876,158 results match your criteria Asia Pacific Law Review[Journal]


Mitogenomes reveal multiple colonization of mountains by Rattus in Sundaland.

J Hered 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Conservation and Evolutionary Genetics Group, Estación Biológica de Doñana (EBD-CSIC), Sevilla, Spain.

Tropical mountains are cradles of biodiversity and endemism. Sundaland, tropical Southeast Asia, hosts three species of Rattus endemic to elevations above 2,000 m with an apparent convergence in external morphology: Rattus korinchi and R. hoogerwerfi from Sumatra, and R. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jhered/esaa014DOI Listing

Height, marriage, and partner characteristics for women in low- and middle-income countries.

Authors:
Jason E Murasko

Econ Hum Biol 2020 May 11;38:100876. Epub 2020 May 11.

College of Business, University of Houston, Clear Lake, 2700 Bay Area Blvd, Houston, TX 77058, United States. Electronic address:

In both historical and contemporary populations, taller individuals have been shown to fare better in marriage markets. Height has been positively associated with the propensity to marry, length of marriage, and the education and economic outcomes of marriage partners. These associations are most commonly identified for male samples. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ehb.2020.100876DOI Listing

The ameliorative impacts of Moringa oleifera leaf extract against oxidative stress and methotrexate-induced hepato-renal dysfunction.

Biomed Pharmacother 2020 May 30;128:110259. Epub 2020 May 30.

Department of Clinical Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig 44519, Egypt.

Moringa Oleifera (MO) is a herbal plant native to South Asia known for its anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory properties. This study explored the protective effects of MO leaf extract (MOLE) against oxidative stress and hepatic and renal injuries caused by methotrexate (MTX) therapy. Mice received a single intraperitoneal injection of 20 mg/kg body weight MTX to induce hepatic and kidney injuries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biopha.2020.110259DOI Listing

The visualisation of fingermarks on Pangolin scales using gelatine lifters.

Forensic Sci Int 2020 Apr 28;313:110221. Epub 2020 Apr 28.

University of Portsmouth, Faculty of Humanities and Social Science, Institute of Criminal Justice Studies, 141 High Street, Portsmouth, Hampshire PO1 2HY, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Recent media reports document the plight of the Pangolin and its current position as "the most trafficked mammal in the world". They are described by some as scaly anteaters as all species are covered in hard keratinous tissue in the form of overlapping scales acting as a "flexible dermal armour". It is estimated that between 2011 and 2013, 117,000-234,000 pangolins were slaughtered, but the seizures may only represent as little as 10% of the true volume of pangolins being illegally traded. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2020.110221DOI Listing

Oral pathological conditions of an Early Epipaleolithic human from Southwest Asia: Ohalo II H2 as a probable case of intentional dental ablation.

Int J Paleopathol 2020 May 30;30:68-76. Epub 2020 May 30.

Department of Anthropology, California State University-Dominguez Hills, SBS G323, 1000 E Victoria St, Carson, CA, 90747, USA.

Objective: To describe the oral pathological conditions of Ohalo II H2, an Early Epipaleolithic human from southwest Asia.

Materials: The dentognathic skeleton of Ohalo II H2 and relevant comparative data from similar chronological and/or geographic contexts.

Methods: Gross and x-ray observations of oral pathological conditions and occlusal wear were made following published protocols. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpp.2020.04.001DOI Listing

The wazan janch: The body-mass index and the socio-spatial politics of health promotion in rural India.

Authors:
Carly E Nichols

Soc Sci Med 2020 May 22;258:113071. Epub 2020 May 22.

