2,342 results match your criteria Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition [Journal]


Association between "solute carrier family 30 member 8" (SLC30A8) gene polymorphism and susceptibility to type 2 diabetes mellitus in Chinese Han and minority populations: an updated meta-analysis.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(6):1374-1390

Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, College of Public Health, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China.

Background And Objectives: In China, some studies have been reported that solute carrier family 30 member 8 (SLC30A8) gene polymorphism might increase the risk of T2DM, but some are not. The aim of this meta-analysis was to systematically investigate the association between the rs13266634 polymorphism of the SLC30A8 gene and T2DM in Chinese Han and ethnic minority populations.

Methods And Study Design: All published electronic articles were retrieved from Pubmed, Web of Knowledge, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang database, VIP database and Google scholar. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201811_27(6).0025DOI Listing
January 2018
6 Reads

Subclinical thyroid disease and single nucleotide polymorphisms in reproductive-age women in areas of Shanxi Province, China, where iodine exposure is excessive.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(6):1366-1373

Key Lab of Etiology and Epidemiology, Education Bureau of Heilongjiang Province & Ministry of Health; Key Lab of Trace Elements and Human Health of Heilongjiang Province; Center for Endemic Disease Control, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention; Harbin Medical University, Harbin, China.

Background And Objectives: When iodine intake is in excess, a susceptible population that has a genetic predisposition will have an increased risk of hypothyroidism or autoimmune thyroiditis. This study evaluated the vulnerability to iodine excess and subclinical thyroid disease through screening of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in reproductive-age women to provide evidence to be used for the prevention of subclinical thyroid disease.

Methods And Study Design: In Shanxi province, four areas where a range of iodine exposures from low to high were chosen in each region, 60 women were anticipated to enrol, including 20 pregnant women, 20 lactating women, and 20 non-pregnant, non-lactating women. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201811_27(6).0024DOI Listing
January 2018
1 Read

Availability and price of healthier food choices and association with obesity prevalence in New Zealand Māori.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(6):1357-1365

School of Medicine, Western Sydney University, Australia.

Background And Objectives: Examine availability and price of healthier foods-vs-regular counterparts and their association with obesity.

Methods And Study Design: A cross-sectional survey of weight and height among Māori in 2 urban and 96 rural areas in the Waikato/Lakes Districts-NZ (year 2004-06) was undertaken. Concurrently, availability of 11 'healthier' food in fast-food-outlets was examined by location (urban vs rural) and median income (high-low). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201811_27(6).0023DOI Listing
January 2018

Dietary factors and risk of gout and hyperuricemia: a meta-analysis and systematic review.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(6):1344-1356

Department of Clinical Nutrition, Tianjin Union Medical Center, China.

Background And Objectives: To evaluate the associations of dietary factors and the risk of gout and hyperuricemia.

Methods And Study Design: PubMed and Embase databases were searched from inception to June 2017 for eligible studies. Nineteen prospective cohort or cross-sectional studies with adequate sample sizes are included, all involving red meat, seafoods, alcohol, fructose, dairy products, soy foods, high-purine vegetables and coffee. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201811_27(6).0022DOI Listing
January 2018
1 Read

Association of dietary patterns and dietary diversity with cardiometabolic disease risk factors among adults in South Asia: The CARRS study.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(6):1332-1343

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of South Carolina, Columbia.

Background And Objectives: To investigate the association of dietary patterns and dietary diversity with cardiometabolic disease risk factors among South Asians.

Methods And Study Design: In a population based study conducted in 2010-11, we recruited 16,287 adults aged >20 years residing in Delhi, Chennai, and Karachi. Diet was assessed using an interviewer-administered 26-item food frequency questionnaire. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201811_27(6).0021DOI Listing
January 2018
1 Read

Dietary and nutrient status of children with attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder: a case-control study.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(6):1325-1331

Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

Background And Objectives: Nutritional and dietary habits may affect children's behaviors and learning. The etiology of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), a common neurodevelopmental disorder in children, may be associated with unhealthy diets or nutrients deficiencies. The purpose of this study was to examine whether children with ADHD exhibited different dietary habits or nutrient profiles from healthy control subjects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201811_27(6).0020DOI Listing
January 2018

The relationship between dietary inflammatory index (DII) and muscle mass and strength in Chinese children aged 6-9 years.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(6):1315-1324

Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Tropical Disease Research, School of Public Health, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China.

