2,472 results match your criteria Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition[Journal]


Reproducibility and construct validity of a food frequency questionnaire for assessing dietary intake in rural and urban Asian Indian adults.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2020 ;29(1):192-204

Department of Diabetology, Madras Diabetes Research Foundation, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Background And Objectives: To evaluate the reproducibility and construct validity of the Madras Diabetes Research Foundation FFQ (MDRF-FFQ) with biomarkers for its use in epidemiological settings in India.

Methods And Study Design: The MDRF-FFQ was administered to 500 participants representing rural and urban areas of 10 Indian states, twice at an interval of 12 months. Reproducibility was assessed using intra cluster correlation coefficients (ICC). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.202003_29(1).0025DOI Listing
January 2020

Leisure-time physical activity and milk intake synergistically reduce the risk of pathoglycemia: A cross-sectional study in adults in Beijing, China.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2020 ;29(1):183-191

Department of Social Medicine and Health Education, School of Public Health, Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing, China. Email:

Background And Objectives: To evaluate the synergistic and individual associations of leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) intensity and the frequency of milk intake in adulthood with newly diagnosed pathoglycemia. Pathoglycemia comprised impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).

Methods And Study Design: This cross-sectional study of 3977 adults was conducted in Mentougou District, Beijing, China. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.202003_29(1).0024DOI Listing
January 2020

Vitamin D and liver cancer risk: A meta-analysis of prospective studies.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2020 ;29(1):175-182

Institute of Nutrition & Health, Qingdao University, Qingdao, China. Email:

Background And Objectives: The association between circulating vitamin D and liver cancer risk has been controversial on the basis of epidemiological studies. The aim of this study was to quantitatively evaluate this association with prospective studies.

Methods And Study Design: A systematic literature search was implemented in PubMed and Scopus databases up to June 2019. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.202003_29(1).0023DOI Listing
January 2020

Association between food liking and the dietary quality in Australian young adults.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2020 ;29(1):166-174

Centre for Advanced Sensory Science, Deakin University, Geelong, Australia. Email:

Background And Objectives: An individual's liking for food maybe associated with food consumption. This study investigates the association between food liking and dietary quality in Australian young adults.

Methods And Study Design: Food liking and food frequency data were collected via an online Food Liking Questionnaire (FLQ) and Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.202003_29(1).0022DOI Listing
January 2020

Double burden of malnutrition in urbanized settled Tibetan communities on the Tibetan plateau.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2020 ;29(1):161-165

Department of Public Health, Medical College, Qinghai University, Xining City, China.

Background And Objectives: A previous pilot study revealed stunted children and obese adults in urbanized settled Tibetan communities. A survey with a representative population in selected communities was conducted to test the preliminary findings.

Methods And Study Design: A cross-sectional study on the nutritional status involving 504 children (244 boys and 260 girls, 5-16 y) and 927 adults (422 men and 505 women, 18-90 y) was conducted in communities, with anthropometric parameters measured. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.202003_29(1).0021DOI Listing
January 2020

Dietary diversity and all-cause mortality among Chinese adults aged 65 or older: A community-based cohort study.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2020 ;29(1):152-160

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Peking University, Beijing, China. Email:

Background And Objectives: To evaluate the association between dietary diversity and all-cause mortality in older adults.

Methods And Study Design: 17,949 community-based elderly participants aged ≥65 years in China were included in this cohort study. The baseline consumption frequencies of nine food groups (meat, vegetables, fish, eggs, fruits, legumes, milk, tea, and nuts) were recorded, and the dietary diversity score (0-9) was calculated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.202003_29(1).0020DOI Listing
January 2020

Reduced crying and favourable stool characteristics in Chinese infants fed milk fat-based formula.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2020 ;29(1):144-151

FrieslandCampina Development Centre AMEA, Singaporeanxi, China.

Background And Objectives: Chinese infants consuming four different commercially-available infant formulas were evaluated on gut comfort and stool consistency parameters.

