3,578 results match your criteria Ascaris Lumbricoides


Soil-transmitted helminth reinfection four and six months after mass drug administration: results from the delta region of Myanmar.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2019 Feb 15;13(2):e0006591. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom.

Background: Mass drug administration (MDA), targeted at school-aged children (SAC) is the method recommended by the World Health Organization for the control of morbidity induced by soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infection in endemic countries. However, MDA does not prevent reinfection between treatment rounds and research suggests that only treating SAC will not be sufficient to bring prevalence to low levels and possibly interrupt transmission of STH. In countries with endemic infection, such as Myanmar, the coverage, who is targeted, and rates of reinfection will determine how effective MDA is in suppressing transmission in the long-term. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0006591DOI Listing
February 2019

[Prevalence and intensity of geohelminths infection characterizing the socio-cultural and environmental factors that affect the infection of school children, Paraguay, 2015].

Rev Chilena Infectol 2018 ;35(5):501-508

Organización Panamericana de la Salud, Asunción, Paraguay.

Introduction: Currently, Paraguay has no data on the prevalence of soil-transmitted geohelminth infection in schoolchildren aged 6 to 12 years.

Aim: To determine the prevalence and intensity of infection by Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiura and hookworms and the socio-cultural-environmental characteristics of the affected population.

Methods: Descriptive, cross-sectional study, in three semi-tropical climatic zones: continental, semi steppe and humid. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/s0716-10182018000500501DOI Listing
January 2018

Magnitude of Intestinal Parasitosis and Associated Factors in Rural School Children, Northwest Ethiopia.

Ethiop J Health Sci 2019 Jan;29(1):923-928

Department of Medical Parasitology and Vector Biology, Mekelle University, Ethiopia.

Background: Intestinal parasitoses are among the most commonly encountered infections among school children in poor regions of the world. Up to 600 million school children are living in areas where there is high transmission of parasitic worms. Intestinal parasitic infection has been found to have a great effect on nutritional and cognitive status, school absenteeism and dropouts among school age children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ejhs.v29i1.14DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6341440PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography for biliary system parasites.

Turk J Surg 2018 Jan 3;34(4):306-310. Epub 2018 Jan 3.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Afyon Kocatepe University School of Medicine, Afyonkarahisar, Turkey.

Objective: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography may be useful in the diagnosis and management of biliary system parasites.

Material And Methods: Investigators retrospectively evaluated patients with biliary system parasites who underwent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography procedures over an eight-year period. We collected data regarding patient demographics, clinical features, and parasite type. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5152/turkjsurg.2017.3808DOI Listing
January 2018
2 Reads

Children from a rural region in The Chiapas Highlands, Mexico, show an increased risk of stunting and intestinal parasitoses when compared with urban children.

Bol Med Hosp Infant Mex 2019 ;76(1):18-26

Hubert Department of Global Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta GA, USA.

Background: The state of Chiapas has held the first place of extreme poverty in Mexico. The majority of Chiapas' municipalities are inhabited by marginalized, indigenous populations, who usually present diarrhea of unknown etiology. We evaluated the nutritional status, intestinal parasites, and common bacterial pathogens, including DEC (diarrheagenic Escherichia coli) strains, in 178 children under five years of age with a high (rural) and a moderate (urban) degree of marginalization. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.24875/BMHIM.18000069DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Migration of the people and parasites: facts from survey of 5511 foreigners.

Authors:
Michal Giboda

Cas Lek Cesk 2019 ;157(7):373-379

In the course of the years 1983-1989, 5511 foreigners in the age of 20 to 40 years old from 87 countries were examined for human parasites. Everyone was examined within 1 months of arrival in the Czech Republic in the Active Case Detection (ACD) program. The intensity of infection was measured in those parasites which do not reproduce in the human body. Read More

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January 2019
2 Reads

Analysis of Schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminths mixed infections among pupils in Enugu State, Nigeria: Implications for control.

Infect Dis Health 2019 Jan 12. Epub 2019 Jan 12.

Department of Parasitology and Entomology, Faculty of Biosciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, P.M.B 5025, Awka, Anambra State, Nigeria. Electronic address:

Background: Schistosomiasis and Soil-transmitted helminthiasis cause considerable morbidity and mortality in developing countries, especially among children. To this end it, a cross-sectional survey to determine the pattern of Schistosomiasis and Soil-transmitted helminthiasis co-infection was undertaken among primary school pupils in Oduma Community in Enugu State, Nigeria.

