2,012 results match your criteria Arytenoid Fixation


Isolated Recovery of Adductor Muscle Function Following Bilateral Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve Injuries.

Laryngoscope 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary.

Objectives/hypothesis: The aim of this study was to analyze the phoniatric and respiratory outcomes of a subset of bilateral vocal cord paralysis (BVCP) patients who were all treated with unilateral endoscopic arytenoid abduction lateropexy (EAAL). EAAL is a nondestructive, minimally invasive glottis widening operation, which does not damage either the surgically treated or the contralateral vocal cord. Therefore, it does not impair the regeneration potential of the recurrent laryngeal nerve. Read More

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December 2018

Sclerosis of the arytenoid cartilage and glottic carcinoma: A clinical-pathological study.

Head Neck 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Otolaryngology Unit, Vittorio Veneto Hospital, Treviso, Italy.

Background: Given the relevance of any tumor invasion of the arytenoid cartilage or crico-arytenoid unit to the planning open partial horizontal laryngectomy (OPHL) for laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC), it is important to have a reliable radiological test to assess impairments of these structures.

Methods: We retrospectively compared the endoscopic, radiological, and pathological findings in patients with glottic LSCC who underwent OPHL.

Results: The endoscopic finding of a reduced (impaired or absent) vocal cord motility proved more sensitive, with better positive and negative predictive values, but less specific than the radiological finding of complete arytenoid sclerosis in detecting histologically assessable infiltration of the arytenoid cartilage. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

A Lodged Barramundi Fish-Bone Stabbing the Piriform Fossa in a Child.

Pediatr Emerg Care 2018 Dec;34(12):e243-e245

Pediatric Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, BC Children's Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

Unintentional ingestion of a fish bone is common in children, especially among families with high consumption of seafood. Complications in children are extremely rare. We describe a 3-year-old healthy boy who had a large bone of Barramundi fish lodged in his upper esophagus causing significant distress. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Glottic configuration changes and outcomes of endoscopic arytenoid abduction lateropexy.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Nov 27. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Szeged, 111. Tisza L. krt, Szeged, 6725, Hungary.

Introduction: Endoscopic arytenoid abduction lateropexy (EAAL) is an effective glottis enlarging procedure for the treatment of bilateral vocal cord palsy (BVCP). The postoperative glottic configuration changes can be evaluated by modern, high-resolution, 3D image reconstructions. Functional results are described by spirometry as well as objective and subjective phoniatric tests. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Anesthetic Management for Medialization Laryngoplasty Performed Under Concurrent Dexmedetomidine, Remifentanil, and Propofol Infusions.

J Voice 2018 Nov 24. Epub 2018 Nov 24.

Mayo Clinic Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine, Rochester, MN, USA.

Introduction: Type I thyroplasty, or medialization larygoplasty (ML), is a procedure which improves the voice by medializing a vocal fold with a permanent implant. Anesthetic management of these cases is challenging because patients can require periods of deep sedation followed by fully awake moments for phonation to assess the implant size. We present our experience of ML with or without arytenoid adduction (AA) using a multimodal anesthetic regimen consisting of concurrent infusions of dexmedetomidine, remifentanil, and propofol. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Medialization laryngoplasty/arytenoid adduction: U.S. outcomes, discharge status, and utilization trends.

Laryngoscope 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Mayo Clinic.

Objectives/hypothesis: To evaluate trends, outcomes, and healthcare utilization following medialization laryngoplasty (ML) with or without arytenoid adduction (AA) over 10 years.

Study Design: Retrospective observational study.

Methods: Using OptumLabs Data Warehouse, trends, outcomes, and healthcare utilization from 2006 to 2015 were examined with a focus on discharge type (same day or not). Read More

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November 2018
7 Reads

Morphology of GNAT3-immunoreactive chemosensory cells in the rat larynx.

J Anat 2018 Nov 23. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Laboratory of Veterinary Anatomy and Cell Biology, Faculty of Agriculture, Iwate University, Morioka, Japan.

