3,595 results match your criteria Ascaris Lumbricoides


Prevalence, intensity and associated risk factors of soil transmitted helminth infections: A comparison between Negritos (indigenous) in inland jungle and those in resettlement at town peripheries.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2019 Apr 22;13(4):e0007331. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Background: Formerly known as the Malaysian hunter gatherers, the Negrito Orang Asli (OA) were heavily dependent on the forest for sustenance and early studies indicated high prevalence of intestinal parasitism. Initiation of a redevelopment program in the 1970s aimed to demarginalize the OA was expected to reduce soil transmitted helminth (STH) infections. Gradually, the OA were relocated to new resettlement areas at the peripheries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0007331DOI Listing

Effects, equity, and cost of school-based and community-wide treatment strategies for soil-transmitted helminths in Kenya: a cluster-randomised controlled trial.

Lancet 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Eastern and Southern Africa Centre of International Parasite Control, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya.

Background: School-based deworming programmes can reduce morbidity attributable to soil-transmitted helminths in children but do not interrupt transmission in the wider community. We assessed the effects of alternative mass treatment strategies on community soil-transmitted helminth infection.

Methods: In this cluster-randomised controlled trial, 120 community units (clusters) serving 150 000 households in Kenya were randomly assigned (1:1:1) to receive albendazole through annual school-based treatment targeting 2-14 year olds or annual or biannual community-wide treatment targeting all ages. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(18)32591-1DOI Listing

A comparison of ancient parasites as seen from archeological contexts and early medical texts in China.

Int J Paleopathol 2019 Apr 12;25:30-38. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Institute of Archaeology, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Beijing, 100732, China.

This paper integrates our knowledge from traditional Chinese medical texts and archeological findings to discuss parasitic loads in early China. Many studies have documented that several different species of eukaryotic endoparasites were present in early human populations throughout China. Nevertheless, comprehensive paleoparasitological records from China are patchy, largely due to taphonomic and environmental factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpp.2019.03.004DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Pneumothorax Due to Ascaris lumbricoides Larvae.

Arch Bronconeumol 2019 Apr 8. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Pulmonology Department, Centro Hospitalar de São João, EPE, Porto, Portugal.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.arbres.2018.10.005DOI Listing

Effect of integrated control intervention on soil-transmitted helminth infections in Jiangxi province in southeast China.

Acta Trop 2019 Apr 2;194:148-154. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Jiangxi Provincial Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Nanchang 330096, China. Electronic address:

Soil transmitted helminths (STHs) burden was enormous in China several decades ago, however, rigorous control efforts have been successful with appreciable reduction in diseases burden. Here, we assessed provincial-level data derived from cross sectional surveys, executed in 1989, 2002 and 2014, on the prevalence of STHs among populations in Jiangxi province, China. This study, also, reported STHs integrated control intervention aimed at reducing STHs transmission and worm burden among population at county-level. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actatropica.2019.04.001DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Intestinal parasitic infections among public and private schoolchildren of Kathmandu, Nepal: prevalence and associated risk factors.

BMC Res Notes 2019 Mar 29;12(1):192. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Shi-Gan International College of Science and Technology, Affiliated to Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal.

Objective: Intestinal parasitic infections (IPIs) are a major cause of morbidity among children in developing countries. Investigation about the etiological agents and socio-ecological pattern of the infection would help to design better preventive strategy. The previous studies reported high prevalence of IPIs among schoolchildren of Nepal. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-019-4225-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6441203PMC

Efficacy and safety of ivermectin and albendazole co-administration in school-aged children and adults infected with Trichuris trichiura: study protocol for a multi-country randomized controlled double-blind trial.

BMC Infect Dis 2019 Mar 18;19(1):262. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland.

Background: Soil-transmitted helminthiasis affects almost 2 billion people worldwide in tropical climates. Preventive chemotherapy, using the benzimidazoles (albendazole and mebendazole) is the current main recommended control strategy. Nevertheless, there is limited efficacy of these drugs against hookworm infection and, to a greater extent, against trichuriasis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-019-3882-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6421712PMC
March 2019
1 Read
2.613 Impact Factor

Epidemiology of soil transmitted helminth and Strongyloides stercoralis infections in remote rural villages of Ranomafana National Park, Madagascar.