University of Iowa, Department of Geographical and Sustainability Sciences, 312 Jessup Hall, Iowa City, IA, 52245, USA. Electronic address:

The body mass index (BMI), which measures body mass divided by height squared (kg/m²), has become a popular technology for quickly measuring and assessing individuals' health and disease risk. However, the BMI has also been widely criticized by health professionals who argue that it's a poor measure of health. Feminist scholars are also critical, arguing BMI is a technology of neoliberal health promotion that pathologizes body size, and produces responsibilized subjects invested in maintaining "proper" weights, while often ignoring the social and environmental conditions that result in differently sized bodies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2020.113071DOI Listing

Hyperforin induces apoptosis through extrinsic/intrinsic pathways and inhibits EGFR/ERK/NF-κB-mediated anti-apoptotic potential in glioblastoma.

Environ Toxicol 2020 Jun 2. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Department of Biological Science and Technology, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan.

Glioblastoma is the most common primary brain tumor with poor survival rate and without effective treatment strategy. Notably, amplification and active mutation of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) occur frequently in glioblastoma patient that may be a potential treatment target. Several studies indicated that various type of herbal compounds not only regulate anti-depressant effect but also shown capacity to suppress glioblastoma growth via inducing apoptosis and inhibiting oncogene signaling transduction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/tox.22942DOI Listing

Mucormycosis in the Middle East and North Africa: Analysis of the FungiScope® registry and cases from the literature.

Mycoses 2020 Jun 2. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

University of Cologne, Faculty of Medicine and University Hospital Cologne, Department I of Internal Medicine, Center for Integrated Oncology Aachen Bonn Cologne Duesseldorf (CIO ABCD), Excellence Center for Medical Mycology (ECMM), Cologne, Germany.

Background: Regional differences in the underlying causes, manifestations and treatment of mucormycosis have been noted in studies covering Europe, Asia and South America.

Objectives: To review cases of mucormycosis across the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region in order to identify epidemiological, treatment and outcome trends in this region.

Patients/methods: Cases of proven or probable invasive mucormycosis from the region were identified from the FungiScope® database and the medical literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/myc.13123DOI Listing

Improving Translational Research in Sex-specific Effects of Comorbidities and Risk Factors in Ischemic Heart Disease and Cardioprotection: Position Paper and Recommendations of the ESC Working Group on Cellular Biology of the Heart.

Cardiovasc Res 2020 Jun 2. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Department of Medical Biology, UiT The Arctic University of Norway, Norway.

Ischemic heart disease (IHD) is a complex disorder and a leading cause of death and morbidity in both men and women. Sex however affects several aspects of IHD, including pathophysiology, incidence, clinical presentation, diagnosis as well as treatment and outcome. Several diseases or risk factors frequently associated with IHD can modify cellular signalling cascades, thus affecting ischemia/reperfusion injury as well as responses to cardioprotective interventions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/cvr/cvaa155DOI Listing

Point-of-Care Ultrasound in the Diagnosis of Melioidosis in Laos.

Am J Trop Med Hyg 2020 Jun 1. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.

Melioidosis is endemic in many rural areas in Southeast Asia where facilities for culture and identification of are often limited. We performed a prospective observational study in patients presenting with fever to Mahosot Hospital, the primary referral hospital in Laos, to establish whether the detection of abscesses on ultrasound could support a presumptive diagnosis of melioidosis. All patients underwent ultrasound examination to detect abscesses in the liver, spleen, prostate, or, if indicated, subcutaneous tissue. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.20-0069DOI Listing

Explaining the exceptional 4,270 m high elevation limit of an evergreen oak in the south-eastern Himalaya.

Tree Physiol 2020 Jun 1. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Institute of Botany, University of Basel, Schönbeinstrasse 6, 4056, Basel, Switzerland.

Unlike the well understood alpine treeline, the upper range limits of tree taxa that do not reach the alpine treeline are largely unexplained. In this study, we explored the causes of the exceptionally high elevation (4,270 m) occurrence of broad-leaved evergreen oaks (Quercus pannosa) in SE Himalayas. We assessed the course of freezing resistance of buds and leaves from winter to summer at the upper elevational limit of this oak species. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/treephys/tpaa070DOI Listing

Papuan mitochondrial genomes and the settlement of Sahul.

