4,926 results match your criteria Asbestosis


Asbestosis and silicosis hospitalizations in Italy (2001-2015): results from the National Hospital Discharge Registry.

Eur J Public Health 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Epidemiology and Hygiene, Italian National Workers' Compensation Authority (INAIL), Rome, Italy.

Background: This work is aimed at evaluating the quality of Italian hospitalizations data about asbestosis and silicosis, assessing the impact of these diseases on the national health system and providing advice related to public health.

Methods: Italian hospital discharge data (2001-15) with diagnosis of asbestosis or silicosis were analysed by the multiple correspondence analysis and diseases epidemics were evaluated through hospitalization rates.

Results: Hospitalizations were concentrated in the northwestern area, referred mainly to males and oldest people, the most treated tumors were lung cancer and mesothelioma (for asbestosis) and cares were aimed at reducing symptoms and increasing blood oxygenation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/ckz003DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Interstitial Lung Diseases in Developing Countries.

Ann Glob Health 2019 Jan 22;85(1). Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Interstitial Lung Disease Unit, Pulmonology Service, Bellvitge University Hospital. Instituto de Investigación Biomédica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL).

More than 100 different conditions are grouped under the term interstitial lung disease (ILD). A diagnosis of an ILD primarily relies on a combination of clinical, radiological, and pathological criteria, which should be evaluated by a multidisciplinary team of specialists. Multiple factors, such as environmental and occupational exposures, infections, drugs, radiation, and genetic predisposition have been implicated in the pathogenesis of these conditions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2414DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Imaging in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis: diagnosis and mimics.

Clinics (Sao Paulo) 2019 Feb 4;74:e225. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Divisao Pulmonar, Instituto do Coracao (InCor), Hospital das Clinicas HCFMUSP, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, BR.

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is a chronic disease of unknown etiology that usually has a progressive course and is commonly associated with a poor prognosis. The main symptoms of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, including progressive dyspnea and dry cough, are often nonspecific. Chest high-resolution computed tomography is the primary modality used in the initial assessment of patients with suspected idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and may have considerable influence on subsequent management decisions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6061/clinics/2019/e225DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Analytical transmission electron microscopy of amosite asbestos from South Africa.

Arch Environ Occup Health 2019 Jan 31:1-9. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

b Department of Earth & Environmental Sciences , Rutgers University , Newark , NJ , USA.

Using the recognized amosite standard, we have performed transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and chemical analyses. We use high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) and zone-axis selected area electron diffraction (SAED) to describe the molecular structure of the fibers. We find that both microscopic observational evidence and statistical dimensional characteristics indicate that the amosite fibers are formed by longitudinal splitting, with surfaces produced by fine twinning and lateral boundaries formed by parting parallel to the planes of double and triple sheets of amphibole chain structures. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/19338244.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19338244.2018.1556201DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Impact of asbestos on public health: a retrospective study on a series of subjects with occupational and non-occupational exposure to asbestos during the activity of Fibronit plant (Broni, Italy).

J Public Health Res 2018 Dec 20;7(3):1519. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

Section of Legal Medicine and Forensic Science.

The goal of this study is to understand more about the role of asbestos in causing human diseases, first of all mesothelioma, by investigating a large series of deaths due to asbestos-related diseases (ARDs). The main aim is to clarify if even very low amounts of asbestos can cause mesothelioma and other ARDs, as well as to find out if a different individual vulnerability can be important. This retrospective study included 188 subjects who died from asbestos related diseases in 2000-2017 in the area around Broni, Italy, where an important asbestos cement factory had been active from 1932 until 1993. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4081/jphr.2018.1519DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6321947PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Diagnosis of asbestos-related lung diseases.

Expert Rev Respir Med 2019 Mar 25;13(3):241-249. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

a Department of Respiratory Medicine , Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital , Perth , WA , Australia.

