2,648 results match your criteria Asia Pacific Journal Of Clinical Nutrition[Journal]


Genetic susceptibility to cow's milk allergy in Chinese children.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2022 Mar;31(1):147-155

Department of Pediatrics, Peking University People's Hospital, Peking University, Beijing, China. Email:

Background And Objectives: Cow's milk allergy (CMA) is the most common food allergy in young children. Previous studies have reported that single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are associated with CMA. The extent to which SNPs contribute to the occurrence of CMA is unknown. Read More

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Central obesity in low BMI as a risk factor for COVID-19 severity in South Indians.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2022 Mar;31(1):142-146

Division of Nutrition, St. John's Research Institute, Bengaluru, India. Email:

Background And Objectives: South Asians are known to have excess adiposity at a lower body mass index, with truncal fat accumulation. Whether this confers higher risk to develop severe COVID-19 is not known. This study evaluated body mass index, body fat mass and waist circumference as risk factors for COVID-19 severity and its progression, in South Asian adults. Read More

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Prevalence and risk for malnutrition in older Thai people: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2022 Mar;31(1):128-141

Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand. Email:

Background And Objectives: Malnutrition is potentially preventable in older people, but with varied reported prevalence. We assessed its prevalence, assessment methods, and risk factors in older Thai people.

Methods And Study Design: Studies published from January 1, 2000, to September 30, 2020 were searched in Medline, EMBASE, Google Scholar, and local databases. Read More

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Cognitive function and elderly macronutrient intakes from rural diets in Qingdao, China.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2022 Mar;31(1):118-127

Institute of Nutrition & Health, Qingdao University, Qingdao, China.

Background And Objectives: Energy provided by macronutrients plays a key role in healthy aging. This study therefore explored the association between macronutrients and cognitive function in elderly populations in rural areas of Qingdao, China.

Methods And Study Design: This study included 1,504 participants over the age of 65 recruited from Licha Town, Qingdao City, China. Read More

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Nutritional complexity in children with ADHD related morbidities in China: A cross-sectional study.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2022 Mar;31(1):108-117

Developmental and Behavioral Pediatric Department & Child Primary Care Department, Xinhua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Background And Objectives: To assess the general and nutritional health of children with attention deficit/ hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

Methods And Study Design: The National Multicenter Sleep Research Database for 23791 school-age children in grades 1-6 from 9 cities in China was accessed. Children with a specialist diagnosis of ADHD or not (non-ADHD) in 2005 were studied. Read More

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Branched chain and other amino acid intakes are inversely associated with sarcopenia among community elders in Qingdao, China.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2022 Mar;31(1):97-107

Institute of Nutrition & Health, Qingdao University, Qingdao, China.

Background And Objectives: The present study aimed to investigate the hypothesis that dietary amino acid intakes are associated with the risk of sarcopenia through a community-based observational study.

Methods And Study Design: A total of 1,140 participants (72.7±6. Read More

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Effects of fructose from apple and honey on serum uric acid in young Chinese: Randomized crossover trials.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2022 Mar;31(1):87-96

Department of Preventive Medicine, Zhejiang Key Laboratory of Pathophysiology, School of Medicine, Ningbo University, Zhejiang, China.

Background And Objectives: Overconsumption of drinks containing fructose increases the risk for hyperuricemia and gout. Comparative analysis evaluating the indicators of serum uric acid (SUA) load caused by natural food-derived fructose and pure fructose in sweeteners is lacking. We aimed to uncover the effect of fructose from apple and honey and pure fructose powder on the SUA concentration of healthy young Chinese individuals. Read More

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Perioperative enteral immunonutrition with probiotics favors the nutritional, inflammatory, and functional statuses in digestive system surgery.

Authors:
Zhen Huang Yi Wang

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2022 Mar;31(1):78-86

The Second Department of General Surgery, The Ninth People's Hospital of Chongqing, Chongqing, China. Email:

Background And Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of enteral immunonutrition (EIN) on the nutritional status of patients during the perioperative period of digestive system surgery.