J Hum Genet 2020 Jun 1. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Laboratoire Évolution and Diversité Biologique (EDB UMR 5174), Université de Toulouse Midi-Pyrénées, CNRS, IRD, UPS, 118 route de Narbonne, Bat 4R1, 31062, Toulouse, France.

New Guineans represent one of the oldest locally continuous populations outside Africa, harboring among the greatest linguistic and genetic diversity on the planet. Archeological and genetic evidence suggest that their ancestors reached Sahul (present day New Guinea and Australia) by at least 55,000 years ago (kya). However, little is known about this early settlement phase or subsequent dispersal and population structuring over the subsequent period of time. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s10038-020-0781-3DOI Listing

Muscle belly in the tunnel: an unusual cause of carpal tunnel syndrome in a patient with spinal cord injury.

Spinal Cord Ser Cases 2019 Jun 3;5(1):54. Epub 2019 Jun 3.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Marmara University School of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey.

Introduction: Carpal tunnel syndrome, entrapment of median nerve at the wrist, is one of the most commonly encountered peripheral neuropathies in the upper extremity. It is also common in individuals with spinal cord injury due to repetitive movements during wheelchair use. Although it is well known that prevalence of carpal tunnel syndrome is high in individuals with spinal cord injury, no previous study identified aberrant muscle as the cause. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41394-019-0201-0DOI Listing

Ancient genomes from northern China suggest links between subsistence changes and human migration.

Nat Commun 2020 Jun 1;11(1):2700. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

School of Life Sciences, Jilin University, Changchun, 130012, China.

Northern China harbored the world's earliest complex societies based on millet farming, in two major centers in the Yellow (YR) and West Liao (WLR) River basins. Until now, their genetic histories have remained largely unknown. Here we present 55 ancient genomes dating to 7500-1700 BP from the YR, WLR, and Amur River (AR) regions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-16557-2DOI Listing

Sugammadex: A Limited But Important Role in Emergency Medicine.

Authors:
Betty Chen

Pediatr Emerg Care 2020 Jun;36(6):296-301

From the Assistant Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA.

Sugammadex reverses neuromuscular blockade by the steroidal nondepolarizing neuromuscular blocking agents rocuronium and vecuronium. In 2015, it was approved in the United States by the Food and Drug Administration for adult use. However, there are ongoing clinical trials investigating its use in the pediatric population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PEC.0000000000002126DOI Listing

Taxonomy and phylogenetic relationship of zokors.

J Genet 2020 ;99

Key Laboratory of National Forestry and Grassland Administration on Management of Western Forest Bio-Disaster, Northwest Agriculture and Forestry University, Yangling 712100, People's Republic of China. Xiaoning Nan,

Zokor (Myospalacinae) is one of the subterranean rodents, endemic to east Asia. Due to the convergent and parallel evolution induced by its special lifestyles, the controversies in morphological classification of zokor appeared at the level of family and genus. To resolve these controversies about taxonomy and phylogeny, the phylogenetic relationships of 20 species of Muroidea and six species of zokors were studied based on complete mitochondrial genome and mitochondrial gene, respectively. Read More

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January 2020

Preservation of fertility in premenopausal patients with breast cancer.

Hong Kong Med J 2020 May 28. Epub 2020 May 28.

Department of Clinical Oncology, State Key Laboratory of Translational Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.

Introduction: Cancer survivorship is increasingly important with advances in cancer therapeutics. Minimisation of treatment-related morbidity is an area that requires attention. This situation is most pressing in premenopausal patients with breast cancer, in whom advances in hormonal and targeted therapies have improved mortality rates. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12809/hkmj198268DOI Listing

Particulate Air Pollution and Progression to Kidney Failure With Replacement Therapy: An Advanced CKD Registry-Based Cohort Study in Taiwan.

Am J Kidney Dis 2020 May 29. Epub 2020 May 29.