Pathog Glob Health 2019 Mar 17;113(2):94-100. Epub 2019 Mar 17.

e Global Health Institute , Stony Brook University , Stony Brook , NY , USA.

Soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections carry the highest number of disability adjusted life years among all neglected tropical diseases, disproportionately affecting low-income countries such as Madagascar.  This study describes the epidemiology of STH and S. stercoralis infections in twelve remote villages surrounding Ranomafana National Park (RNP), Ifanadiana, Madagascar. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/20477724.2019.1589927DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Drug Combinations Against Soil-Transmitted Helminth Infections.

Adv Parasitol 2019 7;103:91-115. Epub 2018 Sep 7.

Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland; University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.

The soil-transmitted helminths (STHs), Ascaris lumbricoides, hookworm and Trichuris trichiura are common in areas with warm and moist climates with little access to adequate water, sanitation, and hygiene affecting the poorest populations. The current control strategy of the World Health Organization is preventive chemotherapy (PC), i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/bs.apar.2018.08.002DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

Effects of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) education on childhood intestinal parasitic infections in rural Dembiya, northwest Ethiopia: an uncontrolled before-and-after intervention study.

Environ Health Prev Med 2019 Mar 9;24(1):16. Epub 2019 Mar 9.

Department of Environmental and Occupational Health and Safety, Institute of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.

Background: Soil-transmitted helminthes (STH) infections are among the most common infections worldwide and affect the most deprived communities. Adequate water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) prevents environmental contamination, thereby preventing transmission of STH. Cognizant of this, WASH education was implemented in rural Dembiya to reduce intestinal parasitic infections. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12199-019-0774-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6408793PMC

The application of proteomic methods (MALDI-toff MS) for studying protein profiles of some nematodes (dirofilaria and ascaris) for differentiating species.

Int J Infect Dis 2019 Mar 5;82:61-65. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Central Research Institute of Epidemiology, Moscow, Russia. Electronic address:

Introduction: Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-toff MS) is a reliable method for diagnosing a number of bacterial and fungal infections. It is also effective as a method of rapid diagnosis of several parasitic agents. We used MALDI-toff MS to study the protein profiles of four nematodes: Dirofilaria repens, Dirofilaria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2019.02.047DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads
2.330 Impact Factor

Enteroparasitism and Risk Factors Associated with Clinical Manifestations in Children and Adults of Jalisco State in Western Mexico.

Osong Public Health Res Perspect 2019 Feb;10(1):39-48

Department of Medical Sciences and Life, University Center of the Cienega, University of Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico.

Objectives: To determine the prevalence and risk factors associated with intestinal parasites in the population of San Juan Cosala, Jalisco, Mexico.

Methods: A total of 277 samples from 104 participants were analysed using direct smear, flotation, formaldehyde/ethyl acetate, and modified Kinyoun's acid-fast stain methods. The Graham method was applied only for samples from children under 12 years of age for the diagnosis of

Results: The prevalence of parasite infections in the study population was 77. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2019.10.1.08DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6396823PMC
February 2019
3 Reads

Exploration of extracellular vesicles from provides evidence of parasite-host cross talk.

J Extracell Vesicles 2019 14;8(1):1578116. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark.

The prevalent porcine helminth, , compromises pig health and reduces farm productivity worldwide. The closely related human parasite, , infects more than 800 million people representing a disease burden of 1.31 million disability-adjusted life years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/20013078.2019.1578116DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6383609PMC
February 2019
4 Reads

Soil-transmitted helminth reinfection four and six months after mass drug administration: results from the delta region of Myanmar.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2019 02 15;13(2):e0006591. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom.