Introduction: The diagnosis of lung disease in asbestos-exposed individuals is a process that not only requires a detailed occupational and tobacco smoking history, but the correlation with physical signs, appropriate imaging, detailed lung function assessment and histology/cytology when required. Worldwide, the total quantity of asbestos mined is static, having decreased dramatically in developed countries but increased in countries where there is no restriction on mining: for example, Russia, China, Brazil, and Kazakhstan. The predominant diagnostic challenge in most cases of possible asbestos-related disease is the significant interval between exposure and development of the disease. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/17476348.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17476348.2019.1568875DOI Listing
March 2019
6 Reads

Monitoring of airborne asbestos fibers in an urban ambient air of Shahryar City, Iran: levels, spatial distribution, seasonal variations, and health risk assessment.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2019 Jan 8. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Environmental and Occupational Hazards Control Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Asbestos, as with other pollutants in the air, has adverse effects on the health of human beings and animals. Today, the relationship between presence of asbestos fibers in the air breathed by humans and developing serious diseases such as lung cancer (asbestosis) and mesothelioma has been proven. This study was designed and conducted within the time period of August 2017 and June 2018 to determine the concentration of asbestos fiber in the ambient air of Shahryar City and to evaluate their health effects for the general population of the city. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11356-018-4029-0
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-018-4029-0DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Epithelial to Mesenchymal Transition in Human Mesothelial Cells Exposed to Asbestos Fibers: Role of TGF-β as Mediator of Malignant Mesothelioma Development or Metastasis via EMT Event.

Int J Mol Sci 2019 Jan 3;20(1). Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Department of Oncology, University of Torino, via Santena 5/bis, 10126 Torino, Italy.

Asbestos exposure increases the risk of asbestosis and malignant mesothelioma (MM). Both fibrosis and cancer have been correlated with the Epithelial to Mesenchymal Transition (EMT)-an event involved in fibrotic development and cancer progression. During EMT, epithelial cells acquire a mesenchymal phenotype by modulating some proteins. Read More

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http://www.mdpi.com/1422-0067/20/1/150
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms20010150DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6337211PMC
January 2019
5 Reads

Mortality among workers exposed to asbestos at the shipyard of Genoa, Italy: a 55 years follow-up.

Environ Health 2018 12 29;17(1):94. Epub 2018 Dec 29.

Clinical Epidemiology, Ospedale Policlinico San Martino-IRCCS, Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico per l'Oncologia, Genoa, Italy.

Background: Exposure to asbestos remains a global issue due to its massive use in the twentieth century and its long environmental persistence. Exposure to asbestos still occurs during dismantling of ships and vessels, buildings renovation, mining operations, and is reported in developing countries. Current estimate report exposure of hundreds of million people in occupational settings in countries where its use remains unregulated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12940-018-0439-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6310930PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Outcomes after lung transplantation for patients with occupational lung diseases.

Clin Transplant 2019 Jan 30;33(1):e13460. Epub 2018 Dec 30.

Division of Lung Failure and Lung Transplantation, Lewis Katz School of Medicine at Temple University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Occupational lung diseases (OLD) including silicosis, asbestosis, and pneumoconiosis progress to end stage lung disease requiring lung transplantation (LT). Prognosis and treatment of OLDs are poorly understood and a paucity of data exists regarding LT outcomes. Additionally, transplant operative complexity for patients with OLD is high. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/ctr.13460
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ctr.13460DOI Listing
January 2019
20 Reads

Asbestos-Related Diseases in Turkey: Not Only Caused by Naturally Occurring Fibers, but Also by Industrial Exposures.

Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Bezmialem Vakif Universitesi Tip Fakultesi, 221266, Chest Diseases, Istanbul, Turkey.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1164/rccm.201810-1922LEDOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read
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Transbronchial lung cryobiopsy: a novel confirmatory tool to diagnose asbestos-related pulmonary fibrosis.

Respirol Case Rep 2019 Jan 9;7(1):e00380. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Department of Respiratory and Sleep Medicine Liverpool Hospital Sydney, New South Wales Australia.

Asbestosis is diagnosed with a combination of historical, clinical and radiological findings in the absence of another cause. Histology is required when uncertainty exists, with lung biopsy via VATs being gold standard. Transbronchial cryobiopsy is becoming increasingly popular for diagnosing interstitial lung disease and may provide sufficient lung sample to demonstrate asbestosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/rcr2.380DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6226387PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Spatial analysis of asbestos exposure and occupational health care in Poland during the period 2004-2013.