Department of Occupational Safety and Health, College of Public Health, China Medical University, Taichung; Department of Occupational Therapy, College of Medical and Health Science, Asia University, Taichung, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Rationale & Objective: Limited evidence concerns fine particulate matter (with aerodynamic diameter ≤ 2.5μm [PM]) exposure and the risk for kidney failure with replacement therapy (KFRT). This study assessed whether PM exposure was associated with progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD) to KFRT. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.ajkd.2020.02.447DOI Listing

Effects of COVID-19 Home Confinement on Eating Behaviour and Physical Activity: Results of the ECLB-COVID19 International Online Survey.

Nutrients 2020 May 28;12(6). Epub 2020 May 28.

Institute of Sport Science, Otto-von-Guericke University, 39106 Magdeburg, Germany.

Background: Public health recommendations and governmental measures during the COVID-19 pandemic have resulted in numerous restrictions on daily living including social distancing, isolation and home confinement. While these measures are imperative to abate the spreading of COVID-19, the impact of these restrictions on health behaviours and lifestyles at home is undefined. Therefore, an international online survey was launched in April 2020, in seven languages, to elucidate the behavioural and lifestyle consequences of COVID-19 restrictions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu12061583DOI Listing

Uterine Fibroids Increase the Risk of Thyroid Cancer.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 May 28;17(11). Epub 2020 May 28.

Graduate Institute of Biomedical Sciences, College of Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung 404, Taiwan.

Objectives: The formation of uterine fibroids (UF) is potentially linked to the development of thyroid cancer through a common factor: female sex hormones.

Methods: We conducted a nationwide population-based cohort study to determine whether Taiwanese women with UF have an increased risk of thyroid cancer. The data of both the UF and control groups were derived from the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) of Taiwan. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17113821DOI Listing

Antidepressant use and colorectal cancer morbidity and mortality: A dose-response meta analysis.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2020 May;99(22):e20185

Department of Gastroenterology.

The risk of colorectal cancer associated to antidepressant use remains unclear. The purpose of this meta-analysis was to investigate the risk of colorectal cancer associated to antidepressant use.Medline, Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane Database were accessed from the dates of their establishment to October 2018, to collect study of antidepressant use and colorectal cancer morbidity and mortality. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000020185DOI Listing

Environmental health conditions in protracted displacement: A systematic scoping review.

Sci Total Environ 2020 Jul 12;726:138234. Epub 2020 Apr 12.

The Water Institute at UNC, Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 135 Dauer Drive, CB#7431, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, United States; School of Civil Engineering, University of Leeds, Woodhouse Ln, Woodhouse, Leeds LS2 9DY, United Kingdom.

Adequate environmental health services are critical for human rights, health, and development, especially in the context of forced displacement. There are more than 70 million forcibly displaced persons worldwide, most in protracted situations, having been displaced for more than two years. Some live in camps or informal settlements, but most live in urban areas. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.138234DOI Listing

Holocene moisture variations in the Arid Central Asia: New evidence from the southern Altai Mountains of China.

Sci Total Environ 2020 May 19;735:139545. Epub 2020 May 19.

College of Environment and Planning, Henan University, Jinming Street, Kaifeng 475004, China. Electronic address:

A continuous peat sequence collected in the southern Altai Mountains provides a new opportunity to reconstruct the Holocene vegetation and moisture history in the Arid Central Asia. Based on pollen data of 190 samples with a chronologic support of eight AMS dates from a 380-cm core at Tuolehaite (TLHT) Peat, the Holocene moisture variations in the southern Altai Mountains of China were reconstructed. The reconstruction revealed a wet early Holocene (~10,600-~8500cal. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.139545DOI Listing

Identification of functional epitopes of structural proteins and in-silico designing of dual acting multiepitope anti-tick vaccine against emerging Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus.

Eur J Pharm Sci 2020 May 29:105396. Epub 2020 May 29.

