186,959 results match your criteria Arts & Health[Journal]


Vincent van Gogh and his illness. A reflection on a posthumous diagnostic exercise.

Authors:
Piet Voskuil

Epilepsy Behav 2020 Jul 3;111:107258. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Epilepsy center Dr. Hans Bergerkliniek, Breda, Netherlands. Electronic address:

Many attempts have been undertaken in the past to perform a proper diagnosis of the illness of Dutch painter Vincent van Gogh (1853-1890). Van Gogh Museum Amsterdam organized a meeting of experts on this issue in 2016. Publication of a final conclusion in a medical journal is still in progress. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.yebeh.2020.107258DOI Listing

Synthesis, structural, spectral and antimicrobial activity studies of copper-nalidixic acid complex with 1,10-phenanthroline: DFT and molecular docking.

Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc 2020 Jun 25;241:118639. Epub 2020 Jun 25.

Ondokuz Mayıs University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Physics Department, Samsun, Turkey.

The mix-ligand coordination compound, [Cu(Nal)(Phen)(HO)].(Phen).ClO. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.saa.2020.118639DOI Listing

Can UV-C laser pulsed irradiation be used for the removal of organic micropollutants from water? Case study with ibuprofen.

Sci Total Environ 2020 Jun 29;742:140507. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Aragón (CSIC-Universidad de Zaragoza), c/María de Luna 3, 50018 Zaragoza, Spain. Electronic address:

A novel approach based on the direct pulsed irradiation of UV-C light onto ibuprofen (IBP) solutions was evaluated in this work, as proof of concept for the direct removal of micropollutants. The experiments confirmed that laser irradiation is able to completely degrade IBP in 15 min in distilled water, with a DOC depletion of ca. 25% and with transformation products (TPs) remaining in solution and estimated to represent ca. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.140507DOI Listing

Corrigendum to "Zona pellucida blocks adenovirus from entering porcine oocytes" [Theriogenology 132 (2019) 22-26].

Theriogenology 2020 Jul 3;156. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

School of Basic Medicine, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei, China. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.theriogenology.2020.06.023DOI Listing

Engineering extracellular matrix to improve drug delivery for cancer therapy.

Drug Discov Today 2020 Jul 3. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Key Laboratory of Biomedical Information Engineering of Ministry of Education, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, 710049, PR China; Bioinspired Engineering and Biomechanics Center (BEBC), Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, 710049, PR China. Electronic address:

As an effective platform to deliver therapeutic drugs into tumors, nanoparticles (NPs) have shown great potential for cancer therapy. However, the tumor microenvironment (TME) contains diverse barriers to the transport of NPs, particularly the dense extracellular matrix (ECM). Thus, engineering the tumor ECM is a promising way to improve drug delivery by degrading existing ECM and/or blocking ECM synthesis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drudis.2020.06.029DOI Listing

Hypothermia induced by central injection of sucralose potentially occurs via monoaminergic pathways in the hypothalamus of chicks.

Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol 2020 Jul 3:110752. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Division for Experimental Natural Science, Faculty of Arts and Science, Graduate School of Bioresource and Bioenvironmental Science, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 819-0395, Japan. Electronic address:

Oral administration of sucralose has been reported to stimulate food intake through inducing hypothalamic neuropeptide Y (NPY) in mice and fruit flies. However, the underlying mechanisms of action of sucralose in hypothermia and NPY and monoamine regulation remain unknown. The aim of the present study was to investigate central effects of sucralose on body temperature, NPY, and monoamine regulation, as well as its peripheral effects, in chicks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cbpa.2020.110752DOI Listing

Anti-amoebic potential of azole scaffolds and nanoparticles against pathogenic Acanthamoeba.

Acta Trop 2020 Jul 3:105618. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Department of Biology, Chemistry and Environmental Sciences, College of Arts and Sciences, American University of Sharjah, Sharjah 26666, United Arab Emirates.

