876,384 results match your criteria Asia Pacific Journal Of Management[Journal]


Clinical risk factors for the development of late-onset circulatory collapse in premature infants.

Pediatr Res 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Department of Pediatrics, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA.

Background: Very low birth weight (VLBW) infants may be at risk for late-onset circulatory collapse (LCC) where otherwise stable infants develop hypotension resistant to vasoactive agents. The risk factors for LCC development are poorly defined, and it has been theorized that it may be in part due to withdrawal from exogenous prenatal steroids. The goal of this study was to define the clinical characteristics of LCC and investigate its association with antenatal steroid administration. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41390-020-0990-7DOI Listing

COVID-19's impact on the atmospheric environment in the Southeast Asia region.

Sci Total Environ 2020 May 25;736:139658. Epub 2020 May 25.

Department of Earth Sciences and Environment, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia.

Since its first appearance in Wuhan, China at the end of 2019, the new coronavirus (COVID-19) has evolved a global pandemic within three months, with more than 4.3 million confirmed cases worldwide until mid-May 2020. As many countries around the world, Malaysia and other southeast Asian (SEA) countries have also enforced lockdown at different degrees to contain the spread of the disease, which has brought some positive effects on natural environment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.139658DOI Listing

Does COVID-19 infection impact on the trend of seasonal influenza infection? 11 countries and regions, from 2014 to 2020.

Int J Infect Dis 2020 May 31. Epub 2020 May 31.

Department of Healthcare Epidemiology, Graduate School of Medicine and Public Health, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan. Electronic address:

Objectives: Infection due to the 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is widespread dramatically around the world. This COVID-19 pandemic could increase public concern to prevent infectious disease. The present study aimed to assess the relationship between the COVID-19 epidemic and decreasing another infectious disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2020.05.088DOI Listing

Establishment of Recombinase Polymerase Amplification assay for rapid and sensitive detection of Orientia tsutsugamushi in Southeast Asia.

Acta Trop 2020 May 31:105541. Epub 2020 May 31.

Department of Genomics and Cytogenetics, Institute of Biomedicine and Pharmacy (IBP), Vietnam Military Medical University, Vietnam; Department of Medical Microbiology, The 103 Military Hospital, Vietnam Medical University, Vietnam. Electronic address:

Scrub typhus, caused by Orientia tsutsugamushi, is a common fever in parts of Southern and South East Asia. As delayed diagnosis of scrub typhus leads to inappropriate treatment and high mortality rates, of up to 70%, sensitive and rapid detection of O. tsutsugamushi is required for timely and appropriate treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actatropica.2020.105541DOI Listing

Effect of Convalescent Plasma Therapy on Time to Clinical Improvement in Patients With Severe and Life-threatening COVID-19: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

JAMA 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Institute of Blood Transfusion, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Chengdu, China.

Importance: Convalescent plasma is a potential therapeutic option for patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), but further data from randomized clinical trials are needed.

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and adverse effects of convalescent plasma therapy for patients with COVID-19.

Design, Setting, And Participants: Open-label, multicenter, randomized clinical trial performed in 7 medical centers in Wuhan, China, from February 14, 2020, to April 1, 2020, with final follow-up April 28, 2020. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jama.2020.10044DOI Listing

Acute malnutrition recovery energy requirements based on mid-upper arm circumference: Secondary analysis of feeding program data from 5 countries, Combined Protocol for Acute Malnutrition Study (ComPAS) Stage 1.

PLoS One 2020 3;15(6):e0230452. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Department of Population Health & Centre for Maternal, Adolescent and Child Health (MARCH), London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, England, United Kingdom.

Background: Severe and moderate acute malnutrition (SAM and MAM) are currently treated with different food products in separate treatment programs. The development of a unified and simplified treatment protocol using a single food product aims to increase treatment program efficiency and effectiveness. This study, the first stage of the ComPAS trial, sought to assess rate of growth and energy requirements among children recovering from acute malnutrition in order to design a simplified, MUAC-based dosage protocol. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0230452PLOS

Isotopic interpretation of particulate nitrate in the metropolitan city of Karachi, Pakistan: Insight into the oceanic contribution to NOx.