The upper airways play important roles in respiratory defensive reflexes. Although solitary chemosensory cells and chemosensory cell clusters have been reported in the laryngeal mucosa of mammalian species, the distribution and cellular morphology of chemosensory cells remain unclear. In the present study, the distribution and morphology of solitary chemosensory cells and chemosensory cell clusters were examined by immunofluorescence for GNAT3 on whole-mount preparations of the rat laryngeal mucosa. Read More

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November 2018

Assessment of vocal cord movement by ultrasound in the ICU.

Intensive Care Med 2018 Dec 20;44(12):2145-2152. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Department of Anesthesiology and Surgical Intensive Care Unit, Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, 200092, People's Republic of China.

Purpose: Ultrasound can be used to non-invasively and rapidly examine airway conditions, but vocal cord visualization with the traditional approaches is poor. Our aim was to compare the accuracies of front-side transverse-axis ultrasound (FTU), lateral-side longitudinal-axis ultrasound (LLU), and the combination of both approaches for vocal cord movement disorder diagnoses (e.g. Read More

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December 2018
6 Reads

Influence Disease Activity on Voice and Laryngeal Findings of Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients.

J Voice 2018 Nov 16. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Istanbul Training and Research Hospital, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Istanbul, Turkey.

Objectives: To reveal and to compare the voice pathologies and the detectable laryngeal findings in different phases of rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

Study Design: Prospective clinical study.

Methods: Sixty-seven consecutive patients with RA, followed up at our Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Clinic, were included in the study. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads
0.940 Impact Factor

Laryngostroboscopic Exploration of Rough Vocal Effects in Singing and their Statistical Recognizability: An Anatomical and Physiological Description and Visual Recognizability Study of Distortion, Growl, Rattle, and Grunt using laryngostroboscopic Imaging and Panel Assessment.

J Voice 2018 Nov 15. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Complete Vocal Institute, Denmark.

Objectives: To study vocal effects in singing from the pedagogical method complete vocal technique as related to specific and discrete supraglottic structures and activities by means of laryngostroboscopic imaging and panel testing.

Study Design: This is a case-control study with a double-panel assessment.

Methods: Twenty singers were recorded performing four of the rough vocal effects from the method Complete Vocal Technique. Read More

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November 2018

[The morphplogical and its influencing factors research after supracricoid partial laryngectory with cricohyoidoepiglottopexy].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Oct;32(20):1584-1587

Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, 530021, China.

The aim of this study for observing laryngeal morphology, and motion characteristics after supracricoid partial laryngectomy with cricohyoidoepiglottopexy(SCPL-CHEP),exploring the relevant factors affecting the morphology of new laryngeal. Choose 46 cases of patients with laryngeal cancer for SCPL-CHEP as the object of study, dynamic laryngoscope were performed in all the patients, to observe the movement of laryngeal pronunciation (neoglottis closure , supraglottic situation) . Combined with the patient's clinical data, the relevant factors that may affect the pronunciation and movement characteristics of the new throat were analyzed. Read More

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October 2018
3 Reads

Effects of preoperative cisapride on postoperative aspiration pneumonia in dogs with laryngeal paralysis.

J Small Anim Pract 2018 Nov 1. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Pittsburgh Veterinary Specialty and Emergency Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15237, USA.

Objectives: Retrospective evaluation of a preoperative prokinetic protocol using a constant-rate infusion of a serotonin 5-HT4 receptor agonist, cisapride, and its association with frequency of postoperative aspiration pneumonia in dogs undergoing unilateral arytenoid lateralisation as compared to a historical population at the same institution.

Materials And Methods: Medical records of dogs undergoing unilateral arytenoid lateralisation for laryngeal paralysis were reviewed for historical findings, imaging findings, anaesthesia and surgery durations, perioperative medications and if surgery was performed as an emergency. Aspiration pneumonia events in the first 72 hours after surgery were recorded. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

A Critical Reappraisal of Primary and Recurrent Advanced Laryngeal Cancer Staging.

Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2018 Oct 26:3489418806915. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

1 Division of Otorhinolaryngology, Department of Surgery and Translational Medicine, University of Florence, Florence, Italy.

Objectives:: Laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) can involve different anatomic subunits with peculiar surgical and prognostic implications. Despite conflicting outcomes for the same stage of disease, the current staging system considers different lesions in a single cluster. The aim of this study was to critically discuss clinical and pathologic staging of primary and recurrent advanced LSCC in order to define current staging pitfalls that impede a precise and tailored treatment strategy. Read More

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October 2018
4 Reads

Nerve Stimulator-guided Injection of Autologous Stem Cells Near the Equine Left Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve.

J Vis Exp 2018 Sep 26(139). Epub 2018 Sep 26.

Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Liege; Mont-le-Soie Equine Research Centre.

Recurrent laryngeal neuropathy (RLN) commonly affects horses and is characterized by abnormal respiratory sounds and exercise intolerance. The recurrent laryngeal nerve shows lesions of demyelination. The benefit of applying stem cells to demyelinated nerves has been demonstrated in various animal models. Read More

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September 2018
6 Reads

Evaluation of videoendoscopic examinations of arytenoid function in the 2-year-old Thoroughbred: Can we all agree?

Authors:
J McLellan S Plevin

Equine Vet J 2018 Oct 3. Epub 2018 Oct 3.

Florida Equine Veterinary Associates, Ocala, Florida, USA.

Background: Upper respiratory tract (URT) endoscopic examination is a routine part of prepurchase examinations. Discrepancies have been documented in the assessment of arytenoid function grades (AFG) between veterinarians.

Objectives: To document intra- and interobserver agreement for a population of multi-experience level veterinarians for assessment of AFG of 2-year-old Thoroughbreds. Read More

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October 2018
8 Reads

Exercising upper respiratory videoendoscopic findings of 50 competition draught horses with abnormal respiratory noise and/or poor performance.

Equine Vet J 2018 Sep 29. Epub 2018 Sep 29.

Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USA.

Background: Upper respiratory tract (URT) endoscopy at rest is commonly used to evaluate competition draught horses with URT conditions. Overground endoscopy might be preferred for draught horse URT evaluation as it allows the horses to be driven with harness, overcheck and cart-load under similar conditions to those experienced in the show ring where airway conditions are most prominent.

Objective: To describe the exercising URT findings of competition draught horses with abnormal respiratory noise and/or poor performance. Read More

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September 2018

Management of Laryngotracheal Trauma: A Five-Year Single Institution Experience.

Iran J Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Sep;30(100):283-290

Department of ENT and Head Neck Surgery, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research (JIPMER), Pondicherry, India.

Introduction: Laryngotracheal trauma is a rare life-threatening emergency that requires early identification and immediate intervention. Here, we present 26 patients with laryngotracheal trauma from a tertiary hospital in India. The aim was to describe the clinical presentation and management of laryngotracheal trauma patients. Read More

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September 2018

CO Transoral Microsurgery for Supraglottic Squamous Cell Carcinoma.

Front Oncol 2018 4;8:321. Epub 2018 Sep 4.

Unit of Otorhinolaryngology, Department of Surgery, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Cagliari, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy.

The present study analyzed the results of the endoscopic approach to T1, T2 and selected T3 supraglottic carcinoma with the aim of reviewing functional and oncologic outcomes after different types of endoscopic supraglottic laryngectomies. This is a retrospective clinical study of 42 consecutive patients (mean age of 61.8 years, 33 males, 9 females) treated by the senior author for supraglottic squamous cell carcinoma with a transoral CO laser approach and reviewed from November 2010 to September 2017. Read More

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September 2018
6 Reads

Anatomy of the vestibulum esophagi and surgical implications during prosthetic laryngoplasty in horses.

Vet Surg 2018 Oct 19;47(7):942-950. Epub 2018 Sep 19.

Equine Clinic of Grosbois, Boissy St Leger, France.