Background: Mass drug administration (MDA), targeted at school-aged children (SAC) is the method recommended by the World Health Organization for the control of morbidity induced by soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infection in endemic countries. However, MDA does not prevent reinfection between treatment rounds and research suggests that only treating SAC will not be sufficient to bring prevalence to low levels and possibly interrupt transmission of STH. In countries with endemic infection, such as Myanmar, the coverage, who is targeted, and rates of reinfection will determine how effective MDA is in suppressing transmission in the long-term. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0006591DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6395004PMC
February 2019

[Prevalence and intensity of geohelminths infection characterizing the socio-cultural and environmental factors that affect the infection of school children, Paraguay, 2015].

Rev Chilena Infectol 2018 ;35(5):501-508

Organización Panamericana de la Salud, Asunción, Paraguay.

Introduction: Currently, Paraguay has no data on the prevalence of soil-transmitted geohelminth infection in schoolchildren aged 6 to 12 years.

Aim: To determine the prevalence and intensity of infection by Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiura and hookworms and the socio-cultural-environmental characteristics of the affected population.

Methods: Descriptive, cross-sectional study, in three semi-tropical climatic zones: continental, semi steppe and humid. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/s0716-10182018000500501DOI Listing
January 2018
3 Reads

Magnitude of Intestinal Parasitosis and Associated Factors in Rural School Children, Northwest Ethiopia.

Ethiop J Health Sci 2019 Jan;29(1):923-928

Department of Medical Parasitology and Vector Biology, Mekelle University, Ethiopia.

Background: Intestinal parasitoses are among the most commonly encountered infections among school children in poor regions of the world. Up to 600 million school children are living in areas where there is high transmission of parasitic worms. Intestinal parasitic infection has been found to have a great effect on nutritional and cognitive status, school absenteeism and dropouts among school age children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ejhs.v29i1.14DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6341440PMC
January 2019
6 Reads

Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography for biliary system parasites.

Turk J Surg 2018 Jan 3;34(4):306-310. Epub 2018 Jan 3.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Afyon Kocatepe University School of Medicine, Afyonkarahisar, Turkey.

Objective: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography may be useful in the diagnosis and management of biliary system parasites.

Material And Methods: Investigators retrospectively evaluated patients with biliary system parasites who underwent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography procedures over an eight-year period. We collected data regarding patient demographics, clinical features, and parasite type. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5152/turkjsurg.2017.3808DOI Listing
January 2018
3 Reads

Children from a rural region in The Chiapas Highlands, Mexico, show an increased risk of stunting and intestinal parasitoses when compared with urban children.

Bol Med Hosp Infant Mex 2019 ;76(1):18-26

Hubert Department of Global Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta GA, USA.

Background: The state of Chiapas has held the first place of extreme poverty in Mexico. The majority of Chiapas' municipalities are inhabited by marginalized, indigenous populations, who usually present diarrhea of unknown etiology. We evaluated the nutritional status, intestinal parasites, and common bacterial pathogens, including DEC (diarrheagenic Escherichia coli) strains, in 178 children under five years of age with a high (rural) and a moderate (urban) degree of marginalization. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.24875/BMHIM.18000069DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Migration of the people and parasites: facts from survey of 5511 foreigners.

Authors:
Michal Giboda

Cas Lek Cesk 2018 Dec;157(7):373-379

In the course of the years 1983-1989, 5511 foreigners in the age of 20 to 40 years old from 87 countries were examined for human parasites. Everyone was examined within 1 months of arrival in the Czech Republic in the Active Case Detection (ACD) program. The intensity of infection was measured in those parasites which do not reproduce in the human body. Read More

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December 2018
4 Reads

Analysis of Schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminths mixed infections among pupils in Enugu State, Nigeria: Implications for control.

Infect Dis Health 2019 May 14;24(2):98-106. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

Department of Parasitology and Entomology, Faculty of Biosciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, P.M.B 5025, Awka, Anambra State, Nigeria. Electronic address:

Background: Schistosomiasis and Soil-transmitted helminthiasis cause considerable morbidity and mortality in developing countries, especially among children. To this end it, a cross-sectional survey to determine the pattern of Schistosomiasis and Soil-transmitted helminthiasis co-infection was undertaken among primary school pupils in Oduma Community in Enugu State, Nigeria.