Methods: Fresh urine and stool samples were collected from pupils. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S24680451183016
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.idh.2018.12.003DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Successful Elimination of Gallbladder Ascariasis by Conservative Therapy, Followed by Cholecystectomy due to Developing Cholecystitis.

Case Rep Gastrointest Med 2018 10;2018:5831257. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Gastroenterology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Aleppo University Hospital, University of Aleppo, Aleppo, Syria.

Background: is the most common parasitic infection in human. The worm is usually located in the small intestine, but may invade into the pancreatic or biliary tree, but rarely into gallbladder because of the anatomic features of the cystic duct.

Case Presentation: We report a case of gallbladder ascariasis that was diagnosed incidentally in a 70-year-old man, with negative ova and parasite test and no eosinophilia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/5831257DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6311234PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Intraoperative anaphylaxis due to rupture of ascaris lumbricoides.

Indian J Anaesth 2018 Dec;62(12):998-1000

Department of Anaesthesiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, Bihar, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ija.IJA_435_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6299769PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Malaria and Geohelminthiasis Coinfections in Expectant Women: Effect on Maternal Health and Birth Outcomes in a Malaria Endemic Region in Kenya.

J Parasitol Res 2018 29;2018:2613484. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Clinical Medicine, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, P.O. Box 62000, Nairobi, Kenya.

Geohelminthiasis and malaria coinfections in pregnancy are common in sub-Saharan Africa. The consequences of the disease combination on maternal health and birth outcomes are poorly understood. For a better understanding of this coinfection in expectant mothers, a cross-sectional study was carried out to evaluate the effect of the coinfection on maternal health and birth outcomes in expectant mothers in Bungoma County, Kenya. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/2613484DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6304650PMC
November 2018
2 Reads

Ascaris lumbricoides found in ashore corpses from Korean peninsula to Japan.

Parasitol Int 2019 Jan 7;70:1-4. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Department of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology, Dokkyo Medical University, Mibu, Tochigi, Japan.

Yearly, several reports of unknown boats and corpses brought by the Tsushima Current are found ashore Japanese coast. Niigata prefecture had the highest number of the drifting ashore corpses in Japan with 45.7% (16/35) in 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.parint.2019.01.002DOI Listing
January 2019

Transmission of Schistosoma mansoni in Yachi areas, southwestern Ethiopia: new foci.

Infect Dis Poverty 2019 Jan 10;8(1). Epub 2019 Jan 10.

Aklilu Lemma Institute of Pathobiology, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Background: Schistosoma mansoni, causing intestinal schistosomiasis, is widely distributed in Ethiopia and new transmission foci are continually reported. Here we report new transmission sites and prevalence of S.mansoni infection among school children in Yachi areas, southwestern Ethiopia. Read More

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https://idpjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s40249
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40249-018-0513-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6327402PMC
January 2019
5 Reads

Frequency, associated factors and clinical symptoms of intestinal parasites among tuberculosis and non-tuberculosis groups in Iran: a comparative cross-sectional study.

Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 2019 Jan 9. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Department of Parasitology and Mycology, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Co-infection of human tuberculosis (TB) and intestinal parasites infections (IPIs) is a public health problem, especially in low- and middle-income countries. There is no data on this issue in Iran. Therefore, we investigated the prevalence of IPIs among patients with TB in Iran. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/trstmh/try140DOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads
1.931 Impact Factor

Prevalence of parasitic contamination of raw vegetables in Nakhon Si Thammarat province, southern Thailand.

BMC Public Health 2019 Jan 8;19(1):34. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Department of Tropical Pathology, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok, 10400, Thailand.

Background: Soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections are major public health problems in poor and developing countries that require fecal contamination of the environment for transmission. The consumption of raw vegetables without proper washing is one of the main routes of intestinal parasite acquisition. Therefore, this study was designed to detect the prevalence of intestinal parasitic contamination in commonly consumed raw vegetables sold in three central open-air markets in Nakhon Si Thammarat province, southern Thailand. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-6358-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6323832PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Intestinal parasitic infestations and anemia among urban female school children in Kancheepuram district, Tamil Nadu.