Geospat Health 2018 11 9;13(2). Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Department of Geoinformatics, Cartography and Remote Sensing, Faculty of Geography and Regional Studies, University of Warsaw, Warsaw.

Asbestos is carcinogenic to humans and exposure to this substance can cause a wide range of diseases. In Poland 1997, a statutory ban was introduced on the production, use and marketing of products containing asbestos. The National Programme for Asbestos Abatement for 2009-2032 includes scheduled activities considering asbestos exposure assessment and health protection. Read More

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https://geospatialhealth.net/index.php/gh/article/view/689
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4081/gh.2018.689DOI Listing
November 2018
9 Reads

Breath analysis as a diagnostic and screening tool for malignant pleural mesothelioma: a systematic review.

Transl Lung Cancer Res 2018 Oct;7(5):520-536

Laboratory of Experimental Medicine and Paediatrics, Antwerp University, Wilrijk, Belgium.

Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is a tumour related to a historical exposure to asbestos fibres. Currently, the definite diagnosis is made only by the histological examination of a biopsy obtained through an invasive thoracoscopy. However, diagnosis is made too late for curative treatment because of non-specific symptoms mainly appearing at advanced stage disease. Read More

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http://tlcr.amegroups.com/article/view/21196/16211
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https://www.researchgate.net/publication/305396556_New_thera
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https://www.researchgate.net/publication/49836889_Determinat
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http://tlcr.amegroups.com/article/view/21196/18527
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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/tlcr.2018.04.09DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6204411PMC
October 2018
11 Reads

[The German Mesothelioma Register : Current pathological diagnostics and services].

Pathologe 2018 Dec;39(Suppl 2):241-246

Georgius Agricola Stiftung Ruhr, Deutsches Mesotheliomregister, Institut für Pathologie, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Bürkle-de-la-Camp Platz 1, 44789, Bochum, Deutschland.

Background: In Germany, asbestos-related diseases (asbestosis, lung cancer, mesothelioma) are recognised and compensated occupational diseases. The histologic diagnosis of mesothelioma is sometimes a challenge; additional immunohistochemical and molecular methods are needed. With lung dust analysis, the current asbestos fibre burden of the lung is measured (biomonitoring). Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00292-018-0509-8
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00292-018-0509-8DOI Listing
December 2018
14 Reads

Shorter telomere length and DNA hypermethylation in peripheral blood cells of coal workers.

Mutat Res 2018 Dec 28;836(Pt B):36-41. Epub 2018 Mar 28.

Laboratory of Genetic Toxicology, Postgraduate Program in Molecular and Cell Biology Applied to Health, Lutheran University of Brazil (ULBRA), Canoas, RS, Brazil. Electronic address:

Coal is a mixture of several chemicals, mainly inorganic elements and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, many of which have mutagenic and carcinogenic effects. Pneumoconiosis, fibrosis, asbestosis, silicosis, emphysema, loss of lung function and cancer are some examples of coal-related disorders. The aim of this study was to analyze coal miners with respect to telomere length (TL) and percentage (%) of global DNA methylation. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S13835718173018
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mrgentox.2018.03.009DOI Listing
December 2018
13 Reads

Monsanto, PCBs, and the creation of a "world-wide ecological problem".

J Public Health Policy 2018 Nov;39(4):463-540

Mailman School of Public Health, Center for the History & Ethics of Public Health, Columbia University, 722 West 168th Street Room 935, New York, NY, 10032, USA.

For the past three decades, we have written on the history of occupational and environmental health, authoring books and articles on lead poisoning, silicosis, asbestosis, and angiosarcoma of the liver, among other diseases. One book, Deceit and Denial, focused specifically on the chemical and lead industries. Because of the rarity of historians who study this history, we have been asked to testify on behalf of workers who allege harm from these industrial materials and by state, county, and local governments who seek redress for environmental damages and funds to prevent future harm to children. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1057/s41271-018-0146-8
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1057/s41271-018-0146-8DOI Listing
November 2018
15 Reads

Asbestos Trust Transparency.

