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    [Investigation of major parasitic diseases and related knowledge, attitude and practice among rural residents in Liyang City].
    Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi 2017 Sep;30(1):72-75
    Jiangsu Institute of Parasitic Diseases, China.
    Objective: To investigate the prevalence of major parasitic diseases and related knowledge, attitude and practice among rural residents in Liyang City, so as to provide the evidence for formulating appropriate preventive strategies and measures.

    Methods: Three villages were selected from three towns as survey sites, and the residents who were above three years old and had been in the village for over six months were investigated. The Kato-Katz technique was applied to detect intestinal parasite eggs in residents' feces, and the cellophane anal swab was used to detecteggs among children aged 3-6 years. Read More

    EUS of pancreatic ascariasis.
    Arab J Gastroenterol 2018 Mar 6;19(1):47-48. Epub 2018 Mar 6.
    Department of Gastroenterology, Jaswant Rai Speciality Hospital, Saket, Meerut 250 001, Uttar Pradesh, India.
    Ascaris is a common cause of acute pancreatitis in developing countries. The mechanism of ascariasis induced acute pancreatitis include obstruction of papilla of Vater, invasion of common bile duct, or pancreatic duct (PD). PD ascariasis is a rare diagnosis. Read More

    Molecular analysis of human- and pig-derived Ascaris in Honduras.
    J Helminthol 2018 Mar 5:1-5. Epub 2018 Mar 5.
    Instituto de Investigación en Microbiología, Escuela de Microbiología,Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Honduras (UNAH),Ciudad Universitaria,J1 Edificio,4piso,UNAH,Tegucigalpa,Honduras.
    Ascaris sp. is a soil-transmitted helminth (STH) significantly affecting the health of human and swine populations. Health inequities and poverty, with resulting deficiencies in water, sanitation and hygiene, are directly associated with Ascaris lumbricoides prevalence in humans. Read More

    Removal of helminth eggs by centralized and decentralized wastewater treatment plants in South Africa and Lesotho: health implications for direct and indirect exposure to the effluents.
    Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2018 Feb 24. Epub 2018 Feb 24.
    Institute for Water and Wastewater Technology, Durban University of Technology, PO Box 1334, Durban, 4000, South Africa.
    Wastewater may contain contaminants harmful to human health; hence, there is the need for treatment before discharge. Centralized wastewater treatment systems are the favored treatment options globally, but these are not necessarily superior in reduction of pathogens as compared to decentralized wastewater treatment systems (collectively called DEWATS). This study was therefore undertaken to assess the soil-transmitted helminth (STH) and Taenia sp. Read More

    Ascaris lumbricoides: challenges in diagnosis, treatment and prevention strategies in a European refugee camp.
    Acta Clin Belg 2018 Feb 19:1-4. Epub 2018 Feb 19.
    a Clinical Laboratory of Microbiology , AZ Damiaan , Ostend , Belgium.
    Objectives:  The roundworm Ascaris lumbricoides is one of the most prevalent parasites belonging to the class of the soil-transmitted helminths. Infections are most common in developing countries with a tropical climate where sanitation and hygiene are poor. However, prevalence of ascariasis in industrialized countries is increasing because of immigration and increasing number of refugees. Read More

    Current epidemiological evidence for predisposition to high or low intensity human helminth infection: a systematic review.
    Parasit Vectors 2018 Jan 31;11(1):65. Epub 2018 Jan 31.
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, St. Mary's Campus, London, W2 1PG, UK.
    Background: The human helminth infections include ascariasis, trichuriasis, hookworm infections, schistosomiasis, lymphatic filariasis (LF) and onchocerciasis. It is estimated that almost 2 billion people worldwide are infected with helminths. Whilst the WHO treatment guidelines for helminth infections are mostly aimed at controlling morbidity, there has been a recent shift with some countries moving towards goals of disease elimination through mass drug administration, especially for LF and onchocerciasis. Read More