Methods And Study Design: The clinical data of 102 patients who underwent gastrointestinal surgery between August 2017 and February 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the nutritional support regimen, the patients were divided into an enteral nutrition (EN) group (50 patients) and an EIN group (52 patients). Read More

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Lactobacillus casei modulates inflammatory cytokines and metabolites during tuberculosis treatment: A post hoc randomized controlled trial.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2022 Mar;31(1):66-77

Institute of Nutrition and Health, School of Public Health, Qingdao University, Qingdao, Shandong, China. Email:

Background And Objectives: Inflammatory cytokines and metabolic abnormalities are common in patients with tuberculosis. Observational studies have indicated that probiotics modulate inflammatory cytokines and metabolites; however, clinical evidence of the effect of probiotics on patients with tuberculosis is lacking. This study investigated the effects of Lactobacillus casei on inflammatory cytokines and metabolites during tuberculosis treatment. Read More

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Diurnal differences in glycemic responses, insulin responses and cognition after rice-based meals.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2022 Mar;31(1):57-65

College of Food Science and Nutritional Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing, China.

Background And Objectives: The variation in glycemic responses to white rice caused by the circadian rhythm has been widely investigated but remain controversial. This study investigated diurnal differences in the effect of rice meals on glycemic responses, insulin responses, satiety, and acute cognitive function.

Methods And Study Design: A total of 20 healthy participants in Group 1 and 14 in Group 2 were served identical servings of cooked white rice containing 50 g of available carbohydrates at 8:00 a. Read More

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Insulin for hyperglycemia prevention and management during postgastrectomy nutrition support in gastric cancer: Reduced complications in a retrospective cohort study in China.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2022 Mar;31(1):49-56

Department of Surgical Oncology, The First Hospital of Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, China. Email:

Background And Objectives: To evaluate the effectiveness of insulin addition to the total nutrition admixture (TNA) for glycemic control among patients with gastric cancer (GC) receiving supplementary parenteral nutrition (SPN) after gastrectomy.

Methods And Study Design: A retrospective cohort study was conducted among 208 noncritical ill patients who underwent gastrectomy for GC from 2017 to 2019 at a tertiary teaching hospital in Lanzhou, China. All the included patients received individualized SPN and enteral nutrition treatment after gastrectomy. Read More

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Nutrition and clinical manifestations of pulmonary tuberculosis: A cross-sectional study in Shandong province, China.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2022 Mar;31(1):41-48

Institute of Nutrition and Health, School of Public Health, Qingdao University, Qingdao, Shandong, China. Email:

Background And Objectives: The aim is to investigate the association between nutritional status and clinical picture of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB).

Methods And Study Design: A total of 613 pulmonary tuberculosis patients in Weifang city, Shandong province, China were included. Clinical and nutritional history, anthropometry, nutritionally relevant indicators including serum total protein and albumin, hemoglobin and lymphocyte count were measured. Read More

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Diaphragm thickness on computed tomography for nutritional assessment and hospital stay prediction in critical COVID-19.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2022 Mar;31(1):33-40

Department of Intensive Care Unit, Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital Clinical College of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China. Email:

Background And Objectives: To evaluate the significance of diaphragm thickness (DT) in assessing the nutritional status and predicting the length of hospital stay (LOS) of patients with COVID-19.

Methods And Study Design: The data of 212 patients with severe and critical COVID-19 in Wuhan, China, were retrospectively analyzed. Computed tomography (CT)-obtained DT was measured in cross-sectional images of the mediastinal window at the level of the outlet of the celiac trunk at admission and at 2 weeks, then the rate of change in DT(RCDT) at 2 weeks was calculated. Read More

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Skeletal muscle index and muscle attenuation with liver cirrhosis as survival prognosticators by sex.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2022 Mar;31(1):24-32

Department of Nutrition, The Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, Qingdao, China. Email:

Background And Objectives: It has been proven that skeletal muscle index (SMI) and muscle attenuation (MA) are correlated with outcomes in liver cirrhosis. However, whether there are sex differences in these factors re-mains unknown. We aimed to analyze the predictive ability of SMI and MA for the prognosis of cirrhotic patients of different sexes and promote computed tomography (CT) use in body composition assessment. Read More

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Intermittent fasting may optimize intestinal microbiota, adipocyte status and metabolic health.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2022 Mar;31(1):16-23

Division of Graduate Studies and Research, Tecnológico Nacional de México/Instituto Tecnológico de Oaxaca, Oaxaca, México. Email:

The aim of this review is to provide an overview of the present association between Intermittent Fasting (IF), the Gut Microbiota (GM), and the adipocyte with respect to Metabolic Health (MH). A search was carried out through Dialnet, Scielo, Web of Science, Redalyc and PubMed, using keywords such as: "intermittent fasting", "time-restricted feeding", "gut microbiota" and "Metabolic Health". Intermittent fasting (IF) regimens promote weight loss, therefore contributing to improved metabolic health. Read More

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Food and nutrition science: The new paradigm.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2022 Mar;31(1):1-15

Justus-Liebig University, Giessen, Germany.