Authors:
Mark A Behrens

Fordham Law Rev 2018 Oct;87(1):107-24

Shook, Hardy & Bacon L.L.P., Washington, DC.

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October 2018
2 Reads

[Asbestos in the National Navy: Employment-exposure matrix].

Rev Pneumol Clin 2018 Dec 27;74(6):436-443. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

Centre des maladies professionnelles et environnementales, CHRU Morvan, 29200 Brest, France; EA 3149, laboratoire d'études et de recherches en sociologie, LABERS, université de Bretagne Occidentale, 29200 Brest, France. Electronic address:

Introduction: The odd risk ratio for an asbestos-related disease is 6.9 for National Defense personnel and 94% of the victims who are compensated belong to the French Navy. While employment-exposure matrices exist for the civilian environment, none are available to the military. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pneumo.2018.08.002DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Occupational Burden of Asbestos-Related Diseases in Korea, 1998-2013: Asbestosis, Mesothelioma, Lung Cancer, Laryngeal Cancer, and Ovarian Cancer.

J Korean Med Sci 2018 Aug 19;33(35):e226. Epub 2018 Jul 19.

Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Pusan National University Yangsan Hospital, Yangsan, Korea.

Background: Asbestos exposure causes asbestos-related diseases (ARDs) including asbestosis, malignant mesothelioma, lung cancer, laryngeal cancer, and ovarian cancer. Although Korea used substantial amounts of asbestos in the past, no study has focused on its occupational burden of disease (OBD). Therefore, this study aimed to determine the OBDs of ARDs in Korea. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2018.33.e226DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6105774PMC
August 2018
9 Reads

Measuring EMPs in the lung what can be measured in the lung: Asbestiform minerals and cleavage fragments.

Authors:
Victor L Roggli

Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 2018 Dec 27;361:14-17. Epub 2018 Jun 27.

Department of Pathology, Duke University Medical Center, M255 Davison Bldg. Durham, NC 27710, United States. Electronic address:

Asbestos mineral fibers have been associated with the development of a variety of diseases in humans and experimental animals, including asbestosis, lung cancer, and mesothelioma. Asbestos includes several mineral types divided into two mineral groups, serpentine and amphibole forms. Chrysotile is the serpentine mineral classified as asbestos, whereas the amphiboles include amosite, crocidolite, tremolite, actinolite and anthophyllite. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.taap.2018.06.026DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

WHO/ILO work-related burden of disease and injury: Protocol for systematic reviews of occupational exposure to dusts and/or fibres and of the effect of occupational exposure to dusts and/or fibres on pneumoconiosis.

Environ Int 2018 10 27;119:174-185. Epub 2018 Jun 27.

Radboud Institute for Health Sciences, Radboudumc, Nijmegen, the Netherlands. Electronic address:

Background: The World Health Organization (WHO) and the International Labour Organization (ILO) are developing a joint methodology for estimating the national and global work-related burden of disease and injury (WHO/ILO joint methodology), with contributions from a large network of experts. In this paper, we present the protocol for two systematic reviews of parameters for estimating the number of deaths and disability-adjusted life years attributable to pneumoconiosis from occupational exposure to dusts and/or fibres, to inform the development of the WHO/ILO joint methodology.

Objectives: We aim to systematically review studies on occupational exposure to dusts and/or fibres (Systematic Review 1) and systematically review and meta-analyse estimates of the effect of occupational exposure to dusts and/or fibres on pneumoconiosis (Systematic Review 2), applying the Navigation Guide systematic review methodology as an organizing framework. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2018.06.005DOI Listing
October 2018
22 Reads

[Asbestosis and pleural plaques].

Ugeskr Laeger 2018 Jun;180(25)

Asbestos was used in numerous products until its total ban in Denmark in 1988. The prevalence of asbestosis and pleural plaques does not yet appear to be falling. Unfortunately the statistics are unreliable due to errors in the Danish translation of the ICD-10 codes of the disease. Read More

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June 2018
3 Reads

Jock McCulloch (1945-2018): A Tribute.

Int J Health Serv 2018 07 12;48(3):586-591. Epub 2018 Jun 12.

