807,548 results match your criteria Asia Pacific Journal Of Management[Journal]


Ameliorative Effects of on Cognitive Impairment Via Enhancing Cholinergic Functions and Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor Expression in -Amyloid-Induced Mice.

J Med Food 2019 Apr 23. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

1 Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Center for Chronic Metabolic Disease Research, Brain Korea 21 Project for Medical Sciences, Severance Medical Research Institute, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Alzheimer's disease accounts for the majority of dementia and shows hallmarks such as sequential cognitive dysfunction and abnormal behavior. (DM) has traditionally been used to treat a variety of diseases in East Asia. The aim of this study was to assess the therapeutic effects of DM on brain neuron damage and on cognitive deficit in neuronal cell induced by A in mice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/jmf.2018.4375DOI Listing

Acupuncture for Primary Insomnia: An Updated Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials.

J Altern Complement Med 2019 Apr 23. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

1 Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing, China.

Acupuncture as one of the alternative therapies for insomnia is widely used in Asia and increasingly employed in western countries. To provide updated evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the effectiveness and safety of acupuncture for primary insomnia. A comprehensive literature search in 11 databases was conducted from January 2008 to October 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/acm.2018.0046DOI Listing

[Results and limitations of epidemiological studies on food allergy. Focus on tropical countries].

Rev Alerg Mex 2019 Jan-Mar;66(1):9-17

Universidad de Antioquía, Grupo de Alergología Clínica y Experimental, Antioquía, Colombia.

Allergy and food atopy are a consequence of immune responses unadapted to antigens mediated by common and otherwise harmless foods. Food allergy (AF) occurs frequently in children under three years of 3 to 15%, as well as in people over 6 to 8%. AF may be mediated by immunoglobulin E or cellular mechanisms and may present with a wide variety of symptoms in the skin, respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.29262/ram.v66i1.340DOI Listing

Socioeconomic position and use of healthcare in the last year of life: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

PLoS Med 2019 Apr 23;16(4):e1002782. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

Cicely Saunders Institute of Palliative Care, Policy and Rehabilitation, King's College London, London, United Kingdom.

Background: Low socioeconomic position (SEP) is recognized as a risk factor for worse health outcomes. How socioeconomic factors influence end-of-life care, and the magnitude of their effect, is not understood. This review aimed to synthesise and quantify the associations between measures of SEP and use of healthcare in the last year of life. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1002782DOI Listing

Driving factors of agricultural virtual water trade between China and the Belt and Road countries.

Environ Sci Technol 2019 Apr 23. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

China proposed the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), an unprecedented development strategy in terms of scope and scale, to increase the connectivity with the rest of the world by infrastructure development and trade activities. Recently, more attention has been directed to the environmental implications of the international trade activities under this initiative, which contributes to the development of a green, i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.9b00093DOI Listing

Narrow pollen diets are associated with declining Midwestern bumble bee species.

Ecology 2019 Apr 23:e02697. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

Department of Entomology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, 48824, USA.

Many species of bumble bee (Bombus) have declined in range and abundance across Europe, the Americas, and Asia, whereas other species have persisted and remain common and widespread. One explanation as to why some species have declined, based primarily on studies of the European bumble bee fauna, is that declining species have relatively narrow pollen-foraging niches and are less able to use alternative host plants in the absence of their preferred hosts. Though extensively explored in Europe, this hypothesis has not been investigated in North America, in part due to incomplete information on the foraging niche of many species. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ecy.2697DOI Listing

Outcomes of universal germline testing for men with prostate cancer in an Australian tertiary center.

Asia Pac J Clin Oncol 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Kinghorn Cancer Centre, St. Vincent's Hospital, Darlinghurst, NSW, Australia.

Aim: The role of germline testing in prostate cancer is evolving and knowledge of an individual's genetic profile may be used to guide not only an assessment of their familial risk but also have prognostic and therapeutic implications. Although international guidelines have incorporated recommendations for germline testing in prostate cancer, there is little Australian data to guide referrals. The aim of this study is to review the frequency of relevant pathogenic mutations in an Australian center, their associated clinical factors and clinical impact. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ajco.13148DOI Listing

Association between glaucoma and the risk of Alzheimer's disease: A systematic review of observational studies.