Background And Objectives: The dietary inflammatory index (DII®) is a measure of the overall inflammatory potential of a person's diet. However, there have been no studies looking at the effect of DII on measures of muscle mass and strength. We aimed to examine the association between DII and skeletal muscle mass and strength in Chinese children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201811_27(6).0019DOI Listing
January 2018

Weight status and food habits of preschool children in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates: NOPLAS project.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(6):1302-1314

School of Molecular Sciences, University of Western Australia, Crawley, Perth, WA, Australia.

Background And Objectives: Eating habits established during childhood affect health in later life. The United Arab Emirates (UAE) has a high prevalence of obesity in adolescents and adults; however, data on the health of preschool children are scarce. This study assessed the weight status and dietary habits of Emirati and non-Emirati children attending nurseries in Abu Dhabi, UAE. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201811_27(6).0018DOI Listing
January 2018

Longitudinal study of breastfeeding and growth in 0-6 month infants.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(6):1294-1301

Department of Early Child Development, Capital Institute of Pediatrics, Beijing, China.

Background And Objectives: To explore advantages and challenges for exclusive breastfeeding (EBF), compared to non-exclusive breastfeeding (nEBF).

Methods And Study Design: Mothers from 7 cities in China were visited at 3, 10, 60, 120, and 180 days postpartum. Data about feeding practices, infant growth, and the macronutrient contents of human milk (HM) were collected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201811_27(6).0017DOI Listing
January 2018
12 Reads

The association between lifestyle and maternal vitamin D during pregnancy in West Sumatra, Indonesia.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(6):1286-1293

Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine, University of Andalas, Padang, Indonesia.

Background And Objectives: An adequate level of maternal vitamin D is essential for maternal and fetal health during pregnancy. We examined the relationship between lifestyle, maternal vitamin D intake and the vitamin D status of pregnant women. Methods and Study designs: The sample of the cross-sectional study was 203 third trimester pregnant women in September-November 2016 in four different districts of West Sumatra, Indonesia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201811_27(6).0016DOI Listing
January 2018
1 Read

Soy product and isoflavone intake associations with allergic diseases in Japanese workers: rhinitis, dermatitis and asthma.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(6):1277-1285

Department of Public Health and Applied Nutrition, Institute of Biomedical Sciences, the University of Tokushima Graduate School, Tokushima, Japan.

Background And Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the associations of intake of soy products and isoflavones with allergic diseases.

Methods And Study Design: We conducted a cross-sectional study in 1437 participants (aged 20-64 years) who were living in Tokushima Prefecture, Japan during the period 2010- 2011. We obtained anthropometric data and information on life style characteristics including dietary intake and current medical histories of allergic diseases using a structural self-administered questionnaire. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201811_27(6).0015DOI Listing
January 2018
1 Read

Association between vitamin C intake and risk of hyperuricemia in US adults.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(6):1271-1276

Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, School of Public Health, Qingdao University, Qingdao, China.

Background And Objectives: The relationship between vitamin C intake and hyperuricemia among the general US adult population has seldom been reported; thus, the present study examined the associations of total vitamin C (dietary vitamin C plus supplementary vitamin C) and dietary vitamin C intake with the risk of hyperuricemia.

Methods And Study Design: Pooled data from three 2-year cycles (2007-2012) of the cross-sectional National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were used in the present study. Dietary intake data were extracted from two 24-hour dietary recall interviews. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201811_27(6).0014DOI Listing
January 2018
1 Read

The association between blood concentration of 25- hydroxyvitamin D and sarcopenia: a meta-analysis.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(6):1258-1270

Department of Public Health, Medical College of Qingdao University, Qingdao, Shandong Province, China.