Acanthamoeba spp. are free living amoeba (FLA) which are widely distributed in nature. They are opportunistic parasites and can cause severe infections to the eye, skin and central nervous system. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actatropica.2020.105618DOI Listing

Moving beyond the technology: a socio-technical roadmap for low-cost water sensor network applications.

Environ Sci Technol 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

In this paper, we review critically the current state-of-the-art for sensor network applications and approaches that have developed in response to the recent rise of low-cost technologies. We specifically focus on water-related low-cost sensor networks, and conceptualise them as socio-technical systems that can address resource management challenges and opportunities at three scales of resolution: (1) technologies, (2) users and scenarios, and (3) society and communities. Building this argument, first we identify a general structure for building low-cost sensor networks by assembling technical components across configuration levels. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.9b07125DOI Listing

The proportion of non-depressed subjects in a study sample strongly affects the results of psychometric analyses of depression symptoms.

PLoS One 2020 6;15(7):e0235272. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy (KJPP), University Hospital of Psychiatry Zurich, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

Background: Recent studies have uncovered a peculiar finding: that the strength and dimensionality of depression symptoms' inter-relationships vary systematically across study samples with different average levels of depression severity. Our aim was to examine whether this phenomenon is driven by the proportion of non-affected subjects in the sample.

Methods: Cross-sectional data from the "Cohort Study on Substance Use Risk Factors" was analyzed. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0235272PLOS

Fertility preservation in borderline ovarian tumor patients and survivors.

Horm Mol Biol Clin Investig 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

FOCH Hospital, Gynecology Obstetric and Reproductive Medical Unit Department, Suresnes, France.

Borderline ovarian tumors (BOTs) represent around 15% of all epithelial ovarian cancer. Around one third of those patients is under 40 and has not completed childbearing when the tumor is diagnosed. Cancer survivors are more and more concerned about their future fertility since a large proportion of those with BOTs are young. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/hmbci-2019-0072DOI Listing

Usability and Acceptability of a Smartphone App to Assess Partner Communication, Closeness, Mood, and Relationship Satisfaction: Mixed Methods Study.

JMIR Form Res 2020 Jul 6;4(7):e14161. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, School of Medicine, Duke University, Durham, NC, United States.

Background: Interpersonal communication is critical for a healthy romantic relationship. Emotional disclosure, coupled with perceived partner responsiveness, fosters closeness and adjustment (better mood and relationship satisfaction). On the contrary, holding back from disclosure is associated with increased distress and decreased relationship satisfaction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/14161DOI Listing

The science of art: Leonardo Da Vinci and facial plastic surgery.

Authors:
David A Shaye

Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2020 Aug;28(4):195-200

aDivision of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Massachusetts Eye and Ear, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA bDepartment of Otolaryngology, University Teaching Hospital of Kigali, Kigali, Rwanda.

Purpose Of Review: Leonardo Da Vinci possessed one of humanity's greatest minds, known for exploring the boundaries of art and science. The discipline of facial plastic surgery also relies on art and science for its advancement. This review focuses on key elements of Leonardo Da Vinci's work, and how they relate to concepts within facial plastic surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MOO.0000000000000643DOI Listing

Standard procedures in nonoperating room anesthesia.

Curr Opin Anaesthesiol 2020 Aug;33(4):539-547

Department of Anesthesiology, Nonoperating Room Anesthesia, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA.

Purpose Of Review: This article provides an overview of standard procedures currently performed in nonoperating room anesthesia (NORA) and highlights anesthetic implications.

Recent Findings: Novel noninvasive interventional procedures remain on the rise, accelerating demand for anesthesia support outside the conventional operating room. The field of interventional oncology has introduced a variety of effective minimally invasive therapies making interventional radiology gain a major role in the management of cancer. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ACO.0000000000000898DOI Listing

Comparative analysis of tests used to assess sperm chromatin integrity and DNA fragmentation.

