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    2176 results match your criteria Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition [Journal]

    1 OF 44

    A single-nucleotide polymorphism in transferrin is associated with soluble transferrin receptor in Chinese adolescents.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2017 ;26(6):1170-1178
    Key Laboratory of Trace Element Nutrition of National Health and Family Planning Commission of the People's Republic of China, National Institute for Nutrition and Health, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China. Email:
    Background And Objectives: Associations between genetic variants in the hepcidin regulation pathway and iron status have been reported in previous studies. Most of these studies were conducted in populations of European descent and relatively few studies have been conducted in Chinese populations. In this study, we evaluated associations between single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the hepcidin regulation pathway, serum ferritin (SF) and soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR) in Chinese adolescents. Read More

    Dietary patterns and sleep parameters in a cohort of community dwelling Australian men.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2017 ;26(6):1158-1169
    Population Research and Outcome Studies, School of Medicine, University of Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.
    Background And Objectives: Emerging evidence suggests potential effects of nutrients/foods on sleep parameters. However, no studies have addressed the complex interactions among nutrients/foods and relate them to sleep outcomes. To investigate the associations between dietary patterns and sleep parameters (polysomnography (PSG) measured and self-reported sleep symptoms) in a large sample of community dwelling men in South Australia. Read More

    Association between rice intake and all-cause mortality among Chinese adults: findings from the Jiangsu Nutrition Study.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2017 ;26(6):1152-1157
    Discipline of Medicine, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia.
    Background And Objectives: The few studies that have assessed the association between rice intake and mortality have generated inconsistent results. We assessed whether rice intake was associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality, cancer mortality and all-cause mortality in a prospective cohort of the Chinese population.

    Methods And Study Design: We prospectively studied 2,832 adults aged 20 years and above with a mean follow up of 10 years. Read More

    Comprehensive school-based intervention to control overweight and obesity in China: a cluster randomized controlled trial.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2017 ;26(6):1139-1151
    National Institute for Nutrition and Health, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China.
    Background And Objectives: With prevalence of childhood obesity increasing rapidly, developing of effective and sustainable intervention strategies is becoming more and more important for the prevention of childhood obesity in China. A trial was developed to evaluate the effect of comprehensive school-based intervention on childhood obesity.

    Methods And Study Design: A multi-center cluster randomized controlled trial was conducted among urban children (n=9,867) aged 6-13 years in 38 primary schools from six large cities. Read More

    Dietary sodium reduction in New Zealand: influence of the Tick label.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2017 ;26(6):1133-1138
    Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand. Email:
    Background And Objectives: The Tick programme of the National Heart Foundation (NHF) is the longest standing voluntary front of pack signpost nutrition logo in New Zealand. It provides a platform for collaboration with the food industry to encourage development of healthier products. This study evaluated the impact of the Tick programme on sodium in processed food. Read More

    Snack and beverage consumption and preferences in a sample of Chinese children - Are they influenced by advertising?
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2017 ;26(6):1125-1132
    Sydney School of Public Health, the University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.
    Background And Objectives: The consumption of unhealthy snack and beverages can lead to childhood obesity, which has become a major concern globally. Television food advertisements may influence children's snack and beverages preferences. This article aims to explore children's snack and beverage consumption habits; examine the extent of television advertising for non-core (energy-dense, nutrient poor) snack and beverages; and assess the influence of television advertising on children's snack and beverages preferences in Harbin, China. Read More

    Screening for inadequate dietary vitamin B-12 intake in South Asian women using a nutrient-specific, semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2017 ;26(6):1119-1124
    Centre for Child Health Research, Faculty of Health and Environmental Sciences, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland, New Zealand.
    Background And Objectives: A high prevalence of vitamin B-12 (B-12) deficiency among young women of South Asian origin predisposes to significant health risks for these women and their future offspring. Vegetarian or low-meat based dietary practices contribute to B-12 deficiency. This study validated a nutrient-specific, semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (B12FFQ), developed to estimate dietary B-12 intake in South Asian women. Read More

    Qualitative study of eating habits in Bruneian primary school children.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2017 ;26(6):1113-1118
    PAPRSB Institute of Health Sciences, Universiti Brunei Darussalam, Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei Darussalam.
    Background And Objectives: Childhood obesity is a serious public health issue globally and poor eating habits are an important contributing factor. This study aimed to explore the perceptions, practices and attitudes towards healthy eating in Bruneian primary school children.