2 Garrett Park, Maryland, USA.

Jock William McCulloch, who died at Melbourne, Australia, in January 2018, was one of the foremost historians of occupational health of his generation. This tribute reviews his career and oeuvre, which was tragically ended by his death from mesothelioma. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0020731418780607
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020731418780607DOI Listing
July 2018
11 Reads

[Work-up of asbestosis and estimation of asbestos exposure in an occupational context].

Ugeskr Laeger 2018 May;180(22)

Asbestosis is interstitial lung fibrosis due to inhalation of asbestos fibres. Up to the ban of import in 1986, 0.7 mil tons had been used in Denmark. Read More

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May 2018
5 Reads

[Health impact of asbestos fibres naturally occurring in Mount Pollino area (Basilicata Region, Southern Italy)].

Epidemiol Prev 2018 Mar-Apr;42(2):142-150

Dipartimento ambiente e salute, Istituto superiore di sanità, Roma.

Objectives: to estimate the health impact of asbestos fibres naturally occurring in Mount Pollino area (Basilicata Region, Southern Italy).

Design: geographic mortality, hospitalization, and incidence study. Setting and participant s: population resident in 12 Municipalities of Mount Pollino area with naturally occurring asbestos fibres. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.19191/EP18.2.P142.043DOI Listing
May 2018
3 Reads

Global Asbestos Disaster.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018 05 16;15(5). Epub 2018 May 16.

WSH Institute, MOMSC, Singapore, ICOH c/o INAIL, Monteporzio Catone, 00078 Rome, Italy.

: Asbestos has been used for thousands of years but only at a large industrial scale for about 100⁻150 years. The first identified disease was asbestosis, a type of incurable pneumoconiosis caused by asbestos dust and fibres. The latest estimate of global number of asbestosis deaths from the Global Burden of Disease estimate 2016 is 3495. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15051000DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5982039PMC
May 2018
4 Reads

Dosimetry of inhaled elongate mineral particles in the respiratory tract: The impact of shape factor.

Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 2018 Dec 5;361:27-35. Epub 2018 May 5.

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC, United States.

Inhalation exposure to some types of fibers (e.g., asbestos) is well known to be associated with respiratory diseases and conditions such as pleural plaques, fibrosis, asbestosis, lung cancer, and mesothelioma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.taap.2018.05.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6329593PMC
December 2018
4 Reads

Review on the adverse health effects of asbestiform antigorite, a non-regulated asbestiform serpentine mineral.

Authors:
Xaver Baur

Am J Ind Med 2018 07 7;61(7):625-630. Epub 2018 May 7.

European Society for Environmental and Occupational Medicine, Berlin, Germany.

Background: Although antigorite is generally described as platy, its fibrous (asbestiform) variant is present widespread in serpentinite rocks. In addition to its primarily fibrous occurrence, asbestiform antigorite may also be formed from serpentinite with massive appearance during tunneling and mining. It is not of commercial interest, but exposure may occur in the certain environments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22857DOI Listing
July 2018
2 Reads

Evaluation of airborne asbestos exposure from routine handling of asbestos-containing wire gauze pads in the research laboratory.

Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 2018 Jul 30;96:135-141. Epub 2018 Apr 30.

Center for Environmental and Occupational Risk Analysis and Management, Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, College of Public Health, University of South Florida, 13201 Bruce B. Downs Blvd., Tampa, FL, 33612, USA. Electronic address:

Three independently conducted asbestos exposure evaluations were conducted using wire gauze pads similar to standard practice in the laboratory setting. All testing occurred in a controlled atmosphere inside an enclosed chamber simulating a laboratory setting. Separate teams consisting of a laboratory technician, or technician and assistant simulated common tasks involving wire gauze pads, including heating and direct wire gauze manipulation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.yrtph.2018.04.020DOI Listing
July 2018
17 Reads

On the diagnosis of malignant pleural mesothelioma: A necropsy-based study of 171 cases (1997-2016).

Tumori 2018 Apr 1:300891618765538. Epub 2018 Apr 1.

4 Laboratory of Pathological Anatomy of Monfalcone, Italy.

Background: Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) diagnosis is known to be difficult. We report on the diagnostic elements available in life in an MPM necropsy case series and describe the frequency of non-neoplastic asbestos-related diseases as biological exposure indices.