    Geographical distribution of soil transmitted helminths and the effects of community type in South Asia and South East Asia - A systematic review.
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2018 Jan 18;12(1):e0006153. Epub 2018 Jan 18.
    Division of Gastrointestinal Sciences, Christian Medical College, Vellore, India.
    Background: Soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections are among the most prevalent neglected tropical diseases (NTD) worldwide. Since the publication of the WHO road map to combat NTD in 2012, there has been a renewed commitment to control STH. In this study, we analysed the geographical distribution and effect of community type on prevalence of hookworm, Trichuris and Ascaris in south Asia and south east Asia. Read More

    Gallbladder ascariasis in Kosovo - focus on ultrasound and conservative therapy: a case series.
    J Med Case Rep 2018 Jan 13;12(1). Epub 2018 Jan 13.
    Faculty of Nursing, University College AAB Prishtina, Prishtina, Kosovo.
    Background: Ascaris lumbricoides is one of the most common intestinal infections in developing countries, including Kosovo. In contrast to migration to the bile duct, migration of the worm to the gallbladder, due to the narrow and tortuous nature of the cystic duct, is rare. When it does occur, it incites acalculous cholecystitis. Read More

    A Case of Biliary Ascariasis in Korea.
    Korean J Parasitol 2017 Dec 31;55(6):659-660. Epub 2017 Dec 31.
    Department of Parasitology and Research Center for Mummy, College of Medicine, Dankook University, Cheonan 31116, Korea.
    Biliary ascariasis is still the leading cause of surgical complication of ascariasis, though its incidence has been dramatically reduced. Herein, we report a case of biliary ascariasis for the purpose of enhancing awareness of parasitic infections as a possible cause. A 72-year-old male visited the emergency room of Dankook University Hospital on 12 July 2015, complaining of right-upper-quadrant pain. Read More

    Gallbladder Mucus Plug Mimicking Ascaris Worm: An Ambiguous Cause of Biliary Colic.
    Case Rep Surg 2017 26;2017:7167934. Epub 2017 Nov 26.
    Hepatobiliary and Transplant Unit, Department of Surgery, Al-Amiri Hospital, Kuwait City, Kuwait.
    Biliary colic is a visceral pain caused by attempts of the gallbladder or bile duct to overcome the obstruction in the cystic duct or ampulla of Vater. Obstruction can be due to different etiologies such as stone, mass, worm, and rarely by mucus plug. We report the case of a 31-year-old gentleman who presented with recurrent biliary colic and weight loss. Read More

    Turning poop into profit: Cost-effectiveness and soil transmitted helminth infection risk associated with human excreta reuse in Vietnam.
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2017 Nov 27;11(11):e0006088. Epub 2017 Nov 27.
    Center for Public Health and Ecosystem Research, Hanoi University of Public Health, North Tu Liem, Hanoi, Vietnam.
    Human excreta is a low cost source of nutrients vital to plant growth, but also a source of pathogens transmissible to people and animals. We investigated the cost-savings and infection risk of soil transmitted helminths (STHs) in four scenarios where farmers used either inorganic fertilizer or fresh/composted human excreta supplemented by inorganic fertilizer to meet the nutrient requirements of rice paddies in the Red River Delta, Vietnam. Our study included two main components: 1) a risk estimate of STH infection for farmers who handle fresh excreta, determined by systematic review and meta-analysis; and 2) a cost estimate of fertilizing rice paddies, determined by nutrient assessment of excreta, a retailer survey of inorganic fertilizer costs, and a literature review to identify region-specific inputs. Read More

    Serological detection of Ascaris suum at fattening pig farms is linked with performance and management indices.
    Vet Parasitol 2017 Dec 6;248:33-38. Epub 2017 Nov 6.
    Departamento de Sanidad Animal, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad deLeón, Campus de Vegazana s/n, 24071 León, Spain; Instituto de Ganadería de Montaña (CSIC-Universidad de León), Finca Marzanas, Grulleros, 24346 León, Spain. Electronic address:
    The aim of the present study was to determine the association between the presence of Ascaris suum at fattening pig farms, using different serological methods and the percentage of affected livers at slaughter, with performance and management indices. In total, 21 fattening pig farms from the North of Spain were included in the study. Serum samples were collected from pigs at slaughter and analysed for the presence of anti-Ascaris antibodies. Read More