Methods: Fresh urine and stool samples were collected from pupils. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S24680451183016
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.idh.2018.12.003DOI Listing
May 2019
8 Reads

Successful Elimination of Gallbladder Ascariasis by Conservative Therapy, Followed by Cholecystectomy due to Developing Cholecystitis.

Case Rep Gastrointest Med 2018 10;2018:5831257. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Gastroenterology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Aleppo University Hospital, University of Aleppo, Aleppo, Syria.

Background: is the most common parasitic infection in human. The worm is usually located in the small intestine, but may invade into the pancreatic or biliary tree, but rarely into gallbladder because of the anatomic features of the cystic duct.

Case Presentation: We report a case of gallbladder ascariasis that was diagnosed incidentally in a 70-year-old man, with negative ova and parasite test and no eosinophilia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/5831257DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6311234PMC
December 2018
4 Reads

Intraoperative anaphylaxis due to rupture of ascaris lumbricoides.

Indian J Anaesth 2018 Dec;62(12):998-1000

Department of Anaesthesiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, Bihar, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ija.IJA_435_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6299769PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Malaria and Geohelminthiasis Coinfections in Expectant Women: Effect on Maternal Health and Birth Outcomes in a Malaria Endemic Region in Kenya.

J Parasitol Res 2018 29;2018:2613484. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Clinical Medicine, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, P.O. Box 62000, Nairobi, Kenya.

Geohelminthiasis and malaria coinfections in pregnancy are common in sub-Saharan Africa. The consequences of the disease combination on maternal health and birth outcomes are poorly understood. For a better understanding of this coinfection in expectant mothers, a cross-sectional study was carried out to evaluate the effect of the coinfection on maternal health and birth outcomes in expectant mothers in Bungoma County, Kenya. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/2613484DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6304650PMC
November 2018
4 Reads

Ascaris lumbricoides found in ashore corpses from Korean peninsula to Japan.

Parasitol Int 2019 Jun 7;70:1-4. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Department of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology, Dokkyo Medical University, Mibu, Tochigi, Japan.

Yearly, several reports of unknown boats and corpses brought by the Tsushima Current are found ashore Japanese coast. Niigata prefecture had the highest number of the drifting ashore corpses in Japan with 45.7% (16/35) in 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.parint.2019.01.002DOI Listing

Transmission of Schistosoma mansoni in Yachi areas, southwestern Ethiopia: new foci.

Infect Dis Poverty 2019 Jan 10;8(1). Epub 2019 Jan 10.

Aklilu Lemma Institute of Pathobiology, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Background: Schistosoma mansoni, causing intestinal schistosomiasis, is widely distributed in Ethiopia and new transmission foci are continually reported. Here we report new transmission sites and prevalence of S.mansoni infection among school children in Yachi areas, southwestern Ethiopia. Read More

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https://idpjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s40249
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40249-018-0513-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6327402PMC
January 2019
14 Reads

Frequency, associated factors and clinical symptoms of intestinal parasites among tuberculosis and non-tuberculosis groups in Iran: a comparative cross-sectional study.

Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 2019 Jan 9. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Department of Parasitology and Mycology, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Co-infection of human tuberculosis (TB) and intestinal parasites infections (IPIs) is a public health problem, especially in low- and middle-income countries. There is no data on this issue in Iran. Therefore, we investigated the prevalence of IPIs among patients with TB in Iran. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/trstmh/try140DOI Listing
January 2019
14 Reads
1.931 Impact Factor

Prevalence of parasitic contamination of raw vegetables in Nakhon Si Thammarat province, southern Thailand.

BMC Public Health 2019 Jan 8;19(1):34. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Department of Tropical Pathology, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok, 10400, Thailand.