Methods: We reviewed pathologic and clinical records of an unselected series of autopsies (1977-2016) in patients with MPM employed in the Monfalcone shipyards or living with shipyard workers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0300891618765538DOI Listing
April 2018
27 Reads

Mortality in a cohort of asbestos-exposed workers undergoing health surveillance.

Med Lav 2018 02 6;109(2):83-86. Epub 2018 Feb 6.

Department of Medical Area (DAME), University of Udine, Udine, Italy.

Background: The coastal area of Friuli Venezia Giulia (FVG) region, north-eastern Italy, was characterized by work activities in which asbestos was used until the early 1990s, particularly in shipbuilding. A public health surveillance program (PHSP) for asbestos-exposed workers was established, although limited evidence exists about the efficacy of such programs in reducing disease occurrence and mortality.

Objectives: To compare mortality in a cohort of 2,488 men occupationally exposed to asbestos, enrolled in a PHSP in FVG between the early 1990s and 2008, with that of the general population of FVG and Italy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.23749/mdl.v109i2.5865DOI Listing
February 2018
6 Reads

[Diffuse Malignant Peritoneal Mesothelioma with Secondary Liver Invasion Diagnosed Using Laparoscopy - A Case Report].

Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2018 Mar;45(3):449-453

Division of Surgery, Bellland General Hospital.

A 69-year-old man with right upper quadrant abdominal pain and fever was referred to our hospital. He had a history of asbestosis exposure. Computed tomography(CT)revealed a mass at the right subhepatic space, and an antibiotic was administered after a diagnosis of an abdominal abscess. Read More

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March 2018
28 Reads

Asbestosis is prevalent in a variety of construction industry trades.

NPJ Prim Care Respir Med 2018 Apr 3;28(1):11. Epub 2018 Apr 3.

Birmingham Regional NHS Occupational Lung Disease Service, Birmingham Chest Clinic, Birmingham, UK.

A diagnosis of asbestosis, which is a long-latency, fibrotic lung disease, has implications for the patient in terms of prognosis, treatment and compensation. Identifying and quantifying asbestos exposure is difficult without a detailed occupational history, and the threshold dose of asbestos required to cause asbestosis is not well understood. We reviewed all cases of asbestosis diagnosed between 2001 and 2016 at the Birmingham Regional NHS Occupational Lung Disease Service to determine the industries and occupations most frequently implicated in causation, in order to help clinicians identify where asbestosis might enter the differential diagnosis for a patient with chronic respiratory symptoms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41533-018-0078-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5882659PMC
April 2018
2 Reads

Asbestos exposure biomarkers in the follow-up of asbestos-exposed workers.

Ind Health 2018 Jun 26;56(3):249-254. Epub 2018 Feb 26.

Department of Medical Biotechnology, University of Siena, Unit of Occupational Health Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Senese, Italy.

Health surveillance of asbestos exposed workers should be stratified according to the exposure level. Unfortunately there is a lack of information regarding asbestos exposure in many working places and markers of asbestos exposure are often needed. The aim of the study was to assess the reliability of different dose and effect biomarkers in the follow up of asbestos-exposed workers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2486/indhealth.2017-0125DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5985464PMC
June 2018
7 Reads

Australia's Ongoing Legacy of Asbestos: Significant Challenges Remain Even after the Complete Banning of Asbestos Almost Fifteen Years Ago.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018 02 23;15(2). Epub 2018 Feb 23.

Asbestos Diseases Research Institute, P.O. Box 3628, Rhodes, NSW 2138, Australia.

The most effective way of reducing the global burden of asbestos-related diseases is through the implementation of asbestos bans and minimising occupational and non-occupational exposure to respirable asbestos fibres. Australia's asbestos consumption peaked in the 1970s with Australia widely thought to have had among the highest per-capita asbestos consumption level of any country. Australia's discontinuation of all forms of asbestos and asbestos-containing products and materials did not occur at a single point of time. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15020384DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5858453PMC
February 2018
29 Reads

Grade 4 asbestosis does not extend directly from the respiratory bronchiole to the peripheral lung.