    A multilevel study of the environmental determinants of swine ascariasis in England.
    Prev Vet Med 2017 Dec 22;148:10-20. Epub 2017 Sep 22.
    Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas Abel Salazar, Universidade do Porto. Rua de Jorge Viterbo Ferreira, 228, 4050-313, Porto, Portugal; EPIUnit - Instituto de Saúde Pública, Universidade do Porto, Rua das Taipas, 135, 4050-600, Porto, Portugal.
    Ascariasis is considered a common parasitosis of swine worldwide. The disease causes significant economic losses due to its effect on feed conversion ratio and liver condemnations at slaughter (liver milk spots). This study aimed to characterise the between-farm and spatial variance in porcine ascariasis in England and to assess the association between the percentage of infected animals and potential environmental risk factors, including production system, socioeconomic deprivation, soil characteristics (pH, topsoil bulk density, topsoil organic matter, topsoil texture class, soil water regime, topsoil available water capacity, and elevation), and climatic conditions (relative humidity, air temperature, and rainfall) before slaughter. Read More

    Worm Infestation: Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention.
    Indian J Pediatr 2017 Nov 11. Epub 2017 Nov 11.
    Department of Parasitology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.
    Worm infections continue to be among the most common diseases affecting children from low and middle income countries. Major worm infections of public health importance include Ascariasis, Trichuriasis, Hookworm, and Enterobiasis, which are transmitted through contaminated soil. In India, combined prevalence rates of worm infestation as per pooled data of 127 surveys is over 20%. Read More

    Status of soil-transmitted helminth infections in schoolchildren in Laguna Province, the Philippines: Determined by parasitological and molecular diagnostic techniques.
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2017 Nov 6;11(11):e0006022. Epub 2017 Nov 6.
    Research School of Population Health, The Australian National University, Canberra, Australia.
    Background: Soil-transmitted helminths (STH) are the most common parasitic infections in impoverished communities, particularly among children. Current STH control is through school-based mass drug administration (MDA), which in the Philippines is done twice annually. As expected, MDA has decreased the intensity and prevalence of STH over time. Read More

    Role of endoscopic ultrasound in idiopathic pancreatitis.
    World J Gastroenterol 2017 Oct;23(38):6952-6961
    Department of Gastroenterology, Jaswant Rai Speciality Hospital, Meerut 25001, India.
    Recurrent acute pancreatitis (RAP) is defined based on the occurrence of two or more episodes of acute pancreatitis. The initial evaluation fails to detect the cause of RAP in 10%-30% of patients, whose condition is classified as idiopathic RAP (IRAP). Idiopathic acute pancreatitis (IAP) is a diagnostic challenge for gastroenterologists. Read More

    Comparative analysis of codon usage pattern and its influencing factors in Schistosoma japonicum and Ascaris suum.
    Acta Parasitol 2017 Dec;62(4):748-761
    Schistosoma japonicum and Ascaris suum are considered as the major parasites of human which cause various life threatening diseases such as schistomiasis and ascariasis. The codon usage bias (CUB) is known as the phenomenon of more usage of a specific codon than the other synonymous codons for an amino acid. The factors that influence the codon usage bias are mutation pressure, natural selection, gene expression, gene length, GC content, RNA stability, recombination rates, codon position etc. Read More

    Efficacy and Safety of a Single-Dose Mebendazole 500 mg Chewable, Rapidly-Disintegrating Tablet forandInfection Treatment in Pediatric Patients: A Double-Blind, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled, Phase 3 Study.
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 2017 Dec 31;97(6):1851-1856. Epub 2017 Aug 31.
    Janssen Research & Development LLC, Raritan, New Jersey.
    This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study evaluated the efficacy and safety of a new chewable, rapidly-disintegrating mebendazole (MBZ) 500 mg tablet forandinfection treatment. Pediatric patients (1-15 years;= 295; from Ethiopia and Rwanda) excretingand/oreggs were enrolled. The study had a screening phase (3 days), a double-blind treatment phase (DBP, 19 days), and an open-label phase (OLP, 7 days). Read More

