22 results match your criteria Asia Pacific Viewpoint[Journal]

  • Page 1 of 1

Occupational health and safety of merchant seafarers from Kiribati and Tuvalu.

Authors:
Maria Borovnik

Asia Pac Viewp 2011 ;52(3):333-46

Massey University, New Zealand.

Intensifying international competition in the shipping industry in response to global pressures makes seafarers' jobs increasingly difficult. Challenging conditions in ship employment are problematic, particularly in a development context where home communities' dependence on seafarers' income is high and social protection is low. Qualitative fieldwork revealed that seafarers from Kiribati and Tuvalu endure exceptionally lengthy work periods at sea to remain competitive. Read More

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October 2012

The tyranny of taste: the case of organic rice in Cambodia.

Authors:
Maylee Thavat

Asia Pac Viewp 2011 ;52(3):285-98

Australian National University, Canberra.

Fair-trade and organic products are often sold at price premiums justified by smaller production volumes that are associated with greater social and environmental responsibility. The consumption of these products confers on the consumer a greater sense of morality – and usually a claim to better taste. This paper tells the story of attempts to promote organic/fair-trade rice production by de facto organic Cambodian farmers for export to North American and European markets in order to assist poor farmers to trade their way out of poverty. Read More

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October 2012

A new inequality? Privatisation, urban bias, migration and medical tourism.

Authors:
John Connell

Asia Pac Viewp 2011 ;52(3):260-71

University of Sydney, Australia.

Access to health care in developing countries, the main destinations of medical tourists, is notoriously uneven, and often becoming more so. Medical tourism, urban bias and privatisation have combined to exacerbate this trend. This is exemplified in both Thailand and India, where regional areas have been disadvantaged by the migration of health-care workers to hospitals focusing on medical tourism, neo-liberal national financial provision for medical tourism (and related tourism campaigns) and evidence of trickle-down gains is lacking. Read More

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October 2012
1 Read

Shifting subjects of health-care: placing "medical tourism" in the context of Malaysian domestic health-care reform.

Authors:
Meghann Ormond

Asia Pac Viewp 2011 ;52(3):247-59

Wageningen University, The Netherlands.

"Medical tourism" has frequently been held to unsettle naturalised relationships between the state and its citizenry. Yet in casting "medical tourism" as either an outside "innovation" or "invasion," scholars have often ignored the role that the neoliberal retrenchment of social welfare structures has played in shaping the domestic health-care systems of the "developing" countries recognised as international medical travel destinations. While there is little doubt that "medical tourism" impacts destinations' health-care systems, it remains essential to contextualise them. Read More

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October 2012
1 Read

Assessing women's understandings of health in rural Papua New Guinea: implications for health policy and practice.

Asia Pac Viewp 2011 ;52(2):178-93

Curtin University of Technology, Perth.

In Papua New Guinea (PNG), women's health is addressed by applying biomedical solutions which often ignore the complexity of women's histories, cultural contexts and lived experiences. The objective of this study was to examine adult and older women's perceptions of health and well-being to identify priority areas for public service interventions. Rapid ethnographic assessment was conducted in the Wosera district, a rural area of PNG from mid-2005 to early 2006, to examine the health concerns of women. Read More

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October 2012
2 Reads

Exploring Thailand's mortality transition with the aid of life tables.

Asia Pac Viewp 2011 ;52(1):85-105

Australian National University, Canberra.

The project Thai Health-Risk Transition: A National Cohort Study seeks to better understand the health implications of modernisation and globalisation forces impacting on Thailand. As part of its "look-back" component this paper seeks, using available life tables, to document the country's post-war mortality transition. The onset of transition through mass campaigns of the late 1940s and 1950s is first discussed before attention turns to the life tables. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3175806PMC
September 2011
2 Reads

Composite farming systems in an era of change: Nagaland, Northeast India.

Asia Pac Viewp 2011 ;52(1):56-84

Chom Doi Condotel, Thailand, and The Australian National University, Canberra.

Composite farming systems, first clearly identified by Rambo, are those in which radically different technologies are found together in a single farming complex. Data from diaries kept by groups of farming families in two Angami Naga villages in northeast India, Khonoma and smaller Tsiesema, detailing inputs into and outputs from wet-rice terraces and jhum (swidden) fields in the years 2000 and 2001, are presented and discussed to detail the workings of related but different composite systems. The 2000–2001 survey caught an important set of changes in midstream. Read More

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September 2011

Governing sex workers in Timor Leste.

Authors:
Carol Harrington

Asia Pac Viewp 2011 ;52(1):29-41

Victoria University, Wellington.

This paper argues that international security forces in Timor Leste depend upon civilian partners in HIV/AIDs "knowledge networks" to monitor prostitutes' disease status. These networks produce mobile expertise, techniques of government and forms of personhood that facilitate international government of distant populations without overt coercion. HIV/AIDs experts promote techniques of peer education, empowerment and community mobilisation to construct women who sell sex as health conscious sex workers. Read More

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September 2011

Export quality: representing Fijian bodies and the economy of war.