Background And Objectives: Associations between blood 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentration and sarcopenia remain controversial; thus, this meta-analysis was conducted to explore the relationship between blood 25(OH)D concentration and sarcopenia.

Design: We searched the PubMed and EMBASE databases for relevant published observational studies that investigated blood 25(OH)D concentration and sarcopenia up to June 2017.We then investigated data from these studies that compared blood 25(OH)D concentrations between the sarcopenia and healthy control groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201811_27(6).0013DOI Listing
January 2018
1 Read

Oral administration of probiotic Lactobacillus casei Shirota relieves pain after single rib fracture: a randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(6):1252-1257

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial surgery, the Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Hebei Province, China.

Background And Objectives: Probiotic treatment has proven to increase the density of bone mass, prevent against bone loss, and improve bone formation. We aimed to assess the effect of oral administration of the probiotic Lactobacillus casei Shirota (LcS) on pain relief in patients with single rib fracture.

Methods And Study Design: A total of 283 eligible patients who had a single rib fracture were enrolled and randomly assigned to receive skimmed milk containing either a commercial probiotic LcS or placebo every day through oral administration for 1 month after the fracture. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201811_27(6).0012DOI Listing
January 2018

Effect of a cereal and milk meal with or without fruits and nuts on the postprandial glycemic response in Indian men.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(6):1243-1251

Division of Nutrition, St John's Research Institute, St John's National Academy of Health Sciences, Bangalore, India.

Background And Objectives: Some cereals, consumed at breakfast, have shown lower glycemic responses. Limited data exist in the Indian context, where the effect could be modified due to genetic or racial differences. This study aimed to investigate the effect of cereal and milk, with or without fruits/nuts, on the glycemic response in healthy Indian men. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201811_27(6).0011DOI Listing
January 2018

Acute effect of soy and soy products on serum uric acid concentration among healthy Chinese men.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(6):1239-1242

School of Public Health, Bengbu Medical College, Anhui, China.

Background And Objectives: Soy products are essential to the daily life of the Chinese population. However, the association between soy products and serum uric acid remains unclear. Better understanding of their relationship could provide food choice information for patients with gout. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201811_27(6).0010DOI Listing
January 2018
1 Read

Combined Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment and body composition facilitates nutritional support in inflammatory bowel disease: an ambulatory study in Shanghai.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(6):1230-1238

Department of Gastroenterology, Ruijin Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University, School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Background And Objectives: Malnutrition is commonly diagnosed in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). However, only few clinical studies have adequately explored the importance of body composition in the nutritional assessment of Chinese patients with IBD.

Methods And Study Design: A total of 78 IBD patients were enrolled, and Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA) was used to assess malnutrition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201811_27(6).0009DOI Listing
January 2018

Peripherally inserted central catheter-related complications in infants with intestinal failure.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(6):1225-1229

Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Xin Hua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Background And Objectives: For delivery of parenteral nutrition (PN), long-term central access is often required in infants with intestinal failure (IF). Compared to central venous catheters (CVCs), peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) are less invasive, as they are smaller, and they can even be placed without general anesthesia. In this study, we report the complications of long-term use of PICCs, and compare our results with previously published research. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201811_27(6).0008DOI Listing
January 2018

Nutrition support in hospitalized cancer patients with malnutrition in China.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(6):1216-1224

Pharmacy Department, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China.

Background And Objectives: Malnutrition has adverse impacts on survival of cancer patients. The aim of the present study was to investigate the prevalence of malnutrition, and the nutrition support status in hospitalized patients with cancer in China.

Methods And Study Design: A multi-center, cross-sectional study was conducted in 29 tertiary public hospital wards in 14 Chinese cities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201811_27(6).0007DOI Listing
January 2018

Phosphate binders, appetite and nutritional status in maintenance hemodialysis patients.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(6):1207-1215

Nephrology Division, Assaf Harofeh Medical Center, Zerifin, Affiliated to Sackler Faculty of Medicine Tel Aviv University, Israel.