Objective: To describe the anatomy of the entry to the equine esophagus (vestibulum esophagi) and to assess the risk of penetrating its adventitia and/or lumen during laryngoplasty.

Study Design: Ex vivo cadaveric study.

Sample Population: Five isolated equine larynges and 39 equine head and neck specimens. Read More

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October 2018
6 Reads
1.040 Impact Factor

Arytenoid asymmetry in opera singers.

Eur Ann Otorhinolaryngol Head Neck Dis 2018 Dec 11;135(6):389-392. Epub 2018 Sep 11.

Oto-Rhino-Laryngologie, Clínica Clarós, c/. Los Vergós, 31, 08017 Barcelona, Spain.

Introduction: Otolaryngologists commonly observe asymmetrical movements of the arytenoid cartilages, but few authors have described the clinical implications of this asymmetry, especially in singers.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of arytenoid asymmetry in adduction in a group of healthy opera singers and to evaluate the impact of this asymmetry on the voice.

Patients And Methods: The medical charts and laryngeal video recordings of 245 healthy opera singers were retrospectively reviewed. Read More

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December 2018

Influence of preoperative voice assessment on treatment plan prior to airway surgery.

Laryngoscope 2018 Sep 12. Epub 2018 Sep 12.

Division of Pediatric Otolaryngology, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Objectives/hypothesis: Voice quality has emerged as an additional long-term outcome measure for patients with a history of airway surgery. The goal of this study was to evaluate the impact of preoperative voice assessment on the surgical management of patients who required complex airway surgery.

Study Design: Retrospective case series. Read More

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September 2018
7 Reads

The Study of Laryngoscopic and Autonomic Patterns in Exercise-Induced Laryngeal Obstruction.

Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2018 Nov 6;127(11):754-762. Epub 2018 Sep 6.

5 Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, University of Delaware, Newark, Deleware, USA.

Objectives: (1) Identify laryngeal patterns axiomatic to exercise-induced laryngeal obstruction (EILO) and (2) investigate the role of autonomic function in EILO.

Methods: Twenty-seven athletic adolescents (13 EILO, 14 control) underwent laryngoscopy at rest and exercise. Glottal configurations, supraglottic dynamics, systolic blood pressure responses, and heart rate recovery were compared between conditions and groups. Read More

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November 2018
6 Reads

Intraoperative intermittent neuromonitoring of inferior laryngeal nerve and staged thyroidectomy: our experience.

Endocrine 2018 Dec 1;62(3):560-565. Epub 2018 Sep 1.

Division for Endocrine and Minimally Invasive Surgery, Department of Human Pathology in Adulthood and Childhood "G. Barresi", University of Messina, 98125, Via C. Valeria 1, Messina, Italy.

Purpose: To evaluate the reliability of intermittent intraoperative neuromonitoring (I-IONM) through recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) stimulation and laryngeal palpation in predicting postoperative vocal cord palsy and to examine the reliability of this technique in providing useful information in the decision to perform a staged surgery in initially planned total thyroidectomy.

Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study of patients who underwent thyroid surgery at the ENT Department of the University of Bologna from January 2014 to June 2017. In all cases, preoperative and postoperative laryngoscopy was performed. Read More

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December 2018
6 Reads

Surgical Impact of the Montgomery Implant System on Arytenoid Cartilage and the Paralyzed Vocal Fold.

J Voice 2018 Aug 29. Epub 2018 Aug 29.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Division of Phoniatrics, University Hospital Basel, Basel, Switzerland.

Objectives/hypothesis: Medialization thyroplasty (MT) has become a prominent method for treating glottal insufficiency. This study aimed to visualize the biomechanical influence of a medialization implant on arytenoid cartilage, particularly on the length and level of paralyzation in the vocal fold, in patients with unilateral vocal fold paralysis.

Study Design: Prospective study. Read More

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August 2018
7 Reads
0.944 Impact Factor

Use of erbium laser in the treatment of persistent post-radiotherapy laryngeal edema: a case report and review of the literature.