Division of Virology, Defence Research and Development Establishment, Jhansi Road, Gwalior, PIN-474002, India. Electronic address:

Recurrent outbreaks of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) virus infection in different parts of world are a major global health concern. The CCHF viral infection is associated with severe hemorrhagic fevers and mortality up to 40%. More than 30 countries in Asia, Europe and Africa are affected with CCHF infection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejps.2020.105396DOI Listing

Challenges and Lessons for Managing Glaucoma during COVID-19 Pandemic: Perspectives from Asia.

Ophthalmology 2020 May 29. Epub 2020 May 29.

Singapore Eye Research Institute, Singapore National Eye Centre, Singapore; Duke-NUS Medical School, Singapore; Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ophtha.2020.05.042DOI Listing

Structural and biochemical analysis of phosphoethanolamine methyltransferase from the pine wilt nematode Bursaphelenchus xylophilus.

Mol Biochem Parasitol 2020 May 29:111291. Epub 2020 May 29.

Department of Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, One Brookings Drive, St. Louis, MO, 63130, United States. Electronic address:

In free-living and parasitic nematodes, the methylation of phosphoethanolamine to phosphocholine provides a key metabolite to sustain phospholipid biosynthesis for growth and development. Because the phosphoethanolamine methyltransferases (PMT) of nematodes are essential for normal growth and development, these enzymes are potential targets of inhibitor design. The pine wilt nematode (Bursaphelenchus xylophilus) causes extensive damage to trees used for lumber and paper in Asia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.molbiopara.2020.111291DOI Listing

Abortion Service Provision in South Asia: A Comparative Study of Four Countries.

Contraception 2020 May 29. Epub 2020 May 29.

Guttmacher Institute, 125 Maiden Lane 7th Floor, New York, NY 10038, USA. Electronic address:

Objectives: Nationally representative evidence on abortion service provision is scarce in South Asia. To inform improvements in service provision, this paper assesses the availability of facility-based postabortion services in Nepal, India (six states), Bangladesh and Pakistan, and legal abortion services in India and Nepal and Bangladesh (where the official term used is menstrual regulation or MR).

Study Design: The paper presents comparable indicators on three aspects of abortion service provision from representative surveys of public and private sector facilities, conducted over 2012-2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.contraception.2020.05.015DOI Listing

The impact of event type and geographical proximity on threat appraisal and emotional reactions to Wikipedia articles.

PLoS One 2020 1;15(6):e0233770. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Knowledge Construction Lab, Leibniz-Institut für Wissensmedien, Tübingen, Germany.

The online encyclopedia Wikipedia strives for objectivity and neutrality. However, Wikipedia also provides articles about negative events (e.g. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0233770PLOS

Effects of dissolved nickel and nickel-contaminated suspended sediment on the scleractinian coral, Acropora muricata.

Mar Pollut Bull 2020 Mar 17;152:110886. Epub 2020 Feb 17.

School of Earth, Atmospheric and Life Sciences, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW 2522, Australia.

Intensification of lateritic nickel mining in Southeast Asia and Melanesia potentially threatens coastal ecosystems from increased exposure to nickel and suspended sediment. This study investigated the response of Acropora muricata when exposed to either dissolved nickel, clean suspended sediment or nickel-contaminated suspended sediment for 7 days, followed by a 7-d recovery period. Significant bleaching and accumulation of nickel in coral tissue was observed only after exposure to high dissolved nickel concentrations and nickel-spiked suspended sediment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2020.110886DOI Listing

Managed care opportunities and approaches to select treatment for sight preservation.

Authors:
Winston Wong

Am J Manag Care 2020 May;26(5 Suppl):S112-S117

W-Squared Group, Longboat Key, FL. Email:

Neovascular (or wet) age-related macular degeneration (AMD) affects more than 10% of people older than 65 years in North America, Europe, Australia, and Asia. It is estimated that about 11 million Americans have some form of AMD, with that number expected to double by 2050. Approximately 20% of patients will advance from a nonneovascular form of the disease to neovascular AMD, which is associated with central visual acuity loss that can result in severe visual impairment and blindness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.37765/ajmc.2020.43436DOI Listing

Pharmacological exploration of traditional plants for the treatment of neurodegenerative disorders.