Background And Objectives: The potential side effects of common phosphate binders are gastrointestinal in practice. We hypothesized that regular use of phosphate binders may be associated with decreased appetite, dietary intake and consequently, poor nutritional status.

Methods And Study Design: This was cross-sectional study of 78 patients (mean age 67. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201811_27(6).0006DOI Listing
January 2018
2 Reads

A comparison of two malnutrition screening tools in acute medical inpatients and validation of a screening tool among adult Indigenous Australian patients.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(6):1198-1206

Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia.

Background And Objectives: The objectives of this study were to identify and validate a screening tool to detect malnutrition among Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australian patients.

Methods And Study Design: This study included medical patients admitted into three regional hospitals in Australia. A literature review was undertaken of current screening tools before the Malnutrition Screening Tool (MST) and the newly developed Adult Nutrition Tool (ANT) were used to validate a screening tool for use among participants against the Subjective Global Assessment (SGA) tool. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201811_27(6).0005DOI Listing
January 2018

The development of a whole-body potassium counter for the measurement of body cell mass in adult humans.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(6):1190-1197

Division of Nutrition, St. John's Research Institute, St. John's National Academy of Health Sciences, Bangalore, India.

Background And Objectives: Total body potassium (TBK), has a natural radioactive isotope, which can be measured to derive body cell mass (BCM), making it useful in clinical conditions, early growth and pregnancy. The objective was to build a whole-body potassium counter (WBKC), to accurately measure TBK in the body.

Methods And Study Design: A WBKC was designed and constructed using a shadow shield. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201811_27(6).0004DOI Listing
January 2018

Energy requirements for ICU burn patients in whom the total body surface area affected exceeds 50 percent: a practical equation.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(6):1182-1189

Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Tri-Service General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC.

Background And Objectives: Energy requirement estimations are crucial for major burn patients' nutrition management. To find a practical equation for patients with burns over >50% of their total body surface area (TBSA)in an intensive care unit (ICU).

Methods And Study Design: We conducted a six-week follow-up study of 21 ICU burn patients aged 17-28 years (second- and third-degree burns, TBSA: 50-90%) who were prescribed enteral nutritional support. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201811_27(6).0003DOI Listing
January 2018
1 Read

Malnutrition prevalence in adrenal insufficiency among hospitalized elderly patients: limitations of the body mass index in the assessment of malnutrition.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(6):1175-1181

Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju, Korea.

Background And Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate malnutrition prevalence and usefulness of the body mass index (BMI) in the assessment of malnutrition in hospitalized elderly patients with adrenal insufficiency (AI).

Methods And Study Design: 318 hospitalized AI patients were diagnosed by a rapid ACTH stimulation test with a history of steroid treatment and compared with 374 control patients. Nutrition was assessed using the Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201811_27(6).0002DOI Listing
January 2018
1 Read

Tackling undernutrition in the Asian healthcare setting: a Southeast Asian expert consensus.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(6):1161-1174

Abbott Nutrition Research and Development, Singapore.

Background And Objectives: Malnutrition is under-recognized and under-treated in Asia due to resource constraints, lack of awareness and knowledge among healthcare professionals and patients, and lack of standardized procedures for malnutrition management. While international guidelines for the management of malnutrition are available, they may not be easily applicable to the patient population and healthcare settings within Southeast Asia. This paper provides consensus recommendations, developed by the Regional Nutrition Working Group, to foster evidence-based nutritional care in Southeast Asia to improve patient outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201811_27(6).0001DOI Listing
January 2018
6 Reads

Results of a long-term follow-up evaluation of an Australian adult nutrition education program.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018;27(5):1155-1159

Cancer Council Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.

Background And Objectives: To assess persistence of improvements in nutrition-related attitudes and behaviours 2-4 years after attending an adult nutrition education program (FOODcents).