World J Surg Oncol 2018 Aug 27;16(1):176. Epub 2018 Aug 27.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Medical University of Innsbruck, Anichstrasse 35, 6020, Innsbruck, Austria.

Background: Post-radiotherapy laryngeal edema may affect the patients' quality of life, leading to repeated treatment attempts, which include massage/physical therapy, inhalations, and/or tracheostomy.

Case Presentation: We report the surgical treatment approach of a 69-year-old patient with severe persistent post-radiotherapy laryngeal edema. After multiple inpatient admissions and failed conservative therapy, we used the erbium laser to treat the arytenoid edema. Read More

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August 2018
10 Reads

Esophagogastroduodenoscopy-Induced Angina Bullosa Hemorrhagica of the Aryepiglottic Folds and Arytenoid.

Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2018 Aug 23. Epub 2018 Aug 23.

Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama, Japan.

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August 2018
1 Read

Investigating Laryngeal "Tilt" on Same-pitch Phonation-Preliminary Findings of Vocal Mode Metal and Density Parameters as Alternatives to Cricothyroid-Thyroarytenoid "Mix".

J Voice 2018 Aug 16. Epub 2018 Aug 16.

Complete Vocal Institute, Kultorvet, Hausergade 3, 5th Floor, 1128 K, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Objectives: The objective of this work was to study the parameters "metal" and "density" and their combinatory conditions in relation to the vocal modes Overdrive, Edge, and Curbing from the pedagogical method Complete Vocal Technique by means of laryngostroboscopic imaging, high-speed videoendoscopy, electroglottography (EGG), long-time-average spectrum (LTAS), and acoustics.

Study Design: This is a three-subject exploratory study.

Methods: Three singers were recorded performing various metal and density conditions of Overdrive, Edge, and Curbing from the Complete Vocal Technique method by means of laryngostroboscopic imaging using a videonasoendoscopic camera system and the Laryngostrobe program, high-speed videoendoscopy, EGG, LTAS, and acoustic signals using SpeechStudio. Read More

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August 2018
2 Reads

In vitro evaluation of the effect of a prototype dynamic laryngoplasty system on arytenoid abduction.

Vet Surg 2018 Aug 7;47(6):837-842. Epub 2018 Aug 7.

Equine Health and Performance Centre, University of Adelaide, Roseworthy, South Australia, Australia.

Objective: To determine the effect of a prototype dynamic laryngoplasty system (DLPS) on arytenoid abduction.

Study Design: In vitro experimental.

Study Population: Ten equine larynges. Read More

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Effects of alfaxalone, thiopental, or propofol and diazepam on laryngeal motion in healthy dogs.

Can Vet J 2018 Jul;59(7):791-795

Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences (Ambros, Duke-Novakovski, Taylor), Veterinary Microbiology (Gaunt), Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, 52 Campus Drive, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan S7N 5B4; 615 5th Street East, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan S7H 1G4 (Gaunt).

Laryngeal function is assessed by direct visualization of the larynx under a light plane of anesthesia. This study compared the effects of 3 anesthetic protocols on arytenoid motion in healthy dogs. Eight dogs were randomly assigned to receive alfaxalone, propofol and diazepam, or thiopental. Read More

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July 2018
7 Reads

Comparative Anatomy of Pig Arytenoid Cartilage and Human Arytenoid Cartilage.

J Voice 2018 Jul 13. Epub 2018 Jul 13.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China. Electronic address:

Objective: This study aims to investigate the feasibility of pig arytenoid cartilage as an animal model for simulating arytenoidectomy under microlaryngoscope by comparing the similarities and differences between pig arytenoid cartilage and human arytenoid cartilage.

Study Design: This is a methodological study on the excised pig arytenoid cartilage and human arytenoid cartilage.

Methods: Five excised human adult cadaver larynges and five adult excised porcine larynges were dissected and all the soft tissue and mucous membrane attached to the arytenoid and cricoarytenoid joint were removed. Read More

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July 2018
24 Reads

[Phoniatric outcomes of endoscopic arytenoid abduction lateropexy in patients with transient bilateral vocal cord paralysis].