Asia Pac Viewp 2011 ;52(1):5-16

University of NSW, New South Wales, and Deakin University.

Fijian bodies have become a valuable commodity in the economy of war. Remittances from workers overseas are Fiji's largest income – exceeding that of tourism and sugar export. This essay examines historical and contemporary representations of the black male body that perpetuate the exploitation of Fijians by inscribing the Fijian male body as warrior, criminal and protector. Read More

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September 2011

Researching Pacific island livelihoods: mobility, natural resource management and nissology.

Asia Pac Viewp 2010 ;51(3):278-87

University of Copenhagen.

Small island literature is vast in focus and aim, and is rooted in many different disciplines. The challenge is to find common grounds for researching small islands conceptually and theoretically. The aim of this article is to comment on how to research small islands, including a discussion on contemporary theories of nissology and conceptual analytical frameworks for island research. Read More

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Taking a climate chance: a procedural critique of Vietnam's climate change strategy.

Asia Pac Viewp 2010 ;51(3):229-47

University of Ottawa.

This article asks through what processes and for which interests the emerging Vietnamese climate change strategy is being designed, and if, ultimately, it is likely or not to be effective in the face of the looming threat. Through a review of an emerging body of literature and field observations, the paper finds the strategy partial and problematic in several ways. Its technocratic process prevents a pluralist representation of interests, obfuscating and perpetuating sectorial ones, at the expense of a more transparent and democratic resource allocation. Read More

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March 2011
3 Reads

Navigating fieldwork politics, practicalities and ethics in the upland borderlands of northern Vietnam.

Authors:
Christine Bonnin

Asia Pac Viewp 2010 ;51(2):179-92

Department of Geography, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

In this article, I detail and evaluate the negotiations I had to broker to conduct ethnographic research on marketplace vendors and trade in the upland borderlands of northern Vietnam. Working with the analogy of the numerous 'lines' I was constrained by, had to manoeuvre around, and at times crossed over, I begin with a discussion of the 'official lines' or state regulations imposed upon my research and how I worked with, or negotiated these limitations. I then reveal the important 'border guards' or gatekeepers, such as local state actors and also field assistants, who enabled or constrained access to informants in numerous different ways. Read More

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September 2010

A heuristic blunder: notes on an ethnographic situation in southwest China.

Authors:
Stéphane Gros

Asia Pac Viewp 2010 ;51(2):148-63

Centre for Himalayan Studies, CNRS, France.

During long-term fieldwork the increasing involvement of the ethnographer in the lives of others raises a series of methodological and ethical issues. These can become even more pronounced when one is working with ethnic minorities in a socialist country. Yet, a seldom acknowledged reality of ethnographic fieldwork experience are the 'little failures' that occur along the way, alongside ethnographic blunders. Read More

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September 2010

Challenges and dilemmas: fieldwork with upland minorities in socialist Vietnam, Laos and southwest China.

Authors:
Sarah Turner

Asia Pac Viewp 2010 ;51(2):121-34

Department of Geography, McGill University, Montréal, Canada.

The Chinese, Vietnamese and Lao spaces within the upland Southeast Asian massif, sheltering over 80 million people belonging to geographically dispersed and politically fragmented minority populations, have only recently reopened to overseas academic endeavours. Undertaking social sciences research there among ethnic minority groups is underscored by a specific set of challenges, dilemmas, and negotiations. This special issue brings together Western academics and post-fieldwork doctoral students from the realms of social anthropology and human geography, who have conducted in-depth fieldwork among ethnic minorities in upland southwest China, northern Vietnam, and southern Laos. Read More

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September 2010
4 Reads

Migration and circulation as a way of life for the Wosera Abelam of Papua New Guinea.

Asia Pac Viewp 1998 Apr;39(1):29-52

"Migration and circulation are now an integral part of the socio-economy of the Wosera Abelam of Papua New Guinea. Since the 1950s large numbers of Wosera Abelam have settled in West New Britain (WNB) towns and government sponsored resettlement schemes.. Read More

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Rural population growth in Papua New Guinea between 1980 and 1990.

Authors:
G Keig

Asia Pac Viewp 2001 ;42(2-3):255-68

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March 2009
3 Reads

Land use change and intensification in Papua New Guinea 1975-1996.

Asia Pac Viewp 2001 ;42(2-3):209-18

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March 2009
1 Read

Women.

Authors:
A Magee

Asia Pac Viewp 2001 ;42(1):35-45

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March 2009
1 Read

Wetland drainage and agricultural transformations in the southern highlands of Papua New Guinea.

Authors:
C Ballard

Asia Pac Viewp 2001 ;42(2-3):287-304

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March 2009
1 Read

Population mobility and the transformation of a village community in northern Thailand.

Asia Pac Viewp 1999 ;40(1):69-87

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July 2009
2 Reads

Mobility in Melanesia: bigman bilong circulation.

Authors:
R Bedford

Asia Pac Viewp 1999 ;40(1):3-17

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