Methods And Study Design: A link to an online survey was sent to 407 past FOODcents participants. The survey replicated items included in previous FOODcents evaluation surveys. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.052018.02DOI Listing
January 2018

Fast food consumption alongside socioeconomic status, stress, exercise, and sleep duration are associated with menstrual irregularities in Korean adolescents: Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2009-2013.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018;27(5):1146-1154

Department of Interdisciplinary Program in Biomedical Science, Soonchunhyang University Graduate School, Asan, Republic of Korea.

Background And Objectives: Menstrual irregularities in adolescents are a concern because they are considered a subjective indicator of poor physical and reproductive health. Menstrual regularity is associated with many genetic and mental health factors, and lifestyle changes can markedly influence an individual's level of menstrual regularity. Therefore, we investigated associations between lifestyle factors and menstrual irregularities in Korean adolescents by analysing data collected from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2009 to 2013. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.032018.03DOI Listing
January 2018

Acne vulgaris and its association with dietary intake: a Malaysian perspective.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018;27(5):1141-1145

School of Healthy Aging, Medical Aesthetics and Regenerative Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, UCSI University, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Background And Objectives: Acne vulgaris is a common skin condition among adolescents and young adults. Its relationship with the dietary intake is highly debatable and equivocal. This study aimed to identify the association between acne vulgaris and dietary intake among Malaysians. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.072018.01DOI Listing
January 2018
9 Reads

Association between metabolic syndrome and coffee consumption in the Korean population by gender: a cross-sectional study in Korea.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018;27(5):1131-1140

Department of Family Medicine, Inje University Haeundae Paik Hospital, Busan, Korea.

Background And Objectives: We conducted this cross-sectional study to identify the association between coffee consumption and risk of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in the Korean population.

Methods And Study Design: Subjects aged 30-79 years in the Fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted in 2010 and 2011 were included (n=8,246). The self-reported frequency of coffee consumption was classified as non-drinker, <1, 1, 2, and >=3 cups/day. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.022018.04DOI Listing
January 2018
12 Reads

Dietary patterns among Japanese adults: findings from the National Health and Nutrition Survey, 2012.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018;27(5):1120-1130

Department of Nutritional Epidemiology and Shokuiku, National Institute of Health and Nutrition, Tokyo, Japan.

Background And Objectives: Recent studies have analyzed dietary patterns to assess overall dietary habits, but there have been no studies of dietary patterns among the contemporary Japanese population nationwide. The objective of this study was to identify dietary patterns based on consumption of food items among Japanese adults, and to examine whether these dietary patterns were associated with nutrient intake, demographic characteristics, and lifestyle factors.

Methods And Study Design: The study population included 25,754 Japanese adults aged 20 years and older registered in the nationwide National Health and Nutrition Survey database in 2012. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.042018.06DOI Listing
January 2018
9 Reads

Analysis of dietary trends in Chinese adolescents from 1991 to 2011.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018;27(5):1106-1119

Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA.

Background And Objectives: To examine temporal trends in dietary energy, fat, carbohydrate, protein, sodium and potassium intake of Chinese adolescents aged 12 - 17 years by sex and urbanicity, using data from the China Health and Nutrition Survey.

Methods And Study Design: Individual level, consecutive 3 - day 24-hour recalls were analyzed from survey years 1991 (n=504), 2000 (n=665), and 2011 (n=267) from nine provinces representing a range of geography, economic development, and health indicators in China. Linear multivariable regression models were conducted to predict mean intakes of energy, macronutrients, sodium, and potassium. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.042018.02DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6298787PMC
January 2018

A dietary and nutritional status survey among young children in five big cities of China.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018;27(5):1095-1105

Department of Integrated Early Childhood Development, Capital Institute of Pediatrics, Beijing, China.

Background And Objectives: To investigate the dietary patterns and nutritional status of young children living in urban environments in China.

