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    2207 results match your criteria Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition [Journal]

    1 OF 45

    Low maternal folate concentrations and maternal MTHFR C677T polymorphism are associated with an increased risk for neural tube defects in offspring: a case-control study among Pakistani case and control mothers.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(1):253-260
    Institute of Human Genetics, University of Bonn, Germany. Email:
    Background And Objectives: There is considerable evidence that periconceptional maternal folate deficiency and coding variants in maternal genes coding for critical enzymes in the folate pathway are associated with neural tube defects (NTDs) in offspring. In a case-control study we investigated C677T polymorphism in the 5,10- methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene in case and control mothers of Pakistani origin, and compared these with the respective maternal folate concentrations measured at the time of delivery.

    Methods And Study Design: A case-control study was conducted among 109 case and 100 control mothers identified through the Holy Family Hospital Rawalpindi, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan. Read More

    Premorbid dietary intake of protein is associated with early outcomes but not with severity of ischemic stroke.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(1):246-252
    Department of Neurology, Jinling Hospital, Medical School of Nanjing University, Jiangsu, China. Email:
    Background And Objectives: Dietary protein intake has been associated with reduced risk of stroke. This study aimed to examine the relationship between premorbid dietary intake of protein and both stroke severity and neurological outcomes in patients with acute ischemic stroke.

    Methods And Study Design: Consecutive patients with first-ever ischemic stroke in Jinling Hospital were screened for eligibility of participation. Read More

    Dietary patterns change over two years in early adolescent girls in Hawai'i.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(1):238-245
    Department of Human Nutrition, Food and Animal Sciences, College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, University of Hawai'i at Mānoa, United States.
    Background And Objectives: In investigating diet-disease relationships, examination of dietary patterns allows for conclusions to be drawn based on overall intake. This study characterized dietary patterns of early adolescent girls over a two-year period and examined the relationship between dietary patterns and body mass index (BMI).

    Methods And Study Design: Cross-sectional analyses were performed using longitudinal data from food records of early adolescent girls (n=148) 9 to 14 years in Hawai'i from the Female Adolescent Maturation (FAM) study. Read More

    Vitamin D status and cardiometabolic risk factors in young adults in Hong Kong: associations and implications.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(1):231-237
    Department of Health Technology and Informatics, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong. Email:
    Background And Objectives: Vitamin D deficiency is reportedly common, but we lack data from young adults. Such data are of interest because epidemiological data support vitamin D as a possible risk modulator for diabetes and cardiovascular ('cardiometabolic') disease. Our objectives were to assess vitamin D status (as plasma 25(OH)D concentration) and investigate associations between this and biomarkers of cardiometabolic disease risk in a group of still-healthy young adults in Hong Kong. Read More

    Fruit and vegetable intake of Korean children and adolescents according to cooking location and daily meal: study based on 2010 and 2011 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(1):217-230
    National Institute of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Administration, Wanju-gun, Jeonbuk, Korea. Email:
    Background And Objectives: This study analyzed the intake of fruits and vegetables by cooking location and daily meals for Korean children and adolescents.

    Methods And Study Design: For this study, 2,538 Korean children and adolescents aged 7-18 years, who participated in the 2010 and 2011 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey dietary intake survey (24-hour recall methods), were sampled.

    Results: The total unsalted fruit and vegetable intake for all subjects was 300 g (aged 7-12 years, 280 g; aged 13-18 years, 316 g). Read More

    Association of energy intake and physical activity with overweight among Indonesian children 6-12 years of age.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(1):211-216
    Nutrition Consultant, Langkawi, Malaysia.
    Background And Objectives: Indonesia is currently facing double burden malnutrition in children. As overweight and obesity are due to a disturbed energy balance, this study aimed to assess the association of total energy intake and physical activity with the prevalence of overweight among Indonesian children.