Andrologia 2020 Jul 6:e13718. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

American Center for Reproductive Medicine, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA.

Male infertility has a complex etiology, and many times, the cause is unknown. While routine semen analysis provides an overview of basic semen parameters, such as sperm concentration, motility, viability and morphology, a significant overlap of these parameters has been reported in fertile and infertile men. Moreover, conventional semen parameters do not reveal the cellular or molecular mechanisms of sperm dysfunctions leading to infertility. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/and.13718DOI Listing

Inkjet Printing Technology for Supercapacitor Application: Current State and Perspectives.

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Inkjet printing (IJP) technology is recognized as a significant breakthrough in manufacturing high-performance electrochemical energy storage systems. In comparison to conventional fabrication protocols, this printing technique offers various advantages, such as contact-less high-resolution patterning capability, low-cost, controlled material deposition, process simplicity, and compatibility with a variety of substrates. Due to these outstanding merits, significant research efforts have been devoted to utilizing IJP technology in developing electrochemical energy storage devices, particularly in supercapacitors (SCs). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.0c07689DOI Listing

Incidence rate, predictors and outcomes of interruption of HIV care: nationwide results from the Belgian HIV cohort.

HIV Med 2020 Jul 5. Epub 2020 Jul 5.

Université Catholique de Louvain, Brussels, Belgium.

Objectives: We aimed to study the incidence rate, predictors and outcomes of HIV care interruption (HCI) in Belgium.

Methods: We analysed data for adult patients with at least two HIV care records in the Belgian HIV cohort between 1 January 2007 and 31 December 2016. An HCI episode was defined as 1 year without an HIV care record. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/hiv.12901DOI Listing

Mitophagy regulates integrity of mitochondria at synapses and is critical for synaptic maintenance.

EMBO Rep 2020 Jul 6:e201949801. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Division of Life Science, Department of Cell Biology and Neuroscience, School of Arts and Sciences, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Piscataway, NJ, USA.

Synaptic mitochondria are particularly vulnerable to physiological insults, and defects in synaptic mitochondria are linked to early pathophysiology of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Mitophagy, a cargo-specific autophagy for elimination of dysfunctional mitochondria, constitutes a key quality control mechanism. However, how mitophagy ensures synaptic mitochondrial integrity remains largely unknown. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15252/embr.201949801DOI Listing

The health effect of perceived built environment on depression of elderly people in rural China: Moderation by income.

Health Soc Care Community 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

School of Sociology and Anthropology, Xiamen University, Xiamen, China.

This study explored the health effect of perceived built environment on depression of the Chinese elderly people in rural areas. A multifaceted approach in examining perceived built environment was used. A sample of 670 older residents in rural area of China were interviewed, and data were collected mainly for exploratory factor analysis, confirmatory factor analysis and moderation analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/hsc.13081DOI Listing

Kirigami-Inspired Inflatables with Programmable Shapes.

Adv Mater 2020 Jul 6:e2001863. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, 02138, USA.

Kirigami, the Japanese art of paper cutting, has recently enabled the design of stretchable mechanical metamaterials that can be easily realized by embedding arrays of periodic cuts into an elastic sheet. Here, kirigami principles are exploited to design inflatables that can mimic target shapes upon pressurization. The system comprises a kirigami sheet embedded into an unstructured elastomeric membrane. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/adma.202001863DOI Listing

Preparing for sperm-targeted contraception: College students' perceptions and intentions related to non-hormonal intravas injectable gel.

Public Health Nurs 2020 Jul 5. Epub 2020 Jul 5.

College of Wooster, Wooster, OH, USA.

Objective: The objective of the study was to evaluate college students' perceptions and behavioral intentions related to a new long-acting reversible contraceptive (LARC) for people with penises: non-hormonal intravas injectable gel (NH-IVIG).