Acta Ophthalmol 2019 Apr 23. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

Department of Ophthalmology, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, China.

To address inconsistency as well as investigate the relationship between glaucoma and the risk of Alzheimer's disease (AD). We systematically conducted this meta-analysis based on observational studies published up to 15 January 2018, identified from PubMed and Web of Science. Two team members independently extracted the data and assessed the quality of each included study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aos.14114DOI Listing

Differential abundance and core members of the bacterial community associated with wild male Zeugodacus cucurbitae fruit flies (Insecta: Tephritidae) from three geographical regions of Southeast Asia.

Mol Biol Rep 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Institute of Ocean and Earth Sciences, University of Malaya, 50603, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Zeugodacus cucurbitae (Coquillet) is one of the most significant and widespread tephritid pest species of agricultural crops. This study reports the bacterial communities associated with Z. cucurbitae from three geographical regions in Southeast Asia (Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, and Sarawak). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11033-019-04818-3DOI Listing

Trends and Health Risks of Dissolved Heavy Metal Pollution in Global River and Lake Water from 1970 to 2017.

Rev Environ Contam Toxicol 2019 Apr 24. Epub 2019 Apr 24.

College of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Hunan Agricultural University, Changsha, China.

Heavy metal pollution in surface water is a global environmental problem. This study analyzed the trends, health risks, and sources of eight dissolved heavy metal species in river and lake water across five continents (Africa, Asia, Europe, North America, and South America; Oceania was excluded owing to a lack of data) for the period 1970-2017. We wanted to assess the effects of various implemented countermeasures to pollution and to determine those that could be adopted worldwide. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/398_2019_27
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/398_2019_27DOI Listing
April 2019
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Precision surgical approach with lymph-node dissection in early gastric cancer.

World J Gastroenterol 2019 Apr;25(14):1640-1652

Department of Surgical Oncology, Kanazawa Medical University, Ishikawa 920-0293, Japan.

The gravest prognostic factor in early gastric cancer is lymph-node metastasis, with an incidence of about 10% overall. About two-thirds of early gastric cancer patients can be diagnosed as node-negative prior to treatment based on clinic-pathological data. Thus, the tumor can be resected by endoscopic submucosal dissection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3748/wjg.v25.i14.1640DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6465935PMC

Advance Care Planning for Older People with Cancer and Its Implications in Asia: Highlighting the Mental Capacity and Relational Autonomy.

Geriatrics (Basel) 2018 Jul 20;3(3). Epub 2018 Jul 20.

Department of Family Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung 807, Taiwan.

With dramatically increasing proportions of older people, global ageing has remarkably influenced healthcare services and policy making worldwide. Older people represent the majority of patients with cancer, leading to the increasing demand of healthcare due to more comorbidities and inherent frailty. The preference of older people with cancer are often ignored, and they are considered incapable of making choices for themselves, particularly medical decisions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/geriatrics3030043DOI Listing

Effects of dietary supplementation with different level and molecular weight of fungal β-glucan on performances, health and meat quality in broilers.

Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 2019 Mar 7. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Asia Star Trade Co., Ltd., Bangkok, 10400, Thailand.

Objective: To investigate the effects of dietary supplementation with different levels and molecular weights of fungal β-glucan on productive performances, health, carcass traits and meat quality in broilers.

Methods: Two hundred and ten of one-day-old chicks with equal sex were assigned to seven experimental groups in 2×4 factorial arrangement. These groups were supplemented with (0, 10, 30 and 60 ppm) of molecular weight 1-3, 1-6 β-glucan (low or high). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5713/ajas.18.0927DOI Listing

Prevalence of antenatal depression in South Asia: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Epidemiol Community Health 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Department of Statistics and Computer Science, Faculty of Science, University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka.

Objective: To estimate the prevalence of antenatal depression in South Asia and to examine variations by country and study characteristics to inform policy, practice and future research.