    Methods And Study Design: The data used for this analysis were from 1143 children, 6-12 years old, that participated in the South East Asian Nutrition Survey (SEANUTS). Read More

    Comparisons of proteomic profiles of whey protein between donor human milk collected earlier than 3 months and 6 months after delivery.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(1):204-210
    Department of Nursing, Konkuk University, Chungju, Republic of Korea. Email:
    Background And Objectives: Human milk has nutritional, protective, and developmental advantages for premature infants. However, proteomic information of low abundant protein of donor milk is insufficient. The purpose of this study is to analyze and compare the proteome of low abundant protein of donor milk obtained at different postpartum ages other than the colostrum. Read More

    Prevalence and determinants of iron deficiency anemia among non-pregnant women of reproductive age in Pakistan.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(1):195-203
    Discipline of Obstetrics, Gynaecology and Neonatology, Central Clinical School, University of Sydney, Sydney NSW, Australia.
    Background And Objectives: Iron deficiency Anemia (IDA) in women of reproductive age is a recognized public health concern that impairs health and well-being in women and is associated with adverse reproductive outcomes. In Pakistan there is a dearth of up-to-date information on the prevalence and predictors of IDA. This study sought to investigate IDA in Pakistani women. Read More

    Exercise induced dehydration status and skinfold compressibility in athletes: an intervention study.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(1):189-194
    Faculty of Nutrition and Food Sciences of the University of Porto (FCNAUP), Porto, Portugal.
    Background And Objectives: Skinfold thickness assessment is a widely recognized technique for the estimation of body adiposity and fat free mass. This method assumes that skinfolds' compressibility is constant but there are some factors that could influence its compressibility. This study aims to evaluate whether the skinfolds' compressibility is influenced by hydration status. Read More

    Platelet-related cytokines among normal body mass index, overweight, and obese Malaysians.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(1):182-188
    Nutrition and Dietetics Department, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.
    Background And Objectives: Recent studies have reported that obesity is associated with platelet activation and systemic inflammation. Malaysia has the highest prevalence of obesity, hence, this research is performed to evaluate the development of low-grade inflammation and platelet activation, measured using soluble CD40 ligand (sCD40L) and soluble P-selectin (sP-sel), and to determine their association with obesity. In addition, we assessed the mean platelet volume (MPV) and platelet count (PLT), which are novel parameters consistently associated with obesity. Read More

    Serum vitamin B-12 in children presenting with vasovagal syncope.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(1):176-181
    Department of Biochemistry, Afyon Kocatepe University Hospital, Dortyol Mah, Afyonkarahisar, Turkey.
    Background And Objectives: The present study aims to determine the serum vitamin B-12 in children presenting with vasovagal syncope.

    Methods And Study Design: This is a prospective review of 160 children presenting with vasovagal syncope. Subgroup analysis was done based on the results of head up tilt test. Read More

    Sarcopenia and cachexia evaluation in different healthcare settings: a questionnaire survey of health professionals.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(1):167-175
    Department of Clinical Nutrition, Keiju Medical Center, Tomioka, Nanao city, Ishikawa, Japan.
    Background And Objectives: The rates of sarcopenia and cachexia evaluations by different occupational groups at different settings are unclear. The objectives are to evaluate and compare the relative use of sarcopenia and cachexia evaluations among dietitians and associated healthcare professionals in a diverse range of settings.

    Methods And Study Design: Participants were 4,621 members from the Japanese Association of Rehabilitation Nutrition. Read More

    International hospital accreditation and clinical nutrition service in acute care hospitals in South Korea: results of a nationwide cross-sectional survey.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(1):158-166
    Deptartment of Medical Nutrition, Graduate School of East-West Medical Science, Kyung Hee University, Yongin, Republic of Korea.
    Background And Objectives: Beginning in 2007, 29 hospitals in South Korea have received accreditation from Joint Commission International (JCI). The present study aimed to identify differences in clinical nutrition service provisions between JCI accredited acute care hospitals and non-accredited acute care hospitals. A survey questionnaire was sent to all 43 acute care hospitals in South Korea. Read More

    Postprandial long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid response to krill oil and fish oil consumption in healthy women: a randomised controlled, single-dose, crossover study.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(1):148-157
    Centre for Chronic Disease, College of Health and Biomedicine, Victoria University, Melbourne, Australia. Email:
    Background And Objectives: Krill oil (KO) and fish oil (FO) are good sources of health-benefiting long chain n- 3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC n-3 PUFA), EPA and DHA. There are conflicting outcomes on the bioavailability of LC n-3 PUFA from KO compared with FO. This study investigated the postprandial incorporation of LC n- 3 PUFA into plasma lipids following consumption of 5 capsules of KO or FO in comparison with olive oil (OO) control in healthy women. Read More

    Benefit of oral nutritional supplements for children with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia during remission-induction chemotherapy: a quasi-experimental study.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(1):144-147
    Department of Nutrition, the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China.
    Background And Objectives: To determine the effect of oral nutritional supplements (ONS) on children with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia undergoing remission-induction chemotherapy.