Environ Sci Technol 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Nitrogen oxide (NOx) abatement has become the focus of air quality management strategies. In this study, we examined NOx sources and the atmospheric conversion of NOx in Karachi, Pakistan, a megacity in South Asia with serious particulate pollution problems. Oceanic contributions to NOx were quantified for the first time based on a novel approach using nitrogen/oxygen isotopic analysis in nitrate (δ15N-NO3-; δ18O-NO3-) and a Bayesian model. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.0c00490DOI Listing

COVID-19 mortality rates in the European Union, Switzerland, and the UK: effect of timeliness, lockdown rigidity, and population density.

Minerva Med 2020 Jun 2. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Hospital Universitario de la Princesa, Madrid, Spain -

Background: To date the European experience with COVID-19 mortality has been different to the observed in China and Asia. We aimed to forecast mortality trends in the 27 countries of the European Union (EU), plus Switzerland and the United Kingdom (UK), where lockdown dates and confinement interventions have been heterogeneous, and to explore its determinants.

Methods: We have adapted our predictive model of COVID-19-related mortality, which rested on the observed mortality within the first weeks of the outbreak and the date of the respective lockdown in each country. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.23736/S0026-4806.20.06702-6DOI Listing

COVID-19-Related Information Sources and Their Relationships with Confidence of People in Coping with COVID-19: A Facebook Survey Study in Taiwan.

J Med Internet Res 2020 Jun 2. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Department of Psychiatry, Kaohsiung Medical University, 100 Tzyou 1st road, Kaohsiung, TW.

Background: People obtain information on coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) from the Internet and other sources. Understanding the factors related to such information sources aids health professionals in educating individuals.

Objective: This study used data collected from the Online Survey Study on COVID-19 in Taiwan to examine what major COVID-19 information sources are available and which sources are significantly related to the self-confidence of people in coping with COVID-19 in Taiwan. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/20021DOI Listing

Estimation of high-resolution PM2.5 over Indo-Gangetic Plain by fusion of satellite data, meteorology, and land use variables.

Environ Sci Technol 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Very high spatially resolved satellite-derived ground-level PM2.5 concentrations have multiple potential applications especially in air quality modelling, epidemiological and climatological research. Satellite-derived aerosol optical epth (AOD), and columnar water vapor (CWV), meteorological parameters, and land use data were used as variables within a linear mixed effect model (LME) and a random forest (RF) model, to predict daily ground-level concentrations of PM2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.0c01769DOI Listing

Mitochondrial ion channels as targets for cardioprotection.

J Cell Mol Med 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Padova, Padova, Italy.

Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and the heart failure (HF) that often result remain the leading causes of death and disability worldwide. As such, new therapeutic targets need to be discovered to protect the myocardium against acute ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in order to reduce myocardial infarct (MI) size, preserve left ventricular function and prevent the onset of HF. Mitochondrial dysfunction during acute I/R injury is a critical determinant of cell death following AMI, and therefore, ion channels in the inner mitochondrial membrane, which are known to influence cell death and survival, provide potential therapeutic targets for cardioprotection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jcmm.15341DOI Listing

The State of Pediatric Research in Hawai'i: A Comparative Bibliometric Analysis.

Hawaii J Health Soc Welf 2020 May;79(5 Suppl 1):55-63

Department of Pediatrics, John A. Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawai'i at Manoa, Honolulu, HI.

The current state of pediatric research in Hawai'i was analyzed using bibliometric methods. The Web of Science bibliometric database was used to retrieve 989 Hawai'i records, which were compared with 264 064 records from the United States (US). Hawai'i was compared to the country as a whole in terms of total output of research, article types, top journals, co-authorship, and subject areas. Read More

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Data on Indicators used in Southeast Asian nations' 4th and 5th National Reports to the Convention on Biological Diversity.

Data Brief 2020 Aug 15;31:105705. Epub 2020 May 15.

ASEAN Centre for Biodiversity, Domingo M. Lantican Avenue, Los Baños, Laguna 4031, Philippines.

The data presented in this article are related to the research article entitled "Progress on National Biodiversity Indicator Reporting and Prospects for Filling Indicator Gaps in Southeast Asia " (Han et al., 2020). We examined quantifiable information about biodiversity indicators from the most recent two national reports (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dib.2020.105705DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7262426PMC

Prenatal screening of DiGeorge (22q11.2 deletion) syndrome by abnormalities of the great arteries among Thai pregnant women.