J Family Med Prim Care 2018 Nov-Dec;7(6):1395-1400

Department of Community Medicine, Sree Balaji Medical College and Hospital, Bharath Institute of Higher Education and Research, Chrompet, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Introduction: In India, intestinal parasitic infection and anemia remain the most important cause of morbidity especially among the adolescent school children due to lack of awareness of personal hygiene practices, leading to intestinal parasite infections which could in turn lead to anemia.

Aim: This study was conducted with the aim to find out the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infection and anemia among adolescent female school children in an urban area of Tamil Nadu.

Materials And Method: This descriptive cross-sectional study was done among adolescent female school children in Anakaputhur area of Kancheepuram district. Read More

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http://www.jfmpc.com/text.asp?2018/7/6/1395/246524
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_89_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6293916PMC
January 2019
5 Reads

Health, financial, and education gains of investing in preventive chemotherapy for schistosomiasis, soil-transmitted helminthiases, and lymphatic filariasis in Madagascar: A modeling study.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2018 12 27;12(12):e0007002. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Department of Global Health and Population, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston MA, United States of America.

Background: Neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) account for a large disease burden in sub-Saharan Africa. While the general cost-effectiveness of NTD interventions to improve health outcomes has been assessed, few studies have also accounted for the financial and education gains of investing in NTD control.

Methods: We built on extended cost-effectiveness analysis (ECEA) methods to assess the health gains (e. Read More

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http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0007002
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0007002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6307713PMC
December 2018
11 Reads

Ascaris Lumbricoides Detected by Capsule Endoscopy

Balkan Med J 2018 Dec 24. Epub 2018 Dec 24.

Department of Pathophysiology, Kuban State University Faculty of Medicine, Krasnodar, Russia

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http://balkanmedicaljournal.org/pdf.php?&id=2069
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4274/balkanmedj.2018.1548DOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads

General contextual effects on neglected tropical disease risk in rural Kenya.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2018 12 21;12(12):e0007016. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

International Livestock Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya.

The neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) are characterized by their tendency to cluster within groups of people, typically the poorest and most marginalized. Despite this, measures of clustering, such as within-group correlation or between-group heterogeneity, are rarely reported from community-based studies of NTD risk. We describe a general contextual analysis that uses multi-level models to partition and quantify variation in individual NTD risk at multiple grouping levels in rural Kenya. Read More

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http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0007016
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0007016DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6342328PMC
December 2018
6 Reads

[Investigation on intestinal nematode infections and their risk factors in Shanpo Sub-district, Jiangxia District, Wuhan City].

Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi 2018 May;30(5):567-570

Department of Human Parasitology, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430071, China.

Objective: To investigate the infection status of intestinal nematodes and their risk factors in rural residents of Jiangxia District, Wuhan City, so as to provide the reference for the establishment of targeted prevention and control measures.

Methods: According to the requirements of cross-sectional study of the national human key parasitic diseases, the residents in Shanpo Sub-district, Jiangxia District were randomly selected as the objects for the investigation of the infection status of , hookworm and . A questionnaire survey was performed simultaneously. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.16250/j.32.1374.2017159DOI Listing
May 2018
10 Reads

[Assessment of ability of professionals in parasitic disease control and prevention techniques in China, 2017].

Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi 2018 Oct;30(5):518-522

National Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention; Key Laboratory of Parasites and Vector Biology, National Health Commission; WHO Collaborating Center for Tropical Diseases; National Center for International Research on Tropical Diseases, Ministry of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200025, China.

Objective: To understand the professional theory, prevention and control practice, experimental diagnosis and other technical skills of parasitic diseases among technicians of all levels of disease control and prevention institutions, so as to provide the evidence for strengthening the capacity building of Chinese professional personnel.

Methods: According to the method of recommendation at all levels, the subjects from disease control and prevention institutions at province, prefecture or county levels were chosen to assess the theory of parasitic diseases and test operation skills by using the method of answering the questions together with on-site operations in China. A database was built consisting of subjects' basic information and assessment scores. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.16250/j.32.1374.2018112DOI Listing
October 2018
14 Reads

Epidemiological and clinical profile of intestinal parasitosis of children in rural areas in Central African Republic.

Arch Pediatr 2019 Jan 13;26(1):34-37. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Faculty of Health Sciences of Bangui University, Central African Republic; National Laboratory of Clinical Biology and Public Health of Bangui, Central African Republic.