    Methods And Study Design: A qualitative study was conducted among 40 subjects involving 18 children (aged 9-10 years old), 12 parents and 10 teachers, who were recruited from two primary schools using convenience sampling. Read More

    Screening for nutritional risk in hospitalized children with liver disease.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2017 ;26(6):1107-1112
    Department of Clinical Nutrition, The Armed Police General Hospital of China, Beijing, China.
    Background And Objectives: Malnutrition is a major contributor to morbidity and mortality from pediatric liver disease. We investigated the prevalence of both malnutrition and high nutritional risk in hospitalized children with liver disease as well as the rate of in-hospital nutritional support.

    Methods And Study Design: A total of 2,874 hospitalized children and adolescents with liver disease aged 1 to 17 years (inclusive) were enrolled. Read More

    Dietary intake of heme iron and body iron status are associated with the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2017 ;26(6):1092-1106
    Department of Nutrition, Nutrition Discovery Innovation Center, Institute of Nutrition and Food Safety, School of Public Health, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Zhejiang, China.
    Background And Objectives: Some potential role of iron overload in the development of diabetes mellitus have been suggested. Our study aimed to systematically assess the association between the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and iron intakes/body iron status.

    Methods And Study Design: PubMed and Web of Science were searched for relevant articles. Read More

    Reconfirmation of improved tolerance to a new amino acid-based formula by infants with cow's milk protein allergy.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2017 ;26(6):1088-1091
    Center for Management of Infants with Cow's Milk Protein Allergy, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Thailand.
    Background And Objectives: Reasons for intolerance to commercial amino acid-based formulas (cAAF) in infants diagnosed with cow's milk protein allergy (CMA) remain unknown. We assume that minute amounts of proteins, presenting in the glucose polymers derived from corn starch (cGPs), can elicit the intolerance to the cAAFs observed in some infants with CMA. By replacing cGPs with glucose polymers derived from rice starch (rGPs), a new amino acid-based (nAAF) formula has been shown to be better tolerated than an existing cAAF. Read More

    Association between complement component C3 and body composition: a possible obesity inflammatory biomarker for insulin resistance.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2017 ;26(6):1082-1087
    Department of Nutrition and Food Technology, School of Agriculture, The University of Jordan, Jordan.
    Background And Objectives: The C3 complement component (C3) is increasingly recognized as a cardiometabolic risk factor. We aimed to examine the role of C3 in insulin resistance (IR) and its association with adiposity.

    Methods And Study Design: Sixty-seven obese (18-35 years) participants were matched with normal weight participants from the University of Jordan. Read More

    High prevalence of vitamin B-12 insufficiency in patients with Crohn's disease.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2017 ;26(6):1076-1081
    Department of Food and Nutrition, Kyoto Women's University, Japan. Email:
    Background And Objectives: In Crohn's disease (CD), belonging to inflammatory bowel disease, the small intestine is involved in most cases. Most frequently affected is the distal ileum, where vitamin B-12 is specifically absorbed. Therefore, malabsorption of vitamin B-12 is quite likely to occur in patients with CD. Read More

    Compressed food with added functional oligopeptides improves performance during military endurance training.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2017 ;26(6):1066-1075
    College of Food Science and Nutritional Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing, China. Email:
    Background And Objectives: Oligosaccharide or oligopeptide supplementation may have a significant impact on endurance performance. This study evaluated the effects of adding maltooligosaccharides (MO) or soy oligopeptides (SO) to compressed food (CF) on the physical response of soldiers to daily military training.

    Methods And Study Design: Twelve soldiers were randomized to four diet groups: regular meals, CF, CFMO, and CFSO (crossover design). Read More

    Portion controlled ready-to-eat meal replacement is associated with short term weight loss: a randomised controlled trial.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2017 ;26(6):1055-1065
    Division of Nutrition, St John's Research Institute, St John's National Academy of Health Sciences, Bangalore, India.
    Background And Objectives: Strategies to prevent and treat overweight/obesity are urgently needed. This study assessed the effect of a short-term intake of ready-to-eat cereal on body weight and waist circumference of overweight/obese individuals in comparison to a control group.