Background: Soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections are major public health problems in poor and developing countries that require fecal contamination of the environment for transmission. The consumption of raw vegetables without proper washing is one of the main routes of intestinal parasite acquisition. Therefore, this study was designed to detect the prevalence of intestinal parasitic contamination in commonly consumed raw vegetables sold in three central open-air markets in Nakhon Si Thammarat province, southern Thailand. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-6358-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6323832PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

Intestinal parasitic infestations and anemia among urban female school children in Kancheepuram district, Tamil Nadu.

J Family Med Prim Care 2018 Nov-Dec;7(6):1395-1400

Department of Community Medicine, Sree Balaji Medical College and Hospital, Bharath Institute of Higher Education and Research, Chrompet, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Introduction: In India, intestinal parasitic infection and anemia remain the most important cause of morbidity especially among the adolescent school children due to lack of awareness of personal hygiene practices, leading to intestinal parasite infections which could in turn lead to anemia.

Aim: This study was conducted with the aim to find out the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infection and anemia among adolescent female school children in an urban area of Tamil Nadu.

Materials And Method: This descriptive cross-sectional study was done among adolescent female school children in Anakaputhur area of Kancheepuram district. Read More

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http://www.jfmpc.com/text.asp?2018/7/6/1395/246524
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_89_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6293916PMC
January 2019
8 Reads

Prevalence and associated factors of and soil transmitted helminth infections among pregnant women in Osun state, Nigeria.

Afr Health Sci 2018 Sep;18(3):542-551

Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, PMB 4400, Osogbo, Nigeria.

Background: and soil transmitted helminth (STHs) infection are widespread in sub-Sahara Africa, where co-infection is also common. This study assessed the prevalence of these infections and their risk factors among pregnant women in Osogbo, Nigeria.

Methods: A total of 200 pregnant women attending the antenatal clinic were recruited. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v18i3.11DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6307031PMC
September 2018

Health, financial, and education gains of investing in preventive chemotherapy for schistosomiasis, soil-transmitted helminthiases, and lymphatic filariasis in Madagascar: A modeling study.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2018 12 27;12(12):e0007002. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Department of Global Health and Population, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston MA, United States of America.

Background: Neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) account for a large disease burden in sub-Saharan Africa. While the general cost-effectiveness of NTD interventions to improve health outcomes has been assessed, few studies have also accounted for the financial and education gains of investing in NTD control.

Methods: We built on extended cost-effectiveness analysis (ECEA) methods to assess the health gains (e. Read More

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http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0007002
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0007002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6307713PMC
December 2018
15 Reads

Detection of by Capsule Endoscopy

Balkan Med J 2019 02 24;36(2):143-144. Epub 2018 Dec 24.

Department of Pathophysiology, Kuban State Medical University, Krasnodar, Russia

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http://balkanmedicaljournal.org/pdf.php?&id=2069
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4274/balkanmedj.galenos.2018.2018.1548DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6409957PMC
February 2019
10 Reads

General contextual effects on neglected tropical disease risk in rural Kenya.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2018 12 21;12(12):e0007016. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

International Livestock Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya.

The neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) are characterized by their tendency to cluster within groups of people, typically the poorest and most marginalized. Despite this, measures of clustering, such as within-group correlation or between-group heterogeneity, are rarely reported from community-based studies of NTD risk. We describe a general contextual analysis that uses multi-level models to partition and quantify variation in individual NTD risk at multiple grouping levels in rural Kenya. Read More

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http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0007016
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0007016DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6342328PMC
December 2018
14 Reads

[Investigation on intestinal nematode infections and their risk factors in Shanpo Sub-district, Jiangxia District, Wuhan City].

Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi 2018 May;30(5):567-570

Department of Human Parasitology, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430071, China.

Objective: To investigate the infection status of intestinal nematodes and their risk factors in rural residents of Jiangxia District, Wuhan City, so as to provide the reference for the establishment of targeted prevention and control measures.

Methods: According to the requirements of cross-sectional study of the national human key parasitic diseases, the residents in Shanpo Sub-district, Jiangxia District were randomly selected as the objects for the investigation of the infection status of , hookworm and . A questionnaire survey was performed simultaneously. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.16250/j.32.1374.2017159DOI Listing
May 2018
15 Reads

[Assessment of ability of professionals in parasitic disease control and prevention techniques in China, 2017].

Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi 2018 Oct;30(5):518-522

National Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention; Key Laboratory of Parasites and Vector Biology, National Health Commission; WHO Collaborating Center for Tropical Diseases; National Center for International Research on Tropical Diseases, Ministry of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200025, China.

Objective: To understand the professional theory, prevention and control practice, experimental diagnosis and other technical skills of parasitic diseases among technicians of all levels of disease control and prevention institutions, so as to provide the evidence for strengthening the capacity building of Chinese professional personnel.

Methods: According to the method of recommendation at all levels, the subjects from disease control and prevention institutions at province, prefecture or county levels were chosen to assess the theory of parasitic diseases and test operation skills by using the method of answering the questions together with on-site operations in China. A database was built consisting of subjects' basic information and assessment scores. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.16250/j.32.1374.2018112DOI Listing
October 2018
21 Reads

Epidemiological and clinical profile of intestinal parasitosis of children in rural areas in Central African Republic.

Arch Pediatr 2019 Jan 13;26(1):34-37. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Faculty of Health Sciences of Bangui University, Central African Republic; National Laboratory of Clinical Biology and Public Health of Bangui, Central African Republic.

Objective: To describe the epidemiological and clinical profile of intestinal parasites in children in rural Central African Republic.

Patients And Methods: We conducted a multicenter cross-sectional study in Central African Republic rural areas. Children seen as outpatients regardless of the reason for consultation were included in the study after parental consent. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.arcped.2018.11.006DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Immune response to purified protein derivative in infants from helminth-sensitized mothers - A cases series.

J Microbiol Immunol Infect 2018 Nov 17. Epub 2018 Nov 17.

Immunology Section, Keizo Asami Immunopathology Laboratory, Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife, Brazil; Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Health Sciences Center, Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife, Brazil. Electronic address:

Background: Maternal exposure to antibodies, cytokines or parasitic antigens during gestation may alter the degree of immune competence of offspring. Here we describe the production of cytokines and chemokines, and the ability to activation of the immune response in infants from mothers sensitized to helminths.

Methods: It were selected five infants born to helminth-seropositive mothers but who were negative for current helminth infection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmii.2018.10.009DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

A ball of worms.

Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen 2018 12 30;138(20). Epub 2018 Nov 30.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4045/tidsskr.18.0660DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Fortification of Carica papaya fruit seeds to school meal snacks may aid Africa mass deworming programs: a preliminary survey.

BMC Complement Altern Med 2018 Dec 7;18(1):327. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

The Graduate School, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Mbagathi Road, Nairobi, P.O. BOX 54840, Kenya.

Background: Soil transmitted helminths (STHs) are among the world's neglected tropical diseases. Morbidity due to STHs is greatest in school-age children who typically have the highest burden of infection. In 2001, WHO passed a resolution for the use of large-scale mass drug administration (MDA) to deworm vulnerable children through school based programs. Read More

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https://bmccomplementalternmed.biomedcentral.com/articles/10
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12906-018-2379-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6286506PMC
December 2018
7 Reads

Shared expression of mucin12 in Ascaris lumbricoides and the human small intestine.

Mol Biochem Parasitol 2019 01 24;227:19-24. Epub 2018 Nov 24.

Department of Public Health, Kansai Medical University, 2-5-1, Shin-machi, Hirakata-shi, Osaka, 573-1010, Japan. Electronic address:

This study focuses on the host-parasite relationship of human Ascaris lumbricoides, which is a parasite of the small intestine and is also one of the commonest parasites worldwide. As part of this investigation, we examined the host-parasite relationship assuming that there is a common antigenicity, shared protein between A. lumbricoides and human small intestinal mucosa, using molecular techniques. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.molbiopara.2018.11.004DOI Listing
January 2019

Baseline Mapping of Schistosomiasis and Soil Transmitted Helminthiasis in the Northern and Eastern Health Regions of Gabon, Central Africa: Recommendations for Preventive Chemotherapy.