Design And Sample: Data collection utilized predictive constructs from the theory of planned behavior. An online questionnaire surveyed undergraduates (ages 18-24 years) at a Midwestern, liberal arts college (N = 460). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/phn.12761DOI Listing

Current knowledge on the extraction, purification, identification and validation of bioactive peptides from seaweed.

Electrophoresis 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Department of Biological Sciences, University of Limerick, Limerick, Ireland.

Seaweed (macroalgae) is considered as a sustainable bioresource rich in high-quality nutrients such as protein. Seaweed protein can be used as an alternative to other protein sources. Furthermore, these proteins are natural reservoirs of bioactive peptides (BAPs) associated with various health benefits such as antioxidant, antihypertensive and antidiabetic activities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/elps.202000153DOI Listing

Are eating disorders associated with bipolar disorder type I? Results of a Lebanese case-control study.

Perspect Psychiatr Care 2020 Jul 5. Epub 2020 Jul 5.

INSPECT-LB: Institut National de Sante Publique, Epidemiologie Clinique et Toxicologie- Liban, Beirut, Lebanon.

Objectives: To assess the association between disordered eating and bipolar disorder (BD).

Methods/design: A case-control study, conducted between April and September 2018, enrolled 50 patients and 50 controls.

Results: Higher eating attitude test scores were significantly associated with the presence of BD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ppc.12567DOI Listing

Point-of-care and Near Real-time Testing for Antiretroviral Adherence Monitoring to HIV Treatment and Prevention.

Curr HIV/AIDS Rep 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Department of Global Health, Schools of Medicine and Public Health, University of Washington, 325 Ninth Ave, UW Box 359927, Seattle, WA, 98104-2420, USA.

Purpose Of Review: In this report, we review the need for point-of-care (POC) or near real-time testing for antiretrovirals, progress in the field, evidence for guiding implementation of these tests globally, and future directions in objective antiretroviral therapy (ART) or pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) adherence monitoring.

Recent Findings: Two cornerstones to end the HIV/AIDS pandemic are ART, which provides individual clinical benefits and eliminates forward transmission, and PrEP, which prevents HIV acquisition with high effectiveness. Maximizing the individual and public health benefits of these powerful biomedical tools requires high and sustained antiretroviral adherence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11904-020-00512-3DOI Listing

Effects of HIV gp120 on Neuroinflammation in Immunodeficient vs. Immunocompetent States.

J Neuroimmune Pharmacol 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of New England College of Osteopathic Medicine, 11 Hills Beach Road, Biddeford, ME, 04005, USA.

HIV affects 37 million people worldwide, 25-69% of which develop HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) regardless of antiviral treatment. HIV infection of the brain decreases cognitive function, disrupts/impairs learning and memory, and reduces quality of life for those affected. HIV-induced neuroinflammation has been associated with viral proteins such as gp120 and Tat, which remain elevated in the CNS even in patients with low peripheral viremia counts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11481-020-09936-5DOI Listing

Green Extract Ameliorates Testicular Injury in High-Fat Diet/Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetes in Rats.

J Diabetes Res 2020 12;2020:6762709. Epub 2020 Jun 12.

Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Department, Faculty of Pharmacy, Helwan University, Cairo, Egypt.

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic endocrine disease characterized by persistent hyperglycemia. Oxidative damage, inflammatory cytokines, and apoptotic cell death play a major role in the induction and progression of male testicular damage. Plant-derived phytochemicals such as green coffee () can possess antidiabetic effects with little toxicity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/6762709DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7306074PMC

Inhibition of the CDK4/6-Cyclin D-Rb Pathway by Ribociclib Augments Chemotherapy and Immunotherapy in Renal Cell Carcinoma.

Biomed Res Int 2020 11;2020:9525207. Epub 2020 Jun 11.

Department of Urology, Xiangyang Central Hospital, Affiliated Hospital of Hubei University of Arts and Science, Xiangyang, Hubei, China 441021.

Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the most aggressive type of genitourinary cancer and is resistant to current therapies. Identifying drugs that enhance the efficacy of RCC standard-of-care drugs at sublethal concentrations is an alternative therapeutic strategy. Ribociclib is an orally available cyclin-dependent kinase 4 and 6 (CDK4/6) inhibitor that is approved for the treatment of breast cancer. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/9525207DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7306082PMC

Alterations of CCR2 and CX3CR1 on Three Monocyte Subsets During HIV-1/ Coinfection.

Front Med (Lausanne) 2020 18;7:272. Epub 2020 Jun 18.

Center for Infectious Diseases, Beijing Youan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

HIV-1/ () coinfection has become a global challenge, and three monocyte subsets express varying levels of the chemokine receptors CCR2 and CX3CR1. We recently evaluated the association between monocyte subsets and regulatory T cells in HIV-infected individuals with syphilis. Currently, the dynamic changes of CCR2 and CX3CR1 on monocyte subsets during HIV-1 and syphilis coinfection have not been fully investigated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmed.2020.00272DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7314900PMC

Green Synthesis of AuNPs by sp. GWRVA25: Optimization, Characterization, and Its Antioxidant Activity.

Front Chem 2020 18;8:474. Epub 2020 Jun 18.

Department of Microbiology, Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune, India.

Bacteriogenic synthesis of metal nanoparticles is ecofriendly and greatly influenced by physico-chemical reaction parameters with respect to shape and size. Thus, present work aimed to synthesize and optimization of bacteriogenic gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) and study their antioxidant activity. sp. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fchem.2020.00474DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7314902PMC

Recent Progresses in Cancer Nanotherapeutics Design Using Artemisinins as Free Radical Precursors.

Front Chem 2020 17;8:472. Epub 2020 Jun 17.

Institute of Tropical Medicine and Artemisinin Research Center, Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, China.

Artemisinin and its derivatives (ARTs) are sort of important antimalarials, which exhibit a wide range of biological activities including anticancer effect. To solve the issues regarding poor solubility and limited bioavailability of ARTs, nanoformulation of ARTs has thus emerged as a promising strategy for cancer treatment. A common consideration on nanoARTs design lies on ARTs' delivery and controlled release, where ARTs are commonly regarded as hydrophobic drugs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fchem.2020.00472DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7311774PMC

Level of Medication Adherence and Its Associated Factors among Patients Receiving Antiretroviral Therapy at a Tertiary Care Hospital in South India.

J Caring Sci 2020 Jun 1;9(2):93-97. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Department of Medicine, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry, India.

Anti-retro viral drugs are the corner stone of management of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Anti-retro viral drugs have been consistently proven to reduce mortality due to HIV. The aim of this study was to identify the level of drug adherence and related challenges for adherence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/JCS.2020.014DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7322410PMC

A systematic review on spatial crime forecasting.

Crime Sci 2020 27;9(1). Epub 2020 May 27.

Doctoral College GIScience, Department of Geoinformatics-Z_GIS, University of Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria.

Background: Predictive policing and crime analytics with a spatiotemporal focus get increasing attention among a variety of scientific communities and are already being implemented as effective policing tools. The goal of this paper is to provide an overview and evaluation of the state of the art in spatial crime forecasting focusing on study design and technical aspects.

Methods: We follow the PRISMA guidelines for reporting this systematic literature review and we analyse 32 papers from 2000 to 2018 that were selected from 786 papers that entered the screening phase and a total of 193 papers that went through the eligibility phase. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40163-020-00116-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7319308PMC

GinJinn: An object-detection pipeline for automated feature extraction from herbarium specimens.

Appl Plant Sci 2020 Jun 26;8(6):e11351. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Evolutionary and Systematic Botany Group Institute of Plant Sciences University of Regensburg Universitätsstraße 31 D-93053 Regensburg Germany.