Methods And Study Design: A cross-sectional study was conducted of 750 children aged 6 - 35 months living in 5 large cities in China. The survey methodology included a physical exami-nation, blood hemoglobin measurements and a 24 hour dietary recall questionnaire Results: The educational lev-el of participant mothers was high (79% had attended college or university or higher), which may not be fully representative across all areas of urban China. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.122017.01DOI Listing
January 2018

Several problem nutrients are identified in the complementary diet of 6 to 11 month old breastfed children in Western Guatemala.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018;27(5):1084-1094

Center for Studies of Sensory Impairment, Aging and Metabolism (CeSSIAM), Guatemala City, Guatemala.

Background And Objectives: The failure of infants in developing countries to meet nutrient intake recommendations is well documented. The objective of this study was to assess the nutritional adequacy and identify problem nutrients of the diets of Guatemalan infants with continued breastfeeding.

Methods And Study Design: A single previous-day dietary recall was collected from a convenience sample of 94 mothers of infants aged 6-11 mo attending a public health clinic in the urban area of Quetzaltenango, Guatemala. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.042018.08DOI Listing
January 2018
3 Reads

Effect of increasing protein content at the evening meal followed by exercise on overnight nocturnal total energy expenditure, fat and carbohydrate oxidation in healthy young Indian men.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018;27(5):1077-1083

St. John's Medical College, St. John's National Academy of Health Sciences, Bangalore, India.

Background And Objectives: Indians are more prone to develop diabetes at a younger age, with normal BMI, and this might partly be due to their higher body fat content. Increase in fat mass in the body might be because of the reduction in fat oxidizing capability. Given the fact that Indians consume high carbohydrate diets, effective fat oxidation is likely to be delayed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.052018.04DOI Listing
January 2018

Untargeted metabolomics approach (UPLC-Q-TOF-MS) explores the biomarkers of serum and urine in overweight/obese young men.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018;27(5):1067-1076

School of Public Health, Jilin Medical University, Jilin, China.

Background And Objectives: Obesity is linked to metabolic diseases characterized by insulin resistance, such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease. In this study, we investigated the metabolic disorders of uncomplicated obesity to identify early alterations in biological systems.

Methods And Study Design: Metabolic differences between overweight/obese (n=36) and normal-weight (n=35) young Chinese men without known metabolic disorders were assessed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.052018.07DOI Listing
January 2018

Association between bone mineral density, muscle volume, walking ability, and geriatric nutritional risk index in hemodialysis patients.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018;27(5):1062-1066

Department of Medical Joint Materials, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Kagoshima University, Kagoshima, Japan.

Background And Objectives: Hemodialysis patients are at risk for bone loss and sarcopenia, characterized by reduced muscle mass and limited mobility/function. Osteoporosis and sarcopenia both increase the risk of hospitalization and death in affected individuals. Malnutrition also occurs as a complication of hemodialysis and has been identified as a risk factor for osteoporosis and sarcopenia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.052018.03DOI Listing
January 2018
1 Read

Dietary pattern and its association with blood pressure and blood lipid profiles among Japanese adults in the 2012 Japan National Health and Nutrition Survey.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018;27(5):1048-1061

Department of Nutritional Epidemiology and Shokuiku, National Institutes of Biomedical Innovation, Health and Nutrition, Tokyo, Japan.

Background And Objectives: Little is known about the association between dietary patterns and cardiovascular disease risk factors among Japanese adults based on nationally representative data. This study aimed to explore the association between dietary patterns and hypertension or blood lipid profiles among Japanese people.

Methods And Study Design: De-identified Japan National Health and Nutrition Survey (NHNS) 2012 data with a total of 8721 subjects (3524 men and 5197 women) aged 40-74 years were used. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.072018.04DOI Listing
January 2018

The influence of diet and behaviour on metabolic syndrome and the prevalence of metabolic syndrome according to different definitions in west China.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018;27(5):1040-1047

Department of Nutrition and Food Safety, West China School of Public Health, Sichuan University, Sichuan, China.