    Methods And Study Design: We included 127 paediatric patients who were diagnosed with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia and undergoing remission- induction chemotherapy in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University. Children from two paediatric wards who met the inclusion criteria were enrolled. Read More

    Effects of preoperative oral carbohydrate therapy on perioperative glucose metabolism during oral- maxillofacial surgery: randomised clinical trial.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(1):137-143
    Department of Dental Anaesthesiology, Faculty of Dental Science, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan.
    Background And Objectives: Preoperative oral carbohydrate therapy has been suggested to attenuate postoperative insulin resistance. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of a carbohydrate-rich beverage given preoperatively on intraoperative glucose metabolism.

    Methods And Study Design: This study was a randomised, open-label, placebo-controlled trial. Read More

    Home enteral nutrition after minimally invasive esophagectomy can improve quality of life and reduce the risk of malnutrition.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(1):129-136
    Department of thoracic surgery, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China.
    Background And Objectives: The potential benefits of home enteral nutrition (HEN) and the effects of HEN on quality of life (QOL) after esophagectomy remain unclear. The aim was to investigate the effect of 3 months HEN on health related QOL and nutritional status of esophageal cancer patients who were preoperatively malnourished.

    Methods And Study Design: 142 malnourished (PG-SGA stage B or C) patients with esophageal cancer were assigned to receive Ivor Lewis minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE group) with laparoscopic jejunal feeding tube placement or open esophagectomy (OE group) with nasojejunal feeding tube placement. Read More

    Effects of parenteral ω-3 fatty acid supplementation in postoperative gastrointestinal cancer on immune function and length of hospital stay: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(1):121-128
    Institute of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, School of Public health, Shandong University, Jinan, China. Email:
    Background And Objectives: Omega-3 fatty acids are widely used in nutritional support. However, whether parenteral supplementation with ω-3 fatty acids is effective for gastrointestinal cancer patients remains uncertain. This study assessed the effects of this form of parenteral nutrition on immune function and clinical outcomes in postoperative gastrointestinal cancer patients. Read More

    Common food antimicrobials: effects on cellular inflammation and oxidative damage and their estimated occurrence in Singapore.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(1):113-120
    Centre for Functional Food and Human Nutrition, School of Chemical and Life Sciences, Nanyang Polytechnic, Singapore.
    Background And Objectives: The prevalence and potential health effects of common food antimicrobials in processed foods and beverages are relatively unknown in Singapore. The occurrence of chemical antimicrobials in processed foods and beverages and their effects on inflammation and oxidative stress in vitro were examined.

    Methods And Study Design: The occurrence of antimicrobials in 1605 processed food and 359 beverage items were examined by surveying the ingredients on the product labels. Read More

    Relationship between umami taste acuity with sweet or bitter taste acuity and food selection in Japanese women university students.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(1):107-112
    Faculty of Nutrition, Department of Nutrition, Koshien University, Hyogo, Japan.
    Background And Objectives: Although there are many studies on the umami receptor and its signaling pathway, literature on the effect of umami taste acuity on dietary choices in healthy subjects is limited. The current study aims to clarify the relationship between umami taste acuity with sweet or bitter taste acuity, food preference and intake.

    Methods And Study Design: Forty-two healthy Japanese female university students were enrolled. Read More

    Salivary cariogenic bacteria counts are associated with obesity in student women at a Malaysian university.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(1):99-106
    Department of Biomedical Science, Faculty of Science, Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman (UTAR) Kampar Campus, Perak, Malaysia. Email:
    Background And Objectives: The counts of cariogenic bacteria lactobacilli and mutans streptococci have been studied and correlated with sugar intake. This study was to investigate the association between salivary lactobacilli and mutans streptococci counts with sweet food eating behavior and sweet sensitivity among 120 Malaysian women (101 ethnic Chinese, 19 ethnic Indians), while taking into account anthropometric and menstruation variables.