    Methods And Study Design: A randomized, controlled 2-arm trial was carried out on 101 overweight/obese (Body Mass Index - 29. Read More

    Energy restriction combined with green coffee bean extract affects serum adipocytokines and the body composition in obese women.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2017 ;26(6):1048-1054
    Faculty of Public Health, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.
    Background And Objectives: Obesity has become a public health problem and is a cause of some preventable illnesses. Among several methods for treating obesity, the use of food supplements is highly common. A commonly used food supplement is green coffee bean extract. Read More

    Peanut butter increases the bioavailability and bioconversion of kale β-carotene to vitamin A.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2017 ;26(6):1039-1047
    Department of Applied Biology and Biochemistry, National University of Science and Technology, Gwanda Road, Bulawayo, Zimbabwe.
    Background And Objectives: Kale is a rich source of provitamin A- β-carotene. This study used intrinsically labeled kale [2H9] β-carotene to determine the effect of peanut butter on the bioconversion of kale β-carotene to vitamin A in preschool children.

    Methods And Study Design: Preschool children (n=37; age 12-36 mo) were randomly assigned to 50 g cooked kale (1. Read More

    Parenteral nutrition combined with enteral feeding improves the outcome of cancer patients.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2017 ;26(6):1032-1038
    Department of Parenteral Nutrition, Chung Shan Medical University Hospital, Taiwan, R.O.C.
    Background And Objectives: This study investigated whether total parenteral nutrition combined with enteral nutrition is associated with improved biochemical and clinical outcomes in cancer patients with gastrointestinal dysfunction.

    Methods And Study Design: From January to December 2014, the clinical data of 68 patients in a cancer ward were retrospectively collected, and these patients were classified into two groups according to nutrition delivery, through parenteral nutrition, combined with enteral nutrition more (group A) or less (group B) than 250 kcal/day. The following variables were analyzed: the route and percentage of nutritional support, total caloric intake, age, gender, body weight, body mass index, diagnosis at admission, complications of intestinal failure, modified Glasgow Prognostic Score, co-morbidities, duration of total parenteral nutrition support, performance status scale, and plasma nutritional markers. Read More

    Pharmacoeconomics of parenteral nutrition in surgical and critically ill patients receiving structured triglycerides in China.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2017 ;26(6):1021-1031
    AdRes Health Economics and Outcomes Research, Torino, Italy. Email:
    Background And Objectives: A prior meta-analysis showed favorable metabolic effects of structured triglyceride (STG) lipid emulsions in surgical and critically ill patients compared with mixed medium-chain/long-chain triglycerides (MCT/LCT) emulsions. Limited data on clinical outcomes precluded pharmacoeconomic analysis. We performed an updated meta-analysis and developed a cost model to compare overall costs for STGs vs MCT/LCTs in Chinese hospitals. Read More

    Energy intake in the first week in an emergency intensive care unit may not influence clinical outcomes in critically ill, overweight Japanese patients.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2017 ;26(6):1016-1020
    Department of Food Sciences and Nutrition, School of Environmental Sciences, Mukogawa Women's University, Nishinomiya, Japan.
    Background And Objectives: The American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition recommends hypocaloric feeding for critically ill patients with a BMI of >=30.0 kg/m2. However, the cut-off value of obesity in Japan is BMI >25. Read More

    Appropriate nutritional management in patients with impaired mastication and those with mild dysphagia: a multicenter study of the usefulness of novel foods processed and softened by enzymes.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2017 ;26(6):1007-1015
    Shinbeppu Hospital, Oita, Japan.
    Background And Objectives: Our aim was to investigate the safety of iEAT (a food that is softened by heat and enzyme homogeneous permeation) and iEAT-affected nutrition parameters, e.g., nutrition intake (calculated from the consumption rate in patients with impaired mastication and those with mild dysphagia). Read More

    Simple method to estimate daily sodium intake during measurement of dialysis adequacy in chronic peritoneal dialysis patients.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2017 ;26(6):1001-1006
    Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Email:
    Background And Objectives: Restriction of dietary sodium intake for peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients is recommended, but there is limited information on the measurement and monitoring of sodium intake. We have developed a simple method to estimate daily sodium intake during the measurement of dialysis adequacy in PD patients.