Methods: We conducted a comprehensive search of 13 databases including international databases and databases covering scientific literature from South Asian countries in addition to Google Scholar and grey sources from 1 January 2007 to 31 May 2018. Studies reporting prevalence estimates of antenatal depression using a validated diagnostic/screening tool were identified, screened, selected and appraised. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jech-2018-211819DOI Listing

Consensus Statement on the Use of Bone Turnover Markers for Short-Term Monitoring of Osteoporosis Treatment in the Asia-Pacific Region.

J Clin Densitom 2019 Mar 20. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Department of Orthopaedics, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University & Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Osteoporosis is a major health issue. By 2050, a greater than 2-fold increase in patients number with hip fractures will occur in Asia representing 50% of all hip fractures worldwide. For the Asia-Pacific (AP) region, more efforts on controlling osteoporosis and the subsequent fractures are crucial. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jocd.2019.03.004DOI Listing

Late Middle Pleistocene hominin teeth from Tongzi, southern China.

J Hum Evol 2019 May 28;130:96-108. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Centro Nacional de Investigación sobre la Evolución Humana (CENIEH), Paseo de la Sierra de Atapuerca s/n, 09002, Burgos, Spain; UCL Anthropology, 14 Taviton Street, WC1H 0BW, London, UK.

In 1972 and 1983, four hominin teeth were recovered from Yanhui Cave, Tongzi, southern China and assigned to later Homo erectus or archaic Homo sapiens. The teeth can be dated to approximately 172,000-240,000 years before present. Here, in addition to the standard morphological comparisons, we reevaluate the morphology of the hominin teeth using geometric morphometric analyses and micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) scans. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhevol.2019.03.001DOI Listing

Temporal shifts in the distribution of murine rodent body size classes at Liang Bua (Flores, Indonesia) reveal new insights into the paleoecology of Homo floresiensis and associated fauna.

J Hum Evol 2019 May 14;130:45-60. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Australian Biodiversity and Heritage, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia 5005, Australia; School of Biological Sciences, Environment Institute, and Centre for Applied Conservation Science, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia 5005 Australia.

Liang Bua, the type locality of Homo floresiensis, is a limestone cave located in the western part of the Indonesian island of Flores. The relatively continuous stratigraphic sequence of the site spans the past ∼190 kyr and contains ∼275,000 taxonomically identifiable vertebrate skeletal elements, ∼80% of which belong to murine rodent taxa (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhevol.2019.02.002DOI Listing

Lupeol suppresses migration and invasion via p38/MAPK and PI3K/Akt signaling pathways in human osteosarcoma U-2 OS cells.

Biosci Biotechnol Biochem 2019 Apr 22:1-11. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

a Department of Biological Science and Technology , China Medical University , Taichung , Taiwan.

Lupeol, one of the common components from the fruits and natural foods, has been reported to exert antitumor activities in many human cancer cell lines; however, its effects on osteosarcoma cell metastasis were not elucidated. In the present study, lupeol at 10-25 μM induced cell morphological changes and decreased total viable cell number in U-2 OS cells. Lupeol (5-15 μM) suppressed cell mobility, migration, and invasion by wound healing and transwell chamber assays, respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09168451.2019.1606693DOI Listing

A Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification Assay for Rapid Detection of that Causes Soft Rot in Konjac.

Int J Mol Sci 2019 Apr 19;20(8). Epub 2019 Apr 19.

The Key Lab of Plant Pathology of Hubei Province, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China.

Bacterial soft rot caused by species is a serious disease in konjac (), a healthy source of starch particularly in East Asia. An effective diagnostic method is crucial to control the disease and reduce losses in konjac production. In this study, we evaluated a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay with a specific primer set for the rapid and accurate detection of . Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms20081937DOI Listing

A Novel Aquaporin 12-like Protein from : Characterization and Functional Analysis.

Genes (Basel) 2019 Apr 21;10(4). Epub 2019 Apr 21.

College of Horticulture and Plant Protection & Institute of Applied Entomology, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225009, China.

Aquaporins (AQPs), which are members of the major intrinsic protein (MIP) family, play an important role in the transport of water and other small, uncharged solutes across membranes. In this study, we identified gene encoding two aquaporin 12-like (AQP12L) proteins, and , from , a serious rice pest in Asia. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that AQP12L_V1 and AQP12L_V2 were grouped in a well-supported cluster that included other members of Lepidoptera. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/genes10040311DOI Listing

Ethnic variation in acute cerebrovascular disease: Analysis from the Qatar stroke registry.