    Methods And Study Design: Demographics, anthropometric measurements and menstrual history were taken. Read More

    Chronic low grade inflammation measured by dietary inflammatory index and its association with obesity among school teachers in Yangon, Myanmar.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(1):92-98
    Center of Community Health and Population Studies, The Research Institute, Trisakti University, Indonesia.
    Background And Objectives: This study was aimed to investigate the association between obesity and chronic low grade inflammation (CLGI) measured by Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII) as a proxy indicator of CLGI among obese and non-obese teachers.

    Methods And Study Design: We conducted a cross sectional study among 128 non-obese (BMI <25) and 116 obese (BMI >=25) female teachers aged 25-60 years from six urban schools in Yangon, Myanmar between January and March 2015. Usual dietary intake was collected by 3-day nonconsecutive estimated 24 hour's dietary records and semi-quantitative Food Frequency Questionnaires. Read More

    Development and evaluation of nutritional, sensory and glycemic properties of finger millet (Eleusine coracana L.) based food products.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(1):84-91
    Department of Diabetology, Madras Diabetes Research Foundation, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
    Background And Objectives: Finger millet (Eleusine coracana L.) (FM) is rich in dietary fibre and is therefore expected to elicit a lower glycemic response compared to other grains. However, there is little data on the glycemic properties of FM-based products. Read More

    The Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index predicts mortality in nonagenarians and centenarians receiving home care.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(1):78-83
    Center of gerontology and geriatrics, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, China. Email:
    Background And Objectives: The increasing prevalence of malnutrition in old people is related to the risk of illness and death. A number of screening tools to detect malnutrition have been used in the elderly to assess nutritional status and predict prognosis. The aim of the present study was to investigate the ability of the Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index (GNRI) to assess nutritional status and predict mortality in very old home-care people by using a cross-sectional study of Chinese older people aged 90-105 years. Read More

    Relative validity of an indirect calorimetry device for measuring resting energy expenditure and respiratory quotient.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(1):72-77
    School of Physical Education, Anqing Normal University, Anqing, Anhui, PR China.
    Background And Objectives: Resting energy expenditure (REE) and respiratory quotient (RQ) are important for optimal nutritional care. The purpose of this study was to assess the accuracy and repeatability of an indirect calorimetry device (IIM-IC-100) in the measurement of REE and RQ in healthy Chinese adults.

    Methods And Study Design: A total of 38 healthy adults (19 male and 19 female) aged 18-52 years (25±6 years) were enrolled in this study. Read More

    Development and validation of a pediatric nutritional screening score (PNSS) for hospitalized children.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(1):65-71
    Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Xin Hua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China. Email:
    Background And Objectives: There is no evidence on the most effective nutritional screening tool for hospitalized children. The objective of this study was to develop and validate a pediatric nutritional screening tool to assess undernutrition risk upon hospital admission.

    Methods And Study Design: The study had a two-phase prospective observational design. Read More

    Consumption and sources of added sugar in Indonesia: a review.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(1):47-64
    International Life Sciences Institute (ILSI) Southeast Asia Region, Singapore. Email:
    Background And Objectives: The present report summarized the best available evidence regarding consumption level and sources of free or added sugars in Indonesia.

    Methods And Study Design: Information was extracted from food balance sheets, household expenditure surveys, nutrition surveys, published studies, unpublished theses/ dissertations, and government reports.

    Results: A total of 18 references were obtained, showing varying results. Read More

    Prevalence, cause and diagnosis of lactose intolerance in children aged 1-5 years: a systematic review of 1995-2015 literature.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(1):29-46
    Danone Nutricia Research, Singapore. Email:
    Background And Objectives: To assess the prevalence, etiology, diagnosis of primary and secondary lactose intolerance (LI), including age of onset, among children 1-5 years of age. Suspected/perceived lactose intolerance can lead to dietary restrictions which may increase risk of future health issues.