Nutrition was invented in the early 19th century as a biochemical science that reduces foods into significant chemical constituents. Ever since then, the teaching and practice of nutrition has been based on this conceptual framework, or paradigm. The examples given here are dietary guidelines and other food guides. Read More

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Identification of key genes and pathways in type 2 diabetes mellitus and vitamin C metabolism through bioinformatics analysis.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2021 Dec;30(4):715-729

Qingdao Centers for Disease Control and Prevention/Qingdao Institute for Preventive Medicine, Qingdao China. Email:

Background And Objectives: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a major global public health problem. Vitamin C (VC) can improve metabolic dysfunctions associated with T2DM. To establish an association between T2DM and VC metabolism, it is necessary to investigate the biological mechanisms of T2DM and VC. Read More

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December 2021

Dietary iron and zinc intakes and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease: A meta-analysis.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2021 Dec;30(4):704-714

Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, School of Public Health, Qingdao University, Qingdao, China. Email:

Background And Objectives: The differences of dietary iron and zinc intakes between patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and controls remain controversial. The meta-analysis aimed to explore the differences of dietary iron and zinc intakes between NAFLD patients and healthy subjects.

Methods And Study Design: A systematic literature search was performed up to July 2021 in databases of PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), and Wanfang. Read More

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December 2021

Dietary diversity score as an indicator of micronutrient intake in Filipino children and adolescents.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2021 Dec;30(4):696-703

Department of Nutrition, College of Public Health, University of the Philippines, Manila, Philippines. Email:

Background And Objectives: The study objective was to assess if Dietary diversity score (DDS) based on counting 10 food groups consumed can be used as an indicator of adequacy of micronutrient intake in Filipino children and adolescents.

Methods And Study Design: Dietary data of 7448 Filipinos age 3 to 18 years old included in the National Nutrition Survey in 2013 were used to assess the adequacy of intake of iron, vitamin A, vitamin C, thiamin, riboflavin and niacin. Nutrient adequacy ratio (NAR) for each micronutrient was computed and these were used to calculate the mean adequacy ratio (MAR) for each individual. Read More

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December 2021

Serum vitamin A, D and E concentrations and status in children in Shaanxi Province, Northwest China.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2021 Dec;30(4):687-695

Department of Clinical Nutrition, Xi'an Children's Hospital, the Affiliated Children's Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, China.

Background And Objectives: To investigate the vitamin A, D, E concentrations and status, and analyse the associated risk factors for vitamin A, D, E deficiency in children in Shaanxi Province, Northwest China.

Methods And Study Design: The study included a total of 25,806 children admitted to hospitals in Shaanxi province from January 2019 to December 2019. Fasting venous blood samples were collected to measure serum vitamin A, D, E concentrations. Read More

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December 2021

Association of maternal height and body mass index with nutrition of children under 5 years of age in India: Evidence from Comprehensive National Nutrition Survey 2016-18.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2021 Dec;30(4):675-686

Population Council, New Delhi, India.

Background And Objectives: Child undernutrition remains an area of public health concern across the globe, particularly in developing countries like India. Previous studies have focused on the association of maternal nutrition with premature pregnancy and birthweight of child, with few establishing the intergenerational effect but limited to select populations and geography.

Methods And Study Design: This study used data from 35,452 children aged under 5 years and their biological mother from nationally representative Comprehensive National Nutrition Survey (CNNS) in India. Read More

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December 2021

Nutrition and physical activity interventions to ameliorate postpartum depression: A scoping review.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2021 Dec;30(4):662-674

Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia.

Background And Objectives: Globally, there is a high prevalence of postpartum depression (17.7%) reported in a recent study among mothers during the postpartum period. It contributes to poor health and well-being among newly delivered women. Read More

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December 2021

Living environments long-term after the Great East Japan Earthquake and nutritional intake among recent mothers.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2021 Dec;30(4):651-661

Division of Molecular Epidemiology, Department of Preventive Medicine and Epidemiology, Tohoku Medical Megabank Organization, Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan.