Orv Hetil 2018 Jul;159(29):1188-1192

Fül-Orr-Gégészeti és Fej-Nyaksebészeti Klinika, Szegedi Tudományegyetem, Általános Orvostudományi Kar Szeged, Tisza L. krt. 111., 6725.

Introduction: Dyspnea caused by bilateral vocal cord paralysis often requires surgical intervention to prevent acute asphyxiation. The regeneration of the laryngeal nerves may last weeks or months and it is difficult to predict the outcome. In the past decades, several open and endoscopic surgical techniques have been introduced for treatment to avoid tracheostomy, however, these procedures with resection of the glottis resulted in irreversible changes in the laryngeal structure, thus the voice quality decreased over a long-term period. Read More

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July 2018
1 Read

Serial evaluation of resting and exercising overground endoscopic examination results in young Thoroughbreds with no treatment intervention.

Equine Vet J 2018 Jul 12. Epub 2018 Jul 12.

UCD, School of Veterinary Medicine, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin, Ireland.

Background: We hypothesised that grade/appearance for upper respiratory tract (URT) disorders identified at the first overground endoscopy (OGE) examination would vary at subsequent examinations.

Objectives: To compare OGE examinations from horses evaluated on at least two occasions under similar exercise conditions without treatment intervention.

Study Design: Retrospective cohort. Read More

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Overground endoscopic findings and respiratory sound analysis in horses with recurrent laryngeal neuropathy after unilateral laser ventriculocordectomy.

Equine Vet J 2018 Jul 12. Epub 2018 Jul 12.

Hambleton Equine Clinic, Great Ayton, North Yorkshire, UK.

Background: Unilateral ventriculocordectomy (VeC) is frequently performed, yet objective studies in horses with naturally occurring recurrent laryngeal neuropathy (RLN) are few.

Objectives: To evaluate respiratory noise and exercising overground endoscopy in horses with grade B and C laryngeal function, before and after unilateral laser VeC.

Study Design: Prospective study in clinically affected client-owned horses. Read More

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Supracricoid Laryngectomy: The Function of the Remaining Arytenoid in Voice and Swallowing.

Int Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Jul 29;22(3):303-312. Epub 2018 Mar 29.

Departamento de Fisioterapia, Fonoaudiologia e Terapia Ocupacional, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

 Supracricoid laryngectomy still has selected indications; there are few studies in the literature, and the case series are limited, a fact that stimulates the development of new studies to further elucidate the structural and functional aspects of the procedure.  To assess voice and deglutition parameters according to the number of preserved arytenoids.  Eleven patients who underwent subtotal laryngectomy with cricohyoidoepiglottopexy were evaluated by laryngeal nasofibroscopy, videofluoroscopy, and auditory-perceptual, acoustic, and voice pleasantness analyses, after resuming oral feeding. Read More

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Impact of pharyngeal endoscopic tip placement and water flushing interval on upper respiratory tract disorders in horses undergoing overground endoscopy.

Equine Vet J 2018 Jul 6. Epub 2018 Jul 6.

UCD School of Veterinary Medicine, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin, Ireland.

Background: Endoscopic tip placement in the pharynx and water flushing interval (FI) may affect exercising upper respiratory tract (URT) endoscopic results.

Objectives: To determine associations between the endoscopic tip position in the pharynx and automated FI with overground endoscopic (OGE) results.

Study Design: Randomised balanced 2X5 factorial design. Read More

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July 2018
13 Reads

CPAP to diagnose laryngeal clefts by flexible endoscopy in infants.

Pediatr Pulmonol 2018 Sep 3;53(9):1284-1287. Epub 2018 Jul 3.

Division of Intensive Care and Pulmonology, University of Basel Children's Hospital UKBB, Basel, Switzerland.