Premise: The generation of morphological data in evolutionary, taxonomic, and ecological studies of plants using herbarium material has traditionally been a labor-intensive task. Recent progress in machine learning using deep artificial neural networks (deep learning) for image classification and object detection has facilitated the establishment of a pipeline for the automatic recognition and extraction of relevant structures in images of herbarium specimens.

Methods And Results: We implemented an extendable pipeline based on state-of-the-art deep-learning object-detection methods to collect leaf images from herbarium specimens of two species of the genus . Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/aps3.11351DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7328649PMC

Joint venture on the further development of chemical exposure assessment by use of probabilistic modelling.

EFSA J 2019 Sep 17;17(Suppl 2):e170905. Epub 2019 Sep 17.

Exposure assessment is a fundamental component of the risk assessment process and has a significant contribution to the overall uncertainty of the risk estimates. The aim of the present project, implemented within the framework of the EU-FORA Fellowship, was to develop a structured approach for probabilistic modelling of the dietary exposure to chemical contaminants, which shall be used as a refined alternative to the more conservative deterministic approach or as part of a Tier 2 assessment. The fellow received training and worked in close cooperation with the project team on three case studies of contaminants in food (cadmium, acrylamide and deoxynivalenol). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2019.e170905DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7015474PMC
September 2019

Editorial: The Impact of Music on Human Development and Well-Being.

Front Psychol 2020 17;11:1246. Epub 2020 Jun 17.

Department of Culture, Communication and Media, University College London, London, United Kingdom.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.01246DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7315798PMC

Development and Validation of a Short Version Sport Orientation Questionnaire for Chinese Adolescents (SOQ-CA).

Front Psychol 2020 17;11:1039. Epub 2020 Jun 17.

School of Mathematics and Statistics, Southwest University, Chongqing, China.

A noted decrease in adolescent physical activity in the past decade has resulted in an increase in health risks. Sport orientation correlates closely with physical activity. A sufficient assessment scale that measures an individual's sport orientation is important to measure an adolescent's physical inactivity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.01039DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7311786PMC

Germline and Somatic Pharmacogenomics to Refine Rectal Cancer Patients Selection for Neo-Adjuvant Chemoradiotherapy.

Front Pharmacol 2020 17;11:897. Epub 2020 Jun 17.

Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology, Centro di Riferimento Oncologico di Aviano (CRO), IRCCS, Aviano, Italy.

Neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT) followed by radical surgery is the standard of care for patients with Locally Advanced Rectal Cancer (LARC). Current selection for nCRT is based on clinical criteria regardless of any molecular marker. Pharmacogenomics may be a useful strategy to personalize and optimize nCRT in LARC. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fphar.2020.00897DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7311751PMC

Editorial: The Embodied Brain: Computational Mechanisms of Integrated Sensorimotor Interactions With a Dynamic Environment.

Front Comput Neurosci 2020 18;14:53. Epub 2020 Jun 18.

Department of Cognitive Neuroscience, Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, Maastricht, Netherlands.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fncom.2020.00053DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7314992PMC

Kinetic and thermodynamic properties of purified alkaline protease from Y7 and non-covalent immobilization to poly(vinylimidazole)/clay hydrogel.

Eng Life Sci 2020 Jan 24;20(1-2):36-49. Epub 2019 Oct 24.

Faculty of Arts and Sciences Department of Chemistry Kocaeli University İzmit-Kocaeli Turkey.

The characterization of the hydrogel was performed using Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, and scanning electron microscopy. Purified Y7-derived alkaline protease was immobilized in Poly (vinylimidazole)/clay ( hydrogel with 95% yield of immobilization. Immobilization decreased the pH optimum from 9 to 6 for free and immobilized enzyme, respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/elsc.201900119DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6999066PMC
January 2020

Investigating flexible feeding effects on the biogas quality in full-scale anaerobic digestion by high resolution, photoacoustic-based NDIR sensing.