    Methods And Study Design: A total of 83 PD patients were enrolled in the study. Read More

    Validity of the Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST) in Australian hospitalized acutely unwell elderly patients.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2017 ;26(6):994-1000
    Nutrition and Dietetics Department, Flinders University, Adelaide, SA, Australia. Email:
    Background And Objectives: This study validated the Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST) for nutritional screening in acutely unwell elderly patients against a reference assessment tool - Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA).

    Methods And Study Design: One hundred and thirty two acutely admitted general medical patients contributed data for this study. In addition to performance of MUST and PG-SGA the following nutritional parameters were measured: weight loss >5% in previous 3-6 months, handgrip strength, triceps skinfold thickness, Mid-arm circumference, Mid-arm muscle circumference (MAMC). Read More

    Validation of summer and winter ELISA measurements of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations in Mongolia.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2017 ;26(6):987-993
    Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, United States.
    Background And Objectives: Assay cost, quality, and availability pose challenges for vitamin D surveys in limited resource settings. This study aimed to validate an inexpensive vitamin D assay (ELISA) under real-world conditions in Mongolia, the northernmost developing country, to characterize the assay's usefulness and inform the design of epidemiologic studies in similar regions.

    Methods And Study Design: We collected paired summer and winter serum samples from 120 men and women (aged 20-57 years) in urban and rural Mongolia, analyzed each sample for 25(OH)D concentration using both Immunodiagnostic Systems ELISA and DiaSorin LIAISON 25(OH)D TOTAL, and compared the assays using multiple statistics. Read More

    Determining the predictive equation for height from ulnar length in the Vietnamese population.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2017 ;26(6):982-986
    Oxford Clinical Research Unit Hanoi, National Hospital for Tropical Diseases, Hanoi, Vietnam.
    Background And Objectives: Height is an essential measurement in clinical medicine. It allows the calculation of body mass index, ideal body weight, basic energy requirements and tidal volumes. In many patient groups, such as the critically ill, height cannot be measured easily and surrogate anthropometric measures are used. Read More

    Optimal dietary macronutrient distribution in China (ODMDC): a randomised controlled-feeding trial protocol.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2017 ;26(5):972-980
    Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China. Email:
    Background And Objectives: Findings from observational studies in China show that increased dietary fat consumption might be a contributor to the developing obesity epidemic. However, some cohort studies suggest that carbohydrate intake, especially from white rice, is a risk factor for obesity, type 2 diabetes and coronary heart disease in China. Our study aims to determine whether the traditional lower-fat, higher-carbohydrate Chinese or the Western higher-fat, lower-carbohydrate dietary pattern is more effective for weight control and the related cardiometabolic profiles increasingly found among contemporary Chinese. Read More

    ILSI Southeast Asia Region conference proceedings: The gut, its microbes and health: relevance for Asia.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2017 ;26(5):957-971
    International Life Sciences Institute, Southeast Asia (ILSI SEA) Region, Singapore. Email:
    Background And Objectives: The human being is a complex entity, involving interaction between microbes and the human host. Evidence shows that the nutritional value of food is influenced in part by the structure and operations of an individual's gut microbial community, and food in turn shapes the individual's microbiome. A conference was held to promote understanding of the intestinal microbiome and its implications for health and disease, particularly among Asian populations. Read More

    Fish, long chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids consumption, and risk of all-cause mortality: a systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis from 23 independent prospective cohort studies.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2017 ;26(5):939-956
    Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China. Email:
    Background And Objectives: The consumption of fish and long chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) may influence the risk of all-cause mortality, but the findings have been inconsistent. The current systematic review and meta-analysis is to clarify the association between fish and long chain n-3 PUFA consumption with risk of all-cause mortality.