    Methods And Study Design: MEDLINE, CAB Abstract, and Embase were searched for articles published from January 1995-June 2015 related to lactose intolerance in young children. Read More

    Non-communicable diseases, food and nutrition in Vietnam from 1975 to 2015: the burden and national response.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(1):19-28
    Institute for Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Hanoi Medical University, Hanoi, Vietnam.
    Background And Objectives: This review manuscript examines the burden and national response to non-communicable diseases (NCDs), food and nutrition security in Vietnam from 1975 to 2015.

    Methods And Study Design: We extracted data from peer-reviewed manuscripts and reports of nationally representative surveys and related policies in Vietnam.

    Results: In 2010, NCDs accounted for 318,000 deaths (72% of total deaths), 6. Read More

    Critical examination of evidence for the nutritional status of children in Papua New Guinea - a systematic review.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(1):1-18
    Burnet Institute, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Email:
    Background And Objectives: Undernutrition remains a significant cause of childhood illness, poor growth, development, and death in Papua New Guinea (PNG). Studies on child nutritional outcomes in PNG vary by design, measurement protocols and quality. We conducted a systematic review to assess the evidence for the prevalence of child undernutrition across different study populations, geographical locations and time periods. Read More

    A single-nucleotide polymorphism in transferrin is associated with soluble transferrin receptor in Chinese adolescents.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2017 ;26(6):1170-1178
    Key Laboratory of Trace Element Nutrition of National Health and Family Planning Commission of the People's Republic of China, National Institute for Nutrition and Health, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China. Email:
    Background And Objectives: Associations between genetic variants in the hepcidin regulation pathway and iron status have been reported in previous studies. Most of these studies were conducted in populations of European descent and relatively few studies have been conducted in Chinese populations. In this study, we evaluated associations between single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the hepcidin regulation pathway, serum ferritin (SF) and soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR) in Chinese adolescents. Read More

    Dietary patterns and sleep parameters in a cohort of community dwelling Australian men.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2017 ;26(6):1158-1169
    Population Research and Outcome Studies, School of Medicine, University of Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.
    Background And Objectives: Emerging evidence suggests potential effects of nutrients/foods on sleep parameters. However, no studies have addressed the complex interactions among nutrients/foods and relate them to sleep outcomes. To investigate the associations between dietary patterns and sleep parameters (polysomnography (PSG) measured and self-reported sleep symptoms) in a large sample of community dwelling men in South Australia. Read More

    Association between rice intake and all-cause mortality among Chinese adults: findings from the Jiangsu Nutrition Study.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2017 ;26(6):1152-1157
    Discipline of Medicine, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia.
    Background And Objectives: The few studies that have assessed the association between rice intake and mortality have generated inconsistent results. We assessed whether rice intake was associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality, cancer mortality and all-cause mortality in a prospective cohort of the Chinese population.

    Methods And Study Design: We prospectively studied 2,832 adults aged 20 years and above with a mean follow up of 10 years. Read More

    Comprehensive school-based intervention to control overweight and obesity in China: a cluster randomized controlled trial.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2017 ;26(6):1139-1151
    National Institute for Nutrition and Health, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China.
    Background And Objectives: With prevalence of childhood obesity increasing rapidly, developing of effective and sustainable intervention strategies is becoming more and more important for the prevention of childhood obesity in China. A trial was developed to evaluate the effect of comprehensive school-based intervention on childhood obesity.

    Methods And Study Design: A multi-center cluster randomized controlled trial was conducted among urban children (n=9,867) aged 6-13 years in 38 primary schools from six large cities. Read More

    Dietary sodium reduction in New Zealand: influence of the Tick label.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2017 ;26(6):1133-1138
    Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand. Email:
    Background And Objectives: The Tick programme of the National Heart Foundation (NHF) is the longest standing voluntary front of pack signpost nutrition logo in New Zealand. It provides a platform for collaboration with the food industry to encourage development of healthier products. This study evaluated the impact of the Tick programme on sodium in processed food. Read More