Obstet Gynecol Sci 2020 May 14;63(3):330-336. Epub 2020 Apr 14.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

Objective: 22q11.2DS (deletion syndrome) is one of the common serious anomalies resulting in high perinatal morbidity and mortality rate. Nevertheless, prenatal diagnosis of 22q11. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5468/ogs.2020.63.3.330DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7231935PMC

Localized infection presenting as a tonsillar mass mimicking malignancy.

IDCases 2020 16;21:e00824. Epub 2020 May 16.

Section of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Missouri Kansas City, Kansas City, MO, United States.

is an opportunistic fungal infection seen in immunocompromised patients including those with HIV/AIDS. It is usually seen in patients who live in or are from tropical Asia. In HIV patients, oropharyngeal and laryngeal lesions are usually part of disseminated infection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.idcr.2020.e00824DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7256294PMC

Establishment of a Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Registry in Vietnam: Rationale and Methodology.

Glob Heart 2020 Apr 8;15(1):30. Epub 2020 Apr 8.

School of Public Health, Curtin University, Perth, AU.

Background: In lower- and middle-income countries across Asia there has been a rapid expansion and uptake of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, there has been limited routine collection of related data, particularly around quality, safety and cost. The aim of this study was to assess the viability of implementing routine collection of PCI data in a registry at a leading hospital in Hanoi, Vietnam. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/gh.782DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7218793PMC

A report of the Social Vital Signs Workshop at WONCA Asia Pacific Regional Conference 2019.

J Gen Fam Med 2020 May 18;21(3):92-93. Epub 2020 Feb 18.

Division of Medical Education Faculty of Medicine Juntendo University Tokyo Japan.

We, Team SAIL, held the workshop at WONCA APR Conference 2019 for presenting the concept of Social Vital Signs (SVS) to an international audience. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jgf2.304DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7260155PMC

Empiric Treatment for Suspected Malaria in the United States: A Case Report.

Cureus 2020 Apr 29;12(4):e7885. Epub 2020 Apr 29.

Internal Medicine, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Philadelphia, USA.

Malaria in the United States is rare and most commonly presents among returning travelers from endemic areas. Diagnosis is classically dependent on a positive blood smear or polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test. The objective of this case report is to highlight a case of suspected malaria in a high-risk individual with negative diagnostic testing where a trial of empiric treatment was initiated based on clinical presentation after a thorough discussion of risks and benefits. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.7885DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7255543PMC

Climate change-induced migration patterns and extinction risks of Theaceae species in China.

Ecol Evol 2020 May 31;10(10):4352-4361. Epub 2020 Mar 31.

State Environmental Protection Key Laboratory of Regional Eco-process and Function Assessment Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences Beijing China.

Theaceae, an economically important angiosperm family, is widely distributed in tropical and subtropical forests in Asia. In China, Theaceae has particularly high abundances and endemism, comprising ~75% of the total genera and ~46% of the total species worldwide. Therefore, predicting the response of Theaceae species to climate change is vital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ece3.6202DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7246209PMC

Different processes shape the patterns of divergence in the nuclear and chloroplast genomes of a relict tree species in East Asia.

Ecol Evol 2020 May 24;10(10):4331-4342. Epub 2020 Mar 24.

State Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resource Ecology and Ministry of Education Key Laboratory for Biodiversity Science and Ecological Engineering College of Life Sciences Beijing Normal University Beijing China.

Isolation by spatial distance (IBD), environment (IBE), and historical climatic instability (IBI) are three common processes assessed in phylogeographic and/or landscape genetic studies. However, the relative contributions of these three processes with respect to spatial genetic patterns have seldom been compared. Moreover, whether the relative contribution differs in different regions or when assessed using different genetic markers has rarely been reported. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ece3.6200DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7246201PMC

Blood-based Markers in the Prognostic Prediction of Esophagogastric Junction Cancer.

J Cancer 2020 27;11(15):4332-4342. Epub 2020 Apr 27.

Department of Clinical Laboratory Medicine, the Cancer Hospital of Shantou University Medical College, Shantou, Guangdong, China.

Esophagogastric junction cancer poses a great threat to human beings both in western countries and East Asia, especially in China and Japan, and its incidence has increased during recent decades. The 5-year survival rate of esophagogastric junction cancer is quite poor compared with that of other gastric cancer sites. Until now, the traditional TNM staging system has been widely used in clinical practice for prognosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7150/jca.44545DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7255356PMC

A Hairbrained Mature Cystic Ovarian Teratoma: With Bone Marrow, Meninges, and Intraglial Hair.