    Mortality and Disability-Adjusted Life-Years (Dalys) for Common Neglected Tropical Diseases in Ethiopia, 1990-2015: Evidence from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015.
    Ethiop Med J 2017 ;55(Suppl 1):3-14
    Wellcome Trust Brighton & Sussex Centre for Global Health Research, Brighton & Sussex Medical School, Falmer, Brighton, UK.
    Introduction: Neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) are important public health problems in Ethiopia. In 2013, the Federal Ministry of Health (FMOH) has launched a national NTD master plan to eliminate major NTDs of public health importance by 2020. Benchmarking the current status of NTDs in the country is important to monitor and evaluate the progress in the implementation of interventions and their impacts. Read More

    Efficacy and safety of tribendimidine, tribendimidine plus ivermectin, tribendimidine plus oxantel pamoate, and albendazole plus oxantel pamoate against hookworm and concomitant soil-transmitted helminth infections in Tanzania and Côte d'Ivoire: a randomised, controlled, single-blinded, non-inferiority trial.
    Lancet Infect Dis 2017 Nov 29;17(11):1162-1171. Epub 2017 Aug 29.
    Department of Medical Parasitology and Infection Biology, Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, and University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland. Electronic address:
    Background: Preventive chemotherapy is the current strategy to control soil-transmitted helminth infections (caused by Ascaris lumbricoides, hookworm, and Trichuris trichiura). But, to improve efficacy and avoid emerging resistance, new drugs are warranted. Tribendimidine has shown good anthelmintic efficacy and is therefore a frontrunner for monotherapy and combination chemotherapy. Read More

    Assessment of schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminths prevalence in school-aged children and opportunities for integration of control in local health services in Kwilu Province, the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
    Trop Med Int Health 2017 11 14;22(11):1442-1450. Epub 2017 Sep 14.
    Department of Public Health, Institute of Tropical Medicine Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium.
    Objective: To determine the prevalence of schistosomiasis (SCH) and soil-transmitted helminths (STH) in the Democratic Republic of Congo, and to assess the capacity of the local health centres for diagnosis and treatment.

    Methods: Cross-sectional school-based survey in two health districts in the Province of Kwilu. We collected a stool and a urine sample for parasitological examination. Read More

    Hygienic Behaviors and Risks for Ascariasis among College Students in Kabul, Afghanistan.
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 2017 Aug;97(2):563-566
    Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.
    Teenagers have a high prevalence of ascariasis in low-income countries with endemic disease, and their hygienic behaviors and access to proper sanitation may be limited in rapidly urbanizing settings. We studied university students in Kabul to estimate the proportion with ascariasis and determine the prevalence of risk factors for infection. Ascariasis was assessed through microscopy for 520 students attending Kabul Medical University. Read More

    Following the Worms: Detection of Soil-Transmitted Helminth Eggs on Mothers' Hands and Household Produce in Rural Kenya.
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 2017 Nov 18;97(5):1616-1618. Epub 2017 Aug 18.
    Civil and Environmental Engineering, Tufts University, Medford, Massachusetts.
    Approximately one-quarter of the world's population is infected with at least one species of soil-transmitted helminth (STH). The role of produce and hands in STH transmission is not well understood. We collected and processed mother hand rinse and garden-grown produce rinse samples from 116 rural households in Kakamega, Kenya, in an area previously identified to have high STH egg contamination in household soil. Read More

    Fatty-binding protein and galectin of Baylisascaris schroederi: Prokaryotic expression and preliminary evaluation of serodiagnostic potential.
    PLoS One 2017 27;12(7):e0182094. Epub 2017 Jul 27.
    Department of Parasitology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu, China.
    Baylisascaris schroederi is a common parasite of captive giant pandas. The diagnosis of this ascariasis is normally carried out by a sedimentation-floatation method or PCR to detect eggs in feces, but neither method is suitable for early diagnosis. Fatty acid-binding protein (FABP) and galectin (GAL) exist in various animals and participate in important biology of parasites. Read More