Background And Objectives: This study investigated the updated prevalence of metabolic syndrome among adults in West China and the influence of diet and behaviour on metabolic syndrome.

Methods And Study Design: A cross-sectional survey was conducted from 2013-2014, and multi-stage stratified clustering sampling was applied in 12 counties of Sichuan province. Data regarding metabolic syndrome and style risk factors were collected through interviewer-administered questionnaires, and physical measurements were recorded following a standardized protocol. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.122017.06DOI Listing
January 2018

Pro- and prebiotic effects on oxidative stress and inflammatory markers in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018;27(5):1031-1039

Nutrition Research Center, Department of Biochemistry and Diet Therapy, Faculty of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

Background And Objectives: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is related to inflammation and oxidative stress. Probiotics and prebiotics are considered anti-inflammatory and antioxidative factors. In this study, we evaluated the effects of probiotic and/or prebiotic on oxidative stress and inflammatory markers in patients with NAFLD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.042018.05DOI Listing
January 2018
1 Read

Dietary education with customised dishware and food supplements can reduce frailty and improve mental well-being in elderly people: A single-blind randomized controlled study.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018;27(5):1018-1030

Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Academia Sinica, Taipei City, Taiwan, R.O.C.

Background And Objectives: The elderly population is increasing rapidly worldwide, and frailty is a common geriatric syndrome. Comprehensive dietary management strategies may have beneficial effects on frailty prevention and reversal. This 3-month single-blind, paralleled, randomized controlled trial compared the effects of micronutrients and/or protein supplements, and a personalised diet on frailty status in elderly individuals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.032018.02DOI Listing
January 2018

Prolonged effectiveness of 12-month exercise-plus-diet intervention in Japanese adults at risk of impaired glucose or lipid metabolism.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018;27(5):1010-1017

Department of Nursing, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Japan.

Background And Objectives: To investigate the prolonged effects of a 12-month exercise-plus-diet intervention in Japanese adults at risk of impaired glucose or lipid metabolism.

Methods And Study Design: A total of 180 participants were randomly divided into an intervention group (n=94), and a control group (n=86). An exercise-plus- diet intervention was conducted on the intervention group for 12 months. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.052018.06DOI Listing
January 2018
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HDL subfraction changes with a low-fat, plant-based Complete Health Improvement Program (CHIP).

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018;27(5):1002-1009

Lifestyle Research Centre, Cooranbong, NSW, Australia.

Background And Objectives: Low HDL concentrations are considered an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Interventions promoting a low-fat, plant-based eating pattern appear to reduce CVD risk while paradoxically also reducing HDL concentrations. Recent studies show HDL to comprise a range of subfractions, but the role these play in ameliorating the risk of CVD is unclear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.052018.05DOI Listing
January 2018
2 Reads

Prognostic nutritional index relevance in chemoradiotherapy for advanced oral cavity, oropharyngeal and hypopharyngeal cancer.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018;27(5):996-1001

Division of Hemato-oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Keelung and Chang Gung University, College of Medicine, Taiwan.

Background And Objectives: This study was designed to evaluate the impact of the prognostic nutritional index (PNI) on treatment-related toxicities and tolerance in patients with advanced head and neck cancers who were undergoing concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT).

Methods And Study Design: We retrospectively analyzed and compared the clinical characteristic, toxicities and survival of 143 patients with stage III, IVA, and IVB head and neck cancer who were treated with CCRT according to their PNI between 2007 and 2010.

Results: Low PNI was correlated with T classification and advanced tumor stage. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.032018.04DOI Listing
January 2018
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Prevalence and associated risk factors of malnutrition among hospitalized adults in a multisite study in Ho Chi Minh city Viet Nam.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018;27(5):986-995

School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Faculty of Health, Queensland University of Technology, Queensland, Australia.

Background And Objectives: This study aims to assess the prevalence and associated risk factors of malnutrition in adults in acute care settings.