Eur Stroke J 2016 Sep 10;1(3):231-241. Epub 2016 Aug 10.

The Neuroscience Institute (Stroke Center of Excellence), Hamad Medical Corporation & Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, Alberta, Canada.

Objective: We analysed the Qatar stroke registry for ethnic variations in patients admitted with cerebrovascular disease at Hamad General Hospital, Qatar.

Methods: Patients admitted with acute stroke from January 2014 to December 2015, enrolled in the registry were included in the study. We evaluated the clinical presentation, risk factors, and outcome at discharge and 90 days post-discharge in relation to the patient's ethnic background. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2396987316663776DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6301242PMC
September 2016

Soil properties, seasonality and crop growth stage exert a stronger effect on rhizosphere prokaryotes than the fungal biocontrol agent f.sp. .

Appl Soil Ecol 2016 Sep;105:126-136

Institute of Agricultural Sciences in the Tropics (Hans-Ruthenberg-Institute), University of Hohenheim, Stuttgart, Germany.

f.sp. (Fos) is an effective biocontrol agent (BCA) against the parasitic weed . Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apsoil.2016.03.021DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6472298PMC
September 2016

Gender, Assets, and Agricultural Development: Lessons from Eight Projects.

World Dev 2016 Jul;83:295-311

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), USA.

Ownership of assets is important for poverty reduction, and women's control of assets is associated with positive development outcomes at the household and individual levels. This research was undertaken to provide guidance for agricultural development programs on how to incorporate gender and assets in the design, implementation, and evaluation of interventions. This paper synthesizes the findings of eight mixed-method evaluations of the impacts of agricultural development projects on individual and household assets in seven countries in Africa and South Asia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2016.01.009DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6472297PMC

The effect of Xiang-Sha-Liu-Jun-Zi tang (XSLJZT) on irritable bowel syndrome: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.

J Ethnopharmacol 2019 Apr 19:111889. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Graduate Institute of Integrated Medicine, College of Chinese Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung 40402, Taiwan; Chinese Medicine Research Center, China Medical University, Taichung 40402, Taiwan; Research Center for Chinese Medicine and Acupuncture, China Medical University, Taichung 40402, Taiwan; Department of Chinese Medicine, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung 40447, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Background: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is characterized by chronic, recurrent abdominal pain or abdominal discomfort and changes in defecation habits. Xiang-Sha-Liu-Jun-Zi tang (XSLJZT) is a traditional Chinese medical formula that can modulate gastrointestinal disturbance.

Purpose: To investigate the therapeutic effect of XSLJZT on IBS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2019.111889DOI Listing

Genome-wide annotation and comparative analysis of cuticular protein genes in the noctuid pest Spodoptera litura.

Insect Biochem Mol Biol 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

State Key Laboratory of Silkworm Genome Biology, Biological Science Research Center, Southwest University, Chongqing, 400716, China; Chongqing Key Laboratory of Sericultural Science, Chongqing Engineering and Technology Research Center for Novel Silk Materials, Southwest University, Chongqing, 400716, China. Electronic address:

Insect cuticle is considered an adaptable and versatile building material with roles in the construction and function of exoskeleton. Its physical properties are varied, as the biological requirements differ among diverse structures and change during the life cycle of the insect. Although the bulk of cuticle consists basically of cuticular proteins (CPs) associated with chitin, the degree of cuticular sclerotization is an important factor in determining its physical properties. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ibmb.2019.04.012DOI Listing

Temporal, spatial and household dynamics of Typhoid fever in Kasese district, Uganda.

PLoS One 2019 22;14(4):e0214650. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Department of Biosecurity Ecosystems and Veterinary Public Health, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda.

Typhoid fever affects 21 million people globally, 1% of whom succumb to the disease. The social, economic and public health consequences of this disease disproportionately affect people in Africa and Asia. In order to design context specific prevention strategies, we need to holistically characterise outbreaks in these settings. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0214650PLOS

Center of pressure progression patterns during level walking in adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis.