Eng Life Sci 2019 Oct 20;19(10):700-710. Epub 2019 Aug 20.

Escuela Politécnica Superior Universidad Autónoma de Madrid Madrid Spain.

In future energy systems based on renewable energies, biogas plants can make a significant contribution to stabilizing the electricity grids. However, this requires load-flexible and demand-oriented electricity production by means of flexible feed management. However, these flexible feeding strategies using greatly oscillating, temporally varying high mass loads may lead to critical process failures of the anaerobic digestion process. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/elsc.201900046DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6999453PMC
October 2019

Efficient GAN-based Chest Radiographs (CXR) augmentation to diagnose coronavirus disease pneumonia.

Authors:
Saleh Albahli

Int J Med Sci 2020 6;17(10):1439-1448. Epub 2020 Jun 6.

Department of Information Technology, College of Computer, Qassim University, Buraydah, Saudi Arabia.

: As 2019 ends coronavirus disease start expanding all over the world. It is highly transmissible disease that can affect respiratory tract and can leads to organ failure. In 2020 it is declared by world health organization as "Public health emergency of international concerns". Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7150/ijms.46684DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7330663PMC

Deep Learning for Massive MIMO Channel State Acquisition and Feedback.

J Indian Inst Sci 2020 3;100(2):369-382. Epub 2020 May 3.

Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Imperial College London, London, UK.

Massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems are a main enabler of the excessive throughput requirements in 5G and future generation wireless networks as they can serve many users simultaneously with high spectral and energy efficiency. To achieve this massive MIMO systems require accurate and timely channel state information (CSI), which is acquired by a training process that involves pilot transmission, CSI estimation, and feedback. This training process incurs a training overhead, which scales with the number of antennas, users, and subcarriers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s41745-020-00169-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7319300PMC

Concerns of Organic Contamination for Sample Return Space Missions.

Space Sci Rev 2020 12;216(4):56. Epub 2020 May 12.

Department of Earth and Planetary Systems Science, Hiroshima University, 1-3-1 Kagamiyama, Hiroshima, 739-8526 Japan.

Analysis of organic matter has been one of the major motivations behind solar system exploration missions. It addresses questions related to the organic inventory of our solar system and its implication for the origin of life on Earth. Sample return missions aim at returning scientifically valuable samples from target celestial bodies to Earth. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11214-020-00678-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7319412PMC

A rapid method for detection adulteration in goat milk by using vibrational spectroscopy in combination with chemometric method.

Authors:
Hülya Yaman

J Food Sci Technol 2020 Aug 17;57(8):3091-3098. Epub 2020 Mar 17.

Department of Food Science and Technology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH USA.

Because of the second place of milk adulteration in the food fraud lists, the study focused on the investigation of the cow milk as an adulterant in goat milk based on β-carotene presence in cow milk as s rapid method by Raman and Infrared spectroscopy with chemometric techniques.t Partial least squares regression (PLSR) and the soft independent modelling of class Analogy (SIMCA) models have developed to for the prediction of adulteration ratio and β-carotene content of mixtures on the spectral band at around 1373, 1454, and 956 cm for infrared and 1005, 1154, and 1551 cm for Raman spectroscopy respectively. The correlation coefficient for calibration (Rcal), standard error of calibration, standard error of performance, and correlation coefficient for validation (Rval) have calculated for mid-infrared and Raman techniques. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13197-020-04342-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7316910PMC

Changes in exertion-related symptoms in adults and youth who have sustained a sport-related concussion.

J Sci Med Sport 2020 Jun 21. Epub 2020 Jun 21.