Histopathology 2018 Jul 17;73(1):29-37. Epub 2018 Apr 17.

Division of Diagnostic Pathology, Saitama Prefectural Cardiovascular and Respiratory Centre, Saitama, Japan.

Aims: To confirm whether or not grade 4 asbestosis progresses from the respiratory bronchiole to the peripheral lung.

Methods And Results: We examined retrospectively the autopsy or lobectomy specimens from 31 cases (29 males; mean age 64 years) satisfying the pathological criteria of grade 4 asbestosis. Asbestos bodies (ABs) were quantified in samples of dissolved lung and in tissue preparations on glass slides. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/his.13493DOI Listing
July 2018
5 Reads

Asbestos-Related Disorders in Germany: Background, Politics, Incidence, Diagnostics and Compensation.

Authors:
Xaver Baur

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018 01 16;15(1). Epub 2018 Jan 16.

European Society for Occupational and Environmental Medicine, EOM, Berlin, Germany.

There was some limited use of asbestos at end of the 19th century in industrialized countries including Germany, but its consumption dramatically increased after World War II. The increase in use and exposure was followed by the discovery of high numbers of asbestos-related diseases with a mean latency period of about 38 years in Germany. The strong socio-political pressure from the asbestos industry, its affiliated scientists and physicians has successfully hindered regulatory measures and an asbestos ban for many years; a restrictive stance that is still being unravelled in compensation litigation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15010143DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5800242PMC
January 2018
3 Reads

Temporal Patterns of Exposure to Asbestos and Risk of Asbestosis: An Analysis of a Cohort of Asbestos Textile Workers.

J Occup Environ Med 2018 Jun;60(6):536-541

Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences (DIMEC), Bologna University, Bologna, Italy (Dr Farioli and Dr Violante); Department of Clinical Sciences and Community Health, Milan University, Milan, Italy (Dr La Vecchia and Mr Pelucchi); Department of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences, Milan University, Milan, Italy (Ms Negri); Department of Environmental Science, Safety, Territory, Food and Health, Messina University, Messina, Italy (Dr Spatari); Tisch Cancer Institute, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York (Dr Boffetta); Department of Public Health Sciences and Pediatrics, Turin University, Turin, Italy (Dr Pira).

Objective: The aim of the study was to assess the risk of asbestosis death based on the temporal pattern of exposure to asbestos.

Methods: We followed up a cohort of asbestos textile workers, employed in 1946 to 1984, until November 2013. We measured the duration of the employment, the time since last employment (TSLE), the age, and the year of first employment. Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00043764-201806000-0000
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001260DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5991190PMC
June 2018
14 Reads

Biological responses to asbestos inhalation and pathogenesis of asbestos-related benign and malignant disease.

J Investig Med 2018 Apr 6;66(4):721-727. Epub 2018 Jan 6.

Internal Medicine - Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, UC Davis Medical Center, Sacramento, California, USA.

Asbestos comprises a group of fibrous minerals that are naturally occurring in the environment. Because of its natural properties, asbestos gained popularity for commercial applications in the late 19th century and was used throughout the majority of the 20th century, with predominant use in the construction, automotive, and shipbuilding industries. Asbestos has been linked to a spectrum of pulmonary diseases, such as pleural fibrosis and plaques, asbestosis, benign asbestos pleural effusion, small cell lung carcinoma, non-small cell lung carcinoma, and malignant mesothelioma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jim-2017-000628DOI Listing
April 2018
12 Reads

Polyvinylidene Fluoride Alters Inflammatory Responses by Activation-induced Cell Death in Macrophages.

Immune Netw 2017 Dec 11;17(6):402-409. Epub 2017 Dec 11.

Department of Pharmacy, Korea University, Sejong 30019, Korea.

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are nanomaterials that have been employed in generating diverse materials. We previously reported that CNTs induce cell death in macrophages, possibly via asbestosis. Therefore, we generated CNT-attached polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF), which is an established polymer in membrane technology, and then examined whether CNT-attached PVDF is immunologically safe for medical purposes compared to CNT alone. Read More

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https://synapse.koreamed.org/DOIx.php?id=10.4110/in.2017.17.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4110/in.2017.17.6.402DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5746610PMC
December 2017
15 Reads

Chest physician-reported, work-related, long-latency respiratory disease in Great Britain.