    Snack and beverage consumption and preferences in a sample of Chinese children - Are they influenced by advertising?
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2017 ;26(6):1125-1132
    Sydney School of Public Health, the University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.
    Background And Objectives: The consumption of unhealthy snack and beverages can lead to childhood obesity, which has become a major concern globally. Television food advertisements may influence children's snack and beverages preferences. This article aims to explore children's snack and beverage consumption habits; examine the extent of television advertising for non-core (energy-dense, nutrient poor) snack and beverages; and assess the influence of television advertising on children's snack and beverages preferences in Harbin, China. Read More

    Screening for inadequate dietary vitamin B-12 intake in South Asian women using a nutrient-specific, semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2017 ;26(6):1119-1124
    Centre for Child Health Research, Faculty of Health and Environmental Sciences, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland, New Zealand.
    Background And Objectives: A high prevalence of vitamin B-12 (B-12) deficiency among young women of South Asian origin predisposes to significant health risks for these women and their future offspring. Vegetarian or low-meat based dietary practices contribute to B-12 deficiency. This study validated a nutrient-specific, semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (B12FFQ), developed to estimate dietary B-12 intake in South Asian women. Read More

    Qualitative study of eating habits in Bruneian primary school children.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2017 ;26(6):1113-1118
    PAPRSB Institute of Health Sciences, Universiti Brunei Darussalam, Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei Darussalam.
    Background And Objectives: Childhood obesity is a serious public health issue globally and poor eating habits are an important contributing factor. This study aimed to explore the perceptions, practices and attitudes towards healthy eating in Bruneian primary school children.

    Methods And Study Design: A qualitative study was conducted among 40 subjects involving 18 children (aged 9-10 years old), 12 parents and 10 teachers, who were recruited from two primary schools using convenience sampling. Read More

    Screening for nutritional risk in hospitalized children with liver disease.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2017 ;26(6):1107-1112
    Department of Clinical Nutrition, The Armed Police General Hospital of China, Beijing, China.
    Background And Objectives: Malnutrition is a major contributor to morbidity and mortality from pediatric liver disease. We investigated the prevalence of both malnutrition and high nutritional risk in hospitalized children with liver disease as well as the rate of in-hospital nutritional support.

    Methods And Study Design: A total of 2,874 hospitalized children and adolescents with liver disease aged 1 to 17 years (inclusive) were enrolled. Read More

    Dietary intake of heme iron and body iron status are associated with the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2017 ;26(6):1092-1106
    Department of Nutrition, Nutrition Discovery Innovation Center, Institute of Nutrition and Food Safety, School of Public Health, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Zhejiang, China.
    Background And Objectives: Some potential role of iron overload in the development of diabetes mellitus have been suggested. Our study aimed to systematically assess the association between the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and iron intakes/body iron status.

    Methods And Study Design: PubMed and Web of Science were searched for relevant articles. Read More

    Reconfirmation of improved tolerance to a new amino acid-based formula by infants with cow's milk protein allergy.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2017 ;26(6):1088-1091
    Center for Management of Infants with Cow's Milk Protein Allergy, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Thailand.
    Background And Objectives: Reasons for intolerance to commercial amino acid-based formulas (cAAF) in infants diagnosed with cow's milk protein allergy (CMA) remain unknown. We assume that minute amounts of proteins, presenting in the glucose polymers derived from corn starch (cGPs), can elicit the intolerance to the cAAFs observed in some infants with CMA. By replacing cGPs with glucose polymers derived from rice starch (rGPs), a new amino acid-based (nAAF) formula has been shown to be better tolerated than an existing cAAF. Read More

    Association between complement component C3 and body composition: a possible obesity inflammatory biomarker for insulin resistance.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2017 ;26(6):1082-1087
    Department of Nutrition and Food Technology, School of Agriculture, The University of Jordan, Jordan.
    Background And Objectives: The C3 complement component (C3) is increasingly recognized as a cardiometabolic risk factor. We aimed to examine the role of C3 in insulin resistance (IR) and its association with adiposity.