Methods And Study Design: Gut comfort characteristics were evaluated during a 7-day cross-sectional observational study in 409 healthy, term, exclusively formula-fed infants via questionnaires and fecal parameters.

Results: The stool consistency and color scores were different between the infants consuming one of the four commercially-available infant formulas including different fat sources, i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.202003_29(1).0019DOI Listing
January 2020

Physical activity and sedentary behaviour during pregnancy are associated with gestational weight gain in Vietnamese women.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2020 ;29(1):136-143

School of Public Health, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.

Background And Objectives: Gestational weight gain is known to impact maternal and child health outcomes. Energy intake and energy expenditure are major components of clinical nutrition in relation to weight gain during pregnancy. The study was to determine the association of physical activity and sitting time during pregnancy with gestational weight gain in Vietnamese women. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.202003_29(1).0018DOI Listing
January 2020

Socioeconomic correlates of adherence to mineral intake recommendations among pregnant women in north China: Findings from a cross-sectional study.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2020 ;29(1):127-135

Department of Nutrition, The First Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang, China. Email:

Background And Objectives: The purpose of the present study is to examine the socioeconomic correlates of adherence to minimum mineral intake recommended by the Chinese Dietary Guidelines during each trimester of pregnancy among Chinese women.

Methods And Study Design: A total of 567 pregnant women with foetal age of 6 - 12 weeks were recruited from nine community health centres and three hospitals. Cross-sectional survey data were collected using structured interviews and questionnaires. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.202003_29(1).0017DOI Listing
January 2020

Impaired glucose tolerance among adolescents with low birth weight history: The Tanjungsari Cohort Study in Indonesia.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2020 ;29(1):120-126

Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran, Hasan Sadikin Hospital, Bandung, Indonesia.

Background And Objectives: Diabetes prevalence has been increasing overtime in Indonesia along with its complications and morbidities. Diabetes prevention program is still a challenge. Previous study concluded poor intrauterine nutritional status, low birth weight (LBW), and nutrition status early in life were risk factors for impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) or type 2 diabetes mellitus in adulthood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.202003_29(1).0016DOI Listing
January 2020

Association between dairy consumption and prevalence of obesity in adult population of northeast China: An internet-based cross-sectional study.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2020 ;29(1):110-119

Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, School of Public Health, Harbin Medical University, Harbin, PR China. Email:

Background And Objectives: Dairy has been shown to reduce the risk of obesity in many epidemiological studies. However, few studies have been fully conducted in China in this respect. We aimed to investigate the association between dairy consumption and prevalence of obesity in an adult Chinese population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.202003_29(1).0015DOI Listing
January 2020

The association of blood pressure with estimated urinary sodium, potassium excretion and their ratio in hypertensive, normotensive, and hypotensive Chinese adults.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2020 ;29(1):101-109

Department of Health Management, The Third Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, China. Email:

Background And Objectives: Low sodium and high potassium intake is reported to be a risk of hypertension. However, it is uncertain whether these associations can be generalized to those without hypertension. This study is to evaluate the associations of systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP and DBP, respectively) with estimated urinary sodium excretion (eUNaE), estimated urinary potassium excretion (eUKE) and their ratio (Na/K ratio) among hypertensive, normotensive, and hypotensive Chinese individuals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.202003_29(1).0014DOI Listing
January 2020

A community-based approach to lean body mass and appendicular skeletal muscle mass prediction using body circumferences in community-dwelling elderly in Taiwan.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2020 ;29(1):94-100

Department of Athletic Training and Health, National Taiwan Sport University, Taoyuan, Taiwan.

Background And Objectives: To develop and validate the prediction equations for lean body mass (LBM) and appendicular skeletal muscle mass (ASM) using body circumference measurements of community-dwelling adults older than 50 years old.