Methods And Study Design: A cross-sectional study among 883 participants from 6 representative general public hospitals was conducted during April and May 2016. Participants were considered malnourished if they were classified using Subjective Global Assessment (SGA) as malnourished (B or C) or with BMI <18. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.042018.07DOI Listing
January 2018
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Prevalence of undernutrition in Japanese pediatric patients on admission: Comparison of tertiary, acute-care, and rehabilitation hospitals.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018;27(5):980-985

Department of Pediatrics, Todaiji Medical and Educational Center, Nara, Japan.

Background And Objectives: There exist many studies in Western countries dealing with pediatric nutritional assessment on admission, but those in Asian countries are comparatively limited. This study aimed at clarifying the prevalence of undernutrition in 3 Japanese pediatric hospitals, especially focusing on their different characteristics.

Methods And Study Design: Study participants included 313 patients aged 1-17 years admitted to a tertiary hospital (175 patients), an acute-care hospital (99 patients), or a rehabilitation hospital (39 patients). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.042018.03DOI Listing
January 2018
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Safety and benefit of pre-operative oral carbohydrate in infants: a multi-center study in China.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018;27(5):975-979

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Children's Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China.

Background And Objectives: Pre-operative oral carbohydrate administration (POCA) is an important aspect of enhanced recovery after surgery and has many advantages. The objective of this study was to explore the safety and effect of pre-operative oral carbohydrate administration in infants.

Methods And Study Design: This was a prospective, multi-center, randomized study that randomly assigned 1200 infants into four groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.052018.08DOI Listing
January 2018
3 Reads

Fasting leads to fasting: examining the relationships between perioperative fasting times and fasting for symptoms in patients undergoing elective abdominal surgery.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018;27(5):968-974

Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney, Australia.

Background And Objectives: A growing body of evidence indicates traditional perioperative care practices of extended fasting and delayed feeding are outdated and detrimental to patient prognosis. This study aimed to explore associations between perioperative fasting, progression to solids and fasting for symptoms; assessing whether excessive pre-operative fasting results in further fasting post-operatively.

Methods And Study Design: Two hundred patients who underwent elective surgery from March 2015 to June 2015 in upper gastrointestinal, colorectal and urological departments of a major teaching hospital were included in the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.042018.04DOI Listing
January 2018

Serum vitamin D decreases during chemotherapy: an Australian prospective cohort study.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018;27(5):962-967

Department of Medical Oncology, Flinders Medical Centre, Adelaide, Australia.

Background And Objectives: Vitamin D plays an important role in bone and muscle function, and cell prolifera-tion. The impact of chemotherapy and associated behavioural changes such as fatigue and sun avoidance on vit-amin D (25(OH) D) is unknown. This study aims to evaluate variations in serum vitamin D during chemotherapy and the predictive value of latitude, season and pre-existing vitamin D deficiency. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.042018.01DOI Listing
January 2018
12 Reads

Nutritional outcomes with radiotherapy for head and neck cancer: a before and after comparison of 'best practice guidelines' implementation.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018;27(5):955-961

School of Public Health, Curtin University, Bentley, Western Australia.

Background And Objectives: Malnutrition is prevalent amongst people with head and neck cancer treated with radiotherapy and can result in reduced tolerance to treatment and increased hospital admissions. Current bestpractice guidelines recommend weekly dietetic review during radiotherapy and fortnightly review for six weeks following radiotherapy to minimize weight loss. The primary aim of this study was to compare percent weight loss during radiotherapy before and after the implementation of weekly dietetic review. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.122017.05DOI Listing
January 2018

Dietary soybean isoflavones in Alzheimer's disease prevention.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018;27(5):946-954

School of Public Health, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Soybean isoflavone (SIF) is a type of polyphenol present extensively in legumes. Because of its unique chemical construction and the physiological activity of the phenolic hydroxyl group, SIF exhibits strong antioxidant activity in antioxidant and nonantioxidant enzyme systems. Genistein is the major isoflavone in soy foods, accounting for more than 50% of the isoflavone content. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.052018.01DOI Listing
January 2018
1 Read