Trop Med Infect Dis 2018 Nov 11;3(4). Epub 2018 Nov 11.

Control Program of Parasitic Diseases, Libreville BP 2434, Gabon.

In order to follow the Preventive Chemotherapy (PC) for the transmission control as recommended by WHO, Gabon initiated in 2014 the mapping of Schistosomiasis and Soil Transmitted Helminthiasis (STH). Here, we report the results of the Northern and Eastern health regions, representing a third of the land area and 12% of its total population. All nine departments of the two regions were surveyed and from each, five schools were examined with 50 schoolchildren per school. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/tropicalmed3040119DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6306699PMC
November 2018
3 Reads

The public health benefit and burden of mass drug administration programs in Vietnamese schoolchildren: Impact of mebendazole.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2018 11 12;12(11):e0006954. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Department of Green Chemistry and Technology, Ghent University, Campus Coupure, Ghent, Belgium.

Background: Mass anthelmintic drug administration is recommended in developing countries to address infection by soil-transmitted helminthiases (STH). We quantified the public health benefit of treatment with mebendazole in eight million Vietnamese children aged 5-14 years from 2006 to 2011. This was compared to the environmental impact of the pharmaceutical supply chain of mebendazole, as the resource use and emissions associated with pharmaceutical production can be associated with a public health burden, e. Read More

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http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0006954
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0006954DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6258429PMC
November 2018
10 Reads

Selected aspects of helminth infections Schistosoma sp., Ascaris lumbricoides, Strongyloides stercoralis in individuals diagnosed with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection

Przegl Epidemiol 2018 ;72(3):349-361

University of Warsaw, Faculty of Biology, Department of Parasitology

Co-infections of HIV and other pathogens constitute an important clinical and epidemiological problem. Many studies have played attention to opportunistic co-infections due to the fact that they are used as an indicator for development of AIDS and are present on the all continents. However, in HIV-infected patients helminth infections, which are not aetiologic agents of opportunistic infections, are becoming more and more important. Read More

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http://www.przeglepidemiol.pzh.gov.pl/pobierz-artykul?id=222
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http://dx.doi.org/10.32394/pe.72.3.11DOI Listing
January 2018
15 Reads

Soil-transmitted Helminth infection in the Tiko Health District, South West Region of Cameroon: a post-intervention survey on prevalence and intensity of infection among primary school children.

Pan Afr Med J 2018 29;30:74. Epub 2018 May 29.

Section for Epidemiology and Social Medicine, Department of Public Health, Institute of Medicine (EPSO), the Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, P.O Box 414, SE, 405 Gothenburg, Sweden.

Introduction: Soil-transmitted helminths (STH) infection remains a public health problem in sub-Saharan Africa with children being most vulnerable. STH infection may result in impairment, permanent disability or death. Annual mass deworming has been implemented in the Tiko Health District (THD), however, no study has assessed the current prevalence of STH infection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11604/pamj.2018.30.74.15676DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6191252PMC
October 2018

Prevalence of enteric parasitic infections among people living with HIV in Abeokuta, Nigeria.

Pan Afr Med J 2018 28;30:66. Epub 2018 May 28.

Department of Medical Microbiology & Parasitology, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Osogbo, Nigeria.

Introduction: Enteric parasitic infections have been increasingly recognized as etiology of life-threatening chronic diarrhea in PLWHA in sub-Saharan Africa. This study investigated the prevalence and burden of intestinal parasitic infection among PLWHA in Abeokuta, southwest Nigeria.

Methods: Freshly passed stool samples were collected from PLWHA. Read More

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http://www.panafrican-med-journal.com/content/article/30/66/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.11604/pamj.2018.30.66.13160DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6191249PMC
October 2018
17 Reads

An unusual finding of obstructive jaundice-a case report and review of the literature.

Oxf Med Case Reports 2018 Nov 10;2018(11):omy088. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Department of Radiology, Basildon and Thurrock University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Nethermayne, Basildon, UK.