Methods And Study Design: Four hundred and ninety-eight community-dwelling adults older than 50 years old were recruited for this study. Participants were randomly assigned to a development group (DG, n=332) and validation group (VG, n=166). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.202003_29(1).0013DOI Listing
January 2020

Economic value of nutritional support methods in gastrointestinal cancer: A quantitative meta-analysis.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2020 ;29(1):83-93

Medical Affairs, Abbott Nutrition, Taipei, Taiwan.

Background And Objectives: Multiple studies of the relative economic value of different nutritional support methods for patients with gastrointestinal cancer have provided inconsistent results.

Methods And Study Design: The PUBMED and EMBASE databases were systematically searched through September 30, 2018to identify latent studies of the benefits of parenteral nutrition (PN), enteral nutrition (EN) or conventional intervention (CI) in gastrointestinal cancer patients. A fixed-effects model or random-effects model was applied depending on the heterogeneity of the studies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.202003_29(1).0012DOI Listing
January 2020
1.360 Impact Factor

Clinical nutrition knowledge, attitude and practice of medical interns in Shanghai: Contributory factors.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2020 ;29(1):77-82

Department of Clinical nutrition center, Huadong Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University, Shanghai, China. Email:

Background And Objectives: To provide a questionnaire, with Shanghai medical interns as respondents, analyzing knowledge (K), attitude (A), and practice (P) in relation to clinical nutrition, and to explore factors that could affect KAP scores.

Methods And Study Design: The cross- sectional study used 330 interns from Shanghai medical universities responding to general material data questionnaires and KAP questionnaires on clinical nutrition.

Results: The mean KAP score was 210. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.202003_29(1).0011DOI Listing
January 2020

Late-night-dinner deteriorates postprandial glucose and insulin whereas consuming dinner dividedly ameliorates them in patients with type 2 diabetes: A randomized crossover clinical trial.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2020 ;29(1):68-76

Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kyoto, Japan.

Background And Objectives: The aims of this study is to explore the acute effect of consuming dinner at different timing on postprandial glucose and hormone in patients with type 2 diabetes.

Methods And Study Design: Eight patients (age 70.8±1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.202003_29(1).0010DOI Listing
January 2020

Effects of flaxseed supplementation on functional constipation and quality of life in a Chinese population: A randomized trial.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2020 ;29(1):61-67

Department of Gastroenterology, Hua Dong Hospital affiliated to Fu Dan University, Shanghai, PR China. Email:

Background And Objectives: This prospective, randomized, controlled study aimed to evaluate the effects of flaxseed supplementation on functional constipation and quality of life in adult men and women in China.

Methods And Study Design: 90 subjects with functional constipation diagnosed by the Rome IV criteria were enrolled. Subjects were randomly assigned to receive either 50 g/day flaxseed flour with meals (n=60) or 15 mL/day of a lactulose solution on an empty stomach (n=30) every morning for 4 weeks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.202003_29(1).0009DOI Listing
January 2020

Nutrition program selection in acute ischemic stroke patients with GI hemorrhage.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2020 ;29(1):55-60

Department of Neurology, Hebei Petrochina Central Hospital, Hebei Province, China.

Background And Objectives: The severity of neurologic impairment is significantly associated with gastrointestinal (GI) hemorrhage. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare the effect of two nutritional interventions in acute ischemic stroke patients with GI hemorrhage.

Methods And Study Design: We retrospectively studied consecutive ischemic stroke patients with GI hemorrhage from January 2014 to December 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.202003_29(1).0008DOI Listing
January 2020

Serum total iron-binding capacity and iron status in patients with non-dialysis-dependent chronic kidney disease: A cross-sectional study in Vietnam.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2020 ;29(1):48-54

University of Tokyo Hospital, Japan.

Background And Objectives: We performed this study to evaluate serum iron and ferritin concentrations, serum total iron-binding capacity (TIBC), and proportion of overall iron deficiency among patients with non-dialysisdependent chronic kidney disease (ND-CKD).

