Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University, School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Background And Objectives: Malnutrition is commonly diagnosed in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). However, only few clinical studies have adequately explored the importance of body composition in the nutritional assessment of Chinese patients with IBD.

Methods And Study Design: A total of 78 IBD patients were enrolled, and Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA) was used to assess malnutrition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201811_27(6).0009DOI Listing
January 2018
3 Reads

Peripherally inserted central catheter-related complications in infants with intestinal failure.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(6):1225-1229

Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Xin Hua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Background And Objectives: For delivery of parenteral nutrition (PN), long-term central access is often required in infants with intestinal failure (IF). Compared to central venous catheters (CVCs), peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) are less invasive, as they are smaller, and they can even be placed without general anesthesia. In this study, we report the complications of long-term use of PICCs, and compare our results with previously published research. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201811_27(6).0008DOI Listing
January 2018
1 Read

Nutrition support in hospitalized cancer patients with malnutrition in China.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(6):1216-1224

Pharmacy Department, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China.

Background And Objectives: Malnutrition has adverse impacts on survival of cancer patients. The aim of the present study was to investigate the prevalence of malnutrition, and the nutrition support status in hospitalized patients with cancer in China.

Methods And Study Design: A multi-center, cross-sectional study was conducted in 29 tertiary public hospital wards in 14 Chinese cities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201811_27(6).0007DOI Listing
January 2018
2 Reads

Phosphate binders, appetite and nutritional status in maintenance hemodialysis patients.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(6):1207-1215

Nephrology Division, Assaf Harofeh Medical Center, Zerifin, Affiliated to Sackler Faculty of Medicine Tel Aviv University, Israel.

Background And Objectives: The potential side effects of common phosphate binders are gastrointestinal in practice. We hypothesized that regular use of phosphate binders may be associated with decreased appetite, dietary intake and consequently, poor nutritional status.

Methods And Study Design: This was cross-sectional study of 78 patients (mean age 67. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201811_27(6).0006DOI Listing
January 2018
3 Reads