Sport Injury Prevention Research Centre, Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Calgary, Canada; Alberta Children's Hospital Research Institute, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, Canada; Hotchkiss Brain Institute, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, Canada. Electronic address:

Objectives: To identify the symptoms responsible for cessation of exercise testing and evaluate changes in post-concussion symptom scores on the Post-Concussion Symptom Scale (PCSS) from the Sport-Concussion Assessment Tool (SCAT5) immediately, 1-4h, and 6-12h following completion of the Buffalo Concussion Treadmill Test (BCTT) in youth and adults who have sustained a sport-related concussion.

Design: Prospective case-series.

Methods: Individuals who were diagnosed with a sport-related concussion and self-reported difficulties with exertion were referred to perform an exertional treadmill test. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2020.06.005DOI Listing

Taking the "art" out of "ART".

Fertil Steril 2020 Jul 2. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Reproductive Medicine Associates of New Jersey, Basking Ridge, New Jersey.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fertnstert.2020.04.019DOI Listing

Contributions to prematurity of maternal health conditions, subfertility, and assisted reproductive technology.

Fertil Steril 2020 Jul 2. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Department of Biostatistics, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts.

Objective: To determine the maternal demographic, health, and fertility variables underlying prematurity.

Design: Retrospective: Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology Clinic Outcome Reporting System data linked to Massachusetts birth certificates and hospital stays.

Setting: Not applicable. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fertnstert.2020.03.036DOI Listing

30 Years After the Americans with Disabilities Act: Perspectives on Employment for Persons with Spinal Cord Injury.

Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am 2020 Aug 7;31(3):499-513. Epub 2020 Jun 7.

Center for Spinal Cord Injury Research, Kessler Foundation, 1199 Pleasant Valley Way, West Orange, NJ 07052, USA; Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, Newark, NJ, USA.

The Americans with Disabilities Act, passed in 1990, represented landmark legislation and led to significant improvements in accessibility, such as prohibiting discrimination based on disability in public life, including employment. Now 30 years later, however, employment rates for persons with disabilities, including spinal cord injury, remain low. This article discusses why employment is so important for persons with spinal cord injury and challenges that remain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pmr.2020.04.007DOI Listing

Simulation across representation: The interplay of schemas and simulation-based inference on different levels of abstraction.

Behav Brain Sci 2020 Jun 19;43:e147. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

Sony Computer Science Laboratories Inc., 3-14-13, Higashigotanda, Shinagawa-ku, 141-0022Tokyo,

Language comprehension of action verbs recruits embodied representations in the brain that are assumed to invoke a mental simulation (e.g., "grasping a peanut"). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0140525X19003169DOI Listing

Effects of a physical activity program from diagnosis on cardiorespiratory fitness in children with cancer: a national non-randomized controlled trial.

BMC Med 2020 Jul 6;18(1):175. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, The Juliane Marie Center, University Hospital of Copenhagen (Rigshospitalet), Blegdamsvej 9, DK-2100, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Background: Children with cancer experience impaired cardiorespiratory fitness and physical function during and after treatment restricting their possibilities to engage in social activities including sport, leisure activities, and school. The objectives were to determine the effects of classmate-supported, controlled, supervised, in-hospital, physical activity program to preserve cardiorespiratory fitness and physical function from time of diagnosis in children with cancer.

Methods: National non-randomized controlled trial including schoolchildren aged 6-18 years at diagnosis treated with chemo-/radiotherapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12916-020-01634-6DOI Listing

Bridging the commitment-compliance gap in global health politics: Lessons from international relations for the global action plan on antimicrobial resistance.

Glob Public Health 2020 Jul 4:1-15. Epub 2020 Jul 4.

Global Strategy Lab, Dahdaleh Institute for Global Health Research, Faculty of Health and Osgoode Hall Law School, York University, Toronto, Canada.

In 2015, 196 countries boldly committed to address global antimicrobial resistance (AMR). Now, five years later, progress reports suggest the implementation of AMR activities is vastly below what was initially promised. The challenge of overcoming the 'commitment-compliance gap' is not unique to AMR and is common in other areas of international politics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17441692.2020.1788623DOI Listing