Methods And Study Design: A hospital-based cross-sectional observational study was conducted on 175 adult patients with stage 3-5 chronic kidney disease (CKD) by using 51 healthy age-sex-matched Vietnamese adults as the control group. We next examined the prevalence of anemia and determined the serum iron and ferritin concentrations and TIBC. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.202003_29(1).0007DOI Listing
January 2020
1.360 Impact Factor

Prolonged preoperative fasting and prognosis in critically ill gastrointestinal surgery patients.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2020 ;29(1):41-47

Department of Critical Care Medicine, Peking University People's Hospital, Beijing, China.

Background And Objectives: This study aimed to assess the influence of prolonged preoperative fasting on prognosis in elective surgery.

Methods And Study Design: A retrospective, controlled study involving patients admitted to our surgical intensive care unit who underwent a gastrointestinal operation under general anesthesia. Patients were divided into regular preoperative fasting time (n=57) and prolonged preoperative fasting time (n=73) groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.202003_29(1).0006DOI Listing
January 2020

Effect of early enteral nutrition on the incidence of acute acalculous cholecystitis among trauma patients.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2020 ;29(1):35-40

Department of Surgery, Dankook University Hospital, Dankook University College of Medicine, Cheonan, Korea. Email:

Background And Objectives: Acute acalculous cholecystitis (AAC) often occurs in critically ill patients, especially in those that have experienced trauma, surgery, shock, and prolonged fasting. Early enteral nutrition has been shown to significantly reduce morbidity and mortality compared to other nutritional support strategies. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of early enteral nutrition on the incidence of AAC among trauma patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.202003_29(1).0005DOI Listing
January 2020

Thyroglobulin can be a functional biomarker of iodine deficiency, thyroid nodules, and goiter in Chinese pregnant women.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2020 ;29(1):27-34

The Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, School of Public Health, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China. Email:

Background And Objectives: Thyroglobulin (Tg) is considered a sensitive indicator of iodine status for children and adults, but its usefulness for pregnant women is unknown. The aim of this study was attempting to explore the relationship between Tg and iodine status and the association between elevated Tg and thyroid diseases.

Methods And Study Design: A total of 2163 pregnant women were recruited in this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.202003_29(1).0004DOI Listing
January 2020
1.360 Impact Factor

Consumption patterns of sweetened condensed milk in the diet of young Indonesian children and its potential nutritional health consequences.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2020 ;29(1):16-26

Human Nutrition Research Centre, Indonesian Medical Education and Research Institute (IMERI), Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia.

This critical review is intended to analyse the existing studies on the consumption patterns of sweetened condensed milk in the diet of young Indonesian children and its potential nutritional health consequences. Considering its limited nutritional value and high sugar content, sweetened condensed milk (SCM) should not be administered to young children (1-3 years old) with the goal of promoting their growth and development. However, such false practice has been reported in mostly urban studies among the underprivileged population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.202003_29(1).0003DOI Listing
January 2020

Regulobiosis: A regulatory and food system-sensitive role for fungal symbionts in human evolution and ecobiology.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2020 ;29(1):9-15

Institute of Nutrition and Health, Qingdao University, Qingdao, China.

The role of microbiomes in human biology and health are being extensively investigated, yet how the fungal community or mycobiome contributes to an integral microbiome is unclear and probably underestimated. We review the roles of fungi from the perspectives of their functionality in human biology, their cross-kingdom talk with other human microbial organisms, their dependence on diet and their involvement in human health and diseases. We hypothesize that members of the fungal community may interact as necessary symbionts with members of other human microbiome communities, and play a key role in human biology, yet to be fully understood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.202003_29(1).0002DOI Listing
January 2020

Benefit risk and cost ratios in sustainable food and health policy: Changing and challenging trajectories.