    Identifying Helminth Infections via Routine Fecal Parasitological Examinations in Korea.
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 2017 Sep 27;97(3):888-895. Epub 2017 Jul 27.
    Department of Internal Medicine, Healthcare System Gangnam Center, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
    We conducted this study to explore the extent of occult helminth infection identified by fecal parasitological examinations or organ-specific examinations such as colonoscopy and abdominal ultrasonography (US) during health checkups. We analyzed 197,422 fecal samples from 99,451 subjects who received health checkups at a single center over 10 years. We found that 3,472 (1. Read More

    Comparison of Cytokine Responses in Ecuadorian Children Infected with,, or Both Parasites.
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 2017 Jun;96(6):1394-1399
    National School of Tropical Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas.
    AbstractMore than 2 billion people are infected with parasites globally, and the majority have coinfections. Intestinal protozoa and helminths induce polarizing CD4T-helper cell 1 (Th1) mediated cytokine responses within the host. Such immune polarization may inhibit the ability of the host to mount an adequate immune response for pathogen clearance to concurrent pathogens. Read More

    Cryptosporidiosis Among Children Of District Skardu, Pakistan.
    J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad 2016 Jul-Sep;28(3):575-577
    Department of Paediatrics, Islam Medical College, Sialkot, Pakistan.
    Background: Cryptosporidiosis is a common cause of persistent diarrhoea in children in developing countries. Previously it was thought to be a major pathogenic organism in immuno-compromised children, but recent studies have shown it to be a common infectious agent in immune-competent children as well.

    Methods: This descriptive case-series was carried out at Combined Military Hospital Skardu, Pakistan from August 2014 to June 2015. Read More

    Yeast-expressed recombinant As16 protects mice against Ascaris suum infection through induction of a Th2-skewed immune response.
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2017 Jul 14;11(7):e0005769. Epub 2017 Jul 14.
    Texas Children's Hospital Center for Vaccine Development, National School of Tropical Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, United States of America.
    Background: Ascariasis remains the most common helminth infection in humans. As an alternative or complementary approach to global deworming, a pan-anthelminthic vaccine is under development targeting Ascaris, hookworm, and Trichuris infections. As16 and As14 have previously been described as two genetically related proteins from Ascaris suum that induced protective immunity in mice when formulated with cholera toxin B subunit (CTB) as an adjuvant, but the exact protective mechanism was not well understood. Read More

    Ascaris suum infection modulates inflammation: Implication of CD4CD25Foxp3T cells and IL-10.
    Parasite Immunol 2017 Sep;39(9)
    Laboratory of Immunopathology, Butantan Institute, São Paulo, Brazil.
    Helminth infections have the ability to modulate host's immune response through mechanisms that allow the chronic persistence of the worms in the host. Here, we investigated the mechanisms involved on the suppressive effect of Ascaris suum infection using a murine experimental model of LPS-induced inflammation. We found that infection with A. Read More

    Dietary cinnamaldehyde enhances acquisition of specific antibodies following helminth infection in pigs.
    Vet Immunol Immunopathol 2017 Jul 17;189:43-52. Epub 2017 Jun 17.
    Department of Veterinary Disease Biology, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Frederiksberg, Denmark.
    Dietary phytonutrients such as cinnamaldehyde (CA) may contribute to immune function during pathogen infections, and CA has been reported to have positive effects on gut health when used as feed additive for livestock. Here, we investigated whether CA could enhance antibody production and specific immune responses during infection with an enteric pathogen. We examined the effect of dietary CA on plasma antibody levels in parasite-naïve pigs, and subsequently acquisition of humoral immune responses during infection with the parasitic nematode Ascaris suum. Read More

    Intestinal parasites in stool samples and perianal swabs examined by The Voivodeship Sanitary-Epidemiological Station in Bydgoszcz between 2000-2014
    Przegl Epidemiol 2017;71(1):45-54
    Voivodeship Sanitary-Epidemiological Station in Bydgoszcz
    Introduction: Epidemiological conditions are changing due to the modifications in human behavior and environment. Parasitic diseases are most often caused by intestinal parasites. The frequency of Echinococcus multilocularis and tropical diseases increases in Poland. Read More

    Occurrence of the most common helminth infections among children in the Eastern Slovak Republic.
    Public Health 2017 Sep 21;150:71-76. Epub 2017 Jun 21.
    Department of Paediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Pavol Jozef Šafárik University, Faculty of Medicine, Košice, Slovak Republic.
    Objectives: Ascariasis, trichuriasis and hymenolepiasis occur primarily within poor communities with low hygiene standards. This study examined the occurrence of intestinal helminth infections among children living in two counties (Košice and Prešov) in the Eastern Slovak Republic.