Authors:
Sanjay A Pai

Int J Surg Pathol 2020 Jun 3:1066896920927460. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Columbia Asia Referral Hospital, Bangalore, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1066896920927460DOI Listing

[Transcriptomic data analyses of wild and cultivated Angelica sinensis root by high-throughput sequencing technology].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2020 Apr;45(8):1879-1886

Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Center of Chinese Medicinal Resources Industrialization, National and Local Collaborative Engineering Center of Chinese Medicinal Resources Industrialization and Formulae Innovative Medicine, State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine Key Laboratory of Chinese Medicinal Resources Recycling Utilization, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine Nanjing 210023, China.

The root of Angelica sinensis is known throughout Asia for its traditional efficacy in invigorating and promoting blood circulation. The wild germplasm resources of A. sinensis was in short supply, and most of the commercial medicinal materials come from cultivation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.19540/j.cnki.cjcmm.20200208.101DOI Listing

Reconstructing feminist perspectives of women's bodies using a globalized view: The changing surrogacy market in Japan.

Bioethics 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

School of Science and Engineering, Tokyo Denki University - Hatoyama Campus, Hiki-gun, Saitama-ken, Japan.

This paper aims to evoke an alternative viewpoint on surrogacy, moving beyond popular Western feminist beliefs on the practice, by introducing the history and current context of East Asian surrogacy. To elaborate a different cultural perspective on surrogacy, this paper first introduces the East Asian history of contract pregnancy systems, prior to the emergence of the American invention of 'modern' surrogacy practice. Then, it examines Japanese mass media portrayals of cross-border surrogacy in which white women have become 'convenient' entities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bioe.12758DOI Listing

Examining the asymmetric effects of stock markets and exchange rate volatility on Pakistan's environmental pollution.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2020 Jun 1. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, Cag University, 33800, Mersin, Turkey.

The purpose of this study is to observe the effects of stock markets and exchange rate volatility on environmental pollution in Pakistan during the period 1985-2018. A nonlinear autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) model is applied to get this objective. In general, the short-term results revealed that the positive and negative shocks in stock markets reducing the carbon emissions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-020-09240-yDOI Listing

Proteomic Analysis of Rice Subjected to Low Light Stress and Overexpression of OsGAPB Increases the Stress Tolerance.

Rice (N Y) 2020 Jun 1;13(1):30. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu, 610041, China.

Background: Light provides the energy for photosynthesis and determines plant morphogenesis and development. Low light compromises photosynthetic efficiency and leads to crop yield loss. It remains unknown how rice responds to low light stress at a proteomic level. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12284-020-00390-8DOI Listing

Coronavirus surveillance of wildlife in the Lao People's Democratic Republic detects viral RNA in rodents.

Arch Virol 2020 Jun 1. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Metabiota Inc., Nanaimo, BC, Canada.

Coronaviruses can become zoonotic, as in the case of COVID-19, and hunting, sale, and consumption of wild animals in Southeast Asia increases the risk for such incidents. We sampled and tested rodents (851) and other mammals and found betacoronavirus RNA in 12 rodents. The sequences belong to two separate genetic clusters and are closely related to those of known rodent coronaviruses detected in the region and distantly related to those of human coronaviruses OC43 and HKU1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00705-020-04683-7DOI Listing

Imaging of hepatocellular carcinoma: a pilot international survey.

Abdom Radiol (NY) 2020 Jun 1. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Department of Radiology, Liver Imaging Group, University of California San Diego, San Diego, CA, USA.

Purpose: To perform an international survey on current practices in imaging-based surveillance, diagnosis, staging, and assessment of treatment response for HCC.

Materials And Methods: Three themes were covered in this international survey: demographics of respondents and liver imaging expertise; imaging practices for screening, surveillance, diagnosis, staging, and assessment of treatment response for HCC; and diagnostic imaging systems used. Descriptive summaries were created. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00261-020-02598-0DOI Listing

Glossary of terms for musculoskeletal radiology.

Skeletal Radiol 2020 Jun 2. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

MRI Medical Radiological Institute, Zurich, Switzerland.