    Methods And Study Design: Sixty-seven obese (18-35 years) participants were matched with normal weight participants from the University of Jordan. Read More

    High prevalence of vitamin B-12 insufficiency in patients with Crohn's disease.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2017 ;26(6):1076-1081
    Department of Food and Nutrition, Kyoto Women's University, Japan. Email:
    Background And Objectives: In Crohn's disease (CD), belonging to inflammatory bowel disease, the small intestine is involved in most cases. Most frequently affected is the distal ileum, where vitamin B-12 is specifically absorbed. Therefore, malabsorption of vitamin B-12 is quite likely to occur in patients with CD. Read More

    Compressed food with added functional oligopeptides improves performance during military endurance training.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2017 ;26(6):1066-1075
    College of Food Science and Nutritional Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing, China. Email:
    Background And Objectives: Oligosaccharide or oligopeptide supplementation may have a significant impact on endurance performance. This study evaluated the effects of adding maltooligosaccharides (MO) or soy oligopeptides (SO) to compressed food (CF) on the physical response of soldiers to daily military training.

    Methods And Study Design: Twelve soldiers were randomized to four diet groups: regular meals, CF, CFMO, and CFSO (crossover design). Read More

    Portion controlled ready-to-eat meal replacement is associated with short term weight loss: a randomised controlled trial.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2017 ;26(6):1055-1065
    Division of Nutrition, St John's Research Institute, St John's National Academy of Health Sciences, Bangalore, India.
    Background And Objectives: Strategies to prevent and treat overweight/obesity are urgently needed. This study assessed the effect of a short-term intake of ready-to-eat cereal on body weight and waist circumference of overweight/obese individuals in comparison to a control group.

    Methods And Study Design: A randomized, controlled 2-arm trial was carried out on 101 overweight/obese (Body Mass Index - 29. Read More

    Energy restriction combined with green coffee bean extract affects serum adipocytokines and the body composition in obese women.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2017 ;26(6):1048-1054
    Faculty of Public Health, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.
    Background And Objectives: Obesity has become a public health problem and is a cause of some preventable illnesses. Among several methods for treating obesity, the use of food supplements is highly common. A commonly used food supplement is green coffee bean extract. Read More

    Peanut butter increases the bioavailability and bioconversion of kale β-carotene to vitamin A.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2017 ;26(6):1039-1047
    Department of Applied Biology and Biochemistry, National University of Science and Technology, Gwanda Road, Bulawayo, Zimbabwe.
    Background And Objectives: Kale is a rich source of provitamin A- β-carotene. This study used intrinsically labeled kale [2H9] β-carotene to determine the effect of peanut butter on the bioconversion of kale β-carotene to vitamin A in preschool children.

    Methods And Study Design: Preschool children (n=37; age 12-36 mo) were randomly assigned to 50 g cooked kale (1. Read More

    Parenteral nutrition combined with enteral feeding improves the outcome of cancer patients.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2017 ;26(6):1032-1038
    Department of Parenteral Nutrition, Chung Shan Medical University Hospital, Taiwan, R.O.C.
    Background And Objectives: This study investigated whether total parenteral nutrition combined with enteral nutrition is associated with improved biochemical and clinical outcomes in cancer patients with gastrointestinal dysfunction.

    Methods And Study Design: From January to December 2014, the clinical data of 68 patients in a cancer ward were retrospectively collected, and these patients were classified into two groups according to nutrition delivery, through parenteral nutrition, combined with enteral nutrition more (group A) or less (group B) than 250 kcal/day. The following variables were analyzed: the route and percentage of nutritional support, total caloric intake, age, gender, body weight, body mass index, diagnosis at admission, complications of intestinal failure, modified Glasgow Prognostic Score, co-morbidities, duration of total parenteral nutrition support, performance status scale, and plasma nutritional markers. Read More

    Pharmacoeconomics of parenteral nutrition in surgical and critically ill patients receiving structured triglycerides in China.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2017 ;26(6):1021-1031
    AdRes Health Economics and Outcomes Research, Torino, Italy. Email:
    Background And Objectives: A prior meta-analysis showed favorable metabolic effects of structured triglyceride (STG) lipid emulsions in surgical and critically ill patients compared with mixed medium-chain/long-chain triglycerides (MCT/LCT) emulsions. Limited data on clinical outcomes precluded pharmacoeconomic analysis. We performed an updated meta-analysis and developed a cost model to compare overall costs for STGs vs MCT/LCTs in Chinese hospitals. Read More

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