Phytother Res 2020 Jun 1. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Department of Pharmacy, COMSATS University Islamabad, Abbottabad, Pakistan.

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is clinically characterized as memory deficits, altered behavior and impaired cognitive functions. The most important risk factor for AD is aging and mounting. Evidences suggested in different studies that traditionally used plants in Asia, China, and Europe significantly affect aging and AD involved neurodegeneration pathways. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ptr.6742DOI Listing

Warfarin and food, herbal or dietary supplement interactions: A systematic review.

Br J Clin Pharmacol 2020 Jun 1. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

School of Pharmacy, Monash University, Malaysia, Jalan Lagoon Selatan, Bandar Sunway, 47500, Selangor.

Aims: To present an updated overview on the safety of concurrent use of food, herbal or dietary supplement and warfarin.

Methods: A systematic literature review was performed on 5 databases from inception until December 31 , 2019. These interactions were classified depending on the likelihood of interaction and supporting evidences. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bcp.14404DOI Listing

Resistance of the fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda, to transgenic Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1F corn in the America: lessons and implications for Bt corn IRM in China.

Authors:
Fangneng Huang

Insect Sci 2020 Jun 1. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Department of Entomology, Louisiana State University Agricultural Center, Baton Rouge, LA, 70803, USA.

The fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda (J.E. Smith), is a major target pest of Bt crops (e,g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1744-7917.12826DOI Listing

Emerging tick-borne pathogens of public health importance: a mini-review.

J Med Microbiol 2020 Jun 1. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Department of Entomology, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ, USA.

Ticks are the most important vectors of human pathogens, leading to increased public health burdens worldwide. Tick-borne pathogens include viruses (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1099/jmm.0.001206DOI Listing

Computed tomographic analysis of internal structures within the nasal cavities of green, loggerhead and leatherback sea turtles.

Anat Rec (Hoboken) 2020 Jun 1. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Laboratory of Veterinary Anatomy, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Obihiro, Hokkaido, Japan.

The morphology of the tetrapod nasal cavity has adapted to the environment in terms of olfaction and respiration. Reports indicate that the internal structure of the nasal cavity of green sea turtles is more complex than that of turtles in general, but whether or not it is similar among sea turtle species remains unknown. The present study aimed to define the internal structures of the nasal cavity of green (Chelonian mydas), loggerhead (Caretta caretta) and leatherback (Dermochelys coriacea) sea turtles using computed tomography. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ar.24469DOI Listing

Red flowers differ in shades between pollination systems and across continents.

Ann Bot 2020 Jun 1. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

CAS Key Laboratory for Plant Diversity and Biogeography of East Asia, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, Yunnan, China.

Background And Aims: Floral colour is a primary signal in plant-pollinator interactions. The association between red flowers and bird pollination is well known, explained by the "bee avoidance" and "bird attraction" hypotheses. Nevertheless, the relative importance of these two hypotheses has rarely been investigated on a large scale, even in terms of colour perception per se. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aob/mcaa103DOI Listing

Impact of cigarette price increase on health and financing outcomes in Vietnam.

Gates Open Res 2019 14;3:1516. Epub 2019 Aug 14.

World Bank Group Global Tobacco Control Program, World Bank, Washington, DC, 20433, USA.

Vietnam had about 15 million male smokers in 2015. To reduce adult tobacco use in Vietnam through an increase in the excise tax of cigarettes, we conducted an extended cost-effectiveness analysis to examine the impact of two scenarios of cigarette price increases. We estimated, across income quintiles, the life-years gained, treatment cost averted, number of men avoiding catastrophic health expenditure and extreme poverty, and additional tax revenue under a 32% and a 62% increase in cigarette price through increased excise tax. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12688/gatesopenres.13051.1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7216405PMC

Recognizing One's Own Care Pattern in Cancer Nursing and Transforming toward A Unitary Nursing Practice Based on Margaret Newman's Theory.