Objective: To describe the epidemiological and clinical profile of intestinal parasites in children in rural Central African Republic.

Patients And Methods: We conducted a multicenter cross-sectional study in Central African Republic rural areas. Children seen as outpatients regardless of the reason for consultation were included in the study after parental consent. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.arcped.2018.11.006DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Immune response to purified protein derivative in infants from helminth-sensitized mothers - A cases series.

J Microbiol Immunol Infect 2018 Nov 17. Epub 2018 Nov 17.

Immunology Section, Keizo Asami Immunopathology Laboratory, Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife, Brazil; Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Health Sciences Center, Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife, Brazil. Electronic address:

Background: Maternal exposure to antibodies, cytokines or parasitic antigens during gestation may alter the degree of immune competence of offspring. Here we describe the production of cytokines and chemokines, and the ability to activation of the immune response in infants from mothers sensitized to helminths.

Methods: It were selected five infants born to helminth-seropositive mothers but who were negative for current helminth infection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmii.2018.10.009DOI Listing
November 2018

Fortification of Carica papaya fruit seeds to school meal snacks may aid Africa mass deworming programs: a preliminary survey.

BMC Complement Altern Med 2018 Dec 7;18(1):327. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

The Graduate School, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Mbagathi Road, Nairobi, P.O. BOX 54840, Kenya.

Background: Soil transmitted helminths (STHs) are among the world's neglected tropical diseases. Morbidity due to STHs is greatest in school-age children who typically have the highest burden of infection. In 2001, WHO passed a resolution for the use of large-scale mass drug administration (MDA) to deworm vulnerable children through school based programs. Read More

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https://bmccomplementalternmed.biomedcentral.com/articles/10
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12906-018-2379-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6286506PMC
December 2018
6 Reads

Shared expression of mucin12 in Ascaris lumbricoides and the human small intestine.

Mol Biochem Parasitol 2019 Jan 24;227:19-24. Epub 2018 Nov 24.

Department of Public Health, Kansai Medical University, 2-5-1, Shin-machi, Hirakata-shi, Osaka, 573-1010, Japan. Electronic address:

This study focuses on the host-parasite relationship of human Ascaris lumbricoides, which is a parasite of the small intestine and is also one of the commonest parasites worldwide. As part of this investigation, we examined the host-parasite relationship assuming that there is a common antigenicity, shared protein between A. lumbricoides and human small intestinal mucosa, using molecular techniques. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.molbiopara.2018.11.004DOI Listing
January 2019

Baseline Mapping of Schistosomiasis and Soil Transmitted Helminthiasis in the Northern and Eastern Health Regions of Gabon, Central Africa: Recommendations for Preventive Chemotherapy.

Trop Med Infect Dis 2018 Nov 11;3(4). Epub 2018 Nov 11.

Control Program of Parasitic Diseases, Libreville BP 2434, Gabon.

In order to follow the Preventive Chemotherapy (PC) for the transmission control as recommended by WHO, Gabon initiated in 2014 the mapping of Schistosomiasis and Soil Transmitted Helminthiasis (STH). Here, we report the results of the Northern and Eastern health regions, representing a third of the land area and 12% of its total population. All nine departments of the two regions were surveyed and from each, five schools were examined with 50 schoolchildren per school. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/tropicalmed3040119DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6306699PMC
November 2018
2 Reads

The public health benefit and burden of mass drug administration programs in Vietnamese schoolchildren: Impact of mebendazole.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2018 11 12;12(11):e0006954. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Department of Green Chemistry and Technology, Ghent University, Campus Coupure, Ghent, Belgium.

Background: Mass anthelmintic drug administration is recommended in developing countries to address infection by soil-transmitted helminthiases (STH). We quantified the public health benefit of treatment with mebendazole in eight million Vietnamese children aged 5-14 years from 2006 to 2011. This was compared to the environmental impact of the pharmaceutical supply chain of mebendazole, as the resource use and emissions associated with pharmaceutical production can be associated with a public health burden, e. Read More

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http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0006954
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0006954DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6258429PMC
November 2018
7 Reads

Selected aspects of helminth infections Schistosoma sp., Ascaris lumbricoides, Strongyloides stercoralis in individuals diagnosed with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection

Przegl Epidemiol 2018 ;72(3):349-361

University of Warsaw, Faculty of Biology, Department of Parasitology

Co-infections of HIV and other pathogens constitute an important clinical and epidemiological problem. Many studies have played attention to opportunistic co-infections due to the fact that they are used as an indicator for development of AIDS and are present on the all continents. However, in HIV-infected patients helminth infections, which are not aetiologic agents of opportunistic infections, are becoming more and more important. Read More

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http://www.przeglepidemiol.pzh.gov.pl/pobierz-artykul?id=222
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http://dx.doi.org/10.32394/pe.72.3.11DOI Listing
January 2018
11 Reads

Soil-transmitted Helminth infection in the Tiko Health District, South West Region of Cameroon: a post-intervention survey on prevalence and intensity of infection among primary school children.

Pan Afr Med J 2018 29;30:74. Epub 2018 May 29.

Section for Epidemiology and Social Medicine, Department of Public Health, Institute of Medicine (EPSO), the Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, P.O Box 414, SE, 405 Gothenburg, Sweden.

Introduction: Soil-transmitted helminths (STH) infection remains a public health problem in sub-Saharan Africa with children being most vulnerable. STH infection may result in impairment, permanent disability or death. Annual mass deworming has been implemented in the Tiko Health District (THD), however, no study has assessed the current prevalence of STH infection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11604/pamj.2018.30.74.15676DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6191252PMC
October 2018

Prevalence of enteric parasitic infections among people living with HIV in Abeokuta, Nigeria.

Pan Afr Med J 2018 28;30:66. Epub 2018 May 28.

Department of Medical Microbiology & Parasitology, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Osogbo, Nigeria.

Introduction: Enteric parasitic infections have been increasingly recognized as etiology of life-threatening chronic diarrhea in PLWHA in sub-Saharan Africa. This study investigated the prevalence and burden of intestinal parasitic infection among PLWHA in Abeokuta, southwest Nigeria.

Methods: Freshly passed stool samples were collected from PLWHA. Read More

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http://www.panafrican-med-journal.com/content/article/30/66/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.11604/pamj.2018.30.66.13160DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6191249PMC
October 2018
11 Reads

An unusual finding of obstructive jaundice-a case report and review of the literature.

Oxf Med Case Reports 2018 Nov 10;2018(11):omy088. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Department of Radiology, Basildon and Thurrock University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Nethermayne, Basildon, UK.

Biliary ascariasis is a tropical infectious disease, endemic in regions such as the Far East, Indian subcontinent and parts of the Middle East. The responsible organism is the worm. This case study presents a 54-year-old British Caucasian female patient, admitted with a 1-week history of generalized abdominal pain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/omcr/omy088DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6179124PMC
November 2018
2 Reads

Ascaris lumbricoides and its almost deadly complication.

J Surg Case Rep 2018 Oct 5;2018(10):rjy262. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

Universidad San Francisco de Quito (USFQ), Quito, Ecuador.

Parasitic infections are still a burden in developing countries. The lack of sanitation and hygiene measures can result in an increase in morbidity and mortality due to parasitic infections. Surgery may be needed to treat serious complications caused by some of these parasites. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jscr/rjy262DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6172702PMC
October 2018

Knowledge, attitude and practice with respect to soil contamination by Soil-Transmitted Helminths in Ibadan, Southwestern Nigeria.

Parasite Epidemiol Control 2018 Nov 24;3(4):e00075. Epub 2018 Sep 24.

Parasitology Unit, Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, University of Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.

, , and , the four major Soil-transmitted helminths (STHs) and also infect humans worldwide. Most studies on Soil-transmitted helminths (STHs) carried out in Ibadan were faecal examination based while relatively few soil examination based studies were carried out mostly around school premises using limited number of sampling locations. This study was therefore designed to assess the level of soil contamination with STH and associated risk factors in the eleven local government areas of Ibadan. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S24056731183002
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.parepi.2018.e00075DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6171486PMC
November 2018
3 Reads

Soil-Transmitted Helminth Infections and Anemia in Schoolchildren from Corn Island Archipelago (RAAS, Nicaragua).

Am J Trop Med Hyg 2018 Dec;99(6):1591-1597

Departamento Parasitología, Facultad Farmacia, Universidad Valencia, Burjassot, Valencia, España.