PLoS One 2019 22;14(4):e0212161. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Department of Creative Product Design, Asia University, Taichung, Taiwan.

The purpose of this study was to determine whether functional walking performance measured with Timed Up-and-Go (TUG) and center of pressure (CoP) progression pattern is different across adolescents with various curve severity of idiopathic scoliosis (IS). The CoP coordinates during a stance phase for self-paced level walking between adolescent with three different severities of IS (mild IS, moderate IS, and severe IS) and age-matched normal subjects were measured with foot pressure measurement. The average data of three trials were compared among groups with repeated measure analysis of variance. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0212161PLOS
April 2019
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Projecting impacts of global climate and land-use scenarios on plant biodiversity using compositional-turnover modelling.

Glob Chang Biol 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

CSIRO Land and Water, Building 101, Black Mountain Laboratories, Clunies Ross St., Canberra, ACT, 2601, Australia.

Nations have committed to ambitious conservation targets in response to accelerating rates of global biodiversity loss. Anticipating future impacts is essential to inform policy decisions for achieving these targets, but predictions need to be of sufficiently high spatial resolution to forecast the local effects of global change. As part of the intercomparison of biodiversity and ecosystem services models of the IPBES, we present a fine-resolution assessment of trends in the persistence of global plant biodiversity. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/gcb.14663
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/gcb.14663DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Prognostic significance of nuclear Yes-associated protein 1 in patients with nonsmall cell lung cancer: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Apr;98(16):e15069

Lung Cancer Center, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China.

Background: Nuclear Yes-associated protein 1 (YAP1) has often been regarded as an adverse prognostic indicator in various tumors. Recent studies have associated YAP1 with unfavorable prognosis in nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, due to small sample sizes, the prognostic value of nuclear YAP1 in NSCLC patients is not well understood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000015069DOI Listing

Left atrial appendage closure with WATCHMAN in Asian patients: 2 year outcomes from the WASP registry.

Int J Cardiol Heart Vasc 2019 Jun 9;23:100358. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

National Heart Institute, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Background: Left atrial appendage closure is a non-pharmacological alternative for stroke prevention in high-risk non-valvular atrial fibrillation patients, but has not been widely studied in Asian patients. The prospective WASP registry assessed real-world outcomes for patients undergoing WATCHMAN implant in the Asia-Pacific region.

Methods: Data were collected from consecutive patients across 9 centres. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S23529067193002
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcha.2019.100358DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6458488PMC
June 2019
1 Read

Balance of Emission and Dynamical Controls on Ozone During the Korea-United States Air Quality Campaign From Multiconstituent Satellite Data Assimilation.

J Geophys Res Atmos 2019 Jan 3;124(1):387-413. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Atmospheric Chemistry Observations and& Modeling (ACOM) Laboratory National Center for Atmospheric Research Boulder CO USA.

Global multiconstituent concentration and emission fields obtained from the assimilation of the satellite retrievals of ozone, CO, NO, HNO, and SO from the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI), Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment 2, Measurements of Pollution in the Troposphere, Microwave Limb Sounder, and Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS)/OMI are used to understand the processes controlling air pollution during the Korea-United States Air Quality (KORUS-AQ) campaign. Estimated emissions in South Korea were 0.42 Tg N for NO and 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2018JD028912DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6472638PMC
January 2019

Polyarticular Neurogenic Heterotopic Ossification in a Spinal Cord Injury: A Case Report from Saudi Arabia.

Cureus 2019 Feb 5;11(2):e4019. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh, SAU.

A 33-year-old male victim of a motor vehicle accident, who presented with a T12 (thoracic 12 vertebra) burst fracture (ISNCSCI T11 AIS-A: International Standards for Neurological Classification of Spinal Cord Injury T11 ASIA Impairment Scale), was admitted to a rehabilitation hospital. A stage-II left ischial pressure ulcer was also reported. An X-ray of the pelvis revealed bilateral neurogenic heterotopic ossification (NHO) in both hips and knees, which was further confirmed by TC-99m methylene diphosphonate (MDP) bone scintigraphy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.4019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6453613PMC
February 2019

Occupational burnout and lifestyle in Kazakhstan cardiologists.