Authors:
Mark L Wahlqvist

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2020 ;29(1):1-8

Monash Asia institute, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia. Email:

There is benefit, risk and cost in all that we do, but when it comes to food, we expect that it will benefit our health, be available, safe to eat and affordable. But as climate change and demographic shifts through displacement and ageing gather momentum, the emphases on each of benefit, risk and cost will alter. That we are ecological beings whose health and wellbeing are ecosystem-dependent, must now be the underpinning framework for risk management. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.202003_29(1).0001DOI Listing
January 2020

Genetic and epigenetic regulation of BHMT is associated with folate therapy efficacy in hyperhomocysteinaemia.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2019 ;28(4):879-887

Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Zhengzhou University, Henan, China.

Background And Objectives: Hyperhomocysteinaemia (HHcy) is an independent risk factors for several disorders, including cardiovascular disease. The understanding of the relationship among genetic, epigenetic and the efficacy of folate therapy for HHcy remain unclear. This study aim to investigate whether betaine-homocysteine methyltransferase (BHMT) single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and DNA methylation are related to the efficacy of folate therapy for HHcy and whether BHMT DNA methylation mediates the SNP-folate therapy efficacy association. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201912_28(4).0025DOI Listing
May 2020
1.360 Impact Factor

Metabolic syndrome and risks of carotid atherosclerosis and cardiovascular events in community-based older adults in China.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2019 ;28(4):870-878

Department of Neurological Surgery, Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Background And Objectives: Previous studies on the importance of metabolic syndrome (MS) as a cardiovascular risk factor had not focused on older Chinese adults. The present study analyzed the association of MS with carotid atherosclerosis and the risk of cardiovascular events in Chinese adults.

Methods And Study Design: Data of a representative cohort study with 5-year follow-up were used. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201912_28(4).0024DOI Listing

Associations of dietary diversity with allergic diseases in Japanese workers: a cross-sectional study.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2019 ;28(4):857-869

Department of Public Health and Applied Nutrition, Institute of Biomedical Sciences, the University of Tokushima Graduate School, Tokushima, Japan.

Background And Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the associations of dietary diversity with prevalences of allergic diseases.

Methods And Study Design: The participants were 1,317 men and women aged 20 to 63 years who were living in Tokushima Prefecture, Japan during the period 2012-2013. We obtained anthropometric data and information on lifestyle characteristics and current medical histories of allergic diseases using a self-administered questionnaire. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201912_28(4).0023DOI Listing

Salt intake assessed by spot urine on physical examination in Hunan, China.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2019 ;28(4):845-856

Department of Health Management, The Third Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, China.

Background And Objectives: Excessive salt intake is a major public health problem in several countries, especially in China. However, few people are aware of their salt intake. The purpose of this study is to carry out salt intake test in routine physical examination, and to explore the salt intake of different populations and their correlation with diet. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201912_28(4).0022DOI Listing

Relationship of sociodemographic and anthropometric characteristics, and nutrient and food intakes with osteoarthritis prevalence in elderly subjects with controlled dyslipidaemia: a cross-sectional study.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2019 ;28(4):837-844

Department of Future Medicine, Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine, Daejeon, Republic of Korea.

Background And Objectives: Several studies have suggested that abnormal levels of serum cholesterol may be a major risk factor for osteoarthritis. However, no studies have been conducted to prevent osteoarthritis under controlled conditions of serum cholesterol. This study aimed to examine the relationship of sociodemographic and anthropometric characteristics, and nutrient and food intakes with osteoarthritis prevalence in Korean elderly subjects with controlled dyslipidaemia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201912_28(4).0021DOI Listing

Nutritional potential of underutilized food crops to improve diet quality of young children in food insecure prone areas of Madura Island, Indonesia.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2019 ;28(4):826-836

Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia.

Background And Objectives: Attention is currently given to the nutrition potential of underutilized food crops; however, only few studies have focused on this potential for young children. We investigate the nutrient composition of selected underutilized food crops in Bangkalan District, Madura Island, Indonesia, to determine its potential in meeting the nutritional needs of young children during the complementary feeding period.