Background And Objectives: Although large-scale natural disasters and the resultant changes in living environments worsen dietary habits among adults immediately after the disasters, whether this association remains for a long period is unclear. This is particularly important for recent mothers because lactating women require additional nutrition for milk production. Thus, we investigated the association of living environments with dietary habits and nutritional intake of recent mothers between four and seven years after the Great East Japan Earthquake (11th March, 2011). Read More

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December 2021

Dietary iodine intake and urinary iodine concentration during pregnancy in Chengdu, China.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2021 Dec;30(4):643-650

Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China. Email:

Background And Objectives: An adequate iodine status during pregnancy is very important for maternal and infant health. The aim of this study was to characterize the iodine nutritional status of healthy pregnant women in Chengdu by measuring urinary iodine (UI) and analyzing dietary iodine intake.

Methods And Study Design: Pregnant women who underwent regular antenatal examinations were invited to participate in this study. Read More

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December 2021

Maternal diet during pregnancy and infant respiratory morbidity: A prospective study.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2021 Dec;30(4):632-642

Department of Paediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Background And Objectives: Maternal diet during pregnancy may impact infant respiratory morbidity. The aim was to determine the association between antenatal maternal diet and respiratory morbidity of their infants during their first 6 months of life.

Methods And Study Design: This prospective cohort study included healthy motherinfant pairs. Read More

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December 2021

Dietary and exercise interventions for metabolic health in perimenopausal women in Beijing.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2021 Dec;30(4):624-631

Department of Clinical Nutrition, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China. Email:

Background And Objectives: This study aims to investigate the effects of individualised dietary guidance and anti-resistance exercise intervention on blood pressure and metabolic indexes of perimenopausal women.

Methods And Study Design: Between June 2018 to August 2018, 78 perimenopausal women were recruited at the Gynaecological Outpatient Department of Beijing Pinggu District Hospital. After coding, they were randomly divided into three groups, A, B and C, by lottery. Read More

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December 2021

Effects of resistant starch supplementation on oxidative stress and inflammation biomarkers: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2021 Dec;30(4):614-623

Institute of Nutrition and Health, School of Public Health, Qingdao University, Qingdao, Shandong, China. Email:

Background And Objectives: Animal experiments showed that resistant starch (RS) had an antioxidant and antiinflammatory effect. However, clinical studies showed both insignificant and significant effects of RS on inflammation and oxidative stress. The purpose of this work is to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of previous randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to investigate these effects. Read More

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December 2021

Efficacy of a multivitamin adherence program based on cognitive dissonance for bariatric patients: A randomized controlled trial.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2021 Dec;30(4):602-613

Medicine and Psychology Faculty, Autonomous University of Baja California, Tijuana, Mexico. Email:

Background And Objectives: Micronutrient deficiencies are common among bariatric patients; this study aimed to determine whether a cognitive dissonance-based virtual program improved adherence to multivitamin use in bariatric patients from northern Mexico.

Methods And Study Design: A randomized controlled trial of the supplementation strategy was conducted over three months. The participants were randomized to an intervention or waitlisted control group and received two psycho-educative and four cognitive dissonance virtual sessions. Read More

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December 2021

Adverse effect of switching only once low-carbohydrate diet to high-carbohydrate diet on postprandial glucose concentration in healthy women.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2021 Dec;30(4):595-601

Department of Food and Nutrition, Kyoto Women's University, Kyoto, Japan. Email:

Background And Objectives: Our aim was to evaluate the acute effect of switching low-carbohydrate diet (LCD) to high-carbohydrate diet (HCD) on glycemic parameters in healthy women.

Methods And Study Design: Twen-ty-two women (age 21.7±4. Read More

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December 2021

Malnutrition is associated with dysphagia in Vietnamese older adult inpatients.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2021 Dec;30(4):588-594

Jumonji University, Niiza City, Saitama, Japan.

Background And Objectives: The number of older adults is increasing rapidly in Vietnam. They suffer from various health problems, including malnutrition and dysphagia. By using a simple screening questionnaire such as the Mini Nutritional Assessment - Short Form (MNA-SF) and 10-item Eating Assessment Tool (EAT-10), nutritional and dysphagic status were screened in this study. Read More

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December 2021