Arch Public Health 2019 10;77:13. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

1Al-Fabari Kazakh National University, al-Farabi avenue 71, Almaty, Kazakhstan 050040.

Background: No data exist in the published literature on burnout in physicians from Central Asia. The aim of this analysis was to assess burnout prevalence in doctors and nurses of a cardiological hospital in Almaty, Kazakhstan and ascertain whether smoking, alcohol and physical activity may predict job-associated burnout.

Methods: The staff of the City Cardiological Centre of Almaty ( = 259, 82% females) filled in the questionnaire with the questions on demographics, lifestyle, including smoking, alcohol and physical activity, as well as fatigue (using Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS)) and burnout using Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) Human Services Survey for Medical Personnel. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13690-019-0345-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6457002PMC

Government pharmaceutical pricing strategies in the Asia-Pacific region: an overview.

J Mark Access Health Policy 2019 11;7(1):1601060. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Health Services and Systems Research, Duke-NUS Medical School, Singapore, Singapore.

: Governments in Asia Pacific (APAC) are increasingly using pharmaceutical pricing strategies to contain rising healthcare costs. The objective of this narrative review is to discuss formal pricing strategies for reimbursed prescription medication in APAC, supported by relevant examples of implementation differences across countries. In the discussion section, we examine key advantages and disadvantages of each strategy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/20016689.2019.1601060DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6461095PMC

Left atrial appendage closure device implantation guided with fluoroscopy only: Long-term results.

J Arrhythm 2019 Apr 4;35(2):262-266. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Department of Cardiology and Vascular Medicine Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia, and National Cardiovascular Center Harapan Kita Jakarta Indonesia.

Background: Left atrial appendage (LAA) closure device is an alternative to anticoagulants for stroke prevention in selected atrial fibrillation (AF) patients. The LAA device implantation is safe with short period of learning curve. The standard implantation technique warrants a transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) guided and general anesthesia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/joa3.12151DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6457374PMC

Insulin use and fracture risk in patients with type 2 diabetes: A meta-analysis of 138,690 patients.

Exp Ther Med 2019 May 1;17(5):3957-3964. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Department of Radiology, The First Affiliated Hospital, Jinan University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510627, P.R. China.

Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have been reported to have an enhanced risk of bone fracture, however the association between insulin treatment and risk of fracture in patients with T2DM remains to be fully elucidated. The aim of the present meta-analysis was to examine the possible association between insulin treatment and risk of fracture in patients with T2DM. Relevant studies published prior to and including April 2018 were identified by literature searches in PubMed, Embase and Cochrane Library databases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/etm.2019.7461DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6468519PMC

Familial Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease: The First Reported Kindred from South-East Asia.

Ann Indian Acad Neurol 2019 Apr-Jun;22(2):225-227

Department of Neurology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) belongs to a group of prion disease that is caused by abnormally folded proteins and is clinically characterized by rapidly progressive cognitive decline, gait abnormalities, and myoclonus. Familial CJD is very rare and is described only in few families around the world. We report a case with rapidly progressive cognitive decline, ataxia, and myoclonus, with a history of several members of his family developing similar symptoms and succumbing to it. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aian.AIAN_441_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6472217PMC

Have Synergies Between Nitrogen Deposition and Atmospheric CO Driven the Recent Enhancement of the Terrestrial Carbon Sink?

Global Biogeochem Cycles 2019 Feb 10;33(2):163-180. Epub 2019 Feb 10.

Institute for Climate and Atmospheric Science, School of Earth and Environment University of Leeds Leeds UK.

The terrestrial carbon sink has increased since the turn of this century at a time of increased fossil fuel burning, yet the mechanisms enhancing this sink are not fully understood. Here we assess the hypothesis that regional increases in nitrogen deposition since the early 2000s has alleviated nitrogen limitation and worked in tandem with enhanced CO fertilization to increase ecosystem productivity and carbon sequestration, providing a causal link between the parallel increases in emissions and the global land carbon sink. We use the Community Land Model (CLM4. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2018GB005922DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6472506PMC
February 2019

Measuring Heterogeneity in Preferences over the Sex of Children.