Background: Laryngeal clefts (LC) are uncommon but important causes of stridor in infants. Direct laryngoscopy is the recommended method for the detection of LC because LC may be missed by flexible endoscopy. As laryngomalacia by far outnumbers any other cause of stridor in this age group flexible bronchoscopy is usually the preferred method for the evaluation of significant infantile stridor. Read More

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September 2018
1 Read

Supraglottoplasty surgery types 1-3: A practical classification system for laryngomalacia surgery.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Aug 24;111:69-74. Epub 2018 May 24.

Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Division of Sleep Surgery and Medicine, 1 Jarrett White Road, Tripler Army Medical Center, HI, 96859, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: The objective of this study is to review the published literature on supraglottoplasty techniques for correcting laryngomalacia, and to subsequently provide a standardized classification system.

Methods: Three authors independently and systematically searched Pubmed/MEDLINE and six additional databases for all studies that included descriptions of supraglottoplasty techniques for correcting laryngomalacia. Sub-sites operated on and specific technique descriptions were reviewed, cataloged and subsequently categorized. Read More

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[Adenoid cystic carcinoma of the larynx: a case report].

Vestn Otorinolaringol 2018;83(3):69-70

The Oncological Clinical Dispensary #1, Moscow Health Department, Moscow, Russia, 105005.

Adenoid cystic carcinoma is one of the rare pathological conditions affecting the larynx. It is known to develop from the glandula elements present in this organ. The authors report a clinical observation of adenoid cystic carcinoma in the form of an exophytic tumour of the pale pink colour having a smooth surface and the well-pronounced vascular patterns at the base. Read More

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October 2018

Comparison of morphological changes and tactile sensitivity of the pharynx and larynx between four standing sedative and analgesic protocols in eight adult healthy horses.

Vet Anaesth Analg 2018 Jul 1;45(4):477-486. Epub 2018 May 1.

Department of Surgery, Equine Clinic, ONIRIS, National College of Veterinary Medicine, Food Science and Engineering, Nantes, France.

Objective: To compare the topographic modifications and tactile sensitivity of the pharynx and larynx after administration of four sedative and analgesic protocols in standing horses.

Study Design: Experimental, observer-blinded, crossover study.

Animals: Eight healthy mares. Read More

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July 2018
6 Reads

Widening of posterior glottis through rotation of the arytenoid on its axis: Report of nine cases.

Am J Otolaryngol 2018 Sep - Oct;39(5):536-541. Epub 2018 Jun 5.

Airway Surgery Department, Fundación Valle del Lili, Cali, Colombia; Clinical Research Center, Fundación Valle del Lili, Cali, Colombia.

Introduction: Bilateral vocal folds' immobility is a challenge in laryngology. Multiple procedures have been proposed to improve breathing by statically enlarging the glottal airway, what also results in loss of voice and aspiration. We proposed a technique to enlarge the posterior glottis by rotating the arytenoids on its axis, imitating the function of the posterior cricoarytenoid muscle, with the objective of evaluating the results regarding decannulation, voice quality, and bronchoaspiration. Read More

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June 2018
25 Reads

[Dyspnoea revealing laryngopyocele].

Pan Afr Med J 2018 24;29:68. Epub 2018 Jan 24.

Service de Radiologie, Centre Hospitalier Provincial, Taounate, Maroc.

Laryngocele is rare; it is an abnormal dilatation of the laryngeal appendix or of the Morgagni's ventricular pouch. Its size is variable. When it is small, it is usually asymptomatic. Read More

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June 2018
10 Reads

Association between the use of a stylet in endotracheal intubation and postoperative arytenoid dislocation: a case-control study.

BMC Anesthesiol 2018 05 31;18(1):59. Epub 2018 May 31.

Department of Anesthesiology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China.

Backgrounds: Arytenoid dislocation (AD) is a rare but severe complication after general anesthesia with endotracheal intubation. We conducted a case-control study at Peking Union Medical College Hospital to identify risk factors associated with AD, including the use of an intubation stylet.

Methods: Patients who experienced AD were matched 1:3 with controls based on gender, age and type of surgery. Read More

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May 2018
1 Read

[The clinical research of arytenoid dislocation].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2017 Nov;31(22):1767-1769

Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, the Northern Jiangsu People's Hospital.