Methods And Study Design: We obtained data on the availability of underutilized food crops from a cross-sectional study conducted in 2014 in Bangkalan District, Indonesia, and nutrient composition primarily from the Indonesian Food Composition Database. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201912_28(4).0020DOI Listing

Associations between iron status and insulin resistance in Chinese children and adolescents: findings from the China Health and Nutrition Survey.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2019 ;28(4):819-825

Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an Jiaotong University Health Science Center, Xi'an, Shaanxi, China.

Background And Objectives: Iron homeostasis abnormalities are associated with insulin resistance (IR), but studies on such associations in children and adolescents are limited and have contrasting results. The purpose of this study was to determine the associations between indicators of iron status and IR, and assesse if there are sex disparities in these associations.

Methods And Study Design: We selected data of 689 children and adolescents (367 boys and 322 girls) aged 6-18 years in the analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201912_28(4).0019DOI Listing

The association between parental weight status and risk of hypertension in children aged 6 to 12 years.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2019 ;28(4):812-818

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, USA.

Background And Objectives: Parents may play important roles in the regulation of children's weight status and consequently the development of childhood hypertension. Thus, this study aimed to examine parental weight status, as a marker of parents' diet and lifestyle, in relation to risk of hypertension in their children.

Methods And Study Design: A total of 1,949 children aged 6 to 12 years (1,012 girls, 52%) and their parents were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201912_28(4).0018DOI Listing

Colostral and mature breast milk protein compositional determinants in Qingdao, Wuhan and Hohhot: maternal food culture, vaginal delivery and neonatal gender.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2019 ;28(4):800-811

College of Food Science and Nutritional Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing, China.

Background And Objectives: Breast milk proteins are essential to infants as they provide nutrition and protection. This study evaluated multiple factors that might influence breast milk proteins to identify the determinants that lead to inter-individual and longitudinal differences.

Methods And Study Design: Five major breast milk proteins (β-casein, α-lactalbumin, lactoferrin, serum albumin and κ-casein) from breast milk samples collected from 55 mothers in three cities (Hohhot, Wuhan and Qingdao) in China were analyzed using a validated ultraperformance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry method. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201912_28(4).0017DOI Listing

Postpartum anemia is a neglected public health issue in China: a cross-sectional study.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2019 ;28(4):793-799

Department of Nutrition & Food Hygiene, School of Public Health, Peking University Health Center, Beijing, PR China.

Background And Objectives: Anemia impairs the health and wellbeing of women and increases the risk of maternal and neonatal adverse outcomes. The objectives of this study are to determine the prevalence of postpartum anemia among urban lactating women; investigate the predictors of anemia and explore the potential health effects on lactating performance.

Methods And Study Design: Multi-stage sampling methods were used to recruit 495 lactating women from 3 cities of China. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201912_28(4).0016DOI Listing

Citrus fruit intake and the risk of nasopharyngeal carcinoma.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2019 ;28(4):783-792

The First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University Health Science Center, Xi'an, China.

Background And Objectives: Citrus fruit are suggested to be associated with reduced risk of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), but findings from epidemiologic studies have been inconsistent. We aimed to synthesize the association by conducting a meta-analysis of existing evidence.

Methods And Study Design: Databases including Medline, EMBASE, Web of science, and the Cochrane Library were searched for eligible studies up to March 2019 using a series comprehensive searching terms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201912_28(4).0015DOI Listing

Dietary intakes of fruits and vegetables and lung cancer risk in participants with different smoking status: a meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2019 ;28(4):770-782

Institute of Nutrition & Health, Qingdao University, Qingdao, China.

Background And Objectives: The results from epidemiological studies are controversial between vegetable and fruit consumption and lung cancer risk in participants with different smoking status. The present meta-analysis aimed to investigate these associations with prospective cohort studies. Meanwhile, the potential dose-response relationship was evaluated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201912_28(4).0014DOI Listing

Association between serum copper and heart failure: a meta-analysis.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2019 ;28(4):761-769

Department of Cardiology, Ningbo Hangzhou Bay Hospital, Ningbo, China.