Authors:
Johannes Norling

J Dev Econ 2018 Nov 5;135:199-221. Epub 2018 Jul 5.

Department of Economics, Mount Holyoke College.

This paper introduces a model-based approach for measuring heterogeneity in sex preferences using birth history records. The approach identifies the combinations of preferences over the sex and number of children that best explain observed childbearing. Empirical estimates indicate that a majority of parents in Africa, Asia, and the Americas consider the sex of children when making childbearing decisions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jdeveco.2018.07.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6469715PMC
November 2018

Mantle Flow and Deforming Continents: From India-Asia Convergence to Pacific Subduction.

Tectonics 2018 Sep 6;37(9):2887-2914. Epub 2018 Sep 6.

C.R.P.G. Université de Lorraine Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy France.

The formation of mountain belts or rift zones is commonly attributed to interactions between plates along their boundaries, but the widely distributed deformation of Asia from Himalaya to the Japan Sea and other back-arc basins is difficult to reconcile with this notion. Through comparison of the tectonic and kinematic records of the last 50 Ma with seismic tomography and anisotropy models, we show that the closure of the former Tethys Ocean and the extensional deformation of East Asia can be best explained if the asthenospheric mantle transporting India northward, forming the Himalaya and the Tibetan Plateau, reaches East Asia where it overrides the westward flowing Pacific mantle and contributes to subduction dynamics, distributing extensional deformation over a 3,000-km wide region. This deep asthenospheric flow partly controls the compressional stresses transmitted through the continent-continent collision, driving crustal thickening below the Himalayas and Tibet and the propagation of strike-slip faults across Asian lithosphere further north and east, as well as with the lithospheric and crustal flow powered by slab retreat east of the collision zone below East and SE Asia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2018TC005036DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6472563PMC
September 2018

Spatial Variability of Groundwater Arsenic Concentration as Controlled by Hydrogeology: Conceptual Analysis Using 2-D Reactive Transport Modeling.

Water Resour Res 2018 Dec 26;54(12):10254-10269. Epub 2018 Dec 26.

Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland Copenhagen Denmark.

Combined geological, hydrogeological, and geochemical controls on the arsenic concentration of contaminated aquifers in SE Asia were explored by two-dimensional (2-D) reactive transport modeling of data sets from Bangladesh, Cambodia, and Vietnam. For each site, the field data are summarized and used to create a conceptual 2-D reactive transport model that elucidates characteristic features influencing the groundwater arsenic concentration. Comparison of models for Bangladesh and Vietnam indicates that fine-grained layers overlying young sandy aquifers generate shallow high arsenic groundwater because low vertical groundwater velocities allow sufficient time for kinetic As release from the sediment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2018WR023685DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6472640PMC
December 2018

Bringing Development Back into Development Studies.

Authors:
Andrew M Fischer

Dev Change 2019 Mar 8;50(2):426-444. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

This article challenges Horner and Hulme's call to move from 'international development' to 'global development' with a reaffirmation of the classical traditions of development studies. With some adaptation to fit the changing contemporary context, these traditions not only remain relevant but also recover vital insights that have been obscured in the various fashionable re-imaginings of development. In particular, development thinking and agendas in the past were much more radical and ambitious in addressing the imperatives of redistribution and progressive forms of transformation in the context of stark asymmetries of wealth and power. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/dech.12490
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/dech.12490DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6472494PMC
March 2019
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Implementation of provider payment system reforms in the age of universal health coverage: a realist review of evidence from Asian developing countries.

J Health Serv Res Policy 2019 Apr 20:1355819619842305. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

3 Visiting Professor, Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, National University of Singapore, Singapore.

Objective: Launched to assist in achieving universal health coverage, provider payment reform (PPR) is one of the most important policy tools deployed to transform incentives within a health system that is plagued with allocative inefficiency and high out-of-pocket payments to one that is able to deliver basic services and be cost-efficient. However, the black box of such reform - that is, the contexts in which reform operates, the mechanisms by which it changes health systems and behaviour within health systems, and the outcome patterns that arise from - remains unexplored. This review aims to examine the implementation mechanisms underlying PPR in Asian developing countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1355819619842305DOI Listing

The Need to Develop a Strategy With an Evidence-Based Guideline for the Prevention of Gaming Disorder.