The prevalence and intensity of soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections in schoolchildren from Corn Islands (Nicaragua) were examined to detect mono- or poly-STH infected children, measuring different intensity levels, and to elucidate measurably increased odds of being anemic. A total of 341 stool samples provided by 2- to 15-year-old children were examined using a concentration technique and a Kato-Katz slide. Intensity of infection was expressed as eggs per gram (epg) of feces to classify light, moderate, or heavy intensity infection. Read More

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http://www.ajtmh.org/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.18-0195
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.18-0195DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6283476PMC
December 2018
3 Reads

Spatial distribution and populations at risk of A. lumbricoides and T. trichiura co-infections and infection intensity classes: an ecological study.

Parasit Vectors 2018 Oct 3;11(1):535. Epub 2018 Oct 3.

Children's Health and Environment Program, Child Health Research Centre, The University of Queensland, QLD, South Brisbane, Australia.

Background: Soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections are highly prevalent in the Philippines. Mapping the prevalence and high-intensity of STH co-infections can help guide targeted intervention programmes to reduce morbidity, especially among vulnerable school-aged children. In this study, we aimed to predict the spatial distribution of the prevalence of Ascaris lumbricoides and Trichuris trichiura co-infection and infection intensity classes in the Philippines to identify populations most in need of interventions. Read More

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https://parasitesandvectors.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.11
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13071-018-3107-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6171148PMC
October 2018
10 Reads

Intestinal parasitosis and associated factors among diabetic patients attending Arba Minch Hospital, Southern Ethiopia.

BMC Res Notes 2018 Oct 1;11(1):689. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Arba Minch University, Arba Minch, Ethiopia.

Objective: Local assessment of the magnitude of intestinal parasitic infections and associated factors among diabetic patients helps for good prognosis of diabetes. Hospital based cross-sectional study was conducted by recruiting 215 diabetic patients. A structured questionnaire was used to capture data about socio-demographic characteristics, clinical history and factors associated with intestinal parasitosis. Read More

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https://bmcresnotes.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s1310
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-018-3791-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6167831PMC
October 2018
12 Reads

Molecular archaeoparasitology identifies cultural changes in the Medieval Hanseatic trading centre of Lübeck.

Proc Biol Sci 2018 Oct 3;285(1888). Epub 2018 Oct 3.

Department of Zoology, Peter Medawar Building for Pathogen Research, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3SY, UK

Throughout history, humans have been afflicted by parasitic worms, and eggs are readily detected in archaeological deposits. This study integrated parasitological and ancient DNA methods with a large sample set dating between Neolithic and Early Modern periods to explore the utility of molecular archaeoparasitology as a new approach to study the past. Molecular analyses provided unequivocal species-level parasite identification and revealed location-specific epidemiological signatures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2018.0991DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6191690PMC
October 2018
1 Read

Young Adults in Endemic Areas: An Untreated Group in Need of School-Based Preventive Chemotherapy for Schistosomiasis Control and Elimination.

Trop Med Infect Dis 2018 Sep 5;3(3). Epub 2018 Sep 5.

School of Public Health, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Maseno University, Kisumu 40100 Kenya.

Parasitologic surveys of young adults in college and university settings are not commonly done, even in areas known to be endemic for schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminths. We have done a survey of 291 students and staff at the Kisumu National Polytechnic in Kisumu, Kenya, using the stool microscopy Kato-Katz (KK) method and the urine point-of-care circulating cathodic antigen (POC-CCA) test. Based on three stools/two KK slides each, in the 208 participants for whom three consecutive stools were obtained, prevalence was 17. Read More

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http://www.mdpi.com/2414-6366/3/3/100
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/tropicalmed3030100DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6160920PMC
September 2018
3 Reads

Defining stopping criteria for ending randomized clinical trials that investigate the interruption of transmission of soil-transmitted helminths employing mass drug administration.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2018 10 1;12(10):e0006864. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

The DeWorm3 Project, The Natural History Museum of London, London, United Kingdom.

The current World Health Organization strategy to address soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections in children is based on morbidity control through routine deworming of school and pre-school aged children. However, given that transmission continues to occur as a result of persistent reservoirs of infection in untreated individuals (including adults) and in the environment, in many settings such a strategy will need to be continued for very extended periods of time, or until social, economic and environmental conditions result in interruption of transmission. As a result, there is currently much discussion surrounding the possibility of accelerating the interruption of transmission using alternative strategies of mass drug administration (MDA). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0006864DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6181437PMC
October 2018
1 Read

Soil-Transmitted Helminths in Tropical Australia and Asia.