Members of the International Skeletal Society compiled a glossary of terms for musculoskeletal radiology. The authors also represent national radiology or pathology societies in Asia, Australia, Europe, and the USA. We provide brief descriptions of musculoskeletal structures, disease processes, and syndromes and address their imaging features. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00256-020-03465-1DOI Listing

Causes and prognosis of symptomatic pericardial effusions treated by pericardiocentesis in an Asian academic medical centre.

Singapore Med J 2020 Mar;61(3):137-141

Department of Cardiology, National University Heart Centre, Singapore.

Introduction: This study aimed to investigate the causes, clinical management and outcomes of clinically significant pericardial effusions, and evaluate the practice of pericardiocentesis within an academic medical centre in Singapore, a multiethnic country in Southeast Asia.

Methods: Consecutive patients undergoing pericardiocentesis at a single Asian academic medical centre were identified. Patient demographics, echocardiographic findings, investigations, pericardiocentesis procedural details and clinical progress were tracked using a comprehensive electronic medical records system. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11622/smedj.2019065DOI Listing

PLGA nanoparticles loaded with Gallic acid- a constituent of Leea indica against Acanthamoeba triangularis.

Sci Rep 2020 Jun 2;10(1):8954. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, 50603, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Acanthamoeba, a genus that contains at least 24 species of free-living protozoa, is ubiquitous in nature. Successful treatment of Acanthamoeba infections is always very difficult and not always effective. More effective drugs must be developed, and medicinal plants may have a pivotal part in the future of drug discovery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-65728-0DOI Listing

A 338-year tree-ring oxygen isotope record from Thai teak captures the variations in the Asian summer monsoon system.

Sci Rep 2020 Jun 2;10(1):8966. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Faculty of Environment and Resource Studies, Mahidol University, Mahidol, Thailand.

A 338-year oxygen isotope record from teak tree-ring cellulose collected from Mae Hong Son province in northwestern Thailand was presented. The tree-ring series preserves the isotopic signal of the regional wet season rainfall and relative humidity. Tree-ring δO correlates strongly with regional rainfall from May to October, showing coherent variations over large areas in Southeast Asia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-66001-0DOI Listing

A Patient with Acute Cervical Cord Injury and COVID-19: A First Case Report.

Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2020 Jun 1. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

During the pandemic of Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), it is possible for rehabilitation physicians and personnel to take care of patients with concurrent spinal cord injury (SCI) and COVID-19. Here, we describe a case of acute cervical SCI resulting in complete tetraplegia C5 American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) Impairment Scale (AIS) A with unrecognized, acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SAR-CoV-2) infection. This resulted in large-scale quarantines of related surgical and rehabilitation staff, and the unexpected death of the patient despite receiving the treatments according to the standard guideline. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PHM.0000000000001485DOI Listing

A Bibliometric Analysis of Cirrhosis Nursing Research on Web of Science.

Gastroenterol Nurs 2020 May/Jun;43(3):232-240

Lizhen Guo, MS, RN, Department of Intensive Care Unit, Shuguang Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai, China. Gendi Lu, RN, is Chief of Head Nurse, Department of Nursing, Shuguang Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai, China. Jun Tian, RN, is Head Nurse Department of Intensive Care Unit, Shuguang Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai, China.

The aims and objectives of this study were to (1) analyze the bibliometric characteristics of articles on Web of Science from 1986 to the present using literature mining and information visualization technologies developed by CiteSpace software, (2) reflect the current situation in this field as far as possible, and (3) provide evidence for improving research on nursing and clinical liver cirrhosis in Mainland China. No bibliometric analysis exists on Web of Science regarding cirrhosis nursing research. The status of current research, including hotspots and trends, has been assessed in this study through a bibliometric analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SGA.0000000000000457DOI Listing

Translational Retinal Imaging.

Asia Pac J Ophthalmol (Phila) 2020 Jun 2. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Department of Ophthalmology, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY, USA.

The diagnosis and treatment of medical retinal disease is now inseparable from retinal imaging in all its multimodal incarnations. The purpose of this article is to present a selection of very different retinal imaging techniques that are truly translational, in the sense that they are not only new, but can guide us to new understandings of disease processes or interventions that are not accessible by present methods. Quantitative autofluorescence imaging, now available for clinical investigation, has already fundamentally changed our understanding of the role of lipofuscin in age-related macular degeneration. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/APO.0000000000000292DOI Listing

Imported dengue fever: a 16-years retrospective analysis in Milan (Italy) and a brief review of the European literature.