Asia Pac J Oncol Nurs 2020 Apr-Jun;7(2):225-228. Epub 2020 Mar 30.

The NPO Newman Theory/Research/Practice Study Society, Tokyo, Japan.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/apjon.apjon_1_20DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7233567PMC

Giving A Face to Chemotherapy-Induced Alopecia: A Feasibility Study on Drawings by Patients.

Asia Pac J Oncol Nurs 2020 Apr-Jun;7(2):218-224. Epub 2020 Mar 30.

Department of Research, Netherlands Comprehensive Cancer Organisation (IKNL), Utrecht, Netherlands.

Objective: Individuals with cancer experience the impact of chemotherapy on hair loss in different ways. The aim of this pilot study was to explore patients' experiences of alopecia through patients' drawings.

Methods: Fifteen female patients diagnosed with cancer and treated with chemotherapy were recruited at the oncological day-care unit of a teaching hospital in the Netherlands. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/apjon.apjon_8_20DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7233558PMC

Perceived Well-Being, Social Support, and Self-Management Behavior among Women Experiencing Chemotherapy-Related Nausea and Vomiting in A Tertiary Hospital in Lahore, Pakistan.

Asia Pac J Oncol Nurs 2020 Apr-Jun;7(2):209-217. Epub 2020 Mar 30.

Shaukat Khanum Memorial Cancer Hospital and Research Centre, Lahore, Pakistan.

Objective: The basic objective is to determine the level of the self-management behaviors (SMB), perceived well-being, and social support of patients in the outpatient settings at tertiary care hospital at Lahore Pakistan. It also explores if there is any significant relationship among all three variables.

Methods: A descriptive-correlational study design has been used. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/apjon.apjon_7_20DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7233561PMC

Evaluation of Fatigue in Cancer Patients in An Area Affected by The Great East Japan Earthquake.

Authors:
Daisuke Sato

Asia Pac J Oncol Nurs 2020 Apr-Jun;7(2):203-208. Epub 2020 Jan 14.

Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Komatsu University, Ishikawa, Japan.

Objective: The objective of this study is to evaluate fatigue in cancer outpatients receiving chemotherapy using an objective system and to clarify the type of nursing support needed after a disaster.

Methods: Based on the diagnostic criteria for chronic fatigue syndrome, the degree of subjective fatigue, autonomic function, and amount of physical activity were measured in cancer outpatients undergoing chemotherapy from an area affected by the Great East Japan Earthquake.

Results: The study participants were ten adults (8 men [80. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/apjon.apjon_52_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7233562PMC
January 2020

The Palliative Care Outcome Scale: Turkish Validity and Reliability Study.

Asia Pac J Oncol Nurs 2020 Apr-Jun;7(2):196-202. Epub 2020 Jan 27.

Palliative Care Department, Bagcılar Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul.

Objective: To examine the validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the Palliative Care Outcome Scale (POS).

Methods: This methodological study consisted of 69 patients hospitalized in the palliative care (PC) service of three hospitals between June 2016 and August 2016, 69 carers who undertook continuously primary care of these patients, and 28 staff members working in the PC service and providing care to these patients. The data of the study were collected using the Personal Diagnosis Form, the POS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/apjon.apjon_51_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7233559PMC
January 2020

Assessment of Fall-Related Self-Efficacy: Characteristics that Influence the Perception of Patients with Chemotherapy-Induced Peripheral Neuropathy.

Asia Pac J Oncol Nurs 2020 Apr-Jun;7(2):190-195. Epub 2020 Jan 14.

Division of Health Sciences, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan.

Objective: The present study aims to describe fall-related self-efficacy as perceived by patients with chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN). The characteristics of patients associated with low perceived self-efficacy of preventing falls were investigated.