    Methods And Study Design: Studies published before March 2017 were identified through electronic searches using PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science database. Read More

    Coffee consumption and coronary heart disease risk using the Framingham risk score.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2017 ;26(5):931-938
    Department of Family Medicine, Chuncheon Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, Chuncheon, Korea.
    Background And Objectives: Although concerns regarding the influence of coffee consumption on human health have accompanied the massive increase in coffee consumption, the effects of coffee intake on the risk for coronary heart disease (CHD) remain controversial. Therefore, we evaluated the association between coffee consumption and CHD risk as estimated using the Framingham risk model in Korean adults.

    Methods And Study Design: This cross-sectional study involved 3,987 participants aged 30-74 years who participated in the fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted in 2010. Read More

    Body image, weight management behavior, nutritional knowledge and dietary habits in high school boys in Korea and China.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2017 ;26(5):923-930
    Department of Food and Nutrition, Myongji University, Korea. Email:
    Background: Adolescence is an important period with rapid physical growth transitioning from childhood to adulthood. Distorted body image can result in eating disorders or inadequate nutrient intakes in adolescence. Limited research has been done with high school boys in both Korea and China. Read More

    Kimchi intake and atopic dermatitis in Korean aged 19-49 years: The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2010-2012.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2017 ;26(5):914-922
    Department of Medical Nutrition, Graduate School of East-West Medical Science, Kyung Hee University, Yongin, Republic of Korea. Email:
    Background And Objectives: Many studies have reported that fermented foods have favorable effects in preventing and managing atopic dermatitis (AD). Although kimchi, a major fermented food, is an important part of the traditional diet in Korea, only a few studies have investigated the relationship between AD and kimchi. This study aimed to examine the association between the risk of AD and kimchi intake among Korean adults aged 19 to 49 years. Read More

    Sleep duration's association with diet, physical activity, mental status, and weight among Korean high school students.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2017 ;26(5):906-913
    Department of Nutrition Education, Graduate School of Education, Kyonggi University, South Korea. Email:
    Background And Objectives: Sleep deprivation is a critical public health problem, especially in Korean adolescents. This study aimed to identify the association between sleep duration and dietary behaviors, physical activity, mental status, and nutritional status among high school students in South Korea.

    Methods And Study Design: Based on the data collected from the 2014 Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey, 31,407 high school students who met the inclusion criteria were selected and the association between sleep duration and selected health risk factors was identified using multivariable logistic regression models. Read More

    Media exposure and parental mediation on fast-food consumption among children in metropolitan and suburban Indonesian.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2017 ;26(5):899-905
    Wee Kim Wee School of Communication and Information, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.
    Background And Objectives: Fast-food companies have been reproached for rising obesity levels due to aggressive marketing tactics targeted at children. They have countered that parents should be held responsible considering their critical role as nutritional gatekeepers. This study examined the comparative effects of media exposure and parental mediation on Indonesian children's fast food consumption and how the effects compare in the metropolitan versus suburban areas. Read More

    Child and parental perspectives on diet and physical activity decisions: implications for childhood obesity prevention in China.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2017 ;26(5):888-898
    Nanjing Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Nanjing, China.
    Background And Objectives: Obesity has become a global epidemic. In China, 42% of adults and about onefifth of children are overweight or obese. In major cities, about one-third of boys are overweight or obese. Read More

    Increased pre-school overweight and obesity prevalence between 2004 and 2013 is associated with appetite, eating frequency and supportive facilities: the Jiaxing Birth Cohort in China.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2017 ;26(5):881-887
    Institute of Nutrition and Health, Qingdao University, Qingdao, China. Email:
    Background And Objectives: Childhood obesity is increasing. However, little is known about the changes in di-etary factors and supportive facilities associated with childhood obesity. We aimed to document the changes in various dietary factors and supportive facilities and their associations with obesity among pre-school children. Read More

    Breastfeeding and early childhood caries: a meta-analysis of observational studies.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2017 ;26(5):867-880
    Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, College of Public Health, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan, PR China. Email:
    Background And Objectives: The associations of breastfeeding and early childhood caries (ECC) risk have been evaluated in several epidemiological studies with conflicting results. We performed an update meta-analysis to estimate the association of feeding patterns, breastfeeding durations and ECC risk.