Biliary ascariasis is a tropical infectious disease, endemic in regions such as the Far East, Indian subcontinent and parts of the Middle East. The responsible organism is the worm. This case study presents a 54-year-old British Caucasian female patient, admitted with a 1-week history of generalized abdominal pain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/omcr/omy088DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6179124PMC
November 2018
3 Reads

Ascaris lumbricoides and its almost deadly complication.

J Surg Case Rep 2018 Oct 5;2018(10):rjy262. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

Universidad San Francisco de Quito (USFQ), Quito, Ecuador.

Parasitic infections are still a burden in developing countries. The lack of sanitation and hygiene measures can result in an increase in morbidity and mortality due to parasitic infections. Surgery may be needed to treat serious complications caused by some of these parasites. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jscr/rjy262DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6172702PMC
October 2018
1 Read

Knowledge, attitude and practice with respect to soil contamination by Soil-Transmitted Helminths in Ibadan, Southwestern Nigeria.

Parasite Epidemiol Control 2018 Nov 24;3(4):e00075. Epub 2018 Sep 24.

Parasitology Unit, Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, University of Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.

, , and , the four major Soil-transmitted helminths (STHs) and also infect humans worldwide. Most studies on Soil-transmitted helminths (STHs) carried out in Ibadan were faecal examination based while relatively few soil examination based studies were carried out mostly around school premises using limited number of sampling locations. This study was therefore designed to assess the level of soil contamination with STH and associated risk factors in the eleven local government areas of Ibadan. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S24056731183002
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.parepi.2018.e00075DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6171486PMC
November 2018
3 Reads

Soil-Transmitted Helminth Infections and Anemia in Schoolchildren from Corn Island Archipelago (RAAS, Nicaragua).

Am J Trop Med Hyg 2018 Dec;99(6):1591-1597

Departamento Parasitología, Facultad Farmacia, Universidad Valencia, Burjassot, Valencia, España.

The prevalence and intensity of soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections in schoolchildren from Corn Islands (Nicaragua) were examined to detect mono- or poly-STH infected children, measuring different intensity levels, and to elucidate measurably increased odds of being anemic. A total of 341 stool samples provided by 2- to 15-year-old children were examined using a concentration technique and a Kato-Katz slide. Intensity of infection was expressed as eggs per gram (epg) of feces to classify light, moderate, or heavy intensity infection. Read More

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http://www.ajtmh.org/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.18-0195
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.18-0195DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6283476PMC
December 2018
4 Reads

Spatial distribution and populations at risk of A. lumbricoides and T. trichiura co-infections and infection intensity classes: an ecological study.

Parasit Vectors 2018 Oct 3;11(1):535. Epub 2018 Oct 3.

Children's Health and Environment Program, Child Health Research Centre, The University of Queensland, QLD, South Brisbane, Australia.

Background: Soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections are highly prevalent in the Philippines. Mapping the prevalence and high-intensity of STH co-infections can help guide targeted intervention programmes to reduce morbidity, especially among vulnerable school-aged children. In this study, we aimed to predict the spatial distribution of the prevalence of Ascaris lumbricoides and Trichuris trichiura co-infection and infection intensity classes in the Philippines to identify populations most in need of interventions. Read More

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https://parasitesandvectors.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.11
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13071-018-3107-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6171148PMC
October 2018
19 Reads

Intestinal parasitosis and associated factors among diabetic patients attending Arba Minch Hospital, Southern Ethiopia.

BMC Res Notes 2018 Oct 1;11(1):689. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Arba Minch University, Arba Minch, Ethiopia.

Objective: Local assessment of the magnitude of intestinal parasitic infections and associated factors among diabetic patients helps for good prognosis of diabetes. Hospital based cross-sectional study was conducted by recruiting 215 diabetic patients. A structured questionnaire was used to capture data about socio-demographic characteristics, clinical history and factors associated with intestinal parasitosis. Read More

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https://bmcresnotes.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s1310
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-018-3791-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6167831PMC
October 2018
17 Reads