Infez Med 2020 Jun;28(2):243-252

Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche e Cliniche "L. Sacco", Universitá degli Studi di Milano, Milano; III Divisione di Malattie Infettive, ASST Fatebenefratelli Sacco, Universitá degli Studi di Milano, Milano.

Dengue Fever (DF), transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes, is the most common arthropod-borne infection, it is almost ubiquitous in tropical and subtropical areas with an estimate of 360 million infections per year. A competent vector (A. albopictus) is present in most of Southern Europe and is endemic in Italy. Read More

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Comparative analysis of regional outcomes and adverse events after continuous-flow left ventricular assist device implantation: An IMACS analysis.

J Heart Lung Transplant 2020 May 16. Epub 2020 May 16.

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, New York.

Introduction: Regional outcomes after implantation of continuous-flow left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) have not been described. We examined differences in patient selection, survival, and adverse events across 3 geographic regions of the world: the Americas, Asia-Pacific, and Europe.

Methods: Using data from The International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation Mechanically Assisted Circulatory Support registry, all adult patients implanted with a continuous-flow LVADs were included in this International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation Mechanically Assisted Circulatory Support analysis (n = 15,560), of whom, 9,988 (64%) received axial-flow devices and 5,572 (36%) received centrifugal-flow devices. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.healun.2020.05.001DOI Listing

Spatiotemporal analyses of foot and mouth disease outbreaks in cattle farms in Chiang Mai and Lamphun, Thailand.

BMC Vet Res 2020 Jun 1;16(1):170. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Veterinary Public Health Centre for Asia Pacific and Excellent Center for Veterinary Public Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

Background: Foot and mouth disease (FMD) is a highly infectious and contagious febrile vesicular disease of cloven-hoofed livestock with high socio-economic consequences globally. In Thailand, FMD is endemic with 183 and 262 outbreaks occurring in the years 2015 and 2016, respectively. In this study, we aimed to assess the spatiotemporal distribution of FMD outbreaks among cattle in Chiang Mai and Lamphun provinces in the northern part of Thailand during the period of 2015-2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-020-02392-6DOI Listing

Mind the gaps: age and cause specific mortality and life expectancy in the older population of South Korea and Japan.

BMC Public Health 2020 Jun 1;20(1):819. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Department of Public Health Science, Graduate School of Public Health, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea.

Background: Recent life expectancy gains in high-income Asia-pacific countries have been largely the result of postponement of death from non-communicable diseases in old age, causing rapid demographic ageing. This study compared and quantified age- and cause-specific contributions to changes in old-age life expectancy in two high-income Asia-pacific countries with ageing populations, South Korea and Japan.

Methods: This study used Pollard's actuarial method of decomposing life expectancy to compare age- and cause-specific contributions to changes in old-age life expectancy between South Korea and Japan during 1997 and 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08978-xDOI Listing

An unusual case of tropical pyomyositis: cryptococcal pyomyositis.

Trop Doct 2020 Jun 2:49475520927633. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Clinical Pharmacist, Department of Infectious Diseases, Apollo Hospitals, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.

The more common manifestations of cryptococcal infections are restricted to the central nervous system and lungs. A young man, suffering from idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy with a left ventricular ejection fraction of 20%, presented with subacute, painful tender swelling in both legs initially attributed to congestive cardiac failure. No response to diuretics was achieved. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0049475520927633DOI Listing

Faculty development in medical education: an environmental scan in countries within the Asia pacific region.

Korean J Med Educ 2020 Jun 28;32(2):119-130. Epub 2020 May 28.

Department of Medical Education, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Purpose: In recent years, faculty development (FD) research is more noticeable within an inter-professional context and in allied health education. However, there is a paucity of published literature on FD medical education programs in Asia. With the formation of the Asia Pacific Medical Education Network (APME-Net) in 2015, a scoping review of an environmental scan of FD medical education programs in main institutions in South East Asia and Australia in 2018 was conducted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3946/kjme.2020.160DOI Listing

Adolescent-Parent Agreement on Callous-Unemotional Traits in Adolescents with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 May 30;17(11). Epub 2020 May 30.

Department of Psychiatry, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, No. 100, Tzyou 1st Road, Kaohsiung 80708, Taiwan.