Trop Med Infect Dis 2017 Oct 23;2(4). Epub 2017 Oct 23.

QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute, Molecular Parasitology Laboratory, Queensland 4006, Australia.

Soil-transmitted helminths (STH) infect 2 billion people worldwide including significant numbers in South-East Asia (SEA). In Australia, STH are of less concern; however, indigenous communities are endemic for STH, including , as well as for serious clinical infections due to other helminths such as spp. The zoonotic hookworm is also present in Australia and SEA, and may contribute to human infections particularly among pet owners. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/tropicalmed2040056DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6082059PMC
October 2017
2 Reads

Poverty, Dietary Intake, Intestinal Parasites, and Nutritional Status among School-Age Children in the Rural Philippines.

Trop Med Infect Dis 2017 Sep 21;2(4). Epub 2017 Sep 21.

Menzies Health Institute Queensland, Griffith University, Gold Coast, QLD 4222, Australia.

Intestinal helminths are endemic throughout the Philippines; however, there is limited evidence with respect to their prevalence, intensity, and impact on children's nutritional status. A cross-sectional survey was carried out on 693 children from five rural villages in Northern Samar, the Philippines. Data on dietary intake, nutritional status, and intestinal parasites were collected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/tropicalmed2040049DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6082057PMC
September 2017
7 Reads

Larval Infection and Lung Invasion Directly Induce Severe Allergic Airway Disease in Mice.

Infect Immun 2018 Dec 20;86(12). Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, USA.

(roundworm) is the most common helminth infection globally and a cause of lifelong morbidity that may include allergic airway disease, an asthma phenotype. We hypothesize that larval migration through the lungs leads to persistent airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) and type 2 inflammatory lung pathology despite resolution of infection that resembles allergic airway disease. Mice were infected with by oral gavage. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/IAI.00533-18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6246907PMC
December 2018
4 Reads

PCR-RFLP screening of polymorphisms associated with benzimidazole resistance in Necator americanus and Ascaris lumbricoides from different geographical regions in Brazil.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2018 09 17;12(9):e0006766. Epub 2018 Sep 17.

Departament of Parasitology, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil.

Ascaris lumbricoides and Necator americanus are soil-transmitted parasites with global geographic distribution, and they represent some of the most common and neglected infections in the world. Periodic treatment with mass drug administration (MDA) in endemic areas is the recommended action put forth by the World Health Organization. However, MDA can cause the selection of subpopulations that possess the genetic ability to overcome the mechanism of drug action. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0006766DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6141064PMC
September 2018
3 Reads

Comparison of individual and pooled diagnostic examination strategies during the national mapping of soil-transmitted helminths and Schistosoma mansoni in Ethiopia.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2018 09 10;12(9):e0006723. Epub 2018 Sep 10.

Department of Virology, Parasitology and Immunology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Merelbeke, Belgium.

Background: Laboratory-based studies have highlighted that pooling stool and urine samples can reduce costs and diagnostic burden without a negative impact on the ability to estimate the intensity of soil-transmitted helminth (STH, Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiura and hookworms) and schistosome infections (Schistosoma mansoni and S. haematobium). In this study, we compare individual and pooled stool examination strategies in a programmatic setting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0006723DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6147605PMC
September 2018
5 Reads

Identification of enteroparasites in recreation areas of elementary schools in Northern Espírito Santo, Brazil.

Rev Salud Publica (Bogota) 2017 Nov-Dec;19(6):795-799

MS: Farmacéutico. Profesor, Departamento de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo. Brasil.

Objective : Since sand is an important child means of contagion by enteroparasites, this study aimed to conduct a parasitological evaluation in recreation areas of elementary schools and early childhood education centers, in São Mateus-ES.

Material And Methods : Sand samples were collected in seven municipal elementary schools and in a municipal kindergarten and nursery center. For the recovery of helminth eggs and protozoan cysts, flotation and spontaneous sedimentation techniques were used. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15446/rsap.V19n6.57474DOI Listing
January 2019

Prevalence of intestinal parasites, with emphasis on the molecular epidemiology of Giardia duodenalis and Blastocystis sp., in the Paranaguá Bay, Brazil: a community survey.