Methods: A cross-sectional study of four hospitals in Japan. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/apjon.apjon_54_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7233563PMC
January 2020

Translation, Adaptation, and Validation of Revised Colorectal Cancer Perception and Screening Instrument among First-Degree Relatives of People with Colorectal Cancer in China.

Asia Pac J Oncol Nurs 2020 Apr-Jun;7(2):180-189. Epub 2020 Mar 30.

The Nethersole School of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China.

Objective: The purpose of the study was to translate and validate the psychometric properties of the Revised Colorectal Cancer Perception and Screening (RCRCPS) instrument for the first-degree relatives (FDRs) of people with colorectal cancer (CRC) in China.

Methods: The translation, adaptation, and validation guideline developed by Sousa and Rojjanasrirat was used to guide this study. All items from the Colorectal Cancer Perception and Screening (CRCPS) instrument and three items from the Perceived Barriers Questionnaire were combined and further adapted for a colonoscopy test, resulting in RCRCPS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/apjon.apjon_6_20DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7233560PMC

Fatigue in Children with Cancer: Reliability and Validity of the Persian Version of Child, Parent, and Staff Fatigue Scale.

Asia Pac J Oncol Nurs 2020 Apr-Jun;7(2):174-179. Epub 2020 Jan 14.

Cellular and Molecular Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Context: The fatigue is reported as the most common and annoying symptom in patients with cancer, timely diagnosis, and treatment can significantly influence the treatment and rehabilitation. It is crucial to have an appropriate tool to accurately assess fatigue status.

Objectives: Our purpose was to assess psychometric properties of the Persian versions of fatigue scale by Original Scales from the viewpoint of children with cancer (Child Fatigue Scale [CFS]-24 h), their parents (Parent Fatigue Scale [PFS]-24 h), and staff (Staff Fatigue Scale FSF-24 h). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/apjon.apjon_44_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7233566PMC
January 2020

Evaluation of the Japanese Version of the Cancer Survivors' Unmet Needs Scale.

Asia Pac J Oncol Nurs 2020 Apr-Jun;7(2):167-173. Epub 2020 Jan 14.

Surgery, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Japanese version of the Cancer Survivors' Unmet Needs (CaSUN-J) scale among cancer survivors in Japan.

Methods: The CaSUN-J was developed using standardized translation methodology. Content validity was evaluated by a group of experts, and a pilot test was conducted with a convenience sample of 10 cancer patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/apjon.apjon_49_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7233570PMC
January 2020

A Pilot Intervention Study to Improve Sexuality Outcomes in Breast Cancer Survivors.

Asia Pac J Oncol Nurs 2020 Apr-Jun;7(2):161-166. Epub 2020 Jan 14.

Department of Nursing, State University of Ceara, Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil.

Objective: The main objective of the study is to assess the efficacy of the Permission, Limited information, Specific Suggestion, and sexual therapy (PLISSIT) model directly with breast cancer survivor (BCS) on sexual function and quality of life (QOL) domains.

Methods: A pilot control trial was conducted comparing the PLISSIT model intervention to usual care. The intervention was delivered by two health professionals (nurse and professional sexual therapist) consisted of five sessions on counseling, genitalia anatomy, human sexual response, and sexual function. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/apjon.apjon_56_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7233565PMC
January 2020

Functional Status, Supportive Care Needs, and Health-Related Quality of Life in Advanced Lung Cancer Patients Aged 50 and Older.

Asia Pac J Oncol Nurs 2020 Apr-Jun;7(2):151-160. Epub 2020 Jan 10.

Alice Lee Centre for Nursing Studies, National University of Singapore, Singapore.

Objective: This study aimed to examine the levels of functional status, supportive care needs, and health-related quality of life (HRQOL), and their relationships reported by advanced lung cancer patients aged 50 and older.

Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive correlational study was conducted with 103 participants recruited from a cancer center in Singapore. Functional status, supportive care needs, and HRQOL were measured using validated instruments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/apjon.apjon_50_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7233568PMC
January 2020
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