This study examined the levels of agreement between the reports of 207 adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and their parents regarding the adolescents' callous-unemotional (CU) traits and investigated the factors influencing adolescent-parent agreement. Adolescent-parent agreement about CU traits in three dimensions according to the Chinese version of the Inventory of Callous and Unemotional Traits was examined. The influence of demographic characteristics, comorbid conduct disorder (CD), oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), and ADHD symptoms on adolescent-parent agreement was also examined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17113888DOI Listing

The Cancer Chemopreventive and Therapeutic Potential of Tetrahydrocurcumin.

Biomolecules 2020 May 29;10(6). Epub 2020 May 29.

Institute of Food Science and Technology, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan.

In recent decades, cancer has been one of the leading causes of death worldwide. Despite advances in understanding the molecular basis of tumorigenesis, diagnosis, and clinical therapies, the discovery and development of effective drugs is an active and vital field in cancer research. Tetrahydrocurcumin is a major curcuminoid metabolite of curcumin, naturally occurring in turmeric. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/biom10060831DOI Listing

The Impact of Emotional Symptoms and Family Support on the Association Between Homophobic Bullying and Sedative/Hypnotic Use among Gay and Bisexual Men in Taiwan: A Moderated Mediation Model.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 May 29;17(11). Epub 2020 May 29.

Graduate Institute of Medicine, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, 100 Tzyou 1st Road, Kaohsiung 80708, Taiwan.

Sedative/hypnotic use and homophobic bullying have become a big mental health concern for gay and bisexual men. However, few studies have investigated the mediators and moderators of the association between them. The current study aimed to build a conceptual model to estimate the mediating effect of emotional symptoms and the moderating effect of family support on this association among gay and bisexual men in Taiwan. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17113870DOI Listing

Post-flood nitrogen and basal phosphorus management affects survival, metabolic changes and anti-oxidant enzyme activities of submerged rice (Oryza sativa).

Funct Plant Biol 2014 Dec;41(12):1284-1294

Division of Crop Production, Central Rice Research Institute, Cuttack, Odisha 753 006, India.

Flooding is one of the major harmful abiotic stresses in the low lying areas of Asia and crop losses due to submergence are considerably high. Along with plant breeding techniques, agronomic management options in general and nutrient management in particular should be taken into consideration. Response of Sub 1 and non-Sub1 cultivars of rice to post-flood nitrogen (N) management under variable flood water was compared at maximum tillering stage. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/FP14093DOI Listing
December 2014

Antioxidant profiling of Hippophae salicifolia growing in sacred forests of Sikkim, India.

Funct Plant Biol 2011 Sep;38(9):697-701

Department of Biotechnology, MLA College for Women, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.

Hippophae commonly known as sea-buckthorn, is a versatile plant with multipurpose uses including the control of soil erosion, biological nitrogen fixation and medicinal properties. In India, two species of sea-buckthorn; namely, Hippophae salicifolia D. Don and Hippophae rhamnoides L. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/FP11016DOI Listing
September 2011

Impact of cigarette price increase on health and financing outcomes in Vietnam.

Gates Open Res 2019 28;3:1516. Epub 2020 Apr 28.

World Bank Group Global Tobacco Program, World Bank, Washington, DC, 20433, USA.

Vietnam had about 15 million male smokers in 2015. To reduce adult tobacco use in Vietnam through an increase in the excise tax of cigarettes, we conducted an extended cost-effectiveness analysis to examine the impact of two scenarios of cigarette price increases. We estimated, across income quintiles, the life-years gained, treatment cost averted, number of men avoiding catastrophic health expenditure and extreme poverty, and additional tax revenue under a 32% and a 62% increase in cigarette price through increased excise tax. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12688/gatesopenres.13051.2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7216405PMC

Mitogenomes reveal multiple colonization of mountains by Rattus in Sundaland.

J Hered 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Conservation and Evolutionary Genetics Group, Estación Biológica de Doñana (EBD-CSIC), Sevilla, Spain.

Tropical mountains are cradles of biodiversity and endemism. Sundaland, tropical Southeast Asia, hosts three species of Rattus endemic to elevations above 2,000 m with an apparent convergence in external morphology: Rattus korinchi and R. hoogerwerfi from Sumatra, and R. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jhered/esaa014DOI Listing
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