    Study Design: Four hundred and twenty-six children were divided into groups according to ethnicity (non-Roma and Roma), age, sex, urban/rural residency and county of residence. Read More

    Effects of In Vivo and In Vitro Treatment of Ascaris suum Eggs with Anthelmintic Agents on Embryonation and Infectivity for Mice.
    J Parasitol 2017 Oct 7;103(5):598-601. Epub 2017 Jun 7.
    Laboratory of Tropical Veterinary Medicine and Vector Biology, Hainan Key Laboratory of Sustainable Utilization of Tropical Bioresources, and Key Laboratory of Tropical Biological Resources of Ministry of Education, Hainan University, Haikou, Hainan 570228, China. Correspondence should be sent to Qian Han at:
    Ascaris suum is an important intestinal nematode causing economic losses in swine. Anthelminthic treatment is used to control A. suum infections and is part of normal production practices. Read More

    Magnetic Resonance Cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) Evaluation of Obstructive Jaundice in Comparison with Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP).
    Mymensingh Med J 2017 04;26(2):420-425
    Dr Sadia Imam, Consultant, Department of Radiology & Imaging, Ibn Sina Hospital, Dhanmondi, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
    This cross sectional study was carried out in the department of Radiology and Imaging in collaboration with Department of Gastroenterology of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka, Bangladesh from July 2013 to June 2014 to evaluate the efficacy of Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) and ERCP in the management of obstructive jaundice and also to determine diagnostic validity accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) of MRCP in evaluation of obstructive jaundice. For this purpose, a total of 60 patients with obstructive jaundice who underwent MRCP and Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in the above mentioned hospital were enrolled. More than one third (35. Read More

    Sources of variability in the measurement of Ascaris lumbricoides infection intensity by Kato-Katz and qPCR.
    Parasit Vectors 2017 May 25;10(1):256. Epub 2017 May 25.
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology and London Centre for Neglected Tropical Disease Research (LCNTDR), Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London St Mary's Campus, London, W2 1PG, UK.
    Background: Understanding and quantifying the sources and implications of error in the measurement of helminth egg intensity using Kato-Katz (KK) and the newly emerging "gold standard" quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) technique is necessary for the appropriate design of epidemiological studies, including impact assessments for deworming programs.

    Methods: Repeated measurements of Ascaris lumbricoides infection intensity were made from samples collected in western Kenya using the qPCR and KK techniques. These data were combined with data on post-treatment worm expulsions. Read More

    Ascariasis imaging: pictorial essay.
    Z Gastroenterol 2017 May 12;55(5):479-489. Epub 2017 May 12.
    Department of Pediatrics, Caritas-Krankenhaus, Bad Mergentheim, Germany.
    Ascariasis is not widespread in Europe, and the knowledge on how to diagnose and treat the disease is limited to some specialists. On the other hand, clinicians are facing an increasing number of immigrants from high-prevalence countries and are, therefore, challenged to update in this field of infectious diseases. Here we present current knowledge on this infection in 2 parts. Read More

    An environmental assessment and risk map of Ascaris lumbricoides and Necator americanus distributions in Manufahi District, Timor-Leste.
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2017 May 10;11(5):e0005565. Epub 2017 May 10.
    Department of Global Health, Research School of Population Health, College of Medicine, Biology and the Environment, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, Australia.
    Background: In Timor-Leste there have been intermittent and ineffective soil-transmitted helminth (STH) deworming programs since 2004. In a resource-constrained setting, having information on the geographic distribution of STH can aid in prioritising high risk communities for intervention. This study aimed to quantify the environmental risk factors for STH infection and to produce a risk map of STH in Manufahi district, Timor-Leste. Read More

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