Background And Objectives: Copper dyshomeostasis can lead to many diseases, including cardiovascular disease. However, there are conflicting reports on the relationship between serum copper and heart failure (HF). To explore the relationship between serum copper levels and HF by performing a meta-analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201912_28(4).0013DOI Listing

Higher serum magnesium concentration is associated with lower hearing thresholds and risk of hearing loss among a Chinese population.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2019 ;28(4):754-760

Medical School, Hangzhou Normal University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, People's Republic of China.

Background And Objectives: Hearing loss is a sensory impairment caused by genetic and environmental factors. Previous epidemiological studies of magnesium intake and hearing loss have yielded conflicting results.

Methods And Study Design: We investigated the association between serum magnesium concentrations and hearing loss in a population from the Zhejiang region of China. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201912_28(4).0012DOI Listing

Association between serum ferritin and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease among middle-aged and elderly Chinese with normal weight.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2019 ;28(4):747-753

Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, School of Public Health, Qingdao University, Qingdao, China.

Background And Objectives: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in normal-weight population is becoming an important health issue. This study aimed to assess the association between serum ferritin (SF) and NAFLD among middle-aged and elderly Chinese with normal weight.

Methods And Study Design: A total of 2029 Chinese adults aged 35-70 years with normal weight were involved in this cross-sectional study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201912_28(4).0011DOI Listing

Effect of green tea consumption on human brain function in resting-state functional MRI.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2019 ;28(4):740-746

Suzhou Institute of Biomedical Engineering and Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Suzhou, China.

Background And Objectives: Green tea is reported to have wide benefits on psychological states and cognitive functions. Studies that focus on the underlying neural mechanisms of green tea are limited to its single composition while people usually benefit from green tea water that contains various composition. In this study, we examined the human brain activity changes after drinking natural green tea by using regional homogeneity and functional connectivity based on the resting-state functional MRI technique. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201912_28(4).0010DOI Listing

Recovery of Lactobacillus casei strain Shirota (LcS) from faeces with 14 days of fermented milk supplementation in healthy Australian adults.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2019 ;28(4):734-739

School of Medical Science, Griffith University, Southport, QLD, Australia.

Background And Objectives: A key measure for classifying bacteria as a probiotic is the ability to survive gastric transport and be recoverable in faeces. The aim of this study was to determine whether Lactobacillus casei strain Shirota (LcS) could be recovered in the faeces of healthy young Australian adults following ingestion of a fermented milk drink.

Methods And Study Design: A cohort of 25 healthy individuals (male/female: 14/11; age: 29. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201912_28(4).0009DOI Listing

A randomized controlled trial of preoperative carbohydrate drinks on postoperative walking capacity in elective colorectal surgery.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2019 ;28(4):727-733

Colorectal Surgery Unit, Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Background And Objectives: Routine overnight fasting may increase the risk of postoperative complications and delay postoperative recovery. Oral carbohydrate drinks have been shown to reduce glucose utilization and postoperative negative nitrogen balance while preserving muscle mass and strength. This randomized controlled trial aimed to examine whether preoperative oral carbohydrate drinks can enhance postoperative physical recovery in patients undergoing major colorectal surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201912_28(4).0008DOI Listing

Effect of exercise therapy combined with branched-chain amino acid supplementation on muscle strength in elderly women after total hip arthroplasty: a randomized controlled trial.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2019 ;28(4):720-726

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University Graduate School, Tokyo, Japan.

Background And Objectives: Many patients develop a prolonged decrease of muscle strength after total hip arthroplasty (THA) despite their reconstructed hip joint. Physical exercise combined with branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) supplementation has been reported to improve muscle strength in elderly persons with sarcopenia. However, the effect of BCAA supplementation in patients after THA is unknown. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201912_28(4).0007DOI Listing

Early intervention with supplemental parenteral nutrition reduces the incidence of granulocytopenia-related infections in patients with lung cancer: a retrospective cohort study.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2019 ;28(4):711-719

Department of Oncology, Medical school of Chinese PLA, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing, China.