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November 2017
4 Reads

A new species of (Anura, Leiuperinae) from Espírito Santo, Brazil.

PeerJ 2018 16;6:e4766. Epub 2018 May 16.

Departamento de Zoologia and Centro de Aquicultura (CAUNESP), Universidade Estadual Paulista, Rio Claro, São Paulo, Brazil.

We describe a new anuran species of the genus that inhabits sandy areas in resting as associated to the Atlantic Forest biome in the state of Espírito Santo, Brazil. The new species is characterized by: SVL 11.7-14. Read More

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May 2018
1 Read

[The treatment of partial CO₂ laser arytenoidectomy for bilateral vocal fold paralysis].

Authors:
Y T Wang X Sun W Y Ji

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Feb;32(3):196-198

Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Shengjing Hospital Affiliated to China Medical University, Shenyang, 110004, China.

To assess the efficacy of partial CO₂ laser arytenoidectomy in cases with bilateral vocal fold paralysis. A total number of 11 patients with bilateral vocal fold paralysis who undergone partial CO₂ laser arytenoidectomy was included in this retrospective study. The efficacy of the treatment was evaluated by compare the form of glottis, the scale of dyspnea and the change of voice preoperatively and postoperatively, as well as the occurrence of surgery complications such as dysphonia and dysphagia. Read More

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February 2018
7 Reads

[Arytenoid dislocation after trachea foreign body surgery: one case report].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2017 May;31(10):811-812

One case of arytenoids dislocation after removal of a foreign body from the trachea was reported. After operation, throat pain, hoarseness and laborious speech, arytenoids dislocation was revealed by electronic laryngoscopy. Read More

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Treatment for T3 to T4a laryngeal cancer by open partial horizontal laryngectomies: Prognostic impact of different pathologic tumor subcategories.

Head Neck 2018 Sep 13;40(9):1897-1908. Epub 2018 May 13.

Otolaryngology Service, Vittorio Veneto Hospital, Vittorio Veneto, Treviso, Italy.

Background: The purpose of this retrospective study was to identify subcategories in cT3 to cT4a supraglottic/glottic cancers, describing their different spreading patterns, and local and locoregional recurrence modes.

Methods: Four hundred eighty-nine patients who underwent open partial horizontal laryngectomies (OPHLs) were retrospectively classified as: subcategory I (anterior pT3 with normal arytenoid mobility); subcategory II (posterior pT3 with impaired/absent mobility); subcategory III (anterior pT4 with normal mobility); and subcategory IV (posterior pT4 with impaired/absent mobility).

Results: Five-year overall survival (OS), disease-specific survival (DSS), disease-free survival (DFS), locoregional, local control, freedom from laryngectomy, and laryngectomy-free survival were significantly better in anterior tumors (subcategories I and III) when compared with the corresponding posterior ones (subcategories II and IV). Read More

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September 2018
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Endoscopic Partial Arytenoidectomy for Bilateral Vocal Fold Paralysis: Medially Based Mucosal Flap Technique.

Authors:
Taner Yılmaz

J Voice 2018 May 10. Epub 2018 May 10.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey. Electronic address:

Purpose: Endoscopic partial arytenoidectomy (EPA) is one of the static operations for treatment of bilateral vocal fold paralysis (BVFP). Improvement in airway may cause voice loss and aspiration. The author reports his experience on EPA using medially based mucosal flap to enlarge posterior glottis without removing any part of membranous vocal fold. Read More

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May 2018
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A Prospective Observational Study of Technical Difficulty With GlideScope-Guided Tracheal Intubation in Children.

Anesth Analg 2018 Aug;127(2):467-471

Department of Anesthesiology & Critical Care Medicine, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Background: The GlideScope Cobalt is one of the most commonly used videolaryngoscopes in pediatric anesthesia. Although visualization of the airway may be superior to direct laryngoscopy, users need to learn a new indirect way to insert the tracheal tube. Learning this indirect approach requires focused practice and instruction. Read More

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