Asia Pac J Public Health 2019 Apr 21:1010539519844079. Epub 2019 Apr 21.

1 Shimane University, Izumo, Japan.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1010539519844079DOI Listing

Health Beliefs of Wearing Facemasks for Influenza A/H1N1 Prevention: A Qualitative Investigation of Hong Kong Older Adults.

Asia Pac J Public Health 2019 Apr 21:1010539519844082. Epub 2019 Apr 21.

6 Griffith University, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Although vaccination is the first-line strategy controlling and preventing influenza A/H1N1 for older adults, personal protective measures, such as wearing facemasks, are also important preventive behaviors to reduce the risk of becoming infected with influenza A/H1N1 during a pandemic. In the current study, we aimed to explore the belief-related psychological factors of wearing facemasks for influenza A/H1N1 prevention in a sample of Hong Kong older adults. Community-dwelling Chinese adults (N = 137) aged between 65 and 80 years (M = 75. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1010539519844082DOI Listing
April 2019
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Systemic hemodynamic atherothrombotic syndrome (SHATS): Diagnosis and severity assessment score.

Authors:
Kazuomi Kario

J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Medicine, Jichi Medical University School of Medicine, Shimotsuke, Japan.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jch.13542DOI Listing

Antenatal Multiple Micronutrient Supplementation Compared to Iron-Folic Acid Affects Micronutrient Status but Does Not Eliminate Deficiencies in a Randomized Controlled Trial among Pregnant Women of Rural Bangladesh.

J Nutr 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Center for Human Nutrition, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD.

Background: Antenatal multiple micronutrient (MM) supplementation improves birth outcomes relative to iron-folic acid (IFA) in developing countries, but limited data exist on its impact on pregnancy micronutrient status.

Objective: We assessed the efficacy of a daily MM (15 nutrients) compared with IFA supplement, each providing approximately 1 RDA of nutrients and given beginning at pregnancy ascertainment, on late pregnancy micronutrient status of women in rural Bangladesh. Secondarily, we explored other contributors to pregnancy micronutrient status. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jn/nxz046DOI Listing

Cardiovascular Risk Assessment Chart by Dietary Factors in Japan - NIPPON DATA80.

Circ J 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Public Health, Shiga University of Medical Science.

Background: Many studies show that dietary factors such as vegetables, fruit, and salt are associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. However, a risk assessment chart for CVD mortality according to combinations of dietary factors has not been established.Methods and Results:Participants were 9,115 men and women aged 30-79 years enrolled in the National Nutritional Survey of Japan in 1980 with a 29-year follow-up. Read More

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https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/circj/advpub/0/advpub_C
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1253/circj.CJ-18-1002DOI Listing
April 2019
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The culture, mental health and psychosocial wellbeing of Rohingya refugees: a systematic review.

Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci 2019 Apr 22:1-6. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Public Health Section, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees,Geneva,Switzerland.

AimsDespite the magnitude and protracted nature of the Rohingya refugee situation, there is limited information on the culture, mental health and psychosocial wellbeing of this group. This paper, drawing on a report commissioned by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), aims to provide a comprehensive synthesis of the literature on mental health and psychosocial wellbeing of Rohingya refugees, including an examination of associated cultural factors. The ultimate objective is to assist humanitarian actors and agencies in providing culturally relevant Mental Health and Psychosocial Support (MHPSS) for Rohingya refugees displaced to Bangladesh and other neighbouring countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S2045796019000192DOI Listing
April 2019
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Nipah virus: epidemiology, pathology, immunobiology and advances in diagnosis, vaccine designing and control strategies - a comprehensive review.

Vet Q 2019 Dec;39(1):26-55

k National Institute of Virology , Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Govt of India , Pune , India.

Nipah (Nee-pa) viral disease is a zoonotic infection caused by Nipah virus (NiV), a paramyxovirus belonging to the genus Henipavirus of the family Paramyxoviridae. It is a biosafety level-4 pathogen, which is transmitted by specific types of fruit bats, mainly Pteropus spp. which are natural reservoir host. Read More

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December 2019
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