Eur Respir J 2017 12 28;50(6). Epub 2017 Dec 28.

Centre for Occupational and Environmental Health, The University of Manchester, Manchester, UK.

Much of the current burden of long-latency respiratory disease (LLRD) in Great Britain is attributed to historical asbestos exposure. However, continuing exposure to other agents, notably silica, also contributes to disease burden. The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of work-related LLRD reported by chest physicians in Great Britain, including variations by age, gender, occupation and suspected agent. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1183/13993003.00961-2017DOI Listing
December 2017
12 Reads

Characterization of pulmonary responses in mice to asbestos/asbestiform fibers using gene expression profiles.

J Toxicol Environ Health A 2018 26;81(4):60-79. Epub 2017 Dec 26.

a Exposure Assessment Branch , NIOSH/CDC, Morgantown , WV , USA.

Humans exposed to asbestos and/or asbestiform fibers are at high risk of developing many lung diseases including asbestosis, lung cancer, and malignant mesothelioma. However, the disease-causing potential and specific metabolic mechanisms and pathways associated with various asbestos/asbestiform fiber exposures triggering different carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic outcomes are still largely unknown. The aim of this this study was to investigate gene expression profiles and inflammatory responses to different asbestos/asbestiform fibers at the acute/sub-acute phase that may be related to delayed pathological outcomes observed at later time points. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/15287394.2017.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15287394.2017.1408201DOI Listing
December 2017
21 Reads

High-resolution CT of the lungs: Indications and diagnosis.

Authors:
Helena Lauri

Duodecim 2017;133(6):549-56

High-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) is a method of examination which is more precise than chest 2-rat in the diagnosis and monitoring of diseases of the lung tissue and the airways. Modern CT equipment enables a volume HRCT scan covering the whole lung tissue. HRCT slices can also be constructed from contrast-enhanced CT scans of the chest of the whole body. Read More

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January 2018
5 Reads

Plasma Fibulin-3 as a Potential Biomarker for Patients with Asbestos-Related Diseases in the Han Population.

Dis Markers 2017 22;2017:1725354. Epub 2017 Oct 22.

Institute of Occupational Diseases, Zhejiang Academy of Medical Sciences, Hangzhou 310013, China.

Fibulin-3 has been reported as a potential biomarker for mesothelioma. However, little is known about the diagnostic efficacies of fibulin-3 for asbestos-related diseases (ARDs) in China. This study was to investigate the utility of fibulin-3 for asbestos exposure and ARDs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/1725354DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5671709PMC
July 2018
22 Reads

Metal load assessment in patient pulmonary lavages: towards a comprehensive mineralogical analysis including the nano-sized fraction.

Nanotoxicology 2017 Nov - Dec;11(9-10):1211-1224. Epub 2017 Nov 25.

a IMT Mines Saint-Etienne , Centre CIS, INSERM, Université de Lyon, SainBioSE , Saint-Etienne , France.

Mineralogical analyses of clinical samples have been proved useful to identify causal relationship between exposure to airborne particles and pulmonary diseases. The most striking example is asbestosis where the assessment of asbestos bodies in patient lung samples has allowed defining values specific of pathologies. However, this type of analyses only considers the micro-sized fraction of the particles, neglecting the specific impact of nano-sized particles which have been otherwise shown to be reactive and able to induce biological effects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17435390.2017.1406170DOI Listing
April 2018
4 Reads

The Tale of Asbestos in Sweden 1972-1986-The Pathway to a Near-Total Ban.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2017 11 22;14(11). Epub 2017 Nov 22.

Department of Medical Sciences-Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Uppsala University, 75185 Uppsala, Sweden.

This paper provides a narrative of the national intervention strategy in Sweden aimed to restrict the industrial use of asbestos. For many years, asbestos was imported for widespread industrial use, resulting in large amounts throughout Swedish society. In 1972, the whistle was blown in a Communist Party parliamentary motion describing asbestos as a health hazard and requesting action to prohibit its use. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14111433DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5708072PMC
November 2017
4 Reads