Background And Objectives: The optimal timing for initiating supplemental parenteral nutrition in chemotherapy- induced severe granulocytopenia in patients with lung cancer remains uncertain.

Methods And Study Design: A retrospective study was conducted among patients with lung cancer from February 2016 to June 2018. In total, 182 eligible patients were included and divided into 2 groups according to the time of supplemental parenteral nutrition intervention: early initiation (within 72 hours of development of granulocytopenia) and late initiation (over 72 hours). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201912_28(4).0006DOI Listing

Probiotics in preventing and treating chemotherapy-induced diarrhea: a meta-analysis.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2019 ;28(4):701-710

First Clinical Medical College, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing, China.

Background And Objectives: To systematically assess the safety and effectiveness of probiotics in preventing and treating chemotherapy-induced diarrhea (CID), so as to provide the evidence-based evidence for clinical practice.

Methods And Study Design: Electronic databases, including EMbase, Cochrane Library, pubMed, CNKI, VIP, CBM, and Wanfang databases, were retrieved to search for the randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of CIDs among patients with malignant tumors treated with probiotics as of March 2019. Later, the Rev Man 5. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201912_28(4).0005DOI Listing

Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy feeding is beneficial in patients with advanced dementia.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2019 ;28(4):695-700

Department of Gastroenterology, Recep Tayyip Erdogan University, Turkey.

Background And Objectives: We aimed to show the long-term results of patients who received percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tubes and to evaluate the usefulness of this method in advanced dementia patients, which is considered to be of controversial benefit in the literature. Therefore, we compared three groups of patients: advanced dementia patients fed via PEG, stroke patients fed via PEG and advanced dementia patients not fed via PEG.

Methods And Study Design: In total, 305 files of patients who underwent PEG implantation were screened retrospectively, and 283 were analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201912_28(4).0004DOI Listing

Vitamin D and depression: mechanisms, determination and application.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2019 ;28(4):689-694

Institute of Clinical Pharmacy & Pharmacology, Jining First People's Hospital, Jining Medical University, Jining, China.

Depression is the most common debilitating psychiatric disease, the pathological mechanisms of which are associated with multiple aspects of neural function. While recent evidence has consistently suggested that a suboptimal vitamin D status is frequently observed in patients with depression, the results concerning whether vitamin D insufficiency is a causal factor of depression or is secondary to depressive behavior are conflicting; additionally, the lack of consistency of the method of vitamin D determination between labs has further worsened this confusion. Herein, we reviewed the neuroactivities of vitamin D that may be associated with depression and the current studies and clinical investigations to provide a full overview on the use of vitamin D in the treatment and prevention of depression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201912_28(4).0003DOI Listing
May 2020
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Docosahexaenoic acid and the brain- what is its role?

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2019 ;28(4):675-688

Faculty of Health, Deakin University, Victoria, Australia.

Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is a 22-carbon omega 3 PUFA highly enriched in the neuronal cell membranes and rod outer segment membranes. When DHA is depleted from these cell membranes it is replaced nearly quantitatively by a 22-carbon omega 6 PUFA, docosapentaenoic acid, which has similar, but less potent, biophysical and physiological properties to DHA. It is speculated that omega 6-docosapentaenoic acid is a buffer to prevent the possible catastrophic effects of DHA depletion on brain and visual function. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201912_28(4).0002DOI Listing

Advances and gaps in recommendations for adequate water intake in China.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2019 ;28(4):665-674

Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, School of Public Health, Peking University, Hai Dian District, Beijing, China.

Water is essential for life survival and development. It plays a pivotal role in metabolic function, modulates normal osmotic pressure, maintains the electrolyte balance, and regulates body temperature. Adequate water intake is necessary for optimal hydration-both excessive and insufficient water consumption can have adverse effects on health. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201912_28(4).0001DOI Listing