Parasit Vectors 2018 Aug 30;11(1):490. Epub 2018 Aug 30.

Parasitology Reference and Research Laboratory, National Centre for Microbiology, Ctra. Majadahonda-Pozuelo Km 2, 28220 Majadahonda, Madrid, Spain.

Background: Intestinal protozoan parasites are major contributors to the global burden of gastrointestinal disease causing significant socioeconomic consequences. Children living in resource-poor settings with restricted access to water and sanitary services are particularly at risk of these infections.

Methods: A prospective, community-based, cross-sectional survey was conducted in Paraná (southern Brazil) between May 2015 and May 2016. Read More

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https://parasitesandvectors.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.11
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13071-018-3054-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6117969PMC
August 2018
14 Reads

Correction to: The Dynamics of Ascaris lumbricoides Infections.

Bull Math Biol 2018 10;80(10):2787

Mathematics Institute, University of Warwick, Coventry, UK.

In the original article, the second author's name was incorrect in the metadata. The given name is T. Déirdre, and the family name is Hollingsworth. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11538-018-0470-yDOI Listing
October 2018

Enteroparasitosis infections among renal transplant recipients in Khartoum state, Sudan 2012-2013.

BMC Res Notes 2018 Aug 29;11(1):621. Epub 2018 Aug 29.

Department of Histopathology and Cytology, Faculty of Medical Laboratory Sciences, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan.

Objectives: Renal transplantation procedure markedly increased over the past few decades. The risk of harboring parasitic diseases may affect transplant recipients during life expectancy. We aimed in this study to determine the enteroparasitosis frequency among renal transplant recipients in Khartoum state, Sudan. Read More

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https://bmcresnotes.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s1310
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-018-3716-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6114479PMC
August 2018
18 Reads

Prevalence and risk factors for intestinal parasitic infections in pregnant women residing in three districts of Bogotá, Colombia.

BMC Public Health 2018 Aug 29;18(1):1071. Epub 2018 Aug 29.

Center for International Health, Medical Center of the University of Munich (LMU), Munich, Germany.

Background: Intestinal parasitic infections (IPI) lead to significant morbidity and mortality in pediatric and adult populations worldwide. Intestinal parasitism during pregnancy is of interest as it may affect the health of pregnant women and their offspring. This study determined the prevalence of IPI in pregnant women living in substandard conditions in three urban districts of Bogotá, Colombia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-5978-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6114175PMC
August 2018
13 Reads

Burden of intestinal helminths and associated factors three years after initiation of mass drug administration in Arbaminch Zuria district, Southern Ethiopia.

BMC Infect Dis 2018 Aug 29;18(1):435. Epub 2018 Aug 29.

Department of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Arba Minch University, Arba Minch, Ethiopia.

Background: Epidemiological information on the burden of various parasitic infections and associated factors in different localities is indispensable to develop appropriate control and prevention measures as well as to monitor and evaluate existing programs. Hence the aim of the present study was to assess the prevalence and associated factors of intestinal helminths among school age children in Arbaminch Zuria district, Southern Ethiopia.

Methods: A community based cross-sectional study was conducted by recruiting 391 primary school age children. Read More

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https://bmcinfectdis.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s128
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-018-3330-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6114701PMC
August 2018
12 Reads
2.613 Impact Factor

Developing a real-time PCR assay based on multiplex high-resolution melt-curve analysis: a pilot study in detection and discrimination of soil-transmitted helminth and schistosome species.

Parasitology 2018 Nov 28;145(13):1733-1738. Epub 2018 Aug 28.

Department of Parasitology,Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine,Liverpool, L3 5QA,UK.

With the push towards control and elimination of soil-transmitted helminthiasis and schistosomiasis in low- and middle-income countries, there is a need to develop alternative diagnostic assays that complement the current in-country resources, preferably at a lower cost. Here, we describe a novel high-resolution melt (HRM) curve assay with six PCR primer pairs, designed to sub-regions of the nuclear ribosomal locus. Used within a single reaction and dye detection channel, they are able to discriminate Ancylostoma duodenale, Necator americanus, Strongyloides stercoralis, Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiuria and Schistosoma spp. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0031182018001361DOI Listing
November 2018
8 Reads