    Methods And Study Design: Studies were identified through searching Pubmed, Web of Science, and Embase from January 1990 to December 2015. Read More

    Iodine status among pregnant women in rural Sabah, Malaysia.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2017 ;26(5):861-866
    School of Health Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kelantan, Malaysia.
    Background And Objectives: In 2000, legislation on mandatory universal salt iodisation was enacted in Sabah, Malaysia, to reduce the incidence of iodine deficiency disorders among its population. To evaluate the iodine levels among pregnant women from selected rural divisions in Sabah 13 years after the enactment of the universal salt iodisation programme.

    Methods And Study Design: This cross-sectional study was conducted from 1 May to 30 June, 2013, in three rural divisions of Sabah (the Interior, the West Coast, and Kudat). Read More

    Food acceptance and anthropometry in relation to 6-n-propylthiouracil sensitivity in Japanese college women.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2017 ;26(5):856-860
    Faculty of Human Life and Environment, Nara Women's University, Nara, Japan.
    Background And Objectives: Differences in anthropometry and food acceptance among tasters and non-tasters of 6-n-propylthiouracil has been well studied in Western countries. However, reports on this issue from Asian countries are still limited.

    Methods And Study Design: Healthy Japanese students attending Nara Women's University (n=153) were recruited and classified into 3 groups based on taste sensitivity to a 0. Read More

    Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D and elderly skeletal muscle mass and function in urban north China.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2017 ;26(5):849-855
    Institute for Nutrition and Health, National Center for Disease Control and Prevention, China. Email:
    Background And Objectives: To investigate the association of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) with skeletal muscle mass (SMM) and function among the elderly in an urban area in northern China.

    Methods And Study Design: A total of 912 participants (316 men, 596 women) aged more than 60 years from 4 communities in Beijing were enrolled. Serum concentrations of 25(OH)D were measured through radioimmunoassay. Read More

    Overall nutrient and total fat intake among Japanese people: The INTERLIPID Study Japan.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2017 ;26(5):837-848
    Center for Epidemiologic Research in Asia, Shiga University of Medical Science, Shiga, Japan.
    Background And Objectives: Total fat intake is linked to the intake of other nutrients. Little data are available on the extent to which total fat affects diet quality in Japanese people. We investigated the relationship between total fat intake and other nutrient intake using INTERLIPID/ INTERMAP data on Japanese people living in Japan. Read More

    Even minimal polishing of an Indian parboiled brown rice variety leads to increased glycemic responses.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2017 ;26(5):829-836
    Madras Diabetes Research Foundation, Dr. Mohan's Diabetes Specialties Centre, WHO Collaborating Centre for Non-Communicable diseases, Gopalapuram, Chennai, India.
    Background And Objectives: To evaluate the effect of polishing on the glycemic properties of Indian parboiled brown rice.

    Methods And Study Design: We evaluated the effect of different degrees of polishing on the glycemic and insulinemic responses of Bapatla (BPT-5204), Indian parboiled Indica rice variety. Brown rice (BR), under milled rice (UMR) and white rice (WR) with 2. Read More

    Metoclopramide for preventing nosocomial pneumonia in patients fed via nasogastric tubes: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2017 ;26(5):820-828
    Neurology Department, the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan Province, China.
    Background And Objectives: Metoclopramide, a prokinetic agent, has been recommended to reduce incidence of pneumonia, but its efficacy is controversial. Thus, this systematic review aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of metoclopramide for pneumonia in patients fed via nasogastric tube.

    Methods And Study Design: Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, PubMed, EMBASE, and OVID were searched from their inception to March 31th 2015. Read More

    Postoperative oral nutritional supplementation after major gastrointestinal surgery: a randomized controlled clinical trial.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2017 ;26(5):811-819
    Department of Surgery and Cancer Research Institute, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. Email:
    Background And Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of post-operative oral nutrition supplementation after major gastrointestinal surgery.

    Methods And Study Design: A prospective randomized controlled trial was conducted to evaluate 174 subjects who were discharged within 2 weeks after major gastrointestinal surgery. The subjects in the study group were prescribed 400 ml/day of Encover® from the day of discharge for 8 weeks, but no supplementation was allowed in the control group. Read More

    Home enteral nutrition's effects on nutritional status and quality of life after esophagectomy.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2017 ;26(5):804-810
    Zhejiang Cancer Institute, Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, China.
    Background And Objectives: We aimed to characterize the effect of home enteral nutrition (HEN) on the nutritional status and the quality of life (QOL) of esophageal cancer patients who underwent Ivor Lewis esophagectomy for cancer.

    Methods And Study Design: Sixty patients with esophageal cancer were assigned to receive either HEN (n=30) or standard care only (n=30) from 1 week to 24 weeks following surgery. Nutritional status was evaluated using The Mini Nutritional Assessment at 1 week preoperatively and at 12 and 24 weeks postoperatively. Read More

    Efficacy and safety of pectin-supplemented enteral nutrition in intensive care: a randomized controlled trial.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2017 ;26(5):798-803
    Research Institute of General Surgery, Jinling Hospital, Medical School of Nanjing University, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, China.
    Background And Objectives: Enteral nutrition (EN) can improve clinical outcomes as an important treatment in critically ill patients. However, when patients suffer from gastrointestinal function disorders, intestinal intolerance occurs and EN administration may be delayed and even fails to perform. Pectin, a structural heteropolysaccharide, could protect gastrointestinal function from disorders in many gastrointestianl diseases. Read More

    Energy expenditure in severe sepsis or septic shock in a Thai Medical Intensive Care Unit.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2017 ;26(5):794-797
    Clinical Epidemiology Unit, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand.
    Background And Objectives: Energy expenditure in severe sepsis/septic shock patients was measured by indirect calorimetry and the correlation of energy expenditure between indirect calorimetry and predictive equations was determined.

    Methods And Study Design: This was a prospective, observational analytical study. Severe sepsis or septic shock patients were measured for energy expenditure over 72 hours by indirect calorimetry that was measured by a mechanical ventilator (EngströmCarestation, GE Healthcare). Read More

    Urine color for assessment of dehydration among college men students in Hebei, China - a cross-sectional study.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2017 ;26(5):788-793
    National Institute for Nutrition and Health, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Xi Cheng District, Beijing, China. Email:
    Background And Objectives: To examine the association between quantified urine color and urine osmolality, and its validity in distinguishing hydration status among college men in Hebei, China.

    Methods And Study Design: Sixty-eight college men aged 18~25 years completed a cross-sectional study. All participants were asked to complete a 24-h fluid intake record to estimate fluid intake from beverages after anthropometric measurements. Read More

    A nutrition care process knowledge, attitudes, practices, and perceived barriers questionnaire.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2017 ;26(5):781-787
    Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.
    Background And Objectives: Assessment of the nutrition care process (NCP) knowledge, attitudes, practices, and perceived barriers (KAPB) of dietetics practitioners is imperative before NCP is implemented completely in dietetics practice. No questionnaire assessing NCP KAPB has been developed and validated. Hence, we developed an NCP KAPB questionnaire called the KAPB-NCP and established its content validity. Read More

    Simple questions in salt intake behavior assessment: comparison with urinary sodium excretion in Japanese adults.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2017 ;26(5):769-780
    Department of Social and Preventive Epidemiology, School of Public Health, the University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan. Email:
    Background And Objectives: To clarify whether six conventional 'high-risk' behaviors toward excess salt intake captured by simple questions such as frequency of salty food consumption are related to actual salt intake. Also, to examine the relationship of nutrition knowledge, food label use, and food preparation with actual salt intake.

    Methods And Study Design: Study participants were 742 subjects (370 men and 372 women) aged 20-69 years from 20 areas of Japan. Read More

    Uyghur food culture.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2017 ;26(5):764-768
    Research Institute, Xinjiang Medical University, Urumqi, China.
    Uyghur food culture has a long history. It is rich in resources, with the strong characteristics of being "green" and healthy, and having high nutritional value. We analyze the development and current status of Uyghur food culture, and explore the value of developing this food culture's resources. Read More

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